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I l) MAY 4
SONKINS DURISOL & CO. Pronrietors# I
A Hundred Years to Come.
Where, where will be the birds that sing,
A hundred years to come?
The flowers that now in beauty spring,
A hundred years to come?
The rosy lip,
The lofty brow,
The heart that beats
So gaily now?
0, where will be Love's beaming eye,
Joy's pleasant smile, and Sorrow's sigh,
A hundred years to come?
Who'll press for gold this crowded street,
A hundred years to come?
Who tread yon church with willing feet,
A hunwlred years to come?
Pale, trembling Age,
And fiery Youth,
And Childhood, with
Its brow of truth,
The rich, the poor, on land and sea,
Where will the :aighty millions be
A hundred years to cuiue ?
We all within our grats shall sleep,
A hundred years to come!
No living soul for us will weep,
A hundred years to come!
hut other men
Our lands will till,
And others then
Our streets will fill,
While other birds will -ing us gay,
As bright the sun shine us to-day,
A hundred years to come !
If Thou Wert Mine!
If thou wert mine, mlly dearest love,
My all, my only treasure,
This faithful heart would cease to rove,
Sedue'd by smiling pleasure.
Like those bright spirits from above,
To erring mortals given,
Thou wouldst my guardian angel prove,
And lead me on to heaven!
No more my soul by grief opprest,
Would yield itself to bitter woe
For in thy heart 'twould find a rest,
And feel a happier glow ;
Yes. pillow'd an thy snowy breasts
Where sorrow cometh never.
I'd deem myself amid the blest,
And dream ofjoy forever !
If, wandering thro' life's tearful vale,
Temptations sore betide me,
This loving heart will never fail,
With thee, dear girl, beside menc
Then come, my love, und be mine own,
My all, my only treasure:
All peace I11 ld in thee :,l.ne,
An'l e 'ry blis-ful -le.as..re!
For the Advertiser.
If the South has never leen united in feel
hg against the North, she must now unite
and contribute heart and hand to defeat a
domin:ant and insolent party-a party who
are determined to destroy our institutions.
and to carry out their schemes they have
united in one voice. No mtan caln tell what
a day may bring forth. We can not be in
sensible to theo dangers which threaten the
South. Too0 nmany Southerners have hir herto
been blind to their owna interest nand the in
terest of thec South, in patronizmng Yanakees
and promoting their interest and neglecting
the tmeritt andl worth of Sonthernm intellienace
and energy. The money so bslindly paid out
to those unmratelid Yankees~ in manay imta-.
ees will be used now in buying arms f r the
noble armny of the sons of liberly," to be used
against the South. Th'le New York I~ra/d
(which has received mr~aoe ei o. gha from tl.e
South to erect ana institton for the educeat'on
of the orphanis tof the Soatha) las at lengtha
colme Out In flavcr of Lincolnts Admainistra
tion, and declart.s boasitia a-ly th:.t the whole
North is of one~ party, anid that thaat party is
dete~rmned to subhdue the Souitha. The~ Uniona
is to be rc-conistaucted by the haiines anal blood
oif the Southerniers, and' the remainlings made
to submlit to the domiant am.d insolent ma
jority iln the lFree Staate4 uho hba'e acted as
tyrtats for 'aears. Stupjid anad blind South
e-rners ! You whola c-v (our Linad faii-eais
North,".-lush naow withm shamne. Say no
more the friends :at the Nait ta :are tri~e to tus.
Alas foar aour Northerna frenmds. It turns out
their leiendshitp was their interert. 'They
loved us b~eca::se the-y loved themselves. They
love as hoaa as ut-' senda them our moaney and
brinag to our Southern baouws ther 'ao: limng
chass, both maale andia femnale, atalndlmply thaem
in p~rell'erenace toi our1 owna peopjle, tad p~re~sumel
it is righat brcean'se tlev ~arae acaper than
Souitherner~re. Ohl. pa:triotie anda liberal South
erners', s'meep 1.o lonager. Ya.kee teachers are
too commollan im our maidst ; Yanakee papers re
emrave too liheral at p ange. Are high miind
ed mn-not ahamed-a to, have tl.eir chaildrena
instructaed lby Yankaees a'iuring thii it. v ah.
tion'! \\'ith inadip.lation1 I recently read two
car-ds averti.,ing for female teachaers. "A
femaleha teachaer wanatedl ; a salary of three hun
dre-d dllars will be paiad." Did ni - sa.te
that a Southlerna lady t was tanted. i eli t'.
wariter kneaaw that no compaa teast high minded
Sotherna laday wouldl applay for a Yankee salary.
Somea paeop1le vah~o ha ve I.e..n sa Namthaar ina
their feeal ings, :and ary " oUr doodl Northernt
friendias," will say wae can nao' get Southe-r::
teachers. Ye-s. comi~petent teachers are esl
foanda whena-i they are well paid and~ daily apa
prtciateda. The he,.t Iaacheas in this State
are Sm the arnears. Native horna Southerniers
dasrve mt'.re thana suqea icial Northern prin-*
el Yaankees. Let eva-ry thm:ng of Northerna
Maufatire pass' froma tus.
For the Advtertiser.
Philosophiers in vatin may talk of tiny) dew
dros-they mnay discuas the transpimrationa af
l.alt, thea precipaitattion of 'apajors-butt the
Pet ahlane has given their truec a.amne : -
i Tears wept from silver eluudsl over a ruineda
When night drawsv her sableO curtain and
" pns it with a star," anid tired niatjjre-' sweet
restorer sealsa thae eye in slumaber sweet-thenl
as if shrinking from the sun's bright glare
...a mnai' .ude gszej shee gFaeine drops
nestle close in the roses' folds, and, rocking J
to and fro, with every passing breeze, they L
sparkle there, till Aurora floods the eastern
sky with golden light. So gently, so silently to
they fall that the little violet scarce opes its si
eye to note the intruder,-or a petal of the I)
Jasmine vine scarce trembles as it receives its B
diamond treasure. They descend like gentle 1
zephyrs from silvery clouds, kissing the flowers G
and hanging in pearly coronets around the w
rose ; while all nature seems, with one accord in
to spread weide its flowery arms to receive so
gentle, so grateful a refreshing. The most l
acute observers fail to note their descent, but
still they know the glorious power that bade
the sparkling diamonds fall. C,
Though so small, a dew drop often does
more real good than the pelting rains which fu
shatter the delicate corollas. H->w coustantly fo
they descend-how never-failing their minis- Pt
try! .As soon as twilight deepens, the thirsty
flowers spread wide their petals to drink these
We too are but due dew drops in this vast o
world. Shall these sweet emblems be to us
is the " idle wind which we regard not ?" A _
drop is the smallest measure of liquids, and
o What if the little dew should say
So sumaIl a drop as I
Cin ne'er refresh the thirsty fields,
1l1 tarry in the sky.
' What if the shining beam of noon,
Shuuld in its fountain stay,
1tcause its feeble light aluno to
Cannot create a day.
" Go thou, and strive to do thy share; at
0,m- talent,-les than thiue, lo
improved with steady zeal and care
Would gain rewards divine."
A smile requires no effort, and, as the dew 'l
drops to the withering, thirsty blossoms--so t
is a sweet smile to the tried and weary heart
ed. " As face answereth face in water, so the 01
heart of man to man." Did you never feel "
your heart bound with pleasure, as your -
mothaer's smile beamed upon you ? What words s
a niothi's vimile conveys ! What sympathy, i
what cncouragement ! 'Tis a precious dew 1s
drop, rich and lasting, whose influence is silent
yet omnipotent. Cheering words and deeds at
are often as refreshing as the shower that
greeted Ahab in his chariot.
'There was in a distant city, a little lad, the .
sole support of a widowed mother and help
less sisters. By dint of labor and economy to
he had obtained the means to purchase a few
oranges, hoping by their sale to obtain a few q
more coppers so as to purchase wine for one
of his sisters who was in a dying state.
Standing at the wharf, as a magnificent
steamer landed, he timidly approached one
of the passengers, uflering Lis little all for
iielaae. Ti;e geitlen-ni: mn.p1ueinly say
ing "don't trouble me," thrust him aisde, up
setting his tray and rolling the oranges into
the sea. Far, far away from sight even, his P
ird earned treasmies passed. It was too 1S
uel. The pale, dtying face of his sister
5'seemed reibl-eted in the gliter.imig waves, and .
the quivering lipa, the s nking ptulse, the need
ed wine all rose before him, and, his little
heart swelling with tears, lie turned aside, k
that strangers might not see him weep. But ki
, noble hart had witnessed the scene, and, l
turning to the lad with a smnile said, 4 come
liy boy don't stop to grieve over youlr lost ~
ortue--plutck upi courage, begin'again ." lHe
gave him l mione--the wine was bought anid
forgotten, hut the kind word was remel:nlbered,
and nmaking it his watch-word, it gained him
a princely fbrtune. " A word spoken in sea
s-n how good is it.'"
Wiat would that noble man of God, Jud- ~
o, have dol~e without thle smiiles amnd gentle bi
words of' hi.s self.Naerificing wile ! I)espair .
not. The dewv drop has its mission-and to
hi. e'verv creature on the habitable globe.
Smillis and gentle words are dew drops, rich
in blessing-all powerful ini inftlueiice. " Let g
us thltn be up and doinig.'' W~ould that from1
every spear of' grass to every leafy bough
~e'v brilliant star' to ev, ry opening flower, ~
there migyht be~ hung garlands of these glis
teing drops, emblems of little acts which, in
r 'eaity, make up thle sum1 of' humnan happiness.
G~rains miake thei mountain--inlu tes the
year-and dropas the ocean. Y EltTlA S. I
For the A-lverliser.
At a mnletingr (If the~ citizensl oif Kirkse'sa
Crs's it.,al hleld Many 4hl 18ti, oil miotion
called to the~ Ciir~,anld J. W. AIrros requiested c
to act as Secretary. im following Prealleh
and ltvso'.utioi~s were inltriodulced andC read by
D~r. 8. G. E' rul~:v, anld unianimously adopted. r.
WulI nimxt, Iii v'iew of the nnecertainlty o!
the t;ime's,anid of the gireat ecitleent that is d
1w prev~ailn thr'oughout thle country, we .
have mlet togethler for the purpose of institu
tng m~easulres for the defence of our hollesk
aid firesdes. Be it therefore, fu
lResoreid, Thiat we, thme citizenls of tis coim
muity. do formn ourselves 1int a cmipaniy of 4
men, to lbe called the "Mountain Greek lonme e
Jllernlied, Thalit eachl aitd every memllber' of'
this Com~paiiy h~e r qutested to provide him-in
self' with an ll Iicient lire ar'm, aind to hold
hiself' inl readiniess, 1(1 prompllt ly repair at any
tme to tie ren'ldez/vous1 of' said Comp1any'. -
/l.'ored. 'Tha~t it shall be the tduty of' each th
an1 1 ever'Iy imiewheri of this Cnmanly to keepi bt
a -trit watch iver 1 nlhl sic'iout pbersons1 whoa or
miayi lhe travel'inig abtoult the counitry without
J'c,'old 'That a Staniingut Cuomlmittee of'
twelve -ettled and xperience'd cit ize.ns be ap
pointed~l t'r'om this organization, before whlomi I
dinatteris of' r'eerence sh~all lie laid.
Ie'oberd, Th'at. thle said Coni pany divide "
hhei selves into sec(tionis fior the purpose oh' d
keeping up a atrict patrol throughout, the
1'esoredl, That the said Company aait be.
rtlicered by oneC Capltain, three Lieuitenatst it
amid a fiilIlii omp lmlent of' nion-comm uissioned at
oI liers, to Ill apipoinlted by the Captain.
fes"I/red, Tlhat this organiztat ion shall umeet w i
far drill and instruct ion ats ten'i as it may he h<b
deemed expedient by its oflicurs.
1eoced, That we miake some provisions
for those miembers of thea Collnllany who have a
not the mnsl'11 of turnZishiing fiire armUs and P
horses for thlemselves.
There was a list then prepared antd sixty
six names enriolld, after' which the Company it
weat into n election for its Officers which w
..-ultd as follors - W. H. Holloway. Capt.; 0
W. Aiton, 1st Lieut.; Mark Mathews, 2nd
eut.; J. B Harris, 3rd Lieut. '
The Chairman then appointed the commit- na
e provided for by the fourth Resolution, con- hip
sting of the Rev. J. Trapp, Joshua Harris, tio
r. E. Andrews, Simpson Mathis, Lemuel on
rooks, Sr., Sam Stevens, Seaborn Stalnaker, to:
'. I). Rountree, W. H. Holloway, John er
arner, Robt. Turner and John Durst, after It
'ch the following Resolutions were entered
Resolced, That the Rev. J. Trapp be ap- sio
tinted Chaliman of the Committee, and bo thi
powered to call it together when ever he ed
inks it necessary.
Resolred, That the Company sustain the se
nimmittee in all its actions. Pet
Resolced, That a penalty of 25 cents be en- the
reed against any member of the Company ly
remissness of duty unless Providentially be
1&seared. That the proceedings of this meet- the
g be published in the Edgefield Adcertirser.
The meeting then adjourned to meet again th
the 25th inst., at 3 o'clock, P. M. are
JOHN TRAPP, CAinMAw. h
JonX W. Arros, Secry.
Comfort for very Old Maids. the
In " A Woaas Thoughts about Women," tha
In "A emma' lhoa
e period of " confessed wrinkles" is thus
de to look brighter:~ pre
"of course there are exceptions, where an prc
nt has been almost like a mother, and a n
ving and lovable great-aunt is as important ren
personage as any grandmother. But I cou
eak of things in general. It is a condition C
which a single woman must make up her tin
nd, that the close of her days will be more the
less solitary. Yet there is a solitude do
bich old age feels to be as natural and satis- abs
ing a. that rest which seems such an irk- fur
meness to youth, but whieb gradually grows
to the best blessings of our lives ; and there
another solitude, so full of peace and hole
at it is like Jacob's sleep in the wilderness,
the foot of the ladder of Angels, low
"All things are les dreadful than they seem," Da
nid it may be that the extreme loneliness
hich, viewed afar oil, appears to an unmar
u woman as one of the saddest of the inevi
ble results of her lot, shall by that time have ie
st all its pain, and be regarded but as the i
fiet dreamy hour "between the lights;" of
hen the day's work is done, and we lean
ek, closing our eyes, to think it all over be- tar
re we finally go to rest, or to look forward, th
faith and hope, unto the coming n.orning.
finished life-a lifh which has made the an
. ,r all thi ,atarials 'rauted to it, and lzr
rough whidi be its web dark or bright, it.T
ttern clear or clouded, etli now be traced
ainly the hand of the Great Designer; sure- us
this is worth living for. And though at its
d it may be somewhat lonely ; though a tr
rvant's and not a daughter's arm may guide tit
e failing -step ; thoaugh mist likely it will arn
str(agers only who coie about the dying te
d, cloue the eyes that no husband ever gel
ssed, and draw the shroud kindly over the fra)
br withered breast where no child's head lieu
is ever lain ; .still. such a life is not to be 1i"t
t uie. or it is a copnleted 1ife. It has fil- autt
l'-d its ajppomiteid c,>urse-, and returns to the to
iver of all breath, pure as lie gage it."
A culnitry peag'giue hadia two pupils, to . hai
e tof whomn lie was partial, anal to the other- thi
vele. On)e morning it happened that thes2 5(e
~O hoys) we-re late, and were called up to a:.cA
unt for it. "' You timust have biean the bell, wl
y- why didl you not come T' "Pl'ease, lhu
r," said the faivorite, "1I was dr-eaninog that ovi
was goin~g to Calilorny, and I thought the eva
hool-bell was the .,teamboat-bell, as I was co~
ing in.' " Very well" said the master, glad
'a pretext to excuse his fatvorite. " And 00)
>w sir turning to the other " what have' you
say ' " Please, sir,' sa'id lie pum-led boy.
I-I--was- waiting to sec Tfomt ulf!" 00t
A young acquaiintance of ours, who "puts
, at a $2,5tJ boardinig house, relates the
Iowing incident, which may aflordl j use-ful
it to those Indies who unidei take to providle
timlent lotr boairders with strong stomnachs
id weak purses. Sul
(oae day last week (says our frienad) the cot
ap I roduced for our noon-tide meal was un- eri
lIlimmonl rich andl unactuouls, possin5~~5g ai ,
ivor which parovedl coneltnively thait an extra liv
mntity of meat had been used in the prepa
.:ion. The boarders were all very much sum
-ised anda delighted, but the landlady seemi- 'W
ito be less pl-eased with their frequent Cu
-aughts upon the tutreenl. A short timne after '"
nue, our friend hapipening to lass by the -
then, overheard his hostess rattinlg the cook
r. putn too much of the shin of the beef
the soup1 kettle. " IHalf of it," said the a I
onoical providerr, " would have be-en quite
ough for eight boardlers, that pay 1no more Sb
n they (10 for their vittles." Go
II didn't put half the shin in, mna'am," says PCI
e cook. wi
" Ye needn't tell me that story," cried the lhe
cited old hady. " I know you'y beenl wasting crc
e miiat ; -o jusat take a ladel and dip up thela
meIC, :and thaen well see whether I'm a liar tht
y0u ale mistatkenl." kn
Tlhe cook obeyeda, and after diving the ladle tio
awn two or three times in the kettle, she vii
'ought up somiething which explained the -
" Lor," mna'am, I see how " tis," she said;
Iitten has been jumping about the kettle and il"
opped into it, a:id it's all biled up in the th
lless me!" cried the hostess, "sure enough ha
is' Thent, after- a c'onsiderable pause, she be'
Ided, cok have you any mnore kittens?- of
e might drop one in, you know, every time So
Shave a Soupa dinner. You wouhdti't, believe m'
>w the~ boardeirs seemed to like it."
Our friend paused to hear no more, but tet
airted unt to seek another boarding house.- Iln
hailadelhia Merculry. t
Thic Keantucky (Lincolna) regiments, which Gi
is iaid Major- Anderscon is to command, 1n
ere raised almost entirely in Cincinnati th~
The Position o
['he Baltimore Exchai
ne of the people of M
h-handd measures wh
a has adopted for the .
, by force of arms, all op
is lawless and tyrannica.
ns ever disgraced the
'If, however, the hope
adopting this tyrannica:
3 and suppression, the
es of the people of Mary.
out, we frankly tell thos
of this delusion, not to 1
rances. Whatever may
t are held among us, they
hanged by a display of fi:
and doubtless is, at this ju.
uness on the surface ; but
under current? With t
se who are timid and tir.
very few among us who ht
ir minds as to the proper c
d whenever the occasion is.
*ee and unbiassed expressio.
will can be had. If. as s
poweriess at this time to
t the outr ages that have be
y then we have no recour:
in with what patience we u
m to suffer and-to wait.
Is, whatever may be the c
sent, the future still disch.
mise. When men dare r
ost thoughts, it is an act
lain silent. It would be m
rage that would counsel i
rwhelming force. But the
e" brings about its changes
Administration and its alli
s not always imply acquies
tention from active oppos
President Davis at ti
he Cleveland (Ohio) Plaiu.
of the South and its rulers
ing complimentary languag.
'he South have got plenty
ek. There is no discount o:
ne of the best military men
is literally a son of Mars.
Ten. Taylor, educated at W
)mand in Mexico, was aft.
P(.f War, he knows from
cries, and from practice all t
knows all the military men
the world. We never ah
t time we called on him, r
ree. Although a total stra
to a map hanging on the wal
Crimean country, and on
ed in red lines the encanp.
:hings and other uperations
ies, then besieging Sebastupo
ance glowed when describintg
eralship there displayed, an,
u him in that short interview
ities of the English, French
leis of w.:rfare, their milita
I militar uen. iHe evideutl
je a Napoleon.
SF,:'w. Fmeurij:.-As w.ie will probab!~
100t.00 mnen under ar~ins hefore a montl
ir burden uin mour .tcole, iln a petunliar
s', mnust be intere:. inig und intructivi
oldir's dau i poviaionl co~sts over 20 centt
ei of the rouigh suit ; his clothing umbi
ce Lecessatiles, anmd other reqjuireent:
r one dollar. .In a mnovale state, thei
.ry man in the couni ry, bearing a muzske
ts us two dlollars per dayV.
'wo dollars icer day for one man is $200,
per day for 100,000.
200.000 per day is $1,400,000 per weell
I1,400l,000. per weoek is more than $5>,G0
)r $I1.200,000 for t wo mioths.
Ir $22,400,000 for four months.
)r. $:33.I00,000 for six months.
)r $67,200,000 for one ye.l.
Lhis for the army alone.
o ships--no sailors-no marines.
ot it will cost twice this. For the mner
port and traveling eXpenses only ar
ted. No figures for recruiting for gel
s, flicers, quart -.< government.
o figures for replacing dead nmen wviti
o figures for burying the killed.
le cost will be over three millions po
k. Ten days' war caplituil would bul
ba. ~uehanau was mand for asking thirt;
lions to add a great State to the country
4. Y. News.
IANo ixO AT Sumrszny, N. C.-We learn tha
ian by the nanme of Martin Scruggs,
veland County, was lodged ill the jail a
.lby, some1 time since by the Vigilan
initte, on a charge of giving "free pa
s" to negroes. On Friday night last, h
released on his own recognizance, whlei
was immediately takeni in charge by
wd, conveyed to the suburbs of the vil
e, and hlanged until dead. The namesc
persons concernied in the all'air are niC
>n, and f.om all we can learn, no cxer
iwill be made to identify them.-Yorli
IonE MANurAC-rUns or PERCUSSION CAr:
othing more was needed to develope th
.ustrial resources and energies of the Soult
ai the suspension of trade with the Nortl
ich the Yankees, unluckily for themselvel
re just occasioned. As soon as the fat
:amne known that a more abundlantsuppl
percussion caps would be desirable for thi
ithern troops, we finld manufactories stari
;up in each of tho Confederata States.
Swere gratified yesterday on being preset
t withl one of the first percussion caps mad
South Carolina. We are in'ormned thi
new caps arc round to be in every respe<
Ia to those made by the Uriited State
,vrnent, and Messrs. Camermn & Co. ar
i engaged mamking the malchimiry by whie
my ca be produced in large juantities.
..t to raise an Additional Military r
orce to serve during the War. d
Congress of the Confederate States of t
a do enact, That in addition to the
. er force authorized to be raised under
- laws, the President be and he is
tuthorized to accept the services of
rs who may offer their services, with- p
-d to the place of enlistment, either
y, mounted riflemen, artillery, or in. ti
> such proportion of these several ti
e may deem expedient, to servo for
g the existing war, unless sooner
That the volunteers so offering b
ces may be accepted by the Presi- ti
opanies, to be organized by him
rons, ba.talions or regiments. The a
shall appoint all field and staff b
t the company officers shall be 0
he men composing the company,
,ted, the officers so elected shall t
oned by the President.
e itfurther enacted, That any va- ?
rring in the ranks of the several e
iustered into service under the k
this Act, may be filled by volun.
d under the rules of such corn
tny vacancies occurring in the
ch companies, shall be filled by
.ccordance with the same rules. ".
:cept as herein differently pro
lunteer forces hereby authorized
shall be subject to and or
accordance with the provisions
o provide for the public defence"
Acts for the government of the
, Confederate States.
tend " an Act cestintg certain poic
Postutaster- General,if" cpprord q
e Congress of the Confederate cc
-terica do enact, That the provis- "]
Act vesting certain powers in the tl
-jeneral," approved March 15,
- amended as that lie be and is P
)rized, on and after a day to be 1
m, in a proclamation to take the
and direction of the postal ser
d be it further enacted, That tLe C
heneral be and he hereby is au- ti
empowered to annul contracts, S
inne or curttil the service and W
when be shall deem it advisablo, i
.ith the scrvice in whole or in ti
iaee a higher or different gradei
r the route, or when the public a
I require such discontinuance or h
or any other cause, he allowis "
la-is, viz: the great thron.:h "
ng important. points and carry
mails, to be class number one; t
.s coiiectinig less importad al
arrying heavy mrails for usual 1'
.o be cla-s number two; and
-i less important mails are con
ranch roads, and such unfinish
nt carry .rrent niaila, or conl
: ons sha~ll be elass nunmber
Sixc. -1. :d sel ie it further enctd TIhat ini
>ntracts meade with railroad comnies forh
irrinig the niail oncee a day) oin sceles. to
b apmeed on, the P'otmast-te-emrl mayl
lowr them conmesationi not c:ceedinig the
fllowing rates, viz: on fimst class roads onm
undred and fifty dunars p-a nde ; onI sedCll
as roads one hund!red dollars per unie ; amid
othird class roads lifty dollars lper mile
e amount of conemesation to be de-teruminreerl
ythe implortanlce and value of service pier-t
fmned ; P'rocided, that if onee-half of the-i
rvice on any railroadl is required to lbe per
rmedl in the night time, it shall be lawful
r the Postmuaster-Generah to pay twenty-five
r cenit. ini addition to the above named maxi- C
umi rates of pa~y ; Pr'ocidedfurther, that the i
ents, muessengers, and other traveling cem
oyeecs of thme Post 0 ee De-partment shaill
as- free of charge over such roads respee- t
vely ; and this Act shall take effe-ct and be N
fforce after its passage.
he Law of Clothing in Itegard to V'ol-- C
unteers Rteceived inito the Coni- m
Much misun hcrstaudhing seems to exist ri
taoug the volunteer forces called into the Coin- C
fderate service, in relation to the bubject b<
' clothes and clothing, and yet the law of wA
on;rss controlling the question is quite ty
ear, and admits of no two constructions- cm
any Volunteer Comupaniies, and Battallions L
ad regiments, entered the Confederate ser- of
fvce with the idea, that thme War Department cc
t ould supply all deficiencies of clothing ba
n ong them, and would moreover be prepar- or
edwith future supplies to meet the accruing dj
a ants of the soldiers; and, consequently bl
re now suffering in this respect, because of' tI
te want of proper information in the begin- 0o
- lng, which their officers and the Stata au- of
toritis should have given. The law of Con- Ii
tess, as set forth in the act " to provide for ft
e public defencee," reads as follows, to wit : .
" Said volunteers shall furnish their own tI
othes. When called into active service and n
while remaining therein, instead of clothing, d.
evry non-commissioned oiicer anid private a
a i any company shall be entitled to money, in m
Laasum equal to the cost of clothing of a non- L
> mmissioned oficer or private in the rega- ti
;,lr army of the Confederate States." s
:tBy this law volunteers provide, at all times it
yteir own clothing, and receive therefor com- fj
e utation in money, and in the passage of the at
lw, Congress evidently had in view those ti
- blic exigencees that required large forces to le
- ethrown into the field while yet the Govern- U
ent was in its infancy and stood provided c
4 ith no regular Quarter Master organization. ei
4We lhave been thus explicit be-cause it is S5
s ighly desirable the matter should1 be the~r ha
o oghly understood, as well among those ti
Iitoops already in service, as among those who C
- ae daily expecting to be called into service- h
ma wothink it wmuld be well for the soews
aper press generally, to set forth, as we have
one, the sulject in the light of the law and
se reason of the law.-Mont. Advertiser.
Frum the Ludon Morning Star.
he Fait ofSumater--EnglislhComnicute.
The resolution in the United States has
assed beyond the domain of talk, and has en
;red upon that of action. The bombardment
ud capture of Fort Sumter by the troops of
ie Southern Confederacy is another proof of
ic superioy vigor and decision which that
overnment has manifested ever since Mr
incoln's election. It is natural that it should
e so; for while the cotton States have
troughout shown themselves to be a unit on
te great question of secossion, the statesmen
td counsels of the Northern section have
een divided as to whether it should be war
acquiescence. Besides, the South had
ecn deliberately preparing for the blow, and
> these preparations the Republican party
as blind from first to last. Neither Lincoln
)r Seward seems to have believed in the
irnestness of Jefferson Davis and his coad.
tors, and probably some such feeling as
at still lingering, caused them to be too late
their tardy attempt to reinforce Fort Sum
r. That General Beauregard possessed a
-cat advantage in being with his army on the
tut is true; but that alone will not accoutf
r the fact of the Washington Cabinet allow
g the place to be bombarded and captured
ithout even an attempt being made to re
Ive it, although that Government had plenty
soldiers and ships of war at its command.
is said that a storm delayed the expedition
y relieving squadron ; but the dispatches
ate that, while the bombardment was going
i, the United States ships-of-war remained
uie:ly at anchor outside the harbor. When
r. Lincoln's Cabinet decided upon not re
>gnizing the Southern Commissioners, and
run treating the seceded States as still in
se Union ; when it had taken its resolve to
ep possession of the Federal places and pro
;rty still in the hands of its officers in those
ates, it ought, one would have thought, at
ic same time to have adopted effective modes
carrying those resolves into action. If they
d not mean submission of the Southern
onfederacy, they meant war; but instead of
te decision, promptitude and preparedness
hich a warlike resolve lmp!ies, six weeks
ere allowed to pass away without anything
ing done. Mr. Lincoln's attitude was from
se first an attitu.le against rebellion ; con.
ruing the Constitution of the United States
he does, and looking to the obligations of
s oath, he had no option ; yet his Govern
ent, from whatever causes, hold bauk from
ere stb uisue n ot L eeU ' an II ,n4as ss*J -.
It would be a useless task to endeavor now
fix the iuantdiate culpability of bringing
rout the first act of war. It is notfir ut to
ieoomnce reuispeitr /JOln either sect'i of the
xripted Union. Pajper ronstitutions tee
>l, howeeri, I be n'mthin wahenI oppose/ldi to
e u'iMIt|./. p(t CCeliHgs osf (Hy r.nsii'lkrnble
eliiii lii il Cliii'l Of ill ift. cite( 0 f/ilit rl'C i c
unl hais ai piereti ri:/et to seXcde, ane thea!!
the Federalc C'onstituti>n to the cindrrary nost
d/i~i~telin. All ind~epjenedenlt Souutheorn Con
dleracy is an absurdity, as~ long as a foreign,
though even a friendly, Goivernmnat holds
rtre.ses ~tad places d'ciaimes within ita~ bor
.rs. As the Southernl Comn.-racy pr
aimed its indepnldence, it hollows inexorably
ant it nmust claim the~ evacuaatioan of the fedl
al forts. Ihad thei cabinet of MWashington
'en ab~le to see its way to the recognaition of
o Gbovernmenat at Montgomeory, the unl
ubted( clainms of the Fedleral Government to
esefts S . federal piruperty coul~d have been
iIy arraunged by f'riendly negotiation. But
i,, it seemlS, the Contitution o1f the United
ates ihrhade. W'e cannlot blame Mr. Lin-.
,n for taking that view of his duty; but
e may b~e allowed to regret its necessity.
s t.ifer to the Southern Confederacy peace
ly to withdraw the garrison of Fort .Sumnter,
aving only two or three mn, and so to let
e fort reumaina until, to use the words of the
ew York Tribune, these troubiles n-hould be
er-thus relieving Charleston and South
rolina of all fear that they would be in ay
anner annoyed or imperilled by that fort
ears the aspect of a desire for peace, and its
jection by the Government of the Southern
unfederacy, followed a-s it has been by the
>mbardment and capture of Fort Sumter,
ill lead1 many to deuounce the South as gu.
of unnecessary resort to violence. We
m pronoun~ce no such hasty conademnation.
~oking to the at best ambiguous utterances
the Government at Washington, and to the
rtain fact that the war of reconqulest has
en ardently advocated by the Republican
ganms, thce Sooth may have exvercised a sonied
scret ion in the course it hea taken. Proba
y it could not understand the mneaning of
e phrase, "nuntil these troubles should be
!er," supposing it formed any part of the
fer, any more than we can understand it.
they were intended to foreshadow a peace
solution, why shouild not Mr. Lincoln have
id so at once ? Bunt he could not mean
at ; for peaceful solution is neither more
r less than the recognition of the indepen
mece of the Souhern Confederacy. We can
yt suppore that the cessation of these troubles
cant the suppression of the rebellion, as Mr.
incoln holds it to be, by force; the substan
i withdrawal of the garrison of Fort Sumter
cens to negative that interpretation. But if
mean neither the use of for ce nor the peace
I recognition of the South, it meant ntothinig
all; for nobody can pretend to believe
at the Cotton States, with their peculiar
stitutionls, can be persuaded to re-enter the
nion upon any terms of modification of the
onstitution that the free Statea of the North
ther would or ought to sanction. The
athern Confederacy may, therefore, have
id good reasons to reject the offer in ques-.
on ; and so the act of war accomaplished in
harleston harbor on the 1 3th of this month
Watanghtf.. to Jho dan. e iahog..
tion. A nythsiny, we ausrer, sure a prolonga
fil o the 'rar. Yet we fear the feeling of
the North. There will be exasper.tion at
what will be regarded as a military defeat
the foolish feeling of vindicating the honor of
the Union will be intensified, anld the cry
will b war. Yet there is really no oem'sion
for such a feeling, as there can be no rational
object in coercing the South. The military
honor of the Union has received no stain.
Maj. Anderson and his garrison, we are told,
defended themselves and the fort to the last.
The fire on both bided was hot and spirited,
and the bombardment lasted forty hours.
Without in the least doubting the bravery
either of assailants or assaulted-without
questioning the undoubted recklessnoss' of
safety with which both sides performed their
duty, we may yet be allowed to rejoice that
no carnage is reported as the result of this
fierce deed of arms. The modern Americans
seem to have revived the secret of the Italian
Condottieri of the middle ages, and can attack
and defend, bombard and capture strong
places, without the loss of a life, or even a
limb on either side. The bloodlessness of
this engagement ought to be a reason with
our American friends, N rth and South, to
tempt war no further.
It is difficult to estimate the moral effect
which this success will produce throughout
the various States, and especially in the bor
der communities, which are cautiously calcu
lating probabilities before they finally declare
for union or secession. 'These border States
are evidently inclined to cast their lot with
the South, which offers to them many advan
tages of which they, would be deprived by a
union with the North. In many respects the
Montgomery Government is superior to that
at Washington ; the tariff is moderate, em
bracing free trade principles, and presenting
a strong contrast to the Morrill tariff, which
is virtually prohibition, and is fast driving
trade to the Southern ports. If the border
States do unite with the South, the isue of
the conflict can scarcely jbrm a subject for
speculation, because the North will be de
prived of its most productive, powerful and
wealthy districts.-Liverpool Mercury, April27.
Virginia will probably secede immediately,
without waiting to go through forms, and will
unite her arms with those of the Confederate
States. Other border slave Staten will pro
bably mingle in the strife on the same side.
Lincoln, in distrers, will summon to his aid
the militia of Ohio, New York, Illinois, and
other republican States of the northwest, as
he has already called on the State troops of
Pennsylvania. The lighting, therefore, will
lie of the most terrible description-close,
fury which consanguinity ever lends to the
battles of brothers.-Licerpol Post, April27.
llaving bred so badly in South Carolina.
President Lincoln will doubtless pause before
he iroceeda further in the SiUe direction.
Indeed be is likely to have work on his hand.
at home, for a belief prevailed that the South.
ern m.rees would make an attack upon Wash
inton; but their anger, I in al probability.
hi..s beeni appeased by the posses.ionm of the
feder:d f.,rt in Chaledton harbor, wl.ieh has
thus been recuredl under circumstances mlore
favorablel than could have been anticipated.
Both the op1poaing parties base done emnuh
to rcdeetn their pledges. The spirit of Mr.
Lincoln's inasugural address has beatn vinadi
cated b'y hir attemnpt, however unsuccessfuil,
to relieve 1ort Sumner ; and the earnes5tness
of the South in the cour~se on which it has
ertred is sen in its determinationi to sub
due amid seize the fort which baa been an eye.
sore since the commnn~,cemient of thmese trou
bls.- U!dllmer-tt d': Sm h's Euiropeani Tunes.
elet hanjdles this fabulous poit very dainitily:
" Receive for a truth this exact mathiemat.
ical mamxim--Tu-o ieson.peil less than one.
I see many batchelors who rema~itn such from
shee.r fright at the expe.lnines of maitrimto
iy, anid yet spendi infinitely more than a mar
red man at'ter all. They live dearly at the
cafes and restaurants, and at the theatres.
lavanna cigars, smioked all day, are to their
solitude an extravaganmt necessity. Why do
they smoke ? " To forget," they say. Noth
ing can be more disastrous. We dsuld nec'
er forut. Woe to him who forgets evils, for
he never seeks their antidotes. The man, the
citizen who forgets, ruins not only hinself
but his country. A blessed thinmg it is to haive
by your heat thm stone a reliable and loving
woman, to whom you can open) your heart,
with whom you can sufl'er. She wIll prevent
you froum either dreaming or forgetting. We
must all sull'er, and love, and think. In that
is the true life of man. If the wife has no
f male frienids whose rivalry incites her to ex
travagance in dress, she spends almost nothi
ing. She reduces all your expenses to such a
degree that the formula given above is no
longer correct. We must not say7 " two per
sons," but U fver perOns speud le.ss than oine."
She supports the two childrenm besides. When
the marriage is judicious, entered into with
forethought, when the family does not increase
too rapidly, the wire, far from being a hin
drance to liberty of action, is, on the contra
ry, its natural and essential element.
LIscoLN's Natvr.-The Scienti/Ic Ameri
can-good authority-gives the following analy
sis of the strength of the navy with which
Lincoln proposes to blockade the coast of the
The navy, upon which thec Union must re
ly to represent it to foreign nations, if it were
required to do so immnediately, consists of
seven screw frigates, fivo screw eloops, four.
side-wheel sloops. and eight gun sloops, ma
ki~g a total of but twenty-four vessels, car
rying 380 guns. This is absolutely the entire
national fleet of the United States, and no
other statement of the case can make it great
bOlS 01 ArceuviaIe
Editor of Greaarille Patriot an .1Buntaine r:
GCreetnville naiy be justly proud of the yountg
men who represente-d her patrio'it Iat tIhe
receant b43aoar.htm-tt and capttaC of Fort
Sutter. They have all heaein aientiouwd in
various public prints and highly cotmulnwled
fur their bravery and valable services during
the contest. Two of them-Capts. Butler
and Hlallonqist-had command of important
Capt. Wmn. Butler is the son of the late Dr.
Wm. Butler, of this place, and the nephew
of Commodore Perry. He had served in the
United States Army for live years with <dis
tinction, but prompt'y resigned his conasis
slun when South Carolina seceded. Duri:,g
the bonbardneit of Sumter he was stationed
on Sullivan's Island, above Lort Moultri'-,
and had comnuand .f Company 11, c.misting
of nearly 100 men. He hadi a difficult post
assigned to h'm i for not. only had he com
mand of a shell battery, from which he in.
cessantly assa.led the ener-y and contributed
largely to his defeat, but he cotunanded also
a gun battery bearing upon Maffit's Channel,
and had to keep a sharp lookout for the fleet.
Iis manage:ant of th fie eme wa so akillful
and destructive as to attract the especial at
tention of Major Anderson's guns during the
fight, and his enthu.-ia-tic commendation after
the surrender. Capt. Butler exhibited, in his
exposed situation, the highest courage, cjo!
nessand skill throughout the pratractel strug
gle, and vindicated his e!aims to a full share
of the heroic and daring spirit of his revolu
We trust the madness and folly of Black
Republicanism may not pluge the country
into a protracted civil war; but should it do
so, Capt. Butler will always be found, we
co:.fidently predict, where his gallant uncle
ever was in Mexico, " near the flashing of the
guns." And in any position which may be
assigned hit, he will reflect honor upon his
native Carolina, and win new laurels for the
name of Butler. JUSTICE.
Vigilance at Home.
In the present disturbed state of affairs, it
becomes us to be upon our guard 'gainast the
designs of evil minded persons, who maj be
disposed to take advantage of the existing ex
citenent, as a cover for their own schemes of
private gain or revenge. We know of no
reason for suspecting such a state of things
in our own oommunity, but recent events in
Charlotte and lHeatdermniaa, N th Carolina,
should at lenst have the efleet of mating us
to bo on the lookout againt the occurrence of
similar outrages in our own midst. In our
town. measures have . been taken by the or.
neighborhood, coumpamnes of alarm or reliet
mnen should be organized and practised in
the use of arms, and the ordinary military
evulu.ions, from which eilicient night-watches
should be tiktailed. This would not only have
the dl'et of ensuring quiet and confidence at
hme, but would prepare the whole country
for eflctive action, if its whole .strengtlh should
ba.ecmne necessary, in the defence of the rig~hts
an.d hotnoir of the Conf<-daerato Status.
We cannot now re~gIad the talk oif an iunva
sion of the South as other than an idle tanda
boastful threat, but there is no predicting
what may lie attemptedl in excited and revo
lutionay' times, andl there can Ihe noa harm in
preparinlg ag:ain~t danger. Caution, is the
parent of safety..- reenaville Mm-nnt aineer.
" On, mother, mnother !'' " What my son
' Mfaynt I have the big Bible uap in nay room
o-daya ?"' "~ Ye any chaila, anal welcome.
You don't know what pilesure it gives me to
see your thoughts turn in that way. But
wat arc tho-se int y.aur htads?' " iTrer'
'Triggers ! for what, may clahk '"" Wlby,
trapl triggers. Iaere's the standard, you see,
this is the flipaper~, and that one with thec fat
meat on the end is the lonag trigger. Thtere
is a drotte~d mouse keeps a cmuitn' inter mty
room and insalting of me ad I wvant to .vt~
the big iuible with thae triggers to sce if I
can't ktn.r' his chunk out for' himt."
In the early history of this country how
peaceably the North and South lived together.
Then evean the Qutakers trcaeae the South with
s~rupulous justice, as illustratedl by the fol
lowing nota of William Pennm, who used to
volun'cer to send back fugitive slaves:
FrCind ro:rea: The boy, Samnuel, has
been loaig about my premises. Presume heC
has runt away from thee, and I have sent him
home to thee.
A nr.voa.vat;o five shooting cannonh'.
beeni casit in Lynchburg, Va. The piece 1.4
of smnadl size, but complete in all its parts
an1 can be loaded with the case andl rapidity
of a Colt's revolver. The weighat adoes not eX.
ceed six hundred pounds. It ca-rries a 3-incha
ball, four pounds in weight, and shoots with
great !p.eeisiont at the distance of 1200 yards.
Cower.A Coex-r EmoQreP.-Parke E.
Arnohld, of Coweta, is widely knownt. Hie is
knwn to be a man of few words. Hearing
a soldier, sitting near him on the cars a few
days since, comnplaini of the want of pocket
change, our friend opened his well stored
wallet and suppjlied him.
We learnt he said this morning that no sol
dier's family should suffer while he had a
dime, anad that his whole estate was at his
coutry's disposal for the cause of liberty.
Mr. Arnold is worth several hundred thous
and dollars.-Atlanta Commonwealth.
W,a DONr., BtENvtL.E.-At a meeting
of the Police Jury, held ont Tuesday, last an
appropriation of $30,000 was made for equip.
ping volunteers who go from this parish and
for the supporting their families during their
aibsence. Less than an hour after bonids
were issued, $5840 worth were taken for the
benefit of the Bienville Rifle Company, No, 1,
- hihave omn-day, (Wednesday the 8tahL.