"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of ou iberties, and if It miust fall, w~e will Perish amidst the Rulns."
EDGEFIELD , FEBRUARY 6 1856.
W. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietors. 9 * *. F B U
W1 0,. PRICE & C0.,
SRAPES *-3 [email protected]%0A,
TIAVE rce ived their FA LL A)ND WINTER
SUPPLIES of the Latest Importations, and
would invite the attention of those who want the
best Goods to call and make selectioiis.
OVER GARM1ENTS-of all the newest styles,
I)ress Coats, Pantaloons and Vests; o0hc and ]lu
siness Coats. Pants and Vest-, and a General as
sortineut of Fashionable Clothing. -
UNDER GARMENTS of all kinls, Dressing
for the neck, Scarfs. Stocks, Ties, Gluves, and all
-other articles useful for dress and convenience.
WM. 0. PRICE & CO.
Augusta, Nov G 3m 43
orrosITE .tAsINIC HALL,
BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA, GA.
y0X a63:L1EK3, la e3s Jt O "TA Is
Are receiving their full Stock of
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES,
CARPET BAGS, &c., &c.
Our Stock will comprise all the most fatshionable ar
tieles, anl those that can be reconnicnded for dura
-bility. Also, a large and superior lot of
Men's Rip BROGANS and Womnict's Leather
We feel confident that we can show one of the
liEST ASSORTED Stock of Goods that has ever
been in our City, and request onr customers and
friends to give us a call beflore purchasing.
Aug 29 3m 33
NEW CARPET STORE!
(LATE OF TUFist i OF DAiiLE & LAMiIBT.)
DIRE CT IMPORTER OF ALL KINDS OF
.RUGS, FLOOR OIL CLOTHS, &c., kC.
LIN EN GOOD S,
Curtain Materials aid Triminigs,
& c., &c., & c.
234 KING STREET, CHARLESTON, S. C.
M P. S.-Orderr promptly attended to.
Aug 8 Gim' 30
DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c.
RS. A. G. & T. J. T E A G UE, respect
fully inform their friends and patrons that
they.have just received their FR FSH Stock of
Pure and Genuinc Drugs, &c.
A nd will be pleased to wait upon all who may favor
them with their patronage.
Space will not allow us to give a Catalogue in this
place of our Stock.of Drugs. medicines. &e. Suf
five it to say, we have the F I L I-'T and
MOST COMP.LETIE Stock ever
-ofiered in this place.
Edgefield C. H., May 23 If 19
Of the Tin Manufactury,
N E A R Dn. R. T. Ml S' T A N Y A R I)
'I1E Subscriber would respectfuly iifrornm the
citizens of Edgelield and the surrounding Dis
tricts. that he has removel t, his residence, where
he has recently erected a large and cominodious
Shop, and is now prepared t carry on the
TX-Ir "E1EU3 % QE-3os
IN ALL ITS BRAN d I L:S, such as .anufnet
ring Tin Ware for Mrehants. ROOFING, G UT
-TERJNG, and all manrer of JUB WORKi.
Always on hand a generai assvrtment of
TIN AND JAPAN WARE!
0. Merchants supplied at shortest ntotice and on
the most reasonable terms. Orders solicited.
C. L. REFO.
SUIIMMIER & CR A -TOND,
I jA' E fur sale a large and line colk etion of then
. best varieties of
Cons.isting of PE A~iES. PL U.\MS. A P'RICOTS,
N ECTARINESFIGS. GR APE VIN ES. PFARS
both standard and dwarf, A PPLES, standaird and
dwarf, CILERII'r'S. standard anul dwarf, ROSES,~
FLOWERING SIlRUJBS and EVERlGREENS
-of choice kinds.
Their Frut Department embraces all thme best
native varieties, early and late, as wecll as all thej
Choice Foreign kin:ds and the trees arc of line1
habits and growth.
g Priced Catalogues sentt to all urpplicants.
Address SUM.\ER & CR AM a11NI),
Oct 31 3m 42 Pomiaria, S. C.
H ARVL E Y & MNAY S,
H-AMB3URG, S. C..
NEARLY OPPOSITE THE AMERICAN HOTEL.
-- THE Subscribets having entered 2
into a Co-Partnershup for the tran
saetion, of a
GENERAL GROCERY BUSINESS
Solicits the patronage of their friends and the publie
generally. Having carefully seleted a CII0ICE
STOCK OF GOODS, and at lose prices. we arel
prepared and determined to sell as low as G;oods ofI
the same quality can be bought in this or the Au
Our Stock comprises nearly every article usually
kept in similar establishments. We purichIiae our
Goods for Cash,.and can aff'ord to sell at VERY
Our Stock consists in part of
:SUGAS, COFFEE, N. 0. AND W. I, MOLASSES,
Bacon, Lard, Fiouur,
Candies, Raisins and Nuts, of gll decrcipions,
TOBACCO & SEGA RS,
rickles, Pepper, Allspice, Blue Stone, Coperas,
A good assortment of Liquors,
Also, a fine lot of Crockery and Glass Ware, Tin
and Wooden Ware, &e., &c.
.JOlIN B. TIARVLEY,
J011N A. M AYS.
Hamburg, Nov 20, .. - tim 45
$10,000 Wanted for 1856,
T HE Subtaeriber wishing t% restrict his business
esolesively to the CASH SYSTEM, takes
this opportunity to infor~m his patrons that lie will
open no Books for accounts this year. It is useless
to enlarge as to the advantages, both to buyer and
seller of this system. All acknowledge it to be the
Intending to keep a good supply of articles in the
various branches of my business, I tespectfully so
licit a continuance of thme liberal patronage op long
extended. Conme on now with your small change,
and let us try it one year, and see how it works.
G. L. PENN, AGENT.
Jan 1, 1855. .tf 51
" Economy is Wealth !"
(O00D elean Rags or every description will be
..Apurchased at the " A dvertiser O'hice." Price,
2.i eta per pounid. Now, here's a chance for ualnios.
every body, atnd ol bacheloir's too, to ntake mioney.
Ari .. tfi 14
Voyager on lite's troubled sea,
Sailing to eternity,
Turn from earthly th'ngs away;
Vain they are, and brief their stay:
Chanti-eg down to earth the heart,
Nothing lasting they impart.
Voyager, what are they to thee?
Leave them all, and "1 follow me.")
Traveller on the road of life,
Seeking pleasure, finding strife
Know the world can never give
Aught on which the soul can live :
Grasp nut riches. seek not fame
Shining dust, and sounding name.
Traveller, what are they to thee?
Leave them all, and " follow me."
Pilgrim through this " vale of tears,"
lanish all thy doubts and fears;
Lift thine eyes-a heaven's above
Think there dwells a God of love.
Wouldst thou favor with him find
Keep his counsels in thy mind.
Pilgrim, much 1e's done for thee;
Wilt thou then not " follow me ?"
Wanderer from the Father's throne,
Hasten back-thine errings own ;
Turn-thy path leads not to heaven ;
Turn-thy faults will be forgiven ;
Turn-and let thy song of piraise
Ningle with angelic lays.
Wanderer, here is bliss for thee;
Leave them a'l to" f< ow me."
Mr. Snarl resides in Forsythe street. Mr.
Snarl is at old bachelor, with an Irish girl for a
housekeeper. Snarl lives in good style, but
has some queer notions, le dislikes dogs
above all things, organ grinders and beggars not
Stinarl's next door neighbor is Harry Sampson.
Now, Harry is the very opposite to old 31r.
Snarl. lie sets a high value on a dog, and there
is oniv one article equal to a Ne wfoundland,
and tit's a woman. Harry has several speci
mens of the canine race. The other evening
they got up a howiing match becanse the moon r
ie'ame eclipsed. They commenced about ten
o'lock, and kept it up untl the sun got an inch 0
an I a ha.f above villiaisburg.
This so annoved Mr. Snarl, that he had Har
ry jerked ip " for a nuisance," and fined ten t
doilars. H:arry paid the money, but resolved on
revelge. The next morning the following ad.
vertisement appeared in the Herald:
WANTED-At Forsythe Street, two dogs, and
four Spaniel Pups. For full blooded dogs t.e
highest price will be paid. Call between four
and six P. Al. JAMEs SNARL.
We need not say the advertisement was in- d
serted biy Iarrv. 'His reason for making the
Clls between tour and six P. M. was because
.\r. narI was ilways ont at that hour, taking e
:tn airing ariound the Battery.
At the hour specified, dogs and pups might i
have been seeni going up the Bowery to Grand, e
to Forsythe, and up Forsythe to the wansion a
occupied by Mr. Snarl. r
The first person that pulled the doorbell was I
a butcher boy from Centre Market, with a pair b
of bull dogs that would "tear the heart out of i
a tiger." Maggie answered the bell, when the y
following colloqiy took -place: C
-Does Mr. Sniarl live here ?"
"Ife does. Whey do you ax ?"
"I have got some dogs for him."
"l Dogs for Mr. Snarl-mother of Moses, did
you ever! you miktook the door."t
" Dev-il a bit-read that."
Here Sykee took out the Morning Herald,
and showed Mlaggie the advertisement. Maggie
wasg thunderstruck. There was "no denying
the advertisement." She accordingly told SykseeE
to go into the back yard " wid thme dogs," and c
await the return of Mr. Snarl. Syksee did sojr
In about two minutes, Maggie was agatin sumt
moned to the door bell. .
"What do yoti want ?"
" Mr. Snarl. I've gotghem doga he wanted."t
" You have ? Well, then go into the yard wid
the other blackguard."
No. 2 followed No. 1I; No. 2 was soon follow-t
ed by No. 3. who was succeeded by lots 4, 5 a
and 6. By half-past five. the back yard contain-i
ed twenty-one bull dogs and fourteen spaniels.
The former got up a misunderstanding, and, by
the tlie Mr. Snarl arrived, seven spatniels had
b'en paleed hors du conibal, while a brindle bull
dog from Fultan Market was going throngh his
third lighit wvith a " yaller tarrier" from Mount C
Mr. Snarl reached home a few minutes before
six. Maggiie oipened the door and burst out as.
" For the love of the Lord go back and stopI
'm. They are eating one another up, and if
not choaked off will devour the cistern. Since
the days of Crummell I've not heard such a
Snarl " went back"-Snarl hooked into the
yard and would have sworn. but he could not .t
find oaths stufleiently powerful to do justice toi
his feelings. WVhen we left Mr. Snarl was emp- I
tyitg"the batck yard" with a axe-helve. The I
next day harry Sampson complained of him for I
having a " dog fight on his premises." Snarl was
ined twenty-five dollars-fifteen dollars for
having "stuch a fight," and ten dollars for being
" an old hypocrite." It is niecessary for us to1
say, that Harry Sampson slept better that nighti
than arty night since the war with Mexico.--N.
NEWsPAPER BY-LA ws.-A contemporary lays,
down the following pithy code of newspaper
by-laws. They are the best we have seen drawn
1. B~e brief. This is the- age of telegraph
2. Be pointed. Don't write all around a sub
ject without hitting it.
3. State facts, but don't stop to moralize. It's
a dIroway subject. Lot the reader do his own
4. Eschew prefaces. Plunge at once into
your sublject, like a swimmer in cold wader.
5. If you ha-.e written a sentencee that you
think particularly fine, draw your pen through
it. A pet child'is alwatys the worst in the fatmi
6. Condense. Make sure that you really have
an idea, and then record it in the shortest pos
sible terms. We want thoughts in their quin
7. When yotur article is completed strike out
ninetenths of the adjectives. The English is a
strong language, bt won't bear tmuch "redu
I a A..id al. ifon language. -...... Te .p.ain-_
vst Anglo-Saxon words aret he best, Never use
stilts when legs will do as-well.
9. Make your sentences short. Every period
is a milestone, at which the reader may stop and
10. Write legibly. Don't let your manuscript
look like the tracks of a spider half drowned in
ink. - We shan't mistake anybody for a genius,
though he write as crabbedly as Napoleon.
ANECDOTE OF THE NEW CHAPLAIN.-The
Rev. Henry Clay Dean. the present chaplain to
the United States Senate, was some years ago
i resident of Northwestern Virginia. While
preaching one day at a church situated a few
niles from Fairmount, he was annoyed by the
nattention of his congregation as manifested in
urning their heads to see every-body who came
'n. " Brethren," said he, " it is very difficult to
reach when thus interrupted. Now, do you
isten to me, and I will tell you the namAf
!very man as be enters the church." Of course
his remark attracted universal nttention. Pres.
mitly some one entered:-" Brother William
Satterfield !" called out the preacher, while that I
- brother" was astonished beyond measure, and
-ndeavored in vain to guess what was the matter.
inother came in-- brother Joseph liller!".)
)awled the preacher with a like result; and so
>erhaps in other cases. After a while the con.
rregation were amazed at hearing the preacher
all out in a loud voice: " A little old man with
blue coat and a white hat on! don't know
vho he is! You may look for yourselves."
BOOTS AND SHOES DY MACHIENERY.-Prepar
tions are actively being made for entering up
in the manufacture of boots and shoes by ma
hinery. in the building formerly occupied by
he carpet factory. The macine by which the
itbor is to be performed, is the invention of a
'rench mechanie. It is claimed that, with one
f the machines, a single man can perform an
mount of labor equal to thit done by eight
aen, in the old method.
This new branch of business, when fully in
peration,'will give employment to some two
undred and fifty operatives. Most of these
re Frencli-a number who have arrived are f
wholly unacquainted with our language.
The company establisihing this manufactory
wn the pateni right for the United States.
'hey intend extending the businoss to Europe,
nd will probably furnish boots for the French t
oldiets in the Crimea.-Troy Whig. -
THE TENDER MERCIES OF ou NORTHERN .
IRETHiREN.-We commend to the notice of our
Joi.>n lovers, the following prophecy as to our
ite in the Union:
WHAT ABoLITIONIsm PaoroSEs.-We do not if
ire often to advertise, to any considerable ex. t
-nt, the opinions of the Northern believers in L
io horrible atrocities of the institution of slave- t
v, but the following sentences, uttered by the c
l;n. Joshua I. Giddiigs, may amuse some of I,
"I look forward to the day when there shall p
e a serville inmurrection in the South ; when u
ie black man, armed cith British bayonets, and ;
'd on by British eJliccrs, shall assert his freedom,
ad wage a war ot' extermination against his t
taster; when the torch of the incendiary shall f
ht up the totens and cities of the South, and t
lot out the last vestige of slavery. And ti.ough. i,
mav not mock at their calamity, nor lingh r
hen their fear cometh, yet I will hail it as the e
awn of a political millenium." n
D.uuGEs ron SEDUCTION.-There has been p
onsiderable excitement ai. Albany, N. Y., during r
e present sitting of the Circuit Court, grow- a
ig-out of a trial for seduction. The plaintiff v
,as James Caldwell, a man in humble circum- c
tances, residing in Barre; the defendant. Mor- t
is Tinkham, at m"inor son of a wealthy farmer
f Shelby. Republican states that Tinkham
ecame acquainted with the daughter of Cald
Pell, fifteen years of age, in March last, and
on after accomplished her ruin under the roof
f her f ather. Sait for datmages was brought d
nd a verdict of $1,100 dam:ages render..
FROZEN TO I)EATt.-Gopher' S. Badger and
iree of his children were frozen to death, on r
to 8th inst., while attenmoting to walk from
eir home on the prairie to Camibridge, Illinois, Ii
a procure food, I
A MAN AND HIs BTL DUG OUT OF THlEe
Now.-Ont Sunday afternoon, some men weree
ngaged in clearing the snow from the sidewalk l
ear Hwae's foundry, and after digging a way a
ank of several feet in depth, much to their
uprise, they ciame across a man sleepinig qluietlyV
eside his bottle. lHe htad taken lodgings ona r
e.walk the evening previous and got snowedd
nder. His breath made a hole in the snow
nd thtus he was furnishted with fresh air. A 1
ruch of the snow shtovel brought him to a con-c
eintsness, and he got tip and wallked off, tak- f
og ais faithful companion with him.-New York I1
ROBInERY AT AIKES.-Th'le d welling house of
Irs. Horni, in the town of Aiken, was baroken in
ni Fridaiy last, and robbed of everything thtat
old be carried awray. 1Her whole wardrobe
nd entire stock of provisionis were taken. She
ad left the hou.. for a shtort time to visit a
eigh bor, and carefully locked it ; but on returti
g, she found it broken open and rifled of near
y everything it eontained, except her bedding
nd sotme heavy furniture.
FRME houses arc rapIdly decreasing in num
er ini Calitornia, in conseqtuence of the frequent 1
nd devastating fires wich have .swept over the
owns of that State. In Marysville, for instance,
bere a few years ago not a brick house was to1
e seen, there are now three hundred. 1t hats
en a severe school in which the people of Cali
ornia have learned the lesson of durable con
RATHER CooL..-St. PaulI, Minnesota, mnst
e a cold place. On the 24th ult., the mercury
n the thermometer fell to 38* below zero, at 5
L. 1., and at 9 o'clock stood at 30* below. At
oon it rose to 10* below. The editor of the
'ioneer antd Demaocratt says:
Persons in the east and south will hardly be
ble to appreciate that little or ino inconvenience
felt by our citizens, during this "cold term,"
ret such is the fact. There was no wind-the
Lir was still as death, and a biting sensation
aout the nose and ears was the only indication
f very cold weather experienced by those pur
ming their usual avocations.
The President has carried out the sentence of
he recent court martial, of which Col. Henry
Wilson was the President, by dismissing from
he army of the Urited States Brevet Major
lohn C. Henshaw, Captain seventh infaintry,
United States Army ; his said dismissal to take
-fet from the 9th of Jitnuarv last. Tihe char.
es under which he was tried'were for disobedi
~ne of orders,econtempt and~disrespect towards
ais comumandintg oflicer, and conduct unbecom
ing an ollieer and a gentleman; and grew ott
fa difliculty between the accused and Major
George Anderson, of the same regiment, at
Port Arbuckle, a here the lattter wvas in command.
.... THE last survivor of Washington's Life
Guard, died at Newbitrght, New York, on the
0th nIt.n,a 99. ual K~napp wna his name.
upon us. Lot us cease fiddling ani dancing
while Romenis burning; let every one man the
engines, let all contribute according to his means.
Let us awaken the prayers or the church, the
e.:'husiasm of our beautifudaughters ; let them
hold fairs and put in use their many pretty devi
ces to raise materil aid.
Look not to the slow, inadequate action of
political leaders; paralyzed by the shackles of
party, we fear they can oily amuse Fou with
vain scruples and "strifes of words,' or only
"cry peace! peace! when there is no peace."
And vet, what politician so demented, that he
would renew old strifes to dissuade State action
and organized defence, under the vain hope that
disconnected individual effort could meet the
emergeney ? And yet for this let not individu
als despair, but rather let them .increase their
contributionsand redouble their energies. Let
chivalrous and hopeful seekers of fair climes
come on and j6in our expedition. I have before
told you what Judge Cato (Judge of the Te'rri
tory) says of that fertile .region. In his letter
of November last, he says, "corn is plenty atl
twenty-five centsper bushel. This is-a fine a
country as any on earth, the profits on-iLs pro
duction far exceed that in the cotton regions.
All grain, grass, claiver and hemp, give large re
turns-at least from thirty to forty dollars per
acre annually. .I have seen no poor land ; it all
seems richerlihan the bes'Chattahoochee bottom,
and most of it is just like adjoining Missouri
lands that now sell at twenty to fifty dollars perlI
acre. The estimated average of the corn is one
hundred bushels per acre, and six tons hemp
per hand, worth 8140 per ton. I can give no
idea of the beauty and fertility of the soil and
country; good wells can be obtained anywhere,
and running stream are frequent."
Dr. Walker, a long resident of its borders,
and of high character and intelligence, says, " as
jar as health, climate and profits of labor is con
cerhed, Kansas is better than any part of the
Union. There is no country where a man can
be more independent. and make his bread and
meat with less capital than here; ten or twelve
furrows will make ten barrels of corn per acre.
One thousand pounds hemp per acre is a common
crop. There are swarms of cattle and- good
markets for everything."
Another distinguished resident of Western
Missouri, in his letter of 30th December to me
says, "Planters are making twice the money
per hand that they are in any other part of the
Union. One hand will raise five tons of hemp,
and this don't interfere with the corn, wheat and
oat crop; planters have no supplies to purchase,
but everything to sell. A near neighber last year,
with fourteen hands, men, women and boys,
averaged eight hundred and thirty-six dollars
per hand-negro fellows, field hands, hire for
three hundred dollars per annum-mechanics
8600; white men 825 per month ; any number
of young men. in the spring, can find ready em
ployment at that price, and then they have other
advantages. Kansas is the starting point for
California, Oregon, Utah, 9nd New Mexico
thousands of wagons leave every spring-liey
carry three millions of goods per annum to New
Mexico, besides immense government supplies
to pay ladians and sustain our military posts, &c.
Let every one wishing to go urge his neigh
bersto hold meetings to appoint agents to so
licit every man's contribution, either in money
or note payable After the emigrants are taken
out. Contributions must not be to individual
members, but for the common benefit. 1 could
by the last of March raise a thousand men, if
the contributions reached, say $150 per hend
for that would enable mae to furnish all with
their military and agricultural outfit. I am
asked, " what military and other service do I re
quire ?"-none except that when he gets to Kan
mas, the emigrants shall begin some honest em
ployment for a living-if it be working on his
claim-that will give him credit to buy bread on.
On his way there lie is expected to be orderyl
and temperate, to attend the reading of the
Seripture and prayer, night and morning, learn
to fear God, to be charitable to onr enemies
gentle with females and those in our p~ower
merciful to slaves and beasts, and just to all men.
All who intend to go will pleaC write me
IW. P. Belcher, Esq., Abbeville C. IH., S. C.,
and Capt. E. B. Bell, Graniteville, Edgefield, S.
C., I understand, are raising companies to join
me. They doubtless can get free transp~ortation1
for them to Columbus, Ga., and Carolina emi-'
grants might do wvell to coame with one of them.
All editors friendly to thge enterprise, it is
hoped will copy this address in full.
Eufaula, Ala., Jan. 1.,1856.
EAP.LY LoVE AND LATE MIARRIAGE.-The
Cincinnati Columobian relates the following:
"A couple, cacth of whom was over seventy:
yeas of age, were a night or two ago uuited in
the bonds of wedlock, at one of our principal ho-,
tels. They had been lovers in the spring time
of life-but circumstances parted them. Each
married, raised a fatmily, lost a mate, and then
remarried ; and, fimallf. having lost the sesond
mate, and met their first love, they conclided to
" travel down the hill of life together, and sleep
together at its foot." They were both frail, tot
tering and white-heded--but the lire of love
still burnt brightly in their hearts."
DIED ITHt THE CoLD.--A free negro, withi no
master but himself, who neglected or did not
kohoto take proper care of himself, was
foun,on Tursay morning, dead in his room,
at New Brooklyn. where lie had retired the night
before, hungry and cold and without food and
five. He had been down all day amnong the abo
litionists in ~Brooklyn, trying to get a job of
shoveling snow, but as he had no shovel, anid no
one wvould lend him one, he could get no work
nor money, and so he went home and died, just
as all his race will, sooner or later, in this cold
elimat.-New York Day Book.
EXPITEMENT 11N FAYETTE VILLE, N. C-A faro
bank was broken up in Fayetteville, N. C., a few
evenings since, and the apparatus seized and
burnt in the streets the next morning. The
gamblers were non-residents, who had been
there only a few days. One of them escaped
from a window of the~ir room, and thme other de
posited 81,000 as bail.
A CoNTniAsT.-What a contrast the two fol
lowing eases present! Johni M. Schrock, the
defaulting treasurer of Holmes county, (Ohio,)
ran away- with 822,000 of the public money.
He was pursued to Europe, captured, brought
back; tried, convicted, and sentenced -to one
year's imprisonment in the penitentiary. Charles
B. Smith, a resident of the same county, about
the same time borrowed a horse worth 675, rode
hiur to a neighboring- town, sold him, pocketed
the money, was pursued, caught, tried-, convicted,
and sentenced to the penitentiary for three years.
A Dplanter from Tensas Parish,~La.. was re
ently tried for the cruel treatment of a slave.
He was fined $200--the extreme penalty of the
law, and the jury decreed that the slave should
be sold away from him.
Cats were sold at Karm, while besieged by the
Russians, at one hundred piasters each,
The Governor of Virginia has appointed fifty
two delegates to represent the State at largze in
the Commercial Convention to be held at Rich
[From the Spii of the South.]
TO KANSS8 EMIGRHNTS- ID TO AL FRIEND!
I had proposed to stait with my company o1
Kansas emigrants on tII:11th of Febunary next
but many of them bein nable to get ready by
that time, and others be g unwilling to go be.
ore spring, and especi ly as I am advised by
my correspondent s that Missouri and Kansa
rivers are already impe by ice, I have deter.
rined to postponed if ring till the wintei
The emigrants may rndezvous. at Eufaula
)n the 31st of March n t, at Columbus, Ga.
2n the 3d of April, and at Montgomery, Ala.
)n the 4th April next that I can start from
Eufaula,via Columbus nd Montgomery, col.
ecting on the way tho find at the differein
>laces of rendezvous. The company will travel
'rom Montgomery by ste'stners, via Mobile and
New Orleans, or else by railroad via Atlanta, to
Jishville, and thence by steamer to Kansas. I
mngage to transport no baggage except six blan.
lets, one gnn, one knapsatk and one' frying pan
o each emigrant-for baggage over and abdve
his, the emigrant himselfmust engage trans
ortation-iany will hav' no more, and I must
reat all alike. While I thought my company
vould be small, I expecited to be able to take
vomen, children and slaves: but I find I must
care them to give place No men, who are now
reatly needed in Kansas to preserve the eablie
ence and enforce the laws. I now expvet over
our hundred men, and I will take no females,
or slaves, nor minors under 18 years of age
-women and children should not be exposed
here in tents in the spring-but the husbands
hould go first and prepare, h'ises.
The regiment will be d.ed into companies
f forty or'fity men, unddr the usual military
flcers, elected by the men. Officers have no
moluments, and the qrganization is on the
rineiple of volunteer militia to sustain the
sws; a majority of each company may expel
ny member. Rations, thnsportation.and fare,
h.t of soldiers in servise. By remunerating
3e for the privilege of joining my party, for
ubsistence and transportation to Kansas, and
or furnishing men to enter his pre-emption, each
migrant agrees to acquire a pre-emption, and
o pay ma, when his titles are perfected, a sum
qual to the value of one4ialf of his pre-emp.
ion, which obligation he may discharge in mon
y. or property at a fair ipluation, at his own
,pti-on. I had heretofore, from misinformation,
upposed pre-emptions assignable before patent,
ut on exwmining the act I find they -are not.
either does the donation et apply tb Kansas,
nt each male of full age, widow, or head of
inily, who has not had a.pre-emption under
he act of 1841, and does not own 320 acres of
ind, and who has improved'and settled on it not
a sell on speculation, but for his own use and
u'.ivation, is entitled to enter-160 acres at $1.25
er acre, payable any time before the land sales.
I have simplified my proposals to a single
roprosition as above. in mileo be more easily
nderstood and to obviate the many questions
at overwhelm me.
Besides taking only free male over eighteen,
e great number of applications compels this
i:rther nodifiention, i. e.-I will receive only
iose emigrants who rendezous at the place.
e., Eufaula, Columbus or Montgomery, I will
eeive all males over eighteen from anv South.
rn State, who join me at the itime abjve desig
:ted; their rations to begin from the times
bove naned for rendezvous. Emigrants must
ay their own expenses to the place and day of
ondezvous. Those gentlemen in California and
ther States, forming companies to join me, can
cry easily obtain free transportation for their
ompanics, by proper applications to the direc
rs of the railroads over which they must pass.
7hey give free passage to'eattle and agricultural
roductions to fairs, and why not to volunteers
erilling all in their defence? Without Kansas
nd slavery, free negrodoma will soon crush out
attle, cotton, colleges. property and progress
rones will eat up the hive, railroads disappear,
nd wild beasts, briers and brambles overrun
be land. It is a question not of property, but
f the supremacy of the white race, in which
ich and poor have ecjual interest. Kansas lost.
nd all west, nay ! all east, of the Miississippi
inst soon follow. Kansas is the great out post
nd stand point ini the contest; a people who
ill not defend their outposts have already sue
umbed to the invader. Do we fear to send
ne man, lest the North may send twvo? then we
rie already ingloriously surrendered without a
Ia tnot Kansas now in our hands ? and if we
ny encourage thie alissourians, will they,. not
etain it? Did not the South send to Mexico
ouble the volunteers sent by the North ? and
hen was it discovered that they were more
atriotie or more enthusiastic in defending their
ountry and their institutions than wve ? The
ny to quell the fury of the fatnatie and wild
>easts, is not to crouch and flee, but to turn and
aok him in the eye, or else he will spring upon
ud rend you in pieces ; and dlepend on it, when
nee the~ North catches the steady firm gaze of
outhern Reason, her commercial and conserva
ive instinct will awaken and save us, otur insti
utions and the Union, from her madmen.
And who.is perilling the Union. but the ima
ious intermeddlers, wvho fain would make us ac
onntable to them rather than God, for the trust
rhich he has committed to our keepingi And
not slavery a trust given us of Providence far
he betiefit of both races? Can republican
quality, as yet, be perpetuated uithout sugar,
otton and cheap clothing, can civilization main
an its progress? and these be supplied to tho
orld withotit slavery? Nay! slavery is the
mnly school in which the debased son of Ham,
y attrition with a superior race, can be elevated.
Ivery is not of chance nor of man. but of
od, and has not vet worked out its mission;
d will not have ilone so till the two races are
it for self-government. Dare we, before God,
owardly sneak off, and like unprofitable ser
rants basely surrender this guardianship, be.
ase vain, self-righteous intermeddlers, have
nade it troublesome to maintain ? What good,
hat valuable thing, was ever brought forth
vithout labor and travail ? and what ever pre
.rved without toil and datnger ?
Are we prepared to become the serfs of for.
*ign intermeddlers and miasters ? Are we pre.
mred t~o siuk~to the level of the Ethiopian, and
lasp him in the fend embrace of political and
ocial equality and fraternity? For to this Ab
lition unstayed must come. Fanaticism must
eend its beneficiaries; first, by sending thE
ederal army to protect them, and ultimately by
iving them the right to bear arms, to vote, teas
ify, make and administer laws-to eat out your
ubstance, to pull you down to their level, to
:o taint the blood of your posterity, and bring
t o a degradation from which mi'lions of ages
mnnot redeem it. This is a question of rlet-s.
mn I mad fomr perilling my estate in the attempi
-all it hopeless attempt--to transmit consei
ative institultionis to my childretn? Out rather
ire not you mad who eagerly gather wealth,naot
or your posterity, but that free negro dronem
nay have hoarded it ? Arc not you mad who
:otistruct railroads, not for travel and commerce,
Jut that the rank forests may choke them up
rou who build cities and palaces, not for a high
:ililization, but that grass may grow in the
treets, and foxes look otit of the windows ?
Leat every ne awake to the terrible issese noa
Fmn the Chronic e & Sentinel, Jan. 24.
EDGEFIELD AND AUGUSTA RMLRAOD.
an. En3DT)R-l noticed in a recentnumber
the Constaitutinalis!, a commnication sign
" Observer," calling attention to the fnet that t
Legislature or South Carolina had, at its kz
sessoion granted a perpetual character for bail
ing a Railroad from' Augiia via Edgefield
I., to any point on the Greenville & Columt
Railroad In Soith Catrolina. It is kao knov
that the Leg-,lalture-of that -State at the Ran
session, granted an amendment to the chart
of the Savannah Valley Railroad Compasi
giving them permission, under certaia condioie
to cross at Bull Sluice, .and build their Roa
from Anderson C. If., S. C., to Augusta. 1
that Augusta now has two projects oleret f
extendiig het system of Railroads into the int
rior of Sonth 'Caro!ini. If our city be wis
ishe wiHl use every exert;on to hive both the
Roads built into Carolina. But if she cann
constract both of them, and must ieeds secle
btween them, I wish to present, a few though
why our iowni 6ugtt'to give the preference
the Edgeflield Road.
1. It is the - shortest connection t hat Angus
can forth with the -great Rabun Gap Railron
bY a small subscription on the part of the cit
I am informed by reliable authority, that ti
Road can easily be buiit, if Augusta will aid .tl
friends of the measure in South Carolina, by
tiubscription of two hundred and fifty thousar
dollar, whereas at least half a millon of cil
funds will be necessary to secure the construi
tion of the Savannah Val'ey Road.
2. The distance from Augusta to Anderso
by the Edgefield Road, via New Market, is b
five, or at most, but seven miles further, than I
the Valley Road, and Augusta canthus conne
with the Rabun Gap RoAd two hundred ar
tifty thousand dollars cheaper than she enn I
the Valley Road.
3. The proposed Edgefield Road would m
only bring us groceries and provisions from tl
West, but it would also fetch us a vast deal <
cotton, which is now'sold at Abbeville C. F
Laurenti C. H., Newberry C. H.,and at Col;r
bia. This cotton - would necessarily find I
way to Adgusta by the Edgelield Road, becami
we can and do always give more for cotton th:
any interior market in South Carolina, becau
we have choice of two seaports, mid can forwa
produce with greater certainty, cheapness ai
dispatch, than any inland town of South Caro
na, except. Hamburg, by reoson of the fact, th
competitioui among the three routes from th
place to Charleston and Savannah, enable us
send the same article from Augusta to the se
board forfifty per cent, less freight, than has 1
be paid on .t from ColumbIa to Charleston.
4. The Edgefield Road might he built i
Ne~berry C. H., and thence to Chester C. F
as there is now a charter'for a Railroad from ti
former -to the latter place; and when the conne
tion is made between Greensboro, N. C., ar
Darville, Va.,:Augusta will then have two riv
routes for the-great Northern and Southei
trade and travel, passing through her limit
The Edgetield Road being the shorter and ti
more direct of the routes, as well as runnir
farthest from the Southern Atlantic cities, wou
necessarily get most of the business. Th
Edgeield Road would restore the great NortI
er and Southern trade and travelt to the ideni
cal channel, which it followed previous to ti
day of Railroads.
5. If the Edgefield railroad be built to New
herry C. H., it will there connect with the Laurei
road, which will undoubtedly tre extended son
day, eitler to Spartanburg or Greenville C. i
from one of wl.ich plaees the long talked <
French Broad road, will certainly be built bef&
many years. The people of East Tennesso
mnd Western North Carolina, as well as thoi
of Greenville and Spartanburg Districts, i
South Carolina, are now agitating the subjee
and meet with considerable encouragemen
Besides, if the Edgelield road be continued frol
Newberry C. H., to Chester C. If., unger the e:
isting charter, it will likewise intersect the Spa
tanburg and Union road, which is now bein
built. *So that, if the Edgefield Road were buil
from Augusta to Chester, our town vould I
onnected by direct communication with til
Greenville and Columbia railroad, the Rabti
Gap road, the French Broad road, (should it evt
be built-,) the Laxurens road, the Spartanbui
and Union road, and the Charlotte road, all at
point abre~ Columbia.
6. Augusta now gets mnost of the produce
the Savannah Valley, by the. river and ean:
Therefore, the Va~ley railroaxd would only i
valuable to her, as a connecting link with tI
Rbun Gap road, which will not be complet.
in many years, and perhaps never, as that ror
has to be built over a very rugged countr
through tunnels that will cost untold million
and the State of South Carolina may abandt
the enterprise. It is an undertaking by i
State and city of Charleston. The former h
one million of' subscription in it, and has indo
sed. the bonds of the compaxny for another m
ion of stoek ini it, while pricate.individuels os
but about half a million of its stock. The.R
bun Gap projlket met with very formidable .opp
sition in South Carolimra, anid tiat oppos'nin
is increasing instead of diminishing, fro
the tfae that the people of Carolina are nowb
ing heavily taxsed to pay interest on the Sta
bonde which were issuca to procure the maiii
of money that the Statec subscribed. It is abs
lutely certain that the State will hav~e to gra
more aid to the Rabun Gap Company, or tl
Raxd will never be completed ; and from a
perances, the planters will not submit to ha
their taxes raised still hiigher, especially as Sou
Carolina is at present engaged in erecting a ve
costly' State House, which must be built 1
issuing other bonds to an amount exceeding
million, and taxing the people to pay the int.
est on them, and some day to redeem the prin<
pal. I was told, recently, by .a distinguish
Caroliian, C'bat he had serious fears of tl
Rbun Gap road being abandoned, and that
thought the people would turn their attenti<
to the French Broaxd road,, which has alwa
been the route to the west most favored 1
South Caroliiia. But North Carolina steadi
refused, for many years, to grant a charter
the French Broad road, and South Carolil
only adopted tlte Rabun Gap project as a la
chance to connleet with the WVet. There is
strong patrty, however, in Carolina, anxious
build both roads; and the proposed Edgefic
road would connect Augusta with the Rab:
Gap or the French Broad route, whenever eit
or both should be built. The French Bro
road must,, in the nature of'things, bo complet
some time, as there is now a charter for
whole of it, and Auguata will be blihd to h
interest, if she fails to thr ow out, her armas to
tersect ati thre Cgrolina roads above Columb
7. If Atugtistat subscribes .8500, 000 to t
Valley road, she will have to give a bonus, p.
iaps, of $100, 000 to the Rabu-a Gap road,
stock in that road to the extent of a half,
whole million, for the privilege of forming a c~
nection' at Anderson C. II.
8. If Augusta fails to get the Edgefield ro
connecting her wiih Chester C.'H. direct, anotti
road will be surely built from Atlanta or Was
ington, in Georgia-, to Anders.on or Abbevi
C. H., in Carolina, and thenee to Chester C.]
or to Charlotte, in N. C., thus carrying busin<
above, not through onr city. The people in
uppner ,,aPt of Gorgia and South Carolina
now agitating the subject of coustructing a road,
North. and South, through the.two-Staesabor*
- AugustaL Again, the Nortb !astera. road in
of South Carorina, and the Charleston and Savan.
d nah road will both soon be completed, by mean.
of which, another great route of Northern and
Southern trade and vel Will pass bei Angusv
ta. The Edgefield road will be the most direct
route' from Rtchmond Va., through the'very
la centre of the.State, 'going South. This. Edge
en field road,'therefore, offers more inducements to.
1* Augusta than any road which she could possi
or bly build; and I earnestly hope that her people
r, will reflect long before they reject the Edgefield
for the Valley road. ENTERPTISE.
10 JUDGE 0'NEILL Oi THE LAW IEPORTM, ke.
r TiE following is the principal part qf a letter
recently written to the l Patriot 4- MountaineW
se by his Honor, Judge O'NEALL. The first por
At tion is irv reply to certain -eriticisms upon the
et -more 'recbit Law Reports; whie tile- latfot
t breathes a tone of high compliment to a svorthy'
son of Carolina. The whole wUl be found..iA
ta teresting.-ED. ADv.
d, I have been in the. Appeal Court for twenty-'
Y. fiva years, and I am not conscious of the fallie:
e off in the opinions which you and others of my
le friends ehmge. I have never believed .that s0
a opinion was to be judged of by its length. Go
Id back to the old Law Books, take Salkeld for an.
y example, and I am aurm the'most important prin..
c- eiples are enunciated with great brevity.-Com
pare the decisions since '36 with the opinions in
n, N. and MC., McC., Harper andlst Bailey, and
At I do not .think the decisions sine: '36 will be
1Y found to be inferior in any particular. -
9t It is very true;give to the Law Judges time
id to report their cases as I did whed I was a Cl6
1Y cuit Judge merely, by stating the facts and as
signing reasons for the judgment, and I have no.
it doubt many of my brethren can write as Iong,
ie as well, and as'leurnedly as our brethftn of the
>f Equity Bench. So, too, give us a separaiwours
L, of Appeals, and the Judgs can write as elabo-'
m- inte opinions as can be desired. Another thing
ts- segitt to be mentioned in the comparison be.
* tween Law and Equity. Many of the Law ca
A -ses are very small, and yet, perhAps, settling
se some principle. Does a lawyer argon a sum.pro,
' as he does a great ease in Chancery? Is it ex
9l pected that a Judge should deliver an opinion.
I- about a hog, a cow, a dog, or a contract less
t than $85, with all the parade of learning which
is a contingent remainder or executory devise de.
tO mands ? Decide right is the great charge upon
a- a Judge, and, with few exceptions, I think that
to will be found-to be the case with the decisions
in 3d Hill, Dudley, Choves, Rice, McMullen,.
'o Sttobhart and Richardson. So much I think in
E., due from me to the Law Court of Appeals. It
ie is well known that from 'g4 to'56, thirty two.
C- years, I have been ih favor of a separate Court
id of Appeals; but I am content for the Legisla
al ture and the people to decide as they please in
n reference to it. My duty Ican and toiWi doas well
8. ,as I can, in any position which may be assigned
ie to me. If I do not likemy position, Ican quit&
ig and return to the Bar. I would have acted
d ioisely to have done that in December, 1835,
is when the Appeal Court was abolished. Defer
1- ence to the opinions of friends retained me
i- -here I have since been.
mc I have just read, with delight, the Report of
my friend Win. Elliott, Esq, of Beaufort, a.
- Commissioner of the State-of South Carolina tin
is the universal exhibition at Paris. It has giveib
e me a great deal of information; especially that
., part, relative to the cultivation of Sea Island
f Cotton in Algeria, was new to me. The Empe
re rer Napoleon III is showing that he is a worthy
1e successor of Napoleon the Great. I never have
ie any respect for despotic power, except when. I
n see it, as in Russia, covering the country with.
t, gigantic railroads; or, as in France, making su,
t. ger out of the beet, raising Sen-island Cotto
a in the previous wastes of Africa, bringing agairs
- back to that inhospitable coast the arts, scien
r- ces and productions which once made Carthage
the rival of proud Rome, and in crowing France
t, with every improvement in arts or sciences
A known, or to be known, to the present age. It
1e is, however, humilhating to see proud and haugta
n ty England truckling to the child of fortune who
r is governing France. More especially was I
gstruck with that, in the part stated by Mr. Elli
a ott that England was about embarking in the
-cultivation of dea Island Cotton in Algeria. She
dhad much better make common cause with our
-.' seaboard planters, and bay a few plantation.
eC among them; but England may carry out in
eC planting, the folly which placed her gallant sons,
dside by ide, with the heroic Freneh in the Crimea.
Id I hope Mr. Elliott's Report will be read by all
Y, of out people. He ought to be more generally
a' known ; lie is one of our finest scholars and best
Swriters; he is an enthusiastic Carolina planter ;
e he is as pure and patrIotic a man as ever livred,
15 i have known, admired and loved him for thirty
r- years. I trust others, who have not hitherto
tI- known him, wi'l now know him, and that tiouth
an Carolina, ever generon", will, in the evening,
a- remember and rewvard him whom she neglected
3- and passed by in the morning and meridian of
n life. Yours as ever,
im JOHN-BELTON O'NEALL
to FREEMEN DEsINWG TO BE BitsLAVED.-The
mn following paramgraph from the Richuend Dise
o. patch will certainly astonish the denizens of alt
at A bolitionidom, and exasperate to frenzy Philoso
me pher Greely and his 'accomptices in agitation.
p- What a beautiful and powerful commentary upos
re all their flae spun theories about freedorn and
th slavery, and their harrowing stories and libell
ry as to the horrors and brutality of the latter:
yy The Despatch says, that any one reading the.
a proceedings of the Virginia Legislature must
r. have been struck with the number of applica
i. tions for voluntary enslavement, by free negrees.
~d Se cely a week passes that one or -more peti
~e tiolr are not presented from free negroes to
2e enjoy the blessings of slavery. So numerous
m have these applications become, that thme Senate
ya has passed a general act, which will no doubt
iy be acted on in due time by the House, pro
ly viding for the voluntary enslavement of free
to negroes. Whilst the abolitionists are endeav
ia orinag to make it appear that the slaves are groan.
st ing under a horrible burden, and eagerly seeking
a for deliverance, the fact is, that their condition
to is so happy and comfortable, that she free blacks
Id are on their knees begging .to be placed in the
mn same situation.
er It is stated in~Ithe Sanugerties (N. .Y.) Tele
id graph that the Rev. L. L.. Hm.L, of thut place,
ehas at length perfected the discovery for fixing
te the colors of the daguerreotype, and he has
er been offered $30,000 ror his right in it.
ia. T H ER is something -inexpressibly lovely
ile about little girls. Th'ey are sweet littlehemarr
r- flowers, diamond dew-drops in the breath of
or morn. What a pity that they should ever
Sbecome women, flirts, sbrewvs, or coquettes.
W~nix Peter the Great visited England di
ad ring the reign of William and Mary, he was
eshown into Westminster Hall, where Ie
Iinquired who the busy .men were in wigs
.,and gowns, and being told thtat they wvere
Slawyers-" Lawyers," said he," w-hy I have
he but two in my whbole dominion, and [ desiga.
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