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4j ~ ~e~ritic 3otnd, ~x~ote~ t4te oui) a Souilytn flits,. I'ldOitir-, Caksi 3tewLie*tuaZrgis epeire riniri "lWe will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if It must fail, we wfll Perish anuidst the Ruins. .F. URSOE elSON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C., MARCH , 1856. For the Advertiser. I THE SOTR CABOLINA COLLEGE. SALUDA Rrvaa. Edgefield Dis. C. S. a March 1st, 1856. - I MY DEAI Nsemew: It has been my habit to re use you no reasonable request, and you have been ho dutiful to me, in your general conduct, that I \vould almost comply with your unreasonable wishes, tondly beliefeing them to be the offspring, of an upright spirit. I am truly gratified at the earnest tlesire you manifest of becoming acquainted with the Inatitution which you hope shortly to enter -as a student, and which you expect, at a future day, to elaim and love as your Alma Mater. You may 'be called upon to defend her from rude assaults, when your friends will be greatly disappointed if you display as poor a knowledge of the purpose of her creation, and of the principles, rules, and regu lations by which she is governed, as adorns the paragraphs of many of the scholarly gentlemen of the up-country, plumed "with the names of Editors, who so flippantly denounce her, and vainly attempt to bring her into disrepute with the very people amongst whom she has diffused a flood of light and intelligence. The South Carolina College is one of the noblest Seminaries of learning in the South, and for twenty-five years her graduates and pupils have .uniformly ranked among the first men, in the first tplaces of the Republic. There is no honorable pro .fession in the country,,but what is graced by some accomplished men, whose affetctions still linger around the beautiful Campus and the sacred walls in which you will spend the four ensuing years of yoar lie. Some live in the West, some in the South, and some sojourn on the shores of the Paci- t fie, but wherever they are, their thoughts for ever recur to South Carolina, the parent of that in stitution where they imbibed of the pure fountains of learning, where their love of State rights, and t Republican freedom was enkindled into a gererousI passion-where their manly sentiments were neu tured with watchful solicitude-where their aspira tions were taught to soar to lofty and ennobling at tainments, and where their conduct was shaped into the most finished models of gentlemen and scholars. -The pains and expense of South Carolina in foster- I ing her College, have been recompensed-and doubly recompensed, in a thousand ways by the love and gratitude of its graduates, by their services to .the State :nd to the Union, by the honor refected upm i lr from the recipients of her bounty, and by .the pr.-.- conmsciousness she feels of having per .furmed her duty to herself, to her people and to God. '1 he ineffectual attempts of the pens of the Informer can never mar the bright renown of the darling hild of the State. The education of the gentlemen who conduct that Journal (if indeed they n have hail sufficient regard for so pa'try an accom plishmitient as to bestow any portion of their precious time ai talent thereon) was, perhaps, obtained in sonic Northern City, amid a rabid and unwashed a Demecracy.:nd far, indeed, from the conservatism 1 and #one that feler the minds of Carolinians. I .say this in charity, for otherwise, their views would be mo rou, and should subject them to the ani- a miadlv, r,-i..n of every just or candid gentleman in l the Suite. h Let mmc now oppose facts4 to fiction, and, at once. -satify y.our inquiries as to the various points made 5 in y..ur sensible letter. Allow me, though, to adopt amy ,m mm order, so as to array the questions in their trn- c, lors. and nmeet all of the very weighty ob j--eti.-ns of the Castor and Pollux of the Edgefield e Informer. fu The South Carolina College was founded in 1801. ti It has a President and seven Professors, with a salary, for the whole Faculty, in the aggregate, b amounting to $22,200. Add to this $2,000 for the Library and we have the sum of 824.200, the rega lar annual approprmtions made by the Legislature0 to support thin Institution. This differs very ma eially, (amnd this is correct) from the amount of0 $45.000, as stated in the Informer. What right 1 .had lie to tell the people they were taxed, to an ex tent. to include the Tuition fund, for the support ofe the College ? In my morality the making of a wrong impression, when wilful, differs very little, in the j .nature of the offence, fronm a wrong statemcnt. But, further--the tuition funid, about $12.000 i*r annum, is, by acts of the Legislature, to be applhed I .to the ordim~ary repairs and improvements of thet College Buildings, &c., and the surplus, by the act a of 1838, is to be added to the $2,000 appropriated by the Legislature for the increase of the Library. ~ Occasionally pretty large appropriations have been made by the State for rebuilding the burnt edifices, C and for new buildings in the College; but these have constituted no part of the annual appropria .tion, partaking, as they have, of altogether a differ- I .ent character. The average annual appropriation for the College, since its foundation, has been (including all the buildings, apparatus, and salaries of professors, &c.,) ~ about $18,000 ; and in this is embraced the $11,020 for orphans at College, and $10,000 for 'I . Insurance. ' I shall now proceed to show the cost to the State of each graduate ; and will prove the result to lall .quite short of $8,000. But the Informer has smue corrected the statemient you saw, and says, that in ths large and numerous calculations he was com pelled to make to arrive at his conclusions, figures were employed, and most un~fortunletly, in his hurry I and confusion, he put one little cipher too much 1 after the 8. I really suppose, that ho was confused 4 after wading through, in Aie peculiar way, the vastt piles of lumber he had collected around him. A nd 1f Wp plipulations, in full, could be presented on I 1per, they yid confuse every body else, oven Sir Isaac Nz~,roy, himself, if restored to life, and I 1by any betnumbing spelj, he could be made to give f~ull faith and credit tq sitch cumborsome details. The I /nfqyper- yaa half strucek off, he hayq, before the I prratun yes disoovered; but I have seen no copy st all, gf hJgt issue, in which it was corrected. A e good deed, though, is better done late than never.i The appropriationis by the Legislatjzrea in support of thme College from 1801,c ,p to 1845, have been.........,,$698,79,23 I From 1845 up to 1855, inclusive, have 3een about.......---------------2,72000,00 t pg sall, the sum of....-...... $970,679,23 OF is sogad. numbers, $1,000,000. They~e page been, up to 1855, of gradu ates ebopt......-.,,..,..-............ 1,530 Of otliers is the College who did not grade~q~p, hemt receivs4 th~eir eduespion obiey type.........,.........:?:.1,000 Total. 2,530 Now if ynm count graduates ouly, each will have cost the State $640. If you estimate all who have been ai the i'otlee. each will have cost the State bout $400. But even this is not accurate result or the College property belonging to the Stat hould be taken into the value and deducted, say ialf a million of dollars, or 8300,000, at least, foi he College Library containst near 30,000 costly 'olumes. The graduates will then have cost, escli 460-and all who have been at College $27f ach. A wide difference, my Nephew. from the trtling re- ult of the Editors of the Informer, even dmitting that result to be but $800. at But who would or could estimate the value of a oble College in money-one that has given general atisifaction to the State, aud spread a broad stream r knowledge throughout the whole South. If tha natitution has been the occasion of calling into the ouncils of the commonwealth 'one such a man a EOaG E MCDUFFIe, or Wm. C. PaasTON, the peo. le have been amply recompensed for all the in reased taxation it has subjected them to. The entlemen, though, will contend (for they are ingen )us in finding fault) that if private or Sectarian ,olleges can produce these wholesome results, why ave one exclusively under the control and patron ge of the State. The answer is ready. We have ever yet had any of these private Colleges to ans. eer the ends of education so well-they are still n experiment; and as we know the South Carolina ;ollege has well subserved all the purposes of its rection, we wish to sustain it, that the youth o he State may always have a Seminary of learning, ) which they can resoet with the full assurance of meeting with as competent and accomplished in tractors as can be found in the United States. The Gentlemen of the Informer, just now, appear 3 have conceived a wonderful affection for the ,ilitary Academy. That I admire too, but will not xtol to the disadvantage of an older and a more enerable, and an equally useful Institution. I ought that one of the co-editors of the Informer -as reported, in the newspapers, to have sneeringly id, in one of those happy efforts, in the House of tepresentatives, which he alone could have made, at South Carolina " was married to the College, ie Military Academy, and the Lunatic Assylum.' [e then seemed willing to tear down, and demolish very memorial of State pride, and State munifi ence" at one fell swoop;' and for the proniotiqu f some visionary theory of progress which none at he could hive entertained, or for the gratifica pa of the senseless clamors of low-minded and arrowly contracted misers, to obliterate every ves kge of Carolina glory. I am glad, though, that the entlenman now sings to a different tune, as to the lilitary Academy. I feel the same pride in it that e does, and glory in its promise of success and re awn. I care not for the expense, while I ai satis ed that the Institution is managed with care and delity, and the money is disbursed with integrity. Vhy, thouah, was the Informer silent as to the inual appropriations for the Academy ? They nount to $27,000, while those for the College uonnt to only $24,000. A nd the appropriations r the Free Schools amount to $74,000 per annum. do not complain of this-would to God we were >le to give ten times the amount. But I wish to sow that the State provides for her poor as we'l as r rich. The gentlemen admit, that from fifty to venty-five poor young men are being continually >arded, clad, and educated, in the Military Aca !my, at the cost of the State. lie will also admit V large annual appropriation made entirely for the lucation of the poor. It addition to this, I can in rsm the Informer, that there are about six scholar ips in the South Carolina College for the educa n of none but the poor. There is always one or ian taken froma the orphan house, and educated the College. Each debating society generally s one beneficiary, and all the classes would take e eatch, making, in thme aggregate, eleven or r' lvc poor young menc, who cars have thre benefit 'a thorough education in the South Garohisna Col ge, whenever they think proper to avuil them lves of the generosity of those who would never ren claim their gratitude for its bestowment. Thus, you see, that the poor of tire State are retty well provided for (though not as well asI ould wish) in regard to education ; and if thae rich o have some advantages afforded them in te Col ge, are they not, I pray, enatitled to them, from 20 large amount of taxes they pay ? It would be singular state of affairs if those who pay the most r the education of the people, should reap none f the benefits of their taxation. But as the Informer has introduced an invidious omprisoni between thre College and the Military Leademy, arid the private Colleges, you will require remark on that subject-especially in rdfareace the support the College receives from the people fthe State. The avera.ge numaber of students in ollege, for several years, has been about from one undred and sixty to one hundred and eighty, nd the graduating class for each year, I presume, ave ranged from forty-five to sixty in number. The rportiomn of students from other States has been amething like an eighrth, arid their average for iny years has been from fifteen to thirty, and, in :eneral, no more. Dues this look like there was a ecssity to elect a stranger to the Presidency of ire College, to obtain foreign patronage ? The asertion et the Informer to the contrary was a asty assanption, and I defy him to sustain it by he facts. I would thank him also, though I tove he Military Academy myself, to prove by any kind flogie, or positive facts, that it is likely to out-stril he Colleger in the amount of its private incourage net, or in the nurmber of its graduates. I venture hat the South Carolina College has graduated tadruple the number of scholars it has since its exis eaee commenced. For I learn that all its gratdu tes, since its foundation. were laid, number but a ittle over one hundred men. .But, I soy, succesi a all the Schools, Academies, and Colleges, by rhatever name they may be called, and by what. ver inrfuence they may be brought into being. rould pay higher taxes for institutions of learning ad for the education of the people than for any ther object on earth, except to defend my country .gainst the invasion of an enemy. I would lmoest Gee to pay titlies to scatter knowledge abroad ii he lan4. A cheerful readiness to contribute to the hissemiation of intelligence amongst all classes, i he highest characteristic of a people worthy the en oyment of freedoma. Liberty is a boon that re. uires intelligena. for its support and apprepiation, md the nation unwillirug to pay its price is incapabhi >f being free. To * man who understands the rinciples of our government, 'the Idea of our beini Sgreat Republic, without a well-informed people i n utter absurdity. When he pays his money foi ~dcation, therefore, he feel. that he is payingi r the freedom, the honor, and tire glory of hi m....r. Ir aln power and ant ho~itV emi na tes (rot the people in the United States, nothing is truer than that if the people are incapable, ignorant and vicious, the rulers they select will partake of the like qualities, and the system of government for i which patriots have so nobly struggled, and for which our fathers so profusely shed their blood, will result in miserable failure and abortion. I have now not orly given you my views as to the financial management of the College, but I have dwelt at some length on the character of that in stitution. I will next consider it as "a political machine" and how such a notion entered the brain of the In former, I am wholly at a loss to understand. It crept in, I suppose, with the thousand other speck led notions with which that journal has lately begun to amuse or startle the people. The President, the Professors, and the whole College Faculty, together with the Trustees and visitors, not only entertain at this time, but for the last twenty years have enter tained amongst themselves, almost every shade of political opinion believed in the Republic. They have had no unanimity of sentiment whatever, as to polities and government, and their views as a body on snch subjects, have never either been sought or regarded in South Carolina. Mr. Pxzs'ox, when elected President of the College was a Whig, whilst the Democrats ruled the State. Dr. LEziza hits been a Whig, Federalist, or of some other indescrib able creed nearly ever since he has been in the Col lege. He has been at variance, in political faith, with the dominant party almost continually from the first moment he entered the State to the present time; ond in a'I the exciting crises the State has 4 passed through, in twenty years, be has remained undisturbed and secure, with his. salary and profes sorship, until the tremendously absorbing question i f giving the election of Presidential Electors to the people is brought before the Legislature for about I the fiftieth time; when alas! the poor old man is I thrust out of the College as unceremoniously as if he had been a fat beggar teasing a knot of Jews for charity. The truth is, Dr. Lutssa is in the College yet, and may remain there for life. I think the Trustees only were the proper persons to judge I of the qualifications of a gentleman for the Presi deney of the College, and they had a right to elect a man from the State of Maine or Massachusetts to that post if they deemed him best fitted for it, in ad ministrative talent. There have been several younger professors elected President of the College, since Dr. LEPmia has been there, and yet this is the first time the political machine ever ground to powder the learned, and good old German for opin ion's sake ? But further, as to the political influence of the College. Was Dr. ELLETr with the State in poli- I ties? Was Dr. 1IawaR generally? -las BENJA miS PERir, one of the Trustees, ever sustained any of the most cherished doctrines of South Carolina, or stood by her in trial and difficulty ? [low has f Judge O'NEALL become one of the Trustees, 'Ien I he has dared to oppose the ruling party in the State, in all great political exigencies, and in the most try ing hours of her existence? Now if the gentlemen of the Informer will point to a single instance of proscription from College influence, or to any gen eral Act passed by the Legislature from this same constraint, or will introduce a train of facts or reason- t ing remotely shadowing forth such a thing, then I will not only acquit them of factiousness; but agree to follow them blindly in whatever they di rect. But I regret, exceedingly, that the gentlemen (for I the article signed "South Carolina" bears their liter- v ary ear-marks and is virtually acknowledged by them perhaps, that they may lose none of the fame of its production) should have felt justified in speaking so irreverently, not to say harshly and pertly of a man so reversed as Dr. TitosawstL., nut only for his piety, but for his learning, his elentuence, his powvers of reason and analysis, and for his entire devotion to the honor and welfare of the young men whom the parents of South Carolina, delight to see placed under his guardian care. But the other day, when the to'wn of Columbia was put in consternation, by two armed companies-one of the College, and the] other ol the citizens, in the midst of the greatest tu- I mult ad peril Dr. TUORNwELLt approached the boys of the College, and by the dignity of his character, and his paternal admonitions at once ealnmed their rage, ad marched them from a theatre of furious strife in silence and order to within the peaceful en-I closure of their College grounds. Is it becoming and tasteful in the gentlemen of the Informer to ebaracteriz~e such a mian,'as " the Columbia dictator, whom the Lord once called to Charleston, but1 whom selfish ambition, and proscriptive fanaticism, soon afterwards called back, to infuse the poison of4 sectarianism into the susceptible minds of the young." To many intelligent, good men, this sen tence will sound like an hyperbole of presumption. But as the Frenchman said to the man railing at Bonaparte, I have no doubt that if Dr. TIOaRSt ]IL should hear it, he would be very much grieved at the unfavorable opinion entertained of him by the Editors of the Informer. The viva voce mode of electing Trustees, and some other matters, I must postpone thes considera tion of for a future communication, with which I hope to entertain the editors of the incomparable journal. My dear Nephew, we cannot spare the time to notice the bad English and Latin of the Informer. I am ever your affectionate Uncle, PAUL LOGAN. A CARD.-The undersigned takes this method of correcting the mistaken impressions of some in regard to the sale of the Greenville Motun taineer ho the Southern Pattriot. It has been referred to as a transaction in which the under signed was a party. This is erroneous. He hnd nothing to do with it. The Mountaineer was never his properly in whole or in any part, nor had lie any agency in its various sales and trans fers. His only connection with it was editorial and temporary. The truth is, the Mountaineer was sold by the mortgagee of the concern, and that so suddenly, the editor was cut off from saying good bye to his readers. He did not cire t~o interfsre in a mere business transaction. where his own principles and motives were not concerned, and in which he had no interest, and lie has no desire to do so now. His only object is to have the matter truly understood as one ini which he took no part whatever. (G. F. TOWNS. PEACE Naws ix RussIA.--The New York Journal of Commerce, of Friday, Is in the re ceipt of reliable private intelligence, from St. PPetersburg, to the Ist. of Febriay, which says that all classes have become reconciled to pease. The feeling of hatred to the English is still vio,. lent. The war has developed the resources of Russia, and it is thought shu will be stronger in Ievery partietlisr ihan when the struggle com mene4. lETTER FROM ION. F. 8, UUK0 ON THE CI CINNATI CORN TION. My Dear Sir: "In replyfto your letter I hav o say that the opinions hi*berto expressed bi ne relative to the sending of delegates fron South Carolina to the Convention of Democrat it Cincinnati, are not only unchanged but hav ieen strengthened by repeated conferences wit! ending Southern men, and confirmed by the twi ast and glorious messages.of the President." I he entire South fails to ehodorse, sustain, nn< o demand the re-ch~cttionof Gen. Pierce, it wil >e guilty of suicidal ingrathude. The chief and only plaitsible objection whicl ma been adduced in our State to its representa ion at Cincinnatti is, that such Conventions ar nknown to the Constitution. The very objec ion admits that there is no Implied constitutiona rohibition ot nominating Conventions. A Con Pention is but an nrrangenient of convenienee where by a suitable pers'$n; is selected as thi -epresentative of certainM political principle which principles are not co-ifi ned to any locality >ut permeate the entire confederacy and for thi ime obtain, or do not obtain in the administra ion of the government, in accordance with thi uccess of the candidate wpich the party repre enting these principles may nominate. In: ountry of the extent of ours, some arrange nent of the kind is unavoidble. If the peoph -efuse to nominate throughstheir delegates, thi ominations are not thereby prevented, but fail nto the hands of and are dictated by a fem >rominent and sometimes irresponsible individ ials. It this in conformity with the theory of re lublicanism, or is it oligarchy ? Formerly, nom nations for the Pre-idency were made by a Con ressional Caucus, but .no system was aban oned, because of its corrupftions. Which plan hink you, is most " dangerous" to the interesti if the South? Should the Electoral Co ege fail to elect, th ponstitution provides in t contingency tha he election shall be made be the House o tpresentatives. This prdsion was made fo he benefit of the smaller States, as in this elee ion the representation froi-each State has bu ine vote, and by which atrangament Florida rith her single Representative, is invested witl .a much political power 4 New York, witl hirty-three Representativds. The time hai ien when the South could have trusted thi ciwer House of Congress with its dearest rights mit that time has passed a'way, and may God leliver us from any President who is the choict if the present House ! Talk to me about thi trength of the South, when the 'voting is b) tates! Why, by this rule. Delaware should bt ountod a Freesoil State, for her Representativ she has but one) deliberately voted for a Free. oil Speaker in the late election. There are six. een hireling States and fifteen slave States lifornia now votes with Us, but Delaware ih gainst us : so that Freesoilism has the strength a the House even now, without putting int( lay the mighty levers of money and promise f office. It is an ominougfact that Maryland oat one Know Nothing &eesoil vote in the lection of Speaker, and that other Know Noth. g votes were withheld, uAtH it became mani ust that Banks would beeqd without tbeei, nd then-giQ t'o Mr^*Aivlen. - *- . With these facts in view, will our people azard an election by the House of Representa. ives? I trust not. And yet this mode of elee ing a President can be surely avoided only by uncenrating the united strength of the South i tie nominating Convention at Cincinnatti. There are, in reality, but two great parties to lbe Presidential contest-the Democratic and lack Republican-which are respectively the ypes of the Constitution and of anarchy. Un. er one or the other of these banners, every ian in the Union must rally. He may call imself by any name which pleases his fancy; ut he will be a Democrat or a Black Republi a1 as lie votes. it is fashionable in certain quarters in out state to sneer at Northern Democracy, and some vould have us believe that deliverance and lib. rty are to be found in the Know Nothing or anization. We!l, in the last vote for Speaker he Know Nothing party dwindled down to si, otes, and every one of then) a Freesoil vote r. Aiken, the'Democratic pro-slavery candidate id not receive the vote of a single Northerri [now Nothing, and he did receive the votes of eventeen Northern Democrats and the cordial upport of Mr. Richardson, who could not at the ime vote himself as lie had paired off' with ~restiler. The circumstances an i facts c~n. eted with the recent election of Speaker mus' ilence the sweeping denunciations which some. ies are insonisiderately and ignorantly made gainst the entire Northern Democracy. Thu forthern Democrats of the House have shouwi hat they care not where a man is from, if hi: ariciples be right, by giving to Mr. Orr the amne vote exactly which they gave to Mr. Rich, rdson, of Illinois. And by voting for Mr. Aiken ie largest slave-owner in the House, they have irtually declared that slavery is not incompati tIe with their principles. How will these men ho have been true to us, stand before their owrl onstituents, if they are deserted aid repudiated v us, whose battle they have been fighting Vithi which party, the Democratic or the lai lepublienn, shall our State affiliate? Whcit ill it aid and abet ? If we cast away our vote n the Presidential election, as did certain Knov 0things from the South in the Speaker's eee ion, will it not be to do precisely what they ye done, and that is indirectly to contribute t< ie powe:- of Freesoilism, and aid in the electioi ,f a Black Republican? The meeting of the Convention at Cincinnati as certian as any hnman eve'nt can be ; ani he appearance, or non-appearance, of delegate rom South Carolina, will in no wise: affect thi icurrence of that event. In truth, what mat er it if its arguments against, and objections t< he Convention are as plentiful " as blackber ies," when we remember it is the establishet node of nominating a candidate, and trust what uver candidate, is named, will receive the vote o: uvery Democrat in every State in the Union. Gen. Pierce, I believe, is more acceptable t< tur people, than any man now living. I prefe tim to anybody. But what would it profit us o tim, if every man woman and child in our Stat< ahould nominate him if he be not the nomine< f the general Convention ? South Carolin vill vote for any man who is nominated by the )emocratic party. (ceare not who he may be [nchanan, Douglass, Dallas, Hunter, Pierce o1 mybody else she will vote for him, and just be ~ause anybody is better than a Black Republi uan. Every opponent to the Cincinnatti Con ~ention that I have met admits that the State ili vote for its regular nominee, and in the amie breath insists, that it is degradation ti mite in the selection of the man, who is mos eeptable and just in his political sentiments t< ur people. If there be degradation in the mat er, it seems to me that it is when we vote for ntan who is not our choice, and aecept the nomi ee of a Convention which we affect to despise Ihe line of argument adopted by the opponenti f the Cincinnatti Convention, if applied to erim na judgments, would consign the accessory tu nurder to the gallows, and permit the principa o go scoL free. In the name of evorything that is sacred ani inorable, let our beloved State be consistent and if she rejects the Convention let her rejeel t nominees, be he who he may. To be consia .ni .he shouldals ensnure her entire Aela tiou in the lower liouse of Congress, for voting in common with Northern Democrats for Rich ardson, for Orr and for Aiken-in all one hun , dred and thirty4hree times. To be consistent, I she should do more and recall her entire delega tion in Congress, for I assure yqu solemly that if our political relations with Democratic mem. bers here were to comform to the relations which some persons desire our State to bear towards r the Democratic States, the moment we set up for exclusiveness and turn our backs upon such Democrats as Glancy Jones and Cadwallader of Pennsylvania, (who I would trust as soon as if they were slave.owners, and because they inter pret the Constitution as we do and obey it,) that inoment we become powerless and might as well be at home on our farms. But in the matter of consistency, we are told that our State has uni formly declined all connection with National Conventions. Is this historically true ? In May, 1843, our people assembled in Convention at Co lumbia, and appointed delegates to attend the Democratic Convention at Baltimore, and for the avowel purpose of promoting the nomination of Mr. Calhoun for the Presidency. The two dig tinguished gentlemen selected to represent the State at large, went to Baltimore. But before they reached that city it was clearly ascertained (no clearly that the District Delegates were not appointed) that Mr. Calhoun could under no circumstances get the nomination for the Presi I dency, and therfore they declined to take their seats. Does any man in the State believe that if Mr. Calhoun's chances had been as good when the Baltimore, Convention met, as they had been at the time of the meeting of the State Conven tion which appointed the delegates, that they would have hesitated about uniting with Nation. i al Democrats and of nominating Mr. Calhoun ? They would have been immolated over the firer i of public indignation had they dared to do so. 1 But was not South Carolina virtually repre r sented in the Baltimore Convention ? Are the facts not that two delegates were chosen to go, to Baltimore-that they appeared in that city while the Convention was suggested by our own delegates-that they made speeches in his behalf at different points of their roite on their return home-that district meetings were called to hear their report-that the State of South Carolina endorsed the conduct of her delegates, and approved again the mission upon which they were sent by voting for the nominee of the maid National Convention I And if this be not " tampering" with Conventions, I would like to know what is. Why, sir, the mission to Eng land was offered to each of the delegates in I reward for " services rendered" in their mission to Baltimore, and was magnanimously declined by them both. Ours are a gallant but peculiar people. They cavil about "squatier sovereignty," while the Abolitionists are taking possession of a Territo ry which has been re-opened to slavery. They fiddle while Rome is burning. They profess an earnest desire for the re-election of Gen. Pierce, and are yet reluctant to make the oily move which can, by any possibility, benefit him. That they are sincere. I do not doubt, but am sure thel are influenced by motives of I have deliberated upon this question with the deepest solicitude, and have reached the conclu sion that we have every thing to gain and noth ingy to lose by going into Convention. We should be there to unite our Southern brethren in demanding a platform of principles, and a candidate we can trust. We should be there to encourage our friends, and urge them up to the highest point of Southern seniment. If no other good results from the association, it will relieve our State from the charge of desiring to dictate to her equals-from an alleged assump tion of superiority which is always offensive. Waiving every other consideration. I would have our State represented, in order to promote Southern harmony. Since the opening of the session I have made it my duty to confer with every leading Dem ocrat in Congress from the South, &nd all con. cur in regarding the representation of our State under the peculiar circumstances in which we are now situated, as a high moral obligation. The legislation of the last Conigress wats in our favor. and the present administration as true to the Constitution as the needle to the pole. Be sides, we stand committed by the last Conven ion of our people to co-operate with the South. Many gentlemen who cherisn the extremest, South Carolina views-who earnestly desire that South Carolina principles shall pervade every Southern State. shall be engrafted upon every Southern heart-tell me that it is all im portant to them, to their principles, and our principles, that the South should present an un broken front at Cincinnatti. They tell me that " South Carolina impracticability is a stumbling block in their path, and in the onward progress of South Garolina doctrines." Shall we strength. en or weaken the hands of our friends? I have observed with painful regret the want of unanimity in our State in regard to this IDemocratic Convention. 1It will require the achievement of very much* good to compensate us for diatructioni at home. in all internal States issues, however the will of the majority must prevail and it in the duty of the monority to acquiesce. Government itself is a compromise between the strong and weak, and I truest that a compromise may be effected between our friends of opposing opinio~ns. The contest for the Presidential nomination will be1 between Pierce and Buchanan. The antecedents of Buchanan are good, but those of Gen. Pierce are better. Gen. Pierce is thie choice of the South, and in our own State I do not think that one man in a hundred objects to him. The strength of Buchanan lies in this fact that he is backed by the large Stats of Pennsylvania, with her twenty-seven votes. His friends urge his .nomination upon the ground that he is certain I to carry Pennsylvania, and that it is doubtful if -that State will vote for Gen. Pierce. If the South is firmly united upon Pierce, Pennsylva nia must yield. Now, the compromise I pro >pose to the people of our State is, to send dele s ates to Cincinnatti selected from our ablest and - bet men without regard to past party differen ces. and thitt they be instructed to vote for Franklin Pierce for President, and to use all Shonorable mean. to secure his nomination from Sfirst to last. The condition upon which our del. ,egates will enter the Conivention, will give rstrength to Gen. Pierce: and if other Southern .States imitate our example, his nomination is secure, and that is equivalent to his eletion. If' he is not nomninatd some other sound Demo c rat will be; and as to support another nominee Sthan Gen. Pierce, I think I have shown that we Swill do that in any event, rather than embrace tthe other alternative and vote for a Black Re Spublican. By the pursuance of this course, the -escutcheon of South Carolina will be preserved Sin its pristine brightness, no bolt denoting the -desertion of a friend will rest upon it, and the ,act will harwtonize with her profession, that she sustains the man who supgorta and defends the .Constitution of his oountry. I have the honor to be, respectfully, yours, I&c., P. S.BROOS Thon. P. Slider, Esq., Newberry C. H. S. C. PosTOFFIeE CHANiGEs.-*A new Post9nilee has been established at .Jamieson, Orangeburg Dis .trict, in this State, and Andrew Inabinet ap nointed Pnstaate SEINTER IUTLER-TIE CONHVTIUI. We take the following letter from the Rising Sun of Newberry : CoxmmIEE Room, Feb. 8,1856. Tp MEssRs. SLIER & CRohsoN Gentlemen: In yours of the 4th, and which I have just received by the mail, you requested me to give you my opinion "as to the propriety of South Carolina sending delegates tothe Cm. cinnatti Convention." In this request you ask my opinion on a mat ter that is now under the decision of a foregone conclusion in South Carolina. I do not say that it is a conclusion that -has been attained through the deliberate and responsible judgment of the people of South Carolina. Butenough has been done to commit the State to some representation in the new Convention at Cincinnatti-a Conven tion that shows where the Star of Empire is go ing. Such a representation cannot be preven ted; and being a fixed fact, we must deal with it as such, and as well as we can. My judgment is, that if South Carolina is giving up her strongest position-that of doing as she pleases in reference to the nominee for Presidency-in keeping aloof, as she has here tofore done, from joining in Conventions, IW vol untary and irresponsible Conventions, Ae has occupied her true republican position-her eon stitutional position-that of a sovereign 43tate in a Republican Confederacy. This, originally, was intended to be a confederacy of Republican States-the States being the parties to'apesk through their responsible organs-avoiding the amalgamation of mass meetings, in which demo cratic numbers must move stronger than consti tutional weight. I wish South Carolina could have rutained her constitutional Identity-main taining doctrines that could survive a Constitu. tion that should give security and equality. It was the position of a promontory in the deep standing firm amidst the waves of agitation that were beating at its base, and resisting the storms that have assailed its bosom. The tide of events and the current of popular opinion, emanating in the North and running to the South, has brought to bear upon us a force which our peo ple cannot, 1 suppose, resist. A partial representation at Cincinnatti would be mischievous. It might control the State without representing it. It might hitch as to a car that might pass over and crush confiding worshippers. The principles of common law, when fully examined, are wide and even honora ble. And those of one which maintains an hon orable relation between landlord and tenant: and that is a tenant entering under an acknowledged title of his landlord shall not be allowed to dis. pute it. Whether the title be good or not it is treason in the centinal as tenant to botray it. So of these great nominating Conventions that have become, not the third, but the necond estate in the government. Their platform and resolutions commit all who join them to act un der them, and never allowing them to dispute their authority. I would much have preferred that presidential elections should have gone through the process prescribed by the Constitution. As to nomina tions in some form they could not have been avoided, and the old Congressional caucuses u .. vpo rejsnible.aopreek of nomi t, v'olinairy meetings of rep. resentative delegates-such as frequently have scarcely any constituents, and such as cannot represent the opinions of the people. I have no aversion to see our State take laer responsible office as a unit in the House of Representatives, -she wounId count then as one in thirty-one in the Democratic Convention-she may yet have the moral influence which intelligence and reso lution may exert through her delegation. But in more numerical power she will be absorbed. Now after what I have said, I will give you my conclusion. As the State will be represent ed-putting the question aside whether she should be or not-let the State send her very irst men-such as Gov. Richardson, Col. Pick ens, Gov. Hammond, Mr. Barnwell, Mr. Rhett, Gov. Means, Gen. Wallace, Mr. Woodward, Gen. Thompson, Riehard Simpson, Gen. Rogers. These gentlemen have reputations of something like Currule dignity. But there are many oth ern that I might name, and there Is one gentle man whose name, on this occasion, I ought not to omit, for while he has some notions in which 1 cannot agree, yet he is a gentleman for whom I have always entertained an unfeigned respect -1 allude to Col. Perry, who har been promi nent in the Convention movement, I would be perfectly willing to trust the honor of the State mn his keeping. But in any thing that is likely to be done, do not let us de-Carolinaise our selves. A bove all, I would say, let our delegates go untrammeled and uncommitted as to the nomi nee for the Presideney. I have said more than I intended. Yours, A. P. BUTLER. A DVENTUR E WITH A Woz..-The Kansas cor respondent of the St. Louis Republican tells the following story : A few days since, while riding in the rear of our town, in a small ravine, through which a streamlet takes its quiet way beneatn its crystal covering, and whose irrigation has produced tall grasses rand shrubs that make a hiding place for game, I came suddenly upon a large black wolf. He was scratching at a thin place in the ice, and seemed almost famished for water. When he saw me he started in full run for the forest in the river bottom. I kept upon his heels and tried to ride upon him. I e was almost ex hausted, and just as I supposed he would give out, he slipped into the hollow of a large coton wood tree. I stopped the hole through which he entered, and came back to town and got an axe and the dogs, and the assistance et Frank Mtahan and W. Palmer,and together we returned to cut him out. The dogs were anxious, and we were pre pared with our guns to receive him. When we made a large hole, about, four feet from the ground, the dogs jumped at it on the outside and the wolf on the inside, and such barking, growL ing, snapping and howling I never heard before. It made the woods resound for a great distance, and brought several to the spot. Things eon tinued so for a while, and we consulted what was best to be done. We could not shoot the wolf through this opening without too great a risk of shooting the dogs, for he only appeared at the inside while the dogs were at the outside. We finally concluded to atop the hole that we had made, and fell the tree by cutting a narrow gash around it. The tree came down a little sooner than we expected. Frank had the axe lifted for another stroke as it went over with a crash. The wolf, with bristled back and glaring eyes, and glittering teeth, leaped at his throat with terrible ferocity. The descending axe met him, cleaving its skull and layingj it dead at his feet. We had no time to express our wonder and congratulationa at his narrow and singttlar escape, before our attention was called to that which amaxement, if not dread. It was a hu man skeleton of medium sixe, and of a female, hidden in the cavity of the tree. Its posture was erect, and the bones were held together by a kind of clear integument, that seemed to soy er, like a transparent skin, the entire frame. The, jar of the felled tree severed several of the joints, and we drew threm all out and placed them again in form. The proportions were perfect and the limbs straight-Indicating a canlour, when in been that thus perished y7eats ih st 9u forest; and how case her death thim placet were queries that were, IMnedaVly geste. Cold it have been soine m M A-1 like the brie in the "Mistleof Degh" had em eaied herself fre. her lever in Aeet o Ms old tree,and become -stened 91eo and died! all YR . Cold feet are the avenues of death oe tudes every year; It is a sign of ip*erfet culation, of want of vigor of ce-nstutln one can be well whose feet are habitslt4,y0K When the blood is equally distuibuted I ' part of the body there is gerneral go :,e if there be less blood at one pela ere is A coldness; and not only no, there mist be uses thanai naturalat some part of theele , a there is feier, that is,annutural beast oer p elan. In the eoe of sold feet, She blood wanting there colleet" at some etier of the body which happens to be weeatS, toM least able to throw a barricade rushing- enemy. Hesee, when weakest, the extra blood gathers there an 4he . shape of a common cold, erp .gd, * Clergymen, other publis csakeru, singss, by improper oxpesures, es reader $6e throos theweakest part; to "ee, sold fe0t ges hoersesesa, or a saw boosng 4.sase *flt at the bottom of the neek. To oers - whose bowels are weak through everesting .ro. drinking spirituous ligsora, cold feet gives M. ions degrees of derangement, from, esese loonness up to diarrhua or d aeutory; ahd*e0 . we might go througb the whole body, but os the present this is saufielsat for illustratie. If you are well, let yourself alon.. st a those whose feet are IWA to be cold, we suggeat: As soon as you get p is whmorning pa both feet in a basin of cold watetraras to es half way to the ankles,- keep them is halfais ate, rubbing them vigorosly ; wipe the and hold them to the are, if eonveienis sz weather, until every part of your feet feels as dry as your hand; thea pat on year seeke stockings. On going to bed at might draw ofyar'eteeh. ings, and hold your feet to the uese er Me minutes, until perfectly dry, and to 6o This is a most pleasing operatio aJ Ial Mps, pays for the trouble of at. Noone sa- is well or refreshing with cod feet. All ledissie and hunters sleep with their feet to the Are. Never step from your bed withthe aked fest on an uncarpeted door. I have keown ii e the exeiting cause of months of 1ises. Wear woolen, cotton, or ilk tnekink., whih ever keep the feet meet comfortable; do mot le the experience of another be year gvids be different persons reqaire dierest articles; whAt. is good for a a whoe feet are asrally dampgainnot be good for e -whose feet ar dr. P'Ie donkey who had his bag of sealtligh ed by swimming a river, advised his eespedls, who was loaded down with a seek of wool, Ge do the same, nd having no more ese thas man or woman, be pluaged in, and in a mesmet the wool absorbed the water, inereased dh ba. den many fold, and bogs him to the bettm... Hairs Jl u o M'b"r AMP WA? N13 M RNM,"7I number of workmen i New York City on Mon. day the loth inst. cal ed a publie eeting in the Park of their fellow.laborers, to take into eo& sideration their abject eondition. They state that there are tens of thousands of men and women in that eity without means or empley. ment, and that this winter has been to them as severe and distressing as the last. The asmoek. tion for improving the condition of the poor has in its books nearly fy thousand persona. They complain that the conventions of the various political parties lately held in Northera cities have entirely ignored the claims of the free workmen of the coontry and lavished all their sympathy on Southern slaves, This toeb. ing appeal, we fear, will meet with cold support from Northern citizen. The sad condition of the industrial classes in the North, bwever, is to be attributed chiely to the seliAhness of their employers, who whine over the lot of the well. fed negro in the South, and at thesmm time es. tort from the necessities of the free laborer the greatest quantity of work for the meanest pit. tance, and when trade slaekene east hMe ruth. lessly on the world.--Chronisle & Sentinel. FiABWELu.ADDRss or Parscs Goarcesuwr o mas ARNT.-Prince Goriehakef arrived ia St. Petersburg on the 14th ultimo. On quiting the Crimea he issued the following address to his army, dated: " Hznquaazas,Bakshl Seral, Jam. 12. " At the moment that I hasten, In obedemc to the command of my Sovereign, to snether destination, I take my leave of you, my valiat comrades. I make over to my worthy sueesee an army that has been hardened in battle, that has been the shield of our country and the joy of the Emperor. Your bravery and self-denlal, valiant warriors, will ever remain indelible in 'my heart. 1 thank you from my heart for the ideba. ty you have showen me In thIs conflict, so fell of vicissitudes, in theyear 1855-a struggle that will ever remain memorable, and in which you defended the Crimean Peninsular aginst a a. meruna enemy, that had the commndof meas unprecedented in Use annals of war." The overseer on the plantation of Mr. Joha B. Lampkin, in Hancock county, Miss., was kik ledby one of the negroes, a few dayasinee. The murderer dragged the body some distianee, andcut off both his handr. He then saerted 'for th. houseeof Mr. L., and met at the deor Mrs. Lampkin, and told her with an oath that he had killed the overaser and intended to kill hor, at the same timse drawing a revolver, Nr, Lampkn waasick n bedunableesorise. Mrs, L ran Into the house and got a double barrel gun, and told the nero if he moved a foot alhs would shoot him, an kept himshadg is the yard until she sent for some of tsihe bors. Tey soon eame to her asistanee, caght the negro and hung him. A Naw MOlri I-We learn from the Sehaa (Ala.) Reporter, that the Stream of water from am artesian well in that city has been tarned ape. a large wheel at the Central Warebosse to draw up the freight ear Ikom the river to the top of the bluf.,Th pewer wan seceaet t. draw up the lnaded ear, and the bsrter anti. cipatas that the proprietors will And ths espeui, ment entirely sccesefuL. This enterprise of going down ive or six hundred feet isis -moth. er earth" to tap and bring up orne of her nstq, ral elements wherewith to work macheaery, iis a Thr sa w7 Cha awhedisage still larger volume of water, and It was at on. time intended to operate a fastery by its streem, bet we bellieve that It has met 'yet bees ag. plied to this purpos, Smzracx or Dzhhw.-Yesteuday, the ales. sentence of the law was prornoueed by Jug Wardlaw, on James MeCombs, eeneipted iet murder of William T. Cross, a masball of sar oity. The ad duty eas performed Is.a deeply impressive manner bythe Judge, and ihs wieteb. edoconviet wasurge with maheeln to give the few remainin dashe ha. s ea t to pre.. pare for the judme'st for eternity. Ti1e day Axedfor he iof theiaw Is Fabisy, the 25t Ari nst- in,13h ns.4