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,,We wvill clii.; to mie Pjilar-. of tihe Temuple of ourf-'14bertiej, and if it naust fall, wv i e rs mdttn un. WV. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. 0., SEPTEMBER 7 84 O.XX--O 4 THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY W. F. D U R ISO E, Proprietor. ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor. uI'wo DOL.ARS per year, if paid in advance-Two J)on.t.-ns anod FIFTv CENTS if not paid withi nFix Mnonths-and Tines Dorn,.sits if not paid before tihe expiration of tie year. All snbscriptions not dlisinet ly limited at the time of snbscribing, n ill be consider eld as made for an indefinite period. aml will bie ron - inued mail all arrearages are paid, or at the option of tihe Publhiser. Snnbseriptionms from other States imnst INVArtAsn.Y he accompanied with tine cash or refer ence to sonme oane knnown to ns. A DvEnTisE.tENT.s will be coinlpictnously inserted at 5 cents per SNinare (12 lines or lenm) for tie first in Sertion, and 374 eents fir each stllseqinent inserinnm. When only published Milntily or Quarterly I per injarewillherharged. .ll.\dvernisentsnthaving the desired unimher of insertions narked on tihe nnr gin, will be continued until furbid and charged ac cordingly. Thonse desirirng to advertise by the year can dosoon liberal term-it hiing distinctly undersioud that con. tracts for yearly adveris-ing are confimned no tine itmme diat-, legitimat- hisiness nif tle firnm or individual contractinng. Traniient AIvertisemnnents nust be paid for in advance. For annunmcinng a Candidate, Three Dollars, I, All A NC E. For Advertising Estras Tolled, Two Dollars, to be paid by tlhn 3agistrate d vertising. For Conargress. iR. Em-roa :-Pa:se attttnnounC Hion. P. S. BRi(OOKlS ns a Candidante for re-chietion too repre sent the Fourth Congressional District. consisting of Edgefield, AbheviNle, Laurens. Newberry and Lex ingtin, in the next Cinnress. which election will beheld in October next, and thereby greatly ob li.... M.\NY FliNJ)S. Tim Frienils if Col. A. C. C.\URLINGTON respectfully annn nou In nce im1 as a Ca:n l idtle to repre sent tihe -Ith cngressionlal Dist:et, ant tine eleCtiu in October niext. F3or' the Senate. P- ITos. .1. P. CA\RHOiL is retpectfilly anni.-anee.1 by his fri-mnls ans ; candidlate for re-vce tion tin the State Sennate. at tine enn-siing election. :aTTnEm Fri-nds of Maj. TiL.LAN WAT SON. reslnctfully iin nminte-.im :s a candidate for sent inn t44. State Senate at tiht' next elenotinn. For the Hioue. : VThec Frieis if W,11. B.- 1)(I11. Es'q res-ectifully annunce Iim as :n Candidate for n Seat in the._ next I l4use (of l(eresinntttives. a' Tim Friends (f .\aj .1. C. .\ LI.EN announce hni : ;a Canlniate for re-eletin ti a Scat in tine 31i . l..DtTot,-u n w h-sell- annncnnne G EO0 E. 11.N 1l)Y. Elsq.. n1s a Candidaite for n Sent in tine liiuse if Re iresnttivet s t tie net electi-In a1n1 olige MANY VuTitQ Tnm Friends of Mr. W.\ i)lE 1Ilot. TIEIN nnnominate linm, as a1 canndi.ate for a Seat in the louse uif Representtti' es nt tle Inext e:cct. ii Tutm Fri--nds nil CAX tiiY WI. STIiS, l-.sq.. resp~iectfuly annnce inn as ai nidate for a Seat tIne next l.gistt. V Tnm Friemnis if G lEO. W. LA N D'lU aN-M Inonnn.'e limo as a C;ndidlate fir a Seat in the nnext ] .eeislture. r7 Tnnn- FrienA of G. ). TIL LMAN. sq.. respec-u'tlv mtnnnnn mince Iimn as aI candidlate for a Seat in tine Legilatture -nt tine next eletoiti. 01- Tn f~r:tndi (if .1-SErIl[ AlNF.T. Esr .tespectfully annnnounce imi as a canl.ddi: fir a sat inl tine next L-gila:ure. - Tni Frimins if ..\ iES CAM 1ERcON. Eni.. resp..ettny a.n nc.n.e him as a Calncidate finr a Seat imn tine hnxt I.e-gtitur'e. 7 TinE Friis onf Dr. IT. R!. CooK respectfully annnounnce imn t Candnnidate fot a Seat in tine next illoutse oif lIe;.resenntatives. g Tnne Friennds nif Wt. C. lOR A GNE, Esq., respectfully atnfnonCe him as an cannidate finr a Seat in the I louse nof Represenitati'es ant nine tnext eecton AlaAJ. Z. W. CA R Wl Ll is respecifunlly an niounnedi by is fritends ans an Cndidat.- for re-elee tion to tine House of Rep1resttives ant tine necxt Sess on. A. P E R R I Ni, ATTORNEY AT LAW, giLL~ practice at Edlgeitlnd annd tine Courts of On'r'cE. P~ri.-k ildinng, Lanw Rlange. Edlgefnild C. H., S. C. Mtav IS, tf 18 S. W . 31 A B RY ATTORNEY AT LAW AI\D SOLUCITOR IN EQUiTY g Ovrncns at Fn.l'einild Court I louse, (unev nub bel i>w t. L.. PExx's faniny gn-cery. A pril 27. tf l15 S. S. T1 0 i31 P~ I I N 5, ATTORN'EY AT LAW. GFFnCis nN :Fat OF Tnnc CO~ihT ItoU)CE. Edef iel, S. C.. Feb 8n. tf 4 Practice of Surgery! D Ga;t.. islreiarned toneomdt il un nde N ursing, suchi pin-its ats nmty be dlirectedi ton him fnor S UiRGICATL OPE RA' TIO NS or Trentnnnennt. flY Mnsters mnay be assu'tnredl tt thneir Servannts illi have~n every tnecessaryn'3 attentinin. A ugusta, %itay 26, 1 y 19 D r, M, W, A bney .purpose of dlevoiitg imnself.mnore exclunsiv'ely to isn' professin and ineenpyiinig thne residenee fir-st bey otnd tine l~intist Chutrchn oin tine right, annd adn joini ng tine .\iane ademinny, (thne residennce formnirly occ~upied by S. S. Tompnikitns, Esq., and [Rev. C. A. Rtavmonnd.,p tf'rs mini Pa'ofesionial Services Tio thec people of tine V'illage anti tine surroundingt coutimtri'... inn tin. nat, Inhe nn be found in is Oflice, adjomn itng tine Ofliec nif W- W- A n^-'is, Esq., and mn front oif tine presenit residlennce of nlr. Gteo. A. A ddison atnd ant nghlt, n hetn lie findi at his dwsellinig. ie will give atitelntion ant till times mnost punicttu all v, to till enlls tupo-n im, eithen fur tadv ice annd ire scripntiofns, or for personnal attendaince. - 3. W. ARiNEY. Jan 11 if 52 Fresh'i Flour. JUST received 5,000thns. GOOD COUTNTR' FLO UR, in Sticks. nnd fonr sale by G. L. PENN, AGEN-r. A pril 4 tf 12 To Rent, r Il IE Roomi at pnresuennt occunpiedi by Sir. Lid Iii ..as ai I )na Coods Store, inn myn~ ablieitn appii ton JT. A. Williamns. S. CiliiSTli - n- 25 tf 5 GENUINE POETRY. BY JULIA PLEASANTS. Wx have seei nothing out in ten years equal to tle riblowing touching poetical tribute to the memory of Etr. A. WHYTE. W1ho is JULIA PLFAIA.Nars? We shou!d like to see her, know her, shake hands with her and. be privileged to call her a friend. The Louisville Journal has spoken our sentiments in saying of her lovely and appropriate monody One might almost wish to die if lie knew that so be ttiil a tribute would be written to his memory." We ask tIise of our readers who admire pathos to read these verses with care:-En. A Dr. RO3ERT A. WH1YTE. (LAT: Eo:TIOR OF T2IE oRoInOA nO.11E GAZETTE.) Onl the bosom of a river Where the sun unloosed his quivgr, Or the starliglt streamed forever, Suiled a vessel light and free. Morning dew-droips hung, like manna, On the briJaht flds of tier banner, While the zephyr rose to fan her Softly to the radiant sea. At her prow, a pilot beaniing In the flush of youth stood dreaming, And he was in glorious seeinig Lke an angel from above. Through his hiatr the breezes sported, And a4 on the wave lie floated Oft that pilot, angel-throated, Warbled lays of hope and love. Through those lock. so brightly fkming, .lis of laurel-bloom were blowing, Anid his hands anon wire throwing Music from a lyre of gold. Swiftly down the streni he glided, S1.t tie purple waves divi-led, And a rainbow areh abided Oi his canvas, snowy fold. A uxious hearts, with fond devotion, c Watcied hn sailingt the ocean, t Pravig that no wild comminiotioin, 'lidst the elements might rise. A nd lie seened some young A pollo Charmiing summer winds to follow, 'lile the water-flags' coro!l t Trembled to his music sighs. n or 71mi thos - purple waves enlianted V 1tlled tieside a city haujited y Jly an awful spell, that dauntl '1very ogmer to her shire. T Nighut-Ades rank the air enoimbered, A id pale marhie sti ties numbered A id awoke to life no more. I st Then there ruShed, with lightning jiu'ekness, 0% r his faee a mortal sickness, n Aud the dews in fearful thickniess (;nr o'er* his teiip-s fr. ti And tlre swelit a d~ ing murmur . Through the lavel Siouthern sunimer As the bhauteous pilot eorner I* Perished by tiat city there. it Ii Still rolls ni that rolimut river,'I.# .X A ml the sun unbimds hiilquiver, c Or the star-light streamsforever On its boson ns befdre. - 11t that vessl's raiihow banner - G reets io more the gay savanna, A ,d tlat pilot's lute drops manna s On the purple waves no more. % . A Page from Life's History. BY FINLEY JoHtNSnN. To-miorrow-how that word grates upon my ar: to-mnorrow-and I shall be danogling be we hieaveii and earth: to morrow-and thouts mds will gather around the seafld to witness hei gliiriious, thle iinst ructive. the Christian spee-. taele of a human bieing murdered legally by the moatds of the haiw. Yes. to-morrow I die, but ~ re I depart from earrth, let mec unfiild to the vorldl the cau-es of toy fate, and though from ~ oiv fellow b.ings I hive met no mercy, yet m ' imn who (lied for all shall be my hope anid my* Charb r-s R van and myself were "sworn rind-t, w h'ad pledged to eaceh other the vowi~s f unehno~iiging! frienidship -had woirked (out the samge :iriiblemi in ailgebra, and received lhe same .has:isetment from the hands of our old school noster. WVe were insepjarable--where one wats,I henre the othuer could be found-the secrets ol oie were also the secrets oif both. Our eduaca ilin ait lert was Iini--hied; we hid a List udieu to. Ihe old school .Ihiu- anid its venerable master. ' a id inniuched our hark, freighted with hopuhes :iia joyvs, upon the bui~terous waves of the sea f1 life. Our intione~rv still continued ;our evenings were :ilways s'pent iteech others society, nd rane was mise-rable whlen bereft of the other. )iriing onir of our riambles, fortune (or rat her . misfoirt iie) mtade me a- neunmiited with Mary Art hir. That meeting is forcibly impressed upon my memory, and( time possesses no power to ellhree the recollection. She was onae too fair for earthi, her beauty was of a heavenly eatst, her loiwing tresses, black as the wings of mid-i night, her eyes beaming with fire, yet so modest,. anid meek in t heir exprerssions; tier form. grace-. ful as a fairy spirit; her melodious voice-al tmiiped uploni her the seal of a purer, holier, heavenly birthI. To see her was to love lier, nod as'I viewed her nmany ebarms, her nume rous virtues, my heart was drawn towards lher. ad on its sacred alhnr I ericted an idol, to whom was (llered my life's adoration. There was none who cam'e withina thle circle of her home, but wvhat were drawn insensibly towards her, nd I, witliin the ebiambiers of tr~y own soul, en shrinied her imaige with all the fondness of which my natutre was capable. Night after iighit we were in her presence, Charles and myself, btt jelousy had riot yet enitered my heart. To love her in silence I could not, and so one even ig. potiritng into her car burrning wvords, I tiold her aill ; howv that moy soul was bruind up within her own; how in vain I had attempted to smoth er the feyflammes of passion, which bturned withign maybreast, and how love's fingers had pinvaed tiponl the strinrgs of my heart, anid tiat now' my fate was in her hanids. She listeneud, I took her hiand, she did not, withdraw ii, and thrrowinig huerself upon my neck she went, I was happy-content; she protmised to be mine. Fool, foiol, that I was, to trust the vosof at womani. The daiy was fixed. prepa:rii tions made, and alreandy I looked to the futuireI for dnays of hauppiness and hours of, hss. Charle.' Ryan was my confidant, I told him all, I I tdle -:ndas ..- :ple,,a at the hapniness of I a friend. Ile offi-red congratit ion, lie proposed pleasures, but still that smile, so abiguous inl its neaning, pliyed upon his lips. 01e summer evening-we-ll do I remember it, for it burns within my brain. ns if seared with ten thousand iri.ns-we romnmed inl the old woods by her father's house. Tle evening was beautiful, and as one by one tile :-tars sole out from their peaceful homie inl heaven, we would gaze upon them, and watch them t winkliiig inl their brillianey. Never be'ore hid Mary :ip. peared to My eVes so lOvelV, iad Ha I s:at With my head reposinag upon her breast. I was h:ipy. and thanked God for giving me the love of such an an.el " Mary," said I, " las it never appeared to you that in tle course of time your love might grow cold-" lush-nonsense," said she, " you knmw T love you above all things, .nd never w ill el:mLge inmy atneealion." " God bless you." I murmured, and then I impressed a kiss upon her rosy lips. At that moment there fell from her bosom : small piece of p:iper, and she enagerlv made :an ami attempt to reg.iin it. But I already had seized t, and horrible thotiLibLs took 'posession of yin nind, as I witnessed her anxiety io repossess It. "Give it to ine-fur heaven's sake I" she al nost shrieked. 'aying no atteiition to her entreaties, I opened he note, aiid read -Dear Mary: Yet a little while, and the farce ill end. Keep him deceived umil the d:y ip. mointed, and tiin, whent we are uniiited, ie en1 :au-la :i the foolih lhoughts of the diajiaint 'd iaspiratlL for your hand iad lieart. li '! tor fellimv. CHARLELS. As I read this piece of villiny, my brain mured as if touched wiIt living ci.ials of fire. \ind this was from him who hal sworn eternal riend-hip! As I read al Ii my, love turned into late, ad I swore to be reveiiged. :e next tight I enlled upon Charles, with ate inl iy heart, and veingeniIl'e ill yIV t:Ioni;ilhts. le was inl his room, poring1z over I copy fit lennI hvift, and :Is I eitiered, lie noticed the frovn pill my brow, and said, Well, old boy, what's out ? Jtpi:er ! how Lek you lotok." In a itme of freezing coldness I replied: " A false and lvicritienl friend is a sulficient mose to produce uich an efleet as you have ini nated."' I could see hill f.tce tnrn p:ale, and his voice emble is ie said: " Have you any persial :ihinin. sir ? if sn, t us le:r the griounids oni which you r iectsa ona is based." "Grbunds, I replied, now lo.iiag conril of y tem per, " groindN! ye.,, ,ir. and sneh r, unds as prove you to ie I viilaia:. And soi ou thougiht to make aI dpe . mt iw, yon anda ior 'dear Mary,' bit you have faiileil. Yiu rc LI worliv coiile ; take her, :mi be happy il an eal biit yon. sir. are a scoundrel." "Recollect, sir, to wliio von are sp:aLing., I do, assire you, and for your edificaron, t me assire you 'tis ai inferial i illaiii." ridets ie pwed the tloor. M-ost cetaiily." reaplied 1. "and be it now. delay, no proer:stinabitiiona, hm at this hour en Iii is still, aiid." whispered I,'' let it be it, e dea h-oaiC of us aiioust till." B3e it so," he lit tered. As I wa- tle chm:iajlligei party, nerori ngi to ie I had the cholice of wealpons. I was a per. et adat il tle exercise of tle sword, and wa illy iware that lie was igniorint eve:i of he I'St braleles ; bit I was beinitt on his lesir: iinii'. IV revenige needed a vietim, and tate had select i him. We wtonded our way into tIh deinh if the I irust, aid tihere, wh ni with 1 e)W es hnii t telie lent stais of heaveai, there. beneaitl the paisniing loonbea'ns, we eigaiged inl tle contest. 'I'le talt needi not he told. Hleated with pas on-maddened with the thoniglts of mny roigs. and bent on reveiige, lie fell bmeneath my arm. IaIiig exposed his breast, I took vanitage of tle opporinmity. and pluned the word (lap hi its hilt ini his boly. WVith l a cry (X rany that still rings in iv ears, he shrieked " I in killed," atnd theia fell a lifeless corpse5 iai the rounod. As the warm blaiod giushed fromt lie -ounid my feelings uinderweint a sitiden and owerfulI chianoge; the beimimusness of tmy eralne roke in upon me, atid as I beheld his pale flice pturnaed to heaveni, horror rooted tie to the pot. All, all, was a blank. I had slain my friend, nd fair what? For a womanii, whose lidse tiles had allured him ian to deceit, arid me to iurde'r! I knelt down lby his side aind straive to taunceh the wound. baut in vzaini. Muiirderer ! nd I shrunk baick wih alaerroir as I conteiaplated lbe de'd which I land Lneeompllislhed.I ~Mlurderer! Cain, ns lie g.ized uponi thle corpse f his brother, could inot ha~ve experieced~ iimre anrments timnn inyself.~ The dlept hi Of thle h'ar st. canitiht up the dreadfitl soiud, amid 'the fair 11 distamit hills, echited hack aigaini the sinrilinig ruth. Mtiurderer !-it was t:tiaped upoaan iny row, and burnied like living coails in my braii! attemipted to shriek, anad with a mtighaiy elfort red to break thle cbin of' terror that hioundi re to thie spit-buot in vaiin, thle hanlf-miutteredl i'rds wiebcl huimng upn~i myi lips, myi) very' boughts seemed :as it' formead iinto one word nd that was-.ilorderer. I had slain haima; praeeditately, malicinonly, utetionailly sIlain him-hie, to whomi I laid wrn flriea'dshaip, lay cold amid lifeless upon~i the; ~rrounad, and its I gized tuon tie itp urneal lthee,| here seemed to mie a simili of' ingled scuan ii ad hate mantled aroundat his pale liups; thae nmoon brew a shaidow neraiss lie piseless corp-e, iadl 11 natture was hushed ais if aiwed by the dread l deed.! A heavy hand waLs pliced upon0 my shoulder-| laiud aand hourse voice muittered yau Lire myn| rioner," atnd I tfound amyself manacled, aind ini ie grasp of the poalice, whao were takinag ime IT| o prisona. I made ni elforts to esene;ap iiter-| -dinm remnonst ranice, butt dall, sutllenly, dug-| edly went to nmy dom. I was neensed of iorider ; thle boidy iwas brasaghit iinto court, and s I gazed upon its distorted count ennamee, I hrnk frm the sight, and hid my tee in may imnds. Other ivitnesses were baroughit, other ircmstatnces were pt before them, anud I w'as ~odemed. Trhey led tne into court, and thle jdge, with an air of Lassumned solemnity, placed thec fatal cap uponi his head, amid senitenced moe to die at mutrderer's deathl. I wais then phaced in adank, and cheerless, andu dreary ecll, where the sunlight atf heaven never centered ; with no hope but that of deathm, I was doamned to pass at long month of wvreichiednet and despair. They sent a long robed priest tim preatch to mne af repenitanice anad the mercy of God. Faiols! how coiuld thtey expect me to hope, fair mercy from God wheni his proftessed followers laud de iied it? If I was not hit to live, I wais niot it to die, then why dooma ine to death, and scnd my otl to perditioni ? If I repemnted, and was fit fur Coil's kinigdoim, why theta am I noat litted to ie in thme world ? Thaey catinnmt aniswer!1-they dare not! The day is at last npproaiching-this n'ghat is my hitst Oin earth, amid the sounad oh' the woirk ni's hammer tells tme of any fate to-morrow. Let it comec, I feair it not, fair I hare full conifi dence that God will show that mercy unto me .,w:.i. h,;. folliv,,r havm filehd to do on eairth. ' Learn- o Cook well. The health of tW family depend, upon it. We know there n those who assoemte luxury, elreminney, and ill the dependent ills, with every attempt of the kind, rectommeided. But we do not believe th 1h1ealth is promoted by enting raw earrots or doug~y bread-or, that to secure long! lifle, it is neceJary to turn cannibal. Nor is it necessty, in order to shun the er rors (if which we a tak, to rush into the oppo site extreme.- Go -cookery does not consist inl producing thi bes-,t season-d dishes, not such ias to foster " orbid appetite: but in pre parinig every dish i , 1 however simple or corn mon it inay be. T re are, for insinnce, faini lies who never eit yiv good brmnd from one ct-nimury to another, id have no idea in what it coiists. Norare eats cooked any bet ter in t heir precinets.T li is, simple, nnd heat thy delicacies, wi h- the good house-keeper knows imuitively. .ow to p'odiee, are never seten hwre. Even l2ih of nIoItoes cnnnot get Itnselves well boipd. These lthings onght not t, be, nor is there ly need of their existence, if tli wille 'h"is an Just notions of her obligai . Joion to herself and.Xho e about her. The seience of b&.td making, of meat broil. ig. Stewiying. roasting, or boiling, of vegetable et-king, and of pre ring the mti infarions small dishes of aii sorts, liuei go to take pleasant tle lable. and all alut nre hers-hers to uin dersiand and priedde There is a good al of commonsense in the above article, and I rejice in tit stich a lIrge im.ijtiritv of our ml inellifgent and re.ined n dies iiderstanid thi art of cooking well. To d-I ibii, it is not ncessarv to be a domestie diroidge, Wiith noI t to devotie to iiitellectual improvement ; but'simiple. well cooked di.shes whiei require but little time ir-paration, a net:t ly spread table With 11n iilli 0igniit womlianl to provide, is more iiting, even to the epicure, than the most elabOrate enteriainment where the lady who presies is iiothing but a cook. The ohijeeiion i.s often made by those of the opposite sex, who an' averse to the moral el valimn of woiail, tiat 4! iintellectual womlian is uititled for tle duig-s of dolmeiistie life ; but as very lt-w meni of it elligieice are amion snhi bii-jects. it is not call neessary to bring any profl*.-o tile cooitram. We wold only h it to young ladies who illy ',,, be pardrti-lir'y ii a love with. the kitchen, ha iO ladty is liuiedl'or tle diies or iife-, itiess i she is pre: ienlly oilqunied wi:h tile enire moldus operrandi of iuse keepiig. Tnose who i hi ::equired i.d no:ions or gelityiq., thos1..e I whose minds never rose above frivolities of: iahii ona ble ii-, nrethose iho :re poor honse i k--pers and had doks, while the intelligent: ronii:n wh can trai!e tle rela: ion<, of cause and i cli-e:, uh, li nder.damds wonmm'-w dmies nod rt- 'i polnwibilit is, wille never consider the trifles i whiih m:ke ip the \um of every day happiness I asi beneati the nottie of her etivi:ted powers. t A triily ititelli rIutt$nd iiwell educated womian t nus.; tnece-ssarily - . u good cook and a goud M ket-per. l,r }A 'Uff-. R Fiin- maP.i n_ in'tn ns we pass down the journey oflii'e to tie cre k v sibtides of our laivi y-ar. Love i us' been to every otne tie sourie of both. I lvery one4 his treasured awiy oil the saicrel1 pag-res of memory i thii.,aid little iincideuits, 0e t- 1 be revealed in il it-. it whic-h. is to some ren:. ing~l~ fiction, it remiurns. whenleve~r. a ghmm11 illm idle, nlisocial hour eals ui) tih- meitismng -pirii-.md turns the mlindi upon thle p1A. Life, re-viewed thriougi tie 1-is of bVgiinie yVars, sem rather a enrimus wrouhi iioo e rerikh dreamn, than a1 Ater reality. WVe are sur rol iuded by metilen tos of ll i-eLtioll of 'rietnds, t th friieids themsves art! gone. \ e reneiiir tile conillis of wisdomi, the Snre instrune ons; of' experience. by whichl omind %tere formed, aid a dirtcioiveni to the eurrent of our ihoutthis and habits, but the lips froin Whenci Ihey tliowed have long beel mute as tie iill valley wicre they lie1 mllli derinig. We have danced anid suig wi h th ii yi nd gily. u1 blien eiraptlured tL the thrilling voice aid kiidIjig eve of beaiity, but we are aione. The vil-iols 11ave pissed friin us-4. Ii one graveyard |mdint heilttr t heie are tile ;uittlocks, anid whtite ?. tne.- henrintg remtl-mbehiredt ntame~s, antd t his is atl tthat is ileft toi us. But iii iimong the mfelainchot y r-uis of tie past thiat we gaithier the r-ihtiiA stores for the fiturn. It is there we learn how verr viin are earthlly huopes-howl flee-tiing eairthily frit-iids-hiow frail eveint the s tiongest choi rds of am-et.iiii. it is there we learni to prtepare for aother state of heiung. Ctunis Waoxas--Site is periluted 110 voice in the Cortes ; the press is unider the vilest eeni sorsit hiifarmrs are comptelied to pay1 tell per cenit. on alt thetir inrvest except sugar, andt oni tint articie two andt a hatlf tier cint. ; thte islandii tins biein uder imarshlil hiw since 18:15; over $::;:33.O0.00 are teviied upont thle inhabti tants to ie suandeiitreid hy Spain; itce is imonoupoli zed by ti Irovernmntlii It litr is so taxed as to be iii ai able:c a Creoie miiUst p~urcha~se a lic-enseL be fore het e-lii iniiite a hewr frienids to take a1 cu~p of La at huls ho ird ; the-.e i.-t a sl ampedl paiper, made legally- neceussary foir specialproe fcn tract, costing rightt ciattars pe-r sheet ; noi goods ini ir out oh doorsi, canli be siild wit hout a litcenise, tic nlatives ouf th t inndtuii arc exciluded enily h3 romli thle airmty, thle judiici:iry, tile treasury,' anid the eushuins. Ttle miliitary governmenit as snmeots the charge iii ucihols. The igrazing y of at l e is t exed ixoirbitaiy I). Ntewspap iers fromu aromuul, wvithi but tew e-x'epitions, aire conttra band. L ethters piassinlg thlrsuigh the post otilee arte pnd nd prigied iof the-ir cointets tbefore dIeliery. Fishing iin tie coanst is forbidden, being~ 'a go~vernmenit monooly.i Phaiters are fortiddein to sendil their stils to the Uitedf Statis for educntionlu purpose-s. TIhe siave tr.de is stecrete-ly eneouraged by governiment. No pecrsoni enni remilove fromi line hiouse tonanothi er, wvithotut first paiyin~g tur a givernmtent, per uit. Alu cattle (tihe samie as goods) that aure sl, mnust pay3 six per cent. of their value to -overnmtienlt; iin shirt, every possible suterfugze iPrtsorted toi by the governmuient oflitcials to swinulie the upeutle, everyt hinig being taxed, anid therne is n app~teal froim the decision of tile capti-geerl.--Bllon's Ciiba, ptuiished by Derhuy. Wiiar 1s AnhisTtacY?-Ini reply to thlis qie.,tiion,(-u Gen . , a dis-ingnkithed orator init the Fri-tih Chiintbers, gave thle fottowving answer: -"Aristuirrtcy ini tile 19th century is the league, the eotnditiion of titise who wotuld consume wiih mut priidneiung, live withioult woirkinig, kniow with out le.riniig, carry alt htonors withoiut deser ingi themul, anud ticcupy all the~ places of govern umen1. withouut beiuig able to lill theml." E:cEsivE experimhets are going or, by order of tthe f(unglish Governmaeiit, to test the etTeet of stot madhe froml Antiimoniy upon0 wooden ats well as iron0 surf-ices. As fair as-hey have been tes ed, thle destructive elects of' theseC baits lire muore appanrent thain those ari.,ing from iron ones; fur, Its sooni as the surf nr- is struck, the metat, owiug to its greatt brittleness, breaks, and tile various particltes, Cionsequetlty, becoiune widely spread. fTe iiuthtoritites seem Luo be multch pleas ed with the success whichi hasi attenided these expe'rimenits; and~ it said that ant immediate supplty of antimony baits will be despatched to t... flets ini the Baltic and Black seas. Africans At Home, This is the subject of an article in the !nst number of the Southern Qgtrtely Review. of a graphic and inlergs'ting character. The writ er gives a sketch of e moral and social condition of the Iegroes inhabiting the Gold Caast and the iteigh boring countries, compiled from tie terotunts of the earliest Portuguese discoverers, nnd compares then with the recent report of' Mr. John Beecham, -)f the London Weslevian ilision. The result is to show that after Ilhe lapse of nearfour centuries, in spite of all Ihe missionary efforts, zealously and snerificingly put fourth, and their intercourse throughout, this whole period with citilized man, the people fit' Africa still ocCUIpy tle position of he most savage, disgusting and degraded race kiiown to histolry. It will be readily seen that to do such a subject full justice-to lay bare in all their horrid and revolting truth, the habits and man ners of snch people, would require a vo.:abulary itolerant to polite ears. The writer, ais ne think, treated the subject with all the delicay it could well admit of, and concludes his .ketch thus: Scarcely has one of their barbrous inud bloody customs been abaudoied from the earli est period of which any thing is known of them. They s ill pave their court yards, palaces, and even the streets or market places of iheir villa. ges or towns, with the skuills of those butcher in wars, at feasts, funerals, or as sacrifices to Bosuim. Still their wives and slaves are buried alie, with the decensed huhand or tmaster. When Adabanzen died, twro hundred and eightv of his wives were buichered bctore Ihe arriv:il A his successor; which put a stop to ii nilty to increase the flow of blo 'd and the numbe'r of Icamns in other ways. The rema.,iing living wives were buried alive amidst dancing. singing ind bewailing the noike of horns, dru . mus kets, yells, gro:mns and screechings; tlh omen narcbing by headless trunks, bedaubed them-. ielves with earth anid blood. Their victims 6vere marched along with large knives passed i .birough their cheeks. The executioners strug ile for the bloody oflice, while the victims look mI and endure wii apathy. They were tooi 'uamiliar with tile horrid sncrifiee to show terror )r to imagine Ihat all was not as it should be. l'heir hands were first chopped oW, aid t hen heir heads sawced off, to prolong t h atmuilsement. 3ven some who assisted to fill the grave were mu lled in alive to add to the sport or soietimniy C it the scene. Upo.n the death of a kinm'' rot her. four thousand victims were thus sacri iced. These ceremonies are ofei rel)eated, I tad hundreds slIughtered at every rehearsel. i jp.n t lie dceate of : King (if Ash:totee. a geier- I I massnere takes pilace, in which there can be io computation of the victine At their " Yam Cusomis," ir. Bowditch I ritnessed spectacles of the most a:mppallinr kiid. t ;very caboceer or noble snerificed a slave as he I nered at. the gate. Ileads and skills forimed c lie ornaments of their procession. Hundreds 1 -ere slain, and the streamiig and steaming i Ilood of the victims was mingled in a vast brass o an, with.various vegetables and aninal inatter t r.uk nsiIW.n&.t.nntide to comlipose a. powetrfa im.chery and shughter occur. *T tr -gtsv..t- - mtioner traverse the city, killing all they meet.. I 'lie niext div desobitiin reigns river Ih' I mtd. 'lie king during the bloody s:turnalia looked mn eagerly, and dinced inl his chair with dclhht I ilhe Kiog of Dahomey paves the approacebes o his residence. and ornnments the bati ten'ets U ,f his palace. wilh the skulls of his vie imtls; nd the rreat Fetiche True, at lioligrv. hi its tide-spread limbs laden wtili hmutm:mm ecareas nd limbs. 'I'Tier. the waint of clastity i, no lisL,race, and the priest are employed as pimps. inhrder, adultery and thievery, says Bosati, .a re here no sins. The case of Quatue, given liy our author, hows how vain is the hop of elTeting a tIn ional regeneration by the ednenlion of A fric:is o the Christian miitukiry. ]it lifty Vyealrs r+-i lece at Cape Coast Castle, lie gained over not v imie of his countrymen ; atid dying. shiwel Ik oniidence still reposed in his Feliche and not in t :hritiian rites. Well i might Mr. BUechiam re nark, thIt, tie Case of this individtu:l furiiishes natter for grave consideration on the part of hose who are anixiotus to promote the enlighlt nent and elevationi of A frie:t. 1 llere is a pictire whicht may wvell nilThrd medi aioni to the staaesmaun and phiintthroist. iew it in connect ion with the spieelsele wvhiebl .hy ti presents, of fast relatpsitng into birbiari-in i nd heathenism, and the maelineholy dkisossJ nade to the General Assemtbly of the New 1 school Presbyteianos at their sessions last year i their Missionatry to Liberia, whto stated tiat tl that pireserved even this colony from a ret rn ei pagainism, wams the accession of' coloiiists from he United States, beariiig wtith them the seeds mphglanted here, bitt that even this elemient, uti ess some new amid superioir systemi was adtet~~~d >y the Chttrch, woutd soon be inrdegntate to stay the deploraublte tendencies of thiing<. View ill these facts toget her, a nd wvinh whai~t hto pel s ess anid despatir do they not blacken thie dreamts at' negro civilizatiotn, liinkedl with intdependece fo emipate~jlt the negro, anud send him bak to mis native jungles, is to consil-n him to the eer ai horrors from which his a:tu re :gmiin Ilemds im : while to dectare hiti free, and leaive hin i his couivl,is to subject him to a ern-.hin' aopet it inn with a superior race. toi be lhfTet ed, ppressed, anrd tinally I )'cxerinatited.-Thelise tire ii tnew thiotnghts to SouthIerni pte-ple : but thetcre isdanger fromu their very faminliarity, anid thme wide* issenlt whiucha they coinmandai. thiat t hey may be lightly estima~tted. A wtriter ini the Naina ntel ligenieer. whom ugrges eimatncipation, tnd the ire of' Chinese emigrants tin the place of slaves. sas tat - t here atre both Nor hein antd S:uch r'n ment in iiur halis of Conigress, wvho mi t tate conversation, now hail this sulggestion - It. is a part of the project that thteproceedls of' the publtie lands are to be appropriated to the remneration of the maisters. With such mdi eations, it is proper therefore thatt we should cnstntly keel) before us sneh facts as are brought out in the article under notice ; facts which apart from consideratins of imterest, make cmancipaltioin a terrible curse toi the object upoti whom it. would spend its false philan thropy. Sad as these facts are, how unquestionable and proud is tie vindientions they afford iif the institution of Southiern slavery ! Let the moi st prejudiced and hostile mike the contrast whiichm is exhibited betweten thetm, and the condition of the negro here, and tax his best wits to frame a system which wilt neompiili for him more let eient results thatn shavery, or one whieb caii heip uipiii tuim a heavier toad of misery :iid viLce than emtancipation.--Natches Free Tralkr. THEs YOUTH OF BALTiMoPE.-Inl Baltimore, am few days since, a counmtrytman was passiig dow~n North street with his wagonl, whten onte of is welIs clime oft, and hie di-covered that tis ltineh pint was gone. After searching tor it setim ite. ie otrered tthe boys who coaigregated a shlintg to whoever wouti timnd it. They theni Jameid in the seairch, anid itt a few minutes one of thme boys brought him what tie supjposedI to bec thet pin. Hlavinig adjusted the wtie.l, lhe paid the shilling and started off, bait had not gonie more thzan half a block befiore a wheel on the other side caime oft, when the discovered thtat the young rascadl had stolen the pin froim one of 'th other wvheels to obtam theo reward. The First Fruit of Know-Nothingsim. Under this head. The Citizen, published by Johni 3litctel, thus portrays the caree.r, and predicts the fiate of' the Know-Nothings, as a political or.ranlizat ion. le ebaracterizes it in foreil. and trut hfuI larngumage. 1IE FIRST FnUITS OF K -NorIttGISar. In this week's paper. as well as in previous nui bers, we htave recorded the dointgs, hopes, and prospctrs of' a secret political society. appropri ately aIlled Know-Notlings4. They are repre en'ted bv their peculiar organs, and by some shal-low d:dly journals in this city, whose wont it is to spread their sails to e:itch every wind of dictrine, as having swept everything before Ithemn at va rious electiins, and as likely to carry everyv fume contest whe-e Ihey are organized. We do not, by any means, wish to depreciate ite power or importance of the order or Know. Nolhinrs. Like every ghost and goblin, it is fimidable inl the dark to the siperstitious, and no doubt it. hIs scared, aid will contiuc to .,eare iany out, of their senses. But, just let us see what it ii-whence it has sprung-and what it has done ? Tle principles of the Knnw-Nothings are itlemical with tie old exploded alien laws, and the iere dogmas of nativeism, which some ten yea r. aro died a natural death, but is now g(al vaniized in:o convulsive action reseniblhig life, 3and1 deceiving tile ,imple. It is. therefore, noth ing new. It is but tie order of United Ameri aos in ti'e most contemptibhle form. Tat was brave ;.nd bold, aid tIhe rennant. of it now does iot fear the sun. This is cowardly and clandes tiie, skulking in holes and corners like-an assas in. In BlosiUn, Philadelphia, .and New York, Ale NativepAnerican frction burned churches rmd comen s, and set on foot serious rioWt. T'lien, as now, the bigotry and despotism of 2aliolie eclesiasties and their organs were ivide exen,es for proscription of a creed and in uni ice to a whole raee. Here, and elsewhere, hey Carried elections by throwing their weight rto ther scale bal.ed between two other par. ies ' whose leaders the people were wearied. 'hey made large promises, but they tined out o lie tie worst ptrfiormiers that npieared on the )olitical stige, aid they saiik b.ick into disgrace ind oblivion. in 1844, in New York city, Mayor Harper vas riot elected two montlis till a disaipoiited mu b:ic was rouned to inidignation ; and ,o it was aery where-the worst and most ineapable men vere elected to office under the nativist excite his State 1in e-fet uaI les-on was taught. The I lustri 'us and chivalrous Henry Chrv was de- I e:e1 ill a pre.,ilential election Iccause of the I :eviaos alli.iiie of the whig-, who nominated V 11m, with tle Native Aierican0 p:irty. The taint nas fIt-il. lie wonld have been elected but for ie State of New York, and " the foreigners" .Ad aiple reveirge. In the late presidential I leetion, General Scott wais overwhelmed with nit, sanie Nouive American party, as appeared e rom Iis re-publilied letters, and all his blarney t r the rib Iii.1i brogue" could not charm away I .e eflect. t W iai do we sy now? Already in New Or- a caj..bl oi1"1111(cte ow er tieItevU auv 1 Know-Nithing.'. vill the people of New ( ork periiit the samie firee that was performed I 18144 to be pl.ived over again in 1854. by still lure de~pable act ors-mnlt' who are ashamied I , olp Ihelir heads before high heaven ? I It is to le hoped that the fatal riots at St Anmis will teach a salut.iry le.on befrr it i- I ro'l..te. T.esr :re the legiiimte friii:s of i now.Noingism ; aind, like Orangeis-n, its kin- v red 'a'ssociilmn i in lre'land. it is de-tined. before i brief' emde is ont to win bloodv distinction - i otner iiierireeie fecuds of tie sile cbaracter, mit.ss its '5ileahby progress is arres ted by the : refle . 1 For the snne reaison that the Know-Nothings re io a eertrini extent vivtoriis in the glooi I ni. li, they never eai becime successful as a artv' 11 tIre fight it' d.tv. Their principles and I e'-r praeics are csituii tional, uni-Ainei- I ;il. iiill Reuli ia'n, aid they dare not set op heir platormi. :nil 'ro openly to the polls givin .ra.ion for the tfith that is in them. What I ;ave t reicc pli-,bed ? h1.ey have elected no ' icket of thiir own. They have only helped to 1 -leet the tickets of' their allies, the Whli, who nill reap l a terribile ret ribni ion for thme acceptance it' the'i' r id. Tire K now-Nothtings are hotund otheli.r by two priniciples.---hatred of eve'rythring1 rishn anrd German, anid the cohesive power'of le .spo Is. When the plunder is divided, they vill fall ini pieces like a rope of sand. The Usury Laws. A movement is on foout in Engl:mtd, with a oiid proslreel if success, for the repearl oh' the i-nry laws. A grat miss of evidence ha~s been iduucedl to show that they operate to increnuae lie very evils that they are inrte-nded to peet mid to 'riess then very classes they ai'e itenild o relieve. A bill lior the total repeal oh' thne riuiry hrws his pissed to a second reading in thne Ion-e of Lords, the Maurquis of Lainsdowne, ,iird I anmp1bell,~ Lort Brouigham and thle Lord r:baneellor all speaking in h-avor of it. Great inoddicationns in lhe usury laws hiave been made ii Eiiglanid, aind irndeedt in aill enlightened coon-i ries. TIhery are lie remnants oif t hat legislartion I a ich lirst frrbarde all interest or pay for the se of' mney. It is quiite plain thiat the laws regulaiting the 'ate of' mnterest prinrne'e no restrzimi upon trans rtioins between individuais, and the-y are to a oi.,iderable extenrt evaded by corporar ons while hey undoubtedly preveint for'eign capiial from loigin ' reely as it othecrwise wold, whe'f etweeni thne borroiwers than the lender. As ninany circumnstances enter into the market varlue it money3 as of moust other commodities, and it wouild be as or-nasonable to enct that sour tionr should be sold at the samte priee as sweet, is that thie initerest oh' money Ioauned on tundoubt ed landedl secnrity shoul~d be the same as when loaned unoin uno othuer than personal security, td depeniding~ upron the lif'e and success of the borrower. Th'le larws whlich make it illegal for a tian to pay eight per' cent. often drive him to pay twelve, f'or thre lender who lends without the security 'of law clbarges somerthinig for th e ndditionral ri.,k. It is thne opinion of many commereial men, and we think it is lie grawinig iPinioni, thait the usury laws shiould be repealed, and mnoiney left like iry oilier article, toi find its level in thne re lationis of supply anrd demand. 'Thle argument against. this is,'that money is invested by lawI with a quality that it dries not possess inhterent lv. and utat io oilier commodity p~ossenes, and tirrt, the.ref'ore, it ought not, to be subject in all respects to the saime laws. There is force in this ; but if tire borrowers must borrow money, it is equally true that the lenders must lend it.| They cann'ot cat it nor wear it. .Should it be I thought too bold an experiment to repeal thne| utNry laws ahtomethner, they might be safely re- i pealed f'or aill indit iduanl transauctions, rand the: rate extended for corporations to that which, in; oiie way or aunother, the borrowers are comipell- I ed to pay, and ouften at an inconvenienee as sern onis as thne increased rate. Should this work well, tire restriction might be taiken off' altogether. Should it not, we should have the remedy in go ing bs....to tIne old.t law.-Providence Journal. [From the Baltimore A merican.] Terrible Tornado, CriCisNATi, Aug. 28. We learn by a boat just arrived from Louis ville that a destruetive tornado swept over that city yesterday afternoon, accompanied by an awful destruction of life and an immense destruction of property. The congregation of the Fourth Presbyterian Church were at the time of the storm attending service. The wind lifted up the roof, and caused the walls to totile, and amid a scene of fright and confusion fell down into the body of the church carrying with it a portion of the walls. The reports received here state that twenty-fiVe of the congregation were instantly killed and a large numbL r seriously wounded, many of them fatally. SECOND DESPATCH. The Louisville papers of this morning contain full particulars of vesterday's Tornado.. The Democrat describes'it as'one of the most vio lent storms that ever swept over that section of the country. The Third Presbyterian Church, on the cor ner of Eleventh and Walnut streets was com pletely wrecked, and the entire building fell in, inclnding the roof, rafters, and brick wall, crush ing twenty of the congregation to instant death, and wounding severely ten or twenty othirs. The scene was truly heart-rending. Soon a large crowd assembled, :nd began their search for the victims. A mother and her three chil dren were grouped in death. Another scene presented a father, mother andatbe-tho father dead and the mother mortally wounded, while the little child placed beneath them remained un. hurt, being protected by the form of its parents. In other instances, some of the victims were found terribly wounded and maimed. The entastrophe has stricken consternation in to the very heart of the city, and its people are ippalled beyond belief, Fully one hundred buildings in the city were inrooted and otherwise injured. The total loss s estimated at $100,000. The storm was also very severe in Jefferson rille, where four houses were blown down. [,ate from San Juan-Re-Building of Greytown. A correspondent of the Herald, writing from Mnenta Arenas, on the 14th inst, says: All those wvho left Gregtown on the day of he bombardment have returned, and T. J. Mar in, the ringleader of all the outrages committed as been appointed Commandant Yf the town y Lieut. A. D. Jolly, Commander of the British var schioner Bermuda. The negro McLane, rho led the band of Jamaica negroes to the kmnerican Consulate, to arrest the Minister to lie United States, Mr. Borland, has been ap. 'ointed constable. Theso are the men that this British officer has ppointed as rulers of the town, instead of put. ing them in close irons on board of his vessel. lad it been.an Englig minster that was insul Dd, thewovrffW wV'uld have been arrested. nit treitd ils girates. Between: tbse-wo. dr deviL, Ir the brig of war Espiegle, sent a force o tfeen marines and eight nrmed sailors to this lace, to take the two paltry iron cannons which ,ieut. Jolly did not take when he took tho :'ass piece. These three pieces of cannon, with (ile other arms, were taken from San Juan w order of the United States government, and laeed here by Captain Hollins, of the sloop of var Cyane, for sale keeping. They were taken ack to San Juan, and placed under the flag taill' The town, Phmnix-like, is rising from its shes. One month ago to.day there were but hree buildings in the town, whieh were left by rder of Captain Hollins, that the people might lot be destitute of shelter; there are now under he course of erection some twenty-four small rame buildings, and no doubt in a month's time here will be as many more. There are some half dozen men in the town vho are very much exasperated. and declare lacy will have revenge, and that the Accessory 'ransit Company will have to suffer. The >etter part of thaese men held office at the lime if the outrage and offeired insult to the United States: aand were it not for the Bermuda, which s still in this harbor, it would not be safe for .he company to remain on this point; and for he protection of the lives anid property ot American citizens, it is highly necessary that iar government should make some arrangement .0 keep a vessel of war stationed at this place tilI thie question is settled by the two coan ries. On the nlight of the 4th instant we had* .hree severe shoeks of an earthquake, which ihiook every piost in the buildings on the Point, and the animals beeame almost wild with fear. ['he Espiegh.~ left here on the 2d instant for :rthiagena, and from there to Jamaica. The >rig Reveille. Captain Bartlett, from New York eft this port on the 9th instant, for Laguma, 'rum there to New York. Hbos.-The Somersett (Ky.) Democrat of the 9th instant, says: It seems probable, at present, from the ap pearaunces of the corn crop, that hogs will be very iow this flall. We hardly see how it can be T1he Louisville Courier of the 12th inst. says: In the Courier of Thursday wec published a roll table of the assessment of six months of ad hogs last year, and the returns from 93. rounties this year of 284.742 hogs in the above counties, over the entire estimate of last year, and eight or nine counties yet to hear from, which will further increase the excess. The excessive drought which prevails through out the greater p~ortion of Kentucky wvill exert much intinence upon the hog market, nas corn will be both scarce and high, and it is fair to presume that the hogs wilt not come to the books as large and fat as heretofore. In fact, we learn that many persons in the interior have turnied their hogs out, and abandoned all at. tempts to flatten them for slaughter. SINGULAR OCCURRENCE.-Th~e following is rrnm the Centerville Times: " Under the obitua.. ry head in to-days paper will be found the death of Sir. Jacob Reese. On the day of his death Mr. Reese was engaced in seedling oats, and toward evening was ~stnrtled by a voice appa rently at his elbow, aying, " You may sow but shall not reap," he looked around and'seeing no one, continued his work of seeding, attributing it, as he afterwards state'd, to his imagination. At every step, however, the warning waa repeat. ed, and at last, unable to bear it he proceeded home to his wife, persuaded by liar that it, was. only imagination, and finding that he had no fever, and did not complain of any indisposition. she induced him to return to the field. There, however, the same solemn voice attended hiti. at every step. "You may sow but shall not reap !" and in a' state of extreme agitatiorn, be> again ceased work and went home. He took an early stupper, was shortly after attacked with swelling of the throat, and before sunrise next morn was a corpse. VERY TRUE.-"PI' in the wrong," is sait be the mnost difficult paragrapuh to pronoune ia the E~ngtish lngunage.