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"We will cling to the Pilla'r of tihe Temple of onkr Liberties, and if it imst fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruin."
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD9 S.Ca, DECEMBER 3, 1G
Columbia, S. C., Nov. 24, 1856.
Gentleme n of the Senate
and Housc of Reprcsentatires:
The object for which you were recently con
vened in extra session has been determined.
The popular voice has declared in favor of the
party of our preference. The past admonishes
us to reserve the fullteasure of our rejoicing
to the day when the avowed policy of the party
shall have been honestly carried out; when
justice shall be re-established, and tranquility
be restored to the country. Then, indeed, will
the victory be one worthy of the strongest de
monstration which patriotism can indulge. So
far as the result may be regarded. as a rebuke
to that Northern party, whose principle of eho
hesion is hatred to the South, we share in the
general satisfaction. Considered in reference
to the vital issue between the North and the
South, I fear that it will be a barren triumph
that it will prove to be, at best, but a brief re
spite of feverish, exhausting excitement, des.
tined to end in embittered feeling and distrac
ted counsel among ourselves. Slavery and
Freesoilism can never be reconciled. Our ene
mies have been defeated-not vanquished. A
. majority of the free States have declared against
the South, upon a purely sectional issue, and
in the remainder of them, formidable minorities
fiercely contended for victory under the same
banner. The triumph of this geographical par
ty must dissolve the confederacy, unless we are
prepared to sink down into a state of acknowl
edged inferiority. We will act as wisely to em'
ploy the interval of repose afforded by the late
election, in earnest prepmratioi fur the inevitable
conflitet. The SouthLIer States have never de.
mande-d more than eqnality and security. They
ein not. submtit to less, and remsain in the Union,
w.thout dishonor and ultimate ruin.
The internal state of the commnwealth,
over whose :aibirs you are called to deiberate,
exhibits a gyratfvifyii conidition of getneral pro:!
perity atAi contetment. The State has been
mercifully spared the scourge of the " pesti.enee
which wastet::." atd our people liave sown ani
reaped in peace, Impressed with a sense of our
mutual mhii:tions, and with hearte full of grati
tude to God, we enter on the work of duty be
In the performance of the part assigned te
me, I proiceed to lay before you buch informia
tion of the condition of the State, and to re
comn.eind to your vonsikderation snch measures
a i -joke n'ece.,sary or expedient."
The ilt' liis of the bank of the St.ate for thte
last yve:r. aniount to 12S0,469.40, eNeeedity
tho se f *,the previous y'ear by S7,418.-tS.
During the liscal par : lie puil-ie dubt charged
on the bank has heen rediteed S61.340.78. The
Preridttt of the bank inf'ornid i that he ex
pected to inake a further reduction ot' N ab.t
835,000, the arrangenents for which couli not
be copleted befIrv the el->se of thme ie..J
I refer you to the report of the Comptroller
General fr a detailed statemtent of the finan
cial c-ondition of the State. Since the first of
Octolier. 1655. the public debt has been increae
as folm. s: By issue of bonds to construct
New State House, 8250.000; by ;ubteriptioii
to Blue Ridge Raiirond, $200.000.
Th.- foi!owing table exhibits the debt, liabili
ty, and ustets of the State:
'3 and 5 per cen:. State stck. 123,7
Fire loan bonds................. I . $sS 9'
Bondt. new State I loe~i~e............. 5 t:1.000 00
Bonds Ulue Ridge R:ilroad....... -0.. io0 00
U. S. trecs:ury su rl::. fund.......,0:1.422 0)
Guaraitor South Carolina
Railroa.i.... ...............2,0 000 00
Debt and li:Ailit........ ....5,74 !CS;
Caplitail of~ ban k...............277.8.i25 i
Sinkingr fuind................. .:..-.3 55 e
Shares in railroa~ds, peri value....7-4.300 00 t
Ca:,h on 1.st Getober............13%t625 00
Th'le ::tmount ofI $10,001) approprited ::t tlze
last se-ion t efay the continutexns
of the excettive depmartmntt, I hb' e h-sl tno mc
casion to dIraw frsom the Treasury. Withi t he
unexpeinded balanice of lhit yeair, and a balance
of 82,5t94 91. transferred to my credit by my
predee.-'r, I have been able to meet the ordi
nary dramft.s (si the depstm nent. As my term of
offlce is a bout t'o expire. I feel nto delica'cy in.
making certain recsmmiiendations in relaition to
the department. The sahiry of the Go;mvern)or
is wholiv inasdesgnate to t he matintainaee of lie
proper respectailhity antd dignity of thie stat ion.
I have ::vided sili usnnecessary expswnss: I have
indulged in no displaty whmateve r: and from my
experiet~ee, I hmvie no hesitation in saying, that
no man vani dispense the ordinary hospitalityI
expected of him, nor maintain that style which
our pes.ple very properly associate with the
station, ni: Its it drawinig largely ott his privaste ~
inceome. The irst iollice in the gift. oft the peo
ple shoull tot be ine n~ ideh the~ wealhy onlyI
can ustford tom accept. It is ino anlswer tmo say.
there' is tmo watt of~ :nisats fssr thes i..-Guion'
Willing psnhliie se rvanits are tnot gene~rally the
most efiienmt. The~i republ icani stanmdardh mit
comnpens t ion for l pmubliic service, is that wich 1
will cornm:i. td the taleni-it that is able to serve
the coniin.st.weashh:. I: too otlein hatppenis that
lie who hsa-.' givn is life to lhe public, enitals i
upion his faii v ti.s. inci'denits mf : watstied for- I
tunie. I rmcmsnmiend that il.. wal:ry mof the G;ov
ernor be increassed tsm live thsousand dsll.r' andI I
that lhe bf- required to reside~ at the capi Ial. On i
this latter psini , I iri:e y*u r atten~iti'.n to thi
followin2 e>r:at Iromtj ti~E nnmssg'e rt tha :1 I
Coy. .Johsi>son: '- The lice is itiner. nt . :nd ti
follows thet persmn of~ t he Execit ive wI . re-r 5?i
Ihis nece-sities (or conivt'eiee imy cs mpI.-1 hun
to reside. Ti<k im se ily itseo::,stent wib Ihs
ne(cesssary 'ideri and uifiormlity int the condutltct
of tmho bn-tess osf the ostlice. liie cannomt camrry
with him alssboks. doicumieints, iandm vmuri~i'.
nor his Sm cretary.. Ile must either die-e'e
with him, or subiject limn tom an expli n e e nm heb
wou!d swamIllsw isp his sinull salary. Tjhe ei'i-j.
zens, too, mie is' mrested to lor~ow wh~ere the t
Executivye mays be' fs-d. an md if hle hs no fitxedi
residmence,:5:r s iisi'i ml to go in pur-suit thrmngh s
high 5way5st md by I'aths. T hey nima uans' tos
pass himno tshe wvy, without k nowirg him (a
case of ac: .l teetrence.) CTe, noe reimedyv
is to pro ide I.i an' r..identce at the seat ofi g''w
err.mieit,: :s ii- e himut to ieside there pier
Th'le r'epm it of Gesniera IJamtes .Jossm. Comir
Tmissioner of~ New Statem I hmsu'.e, wi gI ve~ yoiu
full informaion of th pt'lrogree' of th~e wmmkl,
anid his plan ffuture~ rti'ssr tors-. I conit itutted1
him agent ts sell th hi nsik ato orized tom lbe
isaneid by tI:e~ la t ist u sre'. There has been
little or no a tamd for 6 per centt. bonds. and
lUnt fu w osf 'N in .a~ e lbeeni disposeod of. TheI
Act lotbids :hm as le ofther em be'nd belShlow par.
IJs.d nost thi-l Ik adun.< -ied the requise fuisds,I
t he Ce nmisim'ner would have been cr nipelled to
mnspnd all sperations on the buildinig.
I herewith transmit a communieation from
the Ilon. V. F. Colcock, enclo.ing a copy of a
letter from the Secretary of the Treasury to
the Light-House Board, and also a copy of the
opinion of the Attorney General of the United
States, in relation to the provisions of an act
of the Legislature of South Carolina granting
ites for Light-Honses. On reference to these
;oninuitications, it will be seen that the Gen.
eral Gevernment declines to proceed, on the
ground " that the consent given by South Caro
ina to the purchase iN coupled with the condi
ion that South Carolina retains the jurisdiction."
Purther legislation is a.ked. I think when the
Southern States surrendered to the General
Goternment the power to regulate commeree,
.hcv committed a great blunder. but that is no
oneer a debateable question. If the neeesities
f commerct require the erection of tli pro.
,osed Light-House, I can see no good reason
ror declining to make the cession upon the s:I one
eris as other States lve done. Whenever the
eople of South Carolina determine to dissolve
heir econnection with the Geueral Government,
he posSes.ion of a few Light-Houses will in.
:erpose but feeble barriers to' the execution of
iuch a purpose.
Accompanying this message will be found a
report of Mr. 0-car 31. Leiber, appointed, under
i joint resolution of the last Legislature, - Geo
lngiail.Mineralogical, and Agricultural Survevor
)f the State." The Joint Coumittcs of Agmi
:ulture and Internal Improvements of the las t
General Assembly unanimoustly selected Mr.
Leiber for the situation, and I did not he-sitate
o confirm the appointmnent. I have not had
:ime to examine his report, and therefore can
mxpress no opinion of its merit,.
I lay before you a letter addressed to me by
Dr. Pirker, Superinitenrdent of the Lunatic Asy
un, in relation to the condition and wanits of
he institution. Ilis npportunitie.s entitle his
)pinions to great weigit I tv is decidedly op.
osed to the policy of removing the insititution
-rom its present location. Additional aeonmo
intion is indispensible to enable the ln.tituion
- fullil the humane end of its establishment.
[ :i sure that no appeal is neeessary, to secure
'r it the full measure of your bounty.
I alw, lay before you a report of the Milit ry
'namis-ioin, raised in compliance with : resoiu
ion Of the last Legislature. The resulution
'qijored ine to appoint ten commiiioners to
:onsider the militia and patrol law (if the St:tt,
mIid to recommend such alteraiin (X (it the i:.n
is they night deem advisab!e. Nir:e of' the
:oui.t:-ioners appointed disch.ar:td 'the tit y
tesiited them--the tienth was tn:vidablyab
vt. They have mn:miinniu-ly agreed on a re
orl, nrging the import:nee of pieservinig the I
lysteum as it now .oac-: amid I beg leave re
Ipeetfully to add my ciicurrer.ce in the views
which brought thimir to lheir concusion.
The last Lerislature anttborized the Ho:.r.1 of
,otmissioners for the Deal', Dumb, m:d Biind,
>f which I am chainrrm ex-otlicio, to iurvtu:sfe
or the State the est:h'iO hment (f Mr.. N. 1'.
WN..ker, at Cedar Sprmiug<. and to uale <u(I ir
u:irgesnierts therein for the rmitr:unate inines.
aum ippy to inform yiu that ie- purciimse has
)een coil etedi (.n %er 11whic are, mlisfactory
o w:Iolel Ilmrd . a:d t hat -tueh further ar
temne:tas are it qired by this chrage witl
'... d i;uls ui 1 for your con-ideratin
eport fr.an the iarud. rmirt in detai..
The Trusices of ti S: t b Carolina College.
it their ann al n me:inrg i:M December last, eler t.
d Professor C. F. -\.;: y. i'resideit of the in
tit ut ion. His abili, :o:d at Ianinents are ie
4idtred by those who know him to be of Ie
iglemt order; and wl:en the prejuiiees which
e ener-mnIered at the very threshthi of hi., i
!ii,r . '..ve becn dt -irlied (it they ha
t, ... dy b,. in:) therre will be but one opinion t
1 t. I t ne.s for 11h. pohion to whieh it
;;.11 by. :r %ciy dveidel in:.rity of th
I 'nd.::::d : -..ri, wihoumt the lghtest sn
ic tinin. . art. .'Ir. Rivers, of Charles
n. wose lfe h::s been .9- arv devoted u
!W e.11 pursuits, has beii 0. 11b-d I':nier rf
3reek Literature, in place of Dr. !Nc:iry. d'ecea
: : and Dr. LeConte, of Georiau, :1 :r'
If wll estaiblI.hed scientifie rttaim:rr.-m
('een ch'ited Professor of Natur:tl anrd Mer
-al hillosophy. Both theire aippi 'rt um
>elieve, are admitted on all bandi. to lhav
idcious ard mbost fortunate for thp inl.titrni-.
in thec death of Dr. Henry, the Colm
nmurnas the departure of an old,'uable.:mnd fith
'ul .rofessor. He was a ripe .elvhim~r-armni
'n i of lemrning-who, without osteintationd
ighed in: throwing opea t hi :rhumhmda t store
murr-m ot his krnowledge', and in-- itii: the sto-i
lent to partake freely oh' its richme. It will hbe
ong before it will rave thre g >nJ fortune to
ejoice in his equal.:
The conduct of the st'udents i5 reported tio
te to be quiet and onilerhy. Th'ie Faculty are
aiduous in their severalh departments, :mdn the
uture of the linstituitioni as:1 enconrransn.rt:: Is
tainy previous periodi oft its esi.,tece~u. 'I iiarh
was not educated t :he Colhl.*, I. have -uen
nd realized its bene:lt to thre Staite. w'ei:.lly.
rirlly and politie::lly. It is rarie. indeid.:1.at
s graduiaites have failed ini aftier life, iby exam-it
le anod condurct, to vindicate the picy wi-'
ourihei :mid usaliniS it. In imy judgmrent. i;
a donei more for the State than all her oiher
rnstitutios put togibher. ft i< greartly to bec
egrettedl th-it thire is a dispoiin iir o~ cripide
is u-etcuiiess, iif niot to destro'y it. The cha~rr.
at it is th rie un n's college., is the~ cry of ih
y of its graduates are the sons otf fatheir'; v.him
are niot aibme to educalrie thmermel ves. :iirl nii
'ountg uman has ever in:lni lium'os ei w.1 ia
rim because of hris piverty.
It is urg~ed, thrroughi enhi.-e iintirneiptiio,
ht it i.A time to make it ai silf-,.tr aini ing inai
u: in, and! tihe ex:nidue of v'irius colleuges i
rchl up for our imittion. Ta'ke a- from them n
heir various end. .wmrren' . :mi thi-re iu not.
tritly s'peaking, an suel-unrsinnit'ri cellge. in the
jnin. While it i., then nuly of 't'he' Si:te. ::
-ra lies in her power, to instruct tihe den:stitu~
I i no loss imperatively her dun'y toi pmrovmde for
hsie who are able to pay forii,.rime very h'gil..
at s.tndard of eduenition. As a !;.-payer. I.
rtes- against the withholing from thni S uthr
'alina5 College whatever proportion of iiiy
niru;l :rxes goes to its support, if in m i at e
amm time :o be taxed for the stuppoirt oh' fri e
ehmirmis. Ignorance among the mflssest is iri'n
ati! e wti:h ithe true idea of repnirhieanr eorn-i
inenti. hii: without superior itel'iiience to1 con:-I
iii mind riirtet it, the educ:rrion wthaiaeb orn-t
tsi If u'ith the mere ability to renIal mu! ni it.
Sil rov~e a curse rather tlan:i aI bhai
Thie .Military Ae':.dem:uies cinii nne mnohst ii
,ivey. but not thei less s:stidactoirirhy, to prrrsee
heir ev'en terror inf user;ness :and s'uccess. Ni
equal atuount of' thle pub ic~i. emxpenhlin re yields. ''
beneitr return. Thre di-reiphine he're is seve'. r:.
riental training r rying' in the iedtn. ri', ho t:h
ndeitvwhro sumrivi'es t hu. r e's. limd, L'r ri.. : r'''-d
fujr tme labor oif lit;' befotre himr. I i air'-tly
comnmenrd thre Collegi amid the:e Acadeie : i
your fostering care. Hla t n are develipiy t
intellieet anid adding toi thre st reny b f thre e
aind bioth merit your nour.te'nn en' :.nd se~upprt.
Onm tire smbieel ci Fr ce S hoorl.', I hiave btt
lt'e in ard ii t eh i hI lahtme l.iior to 'ubmnrit
o your preh cm noi s. I t heni ':,pre'sed the
oiin-ll . that -- ii was unfo'art unil e iat the end.
which'k vias evident ly ciimteimrphatd by time net of
aIs l... ba ...en al..:ndorm, und that wt.li was in-.
teinaead to nitrodu:ce gradually a general sy>te
of co1inmon schools, has been perverted to th
excltusive education of paupers that, in im
ju'reilent, we should return to the policy 0
li311, and seek to in:tigurate a system, which,ii
i, s ultimlate development. should bring th
MIe.ins of' education within the reach of ever
lunily in tihe -*Ilte." Sinteu the last session,
A the Cummlis.ioner4 of Free Schools in th
ity of Charleston. with similar views as to tl
jest mode of impro'.ing edneation, have opene<
i cointon school in that city, and, withou
i-idging the opportunities of the poor, the,
fler to the tax.payers a participation in the ben
fit fromin which hevretilore they have been ex
:luded. About seven hulndred children are nov
eiv inged ucation tat this seh ool school, an
een this lar-re wimber, I am i iformed, wouhf
le increased,~ if th .lOchmol accomitnodition
would pirmit. Thw comn ple ie succ.s whA iel
6vould attend his wei ltintd :tril judicions ef
ort, is checked only by the dillioulty of obtain.
ng proper teachrs. fhis dillicult y is also ful
e broulhto tohe nolice of your pretdces.,or'
d:4- I w!uld re..pectfully rcnew ml reconnen
lation t!:It you would eCruestly seek to providt
in nppropriate remedy.
In colinection witli the general subject of ed
ji':itiol, it his oeclfr('fd to ine trit some en
:ounr:geinicnt ,abonld be held out, to lldiec th
it tzet to supply his finnily with tile ineatns o
ustructive reading, tfamiiy hooks,or libraries. I
.ufgest that such encouragement might arist
ron exeupting fiamily books and libraries, it
ettua1l it-e by tie owner. from legal proess un
ier contratc!s to lie hereafter entertld into; ant
hat tfly should also be exempt from sale by
xceilors and administrators, and that instead
her shkuhl be delivered over to those to whon
.h are he1y,::Ihed. and in, thet abs'enc'e of' te;
lne:n! 1i1.p1--iti!:, t vt: -t le allouc
inot tilee fild)', or next of kill, as in Cases o
I beCilea:ve to :t-k of vou a favor:ble consid
r.11a i 'r a recne inbtio M-d1 Of he IlOw L~ItI Gov
'abro ik, nj ti u jee! of' dtrain: .... I Is ri-e.
:e n1he, in w tion te liet loficomo
.olr. to 'i'r t ; re ort :I s y, ofraw rs
il tilnt :-ubiner. N.) pl:w bh. ohj1 rin m
!, 11) Ide . tw l ~ l e Ill* rp w r 0::0 :
no I . br ere il t her .VL re b11)
i' lihe Vqe.y Ilw.,1 hand in thle State lie wholiy un,
trtn~vFor Ohe want of11 at L.ow stablishlin'
it- ri.:hit and dLe!i!i: theo mnm er of drainin:
.11mm.' No, im.nirn ob.t inney, or a worsm
e.i-t.. hould lie a:.iwAd to unu his own t
he i:jury ,f is I, I or. Il Tim publiu goot
. mt:itls a ien'rii o ~w!!ulh ftall secure tc
vert it ld;.nuh b - b o treei ue o h
l'r p d:,I. s tc of I:- L (. I ll
.i i n i:: r kl i o: to f1a l t t C rt (.l
-quiy. t''I ii t ue t htpen l thafrl n:
.:lie for it irrition. : ome oif the poar'ivs livivnir on:
f the( 8.:iteo, ;nII, W-hEtr-s bin.g minor,; w;Ihlout
iosi i'* :' . I
I-I.- t I I t k *.. . . . 1i 'i:
rh1 . ;- i. 11 t 1
it h li .h i- wi' in l Id1r:. : he
l lt t11:;
r. a nl . b tni' 'ar e. In li ordi!
Sdoraie whe. e1 :i'm ahe ift'u Iw
I e '!diunp ' !ieuvitL li
it.. . -' 11th;!e. -li'it . I 'abful I t h itttwtite
t- l ..:.! oi:-n he -- . ' f lin p.i Iino::
; ir *t..~ to'I i-''edi of th ecun:
I' ( I-. ::. * he ehte t on II l he anat' a
I eb:.:I i..lhl . iilitof pe ent.in. ' -,:. 1. .'hat'
: Ir . *. do no p i e :-. ufa by !!-i ta': e :
: I'... l: I,.io I t nd ue :. : r oond m:1.Dr
b.i, ' . i,iti- T:.. w:ltt.I5xan-d (o the a -r
s f:.n II ., 1r.are- i..n. :n-1I111 *n1'po:~d
t ui:i. a li!' f,. of' ihle r fl -ior . i
. irt.:i C ilt:.li:.,i-. italr t e ath' p- cy l if.
t'i'i-, II f .'ift~ in:. re.hfit ] upport. ' iv havces
hI i. u ih:.:. i:t t'i :fi i- t ':2t assaurts. uu'i
.t L bei-, ii aour pl ico. .'.ista :liem ol atnd it
bu n: .n way-la ,:ie e Afieried n 1la
I rade. Until Providence ioterposes nodchanges
his organisim, ilt Afriern must continine to lie a
1" hewer of wood and a driwer of witer." It is
f a diseased sentimentality which starts back :It
the idea of legalizing the slave trade, arind at the
same time conteiiplatcs without emotion the
cruel servitude whihe erpital exacts of Ialor, all
world the over. There was atime when canting
philanthropists had instilled nto u.s a belief thit
slavery was wrong. Itivestigation has entirely
I tianged tie once common sentiment on thi's
ioint. The South now believes that a myste.
r rious Providence has brought the two races to.
- ther on this continen; ;r wise puposes, and
- that the existing relat-on has been mutually
beneficial. Southern slavery has elevated the
African to a degree of bivilization which the
black rce has never attained in any olier age I
or country. " We see it now in its true light,and
regiard it as the most safla and stable basis for
free instittitions in the world." Had the slave
trade never been closed, the equilibrium be.
tween the North and the South would not have
Leon destroyed. The North has had the Old
World from which to draw her supply of labor,
and hence the rapid settleMent of the North
west. Since 1808, the Sonth has supplied her
own labor, and has necessarily made slower
progress in seting up the South-west. If' the
trade were open now, I am persuaded that the
. South would not consent to close it; and this
is, perhaps, the best answer to the argument de
rived from the mere settment that is arrayed
against the proposition. It Is apprehended that.
iII,. opening of this trade will lesson the value
of dlaveq, and ultimately, destroy the institution.
It is a sufficient answer to point to the fact that
u n rest ricted imigarationJ~has not diminished ihe
ilue of labor in the North-western seetion of
th'e Co-nfiederacy. The py there is, want of .I
bor, iioi withst:nding capital has thle panperim
If the Ol World to pre's into its grindiig ser.
I.ice. Itf we cannot supply the demand for
shive labor. thlen we must. expect to be suplied
itii a pvcies of labor we do not. w:n, and
whih i., fr:n the very nature of thinrs, aintag.
vni-ti ,to (o insii:utions. It is mcnh etwit''r
;!at wur drays shouvtld be.driven by slaives.-ilhii
r fctories shiould be workIl by s.i'es-that
t' hot'!, -ho4nid be ,erve-.d by ,.h:ves-that our
hI comi'ie shounhld be nned by lih
i:at wec, -nIl be expo.'sed to the inirodiri,;
froim .-ny piar',er. of a popub.t-ion dlieni to n,. by)
hirit. Irain. i i. v anl edne''tion, and whieb, in the
proce-4 (.'ftimev, mutst lead it) that'colliet bit
IaWeenl capiwni lAbor, " Whicb ma.ke it s;,idif
iicl't il mnaint:ain fiee iiistituiions in :i we:Ih
.nd iighly ei!I iz nat inns where sch iiii o-iii
tio'is as uirs d, not exi.It." l ali Slaveholding
Zttes, trut po'licy dieiates that the superiwr
irace should direct, and the inferior pvfoir till
mienial service. Competition between the4 wi t
:niil black man for this service, may not disturi
Northern seisibility, bntwit doeas not exactly it.
our I-itiiude. Irrepeeetii, however, of interest,
the act of' Congr'ess d.'rb'ring the slave tra~de
piracy, is a br:md upin -.. which I think it i
p4.m'i:iI eL m. e. 'ti"It' .ia ''e p the
i-m-. i-t lie plundur: and ni iigenitiy can
I id the logw ic eesSity of Suchcnlui.
M Y holpes ad firtunles are inldissoh;Ibly assocAia
I.ie wi;h iihis foni of -socie ty. I feel that I
w11uhl i be w:1ning ili <1hiy, it I didl not urge voi
to w ihdr.i'w youirl' a'sent it) nil act, wIiil Is
ilfa direct rndmnItio ii of Vour institutions.
Bti we have ineras:t to enfrcu a cour-e of
,ef-resper . I believe, as I have alrealy stated,
:bt.a more slavgs are necesary to a continnaic
of our monoptly in plinta:ion proaI.cts. I be.
e. that they are necessary to the full deveih p.
'ieit of onr 'whle round of agricultural :oid
n-.charical resources; that they are nece;a!y to
I:. - raa ion of the South, to an equ:'i;y t
Ir i;' : Geteral Governient, perhi;:p, it
t %vrY i:'.tegrrity of ,tsve -iety, disitirhed as
11.. ;.- pr pul ion ' l' t e Iillig race. T it It-s
b~t II-- bun iun d iLi fori mes. ofl this Ilivi
n o ..es. I' h-:s vi.- .04.ed is lim to
:.1 (e :a 44m~r....It A/ I f ican. 11
n . i . 1~ li..n hhe in ririn t -!
*thie~e re.aInioni beftore~ iour hon.:rab..
bodie. I erni not what miy be th ile theory 'ofi~
S: ate intereounicaeftioni, I w.iil not s umi :
be~ made the med'inim of transii;ot Ling fi aWmn
r-i'r'er, an insult to my own State. TheL cou
* i liin impliose5 nio snehi dniy nji t~he Erren-ii
I'::. Th.e us~ag.- of Ithe l'etter di\- of5 the 11 '.
p bic, coin:Id. imy respecti', but it enno t ree
w.. : .:101t inseeing th li' rea ::ppilud tO oulr
dminiiad the knif uat'i 'or ihroats.
I cannot eIne this may list regiliar conmumin
:a ion, waithiout a publoic:1 ck::ow tledt'mont oif
-.:raiitmlde for the opportunity whieb h:is beienu
:t&rded me of' serving the Slate' in my presni~t
elle)'. On retiring I feel but one reg'rt
i!.u my ability to serve hear, has not be'en erinal
to the love I bear' her. Whatever may be( my1
lt in i he future, I shall never cease to take. :
h iji ierest inI whatever concerns her wehtiire
ndher honor. I invoke now, and for all timeto
ti c'omet Heaven's choicest blessing on her and
my ~nebee herd : mre thm ne YV.1kee
b.'I-h thi-;roma.:r. W,.*.' hea'rdl it ntey
il hd.h ihetd down.'4 mulor at hiay''iee, and
'ji er i' s 'i'n Ia :ceoinfortaidelt posit ion. whien
the obl i: ii who was :&lway's b::ir:!n hou'
s~l. ini'd to woirk in his y'onmoprt day43s, andr
h.4lo'tced his twovu son-i togeI' t'er to jiitch on
ii of i hai as ta'ot as.' he4 C'44d ltoadi it.
Tihe eh:':aleiige wa- :oreepted4, and4( the hayrt
on'arrI drive r'ai:on, andj lie triail commntcid.
For someii t ime ti h man held his own very cred
al. calling~ out1, 'ligl : Ioehy!mr
hay ! atn;gY Mr iyiir
'hiieke'r andi fisi er it came,~ i'ii whle hay'cocks
at a timiii. eln f~ter t'cloUd, over'iwheiflu.
Te oldI manl was nerlyh c.ovetred utp; still he
kept en'~ng. ". More bat' ! ore hay!" unil,
ru'ggline tou keep on top of tile disorderedl antd
i.arrange.d heaip, it beganf first to roll, hemrt ito
ie, and at h-::t oil it wvent froti the wagon,
a.d the old nman with it.
W~hat tine von dlon' hiere fory' criod the
"I caime down afttr ha~y !" answered the old
man::, atoutl ty.
Which wtas a liheralh hact ; lie had comie dowtn
fter' half aI wagon loaid, which hntl to lie pitehted
ion iniu r'athe'r itore delibe'rately.
.iti- 441 Maced''(On, as a4 joua~l man who would
d i ink freely, Demiosthtei.es re'hdied, "0 that ii was
,a ,,...n u ,,t in annjo-e hnL tiot in a king."
V 'r the Aidvertiste:.
SHADOWS OF "LONG AGO.'
ihen the hle1cs of evening lower
O'er this eartli of lighOt an.1 love.
Stealing with their. solemn power
Thro' our hearts where 'er we rove,
Shadows of the past come creeping
As the grloom shuts ont the glew-;
And our souls are sadhly weeping
At the graue of Tong Ago
Long Ago,. bright livwers nere springing,
in my path of golden light
Now their faded bloom is bringinge
Men'ries of lost love's delight,
Then wn there a1 voice to greet mc,
Full of melody and lIw
A father's arms once oped to meet me
Fondly, but 'twas Long Ago
Now that voice is dumb forever
In the grave for aye 'tis hushed
Death palsiel thse dear arms. and ever
From his true heart, life's love chrushied.
What wonder then the shadow lingers
Ever round life's pathwny now,
Wh.n memn'ry with its mystic fingers
Still traces forms of Long Ago?
Then, life seemed a fairy day-dream,
Sunbriglit morns, w ith dewy eves
Now a!oi' my trioubled life-stream
..ae!v gitle the withered leaves
And we'r dreaudting, thro' the twilight,
orthe past, its j''y and1l wioe;
A.nad th.- ealim aln. peace.i star-light
Find"ls us still with Ltn Ago
1) A FSY
lFr'om the S:avnnal.h D.i:v uiMrning News.
R1 IG A SAW
op, iow.' i'.r. Jnsit I.LEs BARiKED UP TIME
Ol uncle Josi:ih il.s was an inveterate
oker. io oniad of ind ulgi g his mi.-hiViis hti
ir iitt lie often rin imimi-unt risks Of uinplia
sunt and even seri-iis c)n-4iquaenees, rather tian
,rego the en:joyneit )f a joke or a quiz. lie
ws no re'-e IIo f persons, es or pliace, and
it aitepled by opporitnity, woold be as apt to
Irpet rate hi s nt in : prayer-mtlittng as at a
'rn-1.beking, uo11011 a stranger as readily as
fon a fauiliar ae1i tNn11ei On one accasion
It came iear paying dearly fur the indulgence
c his misehievons propensilv.
lie had beni 11n1 a journey to Mississippi to
I'i-k after slime in-i ie.,s mattero, aid was re
trin, himie thrugh Allbama. One evening
he stoppid at tlie iavern of a country illage.
After snplier he entered the bar.rooin. and toik
seat b)y the fire. and, like a utiod oldi.fshiopned
initry 'ieit min. ;s lie %'n-:. stiked his ip1e.
i ati ention wa-z son attracted by a .singular.
loolmkingz. h::tf-witted, dwarlish ymmnm.
1hi> w:1'4 l aui bist the dtor. The fellow
as not tn1r 1:i.il fiau fet ligh. with an im
ito.' lie... c.,Ired with lni, shaggy han.
hih-:-ott ini vvery direction--thle Sep:rAte
eik.; seemi%:: to$ ha:ve' n- li) 11nity to each oIther.
Ary shotrt .eck emiieetd this laead with
Iir. -ptare .iiiicrs. frioa which the budy
,!tI down, weto)shipeh- to his feet, whien
w.re erg,rt are :niunwnil-he.
U1-eel-.h. ns he ws4 .aniliirly e-flled, wa.,
it lon'int i kint the acinaiitlive of :he eb:1
:I ti- !i. ied, . whomiii he foun-l to be veyi
fl-: .i.. i... :2s~ ~j l. ~e .: u.a wonde;I.n iis ing
.hj:tiad:nh ii, .-nt!iit i was ~tter.t by
(neh. .',er e o hi, r:-.. e..ei lilyr by
a, !i ail 0:'. 3-, -if hi-, hv'' a d hiIiei.n
.Alineon ; ain- uime ota (Te ith a
.iliaiato 'ii w,. mtith L jeh .lhrtwo! d<icriaain
.. mornig. :or .a-- ntyd!e a mnthii o.Sil
ihi's ....i- .i.i I" rd.m.v inone i11ly u.s r ah n
i kei n- Itrti.-n o th e~ -airney. th G.in-v
.ea tlt' lisoi'i hi.,In-e Ifo ihea o wa lt r.
:ai... r hli'Csne etag to gav- i.ty:i' h dolar'I
The u i r a onnisdoe he rilln.
atilien ueh ali:.hi Icr logt t" Georaia winhle
m.iih. i a slor t atima aute omhr of hkii-.
qu[C't.sie.. thad a in- l rtte.I i he g a a si thion
cetin~ 1 abt izy exact! inrV.r"oli-m!
t.tt i'an h ii inl been t :i6rii .- tor (tl to-:a . n
- huan ti ru,riea n. 3ris h-,t zictod wa.t hei
O:th, andi fo ut[.-;' ia i -ii, .s~iil-'ao B a a" Pi
m 7'Il w i i aliia!itthltheSitu .re gentleman fo u.i . r
ix'iu til kniit what tne heur." ongt
iTen Bunch who. 5th~oe oid. wastol to nt i
.ept' thi litS of'ii o imtit'te hini wamtet :r
rtont te ako int litte a i a
"Somneh vthe h trfr ht' si nl
h.ihis ow,~ ditinc't'r manr of lieakinl,
worhlii qetondet bega tohtdesaw-noull.in
l:e lfurthi lati fatn a lttl Dnris caame inwtho
l-a: abest wit n, a a hatle hi had rendy
sanyhrt erl in the btorig~ folitr G owdgie.
d- Den. iiuir y one o his. ' aapiainidtnce,
what in 1 a e mattismvon wier toa otdown i-n
viein ihie morniaag with e Jhat retap.
Then len sw some anehi otie ad whaid
anll ~to communiate htis my foldne woan
wrsom tii whm aite hirm.al. ii watei h imtoe
in th e aone forner, obreap bakoer houl
o 'rk hitp to hd ee n sia u t ond: saw-iul. srn
toEsfen be:mto ifee liele inand thensot lu
irig areth i m that bhe aboel knoiw
ehtid a is tib hi~s em lim-n befre int te
irhler in' the uitnewsdo. This crwd wend
i guni recriaond pipeabyith lien erned to Ie
till :neutth mater. OAS flereepivtem
rolled up-and Put for tie interference of the
crowd, ie would have had Uncle Josh by the
goozle" in a twinkling.
Dad fetch yer everlaslin' pieter to dingna
tion !" exclaimed Ben, striking his brawny lists,
and making tIhe palmst of his feet crack together
as ie sprung at least two feet from the floor
your wife break hark over my head ! you old
drated cuss! I'd like to see you or ary other
woman in Georgia do it. Jest lest me at him,
boys,and I'll shck him out o' his skin quicker'n
liglhtnin'. you see if I doi't."
Uncle Josh was taken by surprise, when he
s;.w so much lire in tie dwarf, and began to feel
apprehensive for his safety when he found it
took three of the best men in the room to hold
him. It was several minutes, and not until the
proprietor of the house had interferred, that
Ben's rage was at all appeased. After he had
become a1 little calm, Uncle Josh made a rather
awkward explanation of what he meant only
for a little fun, and by treating the whole party
to peach and honey, and askinig Ben's pardon,
the matter was amicably settled. But it was
inore than any Benl Bunch's friends ever dared
to do to ask him about that easy situation down
in Georgia, at " twenty dollars a month aid
THE SURE ROAD TO FAME AND FORTUNE.
We take it to be i demonstrable fact that no
discovery or invention worth advertising at all
can be advertised too extensively. The man
whose mental vision is darkened by miserly in.
stinets, Whose soul lies in his breeches pocket,
cannot understand this; and If such ani one In
his mole-like gropings, should chance upon some
new and useful truth, he would be afraid to take
the sure road to celebrity, which lies through
the columns of the press, lest. lie should be ru
ined by the tolls. What a contrast does the
brilliant and beneficial career of Prof. Holloway
present to the blind stupidity (if such a mtian.
Having perfected, after itany years of laboriouis
research and experiment, two remedies which he
knew. with positive certainty, .vere absolute
specifics for neariy every internal and external
Malady incident to imianity, he determined at
once to give them a wider publicity than any
other medicine hal ever attained. i-i notive
was tnible and benevolent. He felt that he pos
sessed tile power of mitiga-ing suffering and
waging successful war with diseases heretofore
unconquerable, and like a good champion lie
fearlessly entered the lists. Had lie be'en moved
by avarice instead of philanthropy he could not
have taken a surer or hhorter p.ith to wealth.
Tih plan of advertising preparations, which ae
tually acgomnplished all that empiricism had ever
promitiieror medical orthodoxy attempted, of
cutirte proved self remunerative. He floodea
every natioi with his advertisements, lie perva.
ded the whole world with his medicines, and
the world repaid him with a shower of gold.
We verily believe that there is no po.,sible
means of disseminating information among men
that lie Ia- not adopted in giving notoriety to
Mhs Pills-and Oiatment.
The lon. Mahlon Dickenson, of New Jersey,
once satirically likened tire poles to big flag.
st-ais, and we have little doubt that if Ihey were
fligstath flolloway would contrive to have a bit
of bunting nailed to each with his iame and
addre-ss incribed upon it. In fact, such is the
enterprise and irrepressible energy of the mai,
that we should scarcely be surprised to hear of
tie virine.si of his medicines being inscribed on
the desert sands of mid Africa or traced in the
eternal snow Ithat caps the peaks of the Andes.
Iis central oflice f'or this hemisphere (lie maps
out his advertising ground by hemispheres) 80
Maiden Lie, h.a4 only been established about
two years, and yet probably there are not five
nodred adult ount ot' our population of thirty
millinmis who have not heard of llollow::y's Pills
:11id Ointment. lie thii as it may, it is : statis
tical fact, veritied by the books of the establish
mrentI, that more thair hialf a million of persons
have within Ihat time purebased the preparations
:t the New York Oflice and its Country Agen
cies. Could tle anitt of good they have
eleeted : in tht period, in tire United States
alonte, be compitluited anrd placeed oin record, It
would nit itself' tform i onilo the prondest monu
rments ofi success to which zealous phtilanthiropy
ont tie oine hand anid popular appreciationr otn
te other, rave ever cuntaibuted.-N. Y'. Day
8ALE OF A FonnmER's lIonSEs AND CAHRtJGES.
-l'The hror-es anrd carriages of Hunrtingtont, the
fogwere sold at anetion ini New York a few
daytv sitnee, A great crowd was present. A
pair of lonrg.ta:iledl bay miares whiebc cost $1000,
and are coirsilered rthe liine~ int New York, were
hon..thlt by Mr. Frnchi, of Frenehl's [Hotel, for
$c.lr00. Another pair brittghit $550. T[he car
iges5 anid oilier articles sold for prices coinsid
erabily atbuve their v'a!ueo.
Rt.enT-Anr 'r' uh-It journal referinig it. ihe
pronlitie qulrnlitirA of imir crops touces tup ib.
cod (1ish) arrist nierary aller rthe fellow'ung fashion:
"in the vicintity of Cape Co~d, two apple tree,
mal a Lr' 'e ii.rrv hn-b.:are cailledl art orchard.
Carp:. hmrn's nwtie liie prlumn t rees, ar~nd is looked
uprn as ant ari..tecra;. One yeatr they dtlt
bear. anid thre ntext tear they can't-i he school
boyv nrittg t hie frruit hor l'nilleis to kill owls
witu Great cotiiryr. r rat Cape Cod."'
lat Cork, a short time~ ago, thre crier endn'av
oreJ no di.peirrse thle crowdl by exelaiintg, " all
ye blackgtnards that isn't lawvyers, quit the
TnUE PtTr.-Thia force of' language is apt
to be much injured by thre multitude ofl words.
A resprectablie farmner itn Berkshire t'ounity has
thIe singular hap lpy talertt of trot saying a word
too otnreh. A y'itrg tian wishinrg to obtain his
consent to marry Iris daiurghter, called unon him
one day' when het ha~ppene~d to be ini the hield
plwinig with Iris oxen. it was, past all doubt,
a l'ea:rt'rul ttr for a dillidenit nman tro bronch,~
ind tire hnesitartinig lover, after running a parallel
with thre I'ui'row several timtes round the field,
and essayinig with all his courage to titter the
impu)lth qest 1121inn, ait last stammitiered otut-" I
-I-I've been tiniking, Mr.-, that-that
-as .ow I-I-I should be gI-gi-gad to
to---arry-mttarry your datughter."
Farmer-" T1ake hier anid use hier weell-whoa
Micst not ontly improves a man's tastes but
his mtorals. Ii gives him a taste for home that
implroves Ihis habits wonderfully. The man
wto spends his eveninig wtith a pianto is seldom
seen itt dramtt shops, antd nev'er with ighe braw
lers. We~ believe in tmu~ie, arid candidly think
thart onre flute will do as much towirds driving
rowdyismr out of a neighborhood as four police
men arid a batll-dng.
WnAT possessed you to mairry that
dod "said a mother to her son. " Because
you always todme topick a wie ike may
mother," wvas tire dutiful reply.
r' LET a wtomfan once think you uneon
querabtle. rand. tunless shre is unlike atll other
wotmeni, she will still wtant to conquer you,
SIT is decide'dly provoking to have a fly
lighti ott your no-- jusit an the dntgurreotypiau
nnulls nnt his n-stvh amnd ays "Now."
For the Advertiser.
xR. RHETr"8 PROPOSITION.
I see that Mr. RHE'r'r is out in a long political
letter, and from the two extracts which I have
seen, I do not think his views will meet with a hear
ty response either in South Carolina or in tho other
Southern States. I have less conaidence in Mr.
RnE-r's judgment than in his patriotisim.
Ilia letter has caused regret among our friends
North and South. It is looked upon as a move of
South Carolina instead of the views of a single indi
vidual. I do not think it a true exponent of tho'
views even of South Carolina, much less of the other
Southern States. With the result of the contest of
1851 still staring us in the face, we should be oppo
sed at this time to all agitation of the question of
d.sunion. In that contest South Caroina decided
she would wait the co-operation of her sister-South
ern States. Now, if it be debirable to bring about
co-operation and combined action on the part of
the Southern States, we in South Carolina must so
shape our course as not to bring our prudence in
question, and thereby throw away our influence.
We must acquaint ourselves with the views and
feelings of the people of the other Southern States.
We must see ourselves as they see us. And ta do
this we must go beyond the limits of South Carolina;
and mingle and converse not with the leaders only,
but with the masses. We shall find that we are
far in advance. I fear they begin to regard us as
some-what ultra. In some places I have heard the
question whether, in the event of FaEMoNT's elee
tion, Southern men should accept offiee under him,
and the answer was: The best men in the country
should go into office. To the credit of the country
we have been saved the disgrace of FRMONT'S
elevation. Our friends at the North stood by us
and the tide of wild f.naticism has been hurled back
and the South and the Constitution have triumphed.
The election of Mr. BUCHANAN has restored confi
dence to the country. Will the South, aft-r e. e
ting him, refu-e to stand by itn ? Vid -he, a
the face of victory, suffer her co.unses to he -iis
tracted by the question of disun on ? I trust not.
She relies upon his wisdom; his -ntegrity w.ll need
our entire support. Let us give him our whole in
fluence. Let us have nothing to, divide u-4. Whi.-.
united, we have n.'thing to fear. We -ow it to - ur
friends North, to the Constitution and to -.ur-wlv.-s
to remain united. It is sound policy whether ior
the perpetuation of the present Uniun or the ' rmna
tion of a new one, or whatever may be )ur ulterior
Let us e.-ase for the present all agitation in South
Carolina. Let us unite cordially with our Sister
Southern States,-and give our undivided support to
-Ma. BUcuYanAN dministrdtiorL'" '~ B'-.
For the Advertiser.
THAT QUEER PROPOSITION.
Mr. EDITOR: I see in your issue of the 9th inst.,
the following paragraph ;
W. W. CHEzvzit proposes to exchange rich lands
in Southwestern Georgia for " worn out' fie'ds in a
hig.hter latitude. What does that mean, we wonder?
Can Col. S. C., throw any light upon this queer
Now, sir, the light I would attempt to throff upon
the subject is this: Cel. W. W. CuEzysa owns
many thousands of acres of rich and very producti ve
lands in South Western Georgia, improved and un
improved ; and now that various railroads are
finding their way through that section, he (I suppose)
wishes to avail himself of the opportunity of chang
ging his investment and making his capital more
active. lie proposes to take old and worn out
lands, as you say, in Alabama or Georgia, and will
no doubt take them in good localities. For thcse he
will allow, in the exchange a reasonable valustion
receiving the rest sf his pay in cash. This difference
you will see, gives him the advantage of operating,
wvith cash, in Railroad stocks or any other enter
prize that presents itself. I hope this cxplana'ion
will do you.
A nd now, 'li r. EDrrOa, if you will sell your p'oor
but very pretty pine land place, with all your hand
some improvemen's (for which you could perhaps
get S$20 an acre) Col. CnEzvza wvoulal sell you a
plantation for SS or $10 per aere, one acre of
which wouhl produce more thtan any three that you
plant, in corn, cotton, or anything else even should
it be Sugar-cane. S. C
A WViTHERING REBUKE.-To the charge ci
mlhe (.CeveIa nd 1ier: td, ih li Mr linehanani ow.'
I eliee.i on in pa:ri ,so a dm ivi of * :.hject slaves
.. u pre.-:l tie *i.'i : of --' R-aa
' a taniie Chunrchi. the ' . leveanid Pla~tdeatler re
--Vhiere has bee'n the 'priestly dietai:iotn' dii
rinig the campnaign ? WVhat priests hatve been
apenly ini the field of polities ? Was it not
during the Congressin:l session of '54, when
h irty-fire hzundred Protestant Clergymen of New
England demanded 'in the name of Almighty
God,' the difeat <f the Nebraska bill? W ho elsn
ha~ve pounded their pulpits to piees preaching
potlities but Protestant clergyman ? Where is
Beeceher? \Vnere is Bittinger? Where arc all
the B::p:ist, Methodist and Presbyterian clergy
mieni who have been compassing sea and land to
make~ proselyte's, and, when successful, made
them teaifold more the children of hell tihan he
fore ? Not a Catholic priest in the land has
lifted a fluger, or opened his tmouth, to babble
in this Babel of polities. It has atll been left to
these rifle religionists, notouiously carried oni
by them, and now the Herald has the imptudence
to talk about 'abjee't slaves to priestly dieta-.
ig THERE IS firm in New York, the natne
of which is Lay, Ilaich & Cluck. The clerks
arc presumed to be all Shatnghais.
W A modern wvriter thus defines honor:
"Standing fire well,and shooting it friend a hom
you love, in order to gain the praise of' a few
others wvhom von despise.
|@"PoazrPEY, why is a journey round tha.
world likoa a eat's tail ?" -- Wall. T doesn'" nd.
zaeily see nny sembla-'ee 't wix' lb, t wo e'i...
"Well, den I spose I'll have to tell vou---hv.
canse it :im fur to the end ob, it !"
fl7 Tur:tarms of n pretty airl wouind-'e
aronnd the neck, has bee: discovevr,.d in h.- .
infallibile remedy in eatse of sore thbroat ~-- 2
pepper tea all hollow.
SW THEY are p artienlnr in Seha'ie-aulad. A
boy was arrestedi on Monday for spitting into
19! ALL a tnatn has to do in *hese days to
pass for a 2enius. is to button his coat behind'
and wear his hat wvrong side out.
i A distinouished wvriter sars: " There is
but one passilge in thte Bible w'here the girls
are commai~nded4 t ki'- 'Ihe men : :'nd that ia