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"WE WILL CLING TO THE PILLARS OP THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIEEI3 8, AND IF IT MUST FALL, WE WILL PERISH AMIDST TE RUINS.
SIMKINS, DURISOE & 0t. oprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C., OVEMBtR 30, 1859.
State of South Carolina,
Arthur Wigfall, Trustee, and others.
E. J. Youngblood.
B Y Virtue of an order from Chancellor Ward
law, directing that the property held in Trust
under a deed of Indenture, between E. J. Young
blood and Eliza his wife and Arthur Wigfall, be
divided among the parties in interest, I will pro
eced to sell at Edgefield C. U. on the first Monday
in December next,
36 Likely Negro Slaves,
Viz: Marcub, Dido and her child Alfred, Andrew,
Harriet, Susan, Tildy, Cinda and her two children
Mat and Margaret; Suky and her two children
Amy and Becea, Phillis, Dick, Rias, Archy, John,.
Chancy and her two children Richmond and Sam;
Frank, Jupiter, Richard, Henry, Caesar, Nan and
her three children Moses, Tom and an infant
child; Mary and tiro children Bob and Lew; An
na, Melia, Tonoy.
Among this lot of Negroes, there are two ex
cellent Shoe-makers, one capital Carpenter, one
Black-smith, two capital Seamstresses-five good
Cooks, Washers and Ironers,-in fact Negroes of
all trades, young and sound.
Here is an opportunity which rarely presents
itself in this market to purchase valuable negroes.
Embrace it, as you may never have such another.
Term--A credit of twelve months with interest
from date except as to the costs of this proceeding
which must be paid'In cash. Purchasers to give
bond with two approved sureties to secure the
A. SIMKINS C.E.E.D.
Oct. 18th 1859 ot 41
State of South Carolina,
IN E QUIT Y.
B Y virtue of an order of the Court in this cause,
I will proceed to sell at the premises now oc
cupied by Mrs. Permelia Abney, on the second
Monday in December, all the Personal Estate of
Mark Abney, deceased, not the subject of litiga
tion in this suit, consisting of TEN LIKELY NE
GROES, and various other personalty.
TEaMs-A credit of twelve months, with inter
est from day of sale, except costs, which must be
paid in cash. Purchasers to give bonds with good
sureties to secure the purchase money.
A. SIMKINS, C.E.E.5.
Oct. 6, 1859 9te 39
State of South Carolina,
Christia Ann Buzzard and others,
V#. In Equity.
James W. Buzzard and others. I
Y virtue of anu order from Chancellor Ward
law in the above case, I will sell at Edgeield
C. 1., on Sale-day iii Decomber next, the tract of
land described in the Bill as the Clegg tract of
land, situated on the waters of Sleepy Creek, con
taining one hundred and fifty' acres, more or less,
adjoining lands of James McManu?, Col. John
Quattlebum and others. It will be sold on a credit
of twelve months, except as to so much. as will de
fray the expenses of the suit, which must be paid
in cash. Purchasers to give bond with adequate
A. SIMKINS, C.r..E.n.
Commissioner's Office, Nov. 1, 1859 5te -1.1
State of South Carolina,
Mary Rountree and Nancy Perry,
Joseph Hightower, Adm'or. c. al.
JJ NDER an order of the Court in this cause, I
*ill-proeced t# sellat Edgefleld Court House
on the first Monday in December, prox., the fol
lowing real Estate of Benj. Hightower, dee'd., viz:
A Tract of Land containing eleven hundred
Acres, more or less, situate-in Edgefield District,
the boundaries of which as exhibited in the Bill,
will be made known on or before the day of sale.
Tines-A credit of twelve months from the
day of sale, with interest from that date, except as
to the costs of this suit, which will be required in
cash. A. SIMKINS, C.E.E.D.
Nov. 9,1859 4t 44
State of South Carolina,
.IN EQUIT Y.
Louisa N. Traylor and others1
Mt. 0. Tallman, r
David II. Traylor and others. J
B Y virtue of an order of the Court in this cause
I will cause to be sold at Abbeville C. II. on
Sale-day in December, prox., TIlE TRA CT OF
LAND belonging to the estate of the late A. T.
Traylor, situated in Abbeville District, lying on
Calabash and Cul-y-town Creeks, containing about
three hundred and fifty-seven (35'7) acres, more or
less, and adjoining lands of J. L. Harmon, T. U.
Perrin and J. W. Hearst. Said tract is already
advertised in the Abbeville newspapers, and the
parties will please take notice accordingly. The
" Home Traet' in Edgefield will be sold on Sale
day in Jampyry nextas will appear mnore fully by
Terms.-A credit of one and, two years with in
terest fromn diy of ssdo, except cost to be paid in
A. SIMKINS, C.E.E.D.
Nov. 12, 1859 4te 45.
State of South Carolina,
E. R. McDaniel, and
Fred. McDaniel and others.J
Yvrtue of an order from Chancellor Wardlaw
Bin this cause, I will sell at Edgefleld C. H.,
on Sale-day in December, pr-ox. A TRACT OF
LAND, described in the bill, as situated in this
District, and contaiping one hundred and eighty
(180) acres more or less, being a tract conveyed
by Augustus C. Coper to Levi R. McDaniel, deo'd.
Terms.-A credit of twelve months. Cost to be
paid in eash.
A. SIMKINS, C.E.E.D.
Nov. 12, 1859 4te 45.
State oft South Carolina,
IN ORDJNA R1 Y.
Susannah Shealy, et. al. )
Vs. For Parttona
M. Laminack and wife, and ethers.J
BY an order from the Ordinary, I will proceed
to sell at Edlgetield C. I., en the first Monday
in jDecember next, for Partition, the Rteal Estate
of Wmn. Shealy, dec'd., consisting of a TRACT
OF LAND lying and being .in the District and
Statec aforesaid, cotainintg Two hundred acres.
more or 1es.9, :adjoininlg lands of J. Shealy, D.
Shenaly, S. Nichols and others.
Tr.ues-on a credit of twelve -Months. Fur.
ebasers to give bond antd good securities and a
mortgage of the premises to the Ordinary to se
cure the purchase moaney. Cost to be paid in
cash, and also to pay for Titles Extra.
JA31ES EIDSON, s.E.D.
Nov. 4, 5te 44
State of South Carolina,
I:. W. Saunders and wife Edney, Ap'ts.) For
TI.os. Chapmian and others, Def'ts. jPr'a
Y Van order from the Ordinary, I will proceed
to sell on the Sth December at the late resi
d-ece of Nathan Chiipman, decensed, the real
Estate of said deceased, consisting of a TRA CT
OF L AND) co.nt aining one hundred and thirty-live
acres, more or less, rituatedl on Terrapin Creek,
w terl of Saluda Rtiver. and bounded by lands of
Edward Culbreath, Andrew Chapman, lands be
loninmg to the Estate of James Wallae, Mrs. An
Wg~emnan, and' others. Lying and being in the
Dis'riet and State aforesaidi.
Tren1.-Onl a credit of twelve months, purcha
sers to give hond with good accurities and a nmort
gage of the premises to the Ordinary to secure the
purchase money. Cost to ho paid in cash, and
also to psy for Titles extra.
JAMES EIDSON, s.E.n.
Nov. 4 Sto 44.
PILLE BRANDY.--Ju't received one
C-. ask of ARINGTON'S TWO YEAR OLD
B. E. BOWEES, Agt
ilmbnre ov? I f 44
Y virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Pactas to
me directed, I will proceed to sell at Edge
field C. H., on the first Monday in December next,
the following property in the following cases to
A. Simkins, C. E. E. D. vs. Elizabeth Gibson
W. W. Havird for and other vs. Elizabeth Gibson
other Plaintiffs severally vs. the same, Seven Ne
gro slaves, viz: Nat, Harriet and her five children,
Charles, Andy, Sopha, Joe and Sealey.
Terms cash. JAMES EIDSON, 9.E.D.
Nov. 19 3te 46
State of South Carolina,
J. D. R. Miller,
. For Partition.
Henry Miller, e1 al.
B Y an order from the Ordinary, I will proceed
to sell on Friday the 2nd day of December
next, at the late residence of Mrs. Elizabeth F.
Miller, deceased, the Real Estate of said deceased,
consisting of a TRACT OF LAND, containing
One Hundred and seventy-seven acres, more or
less, bounded by lands of Charles Dunkin, D. J.
E. Padgett, George Huiet and others, lying and
being in the District and State aforesaid.
Tervie.-On a credit of twelve months, purchaser
to give bond aoin good securities, and a mortgage
of the premises to the Ordinary, to secure the pur
chase money. Cost to be paid in cash, and also
to pay for Titles extra.
JAMES EIDSON, s.H.D.
Nov. 4 5te 44.
REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
T RE Subscriber wishing to change the invest
ment, will soll at his place, 7 miles North-cast
of the Village, on 16th December, the follow!ng
The Homestead Tract of Land, containing
more or less. There is a good Framed llouso upon
the place, with Negro Houses, Gin House, Screw,
and other necessary buildings.
The piney woods Tract containing
more or less. A large portion of the above land
is creek and branch bottoms. and the uplands
are as good as any in the State for Cotton, Corn
and small grain. -ALSO
30 LIKELY YOUNG NEGROES,
two of them firstrato Bricklayers and Plasterers,
4 years at the trade, 16 and 1S years old-and one
first class Carpenter, 26 years old.
14 Mules and Horses; 50 head of Cows, principal
ly Grade Devons; 4 full-blood tull Calves; 54
Sheep, full-blood and Grade Merinos; nbout 75
lo-s of the Suffolk and Chester Breod; 1200
buslels of Corn; the Fodder, Shucks, &c., upon
pi0 TEnMrs-The Land will be sold upon five
years time, equal annual instalnents, interest from
dute. The Negroes and other property upon one
and two yeurs time, equal annual instalments, in
terest from date. All sums of and under $50, eash.
Nov. I0, 1859 tf '5
Valuable Cambridge Lands, Negroes,
I1orses, Stock of all Kinds, &c.
John E. Cain and others,
re. Bill for Rclif, &c.
Caroline E. Cain and ther-1 - -
WILL BE SOLD ON THE
20 DECElV.E ,
Next, at the plantation of Dr. S. V. CAIN, dec'd.,
NEAR NINETY-SIX DEPOT,
On the Greenville and Columbia Rail Road, Ab
boville District, the following valuable property:
Of the late Dr. S. V. CAIN. Consisting of near
Well improvod, with
FINE MEW NEGRO HOUSES,
and OVERSEER'S HOUSE,
One mile of Ninety-Six Depot on the Grceenille
Rail Road, and one of the
in the District.
30 YOHG AD tIHLY NE0110E,
Ilorses andl Milles,
STOCK OF ALL KINDS,
WAGONS, CARTS, CORN, FODDER, PROVIS
IONS, HOUSEHOLD AND KITCHEN
And everything relating to a well regulated farm.
The terms unusudly favorable.
All purchasms under Twenty Dollars Cash. All
purchases of and over Twenty Dollars, bend and
two good sureties, upon a credit of one, two and
three years, equal imstalments, bearing interest
from day of sale, and payable annually, and in
addition, as to land, mortgage.
W. H. PARKER, C.E.a.D.
Nov. 18, 1859 5t 45
BIY virtue of an order from W. F. Durisoe, Or
Ddinary, I will proceed to sell on Wednesday
the 14th of December next, at the late residence
of Robert Aiton, deceased, all the Personal Estate
of said deceased, consisting of
Fourteen Likely Negroes,
Horses, one Mule, Cows, Hoegs, Sheep, Household
and Kitchen Furniture, Plantatiou Tools, &c.
Tznam-On a credhit of twelve months, with in
trest from date: all sums under ten dollars cash.
Purchasers required to give their notes with two
or more good sureties.
ROBER T QUA RLES, Adm'or.
Nov. 18, 1859 4L 45
BY virtue of an order from the Ordinary, I will
iproceed to sell at the late residence of Mrs.
Mildred Aiton, deceased, on Wednesday the 14th
Decembe. next, all the personal Estate of said
decesed, consisting in part as follows, viz:
Household and Kitchen Furniture, Plantation
andl Blacksmith Tools, one Rouad Wagon, one Ox
Cart, one Cow, Hogs. Corn, Fodder, &c.
TERM~S-On a credit of twelve months with in
terest from date, for all sums over ten dollars,
for all sums under ten dollars e.sh. Purchaser to
give notes with two or more good sureties.
ROBERT QUARLES, Adm'or.
Nov. 16, 1859 4t 45
B Y an order from the Ordinary, I shall proced
to sell on the 15th December next, at the late
residence of L. H. McDaniel, deceased, the follow
ing property, to wit:
13 Likely Younug Negroes,
Mules, Horses, Cattle, 'Fattening atnd Stock Hogs,
Corn, Foddler and Shucks, Cotton Seed, Black
mth and P'lantation Tools, Household and Kitch
n Furniture, and other articles too tudious to men
T~N-na credit of twelve months, with in
terest from date.
FltEDERICK McDANIEL, Adm'or.
Nov. 9, 1850 J 4 t* 44
will sell on Thursday the first daiy of December
next, att moy residence, within three miles of
Lincolton, Gieorgia, the following property, to wit:
12 or 15 Likely Young Negroes,
consisting of men, women. airls and b~oys, SEVEN
lllRE D AND FORTY ACRES of Soap Creek
LAND) in Lincoln County, weoll inmproved.
Also, my entire Stock of HORSES, MULES,
CATTLE and 110(15, CARRLIAGE, WAGON,
PLANTATION TOOLS, &c.
TRMas-One-thirdl cash, the lbalance on one and
two years credit, with interest from datto of sule,
to he secured by Mortgage or Notes and approved
t3 ae WILLIAM C. ROBERTSON.
ar-v 9, 18so di 44
will proceed to sell at the late residence of
AMON LINDSEY, deceased, on TUESDAY
the 13th day of December next,
A Lot of very Likely Negroes,
one or two Horses, and two shares in the Odd Fel
lows & Masonic Building.
At the same time and place I will sell
Two Tracts of Land,
part and parcel of the Real Estate of the said
Amon Lindsey. deceased, one Tract adjoining
lands of Daniel Quattlebumi and other lands of
said deceased, containing one hundred and seventy
nine Acres, more or less. The other Tract ad
joining lands of A. Bushnel, W. W. Adams, J. B.
Griffin and other lands of said deceased, and con
tains one hundred and fifty Acres, more or less.
TERus-On a credit of twelve months, with in
terest from day of sale. Purchasers to give notes
with suflicient surety to secure the purchase money.
MARSHAL FRAZIER, Ex'or.
Nov. 9, 1859 tf 44
Negroes and Land for Sale.
W ILL be sold to the highest bidder on Tues
day and Wednesday the 3d and 4th Janua
ry next, at the place formerly owned by Col. Jos.
Taylor, deceased, lying on Big Generostee Creek,
5 miles west of Anderson C. 11., about
Men, Women and Children, most of them young
and likely. Also, the Plantation consisting of
Divided into convenient and desirable Tracts, all
of them having a sufficiency of timbered, and
most of them a considegiblo portion of bottom
land. Plats of the several Tracts will be exhibi
ted on the place by the Overseer, who will show
them to persons desirous of purchasing.
The Crop of Corn, Fodder, Stock of Horses,
Mules, Cattle, logs, Carriage, Wagonp, Planta
tion Tools, Furniture, ant various other articles
will be sold at the soine time. The sale will be
positive and without reserve.
Terms, which will be liberal, made known on
day of sale.
DAVID S. TAYLOR,
Agent of Mrs. Nancy Taylor.
Pendleton, S. C., Nov 22. 6t 46
W ILL be sold for division on the 1st Monday
in December next, by consent of both sub.
scribers, A TRACT OF LAND divided by Horn's
Two Hundred and Twenty-One Acres,
fifty of which is bottom well ditched, and very
valu:able. Said Traet adjoins lands of J. L. Ad
dison, T. Lundy, Jno. Raineford and Arthur Glo
Tenus-interest from date. payable twolve
months thereafter. ARTHUR GLOVER,
Nov. 15, 3t 45 x
I will ALSO
Sell at priato tale, the TRACT OF LAND on
which I reside containing
Five H1undred and Sixty-Three Acres,
ninety of which is rich bottom land. Said Tract is
improved and in good repair.
Terms accommodating to purchaser.
Nov.15 .t 45
W ILL le sold at the residence of WILLIAM
COLEMAM, deceased, on Wednesday the
14th December next, all the personal property of
said doccased, consisting of
Thirty-Five Likely Negroes,
Black Smith's Tools, two excellont Road Wagons,
one now Buggy, one Gin and Thrasher, a fine lot
of Mulos, Cattle, Stock and fat Hogs; Provisions
of every description on the plantation, such as,
Bacon, Flour, Lard, Corn, and ninny other articles
not necessary to enumerate.
piY Terms made known on day of sale.
JOHN P. ABNEY, I E
A. P. COLEMAN, Jx'ors.
N. D.-Those indebted to the Estate, will find it
to their interest to make payment (or other satis.
factory arrangements with the Executors) forth.
with. -J. P. A. EI s.
A. P. 0. XOs
Nov. 2, 1859 60- 43
W ILL be sol at Publie-outcry on Friday the
2nd day of December next, at my residence,
one mile North of UiIgal Church, on the Martin
Town Road, the following property, viz:
One goodh Saddle and hnrness Morse, one good
Plantation Horse, one Colt, one Piano, good as
new and late style; one sett of tine Mahogany
Chairs, and one Rtockaway, with other articles in
the Household department, too tedious to mention.
-A L S 0
Ono lot of Hogs in good order, one lot of Cattle,
among them several good milk Cows.
Terms made known on day of sale.
Nov. 23, 185 9 2t 48
T HIE Subscriber will offer for sale at the reai
dence of Snowden S. Crafton, on Thursday
the 8th December next, all that Plantation
or tract of Land situate in this District, containing
Six Hundred and Fifty Acres,
more or less, adjoining lands of Joseph Mern
wether, Mrs. Mary Key, lands of the Estate of
Arhy Crafton, deceased, and others, being the
Trcet of land whereon the said S. S. Crafton now
Upon the premises nre a good Dwelling House,
with convenient out-buildings, and the Tract is
distant only fifteen miles from Augusta.
At the same time and place will be sold 5 or 6
MULES, a pair of excellent MATCH HORSES,
2 WAGONS, a COTTON GIN, CORN, FODDER,
OATS, and divers implements of agriculture.
pe TaN oP SAL.B.--The land on a credit of
one and two years. Purchase money to be secured
by note with approved sureties.
As to the personal property, the terms will be
made known on the day of sale.
MARTHA A. CRAFTON, Ex'tr'x.
Nov. 18, 1859 3t 45
Towvn Property for Sale.
A LL persons wishing to invest their capital in
real Estate, will find it to their Interest to
call upon the subscribers, as they now offer for
salo upon reasonable terms, the
Situated in the Village of Edgefiold, adjoining
the Store H~ouse of Col. M. Frarzier and the Ad.
The said HOUSE has two large rooms-one of
which is at present occupied by R. Flanigan, as a
Shoe Store; the other by A. Ramsay as the Post
This House, unless sold at private sale, will be
exposed to the highest bidder on the first Mon
day in January next.
For terms of sale apply to R. W. Tompkins, or
either of the subscribers.
BEN. WALDO,1 B,
J. N. LIPSCOMB. xors.
Oct19 lit 41
A Cheap Place!
T HlIE Subscriber will sell to suit
purc~hasers his DESIRABLE
AND WELL IMPROVED Tract
of LAND, near Winter Seat, on
Hard Labor Creek, containing.
Nine hundred and Fifty Acres.
Five hundred and fifty woodland, well timbered
three hundred ecearud and in a titne state of culti
vation, seventy-fire of which is Creek and Branch
bottom, one hundred and twenty-five fresh up
land thact will produce fronm six to eight hundred
lbs. Seed Cotton, and fromn fifteen to twenty bush
els Corn per nero without manure.
Those dlesirous to buy laind in Edgefield or Ab
bovillo will do well to look at wnine, as I ant de
tertined to soil, and will give a great Ilargain.
The buildlings arc good and in thorough repair.
Come quick, or you will loose a bargain.
JOHN W. MdcKELLAR.
Sept 14l tf 368
NOTCE--The Notes and Accounts due Becr.
Lryumn for Thoots anad Shoes have boeen placed
in the htands oaf Johan Li. Addisoin, Esqr.. for col
letionl. WVill those who tnre indlebatnd to himi,
pInSSO call tat the Squiro's ollico andl settlei The
money must be paid. S. F. (GOODS.
aDCLIm&%S 8ss*. 41
For the Advertiser.
BY S. A. L.
"Thus clinging fast to that light spar withVi
her arms, she floated out upon the dark and unD
known sea that rolls around all the world."
Dicsrass "Doxay & Sox."
"That rolls around the world" and every wave.V
Receeding from time's shores a epirit bears
To unknown olimes, that its dark waters lave,
The eortain goal of human hopes and fears.
That "unknown sea" that stretches far away-'
Unfathomed and obscure, beyond our sight;
With crested wavelets which we cannot see
Or billows dik in contrast with theirlight.
Upon those billows drear the stricken souls
Of those who loved not God, in dread dismay
Are driven off with bare and shattered poles
Among the breakers which beset the.
But oh! those snowy waves which shh
Like pearl crowned islands on the
Are freighted well with treasures for V.
With ransomed ones for which the
And far beyond, that sinless, spotless it
New born of chaos from our Fathjsr'
With many a flag of victory unfurled
Are cherub forms along the glittorin
All waiting in their eager sweet surprit
To greet the dear onoswhom they lovi .
The babe its mother with her loving o)
The houored ono who gave an angel
Its aged sire-the master's faithful son
The gentle sister or the brother dear
Each treasured friend who hath the vie
As the bright barque near',to lifle's sho
And yet we fall as leaves are falling r*
So noiselessly upon this autumn da*
Borne on death's tide all outward bou
O'er the encircling sea that girds th
If thou our anchor be, Oh! Thou ilt
Then shall no shoals impede or sto, -
Thou at the helm, our haven you blu
Soon shall we enter to the perfect:
Rose Cottage Nov. 11th 1859.
For the Advertiser.
A Few Words to Bachelor.
SomC men remain bachelors
because they are afraid to ask
marry them lest she should say
era because they have never ha.p
with the right one, and a few
because they think thet e is no
good enough to become their
again from various causes lea -
gle wretchedness to the end of t
to marry-or as a g- ntleman 1.
quaintly expresses it, "get r
stands quite as good a chance
can only brace himself up to tbi
as one who feels more confiden
Young . en should be caret
lection of a life partner. It is n
for a man of small means to marry a fashion
able young lady, whose idea of married life
consists in an elegant equipage, magnificently
furnished house, and superb wardrobe; a se
ries of party-giving and party-going, and all
other expenditures us keeping. Unless the
lady possesses wealth where are all these
things to conme from'? And yet. fashionably
raised girls of the present day anticipate all
these things, and are contentwith nothinag less.
They expect to spend thei:- summers at some
fashionable place of resort, their winters in
town-a bax at the opera, another at the T1he
atre-balls and parties innumierable,-their
life is made up of fashion, shobv aud excite
ment. I would say to all meni of moderdite
means, be wise in time, and leave fasihionable
women to men who are able to support their
folly and extravagance. I can assure you,
one and all, it is a solemn thing to be married
and not matched ; a mistake for life is no light
matter. In looking for a wife try to find a
woman who is willing to marry your cireum
stances and live within your income ; who will
not only take you for a husband, but will also
try to he a wife to you in every sense of the
word -a good, clever, seusible girl. If she is
pretty, or wealthy, or eveni both, wvell and
good ; if she is neither, you may still find af
ter marriage that you have gained a prize.
If men could bring themselves to think more
of mental and domestic qualilieations, a cheer
ful disposition, amiable temper, and kind
heart, and less of a pretty face and graceful
form, the majority of them would have better
wives. A truc-hoarted, pure-minded woman,
let her be plain or pretty, tall or ahort, stout
or slender, is always lovely ; Face and form
have but little to do with real beauty. Men
are many times accused of mai-rying a woman
for her money, aind in point of fact they would
not dare to marry the same woman wvithout
it, being fully aware of her anticipation of fu
ture splendour and luxury, aiid knowing full
well that an extravagant girl wvill be sure to
make a doubly extravagant married woman.
True there are men who would not marry
any woman living unless she possessed wealth.
They marry the money and take the lady with
it as they would the mortgage on Jmn estate.
Still I must say that I believe the number of
such men to be less than is generally sup
posed. If a man marries a wealthy woman a
certain set of people will be sure to say, " he
married her for her money," whereas lie would
have married as readily if she had been poor.
Money in such a ease would be rather an oh
jection than an object Dent he afraid to
arry a woman wh, is a little bit of a " blue
stocking," or in other words "slightly litera
ry" The generality of men, are I know, a
little afraid, or perhaps I should say jealous of
such women, thinkinig that they may devote
time to writing that should be more profitably
employed in overseeing the cook, making pies
and puddings, or sewing on the the buttons
that are always off. Banish all such fears,
1elieve tie, no right-minided woman will be
conic indifferenit to her husband's comfort,
nor careless of her household alfairs, though
she may ait the same time be very fond of her
pen. To sonic, writing is a recreation ; and I
hold that eveni a wife may scribble a little oc
cainally without neglecting her domiestie
Beware of -a woman who speaks ill of her
sex ; who turns up her nose at other girls be
cause they dent happen to possess as much
money or as large a share of beauty as her
self; who always makes some envious or dis
paraging remark whenever the name of a fe
male acquaintance happens to be mentioned
in herpresence; who always makes some slight
remark about every. girl she knows; hates
!.this one and despises that one; in short, loves
no one except herself. I repeat It, beware
.of such a girl. Dont ask her to marry you
for she will not make you a good wife. If -a
man deserves any wife at all, he deserves a
better one than such a girl will make. There
are many good and lovely women who live
and die single becuse they have not the art
of showing themselves off to advantage; their
'faces are perhaps plain, their forms ordinary;
either beauty nor grace, and
not appreciated. Most ien
id near-sighted that they can
ieliness of soul and grace of
len beneath a homely exterior.
be forgotten that homely mai
become very handsome ist
.he contrary the very handson
and lose their beauty in after
k for perfection ; woman are
- eet than men. All have their
eet that in marrying you take
- :er or worse."
il you bachelors of twenty-one
look up the right sort of girls
of yourselves," as soon as possi
can be worse than a lonely life
old age. And supposing that
d find afterwards that your wife
- what you would like her to be,
y to teach her or have her taught
-s not know. No one is to blame
ing what they have never had the
,f hearing. 1lany a wife would
rm to the wishes of her husband
new what his wishes were.
an's duty when he irarries to let
.w the amount of his income, and
.aner he expects her to manage his
fairs. It is his duty to be candid
.t, and not allow her to believe him
more than he really is. Any sen
-an will cineur in her husband's
.ld endeavor to do the best she can
mount of money allowed for house
- purposes. If the husband should
ais wife is not capa.ble of managing,
g to make the most of whathe thinks
for all reasonable denands,-in
t willing to be taught that which she
know, the . husband must exercise
- .ience and perseverance; be kind and
u m,'=radsdrely, sooner or later, he
eed, at lepst to a certain extent. It
.e five years to mould even a pliant
be all be would have her. But is it
-r to spend the leisure hours of even
th of time in such a pursuit than to
'.ty, thirty or even forty years with a
is any thing else rather than a help
Quarreling between husband and wife is
altogether out of place, out of character, and
it is high time it should go out of fashion.
No man should speak cross to his wife; what.
ever lie has to say to her should be said in a
kind and gentle manner, or not at all. Noth
ing can make a man appear meaner than to
find fault with his wife in the presence of a
third person. I could niever afterwards think
well of any one who had clone such a thing.
Very true sonme women are a great trial to
their husbands, appear to have no capacity
for any thing useful, and prove of little more
utility than an automaton in a household.
They are pretty and graceful before marriage,
almost fascinating,--eross !anad peevish after
marriage, whenever things dont go altogether
to their taste. For instanice, if the husband
does not give them money su.!:eient to gratify
all their wants, real and imaginary, the very
mischief is to pay. The great wounder is why
will men of soatid sense marry such women ?
Surely any one may guess pretty acecutely,
even before marriage, what a girl's tastes and
But if men will persist, in selecting dolls for
life partners; who will spend all the money
they can get, and comb out their husbanid'
heads occasionally with a three-legged stool,
it is no concern of mine. I can only repeat
what I have already :;aid, " be wise in time."
I admit that all women are apt to be a lit
tle fond of attention; little attention go a great
way with us. For instance, a present on a
birth-day or some anniversary. I shall never
forget'how it made my heart beat when Mr.
Lavender came in one day and said, " Have
you forgotten? This is the tenth anniversary
of our marriage," and taiking my hand placed
upon the third finger a plain gold ring, with
as much love and feeling as he had placed the
wedding ring there ten years previous, and
then added, ".[ intend placing an additional
ring there every tenth year, as long as we
both live, and we shall be certain to know
when the time of our golden wedding arrives."
I dent expect, in the natural courseof events,
to live to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of
my marrriage, or golden wedding, as it is
termed, but whenever I do die, let it be sooner
or later, I shall certainly die in the belief that
the honey-moon should last one's lifetime.
A BRmsr Pr..ACE.-A st'amboat passing down
the Ohio stopped at the town of Paducah.
Being detained there an hour or so, the pas
sengers (as usual upon such occasion.') went
ashore. Among them was a deck passenger,
who soon returnied to the boat in a rather more
nervous and excited state than he hmft it. As
soon as he got aboard he remarked to one of
the officers or the boat that Paducah was quite
a brisk little town. The olieer remarked that
he never thought so.
" Well, Sir, says the deck passenger, you
may rely upon it that you are mistakenm, for I
found it to be a very brisk little place, and one
where business is done with great isipatch ;
for, said he, I have been up irr thme townm, stole
a pair of socks, had a trial ad got whip~ped,
and here I am again onboard the boat in less
thana half an hourl"
WHNan urchin is observed about a mo
lasses barrel, with one end of a straw inserted
ina the bung-hole anid the other in his mouth,
it is generally conceded that hie is enjoyinig
"the anrdt or hir."s
Ben Adam had a golden coin one day,
Which he put out at interest with a Jew;
Year after year, awaiting him, It lay,
Until the doubled coin, two pieces grew,
And these two, four-so on, till people said,
"How rich Ben Adam is !" and bowed tho servile
Ben Selim had a golden coin that day,
Which, to a strangur, asking alms, he gave,
Who went, rejoicing, on his unknown way,
Ben Selim died, too poor to own a grare;
But when his soul reached Heaven, angels with
Showed him the wealth to which his coin had
Teach the Women to Save.
There's the secret. A saving woman at
the head of a family is the very best savings
bank yet established-one that recoives de
poisits daily and hourly, with no costly ma
chinery to manage it. The idea of saving is
a pleasant one, and if " the women" would
imbibe it once, they would cultivate aid ad
here to it, and thus many when they were
not aware of it, would be laying the founda
tion for a competence, security in a stormy
time, and shelter in a rainy day. The wo
man who sees to her own house has a large
field to save in, and the best way to make
her comprehend it is for her to keep an ae
count of current expenses. Probably iot
one wife in ten has an idea how much are the
expenditures of herself or family. Where
from one or two thousand dollars are expend
eel annu1:ally there i.; a ch:mee to save .otene
thing, if the attellipt is ouly made. Let the
housewife take the idea-act upon it-and
strive over it--and she will save many dol
lars-perhaps hundreds-where before she
thought it imiposible. This is a duty-nut a
prompting of avarie-a moral obligalion
that rests upon all--upon "the women" as
well as the men; but it is a duty, we are
sorry to say, that is cultivated very little,
even amning those who p each the most, and
regard thenselves as exaemlp!os in most inat
ters. " Teach the women to save," is a good
enough maxim to be in.,erted in the next
edition of " Pour Richard's Almanac."
I i.% passe. my Freshman year in -
College, and was just about to enter the So
phomore, %hen I had a 'chun' assigned to me.
Ilis name was Jacob L-; he was the son
of a clernyman in the western part of the
State. ie appeared to be somewhat verdant,
and I confess I was not backward in taking
advantage of his inexperience. After h's fur.
niture had been brought into the room which
was to be our common habitation, and pro
perly arranged, lee requested me to look at
the books which he had brought with himia,
and inform him whether he needed any other
that he had not. I complied with hi request,
and then informed him that lie still required
one more to carry him through the studies
of the term. He naturally inquired what it
" Dr. -'s Modern Antiquities," I replied.
" Where can I procure'it ?" he inquired.
" Old Prex can furnish you with a copy,"
Strait down to *t-old'Prex" he wentAnd
requested a copy of the work in question.
' What do you want ?" inquired the Presi
" A copy of your Modern Ant;quities," said
"Modern what, Sir."
"Modern Aritiquities, Sir."
"Do you know what you are talking about ?"
inquired the President.
Just then the fact that he had been sold
entered. Jake's receptacle of wisdom; and
muttering an inefllicient and somewhat unin
telligible apology, but no explanation, ie rush
ed out of the house in search of his chum who
had so easily sold him.
B- ..Iho rarelyshaned the devil, one
said . his friend : " Jack is a good fellow ;
but ..cmust be confessed he has his failings.
I ,..n sorry to say so, but I will acot tell a lie
for any nman. 1 love nmy friend, but I love
truthc still cmore." " My dear B3-," said a
by-stancder, laying his hand upon his shoulder,
" never expected that you would have pre
ferred a perfect stranger to an old acquaiu
Anotrr the close of the Texan war, a steam
boat was runninag betweecn New. Orleans acnd
Galveston, the captaina of which, in a truly
patriotic way, let it be knownc that he would
trasport the dischargred Texani soldiers to
New Orleans without fee or reward. It mnay
be made a sure thing that the worthy steacm
boat man was tnot without calls. One day a
stalwart fellow came down and demanaded
passage o'n the aforesaid p~roamise. The cap
tain looked at him for a moomaent, and then
" Were you in the war?"
"Yes, Sir-r-r-r-r," responded the six footer.
" What were you ?" said the captaina.
"A high perivate," acnswejred the applicant.
"Go right on board, stranmger-," said the
captaina. " I've beecn runncing this boat two
years, acid carried up more than two thousanud
men that tit ; but you're the fust private i've
met so fiar."
AccoMMaODATING.-" Well, Mr. Green,"
said the judge, " you know it is my duty to
order you to be haunged ?"
"Yes, judge, I s'poso so," replied the cul
" Well, Mr. Green, when will it be most
convenient for you to be hacnged ?"1
"IWell, you ace I don't care a straw my
self-any time the Court pleases."
The Court then directed the clerk to look
in the Almanac, and see if the next Friday
three weeks did not comne on Sunday, and
baving ascertainced that it did not, informed
the offender that lie would be hanged on that
day at one o'clock.
"iStop, old fellow," said the subject of the
law; "stop-I reckon the ager comes on
about eleven that morning, acid, if it's all thme
same to you, i'd like to be hanged about ten.
It would be a great accommtiodationl."
APALoU.-.A poor laborer, in a certain
village, died, after a long illness; and having
escaped the turmoils of existence, presented
himself at the gates of Heaven, where he
found he had beeni preceded by a rich man
of the same locality, who had just died, and
having previously knocked, hcad been adumit
ted by the Apostle Peter. The laborer, who
stood without, was enchanted by the ravish
ing sounds of singing, rejoicing and sweet
musie~ which appeared to hail the entrance of
the ~ives; and having knocked in his turu,
was also admitted.
But what was his astonishment at finding
silence, whcere seraphie sounds had so l.ately
ben joyou%ly uttered !
'llowv is this 7" Ihe demanded of Peter ;
cwhen the rich man entered, I heard mu-se
ed siniging; is there, thon, the same distine
tion between rich acid poor in heavena as on
" Not at all," replied the A postle, " but
the p come to heaven every day, whereas,
.t is scarcely one in a hundred years that a
rich uan gains admnissiona."
How ris -ro TO1 Doxs.--An opposition pa
per asks how the South is going to elect a
Democratic Presideut without the North ?
ihe plan is very simple. The Democracy
will carry New York in 1860, and thus secure
iryve tes~to add to thoe of the South
. m.-MNew a Y.~IIaI
From the Soutb Uaroinalan.
The Republican Party and AbolitionismU
Although the easy fall of Harper's Ferry
into the hands of Capt. Brown and his squad
of men, and the wild and frantic panlic that
has since prevailed there, must impre-s out
siders with an unfavorable and false idea of
the permanency and security of our social
structure, yet the great results that mnust
grow out of the excitement will not be with.
out its decisive results. The idea of t:io
South making issues for disunion or revolh
tion, we hava never entertained. We never
have believed she could ever be induced to
come, with united front, to the support of
any issue either proffered or forced upon her
from within her own fbld. We have always,
therefore, approved the policy of noderation
for unity, and'unity ibr successful esistance
to aggression. All accusrtion of unsoundnts4
against the border Southerit States we h:ve
discountenanced, believing that when the tme
came for action, they would be ready to net,
and that, not until they were reoiy, wutaild
there be any action. This is thu policy %ve
shall still adhere to. It i our firm eonvic.
tion that this anti-slavery sentiment umst
,lie out, or it must assume the aggreisive
phase which the Harper's' Ferry airtir pre
sents. The Republican party niust either
come fully up to it and sustain it, or it i.ist
he dismembered and its fragments foriae.l
into other associations. That Lhe conwei va
tive and intelligent portion of the party
embracing those who duly estimate the v I..e
of the Union, and tho-e who are ond% Re
publicans from political antipathy to Demo.
eracy-will recoil from the sharp and decikive
c011iliet which the true anti-slavery nmen -,re
forcing upon the North, we do not doubt.
Not so, however, with the majority of the I
party. What then? Nothing less than h 's
tile deinonstrationS, whieh will fall is all
their violence upon the lAirer States, and
urge these to a point of resistance in which, I
whatever it may be, they will be fully anal 1
earnestly sn.tained by the more Southern
States. This is the complection to which
tho anti-slavery sentiment must arive. The
cowardly pulpit politicians rho prate ab.-ut
the spirit of the Pilgrim lathers, insteal of
haf of Christ aid his Apo-tles.-theso men
who use the pulpit mit the Lird's day for
the promnlgation of ideas which they v ill
never be found acting out-theso are the won
who will incite others to self-destruction and I
imperil the safety of the Union. These are
the men whose teachings New England foi
lows, whose fulminations a majority of her
people tremble. before. These are the m.-n
who will drive the Republican party into ac;
Live Abolitionism, or proclaim its mission a
failure. Let Brown sud I. followers, then,
be executed. They have been guitty of mur
der, of arson, of robbery, of treason; and if
in the opinion of the North these crimes are
so redeemed and canceled by the object they
had in view, that their execution will inilame,
and drive a majority of its people into a p .li
y of active Abolitionism, then be it s0. TOi'
this crisis has the anti-slavery agitation been
tending from its inception. It is utterly im
possible for it to remain a peaceful and inte
tive sentiment a moment after its succes.ful
adoption by a majority of the Northern peo
pe, and the South as only to wait w-th firm
and united front the conflict that reddons ii
the future. She can neither accelerate nor
delay it. She has bgt the alternative of ae
eptinu the issue when presented, or of re
joicing at the triumph of reason and consti
tutional conservatism, should they, by Pro
vidential interposition, be again instAled in
the control and goverance of the Northern
Another Editor Made Happy.
It is with feelingsof pleasure and gratifiot
tion we record the marriage of our fried,
T. Q. Donaldson, E-q., one of the editors of
the Patriot and Aonnainzeer, to one of Green
ville's lovely and accomplished daught-rs.
There is something " grand and peculiar" in)
the mnarriage of an editor. It is an incident
which goes to make up the history of a vil
lage, and forms a most pleasing and hapi.y
reminiscence. The institution of marria-;e
is, perhaps, of all others, the most servceale
to an editor. The married editor is doubly I
muore valuable to his readers than the baiche
lr one. By the very act itself, he is made a f
better man ; and then, when he has becomte I
acquainted with all those winning ways which
go to make honme a joyous place, he is thrice
prepared to enter the wide fields of the world,
to grapple with the strange and stirring re
dities which beset him. Married editors arc,
without doubt, the most contented. We I
never knew one that would not rather " bea.ri
the ill< he htad, than fly to others lhe knmew 1
not of." The mission of an editor's wife
what is it ? It is the most pleasant and the
rot trying one in life ! It is at once agreea
ble and troublesome-a conidition 'twixt hap
piness and misery-a munnshine and a cloud.
She lives the constant rival of a great heap of I
newspapers. and a moniument of patienee,
loveliness and excellence. Who would ntut
he an editor's wife ? But we must stop anel
irr our maost- hearty congrtitulations to our
friend and his bride. May their livei be
happy-their happins enduring.-Green
PAST Taountss.-Don't harp on past
troubles. When we see a pi~le nervous we
ma, in the midst of her f'riends, preferrnng
to entertain them with a list of the racking
pains she has suffered, to a asunter in God's
free air and sunshine, we cannot wonder that
the rose returns not to her blanched cheek.
Why is it that to some those memories are
very meat and drink'? They consume them
-the bitter agony is acted over and again,
the tears thrice shed, the place cherished1
where such a dreadful thing occurred--the
scar fondly petted that tells of the almost
fatal knife. They grasp over, andl yet cling
Punmau MEErm'NG.-- meeting of the citi
nen of the District will be held in the Court
House on Monday ne.4 the '28th inst., at
eleven o'clock, the object of which, will be to
give public expression to the sentiment of the
ommunity in regard to the importance of'the
acting by our Legislature of additional lawd
for our protection against abolition enmissa
ies; and at the same time to organize a
District Vigilance Association to be composed
of members f'rom all parts of the District, who
will be charged with the special duty of look
ing after alli suspicious characters, such as
book agents, pedlars, drummers for Northern
houses, clock menders, &c., now so f'requently
seen in in our midst.-Orangeburg Southron.
THE East AFRICAN S.AvE TRAnE.-The
Salem Register publishes the following ex
tract of a letter from Zanzibar, dated Sep
"An Amerie'an clipper ship took off 1,200
nres from the coast a few days since. If
00reach Havana, the owe will make -t
$400,000. They were shipped f'om Ibo, and
cot about $80,000. If people send ships on
this coast for slaves they can get themi. John I
Bull is asleep. There are two English men I
of war in port, watching a chance to pounced
on Syeed Madjd I suppose. The captain of I
the slave ship was a S.paniard, and hoisted
American colors when mnecesity required."
H that gives good advice, builds with onea
hand ; he that gives good c mnsel and exam.- f
pe, builds with both ; but he that gives good
admonition and bad example, builds with one v'
a..d -ad mn.s dowia sith the other.-Baen.l
The Alarm of Saturday NV.bt ..
The telegraphic messages from Charles
town, received by the Executive on Satuiday
ngt, were such that it was deemed proper
to ,ound the alarm previously agreed upon as
the signal for' the immediate rendezvous of
the volunteers of this city at the Richmond,
Fredericksburg and Potoiiac rail road depot,
to take their departure for Charlestown. The
bell gave its warning. about seven o'clock-.
tfter the departure of the mail train for the
Kirth. The whole force-aniounting to'about
six hundred men-promptly assembled, fully'
roused, and took their departure by the cars
At ten minutes before ten o'cleck. This was,
indeed, a prompt moveient. Governor Wiso
secompanied the military, and is dotermined
himself to liok intc the- condition: of -afairs
Yesterday nur-ning, three volunteer con
paties froin Peter.-brgi passed through this.
:ity on the regular mail train, en. route for
We have not the messages received by.the
Governor; but it Is understood that they res
ported budies of men proetediig towards
Aharlestown for the purpose of rescuing Tohin
Brown. The numbers were variously re
ported. One report was, that they were
narching fron Wia-aling; another, th'f they
bvere nor Charleatow'n. kith reports were
inproable-very; Lut Gov. Wise had pre
riously received undoubted infornaiion of
be organizing of a body of uien in Penusyl
rania, under oath to rescue Brown ; and that,
with other conuuticatiuns in his possession,
ed him to act promptly upon the receipt of
ue telegraplhie mteassgeis. And though these
nessges are not borne out by the intelli
ence received yesterday. there i6 enough in
rhait is true and palpable--in the well au
lnicieated preparation in at Ieat one neigh
oiring State, and in the destruction of pro.
irty in the vicinity of Charlehtown-to jes
ify active tneasues and the presence of a
tiong force there.
Great as was the excitement amor. the
ieople of this city, on Saturday night, there
ras nevortheles.s, plainly tot be read in their
tee the re-olute determination of their souls.
N'ho outrages comintted upon our .citizens;
he absence of al expree-ion of sympathy
nith us and of caadenamation of the outlaws
oy nioribernt conver.atior; the strong and
iniversal outpouring of sympathy for Brown
nd his folh)wers anmng the Black Republi
ins and Abolitionits; their determhination
o make a hero and martyr of him, and the
unticsl tirtdes of pulpit aid prees at the
torth, haVe worn otit the patience of the
outhern mind, und almost extinguished itt
t all hope of anything generous or just from
hat quarter of the Union. To disappoint
nent, amazement and mortification at the
ourse of our northern fellow citizens, bas
ucceeded a readiness for an emergency. We
hall no longer be surprised* at anything,.but
re shall be ready for ever. thing. . This
ras apparent in the multitudes in this city
;aturday-it is the . expression of the public
entiment in all quarters of Virginia and the
The extravagant, rumors which are set
Aat are suggested by. the course of north.
r people, and their synipaiii-s with the
ttlaws who have murdered~ our citizens.
rhey have one good effect-they at least
how with what readiness our people respond
o the calls of our. con.tituted authorities in.
he hour of danger. It hs for 'the North to
-onsider seriously how far a State of this
Jnion is to be disturbed, and the lives of Its
,ople threatened by the schemes and mad
peals of people in. their nid.t. It is for
he North to consider now how much the
Juion is worth, and whether it can continue
it the face of these outrages. The soberest
d most conservative citizens of Virginia
ave come to regard it of ro value at alf, if
hese thing-s arm to continue. Let the north
rn con-.rvatives -how their handis. They
ave been talked of long enough. It is time
hey had done something to prove their loy
,ty to the Union.
Another Abolition Emissary,
The iron-legged Abolitioniat, named T. A.
bhALvo, notised: last week by the B~arnwell
uiel s havinag received a coas of tar, and
athrs near Bamaberg, in South Carofimr,
nade his appearance ini this city a fewv days
go, and .went to work in the new Piano
lore, nearly opposite the Augusta Hotel..
byor BZ.ODGET priomptly called on him as.
eon ad he heard of his presence in the eity,
iad was assured that he was presented witis
he new suit on account of having runaway
vith a fair damsel of the Palmetto State, and
aken her to be his wife. The- Mayor dis
atched a messenger to Bamberg, to learn
h facts, fronm which it appears that he did
spres symnpathy for the Abolitionists, and
lenouned. the 'cxpre:.smon of mndignation
Lgainst Brown. Whereupon the Mayor thin
nonig waited upon SAL~VO, and informned
dn that if he did not leave the city before
uight he would be presented with another
;it, and subjected to such other testimnonials
is might be deemed appiropriate. This is the
bay to deal with these aboiition maiscreants
etthean find nao place in tiie South whtrcon
:o lay thi ir perfidious hecad4...
Te said Salvo canntot dis:.uisc -himnself so
i to escape detection. Ieo i'as an ironm fom.t
..is about twventy-five years old--rather
mall in atature, and his hair (what little ho
sas left) is about the color of a tar-bucket.
.f ingusa Dispatch.'
Terrible Railroaa .Accident.
C!~IscJTIy , Y vemaber 18.
A terrible accident occurred on ths: 'ndiana
entral Railroad, near Caimbridge tiiy. 'A
-all had becn taken up from the bridg-- foar
epairs, and before it could be replaced, a train
irawing eighteen cars filled with, hogs cantd
dong at high speed, and beftore it' sould be
1topped, thme eniginei with thairteen ctrha, plung
id throgh the bridge into the river., A. .h.
~uimit, ot Indianapolis, conidtecter Greuik a
irakeman and a drover natned.Newby. were
illed. Several firemen were injared. The
mngineer jumped frotm the tratin and escaped,
[ s said that over five hnudred hogs werd
illed. The engine, ears and bridge are piled'
up in a chaotic wreek.
" T~ms them one with another, said the
1ev. s-- -,I believe my congregation
o be most exempayobservers of the roli
roun ordinances- fo the 1poor keep all the
ists, and the uichi all the feasts. This fortu
mate flock might be matched with the crew of
he A-. frigate, whose commanider, Captain
--, told a friend that he had just leIt them
he happiestsetof fellows in the world. Know
tg the Captain's extreme severity, his faiend
xpresed some surprise at this .tatemnent,
nd demanded an explanation. Why, said
e discipinariaan, I have just had anineteen of
he rascals flogged, and they are happy that
tis over ; while all the rest are happy that
hey have escaped 1"
PAYRas OF THE JEWS FOR VICTOn Eai
rE..-In Leghorn, on the 7th titsa remarka
ale senie took plaice. For the first time the
ews of that city oll'ered a prayer forma Chris
an prince aand invoked the blessing of heat
a upoin miLtor Eimamutup, King~oftnrdiia
'he prayer was recited by Signor. ihuber to
~ernando. At the first word the.,.three tho. -
and .ews present, withs.the exepmption of7 a.
w old mna, rose to their feet .ad remaijie
tading until. the .elose of: thec prmeyer, to
rich thaer allrespoanded with an uverwhelnaiag