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"We will eling to the Pillars of the Temple of-*ne Liberties, and If it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Rins.
W. ]p. DURISo_- &60,2, P.reters EDGEFIELD" S. C., APRIL9, 1856.
b i i 1e, k 4*e the beautiful Spring,
When 4ate and plants are growing;
Vhen tte Joyous birds in the green wood sing,
-Awa gales o'er the hills are blo-wing.
AnX1 love, I love the musical note
Of waters that swift through the valleys float,
Their way to the far sea taking;
16y spirit it thrills with a holy thought,
And my heart with a gentle love is fraught,
Amid the young years waking.
0 ! I love, I love the beautiful Spring,
When morn is newly bearing,
And the larks aloft on their missions wing,
Their praise through the ether streaning.
And I love, I love the refreshing breeze,
The lowing herds, and the green trees,
And the fields of glistening flowers,
The sun rejoices o'er valley and stream,
The mountains he tips with a golden beam,
And lights the budding bowers.
0! 1 love, I love the beautiful Spring,
When day is calmly clksing,
And the flowers abroad their fragrance fing,
On the twilight air reposing.
And I love, I love from the hawthorn tree,
The gush of the nightingale's melody,
While the moonbeains quiet are sleeping;
When peace like a veil o'er the landscape lies,
And the earth smells sweet as the baliny skies
Their dew-drop tears are weeping.
" ROE OUT YOUR ROW-"
One lazy day a farmner's boy
Was hoeing out the corn,
And moodily had listened long
To hear the dinner horn.
The welcome blast was heard at last,
And down he dropt his hoe;
But goodman shouted in his ear,
Hoe out your row !-0,
Uoe out your row!
Altho' a ' hard one' was the row,
To use a p'oughman phra3e,
A ud the lad, as sailors have it,
eiginning well to ' haze'
I can," said lie, and manfully
Ile seized again his hoe;
And goudman smiled to see the boy
flue out his row-O,
Hue out his iow.
The lad the text remembered,
And proved the moral well,
That perseverane.to the d
ot 1ai noblytell.
Take courage, man! resolve you can,
And strike a vig'rous b!ow,
In li'e's great field of varied toil
Iloe out your row-0,
I1oc out your row.
THE SOLDIER'S roW.
A TRUE TALE.
One l6eautirul Indian Summer day, in the
autunm of 1844, a stranger appeared in the
streets of Hanover, N. H., %a hose garb be
spoke the utmost poverty and desitution.
As he staggard along he was surrounded by
a crowd of village boys, who amused thiem-n
selves by insulting him with coarse yests and
personai indignities. He bore their abuse
with exemplary patience, and biegged them
to wait till he felt a little better, and he
would sing them a fine song. Hts voice
was thiek with unnmatural excess, and he
was too weak to protect himself from thhn
rude jostlings of the crowd, yet lie smiled
on the tormentors, and exhibited no other
sense of his helpless and roa orn condition
than a look of grief and shame, which des
pite his efforts and smiles, would occasion
ally overspread his countenance.
Late in the afternoon, the writer, then a
student, passed him in company with a
friend, when our attention was arrested, by
a voice of unusual power and beauty, sing.
ing the favorite national air of France, La
-Parisienne. As he proceeded a great num
.ber of students fromt the enllege gathered
around him, and at the cncelusion an invol
auntary expression of delight broke fromt the
.entire mass. He wats enthusiastically en
.cored and afterward Marsaeillaise called for.
'The same rich, clear voice rang out that.
'wild melody, in the very words which are
-wont to arouse the spirit of the French sol
dier to frenzy. 'I he admiration of the poor
inebriate's auditory was now raised to the
highest pitch. Deaspite his tattered and fil
thy garrnents, his squalid heard and brimless
hat, now that the fume of liquor had subsi
ded, his form appeared symmetrical and
manly ; and his face glowing with thme senti
* pents of the patriotic song, and flushed with
excisment at the unexpected praise he was
.winning, assumed an expression of intelh.
.gnce and joy that beautilully set-off his
:really tine Testgres. " What, and who is
this stranger I," was the gniversal inquiry.
" His singing is jgoengratble, and his
~English and French arp fauliess."
" Yesa" .said he, dropping his eyes, " I
.can givo you German, Spanish, nr Italian,
as well, as Latin and Greek either," he added,
In r-eply to the many questions that were
showered upon him with the coin he so
ameh needed, he at length said, in a sad
*one, and slowly endeavoring to push his
wvay through the crowd : " Gentlemen, I am
a poor vagabond, entirely unworthy your
hind sympathy. Leave me to rags and
,wrothedness, to go on my way."
Our euriosity was too much excited to
sI&* this, and amid loud cheers, we escor
god him to a room, where he was furnished
with watr and good clothes, and the bar.
br's *rt pqt in requisition, and 4ier an
ineredibly short time, he re-appeard upon
the college steps, asiling and bowing grace.
fully, a man of as Ane appearance and noble
bearing as eyes over beheld. The delight of
the crowd at this transformation was intense,
pnd resealed shouts tent the air: "QGive
.. k r..'serp " ephned from all sides
and as soon as silence could be obtaini
again, that clear, rich voice uttered these i
"Pe le Francais. peu pie de braves,
La ibarte rouvre se bras."
He was then conducted to the spacial
chapel, and there he held an audieice
one thousand persons spell-bound for tv
hours, liv one of the most interesting a
tobiographies that it was ever our lot
hear. Born in Paris, of wealthy parenw
he had in early lire been thoroughly educati
at the university of Wirtemuberg, and r
ceived the Master's degree. He soon aft
joined the fortunes of Napoleon, and wi
the rank of lieutenant, he was with him d
ring all his campaigns in Egypt, in Italy,
Austria, in Russia, and at Waterloo.
His account of scenes in these balth
and his description of places amid cities we
expressed in choice and grapie terms ; an
on being compared with history, %%ere foui
to correspomidin every particular. He relati
many uniwrittenm aid curious incidents in t1
lite of Napoleon, which had come under I
observation, and finally closed with a tonc
ing account of his own career after the In
tie of Waterloo. In the terrible route th
followed that memorable event, his detac
ment was chased by a body of Prussia
hussars, and, becoming scattered in ti
inight, he wandered for three days and nigh
in the woods and by-places without food,
The chase being at length given over, ti
poor Frenchman sat down weary and sit
with his wounds, and ready to die by tl
road.side. A humane Dutch girl, discove
ing him in this situ tion, urought him r
freshnients and cordials, antmd, among the hi
ter, a flask of brandy. " Here," said ti
old soldier, " was the beginning of my wot
That angel of mercy, with the best of m
tives. brought me that flask a deadly fn
which was to prove more potent for evil
me than all the burming toils of the Egyp
an campaigne, or the intolerable frosts at
snows of the Russians-more fatal thin tl
cannon of 73 hattles-which kindled in n
a thirst more inisatliable than that whii
forced me to open my veins on the dese
sands of tie East. Till that day I had n
er tasted strong driik. I had uttered a vo
in my youth to abstain fromni it, and to th
vow I owed my life. For not one of n
conmrades who indulged in the noe of it, su
vived the horrors f the Egyptian Campaign
But, as I lay in anguish, longing i
death, and nomentarily expecting his a
proach, a sweet face appeared to me, wea
ihg-an expression of deei pity and avorpat
for my suifferiigs, and I could but acre
without inquiry whatever she gave. S
gently raised iy head amid wiped with hi
handkerchief the. dampness off my broi
aid administered the cordial to my lips.
relieved me; I looked around, my courag
my love of life returned. I poured foeth n
gratitude iii burning words, and called dom
the blessings of Heaven'. Ignorant of wh
it was thiat so suddenly inspired mie, as soa
a5 my spirits flagged, I called for miore.
drank again aid again ; for three weeks h
loved voice soothed me, aid her kind har
administered to my wants.
As soon as moy strenigth wats sufficient
renvered, feariing that some enemy imigl
still be lurking near, I hade her adieni wi
miany thanks amid tears, sought the seasid
aid embar ked as a covmumon sailor on ti
first vessel thmat offered, and have follow's
the sea ever sinc~e. My fatal thirst has evi
aeompianied and cnrsed mne, iln port and r
deck this loe has debased me, and kept n
from all chamnce of promotion. Oh, ho
oten have I, in the depth of my heart, wis
ed I had died on the field of Waterloo,
breathed out may life ini the armas of my gel
te p~reserver. Six weeks ago, I was wreel
ed in the packet ship Clyde, off the coast
New Brunswick. I have wanidered on fo
throngh Camnada and New Hynmpshmire, sill
ing for a few pemnnies, or begging for brea
till I met your symnpathy to-day. How
these college wals and the nimble band
sudemnts recall to recollection the scenes
Tihe eimotion of the stranger for a monel
overcame his voice, and( wheni he resumme
the tears were still coursitng each other dov
his cheeks. " I kmnow nmot why God shion
direct myi steps hither; but, getitlemen, iih
shall be time bieginninig of a imev life in m
amd here ill His presenlce, and in that
these witniesses, I swear, a:s I hope to me
yo in Heavemn, never to taste a drop
alcohmol in atny forum again." Prolonged am
deafem'ing cheers followed these words, am
i ticed manly a moist eye. A cuollecti'
was immediately tmade, amid more thami flf
dollars was put in his hanids. As lie ascend'
to the coach to take his departure, he turni
to tihe excited multitude that surrounmded ii
amd said :" It is but jutimce that you shomi
kmow toy name. I am Lieutenanmt Lanm
a nephbew of the great Marshal Lainnes. Ma
Goda bless you all-farewell !" As the
youths thonghtfully returned to thmeir aei
tomied pursuits. not a few resolved in the
deepest souls that temperanice amid v'irti
should ever mnark their character, atnd th
the soldier's vow should lhe theirs.
From the lItonme Gazette.
TAKE HIGH Al,
Ah who cnn tell how hard it is to climb
The steps where Fam's.proud teumnple shines at
M1an, with his pride, his hiopies, anid atmi
tion, is at best a frail be sig. Phmysicali
firmity, as well as a ental, elogs the sparini
of action amidst the adversities, temptatio
amd trials, as alao, the pleasures of lile. I
fids, occaionally, the rose lay the waysid
but lie seldom escapes the thorm. Disa
pointments, enlumnny and varied, griefs a
incidenat to his brief career, whatever mi
be his lot, True wvisdhom, thus, incites
purity of life an~d loftiniess of purpose. Tr
first fortifies the soul, anmd time acnconid giv
success and dignity to effort. Patience ai
p~erseverancee, as handmaids to virtuous al
exalted aime, secure the utmost that it is
the power of mnu to accomplish. Apell
was not a master painter the first day. T1'
artist, wvho aims at a moderate success, . w
shrink frotm elfort if met by severe criticisi
'd a grand nicture. natural. intelcta
4 spiritual, perfect in itsexecution, would cause! o
ci. him to abandon his pencil in despair.
It is the high purpose of soul, the invinci.
ble spirit, which gazes far on its the future
that bids defiance to early difficulties and Ii
is failure, and raises itself by degrees, to the n
Df summit of triumph and fame. it
'0 " Ile ne'er is crowned rl
i. With imnortality, who fears to follow ti
to Where airy voices lead." ti
3, It is related of some celebrated musician d
-d that in early life he wept hitterly upon hear. n
e- ing the sweet and melodies strains of some b
er distitguished artist. His emotions were the
th combined effect of temporary fears, lest he C
i. might not be able to produce such strains, 0
in and of sublime enthusiasm and inspiration tl
under their soul subduing influence. His
a, fear was of short duration, for time revealed
re him one of the most accomplished masters d
d, of his delightful art. ri
d The same principle holds good in every ic
d branct of .human knowledge, in Science, a
ie Literature, Mechanics, and all the refined ti
is and elegant arts. Ib,
h. *i'he man who shrinks from labor, who n
t- looks up and faints at viewiig the height to 0
at which he must ascend to win the prize, will M
h. never succeed. Hoptie will fade from his a
Its heart and he will gaze and wonder at the li
te brilliant trophies of others. The Amaran- it
ts thine flower gives its bloom ano fragrance
)r to him, whose sou; is worthy of its decora.
tion. God has given reas,,n to man, he has
ie bestowed upon him marvellous intellectual
-k gifts. How can lie then expect to be crown
le ed with wreaths of. immortality, unless lie
r- looks up and aims at the highest perfection .t
P- of which his faculties are susceptible.
t. If man is weak by nature and folds his .i
arms in indolence because he is weak, lie
- will sink rapidly into imbecility. It is be-.
cause lie is weak that he should exert him.
e, self. It is for that reason lie should strive a
to with all the viituous means in his power, to
-i break the ignoble fetters of indolence and F
d ignorance, defy difficulty within the botunds a
* of discretion, cast despondency to the winds, 6
e and toil on and upward with niever failintg ti
I zeal. If he will do this, though lie may not i
rt pluck the fruit sought with so much avidity, %.0
e he will secure enough, of a rich quality, too, t
W to gratify any reasonable aniition. The I
it spirit grows with the expansion of m'nd. n
'y That which was a rich nutriment yesterday
r. irlisipid to day. The soul pants for new
- and purer water. It rises higher and higher
,r in the regions of intellectual enjoymen
P- growing and ripening for an immrtalify
r- the eternal heavens.
'3 r eant tirths are pirtions of the @ul of 'Man,
p)t Great wouls are portions of eternity."
i rhese lofty aspirations should not be con. h
Vr fised merely to meital wants. Thsy apply r
' with greater propriety and force, to the mn- d
i ral sensibiliies. A lofty virtue, a constant
e and enlarging exercise of all the sacred af.
e fections, gilds the heart with its purest light ti
and most captivating warmth and enjoy.
it nents. It susiaiins it in misfortune, cheers it
in prosperity, aind lights it on, with uifading
I huspe, to the to-h. h
r A man may be great in intellect, immor. q
d tal in acts, and yet profligate in morals. It a
is mental greatness and moral gnodiness
combited which bestow upon tnan that poure ,
Mtiad true fame which qualifies him properly n
tho appreciate and receive the applause of his
fellow heings, and composedly to encounter
e the king of terrors in the hour of dissolution.
dTrue happiness aiid enviable fame can only j
rlhe secured by pure purposes and lofty aimts.
'- 'honor to him, who, self-complete and brave, t
eIn uenrn can carve his puahwasy t. tihe grave :
'A nd he-edintg nonchit of whas men think or say,
bi- Makes Isis own heart his world upon the way." 0
-IDLENESS AND VICE. .P
Young m nen beware of Idleness. Aes-i
torn the mind to habits of regular labor. Fix
tthe attenitioni upotn a course of usefulness to
Syocurself and others. A waken withini your- -
self an interest for the accomplishment of a ,J
purose Cultivate a habit of patient endu- o
ransce. Let it be your desire to secure the
asprobation of the wiiso and good. Link p
Syourself to those who are doing somethinig g
in~ the world, and who comupose the frame- a
work of society ; and let your moto Le de- it
dtermisnastiont, activity and perseverance. Set It
is downs calmsly, while you are younsg, and
look over the groundt, and get a clear view b
eof what is before you. Then lay your
foundationt and go to your wmik. d
SWhat is the difference between one who iI
d begins life in eanest ini this mnannter, and d
d another who idles away all the precious g
time of preparation ? Thu one starts strong i
yatnd vigorous ini the grand work of life; the ~
, other comm~nences feebly; aims one stroke o
d here aind lays down isi tools and dent know p
m when he will take them up again. Th'e onse ts
Id exerts an in~ffueince throughout the comnmu. 'a
s, iity in which he lives, anid his name is hon- v
ored andu will be handed down to post,-rity
s as onte indenttified with his country's prongress d
s. int all that is good and great ; the other ,is b
i unsktnown except by those tt whom hie is a a
e burden-lie is of no use as a mtemnber of so- n5
i ciety, or to his own family, anid when hte
passes away his name will be forgotten by fi
all thios"-, who, connected with himsi by the tI
ties of nature, will perhaps, long feel sad at"
the recollection of the fact that he " died as
the fool dieth." It seemts surprisinig that ,
sr. twvo such beings can belong to the sanme i
si. species. And yet this is the natural contse
i. quenices of starting in the two diflerenmt di
;s reelions. We tent see two such #iidely
s different careers diverginig from aisnost the
e samne pssint. The same family will be able al
,e, to) rejoice over one son who has realized the
p. expectation of friends, and is puirsuisng an
re hoinorable and tnoble career; and on the
sy other hand will be called to smour-n over h
to another who is bsringing Isis parenits to shame. la
ie It is true, too, that every youiig sman has
s all these matters in his owvn hasids. Each a
id has the puawer to turn his feet frosn the pailh P
id of the foolish and seek for true honor. We
in are smore and more fearfully impressed with iu
i the fact that every man has the power of "
se control over his owns destiny, except in cases
ill of absolute ignorance of the way of is.
n, provesment. Yountg sman, look abusut you. si
., inauie what you are doinig. and what you at
ught to do. Let it not be said that you ar
"Fixd, like a plat, to one petculier 9pot,
To draw nutritior% propigate, and rot."
If you have been dreaming away yot
fe wake up and i1ike a new start. It
ot too late. Y8 can yet make your mai
idellible upon the world. These are sti
ng times, and though we do not, with somi
link, the world on the high road to perfei
on, yet we know that this is an age of wo,
ers, and oifer. - an opportunity, for ever
ian who want to work, which has nevi
een offered beforef.
See! how that fellow works! No obsti
les are too great for him to surmount : n
cean too wide for-him to leap; no mout
in too high for him to seale. He wi
inke a stir in the irorld and no mistak,
itch are the men who huild our railroad
ig up the mountains in California and et
h the world. There is nothing gained b
Ileness and sloth. This is the world i
ftion and to make2money. gain a reputs
on aid exert a happy influence, men mu!
e active, persevering. aid energetic. The
iust not uquail at shadows-run from lion
r attempt to dodge.the lightning. Go 1I
'ard zealously, in hatever you undettaki
ad we will risk you anywhere and throug
re. Men who faint and quail, are a laug
ig stock to angels, 'devils, and true ien.
DE.TH PENLTY IN TURTEY.
What we are aboit to paint, says the P
Observer, is not our own language.
the nobe but indiginant declaration of th
ritish Banner, a leading religious Londo
urnal, edited by tie Rev. Dr. Campiel
e is speaking of the importance of secui
g the abolition of the death penalty no
flicted in Tuskey up6'b those who renounc
e Moslem faith, and he says:
"The question is.one of an itmortanc
I but incalculalle g and if it is to be dein
'ith at al, successfully, now is the tim
or our own part, Ach is the weight w
tiach to the principre, that unless the peac
Vall be acco'mpaitied by the abolition
is tnost atrocious 184, we shall deem a
e blood and treasure expended oin beha
r the *urk as little muore than a contribc
on in ouppoi t of a lysiem tie most inhu
an, the muost infernel, now existing anon
"lThat the most.IFotestant State on th
Ce of the Eartb* a land, by way of en
egEvangelidsif e source of light
e nat n m s er of missions, shoul
a NV to tb y "ation of power, c
htose ~ostitutio. r. - #aj..elespey i
re r-atO ieiy man, witmatn, arid chil
at shall obey the command of the Eierm
od, by receiving the ' record which H
ith given of His Son,' is an idea whic
akes the blood run cold ! It would be
led sufficient to call down the wrath c
leaven for the destruction of our cour
y ! Bal, supremely bad, as is the amb
n11s Russ, be is a thousatd times prefer.
le to the liloody Turk ! Eaglihmten, En1
sh Christians, of every seet and part)
191111d now see to it, that the Governmien
kept up to its duty otn this all-importar
jestion. It matters not a straw wbti
nelioration lie etiptlated for and secure
to the existinig Christians in Turkey, s
ng as the door of Conversion is biolte
d barred, and guarded by the Anigel
entl,-so long as murder is the price c
eying tletaven's high command of ' repen
*tte tow.rd God, attd faith in the Lori
"We ake our stand upon a principle,
e right of every mnant int tmatters appertain
g tto cottscience, to be governed by hi
wnt judgmnetnt. We contend for the righ
ike for mn'mt called Christians, if they' ti
roper, to becomie M'ahomnmedatns withtoti
curring the sligtttest penalty touching life
elly, property, or privilege."
ENE ON A NEW YORK Faunt Boei
-. ae ferry bJoat between New York an
ersey City, a few days ago, wvas the seen
San occ'urrenbce not very oftent witnesset
Ott Friday week, at noon, the day beiti
rticularly pleasant, and the lady passei
ers, who by the way. cotmprised only abioi
dozen, were seated on the benches enjoy
ig the scenery. Pretty soon a shout wsa
"i Mine Cot! Mine Cot! vife is going ti
Iltstantter the ladies all rushed into the It
les' nabhm, and sure enough, there sat
arid specimnen of a Sweedish wvoman, en
rinig thte incipient pangys of paturition, wit
teat piatience. The husbatnd was speedil,
irned out of the cabjin by the ladies, one t
botm kept watch at the door, while th
thers made preparationls to receive the ei
ated stratnger. Of course we cannot en
r into the details of the subject, for wi
ere on the outside observintg the husband
ho begged luatily fur admnissiotn.
" Oh, mine Cwot!"' he sthonttedi through th
mor, " Keep a still' upper lipi, Katrian; toil
s schart. Oh, mine Cot !" anid lbe danee
rountd the deck in a perfect fever of excitc
It was impossible to quiet him, until in
wv mintutes, otne of the ladies itnformned hin
ough without granting him admission, tha
it was all over."
"Ihh it a poy or gal 1" lie shouted.
"It is a gitl," said the lady setntinel, ani
s for a little amueentt.
"0, duntder !" was the vexed reply.
" No, mlatter, a gal is better as nothing.
"It's a boy," again said the lady.
" Vat, ish it changed--vas it a gal venal
inow a leetle poy ?"
" Tousand tuvfels ! vot ish it den 1"
" There are t'wo.-a boy and a girl. Ye
.d better procure a carriage when the boa
Oh, dat ish goot! Dat is better as gool
poy antd a gal tmit one job. Katrain is
inkins, I always knte. it."
Atnd the happy husband disappeared i
areb of a cab to carry his family home
It is said that a bar of iron of almost any uiz
sy be instamily rutndered while hot, by th
mple appticad.on of a roll of' common brin
From the Charleston Niercury.
The following letter from anl honored c
r respondent in Virginia defines the questi
is be ween the North and South faithfully.
k believe that our institutions are in the
selves just aid provident-that they inst
us a whole people who are industrious,
cial, and well affected; and that they secr
us against the evils of pauperism, thieve
and oui-lawry. They also establish lasti
;r peace between labor and capital-the po
prominently brought forward by our corr
VIRnarIA, March 27th, 1856.
Messrs. Editors : I am sure you will
pleased to learn that the slavery doctrin
held and promulged by the statesmen a
the press of South Carolina thirty years al
y have become the doctrine of all parties
;f Virginia. I am acquainted with no nati
. Virginian who does not consider domes
it slavery a natural, rightful, and legitimi
institution-with but few, who, looking
the famines and revolutions of West(
Europe, and the isms, foreboding like evei
, in our North, do not consider it normal a
and necessary. Within twenty years, a d
tinguished Virginian declared from his st
in the Senate of the United bgtes," that
held slavery to be a moral, social, and i
litical evil." The sentiment did not th
. grate harshly on Southern ears, and the Si
t aLor continued to rise in public estimati<
e He is still admired and esteemed by I
I South ; for no one suspects that he ent
I. taitts such opinions now. I suppose
.would he the last man int America to cot
v teiance them; for le had the best oppor
nities of witnessing the insurrections of I
bor against Capital in Europe in 1848, a
P the intolerable sufferings of the labori
t classes that proceeded, and justified, thu
iisurrections. He well knows that slave
e is a good, because it relieves the labori
e class from the greatest of all evils-the hea
, less, grinding, and exacting, despotism
1 Capital; a despotism which even our Al
f litionists have pronounced to be intolerab]
-for I know no Abolitionist who is noi
Socialist, and preparcd to modify or destr
the right to private property.
But I do not mean to congratulate y'
e State for mere originality of thought a
- speculative acumen. She has a nuen hig
a claim to National regard and admiratio
I The ensuing Presidential canvass, which %
f probably determine 'the fate of the Unit
A. illturn, aliniost solely on the question
d Stat4 equality. None can consistently
I effectively cotend for State equality, who
9 not hold that the institutioni of the Soul
Ii and the social formns of the South, are equal
a rightful, legitimate, moral, aid promoitive
f human happiness and well-beiig, with tho
- of the North. If slave society be inferior
- theae respects to free society, we of t
- South are wrong and criminal in proposil
- to extend it to new territory, and the Nor
, right in exerting itself to the titmost to l
tveot suoh extenssion. Noy, more ; if sint
t society be an inferior soci.d orgainizatic
t we should all become at least gradual emi
I cinationi-ts. But I go farther with the Sou
Carolina politicians. We must contend ti
ours is the best form of society : for soe
f organisms, so opposite as those of the Nor
f and the South, cannot be equally well suit
- to people in all other respects so exacl
I alike. We must surrender the duettine
State equlity and of slavery extension, u
- leas we are prepared to ineet the attacks
-Black Repuiblicantism on our institutiutis,I
5 making equally vigorous assaults ott thei
t Tlhe President, in his annual message, h
I clearly inidiented this as the proper mode
idefence, the true answer to Abolition.
,Let not the South longer rely on the ha
way, apologetic grounds of negro slavery,
of constitutionial slavery. We may thuse
c use or extentiate the temporary continuani
Sof slavery, but cannot justify its extensit'
e If all other forms of slavery hut tiegro slai
- ry be wrong, then is the Bible untrue, a
i the history and experienice of mtankind wvor
nothing. Biesides, by such admnission i
t offer a premium to amalgamation that ini
-fewv genierations might change the Ethtioi
s skin. We conidemn, too, our own Ia'
which retain in slavery men whose skinsa
> whiter thant thte Spainiard's or Italiant's, simj
because they are of distant negro extractic
-Far worsem will it be for us to rely ont
SConstitution-thereby' admnittinig that all si
'very is iminoral, unjust, and iniexpedienlt, I
3 contendinig that the Constitution is a hargi
or contract betwveen the North and Sout
Swhich, although it violates the laws of G,
and the ordinary notions of right atid wrom
justifies us not only in holding our slave
h ut in iniflictinig the institutiont on new soci
ties. TIhe Conistitution will itot lhe respect
wvhen those who invoke its protection adn
that it is the guarantee of iniqnity and erini
SWe have abunidant materials in the hista
t of all emancipated slaves, or serfs, in
Sfamines antd revolutionsa of 'a estern EurOl
--in the prevalence of Socialismt anti in
delity in Europe, anid of all kinids of isms
our North, and in the better moral and ph
Ssical cotidition of the South, as exhibitedI
t the census, to enable us to vindicate arid ji
tify our institutions: The North wvihl he at
to contintue to denounice savery, and ho
-up theirs as model anid pattern social forn
although their politicianas, their clergy, the
,philessophers, their mobs, and their wonme
are equally busy with "assiduous wedge
in knocking those forms to plieces.
If our common agent, the Federal Go
ernent, finds mne North thus bouattitg
its inistitutions, and the South admnitting ai
very to lie a " moral, social, andu politic
evil," ainother Missouri Compromtise is i
best we can expect for the present; wi
certain Ahbolitioni in the not distatnt futui
- The worst enenmies of the South are its ha
Sway friends; for their admnissints furnish a
answerable arguments to the North. A pe
Sple who do not consider their instituttiol
-and government betler than those of a
other State, invite and justify aggressi.
and should he ashamed to propose to inifli
on others what they cannot recommend.
. If the press of the South will do its du
..compare and weigh the evils of Northei
and Southern Society-of slaverf and the
so called universal liberty-of the dominito
Dr- of human masters and the despoti~m'of Eapio
l tal-they will easily convince all honest
Ve con.<ervatives at the North that Southern
m- slave property has eqoal right to protection ti
ire and extension in the new territories and un. n
5O- occupied domainin of the Union with all other im
ire kinds of property. The issue in the ensu.
ry, ing Presidential canvass must be, we repeat;. *
ng State equality. None can consistently con
int tend for such equality but those who deem i
es- their own laws and government equally good o
with those of other States. a
BIRTI-PlkCE OF WASHINGTON. is
be We ind in the Richmond Enquirer, of
s' the loth ult., the following interesting cor- ti
"t respondence, laid before the legislature of A
)i.; Virginia, by Governor Wise, in relation to
'" the birth place of George Washington: I
YI " ExECUTIvE DEPARTMKNT, g
tie *Richmond, Feb. 9, 1856. b,
to "To the Senate and House of Delegates of 9
rn the General Assembly of the State of V
nd ,Gentlemen: I take pleasure in commun.
1- icating to you the accompanying correspon.
'at dence of the Executive with Mr. L. W.
he Washington. Through me he presents the
>o- sites of the birth place of the father of his W
en country, and of the home and the graves of
in- his progenitors in A merica, "1 to the State of Ito
"- Virginia, in perpetuity, on condition solely re
he that the State shall cause these places to be w
er- permanently enclosed by an iron feice, ba.
he sed onl stone foundation, and shall mark the ,
same by suitable and modest (though sub. 0
tu stantial) tablets, to commenorate for the
,a rising generations these notable spots." p
n d t ecomnmend that provision be made, by i
"g law, to accept the grant on the condition it f
se prescribed. The vault is decayed and needs
-ry repairs; the birth place will require a porter's f
rig lodge, the house having been burnt many
rt- years ago; and the grounds will require for di
of the enclosure about three hundred and fifty dt
leat of feice, as proposed, which witi cost M
e; about $5 per foot. An appropriation of dt
a $2000 'iill ultimately be required to comply *
oY with the condition. IVith the highest respect, ni
HENRY, A. WISE. p,
nr The following is the correspondence re
nd ferred to in the above: 01
ier RICHitoND, Feb. 8th 1856.
,ill - Sir: As heir at law of the late George 24
mn, C. Washington, formqrly of Westmoreland
of county, -Vi ginia,(lite of Maryland) who- 1
or sold the Wakefield estate, in said Westmore. M
do land county, to a certain John Gray, Octo. tu
th her 13, 1813, making a reservation in condi. 01
ly tion of sale (as per record of Westmoreland hl
of county court of same date) of sixty feet
s square of the ground on which formerly
in stood the house in which General Washing. fc
tie ton wis born, together with the family fit
ig hurying ground and vault, containing about f
.th twenity feet square, in which are interred the fi
.e. rem ains of the father, grandfather, aid great ai
ye grandfather of General Washington, I now -
In, fel deeply impressed with the propriety and 01
a. assurance that the State of Virginia should D
th be the coinservator of the spot on which the
at son of liberty first inhaled the breath ot C
at freedom, and also the guardian of the ashes ,
th if the lther of the sane, together with his ,
ed progenitors, even to him who was the first of
lv of the name who sought this happy country in
tf for freedonm's cause. 7
n. " And 1 now propose, through your in- !
of strumentality, my dear, sir, to present these
Iy reservations to thme mother State of Virginia,
rs. in perpetuity, on conidition solely that the
as State require the said places to he perma- E
of nendly enclosed with an iron fenuce, based on di
stone foundation, together with suitable and eh
f. modest (th'ough substantial) tablets to com-.
or memorate for thme rising generation these no- ri
x. table spot. I have the honor to remain, .p
ce " Very truly. yours &C., T
n. " Lnwzs WV. WAsINu'GToN. tit
e. " To the Hon. H ENRT A. WVisE, Lb
d Governor of Virginia. W
e" EXE.CUTIVE DEPART3MENT, ~ th
a " Richmond, Va. Feb. 8, 1856. ' S
>s "Dear Sir: I have received yours of S
es, this day, and nmade due acknowledgment to
ry the heir of the birth-pmlace of the Father of
his Counitry, and of the home and the graves E
n. of his progenitors in America.
hI' his precious present to the State of i
a- theachiedhood's play ground of him whose
wt hoste of action was the continent, and (
wsedeeds of masnhood were, in peace anid um
in war, the highest examples of human wis- -
dom and virtue to all mankind, cannot but
~:Ihe aflfectinmg to every Virginian. No eulogy
can mneasure the imeed of his merit, the du- tb
ration of hsfame ; but we may keep sacredc
ethe earth ly spot where his existence began, t
mani point our children to the place or his p
ry. er die. Virginia will hallow the spot ; and he
ry as ar as her Executive can act, he accepts in
he the noble tender as one worthy of a Wash- oi
inigton ; and he will inform the twvo houses W
ot the General Assemubly, in order that they m
may make provisions by law for accepting
the grant on its own pious condition.
ry " I am proud, sir, to be the instrument or al
rthis gift to the Commonweahth, and anm moat ye
gratefully yours, " HENRY A. WIsE. th
, " To LawIs W. WAsHINGTON, EsQ." Na
mir The communication of the Governor and be
*n, the accompanying correspondence were re- lam
s" ferred to a special committee. Sr
v. PUSS IN A BooT.--ln clearing up one of at
of the rooms at Stanwix Hall, says the Albany r
a Knickerbocker, a waiter discovered a cat so
al crowded into a boot, that it was with diffi.
be culty that she comuld be extricated. Having
thm got her out, the next question in order, K
-e. " How did she get in I" This was leading 0o
If to a long-winded dispaute, when one of the
n- hystanders too0k up the boot, gave it a shake, in
o and tossed a half-grown rat upon the floor. c.
is TIhe discovery of the rat solved the riddle. th
my The rat to escape the cat rushed into the th
n, boot ; the cat to secure a game dinner rushed fo
t after him, anid with such force that she could
not back out again. Learn wisdom from o
ty pussy and never "go it blind," even In a "ti
rn good eana,
loDT VERoN NOT Fo W ML.JlHUIibNoWe
ig letter, says the SpiIrtan, adftned 'd tim
uner, 'John A. Washi ngton, to' Mrir.' 'd.
Fofford. of-our viloge. bringsout tb surtilg
tet, after all' tbat has been dkme by' theylidiea.
r the South, ands t reater lIabor andidtOana
iey are still willite-to-besto apoin. the'sove.
ent, that Mount Vernon Or dot tir'sale: How
this? What is the explanatibn i A\ the i1.
ance of the lAdies, Mount Vernon NAewclation
r Richmond, Edward Everett delivered his
reat oration on Washington in the capitol.of
hiiiia, realizig for the funds of the organditi.
un- over $800, and It ik t-lie-opeated'at vari.
mr points- in Virginia-gond elseelifir ', the
ame'purpose. In addition, stimulated: By the
Ivent of Eeare:t itethe-Old Dominion. the Leg.
lature of Virginik passed-a billi iheorporating
ie Ladies' Mutit, Vernon Asocintion of the
niion; and yet patriotic ladies, ready and s116
stimulate the sacred purpose, are told " that
ount Vernon is not for sile."
MOUNT VERNON. March Wh, 056.
'o Mrs. Maria S. Wqford:.
Madam-1 have received' our lettr of March
h, respecting the pureliase of Motnt Vernon
r the ladier ofr diff'erent parts of' the United
In reply'. r espectfully inform you'that Mount
ernon is not fr' sal:
I am, moSt respectfitilhy, your obrt servi
JOH A. WAMtANGTOlt.
ENESGErib CALL TOPiA Ur.-Parson Brown.
w, of the Knoxville Whig, concludes an earn.
it appeal to delinquent subsocibvirs to pay up,
ith the following unmistakable expressions: .
"Those of von who can't pay, and will wril's
u.4, acknowledging your indebteddess, wie'Will
cord as clever fellows, and those .of. ou- who
ill not dot either we will publish thA", pig -ii
i extra sheet, as a set of gracelha rsicife, will.
g to have a poor man labor for you fAr years
r nothing, and pay for paper, ink, and the hire
hands to serve you, without pay.
"Come to Knorvillb; Von'lnuay uMaa', Wn'l
lgrimage. and see our little ones, "chip's of the
d block," looking daggers at, us, and crying
r bread. Come and see ut with our elbows
it, and the officers of the law leading us about
r deb:s created to furnish you a paper, an'd
>a will fork over at once..
"And you hypocrite., who arb matnbe of
fferent churches, owing us for our paper, how
ire you, around your famiiy alters, night and
orning, pray to God-"pay us this day our
,bts, as we pay to others !' He knows youhe
ve us and won't pay, and until you doe pay you
y pray yourselves out of breath and you will
ver be heard! You get to heaven withoqt
ving us up-never "
Knoxville is not the only place whre 'patromns
newspapers are slow in paying their debts.
'GUELTY.-The Barnwell Seutin#a of
Ihai the Jmy Ja *os
i -I ho -il , e - 7b.04
adison King.in December last,. Iave a
rued a verdict of Murder, and' tle-setenti*
- death was passed yesterday. lie is tob.r
cnged on the 25th day of July next
MAsLAUGTER.--The case of Gawnsey,
r the killing of Ranidal, cm- up this week,
d was pronounced Manslaughter. He I&
inlencenced for 11 months imprisonment
r the first offi-nce, (the killing of Foreman,)
id to pay a fine of Three Hundred Dollars;
-for kiliing Randal he is to be imprisoned
e month and pay a 6ne of One Hundred
ollars.-Barnwell Sentinel, 29th 0lt.
DEATH OF THE CLERM OF THE COURT.-The
tden Journal of the 25th uIt., says, We re
et to atnnoucce the death of M. Naudi'n, Eq,
r several years the obliging and attentive Clerk
our Court, who died in this town on Tuedny
orning lat. Mr. Naudin had been for many
ArS in the Clerk's Ofice, as a Deputy, and for
e past five years us the Clerk, during which
no he conducted the business of thu aifice.
thu care and particularity, fulfilling its duties,
:lelieve, to the sat isfaccio.n of the community..
" The Ordinary of the Distriot, John Rt. Joy,.
aq.. by viritue of hsis office, will diacharge. the
ties of Clerk, until the vacancy is filled by.
COUNTERFEIT GoLD CoN.-Look out for apui
'us quarter eagles, which have made their ap;
arance in Philadelphia; Baltimore, and this city..
uey are dated "1854," and in point of execu
in are calculated to deceive,, though in colsar
sy aure as light as brass. as well ats deficient in
ight. The various shades of color of the
nuine coin, will assist in clhe passing of the
urious, but whent compared with the genuine
r weight is easily' precived. An examiation,
d comparison will cost but little trouble, while
may prevent considerable loes.-Washingtory
Gowo sN NoaTa CiaROLNA.-The Amerien
igle, publish..d in the county of N Carolina,.
ties that the s~laves at the Portia Gold mine in
it county, now'the properly of T. K. Tisomzas,.
q., found a few days ago several nuggets of.
Id, mauking 84.650, One piece was worth-be
eeni $800 and $900-almost pare gold. At
her piece worth $120-intermixed with qhturlr
with several others worth from $10'to $404
A HousE BunNT.-The Abbeville Bartner oft
u 3rd inst says. -"The house occupied by Mr,
rtin, in this place, and belonging to Dr. W.,
Norwood, took fire on last Friday, suppoed!
have entght from the heat of the stove pip.
sing thurough the ceiling and roof. -Thes
use .tood some distance from any tither buildr
y, otherwise the townc might have burnt up,
d the citizEns would have had nothing~ mte
th which to arrest the flames, thanc claw ham-.
rs and clab axes."
FATAL AccosNT.-Thn whole community
us painede to learn, on Wecdnesdayv last,-of tIre
nost instant death, by accident,. of alovely
ung lady of our village. 1k appears that oh
it Misses Alexander alighting from Col.-l. 1W. -
rton's earn inige, at Mr. Sam') Brid'v,- itt-thle
ternoon of tihe day above stated, the- hwrses
eame frightened and ranaway. Ghs ol ther
lies had just been hande.d from'~ easti ge
d, when Miss~ Sue Alexander ws.,iinu theonei or
ghting, the horses started. They were S e s
full speed. whena she jumped fromr the carriage,
aivinug injuries about the head and neck there.
,whic.h caused her death in a few minute.
owee Courier, Mairch 26.
A brother of Gen. Santa Annta is int Louisvfilb,,
tntucy, and contemplates buildingi a saw-milA:
thu Beargraas river, near that city,
A mischievous person put some blac'k ligni4
to the holy water basn at a Roman Cathaolier
tapel in Clerkeuwell: the conseqnentce was,,
it when they came out of the chapel most of
a congregation had black croses- on- theie
An Irishuman, giving his testimon~fy Nr o
r courts, a few days sines, in a riot au
us first mant l'sa* coming at me u i