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D~emtocratic 3ournal, 3tvtte to tIIt SoutI) anv SoUtIern Ri)tsf J tics,~ Caitrst len, Citertf, 11raity, Enzperauce, britre & NWe will cling to the Pillar of tee Temple of E E L Libertie., and If it "--ust -a--"'' SINYKINS, DIJRISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD~. C., MAY 20,987 "I'X OLD TO-DAY." An aged man, on reaching his seventieth birth day like one surprised, paced his house, exclaiming, -"I am an old man! I am an old man." I awake at last; I've dreamed too long, Where are my three score years and ten! My eyes are keen, my limbs are strong; I well might vie with younger men. The world, its passions and its strife, Is passing from my grasp away, And though this pulse seems full of life, "I'm old to day-I'm old to day !" Strange, that I never felt before That I had almost reached my goal, My bark is nearing death's dark shore; Life's waters far behind me roll; And yet I love their murmuring swell, Their distant breakers' proud array, And must I,-can I say " Farewell '" "I'm old to-day,-I'm old to-day." This house is mine, and those broad lands That slumbers 'neai you fervid sky; You brooklet, leaping o'er the sands, Hath often met my boyish eye. I loved those mountains when a child; They still look young in green array; Ye rocky cliffs, ye summits wild, "I'm old to-day,-I'm old to-day !" 'Twixt yesterday's short hours and me, A mighty gulf hath intervened, A man with men I seemed to be But now, 'tis meet I should be weaned From all my kind; from kindred dear; From those deep skies,-thlat landscape gay; From hopes and joys I've cherished here; " I'm old to-day,-I'm old to-day !" 0 man of years, while earth recedes, Look forward, upward, not behind! Why dost thou lean on broken reeds 7 Why still with earthly fetters bind Thine ardent soul 1 God give it wings, 'Mid higher, purer joys to stray! In heaven, no bappy spirit sings "I'm old to-day-Im old to-day." THE DOCTOR'S BRIDE. BY EMERsON BENNETT. "-We Doctors meet with.strange adventures," once said to mue a distinguished physician, with whom I was on terms of intimacy. "I have often thought," I replied, " that the secret history of some of your profession if written in detail would make a work of thril ling interest." "I don't know that I exactly agree with you in regard to detail, rejoined my friend: there is a great deal that is common place, and there fore not worthy of being recorded; but grant us the privilege of your novelist, to select our characters and scenes and work them into a kind of plot, with a view of striking denoue ment, and I doubt not many of us could give you a romance in real life, comprising only what we have seen, which would equal, if not surpass, anything you ever met in the way of fiction. By the by, I believe I never told you of the most strange and romantic adventure of my life? " You never told me of any of your adven tures, Doctor, I replied ; but if you have a story to tell you will find me an eager listener." " Very well, then, as I have a few minutes to spare, I will tell you one more wildly romaiitic, more incredibly remarkable, if I may so speak, than you probably ever found in a work of tic tion." " I am all attention." " Twenty five years ago," pursued the Doctor, "I entered the Medical College of F- as a "student. I was then quite young, inexperienced, and inclined to be timid and sentimental ; and wvell do I remember the horror I experienced when one of the senior students, under pretence of showing me the beauties of the institution, suddenly thrust me into the dissecting room among dead bodies, and suddenly closed the door upon me ; nor do I forget how may screech es of terror and prayers of release from that awvful place imade me the laughing stock of my older companions. Ridicule is a hard thing to bear; the coward becomes brave to escape it, and the brave man fears it more than he would a belching cannon. I sulfered it till 1 could stand it iio longer ; aiid wrougrht up to a pitch of desperation, I deman ded to know what I might (10 to redeem my aharacter anid gain an honorable footing among may fellow students. "I wdll tell you," said one, his eyes sparkling with miisrhmief, " if you will go at thme midnight hour and dig up a subject, and take it to your room anrd renmaina alone with it till mingii, wo will let yo'u off and never say another word about your womanly fright." I shuddlered. It was~ a fe-ar~ful alternamtive, but it. seemed less terrible to sulier all the hair r',rs that niught be concentrated int a singh-~ night, than to hear day after day thme jeers oIf mytclnnpanions. " Where shall I go ? andl when ?" wvas my timnid inquiry ; and the very thouighat of such tn advetiure made may blood run cold. " To thec Eastern Cemetery, to-night, at 'twehve o'chock," replied may tormenter, fixing Iris keen black eyes ul~on nme. and allowing his thin lips to curl with contempt. " But what is the use of -takinmg such a coward as you to pier form such a manly feat ?" lie added deridinagly. Ihis wordls stung mue to the quick ; and with out further reflection, andh scarcely of what I was saying, I rejoined boldly: " I anm iio coward, sir, as ilil prove to you, by perlomnning what you call a manly feat." " You wvill go ?" he asked quicklf. " I will." " Bravely said, rmy lad !" lie rejoined in a tone of approval, and exchanging his expressi. ni of contempt for one one of iurprise aind admi ration. " Do this, Morris, and thme first nmma that insults you afterwards msakes an er~emy of SAgain I felt a cold shuddler pass through rmy frame at the thought of what was before mae; but I had accepted the challenge in the presence of witnesses-for this conversation oc curred as we were leaving the hall, after listen ing to an evening lecture-and I was re:solved to make my wordl good shouild it ev-en cost mie rmy life ; in fact I knew I coiubal nut do other wise now, wi:hout the risk of bing drYive iln dlisgrace from thu college. I abould here observe that in those days there were few professional r-esurrectionists ; and as it was absolutely necessary to have .subjects for dissection, the unpleasant business of procuring them devolved upon the students, who in con sequence watched every funeral eagerly, and calculated the chances of cheating the sexton of is charge and the grave of its victim. There had been a funeral that day of a poor orphan girl, who had been followed to the grave by a few friends; and this was considered a favorable chance for the party whose turn it was to procure the next subject, as the graves of the poor and friendle:s were never watched with the same keen vigilance as those of the rich and influential. Still it was no trifling risk to attempt to exhume the bodies of the poorest and humblest-for not unfrequently persons were found on the watch even over these; and only the year before one student had been mor tally wounded by a rifle ball; and another a month or two subsequently had been rendered a cripple for life by the same means. All this was explained to me by a party of *six or eight who accompanied me to my room which was in a building belongiug to the col lege, and rented by apartments to such of the students as preferred a bachelor's to regular boarding; and they took care to add several terrifying stories of ghosts and hobgoblins by way of calming my excited nerves; just as I have before now observed old women stand around a weak, feverish patient and croak out their experience in seeing awful sufferings and fatal terminations ofjust. such maladies as the one with which their helpless victim was then atflicted. " Is it expected that I shall go alone ?" I in quired, in a tone that trembled in spite of me, while my knees almost knocked together and I felt as if my very lips were white. " Well, no," replied Benson, my most dreaded tormentor; " it would be hardly fair to send you alone, for one individual could not succeed in getting the body from the grave quick enough; and you, a mere youth without expe rience, would fail altogether. No, we will go with you; some three or four of us, and help you dig the corpse; but then you must take it on your back and bring it up to your room here, and spend the night alone with it !" It was some relief to me to find I was to have company during the first part of my awful undertaking; but still I felt far from agreeable, I assure you; and chancing to look into the mirror, as the time drew near for setting out, T fairly started at beholding the ghastly object I saw reflected therein. " Come, boys," said Benson, who was always by general consent the leader of whatever frol ic, expedition or undertaking he was to have a hand in: " Collie, boys, its time to be on the move. A glorious night for us!" he added, throwing up the window and letting in a fierce gust of wind and rain; the very d-l himself would hardly venture out in such a storm !" Ile lit a dark lantern, threw on lis long, hea vy cloak, took up a spade and led the way down stairs ; and the rest of us, three in num ber, threw on our cloaks also, and took a spade and followed him. We took a roundabout course to avoid being seen by any citizen that might chance to be stirrillg, and in something less than half an hour we reached the cemetery, scaled the wall with out dilliculty, and stealthily searched for the grave till we found it in the pitchy darkness the wind and ram sweeping paat us with dis Imal howls and nmoalls, that to ime, trembling with terror, seemled to be the unearthly wailing of the spirits of the damned. " Here we are," whispered Benson to me as we at length stopped at a mound of fresh earth over which one of the party haO -stumbled. '- Colie. fee around, Morris, and -trike in your spade, aid let us see if you will make as good a hand at exhumning a dead body as you will sme day at killing a live one with physic." I did as directed, trembling ill every liibl, but the first spade full 1 threw up1) 1 started back with a vell of horror, that. on any other but a howling, stormy night, would have be trayed us. It appeared to mne as if I had thrust my spade into a buried lake of fire-fir the soft dirt was all aglow like living coals, and as I had fuieied the moanings of the storIls, the wailings of the tormented spirits, I now fancied I had uncmovered a small portion of the bottomless pit it~self. "Fool F" hissed Benson, grasping liy arml with the grip oif a vice, as I stood leanling- onl my spade for .supp~ort, lmy very teeth chattering with terror, "ainothier yell like that anid I'l mlake a subject of you! Are you not ashamed of yourself, to be scared out of your wits, if you ever had any, by a little phosphorescent earth ? Don't you know it is often found in graveyards ?" H~is explanation re-assured me, thlough I was now too weak from my fright to be oh any as sistance to the party, wvho all fell to work with a will, secretly laughing at mie, and soon reached thle coflinl. Splittinig the lid with a hatchlet, whiich had been brought for the purpose, they quickly lifted out the corpse, and thiem Benson and another of the party taking 1101( of it., one at the head and the other at the feet, they hur ried it away, biddinlg me follow, and leaving the others to fill up the grave, that it might not be suspected thd body had been exhumed. IHaving got the corpse safely over the wall of the cemetery, Benson now called upon mec to perform my part of the horrible business. "HIere, you quaking simpllleton," he said, " I wanlt you to take this on your back and make the best oh your way to your room, and remaini alone wijth it all night. if you do this bravely, wve will claim you as one of us to morrow, and thle first man that dares to say a wvord against your courage after that, shall find a foe ini me. But hark yonu! if you mlake any blunder on thle way andm~ lose our prize, it will be better for you to quiit t his town before I set eyes on you again! Do you understand meI! "T-ye-ye-yes !" 1 stammered, with chiatter ing teeth. "Arc you ready ?" " Y-ye-ye-yes," I gasped. " Well, conie here, where are you?" All this timle it was so dlark that I could see nothing but a faint line of white, whichl I knew to be the shrouded corpse ; but I felt carefully round till I got hold( of Benson, who told me to take of f my cloak ; and then rearinlg tile cold deadl body againlst myl back, he began fixingv its cold arms11 about my neck. bidding mo take hold of thaemi, anld draw them well over aiid keep concealed, anmd be sure anud not let go of t hem on any consderation whatever, as I valued my life. " Oh ! what torturinig horror I experiencedl as [ nmechanicady followed his directions ! Tfongue couhld not describe it !" "At length having adjusted the corpse so thlat I might bear it off with comparative ease, lhe thlrew my long black cloak, over it amnd over my arum<, andi~ fastened it with a cord about my neck, and then inqulired : " Now, Morris, (1o you think you can find thle way to your room?1" "I-I do-do-don't know," I gaspIed, feeling as if I should sink to the earth at the first step. " Well, you cannot lose your way if you go straight ahead," he replied. " Keep ini the mid dIe of~ tiis street or road, and it will take you to f2olge Grcemn, and then you are all right. Come. push on before your bumrdenm grows too heavy ; the distanice is only a good hlnf mile !" " I set forward, with trembling nerves, ex pecting to sink to the ground at every step ; but ..rauall mny terror, instead of weakening, gnae me strength; and I was soon on the run-splash ing through mud and water, with the storm howling about me in fury, and the cold corpse, as I fancied, clinging to me like a hideous vam pire. " How I reached my room I do not know but probably by a sort of instinct, for I only remember of my brain being in a wild feverish whirl, with ghostly phantoms all about me, as one sometimes sees them in a dyspeptic dream. " But reach my room I did with my dead burden on my back; and I was afterwards told that I made wonderful time; for Benson and his fellow students, fearing the loss of theit subject-which on account of the difficulty of getting subjects was very valuable-followed close behind me, and were obliged to run at the top of their speed to keep me within hailing distance. "The first I remember after getting to my room, was the finding myself awake in bed, with dim consciousness of something horrible having happened-though what, for some min utes, 1 could not for the life of me recollect. Gradually, however, the truth dawned upon me; and then I felt a cold perspiration start from every pore, at the thought that perhaps I was occupying a room alone with a corpse. The room was not dark; there were a few em bers in the grate which threw out a ruddy light; and fearfully raising my head, I glanced quickly and timidly around. "And there-there on the floor against the right hand wall, but a few feet from me-sure enough, lay the cold still corpse, robed in its white shroud, with a gleam of firelight resting upon its ghastly face, which to my excited fan cy seemed to move. Did it move'? I was gazing upon it, thrilled and fascinated with anl indescribable terror, when, as sure as I see you now, I saw the lds of the eyes unclose, and saw its breast heave, and heard a low stiled moan. "Great God !" I shrieked and fell back in a swoon. "How long I lay unconscious I do not know; but when I came to myself again, it is a mar vel to me that in any excited state I did not lose my senses altogether, and become the tenl ant of a mad-house; for tlere-right before ane -standing up in its wlhie shroud-with its eyes wide open and staring upon. me, and its features thin, hollow and death-hued-was the corpse I had brought from the ceieery. "In God's nanse, avaunt!" I gasped. " Go back to your grave, and rest in peace! I will never disturb you again !" "The large hollow eyes looked more wildly upon ame-the head moved-the lips parted aad :t voice in a somewhat sepulchral tone said : " Where aia I? Who are you ? Which world ant I in ? Mn I living or an I dead ?" " You were dead," I gasped, sitting up in bed and fecling as if my brain would burst with a pressure of unspeakable horror; "you wCe deal and buried, and I was on. of the guilty wretches who this night disturbed you in your peaceful rest. B]ut go back, poor ghost, in Heaven's ame, and no mortal power shall ever induce me to comsie nigh you again! " Ol! I feel faint!" said the corpse gradually sinking owin upon the floor, with a groan. " Where uw I ? Uh, where ama I" "'Gi-eat God !"'I sh'outed, as ihe stiariling truth suddenly flashed upoan me, " perhaps this poor girl w:as buried alive and is now living !" "I bounded f'rom the bed and grasped a hand of the prostrate body. It w;.s not warn, but it was not cold. I put ny trembling fingers poan the pulse-Did it bea. ? or was it the pulse in my fingers ? I thrust aay hand upon the heart. It was warm-there was life there. '1he breat heaved ; she breathed ; but the eyes were closed aid the features had the lok of death. Still it was a living body-or else I navself was insane. I sprang to the door, tore it open, and shouted for help. " Quick ! quick !" cried I; " the dead is alive ! the dead is alive!" Several of the students .leeping in adjoining roomas c1ane ahurrying into ainse, thinskinag I had guine aad with terror, as soimte of themaa had erd ora voice before.e and aill knsew to what a feafulh o'rdeal I haad beena sul je~eteda. "Poor fellow !" exchsaimsed onae, in a tone oif sympathy ; I predhicted thsis. "It is too bail," said another ; " it wvas too much for his nervous system !" " I an not maad," returned I, compa~rehaendinlg their suspicions; but the corpse is alive-hasten and see ! T'hey hurried into the room one after arnther ; and the foremnost, stooping down to wvhat lie supposed to be thec corpse, put his haand upon it and instanstly exclsiased: "Quick ! a light anal sonme brandly-shie lives !" All now was buastle, confusiona andl exciteanenat, one proposig onec thinag asnd ansother somaethaing else, nad all speaking togethser. They placed her on thme bedh sand g:ave her somea brassiy, whsesn she again revived. I ran for a phaysiciasn-one of the faculty-who casme and tendued upon hser througha thae night, asnd by sunsrise the next moarnang shse was reported to be ina a fair way of recovery. " Now, what do youi thiank of my story so far ?" queried the D~octor, wvitha a sasnile. "Very resmarkable," I replied ; "very remnark able inadeed ! But tell mae, did thec girl finally recover ?" "She did ; and turnsed oliat to be a msost beau tifuil creatusre, anad onlhy sweet sevenateen." "Anad I suppose se blest thse resurrectionists Iall the rest of her life !" 1 rejoinsed with a laugh. "She certaissdy hseld one of them isa kind re amebrance," retusrneda the doctor with a smnile. " What becamue of hser, D~octor?1" " What shsould have bjecomse of hser, accord ag to thec well kanowna rules of poetic justice of your novel writers?" returnead may friend with a peculiar smaile. " Why ," said I lausghsing, " she should hanve turned oust an heiress, aid married you.''" "Anad that is exactly what shec did !" rejoinied te Doctor. " (Good hecavons ! You ar'e jesting !" "No, nay friend, no0, r'eplied the D~octor in a faltering voice ; " that nighat of horror onlsy hpre ceded thse dlawns ->f my happliness ; I or that girl, lovely Ilelens Leroy, in timea becamea miy wife anda thae mothser ot may t wo boys. Shse sleepas now mi dleath, beneatha the cold, cold sod," ad ded thse Doctor, ian a tremuslouss tone, brushaing away a tear froms has eye ; " and no hauana resuar rectionists shall ever raise her to life agan !" V01150 LDY IN A SlAPE---HOOPS AND HiGH HEELS IN CIHURCHI. The Rlichmsondl Whsig says: A few Sundays ago, a msodest youang gentlesman of our acquain tace aittendied the msorning service, is one of our hashiionsable churches. lie was kinadly shiowns into a luxusriouasly cushiioned pew, and had! hsa d ly settlead hsimself, asnd taken an observation of sis neighsbors, before a beautiful youang lady en tered, and with a graceful wave of the hasnd prenting~ our friend from rising to give her palace, quiietly suk into a seat near thae cnd. Wena a hsyansasaWL givens ouat shse skillfully fonnsd the page, andl with a sweet samile that set his hseart a thumping, hsadedl her uneighbor the book. Te iniisttar raised his hsands in prayer, and the fair gial knelt, anad in this posture perplexed hser friend to know whlich most to admire, her beau ty or hser devoutness. Presently the prayer w- concluded. and the~ conlgregationl reumed their seats. Our Ed respectfully raised lii eyes from the fairfo -he had been so earnest ly scanning, lest wh . he looked up, she woult detect him staring 'her. After a couple oj seconds he darted a ive glance at his char. mer and was astonis to see her still on hei knees; he looked el y, and saw that she was much affected, tremblg in violent agitation nc doubt from the eloqu power of the preacher, Deeply sympathizing, e watched her closely, Her emotion amore violent; reaching her hand behind hesihe would convulsively grasp her clothing, strain, as it were to rend the brilliant fabric of ei dress. The sight wa exceedingly painful hold, but he still gazed like one entranced, wonder and astonish ment. After a minuthe lady raised her face, heretofore concealed ' 'the cushion, and with her hand e and istikable becken to our friend. He quick1, Oved along the pew to wards her, and inclii is ear as she evidently wished to say somet g. "Please help me, sk" . she whispered, " my dress has caught, an cant get up." A brief examination revealedt cause of the difficulty; the fair girl wore fiuslable high-heeled shoes; kneeling upon both knees, these heels of course struck out at right ijbAi; and in this position the highest hoop ofbeiew fangled skirt caught over them, and thus 9dered it impossible for her to raise herselfU-or, straighten her limbs. The more she strug~d the tighter was she bound; so she wasso0 trained to call for help. This was immediate not scientifically ren dered, and when the z'ext prayer was made, she merely inclined hew. upon the back of the front pew-thinking,.iq doubt, that she was not in prayiag costunm From the Peiolvania Inquirer. SOUNDS- RON HOME. A REVERIE OF TU AST, BY AN OLD MAX. The fire burns brigstly on the wide hearth before me. The es rush whistling and siniging up the great ek chimney, that swal lows them carelessly ;and gapes for more. I have seen youth as bright and sparkling as those flanes, rush likethem into the black gulf of ruin, and like thet itoo, leave behind them nought but ashes, but.he ashes, alas! of blas ted hopes, and fond hearts, stricken by despair. [ am an old man; I hve run my race alloted by IHeaven to all of rth. My head is bowed down towards the du,' which will soon claim ie as its own. I shogld be alone, alone in the grat iron world, had] not one good, faithful friend, who, I thank 0)d hunbly, is still spared ie. Oh! it were wrse than death, worse, worse a thousand t'Une to lose that friend. Men call it " memory." I tall it a good angel, for it brings back to ie those whom I loved and lost. As I sit before the wild flames, that throw a tremibling, stooping-shadow upon the wall, this spirit one is singing in iy ears strains, sweet though sad, the melodies of by-gone days. Oh, dearly do 1 love to hear that soig, to listen to those " Sounds from Home." What sound from the hoime of my qy-hood is floating round Ie now ? Have you.. ever hedrd a village church bell fill the -Let air with its sweet. p ,laintvrmud ,on thogafairmamer evenings, when all around there is such a still and htoly calm, that it seems as if heaven itself were slumbering on earth !. Such to me this sound has always been. I know it well ; it is my mother's voice. I had a mother once, and I loved her, too-who does inot ? I remember, when a little child, I tried to pray, I first would think of her, to till my heart with love for God. Sie was ly steppingov-StOle from earth to heav enl! Oh i! what is there like a mother's love 1 o where the love so pure as that we bear to her ? When we are fre.'h fron Gbod, then it is sti-ingest ; for as we grow obller, and the cold and sneering devil, called the " world," breathes on is its ranik. withering breath, then does our love for her who gave us birth, wander amid s) m11ay fierce humn pi on , that their bilack shadows dim its brightness, but still it lurns within our hearts. :u4 we coniess it, too, when doth is in our hummes and we are mothierles-4. BUt mnemoiry, restless spuirit, sings now~ to ine anotfher straini. 1 hear another sound from home. This time it is a simple stratiun, sung lby one who was5 dearer to moe thanti all the worl esides. IA'ng rea.s ago there c.rossed my path in life a girlish'formit, some called it piretty perhaps it was; I never thto't of that, it wits very fair, with a delicate frame, and a voice in whic-h wa a strain as mtusicaml as the ntotes of a harp which I uonc-e had when a chtili, thme chmords of which were intovedi by thme winid as it limsedl over thtem. Ily slow degrees this girlish formt grew powecrful it its imastery over mie. I who ad a mock for hove, inow found ini it ai master. I struggled against this new-bor~n powver, for I was younmg, and those whom 1 hived, antd who loved me, wo'd have tie turn to other things. It is an old story that I amt telling. I called her wife, and~ gen there buirst on mie thme anger of a parent, andi for a tie 1 left my father's house, and wandered far fromt it. Bunt shte, the one whose voice I still hear, was at my side, and in her love I wa happy. Shte died !-See tere, where the mnoon-beanms rest oni a plain, marbie sto~ne, ais if they love to watch over the grave of one as pure as themselves. She lies there, and 1 am not at her side ! For a-while. my bosom, on which her head was wont to rest, wvas as cold as the carthI ini which she niow slumbers. But Time is a friend iindeed, for h -yes, he comforted inc. Pshaw ! what is this dream wve call love, after all ? a toy to wvhile away sin hour, a themei for boys and girls to pirattle about. I dreamed like other fools once, but ntow I have learned to stare reality in thte face, and bear unfinchingly its cold gaze. Bunt I must talk of her. She died, and (lied when we were poor, and I eursed myself that I had taken her from her home, and had no honme to give her. It was selfish, was it mitt? But selfishness holds the key of all mein's hearts; yes, I waas selfish to lovre hei as I did . he died, died a-blessing me. Well, well, if what wise and good men say bo true, I shall see her again; that this may be is imy constant prayer to heaven. Another sound fron home-an infant's cry. The tiny voice of ty first-born is ringinig in my ears. Alas! that sound fromi home h- been stilled. Ifeaven took what God had given me, ere earth hiad time to wither it with its accursed 'breath. There is more than one sleeping beneath thtat cold, white stone. The babe is lying in its mother's arms, and the moon-beanms watch over my lost treasures. I am alone in thte world, alone with memory; alone with the thio't of the past. Oh, mother,-wife and child ! your voices come to me like messengers from the dead tc the living. Still do they come to me, sounds from a far off happy home, a home beyond th< grave ! .. INFIDF..ns often grumble about the cost c! preachers, who, by thte by, arc the poorest pail set of meni in thte United States, as a whole with here and there an exception; and who in ore to live, mtust have donation parties, a: thuhtey were paupers, because they wer prahr feternal realities. The cost of al the clergy in the U'nited States is butt .12,000, 000 annually, while the criminals cost $40,000, 00, the lwes76,000,000, and intoxicatini U USEFUL MINTS AND RECIPES. ETIQUETTE AT THE TABLE.--Each guest ihould have a table napkin folded in some pleasing form, and each napkin should contain a small roll-both being laid upon a plate by the. soup-plate. The knife and spoon are always to be placed on the right hand side, and the fork on the left hand. Salt-spoons and salt-cellars shoild be placed at the four corners and in the centre of the table; and by the side of each salt-cellar there should be placed two table spoons. The bowl for salad, not flowers, should stand in the centre of the table. The table linen should be white, and all of the same color, pattern, and design; the dinner napkins should be of tolerable size, say about twenty-six inches long by twenty inches broad. The dinner ser vice should be as handsoine as possible, for the beautiful is never throin' aWay on the s.nses; even a plain chop is better relished off a pretty plate than one in ill taste. The French very generally use white dinner services, and it would be well were this example to be follow ed, for China plates with gilt edges have a beautiful effect.-Porter's Spirit GRAPE CUTrixs.-The " Ohio Fanner" asks: Hve you a choice Grape Cutting that you want to grow ? and replies as follows: " Then go to the woods, dig sonie roots of a wild grape vine, cut them into pieces of about six inches long, cut your choice grape vine or cutting into pieces of only one or, at most, two buds; in sert the lower end by the common cleft-graft ing method, into the piece of wild vine root; plant it in the earth. leaving the cutting just level with the top of the ground. Every one so made, will grow, and in two years, become bearing plants." To MAKE WHIUTEWASH THAT WILL NOT RUB OFF.-MiX up half a pailful of lime and water ready to put on the wall; then take one gill of flour and mix it with the water; then pour on it boiling water sullicient to thicken it; pour it while hot into the whitewash; stir 4 well together, and it is ready for use. To CiE.iN. WALL PAPFR.-Soiled wall papers may be made to look as well almost as new in imiost cases, by the following expedient: Take about two quarts of wheat bran, tie in a bundle in coarse 1lannel, and rub over the paper. It will cleanse the whole paper of all dzscription of dirt and spots, better than any other means that can be used. Some use bread, but dry bran is better. Two gallons of ginger beer may be made as follows:-Put two gallons of cold water into a pot upon the fire; add to it two ounces of gin ger, and two pounds of white or brown sugar. Let all this come to the boil, and continue boil ing for half an hour. Then skim the liquor, and pour into a jar or tub, along with one sliced lemon, and half an ounce of cream of tartar. When nearly cold, put in a teacupful of yeast, to cause the liqw r to work. The beer is now made; and after it has worked for two days, strain it and bottle it fur use. Tie the corks down firmly.-Scientific American. ONE WAY To KEEP Euc.-During a long voyage to South America, it was noticed how inTh-tihtwgs-contimcd- to -bet The steward was called on for his secret. le said that as lie purchased his stock, lie packed it down in small boxes-raisin boxes--and afterwards, about once a week, turned over every box but the one out of which lie was using. This was all. The reason of his success is, that by turn ing thbe eggs over, he kept the yolks alout.the middle of the allbtimnen. Yet still the yolk will alter a while find its way through the white to the shell. and when it does so, the egg will spoil.-Country Gentleman. ANOTH E.--Eggs can, it is said, be better pre served in cornmeal than in any ther prepara tion yet known. Lay then with the sniall end down, and if undisturbed, they will be as good at the end of the year as when packed. S-rovE PiPcs.-Linseed oil laid upon stove pIpos when warm (not hot) and kept at a low teumeratuire flve or six hours, will impjart a fine lustre. One gill will serve for half-a-dozen joints. Iloccai Livs.-We can recommend the fol lowing means for keeping lips smooth. Get a lemon, anid having cut into two pairts rub there with the lip~s frequently daily, andl more pr tieularly blbre expomnre to the openi air. S-rEwEn Umer.uins.-Tfake two or. three straight enucumbers, cut ohf one end, then take ont thme seedis, lay themi in vinegar and water, and pepiper and salt ; have some farce, and jill each encumber with it; dry your cuenbers well out of the vinegar iirst, then dry them in a clean rubber; thmen fry tbemi, if for brown; if for white, not; take themi out of the butter, and put them to stew in some good stock, with one onion, a lagot of herbs, a slice of lean haum, until tender ; thicken the, liquor, mand pass through a taunmy ; season with a little drop of vinegar, lemion juiice, sugar, salt, anti white pep per ; glaze the eucumibers several tinme~s to be of a light brown. *To CLEAN WInrrE Feas.-Washi thema in cold lather, or soap and water, with a little soda and blue ini it. ; then draw thuem with the hanid, the same, as ilannel, through severa~ul lath ers, until they are cleani ; rinse in clean water, shake them well, and hang up to diry, frequent ly shaking them while damp. ITo MArEE CHEausE CAKE.--To one quarter of a pound of grated chee~se, add the yolks of six eggs, a quarter of a pound of butter, a little salt, a little Gayenne; beat all togethier until quite light, then add the whites of the eggs beaten to a stiff~ froth, and bake in paper cases in a modlerate oven. SmuAarE's RinLE On-ron.-Mr. John P, Sclienkl, an ingenious German nechanic of this city, recently invented a breach-Ioading rifle, which seemsto comibinie "all the modern unmprove meents" and the excellencies of the most celebrat ed patenit ire ams. It. is loaded, capped and cooked by one motion only ; anid yet is less liable to be al-cidenutally discharged than thme coin m110n riule, its parts are fewv and strong ; .it is sim ple ini its construction, and can lie takeni apart by simply withdrawing a1 bolt. It is ai combina tion of the Minie rifle and Prussian needle-gun. Its ball has an expanding rim, like Minie's hat cut ; as in the Prussian guthe powder is ignit threbiy burning all of it. This, wvithi the gas tight joinit, causes the ball to receive 'the whole force of the powder--which propols it, therefore, with greater strength and velocity than the same quantity of ammunitionl as used in other rifles would. It. is loaded by umoving the trigger guard onie quarter turn to the right, which moves the barrel irward, out of the thinible-joint, andI causes it to fall, by its own weight, into the positioni neces sary for the insertionu of the chiarge. The same movement cocks it. The cartridge tised contains powder, ball andt cap. The cap iusedl is the commiioni percussion cap~, which is inserted in the ball, withi its opening towards the powder. The balls arc cast with the cap-holder in them. - When the charge is thins placed in the chamber, - the guard is mioved hack to place, and the weapon is re'ady to be fired. The gun can be set at half I cck amid when in that position, can be carried in the most drenching rain, or thrown into water, and yet without damping the powder. In firing the rifle, when the trigger is pulled the maini-spring is set free, which npels forward a pin horizontally, through the powder, until it strikes the cap, which it is made to fit exactly This action, before the powder is ignited, forces the ball into the centre of the barrel-thus mak. ing it as accurate in its aim as any muzzled. loadin rifle, and obviating the great difliculty with all breach loaders hitherto in use-a difficul. ty which, in Sharpe's weapon, is insuperable to its Iong continued popularity, and certainly to its eficacy as a deadly weapon. As any percussion cap can be used, the nui sance of priners-which it is often so ditlicult to buy where weapons are used-is not only en tirely obviated, but life cannot be endangered nor game lost, by the primers giving out before the other ammunition is exhausted.-Boston Journal AUTIORITY IN HIGH PLACES. The following declaration has been signed in succession by the Presidents whose names are attached to it. Death occurred, before the name of Harrison could be obtained. DECLARATION. Being satisfied from observation and experi ence, as well as from medical testimony, that ardent spirits, as a drink, is not only needless, but hurtful, and that the entire disuse of it would tend to promote the virtue and happiness of the community; we hereby express our con viction, that should' the citizens, of the United States, and especially all young men, discon tinue entirely the use of it, they would not only promote their own personal benefit but the good of the country and the world. James Madison, John Tyler, John Quincy Adams, James K. Polk,. Andrew Jackson, Zachary Taylor, Martin Van Buren, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan. THE EFFECT OF TlE TARIFF UPON GOODS AND PRODUCTS. The advocates of the Tariff contend that the duty is not paid by the consumer, and somle of them even go so far as to say that high duties make low prices. We have only to say to this, that the manufac turers of the North who have fully tested this thing, now and always have been very anxious to have every raw naterial that they use admitted free of duty. They give as a reason for it, that the duty so increases the price that they 'cannot sell their goods at as low prices as those who pay no duty upon them. Do you want to know the effect it produces on your Cotton? Suppose an English manuficturer was to come to this country with a thousand dol lars in gold to purchase your cotton, and the gov ernment should make him pay 30 per cent. Suty uptg it. You perceive, he would pay the gov ernment $300, and would have only $700 left; now, lie would have to get junt as much of your cotton for the $700 as lie would have taken for the $1000. But gold and silver pay no duty, for two reasons; in the first place, it would make the un'ust and 1iiquitious operation of the tariff too pable and clear to the people, and they would rot stand it a day. In the second place, the government is sure to get the 30 per cent. The gold and silver may come in free to pay for your cotton, but your rulers know very well that they are of no use to you but to buy some thing with, and by putting the duty on every thing that comes in, they are sure to get it for the government or for the Northern ianufactu rer. There is another thing that may be learned from this. Gold arid silver pay no duty-ootton goods and silks pay 25 per centi woolen .goods, anutictures of iron and steel, sugar and mi lasas. play 30 por OcLnt. I wines pay -to and brandy 100 pere'ent. These things are al0 brought here to paty for yoir cotton. Du0 you suppose if those who iinanfietured thei paid the duty, that they would bring then here ? The merchant fromr tie United Stales pays in England precisely the saie price for his goods that the Frenelinrr, lussian, or any body else ; no deductioni is mrade to, thre rmerchanut of' the L'niteud States orrnacouti f the tairiff. Supporse the 25 pe cent. duty came out of thre manufacturer, does arny body think he would birinig thremr here ? Let us see how it will work out: Thme iimutheturer wvarits cotton-lhe starts off whr a hundred thousannd dollars wvorthi of cotton goods to the United States-he sells them in ew York for mrorrey, arid hays 25,000 in diuties to the governmrenit, leavinig hun only $75,000 to py for cotton. Mark you, now,,.he could have sod those sanme goods 'at home to the French wun, or to one of our own mierchanmts for $100,. 000 in goldl, and with the gold he could have come here arid boughit cotton, saving $25,000 ' y the operationr. D)on't you see lie would have doie better even if lie had sold Iris goods rat 15 per cent, less?7-for even then he would have e~igt-ive thousand dollars to buy cotton with, makig a saving of ten thousand dollars. How comes it their, t hat he sends the goods insteiad of the rioriey ? This is thre reason: It'he were to sen.id the gold he would loose thre freight and isurane upjoni it, and wvould get for it only whaat it is worth at hom~ne. Sending the goods, he gets as mruch as he would have got at home, aind gets freight and insurance besides. TI'he conrsumuers here pay the duties.-olurmus Crner Stone. A CUt-Ios -ro Wixa. .rsn B~maMixr Dinms. Dr. Hiraini Cox, cheiici~rl irnspector of alcoholic liquiors in Cincinnati, Ohio, states, in an address Ito his fellow-citizerns, that during two years lie has nmade two hundred and forty-ine inspections of various kinds of liquors, arid has faniid more than nine-tenths of thiemi poisonous concoctions. Of han~idy he do.es rnot believe there is one gal Ion of piire i-a hundred gallons, the imitations having corn whisky for a basis, arid various poi soous acids for the condinmnts. Of wines not a gallon in a thousand, purporting to be' sherry, port, sweet Malaga, &e,, is pure, but they u rn made of water ; sulphuric acid, alum, Guinen pC pr, horse-radish, &c., arid marny of thmem without a single drop of alcoholic spirit. Dr Cox warrants there are nmot ten gallons of gein ine hort in Cincinnati. In his inspectionis of whisky he has found eonly from seventeen to tweni ty percent. of alcoholic spirit, when it should have been forty-five to fifty, and some of it con' taiis sulphuric acid enough in a quart to eata hole through a man's stomach. "It may he necessary to remind the .public thrt the Queen and Prince Albert have be rovidentially blessed in their famil -circle heliv are now the parents of nine children, anu tiey have hiad to rioirn the loss of none. Thu eldest of the royal children, the Princess Royal is 17 years of age, the Prince of WVales is 16 the irinucess Alice 14, Prince Alfred 13, thr Princcss Helena 11, Princess Louisa 9, Primei Arthur 7, and Prince Leopold 4. In allt foul sars arid five daughters."-Lonidon Star. Oar Tuesday night last the konse of' Maj, 0 W. H. Legg, at Spartaunurg, took fire, and with its contents, and a young negro girl, was entirelj consumed. Mad. Legg a loss is estimated a about $4,000, a very small part of which is cov 'ered by insurance. His family was absent frnrm home, and there was no one in the house butt th nr girl who lost her life. I OWE No KAN A DOJIJA By ciAl. P. SHIRAs. Oh, do not envy, my own dear wife, The wealth of our next door neighbor, But bid me still to be. stout of heart, And cheei fully follouy my '.br. You must know, the last of tose litij debts, That have been our lingering sorrow, Is paid this night! So we'll both go forth With happier hearts to.morrow.. Oh, the debtor is but a-shame-faced dog, With the creditor's.name on his collar, While I an a king, and you are a queen, For we owe no man a dollar! Our neighbor you saw in his coach to-day, With his wife and daunting daughtet, While we sat down to our coverlesi boaud, To a crust and a cup of water; I saw that the tear-drop stood in your Tye, . Thougl -you tried your best tq conceal it I kheW that the contrast reached your.heart, And you could not help but feel I-; But knowing now that our scanty faue Has.freed my neck from the coller, You'll join my laugh, and help me shout, - That we owe no man a dollar! This neighbor whose show dapled your eyes, In fact is a wretched debtor; I pity him oft from my very heart, And I wish that his lot were bettpr. Why, the man is the %vriest-slave alive; For his dashing wife and deughtor Will life in style, though ruin should come So he goes like a lamb to the slaughter; But he feels it the tighter every day, That terrible debtor's collar! Oh, what would he give, could he sey with us, That he owed no man a dollar I You seem amazed, but I'll tell you more; Within two hours I met him Sneaking away with a frightened air, As if a Bend had beset him; Yet he fled from a very worthy man, Whom I met with the greatest pleasure Whom I called by name and forced to stop, Though he said he wps not at. leisure. le held my last note! so I held him fast, Till he freed my neck from the collar; Then I shook his hand as I proudly said: "Now, I owe no man a dollar!" Ah, now you smile, for you feel the force Of the truth I have been repeating; I knew that a downright honest heart In that gentle breast was beating I To-morrow I'll rise with a giant's strength, To follow my daily labor Put e'er we sleep, let us humliT p-ay For our wretched next door neighbor; And we'll pray for the time whenallahll be free . From the welght-of the debtor's collar When the poorest ahall lift up his voice ardCry, " Now, I owe no man a dollar I" SENATOR SUMNER IN EUROBE. Poor Sumner! the disgrace he incurred from te castigation he deservedly received from the lamented Brooks, stick to him like the shirt of Nessus. le is a degraded man, fallen from his once high poition, and regarded by all with that aversion which we naturally feel towards one who has forfeited his position 'as a brave, sensitive, and honorable man. His destiny in his respect, is irrevocably fixed ; public opinion, in both hemispheres, has pronounced his doom, and it i. as irreversible as a decree of fite. He can never recover his positidn--lost by his own folly and cowardice of spirit. Submission, then, and silent sufferil-g from an ignominiou reputa tion, constitute the cruel necessity under which e must hencelorth live. Unworthy, degraded, ld odious as he is, who is there that can help cntemplating his sad fate, with a subdued and elancholy feeling. No generous or magnani inus spirit can rejoice over an eneudy who is rostrate and undone for ever. Mr. Walsh, the able and distinguished foreign ,rrespondcint of the Newr York Jounal of ommerce, inf'orms us that poor Sumner was in aris. He had been there a fortnightor more. r. Walsh states that he had seen him only niee. and then he was passing with rapid strides n tiue Rue de Rivoli. lie says that English - entlemen who have seen him, and been seated ear him.in the Galignani Reading Room, re arked to him (Mr. Walsh,) that they had een struck by his large stature and athletic -ame; they could discover no traces of ill ealth. We may therefore edunclude that be as completely recoree. The Parisian journals ad taken no notice, whatever, of his arrival, or had he been announced in any way. Mr. alsh states that there is an attempt by some mericans to get up a dinner for him, which he hought would result in failure, a majority of hem concluding, that uho less cela iand diffu in of tihe knowledge ot our domestic dissen sions, the better. Mr. Sumner had left his card' t the residence of Mr. Mason, our Minister at the Court of St. Cloud. Mr. Mason, 'from mere ourtesy, 1.ad caused his card to be left! at the otel of the Senator, but there the matter end ed. An exchange of cards was all that occured etween them. In this, Mr. Mason has acted withs strict pro riety. As the American Minister, he could not well do le'ss, but as an honorable man, and udener, he could not do more --Columbia Tmes. PAYING TO SUPPOR ANOTta MANl's WIFE. A novel and strange case of alitnony has just een decided at Louisville, Ky. A man named orguson separated from his wife, and she sued Io alimony. A settlement was made, he agree ing to pay $500 a year during her life. Sub sequently, the parties were divoteed, and neith-. r party wai restricted fiom marryig igain he husband relying upon the religiu faith, of hais wife to prevent her from tkng another usband. She did marry, however, and, Mr. Ferguson thereupon stopped the supplies. H. idn't relish the idea of feeding; and clothing nother man's wife, without derrving some little benefit from the outlay. A suit was brought to compel the payment of the flve hundred dol lars per annum, and it was decided in favor of *the wife. Cuu~r MINIATas.--An excellent likeness of Perr Davis, the inventor of that most excellent meiine, the Vegetable Pain Killer, eau be had4 for 121 cents together with a bottle of that cele brateduniversal remedy. A remarkable case . of existenoe uder prima tion -of food is spoken of in the Rochester pa pes. Mr. John Ellis, of Hemietts, who made an attempt upon his life by enttis bis throat soewessince, has not been leto take nourishment for twenty-seven days. lie suffers alittle pain and but slight dliumnatah of strengtbh. H e commnicates with his family by means of Ia sate and pencil.