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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, March 28, 1855, Image 4

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MESSRS. COLTER & SCOOTER, Editors,
"Let idle Ambition her baubles pursue,
While Wisdom looks down with disdain,
The home of the farmer has charms ever new,
Where health, peace and competence reign."
0:7" The Life History of Farmer Thrif
ty," has been received, but came too late
for this issue. We hope our fair correspon.
dent will continue to favor us with her lu
cubrations. We are sure that no one peruses
the effusions of her gifted pen, either in
prose or verse, without being entertained
and edified.
-*0*
OVERSEERS, READ THIS!
IT will be remember by the Overseers of
Edgefield, that Col. M. FRAZIER has offered
a fine Watch, as a reward to the Overseer
(working not less than ten hands) who will
report the best managed farm, largest crop,
per hand, of Cotton, Corn, Wheat and Poik,
for the present year.
Col. FnAziEn has just returned from the
North and laid before us this elegant prize.
It is a fine English Lever Watch, encased in
a heavy silver Hunting Case, upon the back
of which is beautifully engraved, " Present
rd by M. Frazier, Edgefield, S. C., as a re
ward of merit."
We assure those who are contestants for
this valuable prize, that it is eminently wor
thy of the donor, and calculated to call forth
all the energy and skill of which the candi
dates may he possessed. Remember then,
that the prize is now fairly upon the stake,
and that the " longest pole k-nocks dozen the
persinon." Whip! Whip! Hurrah!
07 WE commence this week some ex
tracts from [Ion. ZADOCK PRATT'S lecture
on the horse, and invite the attention of
amatures ad stock raisers to this interesting
subject. Raising horses and mules at this
time of high prices for both, is worthy of
the attention and calculations of farmers. Is
it economy to produce cotton at low prices
and purehase horses and mules from Ken
tucky at present rates? We may raise, by
judicious crossing an animal adapted, to our
our Carolina pasturage and uses-i. e. the
"horse of all work." The full blooded
four-mile racer has not stamina and weight
enough for this use; though we may by
crossing this Stock with the Morgan Stock
of Vermont, or the largest French Canadi.
ans, attain our object.
A fine horse of the Vermont Morgan
stock has heen brought out by our enter
prising stock raiser, Capt. JAs. CREswELL,
near Ninety-Six or Old Cambridge, and a
rare opportunity to stock raisers is thus
afforded.
The Kentucky mule is pushed forward
from a foal on rich pastures of succulent
grasses, and forced as by hot-bed growth
into premature development for a Southern
market, hitched to the plow, unacclimated,
andI is soon worn out to make cotton to buy
another mule-anid so we gee-haw on still.
Wo! farmers, and think how much better
an Edgefield mule is than a Kentucky mule.
lHe is smaller and large enough, more active
and brisk, easier fed and curried, and carry
ing his ears erect, will live and wear nearly
as long again. We have also fine speci
mens of Jacks in our District, and refer to
those of Messrs. Mims, Holland and Curry,
as such.-B~ut more of this hereafter.
COUCHl IN IHORSES.
I-r is said that small twigs of Cedar,
chopped fine and mixed with their grain,
will cure a cough in horses, and that it has
beena used with complete success. A strong
tea made of Cedar twigs is also said to be a
certain cure for the bloody murrain in cattle.
It can either be given in a mash or as a
drench.
A STE.)! PLOW.
Wxsee by one of our exchange papers
that a Mr. HE~nRY CowING of Louisiana,
has invented a Steam Plow. It is said to be
simple in its cohstruction-a velocepede on
wheels, sixteen feet high and eight feet apart,
with a governing wheel eight feet in diame
ter. If this useful invention is as efficient
as represented, it will not be a difficult mat
ter to subsoil or turn over our tenacious clay
lands. We cannot imagine that it will ever
be usedl in tilling a crop, but if it comes up
to the sample, it will be some in preparing
our soil. But the best of its many merits is,
that after you have prepared your soil, you
can then convert it into a locomotive and
carry your produce to market. .It is saidl to
travel on a good road at the rates of twenty
five miles an hour. It can be used for varn
ous purposes. This is really too good to be
true.
TO PRESERTE A BOUQUET OF FLOWERS.
As our readers were recently informed
howv to make an inimitable " Flower Vase,"
we furnish them with a simple mode of pre
serving a bouquet, for a month or more, in a
state of freshness almost equal to that when
growing in their mother earth. A florist of
many years experience gives the following
directions.
"First get the bouquet, which is not very
easy to do just nlow, but wihen you get it
sprinkle it lightly with fresh water. Then
put it into a vessel containing soapsuds,
which will nutrify the roots and keep the
flowers as bright as new. Trake the bouquet
out of thes suds every morning and lay it
sideways, the stalks entering first, in water.
Keep it there a minute or two, then take it
out, and sprinkle the flowers lightly by the
hand wvith water. Replace in the soap suds
and it will bloom as fresh as when first ga
thered. The soap-suds need changing every
three- or four days. By observing these
rules a bouque rcan be kent bright and beau
tiful for at least a month, and will last lon
ger, in a very passable state; but the atten
tion for the fair but frail creatures, as direct
ed above, must be strictly observed, or the
last rose of summer will not be left faded
alone, but all will perish.
REASONS WHY FARMERS SIOULD PURSUE THEIR
BUSINESS AS A SCIENCE.
THE following is from the Ohio Farmer,
and as we deem it too good to be lost, we
recommend it to the careful attention of our
readers. We hope its length will not pre
vent our friends from giving it a studious
perusal.
1. Because Agriculture is a Science.
Every'man who has pursued, even moder
ately, the Science of Vegetable Physiology,
understands perfectly that almost all the
modern improvements in fruit culture have
been made, because men have devoted them
selves to the study of the great facts in re
gard to the growth of plants and trees; the
circumstances in which they flourish most;
the chemical analysis of the elements which
compose them, and the modifications of
which they are susceptible, by proper care
and cultivation. Just so in respect to the vari
ous soils which the farmer has to manage.
If he knows the chemical elements which
compose them, and those which compose
the various products he wishes to grow, he
will be able to adapt his crops to his soil,
and his manures to both, in a way which
will prove to all that Agriculture has its
laws; and that acting in conformity with
them, is the basis of the only true art in
farming. For example: wheat contains
gluten and starch in such proportions that
they compose together sceentyfvc per cen
tun of its entire substance. Now, if the
farmer undertakes to raise wheat on a soil
which does not contain the elements of
starch and gluten, lie will fail. His soil will
not give that which it does not possess. His
lost labor and wasted capital will be the
penalty of his ignorance of the scientific
condition of permanent success. On the
other hand, the knowledge of these condi
tions, and the application of them in the ex
ercise of caution, common sense and reason.
able skill, will bring an abundant reward.
Every department of the great business of
farming is full of the illustrations of the point
that we are now on namely, that Agricul
ture is a Science, and that its laws, when
known and applied, will secure results as
certain as any that attend the application of
the laws of Hydraulics in Machinery, or those
of light and chemistry in the beautiful pro.
ductions of the Daguerreau art.
2. Because Agriculture pursued as a
Science, with the needful caution and per
verance, is a source of the highest and most
constant pleasure.
No thinking, active mind is content with
mere processes of muscular efort. To such
a mind, the tread-mill of a farmer's work,
pursued from generation to generation, in
the same unvarying monotony, is tiresome
enough. The toil becomes doubly toilsome,
because it is enlivened by no living and in
quiring thought. And the farmer himself
becomes almost as stupid as the cattle
he feeds, except politics, or literature, or re
ligion, shed at intervals, and from afar, a
beam of cheerful light on his mind. But let
every process have its well disgested theory ;
let every piece of work, while done in its
time, and most efficiently performed, be an
experiment which compares different modes
of manuring or cultivation; let every change
be made on sober thought, and with a full
knowledge of the objects to be gained, and
of the best and cheapest means of gaining
them; in short, let the life of a true Scienco
send its healthy pulsations through the whole
system of a farmer's work, and lhe feels a
joy " unfelt before," in every work to which
he sets his hand. His farm becomes his
laboratory. The pleasure felt by the Chem
ist or Artist, as he communicates these dis
coeries which bring the ends of the earth
together, and revolutioniize the social condi
tion of nations, is shared by the careful and
laborious student in Scientific Agriculture.
For he is applying similar principles, and
his labors tend to a similar result. Every
crop is a study to him, for it has its own
laws to be studied. Every season has its
charm for him, for its changes and chances
must he carefully waitchecd. lie must make
suns, showers, and snows and frost, and fire,
all to minister to his interests and work out
his ends. And in doing all this-and all
this he will do, if lie works with open eye
and careful hand-will lie not find a pleas
ure so constant as to enliven his heaviest
toil, and so varied as to strip of their charms
the false attractions of city life, and so pure
ly intellectual and refined, as to place him
in dignity and aim side by side with the
great brotherhood of thinking men, whose
hands have been busy, but whose brains
have been more busy still; and who have
done most for the wealth and comfort of
the race, because they have done most for
its improvement in all solid and end~Ur
ing Science.
3. Because it u-ould &c grealyg to t he pic
cuniary advantagc of the farmer to pursue
his vacation as a Science.
If he pursues his wvork simply because lie
has done so before, or because his father or
his neighbors have done so, ho shuts out
all improvement, If he makes changes
blindly, he is much more likely to lose than
to gain. Beside:: if he makes experiments
at random, some of his neighbors-and per
haps he himself-will set down his failures
to the account of Scientific farming; and be
the more confirmed in their old ways, because
of his blindness and blundering in a singrle
case. But if he studies, during his leiure
the results of former experiments in the de
partment he is enquiring about; if he con
verses wvith intelligent mien, who have beenI
successful in the same branch, and who un
derstand and will explain to him the princi
pes and processes which they have adopted,
he wvill be safe in following their example.
And thus proceeding-with thought ever
active, and making due account of all differ
ences betwveen his experiment and theirs, he
will very probably be far more successful
than in any other wvay. A little example of
the disadvantages of ignorance, on a single
point, will illustrate this matter. WVithin
sight of the window by wvhose light the pro.
sent article is written, is a strawvberry .bed.
Its owner prepared the ground carefully,
enriched it wvell, and planted it with plants
of a choice kind, in the very best manner.
He has hoed, and manured, and mulched,
and wvatered new for two full years. The
plants have grown, and spread, and flourish
ed greatly. Every spring the ground has
been white with flowers; but no fruit has
been matured. And the owner has just
discovered that the kind he planted was a
pistillate kind. Of course it could never
ripen its fruit. He has lost two year's fruit
from his ignorance of this single fact. Ilis
neighbor, wvho lives but a little distance off,
has had abundant supplies, from a bed but
little larger, and no better cultivated, be
cause he planted one row of Early Scarlets
b.....e.. ev.,y ..,o or three rows of his pistil
late kinds. This is a single case. Millions
more might be gathered on a large scale as
well as on a small one, all ov6r our land.
But we must stop now. We close with a
single remark: The strictest Science is the
mother of the truest Art.
THE R1ORSE.
WE take the following extracts from Hon.
ZADoCK PRATT'S lecture delivered before the
New York Mechanics' Institute.
" Ma. PREsIDENT.-In accepting your
invitation to address you this evening, I
have selected, as the subject of my remarks,
that noble animal, THE HoRsE.
It is often said, that as woman holds the
first place in the affections of man, the horse
the second ; and so justly is his estimation
bestowed, that beautiful woman, so far from
resenting this rivalry, joins with man in al.
lowing the horse a high rank in her own
esteem.
We cannot wonder at this, when we re
menber the immense amount 'of benefit
which has been derived from this valuable
animal. A glance at history assures us that
improvement in the breed of horses has kept
even pace with the march of civilization;
and until the variouB qualities of the horse
were made available for the wants of man,
but little progress was made. in the elevation
of barbarous tribes to the importance o
civilized nations.
If the horse has then exercised such an
influence upon mankind in general, he is
certainly worthy of your attention this even
ing; and I have the additional assurance ol
interest, in the fact that he has never before
been made the subject of a lecture, to my
knowledge.
In the course of a long and active life
which has now extended over the space o
three score years allotted to man, I have
worn out more than a thousand horses it
my service, and a strong love for the subjec
has induced me to give it more than ordinary
attention. My remarks therefore, will prin
cipally be the result of my own experienc
and observation, with the exception of i
few general remarks relating to the origi
and characteristics of the horse, to which I
will first invite your attention.
The horse family is distinguished from al
other animals by having an undivideed hoof
a simple stomach, and from the position o
the teats of tie female.
It is divided into two classes: the com
mon horse, with its varieties of work horse
carriage, hunter, and race horse; all of whicl
have important peculiarities, which I shal
mention ; and that class, the type of whicl
is the common jackass, and which include.
the quagga and zebra, not found in thi.
country, and, I may say, not wanted either
Many conflicting opinions have been held
as to the country in which this valuable ani
mal originated, and two now have man)
adherents, all others having been given up
These two are Arabia and Egypt. For m)
own part, I am inclined to think that Egyp
is undoubtedly entitled to the palm, and al
investigation only confirms me in the beliel
Without taking up your time with the argu
ments on either side, I will only say that thi
Sacred Scriptures, in describing the earl:
stages of the world, mention the horse a
being used in Egyjwhile, in much mor4
modern times, when Mahomet fought hi
battles in Arabia, there was not a singl<
horse in the camp, proving their extremt
scarcity, if not their total absence, in th<
coun try.
The horse is undoubtedly the most usefu
and manageable of all animals knowvn t<
man. In gracefulness <>f carriage, dignitj
of motion, and in obedience to the will o
his master, he is superior to every othei
quadruped. Lively, and full of high spirits
he is yet gentle and tractable. Keen ant
arent, he is more firm and persevering thai
any other animal, and all these qualities es
pecially fit him for* the purp)oses to whicl
man han~s applied him. Tie works patientl:
and steadily at the plough, or in drawin;
the loaded cnrriage ; he deports himself wiul
p)rie while whirling along thme light pleasurt
vehicle, or jingling the merry hells of thi
quick moving sleigh. lie sometimes dance:
with delight as he prances along with hi:
martial rider on his back, and he enters upor
the race with as keen a zest as his owner
seeming to exult in success, or, with down
cast head, to experience shame in defeat
Whilst ministering to so many multiplie<
wants of man (luring life, his remains arn
applied to many important branches of mann
fcture, and, though civilized nations makt
no use of his flesh, it is an important iten
in the food of nmany barbarian tribes, when
it is considered a delicacy, and a spirituou
liquor is made from the milk of the mare
which is as eagerly sought after, as is the in
toxicating wvine by us. And now let m<
give ysu my idea of a good horse.
He should be about fifteen and a hal
hands high ; the head light, and clean made
wide between the nostrils, and the nostril
themselves large, transparent, and open
broad in the forehead ; eyes prominent, clear
and sparkling ; cars, small, nnd neatly se
on ; neck, rather shtort, and wecll set up
large arm or shoulder, well thrown back and
high ; withers, arched and high ; legs, fine
flat, thin, and small boned ; body, round
and rather light, though sufficiently large te
afford substance when it is needed ; full
chest, affording ample play for the lungs;
ack, short, with the hind quarters sgt or
rather obliquely. Any one possessmng a
horse of this make and appearance antl
weighing eleven or twelve hundred pounds
may rest assured that they have a horse o1
all worth, and a bargain which is wvel1 w~orth
getting hold of."
Mr. PRaTr- then calls the attention of hit
hearers to the " different varieties of horset
in foreign countries, and in our own," which
we are compelled, from want of space, te
defer until next week.
Devon Bull, Marion,
MY BULL will stand at my house at Five Dol
LVlars-to be sent with the cow.
MA RION is out of the cow Moselle, whose dan:
was imported from England, from Mr. Cokes cle
brated stock of Devons, his sire was the celebrated
Bul o.M. FR AZIER.
Dec r. 3m 49
For the Planters !
Lbs. Peruvian Guano,
10 0100 bbls. Kettlewell's GUANC
and SALTS,
i flbs. Kcttlewell's CHEMICAL SALTS,
3"Pure ground P'LASTER.
The above celebrated Manutes for sale by
J. SIBLEY & SON.
Hamburg, Nov 14, tf 44
gg The Laurensville Herald, Independent Press
mad Anderson Gazette wvill copy the above fouc
imes and forward biits to J. S. & SON.
$25 Reward.
L OST on Saturday the 23d ult., my POCKE'
iBOOK, containing three One Ilundred Dol
r Bills, and four Fifty Dollar Bills, with my nam<
vritten on t':e back of one of the One Hlundre.
Dollar Bills. A reward of $25 will be giveni upom
loivery of said Pocket Rook and contents, or any
nforation concerning it will be thankfully received,
M. A. P.\) DGTl'T.
CANDIDATES!
- or Sheriff.
JULIUS DAY.
JAMES EIDSON.
FELIX E. BODIE,
WMil. QUATTLEBUJM,
Zor Tax Collector
M. B. WHITTLE,
BARNEY LAMAR.
CHARLES CARTER,
THOMAS B. REESE,
DERICK HOLSONBAKE,
A. R. ABLE,
THEOPHILUS DEAN,
WESLEY WERTZ.
Eor Clerk.
R. D. 1 RYAN.
WESLEY BODIE.
THOS. G. BACON.
EDMUND PENN.
ror Ordinary. e
H. BOULWARE,
H. T. WRIGHT,
W. F. :DURISOE.
NEW FALL DRY GOODS.
CORNER OPPOSITE GLOBE HOTEL, AUGUSTA, GA.
M ILLER & WARREN, will offer great t
inducements to their friends and customers a
this season to purchase their FALL and WINTER ii
DRY GOODS. p
They do not pretend to say they have the richest h
and largest stock ever offered in -this city, that they fo
have better taste in their aelections, or possess supe- d
rior advantages over their neighbors; but they have e
certainly the richest and most elegant stock they ii
ever had in store.
-IN DRESS GOODS
b
They have Rich Satin Striped Plaid SILKS;
Rich Heavy Crocade CoI'd do.d
Blk. Satin Striped Plaid and Watered SILKS of
new and beautiful styles; '
Plain Red SILKS, and Plain do.
Rich Painted Fr. CASIIMERES and DE- t'
LAINES ; ,
Beautiful small fig. DELAINES, for misses'
wear ;
Plain French MERINOS and CASHMERES, c
of every shade ;
Sup. fine Blk. Fr. BOMBAZINE;
" " CHALLE and DELAINES; a
MANTILLAS, TALMAS AND CLOAKS I
embracing every variety of patterns and material,
from low-priced to the richest and highest cost
Goods manufactured.
EMBROIDERIES, comprising a large and
most elegant assortment of Rich French Worked
Collars, Chemizettes, Undersleeves., Stomachers,
Handkerchiefs, Infants' Robes and Worked Bodies.
-Also- r
Maltese Collars, Chemizettes and Sleeves;
Rich Embroidered Bands, of the latest styles of
work ;
r
Beautiful lot of Bonnet and Neck Ribbons;
Linen Cambric hem-st'ed Handkerchiefs, Mitts,
Gloves;
Black and White Silk Hosiery ; Alpaca and M5o. c
ravian Iose; a
Ladies and Mlisses Hose, all sizes; I
" Silk and Merino Vests and Misses do.
-IN HOUSE-KEEMPING ARTICLES
They have an endless variety of TOWELLINOS
TABLE NAPKINS and DOYLES; I
12-4 Linen and Cotton PILLOW CASE Goods, 0
TABLE CLOTHS, all sizes, of the richest
Damask and Snow drop figures.
French and English CASS1MERES, BROAD
CLOTHS, VESTINGS, TWEEDS, Welsh
PLANNELS, and every other article kept in the
Dry Goods line.
Persons visiting the City, can rely on finding the c
newest styles of Goods, and in richness anc. variety b
unsurpassed in any market, to which their attention
is invited, as they will be offered at low prices.
I A ugusta, Nov 25 tf 44
AGNEW, FISHER & AGNEW,
NEWBERRY C. H., S. 0.,
I3MPOR TER S & D E A LERS IN
HARDWARE, PA IN TS, OILS, ~
wVigow Glas,
Gro ceries, Dry Goods, &c.,
And Buyers of Cotton and country produce.
If Planters visiting this Market wall find it
grcatly to their advantage by giving us a call.
*AGNEW, FISHER & AGNEW.
INewberry C. HI., A pril 13, tf 13
OT The Abbeville Blanner will please copy four
months.
STATE OF SOUTil CA ROLINA,
EDGEFIELD DISTRICT.
Ricaird Gregory,
v..
Alex. Gregory and athers
IT appearing to nay satisfaction that John Grego
ryEaser anknShadracha Decs and wife Ce
lia, and James Rlankin nad wife Harriet, Defendants
in this case, reside without thec linmits of this State,
It is thecrefore orderei, that they do appear and
object to the division or sale of the real Estate of
Sarah Gregory, dlec'd., on or before the first day of
A pril next, 1855, or tLeir consent to the samea wilt
be entered on record.
I , I. T. WRIG HT, o. x. o.
IOrdinary's Office, Dec 18 3m 5)
sTrATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
EDGEFIELD DISTRICT,
a IN EQUITY.
Joel P. Ridgell & llellen 1
Palnehs ie Bill for Partition j
Jacob William Pope, ad Relief'
Francis Mlarion and|
Josephine M. Pope. )
B Y Virtue of an Order of the Court of Equity,
in thais case, granted by his honor F. HI. Ward
law, at June term, A. D. 1854, alt the creditors of
thac minaaos, Hellen Pauline Ridgell, (formerly Pope) e
Jacob Willianm Pope, Francis M. Pope and Jose- hi
phine M. Pope, are ordered to appear before me, on I
or by the finst Mlonday ini May next, to prove and
establish their demaands,or else thaey will be debarred e
all claims against the assets of the estate oif the said
Alinors. A. SIalKINS, C. E. E. D.
Jan 10, 1.355. -15t 1 -
HANPTON'S SHOP!
T lIE Blacksmith is still at his post near the foot
of the hill, ready to do EVERY JOB corn- t1
mitted to his hands in the best style of the day. le C
hopes to receive a liberal share of public custom, as a
he is prepared with the BEST OF MATERIA LS o
from that best of Hardware Stores, " Robinson & e
Jackson's." Remember Old Hlamp !
"lHe makes his aledge-hanmmer
For to rise and to fulal
And he strikes thais,
And he strikes that,
And then he strikes all!'
Tranakadillo !
TlE Subscriber begs leave to add, to what has
been so well said above, that ho is sole proprietor of r
H AMPTON'S SH-OP, and will endeavor to have
everythinag done up brown, or not at a'l.
gr PLOW WORK thankfully received andr
promptly done at all tianes. A.S KN.
Jana 24, ly 2
State of South Carolina, ra
EDGEFIELD DISTRICT,
LN EQUITY.
Coster & Coxe and 1Bill in nature of Bill of
Abram Martin, Supplemenatand Revivor,
vs. ' (to Marshal Assets, call iu
Lydia W. Crabtree. JCredits, 4-c.
IT appearing that the Defendant Lydia W. Crab
Ltree resides without the limits of the State, On
motion by Mr. Carroll, Solicitor, Ordered that said a
Defendant demur, plead or answer in this case with- t
in three months from the date of this Order, or the
said bill will be taken pro confesso against her.
A. SIMKINS, c. 5. 3. D.
Feb 19, 1855. 3m 6
Manufactured Tobacco !
aJUST Received direct from the Factory, Thirty
UBoxes CHEWING TOBACCO, comprising
Four Choice Brands, viz: Honey Dew, Oronoco, -
Extra and Premium. For sale by the Box, or at
retail at LOWV PRICES. Don't fail to call and
sample before buying elsewhere.
G. L. PENN, Aour.
Oct 26 tf 41
Good Peach Brandy !
J UST received a large supply of PURE OLD a
at PEACH BRANDY.
s. E. ROWERS, Anar.v
lr....n..~rg, o2 ti 45
i. f.i L EW BY682 Ca ,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
DEALER IN
READY-MADE CLOTHINC,
r M. NEWBY'& CO., under U. S. Hotel, Augusta, Ga., are now receiving the LARGEST,
. BEST and MOST FASHIONABLE ASSORTMENT of
SPRING AND SUMMER READY-MADE CLOTHING,
ver offered in the City of Augusta. In addition to which, we are weekly receiving FRESH
UPPL1ES from our iouse in New York. We also keep constantly on hand a large Stock of
YOUTH'S AND CHILDREN'S CLOTHING.
ALSO, a full assortment of FURNISHING ARTICLES, for gentlemen's wear.
" Country Merchants and all persons visiting Augusta will find it to their interest to
xamine our Stock, as we are determined to offer our Gnods at the lowest prices imaginable.
Auust,. April 3,1854. tf 12
Gleason's Pictorial
For the Year 1855.
M. BALLOU, who has edited the " Pictori.
.ie al" from the commencement, having bought
at the late proprietor, Mr. F. Gleason, will conduct
iis popular and widely circulated paper on his own
ecount. The new volume will be radically improved
I every respect, and will be published on finer pa.
er than ever before, which quality will be continued
enceforth without change. Many new and popular
atures will at once be introduced, and the literary
epartment will present an array of talent and inter.
st beyond anything it has before attempted. The
lustrations will be finer, and by better artists than
ave before been engaged upon the paper, and alto.
ether the publication will be vastly improved and
eautified.
Arrangements have been made for representing
uring the year, views of the most notable buildings
rid localities throughout the United States, as well
giving likenesses of the most prominent charac
ra, male and female, of artists and men of genius,
ich as have, by their own industry and skill, made
r themselves a fortune and a name. In addition
> these, various notable European scenes and oc
arrences will also be given from week to week,
iming a brilliant illustrated journal.
Terms :-Invariably in Advance.-One sub
.riber, one year....................... $3 00
'our subscribers, one year............... 10 00
'en "; "4 t ..... 20 20
W Any person sending sixteen subscribers at
ie last rate, will receive the seventeenth copy gratis.
Address M1. M. BALLOU,
Publisher and Proprietor,
Corner of Tremont and Bromfield St's,
Boston, Mass.
'o the Planters of Edgefield,
GREAT SACRIFICE!
I'WENTY per cent can be saved by buying
BOOTS and SHO'aS at the Planters' Depot.
e Stock is all New and Fresh, and warrant
i to give general satisfaction. Amongst this large
ad well-selected Stock may be found
,000 Pair Mens Heavy Rip Plantation Brogans,
5,000 " " " Ruset " "
5,000 " Boys Rip and Ruset " 1
3,000 " Mens' Ditching and Hunting Boots,
'ogether with a LARGE and SPLENDID Stock
r Ladies, Gentlemen, Boys, Misses and Children's.
Boots and Shoes,
OF THE
LATEST STYLES, AND ALL DESCRIPTIONS.
Among this fine Stock can be had Gentlemen's
'rcch-made Boots and Gaiters. Also, Ladies
'rench Gaiters of Kid Glove Leather.
The Public are respectfully invited to call and
xamine before purchasing elsewhere as Goods will
freely shown and one price asked.
L Please Remember the name and rumber
ROBERT CARROLL,
aPRIETOR OFTitE PLANTss' BooT & SnoE Utroi
No 251 Broad-St., opposite the U. S. Hotel,
Augusta, Georgia.
P. S.-I also keep on hand a large Stock of Ladie
nil Gentlemen's Travelling Trunks, Carpet Bag
nd Valises. Also Misses' School Satchels-all o1
hich will be sold low for Cash. R. C.
Oct 5 Gm 38
F I S K'S
atent Metalic Burial Cases
r IIESE valuable air-tight and indestructible Ca
ses, for protecting and preserving the Dend foi
rdinary interment, for vaults, for tsansportation, oi
,r any other desirable purpose, are offered for sah
this Village, cheap for Ca0h, by
J. M. WITT.
P. S.-I have on hand an assortmieut of all rizes
July 27 tf 28
Notice.
LL Persons anywise indebted to the Estate o
k Anna Anderson, dee'd., are hereby requeste
make immediate payment, and those having de
iands against said Estate will please render in thei
ecounts forthwith, properly attested.
UIEO. .J. ANDERSON, A dn'or.
Dec 6 tf .47
Notice
s thus given to all persons indebted to Mirs
Elizabeth Martin, dee'd., to make immnediat.
ament, and those having demands against said
s'tate, will render them in forthwith, properly at
sted. G. W. BURTON, Ex'or.
Nov 9 tf 43
Caution.
LL Persons are cautioned against tradling for.
. Note given by me, to Mrs. Sarah Robertson
r bearer, fur one hundr ed and ten dollars, for the
ire of ber negro man silas, dated about the last of
-eember 1853, and payable the 25th December
854, for I am determined not to pay it unless 1 am~
mipelled by law, as :he negro was sick the princi.
al part of the year. W. L. PARKS.
Febe 21f 6
Notice to Guardians,
~LL Guardians, Committees and Trustees,
-iwhose duty it is to make annual returns of
eir transactions as such into the Commnissioner's
flie at Edgefield C. 11., arc hereby notified to
ake their returns for the present year by the 10th
SA pril. Other wise, they will be ruled without
eeption. The law must be enforced.
A. SIMIKINS, C. E. E. D.
Com'rs. Office, Jan 29, 1855. 10t 3
State of South Carolina,
EDGEFlELD DISTICT,
IN COMMON PLEAS.
S. E. ]Bowers, )
vs. Foreign Attachment.
J. M1. Robinson.
[ H E Plaintiff in the above case having this day
filed hiis Declaration in my Office, and the De
'ndant having neither wife nor Attorney known to
:side within the limits of this State, on wvhon
>pies of said Declaration with rules to plead can be
rved: On motion of Mr. STrLES, Attorney fo:
Iintiff, Ordered that said Defendan t appear and
lead to said Declaration within a year and a day
'am the date hereof, or final and absolute judgmnen
'ill be awarded against him.
TITOS. G. BACv.N,c. c.E5.D.
Clerks Office, March 6, 18541. ly 12
Notice,
LL Persons indebted to the Estate of A. S
Gregory, d ee'd., previous to his death, will
cake payment as soon as convenient, and those
aving demands will present them in legal form, tc
ri aesge.MARY GREGORY,
THTOS. JONES. ~ Ad'ors
Feb14 3m5
W a n t e d,
GOOD BLACKSMITH, by the month oi
.year, for whom liberal wages will be given
Lpply to the Subscriber, at Edgefield C. HI.
S. F. GOODE.
Jan31 tf 3
Notice,
LL~ Persons indebted to the Estate of Nathar
- A. Norris, dee'd., are hereby notified to maki
arly paynment, and those having demands againsi
id Estate will render them in properly attested
y the first of June next.
A. D. BATFER, Ex'or.
M1z,7 3m' 8
NEW FALL GOODS!
FULL SUPPLIES!
W ILLIAM SHEAR, Augusta, Ga., has re-'
ceived from New York his FULL SUP
PLIESof FANCY AND STAPLE DRY GDODS, em
bracing a large and splendid assortment suitable for
the Fall and Winter season, among which are
Rich Fancy colored Silks, of new and beautiful
styles;
Plain Black Silks, in great variety of style, and
of superior quality;
Rich Paris printed DeLaines, and Fancy of all
Wool Plaids;
Lupin's colored white and black Merinos, and
plain colored DeLaines;
A very large supply of small-figured, all-wool
printed DeLaines, for children, of new and beauti
ful styles ;
English and American Fancy Prints, in a great
variety of styles;
Superior Scotch fancy Ginghams, of new and
beautiful Winter styles;
Elegant French Embroideries, embracing La
dies' Collars, Chemizettes, Undersleeves and Iland
kerchiefs, of new and splendid styles;
Ladies' Black and Colored Cloth Cloaks and Tal
mas of the latest styles;
Ladies. Rich Enibroidered and Plain Paris Silk
Velvet Cloaks; .
A large supply of Ladies', Misses' and Children's
Hosiery, of the best make;
Ladies and Gentlemen's Sup. Gauntlet Gloves;
Ladies' and Misses' Merino and Silk Vests;
Gentlemen's and Youth's Silk and Merino Shirts
and Drawers;
Superior Welch Gauze, Saxony and Silk Warp
and Heavy Flannels;
Superior English Colored Flannels, for Ladies'
Sacks;
English and American Cotton Flannels, of extra
quality;
A very large supply of Mourning Goods, for La
dies' use, of superior quality;
aipTior 12-4 Linen Shectings and Pillow Case
Linens;
Superior 8-4 and 10-4 Table and Damask Dia
pers, some of extra quality;
Rich Damask Table Cloths and Napkins, some of
extra size;
Scotch and Bird's Eye Diapers, extra fine, for
children's wear;
Heavy Scotch Diapers and Hunkabanks, for
Towelling-;
Superior Whitney and Merino Blankets of extra
size and quality;
Superior Crib Blankets;
Also, a great variety of other seasonable articles
suitable for Family and Plantation use. The public
are respectfully invited to call and examine the as
sortment.
W. S. especially solicits a call from his long-con
tinued friends and patrons, and assures them that
no exertions on his part will be wanting to supply
them with the latest and most desirable styles of
Goods, at the lowest prices.
Augusta, Nov 14 tf 44
Hardware and Cutlery.
T O ALL our old friends, we would say, we are
thankjul for past favors, and to all others who
may wish Goods in our line ;-call and see us also,
or send your orders. We will make every effort
(and it is notorious of the Goods we keep) to give
"&general aatisfaction." Our prices SHALL be
in accordance with the times ; always assuring our
customers to sell them at the LOWEST MAR
EKT PRICES.
We have now in Store a fine Stock and are re
eiving weekly. Amongst which may be found,
50 Tons Band and Hoop IRON,
250 " Sweed " assorted,
150 " English " "
200 Smith BELLOWS, all qualities,
500 Kegs " Peru" NAILS,
50 Tons CASTINGS,
100 Dozen Door LOCKS,
100 " Iad "
500 " Till, Chest. Draw and Trunk .ocks,
IUO " A XES, Collins, Levette's and other
mnkes,
10 " Superior BROAD AXES,
500 " JIOES, all qualities.
To enumerate is too tedious. We have the Goods
and want to sell them.
We keep all things necessary for Mills of every
style, Corn Shellers, Straw Cutters, Vices,
A nvils, Smith Tongs. Circular, h and,
anid all other kind of Saws, Screw
and lBales, Knives and Forks,
Pocket Knives, Seissors,
Shears, Screws,
Eolts, Spirit Levels,
Ganges, Candlesticks, P'lanmes,
H orse Shoes and Nails, Brushes,
Coff'ee Mlills, Halter, Trace, Stretch,
Log, lBreast, Continued and Fifth Chains,
Rope, Files of all kinds, a beautiful Lot of
Gunis, of all qualities, Pist..ls, Percussion Caps,
Curry Comnbes, Ganme and Sho~t Bags, Powder
Flasks, D~ram Flasks, Sand and Waffle irons, Braes
and Bitts, Augers, Chisels, Hammers, Drawing
Knives, Mortars, Kettles, Stew Pans, &c., &c.
ROBINSON & JACKSON.
Hlamburg, Dec 4 tf 47
Negro Blankets and Cloths,
W ' 'L i A SH E AR, AUGaSsA, G A., respect
fulyivites the attention of Planters to his
large supply of NEGRO ItLA NK ETS and NE
GRO CLOThS, which he is preparimg to sell at
very low prices.
Augusta, Nov 14 tf 4
STATE OF SOUTH- CAROLINA.
EDGEFIEL~D DISTRICT.
IN COMMON PLE AS.
James M. Richardson,)
~e. Attachment.
Moses Saunders.
Jamies M. Richardson,)
es. Attachment.
Moses Saunders.
T HIE Plaintiff in the above cases having this day
filed his declaration in may Office, and th~e De
fendant having neither wife nor Attorney known to
reside within the limits of this State, on whom copies
of said Declarations with rules to plead can be
served : On motion of Messrs. Spann & Miagrath,
Plaintiff's Attorneys, Ordered that said Defendant
appear and plead to said Declarations within a year
and a day from the date hereof, or final and absolute
judgemnent will be given against him.
THOS. G. BACON, c. c. a. n
Clerk's Office, Mar 6, 1855. Iyq 8
State of South Carolina,
EDGEFIELD DISTRICT.
IN EQUITY.
Amos Landrum and1
James Hatcher, Ad'rs.
vs. Bill for Relief, Iustruc
Barthey Hatcher, rtions, 4-c.
John Hatcher, and
others.J
IT appearing to my satisfaction that John Hatcher,
J.Martin Phillips and his wife Polly, Washington
Hardy and his wife Elizabeth and - Thomas
daughter of John Thomas, reside beyond the limits
of this State, On motion of BoNHAMs & MASa ,
Complainant's Solicitor, Ordered, That the said
Defendants do plead, answer or demur to the bill of
complaint in this case, within three months from
the dato of the publication of this notice, or said bill
will be taken pro confesso against them.
A. SIMKINS, C. E. E. D.
Mar 1, 1855. 13t 8
Notice.
VHE Subscriber contemplating a change in his
..business, early the ensuing spring, earnestly
requests all indebted, toeall and settle their accounts
previous to the first of January next. .Interest will
be charged on ALL accounts of over six months
standing, remaining unpaid at that time.
M. A. R ANSOM, AGEar.
h~uran Dec25 tf 50
South Carolina Institute.
I'3" "''' AR 0r **
CAROLINA INSTITUTE, for the promotion of
ART, MECHANICAL INGENUITY AND INDUs.
rRy, will be held at the New Hall, recently erected
mn Meeting-street, in the city of Charleston, com.
menc o.DNESDAY, APRIL 11,
and continuing open for exhibition until the twenty.
lfth of April.
The Directors of the Institute, take great pleasure
in stating to the public that, by the liberality of the
State and city, they have been enabled toersetala R
commodious and elegant building, capable of hor
inIs main Hall, 3500 persons, and also, in connee 4 k
with it, a very well adapted and spacious 3fACHIN :
ROOM, which will enable ther to furnish sufficient'
power for any kind of Machinery that may be ofred
for exhibition.
Suitable premiums will be given to the best speci.
mens in Art, Mechanism and other branches of In
dustry; also of Cotton, Rice, Sugar, Tobacco, Wheat,
Rye, Oats, Potatoes and other agricultural products.
The Ladies, to whom the Institute has been so much
indebted, are respectfully informed that suitable pre.
miums will be provided by the Committee and award. -
ed to the best specimens in every department of Ldies
work.
The following special premiums are offered:
For the best STEAM ENGINE, a Gold Medal.
For the best model of an improved FIRE ENGINE,
a Gold Medal.
For the best improved SEA ISLANDCOTTON GIN
on some new principle, superior to those now in
general use, or for any real or important improve.
ment thereon, a Gold Medal.
For the invention of asuitable MACHINE FORPUL
VERIZING RED PEPPER, R God Medal.
For the six best specimens, of STEEL, made from
Spartanburg or other Iron, the product of a Sou
thern State, and manufactured into Edged Tools
of any kind, a Gold Medal.
N. B.-A specimen of the Steel in bars to be sent
with the Tools.
For the best specimen of American SCULPTURE, a
Silver Pitcher.
For the largest quantity of COCOONS raised on one
plantation, not less than ten bushels, a Silver
Pitcher or Fifty Dollars.
For the largest quantity of SPUN SILK, the produce
of one plantation, not less than ten pounds, a
Silver Pitcher or Fifty Dollars.
For the best STALLION, a Silver Cup.
For the best MARSH TACKEY STALLION, a Sil
ver Cup.
For the best MARSH TACKEY GELDING, a Silver
Cup.
For the best pairof MARSH TACKEYS, for dranght,
a Silver Cup.
For the best specimen of SUN FLOWER SEED OIL,
not less than one gallon, a Silver Cup.
For the best specimen of RAPE SEED OIL, not less
than one gallon. a Silver Cup.
For the best CASHMERE R AM, a Silver Cup.
For the best CASHIMERE EWE, a Silver Cup.
For the best three-quarter blood CASHMERE KID, a
Silver Cup.
For the best RAM. a Silver Cup.
For the best BOAR, a Silver Cup.
For the best ESSAY ON SOUTHERN GRASSES,
Ruflin Prize Silver Pitcher.
All articles entered for premiums must be sent in on
)r before Saturday, seventh day of April next, direct
.d to the care of the Clerk of the South-Carolina In
itute, Charleston. Articles may be sent after that
lay for exhibition only. Contributors to the Fair are
respectfully requested to send full descriptions of the
krticles and such general Information as may be of use
to the Judges, and suitable for publication.
WM. M. LAWTON, President.
WM. KIRKWOOD, 1st Vice President.
JOSEPH WALKER. 2d Vice President.
W. G. DESAUSSURE, Sec'y and Treas.
DsaECToas.
1. G. N. REYNoLDs, Jr. 7. L. A. EDmoNDITON.
2. J. H. T.syt.oa. 8. J. M. EASON.
3. C. D. CaRa. 9. T. GRANGE SIXoNs.
4. F. J. PoaCHEa. 10. H. CosIA.
5. C. Y. Rrcuianson. I11. E. C. JoNas.
6. Wm. LEnBY. l12. - - .
Jan 24 tf 2
Edgefield & Cheatham Plank R.
FROM and after the 1st May next, the Edgefield
& Cheatham Plank Road will be opened from
Mr. JAMEs GaiMIN's to the junction with the Ham
burg & Edgefield Plank Road, a distance of about
five miles, and the following Rates of Toll' will be
exacted.
Itates of Toll.
Four, five and six horse Wagons, 5 ets per mile
Three " O " 4 " " "
Two '' S 3 " "t "
Two " Carriages 3 " " "
One " " 2 " " "
Horseback travellers, 1 "4 " "
Vehicles on meeting, are each entitled to half the
PLANK TRACK, and the Drivers are required to,
turn io the " RIGHT I"
S. F. GOODE, PasznDatr.
A pril 23, tf 1
A LL Persons inidebted to the Estate of Jacob B.
Smsith ,previous to 1st January last, are re
quested to make payment, and all having demands
against the same wIll h'and them in properly attested.
BENJAMIN WALDO, Ex'ors.
GEO. A. ADDISON.
Aug 10 tf 30
Particular Notice,
To the Stockholders of thre Edgefelid Odd
Fellowes' and Masonic Biuilding Associa
lion :
GENTLEMEN: You will come fotward and
py to Jas. B. Sullivan, Treasuirer, or A. Ramsey,
A gent, the Third inistailment of 10 per ccnt. on your
Stock. And those who have given their Notes for
the Firset and Second Instalments, are earnestly re
quested to take them. up, as we nt ed nioney to have -
the work advanaced. Pleaac respond early.
A. G. TEAGUE, Pres't.
JIune 22 tf 22
Ad iitao' Notice.
A LL Persons hiaving demiands against tho Estate
of Win. 11. Adiams,,1lee'd., are hereby notified
to present the same, lirioperly attested, for payrment,.
and those who are indebted to the Estate, are re
quested to make payment to
'E. PENN, A dm'or.
Jan 24 tfi 2
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
EDGEFILD DISTRICT.
IN EQUIITY.
MW. S. Martin, Ex'ors of1
Robert Martin, dee'd.
vsg. Bill for Accounts, Ac
John Marsh, an
N. Ilankerson adothcrs J
I N Pursuance of the Order of Chan. WAnn:.AW
Lin this eause, all and smngular, the Creditors of
the Defendant John Mtarah, claiming under the
assignment executed by the said .John Marsh, when
amited to the bene.fit of tho insolvent Debtors Ac- -
count, arc hercby required to be and appear in
my Officc on the nineteenth day of May next, to
make proof of their respective demands. In de
fault ot' which they will be excluded from all benefit
of th Deeree to be pronounced in this cause.
A. SlMKlNS, c. z. z. r.
Feb 21 3m 6
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
EDGEFIELD DISTRIUT.
IN COMMON PLE AS..
S. F. Stevens,
rU. Foreign Attachment.
Chas. T. Harris.)
'H E Plaintiff in the above ease having this day
filed hia Declaration in my Office, and the
Defendant having neither wife nor Attorney to re
aide within the limits of this State, on whom a copy
of said Declaration with a rule to plead can be
served, On motion of Mr. AnAhis, Plaintiff's Attor
ney, Ordered, That said Defendant appear -and
plead to said Declaration within a year and a day
from the date hereof, or final and absolute judgment
will be given against him.
THOS. G. BACON, c. c..z. ri.
Clerk's Office, A pril 17, 1854. 3y J4
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
EDGEFIELD DISTRfCT,
IN COMMION PLE AS.
Milledge L. Bonhamn and
Wmn. MW. Burt, 1De4ti mbeba.
's
Johni Hill.J
W HIER EAS the Plaintifie did on the eighth day,
Tof March, A. D., 18546 E their declaratioin
against the Defendant, who (as ist ia said) is abaend
from and without the limits o( tiit State, and had.
neither wife nor Attorney kutown witl1#n the same,
upon whom a copy of the said deelataion umigh~t be
served, It Is therefore caened,~ Tha the said De
fendant do appear- and ple#d to said declaration,
within a year and a dal from this date, otherwise
fnal and absolute juidgme~nt will he given and
awarded against him. T. (G. DACON, c. . D.
Clerk's O~ioe, Oct 3,1854. lyq 38
Nottios
I8 Heeby ivento all parties concerned,'that a .
FN LSETI'LEMIENT of the Estate of John
Anderson, dee'd., will bo made at the Ordinar's
Office of Edgefleld District, on the 3d day ofApi
1855. All persoas who -have demands against th
Estate, will in the meantime, render them in pro
perly attested, and those Indebted are required. to
make payment. JOHN F. TALBELRT, Ad'r.

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