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Dt-rtt3 r aeot o S u r s R e oiis 6 ur l Jinrfiygc, firatur, <M orality Etm tra"r Qgiutu
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Llbgrtles, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., APRIL 27, 184. .m...
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
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For announing a Canlidate, Three Dollurs, in
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paid by the Magistrate advertising.
The Volunteer Counsel.
John iavlor was licensed, when a youtil
of twetty.one, to practice at the har (if this
city. ie was poor, but well educated, and
possessed extraordinary genitis. The grace i
(if his person colbinted willh the superiority
of his intellect, eniabled htin to win the hand a
of a fabionable beauty. Twelve monthst'
aftenwards the hlsbanmd was employed by a i
wealthy firn of that city to go ot a mttissioni
as laind agent in the west. As a he:vy sala. r
ry was offered Taylor bade fairewell to his c
wife and infant Soi. lie wrote back every i p
week, but received not a word in answer.- %
Six tnonths elapsed, when the husband re
ceived a letter from hii.; emiplovers that ex- G
plained all. Shortly after his departure for b
the west, his wife ;rid her fvther reived to I
Mississippi. The:-e, she inmediatt-lv obtain. I
ed a divorce by an act of Legislature. iar. 3s
ried againt forthiith, and to cotplete the ir
climnx of cruelty and wrong, ltad the name v
of Taylor's soit changed to Markets-that I
of her second tmatritoinial partner. Ths q
perfidy drove Taylor insaite. His career
from t ht-period. was eeeentric in th% tiho t r
degree. At last a fever carried hit off at :t
coipnjratively early age.
At anl early hour on the 9th of April. 1
1840, the court hotse 'n Clarksville, Texas, C
was crowded to overflowing. Save in the
war-times past, there had never bseen wit- c
nessed such a gathering itt Red river countv,
while the strong feeling apparet on every e
flushed face will suthficiently explai the mat-i
At the close of 1839, George Hopkins,
one of the wealthi-est platers aid ttmost inl. r
fluential metn of N'theltirn Texas, ollered a
gross insult to Mary Elli.-ton, the young and I
beautiful wvife of his chief overseer. The (
husband threatened to chastise hitnfor the
outrage; uhereupon Hopkins loaded itfs gun, U
went to Ellistori's lous(, antd shot him int
Itis own door. The murderer was arrested,
and bailed to answer the charge. This ne-.I
eurrence produced intense exc-itemnent. antdi
H-opkins itn order to turtn the tide of poputlar
opinion, or at least to tmiigatte the generalI
wrath whicht wits at first violetnt againtst himo,t
circulated repotrts itnmously prejurdic-ial to
thte character of the woa atho had suiffered
such cruel wrong att his hands. *he bronight I
her suit for sltader. And thtus two cases,
one crinmitnal and the other civil. and both
out of the samne traigedy, were petnding itt
the April Cirenait Cotmt for 1840. T[he in-|
terest natturally felt byv the cotmtity ats toj
the issue, became far deeper when it was I
known that Ashtley anad Pi;ke of Arkatnsats, I
and the celebrated S. 8. Prenitice, of New
Orleatns, eatch with entormous fe-es, had been
retatined by Hlopkinis foir his defence.
T1he trial for indctmentt of nmurder entded
on the 8th of April, with the atrgnital of
H-opukinis. Such a result nmight waell hatve
been foreseen by cotmparing tihe talets of
the counisel engaged ont the other side. The
Texas lawyers were utterly overwhelned by
the argutments and eloqtuence of thetir optpo
nents. It was a fight of a dwarf iagaitnst
Thle slander suit was set for the 9tht. and
.the thronug of spectators grew itt numtber its
wvell as excitement ; and what maye seetm
.stratnge. the currenit of public sentitment now
ran decidedly for II opkins. H-Iis money hatd
procured pointted wvitnteses, who served tmost
,efficiently his powerful aidvocates. Intdeed,
.so triuttphatnt hatd beent the success of the
.previous day, that when the shiander case
wvas called, rilary Elliston wats left wyithout
.tan attorney-they had all withdrawn. The
.Pigmny pettifoggers dared. tnot brave agatinst
the sharp wit of Pake, atnd the scathing
.thader of P.-entice.
'i H ave y-ou no counsel ?" inquired Judge
$Iills, looking kitndly att the plainutiff.
"No sir, they have atlI deserted me, alnd I
mtm too poor to employ arny muore," replied
the beautiftdl .Mary, biurstintg into tears.
"int sucht a case will niot a chivalrous
mnermber of the profession volunteer ?" asked
the Judge, glanicing around thte bar.
The thirty lawyers were silent as death.
Judge Mbills repeatted the qtnestion.
''I will, your htonor,"~ repeatted a voice
from t1i thickest piart of the crowd, situated
behtind~ e bar.
At thte tones of that v'oice many started
half from their settts; anid perhaps tere wats
riot a heart in that immtense throng whieb
did niot heat somiethitng quicker--it was so
unearthly, sweet, clear, ritngitng, arnd mourn
The first sensation, howvever, chatnged in
to general laughter, whent a titll, gaunt, spec
tral figture, that nobody presenit retmembered
ever to have seen before, elbowed hinmself
through ithe crowd attd placed himself wvith
in the ha~r. His atppearantce was a problem
to puzzle the sphynx herself. His high, pale
brow, and small nervously twitching face,
seemed alive with the concentrated essence I
and cream of genius; but then his infantine I
blue eyes, hardly visible beneath their mas- 4
sive arches, looked dim, dreary, almost un- 1
conscious; and his clothing was so shabby i
that lte court hesitated to let the cause pro- I
ceed tinder his management.
Has your name been entered on the rolls
nf the State ?" demanded the Judge suspici- I
It is immaterial about my name being
nn your rolls," answered the stranger, his i
thin lloodless lips curling up into a fiendish
sneer. " I may lie allowed t' appear once
by the courtesy of the court and bar. Here I
is my license from the highest tribunal in t
America!" and lie handed Judge Mi!ls a I
broad parchmenL The trial immediately I
In the examination of witnesses the stran- j
ger evinced but little ingenuity as was com- I
mon'l thought. He suftered each one to f
tell ins own story nithout interruption,
bough he entrived to make each tell it i
wer two or three times. He put few cross I
lnestions, which, with keen witnesses, only t
;erve to correct mistakes, and lie made no I
Ites, which, in mighty memories always
end to embarrass. The examination being S
-dcd, as counsel for the plaintiff, he had a h
ight to the opening speech, as well as the t
lose: but to the astonishment of every one,
e declined the former, and allowed the de- I
einee to lead off. Then a shadow might I
are been observed to flit across the features v
f Pike, and to darken even the bright eyes n
Tf Prenti'ce. They saw that they had n
caught a tartar," but who it was, or how o
happened, was impossible to guess. e
Col. Ashley spoke first. He dealt the jury
dish of thait close. dry logic, which 'ears
fterwards rendered him faious in the Sen
te of the Union.
The poet, Albert Pike, followed with a
ich vein of wit, and a.hail.torrent of ridi.
ile, in which you may be sure neither the
laintiif or the plaintiff's ragged atto rney s
'ere either forgotten or spared.
The great Prentice concluded for the de
-n1dait, with a glow of gorgeous words,
tilliait as a shower of . lling stars, and
1ith a final hurst of oratory that brought
e house down in cheers, in which the 9
worn jury themselves joined, notwithstand- 9
ig the stern " order" of the bench. Thus ti
-onderfully susceptible are the south-western
eople to the charms of impassioned elo
It was then the stranger's turn. le had u
2ninied tiparPitl ,haireted -dnr l ;
te previous speeches. Still, and straight
nd moltioiless in his seat, his pale smooth
irehead, shooting up high like a mountain
one of snow ; but for that eternal twitch e
iat came and went perpetually in his sallow h
eeks, von would have taken hint for a
iere man of marble, or a human form carv- a
d in ice. Even his dim, dreary eyes were a
wvisible beneath those giay shaggy eye
But now, at last, lie rises-berore the bar "
ling, not behitid-and so near to the g
cotdering jury that he might touch the
remin with his long, bony finger. With
yes still half shut, aod stainding rigid as a s
llar of iron, his thin lips cull as in meas- I
reless scorn, slightly part, and tie voice s1
Ones forth. At first it is low and sweet, n
isituating itself through the brain, as an S
rtless tune winding its way into the deepest
eart, like the melody of a magic incanta- e
on ; while the speaker proceeds withtout a
esture, or the least signl of excitement to Ii
ar in pieces the argunments of Ashley, that ,
wlts away at his touch as frost before the a
uneam. Every one looked surprised--t
ls logic w'as ait once so brief, and so lumi- s
o01sly clear, that the rudest peaisant could i
em'rprehentd it without etl'ort. ti
Anon he came to the dlazzling wit of the a
iet lawyer, Pike. Then the curl of his lip tl
~rw sharper, his sallaw face kindled up; and
tis eyes began to open, dim andl dreary- no
otger, but vivid as lightning, red as fire I
loes,aind glaring like twitn meteors. e
The whole soul w'as in the eye-the fttll t
eart streame)d out on the face. In five mm.i I
jtes, Pike's wit seemed the form of folly,
mud his satire, horribile profanity, when a
:oitrasted with the inimitable sallies and I
xteritating sarcasm of the stratnger,ini
erspersed w"ith jest and anecdote that filled I
.e tirumn with roars of laughter.
Theni, withtout so much as bestowing an
llusion on Prentice, he turned short on the
perjured waitniesses of Hop~kins, tore their
estimony into atoms, and hurled into theirt
faces sucih terrible invective that all trembled
1s with an agute, and two of them actually
[led dismayed from the court house. I
The excitement of the crowd was be
soming tremnend~ous. 'Their united lif'e and I
oul appeared to haing on the burning tongue
f the stranger. He inspired them with the
powers of his own passions. lie saturated
them with the poison of his own malicious 11
feelings. He seemed to hiave stolen's Na
ture's long hididen secret of attraction. He
~as the sun to the sea of all thought and
Lmotiont which rose and fell, and boiled in
illows as he chose. But his greatest tri
1umph1 was to come.
lis eyes began to glare futively at the
assassini, Hopkins, and his lean tap~er finger
slowly assumed the same direction. lHe
emed the w"retch wvith a circumvallation,
stroig evidence and impregnable argument
utting off' all hope of escape. He pilled
up huge bastions of unsurmountable facts.
He dlug beneath the murderer and slhm
derer's feet ditches of dilemmas, such as no
sophistry could over-leap, andl no stretch of
ingenuity invade ; and havinig thus, as one
might say, unbounded his. victim, and girt
hint about like a scorpion ina circle of fire
le stripped himself to the w"ork of.massacre.
Oh ! then but it was a vision both glorious
and dreadful to behold the orator. His ae.- '
tions, before graceful as the wave of a gold
ing tillow in the breeze, grew impetuous as5
the motion of the oak in a hurricane. His
voice became as a trumpet filled wvith whirl
pools, deafening the ear wvith crashes of
powder, yet intermingled with all the softest
anc,n His ac 'owa as red as a drumik
nrd's-his forehead glowed like a heated
furnace-his counenance looked haggard,
like,that of a maniac ; and ever and -anon,
be -flung his long, lony arms on high, as if
;rasping after thundrholts. He drew a pic
urc of murder in.such aptling colors, that
a co;pparison hell itself might be considered
ieautiful.- He.painted the slanderer so black
the sun see4ned dark at noon-day when
;hitning on such an acenrsed monster; and
.en lie fixed both portraits on the rliniking
;r* ofdloi'kins, that lie nailed them there
orever.. The agitation of the audience
iet rly amonited to midanss.
All at once the speaker descended from
iis perilotis' height. His voice wailed out
or the mu'rdered dead, and living--the beau
iful Mary, nioe beautiflul every moment as
ier tears flowed fast--r-till men wept and
ovely womensobbed like children.
He closed by a strange exhortation to the
ury and bystanders. He entreated the pan.
lel, after they should bring in their verdict
or the plaintiff not to offer violence to the
lefendant however richly he might (leserve
t; in other words " not to lynch the villain,
lopkins, but leave it to God." This was
he most artful trick of :ill, and best calcu
ated to insure.vengeatIce.
The jury rende.red a verdict of fifty thou
and dollars; and1the night aftewards Hop
ins was taken off hik bed and beaten nearly
I have listened to Clay, Webster and Cal.
oun-to Dewer, Tyng and liascom-and
ave never heard. in .the form of sublime
rords, even remotely approximating the el
quence of John Taylor-massive as a
iountain and wildly rushing as a cataract
f fire. And this is the opinion of all who
ver heard the marvelons man.
I1-T.--Wlien this vice has taken
ist hold of a man, larewell industry-fare.
-ell emulation-farewell attention to thing'fs
orthy of atteni *ini-farewell love of virtu
us society-farewell decency of manners
-and farewell to even an :ttention to per
)n. Every thing is sunk by this predomi.
atnt and brutar appetite. in how miany in.
ances do we see men wiho have begun
fe with the brightest prospect before them,
ud . hIo have closed it without anly of con
irt and consolation! Young mien with
Ood fortunes, good talents, good tempers, I
ood constitutions, only being drawn into 1
te vortex of the drunkai-d, have become by
egrees, the most loathsome and despicable
f mankind. In the house of the drunkard
iere is no happiness for any ore. All is
'certainty and anxiety. lie is not the;
imeau for qny one day at a timA
ie Tns Wis our.gniigs or -nT in-com.
ings. When lie will iise, or when lie will
e down to test, is 'whollv a matter of
liance. That whie lie sw'allows for what
P calls pleasure, brings pain as surely as
ight brings morning. Poverty and misery |
re in the train. To avoid these results, we
re cailed upon to make no sacrifice. Ah
inence requires no a'd to accomplish it.
lur own will is all that is requisite ; and if
e have not the will to avoid contemnpt, di.
race and misery, we deserve neither relief
FALS: CAurrTv.-A negro preacher,
peaking from " what is a nian profited, if
, gain the whole world and lise his own
ul ?" mentioned, among other things, that
kany lost their souis by being too cbaritable.
eeing the congregation astonisihed beyond
leasures at this saying, lie very emaphiati
aly repeated it, and thie proceeded to ex
lains its meaning. "' Many people,' samid
,attend nieeting, hear the sermon, and1(
hen it is over, they proceed to divide it
motng the congregation-this part was for
:at man, and1( that part for that woman;
uch denunciations for stuch persons, and
iese threats for vou sinners-and so," con
inued the shrewd African, "they give
way the wvhole sermon and keep nione for
ELOQUEN'T AYIl ''Rv;E.-ln the course oI
is late speech, ini anl impijromtnut part of it,
aled out by a side member, Mr. Millson
bs eloquently diescribes and rehnkes the
anmpant Young A merica, which before it has
et got out of its swaddling clothes, hestrides
n avalanche," and presumes to be caiptaitn
eneral of the land forces:
"Young Anierica cannot wait.-Tt is per.
~etually screaming " Progress! progress !"
h'le course of nature is altogether too slow.
Natre is superanuated-a driveller
"A member. An old fog.
"Mr. Millson. Yes, an old fogy. All
his wise, and prudent, anid just, aiid temp.
rate, and patriotic, amnd respectable, it calls
fogyism." Shallow, saucy, headstrong,
ol-hardy, it sees no danger, and avoids none.
[he disciple .of young America would loose
he avalanche from its bed, and leap' on it to
uide its course down'm the steep side of the
nountain ; and the same rocks against
vhich he would be hurled, and wvhich would
brow back his mangled and lifeless body to
ie gr'ound, wvould echo his wvild shouts of
riumph. TIhese advocates of progress wvould
Aaunge inito the swift current of Niagara, and
wave their hands delighted, whilhe the rapids
ere harrying them to their dreadful tate;
md eveni when borne to the very brink of the
:orrent, their song of exultation would main
;e with the roar of the cataract."
I-r 11 LY happens that the anti-slavery
prejudi~ of the National Era, will saffer it
to speak. the trtuth of the Southern States.
1'o our shame, we conifess that there is more
truth-than poetry in thie following paragraph:
"Nearly' all of dur Americati shipping is
ownted in tjl North ; the great majority of
rmerican ~lors and shipmnasters are North.
arn.men ; the carrying tradhe of the South is
dne chiefly upon Northern capital, the ex
hanges 'oi- her exports find their wvay gener
aly to Northuern' ports; -the profits of the
trade of course inure to Northern shipmnas
ter, importers apd merchants ; and Northern
enterprise reaps the benefit of the coasting
trade and internal transportation, by which
the foreign imports reach the slave States.
" 'll take y'our part," as the (log saitd
hen lhe robbed the cat of her portion of the
[From the Auderson Gazette.]
Letter to the Pendleton Calhoun Mon
To the President ofthe PendIcton Calhoun
WASHINGTON, Mar. 13, 1854.
It is with great satisfaction that I have
seen the formation.oF the Pendleton Calhoun
This movement o the part of the Ladies
or Carolina to redbem the honor of the
State, which was so hanmefully forgotten by
the last Legislature,nd to do justice to the
greatest and best of men, is worthy of all
praise, and cannot il to be. successful. It
would seen as if Providence had reserved
ror the pure, virtuotis and disinterested la
dies of Carolina, thtask or rearing a mon.
ument to the famet'of the man who in all
the attributes of hisprivate character, em
blazoned that purityand virtue which is so
dear to them. Thin'let the work go on un
til every District and neighborhood in the
State, associations shall be formed auxiliary
to the one first fornd in Charleston, and a
colnmn shall rise 'vorthy of tie fame of
of Calhoun. The lsuccessful achievement
of this patriotic undertaking by the ladies
of Carolina will beta lasting honor to them,
and a stern rebuke o those members of our
Legislature, who hqped by withholding jus
tire to dim the lusre of his fame and des
troy the influence of his lofty patriotism
upon the rising genbration.
When the proposition to build a monu
ment to Calhoun wavs before the Legislature,
it was impossible to portray the feelings of
painful interest, with which those of us who
are far away looked on, and the crushing
nortification that 'all felt when the tidings
came that it was dqfeated, and defeated by
men, who in his liftitne, could not stand the
biright light which ltis purity, patriotism and
geius shed on our StatP, and who, since his
death, have crept from their hiding places,
to malign his motiVes, detract from his re
nown, and bring down the State from the
elevated position iii which he had raised her.
But, thank God, there is a redeeming
pirit moving whici cannot fail of success.
I'lie effort ot the daughters of Carolina in
this holy cause will wipe out the stain upon
her character, and give an assurance, that
her young nen will not be suff'ered to for.
;et.the lessons he has left behind.
It is not within tip compass of the human
nind to see all the beneficial effects which
result to a State or people from having be
ore their eyes a ciaracter so exalted, pure
1nd patriotic as tlit of Calhoun. The im
6id cannot soon be ef
raced, and thougi rrronunenorm n-u
Ie reared as a rememberance of him, yet
;till the influenceill lie felt as long as ge
ins has an -4imirer, or virtue a votary. But
o keep these impressions most vividly before
he young, a Monument, such as you pro
pose, should be raised. It will incite the
-oung men of genius to emulate his beanti.
l character and foliow his exalted patri.
In after times when the constitution and
frm of government which our ancesto-s in
their patriotic wisdom prepared for the pro
tection of their porterity shil have been
swept away by the wild spirit of political
ranaticism and reform, institutions to the tin
lerstanding and educationt of which his
whoile life was devoted, then this monument
vrill stand as a beacon to conduct the wian
lerers of the tine back to the principles of
just government and constitutinnA libertv ;
es, it wiill stand as a rebuke by the dangh
ers of Catrolina at the presenit and in all time,
o the demnagoguical spirit, w'hich is sought
o he fastened onher by political quacks.
In conclusion accept my best wishes for
our success in the good cause in which you
are engauged, and the enclosed small draft
for my contribution.
With great Respect,
A Sw[NDLR TO THlE TUNE OF FIrrr.-Anl
lderly gentleman by the name of Browdler,
who aruived itn Richmond yesterday nmornitng
in the Soutihern train, wats swittdled out of
$50 in the following matnner: whjle going
over to the Petersburg depot, a man fell int
with him near the packet office, and com
menced conversation wvith him about his he
ing lame, leading him to believe he was
from Petersburg. A fter they arrived at the
depot, a second man came up, and began to
talk to the first about making a certain bet.
One then observed to the other that he wvould
et hitm and turned to the ol gentleman
and asked him to lend him a little money.
Mr. Browder readily agreed to lend it, and
the other finding him ill ing to do so pro.
posed to borrowv fifty dollars, at the same
time handing him his watch to hold, till he
could %tep into the Mount Vernon house
andl procure some change. He stated that
the wvateh wa~s a valuable one, and worth
double the amount he borrowed. lie then
left Mr. B., sitting in the cars, and otte of
tte parties wvent one way and the other in
a diff'erent direction, leaving the old gentle
man with a watch to hold not worth fifty
cents.-Richmond Penny Post.
AntotuTIO~isx DEFNED.-Senator Buck.
eowv, of Pennsylvania, in an admirable
speech in favor of the Nebraska bill, thus
"Sir, the sp~irit of abolitionism is thorough
l venomous and implacable. No conces
sions will sarisfy or appease it. Inspired by
a deadly, inextinguishable hatred of our sys
tem of confederate government, it would
rush to the accompllishmentt of its designs
over a prostrate Constitution, atnd through
the baleful flames of civil wvar. Destructive
in all its instincts atnd passiotns, it is to be
resisted as an enemy to whom no quarter is
to be given, and to conciliate whom is to
betray our country."
LATER FIIOf HAvANA-The U. States
mail steamship Crescent City has arrived at
Newv York frotn Havana, whtich port she
left on the 14th instant. Ehte reports that
Captain General Pezuela was examintug the
fortifiations and putting the Island of Cuba
in a state for defence.
IT seems now to be- unequivocally under.
stood that war is declared between the Wes
tern Powers and Russia.and that hard blows
must soon lie interchanged. All the horrors
of the past are tolie increased by all the
numerous applianices to war of niodern
science and invention. Wherc the end will
be, or what it will be, none can predict.
How the interests of this country are to be
affected remains also to be developed. Pru
dence on the part of our Government may
keel) us from being embroiled, vet so exten
sive and complicated are our commercial
interests, that with a due regard to the pro
per and parental protection of the rights and
privileges of our citizens, it will be diflicult
to keep aloof from the general mele. We
need now at the head of national affairs
something more than mere trading politicians,
mere partizans who are inadequate to rhain
tain the ascendancy of their own principles,
much less to conduct in a statesmaniike
manner any complicated question with for
eign nations. We shall soon feel the want
of those farseeing, wide-reaching intellects
which have hjeretofore carried us safely and
honorably through every diiticulty.
To come home to the interests of the peo
pie of our own State, it seems to us that
Cotton must be still 'further depressed by a
general war in Europe. It already has re
ceived a serious blow, and must suffer still
more. England and France have h:d an
extensive trade with Russia and 'l.'urey.
The diversion of large amounts of currency
from the arts of peace to those of war, will
affect the home trade of thi first named
countries. Altogether, the consumption of
Cotton must be seriousli redneed, and our
people should be preparing for it. Corn
and other provisismsmay be wanted to sup..
ply the belligerents; -while Hemp, -of all
things else, will find a rea-dy mhrket at home
and abroad. Thii is the..*reat staple of
Russia, upon which the sbping of * this
country and England have' been *s. ribnly.
dependant. If not too late* in 'the seasn,.
our farmers of the interior cannot do bot ter.
than commence the cultivation of this arti
cle. The stimulus that will be given to our
carrying trade, the demand for ships for
foreign and domestic use, will give demand
for all that can be raised for the purposes
of rigging them. The timber trade too, will
be active, as Northern, and now foreign
ships cannot well be built without Southern
pine plank. The Baltic Sea will be blocka
ded closely, and neither hemp nor timber
will find its way out from there so 1fg as
war exists. Thus somefliing still.remnains
oaga for Southenpro though
n y e--epressi . urfvetv
ber, naval stores and hemp, if we will raise
it, will find a ready market, even if Cotton
become dull.-Savannah Republican.
THE, DURATION OF TirE WvAR.-In re
gard to the duration of the war in Europe,
Mr. Walsh, the intelligent correspondent of
the New York Jourual of Commerce, says:
In returning from a walk just now, I
encountered near the Palais Royal a Sena
tor of my acquaintance-an admiral, expe.
rienced in State concern3. I expressed to
him my hope that the war would not endure
beyond six months. In London the Minis
ters called it short and sharp, and the Presi.
dent of the French Legislative Body, in his
address of last week, trusted that it would
he vigorous, rapid and decisive. The Sena
tor answered: "No one of my colleagues
or the members of the Government really
expects that it will endl in six months, or
can imagine w~hern it will end. According
to the declarations of the British Cabinet,
the struggle with Russia was once for all.
T'hat was the idea of thie French Emperor,
and the preparations on. both sides of the
channel were proportionate. Russia had
stength, pride, persjstency enough for a
protracted, dauntless resistance ; the Czar
had been potent as a conservative ; lhe could
be equally or more so as a destructive." I
was reminided of Samson: " When he hiad
shaken the pillars, the house fell upon all
the princess ;" lhe killed more at his death
than he had killed in liis life time.
The Cadet Encampment,
In a conversation ha~d recently with one of
the Pr-ofessors of the Citadel Academy, we
were inftormed that it wvas the intention of
Gen. Jones, Chairman of the Board of Visi
tors, instead of encamping the Cadets on the
Green as heretofore, to send them on a toiur
through the tip country, dlurinig the approach
ing Military Session, which will commence
about the twentieth of April and continue to
first of June.
The object of this mission is for military
instruction entirely. T1he present plan of
operations is for the Citadel Cadets to be
transferred by railroad to Columbia ; there
they will lie joined by the Arsenal Cadets
two Companies will theni be formed from the
combination, to be unde~r the command otf
Prof. Capers, of the Citadel as Major ; Pro
fessors Tew, of the Citadel. and White, of
the Arsedal, as Captain and Lieutenant of the
first Companiy; and Professors Stephens, of
the Citadel, and Thomas, of the Arsenal, as
Captain and Lieutenant of the second Com
pany. A fter spending a fewv days at the capi
tal, they wvill ta-ke up their line of march for
Winnsboro, and in turn visit Chesterville,
Yorkville, Spartaniburg, Greenville, Abbe
ville, Edgefield and Hragiliirg. From the
latter place they will be pimsd by the railroa .
to their respective statious at the Citadel an
Th is is just what has been long .wishied
for by the friends of these institutions. - This
was the plan that ggto West Poi:t its
military reputation in a great measure, and
we predict wvill do more service for these
Academies than all the encampments on the
green.that havo.cver had existence since the
A majority of our country friends as yel
know but little, comparatively, of the esprti
du corps of our Cadets. Let them but iave
an opportunity to judge for themselves as to
their discipline and deportment. and w-e hatve
no fear but these young men will win golden
opinions for themselves and institutions.
Relations with Mexico.
It has been intimated in several of our
Northern exchanges that possibly a war
- h1 Mexico will be the ultimate conse
q nce of the rejection of the Gadsden s
treaty. The Washington Union in com
menting on-the matter has the following, t
which, coming from a journal in the conti
dence of the Administration deserves atten- c
" We are not greatly disappoin-ted in the,
fate of the treaty recommended to the Sen
ate by the President, but we are disappoint- s
ed to learn that after that was repudiated, t
and another substituted in its place by the'I
Senate, the substitute was then in its turn c
repudiated, and all our difficulties with Mex- f
ico left unadjusted. The President had dis- d
charged his duty in the premises in the best t
manner practicable under all the circum- f
stances ; but in that spirit of patriotic con. v
ciliation which lie felt to be essential in the
case, lie stood ready to receive such sug.
gestive counsels as the Senate might make,
and to give to them all the consideration due
to the matured conclusion of so august a
" Unfortunately for the best interests of*
the- country, the responsibility is now thrown
upon the President of commencing anew
the difficilt task of settling the questions
which threaten to disturb our peaceable re- p
lations with a neighbdring government.
This repponsibility is'in no degree lightened S
by the wise counsels of thesSenate, but, on
t oe contra ly, is- rendered doubly embarrass- .
ing by the v'ery -fact that whilst his first at- tl
impt ias been dnsatisfactory to the Senate, h
they- havp given to- him no intimations by t
whiehl his' itureaeffofts may be benefitted.
But* enrbarrassing as is. his positioii, the n
Presidgnt will itot shrink frbm the responsi-! e
bility whih atltais't It. -
"He compregigs illy .the.threaterng !
'eharacter.6f somf bf't-id ganetioris involved n
between,' Mexico .an. aur--government; h
Feels seri.:'4y theimp6rlance- at this tiune of
removing all cause of esirangementbetween
the two governments; he undemtands tio- n
roughly our rights as involved in the unad- ir
justed questions; and whilst he Is resolved v
to maintain them at all hazards, lie wilt spare
no efforts, consistent with the honor of our e
government, to avoid a war. If so direful fl
a calamity shall befall the country' the re- b
sponsibility will not rest on him ; but we will b
not yet despair of an pmicable settlement of I
the questions whicly are now exciting so tI
miuch public attention, and deem it not un-' V
reasonable.to indulge the hope that the re- 1.
cent actidh ofthe Senate will. not prove to y
I be final." -
TIE CUBSN INsoLENCE.-Te insulfin
manner in which the Captain General of
Cuba has permitted his official organ to h
abuse the President of the United States for
his message to Congress, upon the Black a
Warrior affair caused much indignation at s
Washington. The Union says: d
" The gross indignity, offered by the t
known organ of the Spanish official, induced I
the true-hearted American consul to call I
upon the Captain General to know if this h
insult to the President of the United States t
was sanctioned by him. Having received tLI
no satisfactory answer, the article of the
Diario, was laid before one of our gallant _
naval captains in the port of Havana, and- it
he determined to resent the indignity by re- w
fusing to give to the Spanish flag, the usual b
FA-raT. AcCIDENr.-On last Friday, two
sons of bir. James Ellis, a respectable citi
Zen residing near Hlartville in this District,
were hunting in the vicinity of their home, k
when by the aceidentaml discharge of the gun b
in the hands of one of them, the other wvas
motlywunded and died in the course of' ii
tw or.This lamentable occurrence is 5
another solemn adnmonition or the danger o
carrying fire-arms heedlessly.-Darlington
.A3ERICANS IN TiHlE T UR~IsII AR3MIY.-A
letter in the Boston Traveller, daled Con-1
stantinople, Mlarch 2, says: " Two Amei- II
catns are now in the Turkish army-n
having the commission of a colonel, and the
other, I thinik, of a major. T1he former was
a captain in the United States armly. Both
have gone to join the troops at Kare, neart
the Georgian frontier.d
. BA LTIORE, A pril 19.
DRE.ADFUI SIIIPwRECKs.-The vessel
lost on A bsecom Beach, w~as the ship Pow
hatan, frora Havre for New York. She
came ashore at 3 o'clock on Sunday morn- n
itng. There were 200 passengers on board,
alof whom perished, and not a vestige re- I
mains of the vessel.
The schooner Stanhattan was -wrecked I
at the sanme time, and all on board perished
MfysTF.Iors. MUsKETs.-Trhe barque Grape-r
shot, whbich w"as reported to have sailed for
Constantinople somietime since with George I
Law's muskets on board, was, at last ac
counts, reported to he lying at the Ba lize.
Thue New Orleans Delta says the Spanish
consul at that city was so much alarmed c
that he had despatched a vessel to Cuba wvith a
SOLITARY CONFINEMiENT FOR LIFE-A;
bill has been introduced into the Pennsylva
nia Legislature, which provides that, when a
person is convicted of murder in the first;i
degree, he shall, if the jury convicting agree, i
to recommend him to the mercy of the court,
be sentenced to solitary confinement for life;
and that no person thus sentenced shall be
pardoned or released from prison, except b~y
a cotncurrent recorded vote of two-thirds of
all the members elected to each house of thee
General Assembly; and approved by the
Governor.-The bill also provides that, "on
conviction of any person of crime thus pun-t
ishaible, he shall be thereupotn deemed, withi
respect to all contracts, to the bonds of t
matrimony, to all rights of property, and to
all civil rights and relatiotns of what nature
snever, dead in all resspects, as if his actual
decease had taken place at the time of such
SAVANNAI RIVER RAIL RoAD.-The
Onderson Gazette, of the 19th inst., says,
The firit installment is being called for by
:omissioners appointed to collect the Stock
uhscribed for the building or this- Road,
:ockholders we believe, are responding to
lie cll without a murmur. We have sel
om seen so much readiness to comply with
ontracts, as is manifested by those who'are
olders of stock about this Town. We ar
:ue froni it, that the road must be built, for
ve believe that those who have set their
houlders to the wheel will never falter or
urn back, until the work is accomplished.
'hat such may he the case, we shall never
ease to hope. We think that if some or
be doubtful could only know the spirit of
etermination which our citizens possess,
imt their doubts would be dispelled, and
iev with us would lelieve that the road
ill be built.
To PosT-rAsTs.-The Columbia Caro.
nian address Postmasters in the following
When you return to a publisher a news.
nper or periodical uncalled for, always
-rite the name of your office upon it.
Itherwise-a publisher whose list is large will
ever kr.ow where to look ulion his books
>r the name. The neglect of this, by many
ostmasters, cause much loss and some
ard thoughts between publishers and sub.
TnE Philadelphia Register speaks dis'ar
igly of Hon. Mike Walsh. We will say
is for Mike-and nT who have noticed
im while in this city will vouch -for the
uth or what we say-no man in Congress
as conducted himself Avith more propriety,
r attenr'ed to the busitiess of his constitu.
its belter than lie has. Ite is straight for.
,nrd and honest, and, in possession of a
enrer head and better.-informed mind than
ost of his fellow menbers.-Washington
CAN'T ENDURE IT !-Speaking of bores,
,e can scnrcely . imagine one capable of
iflieting more twisting misery than an in.
?te-ate 'whistler. A fife we can stand,
hen all the nation is "armed and equipped,"
L, on training day, and a drum, with its
-ig, flug, flir serves to drown its screams;
at to listen to a poor air, badly murdered
y a poorer pucker. we prefer death in some
isier if not quicker way. We always
iink of the French stago driver, who being
'ry much unnoyed by such a bore, sudden
turned upon him with " My frien, vat far
rn all time vissel ? You loss your d,.g e
ht were the best means for preserving
nith, replied, " Out-door exercise." And
hat, added the patient, is the best way to
roid taking cold? 'Ihe doctor again an
vered, "Out.door exercise." And pray,
actor, do tell me how I shall get an appe.
te. " Why, by out door exercise." Noth.
I so true, beeause it is the voice of nature.
ranklin, who well uiderstood the rules of
enkth, observed " Dress moderately, and
ike plenty of exercise, and you won't blame
ie climate for sits of your own making."
OUTr.AGES uroN AMERICAN CITIZENS IN CUBA.
-The.New York IIerali is informed by one of
s Havana corre'ponde'nts, writing under date
F arareb :9, ttlat nn American has recently
sen sentenced without trial ip the chnin gangs,
r n vear, beenuse soie person sent him a filli
istering unper from the United States. lie
so stites that an Amnerienin itentleman, willi
swife and daughilter, while riding out, were
ntupelled bytemliayhrlings of thme Cap.
ini General, to alight from their vehicle and
nee.l in the dnst and dirt, to an image carried
Sa mulatto priest. It is added that the parties
ecre known to be Americans, and therefore the
sult. WVhat truth there may be in these
.atemente, we do not know, butt they are in
eeping with tihe general condnet ot thme Spain.
h otlicils towamrds ai country which permits its
tizauns abroad to be insulted and wronged
?,yxcir LAw.-Onr rende~rs wvill remember
eC neconnOs recently pulhishied, of an outrage
IAshe connty. N. C. A negroi, w~ho lived with
[r. Mitchell, outraged the person of Mrs. M.
nring her husband's absence, and then murder.
.1 her. The negro was tried and~onvieted.
white mani nameid Whiitaker was impliented ini
e honrrihh-~ crime, but there being no compe.
~nt testimony ngninst him, thangh scarce a
uonht is entertained of his guiilt, he wvas not
roughit to trial.
We learn from the Salisbnry (N. C.) Banner
int a number of citizens enught him one night,
week or two ago, and ufter stripping him to
is pantaloons. procegledf to give him a hu:ndred
ishes, well laiid on. lHe was then hung until
early dend, when lie was taken down and per.
litted to revive, aind then hoisted again~. This
rocess was repeated three several ti'nes. Whuen
'iken down the thmirud time he was thonght td he
end, but. in the darkness lhe managedl to sli'p off',
ind tha~t is thme last we hatve heard of him.
SAD CAr.%trY.-A shanty on the Central
lilitary traict road, in the WVestern part of Bu
aunn county, occupuied by Dennis Daily and fami
was burned laist week by a fire from the
rairie. Tie Princeton Post says the tire came
pon0 them so suddenly that Mr. Daily, his wife
nmd three echildreni, and a hoarder in the house
cre unable to make their esenpe and perished
i the fla es. A little girl, the only person
senping, rave the alarm, but before asaistance
rrived. the building and its inmates were near.
Sconstimed. The boarder had dragged him.
elf fromi the rtiins and lay upon a pile of boards
1 great agony. He lived but a few hours..
hiuengo Journal, A pril 13.
EDUCATION IN VIRGINIA.-The Richmond
Vhig argnes the necessity for adopting a more
Ilkient system of education in that State, It
"1Every decade exhibits a rapid and fearful In.
rease of'this mass of ignorance. In 1840, the
umher of thme unlettered ' Virginia amounted
n 60,000. in 1850 it e. eeded 80,000. At '
his rate it will not require many centuries to
xtinguish all knowledge of letters ini the State."
THE WAsHINGToN STAft SAYs:--"Colonel
~olt will realize a stupendons fortune out of
he Ea:stern war. The Russians wvill be armed
nostly with his revolvers, and so will most of
lie oflieers ini the English and( French artmies."
DEATh FROM DiIINKING A PzxT OF Liqto.
rnmes Marshall, rer-iding in Philadelphia county,
Irank a pint of' tiquo'r on Thursdny last, on a
vager of 8500, and in three honrs became iin.
enisihie and died the sauae evening.