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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, May 18, 1859, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1859-05-18/ed-1/seq-2/

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Per the Advertier.
" The wear must be carried into Afric."
The historical reminiscence just cited as to tli
Yankees having Insisted upon a high tariff in
former times, on the ground that the South had
negroes to work for her, shows that enrq has nur
tured the abolition sentiment of the North in a
great degree. It is the key to a thousandcontra
dictions of argument and conduct on the part of
free soilers and emancipationists. One section of
abolitionists profess to believe in negro equality
and amalgamation, while another equally rabid
faction contend for the exclusion of negroes from
the free States. Still others have no definite idea
on the subject of negroes, except a pretended de
sire to see them free. But whatever may be the
varied opinions of abolitionists, negro slavery ex
ists substantially in miost of the free States. Such
negroes as-they haie.thereare studiously etalded
by public opinion from all occupations except gen
orally those of house and body servants. This
makes vagabonds of most adult negroes there, and
Alls.the poor-houses with negro children. Hence
a majority of negroes in the freo States are op
preaticed by law, either as adult vagabonds, or as
minor paupers, and they are treated to all intents
as slaves.. As to those negroes who voluntarily
serve as domesties, although nominally free, yet
In order to keep their places and from the hopeless
ness of getting redress by law, they very often
submit to worse treatment than is Imposed upon
Southern slaves even by hard masters.
The negroes of the North are for the most part,
rigged out by codish aristocracy in livery-brass
buttons, red tape, and such like. They are em
ployed as footmen, coachmen, out-riders, waiterm
etc., are thrashed under apprentice laws, or by the
ceuntenance of public opinion, whenever it suits
the master. Theunderground rail road is freighted
with pissengers many-a-time to supply servants
In the free States, and what a-yell of rage the re
elamation of a fugitive slave serving a Northern
master occasions smong them. The abolition gen
try, who are the chief slave owners at the North,
live in constant dread of being deprived of Cuf
fee's services, by the appearance of his true'mas
ter from the South, to prevent which, said Cuffes,
has to be spirited off to Canada, or elsewhere in
the rUe States. But either event disposes of the
abolition rascal's servant in- a hurry, after the los
of whom, to be consistent, he must spout of the
negro's wrongs.
The abolitionists of course pay no wages-to their
negro apprentices, and as public opinion excludts
negroes from most profitable employments, such
negroes as work voluntarily, must do so for nomi
nal wages. Hence, negro labor is always cheaper
than white labor in the free States, and hence also
in part, the strong desire, which is everywhere
manifested in Yankee land, to welcome free ne
groes and oppose the execution of tLe fugitive
slave law. Arkansas; by banishing her free no
roes, has rendered the abolitionists an important
favor. Missouri by agitating the same policy is
likewise serving them a good turn, for which they
will applaud her and as to the grand move now
making in Marylend, to banish or sell into slavery
her 100,000 free negroes, the whole abolition world
of the North are exercised with fears that she will
not do it. The truth is, that it Is the scarcity of
negroes In the free States, which intensifies the
abolition sentiment there, just as it is the scarcity
of them in the South, making negro labor higher
than white la~or, which is stimulating a similar
feeling in our sections
The 'growing abolitionisbt of the North-West Is
strengthened mostly by the want of permanent
negro domesties. All the negroes which the North
Western States can get, must come from the South,
as thtey never had any slaves to emancipate by
Statute or Constitution, except the few which
were taken to Indiana and Illinois, while they
were Territories. At least twice as many were
carried to Illinois, and one and a half~ times as
miany to Indiana, as have been taken to Kansas.
As some of the sterile New England States, with
both a thin soil, bad climate and dense population,
are able to keep darkies in livery, how much moro
able to do so must he the North-Western States,
with their'prolific soil, better climate and sparse
population. I am aware that some of those States
have laws excluding the Ingress of free negroes,
but still there is a minority always powerful enough
to) introduce even fugitives from the South, and
give theme suit of livery any where in the towns
of the North-West.
In fact, the greatest want for negroes in flIls
and Indiana between 1815-20, was house servants,
and that want still exists. The subsistedece of a
negro in that fruitful region Is comparatively noth
ig, and the services of negrees as domestics are
needed there throughout the year, as much as they
arc at the South. Still It would pay to subsistne
groes there even as laborers In grain and stock
culture. Although the main seasons of~iaborin
L. g groig are h asttie ye
from the Northern boundary of Missouri Eastward,
wilt throw nearly two-thirds of Illinois, Indiana
and Ohio-about one-half of Pennsylvania and
nearly all of New Jersey Boush of It. If slavery
can thrive so well in Missouri, and all the hemp
planters tell us it does, why could it not In those
free States East of her in the same latitude ? If
fugitive negroes. and apprentice negroes can wear
liveries in Connecticut, or can prosper so well in
Michigan and Massachusetts, as to marry beautil
ful white heiresses, why could not a bona ide ne
gro slave thrive there ?
If stalwart negroes can be reared and profitably
held to slavery in the cold mountains of Maryland,
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, South Caro
lina, Georgia and.Alabama, why cannot the same
thing be done in the less severe climate of. many
free States ? If slavery can flourish in Delaware,
Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, why
not In Kansas, whose entire area is In the same
latitude as those States ? If the slave trade were
now revived, slavery would be replanted In the
North-Western States and in Kansas, despite the
laws prohibiting It, prooisely as slavery disregarded
the inhibition of the Ordinance of 1787, in the
Territories of Indiana and Illinois. Many of the
News-pagers in Southern Indiana and IBlinois, are
at this tunme discussing the necessity of getting
more steady and stable labor. Prom theirfirst set
tlerment till now, a healthy feeling has existed in
the South of both those States, favorable to the
establishment of slavery there, if the negroes could
only be commanded at prices below the value of
white labor. In Illinois especially, a bitter sec
tional feud prevails between the Southern and
Northern parts of the State. The abolitionists of
the Northern part which is inhabited - chiefly by
Now Englanders, and later German importations
style their section "Canaan," in a spirit of self
righteousness, while they dub the Southern sec
tion "Egypt," in reproach .for its African pro
clivities. --
As remarked before, notwithstanding alillions of
foreign emigrants have setted in the North-West.
labor is still high and scaree there, because every
-new-comer as early as possible buys himself a
farm, and Instead of hiring himself out as a labor
er, he enters the market to hire others to labor for
him. This state of facts pro-supposes that there is
a largoedemand in the North West for house ser
-rants, as well as for farm laborers and that each
farmer there would gladly 'pay the interest upon
the moderate cost of at least two negroes and feed
them for their labor. That eountry is only sparse
ly populated and It has the capacity to sustain
feels the necessity of possessing several millions
of negroes as house servants, grain growers and
stock tenders. Yet farmers there cannot afford to
employ negro labor, when it is higher than white
labor, because white labor can perform all the
work required of common laborers In the North
West-whereas only negroes can do the constant
labor of cotton culture to any considerable extent.
We have seen that negre labor was higher than
white labor, when Indiaa and Illinois were ad
mitted Into the Union, caused by the high price
of cotton In 1815-20, with the slave trade closed.
Therefore to assert that slavery cannote profitably
exist in Indiana and Illinois is simp-ly to say, that
it cannot profitably exist there when negro labor
is higher than white labor. Even If slavery had
been established in those two States during their
Territorial existence, It would have been abolished1
ere now, or nearly so, as has been done in other
once slave States, on account of the great rises in
the price ef cotton in 1825, in 1835-7, in 1850 and
since that time, making negro labor more valuable
than white labor at all those periods. So like
-wise to say that slavery cannot exist in Kansas Is
only to declare that it cannot be established, or
maintained there, while negro isbor is dearer than
-white labor, which has been the fact almost aveo1
mince Kansas came on the tapis.
Hence the standar-d price of negroes, requisite\
for the permanent establishment of slavery in the
North West while the slave trade remains closed
is, that negro labor must be more valuable than
-white labor, even to do work which white labor
ea perform and that too when there Is an unlimi
ted supply of white labor. But if negro labor
gould be obtained always at, say 50 per cent less
gust thtan white labor, who doubts but that slavery I
would then be establiseed there, in face of ther
kca above cited, ad the analogies drawn to sup.
port those facts. Males do well in the North West
and why not negroes, as the ass and negro both
d.Jlnally came from the regions about the Equa
-teor. I will advance another proposition, whose 1
gorrectness, or incorrectness I am willing to leave
to the decisi'on of those who have had practical
observ ation of the negro's capacity to endure t
sold. With the same clothing, food, shelter and a
Lie a negro can bear well nigh as much cold and
dolasmauch work as awhte man. Let the matter
he doeermined by the overseers and I do not-fear ~
lhe result of their vote upon it. Whoever beheld
likelIer negroes than come from the uoonataiue of C
the Southern Stats every timeonegro labor is made -
mnore valuable than white labor by a great rise in
etton ?
Vast nunmbers of thinking men In the free States
ars disgusted with hireling .oeisty- .It hassle- Il
. Muneinathin. Itiiliassaaineha.&s 3
ii spring the. Employers often want help and
annot get it, or they are at best iicessantly. dii.
u..sing it and wrangling with it. The eiployees
kow snd thn hanil togetherin strikes forwages.
nd they nut unfrequently desert thei enpl'oyer iu'
pri us of business. Men are here to-day-yonder
* morrow-now working ut thi'-now at that.
L'he fellow who blackel.your boots in the morning,
>r groumed your horse, or it may be served you
6t table, Pets up to be.your equal in the Drawing
Room, or at the Theatre, even when the odor of
ing fr. sh from the kithens ior uuabile is upon him,
nd lierhaps he is inclined to fieticuff you into a
recognition of his social equality. Sometimes the
shap who drove your carriage a few years ago
gets rich by a lucky speculation and then marries
your daughter or snubs you foir your poverty.
All is change, change like the qluick sands of a
shifting, swolen stream. Nothing is in repose.
Nothing stable. A Southern man habituated to
the quietness and steadiness of sluve society is
rendered miserable by the excitements and shift
ing phrses of life in hireling society. The best
conception I can embody of the agitations, rest
Lessness, changes and annoyances of hireling socie
ty is the hiring of nejroes'at the South. When
one hires a negro here, he generally does it for a
year and he can compel the negro to serve him
that long. He has perhaps first to unlearn the
negro some of his vices, or habits and then it may
be to teach, or train him anew. At the end of
the year, he gets another negro, with whom he
has the some task to perform, or perhaps the no
gro runs away-his maiter sustains him in It and
the man who hired him, has to labor for himself
or have no labor done and so all his plans are de
ranged. Even this Is only a faint picture of the
vexatious changes and course of things In hireling
society. Now If hiring negroes at the South cre
ates so much trouble, disorder and change, what
but a sort of Babel could be expected in a so-called
free community, where laborers are free to do as
they please and employers free to dismiss them at
pleasure? SCIPIO.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 18, 1859.
Religious Notice. .
'e are requested to state that there will be
religious service in tite kethodist Church at this
place, by Reverend Mr. DoxerLt and other Pres
byterian ministers, commencing on Friday next
and continuing throughout Saturday and Sunday.
66 Justice." .
A witer over this'signature expresses himself
plainly on the subject of the false packing of cotton.
Find his communication in our "Farmer's Mis
cellany" on Page 4th. The hints of "JusTca"
deserve attention. Truly, the pride of every South
Carolinian should be enlisted to repress what our
correspondent says is "a growing evil."
An Omission.
Without design, we neglected Iast week to name
our young fellow-citizen, Mr. W. J. RuADT, as one
of the Secretaries of the Methodist Sunday School
Military Election.
.On Friday, the 13th instant, Major BRYAN
DSAx was elected Colonel of the 10th Regiment,
S. C.M.
Drs. Teague's Establishment.
Soo the excellent advertisement (new and com
plete) of this AVumaber One DrugStore. The DocTons
never had on hand so full a supply of all articles
in their line as now. Their establishment reflects
credit upon onr town, and richly merits a most
liberal support. Its gentlemanly proprietors are
not content with mediocrity ;-they aim at perfec
tion In the di'charge of their responsible duties as
druggists, and are determinmed not to stop short of it.
Farmer & Planter.
Tho May number is received, and is well sup)
plied with good original anti seleted articles.
As we happen to be the "Yos from Edgefield"
upon whom the aeditor ponnees with such elva; it
will not be amiss to use our own columns for a
very brief reply.
That brilliant allusion to the case of strabismnus
strikes us as being in badl taste un ier the circea
stances. It is lby many considered indicative of
some unfortunate lack of the milk of human kizid
ness, to see one reminding another unnecessarily
of personal defects for which he is in no wise re
sponsible. But besides this, the allusion is point.
less. -We were not itd tplxe'd by thaean
ilaversloslof the term Bfill-Side. But when a term
is once ostablishedingeneral use, andis both correct
and euphonious, we do not recognixe the right of
any one to change It at his pleasure,-ne', not even
though ho be so imposing a personage as the
" Great Unknown" editor of a country farm-jour
naL. Our concern was, to have the terms of the
agrisultural business, like those of every other
vocation, definitely fixed,--not one thing in the
farmer's mouth, and another thing on the agricul
tural writer's pen. The eter editor is much mis
taken, if he supposes that his every reader has
not the sense to comprehend the importance of
this proposition, and to estimate his violations or
it accordingly. We, knowing this, desired to give
kim a caution for his good ; but, in the pride- of
his orthography, he makes a feeble attemptio
turn our hint into ridicule, instead, of wisely pro.
fiting thereby.
But again, the " voice'' is uncertain and incom
prehensible ! Let us see how this is:
1st. We suggested that his plan of leaving all
hill-sides " uncleared" (not enclosed, as The far
suer asad Planter makes us say) would work badlly
in the more hilly sections of country ; and Fair
Bald District was instanced in this counectiaon.
Any thing incomprehensible about that ? We
mow say, at the risk of being again thought in
:owprehensible, that we believe Fairfield has puar
sued the correct plan in clearing her fertile hill
sides and drawing from them the cotton-bags
which have had so much to do in making her one
f the wealthiest and most intelligent Districts of
;he State. It is to be regretted, if, in doing this,
hose hill-sides have been seamed with ugly guI
ies. But it is useless to grieve over spilt milk.
Better even so, than that the tens of thousands of
ottondbales she has derived from those hill-sides
hould not have been produced. Let her people
sow go to work (as they doubtless are doing) and
,y deep culture, liberal manuring, and hill-side
Litching, cause their exhausted lands to recuper
ute; ail Fairfield will again blossom as the rose.
n all this, where Is the incumprehenslbility of
he "Yomcs ?"
2ndly. We asserted that hill-side ditching had
>een generally successful in our own District.
We had heard the opinions of various planters on
he subject, and we wrote as we were informed.
We had also seen with our own eyes the success
ul working of the system, which enabled us to
ive the opinions of others with greater confidence.
L'he star editor professed in his first article to seek
'ether men's experience in this vexed matter."
Ve responded to his request in the plainest kind
if English, and he turns upon us and pronounces
>ur "voice" incomprehensible. Is ho dissatisfied
>eeanse our testimony in favor of the system was
nere assertion ? So wa, hi. testimony aIgalinSt it.
I~e do not admit that the star editor's assertions
bre of more authority than our own; and we al
neat know they are not worth as much as the
>pinions of certain intelligent farmers whoso views
re had purposely aseertainued on this reata gue.
in. The " voice from Edlgeileld," then, Is incow
rehensible, forsooth i simply because it dlares to
hallenge the naked and unsupported assertions of
he Paraar & Planter. Beautiful logic, that!i
We have perhaps said about enough. -It is not
Losirod by us to have a showing of these comments
n the next or any succeeding number of the Far
ter & asster. We have no wish to place the
tar editor hAan dis combat before ha. readers. Yet
either did we fancy appearing so before such .of
ur own as also take the Parmer & Planter.
[sese this article.
For the rest, we shall be glad to see the veil
fted from that awful face, as promisedi. Who
nows but that, Instead of a terrible tyrant of the
ripod, we way there discover the lineaments of
two old friend whose broad smile has been long
ictured on our mental tablet as the very reflex of
11 the genial humanities of life.
37 The star editor will now please turn to 1
or., xiv chap4 'l-I verses, for something instruc
vs on this subject of "voices."
WA load or two ofileal could be sold in
mls twsvry readily for the ash. Bring slg
se Esi hawa a r wus-.s...... .
\ Sabbath School Festivalf
IV's are requested to-announce in 'an editorial
will take place in this Village on Thurrday the
19th instant. All the Churches are expected to
join with their Schools in the celebration.
The order of exercisos for.the day will be briefly
ThesSabbath Scholara', their Teachers, Parents
and Frieds will asaiemble in the Odd Fellows' &
Masonic Moll, at half-past 10 o'ecck, on Thursday
mornlug, when oeveral addresses may be expected,
to be intersper-Sd with choral songa by the Sab
bath School pupils.
After the-exercises in the Hall, the Schools will
form iu procession, and at 1 o'clock repair to the
grove in front of Col. M. FRAxZISt's mansion,
ywhere the Pic Nic dinner will be served.
All interested, or who feel any sympathy with
the cause, are invited to contribute to the feast.
The provisions for the table must be at the grove
by 12 o'clock.
All persons sending dishes, plates, Ac., are re
quested to have their names marked on them* to
prevent confusion.
The Committee of Arrangements will provide
cloth. for the tables.
The citisens of Edgeeld Village and of the
neighborhood generally are respectfully invited to
this festival.
We have only to add that this programme Is the
only one that will be published for the oceasion.
It is given by authority of the COMMITTEE OF
ARRANGEMENTS, and all will please regulate
their preparations accordingly.
I .is
The War News, As Viewed by the South
ern Citizen.
Several statements, bearing upon the pending
European difficulties, will be observed in our pres
ent impression. Thus far it would seem that the
" war is inevitable." Mr. Jons MITCIaL of the
Southern Citizen said on Saturday last: " Europe
is at this moment" (about noon we suppose)
" wrapped in smoke and dame, shaking under the
multitudinous tramp of hosts, and dinted by the
bloody hoofs of charging squadrons." And see
ing that Mr. MITURL is 'rom across the polo
phlo~seoio Atlantic, we put it down as reasonably
sure that such (or something like It) is'the fact.
The samie authority takes a brief but Interesting
view of thu probable gathering of the hostitudi,
nous armies; on the one sid, " Croats, Tyrolese,
Bohemians, Galicians, 'Germans and Hungarians,
-Selaves, Celts and Touton,-splendidly equip
ped and disciplined, poor devils ! and formed into
a mighty slaughtering-machine,"-on the other,
"forty thousand Sardinian regular troops and
20,000 volunteers" already in position, while "the
passes of the Graian and Maratime Alps are pour
ing in, by tens of thousands every day, the dash.
ing regiments of Napoleon ;-with Polissier, Mac.
Mahon, Neil and Canrobert, sweeping down cav.
alry, infantry and artillery, Zouaves and Chas.
sours de Vincennes, upon the destined - field."
There also are the swift steamships hastening from
Toulon and Algeria with reinforceaments after re
inforcements to concentrate upon the field of op
erations via Genoa and Spezzia. In short, Jont
Mivaez. talks of the matter precisely as a man
would, if the Washington Monumenthad attained
such an altitude and he were on the top of it with
such a pair of lungs and such a telescope as would
enable him, existing, to behold for himself all this
mighty marshalling of the votaries of Mars. Of
course Mr. MrreIIr. ought to know what he says,
and doubtless does know,-henee our reference to
his opinIons and conclusions in the matter. We
take him as authority par e~rellence. See then
further:o'sre what lhe inilites in regard to the per
feet ihnuiliarity 'with whic~h the contending liarties
in this great strife can review their respetive po
sitions and arrange for each mscding de.volop
mient in the mighty draipa of blood they are hur
rying to enact :
" Consider, further, that the whole scene of this
warfare has been for five hundred years thorough
ly known and surveyed for fighting purposes:
uvery river and every bridge and ford, every hill1
and the height thereof, every roal, ravine, fort
and field, all have been over again mapped and
measured, the scene of memorable battles or mar
ches, sieges, ambuscades, or outfiankings. It has
been the diagram on which military men have
ktdied tactics and -strategy, for mtany gin age-.
.essionall: irao'tisng' anadlayig matches, to
add, as it were, new illustrations--to heap line
upon line and precept upon precept--until now the
field of action and all iS capabilities are as plain
as a chess-board."
This chess-board, it appears, is about half as
large as South Carolina and lies along the little
river Ticino which separates Lombardy fronm Sar
dinca. ( Yide Map of Europe.) On this arena
three hundred thousand soldiers are now, accor
ding to the Citizen, face to face, and probably in
deadly conflict;-or perhaps we should say, that
paper supposed them to be so on Saturday last,
And if so, who knoiws how much blood may be
spilt by this time ! how many warriors have gone
to their rest ! how many Jeannettes have lost their
Jeannots ! how many captains have become colo
nels ! how many colonels, generals ! how many
generals, field marshals! What magnifacent space
for curious conjetures and diversified conceits !
But following on the current of thu Ciien.'s
war article, we come to his notice of England In
that connection ; and here we quote two paragraphs
in toto :
England, If she has no army fit to take part in
the Europe.tu struggle, has at least sage advice t'.
prve-for thme sake of peace (you undierstand,)
haumanity, civilirzation and all that: and her advice
being very contumelmously rejected by Austria,
and never once aked by France or Sardinia, she
cans at all event, maake a show of activity by bun
dling off her fleet to the Mediterraiiean, though
with what purpose it is hard to see, for the English
government would as soon presume to send the
London police to occupy Paris, as land a man or
bloekade a port In the Mediterranean, or in any
the minutei'z particular interfere with the move
ments of the belligerents or any of them by ea or
land. It is however considered, we believe, an
imposing sight to see her ships sailiog about: it is
expected to produce a fine moral effect upon sth
a tumultuous Europe. So Diogenes, the philoso
pher, when he saw ali Corinth in comnmotion pre
paring for the enemy, began to roll his tub with
great violence up and down the street-that he
also mIght be doing somewhat. England's tubs
are rolling now up and down the Mediterranean.
It is needless to say that 'England will evade
any treaty, and resort to any mean shift (but with
the finest moral and christian sentiment in her
mouth all the while) In order to preserve a position
of strict neutrality :-and that If she dares to fight
at all it must necessarily be on the side of Franee.
Should she do otherwise, a French General and
his Et Xtujor will soon occupy Bluckingham
Palace, and ireland Is up from the Giants' Canse.
way to Cape Clear.
Well put and splelly written ;-but we quote .the
passage "in order to protest against It," It Is
natural enough In an Irish patriot to taunt old
England with her prsent dIsinclination to war.
But a Southern' patriot must be excused for seeIng
in this peace policy of hers cause of congratulation
Cud comfort. A thinker of the ,thawmrock school
may derive joy from her anticipated implication
in the perils o~f a most harzardous war ; But to one
wrho hau any penchant for the beauties of the cotton
plant, that event must surely present some Intense
ly unplesant reflections. Path riek may liagh In
moore at England's " tubs rolling up and down the
htediterranean ;" But Brother Jonmathan, (or at
least that part of him South of Mason A Din's
line) has better reason to pray that every English
inb ..f them all may continue to stand on Its own
bottom. One who has learned his wisdom from
tn Emnmet, may look with rapture to the prospect
f England's downfall; But he who has been
aught of MfcDnjie and Caihoaun, can but regard
mnch a catastrophe, as the world now stands, of all
hings moat adverse to the wealth and well-being
f our section.
Independent though of all prudential considera
,ios, we are in America, chiefly, the descendants
,f English ancestors, and draw from that pare.
;age some of the highest elements of our sucess as
i people. England and America are, moreover,
he grand bulwarks of Protestantism o'n earth. So
omes it, that they cannot sunder wIthout a dia
tonoring of natural affinities and a falling off from
heir duty to High Heaven. So comes it, Ireland
o the contrary notwithstanding, that they must
ted will be friends and allies for all tinis.
Give Credit.
Our friend of the Lancaster Ledger failed to
live the Adeertiser credit for a couple of agrieual
ural pieces lately copled from our Farmer's De
ariseat. Weassmue that the emises was s
an /es
Another Fifiure in Cotton Cultivatiop i
Accoidi'ng o .the Parli correspondent of jiW
New Orleans Picayune, the French Governmen
has decided that hereafter the premiums sia'gor
the cultivation of cotton in Algeria shall liabe
ished. Although the Moniteur boasts that whil,
1,014.000 pounds of cotton were grown in Algeria
in 1854, 1,560,000 pounds in 1857, and'the ec
185S will be still larger, there seems to be littlbqO"
tion that the experiment hasproved a costly
and the Government regards money spent on
crop as treasure thrown away. The deereehintsthat
the Government will soon cease to buy the cotton
grown in that colony ; at present it is under obli.'
gationa to buy all the cotton raised there. .There
fore, in a year or two this experiment of the
French will share the fate of their other costly
Mr. McCarthy in Abbeville.
This singularly-gifted blind musician, who so
journed in Edgefield several months, has recently
given a Concert in Abbeville of which' the Inde
pendent Prese thus remarka:
"We had the pleasure of attending the Concert
at the Marshall House, on Wednesday evening
last, given by Mr. Michael McCarthy, the bilad
Musician, assisted by Mesurs. Chas. Jones - and'
Benj. Rothschild. There was a ine attendance
and the exercises were enthusiastically cheered.
throughout. Mr. McCarthy gave us some brilliant
performances on the.piano, and sang some comic
songs with rare effect. Messrs. Jones & Roth
schild too, on the violin, executed many beautiful
pieces in the finest style and elicited general ad
miration. The Concert was quite a success an,
led to a general desire for its repetition on the fol
-lowing evening. Mr. McCarthy we believe in.
tends visiting the Village of Cokeshury, and we
take pleasure in commending him to the good
offices of our friends. He seems. to be a rare me
sical genius, and besides, has all the social quali
ties which will render him a general favorite.
Miscellaneous Items.
W Fine rains in this vicinity during the few)
days past.
23W' LouD complaints continue to be made'of'
the roads leading into this town.
p0 Several matters postponed till next week
be patient.
' At Augusta, last week, the Jury In the ease
of the State us S. Swan, brought in a verdiot of'
guilty. The ease we understand will be carried U
to the Supreme Cour
$W The wheat in the vicinity of Augusta it re
presented as being fine.
0P The Detroit Advertiser of the 7th says that
seventy-five fugitives arrived in Canada a few da
since by one train on the "underground railroad"
from the interior of Tennessee.
$2 A Montgomery paper states that two cases.
of Small Pox had occuryed in Selma, and that
great panio exists in that town.
W The Emperor Napoleon IIL, havlng'been
born on the 20th April, 1808, has completed his
51st year.
9W Mr. Sidney S. Browne, an old and highly
respectable printer, died at his residence in Auguw
ta on the 13th inst.
,OR The Southern Baptist Convention, 'whiek
has recently been in session in Richmond, Virgin',
adjourned on Tuesday last, 10th inst., to meet in
Savannah, Georgia, on the Friday before the secoid.
Monday In May, 1881.
air In is stated that Mr. Reed, our late miaIs.,
ter to China, arrived at New York on the 11th inst.
3W Gov. Gist has subscribed $600 for the.
Sunday School Society of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, as we learn from the South Car
pi' Mr. John Heart, formerly one of the pub
liors of the Charleton i3/ierr, has been ap
poiuted superintendenit or the Government publie,
printing, in the place of Mr. Bowman, of the
Washington Union.
W" Six of the members of the Grand Jury of
the United States District Court, which found the.
true bills In the Wanderer case, have protested
against the law under which they acted, and ex
pressed a desire for its repeal.
W Take a bit of sponge, cut it in the shapo of
a mouse and give it to the kitten, and it will make
lots of fun for the children. :
po- Dr. Adam Clarke had.a perfect abhorsn0
of both pork and tobacco. lie is reported to have
said, " If I were to offer a sacrifice to the devil, it
should be roasted pig stuffed with tobacco."
For the Advertiser.
To Mrs. S--- on the death of her Son.
"Jflake room~ sceet flowcers, for little D AVI to
pass to HIeaven."
Like to that music's dying strain
In morning dreams that childhood hears,
Wild notes that charm the infant brain
And are not known to after years ;
That music's hushed at dawn of day,
It may not reach the waking ear:
So, lady, passed thy child away
Too pure a thing for biding here.
Ere it had known a cause to sigh,
It vanished, like that morning dream;
But still in tlidught its tranquil eye.
Shall on thee, lady, fondly beam.
It vanished, but when mortals sleep
Its spirit-voice thy heart shall thrill,
Low breathing to thee-"~ do not weep,
Sweet mother, I am with. thee still."
Fades the soonest, all that's rarest,
Hol1,es the brightest first deay,
Friends, the truest-forms the fairest.
Melt, like summer clouds, away.
For the Advertiser.
The lHon. EdwardEverett and Lotteries.
In his eloquent discourse on the career and char
ter of Thomas Downes, the Hion. Edward Everett
mentions the interesting fact that the subject of
his eulogy drew a priae in a London lottery, which
enabled him to, lay the foundation of his fortunes,
or which promoted them in an extraordinary de.
gree. In the onslaught upon Isitteries, it is well
to note this fact ; and, particularly, to remind our
readers that, by. sending $10, $5, or $21, to Wood,
Eddy & Co,, Wilmington,. Delaware, or Augusta,
Georgia, they will receive in return a tieket in
their legalsed lottery, which, if successful, will
win the prise of $50,000, or its proportion.
TaE EPISCOPAL FAla.-The Fair held for
the benefit of the Episcopal (St. Luke's)
Churcb, In this place, last week, wasa decided
success. The hall in which it was held, was
crowded on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thur.
day evenings. Every thing was there to at.
tract the eye and piease the palate. Not a
single circumstance occurred, that .we are
aware of, to disturb the pleasure of the occa
ajon, while it was positively refreshing to 1rit
niess the liberality manifested by all elsases
and denominations of our citizens to aid in
the success of' so good a cause. The lottery1
which was drawn in the last evening, was ani
entirly new f'eature on the managemhent oft'
visitors. The first prize was a splendid Melo
deon, in piano case, which cost $150 ; the
second, one of Wheeler & Wilson's finest
Sewing Machines, which cost $125; and the
third a Music-box, playing eight different airs,
which cost $00. There were four hundred1
prizes, ranging from one, to one hundred ar~d I
lifty dollars. The tickets were sold at* $2,50,
all of which were readily taken. Wec learn.
thsat the proceeds of tho Fair were about I
$1300.-Newberry Conservati't.
-We find the foliowing In reference to tiiis
body, whzich assemnbled in Vicksburg, Mini.,
yn the 10thi inst., in the Nashville papers of
Fhursday last:
Nz~i CRLE.Ar, May 11.
The Southern convention met- at Vicka
burg to-day. Eight States were rtjpresented.
-Charles Clark, of Mississippi, President. I
Resolutions in favor of tho slave trade were
>ffered by Spratt, of South Carolina. Gei.
P'oete denounced Spratt's sentiments as high
reason. The laws of the slave States pro.
ibiting the trade, were read. The duty of,
he Government to acquire Cuba, and gain ]
teponderance on the Isthmus, and resistane
D the rule of a Rb lian Preuideat$ were j
For the Advertiser.
lumbia.Tournament Ball.
n.zAR 4ONELOI. :-Would that someapower the i
Atwon give me' to Irrite of others as I saw
i forith 'thi delightful miusic still ringing
yiiy earand the remembrance of the brilliant
hrong stilddar.rliug my eyes, I feel an if I'were
ertaking an Imposvibility in attempting to dle
othI~bewilderingly beautiful scene:-but as
' ey Balls bear a strong resemblance to each
you will be able to fill the blank ispaces and
a not only my word, but the universal opinion,
that this one was.as brilliant as any on record.
First dedurse must come the Queen of Beauty
lad of Love, Miss SALL: Buanuouats, chosen by
r. A.rnarn WALLACH, the successful Knight in
the Tournament which took place in the morning,
and declared by universal suffrage, worthy of the
nor. She appeared so lovely in her light tuille
bes and flowery crown, and bore her royal dig
pity with so much sweetness and modesty, that I
in sure no Knight could wish to break a lance in
honor of a fairer sovereign-and of thi# same
Knight let me now make mention. Ho has donned,
wifth the armor, the title of Don Quixote, and fol
ed by the faithful, proverbial Sancho Pana,
ws all eyes, by his successful imitation of him
of the doleful countenance; 6n like him also, he
blghtens up at the approach of the Lady of his
eloias, and both seem more intent on enjoying the
gay reality than Inventing imaginary evils-for his
costume I refer you to Cervantes, who describes it
16oh better than I can, only assuring you that it
PA perfect in all its details.
ffle Empress Eugenie was personated by Miss
cL. of Chester, and I defy the Court of France
to produce more dignity and grace. The dress of
brocade with a magnificent over dress and train of
hite moire-antique with a gold edge, would not
have been unfit for the Empress herself; and I
doubt much, if even #he would have borne it with
more ease. From my position in the gallery, I had
a distingt view, and having se'n clearly and im
partially, of course feel entitled to judge; but to
oscribe minutely every costumaeI confess my ina
buity. Another most dignified lady, in the style
of the court of Louis XIV, with powdered hair,
velvet bodice and train, high heels and Immense
hoops, powder and patches, was Miss Kate 0., of
golumbis,-and the Norma, most artistic in her
hoopless Rowing robes and broad gold bands and
aliaplet, and Rebecca of Ivanhoe; the former Miss
Si, of Columbia, and the latter Miss F. of New
bry, both equal In taste and interest; but more
striking than either, was Helen McGregor, ansi If
aiy doubt the beauty of the costume, they may
pply to any of the spectators, who will make con
1imation doubly strong, and In addition sing loud
ises of the most perfect foot and ancle displayed
*the room;-Mrs. L. 0., was the lady last men
tioted. Miss St also, of this place, fairy-like in
Jerion and character, with gauze dress and wings,
a At 'epresentative of Titania, the Fairy Queen.
Miss P. of Charleston was a most piquante fille dai
Regiment, beat an occasional tatoo and looked
inostbewitchingly Independent. As Night,withher
croseent and stars, attracting all eyes by her bright
and starry orbs, came Mis G., more than ever a
beie by name and nature. Spanish ladies, Peas
ants from every clime, fower girls more lovely
than the buds they carried, the White Lady,
Morning, Evening and Twilight-the Maid of the
Mist, Persians, and In fact every costume fancy
could devise or taste execute, Alled the rooms; but
as much space as I have plready devoted to those
tair ladies, I can not close without a few words to
Miss G., whose lively animated action and em
bodiment of a Uypsey, drew around her a contin
ual crowd, who were repaid by fortunes told with
cards and silver, after the most approved style.
And now, a word .of thao other sex, whose corn
Jamnes were as tasteful and perhaps eveni richer
than the ladies. My attention was particularly at
tracted to Col. S., who not only looked, hut fully
carried out the character of Columbus. I confess
to being so struck by the immense rufile around
his neck, as to have paid but slight notice to the
rest of his attire.
..Mr. W. H. Jr., as Saladin, was perfect. On dit
ais a veritabie Eastern dress, and I see no'reason
doubt It, for it looked the genuine article. The
ustle Romeo was there too, and It needed very
Ildiscrimination to see he had found his Juliet;
Fhope- no'-B~al 'iiniw and
known too late." The Knights were all gorgeous
ly attired, but It was like trying to flx the figures
in a Kaleidoscope, to remember all their characters
and costumes, And I dare not atttempt lest I fall,
only trusting some other pen may do them justice.
A Mexican. stood out in full bandit style, and
seemed quite a favorite among the fair, for in spite
of his dagger and pietola., I noticed he generally
carried the irettiest ladies on his arm. A right
handsome coupled were a lovely shepherdess and
shepherd; to judge from appearances one would
imagine they were satisfied to tend sheep, or under
take any occupation, so long as it was together.
Now fill up the remainder with Knights, Soldiers,
Sailors, Peasants, the ceild Prophet, and the leet
Rose of Summer, a music grinder, Highlanders,
Pages, and, as with the ladies, every thing that
could please the most fastidious taste, andyou will
have a faint Idea of the Fancy Ball, given at the
Atheneum Hall, on Wednesday the 4th of May.
I am sure it will form an epoch in many lives;
many hearts have thrilled responsive, many hands
have lingered in their pressure, eyes have looked
love to eyes that spake again, and all have separa
ted, hoping to meet soon,' unable to imagine
any newe pleasure mere enchanting than this last.
M" Lnrr there be no secrets in Medicine,
or rather no pretended secrets. The Medical
Faculty publish as soon as made, all their
discuveries, and almost all that is known of
real value for the cure of disease, has been
discovered by them. Dr. Ayer takes the
honorable honest course, and right because it.
isnhonaet. IHe goes to work and invents the
best remedy whic~h- medical skill aan devise
for the cure of certain complaints: then pub
lishes what it is and maintains his monopoly
of it salely by making it cheaper, better, snore
perfiect, than any body else can. Ifthe people
would exact this of all who offer medicines,
they would have much less tracle and trash
to swallow.-.New Orleans Organ.
'WLLArM~a C. CoaxzE.-The case of Capt
Win. C. Corric was again before the United
States District ourt (Judge Magrath,) on
Thrsiday, 12th Instant the occasion bing
the arrest of the defendant under a benc
wrarrant Issued from the United States Circuit
Court for Georgia. byJudge* Wayne. The
United States Marshal, D. H. IHamilton, Ea.q.,
executed this warrant on Thursday, and pre
tented his return with the body of the defen
isut for the judgment of the Court. Judge
hiagrath, in an elabor'ate opinion reviewed
the laws and rules which govern t e jurisdic
tion in this class of offenses charged against
W. C. Corrie, and concluded with ajudgment
re-affirming form'er decisions, and claiming
uxcluisite jurisdiction for the Court in South
This is the third application, we believe,
hat has been- made from Georgia for the
ranafer and deliver of Win. C, Corrie for I
riat in that Federa District.--Charleston
ourier, May 18.
EsARLY WaaD-r.-ThiS morning we received!
he following note, with a couple oaf wheat
ads enclosed, which are ripe and filly
natured and well filled with large anti pltump,
STEEDMAN's S. C., May 4 1859.
MR. EDITOR: I herein send vont a samplie
fwheat, matured this season. 'It Is Keowee
pecies. The plat from which It wasi Inken
as matured generally, and these- heads were
iot.selected .on account of sizE, as I could'
ave'found larger and brownuer, but they
rould probably have chattered. The plat
could have matured in A pril, but for theocool
end numerous frosty nights. Who can beat
t ? I mean for earliy.--Lexington Flag.
OcE T:10vsAwn AFRICAN NnoRaous WAN
'sn.-An advertisement appears in the .News,
ublished at Enterprise, Misc., addressed to
hip owners and masters of our nerehantile
maarine,4offering $300 each for 1,000 native
Lfricans, between the age of fourteen and
wrenty, sound and healty to be delivered
rithain twelve months at some point between
'ensacola, Fla., and Galveston, Texas. The -
dvertisenena issgne byeighteen epnsi4
Arrival of the:teamship lersia.
Nmw YORK, May. 11.-The steamship Per
iia arrived at noon to day. ' She left Liver
,ool several hours before the Adelaide sailed
ron Galway.
The details of the news brought by this ar
ival are interesting. London papers of the
30.h April are divided in their opinions re
rarding the crossing of the Ticino; but the
Tiames reiteratesit former tatement, saying
Lhat the advanced post of.the Austrian army
bad crossed that river on the 26th, and had
tiken position in the enemy's territory. The
main army crossed on the 29th.
Austria appears determined to strike a blow
before the French reach the field of hostili
The Post says that there was some proba
bility of mediation, as-Napoleon was serious
ly considering England's proposition to that
Alluding to the treaty between France and
Russia, the Times says -that if these powers
attack Austria on German soil, it behooves
Englana to consider whether it is better to
defend herself on the contiient or at her own
homestead, as the existence of the great Ger
manic powers are necessary to her safety.
- Every precaution has been taken to prevent
the Austrianas from reaching Turin The
ountry was overflowed, and the roads ren
dered impracticable:
The report that Tuscany had joined the al
lies is confirmed; her army consists of fifteen
thousand nien.
The Aglish channel fleet has been ordered
to return from the lediteranean. -
It is stated that Russia and Fiance have
been procuring* large supplies of charts and
surveys of the English coasts and the Medi
teranean stations.
It is surmised that Spain will join the al
lies, as she is considerably augmenting her na
val force with new ships and gunboats, and
has ordered large numbers of English charts.
The French army of the Alps have met
with serious obstructions at Mount Cenis.
Four thousand men are employed in clearing
the roads of snow.
France was taken by surprise at the rapid
ity of the movements of the Austrians.
Frince thought that the war would be com
menced leisurely ; and her troops are arriving
at Genoa.badly provided for an immediate
The Emperor has received intelligence of
an outbreak in Algeria, which will probably
require a return of the troops lately sent to
A system of police, similar to that of Na
poleon I., is about to be instituted in Paris.
Over fifty stock brokers have failed in
London, in consequence of the panic.
A very important and large operator in
the Liverpool Exchange, named Roberts, has
been declared a defaulter to the amount of
between three and five thousand pounds ster
Consequences of the European War on
'American Interests.
The papers are discussing the effects of a
European conflict at arms on the three great
interests of the Union-the Shippig, Farm
ing, and Cotton planting interests. That the
two former will benefit materially from a
protracted European war by a luger partici
pation in the carrying trade and the increas
ed demand for grain and provisions, while the
injury to the cotton planting interests will be
comparatively less than at other periods when
the pressure of the supply against the demand
for cotton was greater, can be readily con
ceived. But in taking a comprehensive view
of the question there can be no doubt as to
the solution, whether wars that stimulate the
industry of particular branches of production
and lines of business are not moure injurious
than beneficial even to the interests which
ate promoted by the change.
A war of limited extent or temporary dura
tion can lead to no worse result than a partial
disturbance, but one of general or indefinite
prolongation produces a derangement, the
recovery from which costs much more than
the profit derived from it. All interests and
all financial arrangements are assimilated to
a peace that has been general and permanent.
They cannot be accommodated to an opposite
condition without extensive dislocation. T1he
level of money is seriously disturbed, which
is in itself a great evil. Tryig takes..circui
tons channels 'that maki new eniterprises
necessary, enhances prices, limits markets,
and defeats mercantile calculations. When
recovery takes place to the normal state of
things, as it must, the previous gains afford
no adequate compensation for the subsequeunt
losses. The change involves not only pecuni
ary but moral transitions, which greatly im
pede the general and healthy progress of
wealth and industrial purauits.--Charleston
Evening News.
pm The Legislature of California have appro
priated $1,000 per annum to the Washington
Monument, at'Washington City.
wife of Mr. W'.onen B. Hot~xxs, and daughter of
Ggn. E. t*. sand Mrs. ExtI.Y D. TALDSR, departed
this life, at the residenco of her husband, in the
city of Montgomery, Ala., oan the 2nd of May 1859,
In the nineteenth year of her age. She was born
in Perry County, on the 15th of Feb. 1841.
The writer of this tribute of respect, does not
intend to eulogis the life and character of this
good ad aunnble young womian, though it might
be safely done. W~e have been intimately acquain
ted with her from hcr cradle to her graave: She
was a good child, a good little girl, and when she
arrived to the age of womanhood, it was then that
the loveliness of her heart shined forth as brilliant
as the noonday sun. Gentle, kind, retiring, and
unassumling,. we can say with all our heart,
that she was beloved by all who knew her; anti
dear reader, she was an hunmble and dlevoted Chris
tian. H1er Bible wias her daily eompanien.
Sho was educated in the Judson Female Institute,
at Marion Ahl,., and while there, embraced religion,
and was Baptized lby the Rev. WuIL.IAM H. Mclx
vosal, on the 29th of Junec 1856. She was married
to Mr. HOLMnan in November last, an'd we have
never seen two persons mnure devoted to each ether,
while living in thne enjoynient of every earthly
blessing; and we would say to the bereaved hus
band, " ho ye also ready, for in sneh an hour as ye
think not, the sen of man comieth." She cannot
uomo to you, hut you can go to her.
She was only sick one week, and although in
Iat agony, no complaint was heard to escape her
*pa. She desired some of the dear female iriends
writh her, to sing that beautiful hymn,
0 ! how happy are they who their Saviour obey,
and have laid up their treasure 'above,"
and attempted to sing it herself, but could only
epeat the words. A short time before she died,
'he exclaimed, " I'm gone I I'm gong! Farewell
o all, bet not forever I'
Rest in peace,. dear angelic creature,' for we
hail soon meet you again where parting shall be
to more. A. T.
At the atnmeeting of the Drsa.a Seczarv of the
Idgefleld Association, they agreed to hold their
aext meeting at Gilgal Church, to commence on
~riday before the fifth Lord's lay In May, and eon
inue until Lord's dauy evening.
Elder WV. P. lu~l., to preach the Society Ser
non on Lerd's day, at II o'clock. There are bi
lea on hand which may he hadl by appllying et
elder WV. P., liiit.. at Greenwood, Abbeville, S. C,
Mis. Entgroni a-Perit me through the columns
f tbe Asf eerf ae-r to iniem p-am-numnerous readers,
iartle'ularly Ituame engaged In agricultural pur
alls, that I keep constatntly on hand TIIR ESH
tit8 and avlo C 5TO tiN14 of the best kind and
utility. All orders for the samne will be thank
ally receIved and promptly attended to.
Tlil8. E. CilAPMAN,
Coleman's X Roads, Edlgelield Di., S. C.
pitMr. D. It. DUR180E, at the Advertiser
Iliee, la any autborised Agent.
SMay P1. _3m 19
40 Sacks of D~orn's lirand ;
30 " Bouknight's Brand ;
25 " Reedy River Brand;
10 Barrels do do.
hIs Flour is all repr-esontedl am becing FIRST
to be good.
May 11 if 18
"1HOICE HAMS.--Jsst received Two fibds.
aia them. 3. M.'L Pil.
May1 saU Ja
At Wholesale an d Re.tail.
DR8. A. G &-T. L TEAGUE,
T tiCE pleasure In announeing to their friends
and the public generally that they have, just
received a large accession of PURE and FRESH
To their already extensive Stock, embracing the
most valuabloVEGETABLE EXTRACTS, as well
as the Drug in Its erude state.
All Tinctures, Essences, Powders,
PILLs, oC.
Prepared with ere and in strict accordance' with
the best and latest Pharmacepias.
Instruments, Surgical and Dental.
Of various patterns, common and very ine.
Glass Specie Jars;
Tinot. Stands, all sizes;
Medical Saddle Bags;
Pocket Medibine Cues;
Funnels, every kind;
- Graduate Measures;
Scales and Weights;
Mortari, overy kind;
Spatulars, ill Tyles, &c., Ae.
All of the most Reputable.Nostrums.
Strengthening Plasters, Pain Extractors, Eradies.
tors and Alleviators.
A full and complete skoir.
Various sizes and cut to any sie and shape desired.
Fresh from the manufactury.
A well selected and varied assortmentof the BEST
PERFUMERY, embracing Lubin's Genuine, and
Wright & Edrehi's deservedly popular.Handker
chief Extracts-Musk, superfine Grain and Ex
traot-Otto of Rose-Cologne, &0.
Pomatums a great variety;
air Oils, Dressers;
Restoratives, Dyes and DipIlatorles;
Cosmeties, Soaps, and a great variety of articles
for theitollet.
A complete assortment of Culinary Extracts, to
gether with a large supply of Allspice, Pepper,
Ginger, Nutmeg, Mace, Cloves, Tumerle, &c.
Colgate's Turpentine, White, Casteel and toilet
Casteel SOAP, white and common.
A splendid assortment of 'Hair, Tooth, Nail,
Flpsh, Paint, Varnish, Marking, Whitewash, Crumb
and Shoe BRUSHES;
Turkish TOWELS; i
COMBS, a fine and varied collection.
Embracing Common, Fine and Superfine Note,
Cap and Letter PAPER;
Envelopes, Steel Pent and Pencils
INKS, a large stock of the very BiST-superi
or for making records;
Violin and Guitar STRINGS;
Water Colored PAINTS ti boxes;
Pink Saucers, Thermometers, c.
SHOE BLACKING, a splendid article.
Fine Liqours for Medicinal Uses.
A supply on hand of Fine BRANDY, WINES,
GIN, and some pure unadulterated WHISKEY,
six yesrs old, for Medicinal purposes.
Having been uninterruptedly engaged in the
Drug business, in this place, for 10 years, with
their experience In the practice of Medicine in
this climate for near 25 years, they have necessa
rily learned the wants of this section. And hav
ing made the acquaintance and obtained the confi
dence of the most reliable Importing Drug Rouses,
they buy from first hands; and their Stock has
been carefully selected and bought by one of the
firm, who has just returned from the best Northern
markets, with reference to the purity of the artiole,
in preference to the price..
And they are happy'to say, that they can supply
Physicians, Merchants and Planters and all others
on as good terms as they can be supplied in any
other Southern market.
* A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE.
Edgefield, S. C., May 18 'tf 19
.Lght for EeryhodyI
N OW In Store a large supply of KEROSENE'
OIL, and arrangements made not to get
out again.
LA MPS of various end beautiful styles.
g|FSold exclusively for CASH.'*
A. G. * T. J. TEAGUE.
May 18 tf 19
T UE Subsicriber Is now opening a LARGE
end FRESH supply of
Consisting in part of
A. B. C., Crushed, Powdered and Granulated
Rio, Lagnyra and Java COFFEE;
Young Hyson, Black and Imperial TEA ;
MACKEREL. No. 1,2,53 and Mess;
SPICES of all deecriptions;
Sperm and Adatnantine CANDLES;
Sodsa and Butter CRACKERS;
PICKLES in pints, qts., i gal. and gallons ;
Brandied and Preserved FRUITS;
T.,mattn, Walnur and Meshrnon CA TSUPS;
MUSTA RD, Sardines, Lobsters, Salmon ;
Micekerel anid Oysters;
NUTS, Almonds, Pecan, Hazel and Wallnt;
WOOD WARE-Pointed and W~ell Buckets,
Brass Bound Water Buckets, Measures, Cocoa Dip
pers, Ac.
These Goods have been bought from the best
IHou-es in Philadelphia, and will be sold at LOW
jar All persons indebted will do me an especial
favor to -ysy the samne forthwith.
E. T. DAVIS, Agent.
May 18 tf 19
W~orld-Rernowned Mach'nes
N0O dIsgram Is required to prove that these Ms
chines make the very best stitch ever devieed
by human Ingenuity.
They sacemed universally, and are warranted for
one year or mnore, if desired.
They can ho seen In operation at the Millinery
Shop of Mrs. McNEIL, in this Village.
These Machines will be sold at the same price
here as at any of the Agencetes, or at the-princlpal
Establishment in New York, the freight only
Mr. GEO. S. McNEIL, an experienced Ma
chinist, will attend to setting up and giving In
structions on all Machines a
Machine Needles, Silk, Thread, &c., always on
hand at the Milliner Shop.
Edgeleld C . pril 13 tf 14
Division Head-Quarters.
Assavn.u. C. H., May 11th, 1859.
O RD ER NO.'7.
CAPT. JAS. GRIFFIN haling been elected
JBrigadier-General, 1st Brigade Cavalry 8. C.
M., will he obeyed and respected accordingly.
By order of the Major-General.
Division Adjt Gien'l.
May I8, 1t 19
State of' South Carolina,
Y W. F. DURISOE, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
field District.
Whereas, M. 0. Talman hath applied to me for
Letters of Administration, with the will annexed,
on all and singular the goods and ehattles, rights
and credilts of A. T. Traylor, late of the District
afarusatid, deceased.
Those are, thcrefore, to cito and admonish all
and singular, tihe kindred and creditors of the said
deceased, to be and appear before me, at our next
Ordinnry's Court for the said District, togoe holden
at EBfgcfield Court House, on the 30th day of
May, Inst., to show eause, if any, why the said'
administration should not bggranted.
Given under ghand and seal, this 16thI
day of Msy, in the year of our L~ord one thous-]
andeghthundredandfifty-nine, and in the eighty-.
third year of American Independsnaee,
U. .DUAJ80Ey 0-.n~.
MaJ1 Ua iS
DRS. A. G. & T. J.;TEAGUE,
B&G. leave to inform their friends that they hwe
Jpissociated themselves in the practice of. Medl.
eioejin its difdiront branches, aa-well as continue.
their copartnerahip in the sale of Drugs, A.
One or both may always be found at thair Store,
at any hourdf 'the. day or night. The patients of
on, will bithe patients of both, and will be at
tended by either or both without additional Charge.
April 19thi 1859 tf 15
'A.S O lIT C.
A REGULAR Communication of.. Concordia
Lodge, No. 50, A. F. M., will be held on
Saturday evening, 21st inst., a*t 8 o'clock.
By order of the IV. M.
L.. R. COGBURNSe'ry.
May 11 2t. 1
H AS just received from New York, a large sup.
ply of
44, 54 and 6.4 Pliin White and Checked
INDIA MATTINGS, of very superioi qualilTy.
Ingrain, Three-Ply, Venetian, English Bruals,
and Velvet CARPETS, at very low prices.
Embroidered Late and MuslinCURTAINS;
All of which will be sold at very low ricep, and
persons wishing ?hose articles are respectfully te.
quested to examine them before prchasing else
Augusta April 11. tf -.W
am desirous of'losing out my Stock of DRUGS,
MEDICINES, Ac., and will sell af sacriace
to any purchaser tahing the whole stock, wjuich Is
small, but comprising saleable articles.
Any one engaged in th business and.mllng
to buy, would find it greatly to their. tsto
give my stock an eamination.
a Everything sold will be warnted.Ceme
soon, you bargain hunters. Iam determined to il -
g|7 Terms will be favorabli to an approved
g For further informati , addew at
Hamburg, S. C.
. m . A. J. CREIGHTON.
Himburg, May 4, 1859 Im If
Normal and High School for
tshe Legislatore, will be opened for PUPILS,
on Monday, the 9th of May. Girls from the city,
who desire admission Into the High Scbool, will
nake application before that day to the Secretary
of the Board, at the Public School. louse.ln SL
Philip.street, near George, between the hours of 9
and 11 o'clock, a. m. Those who-apply from-the
country, under the liroviulons iof the Act illowln0
fifteen from each Congressional District, may app y
on or before the 9th of May, or'within oneo
The followin are the requisItIons for Admision
Into the Norma-School:
1. Applicants mnut- be at least' tsMe yeardof
ag, and not over twenty-1ve, 'of unquestionable
moral character, and in aound bodily health.
2. They must be able to sustain a good examina.
tion in the following subjects, via:
OnvuoaRPH-Oral and Written..
R RADEo-Wth facility, either Prose or Poetry.
GaoG nA P r-Geographical DefinItIons,, with
Modern Geography.
GsauAA--Deninitions anid Rules of Syntax,
with ability to parse plain English sentences.
AarruTBNaTC--Numeration, Simplesind Compound
Numbers, Reduction, Common acad Decimal Free
tions, Simple and Compound Proportion, and Com
putation of Interest.
Basfont-Of United States, with some know).
edge of-General History.
A legible handwriting will be required, with some
practice in English Composition.
,Iu addition to the foregoing, the applicants for
the State appointments must declare their desire to
make themselves competent .as Teachers in this
State, and on their appearance at School must pre
sent a certificate signed by 4 majority of the dae.
gsri'on fromt the election district in which she
Chalr.an of the.Board.
May 11, 1859 dt .IS
"Freighi as Cheap as the -Cheapeat.M'
T ~HE Excel Line having been thoroughly organ.
. ised on the 29th April, P.'L. Wade, appointed
President, T. H. Johnson, Secretary, R. J~hnson,.
Agent at Savannah, and H. F. Russell, Agent as
Augusta; the Steamer Excel will in future run 'In
connection with New Yorkr, Philadelplia., and Ba)
timore Steamships at Savannah and Georgia Rail
Road at Augusta, leaving Savannah on Saturday
Evening, and Augusta on Wednesday Morning.
All Goods for Northern and European markets and
the Interior, should he addressed to care of Agents
Excel Line at Savannah and Augusta. Forward
ing of course free.
With men so perfectly acquaint'ed with the for
warding and shipping business, It is needless to as
sure the public that prumnptness will characterise
ail operations of thi, Company.
R. JOHNSON. .Ag't Savannah.
H. F. RUSSELL, Ag't Augusta.
May 11, 1859 3m .IS1
T UE Subscriber offers for sale.
TI iONS, Improved and unimproved,
.,f the heat quality, selected by him
self. These tracts contain from FIVE HUNDRED
to. TIfRER THOUSAND ACRES i. a body. and
..re among the very best bodies of -land in Baker
County. .
Reference-Capt. 'Robt. Merriwether, Col. Jas.
C. Brooks, Mr. Allen B. Addison, and Dr.- J. W.
Stokes, President of Bank of Hamburg.
SW" Col. W. W. Casavmn will shew the above
Lands in my absence.
*My address is Columbus, Ga.. .
May 17 S m 18
For Sale in South-Western Georgia.
T HE following described property
has been placed in my hand for
sale, by one of the most successful
Cotton Planters In South-Western
Georgia, who desires a change of residence 'and
Three open and highly Improved PLANTA-.
TIONS, situated in the hecart of the " Limie Belt(
convenient to Railroad: ---
One containing 3,500 Acres;
One contan g1,750 Acres; and
One containin 1,150 Acres;
Together wih .lof the Stock complete, Plant.
ing Uesils, andan abundantaupplyof ProvIsIons,
Aso, sevent epeened, and A No. 1, Cettou
making NEGROSthe most of whom are work.
lug hands, will be sodwith the Plantations Ifd
mired, but not separately.de
terms, as followa, can be made: A small amount
of cash, and the balance in Instalments of one,
two, three and four years, well secured with inter
est payable annually.
Persons wishing to see the property, wBi please
notify me a few days before visiting the country,
thatlImaybe at home on theirarnival.
For further particulars address ma-at "Bonds
kills," Baker county, Georgia.
May 1!, 1859 - ia 18s
JUST feeived a fbll assortment of METALIC
BUR IAL CASES, all sises. Also, a new
ityle Case, full glass, full satin lining, ad axtra
Ine. The Metalic Cases will be sold LOW FOR
3ASHI. We buy for Cash, and will be necessarily
sompelled to sell on the same terms. Thirty'days
a the longest credit that will be given.
Also, MA HOGANY COFFINS at Augusta Pri
tea. Common WOOD COFFINS made to suit the
arder, both in quality and price.
SApril6 tf 13
II'1our, Bacon and Lard!
JrIHE Subscriber halb now in'Store and receiving
.from the best Packers,
Thich challenges comparison with any -BACON
n Town. It Is a choice lot, and no mistak;:"Al
)f Dorn's Brand, which Mr. Dorn himas -
sounces excellent. Try it, Ilousekeepers.
n Store several hundred pouds Chice Con
iARD, wrhich has been niel pked. ,
E'Theabove!I wish to a*duel sR

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