- - I
.ot~r R .'frs.Cu T
"We will cling to the Pillar of the Te four Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
SININS, DURISGE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD ., JUNE 23 1858.
g3 The Friends of Col. JAMES P. CARROLL
respectfully present him as a Candidate for the
State Senate at the ensuing election.
Ur THu Friends of WILLIAM GRE6O, Esq-.,
respectfully announce him as a Candidate for Sen
ator at the next election.
Febi ' *4
ITTsz Friends of Maj. ABRAM JONES re
spectfully present him as a Candidate for re-elec
tien to the State Legislature.
Mar 10 to* 9
- aThe Friends of Col. JOHN HUIET re
spectfully nominate him as a Candidate for a Seat
in the House of Representatives at the next elec
IV TiE friends of Dr. 11. R. COOK, respect
fully announce him as a Candidate for a seat in
the House of Repesentatives at the next election.
WTTH Friends of Mr. WADj HOLSTEIN,
respectfully nominate him as a Candidate for elec
tion to a Seat in the next Legislature.
Mar 10 to* 9
EWa are authorized by the friends of Col.
JAMES TOMPKINS to announce him as a Can
didate for a Seat in the next Legislature at the
g The friends of Col. JOHN QUATTLEBUM
respectfully announce him as a Candidate for a
seat in the next Legislature at the ensuing election.
April7 to* - 13
0- We are authorized by the friends of Maj.
A. L DEARING, to nominate him as a Candidate
for a seat in the House of Representatives at the
April7 to 13
117 The friends of M. W. GARY, Esq., present
him as a Candidate for the State Legislature at the
Mar. 31. . to* 12
W THm Friends of W. W. ADAMS, Esq., re
spectfully present him as a candidate for the State
Legislature at its next Session.
Mar 23 . to* 11
-7 The Friends of. J. HAMPDEN BROOKS,
Esq., respectfully present'him as a Candidate for
the State Legislature at its next Session.
3or OB rr .
W. W. SALE, -
F. M. NICHOLAS,
WILLIAM L. STEVENS,
ROBERT D. BRYAN,
3rCo3r Ta&'. * C tCOs'
CHAS. M. MAY,
JOHN C. LOVELESS,
M. W. LYLES,
E. W. HORN,
W. F. DURISOE,
E. B. FOREST,
Par tn e rs hip.
MESSRS. GARY & DOZIER have
this day formed a Partnership for the Prac
tice of LAW and EQUITY.
One or the other at all times in their Offiee, near
the Court House.
M. W. GARY. JA MEs A. Dozima.
Edgefield, .June 9 tf 22
T HE Undersigned having formed a partnership
Iin the PRACyIGUE of LAW and EQUITY
for Edgefleld District, will give prompt and dilh
gent attention to all business entrusted to thecir
The residence of Mr. OWEss is at BarnWell C.
1--that of Mr. SEInELS at Edge~field, s. C.
W. A. OWENS.
Mlay 26 tf 20.
S B. GRUFFLN, Attorney at L AW and
a Solicitor in EQUITY, will attend punctually
to all business entrusted to his care.
Hie may be found at all times either in the Office
of the Com~missioner in Equity, or in his own
Ottice immediately In rear of. the Court House.
EDGEFIELD C. H., May 19, 1858. tf 47
E. II. YOUNGBLOOD,
A &torney at Ijsave
WiLL attend promptly to all business j-laced
VVin his hands.
gT~tlce at .Edgefield C. H., S. C.
May 19 tr 19
WILL attend promptly to all business of the
profesign entrusted to his care.
OFFicE, Edgefield C. U., S. C.
A pril 6 1858 ttf 13
T E Subscriber having furnished himself with
La liense to use this NEW PROCESS of
INSERTING ARTIFICIAL TEETH,
le now ready to serve all who may need such, with
an asuranee of a more perfect adaptation, and a
closer resemblance to the natural organs, than can
be realized by any other method. Its perfect Pu.
rity, cleanliness, freedom from all taste, or ga.lvanic
sensation, durability, eomfort and security, are
among the advantageseclaimed for this SUP1~R1lR
anode of setting Artificial Teeth.
June 24, tf 24
TWnOs. .I. & C. II. MIO IS E,
SUCCESSORS TO LEE At MOISE,
No. T, Ilayne Atreet,
CilARL.ESTON, S. C.
Jan 27 IY 3
SHINGLES, BOARDS, LATHS, kO.
rr. H Subscriber, living four miles East of Edge
.1 feld C. H., and one mile from Mr. Samuel
Marsh, respectfully informs the public that he keeps
constantly on hand, and gets to order,
Sbingles, Boards, Latas, Hewed
. Timaber, Posts, &c.
Which he sells on reasonable terms. lie warrants
saiato to all. To. every order he wiW give
,prompt attention. H~e solicits a share of pstruhpage.
P L. DuLOACIl.
May2C8 2m*' 20
MY OWN SWEET WIFE AND L
This world's a world of care and pain,
And trials thickly strew it;
A greater share of loss than. gain
Most find in passing through it.
But wherefore at our lot repine I
To-day the storm sweeps by,
To-morrow's sun we trust will shine
My own sweet wife and I.
My cheek to thine has oft Ien prest,
My true, my own sweet dove;
And each the other still bath bless'd
With uncomplaining love. o
True love's a blessing evermore,
Riches take wings and fly ;
We pine not for the miser's store
bly own sweet wife and I.
Then let the world go as it will,
Still hopefully we'll try,
If not our purse with gold to fill,
To gild our home with joy.
And when the eve of life comes on,
Resting our hope on high,
We shall not rue the moments gone
My own sweet wife and I.
I'M SINGLE, YES I'M SINGLE.
I'm single, yes, I'm single!
There's none to bother me,
From scolding noise and bustle,
I am fortunately free.
I roam to suit my pleasure,
And do what e'er I please,
With friends I while an hour, or
Recline alone at e.ise.
I'm single, yes I'm single!
There's norfe when I go out
To say, " where are you going ?
And what will you be about1
And pray when are you coming ?
Or when will you be home1
And are you never tired
- Of leaving me alone ?"
0, yes! 0, yes' I'm single!
The house is clear of " squalls;"
I eat my toast in silence,
. Then make my evening calls;
Or 'fore my cosy fire read,
The papers of the day,
And with my mild Havana
Puff anxiety away.
0, who would o'er be married I
To woman tied for life? I
Forc'd to hear both morn and night
* Her ja*ing and her-strife?
Not I! and now I'm single,
The will I have is mine;
And mark me for a - if I
Ere bow to crinoline.
THE CHARMS OF GARUBLING.
BY J. U. GREEN.
I have often heard persons speak of their
rst game of cards-how they were led from
tiat to a second, and a third, and so on, from
gme to game, till the vice of gambling beanie
i confirmed habit, and almost an essential pas
ion of existence.
Truly, there is a fascination and a charm in
Vfmbling which noine but devotees of the Cards
nay appreciate, and which but few, with tongue
er pen, can adequately portray.
Experienced as I am, and have been, in all
the ramifications of gambling, it may rightly
e inferred that I am able to speak advisedly
menerning its soul-destroying influence on man
ind. Yes, I have seen father and son-nay,
hole families-swept to ruin and horror by
the Demon vice, in wvhose deadly grasp they
ad unhappily faillen ! Men of fine talents and
irtues, even mural and upright inidividuals in
il other respects--professors also. I am sorry
to atlirm, of the religion of Jesus, have gone
own to infamy and destruction through the
eticements and fascinations of the Card table.
Methinks I could whisper into the ears of
tose who pilay cards solely for amusement's
ike, tales of woe and terror that would make
te blood run cold and the heart beat in wild
t pulsation, from their mere recital. How
uch worse would the scene have been, and
t~e heart-strings torn, by the witnessing of
nny a painful scene in the career of an invet
rate gambler ?
I care not whether a man plays for pastimeI
er profit, from the very first game he is apt to
ecome enveloped in the fold of a monster more
trrible than the hydra; and when snared, in
ain will be the lopping off of any of its hide
us heads that serve to snare the hapless victim.
o! the vice should and must be crushed in
it inception, or there can be no salvation from
eath and damnation here and hereafter. Fear
ful thought ! Would to God that all might re
lize the truth of the evil effects arising from
ard-playing, in whatever naspect presented, as a
surce of pastune merely, or when pursued .for
molument. Fathers, good worthy citizerrs,
ould be spared disgrace and crime, and widows
nd childlren might be saved from poverty and
oe and the scoffings of a heartless world.
I knew a happy and worthy family, whose
ubsequent misery and sorrow arose from the
ocial card table,' as a source of entertainment
and- amusement for themselves and friends.
.his family consisted of; besides the parents
wain, three sons and a daughter, all of whom
ave promise of a life of usefulness and honor
he insidious vice of gambling crept into the
eloved family' circle, and brought sorrow and
esolation in its wake.
The daughter had reached her thirteenth.
year, and gave developments of beauteous wo
anly maturity anon, when she was seized
with consumption, which painful disease soon
eft its withering power on her fragile frame.
Lhough rapidly sinking into the grave, she for
ome time retained her seat at the card-table ;
t length, however, her malady increasing, she
etired from the fascinating amusement and
sught preparations for death and immortality.
She now requested that cards might no longer
e the pastime of the evening, beneath their
oof, and her father, loving her tenderly, readi
y complied with her request, and the card ta
le was accordingly set aside. It gras now that
he parent realized the fascination of the games,
and found that a passion for gambling had in
sensibly become a rooted prinpiple of his breast.
Hie now sought the gamning table abroad and
pent his evenings ini the fashionable gamlling
ouses of the place. He continued as usual to
lay for pastime, but becoming a wine-bibber,
one night, while merry in his cups, he was in
da to haziard money. not only on this onca
sion, but on almost every other evening after
ward. Still he persisted in his recklessness,
and played deeper and' deeper in ruin, till on
one Friday evening he came into a room where
several individuals and myself were seated at a
game of cards. He offered to stake five dollars
on a game, and being permitted, his money was
won from him. He then bet ten dollars, which
he also lost. Becdning excited, he continued
to bet, and, as a matter of course, where all
were sharpers, he was well supplied with liquor,
and cheated not only of what funds he had,
but forced to give a check for money thus won
rom him. He became drunken and remained
with the gamblers during the night. The fol
lowing day the check was cashed, and a portion
of the money used in keeping him intoxicated,
so that he was kept away from his family sever
al days. Great excitement prevailed on account
of his absence in the community, while. his
friends and family suffered painful anxiety in
regard to his fate. I was seated at a table
playing with him on Sunday evening, the third
day since he entered the gambler's den, whbn
his family physician entered and inquired of
the unfortunate and inebriated man, if he knew
where he was, and if'he would not return to
his stricken daughter and distressed family ?
" Yes, yes, Doctor, I'll be there presently;
go and say that I will soon be with them."
The physician left, but the poor man continu
ed the game and speedily forgot his promise.
About half an hour passed in this way, when a
female rushed into the room, and threw her
arms around the neck of the gambler's victim
it was his wife.
"Great God! My husband! what are you
doing here ?"
"Beloved-my wifo! what seek you, and
why come to this place ?" said the man, bend
ing his head and reeking with shame.
"Oh, my dear husband, come home instantly
-our poor child is dying! 1Her only prayer
for two days has been your welfare. Come,
dear husband, now! Our daughter may not
live till our return."
The wife, husband and physician immediate
ly left the place.
A short time again elapsed, when that delu
ded man returned, and composedly resumed
his seat again at the table. I incidentally in
quired of him how he had laft his daughter.
"Oh, God! remind me not of that, sir. She
is dead, and died while I was seated here at
cards ! I could not remain; the tempter drove
me back! I could not stay and see my child a
cold and lifeless corpse."
While he raved and wept, his wife appeared
the second time, and dragged him from that
pandemonium to his now hapless home.
Four years after this afibeting circumstance,
while I was sojourning in the same city, lectur
ing on gambling, I received a visit from that
unfortunate man. His appearance before me
recalled to my mind at once the painful incident
just detailed, and T inquired what were his feel
ings when he visited home and found his daugh
ter a corpse.
"Oh, sir, I left your table thinking 'it was
but a ruse to bring me home; but I cannot tell
iiehorror thai tilled my s6ul, when I realized
that my child was dead. I clasped her lifeless
form in my arms and implored her to speak, if
but one word, that I might kno* that I had
not lost her favor. There came no response.
I cast the dead body from me, and rushed out
wild and frantic, yet voiceless myself, deter
mined on self-destruction. I felt that I was
her murderer, and the terrible thought drove
me mad. Scarcely knowing what I did, but
impelled by the foul fiend, I foundemyself in
the street, hastening away to the warf, with
purpose of fearful consequence-but strange to
say, that bright lamp, at the door of the gam
bling house, diverted me from a watery grave,
and turned my feet into the den. itself, where
sat abstractedly, I have no doubt, for I knew
nothing until your inquiry about my dead child
restored me to consciousness. Providence ins!
tructed me in an awful lesson, and from that
to the present, I have never allowed cards in
y house, nor played any myself abroad, nor
ouched the intoxicating bowl; and God help'
e, never shall."
This incident is sufficient to show the conse
uence of indulging in card playing and gam
bling. We could sincerely wish that it might
lead every one to sericus reflection, and induce
a return to the paths of rectitudle and honor,
r that terrible desolation follow which most
ertainly atteinds, as we know full iwell, the
ourse of the gambler andl drunkard.
AFFE~mrY:O o A .LVS Pon his MMsvu.-A
southern correspondient writes: A genmtleman in
this vicinity had a fine negro, to whtom he gave
te privilege of hiring himself out, nuid keepinag
ne-half the wages. A short timec since, the ne
rro came home to his master, in Norf olk, to tell
him that the man for whom he had been
working wished to buy him, and would give
thirteen hundred dollars for him.
" Well," said his master, " what of that ? I
don't wish to sell."
" But, you seec, massa," said Sam, " I'se
ad a cough some time, and "specs I'm .gwine
into desumiption. I don't "spec I shalb last
mnore'n two or three years, and I'd like to take
dat man in !"
A Scotch parson was betrayed into more puns
than he meant to make when he prayed for the
Council and Parliament that they might hang
together in these trying times. A countryman
standing by cried out:*
"Yes, with all my heart, and the sooner the
better ; it's the prayer of all good people."
" But, my friends," said the parson, "I don't
mean as th'at fellow does, but I pray that they
may all hauig together in accord and concord."
" No matter what cord," the fellow sang out
again, " so it is only a strong one."
An old lady of my acquaintance has four
daugters with the following names : Clemientina,
Wielina, Martina. and Mazin Aun. I re
marked to her, on hearing them, that the laut
was a very singular name, and asked her how
she camne to think of it. "Why, you see," she
said, " I got tired of fancy names, and conclumded
t'give her a good Scripter one." "Ah,!" I
said thoughtfully, vainly taxing memory to re
call the portion of Holy Writ ~in which it ai
peared, "I cannot remember ever seeing it
there." " Well," she replied, convincingly, "you
dont read your Bible then. Didn't you never
hear of 'Mazin' Grace, how sweet the sound ?"
Of course I remembered it, and aeknowledged
my unheard of forgetfulness.
Dorr S'rOP YoUa PMERi.-Curtail and econo
mise in other respects as much as you choose,
but dont stop your parer. Your wife needs it;
your children need it; you need it yourself. It
uot only affords you the, amusement .necessary
to your health pnid happiness, but furnishes you
with a variety of knowledge worth tenfold what
it cost you.-Thiere are hundred other things
whic'you can better dispence with than your
paper. You can even do without " bitters" and
meals a few times without injury, put your paper
would be a serious loss. If you are compelled
to " suspend payment" or go to jail before doing
so, pay for your paper a year in advance ; and it
will reileve the rigors of poverty and, solitary
confinement, and it may prevent the disastrous
consequences of suspension-by the neek. Don't,
stop your paper, but pay for it out ofyour first
EDGEFIEIA ATIONAL BIBLE SOCIETY.
A meeting Edgefeld Assoclational Bible
Society wash* . Damaqcus Church, commen
cing Friday f May, and ending Sunday the
30th, at which, owing Resolutions was unanl.
Reoled, thee of agents be appointed
by the Chai, ng of one member from each
Church -conpos the dgeield Association, who
shall be reques seek out the destitution in the
vicinity of their tive Churehes, and supply it,
as far as practi with the word of God.
The President submittng the list of Agents he
had appointed u the above Resolution, also sub.
mitted the follo explanations of the appoint.
The Soiietyias are of the delicate position as
sumed in appq brethren as Agents who are ab
sent and some' ihem are not members of the
Society, but con itmay safely venture this liberty
for two reason
First. The .g approbation of the cause by
Christians. on, understandingly, professing
godliness woul illing to withhold the light of
divine truth f . who might be destitute of it,
and therefore t ttake exceptions at being asked
to aid in this e
Secondly. To confined the appointments to
those who were. pt and members of the Society
might have thi.- ane of making an invidious
distinction, ih as known that some who were
absent and not ing connected themselves with
the Society, wo y c-operate with the Society.
The appoin having been made with these
feelings and e on It is hoped the brethren
appointed will I to act, and that'any brother
whose name is ' list of Agents that can not aot,
will select some ther, who is a member of the
Church to which( ongs, who will.
The objects h view in making these appoint
1. That the ay ascertain as far as practica
blo the followig. as who may need and be wil
ling to receive t We in his vicinity, through the
agency of the
1. Children r who can read but are not
able to purch
2. Those who willing to purchase Bibles at.
the cheapost rates, least inconvenience.
2. To procure? Iand members to the Society.
3. To receivrf ibution and sale in the con
gregations of wi is a member, Bibles and Tes
- 4. To report, at eetings of the Society, his
success in accompl the above objects.
The terms of d' 'ip are One.($1,00) Dollaran
nually, for ann bership, and Ten ($10,00)
Dollars, paid in two annual payments' a life
It is also to beb i stood that the funds contribu
ted, above w , neoessary to supply the des
tituti....... pliea. through the .Bible
Bfaa as vi e, I aids'Tiifln'769eitf
field, In which the Board of Foreign Missions is la
boring to furnish the gospel of the salvation of God.
The Society -hopes by these voluntary agencies to
secure eoilcient aid in this great and good work, with
the least possible trouble and expense, and to do this
that it will have the hearty co-operation of all who
have received the knowledge of the salvation of God,
through the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, and are
desirous of disseminating that knowledge.
Under the above resolution and views the following
appointments are made: viz:
Bethany, J. L. Talbert; Gilgal, John Lake; Re
hoboth, W. J. Martin; Red Hill, J. T. Middleton;
Caleham's Millp, J. F. Talbert; Plum Branch, E. C.
Robertson; Buffalo, J. B. Britt; lioreb, J. 11. Wide.
man; Beulah, T. W. Smith; Mt. Moriah, J. L. Grif
fin; Friendship, T. J. McCrachon; Providence, S.
Gahai; Siloam, U. F. Corley; Fellowship, F. G.
Martin; Bold Springs, IL J. Rush; Mountain Creek, J.
Trpp ;.*Little Stevens Crook, Jas. Adams; Edlgeflld
C. 11., JT. H. Mims ; Good Ho~pe, W. M1. Dean ; Sister
Springs, J. W. Coleman; Chestnut Hill, Z. Watkins:
Pine Pleasant,.M. W. Clarey; Salemn, T. Coleman;
Red Bank, W. S. Mobley; Sardis, J. J. Jeunnings ;
Lexington, E. Alewine; Bethel, A. W. Ashel; Rtidge~
Springs, R. B. Watson ; Dry Creek, J7. De:iy; : Rocky
Creek, 0. WV. Allen; Mt. Tabor, N. L~. Jlartley;
Horn's Creek, B. P. Tilman; Mt. Zion,.J. Swearengen:
uGraniteville, A. P. Norris,; Mt. Lebeniin. J. 5. Maili
ews: Big Stevens Creek, T. L. Shaw ; Repubailicanl,
. P. Gletren ; lletlehem,,N. Merriwether ; Redl Oak
Grove, G1. W. Nixon ; Antioch,D. D. lirunson ; Pieas
ant Grove, G. W. L~andruim; Olive Brach, Sama'l.
Stvos; Damascus, T. F. Williams.
After transacting- its business in a pleasant an i
armonious manner, tha Society adijourned to meet at,
Pleasant Grove Chureb, Friday before the fifth Sunday
in August next, 10 o'clock, A. M.
Sunday 11 o'clock, A. Mi., Elder J. M. Chiles
preached from Math. xxiv. 14, after which a collec
tion was taken amounting in eli to $52.40.
Snob was the spirit of devotion manifested that
Christians did say " It is good to be here."
W. P. HILL, Pres.
Sas'r,. Svavnas, Sec'ry, pro. team.
For the Advertiser.
A LETTER 'FROM THlE MOUNTAIS.
WALIIALLA, S. C., Juno 15th, 1858.
Ma, ErnToa:-.Yesterday I visited the "Stump
ouse Tunnel," ad was surprised to dud the work
progrssing so rapidly. The Eastern entrance is
completed or nearly so, fur one thousand feet, which
brings the Tunnel up to Shaft No. 1. To stand some
200 feet below the surface of a mountain, and 1000
Ifeet from the month of the Tunnel, with the sulphure
ous odour of the dense smoke, the little flickering
lamps, the clink of the drill and hammer, and the
moving spetr.es before you, that look more like
ghost. (amid the gloom) than men, produces a sensa
tion, that is better Imagined than disoribed ; and to
add to the beauty of the scene, to hear (as I did yes.
terday) a sepulchral voice cry out, "the blasts are
tamped, so be off with ye," and by the time you, had
got some 25 or 30 yards to hear boom, boom, boom,
behind you-and every moment you are expecting a
piece of granite to be searehing the centre of your
cranium, ereates anything else bet a'pleasont sensa
tion. After the blast. were all fired, I thought I
would go back. into the' Tunnel, but the smoke and
darkness were so disagreeable, I did not go far before
I roturned, for
"Murkey thick the blackness seemeth,
As he gropcs athrough the gloom,
Like to one, who sleeping, dreameth,
That he wakes within a tomb.
And the banister he holdeth,.
liae a cold sepulchral damp,
And the heavy air enfoldeth,
Gleam and gloom like dying lamp.
There's a vapor fintid, stealing
Over all the shuddering sense,
Like a charnel-house revealin~g
What we are, the spirit hence.
Sure, the darkness Is appalling
Deeper than all midnight gloom;
Voices inuffed, shrieking, ealling,
Such as fill a haunted room."
I then visitedthe powder mill, which is situated
c.s t h utern entrance of the Tunnel, at the
Issequania Falls. The mill has recently changed
hands, and now it is undergoing considerable repairs
All the machinery was not in operation while I was
there The composition of coal, saltpetre, Ac., afte,
being rightly proportioned, is put into small copper
mortars, where It Is beat for a considerable length ol
time, with large wooden pessels with copper buts,
These possels are operated by a large horizontal shaft,
with cogs running serpentinely, which keeps some
going up and down all the time. After this eompo,
sition has been well pulverized, it is termed mass,
and is then carried from one department to aunther,
until it comes out genuine powder. These depart
ments are known as the Shaping, Rolling, Glazing,
Drying and Sifting departments. The powder fron
these mills is termed very good, altho' It is perfectly
round. The Fall that this mill is situated upon is
beautiful and romantic. The water falls from bench
to beuch, (nearly perpendicular) for 100 feet, ouc
place four men can walk abreast between the roch
and the water that pours over it. Tradition tolli
some quite romantic stories of these Falls, but I have
neither time nor -ice to even give you a synopsis of
After leaving the powder mill I visited the rest of
the works on the mountain, and found it going on
with greeter rapidity thun I had any idea of. The
contractors of this job are calculated to get through
it as soon, if not sooner than any'set of ien in our
The little portable engine that has been employed
at the Seneca river bridge, passed through Wal
halla to-day. They are carrying it over to Mr. Lap
poll's works. ..There are three large engines employed
on Tunnoll Hill, two portable and one stationary.
I am informed that 3Messrs. Elam Sharp and John
Smith, contractors of the heaviestegradiug on the
line, are making fine progress with their contracts.
I am per.sonally acquainted with the latter, and know
him to be a very energetic and industrious gentleman.
The citizens of Walhalla are endeavouring to de
vise menua to build a German Evangelical Lutheran
Church within the corporation. I suppose you will be
supprised when I tell you that Walhalla has a popu
lation of 700 or 800 souls, with a fine market for her
merchandise, and no Church within the corporate
limits. It is true that there is a very respectable
Church at West Vnion, some mile awl a fourth from
the public square, and 21 miles from the upper end
of town, but this does not meet the convenience of
half our pbople, for there is never half the people at
Church once a month. There 'ought at least to be
three or four Churches within the corporation. Peo
ple travelling through our town at once- set us down
as heathens; for they see no Churches, but plenty of
doggeries. " CAPT. CIIAW."
From the Baltimore Clipper, 12thinist.
PEACE IN UTAH.
The President of the United States, on
Thursday, transmitted to both HOuses of Con
gress the subjoined Message, communicating, on
the authority of an accompanying desatch from
Gov. Cumming, the agreeable intelligence that
G . m n aesw~L 41 2
Utah have, as it is believed, received a pacific
To the Senate and House of Representaties:
I transmit a copy of a despatch from Gov.
Cumming to the Secretary of State, dated at
Great Salt Lake City on the 2d of May, and
received at the Department of State on yester
day. From this there is reason to believe that
our difficulties with the Territory of Utah have
terminated, and the reign of the Constitution
and the Laws has ben restored. I congratulate
you on this auspicious event.
I lose no time in communicating this informa
tion, and in expressing the opinion that there
will be no occasion to make any appropriation
for the purpose of calling into service the two
regiments of volunteers authorized by the act
f Congress approved on the 7th of April, for
the purpose of quelling disturbances in the Ter
ritory of Utah, for the protection and supply of
emigrant trains, and the suppression of Indian
hostilities on the frontiers.
I am more gratilled at this satisfactory intel
ligence fronm Utah because it will afford sonme
relief to the Treasury, at a time demaundinig
from us the strictest economy, and the question
which now arises upon every new appropriation
is, whether it be of a character so important
nd urgent as to brook of no delay, and to
istify and require a loan and most probably a
tax upon the people to raise the moiney ncexssaL
ry for its payment.
In regard to the regiment of volunteers au
thorized by the act of Congress to lbe called into'
service for the defence of the frontiers of Texas
against Indian hostilities, I dlesire to leave this
question to Congress, observing at the sanme
time that, in my opinion, the Stnte can be de
fended for the present by the regular troops,
which have not yet been withdrawn from its
The accompanying despatch from Gov. Cum
muing, is of great length, and gives a full and
satisfactory account of his reception among the
Mormons; but' states that the people of the
Territory arc removing from every patrt of it to
wards "the South," and have determtined to
destroy their houses and abandon the country.
In the letter to Secretary Cess, Gov. Cum
mting, says he left the camp on the 5th of April,
e route to Salt Lake City, accompanied by Col.
Kane as his guide, and two servants. In pias
sing through the settlements, he was greeted
with such respectful attentions as were due to
the representative of the Executive authority
of the United States in a Territory. Near the
Warm Springs, at a line dividing the Great Salt
Lake from Davis county, he was honored with
a formal and respectful reception by many gen.
tleen, including the Mayor and municipal
officers of the city, end by them escorted tc
lodgings previously prepatred, the Mayor occu.
pying a seat at his side in the carriage.
Ex-Governor Young paid him a visit of cere.
moy as soon as he was sufficiently relieved
from the fatigue of his journey to receive com~
pany. In a subsequent interview, ex-Governom
Young evinced a willingness to afford him every
facity he might require for the efficient perfor
manco of his administrative duties. Brighan1
Young's course, in this respect, Governor Cum'
ming fancied, met with the entire approval of
majority of the Salt Lake community.
The territorial seal, with other public proper.
ty, was tendered to Governor Cumming by~
William II. Hlooper, the acting Secretary of th<
Territory. The records and library remained
unimpaired. Governor Cummmng entered upos
the performance of his official duty. With feel
ing of profound regret, he learned that the
agent, Mr. Hurt, was charged with having inci
ted to acts of hostility, the Indians in the Vin
ta Valley. The information camne fromt Mr
Hlooper. He hoped that Mr. Hurt could vindi.
cate himself from the charges, yet they de
manded an investigation.
Governor Cumming had informed Genera
Johnson that he should probably be compelled.
to make the requisition for a sufficient force t<
chastise the Indians.
At every point he was recognized as the Gov
ernor of Utah and received with a military sa
lute, the houses being illuminated in his honor
having heard numerous complaints, Gov. Cum
. mingcued publie notice to be posted,. signify
ing his readiness to relieve those who deeme
themselves aggrieved by being illegally re
strained of their liberty and assuring the prc
tection of all persons. Ile kept his office ope
at all hours, night and day, and registered fifty
six men, and thirty-three women, and seventy
one children, as desirous of his protection, an
evincing their disposition of proceeding to th
United States. A large majority-of these peo
ple were of English birth, and were promise
assistance to be removed.
Governor Cumming says that his visit to th
Tabernacle will never be forgotten. There wer
between three and four thousand persons assem
1 Red for the purpose of public worship. Ther
was the most profound silence when he appeardd
Brigham Young introduced him as Governo
of Utah, and Governor Cumming addresse(
them for half an hour, telling then) it was hi
purpose to uphold- the Constitution, and that hi
would expect their obedience to 'all lawful au
thority, spuring them of his determination t<
administer equal and exact justice, etc. Hi
invited responses, and several spoke, referrin
in excited tones to the murderof Joseph Smith
to the services rendered by the Mormon battal
ion in the Mexican war, and recapitulated a loni
chapter of their wrongs. The tumult fearfull]
increased, but an appeal from Brigham Youn
restored calmness. Several afterwards expresse
regret at their behavior. .,
Gov. Cumming proceeds to describe the exo
dus of the Mormons. The people, including the
inhabitants of Salt Lake, in the northern par
of the Territory, are leaving-the roads ar
every where filled with wagons loaded witl
provisions tnd household furniture, the womer
and children following after without shoes oi
hats, driving their flocks they know not where
The seemed not only content but cheerful. I1
is the will of the Lord, they say, and they re
joice to change the comforts of home for the
trials of the wilderness. Their ultimate desti
nation was not fixed upon. Going South seemed
to be sufficient to designate the place, but from
the private remarks of Young in his tabernacle,
Governor Cumming thinks they are going tc
Brigham Young, Kimball, and most of the
influential men, had left their commodious man
sions to swell the ranks of the emigrants. The
masses everywhere announced to Gov. Cumming
that the toch will be applied to every houst
indiscriminately throughout the country,assooE
as the troops attempt to cross the mountains
The people, though scattered, every meant
would be taken to rally them. Some of the
Mormons are yet in arias, and the Governo
speaks of the mischief they are capable of ren
dering as guerillas. The way for the emigrants
to the Pacific is open.
Governor Cumming says that he would leave
for the South on the 31st of May. He say
that he will restrain all the proceedings of the
military for the present, and until he shall re
ceive additional instructions from the President,
From the South Carolinian.
THE BlVISION 0F T Bl SOUTH.
and your rebukes of Southern disorganizers,
inust command the approval of all reflecting
Southern men. In your able efforts to advance
the union- of the South by every proper means,
we think that you may rely upou general public
support. The union of the South for the sake
of the South-for the purpose of equality in the
Union and independence out of it-this was the
great end and sin of our great statesman. In
carrying out that enlightened policy, it is not
then presunmptuous in you to expect success.
It occurs to us that the recent Montgomery
Convention has done much mischief. Bitter.
indeed, to the South has been its fruit. At a
time when every thing tended to the complete
union of our section-when Southern patriots
saw with joy the dawning of Southern strength.
and independence-this ill-started agitation of
the African slave trade came to disturb oum
councils, to divide our ranks, aMl paralyze our
enaergies. Observe for a moment the sad spec
tacle at Montgomery. The original and prime
objtet of the assemblage being completely ig.
nored, the 'whole time was spent in angry debate.
and crimination and recrimination became the
order of each day. Where the most fraternal
feecling should have beena cultivated, there rcigned
the fell spirit of' discord. W'here a frienmdly in*
terchanmge of opinions should have been, therec
were fiery discussions and warm retorts. Vir
ginia, our friend and champion, and around
whose honored name cluster 'a thousand histrori
eal recollections, she stood at haav-stung to the
quick at un wortmy reproaches-her faith doubtel
and1( her loyalty imnpugnedr. The chosen repre
sentatives'of t~he South were denounced as faith
less and-recreant to their trusts. Bitter taunm
fell fromt lips that should have beenm opened onl.
in friendship. Those who shnuld hmave pourem
uil on the waters of Southern strife seenmed t
vie with each- other in lashing the waves intt
into wild fury, in fine, in spite of thme wise
counsels of Preston and Scott and Prvor and
H iilard, the South .4tood dirided, and the work
era of the mischsi'f were her own sonms.
And for, what were our internal peace ani
harmonious relations thus greatly shocked ai
impaired ? For a measure very generally con
coded to be utterly impracticable in the present
and the wisdom and utility of which are ex
tremuely doubtful for all future time! For a
measure which even Col. Yancey neither recoin
mends nor disapproves ; upon which he ha;
acknowledged that he has no "matured an<
Well, then, may-we ask, is his the bugle bIas
to arouse the South ? Are we to respond to it
uncertain sound ? "Are you ready my conn
trymen," to embrace the new-born policy-t
put the States of the South at variance--to ao
the seeds of internal divisions-to divide thi
Southern camp ? Are you ready to incur fo
a visionary scheme and a very doubtful good
the hazards of unwise agitation, and the evil
that we know not of? Are you ready to giv
encouragement to the leveling principles a
agrariamiam-" the greatest number"-to bi
the wealthy sacrifice their property, and delnid
the poor man with a negro ? We know tha
you are ready for all that may become a mar
but for this we feel you are not ready. We arn
sure that you will pursue a safer, wiser and sure
policy-that you will in firmness and moder.
tion develop -your resources and work out you
destiny-that you will close ump your ranks,-.an'
thus he prepared, whenever the time comes, t
turn from the present Union to a confederac
of Southern States-a confederacy united i1
spirit and broad in territory.
A SF.sna~ THING FROx Ma. Evzarrr.-Ei
ward Everett, in a letter apologizing for not a'
tending the dedication of a new school housa
closes his letr thus:
" We must not rest satisfied with a geners
impression that our schools are in a very satim
factory condition. There is some danger the
showy accomplishments, such as declamatio
and English composition-often prematarel
attempted-and dramatic exhibitons-whic
seem to me wholly out of place at school-wi
oeupy the time and thoughts of teachers as
pupifs, to the neglect of thorough instructioni
reading, writing, arithmatie, grammar, geogri
raphy, history, and Christian mnoralityv, and otha
bra....e. of solid English ancation.'
From the New York Evening Day Book.
WILLARD's HOTEL, '
Washington, June 6th, 1858.J
The war feeling is rapidly subsiding here, but .
events are thickiing, and it is quite possible
that before sixty days pass round theie may be
such a complication of affairs that nothing but
the sword can solve the difficulties. Ever since
Napoleon sold us Louisiana and gave -us ac
cess to the Gulf of Mexico, European statesmen
have foreseen that the natural tendencies of' the
new power that had sprung up on this continent
was to displace the debris of the old European
civilization and make the Gulf and indeed the
Caribean Sea American watera. The Gulf Coast
proper-tire vast region which stretches from
the extreme point of the peninsula of Florida to
the extreme point of the peninsula of Yucatan,
and is perpetually laved by the blue waves of
the Gulf sea, is the grandest portion of the
earth's surface, and in all reasonable probability
is some. day destined to be the centre of com.
merse and civilization unequalled in ancient, or,
modern times. This region varies somewhat in
its topogrophy, but its natural products aie the
same, that is, cotton, sygar, rice, coffee. tobac- *
co. &c., with, of course, all the fruits common to
the tropics. In soine places, as the- mouth of
the Mississippi, itagradualy stretches back con.
tinuously fertile three or four thousand miles
in others, as at Vera Cruz it is abruptly walled
in by mountain barriers, that, once penetrated
by the art and industry of man, as at the ass.
of Cerro Gordo, opens up another world, where
wheat and other northern staples may be grown
as well as in Wisconsin, and demanding an en
tirely different industrial system. This coast
region, thus briefly 'referred to rather than de.
scribed, has more than natural fertility and is ci
pable of sustaining a denser population and can
be made to produce a greater amount of produc
tion essential to human welfare and necessary
to the developement of a high cultivation than
any other space of its dimensions on the whole
Nor is this all. Behind all this lie those vast
regions which make up the main portion of the
northern continent, and . which naturally pcu
their treasures of wealth, their mighty produc
tions into the Gulf seas, seeking markets with
the islands, the South American continent, the
verv 'land of Cathay' and ' further Ind,' which
Columbus dreamt of-this, all these vast produc
tions, I repat, naturally converge on ths Gulf
Coast, and from thence to be carried where the
law of commerce and human wants shall At.
tract them. The Mississippi river,, with its
mighty tributaries stretching away, to the base
of the Rocky Mountains, and to te icy lakes of
the North-'the Sabine, the Neuces, the RioBra.
vo, the Panueo, Tobasco, San Juan,. &c.- all
these are destined, together with thousands and
thousands of miles of railroads, to carry off the
products of the great Northern and temperate
latitudes, and receive in return the products -of
the tropis ; and I repeat, the cities of the Gulf
Coast, New Orlea Mobile, Galveston, in shog "'l
at the mouths of e navigable nves ope .
Idieam oe a4 .''o ritv hiebl'Ti 9.
and Sidon 'nd ancient Byzentium will sink in
to miserable hamlets. But this. is one side-tre
natural result of a natural condition-and the
future, however distant of Democratic institu
tions, if permited to work out their tendencies;
in short, the fruit of so-called American slavery.
rhe brain ot the whiteman and the muscle of
the negro are the elements and the only elements
of tropical civilization, and either of these ab
sent, or their normal relations perverted, it is as
impossible that civilization exist as it is for a
man to live without atmospheric air. An "anti
slavery" policyr therefore, would convert this
great fertile and central Gulf Coast region-this
heart of the continent into a wild, desolate and
barren waste, and the fortunes of mankind -
forced into other channels, would be modified
accordingly, and the result, though negative,
that is, the perversion of such transcendent good,
would be an evil so stupendous in comparison
that langusge cannot express it or the intellect
itself grasp it. .
If" "slavery" were destroyed, if the abnormal
condition attempted in Jamaica should be ex
tended to Cuba-to the whole Gulf Coast region,
and the negro's industrial. capacity lost , to the
world-I repeat that which God designed as the
grarden of' America and thie grand centre of corn
~ieree and civilization would become of necessi
ty a desert waste, and the miost illimitable beni
lice of the .\ll-Wise and Alnighty Creator by
human tolly, sin andl impiety distorted into name
ess and measuirelesis evils. But wen' ned anti
cipate no such unnatural result. " Slavery" will
:.ot be overthrown. 'The benifteenee andI wisdlom
of the Almighty cannot be perverted or pushed
aside by the folly nud imipiety of man. But this
is what European statesmen have labored for
what the British espcially under the mask of
philanthropy, have so long sought to 'ompass
wvhat the bliil amnd besotted Giddings, and Sunm
'aners of the North are ignorantly and stupidly
assisting them to bring about.-Tl ir diplomacy
however, has become so conmplicai that it de
feats itself, and England may thank her stars if,
in the end, she escapes a war with us-a war
that would revolutionize the kingdom and bury
her aristocracy in the ruins. England, Spain
and France are doubtless united in a secret trea
ty to preserve Cuba to' Spain, but in a case of
last resort, design to turn it over to the negroes.
The English government, so long urged on b
the West India interest to break up the "slave'
trade, has at Inst seriousely undertaken it, and*
here she comes directly in conflict not only with
us but with Spain herself. The coast of Cuba '
stictly blockaded, its commerce is destroyed,
-the slave trade entirely broken up, its industry,
is mainly ruined. - Here are the complications.
WVhere will it end ? What will be the solution ?
The administration is doubtless closely watch
ing events. Congress will probably make an
appropriation for ten or twenty additional war
vessels, and pass the Douglasgbill, giving the
President the necessary means to act promptly
Sand decisively during the recess.
DR. DE~is' SusartAPRILA.-" When, in the
tcourse of human events" it becomes necessary
,to take medicine, the mostjm portant considera
tion is to know what will do the most good, and
Sthe least harm, and our experience has been,
- that the former remedy is very scarce, and the
IBut nevertheless, there is still left for the ills
>of suffering humanity, some valuable remedies
r' -some medicines that will cure and not kill,
1and among the really good, our experience en
ables us to class the Georgia Sarsaparilla, man
ufactured by Dr. J. Dennis, of this city. We
-have used it, and we believe it to be a valuable
-medicine. A'disordered stomach and liver has
, &een our companion for years, and we have ta-,
ken innumerable remedies, to indue the unwel
Icome disease to leave us, and the medicine which
-has come the nearest to accomplishing their de
t sired end was prepared by .Dr. Dennis.--Atste
a Ia Dispatch.
DsTonevs.-The General Assembly of Presby
II terians, recently in session in Chicago, has deci,
d ded by a vote of 160 to 52 that divorces can'not
n be granted unless adultef be clearly shown, and
~. that any one marrying a person divorced for any
r other cause, is himself guity of -adiultery iji a ?
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