Newspaper Page Text
^, e. .
. " . ". , . *. "- , ~ " . *1*. W rJ I' . .1~ * - ;W$IU DGUY'IELI AIWERTIS EU - -PUBEJaiCD-EUEaY w EDEsDA O MoaN1NO AT W.-F. DURISOE & SON. go tA t in advance-Ti sf -and ? t to;pn rlts~ naith...and. TaRE .DOLLARS if not paid before iration of the year.' Alt' ttbscriptiuon nof distin ylimlted'at the nie of stihscr Sing,-will be conside elis made-for an indefinite period, and i-ilt be cot lnued otill all arreosaes are paid, ot'at the option thfitbhUsber. Subscnptinne fram other States mut vs" amAw bsecoeopanied .with the casu. Anasvu*jaszr 5 s.will be conspicuously insertedt 75ueans,par S-uare (1$ lines or less) for. the firsti and S7l cents for each suibaquent insertioi When Daly pnubllhed' Monthly or' Quarterly $I-pt ,gge wi b-'haged. ~All-Adveiti'emehts not har tbelisited'number of insertions marked on the ma it, will be continued until forbid and charged acso 'FThose de Nfi~t't6;lfertii4bi.ui? pIa/en do so 0 Iberal terms-it being distinctly upurerstood that se trastitfor yearly advertsing are confided to the imud diate itimate' bei iness .ofrihe firm or 'individal '.cotraetng. Traneient Advertisements must be pas 16'i4fvan ~ -- For enioeneings a Candidate;'Tbree. Dollar,, a ADVASCE. - For Advertise g Estrsys 'olled, Two Dollars, to I paid by the MM~e t 'lfl ui . 7H'flfUYfH1I~NLIGHT A -RLIGIOUS :JOURNAL, -DrrD 37 E. L: WHATLEt. g 51VTL.$-T/itING-:38UTRAL t.NtfOri :No, %WD SET FoR TiHE DEFENC. or WuATE5a wuarhwVAnmrE TES r or-RSAs.e, ScIENcE AND THE HoLY SCRIrrUazs. '"!Prose eOt ikte'Ae l fat teate'sieia good. -.'Terna, $x,0 per annum, in advance. W. F. DUISOE &:.SON,.P-UBLls1iERS, - - - DGEFIELD C, I., $. C. UCH is ther name and stylq of a.?lfnthly Peri 0 iddical, the publication of kich we purpose, ?l Lord silting, to commence o the first Monday i January next. The maio de ' n of this .Journal i tfor the discussion of'fliu ejpertaining to Chris tiat faith and-practioe. Addesitnal to this, we Rha resent such articles of a literapy character, origins and selectod;.as will have a jdinency to refine th taste and elevate the sentiment, of the reading pub lie. Polities also, considered.asi a science, azd a affecting the principles of Lowt aud. Govcrnqeni and more.especially the mighty .movements .of th tations, as they work out the desigs- of -Gud, wil clsi ndse and proper attention. But Politics de graded to the squabbles of dcmagotgues and factions will be utterly esehewyd and repudiated. As respee mattitp le -ligiout,tidc shall, a course, advocato.the principles of the-BaptistCe rannity..s derived from-the Scriptures, and repup lishfrom standard and other respectable works, at ticks pertaining to our own Literature"; 1iut otii columns will be Open to all of Eversy Name, For the defence anwdadvcacy- of their principles claiming only the right to judge of the suitableines of alkartieles-for insertion,- and to snake such grits eism on them as may be deemed expeawnt. In this undertaking we have the satisfueton < announcing thatperal gentlemen of etainent abili ty aed attainments have kindly engaged to rendc us ocopaionba assistance. T5,i'Journal will contain FORTY- PAGES , reading matter, and such advertisements as ou friends may favor us with, not inconsistent with th .character of the work,-making at the end of th year a tieat volume of 480 pages, suitable for bind Mt * P bogk fertr. With regard to tle mechanical execution of th -work, we deem the annonnceentct, that this will I ral 4ieKdji tiob of~e ,1rs..L)uiusor, a spffi . sgf dny Toti. bithfdt n iistefl perfdrmt . saes-and without further wo 4s, encouraged b; the expres'5f good'wilk a proamises of sub .stantial ai pemanyfriends, we sthrow the mat 'ter befo people with-san'Osuraneo of ever; - eort to '^' tisfactioD:for. tt support that ma: .e e- - to .s apd resprectfi y'ask them to le ~y~~nsulisecitioare wo DoLTt.An rper yea ' iuS, .~pt'o2the first anum iber. Mi~.ft .op1d 6vcery denomina tion, wt rpay bendabt'e to-comply with the terma ,will be supplied with oi copy' each, on applicatior C7 A list for the -signatures of all who wish I . encourage the work, may" befood, att the Post Oflfie< :suad also at the " A dvertiser" Olfice. ' All Jetters or commubicationh iddr st l3haersihed will receive prompt attention. - - E. L.'WH ATLEY, Editof-and Proprietor. !Ed eeld, S. C., Oct. r51855. - eLsTa AWN B~OU$, 01AD BThRT, AUGUYSTA, GA.' Are receiving their full Stock of N~BOTS, SBOES,'TRUNKS, VALIS1ES ., *..--CARPET BAGS, &c.,&c. 10esr~tsek will coinprise all the most fasionable at tieles, and those that can be recommended for~durn blifj/'Alsea large and superior lot of Ne'gf0 Br0gans, MKP.Citr-B kb bs-: Nut W en'. 3Mathe BOOTS.. We feel cotnfdenf,~tbat we rean show one of ti BEST ASSORTED Stock of Goods.that has ene leesmuin,qur City, and request- our custonlers an friends to give us a call befoe purchasing., X*N1t*NhE AND CHAkE -WE would call the attention,. of the public arNEtW end WELL~ SELECTED Stock ~AIRT ?RRITURE -. t Mthecold stand, #R~DER THE AUGUSTA HOTEl, BROAD STREEl Wh'iere we ee grepardd to siepl tal orders in ot jin, at aced Priies, anft -. -Ja -weald invite purhaerstoAal n~~ ylsewhere, for we WARR ANT a -'A Large Deduction (iom 0ik .cel; p~i:RY. Ild.NE R. AUGUs-rA, Se.) 1855. 1'. 9.'J.H'aving madh Iarrangements for our Fa Stippie' wththe " Ezelitr' Mangufactory' Nw York it enables us ftd sell 't'npeeit low rates. H.': & 8. !M A1u:gis,Sept 7 - -m - 35 rIIE bubs~criberI haing lo.gated pcriaanulpttyi Lthe Stori' next door to Mr. R. H.'SLLWax, prepared to nmnke to order fine B OO TS S S HOE S, .At b;lortes~tCntiC..anl f the very l$1.S fehpsby faitliful wvork a'ad olbs'e-a booihi 'e a5Ile to 'plebse'nil *tinny .ro 9i isltW~ieir'pitrnage. ' I will refer to Mir. S. F. Ggor., who is may gua dian. In all- mnatters of busin:... - - as - BER~RYIA N KlEIP. .uly18 *t' f7 IIETTER FRON-HOL. JAmSmL. ORR HON, C. W. DUDLEY,. r- On the propriety of having. the State .of Sour) ~ Carolina rejnesented in the 11emocratic Na , tional Convention, to be .held in Cinchmaati.. - ANizsoie, Nov.3, 1855. i- DEAR SIR: I avail myself of this occasion tc respond. to your~etter, io'quiring y opinipn o: the propriety of having. South Carolina repro sonted in the National Convention at Cincinnati r- The objects of this convention are two-fold first, to nominate'frue and eiiable'dandidsifeif5i o tlhe Presidincv ad' Vice Presidency for tie can ' vase of 1856;'and seeond, toJay down a platfortr 3 of -pinciples for the mainteriniceof which the d Democratic party ar to be pledged. --A convention' is merely a' method'of nfiding a out what.the popular op 'is and giving to-il Sasme eenispienousad aoingespressions haw been asadily-and suniformlpraned by' the a Democracy of- all the States-. (excepteour own) for .f0teen yearn or more, and-th -selection.ol delegates, manner.oe voting and nominating. baa been deined by aasage well understood and so quiesced..in, as if .regulat.ed..by law.. Hence,we know that. such a convention.. will assemble in Cincinnati in hisy next, and thatit will nomsinate Candidates for the Presidency :t Vice Presiden. cy-adopt 'a .platform 'of princip'les-and it i nearly certain thatthe nominees will receive the votes of the Democratie party of every State in the:Union. Shall the'Democracy of this'State send delegates? It'is otfr pridlege to be repre. sented there,-and at the present time believo ii to 'be a high and-solemn ddty to meet onipoliti. cat ,.lies, and to aid, by our-presence, and eoun. cils,-in-seleeting suitable nominees and construct ing -a platform, which will secure our rights and uphold the..Constitution. - "-. . There has never been a time sincethe conven. tion policy was adopted-if, indeed, there has e been such a time since the Govenment1 was inau gurati-wihen the suce'ess of i~ie 'tobatic s party in the electoral college wan so vitally im. portent as now. if that party should b defeated ii in the election before-the people,-evry' patriot's i mind must be filled with gloomy forebodings of e the future. . The indications now are, 'that the - opposition to the Democratic party, made u.pol K Know- Nothings, Abo!itionists, and -Fusionists, , will run two or more candidates: if the Demo. e cracy fail. to seore a majority in the electoral co!. lege over all elements of opposition, then the .eltetion must be made, according to .the Consiti tution; by the.House of Representatives. Can . we safely trust the election of our rights to that body? The House is now elected, and we know . that n decided majority of the House are mem bers of the Know Nothin usin. and- Whig r r TesT iiftfilie Jeee ion b devolvedion them, the Democratic party will be certaidly dcfeateid, and perhaps a Fusionist promoted to the Presi dencv. Are the people of South Carolina 'so indifferent to their relations to the Federal Grv ernminent, that they will quietly look on and see such an administration as we have had since the 4th of i' arch,'53-an administration that has - faithfully. and fearlessly maintained the Consti r tution in its purity-supplanted-by Know Noth ingism or Black Republicanism ? That is the i issue to be decided in the next presidential elec r tion, and that, too, in the electoral collego; for if e we fail there, then we know now with absolute e certainty that we must be defeated before the House. Vas it, then, ever so important before that the convention should be filled with discreet, patriotic men; that there should be the fallest - representation of every man devoted to the Dean - ocratic faith, and opposed to Fusion -and Know y Nothingi'm"; that they should commune freely together, and nominate a candidate who will - -command the confidence'of the entire party;nnd F that 'such interchange of opinions may enable 7 them -to adopt a sound constitutional platform? t Was it ever before so-important that an election should be made by the people, without going to a thme House of Representatives? Can we hesitate to meetsthe trrue men (if-the North, and co-operate -with them, when. ,he dust of the fray in many hard-fought battles against Fusionists and Black ~ Republicans.is still settled on their garments! .They have for more than ,twelve m'onths been fighting for the Constitution stid for the mnainto a nance of your rights..- Will you turn from thoem, with callous and heartless indifference, ard twit them with being Abolitionists themselavea? Such s'policy would not only be the blackest ingrati tude, but it would drive off all those national, conservative friends that are now standing by you. 'Will we hesitate to meet our friends from'eur -own section there, and aid them in the grave work before themI Or will 'we 'haughtily turn afrom them', and by our conduct, in refusing to mingle with them, by implication, reproach them for infidelity to 'us and themselves!? But I maybe met her. with this inquiry : Why -do you assume that the Democracy, with a favor. -ita nominee and as sound platform, wlll.be more - successful than the party was when~ the members of the House of, Representatives were elected, and from whose action yon hope for so little ben. 'eoft to the Bmnit * reily',' that nearly all the non-slavehodng States elected their Congress. e "men more Itan tilrele months ago, anma ima'edi. r "atfyf afldrthe 'passage of the' Kansas' and No. d- braskkt aet. Thait act raised'a storm of fanaticism which wafted F'uuion demnagogues' into -power; the men who- voted-for ft could -not-reneh home - in time to canvass' thieir -districts as thoroughly Las ehould have -been 'done; they could sot dis. cuss before' the election the-principles of the bill, and show that they were drawn from the Con. stitution. -F'anatcszn raged with -wild efury at the North. But three of. our friends, were sun. 0 tained in the great State of Pennsylvania, and two in Indiana. The fusion of Know Nothin 'ema and Abolitionism swept over the former btrate & by a majority of thirty-five thousand,' and' ovel - the-latter by-nesr -t;wenty-thousand.- These die Sasters overtook-ne ose yer ago, whon membera r to Congress were elected. Illinois, Michigan. .Maine, and New Jersey were likewise overrun by .Fuhion.-.. - But how stands the contest now ia tholie States! Penngylvania, the gallant Keystone Stati and the breakwater against the turbulent wavet of northern fanatieism, has rallied to the Con. atituation and the old Democratic banner in faei late election for Stato officers, and has not only 1 beaten back Fusion, but has near fifteen thou. , sand of a popular majority for .the Democrath d faith, includin'the Nebraska act. Indiana hat redeemed her escutcheon from the stain of-lll 'Republicanism, and hasigiven- the Democracy a --. anjority of near fifteen thousand' in her receni -State elections. Many other of. the northert utaes have done equally well.;.and-yet in.the i, next Congrees, if the presidentipi oleetion is di volved on the House of Rlepresentatives, tha *votes of every northern State (except Iowa, aon it dill be divided)' will-hbe cast either for Fusior -or Kn *Mfothing candidates. The late eleetiona show that there has been a reseti6'n irithe North o- aid'ost usipiiIeIEa in p6liticaliinakis ;' and it ii mnearly certain, if tihs'Bonth-is true toherself, anic -t sotwaIhr with imanhralty-a-congitucional Demo r- ierat,'-tat the sai we will receive from some o ' the tioathern Statea will enable us to-ulectr-him ii th..electaral college; but if' bia -election wa: even more 'doubtful than ['imagine, still itwsall fIrportant that-i viger-ou and concerted effbrt should be made; for I have' sown 'that' if we fail in the etectorNl college, the'House will elect a President hostile to our bolitical opinions, if p not to oti institutiona If It ahotild'be Seward, or any 'ther Black Republican, and an effort should' be-made to carry out -Their platform,-tfen' see po 'neans whereby the- Governmeit itself can be preserved. Sucir-an election m tnust pro. dace disunion, -bloodshed, and anarehy. Are we prepai'ed fot it?. And-if yea, will we 'not'be grossly derelict to humanity if we neglect -to use all the effort'in our powdr to avert the catas trophe, so long as we can p'eserve the Govern: ment consistently ;with our own safety iand rights - Our sister States of':the South begin to appre. eiate the magnitode of the crisis which awaits our section. 'They perceive that the' next eon-' vention is-to be one of much more than "usual importafice, and they -are preparing- for an. able and dicient representation there. -Our sister, Georgia,-han already taken the initiative to seeure utity and harmony amno the -States of the South, or questions of-vi -importnce to' ase a'section.- The Democtatic -and Ant?-Kno* Nothing ptrty' df that btite," through -Cobb, Toombs, Iverson, Stephens, Warner, lillyer-ai ey, LautayiScriven, and many other-distinguish= sons-fortner Whigs and Democrats, State Rights and Union men--have taken ground in favor of sending delegates-to that 'convention have declared the 'belief that the Democratic party at the North wn the only constitutional party-have -reiterated' the Georgia platform, upon which most-of the'politicians of this State, as I think,'properly -stand, and propose -t6- in struct' their 'delegates to insist, at- Cincinnati, upona platform which shall.-first, recognise and adopt Ai prteipTes-e-stablished 'n the Ka'nsas-1 Nebraska act; necend, that neither-the Missouri conpromise, nor aty' other' anti-Slavery restrie tion, sh'all -lieteafter be extended over any' terri tory of the United States ; third,-the prompt and faithfrl'execution of -the' fugitive 'iTave law, and its permanent continuance on the statute-book. The, last resolution, at the late -mass meeting of the'party-at Milledgeville, addresses-us'in a hir gunge which coinnends its&il to every.Demo crat in the e outh: S ." "t Resolred, That the Democratic and Anti Know Nothing party in all our sister States, and especially of the -uthern States, are respectfully and earnestly requested to take the foregoing resolutions into their early consideration, and co-operate'tcith us in the 'policy and objects 'in tended to be thereby secured." Stich is -their appeal to' the South. We have heard much of Southern -union being neeessary to our safety. Wenow have it in our power, by cord ial co-operation with our Southern sisters, to secure it-to secure it on such a basis as will permanellf'preserve onr institutions. We can here make 'our demand, and with a united South, we ran ohr it 'to' the true nen of thelorthf. f we act wiseiy, and 'present such an ultimatum, I doubt not that thousands, perhaps millions, at the North, will esponse and maintain it; for-it is a platform of the Constitution, and there are hosts of conservative',wcn who I know are prepared to maintain the Constitutiou of our fathers. - t Will we reject it with ailent contempt.-adhere to our isolation, and stubbornly refuse to frater nize with her, and all the balance of our'South ern sisters I Who doubts that all the South wiH be represented there ? and can it be said, truth fully, that our voice can be of no avail or weight, when the ultimatum sha:) be laid down? If we send delegates, who can say that our votes may not secure a reliable nominee and a sound plat form ? Will the instructions of Georgia to her delegates be more or less potent with the indorse ment of all or of only a portion of the South ? If, indeed, fanaticism is in the ascendant in the North, and -cannot .be overcome. then what initi alive step' towards a Southern Union, for-the last resort,-can be more eflectivo than to unite all -the South on the Georgia platform and inetrue tions? Our influence in counsel.and in action will be increased, whenever we show a hearty disposition.to.harmonize with, our sisters in thei South. H-ave we not, heretofore kept aloof from1 their consultations in every instanes, save in the Nashville convention ; and that n-as a movement which did not derive ray popularity inthe South from being suspected of having originated in South Carolina. Sooner or later we must learn the iinportant- truth, that the fate. and destiny of thetentiro South is identical. isolation will give neither security nor concert. When we meet Virginia and Georgia, Alabama and Mlississippi, in consultation, aseat Cincinnati, it is the suprem acy of Pharisaism to flippantly denounce such association as either dangerous or degrading. North Carolina, Missouri, Florida, and Texas, will be thiere represented; and are we too exal ted ~or conceited to meet them at the same coun cii board? We shall meet there many liberal men from the North; those wh6 in' their section have' done good service against political abolitionism. When we insist upon -our Platform with firm ness, and they see we only make a demand of our constitutional rights, they will concede it; and when 'they go home, they will prosecute the canvass in good faith, upon the prinoiples enun iated at the convention. Concert among our s'ehvs,'with the aid of'-the conservative men at I the North, 'may enable us to save the'constitu tional Union ;"if that"'cannot he preserved,'it I will enable us to save ourselves 'and our'institu- I tions. Are we alone to have unoccupied seats,I when'-sudh grave matters aim to be decided -by1 the Cincinnati convention ? '- - - . - eSuppose theoDemocracy of this State should dccide not to send delegates, and.the other States I of the South should follow her example, who I would be voted for? Could the party, ejen at the South, without some concert, which could 1 only be secured -by meeting,-rally upon the same mnab?- No well-Informed 'person would venture I an affirmative answer;- what would be the result? The Democratic party would certainly be do-1 feated, and' the Know Nothing or Black RBe publican party, would as certain, be succesatul. Our policy, then, would .inevitaly bringupon us defeat; and if we are to besaved froja a Free Soil President, it is only to be done by the part~y in the oilier States assembling and mnaking, a nomination in -which we refuse to, participate. Ev'en those wh~o are opposing thie sending ofi delegates, I doubt niot, rejoice in the hope that the other States, despite our impracticable ex ample, wvill meet and nominafe candidates.' But it violates the tinie honored policy' of the S.tate,"~ say th~o 'objectors. That may be true, and yet sh6ald be of little'oonsequoee in dee-idig our course now. The " divine sIght of Kin'g to rulb the' people,-'was consecrated by the aps'e'of centuries'; and if' that had been con cusive of the questioui, onr fathers were guilty. of's grave offence'- when they announced the plbeiandoctrihe, that' the' people had the right to goverjy themselves and make theireown laws. It mayble wise to wear, a cloak to-day, and very foolish 'to..morrow, and yet involve no'inconsls tency. -it is much easier. to assert the existence of the practice than to prove its wisdom. ..We have prsisted ia it for..fift,en..years,. and have,. made no converts by precept or example. All I the other States in the. Union now send'deje gates to national. conycntions. There is no party, thatI. have any knowledge. of, or frag-. ment of any. pat.hyhat :peesO thlat, plan of -..s.;,manmh oie of tha party in selecting candidates for the Idency and Vice Prei dency. However w ' nd defensible our opin. ions may have been h tofore, we have demon strated, by fifteen 'y experience, that we can not iiidace a single o f our confederates'to think with us-the p ber a.ainst us being thirty to one. May .w. ot hesitate long'befoi-e we shall, with self.c lacency, say' t hey are all irong, and we i right? As it is not a matter of consciene but one simply of ex pedieney-in what ma r the voice of the party can be Dest ascertaind -selecting candidates. is it not time that we. ould adopt their policy and renounce'ours? w much longer must we deny ourselves the. I privileges with.our co-States in trying to e to them we are right and they are wrong I; f the past is to furnish the -data of judging, it y be safely postponed,: until doomsday. We ve converted no single State-nay more, in t broad expanse of -this, great Republic, I kno, only a single promin ent man who has ren ed lhis partialities for onventions, and who opposes them, and.that man is Thomas H. A . .The long and-wel d usage of.the.Den seratic party gives us privilege of a-voice in. nominating candida we have heretofore refused it. I desire to South Carolina now, exercise it. .I desire our delegates there, 1ntrolling, to the exte their votes and intel ligence, the nominuti and platform. I am tired, heartly tired, of ing- the delegates .of the other States det ing - whom. we shalL rote for unless we' h an equal voice in the selection. If we were- ed the. right of uni Ling with them, we w complain of it as.an anbearable grievance , . .yet our voluntary re Esal works just as grea ractical injury. Since 1840, we have invariabl. oted for theirnominee, ad yet, during-all that t e, have had no agency ,n determining who.; should be, or what should-be the platform.a n the future, we will most likely vote for. . omince; even an-ob ectionable Democrat ; I be -taken as a choice )f evils, before a Whig -now Nothing, or Black Republican, because. he. )I more nearly repre sent-your political opin than either of theme. Dur delegation might. t an objectionable an and secure a good.po; in such a contin ;eney, would we have a justly to the Demo ;ratic party, of the.Unid who have engrafted >n the statute-book ever law to be found there, wherin your rights are otected and your inter sts advanced ? The eight votes which we are etitled to cast, might preve of vast importance o our southern sisters, .a adopting a reliable )latform. Are we to cotinne our deference to ,heir nominations when we take no part in their onventions? True digujty requires us to re ect the nominee, if we seorn and repudiate the )ominating power. it is 4ime that we should :hange this usage, whic. seems to be based nore upon caprice than, n practical wisdom. f it has heretofore been.' e, it is no .longer so. Ihe congressional caeca 'ystem was tried and xploded; conve lio~ sbeen substituted. Me miiy -nihave o " of. the 'substitite, ut we find that it is fastened upon the country )y universal nquiescense. Shall we persist in i fruitless opposition to it, at the sacrifice of our rivilegos in the national convention? It is a nistake to suppose that we are the party cou erring a favor in going into the convention; he reverse. is true. It is a joint meeting .for iur common good. So long as we remain n the Union, let us co-operate with oar olitical allies to elect good nmen and se ure wholesome measures. Why this voli:n. ary isolation, in refusing to act with equals ? re we their superiors in wisdom and patriot s; or has the degeneracy of the times left to south Carolina no citizen who can be trusted ith-her rights or honor as a dolegate? Are he people apprehensive that their delegates will rove faithless and treacherous? If that be true, hen'her members in. Congress should be reca ed, for they too have delicate and important rusts committed to their custody. Unsatisfactory as a convention is to many, the election of a candidate by it., who must be ae epted or rejected by the votes of the people, is at safer for the Republic than any election by ny Congress. It is far easier to corrupit a small >ody, such as a majoritj of ti House of Repre entatives, than to corrupt the people. Money, delle, position, succession, all, may be held out a inducements to the former body;. they would se navailing to the latter. It will be a great ational calamityv as often as the people fail to het, and dovolve the election on the H-ouse of lepresentatires; and such a calamity will rise at every electIon, unless by coneirt, througli tonventions or otherwvise, the votes of the people an be concentrated on some one condidate, re >resenting their opinions. The people have failed in two cases to make a election, both of which have become impor ant in history. The first was when Jefferson and urr received an equal number of votes. The ntest convulsed the whole Union, and produc d the most painful apprehensions in the bo ioma8 of all patriots; and well it might, when v review its history, and learn that Jefferson inally triumphed over Burr 'by a single vote. rhe excitement was so great, that it caused the tates the next year to assent to the only amend-' ne of thie Constitution adopted since the lovernment went fully into operation.. The other was between Jackson and Adams, n 1824. -There had been no concentration of ible opinion, by caucus or otherwise, because t as said to be the "era of good feeling," and everal-'gentlemen were consequsently voted for. a the electoral college, Jackson received 99 'otes, Adams 84, Crawford 41, and Clay 67; teither candidate .having received a majority of Il'the votes cast, there was no election- by the meople, and'. it went to the House of Represen atives. On the. first ballot Mr.. Adamns was leted. This reslL produced a public indigos. ion;which has had no parallel, because of the mitrage on the popular will, in supplanting 3eneral Ja. sion by John Quniney Adams. After that, prudent and sagatsions men saw he -imprortance of making an election 'by the eople. 'To accomplish it, party organization on efined principles has been -perfected, and con rentions are, In the judgment of the people of till the other States, the safest and fairest mecans >f'ascertainlng and concentrating the popular irill. I have shown the importance of perfect taon and concert in the Democracy if they cx tet-to triumph in the next:election. Will we tzard a defeat by churlishly withholding- our' sounsls from our political associates at the Jineinnati Convention ? Will we hazard another utrage on the popular will by carrying the text election into the hlouse? B~e not deceived by .he opponents of representation, when they tell iou- tha t our voen is small, and cans be of no cer rce in nominating or voting a plati-orm. Je~ffer mon was elected by a.. single vote ; many of the nst important laws have been passed by one rote.; the casting vote of the Vice President re lued the t-ariff in 1846. Your votes will count ; tour delegates will be kindly- received, and their wishes and .preferences treated with the most espectful consideration.. Instruct them, if you shoose, to retire from the convention, if the rinciples adopted by it are unsound, or if thes jomineis unreliable. If you do not choose to natruet them, send prudent, wise, uagacious elegates, and say to them dkat the Demonvratic tarty of South Carolina expects to receir'e no de riment at their hands. Be not deterred by Know Nothingd or fishy naommets, who may denoudtec you for going int the convena-ti--nor by te per se disunion ists who are anxious to destroy the Government. even without cause-dor by those mhen who pro fess to -.be-Democrats, when spoils of of iee or -public 'printing are to.be distribitted by thr Fed eral Government, and who .grow intensely local when State spoils or oflico- excite -their venal cupidity--iiorby men' who do not admit them selves -to-be Democrats, and who are in organi-. zations antagonistic .to the- Demoeratie: party. None of -these leire any right to a voice in de. ta'mining the question whether-the. Democratic party-of the -State should. be represented at Cia einnati. :Only- those who admit...theneselves Democrats should pass upon the question; and if-there be only a dozen in a- district, I .trust they may determine to have themselves repre. -sented at, Cincinnati. Such Democrats as are' opposed to sending delegates may refuse to go into the primary :assembries, and-they-will thew: not be -compre:nised-- Ifihey cannot go in, we-jI have no cause. orquarrel .with -hem ; they etier cise-their- right in staying .out, and- we do the same in going in. - -We do not profess to speak for -the State--na party has a right to speak for I the;State: we speak for -that portion of the I Democray who-think as we.de,.that. the party should esereiseits privilege of sending delegates to .Cincinnati. -I have coticedodthat -the policy -pursued has; *heretofore'been against 'conventions; and yet, t on- a :memorable ecasion; a convention that-as. I sembled at-Cnlninbia,in- May, 1843, represen- t ting every -distriot-in the State,: the fallest re presentition-of the poople -in voluntary conven-. tion that has been- had for. rnany years, very I strongly eommitted itself and the people to the convention system. -The delegates in that con- 1 vention, and the constituencies they represented, r were fully committed without qualification, and I they comnitted themselves to an aililition and J fraternization with the Democratic party when it had. given:tneah. fewer pledges, by their votes I in Congr.ess, and'othe:rwise, to: t.he political sen-' timents which we have most zealously cherished. Since then, the northern . Democrats aided us to l bring info the Union Texas,-amagnificent slave- 1 - holding 'T'erritory-large. enough to make four - slave States; and strengthened us more in that. I peruli:rr'interest- than. was ever before done. by H any single act of the -Federal Government. Since then they have amended a very imperfect fugitive slave law, passed in 1793, and have given us now a law for the- recovery of fugitive 1 slaves, as- stringent as the ingenuity of man .I cond devise. Since then they have aided us by J1 their votes in establishing the doctrine of non- " intervention with slaveiy by Congress in the 1 Territorteac. Since then they have reduedd the I odious taritf of 18.1, and fixed the principle of I irnlsts on the revenue, not the protective basis. I Since then they have actually repealed the Mis- < souri restriction, opened -the Territories to set. I tement. and -enabled u+, if the South will be I true to herself; and aid in peopling Kansas, to t form another slave State. In 1843 a hiiaiiwduld'have been pronotineed 14 insane, had he predicted that slavery would be r introduced there by the renoval of congression- t al restrit ions. Since then they have adopted the Virginia and K~entu-ky resolutions und .Mddi- 4 s':s repor-the very curner-stoune of State a rights-.., a phart of the Demioe::atc platform. t -they have h: their vole- in Con-JTess and con vetinelve1 :. these pledges to the Consttu- t tion 'since T.8413 ; and ii we could then fraternize t with them, what chante han transpired that jus- < tifes the dle!tgates i that convention at least, I in refusing now to fraternize with Northern and Southern Democrats? That' convention was called to present formally the name of John C. Calhoun for the Presidency ; and to provide for < having the Stale represented in the then aproach.. ing Den:ncratic Convention. It was presided t over by the.late Governor Seabrook, assisted by r the; Ifoins. .1. Bond 'On, J. B. O'Neall, Job < Johnston, D. L. Wardlaw, Angus Patterson, and I W. F. Culeock, as vice presidents, and James Simons and B. C. Yancy as secretaries. A com mittee of twenty-one was appointed to report an f addites to the people of the United States, and I I invite your attention to the distinguished a nanes composing the connrittee, to wit: T. N. Davkind, F. W. Pickens, S. WV. Trotti, ~Ker < Bov'c, R. F. WV. Allston, 'James WV. H-arrison, . J. Cauichman, J. A. Black, F. H. Elmore, Saiel Porcher, J. S. Brisbane, J. L. Manning, E. G. Palmer, J. J. Chappell, .John Douglas, J.t M.Felder, Rt. De Treville, J. J. Caldwell, Edward < Fro't, G. WV. Dargan, And John McQueen. The s address which they reported was -uranimously adoptd by the convcntion. I make the following & brief extract from it : . - u Wear- also unanimous in recommending that a the general convention of the party should be held in Baltimore, in May, 1844, and that each State should appoint as many delegates as she is -I entitled to members in the electoral college." . A committee of fitteen was appointed to re- : port a plan foa'the representation of the people of this State in the general conrenton. At the I head of that committee waus General Buchanan, 11 of Fairfield; and the following gentlemen as j members; Henry Bailey, F. D. Quash, A. WV. e Dozier, W. W. Harllee, B. K. 'Hennegan, F. I Sumtetr, Li. J. Patterson, J. A. Leland, George Do lass, Joel Smith, A. J. Lawton, WV.DuBose, N. L~ Gritlin, and T. H. Pope. . The report they - submitted was likewise unanimously adopted by. the convention, and-from which I make the fol- 1 lowing extracts: . " Resolved, That this cohvention concurs with the Democratic Republican party in the. States of Maryland, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Lou isiana, Keptucky, Pennsyl vana, New Hampshire, Micgan, Alablama, and Mississippi,-in the ap pointment of a generatl convention of the Dem ocratic Republicnn party of the United States, to assemble at Baltimore, in the State of Mary- I -land, in May, I84t4, and that this convention re commend thle fourth Monday in that mouth as the day of meeting of the said general conven tion. " Resolved, That the vote in said general con vention should be per capita," &c. -e " Rsohed, That this copvontion recommewnd to the pcople of the seyeral conlgrssionafl dis tricts if this ,stat to elect a detcgate each to represent them respoetively inL the said general i~ covntion," &c., "and that the delegates' of this convention be respectively appointed corn m xittees to bring the subject of this resolution to the consideration of tihe people of their re spective districts and parishes at such times as wvill insure an election of delegates to the goner- -r l convention on or before the first Monday ina April nexf. - t - I - "evd, That this contecntionl proczed to ckct lhv ballot tu-o delegate's to represent the State e: ar.' in the gernerai convent-ionl, proposed to be hlucd inI Mar, 18-44." Thoe nven'tion proceided to a ballot, ard ac tually elected lions. F. H-. Elmore and F. WV. Pikuns. These gentlemuen attended the eoen-' vention in 1844 as lobby .mem'bers, and did much service in exciting enthusiasm in Mr. P'oik's eloe tion -Whly they did not take their seats does not appear; certain it is, that the State conven-| tion, nor any other subsequeutly called, ever re- I voked the authority givenI 0mim to represent the1 State.- I - An executive commiatee was appoinited to' carry out the reneLrail pur1poses of the .conven tion, erinnipose of the followring gentlemn': J. ~ond i'On, Nat. Hcyward, Ker Bovee, John S. As'e, Ed. Frost. James Rose, flenry' 1laily,- F. il2....:.- Wi. Aiwn- heanry 6ourdin, Win m. Duflose, J. M. KelXder.J. i N*l W.. Murray,4andMK:E.Cart. These proceedingps ihow eoeclsively that delegates inthq as . convention were ' 9 af having South Catolina zresent'Bio t 1 more.: 1thint I i e sho'n iiaeeit party since, haa pro by rts kcorde4 adta, t t is now mere entitled 'o Ours ly; nd ifti ation than It Ara'- .19 843i 1 f i ;' tow can those, who were for lire 'bilg e Convention then, oonisttlo poit' relegates tom to Cincjanati? D thy, Itheir wct then, mean to declare that t :was ad ,reper to go Into a convention, when Cli. toun' . name was .t be bought - forward or ibimnatin, an'wrog at all other thnes and rnder all other, circumstancesi If they did, la inm say so, and Iet ps under'tand If theirs' s a levotiga to. men'ot plinclples.: No-1 -enti9 of ilie:party singe that. line .bha el , and if'thelir recorded acts 6rtotEde ideiiceof their josit to arty must be set town as favoring the system.. ir Calhoun's great name is'ippelea1o and abled upon as furnishing an insuperable barrier o goingt' is u n b fler the Stateoo Uo1,. a h X b4 eferred,-adjourne,.Mr .Calbom, was sted by a sommittoe in.In4ianat " he w Lbide the result of a notninating copyentot, and. uppor, the nominee if he .wasA1edeiIa?' -fie eplied, " tliat he .was no.. ameIad boea. hr aid. they. must .de .3 0.l - qb A@tl dds, "I have, however, no reas.R 4o ut They will cheerfully'abide Jy the f convention, fairly called and. fasiy sopst*itute4, hat would allow ample'time.for.tb fall evlip nent of public ..opinion, and.would; repesenti: ully,. equally;;and fairly, the..yoice.-of;thp,tpa,, ority..of..the party,".: Does this iodicst&qthathe vas opposed .o going into a opnvention, or . pproved of. that mode of soesting ca or the Presidencyl . . ..- .: I have already stated that a ConvientIOn is tbs. test means of ascertaining tlebprgfeemcspiO! he people..' The-usage is for eschAltsteso.ap-. oint the delegates in its own way;,.ensequst.' v some appoint by State. conventions of the arty, and others by distrIeta-- When they meet n convention, each State decides for itself vhther its vote shall be Ter capita, or whether majority shall control-the eite votegndiast t a unit. 'This gives'the dinretioh-to theSatest hemselves as to the-nppointtnbnt of-delegaes' did the manner of voting; When -tfhevoEsleof 11 the States' in eonventioi'have' been leaest care majority does not make a nonnnation;- that= he preference of the party may be unitke-ea sly for the-nominee, it retires' a-vote of 'to hirds to -efeet'a nomilation.- And adeiegati Iissatistied with ither the nominee orplatfbrm nay enter their'protest or- withdraw', and -ther o obligation of usage or moras requires then o support either. The true course for'such- Democrats in South' frofiti as desite't~ rep-elditet' at Chithu ati,in' my judgment, is to' call meetings' of hose favorable to the proposition, at the respee ive nurt-house-! or other public places, early the spring, say the first Monday in Marh. nd then appoint deleg:res' to a State conven ion, to assemble at Columbia on the first-Mon sy in May, and charge that convention with he duty of providing for, the representaton of he State'in Cincinnati. A full and free Inter. hange of opinion, among the friends of the ensure, may lead to some more acceptable ii' gestions. Thave given you my opinions frankly on this ubject-fearlessly, too, in despite of the fears f timid friends, and the frowns of malignant nemies. I believe it to be the true policy for he State to pursue. - If eohservativd national ien at the North are ustained, It will Inetease ur strength and influence 'with the national )emocracy; if they are prostrated, and the outh is forced to look to herself alone:,fo afety, it will conciliate the good will and kind eelings of our Southern sisters, and give as reight and infuence in the grate councils that watt us. I am, sir, very tepestfa Uf' er friend and bediens servant,' . ' JAilES L.s ORR. Hoh. C. WV. DUDLEY. BONNETS FOR THEu 'LaaDIES.-WF are happy hear from Paris-(winter fehions)-he shape ' bonnets will be very much in the Marial Stu rt style; comning more, forward on the fosehead tan those worn during the summer. Tis is ood news, for the apprehension has beenthat as ladies would soon appear in the frezing treets with nothing but cape. SINGULAE CASE or C.ATALurs.-,5.A ndrick, of Tazeweli county, Virgmna,. ser illness of several weeks, apparently .died, scently, and prparations were made fr her terment. Whie some persons were prp. ig herehroud, however, they were amaze to ear the seeming corpse, in ..s faint voice, ask r food. She had been under the influence of a atalptic attack,.which fortunateli, passed off 1time to prevent tlie burial of her body. A WYoaUsG CoUNTY iUszBANd SOLD FoE $ 50 The Cleveland Pfaindealer tells the followlg "4 lady passed throdugh hers a fewr day etce 1 ho pursuit of her husindwheb b mitten witha smartattackotp d3S# ion,' and had runa away. rith'anotief .oa rom Wyomio'g count',.New YorZ ,to~ oa~ ounty. 'She tools a brace of ofiers from ti ity~and west to',E *yria. The getleman; mntt ing the approach of dahgr 'le his pidny with nepe'to effect a duesowith thee.ey nd took the cars for the South. On sfiete, e suspected the honesty of his nephe#,ad okl the next train -back tolook after his money.. lore hui eneounthred the pursuing, pary, : egotiations. were opened. It. restlte in tile dj's selling out all her right tirtle, ant good ii in and to the husband, ad his purehab n a ishonorable peace for five hundred dollap. T~ y retutned to. Wyoming withouit a husbs~d t with a pocket ful of roeks." FitroUs.-A wealthf4 St. Domiingo 'coffee caler, whose skin was rather dark, essayed to in last week at nte -of the B6stob rtaarantta, whenhe'waiter informed him that itwas agamust e rules to entertain colored persons.. A tow nted, whisch required the Interference of the olice ; but it appears that the gentleman did iot seceed in getting his dinber. Boston folks no full of notions. Sometimes black appeaus o be their-favorte color ; at other times-they inifest the greatest- repugnante to it. . -- " SAY, Cmsaa- AUGUsTUs, why am yoir'legs ike an iirgan grinder's t". Don't -know. Mr. 8. rarloaf, why is dey ?" " Cause dey carry a moo ey aboute streeta." A brick grarze4 thehead f Mr. Sugarloat, just as his ears disappeird ound the cornor. - .. -- Mrs. PARTINGToN, on being asks ad- etil pair of twins with which she was -said tohave teen recently blessed, replied that if such:was he fact, it needn't .he wondered. at, for she lie onged to a vary',.growring family,.. amd, .thopgh one- of 'em had twins, ytseveral of- themha :oms within one ,f.it, lptonPost. .. .., . - Bn--rio is immor6ta~l. -'This Invokes an -sthi il question--How can the-man who bets he .m...r.. thta unea .wh-.is no better ? .~ - . That prd like pip eta certain broad, Among our Suice detawacj"!: .A bdreesea hq ysej 1,. Without a prop to sae it from siser. *iMlsg fr mghuM'ermlalietbu *: ,.Or *met.t &,m6y -0l(iii.. That plagued nows woad~ veledew!.! Don' bepredqd.~ j~u~9 But learn for tbe.kshet ,esgIWa4 repose,;. That wealth's a bnbb, sthat Goatee--sndgoe ! " j~ yeas aft, Jbepr waa."hoternvpe' of.Maqxshwuttus *~wergyoid"; , sagii-. though he waetintTny.1c oved . aaar~d. ALgo" Obristis.s"t 'vA)w~d tiat he 184.108.40.206 joke mum bIthter th a,p*ea,;he modi inveterate jokem.> J #was Wte~iipua "orgaa or, thii c ersh ba4,es.Uj PRtf#Mlas~. douibt bias viol', .Not &fvruu 4i Wlbe1Wp~A 1a40 I4own estpridL a LrF' :taw buU.. e. hot .Sabsbah"ia .thd summet het. gteaL-of hibd psture and - ae. bplto zug wp a4kr-.street. " to t4 r iwealh: pprchaeei to 4iseertaWn if its 'lobin td~ jaap eed ipi r, ~t~ a1 ate.the reverend doctor wasn in the. wait tf-hls sertmoWr, "3OSrwooiwoO " wenOt the I . :. *Thed~e pssedl~oed Ap a thi~ght efa a pudriMth d va eidL. ' " 1 would thank, the wnainna trot td'.tune' their -instrunmet .dauring-" aeruicel It ansos mut very much. -the people.tared, "and the mniiste t we~t.on. a"Boo~weo-weo" went the 'bug. Apgia, Ug hs passed another green snpot. *The parson pausedd agiin, and :addreee the choir: , ...-" ., " I really wish Ikbe s ses wepid ,i bat "tns their instruments while I am preselaing; asI remarked -before it~anuoyeme very msdc1sP The people."itterred,. far they- kie, as~ietI as anyon~e what; threal'5tats o;jbe-s wa.. Thceminieter went onvagaino Witll. his diatobruae, bath. had. not proceeded-Ihr'beforo .another "Boo-woo-woo".esmefrom" Tt..BMTI.: '.The;psruea:pased'once more, and again-ca. .&'I huvtwice already requeuted" ae" U ideicians in the gallery' noi~to luone;&beirinatrmcote dii ring the sermon time. I now piathieelarly re quest 'Mr. Lsfevor that-he will oar; thuia ~~den. bin bass viol while Lam- rahn. *Thisawas too much. L~afevor.. goi tap, too mucheagiwaedat: the, thought:u a eApi wg oat in church,-gn&alammered~out: "i ""