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THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER,
is rULrSUID Vsay wmnZNUDAT Mo3Ntxo sT
W. F. DURISOE & SON.
Two DoLLArs per year, if paid in advance-Two
Dot.LtAS and FTrt Casr If not paid within six
iarn'hs-and Tuas Dot.LaS if not paid before the
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ly limited at the utme of subscribing, will be consider
ed as made for an indefinite period, and will be con
tinued until all arrerages are paid, or at the option of
the Publisher. Subscriptions (rum other States must
~iVARaItABY be accompanied witlh the ctsu.
" ADVErtIaURENTr Will be cossspweuously inserted at
75 cents per Square (12 lines or less) fur the first in
sertion, and 371 cents for each subsequent insertion.
When only published Monthly or Quarterly $1 per
square will he charged. All Advertisements nut having
the desired number of insertions marked on the mar
gin, will be continued until forbid and charged accor
Those desiring to advertise by the yearcan do so on
liberal terms--it being distinctly understood that con
tracts for yearly advertisiug-are confined to the imme
diate, legitimate business of the firn or individual
contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid
for in advance:
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, ix
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the Magistrate advertising.
EPRICE Of A FREE-STATE MAR IN
M. W. King, of Racine, gives an interesting
relation of his experience in Kansas. After re
lating the circumstances that led to his emigrat
tion-his arrival in Kansas city, in Missouri, with
his family-he writes:
'Leaving my family, I started for the "prom.
ised land." I traveled just ote hundred and
eighit miles, according to the survey, before I
could find a sufficiency of timber to warrant me
in an attempt to build a house. At Pawnee,
the capitol as projected by Gov. Reeder, or
rathe r within a distance of live wiles from that
p:aper city, I succeeded in making at claim of 80
acres, on which, after much severe labor and pri
vation, I succeeded in raising a house that would
shelter myse!f and family. During all the time
of my struggle in the wilderness I was aided
and assisted in every way by my neighbors,
Missourians, and, indeed, never even had to want
longer for their help than they saw wherein
they could assist me.
"My claim made, and my house, such as it
was complete, I started for Kansas City, to
bring my family out. Judge of my feelings
when 1 learned that for nearly the whole itne
of my absence my child had been laying at the
point of death, and my wife, the mother, among
strangers, too. And remember, also, that these.
strangers were all " border rutfians." Of course,
I was anxious. I questioned my wife, how did
you get along? What did ycu do? Why, sie
answered me, no people could be more kind;
all took an interest in our sufi'ring and sorrow;
I never saw a more kind-hearted and generous
people. I was astonished, I confess it. Of
course I said but little-what could I say? They
asked mo-the "border ruffians"-of my poli
tics. I told them I was an ottt-and-out Free
State man. The answer was invariably--That's
right, Mr. King; vote just as you think-we
wish every man to enjoy his own opiion.
For many weary days I walked around
waiting for the returning strength of my child
and dearing these days I saw many things thal
would have been disbelieved by myself if state<
to me before I left Racine, and while I wast
reader of, and believer in, the New York Tri
bune. I saw many-very many poor fanihie
landed at Leavenworth-teit on by the Nes
England Aid Society, who had not the means ta
bury the dead of their company. Men, womne
and children were there sent on by these Ait
Societies, without funds to purchase one meca
of food after landing. They came there, ex
pecting no one knows what, but in a's deatiat
a condition as ever emigrants landed at th
docks of New York.
" The men of Missouri, the " border nufflians,
took them into their homes, they fed4stam
the living ones-and buried the dead-they gay
them clothes, food and kind words; they acted
in short, the. part of noble, generous, Christial
men, and their reward has been abuse, econtume
ly and misrepresentation.
"That the men of Missouri felt and feel ag
grieved is not to be wondered at by any wha
k ,wsaytkin2 of..the facta .Thex.. de
respect, hardly the forbearance of the commo
.nities in whichi they lived: they have been oblig
ed not only to feed these mn, but to listen tF
their aeuril'aus abuse, and now, when they hay,
nought nothing more, as I well know, than at
equal and jtust, share of the advantages of the
newly opened territory, they tare belied b)
press and pulpit through the entire North. A
I said before, I hate slavery, and never by ac
or word will give it aid or countentance, but,
hate It so much that I cannot bear even to sea
the mistaken (though I believe hiontestly mnista
ken) supporters of it lied about anad abused."
A PICTU122 OF CONGE88.
" Independent," the Washington corresponden
of the Philadelphia North American, draws thie
following picture of Cosngresional le:
" The whole tendency of things here is down.
wand. A standard lower than mediocrity pre.
vails; and the vast inicreased annual expendi.
tures have opened channels of corruption, wiiicha
have perceptibly enatered the [halls of legisla.
tion, and made trafice and venal combination a
professional system. If the lobby has beeti
reduced, it is because the in.'ide operators have
been increased in number. The "poails of lh-gis.
lation are notoriously parcelled out in the. halls,
amnong a few choice spirits, who are supposed
to be potential in local iutftirs. Atny re.<pecta
ble member will at once namne the must conspic
uous of these Congressional broker<, who shame
to say, include in their numbers men not here
tofore suspected of such wanton parnstitutioni of
high position and such utter disregard of pri.
"It is niotorious that no large appropritationis,
for almost any purpose, catn be carried without
employing these base instrumeants. They i'orn
secret plans, address themselves to sordid iinflu
ences on the committees, and1 by contfoarmingr to
the wishes of others, unite iint.re-ts which are
seemingly in cotnfliet, but sufficient ly powerfll
to obslruct successfully any bill or scheme whieb
it may be their itnterest to resist. The moraals
of the New York corporation, under the super.
vision of New York matnagers, are getting ho be
" When members of Congress will consent
to fob the money appropriated for their news
papers, and to sell, wihoaut matuclh secr~cy, the
books voted for the benefit of their constituents.
they are pretty wvell prepared foar ainy other
step of mnoratl degradation. The "hells" oif
Whshaington, which an'drciotnsly fiaunt the prin-.
cipal avenue, have, within the last five years,
produced much of this evil.
" They are notoriously frequenated, not oc
casionally, but nightly, by mean sent here to
legislate for the country at lairge, anad to watch
the partieun coneerns of their own constitn.
ents. The indulgence of sneh a passion is cost
ly, and the losses thus incurred nus be compeni
sated from some source. Is it surprisihag, thus,
that venality has entered Congress, or that leg
islation should be joabbed, when these gorgeos
palaces of crime are to be supported, anid when
hdack-legs often swell thie lobbies baoasting their
power, and by the force of " obligationas" at the
faro bank, commanding votes? The picture is
not half drawn for full just ice to it in painful
and prominent facts. If the whocle truth were
*told, it would astound the cotintry and open the
eyes of manay a constituency."
FEDERAL. CoURtT.-We find among the pro.
eeedingisof the United States Senate, (July 30,)
'" Afr. Butler asked and obtained leave to in
troduce a bill to alter the time for holding the
district court in South Carolina, and for other
purposes; which was read three times by tunani
moos consent and passed."
SiZE OF TIlE WEST.-Illinoja would make
forty suceh States as Rhode Island, and Minne
sota sixty. Mlissouri is larger than all -New
*En-gland. Ohio exceeds either Ireland or Scot
istids or Portugal, anad equatls Belgium and Swit
zerland together. Missouri i's more than halt
kd hara-e as Italy, and larger than Denmark, Hlil
laud, blilm anid Switzerland. Missouri and
llhinoissae larger than England, Scotland, Ire
1=,id aniui WaJlu
THE AIEN FAIB:
A writer.in the Caarleatin Courier, noticing
the Fair in Aiken, which was to have opened on
yesterday, farnishes the follwing extract. This
will be a gala week In "Aiken Town," and such
of our citizens as wish to enjoy themselves for
a lew days would do well to attend:
FuA AND FEsTIVITY.--Aiken. independent of
her climate attractions, which are so continually
in nifest to the recruiting invalid, as well as the
seeker for natural embellishments, is now taking
preparatory measures for a Fair, which are re
ceived with general approval, in laudation of the
object from which it emanates.
A Festal Fair is in design, and preparations
are actively progressing to lcommence on the
12th inst., opening ut 7 o'clock each night, con
tinuing one week. A large and well ventilated
hall has been kindly volunteered for the occa
aion, by W. J. Addison, the proprietor of the
spacious establi-hment known as Schwartz'
The object and intention of the Fair is to
erect a Methodist Episcopal Church on the site
where now stands one, which from its dilapida
ted condition, renaers it unsafe for the congre
gation to assemble there to worship.
The Ladies who on all sneh occasions prompt
ly respond, and unhesitatingly bestow their
services, are all here in joyful emulation to as
sist in promoting this good achievement. The
Gentlemen, nothing laggard in duty, are actively
employing themselves, to render the occasion so
alluring, that every visitor, will on departure,
congratulate themselves on the pleasant hours
part, and determine to enjoy the rare opportu
nity present, by engaging each succeeding eve
ning in its innocent festivities.
Beside the many, bountifully and testefully
furnished tables, which will combine the useful,
ornamental and pleasurable, one long table will
be supplied with viands in variety, garnished by
delicacies and fruit, while their delectable fra
grance will refreshingly invite each beholder to
participate. A Soda Fountain will, with icy
coolness he kept in opperation.-Ices of all
kinds will be furnished.
The evenings amusements will be diversified
-Exhibitions, mechanical and diverting, will be
presented, and not the least attractive will bet
the Tableaux Vivant, representing some beauti
ful and select scenes, which will vary each night.
The Fair will open with a suitable address by
Wm. M. Lawton Esq., of Charleston, S. C.
A NEGRO TARED AND FEATHERED AT HUD
soN, N. Y.-The Hudson Star of Tuesday, says
that between the hours of 8 and 9 o'clock on
Monday evening that usually quiet community
was thrown into an extraordinary state of ex
citement, in consequence of a tarring and feath
erintr affair which came olf in the upper part of
the city. The subject was Wim. Mowens, a
colored barber and an old resident. He is rap
posed to have been on terms of too great inti
macy with a respectable white girl.* He was
taken from his shop by force, marched upon the
putblic square, and in the presence of a large
"Vigilance Committee," a coat of tar and feath
ers was well atplied. He was then uiven till
Tuesday morning to leave the city. le left as
soon as he could conveniently. after getting out
of the clutches of his "" friends."
"The good people of Hudson must have a
very rare idea of what constitutes respectability
if the one referred to is "respectable.'-[ED.
Chron. & Sent.r
A NATION OF METHODISTs.-The minn to
thte Frienidly lIsands has been so snecessful.
that tho nation is a nation of Methodists; and
the whole population, from the king (who is a
" local prencher") down to his meatnest suibject,
attend the Wesleyasn miiitry. These islanads
sotnetimes go by the natme of Tonga. They
consist of upwards of a hunidred and fifly, and
lie in the Pacific Oceani between latitude 13 de
grees and 25 degrees sotnth, and longitude 172
degrees west and 176 degaees en-tt They
were di.,overed by the navigator Tasmnan, in
1643, but received their collective name of
Friendly Islands from Captain James Cook.
THE VOTE FOR COL.. KETT.--The following
is the official return or the vote, with the excep
tion of one precinct, for the ion. L M. KeiLt:
Beauf..r..Di.tri.............. .. 4
Total.... .... ............3723
The etntire vote 'of the District is set down at
about 4.000 votes; hence, allowing for the sick,
aged and aha'entees, Col. Keitt lias received an
sion of opinion.-Columabia Times, Aug. 6.
IIIG PatCE ofSr.Avrs.-The Ricnmond (V a.)
Dkpauch says, thtere has be-en a greater deatnd
fr .slaves in' that city diring thte months of May
and Jnne and July, that was eier knnwn before,
and they h.ave comasnded hetter pari-e.4 durinig
thtt time. Tisa latter is an uinusual thitng, as
.1the summer months atre itenerally the dullest in
te year for that kind of property. Prims rieldl
hands (women) will now bring from $1.000 to
S.100, anid me'n front $1,250 to $l.500. Not
long since, a likely negro girl sold ini thait city
at at privatte sale for $1.700. A latrge tiumber
of negroes are bonphat on speculation, sand pro
bably there is tnt less tati 81.000,000 itt that
townt tnow seeking itnvestmnent itn such property.
A F~rt~irRE.-The Unford expedition to Kan.t
sas has proved an entire isiture. A Mobailian
writes fromt Frantklin, K. T1., under date of July
6th, givinag a dol-ful picture of the rareer of the
band. Hec says that of thu 363 who aneompa
nid Batfordl, tnot more than tif'ty remtaini in the'
territ iory. Of those returnied, the corresponden.t
"IThe men on whom the South relied to viri
dicate hter rights, and for whose support liberal
tubscriuions were miade, the men whotn the
Missouriains welcomed n ith outspread armtastund
open purse. have proved f.,tse just at the time~
when they shoultd hauve stood ready to do or
die for Sotthertt rights.
Having seent Kantsaas, hatving spent their mont
ey in dissipation. when the time fotr work and
etdurintg htardships came ott they stritek for
tote, to disparage thte couint ry, to denmounace
Col Bford, and a bat is worse, to desert and
leave unprotected the rigts of the Sonth. int
short they will do and say anything to save
thteselve~s frotm that ctontemaipt atnd indiganatiotn
with which they should be received by their old
ieigbors anda frienids."
Na~ EWoaK, August, 2.
DEATH OF AN Ataf OFFICER.--ilery Sinai.
ton, one of the assistatnt quartermsaster gene-r
sls itt the United States army, died yesterday.
at Fort Hlamiltoni.
Gen. Stantont entered the army in 1813 as
lietuteanat in the light artillery, anid resignedi ini
1817. In 1818 he was re-atppoinated assistant
Idpatty qusartermaster genecral, antd received the
brevet of brigadier getneral itt 1847 fair merito
rious services itn Mexico. He wass a tnative of
Everybody r-mtemtbers how the beautiful mu
latto girl, Sarah, was exhibited some weeks
sine, itt Beehters church, ian Brooklyan ; aand
how she got the abolition fools to contribute
81.200 to buy her freedom. Well, she staid a
while-but otne morniti. Litely, was m missinig."
Ste next turned uip with her ma~ster, at Wash
ingna, havitng got tired of abolitioni false pre.
Madame Jenny Lind Goldschmniudt has giveni
her last concert ini Etnglanad. antd she retires to
a home, says the Timtes, which is tnow, anid haas
been since she was married, one of uneclouded
htppiess. It is supposed that the gainis of
Madame Gohdschmridt, by her recent enigage
rents, amountt at least, to ?40,000.
FoRTIFICATIONS.-Thte Fortification bill, as it
passed the H-ouse of Representatives, conttains
an appropriation of $50,000 for Fort Sumter
and 10,000 for repairs to Castle Pinickney, in
THE ARMY WozsM.-The Uniotnville Journal
stys: " We regret to learan that the corn and
otton crops. ina various sections of this District,
are vegj much injured l;y Ibais worm ; in sogiq
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIEILD, S. C. n
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1856.
2T WE are indebted to our Senators and Repre- t
mntatives in Congress for occasional documents and
papers. Just now, we would prefer a few Patent
Office turnip-seed if they are handy.
_ -....- t
The mstructive and interesting communication from
a" SALUDA PLtANTER" is at hand, and was intended
for publication this week ; but to accommodate the
Candidates, who are anxious to let the "dear people"
know where they are, we are forced to lay the sid
article aside'until our next issue.
" RIcsAtaD's" rejoinder to Mr. GarrtTa's Commu
nication published in our last, is also before us, and
will receive proper attention at an early date.
Boots and Shoes.
The well-known Augusta Shoe House of CLARxE
& ROYAL is offering great inducements to the public,
In a superior stock of boots, shoes &c., which they
are selling at moderate prices. Go and he shod there,
if you n ould have the thing done to a T.
Edgefleld Collegiate Institute.
Reference is requested to the advertisement of this
Seminary. It has now been in successful operation
for five years, and has proven itself worthy of gene
ral patronage. No pains have been spared to make
it all that an intelligent and educated community
could desire; and it may now be truthfully said to
rank amongst the very foremost institutions of learn
ing in the State.-But the long and explicit advertise
ment in onr paper speaks for itself. Let it be carefully
read by all interested in a school at this place; end
let a more generous encouragement for the future
show that the people of Edgefield appreciate and ap
plaud the liberal and enlightened appointments of the
" Edgefield Collegiate Institute for Young Ladies."
One of the prettiest things of the season, is that
ornamental child's chair made by Mr MARxaRT of our
Town for Dr. BLAND. It is of light-colored mahoga
ny, tastefully planned, and skillfully put together,
with embroidered satin for the seat and raised work
upon satin for the back. Mr. MARKER? is evidently
up to his business, and hts industrious habits merit
encouragement. See his advertisement on another
At an election held in the Edgefield Beat Company,
on Saturday last, Mr. WAIDLAW COVAR was elected
first Lieutenant of said Corps.
A FINE ARRANGEMENT.
Mr. ULIvER I. P. SCOTT, one of the proprietors of
the American hotel, Hamburg, it will be seen, by
reference to his advertisement, has adopted the plan
of delivering all of tis travelling customers and their
baggage, at either of the Georgia or Carolina Depots
free of charge. This is a capital idea, and will In
duce many to put up at the American, who hitherto
have been in ths habit of stopping in Augusta, in or
der to be convenient to the diferent depots.
A friend writing to us from Mt. Hilliard, Ala., ap
pends the following melancholy item:
"OL.tvER DoRN, son of ADNER and SARAH DoRM,
of Pike County, Ala., aged 12 years, 'was killed on
the 1st August, 1856, by att accidental discharge from
the shtot-gun of his brother WILLIt.A DoRN, who was
walking a few paces in advance, stumbled and fell to
the ground, which caused ite gun to fire, pouring its
contents into the righst eye of his unfortunate brother,
which horribly shattered his skull, scattered his brain
and produced irstant death. Let this be a caution to
SOME MISTAKCE HERE.
The Southron comes to us this week again, as if
nothing were the matter. Can it be that wve have
been hoaxed by some inky devil in relation to our co
temporary! If so, we forget and forgive thte sprite,
in thte pleasure of know- '--- --
- PRIEE SOIL, EPITAPH.
A Kansas correspondent of thte Laurensville Her-ald
furnishes that paper with the fullowitng copy of an
epitapht, taken fromt the tomb-stone of a Free State
man whto was killed in the territory last year:
" REED PERlKINS BitOWN.
Who was bortn itn L.-gan Co., Ohit, aind brutally mur
dered by that dlamtnable league, the Kir-kapoc, Ranger.,
becatse lhe was true tu his native North and her free
inmstittiints. Better dtie a martyr for freedom. like
Brown. thsn live the champrton of slavery, like Dott
gls. IIe died fur freedom, but we live to avenge his
There breathes in this a mixed feeling of hatred and
resolve which should warm ttp a counter current in
every Southern heart.
It deserves to hec honorably mentiotned, that Mr.
Jozns Jones, oef thtis District, has contributed a round
one hundred dollars towards the liqnidation of the
Baoons fine. We understand thte old gentleman
who, is very wealthty) remarked at the moment of
contributing, that Blaooxs tmighat draw upon htim for
ay further amount lie needed in such a cause. A
truly generous, spirited and patriotic exemplar !
A SHREWD OPINION.
Harriet artineau, in hecr " Retru.spect of Western
Trravel," pennedt a great many shrewd observations.
The followmng opinion is apropos of certain matter'
now trattspiring at Washingtn City : " Otns fancies,"
wrote the old woman, " otte can tell a New Eniglatnd
member int thte open air oy his deprecatory walk. He
sees to bear in niind p~rpetually that lie cannot fight
a duel, while othter people can." BUtiL:NoAstE perhaps
designs proving himself an exception to this general
rema k. Nous verrons.
TUIE DAY BOOK~ AND HEREERT.
The N,-w York Day Book te omit in distinnt and
emphatic denunctiation of the Coiurr and Jury who
wcr inistrutmentmal in acquiitting I~sassai?. Thie is
littleshtort of siding wit the popular feeling of thte
Nmortht againtsi the decision of justice and law. There
are a good many things we like well enough in the
Day Book ; but this smaks more of policy than inde
pelece. Can it be that thte Day Book pattders to
te Irish interest that surrounds it!i Wttlh so many
palpable circumstances in Ilantca'.''s favor, arnd a
fair verdict ot acqtuital too by his peers, the tone of
tte Day Book in this matter strikes us as being very
PUGH, 0OF 01110.
The Newberry Rising mSun states the fact that Hon.
G. E. PUGH, of Oht, is a native of Newberry Distrint*
We have heard of an old woman of this tname who
sed to sell butter and eggs about Newberry village.
Any connection between the parties ?
If this gentleman refuses to fight now, he is assuredly I
disgraced. HavIng first named a point in Canada as I
the place of combat, his propreition was treated by
Cal. lBttous with the contempt so transparent a
subterfuge merited. Bitt notw Mr. CAMflEL.L an
outces that, althtough Canada was preferred by his I
principal, Ite yet would have gone anywhere Baooxs I
desired, even,to South Carolina If tneed be !!! Where- I
upon Gen. LANE, as the friend of Col. Baooxs, noti- i
lies the parties tat his principal awaits the designa
tionby Buai.:oatuof same other and more suitabler
grotund, any where withtln oneo hundred miles of Wash
ington City. We are glad our representative has
placed the Massachusetts fire-eater in this position.
It was necessary in the phase matter' had assumeda
between them. BUaRLINOAxE is cornered. Now for
t e next dodge.n
The Knickerbocker is responsible for the subjoined ~
Illustration of Dutch decency, as exhibited by a good ~
many of the dirty little German itmportations of the
day. Prepare to latugh and be disgusted:
" In a metropolitan auction-ro'm, on a certain oc
casion, a little German Jew, who was slowly and
shrewdly making his hid, was addressed by a near-by. p
stander with: * There is a very dissgreeable odor about
here: what cant ii be ?' ' Yaas,' he rettlied, unhtesi
neingly, ' dat isht my vest !' ' Your feel !-hen why
don't you retire from the roomi, and not mingle with
gstlemen I The odor your fe-et exhale is very off'en- te
ie.' ' Alt!' respotnded the little He-bre w, ' you ought
to zrell 'em in a zmnall room in do sutmmer-time!'
WfIT OP) THE PINEST.
Our dander has.,been up on several occasions of
te, at ob g the weekly accounts of delicious
rui subjected to the inspection (and of course the
astietion)&that Colombia Committee. We could
so Suxuate *th his long rows of white teeth, grin.
ing indel ul anticipation of the luscious morsels
afore himtGscor rolling his fine sentimentalish
yes in froi Mfreniy, CaLDWELL carried bock to
be garden oflden in happy cogitation of some poem
hose every cadence should resolve itself into plums
r peaches.,;pears or pone-granites-and we here in
h distance. without a pealing of the feast! But
hings have hanged. Our Edgefield fruit-growers
re also on thj platform of progress; and we doubt if
,yoNs,OrlU otr, or GO? oaaD, or HAMP'roN,or
ny of the restof them can show as beautiful a basket
f peaches as were sent into our sanctum yesterday by
'as. Lawus 3oxas of our village, or as tempting a
owl of plumsuas came.a day or two before from the
arden of Dr.-E. J. Muss. The peaches were of the
elocoton, Early York and Old Mixen varieties,
arge, ripe,-fpll, and sugary. The orchard of Mr.
osEs is alreay one of the choicest; in ayearortwo,
pith the care and skill at present bestowed upon its
ulture, It wil have few rivals in the State. The
lums from Dr. Muss were Green-gages, a kind which
nables one to-appreciate T. P. ALDaCH's beautiful
anguage in ' Babie Bell," where he calls them
'globes of honey rare." *
As much actual enjoyment as such delicious pre.
ents afford ti/, it is perhaps exceeded by the satisfac
ion felt in regirding the advances in fruit culture now
raking in our nidst. It evinces a most correct taste
is well as the genuine spirit of improvement.
Now for one little brag: Mr. Wu. GaoG, of Kal
ia, Edge& District, has realized this year very
nearly fofhi.usand dollars, from sales in the New
York marketif peaches raised upon the sand hills of
rr Distriet rI'hink of that, gentlemen of the Colum
N HIS SEAT AGAIN.
Our memb, Col. Baooxs, reappeared in the House
sf Representatives on the first day of the present
month and, bog qualified, took his seat. The con
gratulations many friends and the mortified scowls
f many enempes awaited him. Some of the Black
Republicans, ipdignant at the unanimity and univer
sality of his return, affected to doubt whether he
mught to be lsttin; but even their brassy impudence
lid not dare.tipempt any action in that direction.
They will soph see, in the high courtesy and gentle
manly demeanor of the member from South Carolina,
cause to blushat their insensate conduct towards him;
while it is to be hoped they may profit by the lesson of
"Noli me tan4re" which he has so opportunely, sot
fairly, and souarely administered unto them. For
one, we trust that Southern members generally will
hereafter imitate the example of Col. BRooKs in re
senting promptly and forcibly all such gross insults to
themselves otfheir constituencies, as were those which
impelled our Representative to his late course of ac
tion. Call it ruffianly, call it half-civilized, call it
unchristian ifoyou will, it is imperatively demanded
by the necessities of the times, and is perhaps the only
means of enstering for our section and its rights any
reasonable degree of respect and considerrtion at the
hands of thanatic usurpers who now control the
Federal Housetof Representatives. In his seat again
by a tremendius vote of approbation, the case of
Baoozs is huab prototype of what would occur under
similar circumitances in every Congressional District
of the South. LThe universal feeling is one of weart
ness and disg 't with the coarse taunts and libelleus
flings of foul.mothed abolitionism; and what the
Fourth Cong isional District of South Carolina says
to her immedlqte Representative in the present in
stance, will liglechoed bac-k by the hearts of the whole
Southern people from the Potomac to the Rio Grandle:
"f you have sature in you, bear ii not."
EDEFiELD dr, HAMURG PLANK ROAD.
We passed over this road twice in the same day
last week, an 4 eel Impelled to note a thought or two
in regard therlb.
Plank Roadg we fear, will prove comparative hum
hugs, at least 4hen managed as the one in question is
at present. Aut ten miles of the Edgelield and
Hamburg Roai are rougher than any portion of any
dirt road we aacquainted with, short of the Devil's
'ii-,' . Jbbeville District. The succession of
carria - uan whl:l One-- who rides-Ili'a
next to intolerable. Neither would it he tolerated,
were it not that the heavy sand of the dirt road that
runs alongside presents so difficult and disagreeable
an alternative. If the thing is suffered to grow much
worse, it can he regarded in no other light than as a
nuisance and an imposition. The company have
chartered rights hy which they are privileged to exact
toll from travellers who take their road. But the
very ground of this privelege is to be found in their
absolute duty to keep the road in thorough repair.
When they fail in this, they are faithless to the guasi
contract between thecmselves and the State. It is no
excuse to say that travellers need not patronize theIr
road if they find it too rough. The spirit of their
charter, if not the letter, places them in the attitude
of a corporation bound to keep their work of public
utility in complete condition, or else to give it up en
tirely. As the road stanads at present, the company is
morally and legally culpable ; arnd if the evil pro
gresses we do not see why their charter should not be
By the way, a thought suggested itself to our mind
the otherday while upon the road, which it may not be
inappropriate here to mention. It is this: The meet
ing of vehicle~s is no bad occasion to test the natural
politeness of their respective occupant'. The natural
gentleman, without regard to'the regulations of travel
:pni the road, n ill always give, upoii meeting, one
half of the way, and frequently more. The natural
eoor, in spite of custom and law, will pop his whip,
harden his face and keep the whole track if possible.
Mark this, ye who are accustomed to jolk upon the
delectable Edgefield and Hamburg Plank Road, and
see if it does not hold good in the great majority of
THE CAUSE IN KANSAS.
The BRUOKs and Btsao.oNoAsxE difficulty has re
ently absorbed so much of public attention that mat
ters in Kansas have been comparatively lost sight of
for the nonce. But the recent ejection of General
Wuorut. from his seat in Congress. and the fact
hat the Fall elections arc rapidly approaching, must
mp-edily result in lifting the Kansas question to a
higher prominence before the conntry tihan it has yet
iccupiel. The statement, as given by Arcntson
himself, is, that the pro-slavery party in that territory,
with the exercise of reasonable energy and acturity,
will predominate for the present at least. Without
t change, the decision at the ballot box in October
lxt, will be highly favorable to the hope that Kan
ias is to add another name to the slave States of the
Union. But great efforts are making in the hireling
atitudes to defeat this anticipation ; and there Is no
'oling how far the present condition of things may
is modified in the course of the next two months.
Ct in certainty no time for the So,.thiern people to
lcken their efforts In the cause. " A strong pull
d a pull altogether," should now especIally be their
ntto. With whlat an amount of carelessness and in
iiference should we have tu reproach ourselves, if
mfter gaining a sirer-: foothold for Southern men and
suthen principles In t et beautiful territory, we fall
upinely back and yiesu the victory to Black Repub
cnism! And of this denouement there seems to
te some real ground of apprehension. Letters from
o. Bnan, Gena. JoNza and others, hint complain
gly at the slender contributtionis which have gone
p from the South to sustain their respective com
anl. A large portion of Bcronza's three hundred
nd fifty men, it is said, have quit the territory en
rely; bit this we doubt.-~ Still, the indIcations are
ufciently strong to startle our people into rene wed
ction in this all-Imnportant matter. It is too much
or habit to make one gallant rush for the mainte
ance of our peculiar rights, and then suffer the pros
eot f success to lull us into a fancied but false se
oty. There is eminent danger of this in the pre
nt condition of the Kansas issue. Let It not be so.
et us awake again, shake off this langour of indiffer
cc, buckle to the work with renewed vigor, open
or pttrses more liberally and make a good fight of it
the last. Otherwise, we may lose Kansas and all
resent hops of slavery extension
t s gratifying to know that Maj. Waaan D).
'IILxEs was, to sums extent, successful in his recent
u through this State. The Anderson Gesette f
Ldtmcate informs us that he ha. left for the Territory
'Eansas, carryipg with hia several thousand dollase
ADDRESS BY W. R. TABER, ESQ.
We are indebted to the author for a copy of his
polished and impressive address before the Moultrie
and Palmetto Guards, delivered on the 28th June last.
If we might venture a criticism without offence, we
should say that Mr. TAlER. inculcates the precept,
"Be subject to the powers that be," with a somewhat
overwealing zeal, for a resistance man. Especially
in his Socrates illustration, do we differ with him.
We always thought that old man wrong in refusing to
preserve a life so useful to his felluw-men, when a fair
opportunity offered for escape from the unjust con
demnation of a demented democracy. But doubtless
we are hypercritical. Let Mr. TADr.a's own graceful
language show how he qualifies his position :
"None honor more than myself the spirit of resis.
tance to oppression. There isa sublimity in that wild
up-leaping of the goaded heart, that desperate charge
of nature galled with long servitude. A people in
eapable of this, upon whom have settled a stubborn
apathy, and who hug their chains while cursing their
oppressors, such a people are lost to liberty. The
memories of the past bring neither shame to their
cheeks, nor aspirations to their suils. There is no
resurrection of national life for such a people.
"But Revolution, to hear fruits worthy of history,
must have more in it than the mere spirit of resist
ance. Strong as the hatred of tyranny mu't be the
love of law; and upon its banners, floating it may be
over bloody fields and burning cities, there must ever
shine, clear as the white plume of Navarre, as the
hope and end of all its struggles, the peace and good
order of society. Revolution without this, is but a
convulsive spasm, suddenly started, and as suddenly
A number of Chester boys left for Kansas a week
or two since. Upon the morning of their departure,
they were addressed in eloquent terms by M;aj. Na
THIANItL P. EAvzs. At the conclusion of his address,
the speaker placed in the hands of the Rev. J. M. Mc.
CRAw (one of the emigrants) the following character
istic "note of advice."
TowN o Ctis'rza, S. C., Aug. 4th '56.
Ray. J. hl. McCaAw-Sir: You are on your way
to Kansas. If spared to get there, please permit me
to exhort you to exert your best abilities to spread the
doctrines of the everlasting Gospel, and teach the
young emigrants to abstain from vice of every kind ; to
love and revere their Creator in the days of theirynutl
and follow lais precepts in all things-and teach them
to cultivate virtue, charity, brotherly love and trite
Carolinian chivalry, and sustain Southern rights and
principles at any and every hazard.
N. R. EAvrs.
The last Barnwell Sentinel contains the information
that a single beat in that District (Graham's Turn Out
Beat) has recantly subscribed near si. hundred dol
lars to the cause of Kansas emigration. A. P. AL.
DRieIl, Esq., Chairman of the Central Kansas Com
miee, also acknowledges the receipt of several
amounts from other quarters. It would appear that
our sister Barnwell is fully aroused to the importance
of the Kansas Isasue. Would that all the other Dis
tricts in the State may follow her example !
For the Advertiser.
TO THE VOTERS OF EDGEFIELD DISTRICT.
Being a candidate for the Legislature, I regard it a
duty to respond to all respectful calls for my opinions
on political questions of prominence or of interest.
Accordingly, I will notice briefly the several interro
gatories to candidates, which from time to time, have
appeared in the public prints of the District.
1st. The division of Edgefield District.
The best plan to effect this purpose, probably would
be to erase all the present District lines, and divide
the State anew, into Districts of twentymiles square;
erecting a Court louse &c., near the centre of each,
and having a territorial representation in the Senate,
while in the lower House a representation based on
taxation and population. The expense attending the
execution of this project would perhaps render it im
practicable at this juncture.
Another scheme, and decidedly the most feasible.
would be to cut off the corners of Edgefield, and
uniting with portions of the adjacent Districts, form
four or more Districts of respectable size, leaving our
present Court House near the middle of an area of
twenty or more miles square. The welfare of a ma
jrity of the people of Edgefield would, unquestionably,
be promoted by the adoption of this plan, on the part
of the Luegislature.
Stillanothcr mode ofDvin onhas been suggested,
am ignorant of the extent of territ .ry to be embraced
by the designated lines ; of the nuiaber of voters
within them; of the amount of taxes paid there, and
the relative expenditures for public purposes-and
indeed of the disposition, whether favourable or nor,
of a majority of those interested. But as a general
proosition, I would respectfully decline to commit
myself in advance to thte support of the details of any
measure. And iinamy judgment, he whto would stub
mit voluntarily to the demial of oll discretion in action,
would lose, if he ever possessed it, all freedom of
thought, and is unfit to repiresent a Republican people.
I favour an equitable Division of Edigefield, because
I think the District inconveniently large, and amply
populou, and wealthy to justify partition. In reason
and justice, it could not have been designed to compell
the people of the large up-country Districts, whatever
in the course of time nmight he the total of populatioan,
and whatever their accumulation of wealth, t'o abide
forever by extensive boundaries, when all their inter
ests atnd desires might require more circumseribed
limits. If the system is ptreservedl for the sake of
certain comnpromises between ithe two sections of the
Stte, let there be adopted other compromises equally
potent to protect the mtmerity. A regard for thme rights
of minorities, is an important part of the political
creed of South Carolina. I am prepared to entertain
ar.d to ainruin any fair proposition, looking to the
assertion of the rights and t he protection of the inter
ests o'f the mintority portion of the State.
While the above expresses my honest convictions, it
is due to candour to say, that in view of the temper
of a large part of the last Legislature, and of the
considerable and prospectively increasing itndebtedness
of te State, I am quite sure thtat immediate success
will not bttend the prosecution of any scheme of
2nd. The Poll Tax.
This is an indiscriminate fixed tax upon each
citizen, htable to be modified by "able.hodied" or
" voter." England tried it, off and oan, for three or
fuar haundred years, but. abholi,,ed it finally in the
1th Centusry, under William the 'Thirdl. Thte policy
of such a tax is considered questionsable, by political
economists, in expelling from the boardera of a State,
the scurf of poptulatiiat. It is calculated also to drive
to more liberal commonwealths, some of the bonec atnd
sinew of the land. And men-true men-who may
be of the poor, as well as tof the richi classes, are or
vastly more importance than capital, among the ele
ments wltieb give power toa State. Alljust taxation
is basedl on net income,--that is, the portion of inceome,
beyond the demand for the necessaries and comforts
of life. Pot-erty has no such income. 'The petty
wages of labour with very many serve but to supply
the commonest requisites for living. Honesty, pru
dence, Industry, combined with intelligetice, may
only provide for a family ,-the day's sustenanace from
the day's work. Besidles if imposed on voters, and
ollected at the ballot box, it would inevitably lead to
bribery, corruption and conasequtent demnoralizat'on.
Still, the necessity may occur for the imposition of
the tax in this, as it has already done in a few other
States of the Confederacy. South Carolina has en
tered upon a system of bounteous appropriations for
Rail Roads &c., and ten years hence, may owe fiteen
or twenty millions of mtoney ! To meet the interest
on tit debt, adding the necessary supplies for govern
ment, would require a largely increased tax on the
property now taxed, while many articles exempted,
would be included in the tax bill, such as jewelry
money at interest-carriages, etc. And even a poll tax
would be brought into requisition to aid in sustaining
the credit of the State. But "sufficient unto the day
is the evil thereof."
3rd. The Electoral question.
On titl subject, I am rather indiffere-st. The exis
ting system has worked well. The Legislature has
never misrepresented th.e sentiment of the people in
voting for Presidential Electors. If, however, there
is a general desire, to recall the power conferred on
the Legislature, I am not unwilling to see the experi
ment of change tried, under a bill judiciously drawn.
th. The Presidential Election.
Under the present phase of public affairs, I should
st hesitate to rote for BucsrAmNAN and BaEErrasDGE
Blctors. The State indeed has noalternative, hence
hiis is not the period for mere complimentary votes.
In conclusiont, will remnark, that I amuot a special
p~x.-. er~d. pblnnW g1r~-M~ma'r aU..e
aneed me to the voters of Edgefleld. I am indepen- p
dent of all trammels, save those honorable ones, which r,
are imposed by a sense of justice, and a consciousness -b
of proper motives. If the voters are satisfied with my a
views, I can cheerfully promise to act faithfully, in
promoting the welfare of the District and the State,
with whatever ability I may possess, and in all cases,
according to my best judgment. e
1. C. MI. HAMMOND.
For the Advertiser.
Ma. Etrroa,-I beg that you will give a place f
in your paper to the following remarks in answer
to a call from many citizens.
As a Candidate for the Legislature, I do not
claim to be a party man. I am wholly ignorant of
the platform or arran;gements of either of the par
ties now preparing for a hot contest. Those who
vote for me must therefure consider me a free and I
independent candidate. I feel no hesitation in de
elaring my honest sentiments, and will most cheer
fully answer the call made by many respectable citi
zens on the candidates.
I have long felt the inconvenience of a residence
so remote from the Court house, and have labored,
in common with many of my fellow-citizens, to ob- t
tain such a division of the District as would give E
us a Court house at Aiken. I
I am in favor of giving the Election of Electors
to the people ; and am also favorable to the election j
of BUcUAAN and BRECKENaDO for President and I
Vice President of the United States.
I am opposed to a Poll Tax, unless it be raised
for no other purpose than the education of the poor 1
children of the State.
however important it may seem to some people
to agitate the District on the questions now before
the people, I deem them at present of minor im
portance, and only calculated to stir up strife among
us. The subject of forming a new District out of
the lower end of Edgefleld together with the upper
end of Barnvell and Orangeburg, has been agitrted
nearly thirty years, with little or no progress. If
the Parish system of representation be continued,
fifty or a hundred years may elapse before we see
another election Distr ict mado in the up-country.
The Senate is now divided 24 to 24. The low
country will suffer anything rather than break up
that balance of power, which I think wrong and
anti-republican. I would therefore be willing to see
the whole system of Parish representation blown up.
There are other and far more important subjects
of general interest that the people of Edgefield
might, and I think ought, to direct their attention
to. The State of South Carolina has commenced a
system of wasteful expenditure of public money,
that ought to alarm every body. Such is the rife
spirit for borrowing money and expending, that
there is scarcely a project, however visionary, that
will not find advocates in our Legislature, provided
the means can be obtained by borrowing.
heretofore the taxes of South Carolina have been
exceedingly light, probably mere so than in any
other State in the Union. But any man of forecast
must see at a glance, that the day is not far distant
when it will be increased five fold for interest
alone, without any effort to lay aside, to meet the
principal at maturity. When the day comes, and
come it Kill soon, our children will be burthened
with raising millions to pay for our folly. That awful
day of retribution, if it does not drive many out of
the State, wilt at least burthen the country with
such taxation as we have never ventured on the un
pleasant task of figuring up. It has become so com
mon now to issue State Bonds in order to forward
public works, that a million of dollars borrowed.
attd badly expended. does not attract more atten
tion, indeed not half as much, as the expenditure
of ten thousand dollars thirty years ago, when
the Legislature gave ?blrs. Randolph two thousand
dollars. after which our most talented men through
the State had to take the stump ; and old Edgefield
was among the foremost in henping censure upon
lina Canal andRail Roa Company one hundred
thtousand dollars for ten years. At that tame many
in'6uential members trembled in their shoes for
fear of the consequences before their constituents
Now, after having exhausted our Treasury, and
borrowed until our Bonds are no l.mger current at
par, we can very quietly stand by and see our
Legislatuare cotnmenee a State House which is to
cost a milion and a half, if not two nmillions of do!
ars, erery cent of which laas to be borrowed, while
a hundred or two haundred thousand dollars, judi
eiously expended, would have built a house fine
enough andl sufficiently substantial to satisfy any
But that is not all; thec Legislature, in utter neg
k-ect of the great want of internal improvements for
inter-coanmunication ian all parts of our State, witha a
perfect knowledge that our common ronads are thte
worst in Christiandom-so maisernble, that produce
twenty miles int thte interior, is fur ther from our
mkets thani Tennessee, Kentucky and Ohio-witt:
all of these facts, stnring themn in thec fnce, and with
out thme fear of consequences before their constitu
entp, we see members of the Legislature from every
genrter of the State, rallying around a few ad lvecnte.
gifted witha tile a ower of eloquence, to be eenvinced
that the State ought,to exhaaust haerself in boreing
tunnels through the moun tains. Excited to extravganz
frnxy, they exclaim, " south Carolina is behinad the
age, and must do something.'' A nd thecy proceed in
hot haste to plunge the State into subascriptions for
amillions of dollars for works, to say thme least, which
are naot likely ever to yield income, if earnings
enough to keep the wvorks in repair ; and sucha as no
enpitalist in the State woud venture a dollar with
the expectation of ever getting a cent of it back.
The State hats subscribed a million of dollars to
the Rabunt Gap Rail [Rond, and has also loaned her
Honds bearing 7 per cent inatetest for a million more,
andi htas no ork~er security than the Road thus coin
meced, utterly worthless, unless the State launeches
frth millions more for the coplstion of the work.
Thle loan is worse tihan thme subscription, as the Bonds
were mtade to bear 7 per cent to suit the parties who
were to receive themi. What is to become of us if
lhis gigatntic system of borrowing ho permitted ?
Te State hats alrea.ly commenced to borrow at 7,
tow long~ will it be before excuses will be made suf
ficiently strong to induce her to issue at 8 per cent ?
An.l what ii to. be the fate of our children when
taese Bontds fall due ? If it should happen in a
tmonetary pressure, thec State may be placed in 'a
situation where there will be no choice between 10
or 15 per cent, or repudiation.
It is my deliberate opinion, that beforethte Rabun
Gap Road is so far completed as to do us, or itself
atny good, we shall have expetnded more money on
it, than would build a good Rail Road from the sea
board to any i-nportant section of our State, besides
good turnpikes to almost every man's door,--and for
wvhat purpose are these ruinous expenditures now
being nmade ?
The State is to exhaust her transury nd her cred-t
at to tunnel mountains and cut a road tom Knoxville,t
in East Tennessee, that the City of Charleston maye
have two outlets to that region of country. There I
is already a Rail Road commiunication open to that
point, but unfortunately the State of Georgia holds
the keys, and may perchance occasionally favour
Savannah. For that, and no othaer tangible reason,
proud South Carolina must exhaust her credit, and
bring a ruinous taxation upon her people for a work,
that, when completed, cannot benefit the State ; end e
[ doubt if it ever realises one tenth of what is ex- 1I
peeted from it by the people of Charleston. I
What interest has the State at large in making ~
Rail Road avenues to the West ? The inevitable ~
tendency will be to bring the products of Western
lands into competition with ours ;-to enhance the
value of land West, and to depreeeate its value here. ~
Whle, if the millions which are to he expended in
us. eaale~-..s aska etear .whs.rs wett.~
)mp-and show, were expended in making a rail
aids and tiai pikes in our State, our lands would
o enhanced Iu value,-thesoil would be reseusitated,
ad our many hundreds of thousands of acres of -
wamp.land be brought into cultivation. Our now
ninhabited wilderness swamps would soon be cov
rd with fine farms, white houses and a busy popu
tion,-our waterfalls and vallies would be oc
ied with manufacturing Villages, and our desert
md hills and pine lands 'arnedinto graperies and
-nit orchards; and Charleston, instead of being
hat she now is, and is likely to remain, a aere
topping place on the way tdNevYoc,-a cotsil.
on and forwarding agency,-would become indeed
he "Queen City of the South" and market'place
f a thrifty and a great people.
As the State has commenced and expended a
urge sum in a magnificent State House,.itoughtito,
e finished, but not a dollar more would I expend
or the State in Western.Sail Ro 4sanI iounigln
unnels. WM. GREGG.
TO TEE VOTEBS OF EDGEFIELD:
As a candidate for a seat in jhe House of your
text General Assembly, I beg leave respectfully to
ixpress briefly, my opinions upon the leading ques
ions, claiming your attenion in the present canvass.
The division of the District of Edgefield is a sub
ect of deep interest to a very large portion of its -
people, and intimately connected with the political
;rowth and prosperity of the entire Up-country.
[he expediency and justice of the measure need no
aboured argument, and but for the natural opposi
iou arising from the influence of local interests in
ertain portions of the District, it were strange there
hould exist difference of opinion on the subject here
lam a divisirn man, and if elected, will vote for
my bill proposing and providing for a practicable
echeme for the division of the Distriot.
The Poll Tax question is a new issue before our
>eople. 1 cannot favor the policy proposed by those
who seek to levy such a tax.
lam in favor of giving the election of Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States,
mud the election of Governor of the State, to the
people-and will, if elected.vote for and sustain bills r,
purposing such changes; and the candidate for the
Gubernatorial office, favoring such a measure, I
I have ever been devoted to the great principles
of the States Rights Democracy, and an humble
admirer of its sage political fathers who have done
honor to the age in which they lived. I therefore
endorse the nomination of BuniaAx and BaECE
Eaiox, and if elected, I will vote fur Electors
pledged to cast the vote of the State fur them.
Respectfully, S. W. MABRY.
For the Advertiser.
Saturday, August 2nd, 1856.
'o TuoMAs P. bIAoAATu EsQ.
Dear Sir:-At a meeting of the members of the
Edgefield Lyceum, held on the night of 31st ult.,
we were appointed a committee to communicate with
you, tender the thanks of the association for your
chaste and eloquent address and request a copy of
the same for publiontion.
Very respeetfull your ob't servants,
ELB3ERT IBLANI) Coxs.
Saturday, Aug 2d 1856.
GENTLEMEN t--Your note of this date informing
me that you were a committee appointed by tha.
E&lgefield Lyceum, to request a copy of .my inaugu
ral discourse for publication has been received.
Whilst the compliment tendered by the Lyceum, and
gracefully conveyed by the~ committee, is accepted,
you will excuse me to that body'flordeeliuing Its re
quest, inasmuch as the effyifnjpmy judgment was
-w..Wny,WO,,raT551. lBe pTl~eacdto receive
the assurance of my high regard.
THOM AS P. ?AlAGRlATII.
To Messrs. JJwoVDO TLERr, Ex.scar B LAN,
JosEPHt ASNEY, Com~m:ttee.
Fott TilE ADvERTIsERt..
TO THE CANDIDATES FOR THE LEOISL&TUEE.
GENTLEMEN: Through the columns of the Adver
tser and Informer, I will off'er you a few thoughts fur -
your consideration, In caso you are elected.
When I was about 13 or 14 years of age my father
sent me to the Plough Handle Academy, at which
school lhe kept me close until I was 21, and I gradua
ed with as muclh honor as common. I then bound
myself to the school of experience, and that school has
tamght me that the present mode of a Convention for
the nomination of Candidates for President and Vice
President is right, and I acquiesce in the nomination.
I am int favor of the Goverr.or's being elected by
the people, to prevent the election of fencing Gover
I am in favor of giving the election of Commission
ers in Equity to the people, for lie is the people's man.
Iam in favor of an extra set of Judges to try allappeal
caes, for my school of experience teaches me that if
there had been such a Court four years ago, I should
now have between 85,000 and $9,000 in my pocket
hat [ consider I was fairly cheated out of; and I hope
tme Judge, wvhen lie reads this or bears of it, will feel
like D~avid did when Nathan told him he was the man.
In the next place, I am in favor of a poll-tax, sure.
Ihave always thought that all taxes must be uniform ;
but I perceive that these arises a difference of opinion
in the plan of taxation; and that difference appears
to e this to my view-that the poor man must be
taxed and the rich not, and such a thing has never
entered my mind, but if the word equal does not in
lude both rich and poor, my school has taught me
n rong. But for the poll-tax to have no per centage
laid on, as in all other taxation; say, for instance, the
tax be 50 cents a poll, and no per cent. laid on, as in
ther property, and let that he on the poll of every
white man in the State that is able to work, rich or
In the next place, as to the division of the District,
[am at a loss to say, but owing to our high taxes and
present indebtedness, if a division Is advisable, I don't
think it expedient at this time. And, in the next place,
I am very tired of being taxed to keep up the Com
uia College, or for Agricultural Societies, for I would
tot give one practical farmer for as many thousand as
ould stand from Edgefield C. H., to Hamibnrg ; and
f the College cannot support itself letit go like Sodom
ad Gomorrah went, andI let the walls stand as Lot's
s'ife does, as a warning to rising generations.
I would be glad if the parties that are so willing to
ax their conatituents to keep up the institution, would
bow to their constituents the income, or the public
rood It has done, or ever will do, for I think it ts
nough to be taxed to school the poor, let alone the
And, in the next place, I am opposed to the canmdi
lates for the Legislature to have to ride all over the
)istrict and have to answer so many questions that is
at to them In the papers. I believe in a candidate
o be seen and their sentiments known; but there Is a
horter way, let them come out for the lone good of
heir country, and If they are trust.worthy they wilt
make good members, but the present plan Is so habori
as and expensive that it has run almost all the talent ?
nt of our Legislative Hall. I wan: amnan of an hon
s heart to fight for me with all of his warfaring im
lements at his command. If he gets whipped, doing
eo best heean, he can come home to his constituents
nith a clear conscience, and say to them, I did my
et, and he will be forgiven ; hut If he or they come
msm whipped, with his hands tIed, what can they
sy to him or you to themi And the party tnat whips
man with his hands tied, has no honor.
The above is what I have learned in iiy school, be
ides making a very good living en poor piney woods
md, and besides the loss I sustaIned for the want of
ot Extra Court. I ath getting'lilerablewell,
nd I therefore can, with confidence, recommend my
hool to the candidates, and -also itoith. fathers and
ardans of children. Also, I want you to take into
nsideration the Tax-Collector's pay, and see if his
tea don't want knocking down ; which I hope will be
I duy considered and acted upon. ,