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I , LjC Onmocratic .3burnat Orvett to II " outf) a 5-0MItru dig )ts, V.0 s Catestp News, itaue drdt epd utr .r.. .&,We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of ourlberties, and if it must fall, weinilPrsamdtheR n. W. F. DUltISOE & SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, SIP C., NOVEMBER 2118. "HAVE YOU SEEN SAX." I floated'down the river On the schooner Polly Ann; I landed on York Island, A very verdant man; I gather'd up my baggage In a shocking crowd and jam, When a fellow jumped before me Saying " Have you seen Sam?" CHoaus.-I don't know Sam, I don't know Sam, Confound this noise and bother Who is this fellow Sam? I thought the fellow crazy, And fled before the wind: The Astor rose before .me, My coat tail stream'd behind: Soon up the steps I scrambled, And shouted -'Here I am," Another fellow tapp'd me And ask'd "Have you seen Sam ?" Caonus.-I dont know Sam. &c. I then went straight to Barnum's To see the mighty show : Tha Shanghais and the Babies, How loudly they did crow! I stood and gaz'd about me, To see if 'twas a sham: . I smooth'd the bearded lady's cheek, She sigh'd " Have you seen Sam ?" CHoRus.-I don't know Sam, &c. I hunted through each corner, Till nearly out of breath: I ask'd about the wooly horse, The mcrmaid and Joice Heth; Men laugh'd, the Shanghais cackled, I left old Captain Sham: *And as I turn'd to leave the place, The monkeys chatter'd Sam ! CuoRus.-1 don't know Sam, &c. I went up to Albany, To see the wires at play : 'Twas pulling here, 'twas bawling there Has Sam been here to-day ? To Washington I went to see, The Senatorial jam: I told them of the war in York, They ask'd if I'd seen Sam ? Caonus.-I dnt know Sam, &c. I told them horns and bugles blew A fearful, warlike blast: That croteket.s, quavers, fiddles flew In bloodless conflict past: The fifers screan'd their piercing notes, The drummer's beat their flam: While high above the noise and din, The cry was " Where is Sam ?" Cuonus.-! don't know Sam, &c. I'm going up the river, My purse is running down: No matter whom I chance to meet, They ask'd if Sam's in town: It's Sam around above me, In Croton or in dram: With luck, I'm off to-morrow, Who is this fellow Sam?' CHoKus.-I don't know Sam, &c. AN ARKANSAS LEGISLATOR. A member elect of the lower chamber of the Legislature of Arkansas was persuaded by some wag of his neighborhood that if he did not reach the State House at ten o'clock on the day of assembling lie could not be sworn, and would lose his seat. He immediately mounted with hunting-i.roek, rifle and bowie-knife, and spurred till he got to the door of the capitol, where in the chamber of the lower house, on the ground floor, all were walking about with their hats on, smoking cigars. Thoue he passed, ran upstairs into the Senate C.hnaber, set his rifle ligainst the wall, and balled out. " Strangers, whars the man that, swars me in?" at the same tidie taking out hisecredentials. " Walk this way," said the Clerk, who was at the moment igniting a real principe, and he was sworn without inquiry. When the teller came to count noses he found that there was one Senator too many present. The mistake was soon discovered, and the hust man was informed that lie did not, belong there. "Fool who! with your corn bread?" he* roard, "you can't flunk this child, no how you can fix it-P'm elected to this Legislature, and I'll go again all banks and eternal improvements, and if there's any of your oratory gentlemen wants to get skinned, just say the word, and I'll light upon you like a nigger on a woodchuck. My constituents sent me here, and if you want to floor this two legged animal, hop on, just as soon as you like, for though I'm from the back conastry, I'm a little smarter than any other quadruped you can turn out of this drove. After this admirable harrangue, he put his bowie-knife between his teeth, and took up his rifle with " Come here, old Suke, stand by me ! at the same time pointing it at, the chairman, who, however, had seen such people before. After some expostulation, the man was persua ded that he belonged to the lower chamber, up on which he sheathed his knife, flung his gun on his shoulder and with a profound congee, remarked, "Gentlemen, I beg your pardon. Bnut, if I didn't think that lower room was a grogge ry, mlay I be abot." " WHERE is your house ?" asked a traveller of a man he met in the depths of the " old solemn wilderness" of the great West. " House! ain't got no house." " Well, where do you live ?". " I live in the woods-sleep on the great gov enent purchase, eat raw deer meat and wild turkey, anid drink out of the Mississippi." " And," he added, "it is getting too thiek with folks about here. You're the second man l've seen within the last month, and I hear there is a whole family cominw out shout fifty miles down the river. I'm goin? to the woods agin." FATHERL OLeary and -Curran were crocking their jests at a dinner party one evening, as was their wont, when the celebrated advocate turned abruptly to the good father, saying " I wish O'Leary, .that you had the keys of Heaven." " Why Curran ?" asked the divine. "Becntise you could let mc in," said the facetious counsellor. " It would be much better, for you, Curran," said Father O'Leary, "that I had the keys of THE OTHEn PL.ACE, BEAUSEn I COiULD L.ET YOUt OUT." TILE CINCINNATTI CONENTION.. THE Montgomery "Advertiser 4. Gazelle," decidedly the leading political paper of Alabami, thus notices our suggestion in reference to our sending Delegates to the National Convention. It is understood that the next National Con vention of the Democratic party is to meet in Cincinnatti some time next summer. Hereto. fore, every Mtate has been represented in the National Conventions of our party, South Caro lina excepted. The proposition to send dele gates to the Convention of 1856 is now being warmly discussed by the presses and politicians of that State. Col. Orr, a distingnished member of Congress, is a decided advocate of the pro position. Colonel Keitt, another member, is warmly opposed to it. Mr. Brooks, also a mem ber, is in flavor of sending delegates if the other Southern States require it, but will not co-oper. ate in any movement which is likely to distract the State. The Edgefield Advertiser makes the following suggestion, in the way of a com promise: "Suppose (says the Advertiser) Mr. Keitt and those who think with him agree to go into the National Democratic Convention as an ex periment, with the stipulation (on the part of Mr. Orr and his friends) that if our principles are compromitted in the least for the purpose of securing the election of any given candidate: our delegation shall instantly leave the body.! Sup pose we unitedly offer to Virginia, Georgia, and the other Southern States, or any of them, our faithful co-operation in this business. upon a like stipulation to be observed by them with like promptitude. Could, or could not, our State, thus guarded and thus fore-armed, go into the Cincinnatti meeting without infringing her consistency, or in reality lowering her tone ?" With the Columbus Times, we hope that the compromise of the Edgefield paper will be ac cepted. The Times says that the Georgi- dele gates will be instructed to insist upon an en dorsement of the Nebraska-Kansas net and of the Fugitive Slave lac as a preliminary to co operation on their part with the National Demo racy. We feel assured that our political friends in every Southern State will require such en orsement as an indispensable condition of their lo-opration with the Democracy of the free States. No delegate from our section, wi'h a proper appreciation of the rights and interests of his constituents, would go into council with Freesnilers of the Buffalo stamp. Nor do we believe that Any National Democrat of the North would expect him do so. Van Buren and his riends, were ruled out of the National Conven tion of 1848 when they ran counter to the princi ples of the party. They were admitted in 1852 Mn giving in their adhesion to the National Demo :ratie platform. Having returned to their posi tion of 1848, their exclusion from the Conven. Lion of 1856 may be set down as a fixed fact. We think, therefore, that South Carolina may 'end delegates to the Convention consistently with her principles and her honor. We are de :idedly of opinion, indeed, that it is her duty to io so, that the voice of the South may be fully ieard in the nomination of the candidate of the miy National party in the Union. "THa LAZY MAM'S BEDSTEAD," Is the title riven to an article of furniture which attracts iuch agentian at the fair of the American insti ute in New York. It is described as a newly nvented bedstead, attached to the head of which is a small alarm clock, so connected with thie bed that. at a given moment the alarm bell will ing, and, in five minutes thereafter. if the sleeper foes not arise, the m:tt.ress upsets, and lie is traightway, and without any ceremony, tumbled )ut of bed. The difieulty will be in getting he article into practical use. Will a lazy man buy it?" A MUSICAL PRoDIGY.-There is, in this vicini ty, a blind negro boy, only six .years old, the property of James N. Bethune, of the Corner Stone, who exhibits the most wonderful eapacity for music, and is able to play almost any piece, even the most difficult, upon the piano forte, fter hearing it once or twice. He has never been instructed in music; his knowledge of the science is, therefore, instinctive. He has the most intense passion for music, and exhibits the greatest emotion during hiA performances. We have never seen so wonderful a musical prodigy before.-Col umbus Times. ARTIFICIAL ICE.-Mix two oncees of nitrate of ammnonia with two ounces of washinag qoda, dissolve in two ounces of water, in a tin vessel; in a short time the mixture will produce ice. Lro-,TNING RoDs wvill not protect a building at adios of four the height of the rod above the building-a radius of twice the height is safe. If the rod is teii feet high above the building, it will, if properly constructed, protect all parts of the house at a distance of twenty feet from the rod. These facts are important to be kept in mind. WHY are the females of the present day like he lilies of scriptures? Because they toil not, neither do they spin; yet Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of them. WE overheard, the other day, a dialogue be tween two little boys, which amu'ed us: " What do you think, my father, the other day shot nine hundred and ninety-nine pigeons with ones barrel of his gun." " Indeed ! But why didn't he say a thousand at onces?" (Reply, reproving'ly.) "Do you think my ather would tell a lie for one pigeon?" SPORTING LADIEs.-A match game of billiards For 3,000 is to be plaiyed in New Orleans soon, between two Creole ladies of the "first respee tability." These ladies are said to have few equhi at the game, even among gentlemen, in the United States. THrE Council in Angusta have passed an ordi. nance, we learn, declaring tihat in future all corn, in the ear. sold in that city, shall he estima ted at sixty-eight pounds to the bushel, instead of sixty-six. A DocToR once returned a coat to a tailor, because it tiid not fit him. The tailor afterwards seeing the Doctor at the funeral of one of his patients remarked to him-. " Ah, Doctor, you are a happy man." " Why so?"~ " Because when you do a bad job you stick it under the ground." IT rs said that when a Russian, husband neg lets to beat his wife for a month or two, she begins to be alarmed at his indifference. A good thrashing is a striking proof of affection. " HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION," exclaimed Mrs. Partington, throwing down the paper; "it's come to a pretty pass, indoe~i, that men are go ing to exempt themselves from home just when they please without any proviso for cold nights." SINocLa Tzs~Imuosr.-In a recent breach of promise ease tried at Springfiold, Mass., in which a man by the name of Dwight was the de fendant, the mother of the plaintiff gave the fol lwineg very atisfatfory testimony: TME EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER, 1s PUDLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY HORNING BY W. F. DU RISOE & SON. 'wo DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Two boLLARS and FIFTY CENTS if not paid within six hu.nths-and THREE DOLLARS if not paid before the tlration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct limited at the time of subscribing, will be consider as made for an indefinite period, and will be con tinued until all arretrages are paid, or at the option of the Publisher. Subscrptinns from other States must INYARIAsLY be accompanied with the cAstr. AVEatISEMENTS will be conspicuously inserted at 75 cents-per Square (12 lines or less) for the first in sertion, and 371 cents for each subsequent insertion. When only published Monthly or Quarterly $1 per square will be charged. All Advertisements not having the desired number of insertions marked on the mar gin, will be continued until forbid and charged accor se desiring to advertise by the year can do so on liberal terms-it being distinctly understood that con tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the imme 'diate, legitimate business of the firm or individual 'contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid for in advance. For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, IN ADvANCE. For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be gpaid by the Magistrate advertising. PROSPECTUS OF THE SOUTHERN LIGHT. A RELIGIOUS JOURNAL, EDITED BY E. L. WHATLEY. INDEFENDENT IN EvEaYTHING--EEUTRAL IN NOTH INo, AND SET FoR TILE DEFENCE OF WnATEVER WILL STAND TILE TEST OF REASON, SCIENCE AND TUE HOLY SeaCRTUaEs. "Prove all things, hold fast that which is good." Terms, $2,00 per annum, in advance. W. F. DURISOE & SON, PUBLISHERS, EDGEFIELD C. N., S. C. S UCII is the name and style of a Moqthly Peri odical, the publication of which we purpose, the Lord willing, to commence on the first Monday in January next. The main design of this Journal is for the diseassion of all subjects pertaining to Chris stian faith and'practice. Additional to this, we shall ipresent such articles of a literary character, original :and selected, as will have a tendency to refine the ?taste and elevate the sentiment of the reading pub ie. Politics also, considered as a science, and as affecting the principles of Law and Government, and more espeeially the mighty movements of the :nations, as they work out the designs of God, will -claim due and proper attention. But Politics de -graded to the squabbles of demagogues and factions, will be utterly eschewed and repudliated. As respectis atters purely religious, we shall, of coarse, advocate the principles of the Baptist Com inunity, as derived from the Scriptures, and repub lish from standard and other respectable works, ar ticles pertaining to our own Literature; but our columns will be Open to all of Every Name, For the defence and advocacy of their principles, elaitming only the.right.to judge of the suitableness of all articles for insertion, and to make such criti cism on them as may be deemed expedient. In this undertaking we have the satisfaction o announcing that several gentlemen of eminent abili ty and attainments have kindly engaged to render ow occasional assistance. The Journal will contain FORTY PAGES of Teading matter, and such advertisements as our friends may favor us with, not inconsistent with the character of the work,-making at the end of the year a neat volume of 480 pages, suitable for bind ing in book form. With regard to the mechanical execution of the work, we deem the announcement, that this will be under the direction of the Messrs. DualsoE, a suffi cient guaranty for its faithful and tasteful perform ance-and without further words, encouraged by the expressions of good will and promises of sub stantial aid from many friends, we throw the mat ter before the people with an nssurantce of every effort to render satisfaction for the support that may he extended to us, and respectfully ask them to let the " LIGHT" shine. W Our terms of subscription arc Two DOLLAS per year, in adrance, on receipt of the first nuam ber. Ministers of the Gospel, of every denomina tion, who tmay be unatble to complIJy with the terms, will be supplied with one copy each, on application. Ey A list for the signatures of all who wish to encourage the work, may be found at the Post Office, and also at the " A dvertiser" Office. g All letters or communications adidressed to Undersigned will ree..-ive prompt attention. E. L. WH A TLEY, Editor and Proprietor. Edgefleld, S. C., Oct. 1't, 1_855. Curryton Academies, T HE MA LE DEPA RtTMENT of these Acade mies is under the supervision of Mr. J. L. LESLY, Assisted by Mr. UASS. The Female Department will be supervised by Mr. A. P. BUTLER, assisted by competent Mu ical and other 1nstrurctoress. Rates of Tuition. First Class, Primary D epartment, per Sess'on 89,00 2nd " ordinary English branches-... 2,00 Sud " higher English branches-...50 4th " Greek and Roman Literature with higher Mathematics..........8,00 Music......... ..-....... ......-... $20,00 Pupils are charged from tihe titme of entering un til the end of the Session. Tuition in advance. The year is divided into two Session of five anonths each. IW Good board can be had in the neighborhood at from $8 to $10 dollats per month. ROBT. MIERRIWETIIER, Chair'n Board of Trustees. Feb 14 - if 5 Edgefld Male Academy, VE HIE Exercises sf this Institution are now in kprogress for the Fall Term under the control of "Mr. W. E. MCCASLAN, as Principal, and Mr. 'T. B. CROOKER, as Assistant. The regulations of the Academy are being re arranged by the Teachers conjointly, and will soon be perfected. The Village of Edgefleld offers many inducements to parents in an educational point of view. It is perfectly healthy as a general rule. It is free from the evil influences of grog-shops. It is a religious .community. And it car justly boast of an enlight .eued society. Over the Male A cademy the Trustees exercise a .dircct supervision and are consulted in all cases of extreme punishment. They propose to give more of their attention in future to the weekly reviews of the scholars, that an additional stimulus may be imparted to the classes. The present Teachers are capable and energetic. young gentlemen in their respective departments. Their School numbers about 40 at this tiume, leaving abundant room for 20 more, It is htoped that parents and guardians within reach of us will immediately enmbrace the opportunity. 'ferms as per last Session. A. SIMKINS, ; l G. A. ADDISON, -. LEWIS JONES, JBENJ. WA LDO. -"~ Sept 19 tf 36. paints, Oils, Dye Stuffs, PUnrA in Bladders, WINDOW GLASS, any 3.siae out to order. For sale by A. 0. & T. JT. T EA G U E, Druggis'ts. May 23 If 1 [Y "Q-JEST.] EXPLANATION OF THE REPULSE AT THE RE To the Editor of the Edingburg Courant. Sg,--When I returned. to Paris from a visit to London about a week ago I hardly felt cour age to face my Frenchefriends. Sebastopol had been taken; the -English had failed In -their assault upon'the Redan, 'ohile the French had captured and retained-tlif.Malakoff; the posses sion of which by the Alhies had forced the Rus sians to abandon the toi. Such beiig the.state'of -things 1, of course, expected that my Frenchacquaintances, with the good humoured raillery of their character, would chuckle over oar failure and their sue. cees. But, to my agreeable surprise, I found that everywhere in Paris the highest praise was not only given to the determination and bravery of our soldiers, but that the French public at tributed to the heroic resistance of our soldiers the success of the day ai 'much as to those em ployed directly in the taking of the Malakof. In France, such are the number of old officers and soldiers spread everywhere over the soil, and such is the military turn given to the milita ry mind, by the constant perusal of the Cam. paigns of the Empire, that strategid operations are better understood in Paris by all classes, even to the lowest, than by the generality of well-informed people is -Lndon. And when the Times and the other journals, and their cor respondents, go blundering on, blaming this person and that, and throwing chill upon our poor soldiers, the French people, with a justness of view, and a frank generosity, allow to our troops as much merit aa'their own. I have the advantige of a pretty numerous acquaintance in Paris, amongst whom are a num her of military men. A4.a matter of course, the cgnversation since the capture of Sebasto pol has been almost exclusively upon that sub ject. I have heard the question discussed over and over again, and I Will now give you the almost universal opinion- of Frenchmen as to that action. This will becertainly more inter esting to your readers than any opinion of my own. The Malakoff was the key of Sebastopol. When that was taken the town was ours. It was, therefore, necessary that everything else should be directed to this end, And that every thing else should be subordinate to the capture of that fort. But in order to reduce the Mala. koff, it was absolutely necessary to make diver. sions in other places; because, if the Malakoff was attacked alone, the whole Russian army would be concentrated for its defence, and all the men the allies could bring against it would not be saufficient to secureits capture. Hence the besieging of the Redan and the other forts, all important It is true, but of which the capture could not take place until the Mala. koff was in possession of the allies, the attack of which, however, forced-the Russians to with draw a considerable part of their force from the defence of the Malakoff. On the 8th of September the approaches to the Malakoff were quit .,iufficiently close to warrant the assault. The rencb were at less than twenty-five -yards m thi fortification, nearly every gun was silenced, the walls around the fort had been nearly levelled by the play of the artillery, and the french had nothing to do but to walk into the fortification, fighting their way, of course, but without the necessity of an escalade. But the Great Redan was not In any way prepared for an assault. The English trenches were at more than two hundred yards' distance from the walls. The batteries or the fort, both in front and in flank, were in full activity; and the taking and retention of the Redan under these cirenmstances was physically impossible, supposing the Russians comported themselves with their usual obstinacy and courage. Such was the state of things on the 8th Sep tember. The Allied Generals thought that the propitious moment was arrived for taking Sebas topol. General Pelissier said to General Simp son, "I can easily, from the position I oedupy, take the Malakoff; but the difficulty is to hold it, before 1 can bring my reserves and artillery into actiqn, and prepare it for defence. If I sur prise the RIussians, which I hope to do, and take the fort by a coup de main, they will return in such force that the small nutnber of men who mount to the assault will be overwhelmed and driven back as on the 18th of June. I do not expect that the Redan can be taken by you. You are not in a condition to do so; but it iin absolutely necessary that a diversion should be made in our favour after our first success, to give us time to breathe, and to bring up our ar tillery and reserves. All I ask for this is one hour, and I will undertake to keep possession of the Mlazkoff. Make your assault, and give us, if possible, that length of respite. Throw away as few men as existing circumstances will admit of, but engage the Russians for at least an hour, and Sebastopol is ours." Such is the conversation supposed to have taken place betwixt Pelissier and Simpson; and I am in formed upon good authority that private letters from Fretnch officeers in the Crimea fully confirm that the purport of what I have stated was real ly said by General Pelissier.. Such was the plan adopted. It was exactly in accordance with the tactics of the great Na poleon, who was in the habit of sacrifiung a cer tain number of rmen, in order to secure the ob ject in view. Napoleon was in the habit of say ing to a colenel of a regiment, without mincing the matter, " Allex sous faire tuer, sous et votre regiment," when tie sent a devoed corps to the attack of a redoubt or a position, whichr, he was well aware, there werenot the slightest chance of taking, and that in order to facilitate the sud es of another part of the army. And the corps of General de Salles, who attacked the Central Bastion, and was repulsed, was placed in the same position as the English, except that the work it had to do was not quite so desper ate. This is the real state of the case fully ad mitted at Paris, but which, of course, could not be openly declared in the despatehes, although it Is hinted at suffielently . elear to military men in the report of General Niel. The devoted band which attacked the Redan, as well as the French under de Salle, were in a manner sacrifi ced to the success of the great object in view, the retention of the Malakoff. They were the forlorn hope-les enfans perelus-of the, allied armies. This the blundering correspondent of the Times has not had the sagacity to discover, and lhe has expressed1:imself as if the sole ob jet of the English had been to take the Redan. Nor has the Times itself, with all its thundering articles against General Simpson, seen clearer. The explanation whiech I have just given, and which is recognised liy everybody in Paris, is the real one, and clears up thie apparently inex plicable conduct of General Simpson. Why, it is said, did not he sand reinforcements? Be cause he knew that no reinforcement which tire English army could have sent could have secur ed the capture of the fort, and would have been an additional and useless loss of life. His ob jet was merely to occupy a great portion of the Russian army for a certain time, and to give Peissier time to fortify himself in the Malakoff, in order to be able to resist the tremendous at tak of the Russian army to retake the fort, to which he was sure to be'exposed in the after part of the day. Another question is also put by th. Times corespnondents-" Why d1d not General Simpson send his best troops to the assault?" Because (the anns er is evident) ht wished to preserve his best soldiers for an at. tack which really would sticeed, and thoughl the young recruits fit enough food for po*er Such is wpr ! Let ti'return to the narrative. The Malakofi is taken by-the French almost without the loss of a man ; their great loss was in the detente soine hours afterwards. Instantly the flag is hoisted for the .English to commence. About 2,000 poor soldiers, who of course believe that the attack is a serious and not a false attack, are sent across a space of 200 yards, exposed both in front and in flank to batteries of 68.pounders. They arrive at the foot of the wall out of breath, after losing by the discharges of grape about a third of their number. The rampart is scaled, notwithstanding the Russians on the other side, who are driven back, and the British obtain a footing in the salient angle of the Redan. But, as a natural and inevitable consequence after going through such tremendous risks, there is a certain degree of confusion among the survi vors. One regiment is mixed up with another, and there is not the same order, arrangement and discipline as there would have been had there been nothing but fair open fighting. Not. withstanding this our poor fellows occupied the place, and held the Russians in cheek-not for an hour, as stated by Pellissier, obut for nearly double that time-and that against immense masses of the enemy ; for we are informed that, after the surprise of the Malakoff, the greater part of the Russians engaged there rushed to the Redan, to share in the repulse of this hand. ful of English. After a desperate and heroic defence against such immense odds, the devoted band of Britsi were pushed almost by physical pressure out of the Redan, and the greater part annihilated. Such was the behaviour of the English col umn of attack, as detailed in the despatches of Pelissier. Neil and Marmora, and the French, one and all agree in saying that no troops could have behave with more courage. A aieile moustache said to me the other day, " what sol diers but the English would .have marched 200 yards against such a tremendous enfilading fire of artillery, would have mounled the breach after being decimated by grape, and that, when opposed by a much- superior force on the other side; and, finally, who would have retained their position inthe fort for two hours against over whelming odds?" The Times' special correspondent (like an ill bird that files its own nest) attacks the poor soldiers, because, he says, they were in bonfu sion and did not obey the order of their officers to jump into the traverses into cerfain destruc tion. But how does he know that the soldiers refused to obey this order, or that such a foolish order was ever given by the officers? The cor respondent was not there himself to see. He must, therefore, have taken his report from soume one of the officers who had wished to exalt himself and his class at the expense of the poor soldiers. And yet this writer, in order that he may send to his paper a long pompous letter, does not hesitate to calumniate and vilify our Boor soldiers in the face of Europe, and that upon hearsay evidence, the vcry day after the action, without leaving himself the time of verifying his strictures. His letters, as well as the articles of the Times upon the same subject, have been translated into the French papers, and there is but one opinion in Paris as to the con duct of the Times and his correspondent-that of disgust and in-ignation. The general say ing here is, that the correspondent is a preten tious blockhead, who does not in the slightest degree understand military affairs, and who has not hesitated, in order to send a long detailed account to his employers, to attack not only the General in Chief, but to caluminate the poor soldiers. While the English troops were devoting them selves in the manner I have described, the French in the Malakoff were comparatively free from attack, for the great assaults of the Russians to retake the fortifications only commenced about half-past two. Pelissier had then -double the time of respite he asked from General Simpson, and during this time the French had made the most of their time. The approaches on the French side were levelled so as to allow the en. trance of artillery and the rapid advance of the reserves. A number of field pieces by this means were brought up and placed in battery, and the Imperinl Gunrd were entered for the de fence, in addition to the troops employed in the assault. The cannon of the Russians were turned against the enemy, and the place in a manner fortified againrt the Russians themselves. After this, as Pelissier said, the Malakoff was secure, and could not be retaken. It is true, after the Russians had finally repulsed the Eng lish, but not ti I then, they returned to the as sault of the French in the Malakoff; and they brought their whole army to this operation. But it was too late. This attack was desperate and courageous in the extreme ; but they failed, after immense slaughter on their part, as well as that of the French. Such, however, was the desperate and powerful nature of their attack, that all the French with whom I have conversed admit, with the greattat frankness, that had the asault of the Russians been made immediaaely after the first French success, before they had time to fortify themselves, the French would ave been certain to have been driven out of the Malakoff, and the affair would have ended as it did on the 18th of June. The French are, therefore, right in saying that the English,-by their heroic resistance in the Redan, are entitled to as much credit and honor ror the final reduc tion of Sebastopol as are those who were em ployed directly in the capture of the Malak6ff. Such, Mr. Editor, is the opinion of all milita ry men in Paris, and, indeed, of all classes; for ur generous allies do us full credit. It is only the ignorant, carping, and conceited correspon ents, with the Times at their head, who talk of the blood of the English soldiers being shed ingloriously and uselessly on the 8th of Sep.. tember.-f remain, &e., JAMES AYTOUN. Paris, Octaber 1, 1855. Wa like mischievous children, and for this reason: they are apt to make good men. Good boys generally die in their fifth year; not be ause they are good, but because their quiet habits make them strangers to mud puddles and oxygen, dirt pies and out door exercise. When a frien~d tells us he has a little baby who never " wants to leave his books," the knobof his front door immediately becomes an object of intense interest to us; we-know, as if we were blest with fore-knowledge, that in less than a year a strip of black craps will be throwing a shade across his path, that time will never eradi ate... THE ToBAco CRo.-The Frederickburg (Va.) Herald says " The yield of tobacco in the northern and western prarts of our country is unprecedented in point of quantity. We hear. of growers who have been compelled to enlarge the capacity of their drying and curing houses, on account of the large returns of their tobacco fields.* THERE are men in whose presence we can feel no pleasure. If they speak, we are dis. gusted; and, even if they say nothing they an . STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. The menlbers and delegates met at 10 a. m , in the City Hall. The President took the chair and addressed the meeting in a practical, sug. gestive and eloquent manner on the aims, objects and probable results of the organization of the Society. On motion, Col. A. G. Summer was appoin ted Secretary.. The minutes were read. - Delegates and members were then'ealled for, and enrolled" their names from- the- following districts: Abbeville.-J. F. Marshall, Jas. Gillam, S. V. Craine,'M. D., C. W. Sprowl, Allen Vance, J. S. Parks, J. Cresswell, T. B. Byrd, John Cowan, Jas. Magill, ;S. f. Mathis, Wm. Smith, J. P. Barratt, John Mathis. Anderson.-Geo. Seaborn, M. D., R. F. Simp son, R. A. Maxwell, John Maxwell, Rev.. J. . Adger. Charleston.-R. S. Porcher, J. DuBose Por cher, J. H. Means. Chesterfeld-T. E. Powe, M. D., -S. W. Evans. Darlington.-Hon. J. J. Evans. Edgefield.-A, Simpkins,.Hon. P. S. Brooks, H. Brooks, G. D. Mims. Fairfield.-J. H. Means, J. N. Shedd, J. Book-. man, H. C. Davis, E. G. Palmer, J. D. Strother, S. R. Black, J. W. Rabb, F. Guillard, 0. Wood ward, W. R. Robertson, Theo. S. DuBose. Greenville.-A. B. Crook, M1. D., J. R. Gos sett, H. S. Irvine. .Lancaster.-Geo. MeC. Witherspoon, Jos. A. Cunningham. Lexington.-J. Nunnamaker, A. G. Summer, J. C. Hope. Laurens.-John D. Williams,!. W.'Simpson, John W. Metts, B. T. Watts, J. S. Williams, L J. Young, R. M. Stokes. Marlboro.-W. T. Ellerbe, H. W. Harrington. Newberry.-J. M. Henderson. . Orangeburg.-Jacob Stroman, A. D. Good . wyn, 0. M. Dantzler. Pickens.-J. C. Miller, A. P. Calhoun. - Richland-V. Wallace, R. W. Gibbes,-J. M. Allen,!. U. Adams,-Jss. S. Scott, W. A. ILrris, T. J. Goodwyn, M. D.. C. Bookter. E. J. Arthur, L. Levy, J. Stark, T. Davis, A. F. Dubard,.His Excellency J. H. Adams, John Waties, A. Wal lace, J. H. Boatwright, M. D., R. L. Bryan, C. R. Bryce, J. B. Ewart, T. R. Center, M. D., S. C. Chambers, W. B. Johnston, Jolin Lever, J. W. Parker. Spartanburg.-J. Stobo Farrow, Jas. A. An derson. Union.-A. W. Thomson, BaH. Rice, T. B. Jeter. York.-A. 8. Springs, R. A. Spring, A. E. Hutchinsop, J. L. Miller. . - ;: Winyawe and All Saints' Agricultural Society. R. F. W. Allston. The reports of subcommittees were then called for, and several made their reports. Col. J. F. Marshall, from Abbeville, reported one hundred and eighty members, one of whom was a lady. On motion, it was resolved that her name be read out-Mrs. Mary Hunter-and she was elected an honorary member, in addition to her life membership. Reports being now in order, the following gentlemen presented them from their respective societies: Col. J. F. Marshall, for Abbeville. Capt. J. U. Adams, for Richland. M1r. R. F. Simpson, for the Pendleton Farmer's Society. Dlr. S. C. Muller, for Piekens-the Society at Walhalla. Dr. A. B. Crook, for the Greenville Agricul tural Society. J. W. Simpson, for Laurens District Agricul tural Society. Ex-Governor Means, for the South Carolina Institute. The President presented the following letter from the City Council of Columbia: COUNCIL CHAMBER, Nov. 13, 1855. To the President of the State Agricaltural Society : DEAR SIR : In pursuence of the instructions of the City Conncil of Columbia, I herewith en close to you a copy of resolutions adopted at a meeting of Council, held this morning. I trust, sir, that the City Council, under the advice of your Executive Committee, will select such grounds and erect such buildings as will not only amply serve the purposes of your So. ciety, but reflect credit upon the liberality of the citizens of Columbia. With my best wishes for the success of the enterprise, in which you are engag.:d, I am, dear sir, very respect fully yours, &c., E. J. ARTHUR, Mayor. Resolzed, That the City Council of Columbia, through the Mayor, do.tender to the State Agri cultural Society of South Carolina the use of suitable grounds and buildings, in or near the city of Columbia, for the purpose of holding the annual fairs or other exhibitions of said Society. Resolied, That said grounds he selected, and said buildings be erected by the City Council, under the ad'vice of the Executive Committee of the State Agricultural Society, and that said grounds and buildings be appropriated to the use of the said Society so long as they may con tinue to hold their annual meetings and fairs in this city. Col. J. F. Marshall moved the following reso lution, which was adopted. Resolved, That we accept with gratitude the munificent offer of the City Council of Columbia, and that the Society be permanently located. here. *The President presented a communicationi from the Rev. J. Bachman on Fish Breeding, whichl was referred to the Executive Committee. Mr. Rt. F. Simpson moved that the words< after membership, in the third clause of the 1 Constitution, be stricken out, which was agreed to, when Gov. Means moved the insertion of the following, which was carried: " And that each local society, which shall pay $75 into the treas ury, shall be entitled to three permanent dele gates; or shall be entitled to two annual dele gates by paying the sum of four dollars into the the treasury." Mr. Palmer then offerred the following resolu tion, whiah was adopted:* Resolaved, That the proposition of the Fisihing Creek Agricultural Society, of Chebter District, to pay $75 into the Strate -Agricultural Soeiet7, and to sehd three delegates annually to said Society, be accepted and entered on our journals. Mr. Palmer submitted the following yeyot from the Executive Committee, which was or- 1 dared to be printed, and made the subject of consideration on to-morrow: The Executive Committee, who were appoin-. ted at the late meeting of the State Agricultural Society of South Carolina, held at Columbis, beg leave to report, that at an early date after 1,he adjournmnent of the Society, they met and addressed a circular to the different District So cieties, and to the citizetis of the State, urging upon them the propriety of procuring life mem-t bers to the State Agricultural Society, and or raising such a sum by individual subscription, and by State aid, as would place that institution upon a permanent basis, and ensure its mose ex tended usefulness. Your Committee are grati tied in being abl, tn iae that 'although they have not been able.to ais. ,the sum of $25,000 ,as.proposed; yet.they:haveaide -go near an ap proximation tWit, in theshort timeellowed, that they cannot entertain- -a..doubt that -a :larger amount will be' raised during the ensuing-year,. From the imperfect returns which have 'assyat. been made totitemt, it is evident that anamoauolj of-fonds; at least equivalent,.to:$20000, .bavea been realized. . -. ';-I a The citizens of Colombis'at heir.rssetbt meeting, Resolved, "Thaothe Cit.Couamil of Columbia be -requested and- a-thenzed to far-. nish suitable grounds and -buildings for thejanet of the-State Agriculturat.Soeiety, for the-pre:. pose of holding their' annual. meetinga"'-and thus, by their zeal and liberality in;the.eauseof" agriculture, have met the just expectations of - the Society, and illustrated the propriety of their ? city being selected 'as the locatidh of our.State Fairs. The aid of the Council may be fairly. estimated at about $12,000. The itiogns .of. the city and of the district have .manifested- .a - like commendable spirit and raised the'fuher sum of 62,500. Among the other portions of ,' the State that have taken a liely interet;Iithe cause, Abbeville occupies the-most pr6minent. t position, her citizens having subscribed tie- 1 amount of $4,600, which justly entities her toll. ranked as the banner- district. From other dlW., tricta, as far as:-returns have been made tlie' farther sum of I) has; been-received, which, make an aggre te-of available meansamounting to $22.600. our Committed have mentioned. these facts for no purpose of invidious distine. tion. But with the hope that they may prove.a wholesome stimulus to other districts. andto excite an honorable ambition to see which can to most to advance the prosperity of their-State. Having said thus much in relation to individual subscription, we feel that we 'should have dis harged our duties but imperfectly- did we-not advert briefly to the subject of State aid.. Your Committee are fully satisfied that to give: that-, importance and'extensive usefulnesa to a. State Agricultiural Society, which ouritidis have a right to expect, that our Legislature will have to subscribe a permanent sum to that institutionr the asnnal interest of which will amount to 3,000; and. we feel assured that thise body, with its characteristic liberalityrf'ill-raket the nst expectations octhe publie. We 'would, therefore,. most earnestly recommend to the members and delegates df thia Societyseho-are ere present, to increase thet exertions ip pro wring additional members, and to enlist, the services of their Representatives to. theLegisla tore in behalf of this-important object.,:. A I of which is respectfully suhmitted.,:. - E. G. PAIpEaMR, Chairmas. Col;' J..F. MarshaU . pres igdtheirfolitrig w resohtion,-which Wtasagreed4.-: . .: r: Resolved, That a committeeof .nine' b pointed by the. President, whose-. duty itaall; . be to memorialize the Legislature of S - lia for aid to- credse th perinanent - *f e' the State Agricultural Society..A. - -. ,ha - v sysu sEssION.- - The Society -met pursuant to Adjouinment ' The Presideqt called the Socity 'to orde on motion of Mr. Marshall from Abbeville,.R-* M. Stokes was requested'f4Wt-as Seeretary, klr& consequence of the indisposibooiof Col.Semmer. Mr. James S. Scott, -of Rimhiand; offecedithe following amendment to the Constitution, which was unanimously adopted: Resolved, That all funds received by this Society, either from life membership or from the State, shall be invested in stocks or boudh of the State of South Carolina, beating not less than six per cent, interest; and, in the event of the dissolution of this Society, the funds so in vested shall be returned to the original owners. On motion of Dr. R. W. Gibbes, Mr. Peter A. Brown, of Philadelphia, well known. from: his. microscopical researches on Wool and Hair, was tendered a seat on the floor. On motion, the Society adjourned to meet gain at 11 a. m. to-morrow. R. P. CALHOUN, President:. R.'M. STOKES, Secretary. SECOND DAYIS PROCEEDiNGSE. The Stato Agricultural Society of South.Gor. alina again met in the City Hall yesterdays at 11 o'clock A. M. The Presidient took' the chair. The following gentlemen enrolled'their names us life-members. Ed'fld-Hon. A. P'..Bltler. Abe ville--Rev. W. R1. HemphilL Richland-Richard Sondley. Fairfield-Hon. W. W. Boyce, Hon. J. A. W~oodward. The minutes of the previous'day's proceedings ere read- andr approved. The President announced this following gen lenmen as members of the oommitteeto' memo ialize the Legislature: Col. Ji FC barshall, A B. Crook, J. W. Harrington,G0: eWitherspoon, P'. Stobo Farrow. I. D. Williams, A. B. Springs, P. E, Powe, A. McFarlane. The report of the Executive Committee, whielt as ordered for consideration at this meetin,. as taken up, and on motion of R1. F: Simpson, ras accepted and adopted. On motion of Jtas. S. Scott, the follbwing' gentlemen were appointed a committee to-nomsi. ite an Orator for the next anniver~sry meeting:: SoL B. T. Watts, 0. Woodward, R. F. Simpson.' The Committee on nomination of Orator re sorted the nnie of Gen. Jaunison. Concucred& n unanimously. On motion of Mr. Strother, the Executive ommittee was empowered to select an Orator,, hould Gen. Jamison decline his appointment. Maj. William Wallace presented the followihg' esolution. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Socie-v y that the Executive Committee should take roper measures to proeure, at Washington, a drtion of such seeds or plants, as may fromi me to time be in possession'of any department f the General Government, for general'distri ution, so as to distrib6te such seeds or plants mong the members of this Society for experi nent. On motion of Gen. Gilam, ,the Society pro-. eeded to the special order, which was, to hbaa he address. On motion of Js. S. Scott, thre thank. of' the society were tendered to Col. Simbins, and a ommittee of three was appointed to' wait uporr ur and request a copy of his address for pub ieton. On motion .of Dr. R. W. Gibbs, Mr. Peter A. rown was requested to make certain stafementa if his microscopic discoveries of hair and wool. r. Brown addressed the Society la explanation >f his discoveries. It was moved that the thanks of the- Seety e tendered to Mr. Brown for. his seientifie, in strutive and abli lecture on wool and hair, and he 'raising of each by different breeds of sheep. On motion the Society adjourned'sine dfert neet again on the second Tuesday of Novembers text. SECRET FREE SOn, OGNeATaro.-The-'t. ous Republican' publshes a communistin rom Mr. P. Laughlin, a citizen of Kansas, a ing the discovery of the .existence of a secret nilitary organization is Kansas, designed to iontrol the affasire of that-territoy and to resist .he execution of any law passed bythe Territo -iai Legislature. One Rev. 0. W. Hutehainsons, preacher,is said to be the Grand Genrnl e he Order.