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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of ou iberties, and if It miust fall, w~e will Perish amidst the Rulns."
EDGEFIELD , FEBRUARY 6 1856. W. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietors. 9 * *. F B U W1 0,. PRICE & C0., SRAPES *-3 TM1L@%0A, .A.%mgumstea, Gra., TIAVE rce ived their FA LL A)ND WINTER SUPPLIES of the Latest Importations, and would invite the attention of those who want the best Goods to call and make selectioiis. Clothingf! OVER GARM1ENTS-of all the newest styles, I)ress Coats, Pantaloons and Vests; o0hc and ]lu siness Coats. Pants and Vest-, and a General as sortineut of Fashionable Clothing. - Hosiery, &c. UNDER GARMENTS of all kinls, Dressing for the neck, Scarfs. Stocks, Ties, Gluves, and all -other articles useful for dress and convenience. WM. 0. PRICE & CO. Augusta, Nov G 3m 43 orrosITE .tAsINIC HALL, BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA, GA. y0X a63:L1EK3, la e3s Jt O "TA Is Are receiving their full Stock of BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES, CARPET BAGS, &c., &c. Our Stock will comprise all the most fatshionable ar tieles, anl those that can be reconnicnded for dura -bility. Also, a large and superior lot of Negro Brogans,, Men's Rip BROGANS and Womnict's Leather BOOTS. We feel confident that we can show one of the liEST ASSORTED Stock of Goods that has ever been in our City, and request onr customers and friends to give us a call beflore purchasing. Aug 29 3m 33 NEW CARPET STORE! JAMESOG. BAILIE, (LATE OF TUFist i OF DAiiLE & LAMiIBT.) DIRE CT IMPORTER OF ALL KINDS OF .RUGS, FLOOR OIL CLOTHS, &c., kC. LIN EN GOOD S, Curtain Materials aid Triminigs, & c., &c., & c. 234 KING STREET, CHARLESTON, S. C. M P. S.-Orderr promptly attended to. Aug 8 Gim' 30 DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c. RS. A. G. & T. J. T E A G UE, respect fully inform their friends and patrons that they.have just received their FR FSH Stock of Pure and Genuinc Drugs, &c. A nd will be pleased to wait upon all who may favor them with their patronage. Space will not allow us to give a Catalogue in this place of our Stock.of Drugs. medicines. &e. Suf five it to say, we have the F I L I-'T and MOST COMP.LETIE Stock ever -ofiered in this place. Edgefield C. H., May 23 If 19 REMOVA L Of the Tin Manufactury, N E A R Dn. R. T. Ml S' T A N Y A R I) 'I1E Subscriber would respectfuly iifrornm the citizens of Edgelield and the surrounding Dis tricts. that he has removel t, his residence, where he has recently erected a large and cominodious Shop, and is now prepared t carry on the TX-Ir "E1EU3 % QE-3os IN ALL ITS BRAN d I L:S, such as .anufnet ring Tin Ware for Mrehants. ROOFING, G UT -TERJNG, and all manrer of JUB WORKi. Always on hand a generai assvrtment of TIN AND JAPAN WARE! 0. Merchants supplied at shortest ntotice and on the most reasonable terms. Orders solicited. C. L. REFO. Oct3 37t__ Pomaria Nurseries. SUIIMMIER & CR A -TOND, I jA' E fur sale a large and line colk etion of then . best varieties of 1:-ELIT T'ELIE, Cons.isting of PE A~iES. PL U.\MS. A P'RICOTS, N ECTARINESFIGS. GR APE VIN ES. PFARS both standard and dwarf, A PPLES, standaird and dwarf, CILERII'r'S. standard anul dwarf, ROSES,~ FLOWERING SIlRUJBS and EVERlGREENS -of choice kinds. Their Frut Department embraces all thme best native varieties, early and late, as wecll as all thej Choice Foreign kin:ds and the trees arc of line1 habits and growth. g Priced Catalogues sentt to all urpplicants. Address SUM.\ER & CR AM a11NI), Oct 31 3m 42 Pomiaria, S. C. H ARVL E Y & MNAY S, H-AMB3URG, S. C.. NEARLY OPPOSITE THE AMERICAN HOTEL. -- THE Subscribets having entered 2 into a Co-Partnershup for the tran saetion, of a GENERAL GROCERY BUSINESS Solicits the patronage of their friends and the publie generally. Having carefully seleted a CII0ICE STOCK OF GOODS, and at lose prices. we arel prepared and determined to sell as low as G;oods ofI the same quality can be bought in this or the Au gusta Market. Our Stock comprises nearly every article usually kept in similar establishments. We purichIiae our Goods for Cash,.and can aff'ord to sell at VERY LOW FIGURES. Our Stock consists in part of :SUGAS, COFFEE, N. 0. AND W. I, MOLASSES, MACKEREL, CHEESE, Bacon, Lard, Fiouur, Candies, Raisins and Nuts, of gll decrcipions, TOBACCO & SEGA RS, rickles, Pepper, Allspice, Blue Stone, Coperas, A good assortment of Liquors, Also, a fine lot of Crockery and Glass Ware, Tin and Wooden Ware, &e., &c. .JOlIN B. TIARVLEY, J011N A. M AYS. Hamburg, Nov 20, .. - tim 45 $10,000 Wanted for 1856, T HE Subtaeriber wishing t% restrict his business esolesively to the CASH SYSTEM, takes this opportunity to infor~m his patrons that lie will open no Books for accounts this year. It is useless to enlarge as to the advantages, both to buyer and seller of this system. All acknowledge it to be the best. Intending to keep a good supply of articles in the various branches of my business, I tespectfully so licit a continuance of thme liberal patronage op long extended. Conme on now with your small change, and let us try it one year, and see how it works. G. L. PENN, AGENT. Jan 1, 1855. .tf 51 " Economy is Wealth !" (O00D elean Rags or every description will be ..Apurchased at the " A dvertiser O'hice." Price, 2.i eta per pounid. Now, here's a chance for ualnios. every body, atnd ol bacheloir's too, to ntake mioney. Ari .. tfi 14 FOLLOW . Voyager on lite's troubled sea, Sailing to eternity, Turn from earthly th'ngs away; Vain they are, and brief their stay: Chanti-eg down to earth the heart, Nothing lasting they impart. Voyager, what are they to thee? Leave them all, and "1 follow me.") Traveller on the road of life, Seeking pleasure, finding strife Know the world can never give Aught on which the soul can live : Grasp nut riches. seek not fame Shining dust, and sounding name. Traveller, what are they to thee? Leave them all, and " follow me." Pilgrim through this " vale of tears," lanish all thy doubts and fears; Lift thine eyes-a heaven's above Think there dwells a God of love. Wouldst thou favor with him find Keep his counsels in thy mind. Pilgrim, much 1e's done for thee; Wilt thou then not " follow me ?" Wanderer from the Father's throne, Hasten back-thine errings own ; Turn-thy path leads not to heaven ; Turn-thy faults will be forgiven ; Turn-and let thy song of piraise Ningle with angelic lays. Wanderer, here is bliss for thee; Leave them a'l to" f< ow me." OBTAINING REVENCE. Mr. Snarl resides in Forsythe street. Mr. Snarl is at old bachelor, with an Irish girl for a housekeeper. Snarl lives in good style, but has some queer notions, le dislikes dogs above all things, organ grinders and beggars not excepted. Stinarl's next door neighbor is Harry Sampson. Now, Harry is the very opposite to old 31r. Snarl. lie sets a high value on a dog, and there is oniv one article equal to a Ne wfoundland, and tit's a woman. Harry has several speci mens of the canine race. The other evening they got up a howiing match becanse the moon r ie'ame eclipsed. They commenced about ten o'lock, and kept it up untl the sun got an inch 0 an I a ha.f above villiaisburg. This so annoved Mr. Snarl, that he had Har ry jerked ip " for a nuisance," and fined ten t doilars. H:arry paid the money, but resolved on revelge. The next morning the following ad. vertisement appeared in the Herald: WANTED-At Forsythe Street, two dogs, and four Spaniel Pups. For full blooded dogs t.e highest price will be paid. Call between four and six P. Al. JAMEs SNARL. We need not say the advertisement was in- d serted biy Iarrv. 'His reason for making the Clls between tour and six P. M. was because .\r. narI was ilways ont at that hour, taking e :tn airing ariound the Battery. At the hour specified, dogs and pups might i have been seeni going up the Bowery to Grand, e to Forsythe, and up Forsythe to the wansion a occupied by Mr. Snarl. r The first person that pulled the doorbell was I a butcher boy from Centre Market, with a pair b of bull dogs that would "tear the heart out of i a tiger." Maggie answered the bell, when the y following colloqiy took -place: C -Does Mr. Sniarl live here ?" "Ife does. Whey do you ax ?" "I have got some dogs for him." "l Dogs for Mr. Snarl-mother of Moses, did you ever! you miktook the door."t " Dev-il a bit-read that." Here Sykee took out the Morning Herald, and showed Mlaggie the advertisement. Maggie wasg thunderstruck. There was "no denying the advertisement." She accordingly told SykseeE to go into the back yard " wid thme dogs," and c await the return of Mr. Snarl. Syksee did sojr In about two minutes, Maggie was agatin sumt moned to the door bell. . "What do yoti want ?" " Mr. Snarl. I've gotghem doga he wanted."t " You have ? Well, then go into the yard wid the other blackguard." No. 2 followed No. 1I; No. 2 was soon follow-t ed by No. 3. who was succeeded by lots 4, 5 a and 6. By half-past five. the back yard contain-i ed twenty-one bull dogs and fourteen spaniels. The former got up a misunderstanding, and, by the tlie Mr. Snarl arrived, seven spatniels had b'en paleed hors du conibal, while a brindle bull dog from Fultan Market was going throngh his third lighit wvith a " yaller tarrier" from Mount C street. Mr. Snarl reached home a few minutes before six. Maggiie oipened the door and burst out as. folows: " For the love of the Lord go back and stopI 'm. They are eating one another up, and if not choaked off will devour the cistern. Since the days of Crummell I've not heard such a htl-abaloo entirely." Snarl " went back"-Snarl hooked into the yard and would have sworn. but he could not .t find oaths stufleiently powerful to do justice toi his feelings. WVhen we left Mr. Snarl was emp- I tyitg"the batck yard" with a axe-helve. The I next day harry Sampson complained of him for I having a " dog fight on his premises." Snarl was ined twenty-five dollars-fifteen dollars for having "stuch a fight," and ten dollars for being " an old hypocrite." It is niecessary for us to1 say, that Harry Sampson slept better that nighti than arty night since the war with Mexico.--N. Y. Dutchmnan. NEWsPAPER BY-LA ws.-A contemporary lays, down the following pithy code of newspaper by-laws. They are the best we have seen drawn up: I 1. B~e brief. This is the- age of telegraph and stenoggraphy. 2. Be pointed. Don't write all around a sub ject without hitting it. 3. State facts, but don't stop to moralize. It's a dIroway subject. Lot the reader do his own dreaming. 4. Eschew prefaces. Plunge at once into your sublject, like a swimmer in cold wader. 5. If you ha-.e written a sentencee that you think particularly fine, draw your pen through it. A pet child'is alwatys the worst in the fatmi 6. Condense. Make sure that you really have an idea, and then record it in the shortest pos sible terms. We want thoughts in their quin tessence. 7. When yotur article is completed strike out ninetenths of the adjectives. The English is a strong language, bt won't bear tmuch "redu eing." I a A..id al. ifon language. -...... Te .p.ain-_ vst Anglo-Saxon words aret he best, Never use stilts when legs will do as-well. 9. Make your sentences short. Every period is a milestone, at which the reader may stop and rest himself. 10. Write legibly. Don't let your manuscript look like the tracks of a spider half drowned in ink. - We shan't mistake anybody for a genius, though he write as crabbedly as Napoleon. ANECDOTE OF THE NEW CHAPLAIN.-The Rev. Henry Clay Dean. the present chaplain to the United States Senate, was some years ago i resident of Northwestern Virginia. While preaching one day at a church situated a few niles from Fairmount, he was annoyed by the nattention of his congregation as manifested in urning their heads to see every-body who came 'n. " Brethren," said he, " it is very difficult to reach when thus interrupted. Now, do you isten to me, and I will tell you the namAf !very man as be enters the church." Of course his remark attracted universal nttention. Pres. mitly some one entered:-" Brother William Satterfield !" called out the preacher, while that I - brother" was astonished beyond measure, and -ndeavored in vain to guess what was the matter. inother came in-- brother Joseph liller!".) )awled the preacher with a like result; and so >erhaps in other cases. After a while the con. rregation were amazed at hearing the preacher all out in a loud voice: " A little old man with blue coat and a white hat on! don't know vho he is! You may look for yourselves." airmount Virginian. BOOTS AND SHOES DY MACHIENERY.-Prepar tions are actively being made for entering up in the manufacture of boots and shoes by ma hinery. in the building formerly occupied by he carpet factory. The macine by which the itbor is to be performed, is the invention of a 'rench mechanie. It is claimed that, with one f the machines, a single man can perform an mount of labor equal to thit done by eight aen, in the old method. This new branch of business, when fully in peration,'will give employment to some two undred and fifty operatives. Most of these re Frencli-a number who have arrived are f wholly unacquainted with our language. The company establisihing this manufactory wn the pateni right for the United States. 'hey intend extending the businoss to Europe, nd will probably furnish boots for the French t oldiets in the Crimea.-Troy Whig. - THE TENDER MERCIES OF ou NORTHERN . IRETHiREN.-We commend to the notice of our Joi.>n lovers, the following prophecy as to our ite in the Union: WHAT ABoLITIONIsm PaoroSEs.-We do not if ire often to advertise, to any considerable ex. t -nt, the opinions of the Northern believers in L io horrible atrocities of the institution of slave- t v, but the following sentences, uttered by the c l;n. Joshua I. Giddiigs, may amuse some of I, ur readers: "I look forward to the day when there shall p e a serville inmurrection in the South ; when u ie black man, armed cith British bayonets, and ; 'd on by British eJliccrs, shall assert his freedom, ad wage a war ot' extermination against his t taster; when the torch of the incendiary shall f ht up the totens and cities of the South, and t lot out the last vestige of slavery. And ti.ough. i, mav not mock at their calamity, nor lingh r hen their fear cometh, yet I will hail it as the e awn of a political millenium." n D.uuGEs ron SEDUCTION.-There has been p onsiderable excitement ai. Albany, N. Y., during r e present sitting of the Circuit Court, grow- a ig-out of a trial for seduction. The plaintiff v ,as James Caldwell, a man in humble circum- c tances, residing in Barre; the defendant. Mor- t is Tinkham, at m"inor son of a wealthy farmer f Shelby. Republican states that Tinkham ecame acquainted with the daughter of Cald Pell, fifteen years of age, in March last, and on after accomplished her ruin under the roof f her f ather. Sait for datmages was brought d nd a verdict of $1,100 dam:ages render.. FROZEN TO I)EATt.-Gopher' S. Badger and iree of his children were frozen to death, on r to 8th inst., while attenmoting to walk from eir home on the prairie to Camibridge, Illinois, Ii a procure food, I A MAN AND HIs BTL DUG OUT OF THlEe Now.-Ont Sunday afternoon, some men weree ngaged in clearing the snow from the sidewalk l ear Hwae's foundry, and after digging a way a ank of several feet in depth, much to their uprise, they ciame across a man sleepinig qluietlyV eside his bottle. lHe htad taken lodgings ona r e.walk the evening previous and got snowedd nder. His breath made a hole in the snow nd thtus he was furnishted with fresh air. A 1 ruch of the snow shtovel brought him to a con-c eintsness, and he got tip and wallked off, tak- f og ais faithful companion with him.-New York I1 ~ribune. 1 ROBInERY AT AIKES.-Th'le d welling house of Irs. Horni, in the town of Aiken, was baroken in ni Fridaiy last, and robbed of everything thtat old be carried awray. 1Her whole wardrobe nd entire stock of provisionis were taken. She ad left the hou.. for a shtort time to visit a eigh bor, and carefully locked it ; but on returti g, she found it broken open and rifled of near y everything it eontained, except her bedding nd sotme heavy furniture. FRME houses arc rapIdly decreasing in num er ini Calitornia, in conseqtuence of the frequent 1 nd devastating fires wich have .swept over the owns of that State. In Marysville, for instance, bere a few years ago not a brick house was to1 e seen, there are now three hundred. 1t hats en a severe school in which the people of Cali ornia have learned the lesson of durable con trutioni. RATHER CooL..-St. PaulI, Minnesota, mnst e a cold place. On the 24th ult., the mercury n the thermometer fell to 38* below zero, at 5 L. 1., and at 9 o'clock stood at 30* below. At oon it rose to 10* below. The editor of the 'ioneer antd Demaocratt says: Persons in the east and south will hardly be ble to appreciate that little or ino inconvenience felt by our citizens, during this "cold term," ret such is the fact. There was no wind-the Lir was still as death, and a biting sensation aout the nose and ears was the only indication f very cold weather experienced by those pur ming their usual avocations. The President has carried out the sentence of he recent court martial, of which Col. Henry Wilson was the President, by dismissing from he army of the Urited States Brevet Major lohn C. Henshaw, Captain seventh infaintry, United States Army ; his said dismissal to take -fet from the 9th of Jitnuarv last. Tihe char. es under which he was tried'were for disobedi ~ne of orders,econtempt and~disrespect towards ais comumandintg oflicer, and conduct unbecom ing an ollieer and a gentleman; and grew ott fa difliculty between the accused and Major George Anderson, of the same regiment, at Port Arbuckle, a here the lattter wvas in command. .... THE last survivor of Washington's Life Guard, died at Newbitrght, New York, on the 0th nIt.n,a 99. ual K~napp wna his name. upon us. Lot us cease fiddling ani dancing while Romenis burning; let every one man the engines, let all contribute according to his means. Let us awaken the prayers or the church, the e.:'husiasm of our beautifudaughters ; let them hold fairs and put in use their many pretty devi ces to raise materil aid. Look not to the slow, inadequate action of political leaders; paralyzed by the shackles of party, we fear they can oily amuse Fou with vain scruples and "strifes of words,' or only "cry peace! peace! when there is no peace." And vet, what politician so demented, that he would renew old strifes to dissuade State action and organized defence, under the vain hope that disconnected individual effort could meet the emergeney ? And yet for this let not individu als despair, but rather let them .increase their contributionsand redouble their energies. Let chivalrous and hopeful seekers of fair climes come on and j6in our expedition. I have before told you what Judge Cato (Judge of the Te'rri tory) says of that fertile .region. In his letter of November last, he says, "corn is plenty atl twenty-five centsper bushel. This is-a fine a country as any on earth, the profits on-iLs pro duction far exceed that in the cotton regions. All grain, grass, claiver and hemp, give large re turns-at least from thirty to forty dollars per acre annually. .I have seen no poor land ; it all seems richerlihan the bes'Chattahoochee bottom, and most of it is just like adjoining Missouri lands that now sell at twenty to fifty dollars perlI acre. The estimated average of the corn is one hundred bushels per acre, and six tons hemp per hand, worth 8140 per ton. I can give no idea of the beauty and fertility of the soil and country; good wells can be obtained anywhere, and running stream are frequent." Dr. Walker, a long resident of its borders, and of high character and intelligence, says, " as jar as health, climate and profits of labor is con cerhed, Kansas is better than any part of the Union. There is no country where a man can be more independent. and make his bread and meat with less capital than here; ten or twelve furrows will make ten barrels of corn per acre. One thousand pounds hemp per acre is a common crop. There are swarms of cattle and- good markets for everything." Another distinguished resident of Western Missouri, in his letter of 30th December to me says, "Planters are making twice the money per hand that they are in any other part of the Union. One hand will raise five tons of hemp, and this don't interfere with the corn, wheat and oat crop; planters have no supplies to purchase, but everything to sell. A near neighber last year, with fourteen hands, men, women and boys, averaged eight hundred and thirty-six dollars per hand-negro fellows, field hands, hire for three hundred dollars per annum-mechanics 8600; white men 825 per month ; any number of young men. in the spring, can find ready em ployment at that price, and then they have other advantages. Kansas is the starting point for California, Oregon, Utah, 9nd New Mexico thousands of wagons leave every spring-liey carry three millions of goods per annum to New Mexico, besides immense government supplies to pay ladians and sustain our military posts, &c. Let every one wishing to go urge his neigh bersto hold meetings to appoint agents to so licit every man's contribution, either in money or note payable After the emigrants are taken out. Contributions must not be to individual members, but for the common benefit. 1 could by the last of March raise a thousand men, if the contributions reached, say $150 per hend for that would enable mae to furnish all with their military and agricultural outfit. I am asked, " what military and other service do I re quire ?"-none except that when he gets to Kan mas, the emigrants shall begin some honest em ployment for a living-if it be working on his claim-that will give him credit to buy bread on. On his way there lie is expected to be orderyl and temperate, to attend the reading of the Seripture and prayer, night and morning, learn to fear God, to be charitable to onr enemies gentle with females and those in our p~ower merciful to slaves and beasts, and just to all men. All who intend to go will pleaC write me immediately. IW. P. Belcher, Esq., Abbeville C. IH., S. C., and Capt. E. B. Bell, Graniteville, Edgefield, S. C., I understand, are raising companies to join me. They doubtless can get free transp~ortation1 for them to Columbus, Ga., and Carolina emi-' grants might do wvell to coame with one of them. All editors friendly to thge enterprise, it is hoped will copy this address in full. J. BUFORD. Eufaula, Ala., Jan. 1.,1856. EAP.LY LoVE AND LATE MIARRIAGE.-The Cincinnati Columobian relates the following: "A couple, cacth of whom was over seventy: yeas of age, were a night or two ago uuited in the bonds of wedlock, at one of our principal ho-, tels. They had been lovers in the spring time of life-but circumstances parted them. Each married, raised a fatmily, lost a mate, and then remarried ; and, fimallf. having lost the sesond mate, and met their first love, they conclided to " travel down the hill of life together, and sleep together at its foot." They were both frail, tot tering and white-heded--but the lire of love still burnt brightly in their hearts." DIED ITHt THE CoLD.--A free negro, withi no master but himself, who neglected or did not kohoto take proper care of himself, was foun,on Tursay morning, dead in his room, at New Brooklyn. where lie had retired the night before, hungry and cold and without food and five. He had been down all day amnong the abo litionists in ~Brooklyn, trying to get a job of shoveling snow, but as he had no shovel, anid no one wvould lend him one, he could get no work nor money, and so he went home and died, just as all his race will, sooner or later, in this cold elimat.-New York Day Book. EXPITEMENT 11N FAYETTE VILLE, N. C-A faro bank was broken up in Fayetteville, N. C., a few evenings since, and the apparatus seized and burnt in the streets the next morning. The gamblers were non-residents, who had been there only a few days. One of them escaped from a window of the~ir room, and thme other de posited 81,000 as bail. A CoNTniAsT.-What a contrast the two fol lowing eases present! Johni M. Schrock, the defaulting treasurer of Holmes county, (Ohio,) ran away- with 822,000 of the public money. He was pursued to Europe, captured, brought back; tried, convicted, and sentenced -to one year's imprisonment in the penitentiary. Charles B. Smith, a resident of the same county, about the same time borrowed a horse worth 675, rode hiur to a neighboring- town, sold him, pocketed the money, was pursued, caught, tried-, convicted, and sentenced to the penitentiary for three years. A Dplanter from Tensas Parish,~La.. was re ently tried for the cruel treatment of a slave. He was fined $200--the extreme penalty of the law, and the jury decreed that the slave should be sold away from him. Cats were sold at Karm, while besieged by the Russians, at one hundred piasters each, The Governor of Virginia has appointed fifty two delegates to represent the State at largze in the Commercial Convention to be held at Rich [From the Spii of the South.] TO KANSS8 EMIGRHNTS- ID TO AL FRIEND! OF THESOUT. I had proposed to stait with my company o1 Kansas emigrants on tII:11th of Febunary next but many of them bein nable to get ready by that time, and others be g unwilling to go be. ore spring, and especi ly as I am advised by my correspondent s that Missouri and Kansa rivers are already impe by ice, I have deter. rined to postponed if ring till the wintei breaks. The emigrants may rndezvous. at Eufaula )n the 31st of March n t, at Columbus, Ga. 2n the 3d of April, and at Montgomery, Ala. )n the 4th April next that I can start from Eufaula,via Columbus nd Montgomery, col. ecting on the way tho find at the differein >laces of rendezvous. The company will travel 'rom Montgomery by ste'stners, via Mobile and New Orleans, or else by railroad via Atlanta, to Jishville, and thence by steamer to Kansas. I mngage to transport no baggage except six blan. lets, one gnn, one knapsatk and one' frying pan o each emigrant-for baggage over and abdve his, the emigrant himselfmust engage trans ortation-iany will hav' no more, and I must reat all alike. While I thought my company vould be small, I expecited to be able to take vomen, children and slaves: but I find I must care them to give place No men, who are now reatly needed in Kansas to preserve the eablie ence and enforce the laws. I now expvet over our hundred men, and I will take no females, or slaves, nor minors under 18 years of age -women and children should not be exposed here in tents in the spring-but the husbands hould go first and prepare, h'ises. The regiment will be d.ed into companies f forty or'fity men, unddr the usual military flcers, elected by the men. Officers have no moluments, and the qrganization is on the rineiple of volunteer militia to sustain the sws; a majority of each company may expel ny member. Rations, thnsportation.and fare, h.t of soldiers in servise. By remunerating 3e for the privilege of joining my party, for ubsistence and transportation to Kansas, and or furnishing men to enter his pre-emption, each migrant agrees to acquire a pre-emption, and o pay ma, when his titles are perfected, a sum qual to the value of one4ialf of his pre-emp. ion, which obligation he may discharge in mon y. or property at a fair ipluation, at his own ,pti-on. I had heretofore, from misinformation, upposed pre-emptions assignable before patent, ut on exwmining the act I find they -are not. either does the donation et apply tb Kansas, nt each male of full age, widow, or head of inily, who has not had a.pre-emption under he act of 1841, and does not own 320 acres of ind, and who has improved'and settled on it not a sell on speculation, but for his own use and u'.ivation, is entitled to enter-160 acres at $1.25 er acre, payable any time before the land sales. I have simplified my proposals to a single roprosition as above. in mileo be more easily nderstood and to obviate the many questions at overwhelm me. Besides taking only free male over eighteen, e great number of applications compels this i:rther nodifiention, i. e.-I will receive only iose emigrants who rendezous at the place. e., Eufaula, Columbus or Montgomery, I will eeive all males over eighteen from anv South. rn State, who join me at the itime abjve desig :ted; their rations to begin from the times bove naned for rendezvous. Emigrants must ay their own expenses to the place and day of ondezvous. Those gentlemen in California and ther States, forming companies to join me, can cry easily obtain free transportation for their ompanics, by proper applications to the direc rs of the railroads over which they must pass. 7hey give free passage to'eattle and agricultural roductions to fairs, and why not to volunteers erilling all in their defence? Without Kansas nd slavery, free negrodoma will soon crush out attle, cotton, colleges. property and progress rones will eat up the hive, railroads disappear, nd wild beasts, briers and brambles overrun be land. It is a question not of property, but f the supremacy of the white race, in which ich and poor have ecjual interest. Kansas lost. nd all west, nay ! all east, of the Miississippi inst soon follow. Kansas is the great out post nd stand point ini the contest; a people who ill not defend their outposts have already sue umbed to the invader. Do we fear to send ne man, lest the North may send twvo? then we rie already ingloriously surrendered without a truggle. Ia tnot Kansas now in our hands ? and if we ny encourage thie alissourians, will they,. not etain it? Did not the South send to Mexico ouble the volunteers sent by the North ? and hen was it discovered that they were more atriotie or more enthusiastic in defending their ountry and their institutions than wve ? The ny to quell the fury of the fatnatie and wild >easts, is not to crouch and flee, but to turn and aok him in the eye, or else he will spring upon ud rend you in pieces ; and dlepend on it, when nee the~ North catches the steady firm gaze of outhern Reason, her commercial and conserva ive instinct will awaken and save us, otur insti utions and the Union, from her madmen. And who.is perilling the Union. but the ima ious intermeddlers, wvho fain would make us ac onntable to them rather than God, for the trust rhich he has committed to our keepingi And not slavery a trust given us of Providence far he betiefit of both races? Can republican quality, as yet, be perpetuated uithout sugar, otton and cheap clothing, can civilization main an its progress? and these be supplied to tho orld withotit slavery? Nay! slavery is the mnly school in which the debased son of Ham, y attrition with a superior race, can be elevated. Ivery is not of chance nor of man. but of od, and has not vet worked out its mission; d will not have ilone so till the two races are it for self-government. Dare we, before God, owardly sneak off, and like unprofitable ser rants basely surrender this guardianship, be. ase vain, self-righteous intermeddlers, have nade it troublesome to maintain ? What good, hat valuable thing, was ever brought forth vithout labor and travail ? and what ever pre .rved without toil and datnger ? Are we prepared to become the serfs of for. *ign intermeddlers and miasters ? Are we pre. mred t~o siuk~to the level of the Ethiopian, and lasp him in the fend embrace of political and ocial equality and fraternity? For to this Ab lition unstayed must come. Fanaticism must eend its beneficiaries; first, by sending thE ederal army to protect them, and ultimately by iving them the right to bear arms, to vote, teas ify, make and administer laws-to eat out your ubstance, to pull you down to their level, to :o taint the blood of your posterity, and bring t o a degradation from which mi'lions of ages mnnot redeem it. This is a question of rlet-s. mn I mad fomr perilling my estate in the attempi -all it hopeless attempt--to transmit consei ative institultionis to my childretn? Out rather ire not you mad who eagerly gather wealth,naot or your posterity, but that free negro dronem nay have hoarded it ? Arc not you mad who :otistruct railroads, not for travel and commerce, Jut that the rank forests may choke them up rou who build cities and palaces, not for a high :ililization, but that grass may grow in the treets, and foxes look otit of the windows ? Leat every ne awake to the terrible issese noa Fmn the Chronic e & Sentinel, Jan. 24. EDGEFIELD AND AUGUSTA RMLRAOD. an. En3DT)R-l noticed in a recentnumber the Constaitutinalis!, a commnication sign " Observer," calling attention to the fnet that t Legislature or South Carolina had, at its kz sessoion granted a perpetual character for bail ing a Railroad from' Augiia via Edgefield I., to any point on the Greenville & Columt Railroad In Soith Catrolina. It is kao knov that the Leg-,lalture-of that -State at the Ran session, granted an amendment to the chart of the Savannah Valley Railroad Compasi giving them permission, under certaia condioie to cross at Bull Sluice, .and build their Roa from Anderson C. If., S. C., to Augusta. 1 that Augusta now has two projects oleret f extendiig het system of Railroads into the int rior of Sonth 'Caro!ini. If our city be wis ishe wiHl use every exert;on to hive both the Roads built into Carolina. But if she cann constract both of them, and must ieeds secle btween them, I wish to present, a few though why our iowni 6ugtt'to give the preference the Edgeflield Road. 1. It is the - shortest connection t hat Angus can forth with the -great Rabun Gap Railron bY a small subscription on the part of the cit I am informed by reliable authority, that ti Road can easily be buiit, if Augusta will aid .tl friends of the measure in South Carolina, by tiubscription of two hundred and fifty thousar dollar, whereas at least half a millon of cil funds will be necessary to secure the construi tion of the Savannah Val'ey Road. 2. The distance from Augusta to Anderso by the Edgefield Road, via New Market, is b five, or at most, but seven miles further, than I the Valley Road, and Augusta canthus conne with the Rabun Gap RoAd two hundred ar tifty thousand dollars cheaper than she enn I the Valley Road. 3. The proposed Edgefield Road would m only bring us groceries and provisions from tl West, but it would also fetch us a vast deal < cotton, which is now'sold at Abbeville C. F Laurenti C. H., Newberry C. H.,and at Col;r bia. This cotton - would necessarily find I way to Adgusta by the Edgelield Road, becami we can and do always give more for cotton th: any interior market in South Carolina, becau we have choice of two seaports, mid can forwa produce with greater certainty, cheapness ai dispatch, than any inland town of South Caro na, except. Hamburg, by reoson of the fact, th competitioui among the three routes from th place to Charleston and Savannah, enable us send the same article from Augusta to the se board forfifty per cent, less freight, than has 1 be paid on .t from ColumbIa to Charleston. 4. The Edgefield Road might he built i Ne~berry C. H., and thence to Chester C. F as there is now a charter'for a Railroad from ti former -to the latter place; and when the conne tion is made between Greensboro, N. C., ar Darville, Va.,:Augusta will then have two riv routes for the-great Northern and Southei trade and travel, passing through her limit The Edgetield Road being the shorter and ti more direct of the routes, as well as runnir farthest from the Southern Atlantic cities, wou necessarily get most of the business. Th Edgeield Road would restore the great NortI er and Southern trade and travelt to the ideni cal channel, which it followed previous to ti day of Railroads. 5. If the Edgefield railroad be built to New herry C. H., it will there connect with the Laurei road, which will undoubtedly tre extended son day, eitler to Spartanburg or Greenville C. i from one of wl.ich plaees the long talked < French Broad road, will certainly be built bef& many years. The people of East Tennesso mnd Western North Carolina, as well as thoi of Greenville and Spartanburg Districts, i South Carolina, are now agitating the subjee and meet with considerable encouragemen Besides, if the Edgelield road be continued frol Newberry C. H., to Chester C. If., unger the e: isting charter, it will likewise intersect the Spa tanburg and Union road, which is now bein built. *So that, if the Edgefield Road were buil from Augusta to Chester, our town vould I onnected by direct communication with til Greenville and Columbia railroad, the Rabti Gap road, the French Broad road, (should it evt be built-,) the Laxurens road, the Spartanbui and Union road, and the Charlotte road, all at point abre~ Columbia. 6. Augusta now gets mnost of the produce the Savannah Valley, by the. river and ean: Therefore, the Va~ley railroaxd would only i valuable to her, as a connecting link with tI Rbun Gap road, which will not be complet. in many years, and perhaps never, as that ror has to be built over a very rugged countr through tunnels that will cost untold million and the State of South Carolina may abandt the enterprise. It is an undertaking by i State and city of Charleston. The former h one million of' subscription in it, and has indo sed. the bonds of the compaxny for another m ion of stoek ini it, while pricate.individuels os but about half a million of its stock. The.R bun Gap projlket met with very formidable .opp sition in South Carolimra, anid tiat oppos'nin is increasing instead of diminishing, fro the tfae that the people of Carolina are nowb ing heavily taxsed to pay interest on the Sta bonde which were issuca to procure the maiii of money that the Statec subscribed. It is abs lutely certain that the State will hav~e to gra more aid to the Rabun Gap Company, or tl Raxd will never be completed ; and from a perances, the planters will not submit to ha their taxes raised still hiigher, especially as Sou Carolina is at present engaged in erecting a ve costly' State House, which must be built 1 issuing other bonds to an amount exceeding million, and taxing the people to pay the int. est on them, and some day to redeem the prin< pal. I was told, recently, by .a distinguish Caroliian, C'bat he had serious fears of tl Rbun Gap road being abandoned, and that thought the people would turn their attenti< to the French Broaxd road,, which has alwa been the route to the west most favored 1 South Caroliiia. But North Carolina steadi refused, for many years, to grant a charter the French Broad road, and South Carolil only adopted tlte Rabun Gap project as a la chance to connleet with the WVet. There is strong patrty, however, in Carolina, anxious build both roads; and the proposed Edgefic road would connect Augusta with the Rab: Gap or the French Broad route, whenever eit or both should be built. The French Bro road must,, in the nature of'things, bo complet some time, as there is now a charter for whole of it, and Auguata will be blihd to h interest, if she fails to thr ow out, her armas to tersect ati thre Cgrolina roads above Columb 7. If Atugtistat subscribes .8500, 000 to t Valley road, she will have to give a bonus, p. iaps, of $100, 000 to the Rabu-a Gap road, stock in that road to the extent of a half, whole million, for the privilege of forming a c~ nection' at Anderson C. II. 8. If Augusta fails to get the Edgefield ro connecting her wiih Chester C.'H. direct, anotti road will be surely built from Atlanta or Was ington, in Georgia-, to Anders.on or Abbevi C. H., in Carolina, and thenee to Chester C.] or to Charlotte, in N. C., thus carrying busin< above, not through onr city. The people in uppner ,,aPt of Gorgia and South Carolina now agitating the subject of coustructing a road, North. and South, through the.two-Staesabor* - AugustaL Again, the Nortb !astera. road in of South Carorina, and the Charleston and Savan. d nah road will both soon be completed, by mean. of which, another great route of Northern and Southern trade and vel Will pass bei Angusv ta. The Edgefield road will be the most direct route' from Rtchmond Va., through the'very la centre of the.State, 'going South. This. Edge en field road,'therefore, offers more inducements to. 1* Augusta than any road which she could possi or bly build; and I earnestly hope that her people r, will reflect long before they reject the Edgefield for the Valley road. ENTERPTISE. 10 JUDGE 0'NEILL Oi THE LAW IEPORTM, ke. r TiE following is the principal part qf a letter recently written to the l Patriot 4- MountaineW se by his Honor, Judge O'NEALL. The first por At tion is irv reply to certain -eriticisms upon the et -more 'recbit Law Reports; whie tile- latfot t breathes a tone of high compliment to a svorthy' son of Carolina. The whole wUl be found..iA ta teresting.-ED. ADv. d, I have been in the. Appeal Court for twenty-' Y. fiva years, and I am not conscious of the fallie: e off in the opinions which you and others of my le friends ehmge. I have never believed .that s0 a opinion was to be judged of by its length. Go Id back to the old Law Books, take Salkeld for an. y example, and I am aurm the'most important prin.. c- eiples are enunciated with great brevity.-Com pare the decisions since '36 with the opinions in n, N. and MC., McC., Harper andlst Bailey, and At I do not .think the decisions sine: '36 will be 1Y found to be inferior in any particular. - 9t It is very true;give to the Law Judges time id to report their cases as I did whed I was a Cl6 1Y cuit Judge merely, by stating the facts and as signing reasons for the judgment, and I have no. it doubt many of my brethren can write as Iong, ie as well, and as'leurnedly as our brethftn of the >f Equity Bench. So, too, give us a separaiwours L, of Appeals, and the Judgs can write as elabo-' m- inte opinions as can be desired. Another thing ts- segitt to be mentioned in the comparison be. * tween Law and Equity. Many of the Law ca A -ses are very small, and yet, perhAps, settling se some principle. Does a lawyer argon a sum.pro, ' as he does a great ease in Chancery? Is it ex 9l pected that a Judge should deliver an opinion. I- about a hog, a cow, a dog, or a contract less t than $85, with all the parade of learning which is a contingent remainder or executory devise de. tO mands ? Decide right is the great charge upon a- a Judge, and, with few exceptions, I think that to will be found-to be the case with the decisions in 3d Hill, Dudley, Choves, Rice, McMullen,. 'o Sttobhart and Richardson. So much I think in E., due from me to the Law Court of Appeals. It ie is well known that from 'g4 to'56, thirty two. C- years, I have been ih favor of a separate Court id of Appeals; but I am content for the Legisla al ture and the people to decide as they please in n reference to it. My duty Ican and toiWi doas well 8. ,as I can, in any position which may be assigned ie to me. If I do not likemy position, Ican quit& ig and return to the Bar. I would have acted d ioisely to have done that in December, 1835, is when the Appeal Court was abolished. Defer 1- ence to the opinions of friends retained me i- -here I have since been. mc I have just read, with delight, the Report of my friend Win. Elliott, Esq, of Beaufort, a. - Commissioner of the State-of South Carolina tin is the universal exhibition at Paris. It has giveib e me a great deal of information; especially that ., part, relative to the cultivation of Sea Island f Cotton in Algeria, was new to me. The Empe re rer Napoleon III is showing that he is a worthy 1e successor of Napoleon the Great. I never have ie any respect for despotic power, except when. I n see it, as in Russia, covering the country with. t, gigantic railroads; or, as in France, making su, t. ger out of the beet, raising Sen-island Cotto a in the previous wastes of Africa, bringing agairs - back to that inhospitable coast the arts, scien r- ces and productions which once made Carthage the rival of proud Rome, and in crowing France t, with every improvement in arts or sciences A known, or to be known, to the present age. It 1e is, however, humilhating to see proud and haugta n ty England truckling to the child of fortune who r is governing France. More especially was I gstruck with that, in the part stated by Mr. Elli a ott that England was about embarking in the -cultivation of dea Island Cotton in Algeria. She dhad much better make common cause with our -.' seaboard planters, and bay a few plantation. eC among them; but England may carry out in eC planting, the folly which placed her gallant sons, dside by ide, with the heroic Freneh in the Crimea. Id I hope Mr. Elliott's Report will be read by all Y, of out people. He ought to be more generally a' known ; lie is one of our finest scholars and best Swriters; he is an enthusiastic Carolina planter ; e he is as pure and patrIotic a man as ever livred, 15 i have known, admired and loved him for thirty r- years. I trust others, who have not hitherto tI- known him, wi'l now know him, and that tiouth an Carolina, ever generon", will, in the evening, a- remember and rewvard him whom she neglected 3- and passed by in the morning and meridian of n life. Yours as ever, im JOHN-BELTON O'NEALL to FREEMEN DEsINWG TO BE BitsLAVED.-The mn following paramgraph from the Richuend Dise o. patch will certainly astonish the denizens of alt at A bolitionidom, and exasperate to frenzy Philoso me pher Greely and his 'accomptices in agitation. p- What a beautiful and powerful commentary upos re all their flae spun theories about freedorn and th slavery, and their harrowing stories and libell ry as to the horrors and brutality of the latter: yy The Despatch says, that any one reading the. a proceedings of the Virginia Legislature must r. have been struck with the number of applica i. tions for voluntary enslavement, by free negrees. ~d Se cely a week passes that one or -more peti ~e tiolr are not presented from free negroes to 2e enjoy the blessings of slavery. So numerous m have these applications become, that thme Senate ya has passed a general act, which will no doubt iy be acted on in due time by the House, pro ly viding for the voluntary enslavement of free to negroes. Whilst the abolitionists are endeav ia orinag to make it appear that the slaves are groan. st ing under a horrible burden, and eagerly seeking a for deliverance, the fact is, that their condition to is so happy and comfortable, that she free blacks Id are on their knees begging .to be placed in the mn same situation. er It is stated in~Ithe Sanugerties (N. .Y.) Tele id graph that the Rev. L. L.. Hm.L, of thut place, ehas at length perfected the discovery for fixing te the colors of the daguerreotype, and he has er been offered $30,000 ror his right in it. n-- . ia. T H ER is something -inexpressibly lovely ile about little girls. Th'ey are sweet littlehemarr r- flowers, diamond dew-drops in the breath of or morn. What a pity that they should ever Sbecome women, flirts, sbrewvs, or coquettes. W~nix Peter the Great visited England di ad ring the reign of William and Mary, he was eshown into Westminster Hall, where Ie Iinquired who the busy .men were in wigs .,and gowns, and being told thtat they wvere Slawyers-" Lawyers," said he," w-hy I have he but two in my whbole dominion, and [ desiga.