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W. IF. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, " . .,e NDVEMBER 2 84
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. D U RIS O E, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
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tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the imme
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For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, IN
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
aid by the Magistrate advertising.
BOOTS AND SHOES
AT THE IRON FRONT STORE OPPOSITE THE
Masonic Hall, Augusta, Ga.
Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Carpet Bags, &c.
ARE now receiving their FALL STOCK of
Gents. Ladies, Misses, Boys, Youths and
Children's SIIOES of the
And the best that can be bought.
Our Assortment contains EVERY ARTICLE
usually kept in the largest Boot and Shoe Stores.
-ALL vAttIETIES OF
AND HOUSE SERVANTS' SHOES
All of which we will sell on the most reasonable
Augusta, Oct 12 tf 39
CROCKER & REES,
WAREHOUSE AND COMMISSION
yackson Street, below and on the opposite side of
Warren's Block, AUGUSTA, GA.
I 1E Undersigned would respectfully inform
their friends and forner patrons, that they will
remove, on the 1st September nexi, to the NEW
and SUBSTANTIAL Fire.Prookf Ware
aite of Warren Block.
We will give our personal attention to al business
entrustd to our care, as heretofore, and hope to
mewrit a continuance of the favor of former patrons.
We are prepared to make, at all times, liberal
cash advances "n Produce in Store.
Orders for BAGGING. ROP'E1 and FAIILY
SUPlPLIE.S will be earefully filled, und at the low
.est miarket price.
JOHN R. CROCKER,
JOHN C. RLES.
Auensta. Aug. 3, 3m 29
A. M. Bh-:ssos. T. B. -Joitisos.
New Firm, New. Firm,
Iamaburg, S. C.
T IE Undersignel haviig fortmerl-a Co-partner
- ship in this plree for the purpose of transact
ing a General
Grocery and Cotton Business,
Would respectfully inform our numerous friends
and the public that we will keep cistantly on hand
A LARGE SUPPLY OF EVERY ARTICLE needed by
the Fatrner, whiclh we will dispose of ton as faora
bLe terms as any othier Hfouse in thec place.
We have engatged thte services of 31essrs. T. MJ.
Ws~sotts and S. V. Jotnsos. both of whom, atre
well kntownt to the public as LIBERA L CO TTON
BUYERS. antd who will, at all titmes give the
highest market prices for thtat and other articles of
Our Senior Partner will, as heretofore, cive his
personal attentiotn to the Receiving and Furwardinig
.of Merchandise to the country.
BENsON & JOHNSON.
I N retiring from the above business we leave
Messrs. 1B~sos & -lous~sos itt our place, and
solicit for them the patronage ot our old custotmers
.and the public genelrlly.
tR INDLEY & ROSA MOND.
Uamburg, Sept 27 - m 37
- ~coLmmuI, S. C..
STAM ENGINE BUILDER
Aud Boiler Maker
A LL~ kintds of Flour, Grist atnd Saw Mill Geatr
ing and Shtaftg madle and warranted to per
fortn equal toI any in thte State.
Dr. R. T. Mibts, at Edgefield C. HL, is authtorised
Agent to make contracts.
Nov. 2, 185:3. ly ____42
AGN~EW, FISHER &r AGNEW,
NEWBERRY C. H., S.0.,
IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN
H ARDWA RE, P A I N T S, OILS,
Groceries, Dry Goods, &c.,
.d Buyers of Cotton anid country produce.
W Planters visiting this Marki t will findi
greatly to their advanttage biy givinr tus a call.
AGNEW, FlIs11ER~ & AGNEW.
- Newberry C. 11., A pril 13, tIf 13
ST The Abbeville Banner will. please copy four
Prain ts, Oil s an d Glass,,
Cha~leston, S. C.
I E beeps constantly for sale, a general assort
ment of Paits atnd Oils of nll kind~s, Varntishtes,
intdow Glass anrt Sa'dhes. Spits. Turpentine. Spirit
Gass, Cotton Foiot-Gin Fixtures, Glue and Brushes
of vatrio~us kinds.
Charestn, Sept 4 ___ 1y 34
F. M. NIIfO OL A ,
B EG LEAVE to informt thte cit.'ens or Edgec
field District that hte has on htandaail . u1 lot o
Also. Some that he can sell as LOW as ONE
IIUNDRED DOLLA RS, and others at mtoderate
prices. Persons wishing sucht articles would do iellI
to give htim a call beforo' purchasing elsewhei . as
he can give thems better bargains than can they get
this side of New Yor k.
June 8, , t f 21
Rags and Bceswax WVanted.
I 1ANTED One hundred Thtousand Pounds
'y of each. R. L.GENT RY.
IHmburg, Apnril 20, , tf 14
LABOR AND -PLEASUMa.
There is happiness in labor,
Toilsome though the sky may be;
Work is Pleasure's nearest neighbor,
And the heart from thraldom free.
Labor is the root supplying
Happiness the branching tree;
Each without the other dying,
What may be their pedigree.
As the nucleus is enfolded,
Hidden in the briery shell,
Peace is beautifully moulded,
Labor labelled, " All is well."
Head, or hand, work one or other,
Or by turns, were better still;
Let us work for one another,
Laboring with an earnest will.
Sloth is poison, sweetly proffered,
We is a tempting look, 'tis true;
Take it not, however offered,
On no Christian soil it grew.
If there's one thing Satan loveth,
One thing he delights to fipd,
One where unrestrained he moveth,
'Tis an idle human mind.
I want a wife
To cheer my lire,
I care not if she's minus beauty;
So I but find
That she is kind,
And knows and practices her duty.
I want a wife
. Averse to str;fe,
A gentle, unaffected creature;
One who can pass
Sans stopping to survey each feature.
I want a wife
With vigor rife,
Whose nerves are never in a flutter;
-Who will fiot rome,
But stay at home,
And brew, and bake, and make the butter.
I want a wife
Who through her life,
Was never known to have a flirt;
Who'll-bring to me
To keep the buttons on a shirt.
If such.an one. .-.
Dwells 'neath the sun,
And don't mind leaving friends behind her,
She'd better write.
To Mr. White,
Informing; im where he may find her.
SUT LOVENGOOD'S DADDY " ACTING HORSE."
- lold thaty.ere hoss dovn to the yeartn."
SIle's a spreadin's his tail to ly now." "- Keep
him whar lie is. "1 Wo." 4Wo, Shavetail."
- Ile's a danciig a jig." These, and like expres
sions, were addres..sed to a queer looking, long
legged, short-bodied, suinll-headed, whitle-haired,
hog-eyed, fuininy sort of a genius, fresh from
some beneh.legged Jew's clothing store, and
mounted on "-Tearpoke,' a nick-tailed, bow
neekell, long, poor, horse, half dandy, half devil,
and enveloped all over in a perflect uet-work of
brid!e, reins, eruppers, niartingales,strapscircin
gles, and red ferretin, who had reined up in f'ronit
of Pat Nash's grocery, among a crowd of wild
rnount inieers, lull of light and mean whiskey.
"I say, you durned a.sh eats, just keep your
shirts ont wil ye!? You have never seed a rale
lioss till I rid tip; Tearporke is jist next to the
lbest huss that shelled nubbins, an' he's dead as
a still worm, poor old Tickytail."
"What, killed him but?" says an anxious
"Why nuthiun," you 'tarnal fool; lhe just died
so, (died n standin' up at that. WVarn that good
pluck 1 Froze stillf; no, no that, adzaelly, but
starved f'usl, and then froze arterwarda, so still'
that when dad and me pushed him over, he jist
stuck out so (spreading his arms and legs), like
a carpenter's bench, ani' we waited seventeen
days fur him to thaw afore w~e could skin 'im.
Well thar we was-Dad an' me (counting oni his
lingers)-Dad, and me and Sall, an, Jake (Fool
Jaike we called him, fur short), an' Jonass, an,
Phineass, anid me, and Calline Jane, and Shar
lottecan, an' Simeoni Saul, an' Cashus Henry
Clay, an' Noath Dan Webster, an' mre, and the
twiii gals, an' Cathiarine Second, and Cleopattry
Antoniy, :in, Jane Lind, and Tom Bullion,atn' the
baby,' an the prospccl, an' maw herself, all left
without :ira hross to erutp with. That was a nice
mess fo'r a 'spectable wiiitei family to be slashiun,
about, in, warnt it ? I lbe derned if I didn,'t feel
sorter like stealin' a hruss soinetimues. WVell, we
waited, an' rested, an' wished, and waited, until
well on into strawberry time, hiopir' sonie tray
hoss mout come along, but dog my eat, ef eny
sich lul k as that ever eums whiar dad is, he's so
dratted mean, an' lazy, an, ugly, an.'savage.
" Well, one nile, dad lbe lay awake all nite, a
snortin' ani' a rollin', arn' a blowiin', atn' a scratch
ini', and a whisperiin' at mumn, and nex' itornin'
says lie,'Sut Ill tell you whlat we'll do; Il be
boss miyself, and pull thre plough, while y ou drive
me, an' we'll break tip corn groun', and then the
'old quilt' (that's ma~m) an' the brats kin plant
or let it alone, jist as they d-rn please. So out
we goer, to th e pawpaw thicket, and pealed a
rite peatrt chance of bath,.and mamn and me tade
ge'rs for dad, and they lyeeum him mitily, then
lie would have a bridle, so I gets an old umbrel
Ier what I'd founid, it's a little forked piece of
iron, sorter like onto a pitchifolk, ye know, and
we bent ant' twisted it sorter itt a bridle bit,
snafil shiape (dad wanted it kurb, as lie sed he
hadn't work't for some, time, an' mite sorter feel
his oats and go to eavortint'.) WVell, whent we
got the bridle all fixed on dad he chomped the
bit jist like a bnoss (he aillers was it most komnpli
eated, durn'd old foul, eny: how. anid iami alers
sed so wfien lie warii't aibout.) then I put on the
geers, an' out dad atnd me goes to the field, ita
leadini' dad by the bridle, and ar totin' the gopher
plough onl miy back. When we ceum to the
fenice, I let down a gap, an' it made dad mad ;
lie wanted to jump the fee on nll fours, hiuss
waty. I hitched hint onto the gopher, and away
we went, dad leanuin' forard tri hiis hit pullin.'right
pearl, anid we ma~de shiarp plowin,' dad goin' right
over the lprouts anid bnsbies sante as at raile boss,
the on! ; differ wits lie wvent on two legs. P'res
ently uwe cumi to a sasarfra bmsh, and (lad, to
keep up) his karacter as a hoss bulged-squar
itu it, and thru it, and tore down a hiornet's nest
nigrh ontto as big ars a bioss's head, an all the tribe
kivered him rite strate. lie rared an' kickecd
hoss in the districts, an' sot in to runn-n' away
jist as natural as ever you seed. I let go the
lines and hollered, 'Woa, dard, woa!' but ye
mout as well said 'woa' to a locomotive. Ge
whillicans! how he run! When he cuin to a
bush, he'd clear the top of it, gopher an' all;
praps he thought there mout be another settle.
ment ov bald hornet in it, and that it wur safer
to go over, than thru ; and quicker done, every
n1ow ard then he'd paw the sides of his lied with
iu4 one fore leg and then the t'uther, then he'd
gin hisself a openhanded slap, that sounded like
a waggin whip' a running all the time, in' a ker
rin that gopher jist about is fast an' as high
from the yearth as ever a gopher was carried, I
swar. Wheni he curn to the fence he busted
rite thru it, tarrin down nigh into seven pannels,
scattarin' and a brakein' the rales, nitily ; and
here he left gopher, geers, singletree anid klevis,
all mixed up not worth a durn. Most ov his
shirt stuck on the splintered end ov a broken
rale, and nigh into a pint of hornets staid witi
the shirt a stingin' it all over, the balence on'em,
about a gallon and a half, kept on with dad.
He seemed to run jist adzactly as fist as a hornet
could fly, for it wur the titest race I ever did see.
Down thru sedge grass they all went the hornets
making it look sorter like a smoke all roun' dad's
bald-hed, and he with nuthin on yearth on but
the brible, an' nigh onto a yard of plough line a
" I seed now that he was aimin' fur the swim
min' hole in the kreek, whar the bluff is over
twenty-five feet perpendikelor tu the water, an'
hits ni onto ten feet deep. Well to keep up his
karacter as lioss, when lie got to the bluff he
jist leaped off, or rather lie jist kept on a runnin'.
Rerslunge into the creek he went; I seed the
water fly plu above the bluff frotm whrr I was.
Now rite thar, boys, he overdid the thing, if that
was what he was arter, for there's nary hoss ever
foalded durn'd fool enough to lope over 'em;
sich a place, a cussed mule qiout a done it, but
dad war'nt a acting mule. I crep up to the edge
and looked over; thar was dud's bald head, for
all the yearth like a peeled onion, a bobbin up
an'dojn, an' the hornets sailin' an' a eirelin'
round, turkey buzzard fashion, an' every once in
a while one, and sometihes tei, 'ud wake a dip
at dad's lied. ie kept up a rite peart dodgin'
under, sutntimnes afore they hit himu, and sumtnimes
arter, and the water was kivered with drownded
hornets. 'What on vearth are ye doin' in thar,
dad ?' sez I 'Don't (dip) you see these cussed
(dip) infernal varmints (dip) arter me ?' 'What,'
sez 1, 'them are Hoss flies thar; ye ain't re'lly
feared ov then, are ye ?'- 'Hoss flies, li-Il !'
sez dad; 'they're rale (dip) genuine,bald hornets,
you (dip) infernal ess!' -Well dad you'l have
tu stay rite thar till nite, an, arter they go tu
roost you cun hone and I'll feed ye. I sorter
think ye won't need eny currien for a week or
so.' 'I wish I may never see to-morrow, (dip)
if I don't ruitate you (dip) when I do get out,'
sez dad. 'Better say you wish you may never
see another bald hornet, if you ever play hoss
aigin,' sez I-and knowin' dad's unmtiollified na
tur', I broke from them parts and sorter cun to
the.copper wines. Is twid hid omut till next arter
nrwhenTsda'T el er'ifavlin'szf
'What was goin' otn at the cabiin this side the
kreek whent you'passed it?' -Vhy, nuthin much
oily a man wts ittin' in his door with nara
shirt on aln' : womnan was greasin' his b:ick an,
arms, an' his lied was about as big as a ten gl.
li keg. an' he hadn't the fust sign ov an ee
all smioo th. -hat man vws iy dad,' ses I.
'Been much fitin' in this neigliborhood, lately ?'
sfz the traveller, rather ryly, ' Nun wuth speak
in' ov ptissonally or piertililerely,' sez I. Now,
boys, I haint seen dail bince, and would be feard
to meet him i .the next tell years. Let's drink."
Aid the la1t I s: oh -Sut," Ie was stooping'
to get in at the doggery dour, with a mightily
mixed crowd at his heels.
New York Spirit of the Times.
UNION OF GOOD MEN IN HEAVEIf.
If the mere conception of* the reunion of
good men in a future atute, infited a momenta
ry rapture into the mind of Tully ; if art airy
speculation, for there is revaon to fear it had
little hold oil his convictioni, could inspire him
with smneh a duliighi, %0! mai we be expeeled
to feel who are asaured of' such alt evenit by the
true savings of' God !How shou'ild we rejoice
in the pro0.pct, thle certainity, rat her, of' speniditng
a bli.o'fullI eterit y with those whlom we loived
ion earth ; of' seeinzg thcm emlerge from the ruins
of the tombi, and the de'eper ruitis of' the fall,
not only utinijured, but rehined anid perfected,
with every tear wiped fromt their eyes, staniding
befo're the throne of God arid the Lamb in white
robes, And pahns in thjeir' hanids, crying with a
loud voice, Salvation to God wvho sitith upon
thre throne, aind to the lamb, forever and ever.
What delight will it utf'ord to renew the sweet
counisel we have taketn together, to recount the
toils of' combat, arid the labor onf the way, and~
to app~roalch not the house bitt the throne of
God, in company, in order to joini in the sympho
nies of heavenly 'ioices atnd lose ourselves arming
the splendors and fruitionis of' the beatific visionii
To that, state all the pious on earth are ten
ding ; and it' there is a laiw f'romn whioe operatiotn
notte are exemttii, which irresistibly conveys their
bodies to darkiness and to dust., there is another,
not less certaint or lesipowerfuol, which conducts
their spirits to the abodes of' bliss, to the bobom
of their Fa.ther atnd thteir God. The wheels of
nture tire not madie to roll-backward ; from the
birth of timue an imlpestuous current has set in,
which bears all the eons of' menr towairds that
itterrminable ocean. MIeanwhile', hteaveti is at
tracting! to itself whatever is conigeialz to its
nature, is enrichinig itself' by :ly~ spoils <rf' earth,
ad collectinig within its capacious bo.,omt what
ever is pure, permimet. and divine ; leav'ingr
nothitng for the last tire to co'nsumeii butt the cob
jects and the slaves of contcupiacenez; while
everytiing whicb grace has p re paredf and beauti
ied, dball be gathered and selected, front the
ruins of' the world, to adorn that erternial city
" which htath no nteed of' thle sunI, neitheur of' the,
moon, to shine ini it; for the yry of' God dotht
elightenr it, anid the Luab is the light thereof."
.Rev. Rt. Ilall.
IiM) A " WiNNixu" WVAu WmTi 1Ir.--A
wayward sont of the Emernrald. bi->, left, the
bed anid board, which he anid Margaret, his wife,
had occupied for along while anid spentL his time
aroundl runt shoups, where lie was alwvays Oil hand
to count himnself " in," whentever aniylbody should
'stnid treat."-Margare't was dissatisfied with
this state of' thing~s, and endeavore'd to get her
husbndback---gain.-~We shall mee how she
"Now P'atrick, my honey, will ye come back ?"
" No, Margatret, I won't comle bc.
"And wvon't ye come back for the love of the
-Not for the love of the chtildren, Marg::ret."
" Will ye come~c back for the love of miuself /"
"Niver at all ; 'way widt ye."
" Air' Patrick, won't, the love of the church
bring ye back."
Margaret thoughit sheii w.ould Iry one other
indIcemtent. 'Taking a pit boittle oft whiskey
fromn her pocket, and holding it Up to her tr'uat
husand, she saM~
"Will ye citme home for the dr'ap of' w~his
-Ah, me darlint," anisweredJ Patrick, unrable to
withstand sneht temp11:.t ion, " i:'s yesi.l tha t'ih
a winnn' way wia:c4' Ill come home, Marga
Margaret declaresfhat Patrick was reclaimed
by moral suasion! -
MR.o 8ULE-1E':ENGLISH AND FRE.NCH
The London Tines separates M. Soule the
man, from Soule, tbh minisler;a-nd then aflirms
that Mr. .$oulo was ~Dly entitleW "to the rights
uf an individual it to the respect due an
ambassador exeep Wthin the limits of Spain.
This exploded les brought forward now,
in order to sustaLzw1je assertion that the Gov
ernment of the MUi.States ought to feel no
concern whatever, Ihe conduct of the French
Government towaf Mr. Soule.
As we said yesta fY, tie rules of international
courtesy nad comf'ego ugni zed at the present
day, accord to aix. -mbassador the smame privi
leges in pa.'sing I' ugh the territories of a
friendly powerits njoys in the territory of
the nation to .he'1. is sent. International
law does not mak a distinction between the
minister and the.. and our duty to call upon
the French Govei nt for an explanation is
th same, no matt e! ether it tuns out that
the-man was den" tipassage through France,
because lie had i ered himself ofnsire, or
that the ninisteffr stopped because he repre
sented the Gocerin of the United States.
When a demand esplanation is made,
then the French g- ent may say' that M11r.
Soule was denied; apsage through France in
obedience to reaso hidebl applied to him as an
indiridual, and tha" vas not intended to af
frotn the Gor e of the United States.
Then, if those rem prove to be of a sufi.
cient and satisfact haracter we clmnot justly
complain; but if' are not of a suflicient
and satisfactory ch 'ter, we must retaliate. In
1849, the French ter, '. Poussin was ten
dered his pasuport our gouvrnment because
of an offensive exp ion in an official paper
sent by him to t State Department. The
minncr in which h i scharged his oflicial duties
was held to effect In personally; and as the
French dovernme id not choose to endorse
the manner lie adop d in the particular instance,
it was tatisfied wit he assurance that no dis
courtesy was inten to that Government.
Our own beliefVta) Louis Napoleon had
more than one reri for stoiping Mr. Soule
on the frontiers a rance. We believe that
the French Govern ent-not the French peo
ple-is unfriendly" d the United States. We
believe that it is hofle to Mr. Soule, both ds a.
man and as a mini , and that the refusal to
permit him to b-hrou gi Frar.ee em:ted
from a desire to inj tintterests of the Uni
ted States, as well-M from a desire to resent
oflences which Mr. ule was supposed to have
niven as-a privite ir vidual. All these m'otives
operated to the- "end; but the French Gov
ernment will ddubtjs justify its conduct by
refer'ence only to 9C.0 which apply to Mr. Soule
individually. O eple should not bc deceiv
ed by this stratana t further action of our
goveinment m af-'e ed after the explana
Eli,heeteeved; -J* . t1.~eir
cumstances are such as to call for the utmost
vigibince. The peremptory refusal of a passage
through Fratnce to an American amb:issador, for
any cause whatever, cannot have any other ef
fect than to impair, for a time at least, the influ
enee of the United States at European- courts.
Such conduct is primiafie an act of di.scourte
sy, if not of direct and po.sitive insult; and un
til it is fully explaired, or .satisfictorily atoned
for, it must impair our eharacter abroad, and en
courage our enieiies by hopes Uf the sympathy
and support of France.
Jt is more than probable that the conduct of
Louis N:ipoleon's Govermeiit, in di. instance,
was intended to have the effect we have just
mentioned, by intimating to Europe that it wias
prepared to resist any efforts which we mnight
make to obtain the island of Cuba. In this
connection, the prompt manner in which the
London Times sustained the refusal to permit
Mr. Soule to pass through France, the threat
eninr language of the London Herald, and the
preparations which England and France are
making to send an imnsICC flet l the G0i1f Of
Mexico, are all well worthy of serious con:,id
erationl. The symlpathties of tile Amnericani peo
ple havel beLaen warmldy en!i.'ted ill tf&r of the
Ot outain Empire, bca~use it was fih: ing in self
deee against a colossad plower. Th'ie symaipa
tfies tihus awakented inlduced many to feel a
deep interest in the buccess of the Enigli and
French alliance. But we should pause and con
sider. A due regard fir our owni safety should
not be made to gibe way before a desire to see
the Ottouman triumphant, e'ven it tile overthrow
of the H ussians should' brintg safety to the Turk
ish Eiupire-a result which we may mult doubt.
Th'le further aggfranhidizemen~lt of Russia threaten
ed the balance of power in Europe ; but a per
miantent alliance beitween Entgland and Fratce
detroyes the balance of power throughiout. the
world, unless Russia shallf succeed in miainitain
ing her present i'ilunee.
We should wish to see the integrity of tihe
Ottoman Emipire preservedand if the English and
French alliance is to conittiue, it ia clearly the
interest of the United Staites that Russia should
triumph in the present struggle anld drive the
forces of General Catnrobert and Loird Raglan
into the sea. Wve perceived, or thloughlt we
percived, months ago, whlen the feeling in ravor
of tile allies wass the strongest, thaut the alliance
was intended to he permianient and to operate in
the West as well ias in the Eamst ; and we warn
edl our readers that a state of things imigtht arise
which would require a change~ iin public senti
ment, and give a new direction to Americani
symipathies. Our inmpression:, that the trite in
terest of the United States would be promoted
by the succeesful resistance of Ruisia rathler than
by tiumphfil of the ailliance, has gainied st rength
every dany. Wec have more initeret. in the bal
ance' of power throughou:. the world than iwe
hive in the balanlce of power in Europe. The
acquiiion of Cubai, anid the comanid of the
Gulf of Me:<ieo, and the safety of our comn
mree, aire of iimately mlore cons.e1uencet~I to
us thinn the integrity ofI the Ottoman~u Ei~,nre.
esides, we do not come in conltact wvith Russia
at any point. The inte-rest of the two nattions
do not conftlict ith easch other--their destinies
do1 not ero~s.cebi other. But it is diiferent with
the Etnglishi anmd Frnzch all iances. On t he At
lantie, in the Gulf c'f Me:aeo, ont the Pancidec,
everywhere we meet the flag, u the influence,
and interests, and intrigues of the alliance.
These aire facts well worthy of deep considera
tion. Artierican interests mayv hiave mineh staked
on the defenco of Sebastopol.
Since writing the fore-going, we have reevived
infornation thaut Louis Naipoleon hiai rel r.e ced
his refusail to permit Mr. hSoule to enzter France.
Thodispatchies upon which! this; iunomti onl is
based, were reciveod at Liverpool just before~
the sailing otf the steamier, antd ma~y b* inuaccu
rate. They staite, hoiwever, thait the F'rench
Eperor wa.-s indueed to reede fromt i ori;
na1 poisition by thtmarnest advice oft the Britih
Governmnit ;. and, there*fore, we (10 niot think
tha:t 0 1oart iree ocetJ any amndmeih nit on aec
coon:. of the nmew fnce which then Soule ditbeul
ty has possibly atssumed.-Wiashington Sentiniel.
MrIi. C'r.is S. T. Bum:, the well known :m
med ian, dted int Niew. York of Co.um ptiont, onl
SOUTH CAROLINA CON EENE APPOINTMENT,
CHAnLSTON DibTR;T.-ll. A. C. Walker
Bethel-John T. \Vight man.
St. Jamns-W. E. Boone.
Cooper Rircr-A. Ervin, C. E. Wig-ins.
Cooper Ricer Mission-G. V. Mood.
St. Andrews Mission-To be supplied.
St. George's-P. A. M. Williams.
St. George's and St. 1aul's Mission--A. Nettles.
Pon Pon-Mlission-W. C. Kirkland.
W'Valterboro-A. W. Walker, F. M. Kennedy.
Ashepoo and Combahee Mission-P. G. Bow.
man, E. A. Price.
Prince Williams Mission-Wm. Hutto.
Black Siwamp.-A. G. Stacy, B. R. Jones.
Sacannahl Rtrer Mission-J. D. W. Crook,
D. A. Ogburn.
Oakatee Mission-To be supplied.
Edisto and .ehossee M1'ission-C. Wilion.
Beaufort 1ission-J. H. Coburn.
GEORGEToWN DISTRICT.-C. Betts, P. E.
Geor~getwon-C. 11. Pritchard.
Santee Mission-M. Eady, J. S. Conier.
Black Ricer and Pee Dec Mission-A. 31.
Chreitzberg, J. S. Ervin.
Black Rirer-M. L. Banks, Wm. W. Jones.
Black Mingo Mtssion-J. Parker.
Comcayboro-J. L. Shufford, R. T. Capers.
Maccamaw Mission-W. Carson, G. W.
Marion Circuit-E. D. Boyden, 11. M. Mood.
Bennettsrilc-L. M. Little, J. W. Crider.
Society 11 Mission-J. P. H1ulles.
Cheraw-U. C. Parsons.
Darlington-M. A. MlcKibben, L. W. Hamer.
Liberty Chapel Mission-J. A. 3liniek.
COLUMIn A )iSTRICT.-W. Crook, P. E.
Columbia, Washington Street-W. A. Game.
Congaree Mission.-N. Talley.
Mariom Sreet.-F. A. Mood.
Coilunmbia Circuit.-A. L. Smith.
Barnwel!-S. Jones, W. A. HeminEway.
Orangeburg-D. J. Simmons. W. I. L:wton.
Le~cingon-T. D. P'eurifly, WN. Mood.
Santec-D. W. Seale.
Upper Santec lission-A. P. Avant.
Sumtercille-W. H. Flemin.
Suinmr-J. J. Fleming, R. W. Burgess.
F1airield-J. A. Porter.
Vinsboro and Clstierfed-J. W. North.
Che:er.-James 11. Ward.
Culin Murchison Agent for Columbia Female
CHlaRLOTTE DrSTICT.-D. Derrick, P. E.
Charlote.-J. R. Piekett.
Charlotte Circuit.-J. V. J. Harris, J. S.
Concord.-P. F. Kistler.
Albemarle.-W. C. C. Clarke.
1Wradhsbioro.-O. A. Darby,
WVavleboro Circui.-S. II. Erown, E. W.
Cataden.--Jaines Statv. - . -
1Wratarec. Mission.-l. 'E. Ogburn, A. J.
Lanc.ister.-J. H. Robinson.
Picasant Gror.-W. Easterling.
Dutc!anan's Creek 31ission.-L. A. Johnson.
T 1,. X.Ash, Preident Carolina Female Col
SrARTAsn3cno DISTIrtCT-J. W. Kelley, P. E.
Spartanburg Circuit.-D. M. Minton, A Con
Ruherfora.-R. P. Franks, J. R. Andrewa.
Lincoluton.-V. C. 1'atterson.
Da!/as.-W. A. Clarke.
Catawa.-J. Finger, I. L. Albernatlhy, Sup.
k;.ut~h Mownlain Mission.-J. S. Kilgo.
SKil>y.-J. W. Miller.
Morm~tten-E.J. .fin nrd ie,.
Mc1Anj~e/!.-D. D. B3ytr..
Lnoir-V. S. IHaltom.
Yorkeille.--G. W. 1. Creighton.
Yorkrille Circulit-J. M. lradlev.
V. 31. Wighi man, Preidenw \vollord College.
Corr.sranry DisTricr.-Rt. J. BUoyd. P. E.
C.,!::aLry-lI, H. Dutranmg A. H1. tester, A.
GIranuitil. anelI A iken-C. MleLeod.
E:I.,.feld-J. 11. Ziimmermnu, F. Rush.
Ncecbtrry-WV. A. 3!eSwain.
Neroberry Ci rcuit-31. Puckett, J. 'T. Dubose.
Union---W. P. Mouzon,. L. Wond.
Tiger Riter .3ission-William Smith.
Greencille Circuit--.A. 13. 3Me~ilvray, A. IH.
311. Tryon-L. Scarborougrh.
Ja:cossie M3ission-A. P. 31artin.
Pickens-W. P. Currie.
Pendlcton-S. R. Jones, G. WV. Iver.
J. W. Wightman, Cokesbury School.
S. TJownsend, Agenit for TIracet Cause in Sooth
A. 3L. Shiipp, Professor in North Carolina
B..Jlinkiuis and Charles Taylor, 3Missionarie's
A T1niirI HERoiNE.-The celebrated Turk.
ish woman f'utma-Quara-Hanuma, who led 500)
soldiers to the seat of~ wa'r, has been abandoned
by her troops. and ha~s returne~d for recruits.
He iiaydress is described as a loose pair of
blue trow ersashmer turban, red boots, withi
very long~ spurs, a waheouit, embhroidered withI
pearls antd gold, a waist beh, whicb, (of itsef is
a perfecttirsenal of weapons. A sp'acious cloak
of red cloth, simnihar to that worn by the French
Spaihis, envelops her in its copions fldds.
Y~sIT OF CAT.UFOR Nil FIiIEIIEN TO BA LTfIOR E.
A letter from San Frais.co annonnt ees that the
--inmental Engine Company" of that city
intend to pay a visit to Ijaltimiore during the
next spring or fall, and that the Patcitie mail
steicmsip companiiy have agreed to conrvey them
hihr as tirst.elass- passengers, and to fieighit
their engigie free of expenset..
L.ARGE PnortctE F::o31 !!ars.-John Ross an
expriencled :ipiari.t (f Warreni, ,Iass., has a
hive of bees from which lie has takeno dunring
the pa.,t yeair two hundred and foirty pountds otf
extra hontey. Th~e bees were fied ((pon a pre
parat ion prepared by himznelf, and- by the use
of which thev do fair better than when lefL to
colleet their own loud.
Heavr Forramunc.-Taeuisdav last wa the
dav set ini the criminal couirt at St. Louisi, for
the~ trial of~ Wilaon C. Uaker, charged with an
assainit withI th~e intent to kill I!o1i.n. who, was
subsequeintly lle~d by thle wife of the accused.
The defendanmt tidlinig to a ppeaur, htis re': (gnuiance
of $3,000 wa declaired forfeited.
press not lees a shioeXinig silie ue t : y iaan;. muan
who, in a temiporary tit of insanity, laid himtsef
lengthways oni the rail, mal~ thie locio oe
wheels, tGa\'er-ed the enitire leingthi of his body,
smnashintg him ilhat.
'SurmE OF A GiovERt~iuENT OFFIrcER.-Charles
XW. Stiuait, ain (fileer in the Iluse ot Refrji5sen
tat ives of the United States, committed suicidui
at Waayintgton; on th I b inst., in thle Speaker's
.uoim .at ... r..o,a lv taking n-:eoni.
From the South Carolinian.
THE QUESTION BEFORE US.
Messrs. Editors: The next point to which 1
would call the attention of your readers, as indi.
eating " the signs of the times," is the preseni
state of Northern* literature. Nothing mlarke
more certainly the opinions of a people that
their.literary publications. It is the business o:
a publisher to cater for the public taste, and a
Yankee book maker knows his interest and pur.
sues His thrift with the unerring certainty that a
beagle does his game. What, then, do we learn
froin thu fact that the two leading magazines in
New York, Harper's and Putnam's, have, during
the past summer, run up the abolition flag 1
Does any one suppose that these publishers de
not und rstand their interest, or ever pursue
anything else ? This fact, then, shows conclu.
sively a decided change in Northern opinion
within the last few months. So it is. Church
Imen and dissenters, bishops and ballot box, pul.
pit and press, have all taken the field against us;
and when have a united press and pulpit ever
failed to move society to its foundation and dic
tale a public opinion ?
Having given sone reasons for believing that
our enemies will not stop short of the point of
abolishing slavery in these States, I proceed now
to point out the manner in which this thing is to
So long as slavery is protected by the express
letter of the constitution, and so long as the
uiu:sket-bearig men of the South hold some
proportionl to those of the North, (the latter be
ing the more ipuor:ant argument,) we might
sleep on ; our streigthl might still be in quiet
uess amnd eonlidence. But it is impossible for
us to maintain this balance of power much lon
ger. We are decreasing, but they are increasing.
'The councils of the abolition party are no lon
ger directed by free negroes, renegades and
landless resolutes." It has gone into the hands
of the most astute, designing, far-seeing politi
cians of the North and West. In such hands,
and with the material which they have before
them, the work must go on. Heretofore, these
1tuaties have acted without system or " method
in their madness." They have now a profound
and well-considered schenie laid for our ruin,
consisting of two branches. First, to make new
States ; secondly, to buy il) old ones. It is
now the known purpose of the abolition party
to alter that clause of The constitution which ad
mits If darcery under this gocernment. 01' this
I speak advi,edly and w ith knowledge, and I
beseech slaveholders to consider the import of
this fact. Why is it that the South will close its
eyes to this danger ? Why is it thought, so in
credible that the constitution should be altered
upon this subject, that no amount of human'tes
timony can prose it ! Would it require any
iirelous power to effect it? It is only neces
sary, so far as I can see, that our enemies should
have the will and the power. It will not be
necessary, I presume, to prove that they are
willing to alter the consfiution. The only
question, then; is, have they tose poiver 1 Upon
this piint I wil to cail the attention of your
rcaders to a few plain facts. Thie obvious mode
.by wjich t.bey way. aequire..tid. .power i: the
adding a few tmore freesoil States tt this Union.
Now, to the creation of' a State, if I understand
the matter, only two things are required-terri
tory anod popultion. Of the former, freesoil,
the abolitionist has only to cross the Mississippi,
to find more than lie has use for. Of the latter
population, the continent of Europe is yearly
answering his demands, not so fast perhaps as
his morbid appetite desires, but quite too fast
for our security. The New York papers set
down the emigrants to this country for 1853 at,
500,000--h1f mnilion. Of these tinely-nine out
of a hundred lind their way to our freesoil terri
tories west of the lississippi. There is a regu
lar organization amotg the abolitionists which.
pro ides ample funds for sending these emigrants
directly to freesoil territory. What stronger
evideice could you have than this fact, that the
aboitionitss are creating new States for the pur
pose of altering the constitution ? The fact
that the.,e funds are provided for this purpose is
known to every one; and for what other purpose
eAt you .!uppUse t:;t tlies tuien are expending
such immntieO sums of tnoney I Terrilory and
population, then, seem, by a srad fatality, to be
east directly into the h:mnds of' our' enemies. Is
aniy one so innocent as to supp~lose that they will
not use tids intstrutaent to our ru ? A hound
le.->s territory, and a iht' million of "fr'eesoil"
populatntin antnually sujpplied f'rom pauper Eu
rope ! here sore is matter f'or refleetion. 'With
this data, and a very smail quanlity of arithmetic,
you might soon titnd the y'ears that are allotted to
you as a nation ; and the lpresenit state of Europe
indicates even a ha~tstening of this calamity.
:ihould the present hostilities conttinue another
year, it seemts inevitable that tall Europe will be
'engged in war. 'That must bring great wat
and suffering upon her peasaniry, and conse
quently increase the amount of emigration to
A merica. Butt a few years, more or less, in the
atge of' a nation is of little moment. TIhe thing
hecre chiefly to be considered is the fact that a
scheme is now)1 actually at w'ork inf this go'ernm
mntnl which in time will ineritably end in our de
structlon. Untless the South will adopt soume
tiuwely anid eIfectual remedy, it is not more cer
taiti that the band of titne will go forwvard upon
the dial, thtan that we shall fall uder this im
pe'.2itg b;.,w. FALKLAND.
W mt is A Gt~tDL1 FRtCTFLUL?-The ahmost
untis ersai 1p1iions 12., because it is more highly
manured utnm tield. and therefore has ta richer
soil. ect this is niot always the catse. 'There
are oilier thitigp to be attended to, in order to
render ttie s.oil proliie. One is to pulverize the
soil;' though this may seem a small matter to
many of our would-be farm'ers. Blut it is owing
to the finely pulverized condition of the beds of
a gardeti thtat it possesses a highly absordant
piower to attract te umoistture of the attmosphtero
-a source of fertility thtat mainy farmers scarce
lseem aware tat they possess. if the soil of
the tield was as caref'ully woried, and fresh earth
coiistantly exposted to the atmnosphere, as in the
well-attended garden, the land would incerease
each yeart itt lertility. Let the rule be, plow
deep, cultivate well, pulverize lumups and sods,
reurni yoJur straw to thte soil, and you may car
r'y oil' an imimense quanttity of f'ood, atid havie
drille soil still. Platt, ini their nature, are or
iattized beings. iBy means of' their roots they
take tip 'ood fromt the soil, atnd often the very
food whtich the soil has takett up, by its power
om' abs'rbitioii, front the aitnmophere, and which
piower is increaised to :tn almost indefintite extenit,
by separatitng the particles of whtiah it is comapo
p~osed. 'The acts of plowing and harrowmng are
a parL of' the? prcs ot' maturing. The act of'
sar'ring thte e.j'th, int timte., of' drought, serves a
a waterin, of' thte platnts. ''Te meio.ture thus
ab.,orbed is loaded v ith fertilizinig prolwrties. It',
iheni, Suu would have your icidtk na tertile as a
gardet. you must niot dteend upon ' manure alone,
butL pulverize freely, ntot upont the :,urface, but
Tim: Pet'ersbuirg (Vat.) hintehligentcer says that
Genteral H~oustoot statnds itt the btvor of' the
Laow. ohiungs of' the Utniced States, and that
an eff'i t will b., miade to conc'entrate thte vote
of' this inew organizatiotn upotn himt for the niext
Trrasoin why some pecople puit on airs, i:
COST OP ENCES IN THE UNITED STA .
The cost of building and repairing the fences
in the United States, is enormous, almost be
yond the power of calculation, and force the in
quiry whether Legislatures ought not to be
called upon to compel every man to keep his
stock to himself. Then no man, who did not
choose to do it, would be forced to enelose his
lands against the ravages of his neighbor's stockr.
Mr. Biddle, a few years since, in an address -
before the Philadelphia Agricultural Society,
stated that the cost of the fences in Pennsytra.
nia amounted to S100,000,00. A distingih.-,
ed writer on National Wealth, says: Strange is
it may seem, the greatest investment in this j
country, the most costly production of human
industry, is the common fence which encloses
and divides the fields. No man dreams that
when compared to the outlay of these unpre
tending monuments of human art, our cities and
our towns, with all their wealth, are left fjr..be
hind. In many places the fences have.eo
more than the fences and farmes are worth. It
is this enormous burden which keeps dowt the
agricultural interests of this country, causing
an untold expenditure, besides the lands the 7
Estimating a chesnut post rail fence to list
eighteen years, and including inside fencing and
repairs, the annual tax to a farmer holding one
hundred and fifty acres, will be $130 to $140,7
and judging from the present appearance, the
tax is perpetual, and there seems but little hope
of escape from it.
Did the intelligent farmer reflect a moment,
and estimate the annual tax which his fences
impose upon him, he would not rest till the sys
tem was abolished, or until the live hedge took
the place of the present expensive fence of tim
The system of compelling every landholder
to enclose his property, is peculiar to the Uni
ted States, with only the exception of England,
where the fence nuisance appears again under
thu form of hedges, although these hawthorn
hedges, where they are well tended, and not
more than half of them are so, are beautiful ob
jects, and answer all the purposes of protection
against the inroads of cattle, still the public
voice is beginning to cry out against them, be
cause of the enormous amount of land required
to support them. Each hedge is five or six feet
at its base, and taking into account the amount
of land they exhaust on either side, the whole
space cannot be less than twelve or fourteen
feet wide. When it is recollected that the di
visions of land in England are very numerous,
the amount of available land abstraeted from
the purposes of agriculture, is very great. It
has been established at several million bushels,
ot grain.-Plough, Loom and Anvil.
SOULE REVELATIoNS-THE DurL-The New
York Express makes the following statement:
What we nre about to say now, we say. on
the very highest authority, short of that of the
Emperor and Empress of France, themselves.
Mr. Soule, when in Madrid, as minister of the.
United States, and holding that official capaiiy
spoke diarespeetly.of Eugenhi, the. EmprIs- -?',
France-of her peisonaddeini' and moral eil r
acter, and in a way and manner which no hus
band who loves his wife-no sister-no relative
could or would endure. These reniarks affected
a husband and a sister in the tend erest points
and in the severest manner-and if wh:tt Mr.
Soule is reported to have said be true, the En
press was unfit not only for a respectUAe Court,
but for a wife.
The Duke d'Albn, who mwrried a sister of the
Empress, heard of this conversation, and became
acquainted with it, and, to revenge his wife's and
his own honor, lie determined to insult Mr. Soule
in a simuilar manner. Hence his disparaging re
marks 4t a ball in Maadrid, not of Madame Soule's
personal character, which lie was too honorable
to assail, but of her dress, her robe, and her
ma:nner of arranging it over her neck and bosom.
This led to the duels in Madrid, the history of
which is well known to the publie.
WOULD RATHER BE IN SLAVERY.-TI the Po
lice Court yesterday, a colored man named John
Stewart was arraigned on a charge of stealing a
quantity of clothing froni an elderly colored wo
man. Stewart plead guilhy, and offered in miii
gatioti that lhe was out of funids and food, and
had taken this course to provide himself with
the necessaries of life. ie stated to the Court
that a short time since he was a slave in Raleighi,
North Carolina, and uponi being informed of the
kind treatment lie would receive from the abo
litionists in the North if lie could become a free
man, heconcluded to purchase himself, and did
so at a cost of $900). He left his master and
came to Ohio. "Since I came here," continued
Stewart, "I have been kicked about and abused
by all classes of white men. Can't get work
from no one, and to borrowv money to get bread
with, that is ont of the question. I wish I were
a slave again. I did a great deal better there
thatn I ever did here." Here the defendant took
his seat to await the sentence of the Court,
which was .to be sent to the chain gang at hard
labor for one month and pay the cost of prose
eution. Stewart said he did not mind the hard
labor, and was thankful for the prospect of get
ting something to eat in jail. lHe declared that
as soon as lie got out, lie would go South and
becoaie a slave again.-Cineinnati Gazette.
WAn CLOAK OF TUE KING OF SANDWIeh Is
LANDs.-Before this cloak came into possession
oKm ehamia I.. its fabmication had been go
ing on tirougi the reign of eight precee?ding'
mionarchis.. Its length is four feet at the buttonm.
Its groundwork is a coarse netting, and to this
the delicate feathers are attached, with a skill
and grace worthy of the most civilized art. The
feathers forming the border reverted; the whole
presenting a bright yellowv color, resembling a
mantle of gold. The birds from which these
splendid feathers were taken had but two feath
era of the kind, and the~y were located one under
each wing. It is a very rare species (Melihrep
es Pacifica,) peculiar only to the higher regions
of Hawaii, and is caught with much care and
toil. Five of~ these feathers were valued at one
dollar and a half. It is computed that at least a
million of dollars have been expended in the
maniufacture of this gorgeous fabric. The garb
~ment itself would be a fittinig portion of the
regalia of any Enmropean monarch. Viewing it
in the scarcity of the nrticle which it is compos
ed, and the immense amount of time and trou
ble employed in procenrii.r it, it would be impos
sible for despotism to fabriente a more magnin.
cent or costly gretfor its proudest votaries.
ADVERTISEMENT ExTRioRDIARY.-The fol
lowing curious advertisement appears in a Wes
tern paper : " Whereas, at particular times I may
importuiie my friends, and others, to let me
have liquor, which is hurtful to me, and detri
mental to society--this is. therefore, to forbid
nny persons selliing me liquor, or letting me
haive any on any aecount or pretence; for if
they do I will- -positively prosecute them, not
withstanding any promtise I m-y make to the
contrary at the time they may let me have it."
TuE American gold sekes who went out
from Pria, Brazil, to seek for gold,hftve returned,
swearing vengeance against those-.tvho deeired
thiem into going. These ficti:iouns reporta, it is
supsewre put in eirchlitic: amerely to stimu
suapedmirtin Mitany Fre'hme., as well as
Americans, were among the dopes. Some of
themi have f'llen victims to the fever.