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- - E. L.'WH ATLEY,
!Ed eeld, S. C., Oct. r51855. -
eLsTa AWN B~OU$,
01AD BThRT, AUGUYSTA, GA.'
Are receiving their full Stock of
N~BOTS, SBOES,'TRUNKS, VALIS1ES
., *..--CARPET BAGS, &c.,&c.
10esr~tsek will coinprise all the most fasionable at
tieles, and those that can be recommended for~durn
blifj/'Alsea large and superior lot of
MKP.Citr-B kb bs-: Nut W en'. 3Mathe
We feel cotnfdenf,~tbat we rean show one of ti
BEST ASSORTED Stock of Goods.that has ene
leesmuin,qur City, and request- our custonlers an
friends to give us a call befoe purchasing.,
X*N1t*NhE AND CHAkE
-WE would call the attention,. of the public
arNEtW end WELL~ SELECTED Stock
-. t Mthecold stand,
#R~DER THE AUGUSTA HOTEl, BROAD STREEl
Wh'iere we ee grepardd to siepl tal orders in ot
jin, at aced Priies, anft
-. -Ja -weald invite purhaerstoAal n~~
ylsewhere, for we WARR ANT a -'A
Large Deduction (iom 0ik .cel;
p~i:RY. Ild.NE R.
AUGUs-rA, Se.) 1855.
1'. 9.'J.H'aving madh Iarrangements for our Fa
Stippie' wththe " Ezelitr' Mangufactory'
Nw York it enables us ftd sell 't'npeeit
low rates. H.': & 8.
!M A1u:gis,Sept 7 - -m - 35
rIIE bubs~criberI haing lo.gated pcriaanulpttyi
Lthe Stori' next door to Mr. R. H.'SLLWax,
prepared to nmnke to order fine
B OO TS S S HOE S,
.At b;lortes~tCntiC..anl f the very l$1.S
fehpsby faitliful wvork a'ad olbs'e-a
booihi 'e a5Ile to 'plebse'nil *tinny .ro 9i
I will refer to Mir. S. F. Ggor., who is may gua
dian. In all- mnatters of busin:...
- - as - BER~RYIA N KlEIP.
.uly18 *t' f7
IIETTER FRON-HOL. JAmSmL. ORR
HON, C. W. DUDLEY,.
r- On the propriety of having. the State .of Sour)
~ Carolina rejnesented in the 11emocratic Na
, tional Convention, to be .held in Cinchmaati..
- ANizsoie, Nov.3, 1855.
i- DEAR SIR: I avail myself of this occasion tc
respond. to your~etter, io'quiring y opinipn o:
the propriety of having. South Carolina repro
sonted in the National Convention at Cincinnati
r- The objects of this convention are two-fold
first, to nominate'frue and eiiable'dandidsifeif5i
o tlhe Presidincv ad' Vice Presidency for tie can
' vase of 1856;'and seeond, toJay down a platfortr
3 of -pinciples for the mainteriniceof which the
d Democratic party ar to be pledged.
--A convention' is merely a' method'of nfiding
a out what.the popular op 'is and giving to-il
Sasme eenispienousad aoingespressions
haw been asadily-and suniformlpraned by' the
a Democracy of- all the States-. (excepteour own)
for .f0teen yearn or more, and-th -selection.ol
delegates, manner.oe voting and nominating. baa
been deined by aasage well understood and so
quiesced..in, as if .regulat.ed..by law.. Hence,we
know that. such a convention.. will assemble in
Cincinnati in hisy next, and thatit will nomsinate
Candidates for the Presidency :t Vice Presiden.
cy-adopt 'a .platform 'of princip'les-and it i
nearly certain thatthe nominees will receive the
votes of the Democratie party of every State in
the:Union. Shall the'Democracy of this'State
send delegates? It'is otfr pridlege to be repre.
sented there,-and at the present time believo ii
to 'be a high and-solemn ddty to meet onipoliti.
cat ,.lies, and to aid, by our-presence, and eoun.
cils,-in-seleeting suitable nominees and construct
ing -a platform, which will secure our rights and
uphold the..Constitution. - "-. .
There has never been a time sincethe conven.
tion policy was adopted-if, indeed, there has
e been such a time since the Govenment1 was inau
gurati-wihen the suce'ess of i~ie 'tobatic
s party in the electoral college wan so vitally im.
portent as now. if that party should b defeated
ii in the election before-the people,-evry' patriot's
i mind must be filled with gloomy forebodings of
e the future. . The indications now are, 'that the
- opposition to the Democratic party, made u.pol
K Know- Nothings, Abo!itionists, and -Fusionists,
, will run two or more candidates: if the Demo.
e cracy fail. to seore a majority in the electoral co!.
lege over all elements of opposition, then the
.eltetion must be made, according to .the Consiti
tution; by the.House of Representatives. Can
. we safely trust the election of our rights to that
body? The House is now elected, and we know
. that n decided majority of the House are mem
bers of the Know Nothin usin. and- Whig
r r TesT iiftfilie Jeee ion b devolvedion them,
the Democratic party will be certaidly dcfeateid,
and perhaps a Fusionist promoted to the Presi
dencv. Are the people of South Carolina 'so
indifferent to their relations to the Federal Grv
ernminent, that they will quietly look on and see
such an administration as we have had since the
4th of i' arch,'53-an administration that has
- faithfully. and fearlessly maintained the Consti
r tution in its purity-supplanted-by Know Noth
ingism or Black Republicanism ? That is the
i issue to be decided in the next presidential elec
r tion, and that, too, in the electoral collego; for if
e we fail there, then we know now with absolute
e certainty that we must be defeated before the
House. Vas it, then, ever so important before
that the convention should be filled with discreet,
patriotic men; that there should be the fallest
- representation of every man devoted to the Dean
- ocratic faith, and opposed to Fusion -and Know
y Nothingi'm"; that they should commune freely
together, and nominate a candidate who will
- -command the confidence'of the entire party;nnd
F that 'such interchange of opinions may enable
7 them -to adopt a sound constitutional platform?
t Was it ever before so-important that an election
should be made by the people, without going to
a thme House of Representatives? Can we hesitate
to meetsthe trrue men (if-the North, and co-operate
-with them, when. ,he dust of the fray in many
hard-fought battles against Fusionists and Black
~ Republicans.is still settled on their garments!
.They have for more than ,twelve m'onths been
fighting for the Constitution stid for the mnainto
a nance of your rights..- Will you turn from thoem,
with callous and heartless indifference, ard twit
them with being Abolitionists themselavea? Such
s'policy would not only be the blackest ingrati
tude, but it would drive off all those national,
conservative friends that are now standing by
'Will we hesitate to meet our friends from'eur
-own section there, and aid them in the grave
work before themI Or will 'we 'haughtily turn
afrom them', and by our conduct, in refusing to
mingle with them, by implication, reproach them
for infidelity to 'us and themselves!?
But I maybe met her. with this inquiry : Why
-do you assume that the Democracy, with a favor.
-ita nominee and as sound platform, wlll.be more
- successful than the party was when~ the members
of the House of, Representatives were elected,
and from whose action yon hope for so little ben.
'eoft to the Bmnit * reily',' that nearly all the
non-slavehodng States elected their Congress.
e "men more Itan tilrele months ago, anma ima'edi.
r "atfyf afldrthe 'passage of the' Kansas' and No.
d- braskkt aet. Thait act raised'a storm of fanaticism
which wafted F'uuion demnagogues' into -power;
the men who- voted-for ft could -not-reneh home
- in time to canvass' thieir -districts as thoroughly
Las ehould have -been 'done; they could sot dis.
cuss before' the election the-principles of the bill,
and show that they were drawn from the Con.
stitution. -F'anatcszn raged with -wild efury at
the North. But three of. our friends, were sun.
0 tained in the great State of Pennsylvania, and
two in Indiana. The fusion of Know Nothin 'ema
and Abolitionism swept over the former btrate
& by a majority of thirty-five thousand,' and' ovel
- the-latter by-nesr -t;wenty-thousand.- These die
Sasters overtook-ne ose yer ago, whon membera
r to Congress were elected. Illinois, Michigan.
.Maine, and New Jersey were likewise overrun by
- But how stands the contest now ia tholie
States! Penngylvania, the gallant Keystone Stati
and the breakwater against the turbulent wavet
of northern fanatieism, has rallied to the Con.
atituation and the old Democratic banner in faei
late election for Stato officers, and has not only
1 beaten back Fusion, but has near fifteen thou.
, sand of a popular majority for .the Democrath
d faith, includin'the Nebraska act. Indiana hat
redeemed her escutcheon from the stain of-lll
'Republicanism, and hasigiven- the Democracy a
--. anjority of near fifteen thousand' in her receni
-State elections. Many other of. the northert
utaes have done equally well.;.and-yet in.the
i, next Congrees, if the presidentipi oleetion is di
volved on the House of Rlepresentatives, tha
*votes of every northern State (except Iowa, aon
it dill be divided)' will-hbe cast either for Fusior
-or Kn *Mfothing candidates. The late eleetiona
show that there has been a reseti6'n irithe North
o- aid'ost usipiiIeIEa in p6liticaliinakis ;' and it ii
mnearly certain, if tihs'Bonth-is true toherself, anic
-t sotwaIhr with imanhralty-a-congitucional Demo
r- ierat,'-tat the sai we will receive from some o
' the tioathern Statea will enable us to-ulectr-him ii
th..electaral college; but if' bia -election wa:
even more 'doubtful than ['imagine, still itwsall
fIrportant that-i viger-ou and concerted effbrt
should be made; for I have' sown 'that' if we
fail in the etectorNl college, the'House will elect
a President hostile to our bolitical opinions, if
p not to oti institutiona If It ahotild'be Seward,
or any 'ther Black Republican, and an effort
should' be-made to carry out -Their platform,-tfen'
see po 'neans whereby the- Governmeit itself
can be preserved. Sucir-an election m tnust pro.
dace disunion, -bloodshed, and anarehy. Are
we prepai'ed fot it?. And-if yea, will we 'not'be
grossly derelict to humanity if we neglect -to
use all the effort'in our powdr to avert the catas
trophe, so long as we can p'eserve the Govern:
ment consistently ;with our own safety iand
Our sister States of':the South begin to appre.
eiate the magnitode of the crisis which awaits
our section. 'They perceive that the' next eon-'
vention is-to be one of much more than "usual
importafice, and they -are preparing- for an. able
and dicient representation there. -Our sister,
Georgia,-han already taken the initiative to seeure
utity and harmony amno the -States of the
South, or questions of-vi -importnce to' ase
a'section.- The Democtatic -and Ant?-Kno*
Nothing ptrty' df that btite," through -Cobb,
Toombs, Iverson, Stephens, Warner, lillyer-ai
ey, LautayiScriven, and many other-distinguish=
sons-fortner Whigs and Democrats, State
Rights and Union men--have taken ground in
favor of sending delegates-to that 'convention
have declared the 'belief that the Democratic
party at the North wn the only constitutional
party-have -reiterated' the Georgia platform,
upon which most-of the'politicians of this State,
as I think,'properly -stand, and propose -t6- in
struct' their 'delegates to insist, at- Cincinnati,
upona platform which shall.-first, recognise and
adopt Ai prteipTes-e-stablished 'n the Ka'nsas-1
Nebraska act; necend, that neither-the Missouri
conpromise, nor aty' other' anti-Slavery restrie
tion, sh'all -lieteafter be extended over any' terri
tory of the United States ; third,-the prompt and
faithfrl'execution of -the' fugitive 'iTave law, and
its permanent continuance on the statute-book.
The, last resolution, at the late -mass meeting of
the'party-at Milledgeville, addresses-us'in a hir
gunge which coinnends its&il to every.Demo
crat in the e outh: S ."
"t Resolred, That the Democratic and Anti
Know Nothing party in all our sister States, and
especially of the -uthern States, are respectfully
and earnestly requested to take the foregoing
resolutions into their early consideration, and
co-operate'tcith us in the 'policy and objects 'in
tended to be thereby secured."
Stich is -their appeal to' the South. We have
heard much of Southern -union being neeessary
to our safety. Wenow have it in our power, by
cord ial co-operation with our Southern sisters, to
secure it-to secure it on such a basis as will
permanellf'preserve onr institutions. We can
here make 'our demand, and with a united South,
we ran ohr it 'to' the true nen of thelorthf. f
we act wiseiy, and 'present such an ultimatum, I
doubt not that thousands, perhaps millions, at
the North, will esponse and maintain it; for-it is
a platform of the Constitution, and there are
hosts of conservative',wcn who I know are
prepared to maintain the Constitutiou of our
fathers. - t
Will we reject it with ailent contempt.-adhere
to our isolation, and stubbornly refuse to frater
nize with her, and all the balance of our'South
ern sisters I Who doubts that all the South wiH
be represented there ? and can it be said, truth
fully, that our voice can be of no avail or weight,
when the ultimatum sha:) be laid down? If we
send delegates, who can say that our votes may
not secure a reliable nominee and a sound plat
form ? Will the instructions of Georgia to her
delegates be more or less potent with the indorse
ment of all or of only a portion of the South ?
If, indeed, fanaticism is in the ascendant in the
North, and -cannot .be overcome. then what initi
alive step' towards a Southern Union, for-the last
resort,-can be more eflectivo than to unite all
-the South on the Georgia platform and inetrue
tions? Our influence in counsel.and in action
will be increased, whenever we show a hearty
disposition.to.harmonize with, our sisters in thei
South. H-ave we not, heretofore kept aloof from1
their consultations in every instanes, save in the
Nashville convention ; and that n-as a movement
which did not derive ray popularity inthe South
from being suspected of having originated in
South Carolina. Sooner or later we must learn
the iinportant- truth, that the fate. and destiny of
thetentiro South is identical. isolation will give
neither security nor concert. When we meet
Virginia and Georgia, Alabama and Mlississippi,
in consultation, aseat Cincinnati, it is the suprem
acy of Pharisaism to flippantly denounce such
association as either dangerous or degrading.
North Carolina, Missouri, Florida, and Texas,
will be thiere represented; and are we too exal
ted ~or conceited to meet them at the same coun
We shall meet there many liberal men from
the North; those wh6 in' their section have' done
good service against political abolitionism.
When we insist upon -our Platform with firm
ness, and they see we only make a demand of
our constitutional rights, they will concede it;
and when 'they go home, they will prosecute the
canvass in good faith, upon the prinoiples enun
iated at the convention. Concert among our
s'ehvs,'with the aid of'-the conservative men at I
the North, 'may enable us to save the'constitu
tional Union ;"if that"'cannot he preserved,'it I
will enable us to save ourselves 'and our'institu- I
tions. Are we alone to have unoccupied seats,I
when'-sudh grave matters aim to be decided -by1
the Cincinnati convention ? '- - - .
- eSuppose theoDemocracy of this State should
dccide not to send delegates, and.the other States I
of the South should follow her example, who I
would be voted for? Could the party, ejen at
the South, without some concert, which could 1
only be secured -by meeting,-rally upon the same
mnab?- No well-Informed 'person would venture I
an affirmative answer;- what would be the result?
The Democratic party would certainly be do-1
feated, and' the Know Nothing or Black RBe
publican party, would as certain, be succesatul.
Our policy, then, would .inevitaly bringupon
us defeat; and if we are to besaved froja a Free
Soil President, it is only to be done by the part~y
in the oilier States assembling and mnaking, a
nomination in -which we refuse to, participate.
Ev'en those wh~o are opposing thie sending ofi
delegates, I doubt niot, rejoice in the hope that
the other States, despite our impracticable ex
ample, wvill meet and nominafe candidates.'
But it violates the tinie honored policy' of
the S.tate,"~ say th~o 'objectors. That may be
true, and yet sh6ald be of little'oonsequoee in
dee-idig our course now. The " divine sIght of
Kin'g to rulb the' people,-'was consecrated by
the aps'e'of centuries'; and if' that had been con
cusive of the questioui, onr fathers were guilty.
of's grave offence'- when they announced the
plbeiandoctrihe, that' the' people had the right
to goverjy themselves and make theireown laws.
It mayble wise to wear, a cloak to-day, and very
foolish 'to..morrow, and yet involve no'inconsls
tency. -it is much easier. to assert the existence
of the practice than to prove its wisdom. ..We
have prsisted ia it for..fift,en..years,. and have,.
made no converts by precept or example. All I
the other States in the. Union now send'deje
gates to national. conycntions. There is no
party, thatI. have any knowledge. of, or frag-.
ment of any. pat.hyhat :peesO thlat, plan of
-..s.;,manmh oie of tha party in selecting
candidates for the Idency and Vice Prei
dency. However w ' nd defensible our opin.
ions may have been h tofore, we have demon
strated, by fifteen 'y experience, that we can
not iiidace a single o f our confederates'to
think with us-the p ber a.ainst us being
thirty to one. May .w. ot hesitate long'befoi-e
we shall, with self.c lacency, say' t hey are
all irong, and we i right? As it is not a
matter of consciene but one simply of ex
pedieney-in what ma r the voice of the party
can be Dest ascertaind -selecting candidates.
is it not time that we. ould adopt their policy
and renounce'ours? w much longer must
we deny ourselves the. I privileges with.our
co-States in trying to e to them we are right
and they are wrong I; f the past is to furnish
the -data of judging, it y be safely postponed,:
until doomsday. We ve converted no single
State-nay more, in t broad expanse of -this,
great Republic, I kno, only a single promin
ent man who has ren ed lhis partialities for
onventions, and who opposes them, and.that
man is Thomas H. A .
.The long and-wel d usage of.the.Den
seratic party gives us privilege of a-voice in.
nominating candida we have heretofore
refused it. I desire to South Carolina now,
exercise it. .I desire our delegates there,
1ntrolling, to the exte their votes and intel
ligence, the nominuti and platform. I am
tired, heartly tired, of ing- the delegates .of
the other States det ing - whom. we shalL
rote for unless we' h an equal voice in the
selection. If we were- ed the. right of uni
Ling with them, we w complain of it as.an
anbearable grievance , . .yet our voluntary re
Esal works just as grea ractical injury. Since
1840, we have invariabl. oted for theirnominee,
ad yet, during-all that t e, have had no agency
,n determining who.; should be, or what
should-be the platform.a n the future, we will
most likely vote for. . omince; even an-ob
ectionable Democrat ; I be -taken as a choice
)f evils, before a Whig -now Nothing, or Black
Republican, because. he. )I more nearly repre
sent-your political opin than either of theme.
Dur delegation might. t an objectionable
an and secure a good.po; in such a contin
;eney, would we have a justly to the Demo
;ratic party, of the.Unid who have engrafted
>n the statute-book ever law to be found there,
wherin your rights are otected and your inter
sts advanced ? The eight votes which we are
etitled to cast, might preve of vast importance
o our southern sisters, .a adopting a reliable
)latform. Are we to cotinne our deference to
,heir nominations when we take no part in their
onventions? True digujty requires us to re
ect the nominee, if we seorn and repudiate the
)ominating power. it is 4ime that we should
:hange this usage, whic. seems to be based
nore upon caprice than, n practical wisdom.
f it has heretofore been.' e, it is no .longer so.
Ihe congressional caeca 'ystem was tried and
xploded; conve lio~ sbeen substituted.
Me miiy -nihave o " of. the 'substitite,
ut we find that it is fastened upon the country
)y universal nquiescense. Shall we persist in
i fruitless opposition to it, at the sacrifice of our
rivilegos in the national convention? It is a
nistake to suppose that we are the party cou
erring a favor in going into the convention;
he reverse. is true. It is a joint meeting .for
iur common good. So long as we remain
n the Union, let us co-operate with oar
olitical allies to elect good nmen and se
ure wholesome measures. Why this voli:n.
ary isolation, in refusing to act with equals ?
re we their superiors in wisdom and patriot
s; or has the degeneracy of the times left to
south Carolina no citizen who can be trusted
ith-her rights or honor as a dolegate? Are
he people apprehensive that their delegates will
rove faithless and treacherous? If that be true,
hen'her members in. Congress should be reca
ed, for they too have delicate and important
rusts committed to their custody.
Unsatisfactory as a convention is to many, the
election of a candidate by it., who must be ae
epted or rejected by the votes of the people, is
at safer for the Republic than any election by
ny Congress. It is far easier to corrupit a small
>ody, such as a majoritj of ti House of Repre
entatives, than to corrupt the people. Money,
delle, position, succession, all, may be held out
a inducements to the former body;. they would
se navailing to the latter. It will be a great
ational calamityv as often as the people fail to
het, and dovolve the election on the H-ouse of
lepresentatires; and such a calamity will
rise at every electIon, unless by coneirt, througli
tonventions or otherwvise, the votes of the people
an be concentrated on some one condidate, re
>resenting their opinions.
The people have failed in two cases to make
a election, both of which have become impor
ant in history. The first was when Jefferson and
urr received an equal number of votes. The
ntest convulsed the whole Union, and produc
d the most painful apprehensions in the bo
ioma8 of all patriots; and well it might, when
v review its history, and learn that Jefferson
inally triumphed over Burr 'by a single vote.
rhe excitement was so great, that it caused the
tates the next year to assent to the only amend-'
ne of thie Constitution adopted since the
lovernment went fully into operation..
The other was between Jackson and Adams,
n 1824. -There had been no concentration of
ible opinion, by caucus or otherwise, because
t as said to be the "era of good feeling," and
everal-'gentlemen were consequsently voted for.
a the electoral college, Jackson received 99
'otes, Adams 84, Crawford 41, and Clay 67;
teither candidate .having received a majority of
Il'the votes cast, there was no election- by the
meople, and'. it went to the House of Represen
atives. On the. first ballot Mr.. Adamns was
leted. This reslL produced a public indigos.
ion;which has had no parallel, because of the
mitrage on the popular will, in supplanting
3eneral Ja. sion by John Quniney Adams.
After that, prudent and sagatsions men saw
he -imprortance of making an election 'by the
eople. 'To accomplish it, party organization on
efined principles has been -perfected, and con
rentions are, In the judgment of the people of
till the other States, the safest and fairest mecans
>f'ascertainlng and concentrating the popular
irill. I have shown the importance of perfect
taon and concert in the Democracy if they cx
tet-to triumph in the next:election. Will we
tzard a defeat by churlishly withholding- our'
sounsls from our political associates at the
Jineinnati Convention ? Will we hazard another
utrage on the popular will by carrying the
text election into the hlouse? B~e not deceived by
.he opponents of representation, when they tell
iou- tha t our voen is small, and cans be of no cer
rce in nominating or voting a plati-orm. Je~ffer
mon was elected by a.. single vote ; many of the
nst important laws have been passed by one
rote.; the casting vote of the Vice President re
lued the t-ariff in 1846. Your votes will count ;
tour delegates will be kindly- received, and their
wishes and .preferences treated with the most
espectful consideration.. Instruct them, if you
shoose, to retire from the convention, if the
rinciples adopted by it are unsound, or if thes
jomineis unreliable. If you do not choose to
natruet them, send prudent, wise, uagacious
elegates, and say to them dkat the Demonvratic
tarty of South Carolina expects to receir'e no de
riment at their hands.
Be not deterred by Know Nothingd or fishy
naommets, who may denoudtec you for going
int the convena-ti--nor by te per se disunion
ists who are anxious to destroy the Government.
even without cause-dor by those mhen who pro
fess to -.be-Democrats, when spoils of of iee or
-public 'printing are to.be distribitted by thr Fed
eral Government, and who .grow intensely local
when State spoils or oflico- excite -their venal
cupidity--iiorby men' who do not admit them
selves -to-be Democrats, and who are in organi-.
zations antagonistic .to the- Demoeratie: party.
None of -these leire any right to a voice in de.
ta'mining the question whether-the. Democratic
party-of the -State should. be represented at Cia
einnati. :Only- those who admit...theneselves
Democrats should pass upon the question; and
if-there be only a dozen in a- district, I .trust
they may determine to have themselves repre.
-sented at, Cincinnati. Such Democrats as are'
opposed to sending delegates may refuse to go
into the primary :assembries, and-they-will thew:
not be -compre:nised-- Ifihey cannot go in, we-jI
have no cause. orquarrel .with -hem ; they etier
cise-their- right in staying .out, and- we do the
same in going in. - -We do not profess to speak
for -the State--na party has a right to speak for I
the;State: we speak for -that portion of the I
Democray who-think as we.de,.that. the party
should esereiseits privilege of sending delegates
-I have coticedodthat -the policy -pursued has;
*heretofore'been against 'conventions; and yet, t
on- a :memorable ecasion; a convention that-as. I
sembled at-Cnlninbia,in- May, 1843, represen- t
ting every -distriot-in the State,: the fallest re
presentition-of the poople -in voluntary conven-.
tion that has been- had for. rnany years, very I
strongly eommitted itself and the people to the
convention system. -The delegates in that con- 1
vention, and the constituencies they represented, r
were fully committed without qualification, and I
they comnitted themselves to an aililition and J
fraternization with the Democratic party when
it had. given:tneah. fewer pledges, by their votes I
in Congr.ess, and'othe:rwise, to: t.he political sen-'
timents which we have most zealously cherished.
Since then, the northern . Democrats aided us to l
bring info the Union Texas,-amagnificent slave- 1
- holding 'T'erritory-large. enough to make four -
slave States; and strengthened us more in that. I
peruli:rr'interest- than. was ever before done. by H
any single act of the -Federal Government.
Since then they have amended a very imperfect
fugitive slave law, passed in 1793, and have
given us now a law for the- recovery of fugitive 1
slaves, as- stringent as the ingenuity of man .I
cond devise. Since then they have aided us by J1
their votes in establishing the doctrine of non- "
intervention with slaveiy by Congress in the 1
Territorteac. Since then they have reduedd the I
odious taritf of 18.1, and fixed the principle of I
irnlsts on the revenue, not the protective basis. I
Since then they have actually repealed the Mis- <
souri restriction, opened -the Territories to set. I
tement. and -enabled u+, if the South will be I
true to herself; and aid in peopling Kansas, to t
form another slave State.
In 1843 a hiiaiiwduld'have been pronotineed 14
insane, had he predicted that slavery would be r
introduced there by the renoval of congression- t
al restrit ions. Since then they have adopted
the Virginia and K~entu-ky resolutions und .Mddi- 4
s':s repor-the very curner-stoune of State a
rights-.., a phart of the Demioe::atc platform. t
-they have h: their vole- in Con-JTess and con
vetinelve1 :. these pledges to the Consttu- t
tion 'since T.8413 ; and ii we could then fraternize t
with them, what chante han transpired that jus- <
tifes the dle!tgates i that convention at least, I
in refusing now to fraternize with Northern and
Southern Democrats? That' convention was
called to present formally the name of John C.
Calhoun for the Presidency ; and to provide for <
having the Stale represented in the then aproach..
ing Den:ncratic Convention. It was presided t
over by the.late Governor Seabrook, assisted by r
the; Ifoins. .1. Bond 'On, J. B. O'Neall, Job <
Johnston, D. L. Wardlaw, Angus Patterson, and I
W. F. Culeock, as vice presidents, and James
Simons and B. C. Yancy as secretaries. A com
mittee of twenty-one was appointed to report an f
addites to the people of the United States, and I
I invite your attention to the distinguished a
nanes composing the connrittee, to wit: T. N.
Davkind, F. W. Pickens, S. WV. Trotti, ~Ker <
Bov'c, R. F. WV. Allston, 'James WV. H-arrison,
. J. Cauichman, J. A. Black, F. H. Elmore,
Saiel Porcher, J. S. Brisbane, J. L. Manning,
E. G. Palmer, J. J. Chappell, .John Douglas, J.t
M.Felder, Rt. De Treville, J. J. Caldwell, Edward <
Fro't, G. WV. Dargan, And John McQueen. The s
address which they reported was -uranimously
adoptd by the convcntion. I make the following &
brief extract from it : . -
u Wear- also unanimous in recommending that a
the general convention of the party should be
held in Baltimore, in May, 1844, and that each
State should appoint as many delegates as she is -I
entitled to members in the electoral college." .
A committee of fitteen was appointed to re- :
port a plan foa'the representation of the people of
this State in the general conrenton. At the I
head of that committee waus General Buchanan, 11
of Fairfield; and the following gentlemen as j
members; Henry Bailey, F. D. Quash, A. WV. e
Dozier, W. W. Harllee, B. K. 'Hennegan, F. I
Sumtetr, Li. J. Patterson, J. A. Leland, George
Do lass, Joel Smith, A. J. Lawton, WV.DuBose,
N. L~ Gritlin, and T. H. Pope. . The report they -
submitted was likewise unanimously adopted by.
the convention, and-from which I make the fol- 1
. " Resolved, That this cohvention concurs with
the Democratic Republican party in the. States
of Maryland, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Lou
isiana, Keptucky, Pennsyl vana, New Hampshire,
Micgan, Alablama, and Mississippi,-in the ap
pointment of a generatl convention of the Dem
ocratic Republicnn party of the United States,
to assemble at Baltimore, in the State of Mary- I
-land, in May, I84t4, and that this convention re
commend thle fourth Monday in that mouth as
the day of meeting of the said general conven
" Resolved, That the vote in said general con
vention should be per capita," &c. -e
" Rsohed, That this copvontion recommewnd
to the pcople of the seyeral conlgrssionafl dis
tricts if this ,stat to elect a detcgate each to
represent them respoetively inL the said general i~
covntion," &c., "and that the delegates' of
this convention be respectively appointed corn
m xittees to bring the subject of this resolution
to the consideration of tihe people of their re
spective districts and parishes at such times as
wvill insure an election of delegates to the goner- -r
l convention on or before the first Monday ina
April nexf. - t - I
- "evd, That this contecntionl proczed to
ckct lhv ballot tu-o delegate's to represent the State
e: ar.' in the gernerai convent-ionl, proposed to
be hlucd inI Mar, 18-44."
Thoe nven'tion proceided to a ballot, ard ac
tually elected lions. F. H-. Elmore and F. WV.
Pikuns. These gentlemuen attended the eoen-'
vention in 1844 as lobby .mem'bers, and did much
service in exciting enthusiasm in Mr. P'oik's eloe
tion -Whly they did not take their seats does
not appear; certain it is, that the State conven-|
tion, nor any other subsequeutly called, ever re- I
voked the authority givenI 0mim to represent the1
- An executive commiatee was appoinited to'
carry out the reneLrail pur1poses of the .conven
tion, erinnipose of the followring gentlemn': J.
~ond i'On, Nat. Hcyward, Ker Bovee, John S.
As'e, Ed. Frost. James Rose, flenry' 1laily,- F.
il2....:.- Wi. Aiwn- heanry 6ourdin, Win m.
Duflose, J. M. KelXder.J. i N*l W..
These proceedingps ihow eoeclsively that
delegates inthq as . convention were ' 9
af having South Catolina zresent'Bio t 1
more.: 1thint I i e sho'n iiaeeit
party since, haa pro by rts kcorde4 adta, t
t is now mere entitled 'o Ours ly; nd
ifti ation than It Ara'- .19 843i 1 f i ;'
tow can those, who were for lire 'bilg e
Convention then, oonisttlo poit'
relegates tom to Cincjanati? D thy, Itheir
wct then, mean to declare that t :was ad
,reper to go Into a convention, when Cli.
toun' . name was .t be bought - forward or
ibimnatin, an'wrog at all other thnes and
rnder all other, circumstancesi If they did, la
inm say so, and Iet ps under'tand If theirs' s a
levotiga to. men'ot plinclples.: No-1
-enti9 of ilie:party singe that. line .bha
el , and if'thelir recorded acts 6rtotEde
ideiiceof their josit to arty must be set
town as favoring the system..
ir Calhoun's great name is'ippelea1o and
abled upon as furnishing an insuperable barrier
o goingt' is u n b
fler the Stateoo Uo1,. a h X b4
eferred,-adjourne,.Mr .Calbom, was
sted by a sommittoe in.In4ianat " he w
Lbide the result of a notninating copyentot, and.
uppor, the nominee if he .wasA1edeiIa?' -fie
eplied, " tliat he .was no..
ameIad boea. hr
aid. they. must .de .3 0.l - qb A@tl
dds, "I have, however, no reas.R 4o
ut They will cheerfully'abide Jy the f
convention, fairly called and. fasiy sopst*itute4,
hat would allow ample'time.for.tb fall evlip
nent of public ..opinion, and.would; repesenti:
ully,. equally;;and fairly, the..yoice.-of;thp,tpa,,
ority..of..the party,".: Does this iodicst&qthathe
vas opposed .o going into a opnvention, or .
pproved of. that mode of soesting ca
or the Presidencyl . . ..- .:
I have already stated that a ConvientIOn is tbs.
test means of ascertaining tlebprgfeemcspiO!
he people..' The-usage is for eschAltsteso.ap-.
oint the delegates in its own way;,.ensequst.'
v some appoint by State. conventions of the
arty, and others by distrIeta-- When they meet
n convention, each State decides for itself
vhther its vote shall be Ter capita, or whether
majority shall control-the eite votegndiast
t a unit. 'This gives'the dinretioh-to theSatest
hemselves as to the-nppointtnbnt of-delegaes'
did the manner of voting; When -tfhevoEsleof
11 the States' in eonventioi'have' been leaest
care majority does not make a nonnnation;- that=
he preference of the party may be unitke-ea
sly for the-nominee, it retires' a-vote of 'to
hirds to -efeet'a nomilation.- And adeiegati
Iissatistied with ither the nominee orplatfbrm
nay enter their'protest or- withdraw', and -ther
o obligation of usage or moras requires then
o support either.
The true course for'such- Democrats in South'
frofiti as desite't~ rep-elditet' at Chithu
ati,in' my judgment, is to' call meetings' of
hose favorable to the proposition, at the respee
ive nurt-house-! or other public places, early
the spring, say the first Monday in Marh.
nd then appoint deleg:res' to a State conven
ion, to assemble at Columbia on the first-Mon
sy in May, and charge that convention with
he duty of providing for, the representaton of
he State'in Cincinnati. A full and free Inter.
hange of opinion, among the friends of the
ensure, may lead to some more acceptable
Thave given you my opinions frankly on this
ubject-fearlessly, too, in despite of the fears
f timid friends, and the frowns of malignant
nemies. I believe it to be the true policy for
he State to pursue. - If eohservativd national
ien at the North are ustained, It will Inetease
ur strength and influence 'with the national
)emocracy; if they are prostrated, and the
outh is forced to look to herself alone:,fo
afety, it will conciliate the good will and kind
eelings of our Southern sisters, and give as
reight and infuence in the grate councils that
I am, sir, very tepestfa Uf' er friend and
bediens servant,' . ' JAilES L.s ORR.
Hoh. C. WV. DUDLEY.
BONNETS FOR THEu 'LaaDIES.-WF are happy
hear from Paris-(winter fehions)-he shape
' bonnets will be very much in the Marial Stu
rt style; comning more, forward on the fosehead
tan those worn during the summer. Tis is
ood news, for the apprehension has beenthat
as ladies would soon appear in the frezing
treets with nothing but cape.
SINGULAE CASE or C.ATALurs.-,5.A
ndrick, of Tazeweli county, Virgmna,. ser
illness of several weeks, apparently .died,
scently, and prparations were made fr her
terment. Whie some persons were prp.
ig herehroud, however, they were amaze to
ear the seeming corpse, in ..s faint voice, ask
r food. She had been under the influence of a
atalptic attack,.which fortunateli, passed off
1time to prevent tlie burial of her body.
A WYoaUsG CoUNTY iUszBANd SOLD FoE $ 50
The Cleveland Pfaindealer tells the followlg
"4 lady passed throdugh hers a fewr day etce
1 ho pursuit of her husindwheb b
mitten witha smartattackotp d3S#
ion,' and had runa away. rith'anotief .oa
rom Wyomio'g count',.New YorZ ,to~ oa~
ounty. 'She tools a brace of ofiers from ti
ity~and west to',E *yria. The getleman; mntt
ing the approach of dahgr 'le his pidny with
nepe'to effect a duesowith thee.ey
nd took the cars for the South. On sfiete,
e suspected the honesty of his nephe#,ad
okl the next train -back tolook after his money..
lore hui eneounthred the pursuing, pary, :
egotiations. were opened. It. restlte in tile
dj's selling out all her right tirtle, ant good
ii in and to the husband, ad his purehab n a
ishonorable peace for five hundred dollap. T~
y retutned to. Wyoming withouit a husbs~d
t with a pocket ful of roeks."
FitroUs.-A wealthf4 St. Domiingo 'coffee
caler, whose skin was rather dark, essayed to
in last week at nte -of the B6stob rtaarantta,
whenhe'waiter informed him that itwas agamust
e rules to entertain colored persons.. A tow
nted, whisch required the Interference of the
olice ; but it appears that the gentleman did
iot seceed in getting his dinber. Boston folks
no full of notions. Sometimes black appeaus
o be their-favorte color ; at other times-they
inifest the greatest- repugnante to it. . --
" SAY, Cmsaa- AUGUsTUs, why am yoir'legs
ike an iirgan grinder's t". Don't -know. Mr. 8.
rarloaf, why is dey ?" " Cause dey carry a moo
ey aboute streeta." A brick grarze4 thehead
f Mr. Sugarloat, just as his ears disappeird
ound the cornor. - .. --
Mrs. PARTINGToN, on being asks ad- etil
pair of twins with which she was -said tohave
teen recently blessed, replied that if such:was
he fact, it needn't .he wondered. at, for she lie
onged to a vary',.growring family,.. amd, .thopgh
one- of 'em had twins, ytseveral of- themha
:oms within one ,f.it, lptonPost. .. .., .
- Bn--rio is immor6ta~l. -'This Invokes an -sthi
il question--How can the-man who bets he
.m...r.. thta unea .wh-.is no better ? .~ - .
That prd like pip eta certain broad,
Among our Suice detawacj"!:
.A bdreesea hq ysej 1,.
Without a prop to sae it from siser.
*iMlsg fr mghuM'ermlalietbu
*: ,.Or *met.t &,m6y -0l(iii..
That plagued nows woad~ veledew!.!
Don' bepredqd.~ j~u~9
But learn for tbe.kshet ,esgIWa4 repose,;.
That wealth's a bnbb, sthat Goatee--sndgoe !
" j~ yeas aft, Jbepr waa."hoternvpe'
of.Maqxshwuttus *~wergyoid"; , sagii-.
though he waetintTny.1c oved . aaar~d.
ALgo" Obristis.s"t 'vA)w~d tiat
he 18.104.22.168 joke mum bIthter th a,p*ea,;he modi
inveterate jokem.> J #was Wte~iipua "orgaa
or, thii c ersh ba4,es.Uj PRtf#Mlas~. douibt
bias viol', .Not &fvruu 4i Wlbe1Wp~A 1a40
I4own estpridL a LrF' :taw buU.. e.
hot .Sabsbah"ia .thd summet het. gteaL-of hibd
psture and - ae. bplto zug wp a4kr-.street.
" to t4 r iwealh: pprchaeei to 4iseertaWn if its
'lobin td~ jaap eed ipi r, ~t~ a1 ate.the
reverend doctor wasn in the. wait tf-hls sertmoWr,
"3OSrwooiwoO " wenOt the I . :.
*Thed~e pssedl~oed Ap a thi~ght
efa a pudriMth d va eidL. '
" 1 would thank, the wnainna trot td'.tune'
their -instrunmet .dauring-" aeruicel It ansos mut
-the people.tared, "and the mniiste t we~t.on.
a"Boo~weo-weo" went the 'bug. Apgia, Ug hs
passed another green snpot.
*The parson pausedd agiin, and :addreee the
choir: , ...-" .,
" I really wish Ikbe s ses wepid ,i bat "tns
their instruments while I am preselaing; asI
remarked -before it~anuoyeme very msdc1sP
The people."itterred,. far they- kie, as~ietI
as anyon~e what; threal'5tats o;jbe-s wa..
Thceminieter went onvagaino Witll. his diatobruae,
bath. had. not proceeded-Ihr'beforo .another
'.The;psruea:pased'once more, and again-ca.
.&'I huvtwice already requeuted" ae" U ideicians
in the gallery' noi~to luone;&beirinatrmcote dii
ring the sermon time. I now piathieelarly re
quest 'Mr. Lsfevor that-he will oar; thuia ~~den.
bin bass viol while Lam- rahn.
*Thisawas too much. L~afevor.. goi tap, too
mucheagiwaedat: the, thought:u a eApi wg oat
in church,-gn&alammered~out: "i ""