Newspaper Page Text
NNNrN//r4N4 rd11~Nr4rNr4rr W4r14N4Md4rr4N4NII14NNNINNN,INNIrN4/NN/NN14NpAhrrNr4N/,r4u/14rN1/rrrlllrrhrlNNrtNNlrrurrUNrNNNrN,14rNN4dpIVUNN W Ilrrldlrlrh111rr411Ur1,1111rpI11M111npJMlr4rr4 nNrMIrNM11NIMININI4NINNry1NNINppMrI11N1/"MNINIMIypINWNIlu11y11rNM141p1141prr41W 4N4:N
""WE WILL CLING TO THE 'PILLARS OF THE TEMPLE OF OUR LIBERTIES, AND IF IT MUST FA
NINdI 1 n r 1 n r n 1 U14r'W 11 41 b h1 b 11 4 U Ir U hl N pr a lu Ir N rl 4 M 4 nnN pPp rr h u 1 ..0190604r9r .rNNNr NN4 r gN1 p11/1N1/p1 ql 4 41 p11M AN4NIN4N11 4 L1 blpl ly U / N U111' U/U N'4 W bHll hUp 41 aNlNl N NNlh...... W1y1pINlpyhMpllgIN111N41NNp14rpy1N4/1pN41hIpNINrp1
r I r l r r 11 l rl r 11 r l r l r l rr l Ir r r r N r 11 N 11 I r r r r r l l r I N N 11 1 11 11 r / I r r l ;,'
U'r Il rr Nr N4 1 EDGTEFIEJi D, JLTNE
ailikiV . P . . i.. Prn. rirtnrs.
Be a W oman.
Oft I've heard a gentle mother,
As the twilight hours began.
l'leading with a son on duty,
Urging him to he a man.
But unto her blue-eyed daughter.
Though with love's words quite us ready.
Points she out the other duty,
' Strice my dear to be a lady!'
What's a lady ? Is it something
Mlade ut hoops, and silks and airs,
'sed to lcerate the parlor,
Like the fancy rugs and 4hnirs
Ts it one that wastes on novels
Every feeling that is human
If 'tis this to be 'a lady,
'Tis not this to be a Woruan.
Mother. then, unto your daughter
Speak of soumething higher far.
Than to I.e mere fashi'n's lady
.l ady is th e b rig h test sta r.
If ye, in yuar str:;g utfection,
Urge your sou to be a true man,
l'rge your daughter no less :trongly
To raise up and be a woman.
Yes, a woman-brightest model
o' that light amd perfect be:auty
There the wind. and soul and body,
it!en- to work out life's great dut}v
Be a woman-naught is higler
On the gilde~l list of fatme:
On the cat.logue of virtue
There's no brighter, holier name.
]Be a woman-on to duty,
Raise the world from all th:at' 1w,
Place high in the social heaven
Virtue's fair onrl rudiant bow
Lend thy iofluence to each effort
That :shall raise our nature human;
Be not fashion's g,:bled lady.
DIe a brave, true, whole-souleil woman.
Lincoln Indict ed.
We give below a few extracts m the
opinion delivered by Chief .l ustic -
the case of 31errymnan, a citiz'en - f3ar' "
arrested and detained by Gener J Cadwai
der, commanding in Marylan-l We regre
that our limited space will not permit t. to
publish the entire opinion as it is worthy o
the great reputation of th venerable juris
who for more than tventy five years has e.x
pounded the Constitutien of the 1iited State.
in the spirit of its nake .
The Habeas Corpnl Gase in Baltimore
Ex pur/e John Merr ua.
Before the Chief 'Tu-de t of Ohw Suprerm
Court of the United Stat"es, at t Chanbers.
The application in tli. eae for a writ o
haluhas corp-s is male to me under 11ie 1 r1
section of the Judiclr Act of 1 ', rvhiel
renders effectual for tie citizen :he con.1 it
tional privilege of the v.rat oif ;,-' a yii.
The case, then, is simply this. A nilitar;
officer, 'residing in Pennsylvania, issues a
order to arrest a citizen of Maryland upo;
vague and indefinite charges, without an;
proof, so far as appears. Under this orde
his hcutse is entered in the iht lie is seize,
as a pri~fner atnd confveyedi~ to Fort Nellenr.1
:and there kept in ci.:se conrfirnent. All
when a hi1~abes caarn's is served on thea com
moanding ofiicer, reipairinrg hrim to piroduice th
prisoner before a justice of the Stuprem
Court, in order that he may exaiine into th
legality oif thie imnprisoanmenrt. the atnswer c
the otli.eer is, that lie is rathoicrized by ith
President to suspend the vwrit ofhi'4'us corpn
at his discretion. and, int the exercise of the~
discretion, suspenids it in this case. and o
thnat grond reflises obaedieinee to the varit.
As the case come's before me, therefore,
imderstandl that thre President tnt only claim
the right to su~spenid t he writ of Itasue em- a
himself, at hris discretion, but to dlehgate ti
discretiontry piower to a mliitary oficer', an
to leave it to hirri whether he will or will na.
obey judiciatl process that may' he -.'rve
No of!ielatl nothie has been given to th~
courts of jrs'.ice or to th~e pubi!ie, by proch
mation Gr otherwise, that, t'..e P'resideisi
cl~iaimd this poawer, and hadl exercised it.i
the maniner sitteI in the ret utri. Anrd
certainily listenid to it Wi s'ome surprise, il
I had supp'i sed it to lie one oif those pointl
of constItuttijonal law tupion which tha-re ws
no dillere.ne" of aipinion. aind thatt it was a.
mnittedl on alil hnr:is that the pari vil..ni ofI ul
writ could' not he susp.enide enetp! by a r'
Ilavin,1. theref~bre. rae2:ard'ed thne gniistion:
too plain and' too we'l settled to bec oi&en 1
dlisputte, ji. the coummnahndinrg a.fliaier had st ati
that upon his ow n ~j repnisibiity i, arnd in tI
exerise of Iris own d i-eret ioni. he reftusa
obeiencei'iT t the' writ. I .should I havea. contet
m-.-<elf winth r. ferin~g to the ebiis in thIe Io
st iturtin, annd to t he conistruntii n ar r t+(1 n
fromt every jnist :and ."tatesmran of t hat a
'when the esie o'f 1 rrr was baeorec thtet
Itnit be'inrg thIuis ifticially nontified t Ihat il
privilege2 of i:e writ has beLen susj.~enided u
dea.r thre irdet?- and' byv the arutharn. of tI
P re'.i-len't, anid heilevi:::-, ars I doi, that t !
P'residenit ha~s e'xerci'ed h' re wlhia'h I
rioes not pi~sess uundehr the Constitution,
propecr re.'-pect fihr tihe hriabh fice hi' i;:s r
qulIin ' me at tte pl~auinly~ a ~n nly ti
grounds ofi any ujinraIon, in tar1 r to) show thi
irhave nrot ventutred to a1piention t he braht
of this arct without a caefuil iad delibera:
examinattionf of th~e who'le soi-':ect.
-It is thre 2i article of thre Con-titutioni th
providies 1'r the urgnization of thre Exeeni
Depari ment, andl enumttertets thle poer Cai
ferred oan it, anad presc'ribe~s i s duaties5. Al
if the iihih po.ver over the liberty of the cii
zen now claimned, was intendal to be en
ferred on the Presidnnt, it wouild urnouh-id
be tfunnd in plain words ini this articie. Il
there is not a word in it thart cant fuirnish ti
slightest gronwil toa justify thre exer'cse oif t]
82, too, his powers in relation to the ci'
.la...:- -.A ....tia.-t ..-ce..a,0. cnnfa,r'e
hum are carelully reatri':ed, a well n tho-- -
belonging to his military character. lIe can
not appoint the nrdinary officer: of fGovern
me-it nor make a treaty with a foreign nation
or Indian tribe without the advice and con
sent of the Senate, and cannot appoint even
inferior officers, unless he is authorhied by an
act of Congress to do so. Ie is not emOW
Bred to arret any one c-hnrgedwith an oflence
against the Vnited States, i~al whom he may.
fromt the,eaidcnce-he)ibre him. believe to be
gniity-i-or can he authorize any oflicer, eivil
or military. to exercito this power ; for the
5ith article of the amendments to the Con=ti
tution expressly provides that no person "shall
he de-p i ed of litp, liberty or property with
out due process of law"-that is, judicial pro
(esp. And even if the privilege of the writ
of ha)eas rorj,rx was suspended by act of
Congress, and a party not subject to the rubs
and articles of war was afterwards arrested
and imprisoned l.v regular judicial process,
he could not be detained in prison or brought
to trial before a military tribunal, for the arti
cle in the tmendment to the Constitution.
innediately following the one above referred
to-this is, the nth article-provides that " in
all criminal proseentions the accused shall en
joy the right to a speedy and public trial by I
an impartial jury of the State and district
a herein the crime shall have been committed,
which district slial have been previously as
-eer:ained by law, and to be informed of the
nature and cause of the acensation ; to be
eo(nffronted wi:.h tl.e witnesses against him ;
to have coinpulsory process for obtaining wit
nesses in his favor, and to have the assistance
of counsel fur his defence."
With such provisions in the constitution,
expressed in language too clear to be misun
ier.tood by any cne. i can sec no ground
whatever for supposing that the President,
in any emergency or in any state of things,
Can nutbori.e tie suispensionl of the privil-e
of Oht writ of /albe" corps, or arrest a
citizen except in aid of the judical power.
ie certainly doe.s not faithfully execute the
laws, if he takes upon him :elf legislative
power, by suspending the writ of iabeas cor
pux-and the judicial power also, by arresting
and imiprisouiing a per.-on without due pro
e (sof (,t ir. Nor ci i any argument be drawn
1-.: t he nature of sovereignty or the necessi
tigs governmett fur .'e1f-defe.nce in times
of tumujt and dang r. The government of
the United States is one of delegated and
limited lowe:- Ile drives it:" existence and
authoritt altieether frun the coostitution,
:nd neither of its branelws, executive, legis
re t.r jLidiil call exet c-:e rny of the
power.; of govtriut"eiit hi (and those specified
-ti ~r.anted. "i r the tenth :rticle of the
::i,,n.-im eit to the counstitutiun in exp;e-s
m; povie s th:t -: the p wers lnt deprgt
Sr.>d the I li:e i ':ates by the: constitution,
ri Iproh i;'d1. iy it to t!.e State, nre reei vei
t" the tatCs repecti iely or to the pet-ule.
I wie. the ecuriiy a.aiist imp ri-oin.-rt
av. .-xecutivc auth.iiiy, provided for in the
h atic hii M- of the : 1c.m,:netts of the consti
tition, which I have iwlIi e qauoted, is nothing
meu than 7, copy of a like provision in the
-.ghish cotuitution. which L.id lieen firmly
* sihli-,Led befon~r- the lD.:eiarat ion of .J mie
lhmit I aiiti notu left ti) forint n.y jnt:igmuenlt
upiit on. his geat eine~stion from analogies be
tween h.ngiisha jurists, or the decisions of Eng
It-li cour s, althoug~h uyin this subject they
are ~ ent ie to the hzighest respect, and are
juty regi.rde.d aid ieceived as authoritative
by" our courts of justice. TJo guide me to a
i-'ht coticlusion:, I have the conimentaries on
ti e u-un...it ution of th ,United Sitates of the
lte .1ir. de tstiCe Story, not onily one of the
mri.-t emiitneit jurists of thle ogi- lbut for a
jlong time otne of the brigh'test or-natments of
te Supremec Court of thet U.nited Stautes, and
also the clear and authoritative decision of
that court itself, given more than half a eeni
urv .- ie,- an id con.clusively estaiblishiuig the
r uciples I Ihave above statedl.
Ilut the. doe~nu-uits before me shiow that
th ilitairy authorii:y in t his ease has gone
r ben d th'e tiere siupension of the pii
i eeof the writ of ,L'!.c~s or 1;us. it has, by
frcit -farims. thi rust a,-id' tie jaiciki:l author
ite and. otier r.N to whomi the const it ution
hai cot tid.al the power and the duty (of in
meu pretin; and adminai-rinig the laws, and
-'b-t it merd a imltary goverFnent in its pla~e,
:op *i e-u admii; red am'.1 eceuted by milhtary
ei.l r . IX r. ut the ! inme t'u.caP proci.Cia
-'.:*e hi..i gain1-t -.1:.bn M ryinan, thle dli~.
ri-it joke ct Marci 1, thie commaiiis'iner
I-Pi'i ted tiuder the :net of C..ngrescs-- le.
iiet attoriey anid the miarshail--all resided
in the cityv of lIa:'t imorie, a tew miles oi-lv
from1 the homei of tie pr-isotner. i p to tl.at.
iie the-re: had it-vet- beien thec slightest re.sis
meie sir 5 bstruiit nii to ti e l.;'c.-ss Of any
eisirt or j ucial oihicer of the i'ntedt Sttes
a- ' Mar' hi.i, I. v:cept by~ th in li tary auithority.
And if a ihltary t ler or any i Ir 1 c
ono hado ri tis'n to be!ieve that, th~e pt'isoneIr
uha comiue t.d any~ tl iffence :uaint the lass
., the nitecd .:hte5, it vnus : otuty t, ;:ive
ino *rmaiia n :ofi the ihet, and thce evidec to
. -upport :t,!o thle ditrie: :ueturm-y ; andl' it
wI:Id ten L':Ia;w: bectune uthe hitty c-f t h::
; .,ir to bringi the waite bu-fore the dihtr.tu
*j.:. er com umiineair, and if the~re w: eu
i *legf* - evidcle to juttify h's ar~rest, the
4* ~i.*.r e..inanini,,i'lar wo ull lanve issueid his
warr ata to. th.- mar.,hatiil to anie-it lhinm; aiol
ipi ta::hi hearing ef t hi' party wvouhl havy.
ili iin tot bail or ni titedvi himii for triat.
.crdne to t he ch artler of the offentcf as
t appe.:ir.ed in t he tes timotny; or have dis
tcir~i:d hi:n: iniiunediataely if there was ntit
.,t mi:a. -vienci to) isppirt the acusationi.
zuire wcas lii daniger of aniv obstru-tction or
r..astaic e t tiet cti if the civil antthui
e- - -.nd her-cire- no reti-un whatiuever fori the
..pi.it a-a n ofi the milit ary. Anad y-et, it:deri
* n.- ciutiitu. es, a mi litary otii-er, sta
oind inI Pennsyvania, wit houit givin~g any
in lorati'on to the district at tornley, and wrimth
out aiy api.ientioni to the judicial authiorities,
- 4mues to himself the judicial power ini the
-iirit of Maryland, undertakes to decido
l wat vans ttneasthe crme of freauoa or re
x-mon, what rvidai. (if, indt..A, -i rtares
my) is sanTh'ir-nt to support tLe -accusatiol
nd justify the commitment, and commits
.he party, without having it hearing even be
'ore himself, to close custody, in a strongly
;arri,oned fort, to be there held, it would
eem. during the plrasure of those who corm
The (.'onstitution provide?. as I have before
arid. that "no person shall be deprived of
ife, liberty, or property, withomIt dlue proeeas
)f law." It deciares that ".he right of the
ople to be secure in their persons, houses,
)paer, anda eyets, argain..t unreasonable
"arches and seizur'e. shall not he violated,
ndlts no warrant shall issue, but upon probable
:use, supported by oath or ratliriation, and
particularly dl.sr i'iing the place to lie
carced, and the person or things to be
wized." It provides tha4 the party necused
;b:dl he entitled to a speedy trial in a court
A nd these grt'at and fundamental lawi.
which Congress itself couldO not' suspend,
have icen di-rrgarde'd and suspendlletl- like
the writ of huihead corpus, by a miiitry or
der, uspported by force of arms. Such is
the case now t-fore me, ard I can only say
that, if the authority which the Constitution
h:s confil'd to the judiciary department and
judiciary olilaers may thus, upon any pretext,
or under any circumnstances , be usurped by
the military power at its di-cretion, the pro
pie eIf the l'aiilel S.'ex are no lontier liriny
iiuler a !orernmenIl oi' law., biut erery citizen
holds l;i, lberty, ait pr per'i at !he will and
pleasure ot' the armyu ;icrs in whose n ililary
ditial:t e ma happn 1.o l1"e 'Il.
In such a case my iduty was too plain to
e mistaken. I have exercised all the power
which the Constitution and laws confer on me,
but that power has ein rcsisetel by a force
too strotig for te to overcome. It is possible
that the oflicer who has incurred this grave
responsibility may have mis-nlerstood his
instructions, and exiceeded the authority in
tended to be given him. I shall, therefore,
order all the proceedings in this case, with
my opinion. to be filed nud recorded in the
Circuit Coaurt of the Uniteud States fir the
District (f Maryland, and direct the clerk to
transmit a copy,. under seal, to the President
of the linited States. I rill thin "r,:mainfor
tMa l hi:;lh ri'ii r, li fi-.M'lli;ant <: itis cot l i
- -r"#-..,:/'.i lv (on/alc care that the intrs
ter;. (it w~tseln nu na ---
the au:thor, ycre r-'1 before the committee
.,f c-tien'.,s ap.paiwd'l to e::naine himi. In
the Ietter to thu editors of the S.-a /-';i'
j.::.: i.ata, we finsd the hi'1owing pnragraph:
("t-ta;ht'iicl , ther e :.re 1.lenty of 'nionists
Suith, .ut they are afraid even to express :n
a'linlion. havir,ir .., la-.'e. :ah Ieing intimi
dlateda by bielh aehge slave-ownlers
i whto. if t.e irntI, was kr:owi, are literal
lv a:.inig int their ,hin, fer fear th~ir darling
undoledly n1ii. s'.dner or hlttr. Tlo protett
tis is the ma.~in ohbject oaf t hiey men, and to
extetd shivery to the' rich honds far; her South,
which wouhld of courise pay them better tihan
the poor, worn-oult hais here."
While we wouhit not imrp:;za the judgmient
(if the large comminittee of' ale gentlemen
who had thec case unoder conisideration, we
n mevrtheless thintk thtey havie dealt. very lenii
entyv with the secunp who, after living in ai
commuityi si x year's, and earnit-.; his iv'eli
hooda atmntg them, conlid pen such a libel and1(
slander as the above atgainst them.
We takhe the followingL from the Joura/s
accoutt oft the trial:
ied andi the letters read to the meetinig. Mir.
l)eine was rnlowed f'ull permnission to ma~ke
his it atemnent antd any' expalaniationi or defi:aee
whtich lie mtigh le ahble ini iaswer to t~nhe
charge prefe'rred aest him. lie didl so,
a acttowhl.dgied I i.e authohut.ip of the th+
tr.%. andl at tem;pwed to excus~e htimiseilf by vai
iaiM 5uie~t fanges, whaich of enr-e dtad not
amoun t to an) thinjtg, attpII only sati.,ied t he
conuittee .still morei sttrontgly' of his guilt.
After till the evidence had been presented,
and the defeince heardah th~e commitittee was
addressed by Meurs. Wmn. M1. Shannion, 11am'.
.lamehs Che'stnut. W'. N. II. Wa rkhanm, and
T lho. .1. War'i reni. The' t'urt. room, which
hd beean (craha2d byV eti enst'' wasP cred,
ad the conoititaee, vwi:hI closed doo.rs, pro.
('sieded't toi conshh-ra' tb ha ls:.
" The comit tiee decide~d t hat it was n~ot a
case r, quiring. ctaitai jati ti-,mant iand after
dte debberatio.n, h etinad thlar depaot taltion)
aevtnd :h' limati. af thi.e C'Anfteerney Ihota
lie the teralty."
A CotNits-rx' t':smsz Ome::au.-T'he foal
lowig inteit, de.cribedl to tus by an eye
wi ace. speaks for' it self. I .iemenant Culotnel
-. -.---, i(aiourer who (lid gallant -erv'ice to
to his counitry in M1-xico, but whlo now com-~
m ani tal in the - regiment, which passeda
thro~gh this city -on Sunday, was approacthe'd
i i one ofaou prlincplhls n nh
ialyade:.etd by' a gent lemtran ;"Coloniel
-,1 hteartiiy congratulate you upion this~
sevce upon which you have enlteredl." 4'May
I innie what y'our paolit ics arc ?" responidad
te Clon;teI. " I am ia riepuicanett," replied
tae other. " Know then, sit'," conitined the
C olaonel, that. I p: rtiit tmyself to receive the
c on;atultiiaur, of nor meinber of' the inifa.
ous party, toi whlose inrentdiartismi re-ei attrti
btattble thle calamitiies that overtwhielti thec
couttty, utels i I is hittiself willing to. vol
ntitteer' in .iares.,ing thle imorvemnents lie hias
ielp1ed to instigte. \Vohiteer with me~, sir',
a td, it' thbee is any lighItag to bie donea, you
htl imve" a chatnce to grease thle gates of hell
n aort order. Yes, sir, amia when we have
ut. down this atr'ociots sece-ssionl heresy, 1
i wiling to return atnd aid in cutttinag frotm
their pulphits~ the white cravatted scoundlrels,
who have been disturbinig the tranquility ol
Itrenblic for no Imany yeart."
We bave seen no batter fighting matrial,
be it remarked, than is contained in this same
regiment, to which Lieut. Col. j
belongs.-New York Newsa.
..ATII:, Snots, &c.-lf our ports argrig
idly blockaded, there will he soon a scasrity
of Leather and Shoes in the South. Tbikean
h remedied by our tanneries at once putting
i .rth all their powers to make Leather. Let
all the hides that the rcotutry can produce be
put in the tan vats so as to give us 1.eather
in due time. 'Texaq, Mexico, and Arktisaa
can no doubt furnish raw hides in suni ient
quantities, in addition to the domestie s-apply.
The hides of all cattle, sheep, &e., slaughtered
in our camps should he preserved for thctan
neries. With Lea:her we can make shoes
enough. O(tr soldi'rs n ust have shoea; so
must our slaves, and so must we all. Brognis
for hard service are what is first needed;)and
then the usual varieties for the various walks
of life. The shoe trade in the South is bound
to be profitable, and the manufacture of oee
to rapidly increase.-Tuntsville (Ala.)tAd
('ArT. WFi-T's INTREPIrD ENCOT':;TR
WIT' TiE Exi:mv.-Fromn a reliable.source
we derive the following account of the inter
esting interview between Capt. Wn. I.
Wertb, of the Chatham Grays, Pittsylvania i
County, and a scouting party of the Hesians,
in the neighborhood of IHampton, on Friday
last. It dilfers somewhat from our yesterday's
statement. Capt. Werth and another oflicer
being together, and unacconpanied, on a re
connoitering expedition some distance in ad
vance of the main body, separated at the-f'orks
of the road, t.ach going on his own hook. Af.
ter Capt. W. had proceeded a .short distance,
he found himself suddenly in the pretence of
five of the enemy. hlaving no idea of surren
dering, he inst:antly drew his revolver, and
without parleyig. each party commenced
iring-Capt. W. killin g two of the party, the
remainder retreated. The inule ridden by
one of' the party, however, ias killed by Capi.
W.'s list shot, the rider having slipped off at
the instant and taken to the bushes. Capt.
W. seems much chagrined that the bad
round on which the rencoun er occurred
prevented his hagging all live. When this
alflir is reported i'er the Northern press, it
will of course be stated that th ir scouts were
attacked by a whole troop of drgoons. Cape.
:.. ....,. .nlme. until ioined. i mmedi
bison to borrow uni . ......--..- -
was sopi o'cd tha; lio thio hinks would fly
to the r,-lief of the Stte, her patriotic s5,l
diers and the lation whsue exis:enee was to
be teste'.l by bloo.d. No men wer j wild and
deviiih in cryio traitor-no paurty now-all
e.>u r-fe, property, everythLin must be
Sput at the service of thie C ni.tr !
No"w, ;what have we winiesed' ? The Go'-'
irnor ma.: t..il, proclamaat ion0,. orders-r;,nd
wat* hi coulid n-/'. do i f. Carringiton wais cin
hadt to do for hi-: the Lsgi.dature poised
aw:th.e pieple ru4hed . arms by thous
ands, andi al Iw'ent ont swif as the runnuingz
tide. At Ist the bondsl were ready and the
mony was cal' for*, The io bij ankers zinet
here hert week, unt -red ito deep ami soi'lemn
conuha.1tons and subscribed three hundlred
thousaind dollars ! Not one willion, 'not I wo
mitllons, not three millions ! Now. what is
to be done ? Wiho e'i1ly Where is Gui'. IDen
isni to get moneiy to pay) the debhts hourly
pr it the State Tire:asury '? Who, now,
aethe traittors ? Who ar'e aidiing the enemy
by refusing to ai l our friends? Jietf. D) tvis
would only mnake an eilort to kill our gallant
soldiers, hlut the bankers woul~d starr'e them
Ito death. There is n-> hu:ng in this-no
bodyi' but the balk:rs5 can hbuy thnese baonds.
We all know tha~:. If' they refunse-if the'r
paitriotim ooze-; out in words -then. we aire
b ankruipt indeedl. iind ( ;.,ve.rn-'r Deniti ort
Tu'i: lI;si Is \'nwxsu.--.We pihlish
elsewhere, from tile Mnriet ta hdfelliUir, a
Republican journal, a eo rect ion of' tie im
preion getnetr:ily prev.alenat, that We'sternt
Virinin is wholi for the U nion. 'It large
body'l of' t ha;jport ion of the State, we aio r~or
r, to sv l. withI the exsetption oif the P'an
iilndle, i-* d~ciely for Secen. T..n are
reluctaiiily forced to t ha t conclu,.ion. A~s to
the feeli ng generally !n Virginia, we vill re
late a conversat ion bet wvten one Of' air citi
zen and a distinguished'( cletrgy'man of the
l.piscopal Churebi, a re.,ide'nt of Indiami, whc
s *just returne'd froti a trip to Virghia. In
reply to :1. the' eti as to the feeling in Vitr
inia, lie said : We of the North huie no
.eeto o the feelair.r in Vii'rinia. It is a
inii, e:;:bra''ing males and females. ''he f'e
mdLs-matdrons and mnaidens-practice daily
with t he revolver. Families are sendin: their
ilvr' plate, and laJdit s their jewelry to the
(ovenior ; gentlenmen are making deeds of
their farms to the State; all to raise cash for
Ithe efense of the State. A deep.sea'ed de
terintationi to resist to the last extrenity, to
sacrifice every thing, property and life, uni
versaly' prevatils." Such a people nay be
overrun, obliterated from the face of the
earth, biut cran 1:ever lhe conquered.-Cincin.
'trua l'st S-r.m'rs.-QOne of the hermiless
ari s of the A merienni chai.actor hmtr been
the dea that we could whipa alt erenatikn in a
cope wit the l.nited StateS in a war. This
aas been a very prevaient opinion: Festered
and enuraged by the success achhveied in
he fewv wa'rs in which we havt been eigaged
w ith fore"gn powers, and] in no smaiil'egr'ee
justified by the spirit and eiiergy of oir lpe
pie. We doubt whether any, nationitn the
world has nmore of military spirit airI fire,
'more ogenuiniepatriotism and nationalpride;
-a4 wt, om. qaliesai meonce avmsed.
our armies are all hut inin i,'. Still, we
confess that our choice, if we must fight all
the nations of the earth, would be, to take one
at a time, and especially if a war with a first
class power is inevitable, to engage in it when
we are a united people at. home, and prepared
to bring all our resonrce into action.-N. Y.
Journal of Commerce.
The Edgefield Ilussara
Thia noble band of soldiers, from Edgefiel.
have taken their place in the. ranks of fam.
ton's Legion. which is now forming at Colum.
bia. On their way thither they arrived in
our village on Friday evening about 6 o-clock
when they were met by Col. H. I. Caughman,
as representative of the citizens, and in a very
pretty little speech, invited to the hospitali
ties of the village. Captain lPutler, respond
ed. in a short and happy style, accepting the
invitation. They then took up their quarters
at the two hotels where entertainment had
been prepared for them. About 9 o'clock,
Capt. B. was cailed on for a speech and re
sponded in a clever manner, paying some
compliments to the number of ladies who
were present encouraging them on to duty.
The Hussars left Saturday morning after
breakfast, expres=ing themselves well ploised
with their short but agreeable stay with us.
The company is one of the finest we ever
saw. The men are a noble and brave looking
set-mounted on . splendid horses-real war
horses. When they reach the border, we ex- I
peet to hear of the Iussars mnkir:g their
mark.-Lexington Flag.1.tl inst.
The Hampton Legion.
The following is a roil of the field officers
and companies of the Legion., Six companies
are now in camp near Columbia, and the oth
ers have been ordered to come forward:
Wade Hampton, Colonel; B. J. Johnson,
Lieutenant-Colonel; J. B. Grifin, Major; T.
G. Barker, Adjutant; C. L. Goodwin, Quar
termaster; T. egs, Co:nniissary.
AaTI.L.FaY.-- a'tingtog Artillery, Char
leston, Capt. S. D. Lee.
C.tvm.av.-Brooks Troop, U rcenville, Capt.
J. F. Lanneau ; Edgefield 1Iussars, Edgefield,
Capt. M. C. Butlr; Beaufort District Troop.
Beaufort. Capt. '. 0. Scriven, Jr.
I-r"na._-....ashington Lgight 1nfantry
Volunteers, Charleston, Capt. J. Conner; Da.
via Guards, Greenville, Capt. W. M. L. Aus
t'n ; Gist Riflemen, Union, Ca pt. H. J. Smith;
it *.-:nau Guards, Greeiville, Capt. T. L.
healh j.i.-ich improved, aid he will is a few
Idaysi assumei the c:.ad
Capt. W. I. C.Ihouto is here -as the mn.;te
ing otlieer to receive the ILegi in into Cvnfi
Greenvi!!e District Las alrea-ly coitributed
to the .service of the B- as :nmd the . onf der
art Sate s, abouit t;ve* hmndnd men. in fiv
cmut'iesbi, viz: The lWut Ir ; uards. Salu:ia
olunteers, Tyger \Voluntee~r.-, the Be3.ik
Trop, and the IJivis Gutards. Buat ishe is not
d.mec yet. The Gree.nville Confederate -Rifle
me a-e sooin. to Ler!G-r the fl'd, im andi -.d upr
G urds ihave beent or'aniz.'d s;ome time, r'nd
a:- waitinig only I..r a paw-.. It i.. near ai
ludred strong. The we hm.ar of t her ivol
unters to he raise.l atinl otliredl as su~m us
crp are laid by, it n-rvice at that tim bne
n essarv. With those .gine aind. to re:oly.
Greenvile has furnishel betwveen ;5) and
701 m ten, and this numbier will. be in~erenisedt
whe ndd..Grevil Ent er pi-.
W \ashigtont correspondeint of the New Ymk
The Government is. beuconming embairrassedl
wvith the qunestion of how the prisoners cap
tured in this conflict no0w g!oing on shall lbe
dispsed of. Our scouts are daily picking up
iel proved to have disunion sentiments, and
already the numuber taketn excceds one buns
lred. T~he rebels are capturing 1-nion mtnn
assuming tha~t th~e ftovernmient will exchange
prisoners, and, that by htving a suiflicient
number, they' will be s le to seuire rekease to
the :M rebels captured at Alenntris.
Here is the embarrassmenlt. If the Govern.
mnt treat there men as rebel-, takeni in armus
against the Government, they should be hung.
This would not be dteemed good policy, even
did not humanity revolt against such a sacri
ice of human life. On the other side, if the
ystmn of exchanges be adopted, there is in
te act a recognition of the rehele as bellige
rents, according ton all laws of nations. The
Cabinet has discussed this point several times
without coming to any rcsult, but it is proba
le that ins the end1 the iminor rebels will he
discharged on parole, and the leaders only
This same correspondent urges the goge,
in of Gen. Lee'r estato, worth $:50,000,
which act lhe thiniks would restore Eastern
Virginia to its allegiance.
The Texas Democrat referring to Horace
Greeley's plan of con'luering the .Soth and
iving the Northern soldiers a farm at pice
out of it, says:
lod fur you, Hlorace. The people af~ the
South will not ob;ect to iiia irrange:nenit, but
w ill thmselvyes dhividie ny. their land into nice
htt honesteads (it six feet lby two, ndue,
ast ad west," and very New Yet k .s~dlier
w"ho iomes this way, will be weolcomie to a
lolt. Come idown lloner,' and take an inter
et is is a tine opening-title good-no
txes to pavyfrer: so jn-t what iou alvays
P. S. Come soons. Ho.race. beferr th~e lt
re all taken -.we are expecting a large imi-t
gratol front the Nonruth this year.
Bring JIames Gordlon and Abraham along
Debts Due an Alien Enemr.
There are three points upon which we have
supposed that our commercial friends might
desire to have r-ome iniormation. 1. Can
trade be carried on between the citizens of
belligerent nations? 2. Can debts due to an
alien enemy be collected ? 3. May they be
seized and forfeits d by the State?
1. On the fir.-t point, it is clear that no
trade can be legaliy carried on between the
, i.izens of belligerent natio..s. All rommer,
cia! intercour-e l'e; ween them is interdkted
by houtihtiee, unle-s specially licensed by
their respective Govern uents. Al: contracts,
therefore, made in parsnaneo of such inter
course, are void.
2. The same principle governs the collec
tion of debts. No alien enemy can sue in
the courts of a cuantry, or collect in any way
a debt due to him by a citizen of the State
at war with his Government.
:. The third point is attended with more
difficulty. May debts due i.li..n enutmies to
seized and forfeited by a State ? Debts due
directly by a State cannot be seized and fur.
tiited by itself. It cannot even touch the
sgnms which it owes the enemy. Everywhere,
in cse of war. the fituds confided to the pub
lie of the world are exempt from seizure and
confiscation. For instance-suppose New York
capitalists own tht. bonds of any of the Con
federate States, or a citizen of the Confeder
ate States own the bonds of any of the United
State-they are not amenable to cunorcatiot.
The reason is, that in these cases the debt e.5
ists from its V. ry nature ii; th honor of the
indelted States. There was no other reliance
fur payment during peace; and the existence
of war should not alter the obligation, since
the power of enforcing its payment is not
affected by the war. Vor this rea3 n the
debts of a nation to individuals of another
nation are not rightfully abolished by war,
and are nut liable to cot.fisee.tion. But it is
often otherwise with respect to debts due'fron
one t.itizen of a nation to a citizen of another
nation, when these nations are at war. As a
g..neral rule, all the property of an enemy is
liable to seizure and cortiscation as prize at
war. But Grotius rays it down: " That with
respect to debts due to private persons, the
right to denantd (hevn is uspeaded during th
war, but will renew with peace." Mr. Whea
ton sums up the doctrine as follows:
"It appears, then, to be the estabished rul
of international usage that property of the
enemy, iound witlin the territory of the bel
tout.as..: , ..
is adldrmedt'" to the julgaient of the Sov'ereigr.
it i.A a gi:ibl ,.hicli le iailjws fr ab:andun al
will: and, alt ho:;gh i: cannot be disregarde)
by lit i:lh';t oblwgny. vet it. inuay it disre
garded. It is not an img,:ti'wrd.e cl of law
but depends on 1sIti'-il -,nXdlerUioUn whiel
may continu.illy vary.''
"ut the question is cenwred of all dificuhyt
if. on the b.ral.in:.:tiut of a wa :r, one of~ th~
elig-renzts shall co, ti=on.e the I r .pert y u
debts hie its citizens to the citiv'-;s of its e
my. In that ciue, reciproeity jrstities5 ret~li
Whether it will be proper for the Confe~d
rate Sta:es, separately (or unitedly by llt
Cngre..s of the Confedlerate States,) to con
(iLseat e allithe dets due by' citizens of th,
Cmfeiderate States tio the citizens of th.
l.'nitedl States, wrill be a'question which wil
depind onu circumtstances. Thoecharacter o
the war mayv soon determine it. 1ut therei
a tizeaanre which has been piroposed short a
cn fi-cat tin, looking to t he secut ity of Souti
rn creditors ag'ainst Northa rn debttors. I
is, to order all money duie to Northetrn eredi
tors to be j.nid into the St ite orF Confederat
States Tre snrty, to be kept as a fundl on de
po-it out of w~hich, and by n~hiebi, the judg
ment of all debts due to Southe-rn creditor
shall be seenred, liable, of course, to trtrnt
t ipu!a ia.n., whten pence is cm~c:uded. TIh
State confiscates and takes none of' the mione
thus del.osited in its Treasury, it rerel
takes it asi a pecial lien apid fud, by whtip]
ju:iee is to lhe secured and enfo.recd fiitr it
Ji'ns Qr:xcv A n.u~s 'i Cos:~neu.---" Thl,
idistlctlubin iink of .' nione hetwe'en thepet
of theseveral $!tates of th~i' u co vrattied tnt
tion. is,. after all, not in the rih, >-ut in th
,hear/. If the day should ever come (ma
heaven avert it) wh~en the alffections of th
peole of these States shall be alienated front
each uther: whetn the fraternal spirit shtal
gii-e way to cold indifi'erenzce.. or collisiotns o
iztrvst shall feste-r into hatted, the botnds o
politi'al association will not long hold toget he.
partias no longer attracted by the mnagnetirn
of con~colidated interests and kindly symupo
tIes; and far better for the people of th
diunitd Stattes to part in friendshtip fu
each other, than to he etll tc~ether by co:.
Ctmu.a Bhzu.s.-We notice that the An
guta Savings' Bank is receiving small sumih
under a dollar, at.d issuing in return eerfifi
cates of de-posite for twenty-five atnd fif~
cents, whi'h will be redeemted ont dlemnd~, a
their oflice at the lasuramio Bantk. Thi
scrreity of silver cl.ange makes these certifz
catt a gre'at contveniCie to ourt eQmmtunitv
atnd tis they are iss'uedl by a responsiblte. eom
pay, who hare especi:d authornty unde;
their chiarter to 'Missue rcertificates of dleposite,'
lhey tare readiily ttaken hy nur' tmerchant.s noi
businiessi men, and suidhiy at want in our tradi
wt hiich wouldl otherwise be deeply felt int thi:
A lb:Ar-rr t.0Govettn~ r. S,'ward., Fimt
Miii.stes, coitetd of wiirid ful.,ehood ant
deberate dee'it, ont the tcstimnyn of a judlg
of the Supreme' C'outit : arnd I'resident Lin.
eii l ror~nttneedi a prt'jtredl nt urper by the
Cief Ju isticeP who adtministmrd to him th<
ath nf office
Frum the RosAter (L1.) Banncr.
Capt. Loudon Butler and the " 2Boier
The followin: most beautiful ad ze.;s was
delivered by "a Young Lady of our town." nn
the ocessian of the pre.'raation ef tit rmot
beauti:if IBini.e'r to the PBossier Boys in.nedi
ately before their departure fair the arat of
war. We withhold the name of tihat mo.Mt
modest and aenmplished y. ung iely at her
own rfqnest, but tlink She hs dlone herself
r'r' at injustice in withlth(ildiig hoer 1.n'.m frnm
a pr'ot:ction that ias only tn 1. read t, be
nil mired for its heoanty of styl.e, ics it te and
elegaun' lt.guage, itd religious fervor, and its
- We must be allowed to say, in further ex
p!aration. That the address would have ap
peared sometime since, ha:d it not been for
the fact, that the " Yotng Lady" who had
the honor to deliver it, itatmediately left town
after its delivery, and did not return so that
I we could procure a copy before this.
The Banner was accepted by Capt. Butler,
commanding the Bessier Boys, in o:.e of tie
finest speeches it has been our gooed forttune
to hear: gu2t such a speech as a littler would
deiiver on tn occasion lika this-when he
and his brave Raiys hal had such encourage
ment at the hands of t.l: ( fairest of the fair,"
and ab -ve all, when his most illustrious fam.
ily had been referred to in so complimentary
a style, placing them high'on the ril of lis
.toric fan. -
"i Anh'e his record this, in time to mc.rne.
When he returns from battle. Lo . now far
The son excels the site? May every foe,
Fall under hum and he comae laden home
With spoils blood-atain'd to his dear ruother's
Mt:or CAT..Asr Sf0.o1r.as: Appreciating
the readinre-s with which you have responded
to the call n.ide upon you, and feeling a deep
interist in the .cause in which you are about
to embark, the ladies of Bellevue, through
me, their humble representative, present you
this Banner, which they have made with their
own finge.rs; and under which, you are to tri.
umph or fall, in defenso of yor country.
Woman, debarred as she is, the priril'ge er
I sharing the toils and trials of the battle-field,
must attest hr pstriotism by such eveidences
as these; by doing everything she can, to
nerve and strengtheni the arm that is striking
in defenze of her home, her honor, and her in
terest. You are about to engage in an u.:der
tuking in which pi iation, sufuering, and death
in .." r :' the tiueest o: tue ugut. nrate,
atnd darin', nou will uarce on to victory, or
nobly 1e::i h on the led of honor. Your
ung atnd gallant officer, whose name is as
-ueiated with some of t:c most briiiant
senes re .corded in American history, will
I teal you en to victory or death. Go tbe:n
+.1irs ; stake for y.ur homes and vour
lused eae; strike fori the S->utht. Gii enm
haet Ihle exampn;le of te he*roes of '7e0. We atn.!
p'i ter-ty well rew ard youi, And may the !'u
te hi..a4 i n, in tracing the cause of this war,
aned reco.rdieg its hard fought b~ittles, anid its
brave~' and chivalro~us deeds, assign the brirbt
e~st page of that history to the Dosi4r Bo'y
-fur their noble bearing.
And r~emmber soldier.4, that in all, and
s.e vere'c-t of your tria br, yout heave.ur syr m
pethy and tour prayers. &-.atdin:g as sen't
nte: on the watchi-toewer, we will watch and
Ipray. And should any of you lidlttin 1l hat
Ie peltdit, you will ever live in *'ur memories
anid we will bre.ati:e youitr nat es with lad in
fiure ycers, a.ndl.,ay ' ou died in defen.m fotur
caory. Yon carry with you our hiiar.s ande
ic-i' wishes for your mos,.t brilliant ucs:
t~r Vouir safe and spteedy return. Accept.
then,, tis Ba~nnr-it is the flag of your counte
ry. Return with it. or die tooler it. Nauy
it~ never t rail in the dust.. lIt not a singi"
V. ipe be erased i et not,: sta~r of' thowe Pie
jades e'e' b eel obcrd .ind in that thirkts'
hour, when deathi ,.hall be chaving down youK
I omp~anions nioute do yo,and the lhrttunes o~
w~i* seem ag'ainest you, beck to your Banner;
puit your trust in that God who rules on high;
that God who wi'l nyihold the just cauw, and
takle coture . ;\n tin;ay llertect assi b~le,
y iour ien cr dhiring yor be ~ c, t tt
.iyy ur ce to the goodl of 1lis own glory
IAndrew Johntsn% Treason DlenvrfN,
We have ju. seen ae lettet fruin Amos A.
Lawrence, of' iostont, well knownt to the ecour.
Htry as one of' her men of caipitael, and a lead.
in B lac eptublican. in thi' tull conifi:lencet
of Pres'ide'nt Lincoln and his Govcrnmn: at
Wasingeieton. .it is : .;hressed to .idrew J'ohn
s, of etCXnnessee, and ente'liv a dra:~'t fmi
one thoii~ued dol art. as: a p~arI ef the jpy int
ten~ded for his serivices in betrayiing th econ
fiding portion of the peopile of' Tlennesie whr,
baesodby him in suport of' the mainte
nanco of the Federal l'nion.. We give this
letter t o the pulic. It was intercepted 1in
pa g to .Tohw'on, and is now in e poseIs
sion of a reliable g';;:lemanit of this city--one
well traown to the countlry. '1here i no dIoubt
of the genutinieness tof the letter:
DI) a St :t If yout' note to m~ wvere prziate~d
itn our neCwspapersai it would be go,..l foir ten
thzoueand deliars in :hree dar: ti:ne. lit of
cetnrse I mu~st otldy U40 it as a pr;it o lkne:-.
In order that yo-i shall heu~tre oif somthlint
at n:ec. I write hil.- ta his a d.f- ,..ih
so,:nPe of your I 'nion b.i:k.ers or menrchns
may~ hie' wiU'ing to cash at the r.-:mi pr.'mium
for Easter: e': chan~ge. P 'obably' GardIner &
T'he ba;rnmnent will soon? .:hibit a pwe
which will s-n' nnvn h aiie~
ha-:e o.iern f.la-.ing into Scott's he-.:r.W inrev
week.;. a:.d4 n---.v they ': irost the game'.
,Ouri' with regaril,
A AMOS A. L AWUENCE.
If' you ^:ara: u o tine dru~t ruar1 it grid
J -lt'r z.."rr ..raO t:e cr'..l *!"tti:r. i. t"
'I'.U k~ns2 l:slki.NeI" &t l+i. Wli e.n.
Aerne" the fte' eti* thy+. 1ri&; k t91 Cr i';'I.
fl(eP 0f1 Mtj~', l~L'eiiea &so .q -.
Tlor' orin tl (' I l.~ h"i:., :. i.u* i: e."
hiiud. if 1,.n,. i14rc~. t'r! ; r .vins.- .i"'
pMr. i~usse1I'N Ltter from tt'klc.e..
'lshi. rrie'Ie i~i iudie d p.t.r ti~ p: r;oi: i f
t Mr. flu ell'y Fiiih Leitecr" t.i the .,ul,
Thil?, ins ~whh. :tfl'tr his tour! ualtde r the acK
pices of' tluji,r Whitin'g, he give-, a ilistoii' ""i"
~the For'tSumter Vior.
While tit) onei of our fo>:nw.ci:i :dn5 cfl an
more rearly L'aan :nvaif to) s"; ts n' 1clIy,'
i':lao upn the. servic~es ofi fletc. fl":,11rPL rre
we are 'v.4 qIie ai i ut~lir'r, Ifeflt it rs~l~
go f.rth. wirho;1t c::nc mavenii.r, fre'to ::i:..
j.fI~etnil n i ur~e cii the 7V'+(:'' r;t s-rn-.
dent, that Sau~h C::relirn, l~c t"" i'e cnem~t.cr -
only ro far r~~t her ciesf:'ice Olgi i'~i't"."
tr or b". in'r harbor, as to lpr. 'ol" u0a .e ':
tilith'. rtrn~lp. 4f' Mojur Auae.r.."t, ea.1:: a:i
Ai(? s 1at ''Pt. I3 t'ci:c rnr1i e!id-s t!ic; ,.
id eel ~j.FeCt otlsere, is1very taut: ; butt that Le
-mud u a' ttudeiacipiiraed o;aass of igncor -
rrtit Thpei 'wancd by pji'.;t, rwh, fo'r two
ftond:=, "liti~l bee'n gapingl :t 1.4,' n:l '.?t
has filaly Ve)I:rlr oil Cusrr,:wino's lv*:.t
'abou~t to) aicarelabier t(, :'Ur; Suoi,', thact %v i
Ir:: .:Lt '.fl! t 0r:r ;:t u:ir bei.'..: --ai't.h
msay~ be t oodc and -aa;ful *joke for Majlor
W~hainr, and he a mhatter oIf iti'Ihlence to
Mr. 11s.1 servinga his pu;rpose Ver ' well.
But the feiv facts which the writer a1s1tnita.
below rebu~ke the wvlc"lo slander, and teinder
t o others, :as well nis t") Geni. fI. t11L'urtl ti m
Major Whiting their just. sil ro} er cru"lt..
1. Wen G~en. Beauregardl th~iseJ,:lee fjut:'c
the Iron Battery nearly tiii-lj-.. 1e bit.'
with~tin., to do with it, ex, ept :uaprti e
2. The Cu wnaifl's I'oiuit gar sa l trcortanr
batteries were nearly finished. under (lhc di
roction of Mj.T piran -v L ,Mc
Out an Gregory.
Tefir'ing Ironi tine Ca';n;ninir's .,nitt
o tol cCttrint1 l VtLie 1.Ac. I qt:' 1.11.'wl~ Uair
thIat .-itl't Gen. B3. or Major WV. eiflete1 t
F ort :[oultri', w;:A to tu.'t'e tw'. c eouutiig:;,
troth th, '"ucnter Ba.ter;. anti } lace themi t.n
Lice 'Ict it (. 'v;;ie'i iBattery. 11~i a ik a g' .i.d
i~ag' i 1'e rreit of FulL 31l cri.:'Nic ag.
;,!'e_":,:,h e' i. i.:cee i. f)+:... t.: t ' u .