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Democratic 3onrd, xIoM tet t*ljt Sut u J 9autjern aigljts, Joliii Catet News, Citatre, f~orality, Entperane grittue &e.
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Libe and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W- F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C. UGUST 13, 1856. VO-.
THE STAR OP HOPE.
When the heart is filled with sorrow,
And the spirit boweth low,
Joyless seems the coming morrow,
All is gloom and silent wo ;
Lo ! from out the distant heaven,
Pitying, a star looks down,
And affliction's pall is riven
As the light mist by the sun.
Beams of brightness pierce the blackness,
' Melts the cold and hardened heart,
Triumphs over dreary sadness,
Life and joy and hope impart.
'Tis the star of hope still shining
From a smiling Heaven bright;
Ever through the darkness gleaming,
Ever giving life and light.
To the mind of careless childhood,
Sporting without grief or fear,
On the green or in the wildwood,
Bright the star is ever near,
Dazling, it leads him onward,
Clears his path with love and care,
While his gaze is ever upward ;
Fastened on tlit star, so fair.
When long years have oft departed,
And the cares of manhood press ;
Still the eye with-joy is lighted,
Still the star and hope-light bless
Through the clouds of dark affliction,
Through the shadow black of pain,
Breaks it glory to the grieved one,
Fills with hope the heart again.
And when age, like hoary winter,
Sprinkles raven locks with snow,
Bends the haughty form-to wither
Strength, and life, and bow it low;
Still the trembling eye is lifted
To the darkened sky above,
Where, from out a storm-cloud rifted,
Lo! the star beams hope and love.
And when death the heart bath stricken,
Life's dull tide is ebbing fast,
When no art that tide can quicken
And each hour is thought the last;
Still the star of hope is beaming,
Lights the dull and heavy eye,
Points to glories brightly g!eaming,
Points to angels watching by.
L. B. BIastow.
THE 33IDEGEOO COHETE.
DY TUEoDo:E TiLToNr.
Behold ! the Bridegroom is returning !
Rise, trim your lamps, and have them burning,
The final hour is nigh ;
Watch ! 'twill approach with stealthy creeping !
Watch ! lest it come and find you sleeping!
Watch! lest it leave you wailing, weeping
Dying, yet ne'er to die!
When ye shall hear the trumpet's warning
Lo! 'tis the Resurrection Morning !
Then they shall live who died ;
They who His palmy pathway crowded,
Who praised His glory while 'twas shrouded,
Shall then behold his face unclouded
And they who pierce his side !
Ye then shall hear a loud lamenting
The woe of men too 'ate repenting;
These shall be left to mourn;
The power that rent in twain the Temple,
Shall cause the earth and Hleaven to tremble,
But lo! the Lord shall then assemble
HIis iansomed and first-horn.
Hail ! day of triumph long appointed !
Hail ! day that brings the Great Anointed !
Ye little flock rejoice;
Ye shall look forward without fearing !
Redemptaon dawns with His appearing!
Lift up your heads-the hour is nearing !
Elect! lift up your voice!
From the N. Y. Spirit or the Times.
A BAND-AROUND SUPPER IN ALABAMA.
Among the most perplexing of the small
calamities to which civilized humanity is
heir, none, for the time being, are better cal
culated, to disturb good humor, and upset
equanimity, and radically take the conceit
out of a man, than to find himself placed im
a situation, in a drawing-room or at an eve.
ning party, where prompt decisiotn is itidis
pensible, and neither guide or precedent is
at band to indicate the course to be pursued.
There petty annoyance are sometimes mag
nified by circumstances into positive distres
es. These are things more comforting in
life, there are situations more to be envied,
than that of a man groping in the 'terra Un
cognita' of fashionable society, compelled to
act without previous acquaintance with its
usages, and painfully conscious that the
slightest ignorance or inadvertance will be
duly heralded as the 'best joke of the season.'
And little sympathy or disposition to re
lieve from embarrassment is felt or manifest
ed by the generality of man or womatn kind
towards a suffering victim. There is only
one instance on the record of courtesy and
true politeness where a gentlemanm, at his
dining-table, drank off unhesitatingly the
finger-bowl of tepid wvater, in order to keep
in countenance an unfortunate guest, whose
obliviourness of that "institution" had led
him to despatch at a gulp a similar bowl to
appease his thirst. TIhis exception, confirm
ing the general rule, adds this general truth
as another argument ini supp~ort of the theo
ry of innate cruelty. And hence, many an
unhappy soul is allow ed to figunder about.
about in all the mazes of gaucharie, enduring
agony the most pitiable, until he is slowly
and tenderly drawn ashore by some fiendish
Chesterfield, who, in his mission of mercy,
takes good care that every body present
shall have a fair viewv of all the points of the
"animal ;" or, until the poor devil, disen
cumbered of all remaining sense, with a des
..raioen of resolutions adequate to the most
forlorn hope, cuts the Gordian knot, and re
lieves himself from his dilemma by incon
tinently taking to his heels-vamosing. Th
latter was the inglorious expedient adopter
by Bill Brisson at the memorable" tea flight
that came off at Gen. Jones' on the first a
May, Anno Domini 184-. But we mus
permit Bill to relate his "hair-breadtl
'scape" in his own language, as he narrated
it last winter to an admiring crowd assem
bled in the social hall of a Warrior rive
"Speaking of awful fixes, gentlemen,
was in once; but as long as my bead's hot
i'll never be so caught again-never. Yo
are all acquainted with Miss Angelina Jones
-General Jones' second daughter; abou
fifteen years ago, you know, she was a beau
ty, and no mistake
"The most peerless piece of earth, I think,
That e'er the sun shone bright on."
I was just sixteen years old-Angy, as I
endearingly called her in my heart of hearts
was twenty-eight; still, Byron-like, I lovec
her, and with a devotedness that had no par
allel outside of fashionable novels. i fee
queer when 1 think of her now. The spell
this paragon had over me was wondrous ; an
accidental look transfixed me, and set a wa.
tery vapor floating before my eyes; a word
set a hundred jewsbarps a playing in my
ears; her touch gave me absolutely a buck
ague. In short, I was heels-over-head many
fathoms deep in love-encountering, in im
agination, multitudinous perils for her sake;
had saved her, in my walking dreams, at the
lowest calculation, from the sinking wrecks
of thirteen steamboats, three hundred runa
way scrapes in carriage and on horseback,
fought and killed twenty-seven 'men in buck
ram,' in duels, on her account, took to
'rhyme and melancholy' and whisky, and, to
cap the climax, I engraved her initials, 'A.
J on every beechen tree within a circuit of
five miles-an operation by which I was
fast acquit ing notoriety, in a political way,
some wag having made people believe that
'A. J.' stood for the hero of the hermitage,
until an evildisposed person, much to my
detriment, interpreted them to signify A.
"About fifteen years ago, I was invited,
by the latest imported method, to take tea
it Gen. Jones. That was an epoch in my
ife ; it was the first public acknowledgment
>f my sixteen-year-old manhood, or'
;olved to go. Now 9
-airing, and t - -
y in society. -
ong to the
iousehold ecom . . -
iur meals we sat
he eatables were
ind us to administt.
(ones, being descended from the .....
ies of South Carolina, which is a kick above
he F. F. V.'s, connected things on an upper.
en, high pressure, patent back-action prin
:iple, a la Francais and fiddle-sticks latest
provement, and all that. I went to the
ea-fight-God forgive me! Arriving at the
loor, I was salaamed in by the finest dressed
igger I ever saw, and entering the drawing
oum, around which the guests were arranged,
every other one a gentleman, and every olker
me a lady, 1 dropped, in a state of collapse
tnd embarrassment, into a seat nearest the
lour. I was not suffered to remain long in
-epose ; a nigger, holding in his hands a huge
raiecr, covered with empty plates, entered
he door and marched right up to me, first
nan. The brilliant idea flashed on try mind
hat this mnaneuvre was only a prelude to
etting the table, and the pantomine poking
the macline with empty plates on it towards
mte was quickly interpreted by me to signify
that lhe desired little assistance, or, in other
words, that lhe expected me to hold the con
ern, whilst be brought in the table, spread
he cloth, &c. On this hint I acted. Spring
ig up hurriedly, for fear of exposing my ig
norance of haut ton, I scized the - institution'
which he held out to me with both hands,
and strove to disengage it from the servant.
Now came a scene-the servant backed, I
forwarded, shook the waiter until the plates
thereon jingled again, to satisfy hinm that I
had good grip on it, and that lie might safe
ly give it up ; wvhispering, by wvay of quieting
his apprehensions, ' I've got it--let go !' Blut
the black rascal huing on manfully. Up to
this point my eyes had been directed to the
waiter, nowv I looked up in the servant's face ;
it was in a broad grin, ivory all exposed, as
he said, " Let go, massa."
A hasty glance around, the room assured
mae that I had playedl ' the divil,' and com
mitted some horrible breach of etiquette. I
let go the wvaiter as if it had been rcd hot,
and, at that instant, wotuldl have been de
lighted to let go all hold on existence and
all mundane appurtenances, and would have
been willing, in the bargain to have signed
a deed of relinquishment to everything I ex
pected the old man, my faither, would be.
queath me, for tIme happy privilege of ' shnf
fling off this mortal coil' on the spot. I fell
hack into my seat, feeling wvorse than any
criminal, lBut my trials had not yet ended
-the infernal servant again approached me;
again I was at a loss to divine what he want
edl me to do; a moment ago, it was cleai
that lhe did not desire my assistance in sup
porting the waiter of plates; now, it occur
red to me, as no one else came forward t<
relieve him, he had changed his mind, ant
had concluded to accept ' aid and comfort
from me, whem ho had honored by soed
flattering preference, on first entering the
room, as to single out as his first-assistant
waiter-holder in ordinary.
" Just as I was reaching out my hand i
clutch the waiter again, I overheard ange
Angelina say to that dandy, Bob Sutton
wvhom I intend to whip if I ever catch hin
out of Mobile, 'Pray, dear, Mr. Sutton
don't move or say a word, but wait and on
ly see what it will do next.' At the momen
these w~ords conveyed no mean ig to ml
mind, as the servant wvas just then making I
communication to me of an interesting char
acter. In obedience to his instructions,
tervously took an empty plate from the wai
tr The other gnests likewise helped them
selves to empty plates. Briskly on the heel:
- of the first servant came another, whose
e waiter was covered with empty caps and
I saucers. He, also, made a break at me first.
1 began to feel that I knew all about matters,
f With commendable sang froid I provided
t myself with an empty cup and saucer; the
i other guests ditto. I saw another waiter
I with eatables and another with drinkables
- approaching, and having both hands entirely
occupied, one in holding my plate, and the
other my cup and saucer, I began to discern
[ breakers in the distance. As I had but two
hands, and they both engaged, it was dem
onstrated that if I got anything to eat or
drink, somebody would have to help me, and
once helped, if I got anything in my mouth
besides the tea, somebody would have to put
it there. The imps of darkness came to me
as usual, first.
"Have some tea, Mr. Brisson? His hands
were both required to sustain the waiter;
mine, to support my plate, cup and saucer.
I really wanted some tea, but to get it was
manifestly out of the question, so I an
"No, I thank you, wouldn't choose any."
"Do take some tea," urged Mrs. General
Jones, from tho other side of the room;
"you'll find it very nice, Mr. Brisson."
"No, I thank you, main," says I, seeing
no possible way to get myself helped if I
said yes; "I am not fond of tea;" which
was as big a lie as ever was told, but what
was a fellow to do?
The tea passed along, and next came a
waiter groaning under a bountiful supply of
cold turkey, cold ham, chipped venison,
cakes, &c. Although I was very hungry, I
inwardly prayed to be skipped-that this
cup might pass. But no, the waiter stops
before me. I felt a nervous jerking and
twitching all over, as I replied to an invita
tion to myself:
"No, I thank you-wouldn't choose any."
Why, Mr. Brisson," said the lady of the
house, not suspecting the cause of my refu.
sal, "are you unwell?"
No, main," I faintly stammered out, " I
never was in better health."
"Let me insist, then, on your taking some
of the wild turkey; it is very delicate."
"Don't doubt it, mam," says I, " but I
wouldn't choose any."
All tl' .
set viCC, SefL plates spminog m at.-.-.
performed feats of agility that would have
astounded Gabriel Raphael, made my exit,
God knows how, and never recovered con
sciousness until [found myself on the back
of my favorite hunter, many miles on my
This was my first introduction to, and,
God granting, will be my last acquaintance
A GOOD JoKE.-We heard a good joke
perpetrated yesterday, by a friend of ours.
Said he to an acquaintance:
"Things are really coming to a pretty
pass in our- town. All the ladies stopping
at tho Exchange left the dinner table yes
"Possible !" said the person to whom the
remark was addressed, greatly surprised,
" What caused them to do so ?
" Whiy." responded our friend, convincing
himself that the coast was clear, " they had
finished eating !"
A pass was made at him, but he dodged it.
rTE following telegraph message was
sent from an Albany office :
" To -
Third Epistle of John, 13 and 14 verses.
The text referred to is as followvs, and
makes quite a lengthy and understandable
"Iliad many things to write, but I will
not with ink and pen write to thee.
"But I trust 1 shall shortly see thee, and
we shall speak face to face. Peace be to
thee. Our friends salute thee. Greet the
friends by name" 3d Johrn, 13th and 14thi.
LOAFERSsx ParITIxo OFFICF.S.-The
composing-room of a parinting-oflice is not
the place to tell long stories,' or argue ab
struse points in metaphysics. Read, ye loun
gers, and be adviseu:
" A printing office is like a school; it can
have no interlopers, hangers-on, or twad
dlers, without a serious inconvenience, to
say nothing of loss of time, which is just
as much as gold to the printer as though it
metalically glistened in his hand. What
would ho thought of a man who would en-.
ter a school, and twaddle first with the
teacher and then with the scholars-inter.
rupting the studies of one and the discipline
of the otheri And yet thmis is the precise
effect of the loafer in the printing-office.
He seriously interferes with the course of
business, distracts the fixed attention which
is necessary to the good printer. No gentle
man will ever enter it and presume to act
loafer. Ho will feel above it, for no real
man ever sacrifices the interests or interferes
wvith the duties of others. The loafer does
both. Let him think, if he ever has, that
the last place lhe should ever insinuate his
Iworthless and unwelcome presence is in the
,THEa oldest inhabitant on earth is suppos
- ed to be a warrior of the Crow tribe of In
tdians, who, according to the red man's mode
Sof computing time, wvas 172 years of age
Sin Ma1rch last. This venerable old chief
- tain, strange to say, is yet possessed of
Ssound mental faculties, and relates with ac
- curacy and minuteness some of the most
.th,.illing adventnres of ancient days.
GOING WEST .
The following spicy article~i' swer to a
letter of interrogation, receiv ithout re
mittance, by some sensible fei , forcibly
reminds us of jores of simila nquiries we
are weekly receiving. Yank om have an
idea that out'here, where land tie so cheap,
it costs nothing to live, and in less to sit
down and write over a few es of fool
scap, and then pay postage- ' answer in
terrogations exclusively for th benefit.
If men want information in rd to the
country, let them do as other . done, go
and see for themselves, or hay common
honesty to send enclosed soi~ ing to pay
for paper. ink and a portio f the time
spent in writing. We can't Ii at here on
nothing, and make it a rule ave some.
thing for something when we. change or
s'wap-any one who thinks erwise, let
him try, and perhaps be may t as inter
esting a reply as the one bel
"A correspondent furnishe e following
information to the Philadel Saturday
Evening Post, for the benefit. those desi
rows of going West:
"'The first question come om Cam
bridgeport, Massachusetts, an ads as fol.
lows: "Which is the best for going
West, the spring or autumn I':
"'The best time for going - est is when
you have the most money a t, and the
least fear of losing it. If yo ome in the
spring you are sure to sha ourself to
death with the ague before il. If you
come in the fall you may liv ntil spring,
if you don't freeze to death re you get
there. If you come at all y had better
get your stomach lined with erproof ce
ment, so as to be able to dig corn bread,
bacon and whiskey, for this .all have to
eat, except a few French fro .and billious
looking tadpoles, which we h when the
river runs down.
"Second question-'Wh part of the
West is the best to emigrate taking into
consideration the healthiness' e climate I"
A variety of opinions a t that, my
dear fellow. Our Senator, r. Douglas,
says Nebraska is the best. t is, if you
want to go into the stock bo ess, raising
an unruly kind of mixed col d cattle, that
will stray of' to Canada, i spite of the
--..i.e of 1850 or 18 or Senator
.-... . t speculate in
ague prevail much in Vseonsni
"Of course it does. Nobody out West
is fool enough to ask such a question. Eve
rybody shakes; even the trees shake ; you
can't coax a crab-apple to stay on when its
good for anything; it will shake a man out
of bed, kick him out of doors, and shake
the bedstead at him.until he gives up.
Fourth question-'lowv long does a
pre-emption hold good ?"
"That depends on circumstances. If you
have a good rifle, and know how to use it,
you have a chance to ten that you may live
till you starve to death. But if you can't
stanid fire, andl are not a good shot and a
quick one, take my word for it you had bet
ter tarry in Jerieho until your bear" be
grown; they are all too smart for you in
that nieck of woods.
"Fifth qjuesion-'[s land to be had in
the northern part of Ohio for $1 25 per
acre, and is it good 1"
"'lThat's all fudge, got up by speculators
to gull some greenhorn like you or me, for
to the best of my knowledge or belief, Ohio
was worn out ten years ago. T1he whole
business of the railroads in warm weather,
is to carry back persons who have been
fools enough to come out WVest. All the
railroads are doing this winter is carrying
dirt into Ohio out of Michigan, to raise a
few beans and oats, to keep the folks from
starving to death next summer.
" As to the land in the north-west of Ohio,
it is eighteen inches under wvater most of
the year, and will probably be worth $1 25
per acre when water-snakes and copperhieads
bring as much per barrel in the Newv York
markets as potatoes are worth per bushel in
And lastly, he wants reliable information
-a short article in your paper relating to
the subject-and he wants to go to a healthy
location, decent land, and fair water.
Exactly ! Why, my dear sir, there is no
such thing as reliable information out WVest,
unless you pay well for it. A lawyer won't
tell the truth unless you givo him five hun
dred dollars, and then you can't believe half
" A witness won't tell the truth in court
unless you first scare him to death, and
make him swvear he won't lie, and then
neither himself nor any body else knows
whether he tells the truth or net. T1he
preachers all call us an inveterate set of sin
nera, but from what I have wvritten you, you
must know we are pretty good sort of peo
" If you ash a miss of stout, blooming
sixteen for a kiss, she pettishly says no,
when everybody knows she means yes, of
" On the whole, if you feel obliged by
our short article, .60 do I. If you want to
go to a healthy land, stay at home, and
don't be a fool like myself, and come out
West. And as for decent land, my dear
fellow, what do you mean' t You must know
that all our wild prairie is very indecent,
especially when it is burnt over and left as
naked as it was when born. 'Tis true, na
ture weaves a sort of fig-leaf apron every
summer, out of a coarse kind of grass, but
it soon gets burnt off, and is as indecent as
" As fr fair water. we have none, it is
all a billious compost of liquid mud, dead
buffaloes, fish and rotton rattlesnakes.
"Our common drink, when we can't get
whiskey is one-third coffee, one-third prairie
mud, and tobacco juice.
Upon the whole, if you have good water,
and have half enough to eat, stay where
you are. Yours truly,
We design penning a few lines upon the
propriety of establishing this Society and the
benefits resulting therefrom, and would take
occasion to say in the outset, that if in aught
we say there should be found a single word
calculated to give offence to any one, that
that word was not designed so to do. But
a few weeks ago an effort was made and
made successfully, by the young men of
Anderson, to establish a Thespian Club for
their mutual improvement, and for the amuse
ment of themselves and the community at
large. That there was or is the slightest
particle of impropriety in their having car.
ried out their design, was an idea so perfect
ly preposterous, and we might say stupid,
that we never for an instant gave it a place
in our cranium. What! improper for young
men to band themselves together for the pur
pose of improving themselves? Improper
to establish a society which will require
young men to spend their evenings in storing
their minds with useful knowledge, rather
than in idling away time and spending their
precious moments in dissipation? Call you
this improper? Let him who asserts it to
be so, take heed least he assume too fearful
a responsibility. We never dreamed of
hearing that it was so. But we have been t
awakened from our delusion, by learning
that certain professors of religion look upon
a participation in such a society as a griev.
ous sin, and consequently several who
would otherwise unite with the society, are
debarred the privilege of so doing. In what F
consists this sin? We have conned the mat
ter over, and can find not even the slightest
resemblance to sin, twist or warp it as we
may. Vas it ever looked upon as a sin for
a school boy to mount the rostrum and de
claim? Certainly not. Did any one ob
ject to his so doing, because ho selected his
speech from the works of the immortal i
Shakespeare. The most bigotted fanatic in
religious matters must admit that there is no a
impropriety in his so doing. Wherein, then, n
--.- the sin of the members of a i
beg some of the captious -..
oppose it, to come out with their views and
let us see if they have their foundation in
reason. As we have said, we cannot see v
the matter as they do. Nor are we yet pre.
pared to believe that religion-true religion a
-requires its votaries to oppose and de. s
iounce every scheme which may be set on tl
foot for tho purpose of enhancing man's
temporal enjoyment. Did we think so, we G
would go instantly and unite ourself with i
the howling devises of eastern notoriety.
Weo cannot think that Anderson contains
within her narrowv limits, all the genuinc I
religion of the country. We are not exalt- I
d above our sister towns in point of religious t
privileges, and yet Abbeville, Newberry and
Edgeield, all boast their Thespian Societies,
composed of the most steady, moral, gen.c
iemanly young men of their respective
communities, many of them we know to be1
sons of sires, who are as good Christians as
are to be found, and who, so far from think
ing it to be a sin, actually give it counte
nance, by attending thie exhibitions regular
I. Why this diff'erence of opinion, even I
among Christians i We feel pursuaded that I
these objections, to say the best we can for
thenm, are simply captious, and have no con
netion with any religious opinion entertaim
ed by those who urge them. if we are mis-|
taken in our views, wve shall take pleasure
in permitting such as have urged them the
privilege of an explanation through our col
umns. We hope wve may hear from some
SU313IER BATIIINo.-M any erroneous no
tions prevail respecting the use and proper
ties of the wvarm bath. To muany persons,
the idea of submersion in warm water, on
a summer's day, wvould be preposterous; but
if it be rationally considered, it will be found
that the wvarm bath may be taken with
equal, perhaps greater benefit, in the Sum
mer than in the Winter. During hot wveath
er, the secretions in the skin are much in.
creased in quantity, and consequently a grea
ter necessity exists that it should be kept
perfectly free from obstructions. Another
prevailing error respecting the warm bath
is, that it tends to relax and enervate the
body ; for experience has sufficiently proved
the fallacy of the opinion, and many physi
cians have prescribed its use to patients labor.
ing under debility from disease, none of
whom experience such effects, but have all
felt invigorated, and mostly restored to
health and strength. Many persons are de
terred from using the warm bath, especially
in winter, from the fear of catching cold;
bt this fear is groundless, for it has been
found that the warm bath, by increasing the
circulation on the surface of the body, ren
ders it more capable of withstanding the
effects of cold than it otherwise would have
WVASIINGToN IRVING, in his beautiful
Affections of the Dead, says:
"Go to the grave of buried love, and
meditate. There settle the account with
thy conscience for every past benefit unre
quited, every past endearment unregarded.
Console thyself if thou canst by this time
unavailing sorrow for the dead, and hence
forward be more faithful and affectionate in
the disharge of thy duties to the living!"
TIE EXILES OF SIBERIA.
The laws of the Russian.Empire require that
all those condemned, in whatever part of the
country they may have received sentence, should
pass through Moscow on their way to Siberia;
the traveler who may have chanced to be there
during the weekly gathering, will have little
difficulty in recognizing facts in the following
On reaching that city, they are allowed a brief
rest in the convict prison, their daily journeys
being so calculated that the separate bands all
arrive there from divers directions each Satur
day night. After resting throughout the enau.
ing week, during which term they are relieved
of their chains, they are despatched in one com
mon band on the second Monday after thdr
The prison is divided into two or three courts,
each strictly guarded by sentinels. In the first
of these, both sexes are to be seen mingling in
discriminately, and are dressed alike in long
loose great coats, made of a kind of grey cloth;
the only distinguishing mark is, that the men
have half their heads shaved-whilst the women
retain their long hair-a privilege also granted
to the men as regards their beards; which deco
ration is the pride and delight both of the mer
chant class and the peasantry. They are led
thence to a second court, where their names are
registered, as also their crime and history. Here
they make their petitions: some soliciting leave
to travel by the side of a brother, a fellow-exile
-a poor consolation, that, of being together in
disgrace-but the boon, if granted, is hailed
with the greatest joy. A woman will also some.
times petition to accompany her husband; but
only in rare cases is this permitted. According
to the laws of Rusia, she may marry again, for
the banishment of her husband cancels the mar.
riage bond as completely u death; but if her
prayer is granted, Government pays her expen.
sea, and she assumes the convict dress, though
not the fetters.
The examinations past, the exiles are led to'*
third court, where fetters are placed upon the
whole band. This is a most cruel and brutal
affair. The fetters consist of a couple of heavy
ron rings, one for each ankle, united by a chain,
not adapted to the size of the person and his
length of stride, but of one unvarying length,
1batwe1. This is: connected, by means
f linlka. from four to five incbaa long, with an.
takes charge of them during their pilgrimage,
and he sees them properly secured and fastened
together in fours by the wrists.
This ceremony over, the gates are thrown
open and the world ceases to exist for them. It
is surprising to witness the calm bearing, the
sad but resigned looks of that melancholy as.
semblage. Hope is now dead; and in its place
dim vague glimmer appears in the distance of
ife, to which .they look, perhaps with a more
reamy curiosity than with any active feeling
f terror or dispair. The gates are thrown
open, the exiles are handed over to a strong
guard, employed erclusively on this duty, and
ach soldier loads his gun in their presence;
there is also a mounted escort, with spears, the
ommander of which carries a long whip to lash
the cavalcade into order ; and thus they move
on, the male first, then the carts, and lastly the
females. Persons of rank are not treated oth
erwise than the lowest serf, noblemen being
compelled to march the dreary journey on foot,
and as heavily chained as the vilest felon.
Those destined for the mines shut out even
from the light of heaven, they not only lose
rank and riches, but, by a refinement of cruelty,
are deprived even of their names, and a number
given them instead, by which the driver of each
band calls when he has need to address them.
IM~oRTANT BILL.-Judge Butler Is about to
introduce to the Senate from the Committee on
the Judiciary an important bill for regulating
the succession to the Presidential office in case
" The bill provides for those cases omitted in
the Constitution in which not only the President
and Vice President, but also the Speaker of the
House is unable to perform or are prevented
from pcrforming the duties of Presldent. In
that case the bill provides " that the Chief Jus
tis shall act as President," and if he, too, is
unable, that the next oldest Judge, and so on
until the whole Supreme Bench is exhausted.
" The bill also provides for those cases* in
which the different provisions of the constitn
tion as amended come in apparent conflict with
each other, as for Instance in the case in which
the Speaker of the House who is called upon
to act as President is not a native of; the coun
try; the constitution prescribing that he shall
be, or in which one of the officers or judges
desinated to act as Chief Magistrate has-not
the age required by the constitution for Presi
dent. One of the most remarkable features of
the bill is that the President thus called to met
by the oper ation of law shall be President for
four years, and that no new Presidential elec
tion shall take place before the end of that pe
riod. The bill, as will be readily perceived, is
of vital interest at this juncture."-Charlestou
W'" A Yankee has Invited a usae for ex
tracting lies out of patent medicine udvertiae
ments. Some of them are never seemn1again
after entering the macblne, as only the tuath
HENRY CLAY.-Shortly after the agita.
tion of the famous Compensation bill in
Congress, Mr. Clay, who voted in favor of
this bill, upon returning home to his consti
tuents, found a formidable opposition array
ed against his re-election. After address.
ing the people from the hastings, previous to
the opening of the poll, he stepped down
into the crowd, where he met an old and in
fluential friend of his, of the name of Scott,
one of the first settlers of Kentucky, and of
course in his younger days, a great hunts.
man. This gentleman stepping up, address
ed Mr. Clay as follows:
"Well, well Harry, I've been with you in
six troublos; I am sorry I must now desert
you in the seventh. You have voted for that
miserable Compensation Bill-I must now
turn my back upon you."
"Is it so, friend Scott? Is that the only
"We must get over it the best way we
can. You are an old huntsman I"
"Yes," said Mr. Scott.
"You have killed many a fat bear and
buck, no doubt ?"
"You have a true and fine rifle I"
"Yes, as good a one as ever cracked."
"Well did you ever have a fine buck be
rore you when your gun snapped I"
"The like of that has happened."
"Well now, friend Scott, did you take
hat faithful rifle and break it all to pieces
n the very next log you came to, or did
ou pick the flint and try it again I"
The tears started in the old man's eyes;
he chord was touched,
"No, Harry, I picked the flint, and tried
ier again. Give us your hand."
We need hardly say that the welkin rung
vith the huzzaing plaudits of the by standers
Jlay was borne off to the hustings and re
THE ELEVENTH COMMANDMENT.-The
enerable Josiah Randall, of Pennsylvania,
ho knew all the Presidents, beginning with
Vashington, made a glorious speech at Tam
nany Hall, New York, on the 4th. He
"I come, fellow-citizens, from a free State
ke your own; I never owned or expect to
wn a slave. But other men, better than 1
m, and as good as any who are around
ie, have conscientiously held slaves. It is
i vain to attack the motives of a whole
RODBERY oF 'A L A ntu.... -
aluable jewels presented' to Tom Thumb in
is travels in this country a n Europe, sever
I of them from crowned Beads, were all
tolen, together with the caso containing
hem, from the Melodeon, at Cincinnati, on
onday night. The case, which is two
get long by eighteen inches broad, had
een placed near the piano. The contents
onsisted of watches, diamond rings, pins,
re., of the valo of twenty thousand dol.
rs, which sum, however, it is said but poor.
y represents the value set upon them by
INTER~oURsE R EsUMED.--[t is stated that
lr. Lumeley and one or two of his asso
its of the British legation have returned
o Washington, anid that communications
ave lately been exchanged between the
tate Department and the legation, showing
resumption of intercourse.
FoR CoNGRESs.-The Pee Dee Times
ominates Hon. J. Izard Middleton, of
leorgeowvn District, for Representative to
ongrercs for that Congressional District.
A Vir-ginia postmaster has been inquiring
f the department the meaning of the little
pictures" stuck on the lettors; and another
d~icial in Iowa desired the department to
ustain hini against a " fellow" who insisted
ihat " them pictures of Washington on the
etters, paid the postage."
THE old adage-" You should not count
-our chickens before they are hatched" has
>btained a nowv reading thus-" The pro.
ucers of poultry should postpone tho cen
ns of the juvenile fowls till the period of
neubation is fully accomplished."
THE Emperor Alexander has authorized
oung noblemen to enter the civil profes
sions without losing their nobility. Hither.
o nobility has been lost by a nobleman's
eon if he did not devote himself to the na
tional service; but, henceforth, in conse
uence of the new arrangement, it is hoped
that a good many of them will embark in
fnancial and manufacturing enterprises.
RECREATION FOR THE PEOPME.-The
King of Prussia, has, it is stated from Beri
n, devoted no less a sum than ?120,000 to
tho formation of a covered garden in- ine
entre of that city, to be used as a winter
promenade by its inhabitants. A regulated
temperature is to be maintained, and rare
exotics of warmer climes cultivated in this
truly royal design.
Col. PREsToN S. Bioo~s IN YIRGINIA.
While at the Virginia White Sulphur Springs,
Col. Brooks was quite a lion, having to un
dergo an introduction to several hundred
guests. When leaving he called for his bill,
nd was informed that his financial matters
had been attended to by the guests, and that
a private carriage and an escort awaited him
without. The ladies waived their handker
chiefs in honor of South Carolina and her
OlM THE Central American Question is re
ported to be settled on favorable terms to both