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A LTER 7E= GENERAL WALEB.
General Walker has written a letter to the
President, complaining of the interference of
Commander Davis with his operations of Nica
ragua. He says he felt perfectly secure at Rivas
as lone as he had the scooner Granada to rely
on. Efter giving a long history of his advent
and performances in Central America, withwhich
the public are familiar, he comes down to the
subject in question, andstates that Captain Davis
once or twice before his last "outrage" offered
toassist him in his escape out of the country.
He then goes on to say:
After the visit of Lieut. Houston, I heard no
more frlm Commandar Davis until the 30th of
April, en two aids-de-camR from the enemy
under a fag of truce with a letter from that offi
cer to myself. The letter proposed that I should
abandon Rivas and go aboard of the St. Mary's
to Panama, Com. Davis undertaking to guaran
tee my personal safety. Although this proposi
tion was extremely offensive-isinuating, as it
did, that my personal safety, instead of thehonor
and dignity of the Government of which I was
the Executive, might prove a determining cir
cumstance in a military convention-I replied
that the proposition was vague, and suggested
his coming into Rivas, anda personaf confer
ence between us. I only submitted to the mor
tiflioation of answering such a letter on the sup
position that Commander Davis might have in
formation I did not possess, and Which might
justify the substance, though not the manner, of
his offer. He answered by saying that he was
sorry I found his proposition vague; that he pro
psed "I should abandon the enterprise and
leave the counr ;" that I might rely on the fact
of Col. Loekridg having left the San Juan river;
and finally, ththe had maturely considered the
invitation to enter Rivas, and had decided, unre
servedly, not to take such a step.
The tone of the note was, if possible, more
offensive than that of the irst-; .and the use of
the word " enterprise," in connexion with a Gov
ermsht which Commander Daqishad studiously
acknoirledged, by addressing mreas tresident,
-but a few weeks previously, sounded strangely
discordant. As, however, the letter stated the
-evaenuation of the San Juan river-thefirst news
-I had. of this event-I stooped to answer the
.offensive note by proposing to send two offices
--Gen. Henningsen and Col. Waters-to meet
Commander Davis, provided they had safe con
duct from the allied General. As answer soon
came, enclosing the required safe conduct ; and
the answer was in effect, that Gen. Henningsen
and CoL Waters should proceed at once to the
head'quarters of the allies, as Commander Davis'
instruc-tions required his speedy return to San
Juan del Sum. I was surprised to recognise the
body of the note as the hand-writing of Gen.
Zavala-one of the generals of the allied forces,
who speke 'and wrote English-and to find that
such a note was signed by a professed neutral.
For what passed between Gen. Henningsen
and Co. Waters and Commander Davis I refer
you to the report ot the former officer, herewith
enclose, and to the terms of the convention of
Rivas. Allow me to suggest that the convention
itself is the best evidence the army inRivas was
not on the eve of destruction or dissolution. If
the peril to my command was as great as has
been publicly represented, the allies never would
have permitted us to evacuate the place, notonly
in safety but with honor.
In his interview with Gen. Henningsen, Comn
mander.Davis had expressed ~his "unalterable
- determiunation" to seize the schooner Granada ;
and this-had been a determining circumstance
with me in signing the convention. I was there
fore. supprised on the morning after I went
aboard the St. Mary's, to hear Commander Da
vis propose that I .should deliver the vessel to
him without the necessity for the use of force.
This I rejected. He then proposed I should de
liver the vessel on: condition he gave me the
arms and ammunition on board of her. I re
plied, not a rag or a splinter should be given up,
except to an overwhelming force ; for the honor
of the littl% vessel was in her hull and rigging
and-i the flag she bore, and ii omparison with
this, the value of the property aboard her was
mere 'dross. Need I express surprise that a
United States naval officer should make so dis
honorable a propoition ?
Finding that Cmmander Davis appeared to
hesitate in the execution of what he had declar
ed his " unalterable determination," I endeavor
ed to convince him cof the gross wrong and in
jury he would commit by the seizure of the
- Granada. I endeavored to satisfy him he had
no right to question the flag of the schooner
while she lay in the p ort of San Juan; that
while there she was within the territory of Nica-|
ragua, and subject only to the sovereignty of
that Republic ; that it was unworthy of the
United States thus to trample on the most sacred
rights of a sister State; and that I could not
and wotuld not believe his Government would
sanction such a violation of international law.
He replied he would weigh what I had said and
see me again on the subject ; but without any fur
ther conversation, he gave written orders to his
-first lieutenant to seize- the Granada by force.
The order was executed. The first lieutenant
boarded the Granada with a small force. Capt.
Fayusoux, of the Granada, beat to quarters.
Lietit. Maury endeavored to persude Captsin
Fayssoux to-give up his vessel, alleging, in ae
cordancewith his mastuctions, that it would be
in accordance with the Rivas, convention.
Capt. Faysoux said his orders were not to de
liver the schoner unless to an overwhelming
force. Lient. Maury returned to the St. Marys
and informed me that he intended to take the
Granada, and if I desiredto save the ef'usion of
blood I should give an order to deliver her to
him. Heten brought his broadside of eleven
guns to bear on the schooner, manned his small
boats with one hundred men, and came to me
for the order ;which was of course given. Soon
afterward I had the mortification to see the Ni
caraguan flag hauled down and the 'American
flag hoisted. Indi nation asan officer Nicaragua
at the lowering ot its flag was stifled by shame
as a native of the United States at seeing its glo
rious ensign disgraced by covering an act of per
fidy and wrong.
I ask leave to bieg your special consideration
of the fact that Lient. Maury a lied to me for
an order to Capt. Fayssoux. Tis was an ac
* knowrleigment that Capt. Fayssoux was still an
officer of the Government of which I was the
But the. dignity and honor of Nicaagahad
* at bSR .. iMat dA...dd hyhavinec oun
flag lowered in her own port. It was. reservet
for t'ommander Davis to complete a series o
insults, by delivering the Granada with all he
armaments and equipments to an alien enemy
He closes as follows:
One thousand Americans have perished ii
order to secure the lands and privileges promise
them in Nicaraupa. Theirheirs are, for the moi
part, citizens ot the United States; and I leavi
it to your wisdom to decide whether it is right o
politic that such interests should be endangered
if not sacrificed, by the acts, either authorize
or unauthorized, of American officers.
But, whatever your wisdom may decide in rc
lation to the policy of such conduct, I know th
justice of the Government your Excellency a
worthily controls will not fallto raise up the hor
or of Nicaragua, wounded by the seizure of he
own vessels in her own port, and by its deliver
to a foreign foe. I know you will not, with in
punity, permit the sovereignty of a sister Repul
lic to be violated simply because she is weal
With full confidence I trust for such acts an
declarations on the part of the Government <
the United as will entirely clear it from any pa
ticipation in the insults and degradation whic
Nicaragua has receivedat the hands of America
I have the honor to be your most obedier
servant, WM. WALKER.
To His Excellency JAMEs BUCHANAN, Pres
dent of the United States.
SERIOUS RIOT AMONG TIE NEW YORK POiCI
WASHINGTON, June 17.-The New York pi
pers received this afternoon, contain accounts <
a serious riot that occured yesterday afternoc
in that city between the police forces, in cons<
quence of an attempt made by a bod of ti
Metroplitan Police, to arrest Mayor Wood an
Sheriff Willet, on a warrant for an assault on M
The Metropolitan Police while ascending tl
steps of the City Hall, were beaten back wil
clubs by the Mayor's. police, and many of thei
badly hurt. Capt. Dilkes is reported to be mo
tally wounded. The Park was immediately fille
wit an excited crowd.
The Mayor and Sheriff Willet subsequent
surrendered themselves, and gave security fi
their appearance at the trial to take place c
the 12th. The volunteer regiment is now und<
Several of the Metropolitan Police are said I
be so badly injured, that their recovery is coi
sidered doubtful. This morning the city is quie
The Mayor succumbed to the law, submittir
to arrest on the second warrant,. without resi
Mr. Turner the old street commissioner, at
Bennett, the 6aptain of the Mayor's Police, ha'
both been held to bail.
The City Hall is guarded on all sides by ti
Mayor's Police, none being admitted except thoi
having business. Further outrages are not a
prehended. The troops at the Armories arere
dy at a moment's warning, should hostilities 1
NEw YORK, June 17.-The immediate cau.
of this outbreak was an attempt on the part i
D. D. Conover, who had been appointed Stre
Commissioner by the Governor, to tak'e posse
sion of the rooms 'occupied in the City Hall I
that officer. Mr. C. went into the room but wi
hustled out by the "old" police, who recognize
nq Street Commissioner but Mr. Turner, and tl
exhibition of Gov. King's signature to ConoveI
appointment, did not change their views. May
Wood and the police do not recognize any of tl
new city offices or new "Metropolitan" police i
being legally appointed, and from all appearane
the Mayor and his party will get the best of i
The Supreme Court of the State met yesterdi
and to-day. The Question of the right of Go
King to interfere with the municipal regulatioi
of the city, will probably be taken up.
COMMANDER Divis' I~s'TRCCTIo~s.-The tel
graphers from this city to the distant press a:
entirely in error in their representations wil
reference to the instructions from the late Se<
retary of the Navy to Commodore Mervine, ar
throug him to Cegnaander Davis,.under, wlice
they legthe lafter acted in saving Geadr
Walker and the few of his followers who gdtc
with' him, from the tender mercies of the Cosi
No instructions whatever were given to Cot
modore Mervine by Secretary Dobbin that wi
bear twisting into an intimation that a vessel <
the squadron might be employed in interferir:
in the Nicaraguan. war, even if an opportuni1
occurred to save the lives of the fillibusters, 1
getting them clear of the country. He wi
simply ordered to send a vessel to San Juan di
Sur, and in that order no mention of Walker
name or of his affairs was made.
Thus, not only the story alluded to above fal
to the ground, but the story that the Presider
has declared "his approval of the act of Con
mander D., under his instructions, but not
those instructions of Secretary Dobbin," fal
with it, as a matter of course.
- [Washington Evening Star.
CATHOLIC Cacu BLowN UP.-Happening
be in Coldwater on last Saturday night, we wei
awakened, at about 2 A. M., by a loud explosioi
like that of thunder, which proved to have bee
occasioned by the blowing up of the Catholi
Church. Some desperate wretbhes had place
two or three kegs of powder under the burIding
and fired them with a slow match. The buildin
was completely shattered by the explosion, cat
sing the roof to fall in, the enda to fall out, an
scattering floors, ceilings and sidiugs in all d
rections. Fortunately, there was no stone unde:
pinning, or serious damage might havebeendon
to 'adaet buildings. W~hen we left, on Monda
mo gthe perpetrators of this most detestabi
crime had not been discovered.-Marskia
(Mich.) Expounder, June 11th. S
A PAINFUL BEREAvEMENT.-We have alread
recorded the death of seven children of the Re'
B. Hutchins, of Albion, fllinous, formerly<
York, Pa. The Grayville Herald contains a
obituary of the eighth, a daughter seven yeai
old. Within a few weeks the parents have bi
ried eight out of nine, all from scarlet fever.
A big ox is now in exhibition at Springfiek
Mass. The Republican says it is about the sir
of one of Sands7 Nathan & Co's biggest elephantv
and moves plaicidly about, much as one of th
elephants would do. It is said to be the larges
framed ox in the world, and weighs, though fa
from fat 4,200 pounds, measures six feet seve:
inches in height at the shoulder, girts ten feel
and is thirteen feet in length from stem to stern
Well fatted, it would weigh in the neighborhoo
of 5,000 pounds.
TRIED IN SEVEN STATES AND HOW IT HA
WoRED.-The Maine law, (says the Providenc
Post) has been fairly tried in seven States of th
American Union, and in every one it has prove
a complete failure. From the eastern boundar
of Maine to the western line of Michigan, it ha
not pemnently closed a single grog-shopi Ia
Rhode island there are three grog-shops to-da
where there was one when the law was enacted
In Maine the law has been repealed.
GuN. PrnanMAN.-We understand that th
contested election for Brigedier Generl of th
First Briga'de of Cavalry, has been decided b
the Governor in favor of our young friend, IV
W. Perryman, of this District. W~e are suri
that he will wear his honors gracefully and de
servedly-that he will make a gallant, dashinj
Bpg'ader General of Cavalry.
NEW YORK, June 17.
ARRIVAL OF GEN. WALKER !!I-ENTHUsAsrr
RCrroN! !!!-Gen. Walker arrived yesterda;
evening. He was received with a salute and es
corted to the City Hall in an open barouche
drawn by six horses, where he met with a moe
enthusiastic reception. He was then escortec
to the St. Nicholas Hotel where quarters hac
been provided for him.
SLAVERY IN MINNEsoTA.-The Minnesota e
publican, published at St. Anthony, says tha
negroes are now held as slave property in Mw
nesota. Every year men who come from the
South bring their slaves as body servants to the
hotels, and take them away again. And it hai
positive information that a Southerner is now
holding his slave at Stillwater, and declares thal
under the Dred Scott decision he defies the au
thorities to interfere. He intends to remain ii
the territory, and thus to render slavery a per
A TE8T FOR ABoLmoI(ss8.-We understand
that a colored preacher of very gentlemanly ap
pearane, was in town last night in pursuit 9f a
lodging. One of our clergymen- introduced him
to some of our Abolition friends, and desired
them to give him a supper and a bed, but with
out success, it latest accounts. Whether he
slept in the street or not, we have not learned.
s Consistency," &c.-NAtewburyport (Mass ) Her
ARTHUR SIMKINS,. EDITOR.
r EDG I LD. 8: C.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 24, 1867.
The Rev. W. A. McSwAr, Tract Agent of the
Methodist Church South, will preach in the Methodial
Church in this Village on Sunday next, the 28th inst
CELEBRATION OF THE FOURTH.
We have much pleasure in announcing that our
* spirited Town Council has taken measures to have
the approaching National Anniversary properly ob.
- served in our town. T. P. MAonA, Esq., has kind.
ly consented to act as orator of the occasion, and Mr,
ExXum SrnzsLas will read the Declaration of Inde.
A Pic-Nic will take'place, immediately after the
oration, in the grove of the Male Acadef4; And all
not only of the Village but of the surrounding coun
e try, are respectfully invited to come in with theb
d contributions of breads, cakes, moats, chicken pies
r. vegetables, drinkables, &c., Ac. It is hoped that then
will be a full turn-out of Ladies and Gentlemen. Muet
e enjoyment and amusement may be expected. The
members of the Edgefield Brass Band are hereb3
earnestly requested to partake in the festivities ani
to enhance the zest of them by the delightful, soul
cheering strains they are so well able to i4e theb
y instruments discourse.
or Another word, and we trust It will tell upon them
n to whom it is addressed. The patriotic Ladies a
r the celebrated Mt. Vernon Association are makinj
one final and powerful effort to complete the nobli
0 task they have undertaken, vis: the purchase of the
tomb and home of WAsuovoir. They are now call
Ing upon the country everywhere to assist in effectinj
9 this hallowed achievement. Let every one who shal
attend the approaching celebration bring at least i
d single piece of silver to contribute in this cause. La
,e those who can and will, do more and use gold instead
of silver. We hope the Town Council will appoint 4
le Committee, whose duty it shall be to receive suet
e contributions and forward them to the proper point
We are enabled to give such information as may be
necessary for the proper disposition of any fund ths
e may be raised.
ie We have received Mr. J. . WrVrs advertisemen
of his New Furniture Store, but two late for insertioi
A this week. *Upon the polite invitation of the proprio
tor, we yesterday examined his stock, and found I
s well selected and of admirable quality. His ward
d robes, bureaus, bedsteads, tables, rocking chairs c
e Ac., are of good finish and of the newest styles. Wi
's beg to direct such as are needing articles in this Ua
)r to Mr. WriTs Rooms, next to CMursTa A H& a.oUuI
ie Carriage Repository. He will serve them well.
A BACHELOR OG iRING.
' Our particular and long-tried friend, Mr. H. A
-n-, places before us this week a delicious offerini
vfrom his baceolor housekeeping at Woodland Cottage
It consists of a waiter handsomely set off with a een
tre-piece of curd and cream surrounded by fragran
e- lowers and accompanied by pies and cakes of vari
C ous kinds, the whole being flanked by a bottle of in<
Iold Madeira. Tb. following expressive note we fint
lodged among these niceties:
d "Will you please accept this little collation froi
ou redaesthe Airst ostensible evidence of hi
ouskeeinginhishumnbre " Cbttage in thm Woods.
if Iam aware that no qpe- will appreciate, more that
a yourself, my friendship and high esteem. Heno
cometh memories of other days sweetly but sadl;
Supon my souL Yours as ever, H. A. GRAY.
IIWoodland Cottage, June 23, 1857.
Need we add how truly we recognise and reipro
gesto these kind expressions ? We eon only wish Is
our heart of hearts that the balance of our friend
life may be crowned with perpetual ease and comfor
as and blias,--ana, to the more effectual securing of thi
1l end, that he may soon find himself in possession 4
'5 what he richly deserves : a sweet, pretty, sensible an:
affectionate wife. So mote it be /
t THE BREAD PROSPECT.
-* From almost every quarter we receive the most fIt
f tering accounts of the in-coming Wheat crop. Il
Is South Carolina It Is evidently far above the average
Of Edgefield District we can safely say that a bette
crop of the kind never was made. All through thi
Saluda side, in the rich Cambridge lands, and evel
e in the piney-woods, the turn-out promises to be ai
abundant one. And verily it Is a blessing for whicl
n all should be thankful; for breadstuffs have beei
C of late very scarce and very dear amongst us.I
I the corn fields should now receive the latter rains is
Sdue time, a great relief will be experienced by th<
country. Corn would then assuredly fall', and fiou:
Swould come into market at more moderate rates thai
have heretofore prevailed. We say corn would fall
. because there is yet a great deal in the cribs of oua
e planters which they would gladly spare, if certain o
y the crop now growing. We believe corn Is highe
than it will be during the rest of the season.
DEATH OF AN EDITOR.
We reget to learn the death of Mr. J. H. G. LxP
P ann, Junior Editor of the Lexington Flag, who dies
-at Lexington Village, on Friday evening, the 12tl
Inst. A correspondent of the Columbia Times, i
speaking of the death of the lamented LUPPAnD, says
-He died on Friday evening, after a severe attac]
of only five days, from the epidemic that is prevailing
to an alarming extent in many sections of the State
He was a young man renmarkable not only for th'
highest order of intellectual powers, but for the moi
e exemplary piety that could adorn the human charae.
1 ter. He spoke to me calmly of his approaching dis.
solution, and his death was a glorious triumph of the
t blessed religion of Christ. He was only twenty years
r of age. Hadhis life beenspared, I feel assured he
would have filled many positions of usefulness an
I MISCELLIANEOUS ITEMS.
pm Randolph Withers, Esq., member of the Bal
at Gainesville, Ala., and brother of the Hon. T. J.
5 Withers, was accidentally drowned on the 10th Inst.,
while on a fishing excursion on the Alabama River.
pg By late advice. from Europe we learn that a
tremendous conflagration had taken place in Conatan
tinople destroying 1,300 houses. We should call that
quite a respectable fire.
I pt-Col. Matthew'Irvine Keith, a soldier of the
war of 1812, and member of the South Carolina Leg.
Islature some years since, died In Charleston on Fri
Sday morning. He was upwards of seventy year.
p. Innocence is a flower which withers when
touched, but blooms not again, though watered with
pg The Alabama Conference of the Methodist
Episopal Church has unanimously voted in favor of
expunging from the Disipline, the General Rule for.
bidding "buying and selling of men, women and
children, with an intention to enslave them."
pm Counterfeit Dollars made of brassand moulded
-from the ordinary one dollar gold pieces, are in air.
ulation in Petersburg, Virginia.
Wr Some of the Texas papers are agitating the
question of partitioning off the State, to make four
or five of it.
pmTwo teaspoonaful of finely powdered charcoal,
drank in a half tumbler of water, will often give re
lief to the sick headacke, when caused, as in most
ases it is, by superabndanoe of acid on the stomach,
pm The Hon. A. B. Moore, of Msrlon, Ala.,
Democratic nominee for the Governorship of that
State, is a native of Spartanburg District, 8. C.
p3 There is a woman living in Pulaski county,
Va., who has regularly presented her husband with
. TR .18 IT WISE I
The Charleston.GIerury and the New Orleans
Delta rank desrvedly among the inost patriotic and
influential journals of the Southern country. They
are faithful and bold definders, of Southern interests
and ofSouthern rights. But there are very many
amongst their admirers who have been unable to
sympathize with the seal, or appreciate the wisdom,
of their recent apgeLas to the resistance feeling of
the South. Far belt from usto quarrel with our own
gallant brothers 4n the score of this difference. They
are doubtless acteated by a noble love of their homes
and of the hallowed associations that reader those
home more 'to .them than ali else on earth. The
strength of this motiv, can but be recognised by
every true son of'the South. Yet there is surely
something slightly grbid In th; desponding tone,
the deep-seated alarm which-mark our distinguished
cotemporaries at this time. In their comments upon
the dangers that surround us, they are most unhope
ful to say the least. Their premises seem to be re
garded through smoked glass, and their conclusioni
are by consequence fall of dolor and - darkness. It
does appear to us--(and we say it with great respect
for those whose views we criticise)-that the reason
Ing which leads to such gloomy conclusions is falla
cious, and that the advice thence deduced, and press
ed uyon the people of our section, is ill.considered
It is urged that the South is beset with such difi
culties as have neveribefore encompassed her, that
her enemies arc thickening on every hand, and that,
as things go, her doom of destruction is fiked. And
yet it is notorious that her position in the Confedera
cy is at this very moment more powerful than it has
been for many yesrsj It is well known that the Fed
eral Executive, the federal Supreme Court and the
United States Senate are on the side of her constitu
tional rights; and it is altogether probable that such
will be the controlling tone of the next Federal House
of Representatives.-It is also argued, that our Inti
tution of domestic servitude is beginning to totter to
its fall, and some of the Border States an pointed
to as presenting themost melaneholy proof of the
reasonableness of these prophetic fears. And yet it
is patent, that the institution was never before so
blessed of Heavenwith success and prosperity as it
is this very day; it is shown by the newspaper ex
ponents of Virginia and Mssouri-(which should cer
tainly be received as good authority in their own
cases)-that anti-slavery tendencies were never we&
ker within the borders of those.two States; it is indi
putable that a firmer eqpviotion never beforp possess
ed the entire Southern mind of the morality as wel
as the expediency of the institution of Slavery; and
it is observable that the intelligence of christendom
is becoming more liberal (because mere enlightened)
towards that institutionikan it ever was before.-It
is furthermore urged boy, our eotemporarles of the
alarmist school, that an apathy the most deplorable
has spread itself like a pall over the spirit of the
South, and that, widout a change for the better, we
are soon to be boun'd hand and foot to the car of
Northern power. While, In point of fact, the real
sentinel-men of our section were never so well fore
armed as now; while te States of the Sonth were
never so completely united; and while their manifest
ability to protect th aves never before called forth
from the rabid exponents of Northern Abolitionism
such unimistakeable evidences of mortification and
disappointment.-Still, it is perseveringly intimated
that we are upon thaverge of a vortex In which we
may soon be swallowed ug with all that we hold dear,
and the place amou ations, which knew us once, is
to know us no more oever. What and irhere is this
vortex? Is it to be found in Black .Republicanism I
SThe South knows ttenemy well, and, with that
- nowledge, feils ae~ of her ability to vanquish its
endeavors for evil. Ja it to be found in " the powers
-that be?" They are all for us. Is it in iSouthern
dissensions? We were never more united. Is It In
SSouthern concessions-? The South stands firm upon
the Georgia platform of 1852. Is it in Congressional
oppression ? We h'ue~gained the repeal of the Hi
souri Compiromise, ataore explicit recognition of oer
rights as to fugitive Slaves, some lessening of the
burden of Tariff exactions,--and we may without in.
fatuation expect yet greater justice in the future. Or
is it in the crushing pressure of an outside civiliza
tion? Let it suffice to say that our labor clothes the
-world. Where then, we ask again, and what is this
1 ortex? We should like to know of our friends
whether It is to draw us down by the road of Emanci
pation, of Abolition, of General Impoverishment, ol
Anarchy, or of Despotism. The thing is as yet un
defined, even by those who shrInk back from It in
horror.-In thus expressing ourself, we would not be
understood as believing that an Elysiumn of peace and
ease lies necessarily before us. Such is not often the
lot of freemen. With us of the South especially, ii
cannot well be the case. For we are a peculiar peo.
pie and may expect to have many rough waves to
buffet in our onward career. But, 'at the same tee
we have many high elements of success in our soial
organisation as well as In our civil polity ; and with
prudence, firmness and unanimity, we must triumph
over all enemies. To predict tho reverse of this now,
when we hold in our grasp the laurels of a present
success, is moping without cause and desponding
without a show of reason.
aBut, again, the Jfercvryj and the Delta are impolitie
in urging their rather extremeo views at this time. If
there were an occasion fsr action, if there were any
present act of wrong by the General Government
upon which to rally the South, there would be men
ing, there would bo force in these urgent calls upon
the people of the South to vindicate their tarnished
honor even to the severance of the Union if need be.
But when no such occasion exists, when no such act
is perpetrated, and when it Is clear that the greal
Southern mind is quiet If net contented, how futile
Iit is to uplift the voice of extreme advice as though
the destroyer were at our doors. The people think
otherwise, believe otherwise; and they will comne to
look upon the cry of warning with distrust winn it
shall appear that it reaches them in sunshine as well
as in storm. The harm is, that the public mind may
become incredulous of this cry, and that able and
patriotic journals may not possess their proper influ
ence when the hour of actual peril shall approach.
More than this however, we take the ground that any
extreme course in the present posture of political
afairs at the South is likely to produce division In
our ranks, and division now might prove tantamiount
with a deeper submission in the future than any yet
recorded against us. At present, there is ground for
faith In the determination of the Southern people to
abide no. further actual wrong at the hands of the
General Government. Until that wrong shall arise,
we can see no wisdom or propriety In clamoring for
an extreme line of policy.
THE 00LLEGE AGAINf.
Last week we gave our readers a very brief summa
ry of the recent difficulties In the College between the
President, Professors and Students, as also of the ac
ton of the lioard, of Trustees in the premises. Our
only comment was that " the whole affair smacked of
change, improvement and progress." As it seems de
sirable that the papers of the State should come out
decidedly upon the matters involved In the distur
bane, we respectfully offer our opinions with the rest.
We have no doubt that good will result from the pend
ing revolution and re-orgainlmation. It has long been
the opinion of many on this side of the State, that the
discipline of our College was by no means so effective
as it should be; and we hare likewise had our mis
givings as to the general qualifications of some of the
Professors. It has been said and believed amongst us
too, that- President McCAT, although an excellent
man and a capable teacher, was not suited to the du
ties of a College Governor -so that, ivhile we sincere
ly sympathize with that - tlemani in any wound to
his feelings he may have sufoered during the recent
confusion, we yet are pleased to know that some other
man, better adapted to that particugr position, is to
be made President. It occura' to us also that the
Trustees have not acted amiss in requesting the re
signation of the several professors. We would only
say that in Edgefield we are surprised and grieved
that it was not thought proper at once to re-elect
Professor M. Lkuonaz to the chair he has hitherto
illed. It Is true, we believe, that he has discharged
his duties In a manner entirely acceptable to the pub
li and that the students hav~been strongly attached
to him; and It is .very certain that no purer man, or
tian or a gentleman, could be found k the State.
We suppose he will be restored to his position at the
meeting in September. However this may be, we can
assure our former follow-townsman that Edgefield
knows she-has sustained no discredit in the person of
her representative at the College, nor does she fear
but that in any eventhe will enat the man. Still we
must be permitted to add, that without greater cause
than has yet been made apparent, the Anal deposition
of Dr. LAnCED: would be a source of rest regret to
In regard to the leniency 'of the Faculty towards
the recusant students, we think there was an error of
judgment. The College Discipline should have been
enforced. Upon.this point we fully agree with Maj.
Panr o? the Patriot, amember of the Boardof Trug
tees, who pointedly and correctly says:
" One thing must be done or the College must be
broken up and abandoned. The laws of the College
must be enforced, and the students made to obey the
laws Implicitly, or be promptly expelled from the
College. The Institution can no longer exist in any
other way. The Legislature will withhold supplies
from the College if this is not done. Young men must
go there to learn and not to rebeL"
The wisdom of displacing a Baptist professor witl;
a Methodist one may be questioned by some; but for
our single self we are for the right man without refer.
ence to creed or denomination. The Rev. Wumr.
Poonn Sxrrx is an able preacher and we trust will
show himself a capable professor.
With no feeling of pleasure at Mr. PztuAx's non
election, we must yet express our sincere satisfaction
at the elevation of Mr. Lastux McCA2WLss. We
knew him intimately wheti in College-(he was ju
nior to our senlor)-and can truthfully say that we
did not And in those walls a more deserving nAn or a
more assiduous student. Itis nothing tothe discredit
of Mr. McCAinass to state that he obtained a part
of his education through the beneficence of a noble
charity. We well remember a certain evening when
many of us were taking our supper at the old Com.
mona Hal. A party of students who sat apposite
MoCAnLxuss thoughtlessly began a conversation up
on the subject of Charity-education, when one more
light-headed than the rest remarked with an oath
"that he would never take an education if he had to
get it upon such terms." With the quickness of
thought, and with a flashing eye and tremulous voice,
McCAxNLass broke upon this observation with the
words: " Then, sir, it is because you do not know the
value of an education." Not a murmur in that quar
ter of the room interrupted the balance of the eve
ning's meal. We have seen very little of Mr. Mc
CADLss sinealeaving College, but feel morally oer
tan of his ample qualiestions for the post to which
he has been elected.
As to the business of changing the College Into a
University, we me strongly inclined to advocate the
modification. Yet there are intelligent gentlemen of
our acquaintance hereabouts who are decidedly op
posed to the change. In truth,Itis one of those'ques
tions of which a.vast deal can be said on both sides;
and we are quite willing to abide w ver decision
the committee appointed to investigate the subject
BCENES AT AN EDGEIIELD "FI1."
- Sonam L-Befors Supper.
Wa are,at Croft's Pond. The hour is sunset. The
glow of the Western sky is mirrored In thewide
spread water. The mill-dam stretches its long banks
on the side opposite to Sol. Upon it runs a wagon
road bordered with willow shrubs. Near one end of
the dam rises'the Mill house, with a large open por
tico facing the pond. Beneath this portico are seated
a portion of the Fishing Party, wearied with the
day's sport. One of them twangs a guitar and singe
an old melody, while three others listen musingly.
Two hundred yards out in the pond is a beat, with
two persevering anglers stBi intent upon the exercises
of the rod. One of them has hooked a'trout azid pulls
--the other at almost thesame instant is similarly oc
cupied. 'Two trout glisten shove the surface..A shout
from theashore greetsathe sight. YTl.iash is safely ta
kenlinto theboat. L's.falla back with. asplash into
the water and sinks to rise no more. Another shout,
and the guitar twangs louder and the voice accompa
nies it more cheerily. There is a prospect now of a
good supper of fresh-caught fish. Another boat darts
upon the scene from along down the side of the dsm.
It contains the Abram Miller of Edgefield, who has
been re-connoitering around~ the coast. He is wel
comed by the party in the pottleo with a general
"Hi, ho, do boatman row
Floatin' down do ribber oh do Ohio."
He rises erect in his battean, Inspired by the musle,
and.kceps comic time, with face, body, arms and loge,
to the chorus of
" Dance, boatman, dance
Dance, boatman, dance
We'll dance all night
Till do broad daylight
.And go home wid do gals in do morning."
He has landed. The "boatman's song" Is stBi in
progress. Ho rushes upon the stage--the floor of the
tall portico-and commences an Ethiopean demon
stration. The song increases In brilliancy. The
stragglers after perch come in from below the Mill
ad join the strain. The delineator of Ethiopean pe
culiarities becomes more excited. The song grows
more and more furious. A hubbub of fun ensues.
The two trout-fishermen can stand It no longer. They
also pull for the Portico, and arrive-just as the boat
man breaks down in the dance and the music tegni
nates in a general guffaw. But the two fishermen
display six fine trout, and the guffaw gives way to
exclamations of joy. The supper Is a fixed fact. A
proposition "to take a drink on the strength of it,"
emanates from four or five diferent sources simulta
neously. And the whole party disappear within the
Mill-house. The restean be easily imagined by road
e of ordinary acumen..
Senzca II.-After Supper, 11 o'clock.
The whole party hau just returned from serenading
Dr. TEKODOns CaorT, the hospitable owner of the
pond and it. surroundings. They have all partaken
' his wges, ad other Uqgaieura, and of course feel
merry. The mattresses and bed-quilts are spread
over the entire floor of the Mill room. A general
pulling off of shoes, coat. and cravat. follows. A
good many go so far as to draw their unmentionables.
And down they drop all around. One would think
that sleep was now the notion. Not so, i' faith. Our
Abram happens-to he surcharged with fun and de
livers himself of his very best comicalities. But by
some passing allusion to Roman Catholieismhebringi
down upon his head the full force of the "old Tur
ban's" elocution. Into the debate they pitch with
"hearts of controversy." The " Turban" brandishes
his favorite author, Blake, over the head of his pro
testant antagonist. The latter tries the argumuentums
ad Aossinem and insist. that "whenever sickness lays
hold of the " Turbanic' system, his (the Turban's)
frst thought. are about the old Methodist connexions
of his youth and his best hope lies In the regularity
and constancy with which he has paid his "quarter
age ;"-that this has always been the ease and he
leaves it to the "Turban's" candor to say whether it
will not boe again in spite of his priests and purga
tory." But before the old Turban can reply, a sud
den commotion arises in another quarter of the room.
One of the two patient trout-fsahermen .has mounted
the "representative of the Germanic Confederation"
for a ride. The "Prince of Hanover" hicks up and
over they roll, the "Prince" on top. The movement
is infectious. All, hut a dry party of inveterate whist
players, stumble across to the rolling couple, and,
with the cry of " ground and lofty tumbling by the
whole company," at It they go. Then comes on the~
struggle to be uppermost. Sometimes the party laysi
three deep. Then, by a convulsive effort of the bot
t om man, the pile tumbles over Into a prostrate pla
toon. Up again they scramble with various success.
Now the Editor happens to be the top man, and the
lattest-squeezed grunt imsginable sounds from be
low, reminding one forcibly of a mashed potatoe.
Whereupon one of the card-players remarks to his
vi-a-via, " They'll get hurt yet, some of 'em, before
they stop." Bat the surmise is not verified. Still they
roll and laugh, and jest, and stop a while to get
breath-then come again with some new style of ma
nuvre. One more bottle of sherry is broached, and
another round of demonstrative fun is commenced.
But the candlemow burns low in itssocket-the mouth
of a chunk bottle-and the hour of 3 in the morning
is at hand. The Turban turns in for sleep. The
"Rda..asM Nrodsital=w . Thn aa the B|itor.
Next drops theariges of--Ranoer and-the 3mor
slender of the twojatient &ermen. they all be
gin to woose. Ai, astly, the card player betake
themselves toer pallets.. Down comes the eurtain.
When it arose again, a bright morning am was beam
ing around and-above.ub.
..ddendum.-Lest it may l.4.suppodedfm the
above that .
U0ir Aee". eeuped O f Ao.oro oar had.,"
we will add that a great variety of Js.g talsetll
Ing, song-singing'and philosophiuing eane of on the
occasion, of all which there is no need here to make
For the Advertiser.
Wouldst have thy path then strewed with foers1
Flowers of love, and hope and joy I
Radiant, bright from Eden-b6wers
. That not one earth-blight should destroy 1
Wouldst have them hornleus In their bautyr,.
Fragrant ii the Zephyr wind,
Making earth's sweetlove a duty,
As o'er thee they intertwined I
Wouldst view the bright side of the picture,
Dreaming never of the shade
That's-mingling over on each feature,
Beauties born alone to fade I
Wouldst cull each rose In its bright blooming,
Heedless of the ruin made,
Nor sigh to see the sudden glooming,
When from thy ruthless grasp 'twould fide?
Thou knowA't, dear friend,such bliss was never,
Meant for earth's frail s0e8 of celY;
Thou knows't such rapture now and ewer
Would rend weak hearts quite, quite away;
And yet thouknows'ttheflowers we'd wreathothee
Were it in flate the power to give,
To gild thy way and ne'er bereae thee
Of one bright bud, they aU would live,
And sweet and glowing, pure and thornless,
Should earth's roses be for thee,
A Paradise so bright and fadeless
We would make this earth for thee!
Yet since none e'er dreamed f seeking,
Eden's flowers unfading here,
We would bid tbee,-place thy treasqrp
In Heaven alone, our home so dear!i
For the Advertiser.
TIE PAyZTRTIM E .
Mn. En o:-I am-told -that it may be dui te
othersto state, in eiplanaton of my article in yom
last number, that in the battle of the 20th Augut
referred to, I also, was in a measure, disabled b
a wound in the shoulder, and-tht on the venin
of the 12thof September, as well as I remember
learning from the ofcer who had reconnoitered
the position of the enemy, anf who was supposel
to know the point of attack for our BegiMnt
that-it would be Impossibe ormneto -lead our com
panyeither on foot or horseback, I delivered the
command to William B. Blocker,' lst ergeant
who exercised It most gallantly, until he and so'
eral others were slain at the Garita de Belinier
I remained with the reserve at Miscoac, when
by permission of Gen. Harney, commanding, I or
ganized a company of wounded South Carolinians
wrho, In case of disaster in front, and If the emere
gency demanded It, were equipped .and prepare.
to defend any position assigned us, which required
no marching nor climbing. When I leard thai
Blocker was no more, after the battle, I re'ached
mycompany on horseback, during the 14th, and
founf Sergeant LaFayette B. Wever,-.In the com.
Inand, which he had promptly assumed on Block
er's death, and held on the field from the'l8th.
It was not my purpose to claim that I had at
tended to all the active duties of command lmme
diately after I was shot, but simply to present'thi
fact, that I was mainly the responsible head o:
the company, and generally the source througl
which orders were communicated toit.
Whilst I- was crippled er unwell for a time, Ser
geant Wever had a control, which he wieldet
with the judgment and hearing ,of a perfect sol
dier, as he ever proved himself to be.
. Indeed, every non-commissioned, as well as corn
missioned offier of the Company beh'aved him
self up to the highest point of his .duty, and:]
deemed that their services ha i been fally testifed
to by myself and by many others, who have beer
proud to do them justice. .
There were Sorgeants Richard S. Key, wounded
In battle, and Wever and Eldred Simkins, and oth
er non-commissioned offcers of the company
Lewellen Goode and Cogburn-whose conduct nd
courage deserve the highest meed of praise-were
equal to any trial or danger, and are now forevel
embalmed In the afietions of their people; and
whose nemes in the history of the immortal
" Three Ilundred," shall stand written as bright
as the bravest who suffered or fell.
In my last commnnleatlon It was not my am
either to praise or censure any one, but to extri
cto myself from a faisa position in which]
thought I was placed tby the injudicious and bast)
remarks of others. It would be my pride, if timi
and occasion served me, since the passions of mer
have subsided, to weave chaplets for all the 91
Boys, who either struggled or bled with me in a
noble efforL to vindicate the honor of our State
and the invincible prowess of our country's arms,
2nd Lieut. late Company "D.
For the Advertiser.
200R JACK BOGUS!
Mr DEAR COLONEL :--I have been musing long
weeks on the sad Information you communicated
to me when last we met relative to my poor friend
Jca Boors. It cannot surely be true that he hs
lest entirely those giant faculties of mind by which
hae teen him enchain the attention of listening
thousands. Have the bright flashes of that in
comparable droquence gone out forever 1I Have
those lofty tones that were wont to thrill thebearts
of men been hushed in everlasting silence ' Has
the noble form that ravished the eyes of 'eauty
bright, been blighted, withered and wasteud away1I
And oh God ! has all this been done by the enti
cing bowl1 BIuler of Heaven!i Sovereign of the
skies, remove from earth this curse of the human
race. Oh Father, vindicate thy power, thy good
ness and thy mercies, by banishing from earth this
helish blight of thy noble creatures and of the
fairest workmanship of thy hand.
Oh Cor.. hotr I loved that dear, deir young man!
He was so honorable, so confiding, so true, so gen
tIe, so brave--so wise, so modest,-and in his man
ly form eclipsing in beauty, the highest type that
the imagination could paint. But I can no more,
my dear friend, my heart, my strength, my spirit'
fal. Good bye-Good bye.
"OVE WAS THE CAZE OF KY OVERTHROW."
TEE " Dnvm" insists upon a place for the sub
Joined love-letter, found and .preeented to him the
other day by a particular and confidential friend:
Ansul LaaK,-2)eer Bur: After ml beste lnv
to ou itake mi Penn in han to enform you that
i arwel and whopothes fu lines may finde yew
the same. I haint enny thing ov enny empore
tancee ondly I wood be treemengeus glad to See
yu. oho, ml deer Abnur, I luve yew beter then eny
boddieeversaw in milife. i wode fersake al mi
relashuns an ml muther tow, and feller yue. I
thot yew was the Purtyesit boy at the meatin hens
a sundy. The rose air rede, the vilet bin, auger
swete an see ar yew.
I Fel in lur withe yew the fust time ilevur ceed
e. uika -n ternasbun swats ? kndenoti
hop it. i wood lktev no wm-i m
to sea mee-da mi hony-luvmlhunny-suckee2, =i
turckel durv, a1 Abaur, let me no what thoresos
air that yew do " -t6- sea mees. I har- almos
thot that yew hav moo, but I do flope
yew haint, for i sd ner dune any thing to
yew an i deO Or. Abirilarkrteritto mee, -a sune
as reseve thisrlter Abner lark bi Sariind' riter
Abnur lar I y Bell, romemburwel
an e ijq nde
a find Ahard to fine.,
[The of this epls pWrfDe I
forms us, was enclosed in an envelope (homerii
ufgtnre) of pink tissue paperitwo inhes suilai
-firnly secured with two large crooked pins an
a smart chanceof 8rpestine.-[B.. Abv.]
ROM OUR OWN IROUDI.
*MR.Boo: Itasalwaysaenmedtomethatthe -
present was one of thelevellestmonth ithewhole
cycle of the year. Nothing in al naturecoqid'
be more elysaa than the first to orlresweets
of " blue-eyed'yune." It stand' f e
jocund Spring and the glowing Summer, uniting
in itself the softest and sweetest features of those
two sessons. The sky-thatever-present dome of
dimenions unsearchabe-so'.gemmed ith AMrry
splendor at night, and-so softenmd with its aure
hue"by 'day, induces a contemplstion of th..s
hia and the beauIful, ,leading the mind upward
and stil upward to ;the -gatesof Heaven! The
forests with their vesmetsatf livingree3"
the pensive soul to-tholrshaded aisles, :w
birds have a "esrct sweeter than-bo
Eden," and wherethe wid lowers
the dancing Zephyr5, The filds ofg
'the rustling qorn, and th oeoiantuz1
green, satisfy the e.ith a prospiect ofpm -
and fill the easat igrat*de- hihodu
Such are thegensiale1aracterIst1,df the p s
ent mouth. Andnow at this dday, the k
are as softly blue; and mothIer arth isas -
pletely elad in' verdure. as hi ier "tnme 'oi
Is the sog of bh~slesme M rdtheo -
era, both native and exotic, apji i i less
quisitely painted and perftmedth'althe d -
of-yore." But t ias been -iiOM
At the-date of thi witg
enough to. utesiadn hut a s2If~to~
cotton, judging rom esent Wever
"know maturity." But bilf a ero I a
mind doubleprices. The statistice of 1h'country
Aow that a liht of oottoa bings asmich
money as a heavy one. ~Wbeatin this Distriti
excellent; although barvest LIStwo orthreweeks
later than usual, yet.thereisnot aspeckof "rust"
tobe'seen. Indeed, suchasepof wheat-ass.
now ready for the scythe, 1 uivergbeen seen In
this sectionof.country; uch is aWsrton
the most-experience nnereftimes for the
Contractors on'the Railroad.'
-Inust he allowed, just botf relate acouple
of anecdotes. I -will tak noddnIa1. Bs ?eiw
sosd without any furthei citon. It
tinftequaintly happens that a Duhiaen a
iowis'inferior to tat of 'the -
literary dW, aere arie r
the lovers of sour cronv sometimes
wbral cofstrdictionesqually trying t~sides -
and to vest buon's.' I once heard a pretty good
Ithing of this sort fall from the lips oTailitles
Dutchma name~d Conrad Zinc. Bncountering his
Ismiling phlz the other day a-aBattalion Muster,
the Incident -was brought vividly to mind. It
seenms that on the occasion referred to, Zinc was
expecting to get a 'horse' from Capit Harris'for
the purpose of riding out into'this country. (Con
rad Zinecwas "pyerfectly in -Town' thei.) Bus
~mlth, the ubiquitous Sinith, jot- in before- our
friend Oonrad, and borrowed the 'horad.-'As thA
ehyledrNder- passied athe pfais,!hwbilhbalta
Idozeri or more of us were seatedr. Zin sanrgpaut
to him Iuhards like the following. " Schnldh
oh, Schmidt, I15sh wish dat horsh would tro' foia
I flt on do ground 'fore you coise * biliteifes
diash place."-JWhilst at Pickena, last Spring;
met with- an-esteemed :friend whoso collaqull
powers are unsuipassed, -and who by-the-by is a
native of Edgefleld7 Wllage.. Among other go
ones,he related the following anecdote, whlich! I
venture to retal on account of itsasociation with
old Edgefleld: There was once ac'andidate fors
Legislature in your District, who adrocated AQU
riansDUf 'At a certain gathering of the Diedora
cy, a shrewed old farmer took him up "short ofi;"
and expostulated wlth~him upon the absurdity bf
his principles. " Don't you know, Sir," said the
ihrmer, " that it would be 'in vain to makte an
equal distribution of -property amongst all' the
citizens 'I Mter the lapseof a few 'years, people
would occiupy, relatively, about the same position, '
-in~ which we now find them; and I would like to
know what you would 'recommend. thehi" 'To
Ithis, quoth the candidate, whio was never elected.
" D-ad, iff[did'at Aepe another diviide I"
Fearful of making my last communication too
lengthy, I omitted several Items which may very
properly be introduced into this letter. On my
second visit to the great Tunnel, I was very polite
ly shown through the Powder Mill by the gentle.'
manly aluperintendant; The grave and stern as
poet attributed by some to the emppy.. in estab
lishmenta of this kind, Is, perhaps, not altogether
imaginary. There is potent cause for this serious
ness on the part of those who areengaged in man-"
ufacturing gun powder. A wreck at sea, when
th'e storm-king, in a voice of thunder, shouta'to
the "hbarking wiaves," is awflul and terrific in the
extreme; but, than this I ween, the explosion of
a powdeir magazine would he still more horrible
and appalling. Knowing that my shoes had Iron
tacks in them, I felt rather apprehensive,. as I
walked'across the floor all begrimed with kili-wed.
'And although I was extremely glid of an oppor
tunity to Inspect the interior of a Powder Mil,
yet I didn't feel the least inchied either to hop,
to skip,or todance. Thers is amystery connect
ed with the process of making powder, and the
secret is well guarded by those who are interested.
Such parts of the process, however, as are patent
to the view, I proceed to give in assuccincta man
ner as possible. First, the sulphur, charcoal and
nitre (saltpetre) are pulverized In mortars by pes
tIes shod with brass to prevent ignition. Next,
the ponder materials pass though coarse selves,
and are then ready for granulation. This part of
the operation is pretty apt to excite a smile.
About a bushel of the ,imaiaes. compound is
put into a sack, and dragged, by machinery,
" around and around" on a circular box made un
ev~n by a great number of slats nailed at reguar
Intervals upon the top of it.s After'being formed
into grains, the substance ii question is thrown
into a revolving cask to be glossed. The powder
is then spread out on tables In the dry house, and
is soon after fit for use. By the way, an enterpri
sing gentleman in the vicinity of Pickens C. H.,
is putting up the second Powder Mili in this Dis
trict. We are to have wheat, corn and powder
here in abundance,-verily Pickens is becoming
quite a grain-growing Disitit.
It, will doubtless be gratifying to the friends of
progress and Improvement to know that those.
shafts on the Stump House Mountain will not be
useless after the Railroad is completed. Proper
ventilation in a Tunnel more than a mile long is
certainly impoirtant; and those shafts will serve
most admirably for that purpose. The prospectesaf
the Blue Ridge Rail Road are becoming brightei'
and brighter every day. Five per cent on the
new subscription by individuals has already been
paid n; and the Co.~immlr Generaliasmade