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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our erties, and ift imust fall, wewPtthe Runs."
W.F UIO9Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, $~0,SEPTEMBER , 184
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THUItSDAY BY-'
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor..
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
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tracts for yearly advertising are coulined to tihe imme
diate, legitinvtte bisiness of the firm or im! ividunal
contractini. 'ransicnt Advertisements must be paid
fur in advatce.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, is
For Advertising Estrays Tolle(, Two Dollars, to be
paid ,y the Magistrate advertisit g.
Ma. Entron.:-Please aninunce Hion. P. S.
BROOKS 'ts a Caidiidate for re-el -etion to repre
sent the Fourth Ctongressional District, cionsistit. of
Edgefield, Abbeville, Laures, Newherry anil Lex
ington, inl the next Congress. which election will
be held in October next, and therliy greatly ob
lige .A.NY Fill1ENDS.
:g-Ti Friends of Col. A. C. G.\RLINGTON
respectfully anounce him as a Calidate to rlire
sent the -th Congres.,ionail District, at the election
in October next.
For the Semate.
glox. .J. P. C.\lOLI is rCspec-tfully
aniunced by his friends a a e:moliite frl ri-eke
tion to tle St-ate Seiate. at tie en-u Ci6eetin.
T- Thr: Frientds (of .Nj. TILLA\N WAT
SON, respectfully nomitnate him : a catdiate for
seat itn the State Senlatc at the ttext e!etioit.
For the lIItos.
113' Capt.J. C. PEllIY is resl etfully annitiunced
by his friends as a Candidate fir Mh.jir of tihe L.ower
Battfl:on, loth 1egriment, to i:1 the varmy ocea
sio:el by tle promotion of Co. A. -I. 1Nt:.u..
' Ta Friends of Dr. 11. L". Cooxrespectftlly
anmiotiec him a Camd idate for a Seat in the iex
lumse of Eepresentatives.
r 'ue Friendhs of W. C. mOi.\GN i, EI.,
r.:alpectful'.y anmunce him as a candttidal 1r a Seat
in the louse of Represetatives at tile next ecitvion
MR. Entroi,-You Wll please :tmnti1uttce G1:0
E. ILEN IDY, Esqj., is a Candidate for a1 Seat inl
the HlousC of Rejrcsenttatives at the net election
and oblige MANY VoTts
i MuJ. Z. W. CAPRWILE is respe:fully an
nounteed by his friends as a Candidate for re-ee
tion to the House of iepresntat:ives at the iext
'The Friends of WV\l. 13. DOP.N, Esq..
respectfully announce huim as : Candidate for a Seat
in the next hlouse of Representatives.
~V- Tim Frieuds (if Mr. W A DE HOLSTEIN
nominate hint as a candidate for a Seat it the
House of Representatives at the next cection.
D'T Tnr Friends of CA 1,EY W. STILES, Esq..
respectfully announce hno as a Catililate for a Scat
thme next Legisha:ure.
U Tnte Friemnds of G EO. W. L.\N)R UM aint
nlounce him as a Cattdidate for a Seat ini the next
Gir Tie Friends of G. D. TILLM1AN. Esq..
re~spectfu'ly annttounce htimt as at candidate fir a Seat
in the Legislature at the next eletioni.
UT TuE friends of JOSE~I'h AUN ET, Esgr
jespectfully announcee himo as a cattdidate fort a scat
in the next L~egilature.
STute Friends of JA31ES C.\M1ERON, Es.,.
resiwetfully anntotttce him as a Canodidlate for a seat
i n the next Legishtture.
gr TnE following genitlemiea tare tiomInaled for
Commiuissionecrs of the Poor of Elhefie'd Distret, atl
the enstuing election (in thte seond .\omiday itt Qe
timber next, viz:
GE~O. A. STiROTIIERI,
AQUIL LA MlLES,
B. F. LANDIWUS,
r"If I Underignedi ha~ve formied a Pahtntershipi.
1. and will P'ILaCTICE L. AW itt Edgelield , Ab
beville antd Lexintgtin.
U E(llGE WV. L.\NDRU31T,
Edgeield C. 11., Sept 21, 1854. if3
Law and Equity,
T lIE Unmdersignmd have formed tt partnertship
fomr the pracie oif Laiw attd Eijtity.
(2OFFCE at Edgeieid C. II-, S- C
31. L. BuNTT.\.\,
Se >t 13, 1 C51.. f o5
S. S. T O ITJ P K 1[ N S,
ATTORI\EY AT -LA W.
SOFFICE IN tEAnt OF TnlE COURT ntoUsE.
Edgefield, S. C., Feb 8, tf --4
Practice of Surgery!
Ga. i prpaedtacecitonunodate n ith Lointg
pnd Nursing, stteh pttietnts as mtiy be directed to
hrim for S CL'RGICA L OP'ElA TIONS or Tretatmnt.
11LT Mlasters ma~y be atssured thtat their Se rvants
itill have every niecessary atttenttionm.
A ugusta, M~ay 26, 1y- 19
iN 0 t ic c.
A LL, Persotns itndebted to thme Estate of Jactob B.
Siiith, p reviouts to I.-t .lntary latst, arte te
qtmested to matke liaymnent, and all ha~ving demttnds
pugainst the satme wIll htand thlentm i roperly atttsted.
flENJA311N W A LDO, Ex.
GEO. A. ADDlISUN.
A ug 10 t f
ilanuftacturedI Tobacco !
J UST Received direct fronm thte Facetory, T~-ty
tFBoxes CHEWING TOBA CCO, co(mprtiing
Four Choice Urands, viz: I loney Dew, Oronoco,
Extra and P'remium. For stile by the Box, oir at
retail at LOW PtIC ES. J)on't fil to call and
samnple before buying elsewhere.
G. L. PENN, AGF.-r.
Oct2n tf 41
WITH THE STARS AND STRIPES AROUND HI
. We ttid hiin as he had tillen Iroin h.s hor.;
his sword still firmly gr.sped in his hand, andI tI
fl:a, lie It t died dlendin, drawn aero-s his breas
lie looted as though he had gone to sleep, exper
ting, every moment to be roused by a call to: arm
There was not a clear eye aiong us, when ei
oi his friends severed two ringlets front the man
th:t elustercol on his forehead, to " send liomne
his niither and betrothed. Ile was buried as Ii
was found.-ilhte flag, the sword, the soldier in ot
grave!-JL?rrs FaO THE Rio GRANDE.
I.et hini lie in the dlark narrow graveyou have madi
Let him lie as, dying, you found him,
Let him sleep with hi- hand on the dinted blade,
A n.i the stars and stripes artound him !
But first cut a lock from his long chesnut hair,
F 1r one th it the hero left weeping
And anot;her "send home," and with them te]
The son and the lover are sleeping.
When long winter nights, at the home of his birtd
Are shortene.l with legend and story,
Some voice inl the lousehl.,d will tell of his worth,
Ail speak of his death and his glory
Anl fainy will picture the place where lie sleeps,
Beside him the blue windindig river,
The I..ne. sloiing flats where the chaiparel sweelS
IAnd sumier breatlis softly forever.
The mother wi!l weep "as she thinks of her boy,
The ties th-it so tenderly b) ound him ;
lHut the lid at let vide will think 'twere a joy
To e -p vith a banner around him!
A nd she the dark-eyeil antd the b -atiful one,
Whto waited so lonig for her lover,
W Il fall asleep tearful, amil dreati unth morn
of joy and the love imeetings over.
When aiother shall kneel at the feet of the fair
To w:it her with sighs and with vowing,
she'll tvil him her heart, as lie pleading kneels ther
Is etioted where a river is flowitg.
The ringletts you cut from the pale marble brow
Of our comr.iole, warrior hearted,
h ell ss to) her lips, aid remember her vow
o the faith to the dear one departed.
1:1y the mgolia leaf sweep over that mound,
The first toramge blossons bestrew it
May wmootbeatmis, L.ke birds, onl the branches b
A itd the tears of the star eves be dew it
For never, oh never, the eyes of a friend
Shall over that I one grave lie weeping
But across it dark chliets their war-paths will wend
Nor kitow of the brave nmath tllti sleeping.
Leal the war horse back to the cool hazel hurst
Whe:- the wle Ilerrimack is roving;
Wnhli.i Is eyes grown dim he'll be tenderly nurst
By those that will never ecase loving.
t.eaol the war-hoor-e ba-vk ? There's a horrible stai
Otn the saddle seat. Oh ! and go;ry
'Tis the htearts blio.1 of one for his country slain
Death, death is the price of all glory !
Let him sleep by the wave of the Rtio Grands,
With no protid sculptured urn above him,
There are tablets enmughi in Itis own d!ar land
The sorrowin, gsad hearts that love Iitmt.
Let him lie inl the dark narrow grave you have mad(
Let him lie as, dying, Von foundol h1itm,
Lf-t him sheep with his bahd oijthe dinted blade,
.\nd the stars and stripes around him.
T. 1. A.
B1ef'ore ant electihon ini I'entmsyhvanmiat, a few yeat
since, Illatos. wh was a locoofoeco, went. to se
his hithierin-law, who wa~s a st romng whmig.
Ii fow te dlo, 11ians 1" said the old ma~n.
" 1 low te do, fader?"
"owyugoin' to fote dis fall Hans ?"
"Ohtmit te locos, of course, tater."
" ot ! you coin to fohte dat, lcer t ickel ?"
" es, tadler, you know I's a locos, anid I tmus
fole te locos dieket."
"Now, llatns, I'll tell you vot I'll do mit yor
yo~u ino fote for Ie locus, atnd I no fote for te vig
-antd denm yon see. don't you [haris ?"
" Vill you do it Ilants?"
"Nowt, dotn't you forgit, I~tns."
Aflter the election Iatns went again to see hi
*o loow te do, Hans?"
"lio0w Ie do, fiader!"
"' Vell, Hlans, did you go to te polls ?"
" Yes, fider."
"Vot ! antd dlid yout fote ?"
" es, tadler, I hmad to do't. Dey got aroun
me, anmd wouldti't let tie off hider.
Sh out rascatl, yon no do aos you sity, Hans.
I latis was discove.jd, anid ini his cotnfusioi
rather mieekly asked:
" i o oto the bolls fader V"
"T besure, hlaits."
"Adddyou lute, tader?"
"To be sure, I did," replied the old man, i
lttes ut earnest eXcitement. " Ilotn't y ou suf
pos~e I know better dan to trust de tamt locus
A :itLtTany~ oficer, of diminutive stature, was
lately drillitmg tn liklhman cotnsiderably abtov*
six feet. " Hold til your head," said the ollieer
elevating the chtini of'the Irishmnan, with thte hiew
of htis cane, to tin angle of forty-live degree,
"Hold tip your head so, aind throw your eye
somnewhat to thte right, thus."
"Anud mtust I always do so, my noble captain 1J
asked the new recruit, with much appatrent sim
" es, alwaiys," answered thte oflicer.
"Ten ihre yoti well, my deair little fellow,
rejoined P'addy, " I shtall never see you atgain.
I 3EAUTIFUL ErrniACT.-Whenl the summ
day of youth is slowly wasting away into tht
nightfall of alge, atnd the shadows of patst year
growt dleeper anid deepter, as life wetars to its clos
t is pileaisant to look batck, thtrough the vista I.
titme upon the sorrow~sanid licitiies otior earbme
yeatrs. If we have at home to sheller,anid heart
to rejoice with us, and friends have been gathet
ed together around our liresides, then the rougl
lacte of our wayfaring will have been worn nat
smiouthted away,'in the twilight of life, while thi
sunny spots w'e have passed through, will grol
brighter and more beautiful. Happy imndeod ur
they, whose intercourse wvithi the world hats nc
cha~nL'ed the tonte of their hoolier felings, or brc
ken iUiose mnusicatl crds of thte heart, whose vi
brat ions are so melodious, so tenider and toucbint
ini the evenaing of age.-AsoN.
AlNare like btigleso: the wore brass the
oitt,..i, the lrter., yo mt harew .
How TO Unow RiciI.-It is a souid remark.
suited to all latitud-ds mid ineridian4. and to1 all
countries, tropical and frtigid, savage and civilized
that men dor not become rich by what they get,
but what they sate. The mrchant who sells
by the thousand per d:i, and saves bnt one per
U cent, retaints no more thati ie who sell by lie
t. hundred and saves ten per cent. For tire same
reason, some fiarmers wnh a few acres, aclually
make more thai otIera oi large farms. Let
teach farmer, then, begin right now by looking
Y eloselv to lhe can.,e of waste. For inigatce
"ow tiuan tons of ht are trodden under foot
and wated in teln years by hik cattle, for want
of feeding racks ? flow mineh is he yearly losing
by a waste of matninire-or, in other woirds, by
mal.kingti only half the manure he might.? low
muuci food is consumed needlessly in a year, to
keep his cattle and sheep warin in the wiiter, in
exposed vards-one-third more being n -eled
than inl good slielIter? \hat. is lol for want of
a gmood straw and stalk chopper? \Vlit amLnt
is wasted for want of eleaniliness and comfort
for all domesie animals? \Vhat i. the.loss by
the backward under curreti, gradtuallv lesseninig
the wurth of his farin by over cropping and no
ier mantirinL-aind by want of a good rotatien
of Crops? IHow much is he loosinig by not
knowing the best mode of attaiing ill these
dezirable purpoes-by not kiowiing how t hers
h ive done it best-.tid which is so readily and
thortougtilv learned through a good agricultural
LAZY Boees.-Of all the pests of society, the
voluttiry idler sins the most without, excuse, and
bears the moiest disgustiig character. Men there
are, in some par-ts of tI.e world, (Ileaveni help
then !) who :n get tiothing to do, aid with maoni
ly hearts and willing hands they %eek in vain
for labor eimh .u feed and clatle thero. Poor
as sneh are, they are kig aid priievs to 1tho4e
men who with mlinds to think and plan. arnis to
work, and a purse to coimiand, imagine thety
will find their highe.st happiness in allowitig :ll
of tlese (rifts to ie idle. or in usiitg thiemi otly
more perfectly to secure :ail rernde'r still more
easv their blkssed ease. Wlhat a lile ! Think
oft it! WVhat a destinv, to make up the great
sum of earthly existence by periodiczally slutling, I
and taking of aId puttinag ain a pair of panit
loons. Olt ! volntiary idler inl Gad's busy uni.
verVSe, if yaIou have ntitiag tat do, get sumethinag
to deo. Every worthy working man deuspises
yo, if yona do iot despi.-e yoursfel. A Lazy
m11atn cntt111t be happlay, ald if ioi are poi.sseh5 d
with a lazy devil. cast him out adti do 'ometlingt
tle keep bright and lenhllby those faculbies which
int a future lifie must measure themselves with
TjtlNS WE DEIeDEDLY OnJET T.-WC die
cidedly object to the lir,.-floor lodger coming
iome ini a state or itebriation, and gaottinag into
our bed with his bootls onl.
We decidedly object to a waitor always tel.
ling us he's camtmig, and never doing it.
Wi decidedly object to a youig hidy with
ier hair done ty ui a new.,paper ad vertisemet.
We decidedly object to an infltuated dra
mati.t reading uis the manuscript of his live act
We decidedly object to a b:iby .dabblinr his
damp little lti dabout oir fiace while lhe toth.
er stands by, and renmrks that thre little dlear it;
begining to " take lttice." ceri
We dlecidedly obja-et to a doctor telling us in
a frieidly way, that our family were alWvas no
ted for weak chests.
Ve decidedly olbji-et to a person mistaking us
far his mortal enemy, atd givig a tremen
duus blow on thlie back under cotlViction.
We deceidedly olject to a main's always laugh
ing at his owtn jokes, and never laugrhing it
We decideily obdje-ct to any one prloinig
our good thitngs, and palming then off as his
We decidedly object to a tailor's man bring
inr home a coa1t, atnd b:twlIng out int the passag_1e
that lis ma:ster told him riot to leave it without
And we decidedly object to sharp children,
lawyer's leitters, damp) Ahirt collars, amlate-ur per
formtiamees, tight boots atnd atn umtbrella trickiing~
down our backs.
WE lately spoake of the ol tlady who triumph
antly pointed outt the '-Epistlec to thte Rotmins,"
aind asked whtere aone catuld be toutnd adressed
to the Prittestants. The Catholic Mlirrtar hap.
pily retorts by telitng us of a ntegrot Btatist ot
the south, whto satid to his MetheodisLtttmaster:
'Y ou've read the Bible, I s.paose.' 'Yes.' 'Well,
Lyou've read int it of onte .ito, the Ba:ptist, hasn't
yotu '-'Yes.' 'ell you nlever saw noetthiung
about Johnit the 'dc Metodist. did yotu ?' 'Nt.'
'W.ell, den yotu see, dere's Baptist in the Bible,
btut dere ailt tno Methodist ; anid the Biide's oan
my side.' WVe leave otur goead brethrent oaf Itese
sects to settle thlis knotty question among thenm
DENTI'TPY is now a science ; bitt there are
travellinig oper.itors " ln the frontiers," who set
the teerth can edge without aniy scienttifie kntowl
edge wha~tever. A certain ntotable of this gntes
tiollable kitid, whlo wais kilownt aitlomtg thle "matst
ses" as at " tooath earpenler," was forttunate in
receiving" ani order freomi air old tdy for thle tman
ufn~eI ore and pjititng of ati 'en; ire set."' lie
wetit to woark withI commtnendatble zeal, antd in
adoeitt-t time-uc tea the moetary s:t! isftct iaon
o ~f his leatienet--ightented tip tier siieIs withI the
"a iounterfeit paresetmentirt "' af pearly rows. it
it few days, hiaewever, mtatters chianged, laor (e
toaoth after antothaer draopped fraomi thteirua glent
enteasemnots, and were eschewed fromtt the utmauIt
withI almotast, the plettifidteens of chierry stoes.L
Thte dhentist wats senit foer, antd cha :rged itl un
laprofessial ~ skill; lie stoautlyv detrkied any~ wiant
-of merit in his work, anid aiscribed thle mi.,th il to
somceruonst ituttioa rl peculiarity ofh his haltient
After mtucht speculhatiuon, lie asked hi~ tvictill it
Ssheo had not, itt thte cotirse oef her long lif e takeni
a greait deal of calonmel ? Ultitn beinig answerttd
in lie alIhrmnative, the gramvely~ told her thamnt this
caetlomiet had so etntirely ent'e-red into hrer system
-as toe mtake it imtpos~ible even for faliso tteeth to
sstay in her htead ; aind, wvith an ex pressiont of in
jured innovencue amid real professtonal sagiacity,
h le bowed himself out oaf the preseitce of his as
TiE editor of the Lonisville Democrat says
that if thle Iadies knew that wearinag light cot
"ored gaiters adds at leni.st Otto fifth to thte appa
rent diameter of thu foot, we are sutre they
r would discard theo tgly thtings, anid pitt their
Spretty feetL back aigatin inito the dainty blacek and
Sbrowit gait ers, whtich a lone atre propier for thre
a street. Th'le ptrotiest gaiter or shtoe of at::y kintd
f is black. Unless a woaman htas a remiarknably
r *inat foot antd anakle, and desires to shtow it by
s light colors, het her eling to thie black.
-A L~m TItAT wit utrai TJWELVE MONTts.
Take at stiek of pthosphtornts, antd putt it intto a
ilarge dry phtinl, not corked, antd it will afford a
U' light souflicienit to discern any object in a room
Swhien held trnr it. The phtial should be kept in
Sa cool pahace, where there is nto greait current. of
t air, and it will conitinute its lumuinrous atppeairance
- for miore thtan twelve mtonthts.
*PnEstVATrVErv AGAINsT MoTHS.-A Smnall piece
of papler or linent just moieishenedl witht t trpenttinte,
and pitt ito the ward robe or drauwersr for a sin
,gle day, two otr three timmes a year, is a stuflicient
RATEULAhD TO An .
The people of .ft$eield held a meeting at
Edgefield C. H. onAr 6th inst., with the object
of promoting the portant, useful, and we
mirt add, necesary4l road from Aiken through
Edgefield to conne L with the Greenville aid
Columbia Railroa - mewhere near Ninety Six.
This Railroad o u mrl >y'all means, to be built.
It %ill be a ben the Greenvill and Coluni
bia Railroad itsel, tsave all neces.ity for the
schete of the Say h Vitiley Railroad from
being carried out. 'ill connect Greinville,
Adersont, Pickeni, bbeville, and Edgelield
di.,triets, all with( a-leston, by one of the
best'and safest Rlil droutes the State affords.
No large :reams cstensive tressel work
would interfere wit .he safety and continuO.
operation of the r' -it all seasons of the %.ear.
It will nyke cGreeu e,:the head of the Rail
road, forty miles ~ne er-to Charleston thra by
t'olumbia, and tha ivite our North Carolina
and1 1.:ast Tenesse pparts, at least, of those
SIes, to direct the trade ani Railroad enter
pri.-es to tirveenvill ind consequently to the
lbenielit (it tihe Rail : frot here to Charleston
and Columbia. ItA . hen, the interest of the
state, atid of tile Grkenville aid Columbia Rail
road Comtipantry, :ndk7 of Charleston especially,
that this Railroad l'id be built from Aiken
to connect, with ouriiesent Road.
31r. Perrin, the Prsident of the Greenville
nd Colombia Railroi , attended the meeting itt
Edgelield, and mardean able speech which is
reported int the Edgdield Advertiser, in which
he discusmed the praosed road, the alTairs of
the G. & . I. IR., 6 the subjects of Railroads
generally, which we Jiope to publish hereafter.
Judge Btiler and Qet. Bonham also brieflv
addressed the meet, but their speeches are
'lie peoph. " tre very seriously
ittere.-ed of the Road con
rine!irig us ill save 150 miles
di.,tance it rlroad to Georgia,
atnd ally p. est or West ilir'
that State. s visitors nagn:mtt in
itmmer fr But the great rad
constant b - ad will be to bring
Charrlest o> us, anid to induce
persons n, and beyond us, to
preifer our d as a puitt of de
parilre to Vork. and all the
SoIutlh-we .it, Greeirville, by
the constr sed road, will af
fords mor es at all seaApns,
than any .I.t r part of :otiti
Carol ina. lo our citizonts will
give all l - to this enterprise,
which wi eat advatages.
W . - .AT NIGHT.
It was i thou.,ard persons
perihed of rdon. It was by
tight that intharib was des
royed. B on the contiient,
a !nrge pro !ascs. in its seve
rl forms, to have occurred
hetween on itl tre morning.
The dang tile ight air has
been a tile. Mt itmle U01110etoo
rind ; but i .;-bqy have never
yet called itry to account for
It is at ter of %ir nearest
the groun' :he most charged
ith the ized matter given
(litt from rious gaSCA, 81101
JIs Crbon uct or rempiration,
and sulpl- the produt of the
sewers. d varius substan
ces if aV by the rarfateion
of the I n this rareretion
leaves. ti (f gravil it itn
perfectly )slierv, while tire
g:scs en- :li, inStead if IS
edinig e level. It is
known th at a low tempera
ture parla nature of a luid,
that it ma no vessel1 into an.
other. It lure at which it is
exhaled (r . tendency is to
wards the -f the bleeper, in
cold and t
somre pa:rit:a tht t~n
refund to ysoldbat
tacked uina Strn p e
proably k Pl ie utn
for t ite ndon It wars giy
the expatihariga as drese-.
(if afey wre henuncnconl tsedntiet
Sicia eon, tre ~ntv . hao av rcti urr te
siclyscaso ofkepin lr : ionthetl morning.
in their huts ahe night.,asgigta Itaires
nor~nwethe atribued v b an ae Lnever
1y~ Europeas ha-e b tru to accoun.th forn
tla~ hvenow'nlreinr:nnhe frmosthredn
In ite.piennes f t -rmiuso ges, tireh
i'mofr le ir an i* te hiuet of re-potion,i
16~5, irs ii te trets ber athoe tie et
hitoirg iieeittty til 'thgtistrareylaeio
len strni~ ran. tltr. t ' rai y. if impo
(Ic hvehn'e fre aid anonsphrged hl the
tlt snt obec, l itisobisam that tes
meaursallitog sun inprna l,a lowit mer
ces~rilV thogh ut o doo tre o ta stuid,
a 'atl, s ncaitrd gami- aturt whieb o itos
~ p"Si~li! o he~t a oo stlendeny sto-o
anyniliniaitgaes t ayc rnt tmandy o
r*(tl5~theai o ti& oo, ti thou ili e, at
nitlt, wti.'r cme i cotatittirg rupg ofe
tiw ers iislciit-.- petnii irevuie ng
Tothe CisacloST Lo s wA rmthFgien
tew dxas ineatgrli dspaes freset
tmbstedti ther ne .........it s....pe te tmen
ofisafety inr then ucofs.otly tssure hAd
enreed t aies thae t rtsree ithe
aity upaon tire keepingp tire conerantth burning
ithei subeto an nihtusignintg thaeirihcutes
he awayshop poelsr, to ichve theoiin
inand paey attrist fever lire age.iai Lte
ty Erens uld sbegunt te adllowthe sonme
pTracien tose whhalvemi toie 'it ofer that
mjriy ofatirnwintireaimni, promising trhpi
adheesio to whiuer iichpiiadta they willomel ubetd
bnte good idemels o h ide gs ie
tiedBitop beal tihen the street fil the ite
3.tiree of the aioh lue ofal beoneofi
th85 thresoi ecteet ee.toetiekp
4.urninge inessiatytill o etiushedr of afic vof
let sior of in. Lotterly train ofngeanp
dehall beletot fid the canondschre o
The rseobet ert emt i obinu thir thpes
hesure, btog n in prrmt ithcie uste
ageedriy toughl rotuta ofdorseet o t ongme
pheri ion, to roduc thy soldsui tie above
puerpoesitiont atificaton eecdltion Af
nymeatingn gases itrdmy hedontand fter-o
oo stad tiarte proposition as slaetle-h
grapn rejected It aerithousteeo ecnl
w ited uponY the greateto confer wiho hmr o
From the Chirleston Mercury.
INTERNAL IMEPROVEMENTS AND THE EXT
The " Sparlan" exhibits a singnlar want of
historical accuracy in charging upon the Blue
Ridge Compainy the surveys or estimates said
to ha;:ve been made by Col. Drown. Of these,
the Company are entirely ignorant, nor do we
remember to have seen the report. Perhaps
this survey is the same as Col. Barnes'. In that
ease, the Blue Ridge Company are also entirely
free from all responsibility for it, and the errors
it nay have contained. They never did, on any
occasion, or on the authority of any one, either
as(ert, or give countenanite to the supposition,
that tie. Road (139 or 150 miles) could be con
structed for $1,750,000. If this was Col. Bar
nes s estimate, (we do not remember what his
estimate was,)all particiIation in or responsibili
ty for it, was expressly diclaiied by the Corn.
pany, in advance, even before his report was
givin to the public. On the 15th of Nov., 1852.
Mr. Gourdin, the President, and a Commitee of I
the Board, made a communication to the City
Conneil of Charleston, and stated, that a corps
of Engineers from the South Caro!ina Railroad
were then engaged in surveying the route, under
the direction and control of Lhe President of the
Blue Ridge Company. That the Engineers of
the Greenville Railroad had also made a survey,
but not under'the dir -tion of this Company. I
This communication a eared at the flme in the
Charleston papers, ani was afterwards printed
on a separate sheet and copies sent to every
member of the Legislature.. There are, there
fore, no gronnds whatever.fur attaching to the
Direetor. of the Blde Rjig Company any share
of responsibility for the-estimateof t1,750.000,
referred to by the 8par/an: !ffhe first estimate
put fordi by them is the one founded on the
above survey by the Engineers of -tbf South
Carolina Railroad, and is embraned n the report
orf Col. Lythgoe to President4gehrdin, publish
ed in the Charleston Mer.sujy on the 23d Nov.,
1852. The length of'the Road is there stated
to be 147 miles, and the- ust of the 71 miles
fron Anderson lo the North Carolina line, is esti
mated at $3,276.249. This is widely different,
from $1,750,000 per 150 miles; and indeed, the
wonder is, that such a sum as this should ever
have been deemed by any one equal to the con
struction of 150 miles of road through the regi.
on from Anderson to the N. C. and Georgia line.
The iron alone for a Road of this length," con
structed in a permanent manner," would cost
from 12 to 1.500,000 dollars. and it is as unjust.
to the memory of Col. Brown to charge him
with such a statement, as it is to the Blue Ridge
R. R. Co., to moake it, the basis of a comparison
with its estimates of 1833. It is clearly seen
that the Blue X. Company never participated in
this unaccon ntable error. Yet the Sparlaa says.
the same Road which, 150 miles long, could
have been built for $1,750,000, in 1852 would
have cost in 1853 (after being reduced in length
11 miles,) $6,000,000;" and it is signiticai'tlV
asked " what would it cost in 1854?" The in
crease in the estimate was not $1,750,000 to $6
000,000 but $3,276,000 to S6.000,000. And
the Spartan says this was for the same RoaJ,
and that reduced 11 miles in length. * The read
er nmnst be overwhelmed with ast'Vnishusent to
perceive that so very far is this front being true,
that the sun of $3,276,000 was the estimate
for 71 miles only-that is from Anderson to the
North Carolina line; while $6.000,000 was the
estimate for the 147 miles, from Anderson to
the Tennessee line. It may be supposed that
these fhcts were never clearly stated to the pub.
lic. There is no such extenuation for these in
excusable errors. Thev admit of no defence.
A few davs after the publication already cited,
the Legislature assembled (December 1852.)
and the President and Directors made" a state
ment to the Committee of Ways and Means of
the lIouse &c." and furnished numerous copies
of it to fihe members. Upon this statement waS
founded the report of the Committee of Ways
and Means adopted by the flonse, recommend
ing the aid of $2,000.000. Beth these docu
nients states distinctly that the estimate cost of
the 52 miles of Road in South Carelina was in
round iumbers, $2,500.000, and for the 19 miles
in Georgia, the further sumi of 1.000.000, mak
ing togethter an aggregate of $3.500,000 for
these 71 miles. At thec laist Ses--ion (on the
1 2th of Dece~mber) Plresident Gourdin, in a
comnmunticamtion to the Committee on Agricutltu re
and Internal Improvements of the. Senate, which
was~ printed atnd furnished to the metmbers of
both Houses, gamve the following estimtates as
thme result of new and more perfect su:-veys
made by thme Chief Engineer of the Company,
and his first assistant, viz:
50j tmiles in South Carolina -' $2,385.1 10
17 miles in Georgia - - - 636,000
that is, instead of an increase from 1,750,000 to
$6,000,000, as stated in the "Spartan," a
reduction from $3,500,000 at the previous ses
sion tol 3.021,000; and to this rednetion the
attention of the Committee is pointedly direct
To this snim was then added
76 miles in North Carolina - $1,988.000
And for rolling stoek, interest.&c 750.000
or in round numders $6,000.000. Before the
meting of the Legislat tre, a similar statement
was made to the Governor, and embodied by
him in the Excutive Message
We feel every confidence that after the perunl
of this statement, every intelligent and catndid
person throughout thme Statte will fully exonerate
the Directors of the Road from the ignoranc~e
and inconsistency that has been impated to them;
and clearly perceive that, with thle complete dis
apearane'e of~ the enoposed facts of the " uSpar-7
an," the entire argument t.>unided upon them
falls of itself to the ground.
If it is said that the additional aid asked by
the Company must be refused, becatuse of the
alarming ignor -nee and inexperience evinced in
estimtinttg the cost (If t he Roatd at 31,750.000
one day,and $6,000000 the next, every'sentiment
of candor and justice would require us freely to
concede the required assistance, when it is shown
that, so far from coummitting this egregious
blunder, thero has been throughout, a perfe'.t
harmony and consistency in the estimates of
It is further alleged, however, by the Spartan,
that objections were made to these estimates,1
on the ground, that a portion of the Road had
not been surveyed, and President Goturdin had
very strangely met this ditfieulty by the reply.
that. Mr. Latrobe, the distinguished Engineer of
the Bamltimnoro and Ohio Railroad, had contirnmed
the estimattes for the parts that had been surrey
e. This would be very strange indeed, if it
was true, but, tunfortunately for the Spartan, it
is niot. Two objections were made to the esti
mates. President Gourdin stated in his" Com.
mntiation to the Committee on Agriculture
and Internal Impllrovements of the Senate," that
no instrumental survey had yet beetn made
through North Carolina; "that it was not essenl
tial. f'or the route was thtrouigh the valley of the1
Littlo Tennessee, a level country," &c. That
"several reconnoissances hatd been made, and
te maximum cost, including iron, was, with
great confidence, set down at $1,088,000." Thei
absence of this sturvey was made a ground of
o1ein and tn he Comnanytamet it by puttin~g an<
able corps of Engineers in the field rnder Col.
Gtiflin, the result of whose labors will, in due
time, be given to the Legislasture with appropri
ate maps and profiles. The other objection
was raised by those who considered it the part
of prudence to have the labors of the Company's
Engineers confirmed by an Engrineer from abroad
of high reputation. The Board yielded to this
stgge.stion, at the instance of Col. Lythgoe
himself, and the resuilt was the able, lucid and
altogether masterly report of that distinguished
Engineer, 31-. Latrobe, in which the support of
his high authority is given in a manner almost
uinqualified, to alt the plans and estimates of
that indefatigable and zealous officer, Col. Lyth
goe. And we cannot doubt, if the Spartan will
read attentibely this clear and able document, it
will go fair to remove every sincere doubt of
the ability and prudence that preside over the
destiny of this noble enterprise.
THE METHODIST BOOK CONCERN.
In a late iumber of the Nashville Christian
Advocate we find an article gibing an accoun%of
the action of the committee in regard to the lo
cation of the Southern Methodist Hook Concern:
"Tle first, and perhaps the most important
act, was the securing of a lot of ground on which
to locate the publishing house. After a thor
ough examin:Tion of the various places pro
posed, the Board selected a lot on the public
spuare. north of the City Hotel, and only sepa
rated from it by an alley. The lot presents a
handsome front on the public square, and ex
tends back to the river; thence it runs north,
making an L, fronting on Bridge street. On
the rear of the lot, and immediately on the bluff
of the river. there is erected a very large and
substantial building, four stories high, made of
massive stone work and brick, covered with cop
per, all nearly new. This, with some slight
modifientions, it is believed, will be admirably
adapted to mansufacturing purposes. The front
has two stories, which are in good repair, and
will answer for sale rooms, offices, &c., for the
present, but will in a aort time be superseded
by a new building, suited to the wants of the
establishment. 1ossessint will be given during
the approaching fall, and in time we hope, to
erect the mnachinery, &c., to begin to work
enrly in January. We are pleased to say that
the citizens of Nashville sire disphying tmuch
liberality in subscriptions towards the purchas
and improvement of the buildings. They will
meet the reasonable expectations of the mem
bers of the General Conference, who confided in
their gtenerosity by locating the publishing iouae
in their midst.
The agents have made a contrat with a most
responsiblicland eleg:at book binder, who will
take charge of that depart inent oif the establish
ientt. They have likewise centracted for pres
ses and other machinery for the various depart
ients; all to be ready in due time. So we
hope before many months to see the publishing
house of the Southern Church in full and sue
The Agents have before them an onerous
work. In the present scattered condition of
their affairs, it will require time and much labor
to adjust and put into systematic operation the
V2st ,nachinery .whith-they are to manag., The
Church, therefore, and the public shouldqurietf
await their movements, which will, we can as
sure those interested. be proseented with vigor."
W learn that his Excellency Governor Burt,
and suite, left Pendleton on Monday morning
last, boand for their new homes in the far west
-Nebraska. Two esteemed citizens of our
own district-Janes A. Doyle, esq., and his
brother, Col. E. R. Doyle-were to have joined
the Govert'or's party at Athens, Georgint, from
which place they go direct to St. Louis, Mis
souri, tand thence to Council Bliffs,lowa, which
will be their address for the present.
The Messrs. Doyle will return during the
next year; when, should they be.ple:tsed with
their explorat ion of the country, it is said they
will remove their families to this land of prom
A friend, who aeconipanies his excellency. has
kindly promised to keep our readers advised of
the movements of the party ; the incidents of
lhe journey ; the soil, elimate, and prospects of
Nbraiska; and his aidrentures with the bears,
aufaloes. .tnd " red men of the forest " of that
distant region. May success attend them.
FATAL AccrDENT.-We regret to learn that
our former fellow-citizen, Mr. Jfons McCusToCK.
whso emigrated from Chester laist wvinter and
settled in Randolph county, Aatbatma, was killed
on the morning of the 30th ult., by the falling
of a tree. The friend from whom wve obtained
te information writes as follows:-Mr. Joxts
McCLI5TocK had gone ont of his field to aid a
neigbsin cutting down a tree in pursuit of
game. As the tree tell it struck against a dead
tree, which, as it rebounded, broke off, and fell
on him fractutring Ihis skull and breaking one of
his legs. Hie lived aboiut six hours after the
accident. He has left a wife and seven childlren
to mourn his loss, together with a large circle
of friesnds by whtom he was much respected for
the short time he had been with them. Mr. J.
MCtL.170c[ was born and raised in Chester
District, atnd he moved to this county last win
ter, where lie had settled comfortatbly and was
prosperinig well int the world."-Chester Stan
A DianE Saving~s Bank, after the manner of
those in existenee in the north, has recetntly,
been organized in Bailtimore. Thme officers of~
the institntion act without compensation, and
thus devote themselves and tte influtence they
can exert itn the promotion of the cautse, solely
for the benefit of depositors. The Baltimore
un, in an asrtice tupotn this stubject, says:
-~ The efficietncy of this inistitution, its success,
inded, will be the moral reflex of thte humbler
members of society.-Wo cannot doubt that
snech an intstitmsion will intduce many to com
mence as regular ha~bit of sasving. The conve
ience of depositing so small an amount as a
dime, or a qua~rter, of half a dollar at a time,.will
sertainly quicken the desire to do so. And as
tulitudes are very inceonsiderate with the res
pet to the cumulative vttlue of small sums.
The dime savings bank will, through the experi
enee of its -depositors, gradually diffuse .the
nnowledge of practical facts nspons this subject
ni the comnmuniitv. Let the disjpositiont ptrevtil
t have "money mn the bank," if it be only a
lime, and oilher dimes will follow ; usmil front
o small a begoitntg we may have uiltitudes
if small capitalists, whlere we have now prodi.
gality, improvidenice, atnd fregnent destitution."
HIoSES'T industry is 4lwavs rewarded. No
ouig tnan need compillaint of' being kept poor,
if he rolls up his sleeves atnd goes cheerfully to
RoGUns usually dress well ;. rich tmen dress
iain. Trust him, if any one, who carries but
ittle on his back.
A .MAs of wit oncee said, rightly enough, " He
vho linds a good son-itn-law gains a son; he who
inds a bad one, loses a daughter.".
UJAnrT in a child is at first like a spider's web;
f neglected, it becomes a thread or a twine;
ext a cord or rope; fitnally a cable ; thetn whto
an hb.,ak it?
PARTICULARS OF TE TERTBTI XMASACE
NEAR FORT LARAXIC.
The St. Louis papers contain the particulars
of the terrible massacre of Lieut. Grattan and
twenty United States soldiers, by the Indians,
near Fort Laramie. As already stated, a Mlor
mon emigrant had complained to Lieut. Fleming,
the officer in command of the fort, that a Sioux
Indian had killed one of his cows. Lieut. F.
at once sent for the head chief of the Sioux
Matte-i-owan (the Bear)-and demanded that
the Indian should be given up. Matte-i-owan
informed him that if he would send a file of
soldiers he would endeavor to have the Indian
surrendered. Lieut. Fleming then ordered out
Lieut Grattan with twenty-two men, and the
United States interpreter. Augusta Lucien, to
accompany the Sioux chief to the Minnecongou
village, which was situated some nine miles
below the fort. The chiefs, however, refused
to surrender him, maying they would rather be
killed, when Lieut. GraLtan immediately ranged
his pieces of artillery and commenced firing upon
the village. The St. Louis Democrat says.
Three or four muskets were also fired at the
same time, but the only result was to knock the
top off of one of the lodges, and to wound
Matte-i-owan and his brother, who were standing
in front-the former with three balls, the latter
with one. So soon as the troops fired,the Indians
returned it, and poured upon them a shower of
arrows. The first discharge killod Lieut. Grat
tan, who was standing by the side of the cannon.
As soon as he fell his command at once lost
heart and attempted to fly-Aving their cannon,
arms, and everything eleA. The Sioux then
charged upon the flying soldiers, and shot and
tontahawkcd every man of them save one, who
made his escape by taking down a ravine, and
thus getting out of sight. The interpreter who
was with the party, Auguste Lticien, who had
married a Sioux squaw, jumped upon his horse
and attempted to make his escape. He succeed
ed in getting rid of his immediate pursuers and
in making a circle around the camp, but instead
of striking for the prairie, he very foolishly
attempted to run through the Brulie camp, which.
was directly between him and the fort, and
which was already alarmed by the firing.' The
result was that an Indian ran'out and shot his
horse with his rifle, and then came upon him
with his tomahawk. Lucien cried out to him
not to kill him, as he was a Sioux by marriage,
but the only reply the Indian made was to bury
his hatchet in his head. The soldier who escap
ed down the ravine was found by a Sioux nam
od I Black Heart," and owned his life to his
assistance in getting him back to the fort during
The tragedy occured on the afternoon of the
19th of August, and it was not until the next
morning that news of it reached the fort. The
Sioux then sent word to the commandant to
send out some movre of his men to bury his
de::d, and they would serve them in the same
way. They also went to the depot of the Ameri
can Fur Company, which 'was near their camp,
and where the annuity goods ($50,000 worth)
were in store arid turned them upon the plain,
and divided them out. Lieut. Fleming, upon
consultation, sent some five or six of the traders
down to see the Sioux and . to bury .the4ad,
but they told the traders.very exy&ietty-that tr
quarrel was not one in which they were concern
ed, and they hadMtft keep out of it, and then
drove them back to the fort. The consequence
was that when the messenger left, the dead
bodies were still lying exposed on the plains,
only two, those of Lucien and another having
been buried by two returning Californians, who
ventured to execute the hazardous task for $25
Nothing further has been heard from the fort
at the present time, and it would seem that the
report that the Sioux had surrounded Laramie
is not confirmed. At the last accounts Matte
i-owan, wio was shot in three places at the first
discharge from the soldiers, was at the point of
death. lie is a brave warrior, and a great friend
of the whites.
The St. Lonis Republican says that Lieute
nant G. received 24 arrows in his body, one of
which passed through his head. Two of his
men were killed by the same discharge. Mr. J.
Bordeau, in a letter to thte Republican, says he
had sneeeeded in burying the bodies of the
unifortunate men. The Inadians subsequently
came to his store, and to save his lhfe he had to
give them everything in it-some twvo thousand
dollars worth of goods. Mr. B. adda:
As far as I know anything about Indians, I
think that our government ought to send five
hundred mounted men, veteran troops, to keep
the Indians in subjection; and one company of
infantry to guard the fort. The Indians, in the
recent battle, after killing all the soldiers, broke
their cannon to pieces, and carried off their
muskets and animals. As for placing the infan
try on a prairie to fight with .Indians, it is just
the same as putting them up as targets to be
shot at. There were about one thousatnd Indi
ans in the battle.
PRAISEWovRHY.-" A lady of Jefferson Coun
ty, Indiana, has made herself a handsomne silk
dress from cocoons of her own raising. The
dress will be cxhibited at the Indiana State Fair
this fall, which is to be held at Madison."-Ex
Pshawv! The lady of Jefferson is behind tho
times htugely. In our days of boyhood-it
wasn't yesterday-a lady of our acqaaintatneo
now living and'residing'in Abbeville District,
planted the trees, that led the worms, that made
the silk, that formed the dress which she wore
oftimes to Chnrch, and elsewhere. She made
her " better hailf " a full suit, too; hat,ecoat, pants
and hose. Who, in all Indiana, can excel her ?
Talk of the "praiseworthy" industry of your
Indiana women-folks; it isn't a circumstance to
what the. ladies away down South have done.
A number of persons in Martinsburg, Vit.
who partook freely of a lot of over-ripe water
melons, wvhich had just been imported, were
seized with cholera symptoms on Friday last,
and in a few hours some ten or twelve deatha
EVER Y-DAY LIFE.-From muorning till night ia
he human mind restless as the troubled sea t
o sooner do men enter the world, than they at
nce lose their taste for natural and simple
leasures, so remarkable in early life. Every
our do they ask themselves, what progress
hey have made in the pursuit of wealth and
onor ? And on they go,-as their fathers went
efore them ; till, weary and sick al hyprt, they
ook back with a sigh of regret to the time of
THEa editor of the Jackson (Missouri) True
Witness says he " has not seen a drunketn tan
n Jackson since the Legislature adjourned."
THERE is a good story of an excentrio lady of
infortunately acquisitive habits, to the effect
hat she was on one occasion so affected by
harity sermon as to borrow a sovereignf
er neightbor, and-pttit in her own pc
Wur is a loosing speebiton like a steel
ecause nobody wvould like to have a hand
" WHEN I get into a .scrape, I aiwdya tak
Nas theis lucifer matqh said of itself.