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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our erties, and ift imust fall, wewPtthe Runs."
W.F UIO9Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, $~0,SEPTEMBER , 184 THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER IS PUBLISHED EVERY THUItSDAY BY-' W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.. ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor. Two DoLLArs peur year, if paid in advance-Two DOLLARS and Firry C Ti:-rs if not paid within six mostlis-.and Tnir: DOL.ARns if not ;aid before tle expiration of the year. All subscriptions iot distinet Iy limited at the time of subseriling, nill be consider ed as made for an indefinite period, ar:d will be con tinued until all arrearages are pail. or at ihe option of the Publisher. Subseriptions from other States must JNVARAiL.Y be mccompanied with the cash or refer ence to some one known to us. Anvrltn-rs1:3INT "ill be conspicuously inserted at 75 cents per Square (12 lines or less) for tle first inl sertion, and 37 cents for each subsequent insertiofn. When only published' Monthly or Quarterly .91 per square will lie charged. All Ail vertisemecnts not having the desired number of insertions marked on the mar gin, will be continued until forbid and charged ac cordingly. Those desiring to ndvertise by tile year can dosoon liberal terms-it being distinctly umderstood tat con tracts for yearly advertising are coulined to tihe imme diate, legitinvtte bisiness of the firm or im! ividunal contractini. 'ransicnt Advertisements must be paid fur in advatce. For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, is AnvANC. For Advertising Estrays Tolle(, Two Dollars, to be paid ,y the Magistrate advertisit g. For Con;;rce. Ma. Entron.:-Please aninunce Hion. P. S. BROOKS 'ts a Caidiidate for re-el -etion to repre sent the Fourth Ctongressional District, cionsistit. of Edgefield, Abbeville, Laures, Newherry anil Lex ington, inl the next Congress. which election will be held in October next, and therliy greatly ob lige .A.NY Fill1ENDS. :g-Ti Friends of Col. A. C. G.\RLINGTON respectfully anounce him as a Calidate to rlire sent the -th Congres.,ionail District, at the election in October next. For the Semate. glox. .J. P. C.\lOLI is rCspec-tfully aniunced by his friends a a e:moliite frl ri-eke tion to tle St-ate Seiate. at tie en-u Ci6eetin. T- Thr: Frientds (of .Nj. TILLA\N WAT SON, respectfully nomitnate him : a catdiate for seat itn the State Senlatc at the ttext e!etioit. For the lIItos. 113' Capt.J. C. PEllIY is resl etfully annitiunced by his friends as a Candidate fir Mh.jir of tihe L.ower Battfl:on, loth 1egriment, to i:1 the varmy ocea sio:el by tle promotion of Co. A. -I. 1Nt:.u.. ' Ta Friends of Dr. 11. L". Cooxrespectftlly anmiotiec him a Camd idate for a Seat in the iex lumse of Eepresentatives. r 'ue Friendhs of W. C. mOi.\GN i, EI., r.:alpectful'.y anmunce him as a candttidal 1r a Seat in the louse of Represetatives at tile next ecitvion MR. Entroi,-You Wll please :tmnti1uttce G1:0 E. ILEN IDY, Esqj., is a Candidate for a1 Seat inl the HlousC of Rejrcsenttatives at the net election and oblige MANY VoTts i MuJ. Z. W. CAPRWILE is respe:fully an nounteed by his friends as a Candidate for re-ee tion to the House of iepresntat:ives at the iext Session. 'The Friends of WV\l. 13. DOP.N, Esq.. respectfully announce huim as : Candidate for a Seat in the next hlouse of Representatives. ~V- Tim Frieuds (if Mr. W A DE HOLSTEIN nominate hint as a candidate for a Seat it the House of Representatives at the next cection. D'T Tnr Friends of CA 1,EY W. STILES, Esq.. respectfully announce hno as a Catililate for a Scat thme next Legisha:ure. U Tnte Friemnds of G EO. W. L.\N)R UM aint nlounce him as a Cattdidate for a Seat ini the next Legisltture. Gir Tie Friends of G. D. TILLM1AN. Esq.. re~spectfu'ly annttounce htimt as at candidate fir a Seat in the Legislature at the next eletioni. UT TuE friends of JOSE~I'h AUN ET, Esgr jespectfully announcee himo as a cattdidate fort a scat in the next L~egilature. STute Friends of JA31ES C.\M1ERON, Es.,. resiwetfully anntotttce him as a Canodidlate for a seat i n the next Legishtture. gr TnE following genitlemiea tare tiomInaled for Commiuissionecrs of the Poor of Elhefie'd Distret, atl the enstuing election (in thte seond .\omiday itt Qe timber next, viz: ABItAM1 .ONES~', GE~O. A. STiROTIIERI, AQUIL LA MlLES, B. F. LANDIWUS, .JAMlES BLACKWELL. Law Notice. r"If I Underignedi ha~ve formied a Pahtntershipi. 1. and will P'ILaCTICE L. AW itt Edgelield , Ab beville antd Lexintgtin. U E(llGE WV. L.\NDRU31T, AlINElR PEIltI:N. Edgeield C. 11., Sept 21, 1854. if3 Law and Equity, T lIE Unmdersignmd have formed tt partnertship fomr the pracie oif Laiw attd Eijtity. (2OFFCE at Edgeieid C. II-, S- C 31. L. BuNTT.\.\, Se >t 13, 1 C51.. f o5 S. S. T O ITJ P K 1[ N S, ATTORI\EY AT -LA W. SOFFICE IN tEAnt OF TnlE COURT ntoUsE. Edgefield, S. C., Feb 8, tf --4 Practice of Surgery! Ga. i prpaedtacecitonunodate n ith Lointg pnd Nursing, stteh pttietnts as mtiy be directed to hrim for S CL'RGICA L OP'ElA TIONS or Tretatmnt. 11LT Mlasters ma~y be atssured thtat their Se rvants itill have every niecessary atttenttionm. A ugusta, M~ay 26, 1y- 19 iN 0 t ic c. A LL, Persotns itndebted to thme Estate of Jactob B. Siiith, p reviouts to I.-t .lntary latst, arte te qtmested to matke liaymnent, and all ha~ving demttnds pugainst the satme wIll htand thlentm i roperly atttsted. flENJA311N W A LDO, Ex. GEO. A. ADDlISUN. A ug 10 t f ilanuftacturedI Tobacco ! J UST Received direct fronm thte Facetory, T~-ty tFBoxes CHEWING TOBA CCO, co(mprtiing Four Choice Urands, viz: I loney Dew, Oronoco, Extra and P'remium. For stile by the Box, oir at retail at LOW PtIC ES. J)on't fil to call and samnple before buying elsewhere. G. L. PENN, AGF.-r. Oct2n tf 41 WITH THE STARS AND STRIPES AROUND HI . We ttid hiin as he had tillen Iroin h.s hor.; his sword still firmly gr.sped in his hand, andI tI fl:a, lie It t died dlendin, drawn aero-s his breas lie looted as though he had gone to sleep, exper ting, every moment to be roused by a call to: arm There was not a clear eye aiong us, when ei oi his friends severed two ringlets front the man th:t elustercol on his forehead, to " send liomne his niither and betrothed. Ile was buried as Ii was found.-ilhte flag, the sword, the soldier in ot grave!-JL?rrs FaO THE Rio GRANDE. I.et hini lie in the dlark narrow graveyou have madi Let him lie as, dying, you found him, Let him sleep with hi- hand on the dinted blade, A n.i the stars and stripes artound him ! But first cut a lock from his long chesnut hair, F 1r one th it the hero left weeping And anot;her "send home," and with them te] where The son and the lover are sleeping. When long winter nights, at the home of his birtd Are shortene.l with legend and story, Some voice inl the lousehl.,d will tell of his worth, Ail speak of his death and his glory Anl fainy will picture the place where lie sleeps, Beside him the blue windindig river, The I..ne. sloiing flats where the chaiparel sweelS IAnd sumier breatlis softly forever. The mother wi!l weep "as she thinks of her boy, The ties th-it so tenderly b) ound him ; lHut the lid at let vide will think 'twere a joy To e -p vith a banner around him! A nd she the dark-eyeil antd the b -atiful one, Whto waited so lonig for her lover, W Il fall asleep tearful, amil dreati unth morn of joy and the love imeetings over. When aiother shall kneel at the feet of the fair To w:it her with sighs and with vowing, she'll tvil him her heart, as lie pleading kneels ther Is etioted where a river is flowitg. The ringletts you cut from the pale marble brow Of our comr.iole, warrior hearted, h ell ss to) her lips, aid remember her vow o the faith to the dear one departed. 1:1y the mgolia leaf sweep over that mound, The first toramge blossons bestrew it May wmootbeatmis, L.ke birds, onl the branches b A itd the tears of the star eves be dew it For never, oh never, the eyes of a friend Shall over that I one grave lie weeping But across it dark chliets their war-paths will wend Nor kitow of the brave nmath tllti sleeping. Leal the war horse back to the cool hazel hurst Whe:- the wle Ilerrimack is roving; Wnhli.i Is eyes grown dim he'll be tenderly nurst By those that will never ecase loving. t.eaol the war-hoor-e ba-vk ? There's a horrible stai Otn the saddle seat. Oh ! and go;ry 'Tis the htearts blio.1 of one for his country slain Death, death is the price of all glory ! Let him sleep by the wave of the Rtio Grands, With no protid sculptured urn above him, There are tablets enmughi in Itis own d!ar land The sorrowin, gsad hearts that love Iitmt. Let him lie inl the dark narrow grave you have mad( Let him lie as, dying, Von foundol h1itm, Lf-t him sheep with his bahd oijthe dinted blade, .\nd the stars and stripes around him. T. 1. A. MUTUAL CONFIDENCE. B1ef'ore ant electihon ini I'entmsyhvanmiat, a few yeat since, Illatos. wh was a locoofoeco, went. to se his hithierin-law, who wa~s a st romng whmig. Ii fow te dlo, 11ians 1" said the old ma~n. " 1 low te do, fader?" "owyugoin' to fote dis fall Hans ?" "Ohtmit te locos, of course, tater." " ot ! you coin to fohte dat, lcer t ickel ?" " es, tadler, you know I's a locos, anid I tmus fole te locos dieket." "Now, llatns, I'll tell you vot I'll do mit yor yo~u ino fote for Ie locus, atnd I no fote for te vig -antd denm yon see. don't you [haris ?" " Vill you do it Ilants?" "Yes,'fatler." "Nowt, dotn't you forgit, I~tns." "Ni.. fider." Aflter the election Iatns went again to see hi fat her-int-law. *o loow te do, Hans?" "lio0w Ie do, fiader!" "' Vell, Hlans, did you go to te polls ?" " Yes, fider." "Vot ! antd dlid yout fote ?" " es, tadler, I hmad to do't. Dey got aroun me, anmd wouldti't let tie off hider. Sh out rascatl, yon no do aos you sity, Hans. I latis was discove.jd, anid ini his cotnfusioi rather mieekly asked: " i o oto the bolls fader V" "T besure, hlaits." "Adddyou lute, tader?" "To be sure, I did," replied the old man, i lttes ut earnest eXcitement. " Ilotn't y ou suf pos~e I know better dan to trust de tamt locus A :itLtTany~ oficer, of diminutive stature, was lately drillitmg tn liklhman cotnsiderably abtov* six feet. " Hold til your head," said the ollieer elevating the chtini of'the Irishmnan, with thte hiew of htis cane, to tin angle of forty-live degree, "Hold tip your head so, aind throw your eye somnewhat to thte right, thus." "Anud mtust I always do so, my noble captain 1J asked the new recruit, with much appatrent sim plicitv. " es, alwaiys," answered thte oflicer. "Ten ihre yoti well, my deair little fellow, rejoined P'addy, " I shtall never see you atgain. I 3EAUTIFUL ErrniACT.-Whenl the summ day of youth is slowly wasting away into tht nightfall of alge, atnd the shadows of patst year growt dleeper anid deepter, as life wetars to its clos t is pileaisant to look batck, thtrough the vista I. titme upon the sorrow~sanid licitiies otior earbme yeatrs. If we have at home to sheller,anid heart to rejoice with us, and friends have been gathet ed together around our liresides, then the rougl lacte of our wayfaring will have been worn nat smiouthted away,'in the twilight of life, while thi sunny spots w'e have passed through, will grol brighter and more beautiful. Happy imndeod ur they, whose intercourse wvithi the world hats nc cha~nL'ed the tonte of their hoolier felings, or brc ken iUiose mnusicatl crds of thte heart, whose vi brat ions are so melodious, so tenider and toucbint ini the evenaing of age.-AsoN. AlNare like btigleso: the wore brass the oitt,..i, the lrter., yo mt harew . How TO Unow RiciI.-It is a souid remark. suited to all latitud-ds mid ineridian4. and to1 all countries, tropical and frtigid, savage and civilized that men dor not become rich by what they get, but what they sate. The mrchant who sells by the thousand per d:i, and saves bnt one per U cent, retaints no more thati ie who sell by lie t. hundred and saves ten per cent. For tire same reason, some fiarmers wnh a few acres, aclually make more thai otIera oi large farms. Let teach farmer, then, begin right now by looking Y eloselv to lhe can.,e of waste. For inigatce "ow tiuan tons of ht are trodden under foot and wated in teln years by hik cattle, for want of feeding racks ? flow mineh is he yearly losing by a waste of matninire-or, in other woirds, by mal.kingti only half the manure he might.? low muuci food is consumed needlessly in a year, to keep his cattle and sheep warin in the wiiter, in exposed vards-one-third more being n -eled than inl good slielIter? \hat. is lol for want of a gmood straw and stalk chopper? \Vlit amLnt is wasted for want of eleaniliness and comfort for all domesie animals? \Vhat i. the.loss by the backward under curreti, gradtuallv lesseninig the wurth of his farin by over cropping and no ier mantirinL-aind by want of a good rotatien of Crops? IHow much is he loosinig by not knowing the best mode of attaiing ill these dezirable purpoes-by not kiowiing how t hers h ive done it best-.tid which is so readily and thortougtilv learned through a good agricultural paper! LAZY Boees.-Of all the pests of society, the voluttiry idler sins the most without, excuse, and bears the moiest disgustiig character. Men there are, in some par-ts of tI.e world, (Ileaveni help then !) who :n get tiothing to do, aid with maoni ly hearts and willing hands they %eek in vain for labor eimh .u feed and clatle thero. Poor as sneh are, they are kig aid priievs to 1tho4e men who with mlinds to think and plan. arnis to work, and a purse to coimiand, imagine thety will find their highe.st happiness in allowitig :ll of tlese (rifts to ie idle. or in usiitg thiemi otly more perfectly to secure :ail rernde'r still more easv their blkssed ease. Wlhat a lile ! Think oft it! WVhat a destinv, to make up the great sum of earthly existence by periodiczally slutling, I and taking of aId puttinag ain a pair of panit loons. Olt ! volntiary idler inl Gad's busy uni. verVSe, if yaIou have ntitiag tat do, get sumethinag to deo. Every worthy working man deuspises yo, if yona do iot despi.-e yoursfel. A Lazy m11atn cntt111t be happlay, ald if ioi are poi.sseh5 d with a lazy devil. cast him out adti do 'ometlingt tle keep bright and lenhllby those faculbies which int a future lifie must measure themselves with the wirngsofgs. t ---0 TjtlNS WE DEIeDEDLY OnJET T.-WC die cidedly object to the lir,.-floor lodger coming iome ini a state or itebriation, and gaottinag into our bed with his bootls onl. We decidedly object to a waitor always tel. ling us he's camtmig, and never doing it. Wi decidedly object to a youig hidy with ier hair done ty ui a new.,paper ad vertisemet. We decidedly object to an infltuated dra mati.t reading uis the manuscript of his live act traegeady. We decidedly object to a b:iby .dabblinr his damp little lti dabout oir fiace while lhe toth. er stands by, and renmrks that thre little dlear it; begining to " take lttice." ceri We dlecidedly obja-et to a doctor telling us in a frieidly way, that our family were alWvas no ted for weak chests. Ve decidedly olbji-et to a person mistaking us far his mortal enemy, atd givig a tremen duus blow on thlie back under cotlViction. We deceidedly olject to a main's always laugh ing at his owtn jokes, and never laugrhing it ours. We decideily obdje-ct to any one prloinig our good thitngs, and palming then off as his owl. We decidedly object to a tailor's man bring inr home a coa1t, atnd b:twlIng out int the passag_1e that lis ma:ster told him riot to leave it without mttontey. And we decidedly object to sharp children, lawyer's leitters, damp) Ahirt collars, amlate-ur per formtiamees, tight boots atnd atn umtbrella trickiing~ down our backs. WE lately spoake of the ol tlady who triumph antly pointed outt the '-Epistlec to thte Rotmins," aind asked whtere aone catuld be toutnd adressed to the Prittestants. The Catholic Mlirrtar hap. pily retorts by telitng us of a ntegrot Btatist ot the south, whto satid to his MetheodisLtttmaster: 'Y ou've read the Bible, I s.paose.' 'Yes.' 'Well, Lyou've read int it of onte .ito, the Ba:ptist, hasn't yotu '-'Yes.' 'ell you nlever saw noetthiung about Johnit the 'dc Metodist. did yotu ?' 'Nt.' 'W.ell, den yotu see, dere's Baptist in the Bible, btut dere ailt tno Methodist ; anid the Biide's oan my side.' WVe leave otur goead brethrent oaf Itese sects to settle thlis knotty question among thenm selves. DENTI'TPY is now a science ; bitt there are travellinig oper.itors " ln the frontiers," who set the teerth can edge without aniy scienttifie kntowl edge wha~tever. A certain ntotable of this gntes tiollable kitid, whlo wais kilownt aitlomtg thle "matst ses" as at " tooath earpenler," was forttunate in receiving" ani order freomi air old tdy for thle tman ufn~eI ore and pjititng of ati 'en; ire set."' lie wetit to woark withI commtnendatble zeal, antd in adoeitt-t time-uc tea the moetary s:t! isftct iaon o ~f his leatienet--ightented tip tier siieIs withI the "a iounterfeit paresetmentirt "' af pearly rows. it it few days, hiaewever, mtatters chianged, laor (e toaoth after antothaer draopped fraomi thteirua glent enteasemnots, and were eschewed fromtt the utmauIt withI almotast, the plettifidteens of chierry stoes.L Thte dhentist wats senit foer, antd cha :rged itl un laprofessial ~ skill; lie stoautlyv detrkied any~ wiant -of merit in his work, anid aiscribed thle mi.,th il to somceruonst ituttioa rl peculiarity ofh his haltient After mtucht speculhatiuon, lie asked hi~ tvictill it Ssheo had not, itt thte cotirse oef her long lif e takeni a greait deal of calonmel ? Ultitn beinig answerttd in lie alIhrmnative, the gramvely~ told her thamnt this caetlomiet had so etntirely ent'e-red into hrer system -as toe mtake it imtpos~ible even for faliso tteeth to sstay in her htead ; aind, wvith an ex pressiont of in jured innovencue amid real professtonal sagiacity, h le bowed himself out oaf the preseitce of his as tottished patron. TiE editor of the Lonisville Democrat says that if thle Iadies knew that wearinag light cot "ored gaiters adds at leni.st Otto fifth to thte appa rent diameter of thu foot, we are sutre they r would discard theo tgly thtings, anid pitt their Spretty feetL back aigatin inito the dainty blacek and Sbrowit gait ers, whtich a lone atre propier for thre a street. Th'le ptrotiest gaiter or shtoe of at::y kintd f is black. Unless a woaman htas a remiarknably r *inat foot antd anakle, and desires to shtow it by s light colors, het her eling to thie black. -A L~m TItAT wit utrai TJWELVE MONTts. Take at stiek of pthosphtornts, antd putt it intto a ilarge dry phtinl, not corked, antd it will afford a U' light souflicienit to discern any object in a room Swhien held trnr it. The phtial should be kept in Sa cool pahace, where there is nto greait current. of t air, and it will conitinute its lumuinrous atppeairance - for miore thtan twelve mtonthts. *PnEstVATrVErv AGAINsT MoTHS.-A Smnall piece of papler or linent just moieishenedl witht t trpenttinte, and pitt ito the ward robe or drauwersr for a sin ,gle day, two otr three timmes a year, is a stuflicient RATEULAhD TO An . The people of .ft$eield held a meeting at Edgefield C. H. onAr 6th inst., with the object of promoting the portant, useful, and we mirt add, necesary4l road from Aiken through Edgefield to conne L with the Greenville aid Columbia Railroa - mewhere near Ninety Six. This Railroad o u mrl >y'all means, to be built. It %ill be a ben the Greenvill and Coluni bia Railroad itsel, tsave all neces.ity for the schete of the Say h Vitiley Railroad from being carried out. 'ill connect Greinville, Adersont, Pickeni, bbeville, and Edgelield di.,triets, all with( a-leston, by one of the best'and safest Rlil droutes the State affords. No large :reams cstensive tressel work would interfere wit .he safety and continuO. operation of the r' -it all seasons of the %.ear. It will nyke cGreeu e,:the head of the Rail road, forty miles ~ne er-to Charleston thra by t'olumbia, and tha ivite our North Carolina and1 1.:ast Tenesse pparts, at least, of those SIes, to direct the trade ani Railroad enter pri.-es to tirveenvill ind consequently to the lbenielit (it tihe Rail : frot here to Charleston and Columbia. ItA . hen, the interest of the state, atid of tile Grkenville aid Columbia Rail road Comtipantry, :ndk7 of Charleston especially, that this Railroad l'id be built from Aiken to connect, with ouriiesent Road. 31r. Perrin, the Prsident of the Greenville nd Colombia Railroi , attended the meeting itt Edgelield, and mardean able speech which is reported int the Edgdield Advertiser, in which he discusmed the praosed road, the alTairs of the G. & . I. IR., 6 the subjects of Railroads generally, which we Jiope to publish hereafter. Judge Btiler and Qet. Bonham also brieflv addressed the meet, but their speeches are not reported. 'lie peoph. " tre very seriously ittere.-ed of the Road con rine!irig us ill save 150 miles di.,tance it rlroad to Georgia, atnd ally p. est or West ilir' that State. s visitors nagn:mtt in itmmer fr But the great rad constant b - ad will be to bring Charrlest o> us, anid to induce persons n, and beyond us, to preifer our d as a puitt of de parilre to Vork. and all the SoIutlh-we .it, Greeirville, by the constr sed road, will af fords mor es at all seaApns, than any .I.t r part of :otiti Carol ina. lo our citizonts will give all l - to this enterprise, which wi eat advatages. Greenvilk W . - .AT NIGHT. It was i thou.,ard persons perihed of rdon. It was by tight that intharib was des royed. B on the contiient, a !nrge pro !ascs. in its seve rl forms, to have occurred hetween on itl tre morning. The dang tile ight air has been a tile. Mt itmle U01110etoo rind ; but i .;-bqy have never yet called itry to account for the flact. It is at ter of %ir nearest the groun' :he most charged ith the ized matter given (litt from rious gaSCA, 81101 JIs Crbon uct or rempiration, and sulpl- the produt of the sewers. d varius substan ces if aV by the rarfateion of the I n this rareretion leaves. ti (f gravil it itn perfectly )slierv, while tire g:scs en- :li, inStead if IS edinig e level. It is known th at a low tempera ture parla nature of a luid, that it ma no vessel1 into an. other. It lure at which it is exhaled (r . tendency is to wards the -f the bleeper, in cold and t somre pa:rit:a tht t~n refund to ysoldbat tacked uina Strn p e proably k Pl ie utn for t ite ndon It wars giy the expatihariga as drese-. (if afey wre henuncnconl tsedntiet Sicia eon, tre ~ntv . hao av rcti urr te siclyscaso ofkepin lr : ionthetl morning. in their huts ahe night.,asgigta Itaires nor~nwethe atribued v b an ae Lnever 1y~ Europeas ha-e b tru to accoun.th forn tla~ hvenow'nlreinr:nnhe frmosthredn In ite.piennes f t -rmiuso ges, tireh i'mofr le ir an i* te hiuet of re-potion,i 16~5, irs ii te trets ber athoe tie et hitoirg iieeittty til 'thgtistrareylaeio len strni~ ran. tltr. t ' rai y. if impo (Ic hvehn'e fre aid anonsphrged hl the tlt snt obec, l itisobisam that tes meaursallitog sun inprna l,a lowit mer ces~rilV thogh ut o doo tre o ta stuid, a 'atl, s ncaitrd gami- aturt whieb o itos ~ p"Si~li! o he~t a oo stlendeny sto-o anyniliniaitgaes t ayc rnt tmandy o r*(tl5~theai o ti& oo, ti thou ili e, at nitlt, wti.'r cme i cotatittirg rupg ofe tiw ers iislciit-.- petnii irevuie ng Tothe CisacloST Lo s wA rmthFgien tew dxas ineatgrli dspaes freset tmbstedti ther ne .........it s....pe te tmen ofisafety inr then ucofs.otly tssure hAd enreed t aies thae t rtsree ithe aity upaon tire keepingp tire conerantth burning ithei subeto an nihtusignintg thaeirihcutes he awayshop poelsr, to ichve theoiin inand paey attrist fever lire age.iai Lte ty Erens uld sbegunt te adllowthe sonme pTracien tose whhalvemi toie 'it ofer that mjriy ofatirnwintireaimni, promising trhpi adheesio to whiuer iichpiiadta they willomel ubetd bnte good idemels o h ide gs ie tiedBitop beal tihen the street fil the ite 3.tiree of the aioh lue ofal beoneofi th85 thresoi ecteet ee.toetiekp 4.urninge inessiatytill o etiushedr of afic vof let sior of in. Lotterly train ofngeanp dehall beletot fid the canondschre o The rseobet ert emt i obinu thir thpes hesure, btog n in prrmt ithcie uste ageedriy toughl rotuta ofdorseet o t ongme pheri ion, to roduc thy soldsui tie above puerpoesitiont atificaton eecdltion Af nymeatingn gases itrdmy hedontand fter-o oo stad tiarte proposition as slaetle-h grapn rejected It aerithousteeo ecnl w ited uponY the greateto confer wiho hmr o From the Chirleston Mercury. INTERNAL IMEPROVEMENTS AND THE EXT LEGISLATURE. The " Sparlan" exhibits a singnlar want of historical accuracy in charging upon the Blue Ridge Compainy the surveys or estimates said to ha;:ve been made by Col. Drown. Of these, the Company are entirely ignorant, nor do we remember to have seen the report. Perhaps this survey is the same as Col. Barnes'. In that ease, the Blue Ridge Company are also entirely free from all responsibility for it, and the errors it nay have contained. They never did, on any occasion, or on the authority of any one, either as(ert, or give countenanite to the supposition, that tie. Road (139 or 150 miles) could be con structed for $1,750,000. If this was Col. Bar nes s estimate, (we do not remember what his estimate was,)all particiIation in or responsibili ty for it, was expressly diclaiied by the Corn. pany, in advance, even before his report was givin to the public. On the 15th of Nov., 1852. Mr. Gourdin, the President, and a Commitee of I the Board, made a communication to the City Conneil of Charleston, and stated, that a corps of Engineers from the South Caro!ina Railroad were then engaged in surveying the route, under the direction and control of Lhe President of the Blue Ridge Company. That the Engineers of the Greenville Railroad had also made a survey, but not under'the dir -tion of this Company. I This communication a eared at the flme in the Charleston papers, ani was afterwards printed on a separate sheet and copies sent to every member of the Legislature.. There are, there fore, no gronnds whatever.fur attaching to the Direetor. of the Blde Rjig Company any share of responsibility for the-estimateof t1,750.000, referred to by the 8par/an: !ffhe first estimate put fordi by them is the one founded on the above survey by the Engineers of -tbf South Carolina Railroad, and is embraned n the report orf Col. Lythgoe to President4gehrdin, publish ed in the Charleston Mer.sujy on the 23d Nov., 1852. The length of'the Road is there stated to be 147 miles, and the- ust of the 71 miles fron Anderson lo the North Carolina line, is esti mated at $3,276.249. This is widely different, from $1,750,000 per 150 miles; and indeed, the wonder is, that such a sum as this should ever have been deemed by any one equal to the con struction of 150 miles of road through the regi. on from Anderson to the N. C. and Georgia line. The iron alone for a Road of this length," con structed in a permanent manner," would cost from 12 to 1.500,000 dollars. and it is as unjust. to the memory of Col. Brown to charge him with such a statement, as it is to the Blue Ridge R. R. Co., to moake it, the basis of a comparison with its estimates of 1833. It is clearly seen that the Blue X. Company never participated in this unaccon ntable error. Yet the Sparlaa says. the same Road which, 150 miles long, could have been built for $1,750,000, in 1852 would have cost in 1853 (after being reduced in length 11 miles,) $6,000,000;" and it is signiticai'tlV asked " what would it cost in 1854?" The in crease in the estimate was not $1,750,000 to $6 000,000 but $3,276,000 to S6.000,000. And the Spartan says this was for the same RoaJ, and that reduced 11 miles in length. * The read er nmnst be overwhelmed with ast'Vnishusent to perceive that so very far is this front being true, that the sun of $3,276,000 was the estimate for 71 miles only-that is from Anderson to the North Carolina line; while $6.000,000 was the estimate for the 147 miles, from Anderson to the Tennessee line. It may be supposed that these fhcts were never clearly stated to the pub. lic. There is no such extenuation for these in excusable errors. Thev admit of no defence. A few davs after the publication already cited, the Legislature assembled (December 1852.) and the President and Directors made" a state ment to the Committee of Ways and Means of the lIouse &c." and furnished numerous copies of it to fihe members. Upon this statement waS founded the report of the Committee of Ways and Means adopted by the flonse, recommend ing the aid of $2,000.000. Beth these docu nients states distinctly that the estimate cost of the 52 miles of Road in South Carelina was in round iumbers, $2,500.000, and for the 19 miles in Georgia, the further sumi of 1.000.000, mak ing togethter an aggregate of $3.500,000 for these 71 miles. At thec laist Ses--ion (on the 1 2th of Dece~mber) Plresident Gourdin, in a comnmunticamtion to the Committee on Agricutltu re and Internal Improvements of the. Senate, which was~ printed atnd furnished to the metmbers of both Houses, gamve the following estimtates as thme result of new and more perfect su:-veys made by thme Chief Engineer of the Company, and his first assistant, viz: 50j tmiles in South Carolina -' $2,385.1 10 17 miles in Georgia - - - 636,000 $3,021.110 that is, instead of an increase from 1,750,000 to $6,000,000, as stated in the "Spartan," a reduction from $3,500,000 at the previous ses sion tol 3.021,000; and to this rednetion the attention of the Committee is pointedly direct ed. To this snim was then added 76 miles in North Carolina - $1,988.000 And for rolling stoek, interest.&c 750.000 $5,700.000 or in round numders $6,000.000. Before the meting of the Legislat tre, a similar statement was made to the Governor, and embodied by him in the Excutive Message We feel every confidence that after the perunl of this statement, every intelligent and catndid person throughout thme Statte will fully exonerate the Directors of the Road from the ignoranc~e and inconsistency that has been impated to them; and clearly perceive that, with thle complete dis apearane'e of~ the enoposed facts of the " uSpar-7 an," the entire argument t.>unided upon them falls of itself to the ground. If it is said that the additional aid asked by the Company must be refused, becatuse of the alarming ignor -nee and inexperience evinced in estimtinttg the cost (If t he Roatd at 31,750.000 one day,and $6,000000 the next, every'sentiment of candor and justice would require us freely to concede the required assistance, when it is shown that, so far from coummitting this egregious blunder, thero has been throughout, a perfe'.t harmony and consistency in the estimates of the Company. It is further alleged, however, by the Spartan, that objections were made to these estimates,1 on the ground, that a portion of the Road had not been surveyed, and President Goturdin had very strangely met this ditfieulty by the reply. that. Mr. Latrobe, the distinguished Engineer of the Bamltimnoro and Ohio Railroad, had contirnmed the estimattes for the parts that had been surrey e. This would be very strange indeed, if it was true, but, tunfortunately for the Spartan, it is niot. Two objections were made to the esti mates. President Gourdin stated in his" Com. mntiation to the Committee on Agriculture and Internal Impllrovements of the Senate," that no instrumental survey had yet beetn made through North Carolina; "that it was not essenl tial. f'or the route was thtrouigh the valley of the1 Littlo Tennessee, a level country," &c. That "several reconnoissances hatd been made, and te maximum cost, including iron, was, with great confidence, set down at $1,088,000." Thei absence of this sturvey was made a ground of o1ein and tn he Comnanytamet it by puttin~g an< able corps of Engineers in the field rnder Col. Gtiflin, the result of whose labors will, in due time, be given to the Legislasture with appropri ate maps and profiles. The other objection was raised by those who considered it the part of prudence to have the labors of the Company's Engineers confirmed by an Engrineer from abroad of high reputation. The Board yielded to this stgge.stion, at the instance of Col. Lythgoe himself, and the resuilt was the able, lucid and altogether masterly report of that distinguished Engineer, 31-. Latrobe, in which the support of his high authority is given in a manner almost uinqualified, to alt the plans and estimates of that indefatigable and zealous officer, Col. Lyth goe. And we cannot doubt, if the Spartan will read attentibely this clear and able document, it will go fair to remove every sincere doubt of the ability and prudence that preside over the destiny of this noble enterprise. THE METHODIST BOOK CONCERN. In a late iumber of the Nashville Christian Advocate we find an article gibing an accoun%of the action of the committee in regard to the lo cation of the Southern Methodist Hook Concern: "Tle first, and perhaps the most important act, was the securing of a lot of ground on which to locate the publishing house. After a thor ough examin:Tion of the various places pro posed, the Board selected a lot on the public spuare. north of the City Hotel, and only sepa rated from it by an alley. The lot presents a handsome front on the public square, and ex tends back to the river; thence it runs north, making an L, fronting on Bridge street. On the rear of the lot, and immediately on the bluff of the river. there is erected a very large and substantial building, four stories high, made of massive stone work and brick, covered with cop per, all nearly new. This, with some slight modifientions, it is believed, will be admirably adapted to mansufacturing purposes. The front has two stories, which are in good repair, and will answer for sale rooms, offices, &c., for the present, but will in a aort time be superseded by a new building, suited to the wants of the establishment. 1ossessint will be given during the approaching fall, and in time we hope, to erect the mnachinery, &c., to begin to work enrly in January. We are pleased to say that the citizens of Nashville sire disphying tmuch liberality in subscriptions towards the purchas and improvement of the buildings. They will meet the reasonable expectations of the mem bers of the General Conference, who confided in their gtenerosity by locating the publishing iouae in their midst. The agents have made a contrat with a most responsiblicland eleg:at book binder, who will take charge of that depart inent oif the establish ientt. They have likewise centracted for pres ses and other machinery for the various depart ients; all to be ready in due time. So we hope before many months to see the publishing house of the Southern Church in full and sue cessful operation. The Agents have before them an onerous work. In the present scattered condition of their affairs, it will require time and much labor to adjust and put into systematic operation the V2st ,nachinery .whith-they are to manag., The Church, therefore, and the public shouldqurietf await their movements, which will, we can as sure those interested. be proseented with vigor." W learn that his Excellency Governor Burt, and suite, left Pendleton on Monday morning last, boand for their new homes in the far west -Nebraska. Two esteemed citizens of our own district-Janes A. Doyle, esq., and his brother, Col. E. R. Doyle-were to have joined the Govert'or's party at Athens, Georgint, from which place they go direct to St. Louis, Mis souri, tand thence to Council Bliffs,lowa, which will be their address for the present. The Messrs. Doyle will return during the next year; when, should they be.ple:tsed with their explorat ion of the country, it is said they will remove their families to this land of prom ie. A friend, who aeconipanies his excellency. has kindly promised to keep our readers advised of the movements of the party ; the incidents of lhe journey ; the soil, elimate, and prospects of Nbraiska; and his aidrentures with the bears, aufaloes. .tnd " red men of the forest " of that distant region. May success attend them. Pickens Courier. FATAL AccrDENT.-We regret to learn that our former fellow-citizen, Mr. Jfons McCusToCK. whso emigrated from Chester laist wvinter and settled in Randolph county, Aatbatma, was killed on the morning of the 30th ult., by the falling of a tree. The friend from whom wve obtained te information writes as follows:-Mr. Joxts McCLI5TocK had gone ont of his field to aid a neigbsin cutting down a tree in pursuit of game. As the tree tell it struck against a dead tree, which, as it rebounded, broke off, and fell on him fractutring Ihis skull and breaking one of his legs. Hie lived aboiut six hours after the accident. He has left a wife and seven childlren to mourn his loss, together with a large circle of friesnds by whtom he was much respected for the short time he had been with them. Mr. J. MCtL.170c[ was born and raised in Chester District, atnd he moved to this county last win ter, where lie had settled comfortatbly and was prosperinig well int the world."-Chester Stan dard. A DianE Saving~s Bank, after the manner of those in existenee in the north, has recetntly, been organized in Bailtimore. Thme officers of~ the institntion act without compensation, and thus devote themselves and tte influtence they can exert itn the promotion of the cautse, solely for the benefit of depositors. The Baltimore un, in an asrtice tupotn this stubject, says: -~ The efficietncy of this inistitution, its success, inded, will be the moral reflex of thte humbler members of society.-Wo cannot doubt that snech an intstitmsion will intduce many to com mence as regular ha~bit of sasving. The conve ience of depositing so small an amount as a dime, or a qua~rter, of half a dollar at a time,.will sertainly quicken the desire to do so. And as tulitudes are very inceonsiderate with the res pet to the cumulative vttlue of small sums. The dime savings bank will, through the experi enee of its -depositors, gradually diffuse .the nnowledge of practical facts nspons this subject ni the comnmuniitv. Let the disjpositiont ptrevtil t have "money mn the bank," if it be only a lime, and oilher dimes will follow ; usmil front o small a begoitntg we may have uiltitudes if small capitalists, whlere we have now prodi. gality, improvidenice, atnd fregnent destitution." HIoSES'T industry is 4lwavs rewarded. No ouig tnan need compillaint of' being kept poor, if he rolls up his sleeves atnd goes cheerfully to ,york. RoGUns usually dress well ;. rich tmen dress iain. Trust him, if any one, who carries but ittle on his back. A .MAs of wit oncee said, rightly enough, " He vho linds a good son-itn-law gains a son; he who inds a bad one, loses a daughter.". UJAnrT in a child is at first like a spider's web; f neglected, it becomes a thread or a twine; ext a cord or rope; fitnally a cable ; thetn whto an hb.,ak it? PARTICULARS OF TE TERTBTI XMASACE NEAR FORT LARAXIC. The St. Louis papers contain the particulars of the terrible massacre of Lieut. Grattan and twenty United States soldiers, by the Indians, near Fort Laramie. As already stated, a Mlor mon emigrant had complained to Lieut. Fleming, the officer in command of the fort, that a Sioux Indian had killed one of his cows. Lieut. F. at once sent for the head chief of the Sioux Matte-i-owan (the Bear)-and demanded that the Indian should be given up. Matte-i-owan informed him that if he would send a file of soldiers he would endeavor to have the Indian surrendered. Lieut. Fleming then ordered out Lieut Grattan with twenty-two men, and the United States interpreter. Augusta Lucien, to accompany the Sioux chief to the Minnecongou village, which was situated some nine miles below the fort. The chiefs, however, refused to surrender him, maying they would rather be killed, when Lieut. GraLtan immediately ranged his pieces of artillery and commenced firing upon the village. The St. Louis Democrat says. Three or four muskets were also fired at the same time, but the only result was to knock the top off of one of the lodges, and to wound Matte-i-owan and his brother, who were standing in front-the former with three balls, the latter with one. So soon as the troops fired,the Indians returned it, and poured upon them a shower of arrows. The first discharge killod Lieut. Grat tan, who was standing by the side of the cannon. As soon as he fell his command at once lost heart and attempted to fly-Aving their cannon, arms, and everything eleA. The Sioux then charged upon the flying soldiers, and shot and tontahawkcd every man of them save one, who made his escape by taking down a ravine, and thus getting out of sight. The interpreter who was with the party, Auguste Lticien, who had married a Sioux squaw, jumped upon his horse and attempted to make his escape. He succeed ed in getting rid of his immediate pursuers and in making a circle around the camp, but instead of striking for the prairie, he very foolishly attempted to run through the Brulie camp, which. was directly between him and the fort, and which was already alarmed by the firing.' The result was that an Indian ran'out and shot his horse with his rifle, and then came upon him with his tomahawk. Lucien cried out to him not to kill him, as he was a Sioux by marriage, but the only reply the Indian made was to bury his hatchet in his head. The soldier who escap ed down the ravine was found by a Sioux nam od I Black Heart," and owned his life to his assistance in getting him back to the fort during the night. The tragedy occured on the afternoon of the 19th of August, and it was not until the next morning that news of it reached the fort. The Sioux then sent word to the commandant to send out some movre of his men to bury his de::d, and they would serve them in the same way. They also went to the depot of the Ameri can Fur Company, which 'was near their camp, and where the annuity goods ($50,000 worth) were in store arid turned them upon the plain, and divided them out. Lieut. Fleming, upon consultation, sent some five or six of the traders down to see the Sioux and . to bury .the4ad, but they told the traders.very exy&ietty-that tr quarrel was not one in which they were concern ed, and they hadMtft keep out of it, and then drove them back to the fort. The consequence was that when the messenger left, the dead bodies were still lying exposed on the plains, only two, those of Lucien and another having been buried by two returning Californians, who ventured to execute the hazardous task for $25 a piece. Nothing further has been heard from the fort at the present time, and it would seem that the report that the Sioux had surrounded Laramie is not confirmed. At the last accounts Matte i-owan, wio was shot in three places at the first discharge from the soldiers, was at the point of death. lie is a brave warrior, and a great friend of the whites. The St. Lonis Republican says that Lieute nant G. received 24 arrows in his body, one of which passed through his head. Two of his men were killed by the same discharge. Mr. J. Bordeau, in a letter to thte Republican, says he had sneeeeded in burying the bodies of the unifortunate men. The Inadians subsequently came to his store, and to save his lhfe he had to give them everything in it-some twvo thousand dollars worth of goods. Mr. B. adda: As far as I know anything about Indians, I think that our government ought to send five hundred mounted men, veteran troops, to keep the Indians in subjection; and one company of infantry to guard the fort. The Indians, in the recent battle, after killing all the soldiers, broke their cannon to pieces, and carried off their muskets and animals. As for placing the infan try on a prairie to fight with .Indians, it is just the same as putting them up as targets to be shot at. There were about one thousatnd Indi ans in the battle. PRAISEWovRHY.-" A lady of Jefferson Coun ty, Indiana, has made herself a handsomne silk dress from cocoons of her own raising. The dress will be cxhibited at the Indiana State Fair this fall, which is to be held at Madison."-Ex change Paper. Pshawv! The lady of Jefferson is behind tho times htugely. In our days of boyhood-it wasn't yesterday-a lady of our acqaaintatneo now living and'residing'in Abbeville District, planted the trees, that led the worms, that made the silk, that formed the dress which she wore oftimes to Chnrch, and elsewhere. She made her " better hailf " a full suit, too; hat,ecoat, pants and hose. Who, in all Indiana, can excel her ? Talk of the "praiseworthy" industry of your Indiana women-folks; it isn't a circumstance to what the. ladies away down South have done. Columbi.- Times. A number of persons in Martinsburg, Vit. who partook freely of a lot of over-ripe water melons, wvhich had just been imported, were seized with cholera symptoms on Friday last, and in a few hours some ten or twelve deatha ocurred. EVER Y-DAY LIFE.-From muorning till night ia he human mind restless as the troubled sea t o sooner do men enter the world, than they at nce lose their taste for natural and simple leasures, so remarkable in early life. Every our do they ask themselves, what progress hey have made in the pursuit of wealth and onor ? And on they go,-as their fathers went efore them ; till, weary and sick al hyprt, they ook back with a sigh of regret to the time of heir childhood. THEa editor of the Jackson (Missouri) True Witness says he " has not seen a drunketn tan n Jackson since the Legislature adjourned." THERE is a good story of an excentrio lady of infortunately acquisitive habits, to the effect hat she was on one occasion so affected by harity sermon as to borrow a sovereignf er neightbor, and-pttit in her own pc Wur is a loosing speebiton like a steel ecause nobody wvould like to have a hand " WHEN I get into a .scrape, I aiwdya tak Nas theis lucifer matqh said of itself.