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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, December 19, 1855, Image 2

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Procee dings of the Legislature.
MoNDAY, Dec...
The Senate met at 11 o'clock a. m., pu
to adjournment- The Clerk read the joun
the proceedings of Saturday.
A bill to authorize the erection of
all such roads as are not public hi
ported by the Committee on A ,4
Internal Improvements as a substitute for a bill
to upereede lane fences, by erecting gates, re
eed the second reading, was agreed to, and
was ordered to hebent.ct the Otle Q? Repre
sentativee. TM bilihildltid desa OWmitt&..
to the Committee, was ordered to-lie on the
A bill to authorize the arrest andnlpr
ment of defaulters in the performance of road
duty, was, on motion of Mr. Witherspoon, or
dered talen4h.table. -. . -.
The report of the Committee on Federal Re
latiods: on :eertaian mattd'e- referred to in the
Message of the Governor relating to the return
of doeumentrto them
being before the Seuat, Mr. Gist moved that
the report do liontihe table, fo' thefl~phose of
taking up resolutine.offeredj y the senator
from Union-on the same subject, which'was or
dered to be decided by yeas and nays. Yeas 17;
nays 25. The motion was therefore lost.
The report was then agreed. t and was order
ed to be sent to the House of Representatives
for concurrence.
The resolution offered by the SeistforTrom
Union was then ordered for consideration, which
is as follows:
Resolved, That his Excellency the Governor,
in returning resolutions of the-Legislature of
Massachusetts, exercised - proper discretion, and
that his course in relation thereto meets the un
qualified approbation of the Legislature and
people of the State.
Mr. Porter- offered s a -substitute- the fol
Resolved, That the General Assembly :sanc
tion and applaud -the action of his Excellency
the Governor, in returning the resolutions of the
Legislature of Massachusetts
The resolution was agreed to as a sibstitute,
and was ordered tolie sent to the House of Rep
resentatives for-conesirrenes.
A lill to amend air act, eititlei anact to in,
corporate the Ehewodd -Cemetery Company re
ceived the second reading; was-agreed -to, and
was ordered to be returned to the -Uoeas of
The report of the Committee on Clans of
the House of Representativesou teidint of
W. W. Goodman, 'Jailor of Edgrefield District,
was concurred in andorderedto beieturned to
the House of Representatives.
At 15 minutee to 4p am.,. n- motion of Mr.
Carn, the Senate-adjeruned.
,The Ho eQmet at'Il'elock atx puruant
to adjournment.
The Senate lent to the HoU a blil to secure
to married women a separate- estatein property
to which they may be entitled serthen time of
their marriage, or to- whieb-they may .become
entitled to afterwards; read the first-time, and
ordered for consideration td-mofrow. -
Mr. Boylston, from the Committee on the Je
diciary, reported on a bill toem the Senate to
increase the penalty for setting fire to the woods;
also upon bills sent freom the Senate to vest the
tit!e of the:State In: ertain eeheated property
in certain persons therein named ;-also upon a
bill concerning- the -qualifieations, of jurors;
which wee'edee fo-osdrto to-morrow.
Mr. McGowan offered a resolutiot recoss
meng the Legislature to- subscribe for five
hundrecopies of the Legislative Times, which
will containr the full proceedings and debates of
the present session, for distribution; ordered for
consideration to-morrow. - -
Mr.~Middleton offered a resolution sustaining
~the action of his Excellency, the-Governor, in
S regard to the Massachusetts resolutions, -and
tendering him the thanks of the House for so
acting ; ordered for consideration to-morrow.
Mr. Mitchel, from: the.Committee en the Ju
diciary, reported favorably on a bill to grant to
alien widows the right to hold-real estate ; or
dered for consideration and a second reading to
Mr. Cunningham called for the Special Order,
the bill to provide for the election of Electors
for President and Vie-President of the United
- States. --
Mr. Cunningham commenced by saying, that
houad no Intention of taking a'part a the-dis
cussion upon this bill, untIl afterthe debats -had
commenceed, and that probably he would have
not spoken at all, but-fr'om the fact that Ire had
introduced a measure which constituted- a part
of the special orders. It was a-bil~to alter and
amend the 10th section of the 1st articl-of-tie
Constitution, ss to convene tbo~ Legislature
on or before-the first Tuesday after the 'Brst
Monday In -Novemuber. -- -
- He miid he had two objects in view;' by thre
introduction of the bill ; one was to extend th'e
time of legisation, add allow the members to
deliberate more fully upon all questions that
were brought before them; another object was to
cover the time -now prescribed for holding the
election of Elector.. That he had not Introds.
ced the bill as a compromise, for he was opposed
to'compromises. He was perfectly willing to
let the election for Electors remain as It'was, if
other p ronositions arnd' advantages could be af
foraed to'the people.
*Mr. Cunningham said that the present sistem
was a defective one, and presented several argu
'ments to pirove that It was defective. He said
be was opposed to the distretusystem, di.
was glad to know that steps were 'hbout to bue
taken to abandod It. t was not States, igti,
nor did it give unity to the vote nor to' the
State councils. Thiat the ConalitutIon of the
United States did not; contempla at iz~the elec
tion of Electors should be made by the p'eople
'en masse; but by the people by Sta'tet. That
the district systein occasioned the. present.cau
cuses and convention., increased corruption,'and
turned parties into political recklessness.
Het said that-the present state of things in
flonth Carolina was such that they required to
be spoken of 'In plain terms; we were living un
der~a. aeign of medriocity and nepotism, and
had no flne views, nor would we ailow them to
be entertained ;, that the presenf intell' ie
whiich represented the State la' Stts~ I~
ral Councils, was beneath ttla& c fofrI
people. He .was opposet to thse.bit - 'viag the
election of Electors to the.House. ferein.
tatives alone,.for he considered it a deth-bow
tothe parishes. -
.MrSuningham defended at .ungh thme bil
which he introduced.
Mr. Hammond said he did notintend to enter
is a-full discussion upon the bills now befors the
Committee ; bat as- he had-had the honor to .in
troduco a lU to give the election of Governor
and Lieutenant Governor to. the .people, and
which was among the bills which composed the
Special Order, he thought it necessary to express
his views upon that bill.,
He did not- expect to get-a two-thirde vote
upon the bill, but he simply watedths expres
sion pf the political -sentiment of the. Hounse
upon the question, whether the-people are com
petent or not to decide who shall be their rulers?
That if they were not competent, then they
abould select those who are. He had never
heard the right of the people to vote for Gover
nor denied, nor that they had not the honesty,
patriotism and intelligence to make a proper
It had been maid that this was not questloI of
right, bat one of expediency; but the question
had never been frilly diseussed before the people,
and that when It was dsecussed before them
they would demand the, change. He was one
-of those who believed 'the'people had intelli
gence and patriotinasm deIet to enabte tm
to elect asit and proper man for Governor, and
had as much talent as the Legislature; that the
property qualificeatlon entered Ihto every election
made by the Legislature;' he did'not believe the
rich man should possess, of' wd entitled to,
more exclusive rights than the pooriian. Ithad
also been said that the offie of (Governor was a
sisecure; but he has the right to .call.oat the
militia of the State in case of invasion or to
suppress insurrection, and it was nothing more
than right that the. peple should know what
.sort of acomamanderte are to have. They do
not know who or what kadof -a man the Legis
present Governor was not heard by the people a
wisk is; election,- ad he doubtedsery
k e iu'Sqath Carolina 1how koer
hI was Gore dork, waitime that we should
a~mine uped the pol. efthef-t ate. .
had 1mid, alsofiaat the agoe elections
?ae . .e6oqeretion theri trill be, but
"las notre'th tile Legislatare was entire-.
om~ c' - ru .lu did;iiot intimate
or epwouldondeseid
so low an e do hisf so m mfas to eliec
tioneer for the ouice, but if one would visit the
public houses, when a Governor was to be elec
ted, he would see that there .was any quantity
otf 'b i i& amon - ' artni. Fhat
iT the doctne tbatthe fe i e eetons we have
the less corruption among the masses, then who
wiiripisithe e - belltaid the=
bill to the good sense of the Hase..
Mr. Tobin next addressed the -Cmimlttee t
le .in op o .tiono tke Ibill.
p th S.nate ?f da , Al ol reported the
aeitaof the YmnL Lomm tteeio ninate ti
Pesident and twelge Directors of the Bank of
ths tate.
Itr. 'ohnson said that asone of the Com.
mittee to iovestigate the affairs of the Bank, he
had.claimed to participite in the election of thie
offiers of the Bank. bat as theielaini had not
been admitted, he m'oved that inesage be sent
to te Iouse, asking leave to reconsider the re
pot; which Was agreed to.
'The.unfivorable report on the petition ofthe
City Council of Charleston in relation to-the
exemption of'.th6 property of railroads from
taxation, was-agreed to.
The bill to punish assaults with" concealed
weapons was agreed to.
Tybill. to prescribe the mode of triad of
slaves and-free oegroea ivas reected. -
The hlousesent in a message agreeing to the
Senite resolution, to recommit'the report of the
Joint'Comwiittee to nonminate the President rand
Direclors of'the Bank of the State.
The .Senate then adjourned. ,
t 9 odie Ie-Uto inc poratethe Cita
del hieb ut Charfeston was read the first time.
The bi to'discontinue grants of land was
read the first time. -
The till to-incorptrate the State Agricultural
Society, wi-read the first time. -
+The -billto lli mbeCity .oincil -f Charles
-ton fd clopilWie GouImingIo' Creek was read
thfe first.'timi Y -
-The bil in-relation to the kidnapping seamen
wesead the first time.
Mr Duncan reported a bill-on the memorial of
citizens of Charleston, in relation to the inspec
tion-of flour, which was read the first time.
Mr. DeSaunsue reported favorably on the bill
to panish factors for fraudalently conveying-te
theirn"idseggeodireekomelitted to.them.
Mr.. Wilson reported a bill to amend the-prae.
tice in the Courts of Equity. .
The bill to establish a separate Court of Ap
peals, was rejected by a vote of 58 to 56.
Tile House then adjourned; -
WFr.DNxESDM, Dec. 12.
The.Senate -et at 11 o'clock a. in., pursuant
toadjournent.., The Clerk read the joural
of. the proceedings of yesterday.
The House of BRepresentatives returned .to
the. Senate a resolution fur the adjournment of
the General Assembly, in which that hlouse had
concurred.- --.
-The House of Representatives sent to the.
Senate a bill to incorporate. the Graniteville Co.
metery Association; the bill received the first
reading and -was committed to the Committee
on lncorporations and Engrossed Aets.
The Joint Committee, appointed to act in
conoert with a similar one on the part of the
Hose, to nominate a President and Directors
of the Bank of the State of South Carolina for
the ensuing year, ask leave to report, that C. MI.
Furman, President. Directors-1. J. H. Stein.
meyer. 2. W. C. Dukes. 3. P. C. Gaillard, 4.
Thomas Lehre. 5. F. Lanneau, 6. J.. T..Deveaux,
7. 0. J. Colcock, 8. A. Simonds, 9. J. H1. Hlenor.
10. H. F. Strohecker, 11. Leonidas WV. Spratt.
12 J..H. Shiephard, are elected.
-The unfavorable report of the Committee on
-Military and Pensions on -a bill to alter and
amend- the militia laws of the State," was agreed
to. and the bill was consequently rejected.
*A bilto grant aid to the State Agricultural
Societ of South Carolina; which had been re
ported bythe Committee on Finance and Banks,
as a substitute for a bill with the same title,
intaoduced by the Senator frpm Abbeville, and
comwajt to thats.Ju1)nite, ,-was- before ,the
Senaton-the segoud reading..
. .Mr. Presto. moved to amend the bill by'atri
king but three ihousanddto insert " five thou.
sand," so that the appropriation would be " 5,
000 annually." This question was ordered .to
be decided by yeas and naya. ..Xeas 20O; nays
19. The amendient was therefore agiped to,
and the bill asambnd'wase.greed to, and was
ordured to be seat to the House of Biepresenta
On motion of.-.Mr..Dudley,.Abe Senate ad
journed at ten minutes past 4 p. mn.
The House met at 12 in., pursuant to adjourn.
- ir~.Mitchell, front the Committee on the Ju
diciary, reported unfavorably on a bill to arrange
the State into Judicial Districts, and to provide
for the. electioft of an sadditionail Law Jumdge;
6rderetfor donsideatation to-morrow:
Mr:Middleton, from the Committee of Ways
-and Means, inude a report on certain resolutions
befoire referred to said Committee, instraucting
thetbtoinquir'e into the expediency of incrieas
ing the -salaries of the Law and Equity* Judges
ordered for consideration to-morrow.
Mr.flamilton, from the Committee on the
Lunatie Asylum, made a favorable report on so
mnuch of the Mossage of his Excellency thpe
Governor, as referred to the education of the
deaf!, dumb and bl'ind, and . recomnmended, the
purchase of the'Cedar S pring Institution by the
State., .Ailo rportedof avorable on the report
gf~m~~eifj1fOonDtee on the Lunatie
~eithe removal' of the Asylum
to te eoltyand ieconamended the appoint.
metof.a Committee tu select a new site for
the Asyltio.. The Ciimmittee alio brought to
the notise of the House the lact, that 850,000
onhds~qhei pittil and fo eoasid.
Terztah toamorrow'
.On ition, the Hois t esolved .itself into a
Committee of the Whole, Mr. Williams in the
Chair, and proeeded to the consideration of the
Special Orer, viz: a bill to imy~rove the Free
School Sysiem in South Carolina, (by Mr.
Tucker;) bill to establish Academies and Coin.
mn'Sdhools,-(by Mr. Moragne;) bill to estab
lish Academies, (rqporie ,ACmiteeo
Education.) -' bg omiten
. Mrl. Tucker moved'tat the Committee rise,
report the bill to improve the Free School sys
tem to the House, and recommend its passage.
Mr. Wilkes said he- would .like- to make.a
few remarks before the vote was takeni,- as the
House appeared-:to. be very' lukewarm on the
subject now. before it;- that- he would ask.gen
doemen.. to refer to the state of aducation .at
-present in South. .Carolina. By the census re
turns of-.South Carolina, there were 15,000
adults in.thbe. Stat. who- neither could read or
writ.; that eveay other State, with the excep
tion of one, in the Union,. would rank higher in
the scale of-general education than South Caro
lina. We had in 1840, 20,000 white adults who
could neither read--nor write; since that time
the number had been-. redeed to 15,000; that
this large number of grown peop'e should be
fed with the bread of -knowledge, for in their
present condition they were totally unable to
appreciate their liberty or understand their rights;
that it was high time for the State to take some
action towards their improvement.
- He said that even some of ther monarchical
gclvernments-.who wore not proverbial for their
attention to the, literary wants of their people,I
bet were mostly to the contrary-were ahead
of South Carolina in this respect. 'That Prus
sia had bat. twenty--wo thousand children be-,
tween the ages - of seven and 4ifteen who-couldj
state of education in this State was for the
want of.- competent.. teachers; and that, they
cqald not-b obtained: without aseistancerota.
the State. That the State,. although: ah had'
been liberal, atrd even prodigal, inher appropri
ation Itt educational purposes, yea there was,,
one clasihe had not contributed one'dollar fo 49
he mean.the' middle class. That .the teaches.
who received- the appropriation weremen from
the middle classes, and.. who.:.taught the middle:.
class. 'That'hi prefeired the bill -reported by
the Committee to the bill of his -friend from
Spartanburg, for the foimer provided for the
establishing of a high school in each district.
That, thae State had inade" provision for the edu
eatfoli at the'wialthy, and had, in less lime than
half a contury, appropriated $1,000,0000 for
-the -College;- -
Mr. Wilkes argued at length on the various
ivodes proposed to improve education, tand'ex
pressed his preference for the bill reported by
the Coinilee 6nEdticatlon.
Mr. Duncan was also opposed to the bill of.
fered by the member from Spartanburg, -and
sai& that .haying many years experience as a
Commissioner of Free Schools, he considered
that the bill, if passed, would materially. injure
the avatent.
He was opposed to fll the bills, and thought
that the present system, amended as he bad.pro
-posed in a seriesot resolutions he had the honor
of ofiering, with. good commissioners, would
answer every purpose.
Mr. Moragne said he did not intend to make
a srpeech, but as he had -an agency in the matter
now before the House, he would make a few re
marks. Ihat.he-had reported a. measure, but
as the Committee hadnot -agreed; to it, and had
renorted another bill, he. would -only consider
that bill; that it proposed to establish in each
Congressional District an Academy, each. having
I five-teachers.;=South Carolina had already pro
vided fora College, and had done well in so
doing, as it afforded an opportunity for a portion
of her citizens to obtain a finished education;
but that the- College had not come up to the ex
pectations of the public; the young men who
entered thera were too young, and their minds
were not trained saufliciently to take in the learn
ing of the professors: that we wanted schools
where young men could be fully prepared to en
ter College; that he did not know of a single
school in the State which did this, we wanted
schools to enable us to have professors. .That
we had to look abroad for professors; that we
wanted institutions.where young men could be
educated and fitted for the duties of life without
going to College, and where nine-tenths of them
could receive good educations and become teach
ers. That but few of the teachers of our free
schools we ro qualified to give instructions to
others; that some of them received from three
to four hundred dollars a year, and after they
had received it were unfit to teach; that as the
teachers became more competent:. the people
would be willing to give larger salaries.
- Mr. Hope also expressed his views upon the.
bills. -
The motion made by i1r. Tucker was adopted
and the Committee were disclhrged from the
conideration of the other bills.
The House then proceeded to the considera
tion of the General Order, a bill-to ine-rporate
the Edgefield Railroad Company, was taken up
for consideration. A lengthy -debate, in which
Mlessrs. Tillman, Moragne, McGowan, Memmin
ger, Middleton and Trenholm engaged. sprang
up, upon sundry amendments whbich were of
The debate was cut off by a call for the next
Special Order, the Electoral bill, which, upon
motion, was discharged, and miade the Special
Order f'or-to-morrow.
Leave of absence was granted to Mr. Trim
mier for the remai'nder of the session, owing to
severe inidisposition.
A t 5. pa in., the House adjourned until 11 a.
ii., to-nmorrow.
THuKSDAY, Dee. 13.
(WE very much regret that in consequence of
our'not receiving the F'riday's Cardlinian (from
which we cull our Legislative intelligence,) we
cannot give our usual amount, of Legislative
proccedinga. There was not mnch done however
more than the passing of the Edgefield and Au
gusta Rail Roald Bill in the House.)-ED. ADY.
FatDAY, Dec. 14, 1855.
The Senate met at 11 a. in.. pursuant to ad
jourument. The Clei k read thme .Journal of the
proceedings of yesterday.
The lionse of Representatives sent to the
Senate a bill to amend the charter of the Sa.
vannahRiver Valley Railroad, which had receiv
ed tu o readings in that House, and the bill re
eeived the first reading and was committed to
the Committee on Incorporations and Engrossed
Acts. And also a bill to extend the King's
Mountain Railroad Company, which had received
three readings in both Houses, and was commit
ted to the same Committee.
Mr. Allen presented the petition of the Aiken
Fire Company fur relief from Military duty ;
which was referred to the Committee on Mili
tary and Pensions.
'A bill to incorporate the Graniteville Cemete
ry Company received the 2d reading, was agreed
to, and was ordered to be sent to the House of
TIhe unfavorable report of the Committee on
Claims and Grievances, on the petition of Lewis
Covar, praying payment for services as a mes
senger in the Edgetield contested election, was
agreed to.
The Senate proceeded to the consideration of
the report of the Committee on Privileges and
Electiongon the protest of sundry persons-of
Edgefield,-against the right of Tillman Watson
to retain his seat.'
Mr. Allen offered the followving resolution:
Resoked, -That in thme maitter of the contested
eletion of Senator from Edgefield, the sitting
member. and the protestant, be.. allowed to be
heard by counsel before the bar of the Senate.
On the question of agreeing to the resolution,
it passed .n the negative. -
The resolutions recommended by the Coin
mittee were th'en agreed to, viz:
Resolted, That the-re is a vacancy in the Sen
ate for a member from Edgefield District.
Resohed, That at writ - do issue to till said
The report was then ordered to lie on the
table. .
On motion of Mr. Mfaryek,at 2.30, the Senate
suspended business until 7- o'clock.
At 7 p. in., the President resumed the Chir
and the Setnate proceeded with business.*
The House of Representatives - sent to the
Senate a bill to amend the chamrter of the Spar
tanburg and Union Railroad Company in certain
particulars; which received the first reading and
was committed to the Committee on Finance
and Banks; and also, a bill to give the election
of Electors of President and Vice-President of
the United States to the people ; the bill receiv
ed the first reading apd was committed to the
Committee on Federal Relations; and -also, a
bill to grant aid to the State Agricultural Soci
ety of South Carolina; wvhich received the third
reading,'rand it was resolved that the bill do
pass, that the tItle thereof be changed, that It
be called an act, and be returned to the House
of Representatives.
The President called the attention of the
Senate to the subject of the clectioni for Edge
field this day ordered by the Senate, and invited
an expression of the views of Senators in rela
tion to the time when the election should be
ordered to take place.
Thereupon a free expression of opinion was
made by the Senators.
The President then submitted to the Senate,
thether the election should be held on the
second Monday in January anid day following,
which time, he hud been informed by a majority
of the delegation in the House of Representa
tives, through a paper (which the Chair read to
the Senate,) " would be consistent with the con
venience of the people of Edgefield."
And- on the voe being taken, it passed in
favor of tihe Second Monday in January next
and the day following.
Mr. Moses. offered the following resolution:
which was afgreed -to and ordered to 'be sent to
the H~ouse-of Representatives:I
&,salked. That the Printer of the Acts. &c.,
ent session the Constitution of te Slate, with 9.
gll.the-amendmenta.thereof- 10
And-also the- folowing: "11
Resolved, That the member lately sitting as. 12
Senator-from Edgefleld be allowed his member's .1
'piy andsmiledge-; which iras'agreed to. 14
The Iolloiih -message was reeived from the 1i
Mouse of sreentatives, aud--as ordered tqe i
lie on' the t - 17
-' December 14, 1855.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Senate: en
This House respectfully iequests the Senate
to concur with this House in .rescinding the b
:resolution- to adjournthisdeneral As-sibli on.3
Wednesday next. By order of the House. an
JAMES SIM3ONS, Speaker. sh
The House met at 11 a. m.
Mr. Duncan, from The Committee on Agricul. ha
ture, reported on a bill from the Senate to grant 01
aid to the State Agricultural Society.
The Committee amended the bill by striking to
out" 86,000, aunually,"'-and -inserted '"$8,000- =
annually."-immediate conaideration was order-. th
ed, and'the report of the :,Committee was' laid. H
on the table, and the.Senate bill adopted. p
.A bill to incorporate th&Coldmbia and Green- al
ville Telegraph Company,. was also tacked on: he
and was adopted. n<
Further proceedings on the bill were cut off te
by a motion, that the Hoge take a recess until in
7 p. in., made by Mr. Lowry, which motion was to
adopted. . o
- EvENG;tSEssION. . , , p1
The House met at 7 p.. - , " t
The " Road Bill" was' read the second time,' Si
and ordered to the Senate. -0
Mr. B. H. Wilson offred the following reso- 0
Resolved, That a message be sent to the Sen- th
ate, asking that body torconeur with the House to
in reseinding the resolution to adjourn- sine die, 0
on Wednesday, the 19ti.. .. . b
A spirited debate sprang -up on this resoli- o
tion. - -"
The House ordered the question to be taken .e
by yeas and nays. The vote stood, yeas 61; v
nays 49; so the rresoldtI6n- was ordered -to be d
sent to the'Senate.
A bill:lo provide "foi a: tuniform system for c
measuring timber, was- read the--second time, if
and ordered to the~Senate,some sharn shcoting. a
EP.0'T - .*. A
The Committee of Ptivileges and Elections, h
to whom was referred the -Protest of sunday t
citizens of Edgefield against the election of a
Tillman Watson, as Senator for that District, beg re
leave to Report, that at the last session' they -
made a report and submitted the evidence-taken 9c
in the case, and that by an order of the Senate, 1
the report and' evidence were printed. They ti
have since heard full -agument on both sides, -
andrnow submit to the.Senate'the reason of the at
conclusion at which they have arrived.
The Protests' rests 'upon the grounds, first;
that some of the boxes were illegally-held; and
second, that a number' of individual -bad votes
were received; and thaf:in-one or both of these
ways, the number of illegal 'votes taken is more
than sufficient to extinguish the majority of the _
setting member. -
It is admitted that no'ne of the 'Managers at~
"Hatcher's" and at the' "Pine House" were
sworn. The swearing of the Managers at any
poll is in the opinion of the Committee, es'sen
tial to the validity of the b~ox, The omission.
on their part to take the-oath prescribed 'ay law,
takes away one of the chief' securities for the G
fair and impartial holdihg of the election. The N
oath adds the obligatida of honor, and cannot a
be dispensed with, withiout removing a great
safeguard -for the fidelity of the Managers, and
the just rights of the electors. -
The Act of 172ldwhjeh is regjded as the jo
permanent election 'law of the State, 'directs gr
that every person undertaking to manage elec- et
lions for the General Assemnbfy "shall be sworn in
by any one Justice~of the Peace."-3 Stat's 135.
'The Act of 1818, authorizes and empowers the
Managers " to adininrister to each other respec
tively the oath or oaths prescribed to be taken be
fore entering on the durties <f the appointmient ."
o Stat., 94.
The first of the standing resolutions of the
General Assembly, passed 10th December, 1833, ha
req(uires that the blanagers, prior to their pro- ag
eeeding to the elections, shall take an oath or
afirmation to conduct the election faithfully anid ,
impartially, and the form of oath is prescribed. d,
-1 Stat. 199.
In the case of the State vs. Huggins, Stateb
Re~p. 1-43, Judre' Coleock, says: '"By law the
Mtlanngers of Election are required to takje an
oathl before they aet. The~ mere nomination by ai
the Legislature,' therefore, does not make-one a '
Manager." be
others, generally known as the Fairfield case, m g
1844, Judge O'Neall says: "I think it is plain, a l
Manager must qualify before the election corn
meneen." After quoting the Act of 1'721. abov-e
referred to, he ays: " From this it would seem,
Onl tihe receipt or the writ of election and before
giing notice, the Managers must be sworn."'
I i.n the House of Representatives, in 1818, the"
Cmmittee of Privileges and Elections, in the P
ase of Appleby, member for St. George's, Dor- It
chester, reported that, in their opinion, " the
manager not being sworn does vitiate the elec
tion" and a resolution was adopted by the House c
agreeing to the report. ti
Other cuses to the same effect might be cited
from the Book of Contested Elections in Con
gress, but tho Committee deem it unnecessary
to multiply authorities, particularly in the ab
sentse of any, so far as they know, to the contra
ry. On grounds of reason, law and authority, P'
they are of opinion that the non-swearing of the
managera renders a isoll illegal and void.
If the position be correct, the votes taken at a
" Hatcher's" and at the " Pine House," must be th
declared illegal; and' the- enquiry then arises, I h
how doesi this affect the result of the election ? sti
The sitting member received an aggregate ma
jority of thirty-ntne votes. At " Hatcher's," he
received fifty-two votes, and Mr. Carroll twenty-1
seven votes ; at the - Pine-House," he receiveda
twenty-two votes, and Mr. Carroll sixteen votes. C
If alhl thre votes 'received - by Mr.. Watson' at sht
these boxes be taken from hisaggregate vote, lii
without any dednction from Mr.Carroll's aggre- fri
gate of the votes received by-him, the result will WA
be to extinguish the majority of the sitting su
member. This rule was contended for on the he
part of the protestants ; but the Committee ean- -vi
not give it their sanction. They are of opinion th
that the true rule is, to take from each the votes;
received by- him at the illegal p'alls. They do
not propose to invade the sanctity of the ballot
box; they do not epquire how any individual
elector -oted ; but they cannot ignore the return
which shows how many votes each candidate re--a
ceived at these boxes. If the boxes be stricken tu
out, both candidates should lose the number .of dh
illegal votes they actually receiv-ed. This seems i
to be the rule of' reason and fairness, inasmuch. a
as it deducts from each that only which he has t
improperly received. To adopt any other ruleg 51
ofproceeding, would be to follow presumptions la
in direct antagonism to the facts.
In pursuit of this 'rule, then, it wifl be proper ~
to deduct from the majority of the sitting mem
ber the-sum of' the majorities received by him at d
these two polls. T'he sum of these majorities is
thirty-one, wvhich being taken from thirty-nine, o
will still leave a majority of eight in favor of the
sitting member.
In order to overcome this remaining majority ,
the protestants undertake to prove bad votes, L
exclusive of those given at the above-mnentioned ha
boxes, more than sufficient to extirnguishr it. Up
on this head, and after full examination of the '."
evidence, to which they beg leave-to refer, the tI
Committee are of opinion that the following of
votes are sufficiently~ proved to be bad, and ac-'e
cording to the rule heretofore pursued, should ani
be taken from the sitting member:be
1. Allen S. Dozier, see Printed Evidence Poll 3. eff
2. James fHerlong, " " 3.. all
. A. T. Spalding, " " '*4. ma
4. John Rhody. - " " '8.
6. Jenten Cunmming, " " 4. -,
7. Wm..Lancaster, " ~ " 5.21. nai
,Martin Lybrandt, A 7. e
. Wm..H.'Dowdy, 9.
.Dyson Lark,.r a .
Arpa Lingf - 9.
.Mhitrield Mo ,gat 10.
ThpiIs-W Sm th,
. to1llMurttl -a - .
Golding: -. 11.
If elght oridOreof these -votes. be hai. they
tt-uffuienfto.redat-thi-aindidfsfs to an
uality, and to render the election void.
In reply, and on the part of the sitting seem
r, it is contended that the box known as
3heatJam's,"-r ."Dunton's," was ;also illeg
d voi8; -an'dthastlhe votes giveht At the-borx'
ould also be taken from the candidate.s, in the
oportions shown -by. the return. -At this box
r. atson received seven, and Mr. Carroll
irty-seven -otes.. - . . ...
The Committee are of opinion that the" Cheat
m" -boxishould be-set-side, on the'grouid-that
te of the Managers, according to his own testi
any, "iat 4he close of the polls, took the bal.
Ls out of the box and counted the votes for
dtso; put them ina sheerorpapr aidie aled I
em. up and sent, them by Moss to the Court,
ouse.' It would be an exceedingly dangerous
actice if a Manager, or any other. person, were
lowed to open. the box and haidle the votes
Mfore the proper. time of counting.,. There is
fraud charged in this case; but the Counit
s-cannot but rgad-the condpcet of the-Managers
question as highly-improper and obnoxious-to
censure. . The boxes should be sacred until
>ened according to law for counting, in the
esence of the Managers.; ad departure from
is rule is too glaung.an impropriety to be con
stent, either with faithful conduct on the part
the Managers, or with.the integrity or safety
the boxes themselves.
But the Committee do not think that after
e election, upon the showing of the protes.
ants, has been reduced to an uncertainty, or.in
.her words, rendered void, any additional -bad
xes.proved on the other side can restore the
ght of the sitting member to his. seat. The
ject of the Senate should be, not to.make an
ection, but to uscertain, and declare wbether a
lid election haa.been held. . Illegal.boxes mayo
feat an election, but. it would be strange to
)Id that they can establish or restore otte. One
nsequienco of a contrary rule would be that,
a majority of the boxes were declared invalid,
minority, both of.-the boxes and-of the qualifi
I electors voting, might acconplish an-election.
nother consequence would be,. that the-voters
the illegal boxes would be deprived, of their
ifrages without any fault or defaulk of their
wn, but from the ignorance or misconduct of
ie managers. For thesereason the Committee
wve reached the conelusion that when the ec
on has once been reduced to uncertainty, any
:eumulation of bad boxes, cannot reverse the
suit, but only furnishes an additional reason
by the electors should have another opportuni.
of fairly and fully expressing their-will. Where
re, the Committee unanimously recommend
is adoption of the following Resolutions:
Resolced, That there is a vacancy in the Sen.
e for a member from. Edgelleld District.
Resolred, That a writ .do issue to fill said
W. D. PORTER, Chairman.
g' Purss desirous of sutbscribing to either
odey's, -Lesley's, Hiarper's, Graham's or Peterson'e
agauinee, will leave their names at this office, or
,Mrs. McNzu.'s Millinery Shop.
Hion. P. S. Baooxs will please, accept ouar tihanks
r hiis Washington missives in regard to matters Con
'essional. We shall1 be obliged to him for a regular
intinuation of these attentions. They will afford us
e means of supplying a part of his constituents with
teresting items fromn time to time. And we shall
reonally appreciate the kindness.
a" " Srzc-rrroa's" article will appear next week.
.-. The Election.
TUE election of Sena~tor for Edgefield it will be seen
ta been recommitted to the people. It will comns of'
pain along with that for the District oflices in January.
ting for District oflicers must all be done the first
ty, while for Senator only votes can be cast in during
th days. -
Ix case a single agent is to be chosen tosuperintend
is building of our new Stats House, General Joirs,
Eugelield, has been spoken of as the person: A
tter selection could not well be made. He is a man
system, emphatically. Besides (which is not so
mnorally knowni) -he has a high order of mechanical
lent, and is scrupulously exact in the details of whati
rer business he takes in hand. We have no heuita
cn in saying that, under his direction, the State
ouse would go up rapidly, be a complete job in every!
rt and cost the State the least possible arnount of:
oney. General JONES moreover deserves the ap
intment at the hands of the State, and, if he desires
,will we hope be the superintendant.
Tus -measure for establishing a separate Appeal
urt, after a hard fight in the Ihouse of Representa
es at Columbia, has at length gone by the board.
he last vote stood 56 for to 5S-against Its passage.
( coursei this was one of those questions on which
ere was a good deal to be said on beth sides. BRst
e had concluded, seeing that the Bar generally ap
-ved the change, that the bill would become an act.
re incline to the opinion also that the change would
Le proven a very popular one. The reasons for it
e certainly more palpable and comprehensible than
use against it ; and it occurs to uis, that if gentlemen
oulId think proper to test the measure upon the
imp, the ayes will yet have it.
Ir will be seen that the Legislature has voted $50001
muallyto the State Agricultural Society, to be con- .J
tued so long as the Prsident of that associationj
all report a satisfactory use of the fund. This is
teral and proper, and precisely what we expected
>m our present talented and spirited Legislators.- 1
'e observe also that a geological and mineralogical I
rvey of the State will probably be provided for withr
coming munificence. Let the planters rejoice- In
sw of these Legislature favors. If righitly-nanaged, -t
my must largely redound to the advancement of their s
terests, wh ile the good of us all will assuredly be
nserved. - c
Hogs--More to Comse Yet.
The Ashteville Spectator aflrms that it appears, by
tatement from the Gate-keeper on the French Bread
rnplke, that near nineteen thousand .hogs had passed
rough his gate up to the Sith November. and that,
the estimation of~ the best Informed drovers, the
mber would reach about 40,000 before the close of
aseason. The highest price paid in-Tennessee was ~
cents per ponnd. The drovers at present in this
itude ought to put their figures down to 6 cents at o
ce and say no more about it. Sir ad c half isa a
I price for hogs however fat, and he who hesitates
take it is infatuated to say the least. Take si~r
mgh, and we'll all "pull off our coals and roll up
rsleeves," and give you a benfit.
" The Patriot and Mountaineer." -
Phe two elder newspapers of Greenville are -amal- 2
uatd under the name above given. The Monta- a
me and Capuleta have come together. Mr. 15LOaD
purchased the " Mountaineer" frorm its former pro
etor, Mr. Gouseri'. We part with the "Mowt
tr" reluctantly. It has "Iought the good .Sght"
patriotic conservatism for many a long day, and
bly merits the " well done, good and fa'lthful serv
*." fLongvs wale ! To Mr. Er.voan, we offer our
it wishes for the complete success - of his enlarged .
rts. Maythe " Pat rioet ad Moua inier" combIne"
the merite-df the two original sheets (which were
ny and avoid all their defects!-i
- ' ' Tegs. -
rhe Senate hag'iher for been engaged In the ordt- 're
y trantinelion of peliminary mauers. The' House t il
I .... .o-.....d al ltes.t dke.. The dMakicuty in
lecting a Speaker is even greater than was anticipa
ad. Wp-ase indebted to LIn, P. S. Baoogg.l
S.ltan r ru l tap to tile
E1Ih last six of t esealliing '' d ' y
6u.11th instantdrahtt Ilaka ete 07, an )
S4asd Fullir'8j.hth an oosmUa r of
rote for or agaflat.3 'Thgsosuqd ~ rgcat s rsta
Pg1m as a rol, but seenato eteftain te hopes
trying.he-8peapr-Aiip h. eoinbinett of
evestgal i j thI p f looked
irobable result.
Oua readers will find upon another pajp, the lIjter
eentlyaddressed by C61.-,a ato'-aeidien of abe
3tite, ipof the s'ubject of'indih& dselties is tie
incinnati Convention. It is a very calm but impres
lve arrayf-facts and rgumEdtspend -each
is would do well to reflect upon them deliberately and
horoughly. Although our main reason, for thinking
t advisabe that South Carolina should jon athis,
eeting of the Democracy, is founded in sectional
onsiderations, we yet cannot fail to perceive and adk
nit the force of Col. Oxa's views as directed to the
usition and paspeutaats amds--Natioma1Deme. -
rats. We ask for his letter a carpfui examination.
There are many idicationa'thrdi6hout the State of
feeling to go irnte thsg veniido of June next. The
dea seems to be, to send delegates from each District
o Columia somi time iii May to elect a State dele
stiosi:to that jody.'; Tats hiitEs arolina'.wllf be
epresented at Cincinnati,in part at least, is thus be
oming apparent., Would I; -not then be. decidedly
etter for our peopl to attend to tlfis Vlusiness in a
anner which shall 'be at once worthy of 'themselves
nd complimesitary to thsese' of'our -sistdr States'by
vhoseiddeidie ~stand; and '*ithwhos destin'-ve
IrS unalterably linked'? -lathe people consider well
visat.is their duly as Southern freemen!
The " Register" of this Schooi fut 1856 is a'io our
able, froni the press of the Yorkville Eniqir' Ii
Ards I jleanre to observe, from 'the strength of the
lass of this.year, that Messrs. Jzuxats &, Cowatno,
tre.sticeeding with- their vary.sensible and useful
undertaking. Our readers perhaps know that this
school is intended to be preparatory.to admissioa-intd
he State Millitary- Academies..; Its principals .are
ateemed- young-genllembn of mre woerth-;.atul we
relieve they have$tspck-.:pone a omu 1mm=mur -
oheipe. ?-Omr State Aeademic-re''I si i-I-g-i
oblic estirnetion.. Such indeed is thei pdpdirity
hat:almois-tevrysplace is' now Siled; whether at the
Arsenal'tn Coluinbia or the Chader'in'Chairilioti.
I'he Ead of edecation impated at tliesieinititutions
s beginiing to be regarded theavery thing for ti'sen
rgetic and' practical ageof ours.' it Is already prov
ng itself by its -frits, many young men f .ability
sd character 'hav ng been already fitted by these
cademiis for the duties of* lite. $uch being the
fact, itis probable that the State's aid will be cheer.
fully increased to extend.their .usefulness and elevate
Their grade. And preparatory Schools for applicants
t their doors will perhaps soon be as much needed as
preparatory classical schools-are for applicants to the
South Carolina College. Messrs. JrsnKIs & Cow
itnare meeting this necessity-t the outset (themselves
raduates of the State-Academies) and are on the-high
road to success. We congratulate them andeonimaend
their school to the consideration of our readers.
For the Advertiser.
Fat-ow-Cvz. s: ..I have loared. .ith Lnuch
surprise that on the eve of .di~e election .an elyorit laa
been made in some portions of the .Distriot,-to create
an impressiotiunfa~vorabla. tomyself as- aceandidate
fr-the office-of Clerk, upon the groundl that Itam net
a native of the lhstrict, and by- making some inaina
tions relative to my misfortunes .and failur, in-bani
A is true, as most of you.know,1bat Idid notsappen
to be born in the District nor in th6 State. 1t was
my misfortune (if It he so considered)'tobe borniin'the
State of Virginia. But'I become' a citizen-of South
Carolina and of your Distrset, through choice, In the
rear 3830, at a time perhaps the least Inviting of any
in your political istory. .
3 l,,d dAsisrus wyeolf cihat e resialenoe in the Dis
trict of twenty-five years entitled ine to all the privi
leges of a citizen, if I have conducted myself in such
tasanner as to deserve it. In what manner I have
:scharged the dsutiess of agood citizen I leave to others
to decide. .I think it cannot be denied that I have
promptly and cheerfully obeyed -every call that has
been made upon me at any time and at any sacrifics
to serve my District and State -to the best of my abil
ity. I think, therefore, that the place of my natrrity
has nothing to do with my elligibility to office, and 11
therwisse qualified, it does-not form a 'legitimate sub-.
clc of enquiry.
It is also true that I'have been unfortunate and t:ns
smccessful in 'the business In which I was long[ and
laboriously engaged. And I am aware that a man's
merits'are generally estimated by his stuccesm in what
sver he undertakes in life, arid that the unfortupatib
generally meet, with but little. sympathy -fron uhe
n-orld. This may all he correct when a man has in
rolvedl himself in ruin by Ihis own misconduct, .and
icted with bad faith toothers, But I think I cap ap
peal to the community in which I have-long lived for
poof of the fact that my milsfortssnes haave -not -been
he result of any extravagance. I did not corn to
our District as an3 adveinurer wirbout -caysidal, wish
he deslgn' of making money-and then leaving-toimnjdy
t-elsewhsere. cass with ample means' to etnbatir
n bus'iness, and witlithtb inteniin of makhig this miy
ame for li fe
It I. well kinown to the people of thie Dastrict, the
anner in which I have alw~ays attehded tom'nf busmi
ies, and Ishall ever retain in~ grateful remiemberance
f the many favorseand liberal patronsige receryed
rom thsei. IBut I was young and somewhat inexper
enced, which led s toube too.ednfiding intheohonesty
nd integrity of men ; and to place cionfidencein thtse
hat did not deserve iz and like, many others who
ave been engaged ina similar pursuits it has been mny
nisfortune to meat with, disappointment. When I
ound myself involved in pecimiary dificulties beyond
Lope of recovery, I did not hesitate for.a.-momenst
o surrender up all I possessed, of a large estate, to
aynmy debts. Apd if itcanbe made toappear that 4
lave withheld a-single dollar of allI possesssed-from my4
reditors, I am willing that, my-name shousld be brandi
d with Infamy ansddisgrace. '' - -.
Although I have susffered these reverses 4if fortune
rth a large family to support, it is wall known th'at
have neer inafde atty'appeals to- the peple ofthe
lisrict for their auport _on accuuti t'y
r misfortunes. - -. .
[ t~irly i at )nl h an'in. eg to
e brought under the neocessity ofihs appeaiing
efore the pailic abous. muatters that relate chiefly to
yself. But as Iundeistand they have been brought
efore tlegesple it some portions of the Djstrict for
he purpese of my injury,?I deemned it due to myself -
sd my friend.,,to say thus muck-in my own defence.
If the people of Edgefield District deem me wortby~
f their confidence aind suffrages and elect. use f
liee, aNle an piromise -is,-that I -wilt discharge its
tis to the best of-my abIlity. '.if otheralie -end
tey-eleet ens of usgedmpetitorsseceh of whom I'con- '
ider equally merritoriouas with- myself,'Islial cheer.
illy submit to their'doelison.
MAcran ,' -' the 19tir -Inst. 3t the'#eeldetaoe
r Capt. J. F. Blurresa, by the Rev. J. Trapp, Dr.
. C.,AntEI sand Mis SUsas E. daughter of the
it Col. Leroy H. Mittndy.
MAanao, on Thurssday, 13th. inst., at 4 oclockf
.M.,-by'Rev. H1. T.' Bariley 4Mr:-. Wu.uz
[eatu to-Mlss-EsaxoPan'1r;allofthis DistrIot.
'MAin, dn' the 11ith inst.; lly the-fRe. J. II.
Imeran,'Mir. Wxn. J. Watzi.s abid Mliss EonE
r LAsuA, allof this Dihstriet. --,
MAntatan, on the 13th dust., by,the Rev. Mr.
oyd, -Mr. J.D. H En.om. ag'd hMis ANN PaAwu,
I of this Distuict.-(
Relgggu Notigg,
Tns Fifth Sunday Unsion MeetIng of the' 4th Divi
an of the Eigefleld Baptist Associatiop will hie held
idh die Hoi's.Creek [email protected] on Friday before the~t
mday in..)seember.,
Rev. Mr..08LE'r, to preach the-intpadcloryps~pon,
sd Rev.D. D. BaQssuN Altitnate., r. -
A foll autendane frow the Churches is-earnssjly
queseras matters of imnportanee will cm. before
esmeting. - - f.4'. Gl$Zzr,Med,
G.WNroisan cr.e : -
r -
- i- 25 Rward
fOTSmT esday lust, the 18th inst., a large
Lit-see.* Leather POCKET BOOK, coetaleing
tear Six findred Dollars, as-well as now recolleet
ed in foad#100, one $50. five $20, and tour or five
65 bili : Bikse not Recollected.
I wil'i e: e above reward of twenty-five dollars
br the d~lveiy of the said Pocket Book and con
"ent. A. B. AEDISON.
.ep39l,'ig 5. tf 49
Three HEudred Acres, with the
tMPRQYa1ENTS, whi h may be treated for at
privto sate until t ' ~*
If not sold by that time, it will then be put upte -
the highest bidder, at the Court House
The tr 4 ea mmoailn gwill he ak
TUAUOL lS.TRA G. ,,eugg h
dr'ed a'nd fity acres, more or less, w1in ol'
the same da . This Tract lie near fed 11111 ad.
n 1e of W3 M U sio.~5 u
IQ:. wlR also4Ren or.
th Store Rooitinoiiern v I &
Christie and Lod-Hifl:1 wiltea eThi-A4ge or
two years as n.ay be distra ed-enthat/ay.
Dec 19 - t 49
RAIN 08 3103 O SAWRO
ib~rbereepetlly' g1Pls the aUbin i.
Awiho are ind -bted to 1irt,e 'ell p~
r. Aoooant, to come forward-and se tpe w
anuary next, as he stands.ia eed4 zesy.
tlow.s lao consequacbee of :ir buessaeitgsa
icted upoea Cash spstein. iewahimpomible.der
imrectcmstanbes to avoid erediisenneaday
cuost ers.'bat I dannt kit along iar myliiddb
uiis; witkot;Cia. Tlterel'ore (. Dope alr1le
will onie forardad suetg,. p __ mjy, ,
. ard.1g if . ,.,
DoariHagli; 3oils. ,-, :,
T HE Subsaviber eiu dco iuiidate' W-'er
Ege6eld'Sehools. His .dwellin :l,
all the Schools in the Village. Teems,
eco.id' b epeeteda . -. 'L ; Sa:
S1 9 IfSitick fro the'C dlia Rok sale-day last,
h4d bettet brini back praOserl
he.-wi be exposed. . OW
.Ded9 a [ K ; {1 ,
T HERE wailT be ri EOMeelids'gid e1AVillage
on Monday the '7th January 1856, for Inten
dant and, Wardens..for. the Tra of Edgefeld for
the yesr 1856.- - - - - de - -
'Nesr. : i, Gode, E. 3J Ths'sawrd' Rebt.. H.'
Suflivan,-uanagers. - -.
- SAMUEL BROOSS, frtendknt,.
Dec 19 s'' ' 49
Notice .Obligateay. --
A.LL persons in any wise indebted -to the Sub
sciber are earnestly requcafed to caie forward
an sei; as 1am nicompelled 46sUymy defits, ind
that speedily. Whenr 1 saycoqpelled, I mean that
Iam at the extreme paint of the law made and o
vided in'suehfese id- without relief; as
bknowsthetes . : I
' Deb-1-' 49
ALL Persos iadeed to ne by Nate e -
c ount are ?eqested to eel ad settlethem os
or eire the first ,tndesy.neat, as I sbalb~pleeeam
unpaid-accounts aftei'lthat-nte in Ihe hatde of .
Offeer.- 'Jiy busine's fa -the future wilt-be ese
de#8 bn the Ca.A p~icipie entiredp-aad ,l~werk
le4t with mne'mtst'be paid -for on delivery,'as-I pie-'
fer doing n'o'buiness-at all in preferee te a Credi
bnsins. :H. A.-OI&YW
.Well Diggig, &re.
CHfESLEY flcGEEC respectfully infuram the
-- itixens of Edgefield Difstiet, that he wi-d.
.l work in his line, sudrfa Digging saud Chleig.
Wels,Blmitiiag Rhock, &c., 'with -pmpnes andt
despatch. Ilis address is Germanville P; Orr e C.
Dect9 O . . ' - -49
WILsl tNotice.
IT ILsela my reidence on Tuesday thefiteb
1day of .anuary next, at public eutesy, theMel
lowing property, vix :e --
Three Niegroes,' -
One Horse, one Mlule, S'iock Iogs, if7e, Corn,
Fodder, Peas, Cottsis Seed,' TwohRoadWO ,
Plntation Tools, 1Ianpebuld anad KitAliefuriTbr
&., &c.
I will also, on the same day, oter m~ naiia
Tract of Lanid, if not previously diso~e f.'
Terms made known on day of aie.
Dee 19 . 2t 49.
The State afSouh Craoli
Co'unsu, Dee: S 18m.. --
WTIHEREAS, it ia the 4:ty orf er ''' to
TVacknowledge their dependence og ~i1tty
iod,to expresw their gratitude foirlIii es, and
lvoutly implore His blessing for the future.
Now, theretore, I AMES HI. ADAMSfAov
ernor of the State ofUatli Carolina,'do, in'to'for
nity with the establispa usage of this 8lt, pa
heSlat tiny of -Deoember.o beo ~ ,~~
ifThanksgtiving, H[umiliatzoand rayersTin
-ite and exhort oar citizens of~all * ~opiations, to
essm~ble'nt their respectie pfaels' 'oruhip, to
rup their tieyotions to-Ahimighlty $sthiqr
all good. .. -. .
iveu. under my hasnd,.an&L sesl of tha..;at., in
Coinabia, th's 3rd-day of DeseWlev,'.in e isear
of our Lord one thaweand eigh) &andred and
ifty-fie,andthe sventy-ninthyen of Asserien
Independence. - -- -. ::.a. s..
- - .- J. H.ADA)~
. Prresos,Seesetary o ta#'
Statef BerthOar k
- - 1N EQfVJE - Y -
Abilom T. Hodges, stid bl is
%OTICE is hereb 'yen that the Tree: etna,
e id).' order;'ofti'eCdiftth
rtf 'ay,i6 Janary 1856,
siemener in .,qiity'o r by.Jh 2Trateei. H,
luhe-the sale being made-for the benecit of the
rties in interest.
:Taas.-A ereditde twelve atnthsme o
ml(th purelpse uemyto hu~ecu .be~p4
ash. A: SO1KINS, c.u ...
.De12,. 4te _- _4Q
~. I will sell on Friday the 5th day of
i1f January next. et the* resdene ofi
-~jCapL A T. Hodges, that -duirable
PIantation (on'wicha rs. Surtion
ituated about nine miles West of Edge~eM Court*
lose, on the waers of Turkey and Ifeg Creeks.
There is a good Dwvelling flonse an4 is~t
.athe prejpss. -Aso, a Grk blip wiri g.1si
of custom.
I will also sell at the sme time 'aNd.laco Mr.
[dges' Household awd Kitehen Ftwniaire, Blan
tio Tool, osoC of ern, Fgibler Steck of
atte Itogs, e.
UTermns qpade known on'the ...
Dee 19 3 -A '' 49
SLtL Permons indebted to th Estate 24 C. R.
93qbigt dee'4.,yesgqrIqpjeapee
p a~eglisa pa0yntent,. hpv, ig.
emands against te estate, wjjl pytsept ' -
a.i~oiH towrjil.j Adeora
pe 9 ly . 49

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