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LXTT!R No. III.
TiE PRACTICAL ISSUE. in attempting .toset forth the practical conse rdeces of tie success of this Order, the only difiult I-can experienpe, is in securing atten tion to 'danger which are involved. We have been so, long blessed with internal tranquiltiy; so alarge a proportion-of our fellor-citizens have never had any other idea of internal dissension, than sdeh as are 1erived from the contemplation of it at'a distance , and the task is so difficult,t and of rare. accomplishment,-to bring home to ourselves the condition of others, and realize in eurselves, the unhappiness to. which they maybe doomed: that-he who attempts' to set forth'tlie perils of certain-measures, begins with a convic tion, that'to a great extent, his argument may appear too highly colored ;'and even if not so -considered, that its effect is by so much short of what it should, be, as the inexperienced conjec ture of, evil, falls short -o? its reality. Yet in - this ease, t .will. be so easy to point out the evil consbqnbes which. must ensue; and these con seqgpences will so clearly appear to be, not only of-a.pablio, but even 6f a private nature, that I trust,I will-not fail, in awakening all who may rea4this, to a just conception of the dangers, that in the .operations of this Order, are at once imminent and-concealed. The first peculiAr feature'of this Order, is, that it requires obedience to its Grand Council, under. the.obligation of an oath : that this Grand Coun cil isclothed with authority for the accomplish moni of certain.political purposes; and that the - nebomplishment'cf these purposes is to be ob tain'ed through 'the selection of certain persons . for certain offices; that this plan, conducted thnronghout the United States with all possible coert among the members of the 'Order in the various States, must, or isidtended to result . in the possession of the Government, and the dontrol of itjor the purposes admitjad as hav ing induced the formation of the Order. This purpose, Imaintain, is at war with the-duties of the citizen of the United States: at war with the principles of our Government: at war with the-Constitution of the.United States. in the first #lace, the citizen of the United %ttes owes his highest duty to his country, and not to any party'orcique. And an organization. which 'he-allows to assert paramount control over him, so that for a purpose not sanctioned by the Constitution of the United States, he shall yield to-it implicit submission, is'hpstile to the duty he owes his country, and hostile to the Constitu 'tios. Is the exclusion of the disqualifeation of the nasturalized citizen, of the Roman Catholic, sanc tioned 'by the Constitution? Show me the clause !. So far from being there, its opposite is there. All adpit, that under the provisions of thit instrument, (and to its integrity and free dou from. interpolation- or addition, no people have been more strenuous than the people of this State,) a citizen-naturalized, no matter what may be his religion, is entitled to ady'office, ex ceptthose.specially named, for which he may be elected.. If then this Order, as it does, proposes to'is members, that a citizen naturalized. or a Roman Catholic, shall not be elected to office; and having resolved this, swears its members to the accomplishment.of this exclusion; is it-not apparent-that a thing is done, or attempted to be done, which is at war with- the Constitution of the United.States; and- therefore with the duty of the citizen7whose highest civil duty is to pro tect that instrument ? But it is said that this, which-is now condemned, is really nothing more than what is done, and has been done, by the yo. -litical paties which' have divided the country;, 'and that -the exclusion of the Whig or Demo erazt, as-the case might be, when the one or the other of these parties was in power, is the same, uas tlie efetproduce~d by the reles of this Order. Tfut4Jlo .difference is too pl::in to be mistaken. - .Batb these parties.have been, and are, public in.ail respeets.~ Their principles public; their meetings .publie; their -measures public; their . (men public. It could not be otherwise,,when is no part or piarty organization in the United States, held to be so obje~tionable and idle, as that of the Caucus ::and I may add, so useless. This oath, then, is the improvement, and to it I now propose to~ -address myself. I deny that any man, or set of men, have the right or power to administer or take an oath, touching a matter *which pertains to the discharge of7 a public duty, unless aneci oath is prescribed by the constituted ainthorities of the country, and administered by its 4,fiLeers. *For .what purpose is the oath taken ? To con secraite,.by the highest of human responsibilities, certaien obedience to some rule, or the perform ance of some duty. Who has the right to re quirk it? The Sovereign, and no one else. Who has the. right to administer it'? No one but the delegate ifr that Sovereign.. And neither in the - United States, nor inthe State, is it allowed that 'one shbuld administer an oath, without special authority coniided for that-purpose. And if this is so. in public -mitters of -ordinary impiort, how much more must it be so, when the act or duty is of a verj high publie character. This native born eitize'n, unless on his acceptance of some offipie or trusat, makes no oath preliminary to his enjoym'ent of the right of citizeuship ; his birth i-' held suffieierit to ensure his allegiance. The oath,-then, so far as it is used to secure obedi. enco-to the Government,-or enforce the perform. a-ice of ~public duties. belongs to the Sovereign authority,.and righitfully so. Common prudence and c-ommon seuse, would. place it no where else. . Now, although.the oath is not adminisleeted 'to higm who isa native, yet itisfrom the oath which - is administered toi the naturalized citizen,- that we leiarfz what is thie duty ofrboth. .Unquestion - ably i't is not held, that'a.different class of duties - belong.to the naturalized cijizen atnd the native born. Thle duty of.citizenship is one and' the saime. In Romne it wa's, that the Commonwealth should receive no..hurt. With us it is, to pre serve, protect, nndbdefend the Constitution of thec United States.. What is meant by preserv: *ing, protecting, and. defending the Constitution of the'United States? Is-it that one should -omit from it, what lhe thinks wrong; or add to it, what ho thinks judicious? Such a construe 'tioni is palpably wrong. It must mean, to pre serve protect, apd-defend that instrument as it is written. But if that instrument entitles one and all to oertain privileges without reference 'to certain tests, is it consistent with that'instru -ment to apply piertain tests,'in the enjoyment of 1such - privilegres under that instrument? Is. it +consistent fdi- us to dis'charge our duties under 'the Constitution, in' a manner 'different from -what is prescribed by' the Constitutiont Cer talnly. not. Yet is-not this done, when, proceed .ing to diischarge our duty under the Constitu tion, we create certain tests to determine our edaduct, -not sanctioned by the Constitution, anid inded forbidden by 'it ? And if to secure thi.necodiaplishment of this polidecal purpose, an dath is administered; is net the oath, so admin istered, an tisurpation 'of power' by Sim who undertakes to administer it; and on' the part of ~him who takes it, does it not-involveor create a conflict, bptween the obligation whieh the tak ing-of it -crentes, and that obligation- trhich is 4ivolved on him by 'his citizenship, sa' the ex >lanation of which is-found in the oeath of the 'stata-lzed citizen? - s-Te responsibilities of a citizen ar atly -.~to bet,.qnder God, to his .country.. 'hre ~14 responsibility -of the members 'ftis -Toits Grand Council, or its constitu te~u~ whatever its designation. Rend ita ~ QlSulan~tsrules, its pledges; and tefl-me ;:obi tt7'elate,s and in what do they all centrd?' 'Graer,and nothing outsid'e of the Oirf a nember fails in his duty, or what -is so- lled, to the-Order, the sentence of ezpo stre, degradationandenfhmy i$ deelared against him. 4nd -hiq,.t6o, witha degree of puablicity, and attended with aiheumitances, calculated to trezte the strongestImpiressions soa Jis:mind, 'who may- be -thretteeteeltisdt. Who thus napumes to goern? GTbhis .Order. Who .as -sols'the right tao.pnnishT- ThiiO'rder,. T ~what Ondis-the government thsasswued sflat'purposeS is ponishme6t-im'~d. ~o Uee the imiplicit Qbiedienee of the-memiber, i erfhs i- duties to. .thesvish ethihit~ihe Oder-ai-prnounoe4d.through MeltoGrnd-Council. I ask, then is thes qpember bound to the Governmer.t ,of.t4 United.Statpes, or to thi. Order? We canjiot 6esitpte, however it ma empiir of thi right to boedst af'indi vidual independence, to acknowledge ihat many, many men, having rashly undertaken the pledge required by the Order, would rather in private endure the conviction of having done wrong, than undergo the sentence of being read out in every Lodge in these United States, as a purju. rer, and one with whom 'theve could be no faith. Take the history of secret societies fg political purposes, especially such as have declared in themselves a power to punish for defection or treason to them, and you will there find the evi dence of a control. over their members acquired through the fear of punishment, greater than theveriest despot has ever known. And may' I not add, that in the enforcement'of that punish 'ment, no human tribunals have ~eqialled them in the merciless exactions they make, or the terrible cruelty with -which they execute their vengence. But another objection, not less important than that just considered, is to be found in the fact, that not only is the member, as.we have'seen, withdrawn from his duty to the Sovereign, and transferred to the control of the Grand Coun cil; but by the rules of this Order, in the dis cretion confided to him as to how far he will admit a knowledge of membership, either in himself or others, a control is attempted to be exercised over the moral and religions obligation which We all acknowledge to Truth, that cannot be defended. And in this, top, appears the obli gation of the member, clearly inconsistent with the laws of the land. In tfie Court House he is sworn to tell the truth-the whole truth-and nothing but the truth. In the Lodgeshe .is sworn not to reveal or disclose the secrets of the Order; or the names of .his fellow members, nor his own membership, if he shall consider it for the interests of the Order not to do so. As a witness, he must swear to speak the truth: as a member of the Order, he must swear not to disclose certain things, which, in a Court of Justice he may be required to disclose. Which of these oaths will he recognize? And if there is a possibility that he may consider the oath to his Order more binding, then does. the Order stand before the country, as attempting, whether -successfully or not, to pervert the truth; and in that, to destroy the proper administration of Justice, in the, constituted tribunals of the country. I do not ask that any- one should con sider this a certain consequence: I only ask that he should consider it.possible; and then, if you can reconcile the propriety of that position which makes it possible, that a citizen, in the discharge of his duty as a witness, in a Court of Justice, may consider his obligation there to speak the truth, inferior to the binding efficacy of another obligation, undertaken in his Lodge, to withhold or suppress the truth. So far as I have understood the objects pro posed by that, combination which existed here some years ago, and was known as the Native American Party. I consider that great injustice is done, when this Order is said to be the same as that. The principle of that Party was tht extension of the Naturalization Laws. I do not know that more than this was proposed,or desired. Now the mere proposition to extend the period of naturalization, is, I concede, a matter of fair discussion.. It. was a subject of fair discussion soma years ago, when the Law was passed, by which it was fixed at five years: it would be still a subject of fair discussion, whether that period should be retained, or in creased; and I am-prepared to do this justice to the members of that Party, that I do not see how, in the entertainment of their opinion, they could.be consider'ed as hostile to the naturalized citizen. I may not agree.. with them as.to tihe i'ecessity for an alteration of the law; but, whether they are right or wrong, hostility to the naturalized citizen can no niore be piredicated'of their opinions on the question of the Naturali 'nation Laws, than of their opinions on the Ta riff, or a Bank. They proposed no test, certain lf, of a religious character. They devised no invidiouis distinctions between classes of citi 'zens- A conscientious conviction mightf very. well lead a naturalized citizen to cdncur with them, in the opinion they held, that the welfare members of that Associatio.n gave not only pub lication to their principles, butalso to the names of their members. They did nothing in se cret, for they hiad no purpose in seeret to accomplish. What they proposed was not for themselves, but for the country. Their meetings were intenided to secure a public measure, not to subserve a private purpose, which, if made public, was certain of defeat; and could only succeed under cover of secrecy.. I differod with them; but I believe that their motives Iwere pure. and -hondirable; and their conddct proved them superior to the apprehien. sion of being in a minority. They seemed to men then to have not suffi ciently cdnsidered this matter; wvhich, however iaas pertinent now, as it was then. They be lieved that the facilities afiorded for naturaliza tion were too great, and thlat the -acquisition of citizenship at so easy a rate, diminished itsa value. To enlarge the time of probation was then by' .themn prdposed as a remedy. But it has never occurred to those-who argue against the Natu ralization Laws as they nowv stand, to eniquire whether these laws are bad; or whether it is the administration of them which is bad. If the - making of a citizen is .held to be a high judicial act-if the witnesses were to be produced in open Court-it they felt that the same conse quences would follow thre commission of perju ry in that, as in any other casi--if the applicant was made to see, and feel, ini the circumnstances which surrounded him when he made his appli. 'ention, that the act he was about to undertake was held to lbe of a solemn and imposing kind -if he realized in all that hes saw arolind him, the evidence of the change that lie was making in his ownposition--in one word,'if the ceremo ny of. citizenship was properly performed would not the effect be widely different, from that which results from the loose and unques 'tion'ed manner in which this imnportant duty is performed? No oaths admiinistered in a Court, are attended with so little of ceremony-so ut terly divested of all impressiveness-as those whieh-.are required- in the making of a. citizen. And if it.is so, that the true obligations of citi zenship are not appreciated, it would not be surprising, thats one should lightly estimate a distinction, which is so carelessly and uncere moniously -conferred. But- reform all this-let the Judge who presides while a citizen is made, be felt by the applicant as a Judge should be let the applicants realize that the oath is.no shal low form, but in case of its being not truly taken, that certain punishment will ensue, and as a part of that punishment, infamous degrada tion-and is it supposing too much,. when we say, that if the Officer appointed,. to administer the-Law, wohld thus indicate and maintain the chardter of the Law, that the same scenes would not be attempited, which we are told so often are enacted? At least, -would it not be. well t'o try what would be the effect of a whole-. some adniinistration of. the Law, before the Law is condeinned, as vicious> - AM much greater i4ngth, than I intended when I commenced these Letters, I have hieenled intl this attempt to discuss the -objects..sand conse quences of this Order. Afetr words more, wil[ suffice for all that I desire to say. I believe that' this Order, into which, as wre are led- tolbelieve, -so many of our fellow-citizens have bien unwit 'tingly. admittea,' is , but one of the, fo'rms, in. which tis disturbed and disturbing elements in 'the Free soil States, for yeiirs past, have so unceasingly exhibited themselves. That its thirst for power, is sure to find in the turbid streamn of. Abolition, thbe only means with which to slakeit. That however, with its- siecious petexts, it may for a time limpose on those who give too free a reinto their prejudices;. or those who, obedient to a ready impulse, yield them. selves, it mayabe mistaltenly, and perhaps'hion estly, to whatever is novei, and is asserted to be good; enougli has been already developed, and more will be certaidly developed, to convince all, that its only end, its great oflice, is to be discharged, in seciirity Tor some few that promo tin, which, without this' aid, they. would atrive for in vain. Let the'.tree he judwed of by its fruits. Who have been selected .Ey thia Order titoexponents, in places where: its power was smreme,-and its choied,- there'foreguncontrolledi ! Gadiner, the Governor elect. of Maasachu sea or Wilson, thie Senator,, or. auf ofq-e nebrgf aogress fromi that State, entitled sIor' Order ? If so, H eav'ep.'frbid, ths teg.'b n' OrdeL where stieh men ~'are vania, its exponents? -If so, let there be some other help to Truth, Justice, and the Constitu. tion, than is to be derived from what .they do, or say, or write? They, profess to keep the Slavery out of the Political contentions of the day. Show me the.one who does not go for the repeal of'the Kansas and Nebraska Bill the restoration of the Missouri Compro nise and the interdiction of another Slave State to the Union? They go for the Virginia and Ken tucky Resolutions. Show me the one of them, who does not consider this a consolidated Gov ernment, and who does not regard the principle of State'Sovereignty as a chimera. They swear to support the Constitution. But in the'places where they swear mrost stoutly, Congress is obliged to create new safeguards for the officers in the discharge of their duties; and their jails, and public places, are refused for the enforce. ment of the laws - of the country. Penalties visited on those who-undertake the risks of en forcing the laws; and rewards "and hosannahs to those who violate' them. Not indifferent to the Law, but studiously regardless'of it; not so much opposed to the Constitution, as the insti tution of Slavery recognized in the Constitu tion, and made part of it:, they have in the Free States come- together, from all quarters, of all shades of politics, animated and.- united by one purpose-and that purpose, if evwi-accom plished, ends in Revolution. The denial of one. right existing by force of law,.leads only to the denial of another: -the denial 'of.vested politi cal rights, leads to the denial of vested legal rights: the-challenge of the right to office,'pre cedesthe challenge of the 'right of property; the establishment of one aisqualification leads to another: and thus at a glance may we dis cover, the certain consequences of this Order, which introduces itself to us'as the- harbinger of peace and purity. It denounces Party Organization: no organi iation 'has ever been attempted, so thorough dnd. despotic, as that which it exercises. It cuts off the men who have done good service to the. country, because of an allegation of selfish views on their part: it substitutes men, whose elevation shocks the sense of the Nation. It reprobates what is called the corruptions of elections; it. stimulates them-for its own purposes, and to achieve its own success, to a degree never'be fore'known. It professes to' lead us back to the times of the Revolution, when civil and po litical freedom, and religious toleration, were established ; it gives. us a list of disqualifications, soon to appear in the form of proscription; and commends to the undeviating obedience of.its faithful, the practice of the greatest intoleration. Look to Boston.- See there its rapid stride. There, where its power enables it to act without the restraint, which, elsewhere,' a wholesome presence suggests; see there, where the trusted men of the land, Everett, Lawrence, and others, in their quiet retreat, have been alarmed, at the bold hands with which it has assailed the Judici ary, in the attempted removal of Judge Loring, and have entered their ' rotest against such prp ceedings. And what was lis offence? He dared to maintain the Constitution.' But in whose favor? In favor of the rights of the Southern Slaveholder. . This is his crime. For this, he is to be removed. And yet we are' told that this is a Party-,.to which the People of~ the South should look with favor ! . That henceforth, we must forget the respect with which we. have regarded the men whose councils .have guided us; and transfer it toathe new men whom this Order prodaces: and the men who have battled tor us, and fell victims3 to their devotion to the Constitution, are to be still furthei- mutilated by us, with- our own hands; andibhis is to be the sacrifice we offer, to attest ouYr fitneis for the .new Order. Verily, it will be a-fitting ceremo ny, and will be by us worthiily-perfomed, whem we submit ourselves to become the instruments, with which their-suce~ss is-to be complete.. To what condition :we of the South are to be led, When we have by our oaths consolidated our selves with this Order, is botter seen by the fol lowing letter from Simo~n Cameron, in his can vass for a -seat in the. -Senate of the United maiy expect to be, a member of the Order. The following is an authentic' copy of the let ter of Sitnon Cameron, in reply to the letter of J. M. Kirkpatrick. Esq., a member of the State Legislature, from the city of Pittsbuirg, in regard to which there has been much speeulktion in political cirles: H AILRISBUitG, Feb. 9, 1855. DEAR Siit-I - have at 12 o'clock, received your'letter of, this morninganreltoii mediately.gndrpyti;i To your first interrogatory: " Have you, ever, at any -time, been, or are you now, or will you ever be, in favor of' the so-called Kansas Nebraska bill, passed by Conm gress at its last session 1" -. Answer-From the day it was introduced in the Senate to this time, I have been opposed to the bill, noreshall I eve-r favor it. 2d. " Would you, if elected to the Senaute of the United States, use aJI honorable and fair means to efie?t' the reateration of the so-called MIasouri Compromise, whicha was literally and virtually abrogated by the passage of the afore said Kansas-Nebraska bill.?" in anawer-I would. - 3d. " Would you, if elected to ttio Senate of the United States, use all honorable and fair means in your power, to effect a repeal of what is commonly known as the " Fugitive Slave Lawv ?" Answer-The 'passago' of the compromise measures was acquiesced in by the.North, and I had hoped the -questions growing out of it had been settled ; but, as the South has been the first to violate it, I hold the bill sbbject to revlsion, and will act with tItc North apon this, and 'ol questions connected with the subject of-slarery .-In answer-- will. 4th,' " Do you secocgnize the right of Con gross, and if so, would you act upon spehi right, and use your vote and 'influence to legislate for all Territories nowv belonging or which may hereafter be acquired by the United States, to the utter and entire exclusion gf slarpry or invol untary, servilude in said Terntories-?* -My answer is that 1~ recogijize the right, anfd would so legislate. ' - - 5th. " Would' you-oppose, by-all and every honorable and fair means in your power, the ex tension of slavery and ihvoluntary servitud.e over Trerritory now free, or anywhere-or any tiine,. now or hereafter, wherever or whenever 't may be endeavored, by its friends, to introduce it I'" For an answer tp this, I could readily refer to. my Senat orial- course-especially my 'vote on the Wilmot Provtso ; but that there may be no mrse understanding, I emphatically answer in -the affirmative. 6ih. " Would you at all times,-and upon all occasions, protect and preserve inviolate in this respect, as in all others,'the rights, immunities, and privileges of the North,as guayantied to them by our, constitution and 'laws, against any and all encroachments of our sister States, comprising and composing the Southern part of our niational confederacy J" . . Answer-A Northern man who' would not protee'tand' preserve the rights of'the North, is' unworthy of the respect of any honorable man,. and. for those rights' I would battie until, the 'last,either inna pablic of private ation. 7th, "Are you .in favor. of,. and would you vote; aet, and use yourinfluence in favor ef sudh - a system..f public 'rate sand -duties a-would most effectually, .anid beyonid all doubt, guard our home industry and manufactures against foreign competition and pauper labor I" .. 'Answer-My .principlps have always been imi favor of the "4merican System;" I have never doubted as' to what was the -trus policy of-the country, an'd 1 answei- your 'intorrogatory ift ihn airmative. ' - - ' ' -- 8th. " Do you still, inmgthis respect; adhere 'to and abide by the sentimeunts and:doctrines eon. taned in the speech delivered, by. you in the Seate of the United States, on the 19th day of July, 1846 ?" -- Answer-I most certaifnly do. 9th.. "Do you recognize. the right pf on ress to'legislate a'nd make r.ppropriatiqua for theimprovement of our rivers and> harbors l' . I-do recognize the right-geatly .deplore-t'he Exetive vetoes on this subet, And 'wili-us. everf mebans jn miy-powern or thet piass ige of. bilfl. for the.imppivlmentpf thge rivers,apn4 hztr brs.' 1'oth. "'r yic oui'n avr of sueh a ohingid'itO on.. notinn- laws, nistnirrirnd th the ntatnanhian tion of- foreign citizens, as compel all of them arriving in this country.'fter the passage of such an Act, to remain'.. this country at least.twenty-one years before being entitled to the rights of suffrage as they ossess them, and will you use your vote uence to ac complish su . change4". This, your last interrogato.answer in the affirmative. It :was noon when I recd your letter. Visitors and: friends have- c ded my room since -.commenced writing f' I should h'rave written more in detail; Yoi paries were di rect and to the point. Still trust regret that I had not time .to. 4liborato , f-more fully. Very-respectfully.yoIrs, .eERO " LIMO CAMERON. - J.M. KIrBPATRICK, Esq. lHuse of Repre sentatives. Thisletter was. used in ,know Nothing caucus to ipduce the friend David Wilmot to support Cameron, and' ha n privately ex hibited to the Whigs and.9 I _r.Nothings of the Legislature, to satisfy .tleathat he agreed with them upon their respectIve points and doe. trines. It will be seen, that hegoes farther than. even Seward himself upon th bolition question, and thAt he is willing to'meet the Whigs and .Enow Nothings on all the arises o.'their faith. . And the following -R-esolt9n, adopted at .Pittsburg, may be aptly' read lLonnection with the letter: o s "A large meeting of the of itsburg was held on the 23d instant; i relation'to the quesiionrof Senator, which, sout;;expressing anypreference for either ef candidates pass. ed-the following Resolution Resolved That the- man sen for that sta tion should be a statesman, ; not a mere poli. 4itian-that he should be a fresh from the ranks of the pedple-clhd -i " erican raiment, and not.in the cast-off ga ents of Whiggery and'Bemocracy. -. Resolved, That our-ropies tativea be earnest ly requested :to support no man for United .States Senator, who is not In favor of the fol lowing measures:- . ' -1. A total.repeal ofourNasralizgon Laws, or an extension of the term to twenty-one years, with suck1 guards as may lid'niecessary to pre vent the enormous -frauds now continually per petrated. 2. 'The repeal of all' ActsY Congress in any way sustaining or recogniaiig' chattel slavery, and the prohibition of. slavery in all territory overwhich Congress has jurisdiction in this res pect. . 3. The eneouragement of domestic manu factures, by sddh duties upbn foreign articles as may be required to raise a- dent revenue to sustain the Governmentsn ' enable it to per form its duties to the people ' 4. Liberal appropriation sto the improvement of our rivers and harbors. 5. A total prohibition o( the importation of the criminals and paupers which the Old Worfd is now:- omiting upon .dour'rhres. Resoled, That we deeinit inexpedient to re commend any one as the aan to be supported by our Representatives;. but that we earnestly request them to unite with'others in the hall of the House, inathe electionjof a man,-such as we have described, for the imha. t station so soon' to be filled." 'If,'by the mere expec on of support from its power, men of note andinark will .thus be come pliant instruments in its hands; and, well informed as to its darling purposes, will so rea dily pledge themselves ".tact with the North, upon all questions conneefed with the subject of slaver-y;" to exerf, tiniselves for the " utter and entire exclusion of slavery or involuntary servitude in the Territories f'if from this Order, candidates expecting favoipconfidently refer to their votes-on the " Wild~ 'Proviso: and, by. way ofimaking completegsgit ircle of mystifica tion, and falsehood, andns tice, pledge them serves to sustain the 'ih ,f the North, against the encroachments o ti~ Southern S3tates ; -(Heaven save the manrkit)'aurel~ some cheat has been practised on meneothesouth; or some .mnadness has seized theri ibefore. they can be --1---at- 4Langmainmn with those .wt of the results we have elffibited? - I have not, I am sure, tolored too deeply, the picture now presented of . the consequ'enees sof this Order, whether considerid socially, morally, or .politically.. ' Of all~ internal dangers, with which we have been threatened, this is the most serious. Personally, its provisions, -unless ex tended, would never reach me. I am not a for eigner; nor am I a Roman Catholic. But I am ii Free-man. That I can only be, while the land in whi'ch I live is free. And -that land is no -longer free. when the Constitution is violated : the privileges conferred by it, denied: the will of an-irresponsible body made to supersede the provisions of the Law: odious, and degrading, because disqualifyinjr, disiinction created.: and the principle and practice of Religious Tolera tion repudiated and repealed. DIABOLCAL. ATTEMPT TO PorsoN iN EN'iRE WEDDinG PanR!Y IN YVBGINA..-We find dite following letter, dated Emory~ and Heniry Col lege, Washington county, Virginia, May 30, in th~e Petersburg Express .of yesterday. If the facts set forth are true, we have no language sufficiently strong to express the deep horror we feel in eontdiplating the fiend that could perpe trite such a .crime. The letter states that, on the evening~ of the 22d uIt., H. S. Kane, Esq., an ominent liwyer of -Seott county, and' Mis 'Sarah, daughter of Col. Andernon, were married at the ma'nsion of the bride's rather. On. t1e following eveniing a large company having as sedibl'ed at the residence of the Kanes, at a late .hourit-wa's. found that most of the party who liad partaken of a lot of. custard were suffering from the effects of somne deadly poison:' There wei-e.so many affected that-the number who escaped were; searcely able- to attend' to theirsuftering-frienids, and the ffreates4 .terror and consternation -prevailed. Two physicians wereat the scene of distress and sulfering, as soon as they could possibly attend, after being sent for, and .pronounced the sick present all pdisoned. Upon examining and' analy.zing the 'ustard, it was found to be'strongly imp- -nated ith arseniq,' I have been unable to obtaid the names of the.partiks, but r'egret to state, that at latest ae. ,eounts, sonme twenity or twenty-fiveo of t~hose who partook of the poison, were not expected to live.. The. foung and beautiful bride, was among the number mos.t seriously affected. As yet, my informant states, not one has been suspected, the servants being all sick, as they ad also eat freely of the poisoned .4deliency. The greatest consteriation and excitement pre vails in Scott and dle adjacent counties, and persons. were too nmuch a overcome at the idea of such- a wholesitle taking of humali life, to institute any inves gtion, or' adopt nieans for the detection of the -villians who perpetrated this ltorrid.deed. - - WEZ~ S~oxEN.-. foreign born correspon det of the Pittsburg Christian Advocate makes thefollowing poing: "I.have renoipapd', on my oath, citizenship in all countries, and am I then to be denied In this? Thie Arabs orihedIartars might refuse to ad-. mieme to thir rights, but even their-sense of -onor .would forbid them to -'thus- epsnmare me. ..I ist b~ lost to every- countr, aiM every cous~g, lQat to -me savo.that country irher'e thrm of man cannott saw 'the seajes of justicef ~I read my Biblein the lan guage of Luther nd learned to be a Protestant; and from my-BibM and Wesley I learned to be a Methodigt.- N4 one; asks me to disbelieve the Bible, because I cie from India; Protestantism -because Wesley *as an' Englishman; No one refues me a me bership in the church, because I was born-a fore or. I cain join them in pails. ingGod forHis vore, and' invoking His bless-' ig on our count ; I can commune with -them *at theosacrament bord; and yet,-..refusing me a vote, they will. 4t their ballot,-.side by side, with the vllest in ividual thsat ever disgraced the. siI on which he7 b0Fn, Goon AavIC. ard. against vanigy. Never st It-ba a questi~~ whiether thi, or that opiinion should. a1t-tratittntion to your person. Look only for the evld e-.follow the light-and be.. content with~the ection, that -you have. deserv ed, whethiei yeu ve-gained, or not, :ilhe appro Batlonr' of jouir'f lowvs. Wisdom will eveniqal If e justified o f all her-children. The triumphs ofT vanity are slidrt-tholse 'f truth everlatig. ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR, EDGErIELD, S. C. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20, 1855. . w Several advertisements, communications and dbituary notices have been crowded out this week. They will all appear in their proper places in our next issue. MASONIC FESTIVAL. ATTENTION is directed to the invitation given by the Hamburg'Lodge of Masons to their brethren " of the same faith and order" in this District and in Au gusta. It evinces at once the cordiality of the true Mason and the courtesy of the polite citizen; and we recommend all interested to accept the proffered invi tation in the spirit which dictated it. ".. EDITORIAL OF COLTER r SCOOTER. Wz are-a little too deep in the grass this week for any editorial this issue; but if we ever do get out, we'll keep out if we can, and let 'our readers know how we did get out-that is, in time for next year's operations. "C iLEBlS"-41t SEARCH 0' A WIlE I WE have pleasure In presenting to our readers a very nice-and agreeable letter from the little -city of Augusta, by an intelligent writer who signs himself " CarLass." Such a favor from such a source is highly appreciated. Will not our accomplished and spirited correspondent repeat the kindness during his absence I If he be really "in search of a wife," as we conjecturally suggest in the caption, perhaps his peregrinations will continue-to classic Athens, it may be, or Sparta, or some such charmed spot-be. fore 'the fai'Georgian of his heart shall be found. An account of these ramblings would be delightful; and, if they are-enacted, we -claim the way-side dottings. , In the present letter of " Crr.zes," will be found an admirable sketch of the Georg'a Supreme Court, a life-picture of STEruENS, &c., &c., to all of which we invite especial attention. GREEN CORN. A FINE iness'of this delicious vegetable has fallen to our share through the kindness of: a friend. We are much obliged, and hope for his garden- as abun dant a supply of the latter rains as it appears to have received of the early. More than this, as he is in his second year of regular house-keeping, we wish for him a good garden for the next twenty at least. Some of us have kept house long enough to believe that a well-managed vegetable garden is.more than half the battle in' the business of the 'cuisine.'-By-the-bye, we think COLTR .& ScooTEa might broach this theme-a little oftener. That they may be encouraged to do.so, we will send them the fresh shucks off of that corn we are writing about. (The ears we posi tively cannot spare.) Accept -them, outsiders, and, having snuffed up their fresh smell until you are fully reminded of the plump-grained fruit they erst en. veloped, give us a good article on the subject. THEM FLOWERS, OH I THAT inky personage, who imagines (and not with, out foundation) that he is a very important member of the " Advertiser" corps, claims a place for the follow. ing product of the old up-stairs machine. It was grinded out in honor. of a mammoth boquet sent to the .young 'un by some of the pretty lasses about town: "-Such liowers,-by the powers, never before wern seen-so finely fixed and graceflully mixed with whiti arid red-and green! *If all the jpople could see-that steeple of Palmett blooms and Roses, they'd envy the wight who bek. the right to such a mountain of posies. Ah! sweetest maid, dont b's afraid to send sucl favors often; their chtarming smell (which I love a< well) the hardest hearten would soften. And not pray hear, my dearest dear, your own true Ioverswea that he adores you--and hereby implores you to senc hiia luck or your hair." "LOOK OUT--THE RIDERS ARE UP 2" THtUs writes'to us a friend from above who has ac surveyors on the Aiken and Nine intelligence as he wsas by the apparition. From whsa he says however, we judge that poor old -Edgeliel< Village is to have no place in this picture ttnder ari circurhetanp'es. Thie Greenville & Columbia- Compa ny will doubtless go on with their survey, locate th s'road and build it in a styli that shall captivate al beholders. But to our Tinygn it will stand in prett much the same light that the hoe-cake did to the ho who had no part nor lot in all its smoking attractioru " That's a mighty good hoe-cake," said he, eyein the plump pone with wistful gaze, " but its nothingt me." Well, so let it be. We are not' prevented by thm circumstance of our Village's exclusion, from wishin the enterprise speedy completion .and entire muccess It will be a benefit of no little importance to a larg and esteemed portion of our District, and we heartil sejoige with them in-the prospect. In the meantime the Savannah, Valley Company'- remains as the onl: stay and hope of the Court House people.. Let ther grab it desperately and make It theirs, or bald a rca< of their own to Aiken, or, else, if ii pleaseth then better, sit dowen upon the stool of do nothing forever Time is wasted in penning another word on the sub ject. As the information'from " up ahead" will prove in teresting to many of our readers, we append the lettel alluded to and for which we are much indebted t< our friend, the writer:' - - DONA LDvir.LE, June 15, 1855. . 'Dzka Co.oNE:-" Look Oust." The riders are up.--Clear the track. In coming from home to-day, I met the surveyors ori th~e -routs from this (Greejrville & Columbia) Road t< Aiken. I understood - they corfmenced . theii' sutrve) between New Market and Greenwood. They were to-day in the plantation of Mr. JouNe PAa-rrow,-jr. on the Anderson Road, some- three- miles above Mr. W. N. Moona's. . - - , The Engineer is Mr. .W At.xta, trte same' who re. .igned his place as resident Architect of the State House. Mr. Piaa'row inforrpe~d me that he coold hardly touch any point nearer Edgefield than 6 or I miles, say about MAacitANTs.- Mr. P. did not seern to like the location well so far. He was of opinior .that by divergig more to the right before reaching hi. house, he colr have lhad a botto. and more practica bId route, nd. one that would haye-taken him by cr riear Edgefield, and had so contended wvith Mtr. WAL sa, but Mr: W. said it might be surveyed and resur veyed from time to time, and the route he was Ipor would, prove decide aly preferable. - I thought as y'ou were upon the watch tower,I would] give you th's tituely notice to " Look out." a . . . KING'S MOUNTAIN CELEBR ATION. THE people of Chester, York, Union and Spartan burg are making preparations for a gran d celebratior of the anniversary of the battle of King's Mountain. It is to be carried out orn thte- very spot where that glo rious action occurred. -The citizens of South Caroline generally, and indeed of several other States, are earnestly requested to participate; and,from Carclin ians, any contribution to the means ofdischarging thi exj enses oif the occaaion will be most thankfully re eived. Should any of our readers feel disposed to exercise-their libe.rality in the matter, they, will ascer tain the proper, persons to whom their favors should be enclosed hy referring to certain ."Proceedigs" which we pbblish this week. -These p'roceedings are is1o pointed to as. expressing the object and spirit. of the proposed celebration. - I will be. seen that two distingqished gentlemen have been appointed orators o the day.; and we doubt not that every thing will be "inskeeping witli th'e high rank of the anniverfary. We ay "high rank,'" and perhaps we might add that 'it occupies, in one point of view, the very foremost place among our Revolutionary battle fields. We allude to the fac) of Its havinig been the turning' point, as It were, in our struggle for Independence. In the dark est hour of that struggle, as our 4th of July orations used to run-when for more than two years we had met with a succoession of failures an'd dreadful surer ing-when our liutle army was reduced-untilyou might trace -them by their trickling blood as they went Vginia invaded-New York taken--Itew Jersey the enemy'd country-GeorgIa and almost the- whole of South Carolina-'overrun-when there was none. viho did not fedl therglbom of dispondency--when indeed te hopes of the people were prostrated and the pall of despair spread over us-from what quarter did glad tidings first break In upon the contry I A voice of victory was heard along tihe sides'of King's Mountain. It wsthe voice~of the bold men.,of Virginia-and the Carolinas. And'the glittrering of their bayonets and the flash of' thstr guns were thie (firt' lights that arose to cheer thebrokenheerled liatrjot. Fr-om'that'dsy we boqered, entil: British poner 'was -foreve'rvang'ulst: To celebrate the anniversary of so memorable an event, is the privilege, not to say the duty of us all; and we trust that this frst occasion of its exercise will be crowned with complete success. Let those of us, who can, make it a point to meet and unite with our spirited fellow-citizens in calling up the bright reminis cences of old King's Mountain. THE SEPARATION. As the evidences accumulate that a separation be. tween the Northern and Southern Divisions of the American confederacy is at hand, it becomes the good citizens of either sdbtion to counsel among themselves upon the best mode of realizing that consummation. If at be found that there are reckless factionists across the border, who, by the fanatic complexion of their principles of - action, shall incapacitate the North from dealing with this momentous issue in the calm spirit of soberness and wisdom, yet, in the name of Patriotism, let no such disability be permitted to dark en the fair fame of the people of the South. Fortu nate for us, that the very Domestic Instiation which is making this separation a-political necessity is, in its nature and essence, antagonistic to those deceitful in novations and groundless irns which are at this mo. ment so fatally active in the Free Statesof the Union. Fortunate for un, that our education as a people has been formed under the benign influence of Household Gods whose breath, while it warmed our love of liber ty, has also purged the garner of -those diversified seeds of political heresy which have elsewhere been sown broadcast. in society. Fortunate for us, that while others have thought it no. saoaril-ge to defy the noble Constitution of 'our country, we are still drawn by the power of fillial piety and tevolutlonary memories to love the hands that framed it, and to esteem it, thro' weal and thro' woe, thro' evil and thro' good report, the Magna Charta of our rights. And being thus for tunate, how weighty the responsibilty which demands of us in the great political changes that approach, the .careful and constant exercise of those political virtues which Providence seems indeed to have fostered lit our midst for some great purpose. This purpose may be (whd can unrarvel His ways!) the upholding and fur therance of the cause of rational liberty in the very crisis of American affairs which now seems unavoida ble. The view is neither unworthy the Christian nor the Statesman. And while that chivalry of spir it,-whichis wont to fire the blood of Southerners in every political struggle, deserves at this juncturea de gree of encouragement and commendation commensu rate with its generous cast, yet should it not be forgot ten by as that Wisdom alone is the true guide of Na. tions in great emergencies. We have been led to these reflections by the read. ing of a most impressive communication, just receiv ed, upon the subject expressed in our caption. Al. though this communication was not shaped and mould ed for the Press, it is yet of a kind which we would not feel justified in withholding from the country. The writer.is a Southerner, who, by age, experience and ability, occupies a place in the very front rank of the .present actors on the arena of American politics. He is one, besides, who, by.reason of the fairness andilib erality of his sentiments and opinions, is perhaps less obnoxious to the prejudices of the hour than any Sou thern politician now before the country. We there. fore respectfully and confidently ask the attention of the Southern people to the following extracts from the letter before us, indicating as they do with a' the force of sincere conviction what the distinguished wri. ter believes to be the true policy of the South and the ends to be 'desired by her in the future: "I think any thing, short of a separation of these States, a palliative remedy for the disease in the-bod politic, not to be adopted by the Southern portion of our'once Constatutiona Confederacy. We must lool Ito a separation. The proces by which it is to beesf fectedl is one of deep concern to all who occupy the places, in which are involved the trusts of Statesmen. For, as Mr. CALHnOUN said some months before his death," "the man does not live wvho can .foresee the consequences of a dissolution of the Union ;" and yel to add Mr. C.'s own qualification, " with all its per ils it is better than a voluntary 'degraationt of one portion of the confederation." - - "We are living untder the form ofa common Conf'ed. eracy ; but, in fact, there are two confederacies doing their political business by the ogency of one Cogress tCongress, untler the name of -a eocay~? straint but that of legislative discretion. It is a deino crotic despotism" -" If my opinion could prevail, this despotism, unde the delusive name of democracy, would not last long er than prudent .arrangements could be made-to efreel a proper separatio'n. In some respects, time must con, Vtribute to make the channel through~ which everits ar to flow. That channel, however, ought to be cut will [the intelligence of a skilful engineer; and the Press,] Ssuppiose, may at least perform the indicatory part oa the engineer.-With the convictions on my minc which you may readily infer from 'what I I ave said I [give you the skeleton of the government which we must endeavor to adopt: " This way of talking-so common-that the Souti should resist Northern aggression in the spirit thatoun ancestors resisted' the Stamp Act and the tax on tea is out of place in relation to our duty in the crisis tc Iwhich events na carryingus. The word'"'resistyncee Idoes not properly belong to the nomenclature of the occasion. The South must make arrangements fora peaceful separation ; and in regard to commerce,se 'must assume the original jurisdiction over its regula. tions which she has parted with and given up to the .Northern section of the Confederacy." " I do not wish to see the separation, which I have indicated, effected through anardhy and revolution Such a process might suit desperate men ; but it would notbe becoming the age or the responsible duty-which history and events have' devolved on us. I think, then, that when the two sections separate (and separ ate they mustjy arrangements should be made to pre Perve somethinag like a UNION of the Confederasles b a Conjunctive Oongress with perhaps something more than inere edvisory powers. Of course I canot now say what powers such a Congress should have. But I will siay that each Confederacy should have a sop arats organization with the - power of meaking or re commending reciprocity regulations." *" I know what will be said in reply to these views -that the same distemliers will afreect the separate Confederacies which pervade the existant one. To some extent this would perhaps be true. 'Virginia, for instance, might asuwue to govern. Without going in to' any argumeit, I may here say that It is demonstra ble that she would have'every interest to be a close ally of the Cotton States. For Kentucky would be her great rival arid our greatest friepd. God. made Kentuidky for the South ; and if she had wisdom, she could lead. But man, ambitions' man, has interposed to sow the seeds of separation." "JIam writing freely-and you will'understand that many things I say will admit of qualification." ," As regards the new Confederacy of the South, I -think every State should have a President in .due turn, and that no State should under any circumstan cee be accommodated in the way of an exception to thnis regulation. I would be perfectly willing to say, let the first President come from'Virginia, the second from North Caroling, the third from South Carolina, the fourth from Georgia, and so on. Or let Fortune decide by her mysticalilot." ' (" As a separation is to sake place; I ask you, as -a public journalist, to treat thesubject with iairds and wisdom. I ask you to think of these matters.") " One thing would be certain froem thevissoIhaye just suggested : Every .State would be. the nursery of Satesmen. For e'aci? one would 'have to present'her cleverest men forthe judgment of tho other States; and,'depend upon it, where fifteen States have to form a judgmient on the relative merits ofte aotebding. aspirants of any one State, it would lie a judgment.on hevirtues and attainmente of the contestants, and the successful candidate would entem' upon the-perfor'a ance of his ftunctions'under higher sanctions than that of mere political expediency. It would :be, as all eveits, a much higher and mpre respected judgment thn. that'which emenates from Conventions, or thtan that which is forged in seoret societie.." . - ~" Ihl concilude withash'npladeclatidn: Iwtant no honor on earth ; and, whatever chages may talke place; I propose to myself retirement." The individual, fo whom the cominunicatIon froer which theseeyracts are made isaddreased, has only a word or two to say in regard to it. The reader will perceive that it purparts'to glance only at smnost ita portant question. Nbthing else, we areasure, was'tlie des~i the writer. .If we'havd-transcended his per misin'in thus' givirji it putblicity,- the apology I! to be foiund in an'iarnant desire on otupatto siemeverj goo portunity of adtnoing tlte dreal-of she-Southi and the best.-interests of bureosummon bountry.- The t tone and tendency of the views setiorth above tsuks us as being fraught with much that will awaien re Bection and arouse us all to prepaation fora coming event whicb is to prove the trial point M our destiny. We only remark, in conclusion, that the request made'of us as a 'public journalist will be heeded, as its own grave character and theaminenceofbur high ly respected correspondent alike demand. . Out breth ren of the press throughout the South would do well to mark it down upon their tablets, to be referred to as a monitor in the troublous times that await us. . COPZIaENTS THAT WE LIKE. Tat Spattanburg Express, in noticing the presedc in that village of Hon. F. W. Picxkus, and Chancel lor WAnDLAW, very handsomely paragraphs eich of those gentlemen. In Edgefield, where these compli, menu are~known and felt to be eminently just and de serving, the remarks of the Express will be giatefully received. Read them: HoN. F. W. Prciaxs.-.This distinguished. geet man paid our Town a visit.oslast Eridayand remain" ed a few days. Though in person he is a stranget i many yet in character he is familiarly known to u all. Pew men in the Southerp eountryoecnpv a mors' exalted position as a retired statesman, than rPicli . ens. No man in our State, and few in our UnionWE# reckon, of an equal term of service in :politicaLifd-. ever carved a higher niche in the estimation of the Democratic party. He is said to have bein-one 6f'the best and most el'ective popular }peakers in the Union1 being scarcely inferior In eloquence to Win. C.'Pies. ton. For several years, however he hasarefrained from taking any active rt in politics. .He was caw* ed by the citizens of Egeleld to a seat in the Cpn.' ventson of 1852, in which body, as a pnberaef- tpd Committee of'twenty-one, he won great credit for"ttis Statesman-like manner in which he succeeded .fT calming and bringing into harmony theangryelements that underlaid the, convention. Among oteY distit guished.ofices he has refused since his retirement *as a mission to England, tendered him.by President Polk, at a time when our relations with the British Govern ment were in an exceeding ly critical condition. CrANCELLOa WarDLAW.-Thiidistinguished Jurist and scholar, another of " Old Edgeleld's" sons, sat present a sojourner in our town. He is the Chancel or presiding in the Court of Equity for this District, now sitting. His presence is warmly greeted -by the members-of -the liar, and all whose pleasure and pri vilege it is to claim his acquaintance.' Channellor Wardlaw is the youngest Chancellor now, on the Bench, but the leading members of the bar say be is - equal in ability toenyoftthem. Chancellor Wardlaw and dge Wardlaw are brothers, and were disin- . guish in youth -for their tilente, both having been lrst honor-men of the-South Carolina College. . " Old Edgefield" has of late been rather tautited it not having a.Railroad ; but she -can smile =at 'suoh taunts so long as she has such tons as Wardlaw, But ler, Pickens, and Brooks, to whom she can point and - say with the mother of the Gracchl-.".tltdre are.:s jewells. - . - SUSTTITE FOR 'AN ORGAN. As some of our churches ard considering the progi ety of adding the Organ to theirappartenances of ar. ship, we commend to their attentien the followingno= ties of a new-instrument which, while quite economi. cal; yet promises to subserve-an admirable purpose in the cause of ChuFh Music. We quote fropthe"New York Musical Review:a Messrs. Mason & Hamlin, the nielodeon manufac cures in Boston, have perfected,and commenced the manufacture of their new instrument, the Organ Bar monium, which has occupied a-large portion of their a" attention for a long time. It is a complete success, r. and is destined, we predict, to very extensive use. In some respects this instrument iq similarao theeelebra ted Harmonimus of Alexandre & .Qebain- of Pans though it greatly excels them. in qualiotypObt i f the variety of effiets of which it is cipshY. weie'Oe. gan Harmonium has the power an4-varl 6f thousand-dollar chbrch organ, whileit it' mote portable, less liable to get out of order, e 0lis-to be furnished, we believe, for about $350:.. We can con fdynly recommend this Instrugment as preferable to anorgan of double its cost It is- the thing for small chdrches, vestries,.etc.- At teperformtance of IL.'Doustore in Boston, this instrumeniwusikwlh 6naeffct. - -For the-Advertise" AUGUSTA, Ga. Jdne 16, 1955. AggukoTheCity Ifull-Georgia Supremea Cor-h Judgea-ThApelo Keener Horn. A. H. Stephees-Old sckehru, 4.c. .Mr DEAa CoL..-4 have been in thlis beanttfif' town for nearly a week, occupied 'with law, politie and the. ladies; and have become suddenly seiped with a "caeaethkeasiribenad," whichJ~a ere .restrain.. Ilamrmore than half tempted to sendyou ~ a ,yough: sketok or sone things I have seen and want facts or sentiment ? love ~or polities? I feel vpry strongly inclined to the trivial and the dreamjy. rBy my life, I believe 1 am becomiug very niuch ofa . sen'timentallst. Be not .surprised at this; for you can well imagine/how one, posessing slightly tlte poetic temperament, surrounded by music and'the a"lovely fair,"~ and imbibing occasional drauggts at Ithose 'cool,' delicious founts that tempt .one'along Broad-street; might have the poetry of his nature stirred within hint, and be 'rged to indulge'in those wild vagaries of thought and mniment, that over-. step a little the bounds of a.nuetared prudence. Be not'lamed, however ; I am not going to inflict up on you any of my aentimirental rhapsodies. Do you wish to have a peep-baton Georgia Court of Justice ? Follow .me, then, to that beautifal grove on Greene-street, in whioh is situated the City Hall. You haie been there, of coarse-in itsad all about.it, Is it not a-charming stpot ? 'With its gravelled walks, its green award, and deep refrsht ing shude, you might,.ih no great stretch oftthe ' fancy, deent it a very grotto, ih, amid theovary. ing' shndows of a mellow moon-light,' might have -charmed the wanton nymnphs of'Calypso beelf. There the Supreme Court -of Georgia, or as we would say in So~l-Carolina, the Court of Appeiis, he. been in session this week. .-This Court,gAs o are awarc, consists of thi'ee Judges, elected by the. Georgia L~egisilature every six yearis, with a salay . eaeli of $2,500.- It sits at nine places in th'e States and occupies.the Judges in. niearly every montha .t the year, either In the active.duties'if thpir dieebo. in wvriting their . opinions. Considering. theitetrn and the salary, how inadequitely are they-liaidl Th. able men who now adorn the Georgia Supreme Bench, -deserve, in my humble judgment, twide the* pay they get; and were they elected-a during-good behavior," Georgia 'would derije from her Judii, 'arydafter all, the greet .budwark of the righ.tsand liberties of her citizcna)'more real glory and prou. perity, ihan~ from the effortaiof all lier inojst brilliant politicians put-together.' besides, where there are great .'udgee,'there wIll, in time~to be greet Statns * wen. -' 'The S4preme Bench'is at present 611ed by Judg, es Luarr,Juaxzs.and Barnsrw. she' former, who he. been upon tho Bench since it was establish ed, is imposing in'his y:Reona appearance.4me im stature';som'ewhati ramive-bwith a fine-hegd and face, pad a echarming iol6b. -His -mnanier ih bland and agreeable.: his oratory easy,-coplqus and' persuasive. He might,'without Injusti'ce, bedeme. ed the Judge 'O'Na of Georgia--b'eis a Jedee, n orator,a reformer, and a vety astimableinmsa his administration of justice, he sees' igaid~t abate from the rigidity of the tephuicul teles'eairt. and t'o'triko in the inostBireot'manner at~be sub. stantial justice ol' the ease berore ' . This is a good -precept, it' Pfacti'sed 4wh disormisatin though hightly dangerde1l0n35 'ey dph' Judge STaRIas, whbot's I asi informed,1lSar lieved the qenerer -datIs of the-Lawfer-ad''t Judge by a study*i the lib~ril arts; fills his 1ostj: with ability, learning and great diligence. .Aplinjl' it is .said, were seldomt tliken fren~ his doofsians1 while he wes Cirogit [use,and Iret takerae 1y reversed.; 'on the Supreme Beneh, he. evla considers withnhore and scorching..ansl points'brought before him. In delivering bspap 'ions, ore tese, ,his -style 'Is'corret, cd anal sententious;:-he is~not 'int,.bu'-ford1lp. Judge Basitois only4but fos4onsyggg age ; tall, youthfulin hls appe4reo,4rbyqojent aspect, very'modest. anuduuabhming. - Es)ss.e been agreat while on thy.Suee dh,'rt long enoughtoestabl'ei~ a. obre~ophp e . ieya~saJudg, 4fIt~ a intl let,eand is~a.1 dll u,-.4diuur '1n~.the case of-Pdlfosoier' 4-G o. , Rep., hehw nido i besmkaneld-tgutorit5161 'b of -edis rstial'anafltialquitiunwih-kChieA