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w~c~ill cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, wre wvill Perish amidst the Ruins."
WV. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietors. -- 'EDGEFIELDJ S. C., JANUARY 17, 1855~ L. X---O-1 THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER TS PUBLISURD EVERY WEDNESDAY BY' W. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietor, ARTHVR SIMKINS, Editor. 0-P %= 5-M nDa fiE 'Two DOLLARS per year, if paidiii advance-Two DOLt..ARs amd FiFTY CENTS if not paid within six mnonths-and THREE DOLLARS if. not paid before the expiration or the year. All subscfions not distinct ly liniied at the time of subscribitg, will be consider ed as made for an indefinite period, and will be con tinued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of the Publibher. Subscriptions from other States must INVARIABLY be accompanied with the cash or refer ence to some one known to us. ADVERTtSEMENTS will be conspicuoutly inserted at 75 cents per Square (12 lines or less) for the first in sertion,. 371 cents for each subsequent insertion. When published Monthly or Quarlsrly. $1 per _4 ilbe charged' A.IAdvertisemntA nLhating t b hs bnumber of insertions marketl on the mar ill 'ti ed until forbid ahd charged ac to a vrtise by the year can..dosoon liberal teiis:-it being distinctly understood that con tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the imme diate, legitimate b isiness of the firm or individual contracting. Tran,ient Advertisements must be paid for in ad vance. For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, tx ADVANCE. For Advertising Estrays Tolled, TwoDollars, to be aid by the Magistrate advertising. NEVER SCOLD AND FRET. If wicked ones surround thee here, And spend their days in sin, - But watch thyself with greater care, And guard th e heart within. But -hould they foes against thee lead, And seem against thee set, Resist at once the sinful deed, But never scold and Iret. The vile, envenomed tongue of foes, May seek to blast thy life, To leal and leave thee lost in woes, And never ending strife ; But sti!) the upward way pursue, And chrek thy vain regrets, Thy trust in Ileaven's hand retetw, But never scol-l and fret. Thy earthly ho ----- r.e away, And all thy ; Despair may c< Tay future F Thy skies may ..And.then -h Yet promptly I But never a Thy bosom fri And worst of traitors , -, But let not anger, weither pride, Thy coolor reason move. Thyself against his wiles secure, And be mo 're watchful Net. The wrong with fortiule endure, But never scold and fret. This maxim holds good every where, And nature proveu it true, That rnortals but increase their care, Who- fretting stop to view. The cutinig!spider proves my rhymee: lie calmly builds his net, And tho' destroyed one dozen times, Ile does not scold and fret. A CHILD AT PRAYER. Sweeter than the songs of thrushes, Whlen the winds are low ; Brighter than the spring-timte blanrhes, Reddening out of snow, Where the voiec and chee~k su faiir, Of the little child at prayer. Like a white lamb of the meadow, Climbing thr,-ugh the light ; Like a priestess in the shadow Of the temple bright, Seerned she, saying 1i01y One Thine and not my will be done. THE OLD WIPE'S KISS. TUE funeral services were enided, and as Ihe voice of prayer ceased, tears were hastily wiped off from wet cheeks, :and loing drawn sighs re lieved suppiressied and choked stabs, as the nmourners" parepasred to " take leave of the corpase." It was an old man that lay there, robcd for thme grave. More than three-score years had whitened those locks, and furrowed that brow, and made those stiff limbs weary of life's jour nev, anid all the more willing to lie downi and rest where weariness is no mote suffered, atnd infirmities are no longer at burden. Thme aged have but few to weep for them when ahey die. The most of those who would ha~ve snaturned the-ir loss, have gone to the grave be ,tore them; harps that would have sighed sad l,armonies, are .shatte-red and gone. And the few who remain are looking eratdle-ward, rather than grave-ward-to life's opening, rather than to its closing gonli; are bound to, and living in the generation rising, mnore than thme generation departing. ' . aoth and beauty hatve many admirers while ,idvng, have many mourners whetn dy-ing. Manty teairfnl eyes bend over their coffined- clay, many ad hearts follow in their funeral train. But age has few admirers, few mourners. This was an old tman, and thme circle of mourn ers was small. Two children, who bad them selves passed the middle of life, and who had children of their own to care for, and to be cared for by them. Besides these, and a few friends, who had seen and visited him while sick, and possibly hamd known him for a few years. there were none others to shed a tear, except his old wife. And of this small company, the old wife seemed to be the only heart mourner. It is re spectful for friends to be sad for a few minutes, till the service is performed, and the hearse Is out of sight. It is very proper and suitable for children who have outgrown the fervency and affections of youth, to shed tears when an aged parsjnt says " Farewell," and lies down to quiet slumbers. Some regrets, some recolleptions of the past, some transitory grief, and the pang is over. Not always so. But often, how little tre. genuitie heart-sorrow there is! Thoe old wife arose wIth difficulty from her seat, and went to the coffin to look her last look -to take her farewell. Through the fast falling tears, she gazed long and fondly down into that pale, uncoimcious face. What did she ace there I nnxw-m.aw nathing h'nt the rigid feiturwn' &ta end; she saw more! In every wrinkle of thn. furrowed face, in every silvered hair upon that brow, bhe read the history of years. From youth to manhood, from uianioowd to old ag- I in joad sorrow, in sickness and hieqth-it. was all there; when those children, who had now I outgrown the sympathies of childhood, were in fints lying in her bosom-and every hour since then-there it was! To others, those dull, mute < monitwrs were unintelligible ; to her. they were the alphabet of the heart-faniiar as household | words! And then the future! " What will beceme or' me ? What shall I do now ?" She did not say so-she did not say -vthing; but she felt it The prospect of the old wife is clouded. The home circle is broken. never to be re-united the visions of the hearth-stone are scattered for ever. Up to that hour, there was home, to which the heart always turned with fondness. ( But that mnwic tie is sundered, the keyptone of t that saered arcb has fallen, and now home is no where, this side of heaven ! What shall the old C ,wife do now 3 Go and live with her children- j be a pensioner upon their kiiidness; where s~e may be nore of a burden than a blessin-so at r least she thinks ! Or shall ,he gather up the f scattered fragments of that broken arch, make t them her tenple rnd her shrine, sit down it her chill solitude, beside its expiring fires, and die? What shall :ii- do now ? 0 They gently crowded her away from the dead, and the undertaker eame forward with the cillini lid in his hand. It is all right and proper enough N -of course it must be done; but, to the heart- t mourner, it bring's a kind of shudder. a thrill of d agony. as when the headman comes forward with his axe ! The undertaker stood for a mo went witlr the decent propriety. not wishing to manifest a rude haste, but evidently desiring to tl be as expeditions as possible. Just as lie was e proceediig, the old wife turned back, and stoop ing down, imprinted one long, last kiss upon the cold lips of her dead husband, tihen staggered it to her seat, buried her face in her hands, and the e closing coffin hid him from her siuht forever ! e That kiss. Fond tokeni of ilfection and of I sorrow, of memory and farewell ! I have seen many kiss their dead-manv such seals of love upon clay-cold lips-but never did I see one so i e purely sid, so simply heart-touching and hope less as that! Or if it had hope, it was that s' which looks beyond coffins and ebharnel-houses, d and damp, dark tombs, to tihe perpetual joys of n the home above. You would kiss tie cold tl cheek of infancy. There is poetry there ; it i.-, g the basted rosebud! Or the pallid cheek where beauty blushed. There is romance there ; for the faded flower is still beautiful ! In chilhood in youth, in manhood, the heart yields to the I P troke of sorrow, buit recoils again. elastic wit h I faith. buovant with hope. But here was no 0 beauly. no poety. no rom:mce. The heart of c -- -. .... ".;mmer. who-e P as in those early :nd brighter day-s, when he j wooed and won ier ! The temple of her earth- s ly ho pe hamd fallen, and what was there left ht t for her sit down in disponder ey, among its lonelv ruins. and weep, and die? Or, inl the a spirit of a better hope, await the dawning of another day. when a hand divine shall gat her U its scattered dust, and rebmild, for immortality, g its broken walls. .\av the old wife's ki-, that linked the living ti with the dead, be the token of a holier tie, thati fi shall bimid their spirits in that better land, where d tears are wiped from off all faces, and the days d of their mourning are ended.-Watchmian and P Reflector. EXTRAVAGANCE. . t As an indication (it the extravaganco which has prevailed in this country for some time past. an imoportinrg houine in Ncw York has wrien a ki letter to (inc of lie papiers in that city, statting thlat he attmottnt oif duties paid for French artnil 1 lowers, for the first qual~rter of the current hi-eal yer, was almost double the amoutnt of (tunes2 paid on railroad iron.-Newv Orleans Bulletin. CoMMENT.-We hamve noticed, some titme past,w on ungallant disposition amonig our cotemnporariesf to throw much, if not the whole, blame ot the p present hard times upon the poor women. It Shame upon you, gentletmen! No douibt the a sex have doni, their shaire to bring about thme Ii p~resentt disast rotus state of Ii nancinI aflirs, but I we protest against thme conclusion that they amre I even as culpamble in this respect as~ that race of tu bipeds knownm :s ' the Lords oft creation." It isy true that hiand.some equipages, thousand dollar o shawls, atnd lite furniture. hatve been bought atT the instance of the hidies (and wye have no doubt |p the tmen have hind a sha~re in this sairme mtatt er of, e] ext ravagance, every liege lord wishming to sec e his laidy apmpeamr to the best advantage.) but whate are these few isolated cases to the t:.gmheenmt b systms oIf extravaganmce, tiofoolery and vice to hi which the men hamve beent ddicted iif !ate years ? h I How many tne shawls, dresses, aind carriages I could be bought by the recen huntdred andtreelcef thousand, one humndred and sixty-one dollars spenm .. chiefly by the men (If this cotuntry, upon such unproductive labor as thei songs of a Sweoisht madamoisele ?t< What is the extravamganrce of womani compaired with the almttost cou tnt less mitllionis thait arie at-. nually gnlped down the throat s of thle sternier ni sex in thme form of whiskey, brandy, atnd ebain pagn-or with the vast sums that find their exit in smoke friim citrars at a doniie apiece, or h l the no less atcount annually expended hfir thet s privilege of defacing the hearts, hlours and side- e walks by the chewvers oif tobacco 3 We nmghit extend the list of luxurious vices, almost ad in finitn, but taking these items alone, how stands the account, and upon whose shoulders rests the" guilt of thiriftlessness and prodigality. We kntow men, without harms, whmo keep horses enough abouit them to feed, clot hi, and edcte halt a doizent children at no greater ex pensec than their mere feeding. A landlord of' a neihbioring city recently told us that lie took in at his liquor batr, the year before, sixieen thon sand dollars, the profits alone being sufficient to pay his entire rent of $1,0.But enougih. It.'s 'a shame to be saddling our sins upon thie shoul ders of the poor women, anid while we ha~ve at heart to feel, a pen to write, and a priinter to stik by us and put it into type, we shall defend them against the slander.-Wilkes Republienn. ~ d 7' CHNtESE are said to Ihave labored for ~ eenturies under great. embairrassinent, from not knowing how to make a barrel. They cotuld withotut any difficulty make the staves, set them up, and hop~p thetm in ; an~l indeed, withI the helpt pf a man inside they could put thc second head on: but how to get the man out after the barrel was beaded-that was the gtustion. DF' At exquisite compliment wvas npade aeytoaldy in our presence. She had jtust It swalowed a petite glass of wine, as a gentleman I in the company asked for a taste. "It is all gone.? said shte laug~hinig, " unless yuiltae some of it from my lips." h", bhtuld be moost happy to do so," replied :i A PRENCRWOKAN AT HOME. She helps to cook the dinner she has bought -for servants are wasteful with chareoal, and dhe knows to an inch-how little she e..n use. Ii .hat marvelous place, a French kich-en-where ;wo or three little holes in a stove cook such lelicate dishes and perform such culinary feats LS OUr. great r. aring giants of coal tiries h s're no0 41lneeption of-she flits about like a fAry, creat ng magical messes out of raw material of most >rdinary d&-cription. She mixes* up the milk ind eggs that make the foundation of ti soupe L leoseile, if it be meagre day. This sorrel soup s a great favorite in econiomlical igu .-ehold's, and .1vauntd :as being highly fraichlanL fnl the dood-indeed. one of the imost.refreshing things 'ou can take, next to a tisane* of lime flowers. 5he mixes-the - salad-oil, salt and p-pper, are Al she puts into it ; she fries the potalo chips, ir peeps into the pot. of laricots, or sees that tie <pinach is elaen and the aspar:gus properly oiled. And ilien she turns to tile. plat, suere, r sweet dish, if. she have one for dinner-lhe iz all rltim, or the oulls a la neige, or the erc me la vanilie-all simple enough and enaap, and (it unwilliigly rejected if properly made. In 1et, our friend does the work of a head cook. hie servaiat doing the dirty work. Yes, though lady born and bredf, refined, elegananad agreea le in society, a belle in her w.ay, vet. she does ot think it beneath her dignity to lighliten the ouseliould expenses bl-practical economy and eivity. The dinner of a 'rench family is cheap ad simiiple.. 'i-re is athvys soup, the iimat of ie ste.paasoetimes, if not strict ina expen iture, another plate of meat-generally two egetables dressed and eaten separately ; and ametiies, not always, t sweet dish ; if not thait, little fI'-uit, such as nm:y be cheapest, and in ie ripest seasoni. But there is very little of ieh thing, and it is r:taher ina arrangenent tOn I n1ma ter6ial that they appear rich. The idea mat the French are gournands ini private life is aorrect. They spend little on eating, and ihey it inferior thisi, t hour their cookery is r: iah S:1 science than a mere accident of civi!ization. .t home the great aim of the French is to save ad any self-sacrifice that Will lead to this rent. veryelaeerfully undertakena, more espeodly ial iting and in tle luxury ofumere i llemss. No renichwoman will spend a silling i ve her f trouble. She would rather woAk.4ike ii. ray-horse to bny an extra yard of ribl1Air - ,% pair of glove4 I han lie on the softest sofa in c world ini plaeid iale ladyism, with erumpled auze or bare mnds. !ow To imrr GATtiInuE Fnt-1T AND FLow. Is AlwAYS FREs.-Fruit and flowers may be reserved fron decay and fading by immersing en in a solutir of gum arabie i water two i three lttes, wailing a sullicient time between ich iumersion to allow thegum to dry. T his rocess covers the surfdice of the fruit wish a rcimens or ftrui', larticialr care should lie ken to cover tile stem. end :md :ll, wilh the 2m. A good way is to wind a tire:id tof silk ,ut the sIem1:l, aid then sink it slovlv in the lution, whicli should not be so strong as to ave a particle of the gun undibsolved. Thae u is so perfectly traispIarent, that you can ith dilliculty detect its presence, except by the mch. Here we have another simple method of inag the fleeting beanly of' nature, and sirroun lg ourselves ever with those obects whicb most elevatethe mind, refine tie taste, and .irily tile lart.-Country Gentleman. DEATit PREFEIIED TO Disnoxcn.-During e Irish reign of terror in 16198, a circumstance :urred, which, in the days of Spara, would re immortalized the herom.; it is al most un- i i .wi-no pe. haas ever. traced the story. We tse. niot to inqu1 ire intoi pri:eiples thaimt iinlInen - hr ;suallice it thiai, ini commoii witha mast of !r stamtp, she behleld tne struggle as one ill liah libaerty warred withl tyraaamy. ller only mi hiad bieen takein ini the act1 of rebel lion, mad as eendemn~led by ama rtimal law toi dtealh I; she hiwed the ollice, ona whose word his life de .adead, to thle pla:ce of execution, anld bsesoughit mi to spare the widow's stay) ; sh~e kmelt in tile ony of her soul :ad elhasped tier kinees, whaile e.r ey e?1 with the5 glaire oat a iamanima, fell ont the Id be.,ide hima. The judge wass iaexoraible, im t rmasressoar mu lst die. 13 ut tiaen advana e of ta.e occasionl, lie olfered life to thatetl t oni conidit ioun of hais discoverinag lie m~emibesi' thae association wialh which lie was conne~cted. he sion wtered; thet maather rose froma hier sitioni of' haumaiition, anid exchmiamed: " My aild, if you do, thie heaviest cur~se of your moth -shall be potisoned in your vetis." Hie was euted ; the pidie of hecr .soul1 enabled ther to .bold his demath nithaout al temar ; she retlurnaed tos sr haome-thea supplort ot haer declinlinag years IS gaveni war, and thte opieninig of the day that Lw hier lonely anad ebild less, left her at rest 'rever, 11er harat had brokena in thec struggle. -.Mlackezie's Gze5tte. At manz caled utpoin an unfortiunate traidesmaan I pay a detamnd. '-lt liesrer pay it," staid lie, as am not (arta a farthine,~r but I will give yos. a note. I nI not so poor yet ot thtat iiin sign at iote." EcomeAL.-" My tad,' said a traiveler to a tte fellow, whaom hie meac, clothed in panits anid nall jacket, but without a ver'y nece-:sary arti e o1 appiareldl " nay lad, whaere is your slair ?' "Maammy's is wvashaing it.' " lave you not othier !" "No othier !" exclaimned he urcin in surprise, would you want a boy to have a thlousand tirts ?" igi SCANDAL, like at kite, to fly well, depends L'ry aucha on the length of thec tail it has to ary. RP~ Nan now Socts.-lt is with narrow aed people as with narrow-necked bnttles t less they hlave in themn, thle more nloise thley mke in pouring it out. g- SoME of oaar exebanagesmletion~l the fact f a -Know-Nothing" having been turned out ' thae society of which lhe was a mletmber, for riking nui Irish whiske~y punch with a Germlan lver spoon hi it. Tt''IEnlE is an ohld hIdy in Troy so filli of yaupthy, that every time tier ducks take as bath the mudgutter, she dries thecir feet by the fire u keep thmem from catchting coldl. WExTtaavacAsT peoplo arc never generous. L'he man who pays fifteen dollars for a Vest, ould thinak tie's being " robbed " shoid you ver call upon him to give six shillinugs to~wards uyinig old Britl.s, the shioemaker. GC THE ague rages 8o in some parts of ow, that the people are obligred to sleep with orit cobs in thecir month, to kee'p from shaikitng heir teeth out. XAXMs TO GUIDE A YOUNG MAN. Keep good mipany or none. Never be idle. If your hands rannot be use -frilv employed, f Itend to the cultivation of your rniiid. Always speak ihe truth. Make few promises. Live up to your engagements. Have no very intimate friends. Keep your ov:i secre.ts, if you have any. When you spe::k to a person, look him in the face. Good company and good conversation are the very sinews of v.'rtue. Good character is above all things else. Never listen to loose or idle conversation. You had bette: he poisoned in your blood than in your prin:-iples. Your characttracannot be cssentiallyinjured except by your o :n acts. If any one spe 1k evil of you, let your life be so virtuous th tione will believe him. Always speak zod act as in the presen:e of God. -. - Drink no into, .ating liquors. Whei you retf e to bed, think over what you have done'urini the day. Never speak ightly of religion. Make no haste to be rich if you would pros. per. Small and ste.ty gains give competency with tranqnfillity of nInd. Never play at' ny kind of1 game. Avoid temptation through gear that you may not withstand it. Earn yonr Ioney before you spend it. Never run in. debt, unless you see a way to got out again. Never borrow,' you can possibly avoid it. Be just before you are generous. Keep yourself innocent, if you would be happy. Save -a lien you are young, to spend when you are old.' Never think t!'tt which you do for religion is ti:ne or money v.sspent. Always go .t t meeting when you possibly caln. Read some portion of the Bible every day. Often think of death, and your accountability to God. Read over thchbove maxims at least once a week, Saturday :;ight. EFFET OF IAGINATION. Many years a5 a celebrated physician, author of an excellent %.nrk o i the effect of imagina tion, wished to cmbine theory with practice, in order to confirm -ie truth of his proposition. To this end he iegged the minister of justice to allow him to tsy an experiment on a criiial condemned to d. th. '.'he minister consented, and delivered to .*u an assassin of distinguish ed r;mk. Our rant ,ouht th, culprit, and te place of execution. .... a coticuted to the appointed room, where every preparation Was Made beforehand; his eyes were bandaged; he was strapped to a table, and, at a preconcert ed signal, four of his veins were gently pricked with the point of a pen. At each corner of the table was a small fountain of water so contrived as to flow gently into basins placed to receive it 1h1e patient believing that it was blood he heard llowing, gradually became weak and the conver ations of the doctors in an undertone, confirm ed him in this opinion. .. What line blood !" said one. " What a pity this man should be condemned to die! lie would have lived a long time." "ush !, said the other, then approaching the first, lie a.sked him in a low voice, but so as be heard by the criminal, " how many pounds blood are there in the human body y' " Twenity-lour. You see already about ten pounids extracted ; that man is now in a hope The phiysicians then receded by degrees and otinued to lower their voices. TIhe stillness which reigned in the apartment, broken only by the dripping foiuntains, tihe sound of which was also graduallv lessened, so affected the brain of. the poor patient, thait, ailthough a man of very strog conistitultion, lie fainited, and died without having lost a drop of blood.-N. Y. Tribunie. WHEAT ONE MIAN CAN DO ON FJtoniDA Son.. \Ve have ofltein heard it remarked that Florida i.n the "best poor mian's country in the world," .and facts wvould seen to support the proposition. Sir. Blartom"~lo Nsters, Jr., of this county, re siding near Mloccasin Branch, 15S miles from this ity, has given us a statemenit of hi~s crop, made the patst seasoni witho~ut assistance, and solely by his iowni lahor. We put it duwn with the vlue as t<>A100 : 450 galloins syrup), at 50 cents per galloni, 225 4 barrels sugar, 800 l'os. at 6 cents, -48 3000O canes :.t 2 cents,--..---- -60 $333 This the produce of one acre of cane. In addition to this, lie raised 150 buzlbels of corn, and 200 biishds of sweet potatoes, the value of which we pot down at $450 more; making in rund numheri t he sum of E ight Hundred Dol lars as the result of his seaison's bibor, to say nothing of the numberless comforts arising out of poultry, mile, &c., which are unconsidered triles. Thle land upm which thi4 crop was raised is high pine IanI, "cow penned," and the mill with wvhiich the cane was ground, is a common wooden one <J rude manufacture. WVithi such facts before tliam, let no one complain of the hardness of tines. A little industry, energy au i p jerseveriiice will make every~ man rich if ie chooses to be.-St. Augustine Ancient City. WHUEAT CiOP-SALES OF I'ROPERT.-The sale day of .Jamary passed otT as 'usoal, attend ed by a large crowd, a heavy consumption of the " templter,' a few marked cases of drunken ness, but no <pen or deqided breach of public order. We saw a number of our planters. Some* wore complaning of the bad stand of their wheat, while othier. flattered- themselves, the slight rains h4d very perceptibly improved their prospects. ['he remarkable dry weather has undoubtedly Ween iinauspiciou~s to the grain crop. We hope, lowever, that the rather favorahale :eathier we laye had, will more than overbal anpe whiateve injury it may have sustained. Tihero wee tenl negroes sold by the Comnpis sioer in laqiity, (two small children and qne wonai about 38 or 40.) They were disposed of on a credt of five years, and averaged $896 a head. Land soli passably welj, but not at as high rates as ls expected. Qqe tract of the Copk~ land brotigit $16,75, the lattpr located near Alston. All of ti' Hutchinson Land was sold, aver aging $I0 uer acre. Thie Thopuas Land was so!4 for $11 per aere, .n1 other l.n for about ths stnme prie. EUROPEAN AFFAIS. The news by the Atlantic brings a more ex eiting party into the field of confliet,-to wit: the British Parliament. The Queen's speech breathes nothing but war ; and, by the way Con gress may thence take'a hint of the vanity of all projects of pacification and mediation. The great and proud notions that are now measuring weapons, will subuit to no less an umpire than Deity the iesue of their strife. As yet they have felt only the irritation and exasperation of war. Their strength is unimpaired, and their animoNi ties increased. The reverse will come in due time. Taxes will waste the resources, and al ternate victory and disaster will dull the sense of vanity, and then even the British lion and thu French eagle will droop their tails and come to reason. But the session of Parliament, even its incep. lion, has shown that the acts of Go-vernment are to be subjected to an unsparitg criticism. Earl Derby's comments on the Queen's speech are a model of politic, and yet pitiless oppo;ition which may be looked to as the programme of the course of the Tories. They support the war, but they convict the Government of having blundered into it, ard of perpetual blundering .sinco they got into it. The expedition to the Bitic, which commenced with such loud boasts, and ended with such lean performance, and the invasion of the Crimea, which was first to cap. ture Sebastopol by a bold stroke, and now threatens to destroy the invaders by a slow de cay, are of courso the leading topies of censure. They are. however, e'iough to supply arrows for the Parliamentary wariare of the whole winter, and if the Ministry sustain themselves, it will be by exhibiting more vigor in peace than they have shown in war. Another point of weakness in the present Gov. ernment, is the Austrian alliance, and the terms of the recent treaty. The s:peech from the throne carefully evades any declaration of the purport. oi this treaty ; Lord Derby calls in question ils advantages; and Lord John Russell admits that it is not such as wai desired. It, is probably only -.nother step in the diplomacy of Austria, to gain all possible advantages front the present war, without incurrig aty of its dangers or responsibilities. The present Ministry atand on very slippery ground, and although they arc adroit and experi enced in sliding, the times are so grave, and so little in accord with the entertainments of mere political dexicrity, that if there were a prospect of substituting for them an able and cottsistent body of stitesnen, they would probably be vo ted out of olice by general consent. But the appalling inquiry, of who are to take their pila ces, will be a very serious and probably eflee tual check upon the genteral sense of their incom petency, and the Earl of Aberd-n ...It .,.ud not the more close and dreary. You might walk here in a good stiff hurricant and hardlv know it ; a summer shower uight pass and leave you dry. You are in the region of perpetual shadow, and the women and children who sit and sprawl upon the door-steps are scarcely less in-doors than when languished t in their dark and fetid room ; attd no wonder. i for, according to actual measurement, the courts vary in breadth from six to twelve feet. Here are the holes in which our human fellow.erea- I tures swarm like vermin. According to a report published in the Daily News of May ist, no less c than tifty inmates were found to reside in one of r the houses in Middle Serle's places, (formerly Little Shire-lane.) and in Shipyard many of the U houses are built back to back, entirely preven- r thorough ventilation. Tite gentleman who e te examination states that water butts t in under-ground cellars, the walls and c Wig of which are continutally damp to the e touch, and whero the water, itmbibing thte lilthty exhalation of the place acquires a dreadful odor; that the ceilings of siome of these cellars are ac- r tually below the level of the roatdways, so that t the inh.abitants are obliged to burn candles d throughi the wvhole day, w::h thte exception of ai few hour.4, and that terrier dogs are kept in ma ny1 of the houses as a~ protection against rats. c Y et out of these hideous tenemnents considerable j sums of mnoney are drawn every year by letting, and s;;nttintg. Ihideous women. fouil and slat-t terely. loll out of windows, or leatn against door-posts, exercome with terrible lassitude anid indolence, whieb cannot fail to arise from tlte influences by which they are surrounded; not impudent and brazen, but oppressed with the j hopeless burden of their lives. rThe children,t sullen, dirty and tiere-young tigers, without a their beauty otr their health-platy or fight in the roadways amidst the cabbage-stailks, potato. peelings, oyster shells. and standing puddles. Men are very seldom seen. And over thte young and old tower the melcholy house-fronts, Thut ting out the sky and the breeze, and, black and sat urated with the pestient vapors which are rising unseen around themiI " Hang their poisons itt the sjek air." YERY GOOD ADvmC.-A correspondent on the National Intelligencer, referring to the proposed mediation of the United States between the be ligerent.: of Europejotfers this good advice: " Gemtlemen, let us mn.nd our own busintess; that will give us plenty to do and not expose us to ridicule. Above all, let those who would . gratily Buncomtbe by olThring to give peace to Europe turn their thtonght aind their ety'ortsu to wards restoring peace and concord to their own distracted couttry." This is the whole qnestiotn in a nut-shell; let us "mind our own business," and not mneddle with the quarrels of European nations, or in-. volve ourselves in the crooked diplomacy which marks every step of niations endeavoring to con ceal their ulteriour designs untder the most lhy pocritical pretences. The United States can have no sympathy with the obj'ets or purpose e of either party in the present wvar. Both aret fighting for dominion, neither for oppressed no tiotality. The party which has been matking the loudest boasts of warring againist despotism,t threatening to let loose the elements of revolu tion, -ind gIve liberty to It aly and liungary, allies itself without scruple to the hatted oppressor of both. England and France in becoming the allo of Austria, the most detestable despotism of Europe, sio'v that their high sounading praises of European liberty were nmere words to delude the mass of manikind and cheat them into a sympathy, which, if the real objects sought in the w:Ir had been known, would never have been accorded to them. WIth objects and purposee in the back ground which both parties are afraid to avow, the Untited States cannot interfere bo- C tween them without getting juto trouble. The duty of the American people is to act fairly and justly wIth all nations, preserve pence with all, endeavor to promote the growth and prosperity 1 of their own country, and establish its- institu tits on a lbasis which the shocli of time cannqt I overthrow. They by this course will best pro motp the inte;-ests of civilization and humanity. Philaue1hh Ldr ' CONGRESS. A very animated debate on Know-Nothingism occurred in the House of Representatives on Thursday, pending the consideration of the bill to relieve purchasers and locators of swamp and overflowed lands. Mr. Sollers, in the course of his reply to Mr. Keitt, of S. C., said: As Mr. Barry and Mr. Keilt had told the Hou,.e Athat the Know-Nothings will do, he would tell what they would not do: They will not dissolve the Union, but witl uphold it as the sheet anchor of republican safety. Another thing-they will not say an appropriation for rivers and harbors is constitutional when the former pass through three States, but unconsti tutional when passing through only one. (Laughter.) They do not intend to permit Southern nullifiers to assert the doctrine of se cession. after submitting to the supreme court of the United States for decissions regarding the constitutionality of important questions. They do not intend to quibble ahout the interpreta tion of the constitution like i. prude, and violate it like a prostitute. Mr. Keitt. I have a single question to ask. Mr Sollers. I expected to be interrupted. Mr. Keitt. Do you mean to be personal. :Senation.) Mr. Sollers. I was talking about South 'arolina, and disclaii any such thing. He then ?roceeded further to defend Know-Nothingism; and, as to secresy, said the democrats ought not :omplain, as they last night held a caucus, or ,eeret meeting, to regulate the great tiail' ques ion. Mr. Giddings understood Mir. Sollers to sn he Know-Nothings will leave slavery where hey f'ound it. Will they restore freedom to Kansas? Mr. Sollers. I will never take the construe ion of the gentlemen from Ohio on constitu ional lw. [Laughter] Mr. Giddings. Then you back out. Mr. Sullers. I do not, but I most cheerfully etire from such a contest. [Laughter.] I should Ls soon think of entering into a contest, God orgive ime, with a pregtanit wome, [Renewed aughter.1 There is a party pledged to preserve he Union, and will do it at all hazards. Mr. Giddings said he was sincere in asking the luestion of the gentletnan from Maryland, but he gentleman showed the white feather and acked out. He was deserving of the name of t Know-Nothing or say nothing. [Laughter.] The people of the United States have the ight to know the principles.of the party. Pub icity is for the express purpose of preventing I >topile from being deceived and misled. He, Mr. Giddings,) however, was a friend of the now.Nothinigs. Ile had courted their friend hip, a1nd liked them as long as they acted with limi. [Lauighter.] ags in that State a single man on their ticket cho was not voted for by the abolitionists ? .1r. Gidding. I did not know of a Know Itlthing in Michigan. Mr. Stuart. Was not every candidate on the tate and Congressional ticket put in nomina ion by the whigs and abolitionists, notoriously nown in Michigan as Know Nothings? Mr. Giddings. I did address an intelligent udience in Michigan on the principles I profess, ut neve: heard any intimation that my hearers ,ere Know Nothings. I want all parties, here r elsewhere, to avow and proclaim their senti ients, without deception and fraud. Mr. Keitt, alluding to Mr. Sollers, remarks bout secession and abolitionism, said, as to ullification, it had been illustrated and expound d by the great. intellects of his own State alhoun, MeDuflie, Ilayne, Preston, nnd all tter great men-who 'wept in a convointion f splendor over the sky of South Carolina. Ve, lie said, fouight the battly openly. The ullitiention pairty of' 1832 sought no subterra ean hole to ferment in, and no Catiline wasl iere to foster midniight conspiracy, and when enounced, offering himself as a Know Nothiing ithe Senate. We offered to fight the Government on prin iple in open day-the Government brought out s stars and stipes; but the sons of Carolina rere utnder their Palmetto flaig in defence of' ieir friends, and ready to perish for tihe right. was a member of the secession party of 1850. 'he sons of that State are ready to give their lood when their country demands it. But if in eace the Government strike t our liberties, by leaven I'll strike back. I onily owe allegiance toy State, anid through my State to theGen ral Government. When anything personal is tid, 1 shall answer by a monosyllable. (Sen 11tion.) Mir. Letchier imagined that not five men in the louse had 'hought of the pending bill since the i..eussion comumenced. It was to re'ieve pur basers and locators of swamp and overflowed tnds. lie confined himself to the subject, and nally the bill was amended and passed. THE EXECUTION OF YICKRS.-In accordance eithi the terms of the sentence, the extreme pen Ity of' the law was executed, in our town, Otn 'riday the 20th uit., upon James Vickers,~eon icted for the murder of' William Dobson. He ras attended to the gaillows by the Miethodist' iinister. Rev. Sir. Creighmton, and after engaging i the customary devotional exercises and ex ressing his readiness to abide the justice of the tw, catlmly and firmly met his unhappy fate. 'the feeling of morbid curiosity, which is a part f our nature, brought together a number of ersons to witness the execution; but we were lad to see that the crowd was unusually small nd without an exception demeaned themselves ith a propriety in keeping with the solemnity f the occasion. Above all, we were pleased to weet with but little of that sickly sentiment rhich, in sympathy with the misfortunes of the riminal, would bring in question the justice of bie law wvhich condemned him to death. Let it e remenmbered that this sanction has been or. ained by a wisdom superior to that of man, and bat the criminal but pays the righteous forfeit f his own crimes. The brother, Newton Vickers, whose sentence 'as commuted by His Excellency Governor lanning will remain in prison until next No. ember.-Yorkville Enquirer. igi AN exquisitely dressed young gentle man, fter buying another seal to dangle about his elica'e person, said to tne jeweler that " he rould,ah like to have-ah sounething engraved n it ith to denote wvhat he was" "Certainly, ertainly, I wtll put a eypher on it," saijd the rtdesman. @@ "I cannot hear children," saiid M4rs. 'rim disdainfully. Mrs Partingtonl looked over or spectacles mildly before she replied, " per aps if yo9s could yotg would lille thers better." QW- THE man who is alwa a fortunate can. 'ol nestey h-av a ort rziefeuC fo'r virtu'd. YELLOW FEvER.-Dr. E. H. Barton, who waa placed at the head of a sanitary commission by the City Council of New Orleans to investigate the cause of the epidemics which have lately prevailed in that city, with a view to guard against their recurrence, has concluded his re. searth, arid the results are comprised in a vol. Ume of five hundred pages. The New Orleans Bee says: " Let it never be forgotten that the conclusion reached by Dr. Barton is, that "yellew fever is an evil, remediable and extinguishable by human agency." Having demonstrated this important truth, the author of the report sets forth in do. tail the various measures to be employed for the gradual but certain banishment of the epi demic. They are of course hygienic in their character, and comprise many suggestions here tofore offered, with some others peculiar, we be lieve, to the writer. The theory that yellow fe ver is the invariable sequel to a marked distur bance of the soil of the country, is one which we do not remember ever to have seen advanced before, and we must admit that the analogies cited by Dr. Banton, and the illustrations and arguments used by him in support of his views, seem to us to bear the impress of truth." COOKING FOOD FoR ANIM3ALS.-Raw food is not in condition to be approximated to the tenures of animal life. The experiment, often tried, has proved that 18 or 19 lbs of cooked corn is equal to 50 lbs of raw corn for hog-ferd. Mr. Mason, of New Jersey proved that pork fed with raw grain cost 124c. a pound, and that from cooked food 4:e. Cooked cornstalks are as soft and almost as nutricious as green stalks. It is an improvement that pays. Cattle can be fattened at about half the expense upon cooked food in a warm stable that others can out doors fed up on raw food. I would not cook food for horses. Carrots are valuable for horses, because they as sist food to gelatinize. For oxen, 30 quarts of corn meal boiled in 60 gallons of water and poured over cut corn stalks, make excellent feed. It is well known that hogs fatten fast that follow cattle fed with whole corn In all stables a great deal more food than we can afford to loose passes off undigested and goes into the manure pile. It is poor economy to feed hogs or horned cattle on any kind of raw grain. All course feed should be chopped, and corn-stalks, in particu lar, are increased in value very much by steaming. Professor Mapes. THERE is a distillery in Albany, New York, which daily converts 400 bushels of Indian corn into whiskey, whose business amounts to $200 000 per annum. Another, which docs a busi ness of some $350,000 or $400,000 per annum, while the manufacture is said to be worth to that city $1,000,000 annually. But recently the ..t ~~i.d an order luestionawuy V " .u ie naval flags of all nations. The old treaties, which closed its navigation by the most impene. rable of diplomatic barriers, will be annihilated Forever. International relations on the Black Sea will be reconstituted on anew compact, and his most important body of water will be brought igain within the pale of the civilized world. POr;LATION OF MINNESTA.-The St. Paul Minnesota) Pioneer says, "From all that we ave seen and heard relative to the number of ersons who have settled in Minnesota the past icason, we should judge that not less than wenty five thousand actual settlers have pitched .heir tents with us since the opening of naviga ion. They have not settled in any one particu ar locality, but dispersed themselves all over .he territory. Next season the number will be nuch increased." THEa FIR~s AND CASUALITIEs OF 1854.-Du -ig the last year, there were forty fires in the [Jnited States where the lossexceded $100.000, er upwards. The entire loss of property by 5rie during that pieriod is estimated at $15,000, )00. During the same period, 600 persons were killed by steamboat and about 200 by railroad ieeidents. (Q To restore a drowned miser to conscions ness-whisper in his ear that "stocks have gone Lp." This was tried in Paris, with the happiest affect. A money broker was restored to life by t, after laying in the water over three weeks. PA TENTs.-Since the first of January 1854,as we learn from the report of the Secretary of the nterior, there have been issued upwvards of six een hundred pate ts, and, within the year, the number will reach nineteen hundred, which will se about double the number issued dnring the aist year. The arrangement by which this result ias been produced was judicious, and has proved iatis.factory to all parties interested.-Washing ton Sentinel. JusT so.-The Boston Mail finitly contradicts .he report that the Pacific Ocean is to be enlarg ad for the purpose of accommodating the grow ng commerce of California. Every school-boy knows that a kite would aot fly until it has a string tying it down. It i5 ost so in life. The mian who is tied down by naif a dozen blooming responsibilities and their mother, will make a stronger and highe, flight than the old bachelor, who, ha':ing nothing to. keep him steady, is always floundering in the Knd. If you want to ascend in the world, tie fourself to somebody. IGNORANCE is an expensive luxury. The want, >fa little gumption costs many a life of com ort, convenience and similar fine things. Mr. Short don't know but everybody is as honest as >ther folks, and so gets taken in every time he roes out. Miss Simple, too, has a universal. :onfidenein everything and everybody, and pays for the privilege by being a unmversal victini. ON a late excursion up the Mississippi, a Fn tieman in the wash-room said to the captain ok the boat: "Can't you give me a clean towel, captain ?" "No," said the captain, " more than fifty pas. sengers have used the towel there, and yott are the first one that's said a word about it." gg A TEXAS exchange says that the earth is so kind in that state, that " just tickle her with. s hoe, and she will laugh with a harvest." A conviet in the Ohio Penitentiary recently sut off his fingers to avoid being set to work. RESPITE.-We understand that Peter Cosnell a been respited. He was condemned in Spar tanburg for the murder of his father-in-law, but nas been respited on account of his feeble etate of health. iD" Miss Smi'h says she will never marry a widower with a fa.mily, and for this reason 'she is down on second-han& child4en." Sensiblo ilth-rt - -.