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THE YEA] 1854.
The memory.of the present year will linger long and painfully inthe hearts of men. Turn ing in almost any direction, the eye is met with the traces of pestilence, desolation and death. In the West Indies, the dread cholera his mow ed down its thousands; and in the ,hand of Barbadoes, above seventeen thousand victims in the last few months, sadly attest the might and power of its arm. Ot the shores of the Euxinie and Baltic, from the ranks of the various armies ruarshalled for glory and eonqoest, one hundred thousand soldiers have falen iby the same un seen, yet resist less foe. Thei have been denied even the hero's desperate wish, of dying at the cannon's mouth, with the music of baitle snun ding in his ears: but ingloriously, in the dense and plagne scented hospital, they have made the last sacrifice to fame and countrv. And at our own doors, what a spectacle! The hist fill al winter were almost inllrece dented in the destruction of life and property by fires in the Northern cities, and by storm :Mid shi*pwreck along the extenidiing path of comn maeree. It cannot be forgotten, how. day after day, we were called on to chronicle the loss (if some noble ship, gtone down, with her crew nid cargo, to the chambers of the deep. Spring re turned, and with it the labors and the hopes of the husbandman. The seasons were propitous, and all things promiscd abundance. In South Carolina, never before did the prospects seem brighter. Cotton, Rice. and the provisioti crops. all looked well. And this condition of iinws continued with but little chatnge untill one week ago when a storm uneq1u;lled in the memory of the present it,ration swi-pt over Its, leavinr in its track desolation and ruin. In our eily. ii, work is to be seen in aiiost every object which meets the eve, while from the countrv every mail brings in the most sieckeninrr tidiittr of los anid destruction. 'The Lice crop is cut off one. 11:11. The Sea Islanid Coltton iIlds are strewn with their just matiiuring ruIi. The entire Low Country of Carolina and Georgia las beeit severely and bitterly visited. But 'Our diwasters have not stopped here. A worse calamity is upon us in the ravages of' the Yellow Fever. Onr sister ei:v of Savannah has been a lazarhouse for a number of weeks past. -ler people have fled by thousands from the jaws of the unsparing pestilence, and stand ifair .1, w atching, while it sweeps away the few who remain. It is a spectacle to excite the deepest sympathy, antd call forth our lest aid. Char leston iii abundant gratittude be it spoken, has thus far been less sore!y stricken. Bnt it is imn possible to note the hearses which are constatnt ly vending their sad way throuIgh our streets, andt every day more f--quent, without feeling tilat we too, :re ailliet . Our season, which opened with such fair protiiise, has been darkened by a cloud of' misfortune;. When we thus sutt up our sorrows. me are reminded of the history of Job, as messenger after messenger followed each other in quick succession, with their tales of disaster a: .1 dist ress.-Meretury. --'- 4-a TiE W artA --Lr-AXoritnC SToRu.-The Sa vannahtt Go-in of Sat urday says: " After several days warm, dnuip and sultry weather, with an atitiphere the modt opl-ressive and depressing. it seems to us, that we have crer felt, Tliursr v t.hered in anot her st orin. Durin the foreno the air beemnne unitch cooler that it had been. Accompaving this very aigreeable ch:inge were several liht showers. In the tifter. noon the wind commniteced to blow brisklv from the North-easi, and the rain to fll in torrents. It continued elotdy. with occasional showers :md a strong wind. throughout Thiur-day night and yesterday. No coitderable dinage has thus far been done. SVe had hoped, after the mot disastrous blow of the Sth instant, we should escape the gale which u.uallv comes along wih lithe aItum nai l equinox. However the last 'ew days pre patred us to welcome evei another storim. if nothing else could relieve Its frio the most de presing, debili tating and fearfullv fital attos phere, from which we have receitly been suiler. ing. We trust ind bet!ieve that the prement gale will leave our city in a healthier condition that it hias been for some t ime t. " ince the lforeguinii wats in type thle elounds have patrtialvy disper.-ed, aind we have nowprm ise of fatir. coolh weather." Trts NEw YOiCK RACEs.-A race of two mile heats for the club pus ft 81.000. twentty pe cent. to go to thme second best horse, ettne off over the Nationatl Race Course oin Wedinesday. TIhe enitries wer 3laid ofi Orle:mts, Granite. Wild lrishmantt ied Eye, Berry andu Garret Di vis. Thev were fromtt six dhihYereint States, viz: Granite frtitm New Jersty; Red Eve roin tirgi ir.: lierry fromn 31liitn 3laid ol O)rleants fronm Luiisiana : Gartret~D~avis front Kehntcky: Wild lrishnmnit trout South Catrolina. Tim race. wais well ciontest id, :toughl win hantidily liy Wild Irishtimim, w-ho tdistitmeed four of the ihorses ii'tectntest. \Vild Irishmttan cam in ahead on lie first heat. Lted Eye sciind, Graite third, 31aid otf Or leanis biturith Per. v :md IDavis beintg d ist:mieed. On tie secon hietat Wild Irtishmutn camei( i ea-v wintner. Grainite was second antd fled E ye anid Orleanis were distantcedi. Time, A race foir three years olds. t wo mile heatts. for a piurse of 85009.~came ol' over the National Curse ottn ti Thrsd.ty. Samt L e:chter, Agiittor, aitd Little Arthur were te cotttestantts. Little Arthur won in two straigtht heats, time 3.5:3:: '152. A secoind race 6>r tour years old., tand over, to carry 100 pottnds, two mile heats. for ai purse of $3:in. Berry. Gertrude, an td .1 ihnt Hop Itinis. were tihe contend'ing horses. lIopkins won thue first heat-time .3..t~4-and Blerry tie second anti tird beats anid contsequenitly the race ; tme R.xtnoin A cc:DENT.-WVe regret t o learn that ia colli-ion oeecnrred ont the.G eorgi i Railroaud. (on Thurtsday iht, below C~unak. huetweeni the til patssenger train amnd a doiwn frteiht tr:iin. hy whtich the engriieer, Robilert Stpeneer, anmd at tire mtan. whose miame we did nt leatrn, were ir:aanmt Ilv kiiled. We were unaitbie, at lie Iittme of wvri inig, to obitain anty ot her relia le patrticuitlars, thbougit we fetar that oth.:rs maty have beeni inijuredl. The atccidentt w~as caumsed, we learn, by the freight traini being~ out of time. it so, the piar ties shtoutld itot escape itnipuiiihied. Lar..-Sintce the fotrgingr w:ts ini type, the p::sseinger traini has atrrived. by wvhih wve hearnt thiat Spetcer, the Etginmeer. anid Chairles 3larsh., Ste firemtain, ont the til tratin, were intstatly kit led amid thuat Harry D~orse-y, etnginueer.aiti ITiumas Gibsotn, lie fi remani. out lie downu trmain. tire seri ously intj ured, atnd .Johnt Baldwin. a muni st in the ecotppauy's service in t his city, wtas badly scalded. A nuegro, beloniging to otne of the trainis, was alIso injured. Sonic others received somte slighit iijuryv. Nonue of the passemigers ~s ained an d (amaigie. Thew itamie of the: conductor of the freight traitn that was rtuninig out of time is Franucis Golding.-Chrottiee timd S.nttinel.] aH Far.-la Charlestoon on Saturdamy the deathis wvete 14, anid on Sitntday I8. TIhie 31e :.' ot 31entdav says : " Itn Charles ton we fee! .aiim enceouragted to say t ha~t the virtulenice of - te disease In. ::bated , antd t hat the ntew eases:::re necitheir so mianty tior so viiolent ais hueretofore. Uint disease itt mtanyv forums is still tamong us,:.nd the emnergies of our pteopile tire taxed lheua y to bear timd alleviate the wveighit of sulfering that oppres-es the city. P at ice, ptersevera.., tand ai good hietrt, w ill carry us thirotugh. The gotod God still governis the world. Ltins hope.'' CAThouics AND 15:orasTAsTs AT Tlu NonTH. -From this present state of Noriterni society, -motwithstantdinig the eincomtumus sprontouniced upon it in certain well kniownt portions of thits state, we do not see how they canm possibly avoid susttainting a military hower to suppress civil wvar. A corresponident of thme Daltimore Sum "'rThe unofriendly-feeling between Prot estanits and Caththlies, paimnfumly visible entough iin this city. has beeni greatly atggravted by the occur renices at Newartk-eccmrrencees wticth consti te alnost the sole tlop io conversation every e antd wyith every body. Every good citizeut with painftul app;r'htension its to the tilti consein ences. Butlto sitdes of te huhige parties tire grertly e.xaspterated, anid thrat urther collisiomns tire opheinly matde. It w ill quire till the cool judigmenit antd soiund discere lion of the aiuthiorities to eahin the excited muol ATiHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR. EDGEFIELD, S. C. THURSDAY SEPTE3IBER 28, 1854. WE are requesited to say that the lion. P. S. BR ooKs, 'our immediate Representative, will address his fellow citizens on Sale Day in November next. Our Advertising Friends. It will be seen that M. LEsEscHUJx.TZ has removed to the room in " Park Row," next door to Biler's corner, where he has just received a cho.ce selection of Goods in the Clothing line. See, also, B. S. 1)uNtAR's Card. Ile oflers, in Hamburg, a general assortmncnt of Groceries, and proposes to give as full prices for Cotton as the state of the market wiil warrant. We have never heard the first iman exnress the least dissatisfaction with BIARNEv. Il's all right and no tistake. BENsoN & JonssoN, also well-known and popular members of the same mercantile community, have just formed a co-partncrship fur the transaction of a Warehouse and Commission business. Turn to their advertisement. Notice, moreover, that Mr. EDSUND PENN, of our village, intends to auction off the goods lie has on liand. Death of a Printer. W regret sincerely that the namtie of one of our for mer comiiplsitors appears in the list of those A ho have died recently in Charleston of Yellow Fever. We allude to Mr. JAMEs C. E rATTIE. lie was in our 0 flee tearly two years and ever exhibited a degree of skill, attention and real politeness which were well calculated to ensure his sneess in the avocation he had chosett. The craft has in his deathlost a worthy young member. Eilled by a fall from his horse. WE regret to learn that Mr. Amos lolmes, a very old citizen of Edgefield District, was thrown from his horse about a week since, and that he died in a day or two from the eiects of the fall. The old man was on his "ay to a Church in his neighborhood at the time. lie remained helpless fur sevend hours on the spot where lte was thrown. Some one at length passed and had him carried to his residence. Letter of Hon. r. W. Pickens. We have obs.erved antI read a letter frotn this gen teinan on the subject of givmg the ele:tiutn of 'rent demtial Electors to the people. It was intended as a I portion of our first page this week, but has been crow ded out hy previously selected articles. We will pub fish it next week, and may the-i cominet briefly upon its leading features. Gunter Arrested. I-r is reported here, with sone show of probability, that Dr. G.rttnT, charged with killing 1r. JEssE Scunav atid servant, las been arrestei. lie is said to have been overtaken and catttured somewhere in North Carolina. An English Spa. Out obliging friend, .11r..Jas:mts RtANsoRD, has handed Us quite a big sheet published at Scarborough, a popular Engli.-h waterig place. A iung oither thin's it contaits a list of visitors, reaching the larte miito ber of seventeen hundred. In all this immetse crowd we fintd niotne of thte " titled gettry." -Where do they Igo, pray? Too Much Rain. L.TT.T., we have been soaked with rain in this part of ite world to the serious detriment of all the products of imother Earti, except perthaps niushrouns and craw-fish. Cotton has been more and more in jured, until the prospect has become really gloomy. I The pea-crop has been over-drencled and is about to prove a failure. AttJ even potatoes have been i tis tenetd bcyond their capacity to receive. We advise every manm, who can fitid in his fi.As peas to save, to do so very carefully, as seed will be scarce another year and high prices ray be expected. A Chip of tho right Block. AN esteetned sutbarrber, writtig to us from Union yille in regard to correcting his address, thus htand somnaly expresses himseli: DEAn Cot..-You'r "Adveriser" comes to hatid every .Monday evetnitng atid I nmtt &c. &c.; but1 there is onte little natter I tmtut troutb:e yomu to ha~ve corrected. Thme persont wvho directs yior papers backs tinte to S. C. Gis-r, whliebm nonid samnd the world over (or at least over t his part of it) for Sotht Carolitia Gist. It shittld he S. RL.tsr, or, nsritett in full, S'ranss R On-rs Gis-r. I was utnm.:d ini Nulificationt titnes, and have never htad any idea of changing tuy, name~i, moire especially since the election for Southern Con-i gress ini tM;ltthought, previouis to that titti* states khi-gts andi Sombt I Carilina were considered sytnoty.I ntous termns, by the peopte of Union Distriwt at least. Yours &c, 8. R. G. The N~ow MYap. rtimssats. G. E. WALnua & J. JousNsoN have istsued by fatr thte best map of the S.tate of Sooth Carolitia yet published. It seetts to us to be unmtsually foll and accuirate. and from genttlemen cotnversatnt with such mat ters wve hear bttutte opinion and that entirely favorable. Onie of these tnaps tmay be seen attd ex:szmined at our office. The agent for this District wsill soon lie ariountd, and we respecmtully commnenid hitm anid lie ttap lie carries with hilim to general patt ronaige. Every otie should have at least a niap of hit uown State. Zs Yellow E'ever Contagions! 31ANY facts gathered from Americatn experience go directly to show that it is not. The Carolintiani in ser eral consecutive editorials takes this p'osition atid sutp ports it with prett y conclusive evidence. We suppose the articles alluded to, from their character, must be by the senior editor Dr. Gr aDrs. What lie say. and believes upoti sttch a subj-ct should cotmmand respect if iiot itmpheit faith. We bclieve his opitnion in this regard does iiot diffir friim thme mass of the priofession. After gis inig several etnses in poit, lie conicldes with the follniwinig remark, which should be hieei -d by this conmmunity as well as by Coliubia; for it is tnt um probable that cases of this disease amay be brought in-. to our midst fronm Augusta. "Thtese are stromig facets," says te Carolinian, "and ought to itnfluietnce the citizens of Coluimia atnd ontr tipper districts (shtould cases be carried aumong them friim below) so as to prevent unnecessary and unwvise alantm." The N'ogro Gilbert. Ornt friendl of the Miami Fisitor calls the "Arcr tiser's " attention to a case which lately occurred in Ahlaiama. It is the .summary ptmishmtent, by bumrti inir, of a slave niamned UrtiETa-rtwo had itnhmumaunly killed his kitnd and tindulgent master, a Dr. 3McDoN :r.i. of .3t. 3Meigs. We cami only say to the " Visitor " that this horrid aiffrir is mtore than an ordinary excep ton-it is as one is to a hiund're-l thomusandt. W here one of toe teg roes could lbe fiiund caipable oif du'ine so foul a dleed, there are a hiiudred thousand alto would assist in crushing the msonster itito the dust. Tho "Visitor"dtraws the councltsion from mlisi stilitary and truly shocking instance, tha- our slaves are " deugen-. eratinsg" to a terribile "condition of wickedness antd critme." We take ain entirely difl~erent vi--w, and cotn trast their present cotndition, whlere stieh crimes as the above are of the rarest occurrence, wvimi their state of freedomn (! !) ini thme wilds of their fathuerlattd, whereI murder, cannibas, and all tmanner oif hideotus bru tality stamp thetm as the most depraved, ferocious atnd utame-able of the humanit family. Coultd anty thing have ellcied the mtightmy change itn the condition of 'this "bratnded ratce." which is exhibited in thme Slave States of Attmerica. btesidles that very system otf domes tic servitntile againtst whlicht lie tnoral sensibtilities of a inure Nort hern hatitude are sit deeply enslistted ? Let the "Visitor " reflect eaitmhy and dispassioinatce imp on this happyi chatnge, antI he imay see in it the hand ofan over rulitig and all-wise Providence. Declination vs Declinature. WttENF:iR ansy gentleman declines being a cantdi date. for office, shottld the paragrasph atnnmoncing te fact be hetadedl with the "tane or the tither"' of the above words of fomur syllables. Thie first wye have al ways observed to lie thme "Caroliniian's' "echoice. The second we finmd used by te Iaptists in a late Report c f their State Comivetitioni. P'erhatps neithuer is right. OJr perhais they are btoth right. It is purely a qiues timn for philihogi,.t-, nmot for those who canniot per ceive dhe difk~renuce " tnlixt tweedle-dtim antI tweedle ine'.'' We arc rat hmr incmlined t side with time " Car olitin,"' intasmtuch ais ne fid his word itn the diction aries amid niot te othlier. Biut even in respect to " de elitation " we fimit no meaning at all applicable toI .tl. ..o...l:to. ..f a ,litbtitwr r~nd idntu. The 'ever in Augusta. The following, from the Valley Pioneer, is all the Itelligence we have been able to procure in regard to the progress of the yellow fever in Charleston and Atigista: In Auctiusta no business is doing; stores nearly all closed, and scarcely a person to be seen in the streets It is a diflicult matter to procure the necessaries of life. Articles of consumption have advanced from 25 to 50 per cent. The Butchers, poultry wagons, and vegetable earts have nearly all deserted the market houc. From the scanty material left in the city to feed the fever, arid the rapid progress it has made, it -cannot take it very long to get through with its desolating work. It is the opinion, that not over five hundred white persons remain in die city. Every white fami ly has l-eft, only ihei few who had members of it sick. The destiinte were provided with ways and means to fl-e. b- the Mayor, A. P. Robinson, who acted nobly, for we 're infirined int the members of Council and City oflicers nearly all fled, and left him to perform the duties they all should have done. The fever is ontlihe itncrease; the number of new cases reported on M?onday lust was 20, and they of a severer type than atir her-tofore. Since our last issue, up to 310'nday, the liumber of new cases per day, is from 10 to 12. lelow w ill be frund the numbier of deutils on each dlay. Wednesday, the 20th inst., 2; Thursday. the 21-1, 7: Friday, the 22d, 2: Saturday, the 23d, 5; 4onday, the-24th, 5; Monday, the 25th, 5; and he report of yesterday was not mad* at the time we went to press. llanhurg remans iealthy; no cases of yellow fever as yet have occurred ; should~ it make its appearance oI this side (if the river, our friends- in the country will lie advised of it. In Charlesitio no abatement has taken place; if any differeciie, it is on the increase. The deaths average aboot twety per day. The largest number for any one day, is 26, and the lowest 14. Judge O'reall on the Arrangement of our Law' Circuits. WE observe a letter from Jtidge O'NIALL, in the last tsst of the " Southern Patriot," in which he suggests an alteration of the present arrangement of the Law Circtiits in South Carolina. Ile thinks all the husiiecs of the Law Conrts could be easily transacted by he;iting the third Monday in Octolier for the Full and ihe third niond iy in March for tih Spring Circuit, provided the term for Edgefield, and those other dis triets to which two weeks are now allotted, be re duced to a sin.tle week. His Honor seems to enter tain no doubt but that one week would amply suffice for the largest distriets. At any rate, lie does not im ntgine that there would be niy necessity for an extra Court, oftener than once in every three years, to stir vey tlie dockets coitpletely. " Such an arrangement," lie adds, " would allow in the Fall the approach to frost. in sont. measure to gtarantee health ; and in the Sprintg to avoid the in*Teicies of the beginnting of .March." As one catise of the prolongation of our Court Sessions, the Jidge aimadverts upon the un necessarily long speechesuof his forensic brethren. As our Fall session begins next week, we give his opin iiin in his own language, hoping that our friends at tht- har may profit thereby, if their speeches are not already arratged on the long winded system. In jistice to our barristers though, we must premise the ex tract with the remark that we do not consider them or ten amenatlile to the charge of undue prolixity. But here is the Juidge's opinion generally upon the point It is trie. my breiten of the har think it necessa rv to spuink oflener, and much longer, than teen 1 was u'1 he hItr. Perhaps this might lie remedied, hy the uppolication ofan hour rule! G--iierally, I itik, 30 niniutes Ire loitr entontli for a god jury speech. Law. yers ought to kuow that jurysten can be tired. and thn lie more it-y are bort lie worst for their clients. The tmt dillicult ibin-r, loith for Inwyers, legislators ami stinop orators, is, to quit spicaking when they are dtine The Quartor-Strotch. IIrt E they conic! By George, clear the track! We'llsoon s-ee no%% who are the winning itags. Which is to say, tlat Monday week will decide who is to fill the ardtitis and responsible position of Senator from Edgefield in the next South Carolina Legislature, and n ho are to represent this great old District in the low er branch of 'lint reppectable body. We have never had the pleasusre of looking out upon a field in which each and every contestant was itn such hIgh spirits. hey aill think they tire going to be elected, certain. Perihlps there is not a caundidate for the House who Ila ces-hinselflower down than fiurth man. And to say the troth, it is very difficult, even at this late stage of the gairne, to tell who are to be our Representatives. Every iman dotibtless has Isis ticket made out. Bitt, if all are like tus, there is very little consfidence felt as to the success of that ticket. Th~e candidates thiemselves are abot the only positively confident men we hear of; ad they are right to be so. If a mats doubhts his owis chsance, every oiie else is apt to give it up as a hoeless ciuse. Upons this principle, they all keep bright Iope seated contspicuoously upont their foreheads, whaever quaiverinigs there many hte about the region of the hseart. As to the Sensator's election, the case is somewhat idifferenit. One large moiety of our citizes believe that the talented andI industrious incunmbet will be easily rettuned, while another oiety are of oinion that his opponent's chsances are eqtually good And so thsey run. Well, whip up. before arid behind, right and left, one ansd atll; for the goal is atsuredly in vIew. - Quito A 11istake. Soat. writer its a recent nutmber of the Ausgusta Constitmtionualist iniforms Isis readers that every paper in South Carolina, wiuh one single excepsion, has dhe nonntiteed the action oif osur Legislatusre in regard to the bridge at Ausguissa. Osi the contrary, ouit of about fosr y only three, or at fasrthsest four, htave trotubled them selves to nsosice the matter at' all. And why I Be cause (we must suippoce) they considered the action of~ the Legislature itn the premi.-es not only final sas far as that body was concerned, but right in law and called for by the circtumstanices of the *a-e. They eared not to waste paper arid ink on a sitbject in regard to wichs thscy suspposeid there cotuld be little or nio divi 'on of r-entimenst on this siide uof the Savannah river Thie Charleston papers, or a part of them, did come out briefly and pointedly at first; butt even they, moved uousn chuieny as they per haps were by somse stupposed insjry to the commercial interests of Charleston, soon hak-du in their hsorns arnd hsave not for many months s mtuch as mutteredl about the matter. All the pa pers in Carolina hut one down upon she measure, eh ! Try again, my deae fellow. If you are generally gi en to suchl woefully wide mistakes as this, we pity ithoie who follow your lead and are guided by your ipsedzs.. ___________ Our Plank Reads. Howt'.srn far behiind her sisters our District may be in the matter oif railroads, it is very certain that shte is ahead iif thiem all in Plank .Roads. Th'lere are now coimpletedl in Edgefie.ld at least thirty six miles of Plankt Road, and in a very few months we shall have accomplished a roundic forty. We make sip this amount from the Hamburg & Edgefield Road, the Egefieldl & Chieatsam Road, and a branchi of thec for mer from Cherokee Ponds to thte Martitown road. All of it too is good stock. The Hfambusrg and Edge leld] road lies long since proved itself in this respect ; ard the Cheat ham continuation prosmises fitety. When the great rmil.rsiad trttnk comes along by our town, this latter stock will be amosng the best to be had anywhere- Of the two roads, we think the Chseathuam has bseen built more susbstantially ; althouigh we do not. knowv that the lower rsad was constructed other. wise thuan well. WVe have however rec ntly heard from t ravellers loutd complaints of the exceedhing rough news of the eight mites at the lower end of this road. It is getting to be a genieral remark that this eight mile sectiion speaks very badly for the Pland Road cause. We mientiomn the fact for the advantage of the companty mterestd-that thsey may set abouit repairs on a psroperly large and liberal scale, and itus still keep their road up to thse very high notch of populari ty andI favor at which it has hitherto stood. No IMails from the South. Fout a week past thsere have beent bitt few papers received here from aniy part of thse Unuisn. Some of our op-counotry cotempo~raries have comse to hand, but frm the Northt, from thne South West, from Chsarles. toi and e-vets frotm Augsusta we hsave received little or nothing. Thue case we presuime to be the esistence of Yellow Fever to an alarming extent mrtthe two last mentionedh places. We undersuandl it is hardly possi ble ins either city to procure the assistance of persons capable of distributing thse mails. Upon the office at Agsta we are dependent for a large psart oif ouir in telligence ; and there, as we hsear, the panic is even greater than in Charleston. Bitt, Gtid knows, we do iot compllain of those whose buisiness it is to discharge the diutir-s of the Poist Office there. If theyv can es cape the terrib~le lEpisdemic by flying anid leavingw theI msnils to take caro sof themtselves for the timse beinig, nio miurmur ofoturs shall he hiearsd to stay thsem. In huianity's uname, when all the rest are hutrrying away for life, let thse P. M. and his assistants go too, ad heaven help them tos escape. We can do with out .... fr. a.. ..odwhil undet..he circumsatanceu. 5hould we be Bectional or not! IT occurs to the SouthericPalliot, the Independent Press, and perhaps one or two other prints in South Carolina, that we should not be. The rest of us feel that we should be. Those who maintain the negative of this proposition would perhaps style themselves National Democrats; while those who uphold the af firmative prefer the appellation of Southern Rights Democrats. The former believe-that the conservative element of Southern safety is the friendly disposition of the bulk of our Northern brethren. The latter feel confident that our su.est, and in fact our only real pro tection, is to rally the Southern people, in defence of Southern interests and Southern in:stitutions, under a Southern banner; and this it.what they mean by see. tionalism. What are the respective grounds upon which these two opinions restI We can see none for the one first indicated, and musr ;herefore leave its development to those more familiesr vt ith the premises which gave it birth. Of the second we will indite a word or two. The North and the South have never had any real affinity for each other. Were it not for the gnins vthict Yankee sagneity so well counts upon, a- spring ing from a connexion with our portion of the Union, it is perfectly fhir to suppose that this connexion would soon be broken up by the people of the North. Ever sines the days of the Revolution, the greatest jealousy and ill-feeling have existed between these two grand divisions of the confederacy, or rather we should say in the North towards the South. Even during the Revolution. itsetlf, .ile Scuthern blood was freely spilt upon Northern lains and in deflb-nce of Northera-homes, it was witb.difficulty that North ern soldiers could be induced.to-coms to the rescue of outrenudangred section. Thi every one will admit to he in accordance with thie' true record of facts. The Federal annals from thi time down show but one continued series of disisions and disputes he tween the North andl the South, in-almost all of which the latter lass been compelged -by the domineering spirit of the North, to give ground, even to lie extent, sometimes, of submitting to injusttee and opprepsion of ilte most pernicious character -This passive acqnies. conce, before the high-handed rule of the dominant North, has not been with us so much the result of a quailing spirit as of an earnest.,desire to perpetuate (if possible) the Union which o'dfr fathers had tanght us to revere. But our Northern opponents have never, for a moment, given us credit for the sacrifices we have constrained ourselves to-make, that we might dwell together in unity. Onthe contrary, they have almost invarially exhibited a deep-seated epmity to any measure tetndinag to the advancement of Southern iterests, and have looked upon our patriotic patience under injury. as but additiomnid inducement to wound us more and more vitally. And these symptoms of antipathy were clearly manifest long before the slave ry agitation had aseumed a shape and a name. The history of itte country, we maintain, conclusively shows that the people of the North and the people of thte South. (the fault lying atirely with the former) have never had any real affinity for each other; but that they have ever stood (by the fault of the North, from the very commencement of the Government) ar rayed against each other, section against section. It was an intimnate acqttaittance with this fact, and all the circumstances of on-siAded legislation which had brought it about, that made CALtoUN, McDUFFtF anti CooP.tt, sectionalists in prilmple and in action during all the latter part of thir lives. And they were et tirely justified itt assuming that attittudte'. Were they not indeed forced to it ! Was it not but the institct of self-preservaton that impelled thiem? When the great orator of South Carollta stood before the t scmbled representatives of air the States and depicted the " decay, gloom and desolation" which Northern majorities, by their abuse of. power, were about to bring upon his beloved Soud'--when he there un. masked that monster, Protection, anad unveiled a scheme which, for infernal treachery anal corruption, could only be compared to Moors's doinuriac prophet of Khnrazan--when ie wanted Congress that the peace of the Union was gae, and ttrged the South to stand upon her rights, anresist to the extremity of war, will any one say that he was sectional, anti-na tional, and thereforo wrong Was not sectionalisn, as here displayed, the tmust exalted kind of patriotismn -the kiatd which prompts men 10 risk life atnd sub stance in defencte of theair fatuities, thaeir fire-aides tandl all their dearest interests! pp Batt if Sectionaalismn at tife :outth wvasavirtue titen, is it nut moch more so since thte anti-alavery spirit htas breathaedt activity and energy, tnischie-f anal etnmity into the largest stab divisions of thae political organiza ions of te Nortit ! 'rThe pritmciples of te Atbotiion,' ists proper may as yet he cottfined to a comparatively small nuamber. But undter the false flag of Freesaoil ismt (an embod'atentt of principles far more plantsible and consequently more dangerotts tn the Soth) rtear ly all te rest are enlisted, whtether Whtig or Demo crats. A aanoble trio" htere and thtere ntay c-amannttd a gallant few to thte rescue of our tattered Constitu tion. But thme great hodly of the popuattion North of Masoat and Dixaon's litne, thec host of our oipposers (so to speak) htave deliberately sworn upon thec nltars of thteir pulitacal faith 'that thec extensttion of our dontestic institution shall go no step farthaer over thec territaories of the United States. We will be pointed here to tihe Nebraska bill as eviadence that thi' exclusive spirit is not so cotntrolling in its inanlaences as may have been apprehended. in reply, we urge tiast its passage was erected ton the grountds that it did nothing for the ecr tensawn of slovery-thtat the territory in dispntte would forever be worthless to Southterners with their slaves -that it was a bare admissio'n of a princeiple (for the time being, they maightt have added,) wahicha woutld cer tanly be inoperative sot fair as benefiting thte Saittith, in any degree, was contsidered. Butt, althtough ftorced throught in thts manner, by the aid of a few spiritetd and indepesndent Northern gentlemen, what have been the subasequtent developments! Do we nat see the Nortertntmasses furious itt thmeir indtigntatiot becattse of that very enaactmett Can there be a dontht that ant overwhelming majority in the (so c-alled; tree States are otntragedl by its passage ! Do not all tlhe inadica. tions by whaichl re-asanable men can judge-the tonte ogf the pubalic press, the cast of putblic resobatiuns, the temper of political meetings, thte madness af exc-ited mobs, the voice of the pttlpit, the whtispered butt cm phatic murmurs of the well-meaning, anal the. fiendish eecrationsof the batd-all go to show thtat there aloes a this time exist, throughoutt thte lengtha and br-eadlth of tese Whtite-slavery States, a permattently ro ated hats tility to aour Southern country I And is tlhia a tirme for Sottherners to condemn Sottthterners, haecause it is urgead that we should at onc~e form the squa re taf de fence, thsat we may present to our reckless confeder ates, on whatever side they may attack us, a firm antd stlidl front, which shall, pera-hanae., startle andat stop them in their revoltutioinary career ! Is thais a time' in shtort, to foster an insane anal stthtidi natioaluinm at thae expense of that Southern sociionaltism. vltich is our only htope in view of the mlghtty odds th'at may soon be brotught to bear utpon us, in vie W of the fmnal struggle that approachecs fur all we hold dear and valuable on earth!? We trust that thtose who hanve meditatedl so dangeronts ana experimenat will pa-ase anal ponder well its effects. Mature-refiectionl wit.: surely save them from so fatal a mistake. Price-oilZaivinag. As to meat end bread stufys, the coming year seems likely to prove almost as difficutlt a one as its imame diate precursor. Corn is setting frum te pita at 75 cents per buashel. and hiacon cannot tbe htad in these parts foar less than twelve and a half cents per poutnd. Beef, mutttort, fowls &c., are proportionally high. Whethier this state of things is to conttinitue or nt, it passes our ken to determine. We shoutld think naot. Srely, w bten those abutndant fields all oaver ouar adis trict are futlly gathteread in, and whten our fairmers' hearts are gladidened by thie sight of thteir hi; o-:er-la den cribas, thecy cantnt have the hteart to cha:'ge na poor conttumers more titan fifty cents for cortn. And when the drovers come on with. thteir hundstreds and thousands of hogs, end see that ottr cotton crops are poor anal commandling poor prices, thtey cannaot htave thec concience to charge us more thtan 5 cents at thte furthtest for pork. But thtis is only our htope. Whtetha er thta facts wilt jinp with our washtes or not, remains to be decided by othter criterions. We await thtere suit with anxiety-Thlere is one good thing however anid the hadi, and it is that dry goods are staid to be very cheap. Ouir Merchaants have retutrtned from New York with their Fallanopplies and report thtat tihe market titer. was lower and easier titan ever beforo known. Of course thecy wilt retail to their custotners on co'rrespondirngly low terme. Thais wvill do seme good. Upon theo whole wvo trust thtat noboady wil: he calld upona to sufyer particularly much-not more than Is.cr ..ear..., .,l .n.. SOMMUNICATIONS. FOR TUE ADVERTISER. MA. EDJOR:-As the Late act of our Legisla ture conferring the franchiso of our portion of the Augusta Bridge upon J oNes & KENNEDY has been denounced by some persons, solely for the reason that it subjected the community to the payment of double tolls, allow me to call your attention to the position of matters at this time. As has been well said, in substance, by one of the Candidates for the House, this bugbear does not now exist and can never be again revived. The two partits claiming cotflicting interests in the Bridge having joined issue and gone into the Federal Court to have their respective rights determined. If the decision should be in favor of the City of A ugusta, their right to the whole of the structure will have been determined, and conseqnently the gate or JossFS & KzNNEnY will be removed. If iin favor of JoNEs & KENNEIbY, the city of Augusta will, of course, respect that decision, and cease to demand toll for passage over our portion of that btructure without a Charter from our State. And again, if we are correctly informed, the City of Au gusta are now ready (induced solely it is believed by the passage of the Act in question) to make the proposal to our Legislature that in consideration of a perpetual Charter, they will make the Bridge perpetually free ! After all, therefore, it would seem from this proposal, that the Act was not 'rob bery," nor were the LegislIators thenmelves " rob bers." -For if the City Council of Augusta have a Charter noul w% here is the reason for their applica tion again ? It would seem also, from tIhei, that the act in question was something akcin to "1 wise," "politic" and " proper," inasmuch, as so far from its subjecting the community to the paynient of double tolls, it is likely to result in relieving them from payment of any toll at all. ONE OF TilE PEOPLE. FOR TiE ADVERTsER. MIt. EDITOR : I am under the necessity of solicit ing a pilnee in your paper, on account of a seurrilous atten:pt, by a writer over the signature of " FAIR P.Av," to traduce my character and s:anding as a Citizeni of this State. Mr. ' FAIR Pi.AY" iust be destitute or that nianliness his assumied name im plies. 1le makes an assertinn about ny incorrigible laziness and inefficieney, my being expelled out of th,- weaving departme:t. &e. But lie lurks behind the conditional " if," to screen himself from the gloss iis-statement his-assuiption implies. Why nut say " lie wn,"I &c. But it miust be " if,! a sort of rampart for " FAIR PLAY" to shoot his poi soned arrow from. We are pioud to say that we were one of those who helped, by our labor as over seer in the weaving rooni, to Make Graniteville Fac tory a paying one. We labored for the Company live years, and we have the written upproval of its Su periutendant aiid enterprizing President, testifying that we resigned of our own accord. to go into busi ness for ourself, and that we have their best wishes for our priisp. rity. We think this suticient to prove the fal..ity of Mr. " FAit PLAYv'S" ;rguiient. The wr:ter further int:nates that I am hostile to the Graniteville Company. That amsuniption I tine quivocally deny, rtr I do wish then unremitting prosperity as Manufacturers. At tile same timie I ilo advocate the ten hour system, as better for all concerned with Factories. We would like to know i where Mr. " FAIR PLAY" got his information, that we are not entitled to vote-that we are but three months in the District, &c. It is true, we were out of this State-fror the 7th of February to 20th of April, (tut our home and flfitily were in this State) and that is all the time we have beet, out of the State in ive years, notwithstanding Mr. FAIR PLAY asumes t hat our resideince is but three moniths. lie also avserts that mty remarks on the~ C..lon~ers Speech "is a tissue of perversion thoghn. But the language of the Coloniel was too phain to be perver ted, andi we were very exact in mauking our extracts fromt his spmeech. I douibt whether " F.unt PLAY'' ever hcerdl the speceh lie is trying to vindicate. Mr. Editor, I an not desiriius of paper warfare, even if I had the ability to coniduct it. Nor would I have noticed " Fa PLAY's" remnarkc, but for the un warrantable and maligntant mnner in which lie as'.iled miy chluaeter. I will iiotice one mtore paragraph (if "J'Ain PLA Y's" writingz, and paiss hi:s defamiing attacks with con ."The statetmetnts made by this 'eraciotus reporter, as to the remarks of Capt. lMorgne, atre, if pissi bile, imore uniwarratntable. lie r, presents tha: ccen tlcenmn as saving hec agreed with C.ol. Carroll in prtny itucth all he said ini reltin to the hBridlge and~ the ten hiour law. This is utterly iincorrect." Now, aill we have to say in rehition to this bebi assertioti of "' iant PI.Ar's'' is. that it will not be at diflicult task ti, prove that Capt. 310MAGSJ. did make such an assertiiin. My remiarks, ion the transaetions of the evening in questioni, were mtade honestly and fratnkly, without traducing the character of any ione. liut this writer comes out with assumptions unfair and unfountded. I now bid !elr. "FAIR Pi.AY'' a hinal adieu. .1 ES CA LLISON. s TnPe. Anv1ENTiSERt. DINNER TO EON. A. P. RUTLER. Man. Enrrtom: On Friday, the 15th inst., I had the ple'asure of being at a Ditnner given teo lion. A. P'. Be'rr.a, at Mount Enein Schoolh Ilou.<e. rThe occasion was a very pleasanit one. It was one of those festive scenes ini which, all fortmaity being threown aside, the heart iny indulge ini every pure and niatural feelinig unrestrained and uunchecked. I haie been at miany barbeeniesatid dinners, but never tine where the enjiymnent steemed so complete-the old s" cheerful, or the youtig so gay. It see'med to be the sole busittess of every onte toi see how happy he could be-thirowitig care to the winds. atnd leav ing evtery atnxiety (if heo had tany) at home. The Ladies, God bless themt, wecre bri.-ht, beatuti ful., aind swet, (aire they ever otherwise ?) titd as I wateh.:d their grace''ul forms in the mazy dance, I thuught themi -Like some gay creatures eof the el. meat, TIhat in the coloirs of the raitibiw live A nd play ini the plighted e!. uds." Otur worthy Scnatoir seemed to enjoy the day very munch. !le had the pliensure oif meeting many old aequtaint:tneis nal friends of his boyhiood atnd youth, and renewing ol atnd pleasurable associations-for thtis was a dintner got nit not for any polhiticail peur pose, but for so;:ial enje yiment tend the re-union of frietnds. The guest arrived about 11 oectock, not as the contquerinig hero comes, but like a worthy repub hieani citizeni of this great country, whose honor and integrity lie has ever labored to uphold. A bout tine o'ehoek we repaired to the taible, where we partook of ia miot excellent dinner, prepared un der the superinitendence of Mr. DAvID PAYNr., whose excellilit matnngenment I cnnmot to~o highly comend. The conmpatiy having satisfied the cravitngs of the inner man, Seinator EB;TLER, with fa!l heart, annd voice tremnb'ing with emotiont, sail I catnnot leave this ta'>le withtout giving one sentitment,and that is 't, soil upon which I stand It is miy owvn, myi3 nattive hand, which was drunik with the most hearty applause. llis healt h was tihen proposed by one of the comips nty anid <irunk with renewed applause. A fter which, alreturned to the School IHouse, wvhcre thiose fonid of exercises upon thte "l'ghat fani tastic te," k-ept timte to the music of the violin titd about four o'clock, when the company broke up, none the worse for the pleasures of the day, and some pietthaps far hiappier ; for I doubt not some yomung hearts throbbed with joy on accotunt of words it!y spoken. Neothing occurred to mar the happiness of the day -sonmc few, indeed, were very slightly " tender footed," bitt not sufficiently so to produce any ill conisequnest'. Returaimg homte T asked mvself, were there atny bachelors here to-day ? Yes, there were a few. Again, communing with, myself, I said, How can any one remain a bachelor after such a day? An swer, I don't know, but this I do know, I can not. A. FOR THE ADVCttTZ5Zft. A Card to the Public. MA. EDITOR: I am aware that heretofore ne knowledged friendship, to soine extent may he dis turbed by my thus addressing you; yet I feel con strained, though in humble capacity, to do so, for I have just seen in print-I won't here n:ame the au thror-that very nuch extra, uninvited sympathy, condolence, and the like, is being expressed for me -and so far so goodi-because, forsooth, I e:nwcicn tiously signed a ecitain certifit ate for hiev. C. A. R AYMIOND, bearing date 21st (if October, 1M1 and it is even intimated in the said print, that I iniy have niale some mistake; can't tell rnuch about it that Mr. U. wrote the certificate himself. But ir frlentds, is it known Oltat I pot read ard re-read it before siguing ? Ilowever, lettmie ask if I were not solicited by a prominent cit:zen shedlysinqe, peradventure the author hiniself,-to sig!iutiet certificate-the hand-writing 1 think was his-but in good conscience I could not grant the request-did not do so ; besides, I hope it is no part of my nature to be found upon two sides of a coutroverted 4ues tiu at the same time. But that we all may hear unegnivoeally. 'ithout doubting, about the certificate, I tell viou if I di.l not sign it 21st of October, 1'51, I wuili now; ani I shall ever fel it a silein duty to maintu.ia its integ rity without a solitary prop other than my own breast. The above is addressed to a personality (in the 30th page of Hev. J. M. Cnincs' late reply to Mr. RAytoxti. And here I hope tie be permitted, on my part, to let the matter rest. This. 14th Sett. 185 L A. II. MORTON. FOR THE ADvF.itTisEt. Ma. EDITOR: " A Card to the Public," appear ed in the last issue of the Abbeville Banner, by Mr. A. II. MOnTos, whiel lie requests you to " copy one time." Feeling it to be my duty to notice it. I hope this communiition will reach you in time fee appear in the same issue of your paper. P)lease place it immediately below his Card. There are but hoo matters alluded to in the above Card which I shall at present notice. The fist is the certifiente which he says,in fine p.inee, ", he Con seitiusly signed for Rev. C. A. RivaoxNt," and in anoilher part of his Card says, "if I did nut sin it on 21st of October, 1851, I wiulid now." As this is a miatter between Ir. lorrox andml his Brtth ren at Hleulah, I shall not here express an mpiiin, but will publish a certificate whih wa lniided ine by Capt. W. SaiTmt, to ie publi.Ihed in my "True State-ment,' with the request that it should not lie publishied, if I cmuld es:ablishi the facts withomut it, In accordance with thi;s request,and froim respect,ou my part, for Mr. M., I id not pubhli it. 'I'le cen sure which lie attempts to throw upon ime in the above Card, is the reason whiehi I give, with the consent of Capt. S:I.wr, fi.r its appearance n111w. And I can assure Mr. M. ani the pubiie, that I hail no) agency, iliretly or reimotely, in the writing ot' said certificate: " We, the undersigned. do h.-reby certify that we I we present at an interview between hlretihren W. nSmith and A. 11. Morton ni -July 19th. 154, rela tive to a certificate .aid to hiave been givmn ir. Iiv. A. 11. Mmrton to Rev. C. A. Raymond, and aplp ar ing in tile " Fuill Expoiiion if .\Ir. It. on pa.e 31 .t. .M r. Smith askel Mr. .imorton if he had givi is that cert;tiente ! Mr. Morti-n repliedi he i:. no rcIllection of giving it ; that 1r. Itaymid wrioie all his certticates. mid hat Mr. R. R.had und' strung er lhoungte than he.sh..uhl have u..e.l . Nr..lMr t-in insisted iat he and hhrithier Smith Aill nmt till iout but let the matter r.-main where it was. liro. Silith re-plied. the certificate was uter!y false, and woubhl inijure his ebiaracter where he tiumithi) was noit well kniown. letrter Mortmin said lie thioughit thm-re was noithing against the moral cbarneter oif .\r R., as Ilrothemr Sniith sidm lie wiold not decile hie tween the Tru,.iees andim Mr. R., anmd lie tmuok it fuor granteid that hlrmither Ssmiith refused toi decidle, bs maus., lie was the frienmd if the Tiu-tees, and woubnt have to decide aga~inist the'imiand ini favior .f .5r. Raymn,m, andm further said that he suppuosedl that lie gave the certificate, as it tiecmorded wit h his views at that timie. W. A. C'onn. Augtist 5, 1S54. Aneuii MhcCoit>.'' . Trho second point in the Card which I s.hall noiti.-e. is the insinlunion that I huh attemiptedl to get hmti Isign a certlicaite which wotild placue himi" uponi two sides of a contriiversed qjuesion at the samew te.' !Thle " proninenit citizen," to) whmi lie reftms, I sup piose was Rev. W. P. IllIh. The publie. .shall be pumt ini possession of tl@ facts oif this e;Le, anid heft to draw the just conclu-ion.' IHaving heard in October, 1851, thiat Mr. Mon-ros had writlen a letter to some pemrsmn in Edgeieldi that I had " preachedi a sermon at the meectinmg ini A u gus~t, 183'. at liculh, whieh had a dmiiinwardl teni denc~y to the resiiuiionus," mnin~img thmse abiout .\r. Ravaimondi, and wi hieh were oin red by him, (Mir. Moros) that day, I felt borund toi obtin the eer Ititicate of the Brethren, contraictinig such imopres sin, which I cimubl use, if ever eircumisanes~ re quired it. It is dated November, 1851. and is pub ihed in the " True Siatemrent of Facts" I did nout ask Mir. MlonToN to sign thtat certificate. In pre' paringthe "True Statement"' I initended to have called on mlr. MmonToN and asked hiim ton sian a ce'r tificate, that I had nomt attemphted to chiange his mp:ni ion respecting the resmlutimos comne- riniig Rev. C. A. Rsv.moND, ol'eredl biy himn in the Auutmeig Mly engsigemnent ini attendiing religious imeetig sniuml ~in pretparinlg my publication, pirovenited mec fro-n enl' ing on him, and I drew up a certificate tim the abhove effeet, anti gave it to Mr. 16u.L, who preneheis to ithe B~eulah Church, to piresent it to Mir. Alon-ros. .\lr. HI. informed me that lie misplneed the certificate I drew up, nnd wroite one himself andl presented ii to Mir. M., which he refused to sign. Mlr. IU. is absent on his ngency in Geuorgia, nnd I can~not fur nish the public with the fmrmn which lie presenited tim Mlr. M1. Mr. fonTON toell k-nowos that I did tiit say a word to hiimi abmout the Resolutions beftie the imeetinig in August. I have iio desire fir aniy mian "to be found upion twoi sides oif a controvertedh ques tion at the sanme time," if I am a party ini the eon troversy. No ! let a man alwaiys fearlessly and ini dependently give the honest convictions of his miwn nminid to what lie believes to be true. Anid I hiadi givenl Mr. M1. credit for an /ianctt difemrence oif opinioin frimi his Brethren at hleulaht, whichh, I anm sorry to say, the reading of the above Card has biy no means incereased. I do nit ask him tim east oil Mlr. R. if lie prerers him~t to my.self ; he has a right tm his choice, anid is welcime to his selection. ile amid his Brethren must adjust their dhifliculhties ; and the great day of finiah accounts will disch-s~e i'pon wihi:ch side Tiiuri is found. J. 31. CHII LES. Greenwood, Sept. 21, 1854.. RELIGiOus R EvIvAL.-Qnlite an interest ing series of nmeetinigs has been progressing in the vihinge and at Upmper Long Cane church, during the piast week. Rev. Dr. lEnker hats been preaching durinig thatt time with an eairnestness and efliciency rarely egualled. Meetings were held in the day at Long Cane, antd in the village at night. No very marked effect has been pro dticed in the village except that a deep solemnity has uniformly pervaded tne large congregations who wait on his~ ministrations. At Lng Cane, huowever, a very extensive revival has been the result. We learned on Wedniesdny evening (the last opportunity wve hatd of hearing) that there were somne sixty-five persons who would very probaibly connecct themselves with the Church. And many, many more whose seritus demeantor betokenued that they were thinking as they had never thought befor.-Inde'pendent Press. AP~olNT):ENT.-dis excellency Governor Man. ning has auppointed Robert A. T'homnpson Com. missioner ini Eqtuity fur lIiekenis district, inm place of Joseph W. Ross, deeraaed. Cr.- GAINEs.-It may not be generally known, that within the precincts of the Old Cemetery of this city repose the remains of the gallant veteran whose name bends this article. Within a small lot enclosed within a wall of brick, near the centre of the cemetery, covered with 'a course flat stone pot in inch above the strrounda ing enr:h, without an inscription of any kindlo - mark the tomb of a man so distingnished in the militaiy aninals of the country, lies the bndy of General Edmund Pendleton Gaines.-Mobikj Register. As Ovrr. ISSUE" OF CoRN.-Ist year' effyp of corn appears to have been almost exhaust. less. The "over issue" will go far to mate"Up the defliciency complained of this year. The receipts ot corn (41ld crop) per North rive boats, at New York, have recently been inmen-e; Since Saturdaiy they have .amounted to abouis 170,000 bushels. TITAT RLL TaoT.-'[ he novelty of-t -bill trotting in harness. with a boy..n his'.bk, ' -. place at the New York llippodrome c'n .l6n4i y night. The a;inal's appearanee in the ring;was very amnsim' and ,ix thonsand pers-ons laughed ftily at isigit. lie performed his pan of the~entsrtinment exceedingly well-foir a -Span. - ish bull! A ErAss MIJNE.-The newsprapers-9F.n8V - Tenne-.ee lire very patriotiv, and love to trnnrpet forth wonderful stories of the really remarkable mineral resonres of that region. Jii .thisJp pect, particularly, they are resolved that their State .shall surpass all others, and have accor-. diiily annonnced the di-covery of a brasa-mine ott Beech Creek. The Rogersville Times, afa-r aiinllouncillg the fret, says: We can assure our raders at a distance thal this ii no ho:ix we have seen 'the metal aud tes~el it. It is undtnlltly found at the place specified. mingled with earth. and may yet he. g.ithered in coisiderable qnantities.-llrass, wes beiieve, is a comination oh coppefand zinc,nnd as both the~e metals have been found in the county, we see nothing improbable in the idea that at soile period far back in the history of the earth, thewe two metals have been thrown togetler by some volcanic action, melted and forpied into brass. TUE New Y-rk Tribune thus pointedly insults Southern merchants who do business in New York: "Southern merchants do indee.d keep away frumt New York, fur the reason that they can't pay their debts ; there is no doubt :hat if thi jobbers of this city had not trumsted Southem traders for the p:st thir-c year.4, they would be a great deal better offthian they are." We iip i Sottthern metchants will have stf. ficieti self respect to prevent New York frum l'urther ull'ering by their custom. ItProVFD A i:TIFICIAL TEETI.-Mr. Maliloar Lomitii., of Camtbridgeport, Mlass., writes us that lie has perftected a new style of artificial teeth, the pecutliarily of which is that both teeth and plate, are composed of one piece, ntd of the a~me material. No Metal plate is used in they mniii'acture nor are there any joints aronnd-the Iteet h, so that, compar.itively sjeaking, the ia king of a spt of teeth or this kind requires but ia Few minuties. The article is said to be neater, antd more lierfect iii its appearance, and far more dur:.bel than the rldrasined, gold plate. and 0 Soldered teeth, while the cost is reduced at least One-half. . A CH EAP Ato1FTEtt.-A correspondent of the Country Gentleman urges that henceferth farmers instead of waithiig the loctist and ciekets for signs of weather, devote their mie tereloueal observations exclusively to ther wives' camphor botties. He says: "For soie years I have been in the habit of watchiig the ondition of the gtflm in my wile's c:nnphor bottle, which stands in our bed room, and when not diibed makes a capital weather glass. It answers my purpose as well as a ba romieter that would cost mne from $25 to $50. When there is to be a change of weather from fair to windy -r wet, the thin tlakes of gum will rise up aiid suometimeics when there was to lbe a great storm. I have seen t'hiem at the top. Wvhen~ ~they settled dow n clearly at the bottomt theni we are bore oh grand wenitier. Tfur RiCE Ctno.-We are assutred on authori ty eii ed to great contidence, thatt the loss of tee rice crop on the Savanliah and Ogueehe ri er5, by the storm of the 8th instant, will be hully thiree-fc unrthis ; onm the A ltamahia about one. third, anid on the Sat itla neithing. On the rivers belweenu Savannah and Ciimrleston, the probable lo.s m-..y be e.,ttimat ed ait atbuut half. Furitier serionis daman~ge may be aipprehended, to theL crop' froiiu the btormi which is prevaiilinig at the time that we are wri ting.-8.vannah Geor gian of Satuttrday. Pt:EtroslTmos To Cnto.mmA.-The phiysicismn of the e Yrk ilospi:t:d give ie-iue lnet* .,boiwinig thatt seven-eights of alt persons attnela ed by ebiolera are tthose who haue alretady beet. ini'in;fo organic di-eases, its of the liver,, iiigs, &c., antd i tho cotidu not live long undeib the~ circ um jtance. TIhis iis shownt by post morte exatuitiationts, nuzede ini almost, eiery mi atan lce. TntE PtURCHiJsE OF CLBA.-The New York' Eupress saiys it has it fromi, autthetie sources thaut .Mr. tile h..s been renewinig the offer to .4anfrthe purlchazse o'f Cuba, tend that he agee mt gie more thn $t0,000J,000, the sum .,nid to hazve beeni tendered durinig President Pohk's admniis rarion. The Spa~ni.,h Slinisters, wvho aire greatly in want of tunds, although sorely teihmted by thme jingle (If so mny mtill ionls, gave the propositi-in somie little attention, bt only to reject it. EXECUTtos OF SENTESCE.-On Friday, 15th istanit, .ilose aiid Tlom, slaves of air. Barmoere aindt muirderers of Jesse 31ttox, expiated their crime on tie gallows. T1here were, we should Isupjpose, not less than two thousand live hun dred or three thoustnd human' beings-men, womeni aind ctildren,--at the place of exeutiun. A bbeville lndepentdent Press. As old pensiemner got tipsey antd noisy, whsen at person jeentlairly di-posed, qizzingly asked him whiat lie did for a living, anid he said lhe "Sneked a bottle pairt of time, and the United Staites Treasury the rest." WHlEN you hear that a young lady has com mitted suicide, you canm cotinlde that she wasn't the pretm tet girl ini the world. Pretty feet tare iot tuatntlly in a hurry to kick the bucket. CousT TnIACt colmpelained to Foote that a man haid ruined his ebiaracter. "So much the better," replied the wit, "for it wats ii d-d bad one, amid the soloner it waar destroyed, the more to youir ad vatagie." Public Barbecue! A BARUleUE with be given at tie old residence of Col. 0. Towx~e'. dee'd., on the Chiappell Ferry Road, on Friday, the 29:h~ inst. Col. GAielsmios atnd H~on. P. S. Bnoors, and all thteCanidates are particularly invited. Sept. 14, 854. _ _ _ _ _ Religious Items. .TnmE next blinsers' and Deacons' Conference of the second iDivision of the Edgetield Baptist Asso ciation will convene at Little Stevens' Creek Church on Friday before the fifth Sabbath in Octobersnezt, at It. o'eioek, A. M. Elder 11. F. CORL.EY will preach the intraduetory scetmon-Elder Jotis Tn~urr, Alternate. First subject .of Diacussion.-By what means the demand for el inisters cnn be supplicd. Second.-What is the special dutics of Deacons to t he Churches. Eler hB. F. CoRLEsY to write an FEssay on Church es caling out anmd encouraginig young gifts for the .Ainiiistryv. Elder- J. M. CunILEs to prepare .an Essay on the ely and importance of Churches meeting every Sabbath at thecir regular places (If worship. ROBT. IBRYAN, CLERK. September 14, 1854. GP Tiunma will be a Camp Meeting held at the Bethlahamn Camp Grounid commencing on Thursday