a m ottv t o t~ f ja n ft l sL bg"W e w ill cling to the Pillars of t eand If It ust fall, w e w ill Perib asnidst time R uin.
SINKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. ., JUNE 9, 1858. _- --_
Written for the Advertiser.
THE WIFE'S PUNISHMENT;
BY JENNY WOODBINE.
I gaze upon thy face, young bride,
Where lillies mid the roses hide,
And where the shadows softly glide
Then turn away and weep.
" And do you ever fancy that T shall grow
into the tame slave you are, Mary Hilliard-do
you fancy I will sit with prim mouth, and fol
ded hands, and let Clarence have his own way ?
Lord! and Master forsooth, we shall see. Its
all very well to talk about a wife's duties
devotion, forbearance, and all that sort of stuff
sounds finely in a novel, but its quite namby
pamby in real life. Now as for my part I
wouldn't have fair skies all the time if I could
'twould be so horribly monotonous. No, give
me a storm now and then, the 'clearing up'
would be so beautiful."
Mary Hilliard shook her head, "Yeu will
think differently after marriage."
"No, I am in earnest-this 'billing, and
eooing,' and 'my dear,' any. all the time makes
me sick. Now it would be so nice to have
Clarence stalk across the room with that The
atrical air of his and call me "Mrs. Staten !"
I should enjoy it so hugely. Then in my own
good time, I would make the stern voice melt
to its own flute-like tones, and murmur " Mona,"
as only he can say it."
"Yes-Moina Burton, we shall see. You,
and Clarence can 'make up' easily now you are
lorers; but the 'making up' of married folks
is a different thing. It may be pleasant, to
have a'lover pout, but the cold, decisive sneer
of a husband is a different affair altogether-a
smile would be infinitely more preferable."
" Paha ! I am 'not a baby. But here comes
Clarence now-vanish through that side-door,
and you will see how I manage him."
"Well, Mona, how do you do this evening ?
busily engaged I see-what are you doing,
"No, Clary-only a note."
" A note-may I ask to whom ?"
" Yes, you may ask, but I don't know, that
I will answer."
Clarence Staten flushed a little, but replied
good humoredly, "I'd like to know, Mona."
"I don't know that it is any affair of yours
we are not married yet, Clary."
Her tone was the perfection of coolness.
"t I know we are not; but as we are betroth
ed, I fancy I have some little right to know
His own voice lost a portion of its sweetness.
" Why, Clary, I believe you are growing jeal
" You may see the direction if you like."
" Keep your own secrets,-I have no right to
pry into them."
Be picked up Harper which lay on the table,
and turning it upside down, pretended to read
Mona's face flushed a little ; but she soon re
covered as the door-bell rang ; and Mr. Wood
was announced. Clarence bowed coldly ; not
so his lady love-she had never welcomed this
. long neglected suitor so warmly.
" It has been quite an age, since I saw you,
Mr. Wood-r'eally your visits are like those of
angels, 'few, and far between.' "
Mr. Wood smiled, blushed, and looked ex
tgemely silly. " You flatter me, Miss Mona."
" Not Mona if you please-I only allow the
farored ferw to call me thus." This was said in
sjesting tone; but .she carefully averted her
eyes from those of Clarence, who looked up
with a pleased expression of face-he might
call her Mona-he only.
The spirit of mischief had taken possession
of Moina, who was by no means free from faults;
-she flirted desperately (I believe that is what
young ladies call it) with Worl-allowed him
to -lead her to the P'iano.-played all the songs
he liked best; but studiously avoided the favor
ites of Clarence.
A3 for Clarence, he was "putting on airs" as
Moina termed it-he took no part in the con
versation, and played the lordly Don to perfec
tion. She enjoyed it whil3 Wood was there
at least s'he was wiildly gay-laughed hysteri
-cally and maid the most reckless things. But
in her secret heart a thorn wasi rankling.
With all her faults she was a true woman,
and loved Clarence Staten with all the force of
her nature. 11er gallant departed at last ; and
she was left alone with the one who was to be
her future husband.
" Clary, you are so quiet this evening."
Hie maintained a dignified silence-she moved
about restless, and unhappy.
" Clary, do read aloud to me, I feel so stupid."
" I have nothing to read."
She moved over, and took possession of the
footstool at his feet.
Ah ! Moina, where was your pride then ?
" Clary [ do believe you are jealous.eatualy
jealous and of that simpleton Wood, now aren't
you ashamed of yourself, ehi ?"
A faint smile crept around the corners of his
handsome mouth. With all his strength-with
all his manhood, and worldly wisdom, he could
not resist that bewitching gaze.
" Come, make friends with me, Clary-there's
a good boy--the frown on your brow is not
halfso handsome as the smile on your lip-I
wonder it does not frighten some penniless4 cli
ent to death. There give me your hand now,
are you vexed with me, Clary?1"
Moina possessed one dangerous fascination
her eyes-I say dangerous, because she knew
how to use them. " No: not vexed Mona, only
pained." Hie began playing with one of the
* loncrls which floated over her white, bare
shoulders, and Moina knew she was winning
" Well I know I'm naughty, Cliry ; but I
wont do so any more-I wont; indeed I wish
old Wood was in Australia."
" Old Wood," Clarence laughed outright,
" why you had no eyes but for him this eve
" But, Clary, you tormented me, you jealous
heathen; and-and I do love to tease you."
Clarence looked sober-"Mona dear, if I did
not love you more than life itself, I would not
be jealous-Oh! Mona, I wonder sometimes if
-if-" But he sighed, and did not finish the
Clarence Staten walked sadly to his office.
True he had parted with Moina in the kind
est manner possible, but something-" a still,
small voice," that haunts us all sometimes, and
comes we know not whence, kept whispering
to him, that he, like poor Othello, was loving
" not wisely, but too well."
A month passed away ; and Clarence Staten
led to the altar the love of his manhood-the
fairest girl in the city of which he was a resi
dent-Moina Barton. Many, very many envied
him-was he an object of envy ?
Mary Hilliard looked on with saddened eyes
-Mary Hilliard, who had had the dreams of
the bride, and the realities of the wife. She
could not rejoice-nay, she often said that a
wedding made her weep, for she saw not the
glitter, and flattering surface of the present,
which was so little-oh ! so little! but she look
ed with prophetic eye to the future.
Is not a bridal a solemn thing, to those who
go beyond the bridal paraphernalia-the pres
ents-the veil, and the 'bridal tour.' There
stand two who are to embark on a perilous,
and unknown voyage-Love stands at the helm
it is true; and love bides a multitude of defi
lences. But the enthusiastic boy must gradu
ally deepen into the man of the world-he will
have to fight many a hard battle-despair will
come over nim sometimes-the rough winds of
adversity blow about his frail barque; and
does not this weary, battling soul need a help
mate-the love, the comforting words of some
true, loving woman ? Will a dressed up doll who
lounges on the sofa with a novel in the mor
ning-parades Broad-way in the afternoon and
flirts with some Don Whiskerando in the eve
ning-suffice ? will such a being meet thee
wants of his nobler nature ? Pause, young
man, and thick. The bride too, is a much-to-be
pitied personage-in spite of flowers, laces, and
ribbons. The time will come when -that fair
face will be prized no longer for its beauty. In
the ' wear and tear' of life-which time brings
to all-that eye must lose its brigi.tness--that
cheek its soft rose tint-perchance that elegant
form may be.robbed of a portion of its grace;
and if his love is based on beauty, will not it
fade too.? An attack of the Small-pox has
sometimes cured a violent attack of love. Then
bring your husband something better than a
pretty face-a clear, reasoning head ; and a
warm, loving christian heart.
Truly marriage is a solemn thing-no wonder
Mary Hilliard wept.
Yes: Moina Burton was married-pour, lit
tIe, faulty, but loving, loveable Moina. And
with her liege lord left in the cars as most
brides do, to go off somewhere; Clary thinking
her " the dearest girl in the *world," and she
rejoicing in the harmless belief that fifty maid
ens were dying for the treasure she had borne
off so triumphantly. Moina's bosom friend,
said to another of her bosom friends " You can't
fancy how divinely Moina looked as she left
this morning. Her travelling hat is the street-.
est thing in the world, and so .becoming ; and
then her dress was elegant; and her travelling
talmna perfectlg e'.quisite; and as for Clary
Staten, there's no describing him-You know I
was half mn love with him myself; and it might
have amounted to something; (Hero the young
lady lowered Ler voice, and looked very know
ing) but I never meddle with my friends-I
don't think its right, do you? And it would
have broken Moina's heart, poor thing, she loves
him so devotedly.
But amid all the praises that were showered
on the newly married-the words of envy ; or
the predictions of an unclouded future; ;Mary
Hlilliard who loved them more than any one
else--wise Mary IHilliard shook her heard, and
" Alns I how light a cause may move
Dissensions between hearts that love."
" My wife, mother--see what a dear wee bir
die it is." And Clarence Staten smiled proudly
as he presented his bride to his mother.
Oh ! what a dignified old lady she was--how
her silk robe, of some leaden hue, rustled ; and
even the flowers on her cap nodded with pride !
She presented two cold, stiff fingers to her
daughter-in-law. But Moina, untutored child
of nature, was not to be put off so. The prim
old lady was Clary's mother--her Clary's moth
er, and she embraced her warmly.
" There, child, that will do," and the old lady
straightened her cap-strings dignifiedly. "Sarah,
show Mrs. Staten, Jr., her room."
Moina felt very desolate in the large dressing
room; and bride though she was, wanted to sit
down and have a " good hearty cry," but the
presence of Sarah a copper-colored waiting
maid as stiff as her mistress, prevented her.
" You can go now" she said at last.
" Please Ma'am, I will do your hair first."
" I can do my own hair" replied Moina some
what petulantly ; and Sarah departed to inform
all the rest of the servants " What a cross thing
young missu's was, and so countrified that she
'did' her own hair." At which they all snick
ered and wondered why young master didn't
marry that nice . Miss Ella Boyne, who was
ready to throw herself at his head.
'" fow I wish Mary Hilliard were here"
sig'hed Moina on the third evening of her arri
val. " How horribly stupid it is here ; and
Mr. Staten! what a proud, cold, woman she la
to be sure! I wonder 'if I shall ever catch my
self calling her mother. Even Clary does no
seem the same in this atmosphere. But P1
torment that bundle of dignity-I will-I'l
make her look over the tops of her spectacles
more sourly than she does."
Alas! there was no one there to whisper
" this bundle of dignity" is your mother-in-law
to whom even in thought you should be respect
ful. And Moina was a wilful, spoiled child
whose word had always been law; and who
had never been thwarted in anything in all he
life. The idol of a small village, where he.
intellect, wit, and good-humor had made her I
belle, she grew up " as independent as a wood
sawyer" as she expressed it to Julia Claire, he
She was not wealthy, but she had never fel
that she was poor. She dressed well, am
bought everything she fancied ; for her bacheloi
brother, a jolly dont-care-sort-of-fellow, lover
but one thing in the world truly, and that wa"
his "little sister." "Brother Hal" had alway
petted the orphan child; and used to tell hei
often," Do what you please, little sister; say
what you please; and if anybody hurts your
feelings, just tell Hal, and he will settle it
A petted child-a child in feeling-almost s
child in years-the daughter-in-law of the
haughty Mrs. Staten, whom even her most in
mate friends dreaded, fancy the sequel !
Moina come down stairs one afternoon dress
ed in some simple' pretty little muslin, made
"infant waist" fashion, with low neck, an<
short sleeves. She wore her hair in nature
ringlets, and had roses in her bosom. Anybody
else but Mrs. Staten, would have kissed the
little May-flower; but that lady looked of
severely as Iloina regardless of 'dignity, an'
state,' threw herself on the floor, child-fashion
and took a pet kitten in her arms.
"Mrs. Staten," (how awfully dignilied tha
sounded to the pet,) "will you take a chair1
ladies do not generally sit on the floor."
Moina laughed, "I am only a child yot
" And a very ill-behaved one in my opinion.'
Then in an undertone she added, " What conk
Clarence have been thinking of, when he mar
ried this creature."
" Will you take a chair?" she repeatei
"Not while it pleiases me to sit on the floor,'
replied Moina carelessly; and she began tc
hum "Joe Hards" in the most unconcernei
Mrs. Staten rose in towering indignation
and swept through the room as majestically as
ever did the heroines of one of our Selebrated
novel-writers. She sought the library, wher<
she found her son writing. "Clarence." " Yes
mother, in a moment." "What is it now
mother?" and he folded the sheets of his MSS
" Clarence, that wife of yours is my torment
I left her-where do you think ?"
"I cannot imagine" he said calmly.
"Sitting on the floor, the parlorfluor, do you
hear?" Clarence smiled slightly at the gravity
of the sentence.
"You need not smile. I am sure I nevei
heard of such a thing. Ella Ioyne never sits
on the floor-Ella B oyne does not kiss kittens
-Ella Boyne does not wear low necked dres
" What has Ella Boyne to do with my wife ?'
"Simply this, you might have married /er
instead of a silly chit, without birth, without
fortune, and I may add without manners."
And Mrs. Staten swept to her room in statE
in the happy consciousness of having made hei
son as unhappy as possible.
At dinner, next day, Mrs. Staten found fresi
offences, and poor Moina was as usual " in dis
" Mrs. Staten, ladies do not generally pul
their elbows on the table, at least none of my~
Moina planted her elbow more firmly on the
" Where hace you been raised, Mrs. Stateni1
I never witnessed such disobedience-nevei
was so openly insulted at my own table before
and in the presence of my son, who has not the
courage to speak for himself."
Clarence flushed to the temples, and saic
quickly, " Moina, please remember yourself, anc
treat my mother with respect."
He scarcely knew what he was saying; bu
Moina's sensitive heart took the arrow, andi
In her haste to arise, she upset a goblet o
water, and vaiiished up stairs with a very re<
" Yes: it has come to this," she said bitterly
as she locked, and re-locked the door. " Evei
Clarence has turned against me-even he up
braids me for nothing." Of course she sough
woman's only relief, tears. And when Clarenci
came up truly repentant, he found her witl
very swollen eyelids, and a very cross face. He
started, for never in all their ' lover''s quarrels
had he seen such an expression as met hin
now. She looked ugly-positively ugly ; fo
anger is no beautifier, young ladies !.
" Mona, my love."
" What do you want ?1" said she pettishily
" You needn't come with 'my love' now. 0i
back t o your lady mother whom you have dis
graced by marrying me."
" Moina do you know what 'you are saying ?i
He turned as pale as death.
" Yes I do."
" Moina I am astonished, and grieved beyoni
expression-not content with insulting mna
motheryou"--He paused abruptly.
" Insult you I suppose, my lord and master
whom in duty t~ound I must obey; and whosa
very feet I must kiss."
Here Moina, strange, inconsistent, waywari
child ! already tired of the storm she has
raised; and somewhat frigh'tened too, crept uj
to Clarence, and laid her head ori his shoulder
"Cary P'm a fool. I always was, but yoi
- knew it when .youarried me. I didn't mean
to say that-indeedI didn't Clary. Married
three months, an quarrelling already, what
I would Mary Hilli'.. say ? There Clary don't
pout any more. Liss your feet ! I reckon I
would, if it ,oasa't so undignified." And the
spoiled child raier eyes a la mother-in-law,
and laughed aloud
Clarence looked gieved, but he would not
" scold her then-4 ! no not then; and she so
good-humored too, or child. So they "made
it up ;" and she sa with tears and smiles:
"Let'sgoaway io ere, Clary. Your mother,
and I are like oil an water, we come in con
tact, but we can iever mingle. Clary, love,
- don't get mad withine. You look so pretty
now, but I always jdid detest mother's-in-larw;
and I think Eve wns the happiest woman on
earth, because she1hid none. There don't pout,
we'll go away to a home of, our own; and when
I've nobody to please but you, I dakesay we
shall get on swimiugly." She laughed again.
So Clarence took her to. a home of their own,
furnished as sumptuously as possible ; and in
her native town; andhe flattered himself that
all was well-but-.[the ,harp of his happi
ness, two strings w4ee broken. His mother,
and his wife, the twolearest beings of his heart
could never "get onfogether." And that wife,
that worshipped wifeg what a temper she had.
The playful quarrels cf the betrothed-her pret
ty wilfulness was not all in fun. No, it was a
-part f her nature. _4o had discovered that to
his sorrow. The frdWn of the fiancee, and the
i frown of the wife a,'so different.
l Well might the min look to the future and
ANN PAME CUNNINGHAM.
Delicacy has forbidden (says the Charleston
Evening News) any 'personal allusions on our
part to "The Southerh~Matron" and the Mount
Vernon cause. The . nnexed account from the
Marion (Alabama) American is correct, except
in so far as modified by the following particulars.
Mrs. Robert Cunningham, the mother of Mis
Cunningham, was a Virginian, born at Alexan
dria, and her earliest Associations arid warmest
memories, together Aft a connection, attached
her to the Washinon family. Seeing with
grief that nei her Coress nor Virginia would
buy and preserve Mount Vernon, and hearing
with great emotion at a Northern manufac
turing company had t dered.to its owner, Mr.
John A. Washington' ,000.for it, she indig
nantly exclai tught 4hen resident.
as an invalid at Philadelphia, that as mena would
do nothing, the daughters of the South 'should
rescue it from profane Northern hands, and con
secrate it as a revered shrine for the world.
The exclamation suggested to the daughter a
conception of the feasibility and propriety of
the idea, and she determinedi it should be executed.
The two at once arranged for the movement to
commence in South Carolina-their State. An
article was prepared, and Mrs. Robert Cunning
ham, on her return to South Carolina, had it
published-in the Charleston Mercury, (and at
the instance of ouraelf) under the signature of
"A Southern Matron," appropriate to her. Miss
Ann Pamela Cunningham forthwith proceeded
to active measures, arranged the plans, organ
ized the Association, was made President of the
general National Association of the Ladies of
the United States, and conducted the corres
pondence and animated the efforts under the
nom de p/ume of her mother. Delicacy and
propriety made this fit. 'Two circunmstances
rendered it of lat~e pr~oper that she should ap
pear in her own character and name. The in
corporation of the Association by Virginia, of
which she was nominated Regent, an ,.flcial
public position, and the necessity of transacting
legal business under real names, was the mosit
pirominenlt. The indelicacy of Mr. Fuller, whose
nomn de plume is " Belle Brla, and who was
favored by being admitted to an interview in
connection with a call by the English balladist,
Mr. Mackay, in exposing her name with a face
tious comment, precipitated the step, which,
under the advice of Mr. Everett, was promptly
Injustice has been done Mr. John A. Wash
ington. Mount Vernon was his property, a por
tion of a lhmited competency, and a man surely
has the right and it is his duty to well "provide
for his own household." At a sacrifice of $100,.
000, he reserved Mount Vernoin for Virginia or
the Federal Government at $200,000; and when
they finally did not act, he sold to the ladies of
Amierica for a hallowed purpose at that price,
rejecting at such sacrifice all other offers. Yes,
and trusting their cfibrts, too, for more than half
The numerous mistakes of the press on these
particulars have elicited this article:
T HE SoUTH rNa MATaoN.-The na~me of the
Southern Matron has been for years familiar as
a household word among us, yet a proper feel
ing of delicacy and gallantry forbade the men
tion of the real name modesty concealed behind
this ,nomme de plume. ,It was our fortune to have
known her since our -boyhood, to have been a
near neighbor, and also to have known her con
nection, from the beginning, with the noble ef
fort which will consecrate ber name as immor
tal. Recently, at the earnest importunity of
Mr. Everett and other friends, she has been in
duced to drop her title of Southern Matron and
sign a public document in her own proper name,
Ann Pamela Cunningham. Some paper recent
ly spoke of her as a Virginian. This is a mis
take. As we are better acquainted with her
and her histoy than any one else here, and
since the matter has already assumed a publici
ty which justifies. the freedom, we will gratify
public curiosity as far as delicacy will permit.
The Southern Matron, then, is Miss.Ann Pame
Ia Cumwingham, a natii'e of Laurens District,
(our native District,) South Carolina. The
.family residence niow is Rose Monte, on the
east side of the Saluda,- in Laurens District.
.Her father, Robert Cunningham, is a wealthy
planter and a noble gentleman. Miss Cunning
ham received, of course, the most liberal and
thorough education. Several years ago she
wrote with much spirit and ability a historical
work upon some incidents of the Revolution,
Though rich, beautiful and highly accomplished,
and of course wooed by innumerable suitors,
yet she never married. She is small in figure
and a blonde.
In 1853, she conceived the noble design of
arousing her countrymen to the purchase of
Mount Vernon. Well do we remember her
first appeal, in an eloquent letter signed "A
Southern Matron." We were then editor of a
'paper in South Carolina, and she sent us the
!let ter to publish. It will always be our pride
to remember that we were so eariy connected
with this patriotic effort. By her influence an
Springs, in the District of Laurens, for the ben
efit of the cause which she had adopted. On
this occasion the very first dollar was contribu
ted to the purchase of Mount Vernon.
Her eloquent appeal electrified the nation.
All hearts were touched, and hosts of gallant
men came to her help. A large amount was
contributed, but it-was "love's labor lost," for
churlish Mr. Washington changed his mind, and
refused to sell the estate. Thus was the labor
of years lost at once. A great part of the money
was returned to the contributurs. " But still
this dauntless woman did not despair. She ap
pealed to the Legislature of Virginia, and she
made appeals to individuals. Then, a4 well as
for years before, she was a - hopeless invalid.
Many of her splendid productions in this cause
were written while unable to sit up, being
propped on pillows to write during intervals of
pain. Now her work is accomplished. Mt.
Vernon is purchased. True it is not paid for,
but we believe it will be. Surely now the peo
ple of this great country will not allow Mt.
Vernon to revert, by forfeiture, to its sordid
For the accomplishment of this great work,
the country is mainly indebted to three persons
-a noble triumvirate. Ann Pamela Cunning
ham, Madame Octavia Walton Le Vert, and
Edward Everett. These three names deserve
to be inscribed on the marble slab that covers
the grave of Washington. A grateful and ad
miring nation will not forget them.-Marion
MR. BOYCE AND THE NAYIGATION LAWS.
We are pleased to learn (says the Clarendon
Banner) that our able and industrious represen
tative, who never omits an opportunity of labor
ing to carry out whatever measures he may dis
cover to be of practical importance and benefit
to thb South, is at this time laboriously engaged
in investigating the navigation laws, with a
view of bringing the question of a reform be
fore Congress at its next session. It is, indeed,
greatly to be desired, that radical changes be
made in the present laws upon that subject.
The zeal, the energy, and the practical talents
uof Mr. Boyce, render him the most proper in
dividual to undertake the great labor involved
in a thorough elucidation of this subject, and in
bringing the question in all its aspects before
Congress. It is a subject of greatand vital in
terest to the South, and if such changes as are
really desirable can be effected, it will be worth
more to us of the South, than all the legislation
of the last twenty-five years. The extract
which we give below, from the Norfolk Argus,
furnishes a striking example of the operation
of our present navigation laws:
" We are pleased to learn that the repeated
calls of this journal upon' Congress to repeal
the present unjust and odious. Navigation laws,
have met with a response from one of the ablest
representatives of the South. Mr. Boyce, of
South Carolina, as chairman of a special, com
mittee to consider various propositions in con
nection with free trade, &c., is investigating the
expediency of a reform in the Navigation laws
ofthe .United States,
"For the benefit of Mr. Boyce and his fellow
members on the committee, we should show the
injurious effects of these laws, which have,
since their enactment, operated as a direct
bounty to the North, upon one of the principal
sea-ports of the South. We can do this in no
better manner than by-publishing the following
extract from the 19th chapter of Forrest's 'His
torical Sketches of Norfolk and Vicinity,' pub
lished in 1853, and of course with no view to
influence a repeal of the law refered to:
"'MAY 5th, 1820.-On this day the Naviga
tion law was passed, which restricted vessels
from bringig the produce of the British Colo
nies to oumrports, and from taking, in return,
that of the States. The efiects of the law were
of course injurious to the commerce of Norfolk.
Notwithstanding which the exportation to the
West Indies amount to $118,(0, and the im
portations in sugar, molasses, fruit, rum, &c.,
were considerable; but the succeeding year the
amount was much less. Norfolk was about the
only port at that time on our coasts at which
assorted corgoes of~ produtce could be conve
niently obtained. Tobacco, grain, flour, meal,
lard, fish, and many other articles required in
the West India traide, were furnished he-re at
"'For many years previous to this, Norfolk
showed manifest signs of advancement in ap
penrance and commerce; but a sad reverse in
the comercial affairs of the place occurred
about this time. Sonae of the principal mer
chants were comipelled to suspend payment,
others failed for large amounts, while some o
the small tradlers were reducedl to poverty.
There was very considerable interruptions to
the West India trade, andI the general busines
of the place sutliered greatly.'
" The statement of Mr. Forre.-t is true, as very
many of our citizens can testify. Tn 1820 the
West India trade of Norfolk eq'ualled that of
any port in the United States. Since the pas
sage of the 'N'avigtation law,' during Mr. Mun
ro's admiinistration, the trade has fillen off~ un
til it is far behind that of many New England
towns, and compared with its former extent, is
very small. Let the unjust bounty to Northern
ship-owners, which is paid at the expense of
Southern merchants, be stopped, and Norfolk,
with her~ sister ports of the South, will regain
their lost trade, and once mere bedomne busy
GETTING THlE LawYERS ALL ON HIS SID.
Oliver HI. Smith gives this incident ih the histo
ry of Indiana. A t tho Rush Circuit Court my
friend Judge Perry bargained for a pony for
$25, to be delivered the next day, on a credit
of six months. The man came with the pony,
but required security of the judge for p25.
The judge drew the note at the top of a sheet
of foolscap, and signed it. I signed; James
Baridan signed it and handed it on, and on it
went from lawyer to lawyer around the bar, till
some twenty of us had signed it. I then banded
it up to the court, and three judges put their
names to it. Judge P'erry presented it to the
man he had bought the pony of, but he promptly
Irefused it. "Don't you think I am a fool to let
you get the court and all the lawyers on your
side ? I see you intend to cheat me out of my
pony." Up he jumped, mounted the pony and
started for home in full gallop.
People who suppose that a good prayer is
preferred to a good act doubLess imagine that
God has more hearing than eye-sight. The
end, we fear, will show that they reasoned from
false premises. The poor are oftener prayed for
than helped. The reason is, we believe, that
breath is cheaper than bullion.
MARIKP.D wITH SMAL-Pox.-An old toper
marched up to a wealthy citizen of Upper
East Tennessee, marked with small-pox, some
few years ago, and said, "youK are the best na
tured man in the world, for you have quietly
remained seated until the sap suckers have
'picked your face full of holes !"
Another gentleman very coited and vain
of himself, adwith a face much pitted with
sml-owas recently approached by a boy,
small-pox, signifying his admiration for him
said-" When carved work comes in fashion
From the Carolina Spartan.
AR--" Cnoming through the Rye"
BY J. yFoREST OOWAN.
Fannie Dale is pretty-very,
With her laughing eyes,
Loking like the brightest star,
- In the cloudless skies.
Fannie Dale has ckeeks so rosy,
Pouting coral lips
From whose honey I am certain,
Bees have stolen sips.
Fannie Dale1s full of miscle'I
Full of fun and-glee, '
Just the sweetest little maiden
Ever you did see.
Fannie Dale sings very sweetly,
All the livelong day;
Driving care and melancholy
From her heart away.
Fannie Dale has beaux a plenty,
Running after her ;
Many a 'ristocratic dandy,
Many a titled sir.
Fannie Dale don't care for any.
One of all the beaux;
But she loves somebody dearly,
That somebody knows.
Fannie Dale won't let you kiss her,
Pouts you all away; .
But somebody often kisses
Fannie thrice a day.
That somebody calls for Fannie,
When the stars peep out,
Sits with Fannie's hand in his
Wanders all about.
Fannie Dale is sixteer only,
Young and pretty too,
And who she intends to marry
I must not tell you.
But when April flowers open,
Just a year from now
Fannie Dale beside the altar
With somebody 'II bow.
From the New York Atli.
THE GEORGIA LOTTERIES OF S. SWAN & CO.
Considerable excitement has been created
during the past two days, by the announcement
that Mayor Tiemann had succeeded in obtaining
the indictment of Benjamin Wood, of our city
by a special jury, at Augusta, Georgia, as one
of the owners of the " Sparta Academy Lottery."
4With question of the legality, or otherwise,
of the "Sparta Academy Lottery," as it exists
in Georgia, we don't propose to meddle ; but,
when one of our rather prominent citizens is in
dicted for a criminal offense, we as public jour
nalists, deem it our duty to lay such facts or
allegations as bear upon his case,. before our
From statesments made to us, and of the cor
rectness of which we are satisfied, it appears
that the State of Georgia granted to the "Spar
ta Academy," in the year 1826, the right to
raise five thousand dollars by lottery, for edu
cational purposes. This grant lay for many
years inert and useless tor the purpose intended,
in consequence of the inability of its corporators
to carry out the object contemplated.
Some time ago Mr. Wood, in connection with
parties in Georgia, purchasedfrom the existing
trustees the privilege of drawing this lottery,
and contracted to pay the "Sparta Academy"
the amount designated by the act, in certain
equal annual installments. These installments
have been punctually paid, and it is further
stated that all of the prizes which were drawn
by any purchaser of tiekets, from time to lime,
have been promptly met., and the parties con
cerned as owners and managers are entirely re
siponsible. Thus imuhel of our information.
A perusal of the act of incorporation certainly
shows that the "tute, or their "successors
in office," had a right to raise the sum of' five
thousandi dollars by lot tery, and the question as
to whether a subsequent change o'f the State
Constitution, declaring all lot teries illegal, could
destroy a vested right, is one which t he Courts
alone can decide. It certainly seems to us, that
our worthy Mayor is adopting the "largest lib
erty" idea, in extending his investigation of
Statutory and Constitutional provisions into
other bailiwicks than his own. We are prepared
to co-operate heartily with him in all home re
forms which he may at teanpt, if they he stop
pages of leaks at the bung rather than the spig
got ; but we honestly think he has all he can
do here, in suppressing the vice which is so rite
in our midst, withoutgoing to Georgia to reform
There's a deal of humbug in this world hidden
under the mask of reform, and we are som4
times inclined to think that even lottery schemes
are no worse than stock brokering, or any one
of the thousand speculations into which men en
ter for the chances of making money.
We learn that this "Sparta Academy Lottery"
is still drawing, notwithstanding the indict
ment, and that its legality is to be tested before
the courts. Instead of breaking up the lottery
concern, we think the measure taken to effect
that object, will only serve to increase the sale
Iof tickets; and we doubt if $50,000 invested
in the advertising, would have conduced so much
to the interest of the muanagers as the publicity
which has been given to the fact of their mndict
ment. People who spend their money in lotte
ry tickets, don't much care whether the gae
is legalized or outlawed. All gambling is illg,
and yet gambling is a passion that will seek
gratification in defiance of all laws. The atten
tion of the whole " sporting" world is now di
rected to Swan & Co.'s lotteries, through the
free advertising which they have obtained from
the movements of Mayor Tiemann to suppress
From what we have read, there certainly ap
pears to be two sides to the matter,'which yill
give rise to nice questions of law, notwithstaid
ing the summary action of the Georgia jury.
Mr. Wood has published a card which we in
sort in justice to him, that he may have the
benefit of his own verson of this matter.
A CiAR.--MY attention has been Called to a
correspondence betweeni Mayor Tiemann, Howell
Cobb, and the authorities of Georgia, upon the
subjectt of the Sparta Academy Lottery. My
name is mentioned as one of the owners of the
ILottery. I san one of the owners, have paid
the franchise, and the Lottery has been created
and sanctioned by the Legislature of Georgia,
and is legal. Allmny transactions with refer
ence to the said Lottery are consequently legit
imate, and the money has been .promnptly paid
to the trustees of the Sparta Acaemy, who
are well-known, honorable men. The Mayor
of' this city, in his mistaken zeal to reform the
morals of the people of Georgia. and inform
them that they do not know what laws are
binding and in fore in their State, despatched
as his agent for that purpose, a convicted thief,
who had been on the tread-mill in .England,
and, as his associate in the embassy, a man who
refused to answer the question as to whether
he hadhbeen accused of crime in Boston;I and
'b giving them the sanctioni of his name, aka
Mayor has introduced these characters into the
society of gentlemen. One of these men re
ceives 5200 per month from an opposition lotte
ry concern to -protect theni interest in New
York, and to destroy rival concerns. , This fact
is known to Mayor Tiemann. This attempt is
made to injure me politically, as well as to ad
vaneo the interests of a member of. Congess
from my district. The fact of this ease, and s
full expose of the motives and- the - reapns
which induced Mr. Cobb to mix himself uparith
the matter, will hereafter be explained, rnd
the public satisfied that the Sparta Acadentr
Lottery is neither illegal nor the Managers-fr
responsible; but that the object of the attack.
is purely a political one; else why. not take ,
measure against the lotteries of Delaware and'
Maryland? BENJAMIN WOOD.
Naw YORK, May 21,1858.
CALHOUN ON TIE SLAVE TRADE.
We subjoin the following extract from a speech
of Mr. Calhoun delivered in the Senate in 1842,
which gives the views of the great Carolinian on
After discussing the right of search Mr. Cal
" The other article, in reference to the same
subject, stipulates that the paities will unite in
all becoming representation and remonstance
with and Powers within whose dominions mar
kets are permitted for imported African slaves.
If he were to permit his feelings to govern him
exclusively he would object to this more strong
ly than any other provision in the treaty-not
that he was opposed to the object or the policy
of closing the market to imported negroes ; on
the contrary, he thought it both right and expe
dient in every view. Brazil and the Spanish
colonies were the only markets, he believed, still
remaining open to which the provision would
principally apply. They were very abundantly
supplied with slaves, and he had no doubt that
sound policy on their part required that their
markets should b'finally and effectually closed.
He would go further and say that it was our in
terests they should be. It would free us from
the necessity of keeping cruisers on the African
coast, to prevent the ;ilegl and fraudulent use
of our flag, or for any other purpose but to pro
tect our commerce in that quarter-a thing of
itself much to be desired. We would have a
still stronger interest, if we were governed by
selfish considerations. We are rivals in the pro
duction of several articles, and more especially
the greatest of all the agricultural staples-cot'
ton. Next to our own country, Brazil posseses
the greatest advaptages for its production, and
is already a large grower of the article, towards
the production of which the continuance. bf the
market for imported slaves from Africa iould
contribute much. But he would not pernit such a,
considerations to influence him in votingen the
treaty. He had no objections to see Brazil de
velop her resources to the full; but he did be
lieve that higher considerations connected' with
her safety, 'and that of .the Spanish colonies,
made it their inteests and their market should
be closed against the traffic.
-"But, itmay b~e' & 'heqjm
piressiota should we viaiy jeet hii.
provision of the treaty? It was because he was
averse to interfering with other Powers when it
could be avoided. It extended even to 'cases
like the present, where there was a common in
terest in reference to the subject of advice or
remonstrance ; but it would be carrying his -aver
sion to fastidiousness were he to permit it to
overrule his vote in the adjustment of questions
of such magnitude as are involved on the pres.
Once a week is often enough for a decent white
man to wash himself all over, and whether in
summer or winter, that ought to be done with
soap, warm water, and a hog's hair hrnsh, in a
room showing at least seven degrees Fahrenheit.
Bath should be taken early in the morning,
for it is then that the system possessesthe power
of reaction in the highest' degree. Any kind of
bath is dangerous soon after fatigning exercise.
No man, or woman,. should take a bath at the
close of the day, unless by the advice of the fam
ily physician. M[any a man, in attempting to
cheat'his doctor out of a fee, has cheated him
self out of his life; ay, it is done every day.
The best, cheapest; and most universally ae
cessible mode of keeping the surface of tl e
body clean ; besides the once a week washing,
with soap, warm water, and hog's hair brush, is
Soon as you get out of bed in the morning, wash
your face, hands, neck, and breast; then into the a.
same basin of water ; put both feet in at once, for
about a minute, rubbing them briskly all the
time ; then, with the towel, which has been dam
pened by wiping, the face, feet, &e, wipe, the
whole body well, fast and hard, mouth shut,
breast projecting. Let the whole thing be done
within live minutes.
At night, when you go to bed, and whenever
you get out of bed during the night, or when
you find yourself wakeful or restless, spend from
two to five minutes in rubbing your whole body
with your hands, as fiar as you can reach, in-eve
ry direction. This has a tendency to preserve
tat softness and miobility of skin, which is es
sential to health, and which too frequent wash
ings will always destroy.
That precautions are necessary, in connection
with the bath room is impressively signified in
the death of an American lady, of refinement
and position, lately, after taking a bath soon after
dinner; of Surgeon Hume, while alone, in a warm
bath ; and of an eminent New Yorker, under
similar circumstances, all within a year.-Hall's
Journal of Health.
A TALE OF TERaoR.-The following rather
marvellous story is told by one of the Vienwa
journals :-As a farmer of Orsinovi, near that
city, was a few nights ago returning home from
market, he stopped at a roadside public house,
and imprudently showed the innkeeper a large
sum which he lIad received. In the night'the
innkeeper, armed with a poignard, stoe into
the farmer's chamber, and prepared to stab him;
but the farmer, who, from the mian's manner,
at supper, conceived suspicions of foul plgy,h4d
thrown himself, fully dressed, on the bed, with
out going to sleep, and being a powerful man,
he wrested the poignard from the other, and,
using it against him, laid him dead at his feet.
A few moments after, he heard atones throan
at the window, and a voice, which he recognised
as that of the inkeeper's son, said: " The grave
is ready !" This proved to him that the father
and son had planned his murder, and to avoid
detection, had intended burying the dead body
at once. He thereupon wrapped the dead 'd
in a sheet, and let it -down from the window;a
he then ran to the gendarmerie and stated wht
had occurred. Three gendermerie immediately
accompanied him to the house, and found the
young man busily engaged in shovelling earth
into the grave. "What are you burin?,
said they. "Only a horse, which has just diedt"
" You are, mistaken," answered one of ther
jumping into the grave and raising the cpu.
"Lookl" and he held up a lantern to thfe
of the deceased. " Good God P" ciedthes uig
man, thunderstruck, "it is my father B"e
was then arrested, and at once confessned all.,
5' A duel was fought in Nuaisulppl last'wak by
Mr. T. Enott and Mr. A. W.86ett. 2liresalt was
that Enott ws uhets est Shouwas net
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