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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, March 12, 1856, Image 1

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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our lberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amutds the Ruins." -
W. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietor%. EDGEFIELD, . C., MARCH 12, 1856. *E - 9
In these efforts, Fellow-Citizens, to
thange the basis of our Representation, and
the long-established usages of the State, we
see rising, anong us, sentiments dangerous,!
I fear, to the peace and order of society.
Men seem, in this fast age, to be forgetting
the plain, old-fashioned doctrines, taught by
our tiathers of the Republican school, and to
Ahave now about as much relish for pure
Republicanism, as tir an old garment quite
out of fashion. In some parts of these Uni
ted States, where, under the standard of i
Black Republicanism, all regard for consti
;tutinial law is sunk in the slough of a
-" higher.law" rule, the notion is fast g..inilg
)ground, that the old-time element of )roper
xy, so long held as the basis of order and,
liberty, is to be discarded by the framers of
our laws, and that the mere counting of
.heads is all that is necessary in building up
jand sustaining the edifice of government.
Numbers, irrespective of any interest they
.pay have in the soil and property of the
:country, are there held forth as the political t
jasters of the land, by whose lawless touch
,cagsipttions, and the most sacred charters;.
Wf'lfVeqVy crumble and fall-and before
%Nhoseigpricious will, patriots and states-,
men, cit'ens and soldiers, are expected to
bow as to the sceptre of some omnipotent.
Demigod. Such notions never entered the r
plain, honest minds of the founders of our s
Aepublic; and as they have not hitherto, so t
ti jimst they may never, become popular a
-ameng the Republican people of South :
Carolina. They are the very sei of agra- s
rianism. Under the prevalence of such I
sentiments, no law, no constitution, no re- tl
ligion can lie of any practical efficacy; and
property, liberty and governmeit will be ii
tossed about, the niere sport of a fickle pub. n
lic opinion. The only sure basis of a free
and stable gOvernment is a fair property and
geographical representation in the Legisla.
live Body. Suppress this, and all will be tur
bulence, faction and revolution. Order and
-liberty can be preserved only where the
rights to property are fixed a'nd sale; and
how are this certainty and security to be
gained, if they, who make and possess the n
property, have no in voice making the lawst
that regulate and govern that property ? In
giving representation to property, population
and geographical sections, our nobile consii
tution has but inicorporated oie of the great
principles of a perfect representative goveri
Ient, andi of a wise, sound State policy. In
this particular, at least, may it never undergo k
change- h
That advocates for these changes should a
hbe found in the mountain regions of our
State, and, to sone extent, in the city of
Charleston, may not appear umiatural, but
that they should be numerous inl the middle
and lower Districts, in which reside more
especially our great slave and planting in
terests, might well excite surprise and ap
prehension. - 1
In what I am about to say, there enters,
I am sure, no feeling of a local nature. I '
am no sectionalist, at least in South Caro
'lina. I go lor the State, and the whole
State-nay, the State as it is, and all its
institutions, and all its peopic. In my feel.
inugs, I know no up-country-no low- coun-u
try. I wish to be regairdedl only as a Soudlk
Carolinian. I honor and respe-ct our muoun- s
itaini population. I like the hold, mnanly
spirit, which usually characterizes them ; but ti
*the faict is not to he disguised, that, ait non
great period of time, their initerests wiilh ma- d
terially diverge from those of the middle andm b
ilower Districts. Cotton and slaves are eveni a
-.now comnparativrely of no great importaiice
to themt, and the more their natural resourees c
aire developed, anid the denser their popula
tion becomes, the less wiill the slave interest :
there prevail. It is usless to tell us there
wvill be no danger of improper sentiment
fromi this source. Man is selfish all te
world over, and his sentitnents are nearly -
,always the offspring of his interests. Ibad e
pi beeo possible to make cotton and rice
#jelds flouiisb izn the bleak regions ofNe
gngland, who dochts, sht, even to this (lay, l1
slavery would hare been tljere a faivorite in
stitution ? Show me a country, or a saection i;
.of country, where, by the operation of itaig- e
ral or poliiical laws, the institution of shivery d
,is rendered valueless, and I will show you, e
among its people, sentiments, dangerous to 'n
,thie existence of the institution itself.l
While, moreover, they wvho breaithe the t
pountain air, are generally actuated by a 'b
.buld spirit of adventure and of liberty, they s
.are, likewise, easily affected by the tiew-.
fangled theor ies and extravagant dogmas ofa
the titmes. Thley often delight also to be- l
.come aggressive in their movements, and to)
,propagate with zeal their moral anid pohiti
cal tenets. I appeal to history for proof of
pay assertions. i
Nrow, at this present titge, iore than onie- r
iourtha of the voting population of the State t
lIive in the five coiitiguous Northeru Dis-a
tricts, viz: York, Spartanburg, Greenville, s
?ickens and Anderson. Tlhese Districts L
,would, therefore, if the above change be a
,made, possess more than one-fourth of the o
I'ederah power of the Stateo; and if other
chaiiges iowv desirel i' some, should he p
effected, these five Districts would hold l
more tha~n one-fourth of the ordinary legis- 's
lative power of the State, and would have e
gmore than oine-fourth of the voters in elect- fi
ing all our geqeral officers. Such is the i
ease nowy. itt, in fifty years hence, per- t
haps in less time, or if you please, ini a een-a
,tory to come, with tla.e gradmual development t
of the resources of that region, a still moure t
numerous, thriving, " bite population will '
spring up; while, in the zieain-time, frome
the expansive force of our siave population, e
amd of our cotton interest, the middle and
lowver l)istricts, will have a cuomparatively
small increase among the wvhites (in~ somler
pistric.ts indeed the whiites are acaiudy de
creasing;) whereby great inieqinaiity .wil (
arise betwveen the two sections at the ballot-.
pox. Now, with our present distribution ..
pf power, this inetnnality vwill pirodluce no un
iatural or unhappy results, Under tie I
noderate rule of our present concurrent i
najority of property, territory, and popula. I
ion, we might contiie to live happily to. 4
,ether for centuries. .t -,qome, as we have I
ived happily tog 'i1n the past. Har. 1
nony and good feeling will continue to bless a
>ur political well-being, and the patriotism
>four people will be co extensive, at least, I
vith the boundaries of the State. But turn
oose among us the two greaw parlies sought I
o be formed. From the numerioal strength j
mid homogeneous interests of the mountain 4
)istricts, the controlling party would soon
rather its forces there, and by its union and
trength, might easily svay the political des
inies of the State. Imag'ine The wild fanat- j
cism, the moral and political corruptionls of
he great pa ties in the Union, seizing upon
he minds of our fellow-citizens in that re.
ion-is it difficult to see, looming in the I
ture, serious danger to the rights and
roperty of the-middle and lower Districts?
ffect these changes, and in less thani half
century, you will form in the State almost
new North and a new South-a new up
nuntry and a new low.country, with the
ine or division some eighty or one hundred
liles above its present position. And when
hmt time comes (if ever it should-which
od forbid !) we might well wish t'or Parishes
nd for Parish representation ail over the
w and middle Districts ? Do any wish to
meaken the political power and the safe.
uards to property, in our own section I to
istract the public councils of the Statet to
eap an abundant harvest of discord, civil
trife, aid bitter sectional animosities? Let
wiem cnspire to work out these changes,
nd succeed in their object. A full gratifi.
ation of their wishes await them. But how
ould they pause and trealile before at
'imptiing to plunge the State into a career,
nit must involve it in cQnsequences so fear.
i and disastrous Have they no dread
rearing their fanie upon the miseries and
isfortunes of their country ?
" - i there not some chosen curse,
Some hidden thunder in the stores of IeaIv'n,
Red with uneonitmon wrath, to blast t'le man
Who uavss h:s gieatness to his country's ruin?"
or one I prefer to let things stand as they
re, uiless t could see some prospect of im
roving our condition. I prefier to chersish
id preserve the harmony and kind feeling
w exist:ng among the people of our State,
i opening up scenes of strife, discord, and
Cliolnal iatred. Above all, I wish still to
)Id flst to our State Cossrrrro-the
-ca, irrittcn, sicereign Ieill of the peopic of
tiuth Carolina-the noble charter of our
rties, and the cause of our political pros.
ity and hap ,ipiness. What but this has
-lit us ill the road to prosperity and to
morable ftme? What else has made us
1 Souith Carolinians, animated biy abinoit
so spirit of devotion top our imuch-loved
tile State? What else has preserved a
st balance or power between the various
tionms of the state, and secured the inter.
ts and welfare of all ? W'hen, however,
rorts are tnaking to destroy this balance of
>wer-to disturb the beautiful harmony in
c body politie-to give undue influence
Ssonie sections, and to leave others unpro
ted-to throw ts, as it were, upon the
ide sea if innovation, to lie wafted wher.
'er the shifting *breezes of party ambition
y carry us, I feel it my duty, as one seek
g the welfitre of his native State, sternl
msy to opapose this move. I prefer vet
.hile, at least, clinginig to thle old vessel of,
tate, which has borine us safely through so
anyv stormis and1 trials, to venturing upon
is tnew, untried harqlue ; a nd it; ill contin, .
ngl our vroyzage together, the interests of thle
ifferenit sectionis are to be endanlgered, by
ing turned loose to seek new safeguards
id proitection, can any complain oft us, who
enpy the middle Districts for tnailiing our
>lors to, the mnast, most likely to.bear us
noothly on in our future passage, anud save
roml a wreck ?
Where this spirit of political change, when
ruce set at liberty, will hereafter carry us,
od, ill Ilis Providence, can alone tell.g
hait there is danger ahead needs not .the Ip
e of the Philoso[pher to perceive. OddI
Jtions5 of reform are spritiging up all over iS
r country and Staute; which, under thea
adu of tlic political Sciolists of the day, are
ovoking muischie-f anid disaster in our p0. d
ical relautions. In sm0)e portions of the
yuntry, nlothinig seems too sacred for the si
e:inig touch of the innmovator. Then hands hi
rdeseeration are laid with egnal reckless. C
ss upon our most timne.honored institutions, ci
ud upon thle broad prinlciples of liberty ,es.t
blised wvithr so much toil and bloodshed
y the Ifathiers of our Republic. Shall we
,er the-e great unnatural throes of the
liticnl pulse of the North to invade and
itate our own minds and hearts i How1"
estructive would it not be, to our permanent 0
eace am.4 happiness? flHow subversive of1
I great edinece of our political liberties!
-c govrnmciient which is adapted to the ge.. h
iet princple :-hc sbae ncr of our nature, and has stood a
te lest of tinme, may occasionally require. ti
,endments to suit the growing wants of
ciety, but will rarely, .if ever, need reform- sa
ig. It will stand good to.day, tpj-morrow, I
n forevrer, as immiutable as the great prjq. s
ples 01 our nature, on which it is b~ased..- a
lence. sonme wvise statesmuenl and philoso- b
hers have held-" Th'/at the preservation ofI ti
'aires dependsv upon lue more than reform.
ig and bringing them back to their ancient a
som." Arid this aphorism receives con- y
rrnationl in the fact, that nearly all chlarters ti
liberty, obtainied in the succeeding hlis
ry of nlationls, have been little more than
niowdgements ~f ancient rights. When,
erefore, our post.erity shall have gone p.
rough tho whole cycle of political changes y
nd so-called reformns, still later geteratpuos a
ould, probably, do nothing better hlian re-.
r to the excellent gqvernq)ent, w14ch
nitre now seem so anxious to abandon..
I trust, f'ellow-Citizenls, ini co~nc~jluo, it
may please anl all-wiso Providence, to pre- L
erve s long in thet enljoyment of tbe 99b4e
upstittity, wvhich has secured for uvs so
mch political happiness and prosperity ; M
'l,'-.l Bacon nt lro li~in vcni.
Indto preserve that. admirable document,
lot only in its general outline, its mere frame
vork, but, likewise in all the great principles
of liberty .that run through and viviy it,
idelity to its generous precepts and pro
isions, must be ranketi among the most ex
Ited political virtues. Had I but a single
Prayer to offier, it would he, that no rude
and, no bungling " architect of ruin" may
lefitce this proud old, political edifce-that
o ote'nitty attempt to destroy its beautiful
inef'iryts toiselate' masonry, its dove-tail
d indenfures,its majestic cofuntis of liber.
y. o,; ljt i stand, beautiful and sublime
no and indivisible-now and forevet!
Ilad you ever a cousin; Tom?
Did your co'inipn'to'ing
Sisterq we have by.the dozen, Tom,
But a.oossin's a different.thing.
And if ever you'd cbance to. kiss her, Ton,
(But let this be a secret between us.)
Your Ups would have been in a blister, Toni,
For they're not of a sister genus.
There is something, Tom-, in a sister's lip,
When.you give a good-night kiss;
Which savors so much of relationship
That nothing occurs amiss.
But a .cousin's lip, if you once unito
With yours, in the quietest way,
Instead of sleeping a wink that night
You'll be dreaming the following day.
And people think it no harm, Tom,
Wit, a cousin to hear you talk ;
And no one feels any alarm, Tom,
At a quiet cousinly walk.
But, Tom, you'l find, what I happen to know,
That such walks oft grow into straying;
And the voice of cousins are sometimes so low,
Ieaven only knows what you'll be saying.
Then there happens to be so often, Tom,
Soft pressure of hands and fi ngers,
And looks that are moulded so often, Tom,
And tones in which memory lingers.
And long ere your walk is half over, the strings
Of your heart are put into play,
By the voice of those fair deni-sisterly things,
In not quite the most brotherly way.
A nd the song of a sister may bring to you, Ton,
Such tones as the angels woo;
Rut I fear if your cousin should sing to you, Tom
You'd take her for an angel too.
For so curious a note is that note of theirs,
That you'll fancy the vohe that gave it
HId been all the time singing the national airs,
Instead of the Psamls of David.
I once had a cousin that sung, Tom,
A nd her name tmny be nameless now;
But the sound of those songs is still young, Toni,
Though we are no longer so.
Tis I-lly to dream of a bower of green
When there is no leaf on the tree;
But 'twixt walking and singing that cousin has
God forgive her, the ruin of me.
And now I atm not for society, Ton,
But lead a most anchorite life;
For I've loved myself into society, Tum,
A nd out of the wise for a wife.
But, oh !if I satid but half what I might say--I
So sad are the lessons 'twould give
It would kecp you from loving many a day,
A nd from eousins as long as you live.
One summer night, the blazo of many lightsI
reming fromn the windows of -an old mansion, I
rehed yonder among the rocks and wood.,
i~hed far over the dark waters of Lake Chamn- I
In a quiet and comfortable chamber of that
ansion, a party of British ollicers, sit ting around
table spread with wines atnd viands, discussed;
topic of some interest it it was not the most
portant in the world, while the tread of the
meers shook the floor of the adjoining rocmh.
Y'es!,while all was gayety and dance and mu
e int the largest hall of the old mainsion. whose
mndred lights glanced far over the waters of'
hmplai-ere in thIs quiet room, with the
ml evening breeze blowing- ini their faces
rough the opetn windows, here this party of!
ritish oficers had assembled to discuss their.
in and their favorite topic.
That topic was the comparative beauty of the
omen in the world. h
"As for-me," said a handsome young Ensign,
I will match the voluptuous forms anid dairk
re of Italy against the beauties of all the
orld! 1
" And I," said a bronzed old veteran, who had,
sen to a Coloneley by his long service a.nd
urd fighting, "anid I have a pretty lass of a
tnght~e thiere in'England, Wvhose blue eyes
id flaetn hair would shame yout' tragic beau.
es of Italy into very ugliness."
" I have served in indhr,ae you all mst know,"
iid the major who wqp gest toa the veteran, " and
will confess that I nevpy saw painting or
atue, much less living woap half so lovely
sone of those liindoo maidens, bending dowt
Wi waterlilies in their hands; bending down
, the light of tarelies, over the dark waves of
And thus, one after -another, F~nsign, Colonel,
id Major, tuntil that young Amnericean Refugee
inder, at the foot of the table, is left to decide
t argument. That Apmeriena---for blush to
i it-handsome young fellow as he is with a!
l of ianly beauty, deep ble~e eyes, ruddy
teeks, and glossy brown hair, thtat 4meriian is
Refugee, and a Captain in' the jk4tish 4rmy.
[e wore the handsome searlet coat, the gitter.
ig epaulette,, lace ruffles on his bosom, and
eqund his wrtsts.
" ieu, Captain, pass the wine this way !"
ai~jted the Ensign; pass the wine, and lieeide
uis great question-Which are the most beauti
il: the re4 cheeks of Merry England, the dark
ges of jty, .or the graceful forms of llindoa.
The CaptaIn hesjtated for a moment and toss
ugoff a bumper of old Madeira, someu hat
tshed as he was with wine, replied:
"Motd your three mqodels ot beauty, your
.nli lass, your Italian qtn'en. your IIlindoo|
nymph, into one, an a dto their charms a
thousand graces of colorind form and feature,
and I would not compare Otis perfection of love.
liness for a single miomend with the wild artless
beauty of an Amwrican gill."
The laugh of the three gfficers for a moment
drowned the echo of the dance in the next room.
" Compare his Americah milk-maid with the
woman of [taly !"
"Or the lass of Englanft!"
"Or the graceful 1ind* girl!"
This laughing scorn the British officers
stung- the handsome Refgee to the quick.
"Hark ye !" he cried, Ahalf rising from his
seat, with a ifushed brow "but a deep and delib
ernte voice, " to-morrOW I marry a wife: an
American girl! To-night,4 t inidnight too, that
American girl will oin dances in the next
room. You shall see her you shall judge for
yourselves! Whether t American woman is
not. the most beatiful in oe world!
There was something .n the manner of the
young Refugee, more th4a in the nature of his
information, that arrested- the attention of his
brother officers. For a. moment they were
" We have heard something of your marriage.
Captain," said the gay Ensign, " but we did not
think it would occur so suddtenly I Only think
Df it! To-morrow yon will be gone-settled
verdict brought in-sentejee passed-a married
7an . But tell me? No will your lady-love
e brought to this houstt-o.niglt? [ thought
the resided within the R I lines 1"
"She does reside the But I have sent a I
nessenger-a friendly I an chief, on whom I
:an place the utmost deppndence-t bring hier
From her present home, at the dead hour of iight,
:hrough the forest, to this mansion. He is to
-eturn by 12; it is now likf-past 11!"
"Friendly Indian !" echoed the veteran Colo
iel; " Rather an odd guardian for a pretty wo
nan ! Quite an original idea of a Duenna, I
,ow P
" And you will match this lady against all the
orld for beauty?" said tje Major.
"Yen I and if you do nit agree with me, this
undred guineas which I lay upon tle table.
hail serve I- our mess" ftr wines, for a month
o come. But if you do not agree with me-as
rithout a doubt you will.-then you are to re
lace this gold with a hundred guineas of your
" Agreed. It is a wages" chorussed the Colo
tel and the two other o&icers.
And in that moment while the doorway was
bronged by fair ladies anggay officers, attracted
rom the room by the debte-as that young re.
ngee stood with one hand upon the pile of
old, his ruddy face gremsuddenly while as a
broud, his blue eyes 4ilated until they were
aeh encircled by a line of white enamel the re
nained standing there as 'if frozeto stone.
Why, Captain, what he matter ?" cried the
jolonel, starting tip iilarm, "do you see a
host that you stand gang there at the blank
The other officers al started up in alarm
nd a-ked the cause o sloldur demeanor, t
nt still for the space of a minute or inore, the r
tefugee Captain stood there, more like a dead
nan suddenly recilled to life than a living being.
The moment p:ssed, he sat down with a col; t
hiver ; inade a strong effort as if to coninaud
iis remblon ; and then gave utterance to a forced
lla, ha ! See how I've frightened you," hei
aid-and then laughed that cold, unnatural
ollow laugh1 again.
And yet, halt'an hour from that time lie free- C
y confessed the nature of the horrid p:cture he
ind seen drawn upon that banl:, wainscotted
val, as if by some supernatural hand.
But now with the wine cup in his hand ie
urned from one comrade to :'nother, uttering c
ome forced jest or looking towards the door.
vay, crowded by offleers and ladies, he gaily in.
ited them to share in this remarkable argn.
nent: Which were the most beautiful women
n the world! C
As he spoke, the hour s!rnek. a
Twelve o'clock was there, nnd with it a foostep; i
nd then a h~old Indian form eane urging through,
he crowd of ladies thronging yonder doaor-way.,
Silenlt, his arnms folded on his war blanket, a
ook of eanim st'irismn on his dusky brow, the
dian ady~ned along the room and stood at
he head of thle table. There was no lady with
Where is the fair girl ?She who is to be
he bride to.morrow ? Perhlaps the Indian had
eft her in the next ronm, or in ('le of the other
als of the old tmansion, or perhaps-bitt tile
ought is a foolish one-.shte has refused to .
abey ter lover's request--refused to come and e
neet h' .
Theru was something awful in the deep si-.
enee that reigned through the rooma, as the soh-i.
ary Indian stood there, at the htead of thte table
nazing silently itn the lover's face. 2
"Where is she ?" ait last gatsped tile Rufugee.
She has not refused t~o come !Tell m1 has,
~y accident bfallen her by the way ? I know
he forst is dark and the wild paith miost diffieult
-tell ine: where is the lady for whom [ senat
on1 into the Rebel aines" 1
For a moment, as the strange horror of ther
over's fasce was hefore him, the Indian was Mi
ent. Then, as his answer seemed tremblingt
mn hId lips, the ladies i~n yonder doorway, thlef
afficers from~ the ballroopm, an I the party roujnd 1
le table formed a group round the two cntral a
ignres-that Indian standing at the head of the
able ; his lips parted, his face ashy, his clenched
tands restintg on the dark mahogany of that
The [ndiatn answered first by action, then by
Fir~st the action: Slowly drawing his right
and front his wair blanket, lhe held it in the
ighat. That righat htand clutehed with blood
tied fingers, a bleeding scalp anml lonag atnd
Iossy locks of beautiful dt rk hair. Then came
he word: " Young warrior sent thte red mn
or the senilp of the palefatce4 sqpIaw' Iferp it :
Yes-the rude savagn had mistaken his mesa
age ! Instead of btinmging the bride to her
over's arms, he htad gone on htis way determin-.
d to bring the sealp of the victim to the grasp
>t her pale faced enemy.]
Not even a groan disturbed the deep silence
>f that dreadful moment. Look there! Thte
over rises, presses that long hair-so bhiek, so
rossy, so beautiful-to his heart. ittd then, as
otught a huge weight,-fallinig on his brain and Ij
rushed him, fell with one dead sound on the
That was his bridal eve! -t
Now tell me, my friends, you who htave heard
tome silly and11 igntirgutt pretender pitifully con.
)lint of the destitutiont of Legend, Poetry, 4e.
mince, which ebaraeterizes our National ulitO.
y-tell me did yoi ever resad a traditiona of
Bngland, or France, nr Italy, or Spain, or any
>her land tunder the Iheavens that might in
point of :twful tragedy compitro with the simple 1
iistory of David .Jones and .Janto M'Cree! For
is but a scene from this narrative, withI which
pit have been, fromm-childhtood ; atnd that I have
siven you.
Wh'ent that bridegroom, flung there on the
loor, with the bloody scalp in hjs hands, arose
o the terrible cons~iousntess of life-the words
rembled from his lies, in a fatint and alhusky
"Do you remember how, hair an hour ago-1
stnod there-by tis tqhle-silent and pale, and.
iorror stricken-while you all started up round
mne, asking me what horrid sight 1 saw I Then,
)h then, I beheld the horrid scene-that home
onder by the hludson river, mounting to Hea.
ven in smoke and flames! Tho red forms of
ndians going to and fro. imid flame nnd smoke
-tonaliawk and torch in ljand !-There, amid
lead bodies and smoking embers, I beheld her
'orm-my britle-for whom I had sent the mes
enger-kneeling, pleading for merey. even as
he tomahawk crashed through her brain."
As the horrid picture again caine o'er his mind
1e sank senseless again, still clutehing that-tr.
-ible memorial-that bloody scalp and log
)lnek hair!
That was an awful BIRIDAL EvE.
" It may be only a faney otf ours," says Mm.
Kirk land, in one of her ndmirahle essays, " that
'rovidence has so decidedly fitted womnan for
ionsehold cares that she is never tru!y and
eilthily happy without them; but if it be-a
aney, it is one which much observation has con
We commend these words t-i serious consid.
rttion. The general bad health of frmales, lI
hat are called the respectable classes1 is a sub
eet that we have (often referred to; for it is one
.hat affects not the happiness of families rherely,
ut the weal of the whole community-not the
>resent generation only, but future ones also.
hysicians tell us that not one lady in ten, In a
reat city, enjoys robust health. Mrs. Kirkland,
ve suspect, has explained the cause. It is cer
ain that w-)men generally, who are not compell
d to labor for a livelihood directly, neglect ex.
treise almost entirely, and hence bring on them
elves dyspepsia, nervous disorders, and other
iseses. To perform house-work is too fre.
uently considered degrading. Even where the
nother, in obedience, to the traditions of her
routh, condescends occasionally to labor, the
laughters are brought up in perfect idleness,
ake no bodily exercise except that of walking
n fine weather, or riding in cushioned enrriages,
,r dancing at a party. Those, in short, who enn
fford servant-, cannot bemean themselves, as
hey think, by dom.stic labor. To make up a
ed is regarded often as xiausting beyond de.
cription; to sweep a carpet is viewed as worse
han field work in a cane field; while to scrub
alas! modern feminine language, copious as
t is, has no words to characterize this inhuman
nd cruel task. The re.<ult is, that all such fine
idies lose what little health they started life
rith, becoming feeble in exact proportion as
hey become fashionable.
In this neglect of household cares, American
males stand alone. A German lady, no matter
oW lofty her rank, never forgets that domestic
bors condnce to the health of body and mind
like. An English lady, whether she be a gen
leman's wife or a duke's does not despise tier
ousehuld. and even though she has a house
eeper, devoten a portion or har tima to this. h ir
rue, hlir happiest'iophere. It is reserved for our
epublican line ladies to be more choice than
ven their monarchical and aristocratic sisters.
he result is a lassitude of mind often as fatal
a health as the neglect of bodily exercise. The
'ife who leaves her household cares to her ser
ants pays the penalty which has been afixed to
lleess since the foundation of the world, and
ither wilts away from sheer ennni, or is driven
ito all sorts (if fashionable fullies to find em
loynent for her mind. If she does not lounge
tithe sofa. reading novels all day, and growing
aler and more nervoits evgrv year; if she does
t weaken her chest, and injnre her eyes by
oping over crotchet woik or embroidery; she
rives about shopping, or visits for the purpose
f gossip, or sleeps till noon to recover from the
itiges of the lust night's ball ; in a word, in
tic way or another, dhe injures her health most
Men find occupation in business, in literature,
r in a profession; and an idle man is proverbi
ly considered in peril of soul and bWdy. Flow
it that women act so universally as if tley
rere exempted from the evils ot'indolenceI
Vant of occupation rarely leads them into great
ices, and therefore they fainey it does not injure
tem at all. But alas I there are small rices into
hich tooi many fine ladies fall, such as back.
iting, enviousness, and gossipping generally,~
hich, if they are not as gross as thur sins of idle
ien, aire bad'enough. If household cares were
tore generally attended to, we should see but
tile oif these evils, and women in good society
uld be much happier and much, more truly
vable. T1his is plaini'spenkinig, but the truth
ist out. It is niot the fashionable gnd-about,
ho lives on false excitent, that wins or re
ins the love of a man of real worth. 'A thou-n
nd times deaLrer is she who. like the wife'
Vordsworth has immortalized, does not consid
r domestic cares beneath her:
"' I saw her, on a nearer vie w,
A'spirit, yet a woman too:
11cer household motions light and free,
A nd steps of Virgin lhberty."I
We fear, however, that it will take more than
his or than all the jotynals of the nation, to re
tuve this cancer of aoeial life. But the press
in, at least, do seomething. While so many of
he evils utider which the sex suffers arid other
minine assemblies, here is one that woman has
.eght on~ herself and to whjeh we call her
We invite thte lovers of fun to join us in the
erty lhugh we art' just nowv having over the:
tory, told by one of our Northernecontempora
its, of a tall, gawky looking countryman, who,
tiring the heistht of the business seasein last;
ll, walkerd intco one of the largest wholesale
ry good houses on Broadway, and entIrely dis-;
egarding the invitations of the numerons sales.
.en to inspeet the latest patterns, strode into
be countiigroom, where the heads of thie esn
ishment were siUing in close eonversatifnh.--.
tfter taking a cursory glance of the room, andm~
urveying attentively the faces of the occupants
e asked with an unctious Yankee gasgJ twang;
" Sy, yeou-got any nails?"
"Nails, sir, nails!", repeated the loat dignified
)omhey ofr the firm. " No, sir, what should we
o with nails ?"
" Wal, I. dtnno-thought qpaybe you nmoqght.
Jaint you got no nails, eh ?"
'No, sir," replied Dumnbey ag-tin, with an emi
bhasis, motioning to the door.
The individul in search of nails took his time
bot it, and then left, the coutnting-roomf. ,lii
gzrn, he asked every eleric tjle sme q uestion,
n4 received the information from all, that " nnils"
ormpd nq part of the stock of thu establisi),
" Well" said lje, going towvards the door,,
don't keep knils here, no hJow !"
The principal salesman, whose dignity was
trt by the idea that any one should. sqppose
hat an stablishnment where lie had a prominent
lace, should keep nails, hpaded the country
nan off as he >was proceedinig towards the en
rance. nd asked hirr abruptly what he wanted.
" Want" said the countryrman as cool as a
ucirber, "I want to know if y'ou've gut any
I Nails, no sir. You have been told again!
ni again, tiat we've got no nais-so you'dj
"Ain't got any nails, en ? Well then, just
look t here mister, if you ain't got no naili,
what an awful fix you'd be in if you'd happen to
have the itch!" -
An article appeared in our last number f!m
the Augusta Chronicle & Sentinel, on. the subject
of connecting that city with the Greenville Rail
fond. Among other ints of connection, that
or Newbery Is nam ed. We invite the attention
of our citizens, both of the town and country,
to) this subject. The connection wkh Augusta
would give superior advantages over tant %%ith
Columbia and Charlest6n. Augiata is a very
superior ritarket to Columbia, aid we' would
also be brought in nearer connectioi with the
West whose productions would -be brought'fo
u4 cheaper. Augusta is now closely connected
by the great Railroal system of Georgia with
Mobile and New Orleans, the great markets
whence onr sugar and molasses come, and also
w ith Tennesseu and Kentucky, the great souree
1f supply of bacon and other provisions. -
The interest which our citizens hrve ia4he mat
ter, will he clearly seen, when it is remembered,
that freight from Charleston to A ngusta is scarce
ly half what it is from Charleston to Columbis,!
and that the freight from here to Augnata would
not be ntore or very liule more than it is to
Columbia, since there is little diffrence of ds
ance. The reason of the lower freight frotm
Charleston to Augusta than to Columbia will
operate permanently, .iape it arises from the
competition of' the water navigation to Savan.
nah, as well as of the Railroad in Georgia now
completed from Augusta to Savannah. From
this cause. a bale of cotton ja parried from Au
gusta-to Charleston for ffty enti, while from
Columbia. it cost one dollar twelve and a half:
cents, although the distance is about the same.
There is of course a like diference of freighlt e
t'ween these points, on all other articles, dowq.
and up.
The city of Augusta can best take care of its
own iriterests, and it will detemine whickof the
two Roads it is most expedient for it to give
nasistance to, that by the Savannah Valley to
Anderson, or that which would give it connec
tion with the Greenville Railroad at some lower
point, a' that of New Market. It might be best
for Augusta to have both Roads, but if it has to
choose between thvi,'t is for it to consider
whether the latter would not combine, in a great
measure, the advantages of both.
We can also assure our neighbors of Augusta.
that the comp!etion of this project would be of
vast advantage to that city. The trading of this
section of South Carolina would become tribu
tary to her, and she would received the large
portion of the trade that centres here. The
town of Newberry is now the main seat of the
cotton trade in all upper portions of the State.
Fifiy thousand bales of cotton are annually ship.
ped here, and it would all gi to Augusta, and
ouach of it be sold there.-Nercberry Mirror.
TALL TALKI.-The L.ondon Times has
nother article. in A hich it consoles itself with
Lhe ridiculous idea that in came of warthe Uni.
ted States will be but a mere child in the linna
f England. Hear it :
Our Navy is the most powerful that floats.
n ships, guns. calibre and men, we can swep
the Ocean from the Arctic to the Torrid Zone
-from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Never be
rore in England's history did Britannia more
thoroughly rule the waves. The American sea
board is ours. We could annihilate their com.
meree. 4s to their navy, it is absurd to talk of
t; the Americans themselves confess that we
-on1ld blow it out of the water in one broadside.
rhen, how are the Atlantic cities of the United
tates situated ? There is not one city, from
Passamaquoddy Bay in the North to Galveston I
Bay in the South, 'which has water enough to
ioat a frigate or gun-boat, that we cannot batter
o the ground in twenty-fonr hours. The fol
owing citiesin the United States are compara.
ively at our mercy after war 1s once declared:
Portland, Maine, Portsmouth New Hampshire,
qoston, Massachusetts; Newport, Rhede Is
and ; New Haven, Connectiput; Neiv York,
Brooklyn, and Je-rsey City, with thp tpwns an
Long Ilaand Sound ; Baltimore, alaryland:
Wilmington, North Carolina; Charleston. South,
Drolina ; St. - Augqst jne and A palaohicol-t,
'lorida ; 3Mobile, Alabama; and Galveston
'exas; whilst San Franciac. iat t'ne certain .priie
four Pascific sqnnadron.
PaRISe PAssiswrcn.-The death of this:
reneratble Russian 3Marshal has alrendy been an.
oounced. In his early youth he entered the ser
vice of the Czar as one of the Imperial Pages,
ad hats ever since continued in the active milhta
ry service of the Empire. lHe took part in the,
rnpign against Turkey of 1806-9,--also. ip I
hat of 1812-15,-was Commander-in-Chiief of:,
the Russian forces in European Turkey and
sia Mlinor in l428-29; and fqr his sucesas du
ring this latter catapaign received the supreme
sommand of the army of Poland.. After his
suppression of the Polish insurrection in 1831-2<
nd his occupation of' the capital, the Emperori
Nicholas1 conferred on him the title and prece
dece of Prince of WVarsa w. The next oppiasion
on which the Mfarshal was called on to take the
field, was that of Russian intervention in Hin
gary ini 1849, when ho commaded the Russian
fores,-and the closing act of his career as a
soldier was his commtanid of the army of the4
Danube in 1854.
A better story than the following, which
Lomes from North Carolina, we have rat foun4
for many a month:
A bout thirty wiles above W~ilningtqu, lNorth
Carolina, lived three fellows, named respective
ly Barham, Stone an4 gray, on the banks of' the.
North iEast river. They parfle dgwn to WiV
nington in a smiall rowv boat, and made fast to
the wharf. They had a time a of it in the city,
but for fear they would be dry before "et
tijpg hoqme, they procured a jtg of whiskey, and
fte dark, 'f a blapk night too, they embarked:
in thsir boat, expecting to reach home in the;
morning. They rowed away with all the energy
that three half tipsy fellows could muster, keep.
ig qp thieir spirits in the darkness by liourmng
the spirits down. At break of day they thongh4
they must be near home, and seeing thraggl thu
di gratv of the niorning a hopse on the river
side, Sto'ne said:
" Wpil, Sarham, we've got to your place at'i
last." i
"If this is my house," said Barham, " some.
body has been putting up lots of out houses
since I wvent away yesterday ; but I'll go asharp
and ool5 about, and see where wp are, if you'll
old her to."
lirham disembarks, takes observation, and
so~on somes stambling along back, and anya:I
" Well, I'll be whippedi if we ain't at Wilming
ton here yet ; and what's isore, the boat has been
hithed to The wvharf all night !"
It was a fact, and the drunken dogs had been
rowing away for dear life withouL knowing it.
An ignorant pandidate for medical honors,
haing Thrown himself almost into a fever froi
hiq inenpability of answering qenestions, was
asked by .one of the censors how be would ea
a patient for the rheum-ition. '1 would send
him here to be examined."
Wny is a sick Jew like a diamond. Because
ia Jw-il.i 4
STATE OF AFFAIas IN IANA.--A free . il
.a-.opean. ar-bhe NeW.- erk.$igss- mgsiing
rrom Kansas on the M4apast.%saya.:
In all the -f"on& towno'M'aor-pie
enliatmept is going on, aAd volvateer .ompainle
are being rapidly, formed h' ' purpose.
Filse threats of making another invaion'aginist
both Lawrence and Topeka.are no 1einjg jir
eulated by tts geoslsvpay' tn. lii order to eon
seal thi setal dealgns. I,awuonse ia, honever;
activefy preparing Jo btAth eptergenclies ti
forts and the town ae. placed nnder guar4
every night and aline of pickets., int. e tnps agg;I,
has been exterided i'wiLwa io iep comt&hik.
tion open. , . . ,
We Ame f6O4 glaijnhl it.ig ki t.i A of
Starch, and if by t'Aai time 'Onges.pas .Aot
recognised 'ii na' rue or affrird'ed b'ang irotes,
lion against blipsourian trpipy,. wesulfall ' s
our Declaration ofndepndeu, ano in 6ei lawa
extend and parry out the blpasing4ptf fteedp,
and eqnality in every corner of'the Stt.
Ta LAKEMAN RAT.NiefOlaV Wheitoyt
Lnkeman, first mate qf dim sthip A're, wht a
charged with the wiffitl i n ie aof'- . & H.
Eayre, at sea, i tho going of ~ a 4
A ugust, 1855, has beerr-on trial iri'Charle 'W,
The case 'occopieif tie U. . CfiIt'C rt
rourteen days. and terginated pA Wedn&adag
night by the Jqry urn a vardb . j 4 Ao
Guilty. - HenryGiratli as Georg As
twolads informally apprmoticed to ths captasih
were in .eoshneamet whea Ip. .Arietrriud 14
Charkeston last Septemburnspeited of belg
Donoerned in the murdes - but the Grand ,Toroe
railed to fnd a true bill samalt Glira and whe4
Anderson was put on trial he was. acqqitted,
areat mystery still hangs over tba fiC d.eed,
which will probably never be clease4 awsy.,
Ch1arestor Stadar'd
AMoaig the jokes which have bse go' .og
faring the dedteins ocasioned by the deep
snow, is the following, oipped from a Vermont
paper';"tadam,"iaid a.condpetor, a day or tw ,
since, yo4r boy can't pass athalf (are-he's
tooa.arge." " nw may be tooduge now," replie4
the woman, who hpad 'H c a half ticket, "bat
Ne was small enog When he started." The
sbove diiloge Wijs 0aeoheaid on. one of the
train f the Rutland as4 0erf' gton railroad.
The joke may be app iated when it is know4
that the train had - a.dolsysd 11 night ata
etter we have received from Yorkville, -we are
ratifled-to learn that the 3iilitary tphool, esta.
>lished by Aiessrs. Coward and-Jenkln&, now
mumbers some seventy-five scholars, and some
welve or fifteen more ase expected In a day ot
wo. We are gratified to learn this, for It is an in.,
titution which should be patronized.-Lancas
A FATAL mIrTA.-fr. J, D. Gibson, en
raged in the auction and comnistloft business
n this city, through mistake, on Saturday even.,
ng last, drank from a bottle a decoction of poi,
onous ingredients ued for gralvanizing jewelry,
mpposing it to be wine, and died in ten stinuies
-Khoxyltte Standardt. --
Jeorgia lioue of.Representativen on Thursday
veek passed a Wi1 appropriating $1,000 to erect
monument to the me ory of the Jfon. A. ),
Ifiller. Col. John )iilledge and .U&a Gar4ne;.
f Augusta, were appointed to preparean ia,
";Ie who goes to bed in anger has the devo
or his hed fellow." . A wag desires us to say
hat ho knfaws a marrWpd man who, though he
oes to be-d meek and geatle os a asnhl, is in the
ame predicament.
"ir dear, what is the matter with puss-Rco
ow she swells is. tail, aq4 arches her back, at
he sausage - ave her that wa left 'on th1e
nto ?"
"Oh that's nothing, she merely sceqts hIr o14
nemy, Cmsar, it it!"
A western editor tmuch wishos to know
vhether the law recendly enacted against the
arrying of deadly weapons applies to doefore
rho carry pills in their pockets.
PanPr.E t urn up their pasea at th$iis Arid, an
r they were in the ha bit -of ||:eppihg company
rith a better one.
A physician passing by a stone-mson's shop,
yawied out-"Good-morning' Mr. D! Hlart at
york,I see. You finish ypnr grave-stones-as
'ar asc "In memory of," ad thew wiak, I suppose
6 see who wants a monument- next?" "Wity,
res," re~plied the old -man; unless -somebody's
.ick, and you are doctoring him--then I keep
ight on."
A WoIAx's IDEA 'oF HAr'piEss6.'k lAdy
om-espondent of the Boston -T'Ime- gives her
dens " of perfet bliss " in the bilowing parar
'-I'm a woman, with a woman's weakness,
nd havin~g a goa4 constitution, ean bear a grett
eal of happinesa. If I was naked my idea of
erfect bliss, I should say, " a fast lhprse, a duelt
f a cutter, plently nf hutialo Febeg, a nspat titting
vercoqt, with a handsome man in it, ad-onn
uf Undatpe Washel's little French bonnets. If
hat wouldn't be happiness for one lifatitge, 1't
enc~ tp pqnviction as to wihat wi:114.". -
Barnum was brave, for he sold h', olife"s
early as possible, yet It appears that 1n' aiding
aclock company, the Napoleon~ pf shaympen has
een going it somewla pitagslvg|r em ti*. .
(otps on~ 1ipte bare hes) q tai to him in more
enhes thiaq one. But-it, is really somecwhat ex.
raordinary that; in'attempting to makeuierome's
Socks go, Barnum -should have teoumd uj'Lim
MfEANN'Ess.-We hiard an ilpident tsasI yes
erday, whiph is strongly attested, and is proba.
ly true, that beats the.tisanness we read of in
ho atory about robbing thes blin4:isaR of blisnep
tars, on4 kicked him becagse tlpy were nt qutar
era. Jt rqns thus;
A man in indigent circzmetaineea, was votadi
en dolars by a lodge of Odd Fellows, Ip whislI
s belonged. The rqoney was pajd qrer to thu
and of hi* fatthprineinw. by him sppropriated to
ds oa-n use, and in lists 3ihe , aosgnterfeit.
jye 4ollar bill was sent to tha. stsussaMfamily
,f his daughter. If thils is not a fawi specsient
>f meanness and inhumanity, theq we will gi's
p the search of ese.-Healester.Ufnjqn.
GREATNEss mny rr a gylg # loml but
~oodness alone can deserve a pitaph..
gg" Ay %;.oajoaa 4paps.pl'Fis New Orleans
True )Re*e say. there is goy eq~ elhibition. st tlhat
sty a horse ~wenty7ens hands high, qgqi wailnagIwo
osand and sisty pasnnela
I|T A sa tr the s'aisof KRisecntly attemP
ed to sel White eitildl in Montgeamsry, A?#s The
uor boy wasn Fase Moais, fortherly of Grille andi
Ijacaej. Ktie Is nqow enjoyppg the knapitaljtles of Ih~e
bfontgoptery jail.
f7Tum Or~nus LAWYEa Vt -rTUE st Tn rES
-ASIA Asnaxws, a Lawyer of 70 years standling
li.d in Mr...m.....,,.. . . .:.... tim .in...

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