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emotafic30unn Oewt0 to t~t oonti) an 5Ittlru al t.5 04its catdt MeaCieaueMoait UatMxtr
ee wilcigo mhe Pimars of the Temple of out Liberties, and it it must fall,we ilPrshandtheR n.
:1- & PEDGEFIELD So CAPRI 291
SINK~is, URISE & C., Popritors.9 *. 9
THE LEVEL AND THE SQUARE.
Among the sentiments of'ered at the recent
Masonic Festival in Hartford, was the following :
"Our guests from the North, the South, the
East and the West of our beloved Union. We
have met you on the level, and we will part upon
We meet upon the level and part upon the square
What words of precious meaning those words
Come, let us contemplate them-they are worthy
of a thought,
With the highest and the lowest and the rarest they
We meet upon the level, though from every sta
The king from out his palace, the poor man from
For one must leave his diadem outside the Nla
Aid the other finds his true respect upon the
We part upon the square,-the whole world
must have its due,
We mingle with its multitude, a cold, unfriendly
But the influence of our gathering in memory is
And we long upon the *level to renew the happy
There's a world where all are equal; we are hur
rying towards it fast,
We shall mieet upon the level there, when the
gates of death are past,
We shall stand before the Orient, and our Master
will be there
To try the blocks we offer with his own unerring
We shall meet upon the level there, but never
There's a muansion-'tis all ready for each trusting
There's a 'Mansion, and a welcome. and a multi
tude is there,
Who have met upon the level and been tried
- upon the square.
Let us meet upon the level then, while laboring
Let us meet and let us labor, though labor be se
Already in the Western sky the signs bid us pre
To gather up our working tools and be tried upon
Hands round, ye faithful Masons all, the brig'ht I
We part upon the square below to meet.in heaven
Oh ! what words of precioits meaning tho.'e words
"We meet upon the level and we pait upon the
Fromn the Waverly Magazine.
BY LOArs r. C.YD:.
Charicy Ieen is a bachelor yet-ani why
has his heart never beaten with love ? ha1, he
never felt as though heaven beanedl upon hint
when gazing in some face ? lIas he never ,eenl
a pair of fund eyes raised trustingly it, his ? has
he never felt a love pressure of the hand . or
listened in blessed happiness to a loving answer
to his vows? Alh ! yes, lhe has seen and felt and
heard all this. vet Charley Reen is a b~achelor
IHis is a strange stoty, yet true, of blighted
- hopes andI a withered heart, and a woman's in
When C'harley first grew to man's estaiteand
stepped out in t'he cold, wide worl. to fight his
way through life, lhe found himself a penntyless
youth with nmeither friends nor advikers. li s
I'ather, a poor' old mian, still lived only to lhe a
burden to him. vet Charley loved his father de
votedly--loved hinm with all that intensity that
only tihose hearts feel which htave but one to
love. And many a time did Cimrtey deny him
self the actual n'eeessarnies of life, that his father
might have its luxuries.
But industry ever meets a ireward, andi Char
ley sought his way in the heartless world. omt
frotm the ~cld sh'rlow of wvant into tlse sunshmne
of plenty. And still, as his riches camne. lie he
stowedi themt with am liberal hand uiltm his ol
and crippled fither. l1e feared.,t wisild pain
* the old mana to feel like a mtere dependtent, and
so, when that baeaumtiful cottage, wI-ere often I
have seen him, was bought to be his home. he~
presented it all to his fath!er; aind t e old
man grew rich. and Charley still was pioor.
Charlev loved his fathier dearly ; b~ut soon lhe
begani to'leel there was another who had thcund
a place in his heart-.- fair young girl. wvhos-e
bldeecves hieamied with seeming~ pityt :tmd trt-tth.
and viho 'e noble theie appleared so swee-t ami'I at.
gelie tI-it who eeer saw it. was fbrieled I lve it.
And .\da Cary pilihtedl lhr truth to iin~. :awil
placing her hand ini his. iad fix~ig those soft
blue eves on his, she toll hinm ini .-imp~li :mnd
earnne.-t truth, when lhe first unfeobled the buren
ing thoughts of his heart to her. that, she loved
0, how proud lhe wa< of hik beaut:iful love
of her' wilvery voice. atnd her witnng w;ays. atnd
her l- ving t:~-mst in himit. And so ( h:uley lleent
A little while after his engamgemtent. l.* lpre
v'alled ott Ada lto auccompanyit hint to ha fither's.I
that the old tman miight tblecom iacqutita itedl withI
her. Charlev hwi de-cribted lier int glowinig
terms to his iat her, and~ 'dwel t -io long :cwil Ilov
. ingly oni her beeeuiy anmi her virtue. andI fth
many things which had enwlearte. her I.o himi.
that the ol man hade bewohme enrap'tttred wit Ih
the description, andi couldl not re-t itn peace till
he had seen her.
Old Mr. lleen lived mniles away fromtt .\da. so
one br-ight niorning C'harley (rew upl :t thIeri
door in'oneac of tho~e sweet carrmia;;es thnt. leover-s
so mutch ahnire, flor it se-ems to leave tem
alone with themiselves. Thlat was a happy ridle
and int a jovoust mtood Charley antd his y'outfli
love alighted at thle dloor of htis ftJ her's ho use.
The oldl mnan gave them a lhearty welcotmte ande
greeted thte young creatutre, whot was soont, he
thought, to becomte his daughter, wi th a de-l"lht
andI pleasure thtat mtadle Chlairley's heart hett
with happiness. And all the day theo 'l I mttan
petted round Ada, caressitng hter., and list en-intg
with the most intense rapture to all htemr remtarks.
When dinner was over Chtarley batde Inhtt adieu
for a little while atnd hurried 'away. for he was
not one even to neglect his duty, 'anI hutsinets
demanded his attetioun in a neighiboritng village.
SAs lhe left he kissed his hand gaily to Ada, and
promnvised her he would soon return-in a few
hours at most.
Wihen Charley was out of sight old Mr. Rear
led her out on tie shady lawn before the lovely
cottage, and pointed out to her the beautiful
"Is this not a delightful cottage, Ada ?" hte
"Ieautiful," she answered, in a half dreaimiy
"Would you not like to live here?" lie que
ried, bendin~g down his heat, and looking inqui
ringly into her eyes.
Charlcy has told me he would live lere,',
she answered, with a sweet blush.
" Charley !" exclaimed the old man, " why,
what has he to do with this cottage ?"
Why, does it not belong to him ?i inquired
Ada, inl surprise.
" No indeed, not a bit of it-Charley is as
poor as a church mouse. This is all miine-all,"
said the old man, drawing himself up.
Irndeed," said Ada, thoughtfully.
" Ada." said old Ir. leen, bending down to
her. and speRking ahnost in a whisper, " if you
live here you must give up Charley."
" What do you mrcanr
" I ani an old man-past fifty, and disease
has inade me a cripple; but my heart is young.
Do you understand me ?"
" No," said she, facing him suddenly, and
looking him steadily in the face."
" This cottage anrd all these fields are mine,"
lie continued, "and hould I ever narry, in a
few short months iny widow would possess
them. I shall live but a little longer."
Well," said Ada, inquiringly.
" Do you not recollect, Ada, the old saying
that 1 it is better to be an old man's darlinrg
th'tn a young mIanl's slave ?"
"And it is true, is it not ?"
"Perhaps. Do you think of marrying ?"
"If You will. Ada."
"11f.1 will ?"
" Yes, you. Look, you are about to bcome
the wife of a poor young man. with nothing to
look orwaird to beyond your life with him. A
rich old man offers you his hand-you will he
his darling, and when life leaves him, will he
the sole mistress of all these beautiful fiele."
"I understand now," said Ida, slowly, you
wish me to break Charley's heart ind iarry
No, no-lie is young-a few days will cure
iimn of his love-but mrarry ne. Think, think,
Ida. vou can live at case I ere."
"'What are you thinking of," continued the
old imran, after'n pause of a few minutes. during
which Ada h:ad reun rined perfectly silent, witi
her eves fixed steadfastly on the ground
"I was thinking." said she. hlif hlettingly.
" what words I could find to express to you
how heartilh I detest you anud your oiler.
What !" cried ie, " will you not accept ?;
" No," replied sire (uietl.
" Think, Ada, think. Look at this beautiful
J have thought;" she an;wered, coldly.
Marry mn aind it shall all be yours," cried
Slre east her eyes quietly over the beautiful
fiels Knl the hoime like cottanav niestling ill the
trees. 1Uit inlsweredil nothing.
An-wer ute. Ada-speaik to mie.' crn id h'.
-- lt '1.u rettirlt to the house." .he repled.
trinf 1t) g'o.
.\C. Oe d wrd1 nire. This i. new to vp
-it enuin.-e you. but when you are aline i1Linlk
of it -rembehrwhaT have sid1, and if' voi
will mriarrv me thiik of tic NUi- of' ea-e vouilln
b:: ut. it. .1dha. you iriust Itot speak to Chr:rle1
(If' what I hae a:lld-pr'la il e tiut 't--iiri i
ic i3C that."
SI In-omi4e." lh . :uisw'red, gaely. and led
lie vav to tl.- louse.
' h134. harfily enCltered- theC co~ttap- b1 r
( arIv retmreld.'.m. wNd a- sui se.-d t' ' !iiil .\ :a
mmnei'!i morn I'iuet :rind1 ret-erved i ow:ii r hiim
Suau ruua. .\s he took h'r lak Inre he.
pijne;tionired her vlely to thrl out I lie ctil-e i't'
her iietnes, hi:t in vain-s!e klit the .'vcrt
Thelr ride barck home wa'rs not sio halpy ar ne
to Ada as wa<~ that of thre iorning. Sire wais
contiualrly carllhng tri mimi the' worids of I'l
Mr. Ilecrn,':uni thinking of tire escapie fromr po'i
rtyit thrat now wans offeredi toi her.
Ada was airn irhan and poor. aind thant 5pea'k5
voinies of tire wnt andi uinialliness shre lIrd
utlered. To be ani orphrm awid ailoire in thIe
world is dreadhul; but wh'len to tIs is adideid
tre cold sueers of purse-prroudi aeijuanint:mirees
looking d'own urponi the poori d(eendant, then'r
dies the hre:irt grow hreavy indeed. Arid Alda
had felt arll this, andri sire uh-einnled poverty :i" she
would have dreadied tire piguie.
.\t last tire day was pa~st :riii Ada was aloine
in her own'i r'oomir-.not sleeinig-Ohr, nio. sire was
acinrg up and~ downr withi arnigitaitedi stepi arid a
Jluhed." chieek. :mid in hrer exciteinrent tarlling'
aludri tio herself'.
" What." shre e:<elimecd, if' I imarry Charle'hy
miust I still remain poor. to beC lorokedi down up
on byi thlese pmlse-pro~udu relatives who now in
slt lure becaieii-L I :mii iot r'iebr. I love im, i yes
I love him, 1buit poverty-oh. I could niot hetar
that. .\s thati oldi nran's wife I a'oubl be ais
p aroudi ar' the p~r'omlei't of thetin. As li<' if e
oh, Chlarler. C'i~hey, whart :ar I thlinrkhig." sihe
cried. ,.udillenly, rime thriow'ing her'iself down on
tre beil, shie hurst into tears. In ai few miinrutes
sre da.,bred a,:d;ie th ltea's, 'r id, ire-i'lhr litr
iervi'in walik. withi her tinyv hndrs een'Ieed so
tightiy t hat the' bloodn i:noi buir.,t frorin mri'
hie'ainirs. -Ire betgrani in hier nort teredl spieeh
to her,elf,. tr'ying tir ,ay~i all tire evil sh~e noubl
-lit' iran deeived mec; lit ma:ii' tri( think hei.
w iias rich ; if hie 1mm1l conifidence' i lie hei. woubiil
hnve tiold me lhe wars poor01 ; I shronjld have lovted
hninone tihe ie-. Ni', rio, h: dlot's niot care fir
ire-il' hre really lovedi miii he. worrbl hrave tilid
ie all thi"--hre'.!os nit tiu-i ime-I sne it, lie
h~s dec'ieiv'ed mei."' Andri thirn stoppI inig, ':he
ch5~tis her iiands over fret' face, awrrl exclaiimtedI,
renro rse'fully.', I Charrley, howi~ I wirong nyil
how I wir'ong you C
Andi thlius shne s tuggledl un all thlrough the'
nigt: lohve anid pidie i"intt'ending lur thIe nirrt
ter'vi Iveir thart y'ounng girl's hert, aln' ac'h lhy
turir i'r uiiha t.
Wi'hen tire hr., .,tr'eak if' grayi wasri seen iin ire
'sr'n skiew, lnhlinrg thre aroac'nh oif' tihe .unr.
.\dar, wiorn out a ta "overome, e'a'.t herr'elf idow'v n
uponihe iilid id awl11 slept. T'hrestr'uggle wai."over,
anrid tue hadl t r'iumpihred.
Aind how Irad tue tume passedi'i wiithn I Ir'h'ly '?
Ire, too, wans ti'ruled . fior Ire feredt" thra .\A'h
was siick. i r t Ire ha~d unknoiwingly inlh'lended
lit, sin, a- .-o'n as pI ibl hetastireedtn see'
et', that lit ighnjt releehi.,in 'indl of'its rnisie'ty.
Itut Aida w'ubll trot reieive hiin,:iuni, ins.teadl,
rihe senrt himr a tnite, wivhichl Cfrhrle thr'ust into
iri jnocket ral hasrt ened hiomte thant hie niiighrt
'ra it raitne. Sitting in ii oliciue ailonea hea
broke f he seail. I1. wiias shrrt :nd robi-- only
thet'se few wordls:
" oum ha~ve dece(ie me~I tt-l kn'w i o' 'iniow.
notr' hate youi a- muchei ai- I ince l'vedl you. Nevi
r' omnarme a i'ngaint."
Chrrlei' sat fiir a lontg time gnrzing at then note
e reb' itt hris handl like onie ttu'red to ston'.
'her iing, withI a sI iled sigh, laid it gently
diw aird wralked out of his oflic'e. And on
ats..... ay the crinnled old man., who had
brought all this sorrow upon the head of his de
voted son, also received a letter, and it read
" I ai yours-come to ine. Ada."
And thc next day Ada was the old man's
wife. Yes, Ada was the old man's wife, and
Charley, all unconscious or the great wrong that
had be'en done him, wended his way, with a
heavy heart, to his father's house. Uannounced
he went through the doorway, and into the
parlor; and as he passed over the threshold he
"A da," he exclaimed, in mingledsurprise and
delight, -is it possible this is you?" and lie
quickly stepped forward to greet her, but with I
a haughty gesture she reitulsed hii, and ans
wered, very coldly,
a, Yest3,. Reen. it is Possible."
Why, .Ada," Charley stammered, as the
blood rushed to his face. " what call this iean ?
why do you speak so coldly to me? have I of
fended you?" -
"JDeceit is always an offience, sir."
" Deceit. ! have I ever deceived you ?"
"Ask yourself, not me."
" My conscience is clear ; I do not think I
have ever knowingly deceived von in any thing,."
answered he, proudly.
' Your conscience is not delicate tien. and
does not stop at trilles. Ilowever, it is a iatter
of indiflerence to me." she ans.wered, with an
air of assumed carelessnesz.
Charley was wounded, but stilling lhis feeling-s
he thougit to clear up what lie believed to be a
mere misunderstnding, and again place Ada
and hinself on the saine footing they had been
but a little while before.
" Ada," lie began, in a sorrowful tone, " you
wrong me; I have loved you truly-1 could
never stoop to deceive an eneny less still one
so dear to me as vou."
"Look about you, sir," interrupted Ada.
see this cottage and fields-they are your
father's-it has been shown to nme, yet you
strove to forward your suit with tie by lire
tending to be masier of these, while you knew
Vou olwn(d nolic of theim.
" Ada. -ail he, reproach fully. " you do aie a
"Tcit injutl e.
S1)id von not say we should live Iere T
SYeS. it iS true, I did."
Well, this faitt was a gift to imy father from
ne, a1nd he ever insi-ted that I sIuiil live with
1hi1-I thou'h:t to have done so, but now-'"
" But now you cannot," said she, impatiently
" Cannot." repeated Charley, in sullrprise.
"No, you cannut ;" -he replied, with cold em
phasis: after all that has paIrsed between us, 1
do not clioose to have you living in tie house
where I ami iistress."
" ou are mistress ?" repeated he, in a be
, e answerel, pet ulantly, where I
ain iisi:tre-l aIinn idarried.
!"da ! exclaimed Charh'
"You look startled ; do't
a thing for a girl like me to
Surely, surely, you ar.
" 'V :re Vou I LI 110.
ing with Inoek pjliteneI.,"
.-.:in lnistress ol* t his hni
iltIJtild." an'.I\va(ing her
open win'row,.:umol howin-~
slie turi'led :11l hiatiIy %idi
tiarle'v lookedh roi th .. .............-aw
Iibllinig tilp the hoe towarls the h<.euse his Old
hiuhr. l-or an in t anlt his heart .tood, and thenl.
:a, the looid I o loow algaI in itS accu.
tuomel challtue. ie -Itw how it ill I-ally u-.
ad so .'tecll 1.. !.11 to bear it all with a
show'ox ofl calilli-rence.
iog out ietly frlont the roomi. he iclet hi,
ld Ieher at the oh-I1. ad!. iii ahl 10 V4&' IX'
.Curtd him h.ii I.igatimn-:. T!- ! ld t411oII
l 0t oiltt.'. 1 n.l in:'kin a l i1u-oobert It
repltoie :-atise'd into ih!: 1-oou e nd le0ft Ch.1arley
.\ol .ore C.hrley stoo, lookinig out at the
lotmlia havn tz....1iinted :ll 01er wi:hi .tr'angt
ooel where t' I:e warml -tlimlinel-l in -htowears
othn ih tree'.. awl -coing altl So 1,right and
h -m i withm ile in his heat all wao
2!- .-winlg So d'ork am 'oi!d. We' cannllot reatlive ao
reat mi..lrlmelt ttIir.-t --it mtil- c'n1110 to 01, by
.lgrle, ail a. lit tle by lit the O in ' iki n r. - p(li
t. great erl, we iind the keen pain going dee
er and deepe ' ~i ourl haati
A.\ol soo C.harli' VStood '. ai1 ho okedl till the sun
hl groown low ilk the we--trn .,kies, a:oui then
with1 aI ch!illedi heart he urned away front tIl.e
beautiful place imo left it foreiver.
II is warml. generoustA0 natuore had been chi1 ld
awl his c-ooliece hado 1 been) ehlamged to) imiver
sal di-t ru-t. :uil he wlent blrth lo45oking waithI suts
pi'ion on1 everyV oneo.
Years have paned-o I ince that iday ; atod now,
when t'harley pass~e5 ini sighlt (Or tha w111 ell re
illioeed pool. whlere ntoow his fat her's widow
ives, he states to think hiow little happ~iiness ill
ottin wealth al:lordls. Yes, Adat is rich, lbut
sh is desertodob ll, ihr whnoa1 is there in that
lovel i vailhey t i:aitoe' itnot k.noow t his:,ttory.an<ll!
owving it, waih, is therei thait loves the still
heatiin -\l da ? There S 1 it. ot---she is richl
aid sheo is frietohcs As t- n -l1:orlt'r llat never'
lirgot ten t he Itjino.,allcy tof hi.- lirt't love. and~
..o le is ao bacellor still.
\.tion wh01 s1r' 11100 i,5'' '. 1 hon iltrrtidg ..gt:Il
ilii, . In tilt'r elre'0.tIl.-; liko.'- o'e .'o'
ve '-ro'Iv. tirty~ loonuootiv'os. each1 brl''2bl -and1
-old. hardl n-'I'o o:0. : fte waytl oi woot'lo Wha
on o-- it'l Il tot tt' oiti/l ' ttooi '(.''leok
llll-o...h tin-so. shlopls. :100 yol it is 'aidl thv mten
sur'r'0,tt1010)t l otig d i'j arr1:1 1n lin ts, s0 r1:0' .0y1 .III
thte wor~l. :and0 :1h12 1' ounikino. a large 1.0. lo"
:,-iie. Th,- oth.pot andoo worki*-h oS of theo
Centrall ratilr' :00 0l'o er v lt.'d by i hoo-o' 10 Ijulbo.
oof elgattos fromt :bo:ntl. to lh. h:oe t'ommer-4'i
el :ll oourt'1 ill-t-''111 lt o0 ooitol'o'.io'1 IIo'
..x 'ntlvt'o in0ll$ t hi . :ooo1 ot .' her 1101 co rotlond od
e \'tm :ooo1 com-titnel0'. To-y had-no idb';.a.
somel if l!o-mll r.-li1rked, lth~t thooto ai anytllh
li ' it onl ithis -lode of iihe .\lt.olto.
b'T theit of s00 lnIdt en),huti0 booinid tu ollnia
1ti 0'.. is o sed i~ l : th-- .-h' ! o i, .011 ofl oollno. froin
00n04 l0:1 to .:dfrll'o n lt.oo so 110401oootto o o'ln ~
o -i'l''I.' 10 n on ileer able0 to .-0011iI i limi thois
.o li:l. .0H Nllittl0// ||'o)HIIoloIIIu , .1I|H'lI .
Tll) 1.10's uo.-Go00b0'v ihr .\ltv hast arlrii
-l . htlto: ofl 1111:1'. l1 is :: tco~I 111 to Ii' looI
ofi' profe'.ion. 01nd its sprem~:oI ofl Ithe tfashions
r gI0' li0 t rlll i fiboollv Ic lt loou. ii oo '. o:h
'ijnlof eilOin eenlillnes' i poorotuionO lo theo
advane,.noo-it ol the0 Jlal 11w mionlthlS. lhei lfash
in ~able0 .oX 111 w i 1 o' la:to :05 slilix :ie, hv 110)1 'I
/ o old oI/II. a11ltid h siilor's rtltol whly a shijo is
eioi.dl/' lou' o'nidered as00 :n ot out ofl thet waty
-"~as I the:~~- 10 riouging 'ostls mllor' thanot the
I otlI--4 "00111tII :oitr o itu.
h~s just bien issmol. shiowinig 1u100lt i~onlS
of ''rain awtil Ihowi.r into I-:tghun fur Ithe ptast
011. Th'l'l auro.bon'hs ofl thei tolal suppilly oil irigni
ltr wi-'ro ob~tained' frtoml te Uniit'd SI:atets, in
isooito on Ino gloro-oo'if't I otf the aillotint of Inidiall
or ..ol won t imon :0fourlt of the amloti of.
From the Mbile Tribune.
At the municipal elecion of St. Louis-whii
was held on the 6th insL.-the question of wh
is called in Missouri tbkgradual emancipatic
of the slaves was the kne which divided tl
parties. The result wq ' a majority in favor
IM. Wirner (emancipati ,nist) for mayor, ov
Pratt, democrat. The, ote cast for Wimer w
only about a hundred l-ss than that cast f
both the denocratic an Ame:ican candidat
A large number of the mericans, it is state
voted for him.
This is the way the natter is stated in tl
telegraph dispatches. A few days prior to t)
election, however, what-are called the "reul.
democrats" met in St. Iuis'and passed resoli
tions which are as tolloid. They are necessa
to an understanding of The condition of partii
within that city, if not within the state of Mi
Whereas, The pro-slavery party of this Stat
calling themselves natioM-1 democrats, by the
course in the last session of the legislature, r
newed the agitation of the slavery questio:
and forced the emancipation question upon tI
people; and whereas, the democracy of th
city deem this a fit oppodunity to declare the
sentiments in regard to tis question; therefor
Resolved, That we heaftily endorse the court
of our delegates in the legislature.
Resolved, that the gi. lual emancipation
slavery in the State of' Missouri, in the opinic
of the convention, is an open question, and or
of vital importance to th people of this Stat<
that we disapprove of the resolutions on th
sulject, introduced by Mr. Carr, in the legis
ture, during its last session, as an attempt I
gag the free expression of opinion upon ti
freedom of speech and of the press.
IResoived, That the contitution of this Stal
provides that slaves may be emancipated by ti
consent of the owner. bygtaking compensatic
fur the same; and that gradual emancipatioi
uion the terms provided in the constitution,
neither impracticable. unwise or unjust, if
shall appear to be for the' best interests of ti
people of this State; anfthe.only mode of a
certaining this important fact is by full and frc
discussion of the entire system.
It is in evidence here that within the chi
city of' Missouri there is an abolition party
for "emancipation" is only -a word used to avoi
the odium which attaches to the woid " abol
ton"-and this party by.aid from the othc
parts uf the State haid .sufficient force withi
the recent Missouri legislature to propose il
measures, and be tolerated in the discussion
Five years ago no party of this sort coul
have existed within Missouri Five years hent
this party may control the popular votes of th
In Kentucky there is also a busy emancipt
i . i1 like to have hansas for the Soutl
buti. Missoil. . I wi xt us anrid it ; and
it i. alolu' Io bec a... "ionlized, what is the vali
it, Kl:r.i ?
All t he territory of this oi i county. whe!rein
wlite labiorer cam.. into the tiil .1111 he an
dig and work wii ha negro, fromi11 presient app-:
;Mee-. is likely to be oveIrrn by the hordes
the nort h. That, however. can only 1ch-v Slav
I'Y tiu.-ther'Soulth,2 v.here there is room11 1;hr m11()
'golabor than the border -lave States ent
Wiether it will not ultimiately pres. u froi
thi- side 4f ti le 4 u1f to the other. is what dot
1.t now a ppear I i]t there is onse conchi.,ic
eidtit , ad tht is, that. we m:A seek outle I
southI, ando n ot north, r ena~t ori we-It-.
thei alIterniat ive. set our fe-.t down arnd deehu
that b evondi a eer'ii:in limit sla very shall riot 1:
riiven 'within the Enieon.
Kanisi: mary possibly become a slave Stati.
ll its: people mtay wit hiin a year' aftetrward~s rn
me Cavery, as slave-holding ZAlissouari is no
trying to do.
'At be.,t. t he slavehioling intere'st within i~
govermiient is growing weaker andi wea~ker. ain
withiin ten years it will have no vo ice at. WVas
in':tone. The H ouse and thle Senite and thI
lIeiuent will be otf nrort hern ma~ke,- andr t ber
will be no d p1 eiwlency t herein for national jo:
tie except in their iiercy. -
Wh'lat, then is the olbvious po'licy in this set
tion '? Simly, we think, to give. no value
any thing, bu t a perfect union of all paLrtit
amotng ius-.to abanrloni entirely rur insane et
cress for making presidents-to st and ump hei
alone with no test hut southern rights. Itf nort I
era'i meon choose to comec to uis, anid helpr tus
save thre union, well: if otherwise, well,- to<
we~ t rust- for we should be tunited. and ini th:
union there will he strength enrotigh to enfo'rt
T 8 f.R4'. EU
Urnc oft the omeiers .of thre Tennessee statt
tht gl'cat udissatialerctioni existed amotng thre otl
ers ofi C'oI. Loc~kridge in Nicairaguar, owing
lrs refusal to attac~k thre enrermy at 'astilli
Well inifoired personms, however, of thre st ron
positlion of thre eniemyv think thrat Lockriudy
purrsuedl thre wisest e jju.,e inil~ retirig, ats t1
ieno w had three strong positions, thre obl casti
oft t'a'stilo beinig filled withI t rooprs, t he bratter':
orr the river's edlge sitrongly fort itied, anrd a
ea.t 5(0 troop<r ou Nelson's Hill.
Notwithstand'inrg thi, thre oficers of I .00l
riae felt satkiied they conlbl drive tire enreri
ort. Miuch hit ter iieelirng existed because Loel
ridne dlid not matke anr attemplt, -andi a hi
nonbirier refused tor tollow Iris fortunes furrthe
"'mer twimo lhunredci were threreuponm disbande
:tnI di-armied. 'These wilI comeC home to) tI
States by the next opportunrity, probably v.
ey West to whlich porint, it wais imdersttoo
th'v will 1be takenr by atu English man-of wa
Th~e force of Lockridge is tnow redmedr I
about trie hiudred mnr, including ninety To:
ars. WrIh these it wa~s his inteition to proceL
on thre steamer~ loeue to P'unta Arenas, fro:
t hnice to Aspinrwall, thence to Panama arn
next to Rtivas, where he will join Walker. Thr
course would catuse some loss of timno, but ii
sret tire safety at least of all Iris arms and air
munrition,. as'hre would riot be allowed to tali
thmn rtss tire 1sthmrtus.
Th~e last accounts from Walker represent lii
to lie still art liivas, strongly fortified, with 8(
men in good fighting order. There were alh
sote ;um mna in thre hrospiitah and others c
liuty, Hie has also plenty of arias anid fot
m onthr.e suppjly of pr'ovisionls. So firm is h
po.,~itiont that hre believes he can hold thre plao
with a force of~ only 150 men.
Thre exprlosion of thre steamier Scott was umo:
sudein and distst rous, evirderntly from careles
tress. ThIe badly wounidetd wer'e taken in tI
stemter jIescure to Punta Arenas, where the
reained. All thre armits, amniumition and pir
visors of the steamter Scott were taken off, whi
she wars tired, by order of Gecn. Lockridge, arl
bur..t toen water's edire.
THE SUREME COURT AND BLACK REPUBLI
h The Legislatures of all the Free Soil Statei
t which have taken .any action whatever on thi
n subjcct, as well as public meetings, have unitedl,
te denounced the decision of the Supreme Cour
- and declared their purpose not to obey it. Al
r of them concur in the declaration that any per
is son attempting to hold another as a slave, direct
>r ly or indirectly, in their jurisdiction, shall bi
5. fined and imprisoned. That if any person shal
1, seize or arrest a fugitive from service, he shal
be punished with fine and imprisonment. Tha
ie any attempt to arrest with intent to carry therr
ie out of the State, to enslave them, shall be pun
r ished with imprisonment in the Penitentiary
They denounce the opinion of the Suprem<
y Court, as extra-judicial, contradictory to well
s 1 known facts in hisory, repugnant to the plair
provisions of the Constitution, and subversive o
the rights of freemen antI free States. The)
D, de'clare it as their opinion that every free persor
ir born within the lii itts of any State i. this Unior
>- is a citizen thereof, and that to deny it, is a pal
1, pable and unwarrantable violation of the Con
.o stitution. They denounce the doctrine held by
is the Snpreme Court, that the Federal Constitu
ir tion regards slaes us were properI/, and which
, asserts and protects the claims of masters to
slaves to the same extent and in the same man.
e ner as the rights of owners in property, within
the limits of free States, during temporary visits
f or for purposes of transit, as a doctrine to whie
n no free State will submit!
e They also declare that the doctrine announced
; by the Supreme Court, that there exists no pow
s er in the General Government to exclude slavery
L. from the Territories of the United States, is a
o doctrine subversive of the express provisions of
e the Constitution, that it annuls the just authori.
ty of the people of the United Statos over their
e own territories, and contradicts the whole prac.
c tice of the Government under every Administra.
tion, from Gen. Washington to that of Mr. Polk.
- They then direct their artillery against the
constitution of the Supreme Court, and denounce
t it as securing the aseendary of the Slave power,
e secured bv the arrangenient of the Circuits
which gives to the Slave States with less than
one-third of the free population of the Uniou,
five out of nine judges, leaving to the free States
,f with more than two.thirds of the free population,
only f/bur. They accordingly proclaim ain Un
compromising war against the Court as now con
stituted, and declare that they will never be sat
r isfied until they obtain the ascendancy in that
We see,'too, that several of the Free State
l Legislatures have made apprapriations from the
public treasury, in aid of the emigrants they
have sent to make Kansas a free State. Ohio
e and Massachusetts, we believe, have each appro
e ,riated one hundred thousand dollarsl
How, is it possible, for us of, the South to live
in harmony in the- same Union,
wvit hou anyi innteni." ...........--- - -- ---
ma1:1.11-s f0h 'th- enrrenit year, Our fIornr esti
muatv., of a falling odf in the Cotton product, of
V.50,000 bah-S. a- coinpared with last Year, still
h.,lds measurably getn, the dierease was, per
a h ,lakcel at too low a tigure. The filling oil
I to the latest telegraphie dates (according to Tal
cult. lhramiiwell & Talcott's Circular) was 211.
f tuo bali.. The total -receipts frovmiu April 3, to
Septebiiir 1, 1 56. were 5.S5,065 ; that there
e will i a furti.r falling oil' friun that ulinber,
n1 of 1-f.W1.00 bii. is imore that probable, and
iuaV reachi 2Iott.tax. The rate of debcrese for
11 t~ i1ast few weeiks. warratus this conlasion.
BIit e.itimates of the pri'tieextent of thi* .vt
I ton crop fli the turrent vear. art not now tit -
I ted toldig iinoisec. ii the cottoin market.
- Differ teienth-minium. as to which side. of
e 2,000.000)U tlu- Itrue figuires are, onme ftet cannot
e be isipiited. The pirodiuctioin of co t tin is not
*1nal to the ': oun mption of the worl. Present
:jries seemi ti hmav.. exerceis,-d but a immentary
anid ve-ry lib inifiuence~ in c hec ki::g the con.
v sonption ot- *ioods whiich cottin fuirmt the wholeh
or a~ fpail : very vear the market ihr th.-,i goiodis
e is bieiicj raidh' ixtended; the priisirity which
d a general peo*ai onng thfe eivilledeu natiulis of
the earhI promioites. Iprovides tic meian 11efr payL
ig thie a'dvancedl pices.'~
. It being. ,-itablliil. thenm thait suapply is inad
.ieuam~te to mielt the dlennwd.1 the qtistion rises.
who .'hallh have a full 4tupply?~ t uine.iiioablyih.
. whaueur o'f t he~ ii lhmi.-l price. ('ioen pilani
tail to enle~h. thecmi to huiii aned fer the current
- ear, tii-ir Iiinaneicid strengt i fully estalishcd
e i.reri,1. ami .\lanchteter, am our iiwe-ll, umist
----wha the~ hiter ask lie Iformeir muinst pay, anid
not. a- h-r-t for-, dictate t he price they would
t pay.t~ Winthfer thfis new el-ment in thme Canitioil
e .lrket i.s ito bieanie a innnanuent feature, can
of cors i nly bie deiterineid by tion-. The
finaincial . tringth if the counaitry wrill berinie,
howve, isideiraitiona of eipuda imporitancie
ith lthe extint of thle trop: ii and he intien cce
potigthen grovth if Uniettn in other iar
0 t-r5 must14 at thei 5:11ne tinti', dl bei 'inisiderid.
U Entl th new ph.luu we alhided toi was deel.
Soped. we emd btli ut regaird n- obusi~vtinayo hatlid
i5' :rL,.a thri~meining disaster. and! calutioni our rea
Siers upnl at iiini of~ so uamch tiucertinty. P'res
e ' et pries canniiot he. regaridedl as extravaanit mi
y view of the- e.-unral ini'atiiin which has. atltileh
I theinrease'ilof the pri smeta io~ls. Nor~ diiw
iieloalned to pemiit thiis; 1but therc enn
-be nob idoubt thai the vahne of cotton will be fully
e ma~intai nued throughout the- year.
' D~ eo-r-r" A :ni .-The joint ennuniiittee
e o te Lgilatue iot New York oni th InDlred
Scott case hv madle a long and windv report,
'accompan flied by a series of restolutionis d'telaring,
,ill substiante, thiat thet State of New York will
o not allow slaveryv within her bmorders unader ainy
- ircutmtances or~ pretext-thait the Supimiei
d Cour thasin- lust the confidence of the people, andt
"tt a copy of then resoilutions he~ sent to the ire
i spectie G'overinors of the Staites of the l'nion.
SThenu conies "An act to secure freedometo all
Iu1- esn wiithiin this (New York) State," which1
t- roides thamt lit person shatll be dep rived of citi
e zenship on tecounmt of A frican blood ;that slave:
brouight by their masters or coing inmvohintary
"to the State shamll be free, anid nmaking it felony
Sfor anyi personi to attemplt to holel a slave under
r T a~ou: nx Ky.i4s.s.-A threatening dificulty,
as thie Amugusta Const tiuonailist-, has occurredl
e In'Kansas, at thle toiwn of Tope)tka. An allege~
bogus shteriff attenmpte d to arrest a freesoider ori
ta political charge, but was driven off by a num
ber of citizenis. lie went away to someI othiet
e towni, procuredt am posse amnd returnied to take hi:
y riusonert. Agatin, however, the citizens oif Tope
a interfered amid premvented tile arrest. There
n tupon the sheriff sienlt a message to acting (Jo
d Woodseon, at [Lecomuptonu. The result had nol
r..anired at the latest dates.
THE NEW USE OF COTTON SEED.
In a recent number of the New Orleans Cre
ole, we find a very interesting description of an
establishment in that city for the manufacture
of oil from cotton seed. After describing the
process, the Creole says:
Cotton seed has heretofore been regarded as
useful only for the purpose of manure. It has
added nothing to the value of Southern produc
tions; but it is now shown to be little inferior
in intrinsic. value to the silky fibre in which it
The establishment, to which we allude, pro
duces five hundred barrels of oil per day, from
the dry cotton seed. A novel and beautiful
piece of machinery hulls it with the utmost pre
cision and the greatest rapidity, leaving the oily
meat free from every foreign substance. Ex
posed to a considerable heat, and subjected to
pressure, oil is produced, which, by a new chemi
Cal process of clarification, becomes fit for every
purpose for which olive, lard, or sperm oil is
To-day, it is used on the tables of many of
our citizens, as olive oil. It burns in the solar
and astral lamps in our parlors. It is used on
machinery as a lubricator, and answers everyv
other purpose for which fine native or foreign
oil is needed.
The establishment is self-sustaining. The re
fuse hulls furnish the fuel to drive the engines.
Not a single stick of wood has been purchased
since the machinery was first put in motion. As
an experiment, a portion of the accumulation
of the waste has been shipped to the North to
be worked up into bookbinders' boards, for
which purpose this material is believed to be
admirably adapted. Six months have not yet
elapsed since the machinery was set in motion,
and now the oil is finding its way into the coun
try in preference to lard or sperm oil, and is for
sale in many establishments of this city. The
sale is quite equil to the possibility of produc
The effect of this favorable experiment with
cotton seed upon our domestic economy, is like
ly to be most favorable. For years the price of
pork has steadily advanced. 'We are burning
up so. many hogs, in the shape of oil, that the
price of meat, unless a new source of. oil had
been discovered, must have proved a seriou in
convenience. Let however, the cotton seed,
which now rot in millions of tons on our plan
tations, be pressed into oil, and the South will
be independent of northern fishermen, and in
stead of being consumers, will soon become ex
porters of oils that are superior to and cheaper
than any other now used. The cotton fields will
prove richer mines of wealth than the most pro
ductive gold-bearing States of California. Pork,
no longer wasted for light, or manufactured into
table oil, or into perfumery for the toilet, can
again be furnished for five or ten dollars per
"I wonder if lie will pay that note." Think
everybody means to cheat you. Closely exam
ine every bill you take, and doubt its being
genuine, till you have put the owner to a great
deal of trouble. Believe every shilling passed
to you is but a sixpence crossed, and express
your doubts about getting rid of it, if you
should take it. Put confidence in nobody, and111
believe every man you trade with to be a rogue.
Never accontnodatU, if you can possibly help
it. Never visit tl sick or aiheted, and never
give a Lfarthing to the poor. Buy as cheap as
you can. and screw down to the lowest mill.
Griid the faces and the hearts of the unfortun
ate. Brood over your misfortunes-your lack
ofr talent-, and believe at no distant day you
w.ll come to want. Let the workhouse be ever
in your mind, with all the horrors of pov
ert~r. Then von will bte miserable to y-our
heamrt's content~, (if we may so speak,) sick at
he-art and at v-ariamnce with all the world. Noth
ing will cheer or entcourage you ; nothing wvill
throw a gleam of sunshine or a ray of warmth
into your heart. All will be as dark and cheer
Ie-s as the grave.
A F-rNw. Trornarr.-" I would not [said one
who wais not himSelf pious] tmarry anywoa
ni ho wazs not a Christian. I should feel it such
an honor to share a heart in which God dwelt."
It wvas a line thought, and deserves to be spe
You want a friend in whom von can have en
tire anid unihmnited confidence ; one who can lie
vourm counsellor in all circumstances of difficulty
'or trial ; one who is to lie identified with you
through life, in hope and fear, in joy and sorrow.
She is to be a sort of preidhing divinity at thy
family boar-d, and her countenance the mnirror
in which must lhe rellected the faithful imtage of
thy dhomestic b~liss or woe ; one who will be dis
cret afhetionate, amid [irm in governing her
children ; in short, wvho will love you for your
own sake, be happy with you in a cabin, and
who will cleave the closer to you when tho stornm
ofr adversity or persecution shall have swept
away or withurod overy vestige of earthly comn
liort fromt abiout you. Now bear all these things
in minid; and then to your praiyers and the ex
ercise of a becoumig prudence, and you w~ill not
be likely to fail.--Bi.'hop A n/rc r.
HI a- -ro Pi..-ri:as.-It is to be feared that
inh. pcresentm high prlicOs of -otton may h-adl thme
plnesof the South into a great error, viz: the
dirctiocn of all their energies, thme present y-ear,
to the production of thme staple, to the neglect
of the breuadstutl' crops. They forget, or are apt
to do so, that a failure in the latter causes the
success of thme former toQ turn to ashes" in their
pockets. Cotton is high, but may be readily
broughit down hv over.production, and when that
is done in time 'of scarcity iu' articles of food,
the distress is wide-spread and d'sastrous. if
cotton commands a good price, so does corn,
wheat, and indeed grain of all sorts, together
with heef, pork, mutton and other meats, into
which they are converted. Let planiters recol
lect this, and not be led astray by the temipora
rv inflation of prices. We are candid to state
our belief that cotton will continue to command
a good pirice, but not high enough to justify peo-~
Ile in running wild in its production-a state of
things that is sure to brintg about the revolution
in value wIch they so much depirecate.--Saran
in aii.-r.John Case, of Kensington,
N.1., was leading a horse into the stable, when
the dloor swung to, leaving the animal on the
outside aind she within, the halter tied round
hetr thumb in such a way that when the horse
started, her thiumb was torn fronm her hand,
and the cords were drawn from her arm to her
DEATHI FRoxt EATisa Poisosto Ecos.--A
boy namted Emneraud Hleusher, ate four eggs ottn
Easter day, which had been boiled in-t pint of
water inuto which had beeni put a spoonitful of
Prussian blute, for the purpose of coloring them.
Two of the eggs had the shells cracked, admit
I ~iba natpoan. anud the serus caused his death.
I wish he would make up his mind, ma,
For I don't ca much longer to wait; A
I'm sure I have hinted quite strongly.
That I thought about changing my state
For a sweetheart he's realf so backward
I can't bring hin on, though I try
I own that he's very good tempered, -
But then he's so dreadfully shy.
When I speak about love ana a cottage,
He gives me a glance of surprise;
And if I but hint about marriage, V
He blushes quite up to his eyes .
I can't make him jealous-I've tried it:.
And 'tis no use my being unkind,
For that's not the way, I am certain,
To get him to make up his mind.
I've sung him love sonnets, by dozens,
I've worked him both slippers and hoso
And we've walked out by moonlight togothe
Yet he never attempts to propose!
You really must ask his intentions,
Or some other beauI must find;
For, indeed, I won't tarry mnch longer,
For one who can't make up his mind.
Youso AxERIcA.-A certain Judge while t
tending Court in a shire town, was passing
ilong the road where a boy was just letting down 'T
he bars to drive some cattle in. His
itood in the door of his home, on the opposte
aide of the road, and seeing what his hopeful
boy was doing, shouted out
"John, don't you drive then.cattle in there;
[told you to put them in the pasture behind'the ;
The boy took no notice whatever of the re. - .
nonstranee, and his father repeated the order'ia
i louder tone, without the least efebt-and a
hird time gave positive orders not to drive the
attle in there. The son didn't even deign to
Look up, and disobepd the parental injunction
with a eQolniss which nositively shocked the
Judge, who looking atth- culprit, said, in a
one of official dignity:
" Boy, don't you hear your father speaking to
"Oh, y-a-s," replied the youth, casting a
zlance at the Judge and then at his parent
but I don't mind what he says. Mother don't
aeither, and 'tween she and I, we've about got.
.he dog so he don't."-Araur Gilman..
.... waat I did mean; but if you
will tell me what you think I meant, I will say
vhcther you are correct or not.
A few weeks ago an old gentleman and his
asdy were coming down from Iowa City to Da
renport, wheu the ears wer crowded. A young
uan got up and gave the old lady a seat, while
118 Cmpif onI, aiother young gent, remained
teadfast, and let the old gentleman stand. This
lid not suit our old friend, so he concluded to get
t seat in some way, and, quick as thought, turned
,o the young man on the seat beside his wife,
Uld said: - will you be so kind as to watch that
roiman while I get a seat in the other car ? She
This startled the young gent. Hec could not
>ear the idea of taking efiarge of a fatty woman,
o the old gentleman got a seat, and his wife
,ever wasi known to take a fit afterwards.
OsiLr O's O'er.oex.-Mr. -, coming home
ate one night from "meeting," was met at the
loor by his wife.
"P'retty time of night. Mr.-, for you to comae
luome-pretty time, three o'cloek in the morning,
rou, a respectable man in the community, and
lie fther of a famnily."
"'Tisn't three-its only one, I heard it strike.
Souncil always sits till onie o'clock."
" My soul!i Mr. -, you are drunk-as true
is Fimaive, you are drunk. It's three in the
-I say, Mrs. -, its one. I heard it strike
~me as I camne round the corner, two or three
RF.clPE FOR A MtoDilnN DorNET.
r wo scraps of foundation, some fragments of lace,
A shower of French roseb~uds to droop o'er the face;
Blue ribbons and feathers, with crape and illusion,
rhsen mix and derange thema in graceful confusion;
inveigle some fairy, out roamning for pileasure,
And begi the slight favor of taking her measure;
Fhec length and the breadth of her dear little pate;
And hasten a miniature framie to create ;
Fhena pour, as above, the bright mixture upon it,
And lo! you possess " such a love of a bonnet."
A New War~ TO Rluss:.Bss.a.A gentleman
n .Stneca Falls, (N. Y.) last spring, planted
ome 1.ima beans. Not being pro~vided with
poht-s, he supplied their place by planting in
sach hill sunuttowers, trimming up the stalk, so
that it served the purpose of pole. For a time
:dl went on well, till at longth, the sunflower
gruowing so mauch fasster than the beans, the lat
ter were absolutely drawii up b~y the roots.
"Howv are you, Smith?" said Mr. Jones.
"Sir, you have the advantagie of me."
"'Yes' retorts Jones, "I suppose every body
ias that's got commoin sense.
Smith looks unhappy.
Thoa(reau, the Concord pahtlosopher, says that
fa Yankee happens to fall asleep anter dinner
and take a nap of half an hour, the first thing
lie udoes after waking is to stretch himself and
ask-what's the news!
The only class of men in the world who are
not in the'habit of disparagimg their neighbors
are the assessors of taxes; for it is well known
they never "underrate" anybody in the slightest
A house dealer descri~ing a used-up horse,
said he looked " as if he had been editing a dai
Why are kisses like the creation? Because
they are made out of nothing, and are very
What dho, we often drop, yet never stoop to
pick up ? A hint.
Why is the letter T like an island? Because it
is in-the mdle of wa-t-er.