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A. SIMKINS, D. B. DURISOE, & E. EESE, PR O PR I E TORS. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Two DOLLAIS per year if paid iu advance-Two DoLLARs and FIrvr ChsTs if not paid within six mimths-and THitEE DOLLARS if yot paid bef.re the expiration of the year. Subscriptions out of the District must be paid for in advance. RATES OF ADVERTISING. All advertisements will be inserted at OC'e DOL LAn per Squaro (12 Minion lines or lese) for the fir.t inaertion, and Fifty Cento for each subsequent insertion. Advertisementa from strangers and transient persons payable in advance. All others will be ounaidored due when ealled fer. Advertisements not having the desired number of insertions mairked on the me4rgin, will he con tinued until forbid and charged accordingly. Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so on liberal terms-it being understooJ that con tracts for yearly advertising are cunined to the legithnate business of the firm or individual con traeting. Contract advertisements payable semi. nnusily. All c.oinuunialtionis or a persoual charaeter, Ot.ituary Notica, l.!-;ortt. Itesolutions (or Pro eeding; of any Soci..ty, Association or Corpera ti.n. will be charged as ,ulvertisements. Anuuucing a Caudidate (not inserted until paid fur,) FiVie Dllars. Proclamations by the Governors of Vir ginia and North Carolina. The followinig proclamation was istued on W.dJneslav li Governor Letcher. The ei t're militaiy toree of the Commonwealth will re..poud with alaeritv to :he ordet: By the Guoccrnor of Viryinia. A PICOcLAIATION. Whereas, seven of the States formerly coin. p:,sIg L part of the United States, have, by b athurity of their people, solemnily resumned the pouers tranted by them to the United Statei, and have frained at Constitution and (.rganized a (overnment f)r then.e!ves. t> which the p-wople of thost States are yieldfing wiiig ob-dience. and have so notified the President of* the United States by t'l the for. malities incident to such action, and thereby become to the United States a separate, inde pndeut and tireign power; and whereas, the Constitutioni of' tile U nited States has invested Conlgreis with the solo power " to declare war," and until such declaration is made, the 'resident has no authority to call for an ex traordinary force to vwage offensive war aaisllt any foreign power : and where'as, on tie 15:h illstalnt. the President of the United States, in plaill violation of the Constitution, has issued a proclamation calling for a force of seventy-five thousand men, to cause the laws of the United States to be duly execnted o-:er a people who are no longer a part of the Unin, and in gaid proclamation threatens to exert this untisual foree to compel obedience to his mandates ; and wherea-, the General Assemtbly of Virginia, by a tuajority approach ing to entire unanimity, has declared at its list session, that the Slate of Virginia would consider such an exertion of force as a virtual declaration of war, to be resisted by all the power at the command of Virginia ; and sub. seqnently, the Convention now inl session, re presenting the sovereignty of this State, has reatlirmled in substance the same policy, by almost egnal unanimity ; and whereas, the State of Virginia deeply sympathizes with the Southern States, in the wrongs they have suffered, and in the position they have as sumed, and having made earniest efforts peace-' ably to compose the differences which have I severed the Union, and have failed in that attempt through this unwarranted act on the part of the President; and it is believed that the influences which operate to produce this iir.m - m mi'"ainst the seceded States will .>ear upon this Commonwealth, exercise her undoubted right - power. granted by her people, - a the honor of Virf~i'tia that aa se of force against hrpeople1 :Therefore, I, John Lete'n. he Commonwealth of Vsir .st proper to order all armned cuts or companies within this .to hold themselves in readi-1 ...ediate orders, and upon the re ception of this proclamation, to report to the A Ijutant General of the State their organiza tion and nu-znbers, and prepare themselves for efficient service. Such companies as are nlot armed and equipped will report that fact, that they may be properly supplied. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my band 'st.l caused the seal of the Common wealth to be affixed, thlis the 17th day 01 A pril, h&1, and in the 85th yesar of the Conmmon wealth. JOIN LETCHER. By the Gorernor of YNrt Carolina. A PROCLAM4ATIOX. Whereas, by proclamation of Abraham L'n-:oln, President of the United States, fol lowed by a req(uisition of Simon Cameron. Secretary of War, I am inf'ormecd that the said Abraham Lincoln has made a call for 75,0.10 men, to be empljloyed for the invasiomn of the peaceful homes of the Sou th, and for the violent subversion of the liberties of at free people, constituting a large part of the whole populationl of the late United States ; and whereas4, this high-handed act of tyran nical outrage is not only in violation of all constitutional law, in tutter disregard of every senltimnent of humsanity and Christian civilirsa. t~on, and conceived in a spirit omf aggresionl unparallelled by anly act of recorded history, but, is a direct step towardls tile subjugation of the whole South, and the conversion of a free. Republic, inherited froma our fathers, into a military despotism, to be estabisohed by worse than foreign eniem~ies on the ruins of our once glorious Constitutionl of equal rights. Now, therefore, I. John W. Ellis, Gouvernlor of the State oef North Carolina, for thse ex traordinlary causes, do hereby issue this my proclamtation, notifying andi reg nestinlg th. t-o:iators and nmem~bers of the .. ouse of Comi ImIons of the General Assemlyv of North Car olinla to mleet ill special session, at the cap~itol. in the city of Raleigh, 011 Wednlesday, the firs~t day of May next. And I furthsermeore exhort all good citizens thr'oughout the State to be mindful that their first allegianmce is due to the sovereignlty which protects their hlomies and dearest inltere-ts, as their first service is d.:e for the sacred defence of their hearths, an~d of the soil whlich holtus the graves ot'our glo rious deaud. United action in defence of' the sovereignty of North Carolina, and of the rights of the Sbnth, becomes now the duty om all. Given under my hand, and attested by the great seal of the State. Done at the city of' Rtdeigh, the lit1. day of A pril, A. D. 1861, andl in the eighty-fifth vear of' our inhlependI eneeC. 'JOHN W. EL LI[S. Byv tile Governor. G'nAUA3t DAves:, Private Secretary. Governor L.etcher's IReply to Secretary Camearon. En :ce-rtit: I) Pan Ir nr, RIICIItosI), Va., A pril 16, I86l. lon. Simon Cam,,erou, Secretary of War. Six: I received vour~l tt-legram of I le li>:h, thie genuineness of' whi'h I d.,,htel. Since tiaat timle I have r:.-c.ivetd y'Lnr e->(I. mnica t:on, mueiled the -ame day,.i in whicha I am, re qjuestedl to dettach froml the mIn1iia It' the Stte of Virgini~a "the quta th-.-ig-tted inI a table," whlichn appendthiC,- to serve ats !nlfnt try or ritlleme'n for Ite period of thlree tounthIS, In reply to I his communti:catiloll, I have only to. .it r, that the illil a of Vt;r:.:inia wil lnot h'e fur,.',bedl Xii the p .wers at W ailjhinton. !r a y .-e tic' o10tr p:: o,.- lit tieys halve in vi. ~w. Your uhsj-et is to sn -ju;gnte tl.e S..u'hrnl Sma:es and a r.lluititi .ni tiadel ulpon nll- for such anl ol .. t -un tob,.t. in myl jnlegnl.nlt, not1 within the pu'r' i -wv of the Con.-ti-union, or th :~t net f 179.-... ilnot be1 complijue.1 wfi Ih. Y'ou ha~ve 'eh. en to in.::0:rnltie c'vil wta r, :d h' iv ng donle sea, v e aiil meet it. in a -pir'it as5 ised t.rirds the Soth R- p ,'i!uiir. JOJu LE'Iirrma. I~ Montgomery News. MoNTcoERY, ALA., April 19.-A prolong ed Cabinet session, on Virginia affairs was held to-day. President Davis has received official notifi- 1 cation of the secession of Virginia, and that she is in entire accord now with her Southern I sisters. Vce President Stephens leaves this evening for Richnond as Commissioner from this gov ermnmint to Virginia. Gen. Winfield Scott has resigned his post- I tion as head of the United States Army, and 1 tendered his services to his native State- I \'irginia. The Treasury Department has thus far I heard that the bids for the new Fivo Million i Lo:n have reached eight millions. The smal ler towns are yet to be heard fror.. 1 Montgonerv has taken two millions, of I which four hundred dollars is taken by two < negroes, belonging to Gen. Hardaway and Col. Bibb. The defences of Texas and Louisiana are engaging the especial attention of the Govern itnent to-day. MMM-r;.%otitiy, April 20.-Mr. W. F. Gor don, the bearer of a copy of the Ordinance of i SeeeN-i-n passed by N irginia, I-as arrived in this city. Viee'Presidrnt Stephens hes left fur Rich- I m11on1d, and will be alscent a week. Hon. Roger A. Pryor, of Va., has been ap- I pointed Colonel in the Army of the Confede rate States. It is runored that Gen, Henningsen will le i appointed Leutenant Colonel. I Colorl-1 Pryor leaves this city to-night for i Virginia, to organize a Regiment. V Senator Wigfall is expected to-night. A t large crowd is gathering to receive him, and to hear him spaik. - The Army Appointments are being rapidly made. The requi.sition upon Alabama for three t thouisand troops has been coinpleted. f Governor Moore has left the city for a few ilars. From Montgomery. r We clip the following paragraphs froin the s Nlontgonery (Ala.) Confederation, of April t 17: ArroNTistunTs.-A. G. Hudgins and John fi F. llohlen, esqai., resigned cadets fitoin An- t iap'ilis, have been appointed nidshipmen in h1tU navy of the Condfederate States. Lieut. [nerahiam, of Missis--ippi, has been appointed t ,y the Secretary of War to a First Licuten trncy in the arumy. Mr. I. belonged to the i United Svites army, and is a relative of Coin- u nodore Ingraham. WE AWMIRE Iis Pixec.-The 1Icn. Alex mnder H. Stephens said, in a speech at Atlan a, ott Monday morning, that it woud take evettty tines seventy-five tltousand men to ntimidate t'ie Southern people, and that all he force old Abe could bring against us could g tot make us afraid. This is true pluck. The people of the Con- r ederate States have at the hea-l of an'airs two e rave, fearless, prudent statesmen, in the d ersous of Davis and Stephens. GIs. Pi..ow.-As we stated in our issue a >f yesterday, this gentlernan arrived in our ity on Monday night, and took quarters at he Exehange. Being a thorough, full blooded C ecenionist, whose sympathies are fully with he great southern revolution, he has visited ar city for the purpose of tendering to the ?resident ten thossand gallant Tennesseeans, vho are now ready to take up the line of narch. Gen. Pillow is accompanied by John n 3. Burch, Esq.,' the able and talented editor f the Nashvillo Union and Anerican. " Look OUT FOR THE ENGINE WHEN THE r Vitisrt.E BLows."-A telegraphic dispateb, C ent froan this city a night or two ago, rela- d ive to the intentions of Pr-esident D~avis, if L 'such and4 such a thing" happens, hasaroused ti le Blacks to such a degree that they -are e izlly on the lookout for the great Southern a n~comnotive, Old Abe has telegraphed the d dassachusetti and Rhode Island chivalry- to i tay at hiome, or else they niight get run over. c trange things will happen..-stratnger things f< o happe-n.g Ts" WumT HousE."-The President and tis good lady, and family, have remnoved tot he new " White House."p SHOr LANDED ON SASTrA ROSA IsiAND.-It s authoritively stated that a large number ofr hot were landed on Santa Rosa Island, for ~crt Pickens, a night or- two ago. RlEINFORcEMENT OF Preanss.-It is said f hat only one hundred additional soldiers haveu ,een placed in Fort Pickens. Major Towerst ucceeds Slemmner in command. News from Washington. WVisuio-roN, April 19.-The Alexander (juelte of this morning confimm the rumor, >reralent here yesterday, to the effeet that a >iody of Virgitnia troops were marcl:ing upon :arper's Ferry this morlintg. A bout 400 Pennsylvania troops and Shor nan's battery of-flying artillery arrived here 1 o-night. The Proclamation of Gov. Larm-naa, of Vir inia, denouncing Liscor.N's course, acknowl ~dging the independence of the Confederate ta.tes, c-lling out the whole volunteer force ~f the State to be ready fur itnitnediate ser ice, and refusing to furnish any quota to Aco.N's coercion army, has caused a great ensatiun here. f T;:e rapid increase in the number of the sotherna resigniations is very perpilexinig to .he Administration.1 .isniiiN-roN, A pril 20.--The Pawnee and knocosti:a left Washingtont City last night, on I their probable destination is Norfolk. The mail steamer-s on the Poutomnac have ,emn temporarily detained, by . rder of the S overnmenat, for prudential reasons. Preaidenat LiNeorms has issued his Procla nation decl-aring a blockadeyof all the poirts > the seceded States. We haye nao mails to-day beyond Balti nore. The reason ussignted is, the destruc ~ioni of a railroad bridge near Baltimnore. A large body of troops, destineud thr Wash ngton. are detained at Ilavre de Grace. CoNceFunR IunTL~a Ot.aR a .-Tliis corps, ~omanaidedl by Capt. Edwamrd J. Walker hatve received ut-dets, upon very short notice, to Wave for Rtichmonmd on to-tmorrowv morning. ruey have had but little time for pireparatijon, ,at we are conifidetnt that otir citizens will not I permit them to leave in wanit of any comfort. We predict ta good report of their prowess spon the field of battle.--Augusta Republic, >f Sunday. A Hii so~t ia o rIo.-We underdtand lthat (our fellow-citizen, Thomas S. Metcalf, Eqont yesterday, -athorised Capt. Blodget ii have- his comtpanmy promptaly uniiformeiid and uiiippedi, and draw ent hint for the expense oft loinig so. .It is probable the atmounit will be 1 sJout twelve or fifteen hundred dollars. ( This is prompt atnd patriotic action on the part of Mr. Metcalf; atnd we trust twill be fol-.t lowed by muen of wealth anid piatriutie impulse, i every portion of the Confederate States.-e Consiutionaliat. S- C.1Rs t:r.ttx:D.--News reached this city yecsterday -r,-itning that the steamship RI. R. Cityler had been detained at New Yot-k, for what reason we- have z-et learned. ShortLy after the ret~eapt of the dispatch annoumncinig thIe detention of the Ciuyler, the stamship Potonmac, about to leave h.er wharf fr Raltimo~re, was tiaketn prsie~.-iun of byou author ties.- Savamn.ah News-. -ou T As~::. U,.r.I--t the frien~ds of the South evern wherea be aasure-d that in the hoari i trial whlic : is now upon u<, Trune.,.ec will .:, is1 ,.,ri to duy, 'a uit . All pa.-t dli~senions t tire husied-. TIhere is but one voice. Do)wnm wilht he,. ty rant and up with the 11.a; of South - rn hotnor ,andi Soutthern. indeapend-ece. Such s the voicea of s-very patriiitic tan, woman ndh c-hil., diy in the~ towni ef Nashvaillve, w ich) rave to thae Ut'ioni evia'd.ate sin t he 'atu of Febhrua:ry last a tnimory of Ox to m:.e. I :And so wvillI it be- throug thef ls w huh. l..nigthI iad br.. d h if the S.a~t.. lie thast hi..1 s is .laneda-~.-Nashvihlle Union. Thei I/lot lag~s~., a y taall .antd ne.at s-hee t, wtich madie its Grst aippearance about two w,-eks sIice, wits pitt to, deattih by a Philadel ria in..h on thle ,:ight o~f the 1.5:h of A pril. n I:. Siiuthecrns pr ielivitie~s drew downii tpjitn :hi: hun thn rg t he wvratful v-engente rof thi-iv l-pu he~n it eaxpiredi while the Msior was siteStaris andm .Stripies and the croawd Important from Baltimore. BALTIMoiti, April 19.-This city was to lay thown into a perfect fever heat of excite ment, occasioned by the arrival of Northern troops on the way to Washington. in obedi 3nce to the call made in Lincoln's "eoercion proclamation." When the first part of thc Nassachusetts Regiment was being transport .d through the streets of the city from the Philadelphia depot to the Washington depot 1e horse-cars were riddled with stones and niisives of every character. The windows ol .he conveyances were almost completely de nolished, but, luckily for the soldiers, 110 onie Nas injured seriously, though many were bad. y cut with broken glass and bruised with the Itoies. The remaiing detachment of the regiment, ,vhilst attempting to march through the city, n order to arrive at the depot and proceed at >nce to Washington, met with a great deal ol ,pposition. All along the route they were iooted at by the populace, and at the Pratt. ;treet Bridge they came in contact with a lense crowd of reckless men, who opposed il further progress. Here a fight was corn nenced, and the assault was so vigorously nade by the citizens that the Massachusetts oldiers tired upon them. On the part of the 3altitnureanis pistols and stone were plentiful y Used: so that many on both sides were dLled and wounded, but it was impossible to earn the names of any of the parties. Four or five of the Massachusetts troops vere killed on the spot, and others are badly vounded. Several dead bodies are now being mauled through the streets. The excitement s most intense. The whole city has flown to rins. Martial law has been proclaimed, and he Southern flag has been raised. The en ire- city has declared itself for States Rights fnd for the South. [Private advices estimate the loss in killed n' wounded at about one hundred and thir y. Among the killed is Mr. Davis, of the irm of Davis, Painter & Co.-Eds.[ Later in the day an immense crowd, num iering ten thousand people congregated round the Camden street depot (depot of the ailroad to Washington,) and the Massachu etts troops were forbidden to depart. No roops will be allowed to proceed further. Soon after this the tracks of the railroad roni Batimore to Washington were partly urn up by the people in order to prevent the eparture of any force of men. Jiohn W. Garrett, the President of the B-d.l imore and Ohio railroad, has determined to hlow the passago of* no more troops over the ne. Other railroads have come to the same nderstunding. No more fighting for the present. All our iilitary force is under arms, and order will a preserved. Charleston Intelligence. From the Mercury of Thursday last, we ather as follow.4: P:nsosA.-William 11. Russell, the cor spondcnt of the London Times, arrived in lie city by the Northeastern tram on Tues ay, and is now at the Mills House. T. R. Davis, the artist of Harper's Weekly, rrived at the same timo, and is also at the fills House. Hon. Roger A. Pryor, of Virginia, left harleston Tuesday night en his way to [ontgomnery. SEnRNADr To JUous: McRA.-Judge Mc ,ae, of North Carolina, arrived in this city uesday. A large crowd of our fellow-citizens !renaded him at the Charleston Hotel that ight. In response to repeated calls, he made is appearance, and pledged his State to the onfederacy. He said, in explanation of the -quest of Gov. El!is for guns, that North arolina had taken her forts without an Or ince of Secession, and wanted guns that ad been victorious. South Carolhna inight ike the lead now, but North Carolina would ndeavor to be up with her, and gain a length head in fighting the battle of Southern In ependence. Judge McRae was fregnently iterrupted by vociferous applause. At the onclusion of his speech, loud calls were made >r Pryor and Rutlin, but neither of these entlemnen were present. RnarrseT To TH E hlRAvr.-We are informed hat when Major Anderson and his command assed out of' the harbor on their way to join me fleet of the United States, the Marion A r dilry, a company which, according to high iilitary authority, contr buted very materi Ily to the reduction of Fort Sumter, in testi. inony of their appreciation of his gallant de ence, formed on the beach and stood with ncovered heads until the IhambeL had passed heir position. Tuxa WIn Sunrs.-The steamship Isabel, ~aptain Rollins, has returned from outside the ar. We learn from her that Lincoln's fleet alt Monday afternoon, and it is thought that bey will all go to New York. The steanmtug FGmkee, which was to accompany the fleet ,nd bring in provisions for Fort Stumter, did ot reach the bar until about 8 o'clock on fonday evening, when she came up and spoke he Isabel, thinking that she was the 11dllic, put goonm fiading out the mistake and learning omething of the position of things, and that hie fleet had left, she put about and went off. 'he Yankee reports having experienced a se ecre gale which carried away her smoke tack. Tun Coi~NsO oa Mountis Is1.A~n.-The iurees on Morris Island have hee,. constituted ne division, to be cormmanded by General 3onhamn, of the South Carolina Volunteers. L'his division has been divided inlto two brig des, the first to be commanded by General simons, of the South Carolina mailitia, con isting of the regiuments of Col. Cunningham ,d Cot. Hlagood, and the battallion of ar ilery under Lieut. Col. l3eSaussure ;and the econd to be commanded by Gen. Charles H. selson, of the South Carolina Volunteers onsisting of the regiments of Col. Gregg and o01. Kershaw, and the battallion of artillery mader the command of Col. Rion. The firit rigade will occupy the northern portion of he Island, and the second the Southern ortion. Still Later Charleston News. From the Mercury of Saturday we obtain bese items: lIh:.me Faox T,:NN Ess EE.-G cv. Pickens has erived from lion. C. G. Memminger, a dis ,atc~h stating that Tennestec hats (ffere~d fift3 hosaud troops to defe.nd the South, and not mae man for Lincoln. TIennessee is aill a-blaze. l'ennecsee is arming. Tntoors raeou Sot-ru CanotrN'.-The Pres dent of the Confederate States has made a 'juisition on South Carolina for eight thou and troops from this State. T'ine Cosyr~:.nr L~O~A.-The .subscrip ion was continued Thursday with great ac ivity. The total amount subscribed in sharleston is two million two hundred and ixty thousand dlollars. In New Orleans, on he first day, two millions seven hundred thou and dollars were subscribed. These two ities alone will take more than the anmount die~red. On Wedlnesday, Savannahm subscribed 1l67,txxi, and llambiurg, S. U'., $72,000, eirrs from other places will exhibit a large xcess. of subscription. ~1~TmAnrist: S-romr.wmd: or -ruh ~ml~ut. 'apers are said to he now in course of~ prepat atiomn at the United States P'oatothee De uartmuent, ordaring the mails in South Caro na and the other seceded St.ite~i to be cut 4f1' immediately. Moni : SoL'run R~t I:smuNsrioss.-Among he furither re'signamtionis troun the United ~tates service, which we heiave noaticedl, are lie flh,win Cot. 1h'-njminini lleg.-r, ini comnmanad of the aiary iad St ate A r.-enal. Majmir Ander-.on, in commandl of thme Comn ma of t: e Unimted State., troops at the Arse' gal at Fsy',tevilb-', N. C. Ju-eph P'rice, of Wihingtoni, N. C., 1st ..i'intnat ini thle Rtevenueg set vice. Cot. Charles ,ee Jlonei', Adjutanut of the )i-trict oif Ciiilumiag M'ilin a. Geormge lsyal, Naival Agent att Norfolk, Va M.jar (;kor.:e U'. flitter, of Virgir'' , pay uaster ign the late United States A rmyr. i,:m.ra' l 'b rst~A.-South Carolina will idl Virginaia w.*ith two regiitmnts of he'r vic [,riousi troop's toa mintain the buddl position chfieni she has' :'iassumedl agatinst Federal usur ;:ion. Wc undetrstandi that lie regimient of xJ, Maxcey Gregg, and thme regiment of Cot. 'tti..r.w, ha.e been seleted fr, tis. e...,,.. Of course these regiments will have an oj portunity of voting for or against the service, but no ene doubts the result. Both regi ments will be en route, in a few dayseor the scene of their future laurels. - Proclamation by Mayor Wood. Mir on's Omyice, N. Y., April 15, 1861. - To the people of the City of New York: As Chief Magistrate, representing the whole people, I feel compelled at this crisis to call upon them to avoid excitement and turbu lence. Whatever may be, or may have been, individual positions or opinions on questioni of public policy, let us remember that ou country now trembles upon the brink of a precipice, and that it requires a patriotic and honeit effort to prevent its final destruction. Let us ignore the past, risingsuperior to par tizan considerations, and rally to the restora tion of the Constitution and the Union, as they existed in the days and in the spirit of our fathers. Whether this is to be accom plislied by fratricidal warfare or by conces sion, conciliation and sacrifice, men may differ, but all will admit that here at least harmony and peace should prevail. Thus may we, un der the guidance of Divine Providence, set anl examtple of pence and good will through, out our extended .country. In this spirit, and with this view, I call upon the people of New York, irrespective of all other considerations or prejudices, to unite in obedience to the laws, in support of the public peace, . in the preservation of order and in the protection of property. FERNANDO WOOD, Mayor. Tnn CHARLERSTOJ FLEET.-We have al ready stated that two steam-tugs accompanied the Balte in her late voyage from this port. , One of these little vessels was the "Yan kee" and it was so well understood she was go ing to Charleston that her regular captain gave place to another, who had been under fire and who volunteered his services. The opinioil prevailed that the Yankee way to be first sent in with provisions, unaccompanied by any war vessel. Before sailing her hose were so arranged that all the boiling water in the steam boiler could be thrown at a great distance in any direction. This was intended as a measure of defence, and if the Charlestonians attempted to board and capture the vessel, the Captain avowed his purpose to give them the contents of the boiler straight in the face.-N. Y. Eve. ning Post, April 13. Tue MILITARY Foaca iN WAsMINGvoV.-The Washington correspondent of the Petersburg Ex.press Pays: " Certain it is, that there are over ten thou sand secretly well-equipped gentlemen in the city, and the surrounding cities and country, ready, at a moment's call, to flock to the standard of a certain military man, whose name I had rather not mention. This is no surmise, but certain knowledge. When to ex pect the call to be made, or what will be deemed sufficient cause for making it, I do not know. But should this secret force be called out, there is danger of there not being much bloodshed, for the city force will make scarcely a decent resistance. The oath re quired previous to the enlistment of volun teers has occasioned much difficulty. NtA only have two of the finest companies in the Disiict been completely broken up, but there is scarcely a company whose number has not been greatly reduced by this requirement. Besides this fact, there is great dissatisfaction manifested in the ranks of the Federal troops. Scarcely a day passes without an instance of desertion. Over two hundred men, from the nine hundred that have been stationed in the city since the inauguration of the revolution, have deserted. A day or two since twenty marines left at once for the South, and the ornieors privately assure the citizens of their real intentions and dletermnination not to carry out Lincoln's policy." , --*--+ Mt LITAR T FOIa iaINIA.-Lient. Detaigl~ of the Georgia Army, received a dispatcht morning' from Goy. Brown, ordering three hundred and fifty muskets~ and a quantity of cartridges, to be delivered at the South Caro lina railroad depot, to-morrow (Sunday) morn ing. Four companies of troops are expected to arrive to-morrow niorning on their way to Virginia, and these articles are for th. equipment. SoLru CiAor..-The State of South Carolina has proven herself as disinterestedly -patriotic as she has been successfully brrve. She has gone to all the expense-amounting to near a million dollars-of the bombardment of Fort Sumter, withlout drawing a dollar from the Treasury of the Confederate States, and is now in full possession of the last men acing fortification on her own soil, all by the valor of her own sons. Truly has the Pal metto State illustrated the practice as well as the theory of State Rights.-Montgomery Adve-rtiser. .Bu.-ri~oas:, A pril 18.-Capt. Pearson, of the Norfolk steamer, just arrived here, reports that the mtain entrance to the harbor of Nor folk has by order of Gov. Letcher, been ob structed, so as to prevent the U. S. war yes sels frcm leaving, as ordered, upon their nis u ion of coercion. This was etfected by sinking boats across the mouth of the channel. Capt. Pearson was obliged to come up across the flats.-Norfolk. Noavoi.x, April 18.-The U.S~. Custom House was broken into last night, and a large qjuaint'ty of gunas, ammunition, etc., stored there, was taken out. The Federal Revenue Cutter was also buarded, and her guns seized. MAJOR Axt,;asoN.-The New York Jew-rnal of Conerce says : "'The gallant conduct of Major Anderson elicits praise from all lips. His position has been one of great delicacy and danger, re quirin~g constancy and courage. He has ac quitted himiself well, and deserves the public approbation- We notice that the chivalrous Soutm Carolinians expressed warm admiration for his gallant conduct. We met on Wednesday one of the laborers whlo had been quartered in Fort Sumter for some weeks, a resident and citizen of Char lestcn, and he spoke in emphatic terms'of the chiarieter aiid worth of Major Anderson. Yet. for surreniderintg after ain obstinate de .fence.'after having exhausted all his cartridges andi with a fire raging wit hinm the fort render inig access to the miagatzine or making cart ridges, even hiad thmere been inaterials, fatally dangerous, Major Anmderson is branded as a traitor by the Wech and Greeley tribe of war riors. Major Anderson's greatest, or only error, was in leaving Fort Moultrie-Charleston Courier, A pril I8. CuoMisstostas YitJ TiHE SOUTHERN CoN reiencAy.-A5 we announced in our previ ous number, the lHon. Mr. Yancey and Judge Rlost--recently appointed with Mr. Dudley Mannu, as Conaunis.ioners from the Southern Conifederaevy to Great Britain, France, Spain, and other 1-uropean Powers, arrived here last Wi:nesday son board the clip;.er st-uamer H-a bani:, anid wi.l leave to day for Nouthaampto, bv the Blritish Mail stuame-r Clyde. Mr. D)ud Iey Mann was to leas e New York for Europe last week, and the three Commaissionsers will ms. etL in London to organise their- movemnts, and proceed to the differenat courts to obtain a speedy recognition by the European nations itterested in commnerce with the Southern United States, of the ta-wly organised Repub lie of the Confederate Stats.. Messrs. Yanic-ey and R~t called on HI. E. tI-e Captasin-eerah, who received themi with his n.<ual affability, a distingui'lhed gentlemen who have heenm entrusted with highly itmpor t..tnt cosmmision's from the Provi-ional Goy rtiment of the Coinfetderate States. Several sf our prncLipal citizens called on Messrs. Vancey and Rt.>t, and they were invited to di e with sonie of theom ditig their sojourn nong us.--Cuban Messeng.-r, A pril 7. A i.m:a sim n A ihu.1oN on 1nx Coss-rrri-' rio s- Tri-rn Uxrren rnns.-The followinsg propetic lan~guacge was held b'y Alexansder If amilton,, on his resignsation oft lhe -flic of ecretary of the Treasury ins 17%. Hioldinag .n hils hand a small book, containing a copy of tihe Fe-deral Constitution, he said: "Now, mark m~y word.' ! So long as we are is younsg and virtunous peCople, this iatJ u mnt,. will hind us tog-ther in mtutual interest, mutaal tme-lfarso, and uinsal happiness ; but when we become old and corrupt, it will bind us no longer. 4t ' tim.t ARTHUR SINKINS, EDITOR. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24,1861. The Advertiser in Camp. The soldiers from Edgefield, whether at Charler. ton, Norfolk, or elsewhere, will be supplied with the Adccrjser at 50 etc far 3 nonths or $1 for 6 months. It will be to them a reyntasr letter from home, a: we -ball mail tMe packages to Captaine eoumaandin;. We shall have an eye to such local information as may interest them. _# See the call of A. Pnnix aad others. It is eminently right and proper, and we hope the undertaking will succeed. A Call. At the request of several gentlemen, we take pleasure in announcing that a meeting of the citi zens of this place and vicinity wi)l be held in the Court House on Saturday next, at 10 o'clock, to take measures for the relief of any families that may be left in difficult circumstances by the vol unteering of their male members. So good an object cannot fail to bring together a full meeting. * ---1 Transfer of Troops. Says the Charleston Courier of the 20th: " The Secretary of War, Gen. D. F. Jamison, leaves to day for Montgomery, to make arrangements for the transfer of the troops now in the service of the State to the Government of the Confederate Statos. Col. Bacon's Regiment. The Seventh Regiment of Volunteers, Cl. Tho. G. Bacon (says the Charleston Courier of Friday) has for the present established headquarters at the German Shooting Ground (Schutzenplala,) near Rikeraville. Col. Bacon is recover;ng favorably from the ac cident which lately made him a cripple, but as he never entered the service or accepted office for the purpose of retreating, he is now ready- for duty and at duty. Packages or communications designed for any officer or company of the regiment should be ad dressed to the care of Caldwells, Blakely k Co., Charleston. r Gen. X. L. Bonham. We are pleaed to observe in the Courier of Saturday, that Gen. M. L.- Bonham. has been ap pointed by President Davis Brigadier-General in the Confederate States Army. Robbers About. The store of Mr. JAcK CUKATRAM, we learn, was broken into during Thursday night lass and goods abducted to the amount of $300 or $400. Dr. SAM. BaRcsoa's smoke-house was robbed on Saturday night,-also Mr. E. L. BAntTLY'S, but to what extent we do not learn. Is the patrol system abandoned Y Green Oats. MAt. O'Coxxon, of Mt. Vintage, plaoes across our table a sheaf of green Oats, with heads nearly full, measuring more than four feet in length. He has about fifty acres like this. The grain crop gener- a ally is very fine. A gentleman trom the Cam- t bridge lands told us yesterday that the Wheat and Oat crops were never better. Such is the intelli gence from every quarter. This fact, together with the slight decline in the Corn market, holds out a cheering hope of the begining of easier timos in the business of living. We therefore hail 3r. O'C's sheaf of Oats as an olive-leaf of promise. Goods from Charleston. Mnt. E. Paxx~, Sen'r, hau bought a fresh stock of goods in Charleston. They were purchased under thae full inluence of the triumnphant cannonading of Fert Sumter, he having witnessed the whole of it;-And they are now being sold under the in spiration of Virginia's aetion, which has opened the old soldier's heart wider than ever. Call while he is in a good humor, and examine his Ta ried stock. -The Augusta Concerts. The young amateurs of Augusts, under Mr. ifxrhave been giving some acceptable concerts in that city. We had the pleasure of attending1 one of themi last week, not however as a deada head ;-we are therefore quite at liberty to criti ize. But this is not our wish. We would only remark that the boys did credit to our old friend. Uhaw, and that the ladies, who assisted, enacteda their roles very gracefully. She who sang in the soprano and tenor duo was the " bright particu- I lar" of the erening. It is quite pleasant to see a community enconra ging the divine art in this manner. It can butr 'xorciee a refining influence. Bait, by all means, let the ladies lend their aid in every instance. It is chiefly uder their auspices that music truly' ministers to taste and sentiment. The Governor's Speech. The reader will find on first page the glowingi and truthful remarks of Governor PICKxxs on the eve of the victory of the 15th April. H~e rings the changes on the complete success of our despised Carolina against the mighty arms of the govern. ment at Washington. It was indeed a noble tri ump~h of perseverance, valor and skill, and it was natural thus to throw it in the teeth of our insult-. ing adversaries of the North. The Governor also properly accords the highest tributes of praise to General BMAL'nxoAnD and the forces under his3 command. The history of the four short aad stormy months that led to this brilliant feat of arms, will assign to the Governor himself a dis-a tinguishedl place in the memorable developmentsa of the Spring of 1S61. The Battle's Importance. The Battle of the Forts is of much importance I in several points of view. It will partially open i the eyes of mankind to the ability of SGuthern I troops to defend their shores at short notice. It serves to clear away the mist which has prevented our immediate enemies, the abolitionists, from re-1 cognizing the truth,-..hat Southeran chaivalry is a stern reality when exerted in behalf of Southern I institutions. It gives the soldiers of the Souatha the morale of a successful first engagement. But, more than a'l, it has educated soume thousand or two of artillerists for our cause. That thirty hours cannonading has made veterans of those who ac tively participated in it. That battle, superadded to the drill of the few preceding months, has created fit material for ofacering forty eorps of artillery. Who can estimate its importance in this light, if the war is to become general. The "~ Agis " on Sam Hloutona. The Texas P'olk County f.yaa, inlview of Ho us ton's recusancy and downfall, "does justice to the subject " in the following style :-" Governor Houston's darling aiream has fled like mist baefore the morning sun. He hoped to Aigure largely in Texas, when she set up an " Independent Repub lic " But alas ! Texas cast her destiny with her sister Southern Status: aand Sama Houstauu hears ringing in his ears, the death knell of his political areer and military prowess. Hlouston's ambition has been great, perhaps haighier than any man's who, has ever figured in Texaas; to the political sun he aimed, and thus lofty endeavored to make his fight. But corruption within has darkened his passage without, and he is whirled to the dust, from whence he took his upward fight, anad <cll there be labelled The asn'uldaring ruinas ofJ ~a .pendId rurse." Important from EutropeL.1 The new steamship Kear arrived at Haalifaax1 on the lith, from Liverpool with dates to the 6th1 iastanat. Tbe aippearaince of matters on the Continent be tokenedl speedy waar. The rrenca Armny, hy directioan of the Empefor, 'as drilling caunstantly for active service. All thea Ma-s'halat ,f France were summaoned to sitend a Council of Wa~r oan the 5th ianyt. MJilitsary opecratioaas were about commnning in taly. The KagaUre took out ?i5 d200 In coin. The 'ale of Cotton at Liverpool on the 6th, ere N,0'0 bales. IThe aaarket wan ,auoyant, and advancing. Thei nws by thec stesahip Arnerieau caused I-8d ad. v nee. Breadstuffe and provisions steady. Oon-' 3.l Ol. nu l~lact I A Place for the Cavalry. This arm of the State service has been dormsa hud far, because there was an duty suited to thei But there is a place For themi now, and a vel iadiome place,-and we respectfully sugge ,hat the eavalry corps of South Corolina sheou jave the opportunity of entering the feld. T1 tate is sending infantry to Virginiia. They a aid to be particularly destined for Norfolk. Hl d it not probable that in a little time the war w mocome general on the Virginia border? And t not to be expected, that rhre will be the po )f honor as well as of trial? If so, South Car ina will be represented in that strife; and th :an 6Aet be done, under the circumstances of h, iresent situation, by her cavalry. Many of t soblest spirits have been held back by their dew ion to this branch of the service and by the ear at desiro of serving the country in this capacit; Fhey expect that'they will be called on as could, Lt the first hour of need, and they according] told themselves in readiness to move at short a ice. Why not then open a door to them, no hat "trumpets are sounding" and " war-stew re bounding" in the direction of the free hil if Old Virginia ? If the State desires to be rel esented on the new fIolds of glory that Lie b< rond, it can not be more effieiently, or readily, < ravely done than by our cavalry. We know thi outo urge the inutily of cavalry in modern wa 'are. But we believe nevertheless that they wi io just the kind of troops to assist materially i cattering arrzies mado up of Northern Black Ri ublican new recruits. If our Stato authoriti re to have any discretion as t, the character 4 he corps they may send to Virginia, we respoe ully urge upon them the claims of the cavalr, :n regard t6 the 2nd Regiment, composed of Al eville and Edgetiold, we maj truly say that I ore heroic soldiers will enter this war. Wi: rave officers and intrepid men, it will cut its wa there any living r.giment can do so. We ai ware that it is said in Edgefield by some, th: he drain upon us has already been heavier the lsewhere. But remember, we vote 3400 ; an here are perhaps six hundred more males betwe he ages of 17 and 21. And although we hai ent some seven hundred men to the field, y4 bree of the companies will return by expirativ if their term of service in July. This is no goo eanon, therefore, agninst giving this Reg aunt, or at least four of its companies, a place I he first cavalry duty of the war. If we are righ t should be done quickly. Otherwise, we fus hat, in despair of their own peculiar service, the ill volunteer in some other, and thus (it may b4 lisband their present organization for all purpos f benefit to the cause. . -. General News Items. prEx-President Buchanan It is said expres a his determination to sustain the Lincoln gol rament. |The Legislature of New York has pass bill appropriating $3,000,000 to equip 30,0( olunteers, in addition to the present State fore loy. Morgan has issuod his proclamation acee: ingly. piaA now Volunteer company has been fort d in Wilkes County, Ga., Rev. Mr. Green, Bal ist clergyman Captain. This is the third compi y in that county-two of them commanded I linisters. _SO- The Louisiana papers report the crops orn and cane were never tinrr, and the promist ield cheering. Fruit of all kinds in abundane p1 The Boston Commercial Bulletins's reguh reekly list of failures and suspensions for tI reek, gives eleven failures and suspensions i iw York. seven in Boston, five in Philadelphis wo in Detroit, and twenty-ono in other places tal of forty-six fur the week ending April 12. dil the Northern fanaties say there is "Nobod urt !" p~r " One of Andersen's forty pounders Is sal Shavo sntawhed a piano forte in one of the hiouse n Sullivan's Island. The ownter, an individue f uncommon fortitude, merely remarked that ras 'a clear case of the ifrtyer in re cowning int isgraceful antagonism with the a'auriter in el and about that time the f,.rtitication fell. 1N ronder." The merciless pnsir whoipends the above (an -ho, by the wasy, signs himtelf IFortimnore,) has tl udacity to add, " Accept this nut fromt me, 'Twill do to crack ;., t,t." We must be excused for saying that neithe ew-bone nor digostion is adequate to the task. g'Among the Sabbath amnuements at S ,ois, on the 7th, was a tight at Arsenal Parl etween a Brazilian tiger and two bull dogs. p0-The piublisher of the Chester .Staoard hi educed the size of that paper and will for a whi sue it semi-weekly in order the hotter to furni: is readers with the latest; news. peThe Doy Book newspaper oflice in the cit f New York, is comapetlled to have a guard tof p< ce officers, in consequence of poputlar dlemonstri ions. pOOur Hamburg friends tired a salute 'hursday evening last in honor of the secessic f Virginia. parAn immense and enthusiastic meeting wi eld at Louisville, Ky., on the ight or the l6:1 tesolutions were uaanimously adopted approviti loy. Magoffin's refusal to furni-h the qiuota oops demanded from Kentne~ky hy the Federa overnmenot, and assertintg that in the event rar, Kentucky will go with the South. poA'special dispatch to the Consitut(,od'ii ated Memphis, 17th April, says: " A tremendo' seeting was held here last nigt, at which it wi esolved that Memphis war, out of the Unido There are no Uttion men bere now. The Cil 'uncil appointed a Military Boerd, and app'r riated fifty thousand dollars for the defencei heo city. Citizens are arriring antd equippi: emelves. 3g The Madison Rifles, one saf the compani rum Mississippi, lhave the niee little sum of wene ousand dollars in their treasury, besidles sis: n yro men, all of which have been piresented to the y the citizens of that county since their eulis ent. paMr. John W. Nixon, of Louisiana, has r ived the appointtment of Paymraster in the Co. ederate States Navy. pa A young man by the name of Samuel Ba er, from Washington, D. C., Is raising recruitsi erre Haute, Indiana, to jotin the Southern aria p@ The Memphis (Tenn.) Appeni, of the 181 nt., says: A "flying rutneir" upont the stree his morning gives the following as Govern< tetor's last reply to Lincoln's call for voluateer Yours received calling for a regiment of volui ers from Arkansats. Nusry one-see you d pe- It is said that ten Irish regiments in ti tolition States have offered their services resident Davis. 90- It is said that only one hundred addition oldiurs have been placed In F,,rt.Pickens. Maj. rower's succeeds Slemmer ina commnand. pa- tiy. Brown of Georgia, has received a r uisition from the War Departnment at Montge' ry calling for 5,000 more troops tnr immedia ervice. g" President Davis call" for thirty-two then ud meon. The impression is genterai that Pres ent Davis will take cornmantd of the army. 99 Arms and other nmunitions of war lhai een shipped to Alugusta, Georgia, front New for a Havana, an~d it is highly probiablo that nto rilt follow suit. p. lists were freely offered yesterday, sa he Charleston LCor'ier of the 1tth, that tte Lii .i-.. Congress wouttd ns .an'-l i.. '-'angtonc he 4th of July. and that before the 1st of Jul 'resident Davis would issue orders from Was] tgton City. pfr The steamer Habana has been purchase >y the 41overnment or the Canfederate States. will be transformed into a war vessel. She wi arry eight guns and one pivot gun. pO- A V'olunteer Aid Society has been orga icd in Celumbhia. EF There were slight frosts int this vicinity Chursday, Friday end Saturday ofthe past week. to..,.erial da...aa done to tegrongn crops. Old Virginia. at That great commonwealth of freemen has at R. length severed its connection with an oppressive ry majority and united with the Seven Stars of the at South in vindicating the principles of republican Id libterly. Make room for the Star of the Old Do i0 minion ! And welcome, welcome, a thousand re tinas welcnme be her sons and daughters to the It new Southern fold! A It is an event which many of us have never is coased to expect with !till abiding faith, however ot adverse the political symptons of her delay. And )- it is surely one for which we have hoped on with is the deepeet solicitude. After a, it has perhaps sr occurred at the auspicious moment. It is certain ir ly a glorious moment for Vinginia's ancient re nown ;--ot when security beckoned her to the - work;-not when a vacillating administration at F. Washington seemed about to fall to pieces from its Y own incuoberent counsels;-But when, the first y confusivu braved, that administration had bar )- dened its face and bared its insulting arm for the W subjugation of the seven sisters;-when its blind Is devoteei had been summoned by tons of thou Is sands to the rescue, and when all its powerful ap :. pliances had been set in motion with fiendish seal to ensure our downfall ;-then it was that Virginia or threw herself into the imminent deadly breach it and said: "If this be your purpose, you can r- only come to it ovor the crushed bones of my 11 children." And to these children, in the language n of one of her own bards, she now exclaims: "Can you forget my glory, e My valiant sons of old ? Names chronicled in story, Deeds blazoned in bright gold? My enemies assemble To scorn me and disgrace: Go, make the invader tremble; Go, scourge the tuaacherous race. h "I gave them broad dotainions; y I gave them liberty; And now the ungrateful minions Have turned to fetter me. Long years have I been pleading n That they should grant me peace; d But they, my voice unheeding, n Yow war shall never cease. "Leave then your peaceful labours; at Unfurl your banners high; n Bring your rides and your sabres, d And go prepared to die. To die for me Is glorious; So died your sire. of yore: n My suns, come back victorious; Or never come back more." r It was to be expected that the intelligence of y Virginia's action would be hailed at the South ) with delight. It has been so, and even more ; a enthusiasm, ecstasy has marked its reception in all quarters. Even the late Cotton-States theori ters are joining in the chorus jof rejoioing. And how natural, how righteous ! For where is the district, or town, or hamlet, throughout the South, that is not all the more hospitable and true for its intermingling of Virginia blood ? And what re d fecting man can fail to rejoice, that the good 0 commonwealth which acted so distinguished a part In the Revolution of 1773 is with us in the Revolution of 1861 ?-with us, for weal or for woe, now and fsorever? I- Neat Cavalry Flag. Our friends, Fisk & McLaughlin, who are be - becoming celebrated for their skill in that line, y have just finished a company gag for the " Edge field Rangers," which is to be presented to that >f corps about the first of May. On one side is a d Palmetto tree, with the name of the company. . On the other is a horseman, with the motto in r scrolls above and below-" Liberty we love-Jus ties we will fight for." The Edgefield boys will n stick to their text. So says the Augusta Dirpatch, of Friday. a Responses to Lincoln. - ftead again these capital responses to Old Abe's Y War Department: FRaixVOInT, Ky., April 15, 1881. d To the. Secretaerr of War : 'Your dispatch has been received. In answer, I Lsay emphatically, Kentucky will furnish no troops o foir the wicked purpose of subdaing her sister .'Southern States. . (Signed,) 'n Mov Governor of Kentucky. e RAab~son, N. C., April 15, 1861. To thse S'ecretaery of War : Your dispatch has been received, and if it is genuine, which its extraordinary chararter lead, rme to doubt, I have to say in reply that I regard a levy of troops for the purpose of subjugating the t. Confederate States of the South, as in violation ci r, the Constitutin, and a usurpation of power. I can be no party to this wicked violati.on of the Slaws of the country, and to this war upon the lib. rerties of a free peo'ple. You can get no tro.'ps in h North Carolina. I will reply more in detail when your call has been received by mail. (Signed,) Joex W. ELLI.s, 7 Governor of North Carolina. Governor Iharris of Tennessee, has also rep~lied to Lineeln's Secretary of War, that he will not furnish a single man for coercion, hut will furnisL n fifty thousand, if necessary, for the defence of on: rights, and those of our Southern brothers. Govi. Jackson, of Missouri, replies to the Scere 5 tary, -.hath his requisition is illegal, unconstitution. .al, revolutionary, inhuman, diabaslisal, and cannot g be complied with, for Missouri will not furnish a >f man for such an unholy crusade. ii Now turn and look on the picture of a drivelling, >f snivelling submxissionist: "UGov. h.icks has informed the Secretary of Wa: t, that Maryland will respond to his call with the , quota assigned to her." sTwo or three weeks ago the Edgefield Adlrsti. rer accused the Hosae Jaaural of " tosdyisn it y the direction of Lincoln." We had failed to see . thie, although we read the )Iuame Jaurneal usually with a grea'. deal of attention; yet, knowing the A deesruieer to he un e f the closest readers amoangal g our exchanges, we concludedt it was so, and re. solvedl to, keelp a bright lnok-out to see if thi: hitherto high-toued Journal, the delight of South. era ns well as Northern literati. was stooping tr n the low and vile filth of abolitionism. We do not -. yet know that the -tdeertiaer was mistaken. It has. hiawever, been contradicted "distinctly and e~nlphatically" by a $uuthaern writer (?) tea the - Washington .S'treand U/nion. We sinceroly ho'pe feor the honor eaf letters it for nu higher or moere practical ronsieratio~n, that Morris andie W1illis, Sboth of whisse namues are welded to Atuearienti -. lite'raturu, will keep the Humca J,.,ruuls where il has always been heret.,fore, entirely above suspi. eion. Let us have amidst the unbrotherly anad reuantemptuous depareciatinn so, universal at the n North, at least ono paper that " tueate to us sim, Sply upon the breast-deep current of human sym. pathy." :i Thu above is from the Yorkville Enguirer, and te we copy it mainly to agree with it in its apprecia ,r tion of the IHom~e Jou mrnal. There is no psaper it : America for which we have a higher regard. And - we believe its distinguished editors are pure men d and patriots untainted with sectional error. Thoiu paper too Is as remarkable for its fairness as it ii e for its excellence. But the "dist'net and em, o phatie".conftradiction of the said "Southern writes 'to the contrary notwithstanding, we did see a five line paragraph in one numbaer of thu Joernael thai seemsedl to us to " incrlinae to tondyismi in the direc, r tf the Lincolna." It was a notice of thou after the fashion of allusions somnetimes made t< 'Royal personages,-s. smasll anatter, to be sure but SiNelinaide, as we thought and said, to court bobbe. te ry. It is with regret, however, that we find out brief eomment maade so much of, North as well -as South. With this single small exceptionb, andi i- which we may have construed amiss, we bave seen nothing in the columrns of thu Iuee J.eer'ad e that cosldl.prejudice the most sensitive southern k reader. .o Will the Mobile Regleiter, Yorkville Enguirer, Washjngton .'warte, New Y'.rk Day B0ok, and ether papers that have no'ticed this matter, plea'e give room to our explanatory rem arks. n Ihow They spell? y Much is boasted of the educational facilities ref a- forded at the Noarth by their public schools. But thue Schlool Committee of Winchester, Mass., ve d posted the other day an examination of some of [t their pupils who gave the following words varn Ii ously, thus: -geneer. Infinaa,,etorart-.. initoy- uInatory-lm fiantr-Inanitory7. (Nost spelled right on a sin nglo paper.) l.:ath,-IstmnsImusth-Iimus - Isthtnas--Ismes. yjc..i..-vinte--Vknes-Vtnals-Viceas. Flag Presentation. The Company of Capt. Spaxa, received a fag on the 10th inst., from the fair and patriotic ladies of Hamburg. It war presented in camp on Mor ri6' Island, and was-accompanied with the follow ing ceremonial. Corporal P. 0. RANsu, deputed by the ladies to that duty, presented the tag in brief but ap propriate terms, as fellows: CA.PT. Spiass :-It becomes My pleasing duty, in obedience to the behests of lovely womana,.to make known to you and your gallant men a gift of priceless value. I say priceless, because no price will induce you to part with it when once deposited in yuur keeping. It Is this bright Flag, gentleman soldiers, that awaits your proud accept ance-a Flag which I am Instructed by the ladies of Hamburg to prisent to you in their bobalf. With It go the approving smile# to which -no brave spirit is eve. indifferent; and for the safety of those whose common badge it now become, ascend the warmest prayers of glowing hearts.. With this grateful assuranco, take IL That you will cherish and defend it to the death no living man dare deny. It is yours I , Ensign Joux D. REXILLY received it in behalf of the Company and said: CAPT. SPIRZs,-I am proud indeed that I have the honor of receiving this beautiiul Flag in be. half of my Companions, the Hamburg Volun. teers, and truly gratified that It Is my happy privi lege to return their sincere and heartfelt thanks to ihe Ladies of Hamburg for the tasty and magal ticent demonstration by which they have bea pleased to assure us that their hearts arq with us in the cause in which wo have enlisted. We are proud of the confidence they have exhibited in entrusting this standard ro our protection, and we assure them their confidence is not misplaced, and shall never'be abused. The custom of carrying the Banner is as old as civilization, and the various designs have marked the times and the manners. In the classic ages it was made of drapery suspended from the Cross, and usually bore the image of the object of ado. ration; that of the Romnaps was a single s'quare cloth of crimson, bearing t6e inscription s.-P. Q. R." (Senatores, Populus, Quo Romanus,) sur mounted by an eagle for the legend, and an open for the Company. The famous banner of Con ,tantine was surmounted with a Cross of Goldand Jewels. In the expedition of Cyrus, the Persia King exhibited a Golden - Eagle, and from the Bible we learn the different devices borne by the children of Israel. But in those days of glory and pride the banner was a mark of distinction, while the American Banner, with its simple Stars and Stripes, was intended to denote its equality. In all ages, and among all nations, the banner and inscription has ever been cherished with a feeling akin to reverence, and they have felt it thtir duty to place the motto of their rights upon its folds that the breezes of Heaven might bear It to the bounds of the earth, and proclaim like " Constantine, In hoc signo VCCes." It was indeed painful to every American to give up the'old Stas and Stripes; and it is still painful that our duty calls upon us to regard it with hostility as it Boats over the walls of Sum ter-hallowed as it is by the holy association of the past, and the days and deeds it commemo rates; for beneath its folds have been gained vic tories more glorious than ever furaished themes for Grecian eloquence or attuned the lyre for Grecian long. No nation has ever evhibited a greater regard for the ensign of their rights than ibe American people. In the days of 1726, on Sullivan's Island, now under our eyes, when the veteran Lee ordered Gen. Moultrie to abandon the .iefence of the pass, (terming it a slaughter-pen,) :he. '.Aezible Rutledge told him to stand firm. The British attacked hie fort with a fiereeness mzore execrable with hatred than Xerxes ever en :ertained against Greece. "Like leaves of the forest when summer Is green, That host with their banners. at sunset were seen ; Like leaves of the forest where autumn bath blown, That host on the morrow lay withered and strewn." It was then and there when the American Plag had been carried down from the walls of the fort '.y the ball. of the enemy, that Sergeant Ja -.u g=a eanin aarnnaer.ry leaped front the walls, regained the flag, fastening it to a sponge-ranamer, replaced it amidst the diercest of the firing. This and many other In -tunees mnight be referred to, to show the devoting .if the Americans to their standard; yet they would but terve to renew the pain we felt in re signiug that glorious old Flag. But a higher and helier principle compelled us to lay it aside. We could not insult the meniory of the heroes whose -leeds5 imumortalized it by longer serving under it in brotherhood with thore who for years have truddena under foot the precepts those heroes left to gui.le ut-who for years ha're disregarded the holiest injunctions they, in departing, have left behind thema-who for years have proved ree. ant to their oath,, and indlulged in every specie. of iaiscreaney that infamy coald suggest to de prive us of our rights and equality in the Union ; and not content with aiming a deoath-blow at our institutions, thereby seeking to derive us of the chief means by which we are to attain tbst pomi tIon of honuor, weal.:a, and importatnee.which the Crcator designed when aiding our forefathers in becomning masters of the loveliest .soil beneath the sun, but they were seeking to redue eour mother, .mur sisters, our wives, and our daughters toshame; for if allowed to go on as they commenced, our progeny would eventually have been forced to a level with those creatures upon whose brow the .Uwighty placed the signet of Inferiority by which they were to be known as slaves for man. But it is useless to enumnerate the long cats logue of grievances which forced1 us to the posi tion we now occupy. Enough ! " The die is east !" We must stand the hazard of the turn. The woak being well begun is half complote-yet there is inuch to do, and it is for the eons of Carolina, and of tho whole South, to emulate the exaingle of their forefathers, and do it at.oned/ang-iobly it shall he done. With their wrongs crying for -vengeance, the daughters of our soil asking us to avert the shaft which the vandaliuing hordes of Northern fanatics arc aiming at their dignity and ..nr honor, if aught be wanting to fire the true Southern heart to a sense of just indignatie'i for our wrongs and a determination to disinthrall -ourselves entirely from the shacklfls Whlherude phbilanthropilsts are seeking to throw around us, It is the aippruving smile of lovely woman, " The goddess from whose inspiration Sews The toil of patriots, the delight of friends; Without whose worth divine, in heaven or earth, Naugtht lovely, naught propitious, comes to paes Nor hope, nor prai.se, nor honor."D Her's has been a celestial mission -mid corrctly has it been fulfilled. Her ear ever open to catch the sound of distress--her voice attuned to the chords of sympathy, she is ever present when In suffering she can aid, e'nd ever heard when her gentle voice can command to deeds of honor, or whisper consolation to the drooping spirits of man. And as it has been truly said of her " tho' timid she be and so delicate that e winds of heaven may not too roughly visit her," when she can assist by her counsel or presence,' "she losaea all sense of danger, assumes a preter-natural oour age which knows not and fears not consequences.' " Not she with traitrous kiss her Savior stung;t Not she denied him with unholy tongue;.. She, when A postles shrank. could dangers brave, Lust at the Cross, and earliest at thb grave.' And now, that I have before us this "bright flag,"' from their hands, with the pleasing asse ace that their feelings are with un,' and that the " warm prayers of glowing hearts" ascend for our protection, is there a manm who would hesitate to march to the grave de'eming his life a smaall sac riace at the shrine of his- konor? If there be, you can assure the Ladies of Hamburg, to whom we are indebted for this lovely symbol of our rights, that he shall never be found beneath Its f,.lds. If permitted, like the Olive Biranch. it shall be thu insignia of peace to mankind, but if assailed or insult be ofered to the soil over which It gloat, its inscription shall prove moe dreadful to the !aggressor than the fierce Netvs on thumc. walls of Babylon to the dIj~ieied vision Th'eis shanaar.* - Tell them therever daty eommadr beckons, wheto'year segs way point awoatt aidst mtsifp thai eakst. l~a