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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, January 23, 1856, Image 1

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S emoCrAtic 3ourna, VIeotte io iIy 99dj an SotIjer flig!jt5, 4itis, CAteSt fetus, Cittroure, fly rait, aemperante, Souttbrn &
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of .k Liberties, and it It must fal, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, -C., JA JARY2 1
WiM, 0. PRICE & COT
DRAPERS a TA,151,18
H AVE received their FALL AND WINTER
SUPPLIES of the Latest Importations, and
would invite the attention of those who want the
best Goods to call and make selections.
Clothing.
'OVER GARMENTS of all the newest styles,
-brese Coats, Pantaloons and Vests; Office and Bu
sines. Coats, Pants and Vests, and a General as
sortment of Fashionable Clothing.
Hosiery, &c.
UNDER GARMENTS of all kinds, Dressing
for the neck, Scarfs, Stocks, Ties, Gloves, and all
other articles useful for dress and convenience.
WMl. 0. PRICE & Co.
Augusta, N".6 . 3m 43
Or1PTE MASONIC H.ALL,
. ROaD STEET, AUGUSTA, GA.
co Tja. 13 ! e31 bEL O'T'.A. T.i
Are receiving their full Stock of
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES,
CARPET BAGS, &c., &c.
Our Stock will comprise all the most fashionable ar
ticles, and those thatcan be recommended for dura
bility. Also, a large and superior lot of
Negro Brogans,
Men's Rip BROGANS and Women's Leather
BOOTS.
We feel confident that we cani show one of the
BEST ASSORTED Stock of Goods that has ever
been in our City, and request our customers and
friends to give us a call before .purchasing.
Aog 29 3m 33
NEW CARPET STORE!
JAMES G. BAILIE,
(LATROFTHF.FlMOF BAi.IE & LAMBERT.)
DIRECT IMPORTER OF ALL KINDS OF
CARPET1N G,
RUGS, FLOOR OIL CLOTHS, &c., &c.
L INEN GOODS,
Curtain Materials and Trimmings,
& c.; & C., & C.
234 EIG STREET, CHARTESTON, S. C.
gW P. S.-Orders promptly attended to.
Aug 8 6m 30
DRUGS, MEDICINES, &e,
D RS. A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE, respect
. fully inform their friends and patrons that
they have just received their FRESH Stock of
Pure and Genuine Drugs, &c. re
A nd will be pleased to wait upon all who may favor y
them with their patronage. of
Space will not allow us to give a Catalogue in thsm
place or our Stock of Drugs. Medicines. &e. Suf
ice It to -V-- cT
MO)S'i' COMP.L ETE stock ever S
otlfered in this pl.te.
Edgefleld C. H., Miny 23 tf 19 sti
REMOVAL -
Of the Tin Manufactury, a
NEAR Da. R. T. DIthS' TA N YA RD 1
r 'HE Subscriber would respectfu'ly iifoprm the
Lcitizens of Edgefield and the surrounding Dis
tricts, that he ias removed to his residence, where I
hw has recently erected a large and commodious at
Shop, and is now preparel ti carry on the fi;
WreXr 3E3-TTs NEM:S9 110
iN A LL ITS BRANC1I ES, such as Matnufactu- 1n
Iing Tin Ware for Merohants, ROOFING, G UT
TEltNG, and all manner of JOB WORK.- a
Always on hand a general assortment of at
TIN AND JAPAN WARE! 66
0- Merchants supplied at shortest notice and on
the most reasonable terms. Orders solicited. S
C. L. REFO. cc
Octa tf 37 lil
Pomaria Nurseries,
S IMM19 ER & CRAIM11OND,
I_ AVE fur sale a large and fine collection of thesi
b1. est varieties of
Consistina of PE A CillES, PLUMS. A PRICOTS, g;
NECTARINES, FIGS, GRAPE VINES, PEARS g
both standard and dwarf, A PPLES, standard and ni
dwarf. CH ERRIES, standard and dwarf, ROSES, ja
FLOWERING SilRUBS and EVERGREENS
of choice kinds.
Their Fruit Department embraces all the best nl
native varieties, early and late, as well as all the i:1
Choice Foreign kinds, and the trees are of fine I
habits and growth. d
17 Prce Catalogues sent to all upplicants. h
Address SUMMER & CRAMMOND,
Oct 31 3m 42 Pomnaria, S. C. b
fc
H ARVYL EY & MHA YS,
H AMBURG, S. C.
"
NEARLY OPPOSITE THE AMERICAN HOTEL. I'1
ETHE Subscribers having entered - I nr
into a Co-Partriership for the tran- s
saetion, of a
G E NE RALO6RO C ER Y BUS INE SS d
Solicits the patronage of their friends and the public y
generally. Having carefully selected a CROICE
STOCK OF GOODS, and at loto prices, we are
prepared and determined to sell as low as Goods of
the same quality can be bought in this or the Au
gusta Market. ki
Our Stock comprises nearly every article usually A
kent in similar establishments. We purchased our y
Goods for Cash, and can afford to sell at VER Y
LOW FIGURES.
Our Stock consists in part of
:SUGAS, COFFEE, N. 0. AND W, I, MOL.ASSES,
MACKEREL, CilEESE, s
Bacou, Lard, Flour, Il
Candies, Raisins and Nuts, of all descriptions, y
TOBACCO & SEGARS,
Pickles, Pepper, Allspice, Blue Stone, Coperas, i
A good assortment of Liquors,
Also, a fine hot of Crockery and Glass Ware, Tin t
and W ooden Ware, &e., &e. t
JOIIN B. HIARVLEY, c
JIoiN A. MAYS-.
Hamburg, Nov 20, - hn 45
$10,000 Wanted for 1856, -
TrlIE Suibscriber wishing to restrict his business
..exclusively to tho CASH SYSTEM, takes 1
this opportunity to inform his paltrons that ho will c
open no. Books for accounts this year. It is useless
to enlarge as. to the advantages, both to buyer and I
,seller of this system. All acknowledge it to be the.
best. II
Intending to keep a good supply of articles in the j
various branches of my business, l re'pec.tfully so- n
licit a continuance of the liberal patronage so long,
extended. Come oa now with your small change, r
aind let us try il one year, and see how it works.1u
G. L. PENN, AGONr.I
Jan 1, 1855. tf 51t
" Economy is Wealth in
OOD 00)elean Rags of every dlescription will bee
Jpurhatsed at thre" Ad vertiser O'lice."' Price,
24 ets per pond Now, here's a ebance for almos.
every body, and old bltchelor's too, to make money. i
Apr.l1 sofi 14 ' I
THE VILLAGE.
Oh, a pleasant spot is our village home,
By the side d yon peaceful stream,
Where the waters glide ocrthe pebbles white,
Like thoughts through a peaceful dream;
Where the wind sweeps by with a silvery sigh,
O'er the rich unfolding flowers,
And the wild bird singeth its sweetest song
In our beautiful forest bowers,
That stand all mantled in glorious green,
Round this village home of ours.
And a quiet spot is our village home,
When the toils of day are done,
When the wearied ones from work return
To their-hearth-stones, one by one;
No revel shouX on the air is heard,
From taverns close and dim:
No sound is heard on the stilly night,
Save the villager's evening hymn;
The wine cup stands on the shelf untouched,
And dry is the goblet's brim.
No marble mansion is reared on high,
In this village home of ours;
But burnble lowly.cots have we,
Encircled with vines and flowers;
The windows are mantled in roses bright,
And jasmines pure and fair,
Which the maidons gather at eventide,
To wreathe in their braided hair.
There are lovelier homes on this earth, I know,
There are loftier cots than ours,
There are richer scenes, there are softer winds,
There are brighter and sweeter flowers ;
But oh, though thier mansions may lofty be,
Though their windows in grandeur gleam,
Though the scenes around them be brighter far
Than the poet's or painter's dream,
No place to our bosom can be so dear
As our home by the willowy stream.
A LECTURE TO LOAFERS.
Stand up here, you lazy rascals and let us
son about your daily vocation. Hold up
,ur sheepish heads and say why sentence
the most unqualified condemnation should
)t be passed upon your conduct. How
rethu r tazy ones-or lock up t eos
ice door with your carcasses, to the no
1all annoyance of busy working people
Ito are engaged in some useful occupa
i ? low can you be contented to " pass
vav time" in lounging around the streets
ly shifting to avuid the rays of the sun
company with your equally lazy and use
s companions, the dogs, perchance once
d a while setting your canine friends to
t for the sake of gratifying your brutal
e of fun I and how can you have the
blushing impertinence to gaze under every
dy's bonnet who is compelled to pass by,
id just before she is quite out of sight ex.
ess your vulgar propensities by remarking
what a gait," " what big feet," or" what a
uckup air," and turning to one of your
mipanions, inquiring of him " how he'd
ce to hitch horses with that female for
,e ?"0
You poor fools, don't know that her stuck
air was caused by her having to pass
h a crowd of human brutesi And don't
know that instead of criticising a lady's
tit you ought to be at home mending your
irden gatei And that no sensible ferni
ne wvill hitch horses with any of you as
ng as you pursue your present business?
Do you suppose that you were made for
> other purpose than to "loaf," and hinder
dstrious people by asking unmeaning
aestions or standing in their way? And
you think it decidedly sharp when you
til a gentleman who is hurrying about his
asiness and asking him if be is walking
ar wages and you are loafing for wages
hich you wiall get some day if you don't
id your ways, i e, free boarding in the
nor house, or you may be promoted to the
igh rank of private in the penitentiary.
ime may hang heavily with you, but you
tay hang heavily in time if you do not be
ir yourself and be useful.
o you imagine that you were created to
nothing, and that brains were put in
our great pumpkmn heads for the poor use
ou make of themi Do you think it hon
rable for you to do nothing because your
ither has enough to support you when you
now what they have, they got by industryi
Lnd do you suppose your mothers and sisters
,ere sent into this world to cook meals and
rash shirts for such worthless beings as you
And then when night comes, wvhat do we
ee you at? WVhy about the grocery and
quor stores of course. There you post
oursef and make it a rule to ask any work
gman who may chance to come in, and
ho has earned a few shillings in the course
f the day, to "treat," att the same time
rgig~as a reason that lhe is the only man in
te crowd that is making any money And
ien after you have sponged enough of a
lever fellowv to make night hideous with
eastly shouts, you finally lay down in some
utter with your equally respectable compan
ns, the bogs.
Now ain't you a beautiful cet of fellowsi
ellons we ought to cull you Your faces
ight to be covered with shame at the iden
f degrading poor human nature in this man
er, especially when you acknowledge that
is an awful burden to do so. Then go to
ork like men, or else take arsenic anid
take yourself of some use by giving the
rinters a chance to pulhish your departure
nder the head of suicide.
DAERo~s.-People wvho don't like the
eadAche should never undertake to come
etwen man and wife while they are ex.
hanging smoothing irons. We tried it once,
d got a black eye that cost us six shillings
EXTACTS FRM AN ADDuSS BY SANUEL
McGOWAN, ESQR.
As samples of this very chaste and sen
ble production, delivered before the Litera
Societies of Erskine College, in August la
we have selected, somewhat at random, t"
following impressive passages:
"On the fourth of July, 1776, the pla
where we now stand was on the very ver
of civilization in the Province of South Car
lina. A short distance hence-at the poi
where the trail from Ninety-Six to the Ke
wee crossed the Cherokee boundary-stoi
a .small Indian tiading-house, known
Dewett's Corner. Hostilities had then i
ready commenced between Great Brita
and her Colonies. Fort Moultrie, hasti
constructed of spungy logs from its immed
ate vicinity, and fighting under the famoi
crescent banner of blue, had already driv4
the Fleet of Sir Peter Parker, shattered at
defeated, from the harbor of Charleston, at
by that heroic achievement had given renou
to the' Palmetto and a proud - device to tl
escutcheon of the embryo State. The Che
okee Indians, urged by Cameron and othi
British agents, and stimulated by the hope,
plunder, and of revenge for all their hoard(
wrongs, real and imaginary, had, in violatic
of recent treaties, seized. the tomahaw.
crossed the border naar this place, and rusl
ed, with savage ferocity, upon the expose
inhabitants of the frontier. Captain Aarc
Smith's family on Little River, consisting
fifteen souls, male and female, white ar
black, had all been massacred, except tv
sons. One of these had escaped to Whil
Hall and alarmed that settlement; whilst t
other hard pressed by barbarians thirstin
for his blood, had succeeded in reaching th
residence of Mr. Francis Salvador on Cori
naca Creek; and there, holding up the bleei
ing stumps of his mutilated hands, told tf
fearful tale of sliughter, and roused t
scattered settlers of that vicinity to rail.
for the double purpose of avenging the
murdered neighbors and of protecting the
own fire-sides and families.
T[his irruption of the Indians upon tb
Western border of the Province, was doub
less intended to be simultaneous with tb
attack on Charleston and the Sea-board; an
on the morning of the day rendered evi
memorable by the declaration of America
Independence, Dewett's Corner was desei
ted-Major Downes, and the people of Ri
bun's Creekweeesieedbt
on and Mr. Salvador, with a mu
ter of militia hastily collected, and still co
lecting, lay at Holmes' field on Ilogski
Creek. This little army of militia, soo
afterwards crossed the border, and took an
burnt most of the lower Towns, amon
which was Esseneca, where the lamente
Salvador fell and was brutally scalped b)
the ruthless enemy. It also penetrated inI
the middle settlements and valleys, and it
ficted upon the whole nation of Cherokee
including the Over-hills, such signal cha!
tisement for their treachery and blood
foray, that they sued for peace, and conch
ded a treaty with South Carolina and Geo
gia, by which they acknowledged themselv(
vanquished' and ceded to South Carolina a
the territory lying on this side of the Ocone
mountain. This treaty was made by ti
representatives of the different parties, i
May 1777, and as if by a sort of poetice
justice was signed at Dewett's Corner, ne;
the place where the war had been commei
ed by indiscriminate massacre and mi~
night murder.
Seventy-nine years have passed and gon
and how difierent the scene ! Howv gre.
the change that has taken plaice I It is a
most beyond the power of imagination
compasis it. After the Declaration of mnd
pendence, that struggle, in which our ane
tors had been engaged, wvas no longer a pe
ty defence against Indian depredations,
merely the resentful rebellion of revolti
subjects ; but it became a great wvar of di
liberate and settled purpose; and in thi
haracter, notwithstanding many reverse
especially in South Carolina, it was wagi
heroically, until our National Independeni
was formally acknowledged by the proude
power on the face of the earth, and recordE
for the purposes of history in the treaty
Paris 1783.
" In view, then, of our great progress
the past, and our high hopes of the future
in view of the glorious mission set before u~
and of the high destiny which we may fai
ly suppose is intended for us as a people
becomes every man of us to do his duty
his duty to himself, his duty to others, a:
his duty to his country. That we may I
enabled to discharge our duty, it is necessai
to understand what it is ; and for this pu
pose it is well nowv and then to recur to fir
principles--to glance at the point fro
which we started--to observe the directit
in which we are tending-to examine ho
far we have advanced, and the causes
such advancement-wvherein we have beE
retarded, and the reasons why ; and to dra
from such views useful and practical lessol
for our improvement and future guidane
TIhis occasion is perhaps a proper oi
for us to take such a reckoning-to examii
the auspices, and interrogate the oracles
to our reasonable hopes and destiny, ai
especially to recall, if possible, our who
duty touching the great subject of educatic
Tihe first great king of Macedon, whi
e had attained to such grandeur thatI
was supposed to be in danger of. being cs
red away by the adulation of sycophan
and flatterers, and of forgetting wvho ai
what he was, had the wisdom to keep
servant in his employment, whose duty
was to proclaim in his hearing, every da
before he gave audiene: " Philip, remei
er thou art mortal." In the samo we
there are some fundamental truths, whic
though they are neither newv nor striking,
[is important to proclaim before the peoj
every day. Among these, there is perha
none so imnportant, as that the people und
our form of popular government must
edneated. This is not merely a trite coi
imonplace, but a truth as important as o
wmljrer and a abidingr as the everlastil
hills. Volumes mi t be written, in (act this
have been written, a the subject but it ano
is a theme too vast *an occasion like the visi
present ; indeed, it is. nnecessary to enlarge the
ry upon a matter so o us, before an audience cen
it, so intelligent as the one here assembled. thai
ie We will, therefore, c ntent ourselves with woi
assuming the truth o 'the proposition, and I
merely stating that i is a truth so vitally inat
important that it sho be proclaimed from of 4
the house-tops, not o yevery day, but, if min
D- possible, every hour i the day. The very ture
D College-bells, every e they call to the one
lecture room, or reci. ' n, should peal out trg
in tones unmistakea e, that our welfare, war
s nay, our very exist in a state of freedom, festi
in depends upon the ed tion of the people." and
n "., Important as it is at our people should insti
be educatdd, yet it is t the policy of our chal
Is government to take t- children of the citi. less
a zen and educate the in cnimon at the the
d public expense, or ovej. to require them by spoi
d law to educate them ves. Although popu. led,
lar intelligence is m necessary for us, to b
n than any other peo because of the pe. the
culiarity of our politi institutions; yet our beg
- government shrinks n the fearful task of con
taking the custody youth, and of assu
ming the -responsibir y of their education. In
It is contrary to the a irit of our people, as Si
well as to the genius f our institutions, to TI
confer upon govern nt powers so unne
cessary and so liable In their execution to TI
cruel perversion and oppressive abuse. One Ei
of our political maxims is, that " that gov. Ht
d ernment is best which governs least." 'The
0 people now, understaiding the sources of A
o power, are uowilling t commit to govern- O0
e ment, offices, which li their own individual
exertions, and without any costly and op.
g pressive instrumentalitj, they can better per.
e form themselves. The spirit of our people r
is so free, that they wodld not consent to choi
receive even the boo* of education upon ing
e compulsion. Liberty -is so dear, that they tv,
will not deprive themaselves of it, even to tion
secure that which is necessary for its pre. are
r servation. The very lessence of liberty is selei
r the largest personal fMee agency consistent part
with wise government,, and the peace and sons
good order of society. If such a system fron
for educating the people as the Spartan, B
d were not inconsistent.with the genius of our is n4
instittitions, it would hqutterly impracticable -tl
here, from the extent 6f our country, and to e:
the condition of our soeiety. A small State whe
of antiquity, without ko
ws.;knowledge of the Car,
art of printing, and out the christian re.
and instruct them in res and the use of thei
black broth and iron money; but such an witb
effort would be utterl Y futile and unwise in a eats
n large State, and under a modern civilization." who
" "The mind is independent of external shot
circumstances. The man whose intellect is affe,
enlighted, and whose moral sentiments have insti
been cultivated, has within himself, and the V
Y world cannot take them away, the elements tizai
0 of abiding happiness. To him the sighing al E
I zephyr, the singing bird, the odor and beauty the
- of flowers, the tints of the rainbow, the enui
earth itself, and the grand system of which all
Y we form a mere atom, all afford pleasure- fact
pleasure in themselves, and further pleasure assu
- in the knowledge that they proclaim the wis- belo
s dom and goodness of their great Creator. and
'hough every thing in life should fail him- and
8 though summer friends should fall away from thos
him in the day of adversity, he can still en- Rigl
n joy himself at least in moralizing upon his i
,r condition, thus drawing a pleisure from mis- our
fortune itself. Like the exiled Duke and his ded
companions in the forest of Ardenness, he and
can say : ofti
" Sweet are the uses of adversity, tion
6' Which like the toad, ugly and venomous, suel
t Wears yet a precious jewel in his head.
-. And thins our life exempt from public haunt,
o Find tongues in trees-books in the running brook, So
.Sermons in tones, and good in every thing."~ dele
s. " Education exalts the mind, and puts us, iont
t. as' it were, upon an eminence-upon a '
r mountain top, thus enlarging our landscape,wh
d bringing into view the purling streams, the th
- sweet valves, the waving forests and culti- per
it vated fields of the world around. Bacon prej
s, quotes with approbation the remark of the suce
d .poet: "it is a pleasure to stand upon the . 'I
e shore, and see ships tossed upon the sea-a hey<
st pleasure to stand in the window of a castle, ac
d and see a battle, and the adventures thereof melmi
af below ; but no pleasure is comparable to the in o
staniding upon the vantage ground of truth, end
in and to see the errors, and wanderings, and The
- mists, and tempests in the ,vale below ;" and clar
a, the great Lord.Verulam himself adds: " Cer. Cor
r' tainly it is heaven upon earth to have a mnte
it man's mind move in Charity, rest in Provi- ceav
-dence, and turn upon the poles of Truth." tioni
d " It has been objected to the study of the into
e sciences, that they have a t.'ndency to en- litic
.y gender religious scepticism. We are taught at ti
r- to believe that the foundation of our religion, ed t
st the Scriptures, is true--nothing but truth- whc
i the very answer to the question of the 13
in Tetrarch of Palestine, when lie asked, be
w " what is truth I" We believe also that the any
of ject of all science, though on an humble Sou
n scale, is to discover and teach truth.-It can- rese
w not be possible that the great source of truth part
s -the great blaze of heavenly light,'from are
a which all these sciences are mero sparks of gov
temanation-can be dimmed by scrutiny. It muel
e is not according to the nature of things, that wot
as truth should suffer from investigation. It Corn
d rather solicits it, and is confirmed by it. mer
le ruth never wars with truth ; but however or
n. different the subject in which it may be corr
m . found-whether in the snow drop or the to s
ie solar system-all are prin
r- " But parts or one stupendous whole, " a
ts Whose body nature is, and God the soul." of i
ad " No want of religious instruction has 'the
a resulted hero from the absence of a Hierar. and
it chy esiablished by law and supported by last
y, exacting one tenth of the fruits of the earth, I
n~ or by taxes wrung from the hard earnings of seel
iy the poor. Unlimited freedom of conscience wit!
h, renders our wvorship somewhat various and Sea
it multiform; but for the very sarme reason it is and
le fervent and sincere. Holy temples, dledica- of i
ps ted to the worship of the living God, greet tion
r the eye in every corner of our land, which exp
be are v'ocal, at least one day in seven, with it is
n- songs of heavenly praise. Every branch of poli
ir the church relies for support entirely upon her
g the zalt of its members, and so seure is of
ing a representation in -the-. Cincinnati C
vention-a-let us say to Georgia, Alaba
Mississippi, Missouri, and our other So
ern sisters, we can hold no communion 1
you in political action or counse!-.we
o posed to conventions on principle,
not even now, when the common peril t<
all is imminent, can we depart from
time.honored policy, -or lift our voice
stretch forth a hand to cheer or encours
to strengthen or aid you.
. The people of some of our neighbor
States, Georgia and Alabama, have in t
preliminary meetings or conventions, -r
tive to a representation at Cincinnati,
elated its importance, and have, with mar
emphasis and with great solicitude, inv
the people of every Southern State, asv
as Northern, to send delegates. We
our readers if there is not something du
common courtesy to our neighbors; t
believe.the approaching assemblage wil
one of the most important in political res
that has ever been .held; they feel that
time has come to declare, %without equiv<
tion, to the men of the North, of the sa
political faith, that aggression must ces
that if political connection is to contin
the conservative people of the non-slaveh
ing States must bertir themselves, and
down the miserable factions which war ai
the South and the Constitution; they
that it is high time to declare the ultimal
of Southern forbearance, and they b
chosen to be present at this Convention
affording the best opportunity of mal
this determination known to their breth
of the same household of political fa
They have invited you, people of So
Carolina, to meet them there, and it is
you to say whether you will stand al
and maintain a proud but profitless isolati
or accept the invitation from those wh
faith or patriotic motives you must enti:
confide in.
Georgia, we believe, has instructed
delegates; Florida will probably instr
hers, and indeed all the Southern States '
doubtless give their delegates such prei
and well defined instructions, that the act
of the entire Southern delegation will
unanimous. On such an occasion, v
such an object to be attained, there must
weighty considerations indeed to prey
South Carolina from being present, not a
leader or partizan, but as one of a comr
nity of States, whose dearest interests
at stake, and who, faithful to the insti
then; and in the same effort, if possible,
save the Union, and rescue the Constitut
from the grasp of the reckless fanatics v
seek to destroy it.
This is the only consideeition we looli
in discussing the question; we are no pa
zan, we look upon all parties at the No
as utterly unsound on the great questior
the day-we have no desire that the St
should enter into a mere Presidential sera
ble; but we do think that at this time
should meet her sister States in one mi
united, strong, and perhaps final effort
save the country; or, failing in that, ir
cate the course the people they repres
should adopt to save themselves from u
ruin.
Believing then that this same "Natic
Democratic Convention" will have it in
power, by a manly declaration of politi
principles in the choice of the man for
NExecutive office, and by a patriotic avei
of its determination to abide by the Con
tution in defending and maintaining
rights of the South, to do more in putt
down the fanaticism of the North than
previous similar assemblage, we think I
strong obligations of duty, patriotism
self preservation demand that South Ci
lina should not reject the invitation to
present, or turn a deaf ear to the solic
tions of those she indst finally act with.
IVoMAN's RIGlHT -TO SBAwLs.-A Ii
tern lady thus vigorously asserts the exi
sive right of her sex to wear shawls.
advise those for whom her diatribe is inten<
not to read it, as its perusal is not likelj
minister to their vanity. Others, howe
may enjoy it, so here goes:
I want to toll you what a woman thri
of the shawl.wearing rage just now pos
sing so many of our men.
T'alk of a woman wearing the breedl
The truth is, we will soon have nothing
to wear from present appearances.
next innovation will be to don our pettici
and shifts. Now young gentlemen-im
tors of the Beechers and other great fop
don't you feel ashamed in your horse tels
eta, or in the decenter old shawls of y
mothersi The fools are not all dead y
and I believe if you were brayed in a na
tar the dust will be fool's powder still.
For my part I hate these gawky hybri
neither man nor woman. I cannot see u
God designed them for, unless to make
goalins and country gougers stare at
unmistakable evidence of a saphead o
snob.
Throw away your shawls, young gen
men. H ave a little thought in your bra
and, independence in your lives, and di
go about looking so silly, trying to be u
Nature never made you for. Your moti
need their shawls this wintry weather. 1
can show your folly in some other way t
by setting a whole congregation to stare
the holy Sabbath day at worship, and th
by destroying the devotional feelings of
fdgetty old women ; or by turning the.
of all you chance to meet during the w
upon yourselves, as if you were some gi
shanghai escapet from Barnum's ani
show. MARY 3
A CIVILIZED 'rRIBE.-The Seneca I
ans have a lawv to the effect-that no treat
valid without the consent of twvo-third
the mothers of the tribe.
A wag says that Dr. Kane tried to ge
the Pole to deposit his vote; but the icel
faction prevented him.
lIv the bottle, discontent seeks for comi
cowardice for courage, and bashfulness
confidence.
reliance that we may safely affirm, as
ther has-done, that" with us better pro
>a is made for,.and a greater portion of
people attend upon public worship, do
ly clad, well behaved and well seated,
i in any other country of the civilized
Id."
is gratifying to see the different-denom
ions of christians taking up the subject
iducation, and undertaking to teach the
I ~as well as the sentient and moral na
. We would say, in the language of
of the most distinguished men our coun
Ias produced: "This attention to the
ts of the intellect'and the soul, as mani
d by the voluntary support of schools
colleges, of churches and benevolent
tutions, is one of the most remarkable
-acterlstiqs of the American people-not
strikingly exhibited in the new, than-in
alder settlements of the country. On the
where the first trees of the forest were fel.
near the log cabins of the pioneers, are
a seen rising together the church and
school house. So has it been from the
nning, and God grant that it may thus
inue !
On other shores, above their moulderingtowns,
sullen pomp, the tall Cathedral frowns;
nple and frail, our lowly temples throw
eir slender shadows on the paths below;
arce steal the winds, that sweep the woodland
tracks,
is larch's perfume from the settler's axe,
e, like a vision of the morning air,
slight-framedsteeple marks the houseof prayer.
t Faith's pure hymn, beneath its shelter rude,
eathes out as sweetly to the tangled wood,
where the rays through blazing oriels pour
marble shaft and tesselated floor.' "
From the Colombia Examiner.
THE CINCINNATI CONVLITION.
he Democratic Central Committee have
en Cincinnati as the place for the meet
f the National Convention of that par.
vhich regularly assembles for the selec.
of its nominee for the Presidency. We
iot very much pleased with the city
-ed; but we suppose if we were a warm
zan we should have yielded to the res.
assigned for transferring the. locality
Baltimore to that city.
t the object we have in writing to-day
it to comment on the place of meeting
at is comparatively unimportant-but
amine calmly, and without prejudice,
ther it becomes the people of South
lina to seek representation in that body
- sister States of the South, and unite
them in council at a time when inter
of grave import to all are at stake, and
a the slaveholding States should stand
der to shoulder in all political action
Iting their rights, their honor and their
tutions.
re do not approach this question as par.
is; we owe no allegiance to the Nation
emocratic party further than that which
principles of that party, as heretofore
ciated, demand from us. We disclaim
olitical connection with the Northein
ons, under multifarious names, which
me to be of the Democratic party; we
ng to no party but that of the South,
to no party here whose clearly defined
a-owed principles are not those, and
e alone, which are based upon State
its and perfect equality in the Union, or
pendence out of it. This has long been
creed, and we are just as strongly wed.
to it as we ever were, and just as ready
willing to defend, even to the disruption
be Confederacy, the rights and instifu
a of the Southern States. It is with
ia faith, and wvith such sentiments, that
aow discuss the policy of the people of
th Carolina, meeting in council with the
gates from her co-States of the (outh.
dis discussion we waive individual opin
and look only to the circumstances by
:hwe are surrounded, believing it to be
part of true patriotism to lay aside mere
onal inclinations, or long-entertained
adices, when the general good demands
Sa sacrifice.
'H UNIoN OF THE SOUTH is, as we be
t all now will admit, the great end to be
>plished; and whatever political move
t tends to that accomplishment should,
ur humble opinien, be seconded and
yrsed by the people of our own State.
y have in their sovereign capacity do
ed it inexpedient to secede from the
federacy ; and having thus signified their
ation to remain therein, we cannot per.
the propriety of maintaining a posi
which isolates her from those whose
ests, whose institutions, and whose po
al rights, are identical with hers, and are
ls juncture in the same peril and expos
a tbo same fanatical assaults from those
seek to overthrow us all.
ut, asks the objector, What good can
accomplished? We do not knowv of
particular benefit that will accrue to
th Carolina from her people being rep.
nted in tl+;~ Convention. They are not
izans-t:ai are not ofie-seekers, nor
they v'ery greedy' for any portion of
rnment patronage or spoils. In no
spirit, nor actuated by such motives,
d their delegates take their seats in that
vention. They would enter it not
ely for the purpose of nominating this
that man for the Presidency; but in
imon with their brethren of the South,
nite in and set forth a declaration of
ciples, or, in political parlance, to adopt
platform," upon which the whole people
he outh, and the Conservative men of
North, if they chose, could firmly stand,
make a noble effort--it may be the
-to save the Constitution.
the objects here named are not worth
cing for; if free and full consultation
,the delegates from every other Sahern
:e be not desirable; if to define clearly,
with unanimity, the rights and interests
he South, and to declare the determina
of her people to maintain them, be in
edient or improper; if at this juncture
still the part of wisdom, patriotism or
y that South Carolina should withhold
influence or counsels from her co-States
Ito South then let us abstnin from seek
on. - ci
IVR VA&W I.R * "oA9 QWTA
0b- ar~vs vuIP"sn amo - gr ANDm
rith FoR OTHER aPuurees." :e.-: -
Sr f. H it enaa*by the &at M d 501i
and of Representatives, utne metMihd ueeing i*,
US Gee-a AuenMy,- asid.1tl .aidlMibr
our dha same, That d'e cbier'Qf the Si"-&
or River Vailey lIailroad Company .be, and
g, thesame is hereby altered and amended seas
to atfiorbi dw UiN company to unfleet
Ing with the South Carolina Railroad- inAugs'
ieir to, and for that purpose to-ross;the Savin
da. nab river at or above BuI .SluIe, -and 0t
do. combine with any conlpany ineorpdrted'
*d for the san* object, by the State of Geila
ted Provide, aloweter, that the 'said'e ,
vell shall release all State aid ieretofors gw -. -
Andprotidedfurther, That the Stockhodeus
a of the town of Hamburg, and the eosprw
ey tion of -the.town of Hamburg, ad-alsopa60
be other stockholders of said eoipany,- Alf
ilts have the privilege, withii sixty d Won'
the the first day of January next, after l as
ca- sage of this Act, to' withdraw tteir st k.En
me said company,if they coose so to do: d,
s; proide also, That the retiring stothloer
ae, shah .first pay their rateable propeKom- of
ld- any expenses incurred by the said co"ny
put before they had retired: And o fi$
)n ther, That the connection with the Souti.
reel Carolina Railroad company be lawrfully ii;
an tablished, by steam commuaieatiot, or o er
ve locomotive -ower, and a common (rack and'
.2s depot in'thi city of Augusta.
ing 2. That the company shall be anthoiibed
ren to construct a branch road from some con.
ith- venient point on the main trunk of said
bth Railroad to' Abbeville Court House;.andWt
for unite at that place with the Abbeville Branch
o0f of the Greenville and Colombia Reioa,.
on, and also to build a branch from the saie
D" point on the main road, to and across Savan
ely na river, at or near Vienna, in the direction
of Washington, Georgia, with.fhll power te
her connect with any railroad now chartered, or'
uct hereafter.to be chartered by the State' OF
vill- Georgia, to extend from Washington, Geor,
s gia, to the Savannah river at or near Vienda.
'On - 3 That the name and style of said como
.be pany shall be changed to the "Savannah
ith Valley Railroad Company.
be 4. That the exclusive right to'build, keep
ent up and use the said railroad and its several
3 a branches, and the conveyance and transpord
In- tation thereupon, shall vest and continue in'
are the said company for and during the term of
ctslb"A& jzi-ud after theIs of tW
to nah Valley Railroa 'A o02
oni remain incorporate, and be vested with all
'ho the rights, powers and privileges as to their'
own works herein granted and securei, ex
to cept the Legislature may authorise the for.
rti. mation of other companies, and the construe
rth tion of other railroads, for the trade and
of intercourse contemplated therein; but the'
ate Legislature may renew and extend the ex
iM- clusive right of said Savannah Valley Rail-'
she road Company upon such terms as may be
re prescribed by law and accepted by said
to company.
di- 5. That the said Savannah Valley Rail
ent road Company shall be and is hereby ew
ter empt from the provisions of the forty-firat
section of an Act entitled "An Act to iwr
nal corporate certain villager, societies and-com
its panies, and to renew and amend terfahi'
cal chatters heretofore granted, and to establish
the the principles upon which chartera of incor
al poration will hereafter be grantedj..rat1e
sti- the seventeeth day of December, in the year
the of our Lord one thousand eight hmded and
ing forty-one.
ny 0. This Acet shall be of no efreet Vetf s
hat direct comniunication by'steam, or othe Jo
nd comotive power, and cars and a consuon
10o- track and depot between. the Georgia Rail.
be road and the South Carolina Railedad be.
ita established or secured. -
7. That the Savannah Valley Railroad
-Company have full power to connect with
e-the Blue Ridge Railroad, at Andersonf s and
lW- nothing in this A ct, or in the originial charter,
e shall prevent any Railroad in SoUth Caroll-'
'na from connecting with tire said Savana
toValley Railroad. And the Directors elf the
er said company may re-open the books to
kreceive subscriptions to the capital steek at
ssuch times and places as they shall see St.
e.In the Senate Hoese, the nineteeth day of
December, inthe yearto~f u or-n
re and in the eightieth yeer of thie sbter
h eignty and independence of the iunited
als States of Amnerlea.
ta- Rowr. F. W . ArLSroY, P esd n o
'Senate.
ok. yJMxEs Szxo3s, Speaker Hduat f'&spf6.
or- A MAGarN OF lEAI.--lIe gtounN
belonging to the United States Arsenal at
is; Baton Rouge, La., embrace an area, of 27
hat miles. In the three magazines thete ate 30,
the 000 pounds of powder, and 9,00,00 rounds
the of cartridges for small :arms ,and canrnoh.
r a The storehouses contain 35,000 utdskets,
rifles, carbines, and pistols, 2,5d0 sabres,
Ie-- 100 cannons, 600,000 cannon balls and
ins shells, 30,000 pounds canister, and accon
m't trements for 10,000 men. The total value
hat of the lands and buildings with their con
era tents is over *1,000,000
ian A GOOD BarLr..-A gentleman, whose
on house was repairing, went one day to see
ire- how the work progressed, antd observing a
the' quantity of nails lylng about, said to the
yes carpenter: " Why don I you take~ care of
eek these nails? they'll certaily be lost.". " No,"
eat raplied the carpenter, '"yet'il and them in
al the bill."
'THEREt are two things wvilch 'opgbt to
.teach us to thinkc lnt mneanly 'of human
3d,. glory; the very beat have had their caluamni
y-s ators-the very worst their panegyriats,
e of e
A horse dealer who lately effected a-sale,
was offered a bottle of porter to confess the
a animal's fallings. The bottle was drank,
rand then he said the-horse had but two faults.
When turned loose in the field he was 'had
.' to catch, and he was of no 'use when caught.
for j To what eye is everything invisible? To
the eye of a potato!

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