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Message of President Davis,
OP TUE ,CONFEDERATE STATES. To Tilt SIATa D HOUsE OF RsraEstTA TIVES or THE CoNSnarEAT SrATES: In obedience to the Constitutional provis ions requiring the President, from time to time, to give to the Congress iuformatiou of the state of the Confederacy, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge ueesstry and expediient, I have to communicate, that since mny mes-age at the last session of the Provisional Congress, events have demonstrated that the Govern ment ha.l attempted more tian it had power successfilly to achieve. Hence, in the efe.,rt to protect, by our arms, the whole of the ter r t >rv of the Co:federate States, seaboard and i iland, we have been so expsised as recently to encounter serious disasters. When the Confederacy was formed the States compo sing it were, by the peculiar character of their pursuits, and a mnisplaced conii'~e'e in their f'rnoer ass.,ciates, to a great extent, destitute tit the neai< fur the prosecution of the wir on so gig:ntic :t scale as that which it haR at tained. The workshops and artisans were msinly to be found in the Northern States ; and one of the first duties which devolved upon this Government was to establish the necesarv manufactories, and in the meantime to obtain, by purchase fron abroad, a< far as practicable, whatever was reqeired for the public defence. No effort has been spared t-, etf.ct both these ends; and, though the re silts have not equalled our hopes, it is b lieved that an impartial judgment will, upon full investigation, award to the various de partments of the Guvernrent credit for hav ing done all which human power and fore sigut enabled them to accomplish. The valor and devotion of the people have nrot only sustained the effarts of the Govern ment, but have gone frr to supply its defi cienietes. The active state of military preparations among the nations of Europe in April last, the date when our agents first went: abroad, interpnied unavuid:tble delays in the procure nent of ams; rarnd the wanrt Of a navy ha< gre:stly eirpde-i our elffrts to irioeert niilita rv supplies of all s'rt-. - 1 have hooped 1ir s-ver~d days to receive of licial reports in relatior to our discolnlitare a; Rtoanoke Island. and the fall of For t Doel i en. They have not yet reacitd me, and I air, theretire, tunable to cotnmnunientte to you such irrntation it' those events anid the con a.-qneui.-s resilting from them, a-s would chta ble me rto make recommndati.,ns fouded up on1 thie chan~ged e'nd'tio"n which tl-ey have produced. Eniough ik known of tli surrender at Reoa:coke Island to makte ula feel that it was eler.I- lrrrrmiliatiig, ho we-ver itperrea:t may h.ave ien ri, preparatiris for d. ence. The hlipe is still enter:ninel that our report ed losie tit F .rt ).,:telsen have been areatly exig-erated. irnastoeh as I ant not only un wtilling. but unable to believe that a large :,r" riiy tt our peo-.eple have surrendered witimut a deeperate etTfrt to cut their way ttirough in veating forces, whatever may have been their ntumber-, and to endeavor to makse a j ineti,' with other eiivisiur tf tte army. But in the absence of that t-x:,ct infieotiotm which ea' only be aff rded by official reports, it could bet premature to pas. jutd:minet. and my own is reserved, as I trust yours will be, ut~til tht infiormuation is rceived. In the mieanit im-, strenuou- efT.>rt< have been made to throw f.,rward reiforcements to the armies - at the positions threatened, and I cannot doubt that the lait~er disappointments we have borne, by nerving the people to still greater xertions, will speedily secure results more accordant with our - -' :.ronb, anti r.-- le to ............ as progress, become developed to such an extent as freely to meet our future wants. Thne policy of enlistments for short terms, against which I have steadily contended fronm the commlencemet of the war, hras, in rmy judgmenrt, contributed in nlo immaterial de gree to the recenut reverses which we have suf fered, acnd even now renders it difficult to fur nish y->u an accurate statemn nt of the armyv. When the war first broke out narry of our peo pie could with dtlliculty be persuaded tiat it would be long or serious. It was riot deemed possible that anything so insane as a persistent attempt to subijugate these States could be mrade; still less tat the delusion would so far prevail as tom give to the war the vust proportions which it ha% assumed. The pe'ple, irncredurlous of a long war, were r.aturally averse tolong enlistments, and the early legislation of Congress rendered it impra 'cable to obtaini voltirteers for a greater pod titan twelve months. Now that it has become probable that the war will be coirtinrued through a series of years, our high-spirited and gallant soldiers, while generally re-enlisting, are, from the fact of having enteretd the service for a short term, compelled in many instantcas to go borme to) make the necessary arrangeenier tb-eJir families during their prolonged abaence. The quota of nuew regiments for n .var, called for from the differentt States, are 'n rap id progress of organization. Thne whole body of new levies and re-enlisted men g:li proba bly be ready in the ranks within the ntest thirty days. But, in the meantime, it is ex ceedirngly ditlieult to give an accurate state mnent of the numtber of our forces in tire field. They may, in general terms, be stated at four hundred regitments of infantry; with a propor tiornate force of cavalry and artillery, the d~e tails of which will be shown by the report of the Secretary of WVar. I deem it proper to .advert to the fact that the proceses of furloughs sand re-enlistments in progress for the last month had so far disrorganizedl and weakened our forces as to impair our ability for suecess ful defence; but I heartily congratulate you that this evil, which I had foreseen amid was powerless to prevent, may now be said to be substantially at air emrd, amid that we shall not again during the war be exposed to seeing our strength ditminishied by this fruitful cause of disaster-short enlistment. The people the Confederate States .being principally engaged in agricultural pursuits, were uinprovided at the commnencemnent of hostilities with ships, ship-yards, materials for ship building, or skilled mrechanics and seamen in snfiCient numbers, to make the prompt dreation of a navy a practical task -even if thme reqtuired apipropiriations brad been made for thme purpose. .Notwithstanding our very limited resource5, however, the report of the'Secretary will exhibit to you a satisfacte ry pre-gress in preparation, and a certainty of early completion of vessels of a numiber amid clss on which we may confidently rely for aaontesting the vaunted control of the enemry over our waters. The ft iancial system devised by the wisdom of your predecessors, has proved adequate to sutpplying all -the w-sota of the Government, notwithstanding .the urnexpected and very: large increase of expenditures resulting from thne great augmfenitton in tdie n~cessry| means of defence. The report of the Lecre. tary of the Treasury, will e-xhibit the gratify -ing fact that we have no floating debt, that the credit of the Government. is uninmpairedl, rind that the total expenditure of the Govern.' ment for time year, haus been. in round nium bers, one huntdred and seventy millions of, dolars t1es than onm4wid of th~u west. e ed by the enemy. in his vain efforts to coi quer us-less than the value of a single 8 ticle of exp.,rt-the cotton crop of the yen The report of the Postmaster Genera w show the condition of that Department to I steadily insproving-its revenues increasin and already alflrding the assurance that will be self-sustaining at the date required t the Constitution, while affording ample mn facilities for the people. In the . Deparumnt of Justice, which i eludes the Patent. Ottice ani Public Pritin some legisltive provisions will be require which will be specitioally stated in the repo of the hrd of that Department. I invite tl attentiorof Congrtss to the duty of orgar zing a Supreme Court of the Confedera States, in accordance with the uandates the Constitution. I refer you to tmy mes-age cemmunicat< to the Provi~ional Congress in Novemnher ha for such fnrther inlu~rnat on touraing ti camdition of publie niffirs as it might be us ful to lay before you; the aburt interval whi< has aince, elapsed not haviug produced at material changes in that condition other the those to which reference has already bei made. * In conclusion, I cordially welcome Repr sentatives who, recently chosen by the pe pIe, are fully imbued with their views a feelings, anl can ably advise me as to ti needful provisions for the public service. :issure you of my hearty ca-operation in a your efforts for the common welfare of ti country. bJ rnasj I)vts. Late News From the North. NoRFoLK, Va., Feb. 28.-The Feder stt a-uer Expre -s is reported to have bet lost on the Ea-tern shore of Virginia, in ti -nle of February 24th. The steamer luob ken, which :s engaged in laying the tel .raph cable across the Bay Shore to Cal Henry, is going to pieces. The crew we saved by t e steamer Spaulding. The attempt. to lay the submarine telegral cable across Chesapeake bay,'is a failure ; tl ha'f of it was laid and buoyed up, but the bi ance was lost. The Federal gunboat Forbes is ashore tag's Head. One ship, four brigs, and tv . ch.:oners, are ashore at llolnes I'le. The Paris corresp.,mdent of the New You Herald, under date of Febru:ary 7th, sa; that the distress at Rouen and Lyot<, amnot the oureriers, or working classe<, is so sever that fiars are entertained of serious distu bances. .Many mills have stopped for Wai .f cotton, an ! muany thousands of operativ .re out of e:nploymnenrt. The corresponde says that, unless the Einperor inuterfieres the Anmerican quarrel, the operatives nu ,tarve ; and that unless Gene.ral McClelh+ -psedily strikes * blow, the Washington (o ,-rnent will bte expoued to a pressure fro France, and lesrhaps England. The peop .f France are losing confidence in the ahili of the A metican Government to put dov the revolution. The cry for help from ti mnanulcturing depots of France will soon .eard and heeded by the lmierial (over anent. Late from Nashville. ud- r this caption. the Menpi Aoirlnc) Jf toe 24th ult., after .ta:ins that the Feder: , ame into Edgelield, a shor t distance oil, al encamped there, says; It was to this point that Mayor Cheaths epaired, and formally tendered the city, wi all the public stores it cont.ained, to the co, mander of the Federal forced, The Federads seemed loth to believe th the city had really been surrendered, and q cordingly only sent over fifteen men to ta tosession.-tid even these seemued to be the look out for a surprise of some sort. There was a large amnount of baconr al other army stores ini the city of Nashvil -Lttd ColI. Forrs t of this city was engaged qumday afternoon attending on the savi - ansportnyan 0. thec samre. While e n this service, bisyorLQheathamn oppos ..id him to desist, he having forina s.ven up ihe same to the Federal ottc< Those otf us who knotw Col. Forrest cans wt imagine what his reply would be to such: order. He told the Mayvor that he ranke.1 all oftec then in the city, 'that he was a Confesdera officer, and that if be did not desist fromi terference, he would take force. Subsequer ly, at lot of low flung characters aboutt city commenced a series of depredations uip private property, and the Mhayor being po erlesms to repress theun, it i: reportp! tb Cl. Forrest took a detachment, and raeer.1 thetm in the public square, killed fire of the before they were dispersed. It thus appeart that the Federals are possession of Nashville, as snttd in a speci dispatch to the Aealanche on kun~day, as that too, nrotwithstanding the Federal fore were niot in the city, in any considerable fort at the time. It is, perhajis, the first City of such ri2 and containrin'g such a large amount of val ble stores, that was ever surr'endered rand such circumstances, to suchi an inceonsiderat force. We clip the following paragraphs from ti Atlanta (Ga.) Soutern C'onfderacy, of Fe 26th : EscMED.-Brig. Gen. Brshrod WV. Johinso of 'JA4pessee, who was among the prisonre :aken by thei Kankees at Fort Donrelson, su reded in makin~g hts es;.yne and arrived saf ly at Murfreesboro' on Suiday hit He stat that ont account of their terrible' iossa, il enemy was nrot at all exutarnt over their vi tory. In the fight .4% Donrelson, Geni. JTohnsr eminently dis.tingished itmself for Ihis brav r-. lHe was thd~ nra.t gallanLt ( th~e gallan i e exposed himself continrually andi es reckleasly, all the whrile cheering his me: nd calling upon lthem to follow him. The very heavy rains at Miurfreesbort Tenn., on Saturdlay last, did great damage I the railroad bridges in that vicinity. T w bridges between that laice arnd Nashville we washed away, and one on the Diecatur roa< bout twelve miles frotm Nashville, was abr :estroyed. T);ess disasters lost us two three ine locomnoti~oa pnd somec twenty< thirty freight and passenger cari, th~at were the time on the other side of~ the raidgei about four miles this side of Murfreesbore he bridge over Rook River fell while a pa: senger tre~in bound South was crossing it, ii tntly killing J.ieut. Colh. Jrohnson, a broth< f Senator Johnmson, of Ark~ansas, and woun< tg several passe~ngers, somre 0f them quril severely. The escape of airy of the passer gers in the first twon cars, which were precip tated into the river and nearly deanoli~bed was indeed miraculous. GALAS-r CAr-r. Jlons W. Mom.ao AnAil -Our readers have nio doubt become farmilir: with the name of this gentliemnan, who ha airly won the title of thre Marion of this wai rron thre reports we have from titme to timn ublished of daring feats performed by hii wititn the enemy's lines beyotnd Bowlina1 Ureen. Ho has a splendid comimarnd, an 'is~a-rolits are always dashinig, brilliant ami u a 'i. Hearing of' the oc--upancy c S:eorn Sunday last hy thre Federal4, h< . c.e ,oceeded with his squadron fron durreesoro' to that city, ami on Monda noring returned with twenty-five Yanikea iners he had captured in Nashville. This wrivr$. wp a~re told, created quite a sensation i Murfreesljoyo'. Daiows E.--We learn tgat tWO Legr'oes ejoinirg to Dr. Shiaw, were dlrown.ipd in tl:< reek at liammwond's Mill, S. C., on Tuesd' ..nine ta.-Augnuta Ohronie, l.27h. t- The Battle of Port Donelson--Forces r- Engaged and Surrendered. r. We have managed to obtain an authentic ti il list of the troops engaged in the battle of t > Fort Donelson, on the 15th instant, all of I, whom with the exception of escaped strag- P it glers, surrendered with Gen. Buckier on the y day following. i (yen. Pillow'gdivision included Gen. Floyd's brigade, and was composed as follows, (we 1 - give them as they were located in the en- b trenchments from left to right :) C d, Coi.oosea. BALItWIN C1aI.AsmNOu--20th I rt Mississippi Regiment, Major Brown ; 2iih ci 'e .Mississippi Regiment, Colonel R-ynolds ; 26th p 1- Tenne.ee Regiment, C,.-lonel Lillard. h te C. uixE. MASSIx CoMMsa :Is--56th Vir- p of ginia Regiment, Captain Davis ; 50th Virgin- c is R-giument. Colonel Wbarton; 51st. Virginia I 'd Regiment, Colonel Massie. e 4 CLorE. SIONTON COIMADIsnxG- lt Mis- a :e sissippi Regiment, Cotuonel Simonton 8th a K ntcky Kegimnent, Lieut. Colonel Lyon :h 7th Texas Regiment, Colonel Gregg , 3l Mis- c y sissippi Regiment, Lieut. Cul. Wells; Green's a u Artillery. m' Coiosei. Dauxe Coa'uasmN.-3d Ala- ? bama Regiment, Major Garvin ; 15th Arkan- e - sas Iegiment, Colonel Gee; 4th MNissisippi s o- Regiment, Colonel Drake. L d CUoLOSE HErat1A CoxxAsnm\G-30th Ten- a 1C nessee Regimeut, Colonel Head; 48th Ten- a I nessee Regiment, Colonel Vooriies ; 33d t iI Tennessee Regiment, Colonel Winston; 42d Q ie Tennessee Regiment, Colonel Quarles; 10th Tennessee Regiment, Colonel Heiman. U Gen. Buckner's command constituted our right wing, and was composed of the follow al ing regiments: 2d Tennessee Regiment, 14th n Mississippi egiment, 3d Tennessee Regi to ment, 18th Tennessee Regiment, 32d Tennes- I - see Regiment. e. Capt. Frank Manaey's Tennessee battery ye was also engaged in the fight, but we are not re advised as to its po ition. f Brig. Gen. It. I. Johnson, of Kentucky, assisted Gen. Pillow in the command of his to division on the day of the battle. dl- Our total loss will thus be seen to be-twen ty-three regiments of inlntry and two batte at ries of light artillery, of which nine were -u iron Tenne.ssee, six from Mississippi, three from Virginia, two from Kentucky, one from . 1t Texas. one from Alabuma and one from Ar s kansas. g All accounts concur in establishing the fact a e, that no battle that ever transpired on the r- American continenlt was more terrific, more it fruitful of deeds of dar ng and valor, or more as hardly contested, than that at Fort Donelson :t on Saturday, the 15th of February, 1562. in Late Saturday night, the intelligence was st received that the enemy had received large ,n reinforcements, and would renew the attack r- the next day in numbers five to one. A coun Ia cil of war was itnmnediately held by Generals e Pillow, Buckner and Floyd, and it was deter y y mined tiltt they should surrender, as our 'n troops were weai-ied and worn ouit fur want of is sleep and rest, and the labors of the four pre je vious days. Accordingly, Sunday morning, n. the 16th iast. at 5 o'clock a. in.. Gen. Pillow and statf crossed the river, and proceeded up to Clarkeaville on horseback. Soon after, Gen. Floyd and 800 of his brigade to k the e. .teamer Anderson and went up to the same I point, leaving Cen. Buckner behind to make d the surrender. On Sunday, the mere sent blance of resistance was made by the forces m at the fort; a few guns were fired and the th capitulation made, nearly the .whole army, - somre 12,000 strong. Calling into the enemy's !}ands.~ Gen. Buckner and Gen. Ileinan, at with a portion af their own kloyd's.and Pil a- lows' brigashs, are among the prisonets. Ie -Memphis Appeal, '. Tui'M DVArn or ril PassiDnT~r's sos. dAmid the gteneral joy excited b~y the stuccess lof the Union cause, a bl-ack shadow bra ih ap ' k-n upon the Presidential mansion, snd all ra who were personally acq1uainted with the n- family of the Presidlent share in the deep td grief occasioned by the dbath of little Willie I;y Lincoln. He was a boy of such promnisp :. tat all tyho became acquainted with him .ll had predicted for him a (4repr ofno Qrdina an ry chara.cter. Younag as he Was, he imnpre s4ed every one wrho camne in conItmtet with him. as ra a youth who was destined to become a ;nan te oflrankt. n. Thle body of Willie Lincoln was, ettnhalmed it- toay b' -Drs. Brown and Alexander, ats-isted lae by Dr. i 'ood, in the presene or the attending )U ' physicians, Doctors Sto--e and Hall, kea~aator .I urowninv and Isaae Newton. The method at of Sagnet, of Paris, was used, and the result I ;.wty e'ntirely satisfactory to the attendant m friends or (he ihtnia- c Thaddeus, the youngest son of the presi in dent, is still dangeromusly- ill. Fears are en altrandthat his disease will nassume the d tyetwineh proved fatal to his brother-N L's 7. 1kerald, M4 un' A ativAt..r-A cargo of CuIee, Salt, MedI e, cines and Dry Goods lags lately reache.J a 2. Confederate port. We learn that the steamer er Nelly had lelt Nassau for it port further South. I0 The schooner known here as the Helen was forced into Naissau by stress of weather, and a was still there at laat acoini-s. Trhe schoona- I ae er Sallie, Capt. Byers, was also at that place, bThe pilot beat. Chareston haad sailed from b'Nassau. The schooner Col. McRae, we re gret to loamria has lately, lien lost on the coast. II, -Chaas. Courier. Ys roI's "Rler.mzn Psession STrns is a DEATu."--.vananah, Ga., ,January 30.-Yes- r :terday a nice gentlemandirect I roma ilhe neigh -borhood of Port Ro3 a.l, gave me the fbllowing Samusing fact: a - Several negroes froma Port Royal cime into fi our hines and when asked how the Yanikees a had treated them, they replied, "I They does'nt d tdo good by demn dat are sick, but dey are .,monstus good to we who' can work for them. nIey g~in melive dlollars a dayi." Say-ing this, - h e held up a i;sg of silver, (?) which he~ said 7 h'le had received for lzus labor. Upon exami- n iaation i.t ws found tha~tall his silver wia- C ~perwter da~ dari 'The ,ifamogs rase ls had r *been paying oflf thec negroes ini perte gn o';- 'ej de(Ir to iimake them think that they were re- 'I Sceivinag large wages.-Cor. Rich. Dispatch. h We clip the following paragraphs from the h LCharleston Courier of Feb. 28th: h S~lr OF or.MERCiIAND~s.-Abot. 130 bags , of Rio, ,Cuba, and St. Domingo Coffee was -sold yesterday at the store of Mr. R. A. -Pringle, at 50 and bs ceuits pond. Mr. Jas.j r H. Taylor disposed of, at his estabjjshment d I- n Boadstreet, a lot of Claret Wine at $8 and e $11I per dozen; Rhenish Wine at $i I and - $i0 per dozen. 1FaA Isrrsc-rs or IarrHTNIo..-During 12 the storna of Wednesday afternoon, the En camnpmient of the 18th Rtegiment South Caro- 'b .lina Volunteers, Colonel Gadberry, stationed ini r in St. Andrew's parish, was visited by a stroke Ic Sof lightnaing, killinag one man instantly, and nt~ ,knockinag downa several others. Trho name of Iwi Sthe man killed was Byers, a private attachedfe Sto Capt. McCarthy's Conmpanay. Lieut. Birid- iba Sges and privates McCosh and Walker, of the to samte Reziiment, were amlonig those who re- m, ce-ived severe injiaries, anad were for a long f time rendered insensible. IThe lightninag also struck several trees in , pt athe vicinity. and a telegraph post, throwing m|l the latter down anid splintering the trees. The id spalinters were carried to a great distance, and itIl caine very near striking sonme of theo soldiers around the Encampmaent. |___tr_ Physician's certificates of amen's inaailityv to paerlform nmilitary- diuty. sell in thais maarket rat the vecry reasoanabile sumi of $2->0 each, th1 iiu 'a upward tendey. Brave Peoplel, er 1 in't. wet-Claelasnd (Tenn.) Ranner. Vi Tax ou Cotton. In the Confi'd'.rate Congress, on Monday, ie 24th, Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, offerred ie following bill, which was ordered to be rinted: . L act to Eery a war tax on cotton produced in the year 158'2. St c. 1. Be it enacted by the &n'te and biusc of Representatives, &fc., That it shall e lawful for each 1i. '1 of a family in the onlederate Statet o America, in the year 8t2, to produce. free of tax, three bales of ntotn, clear of seed, weighitg four hundred ounds each, and. in addition, ,ne hale of four undred pounds for every hand actually em loyed in th~e culti.ation and gathering of otton ; and for every additional bale of tour unfdred pounds, or less, produced and gath red by any head of a family, there shall be ssesseil and collected, as other war taxes are s-essed and co'lerted, the sum of $2t. Sec. 2. That the hear of a family shall be onstrue I a man or single woman having the etual direction of a plantation or farm; but ditn two or Inure persons have the direction f the same farm or plantation, they shall be onsidered as one, and a hand shall be con. trued to tean a~person, whether white or lack, between the ages of fourteen and sixty, etually employed in the cultivation of cotton nd who shall have .labored in the field more han one-hail the time from April J, 1.82, to eptember 1, of the same year. Mr. Brown gave notice that he should call p the bill at an early moment. More Good News. RrcntYoIn, .'arch 1.-Thu Confederate teaner Nashville, C:pt. Pegram, arrived at leaufort, N. C., on Sundav morning. The ederal blockaders fired twenty-two shots at er wi:hout effect. She britigs about three ilhou:s of dollars worth of .tores, principlally >r the Confederate Departments. She de trnyed, near the Gulf Stream, a Yankee chooner bound fromu Philadelphia to St. )omringo. The Nashville steamed up to the blockadin:. quadlron in a defiant style, and although at ne time within musket shot, she steamed n until protected by the guns of Furt Macon, ud beyond the reach of her chagrined pur ners. H er conmaidter, Capt. Pegram, and 'aymlaster Taylor lr.e arrived in Richmond, nd a portion of her freight is now being elivered in front of the Treasury building. Capt. Pegram speuks in glowing terms of ie hospitality which he enjoyed in England nd thinks that Be1gium will soon reeognize he Southern Confe.i':racy. The authorities of B3ernuda had prohibited he Federal vessels from coaling there. The Confederate -.eaner Sutner was still t Gibra'tar; and, at the latest accounts, had aptured and destroyed twenty.one Yankee essels. Fire In .Bostoi. Bosvos, Feb. 2'i.---A must disastrous fire curred dur.ug a furious storm, blinding now and hail. An immense amount of prop rty and splendid buildings, including the Ex. hange IHotel, were consumed. The loss is stimated at three quarters of a million. The reat tower of the Catholic Chureh in East toston was bluwn down the same night. de u0lishing several sumaller buildings. 2,000 ales cotton and 80,000 hushel- corn and oats ,ere among the go..Js destroyed. A terrific storm r:ued North on Monday, ausing great. destruction of property. In New York at '. Rrooklyn buildings and teeples were b'.Mw'wtrnd dipping dam. ged. Gre.t damago yas done to buildings in nashington, Baltimore, and other eities. Our Positionz aind our Defences. We are gratified to learn, fromi high mtillita y authority, that there is no foundut-onl for he alarming rumors which have been at!loat n this cit~y for several days ; and that there s no just cause, at present, for apprehenlsion. )ur brave, wise-beaded and wise-hearted ~eneral, Robert E. l.ee, we atre authorized to av, f el< every assurance of hiis ability to hitfend Charleston againsat any fore, now at he dispo:<al of the enemy, if our j'oply will tt rally, with propor spirit, to the standard f. their invaded connitry. A coufidence i iso entertained that the enemty do not. medi ,te assault on our city-they miust lbe largely eiforend bef.,re the.y dare attack us. Let us niot, however, rolax our vigilance or reparations fijr a Saragossa defence, if ne essalrv ;and in the. mean timeI, let every' able >died citizen who, can be at all spared from ivil duties o'r bomne cares, nut ouly play tihe oldier, bts y'olunteer for the war. As soon as lhe military organlivationl, now in progress, hall hlave been completed, five thiousand ad itional troops will be raised fur the war. and re inlvoke every true hearted son of Charles ;;n and South Carolina, fit for mnilitary duty, n nrol hirieef' ynlder tile glorious banner of he Stars .'nd liars, and strike the ststlwart nd victorious blow for liberty nnd1 Southern idependence. South Carolinla ex pects every an to do hlis dulty-anid that expectation lilled, the Vandal tbe will be driven dis oltnitted from her shores, now polluted by h foot of fonl and eryl invasion.. We are further gratiiged to lhe able to say, n authority, that our cherished and gwnerotus inter. city Savannah, enjoys a prospect, every hit as farvorable as our own, arnd that she is ble to r'epel three timles the hostile foree, ow arrayed againlst lhe but to.o politic to trike without. a certainty of' victory.. Let our people then lhe oIf goodI cheer, but till let themi gird on and biurntish thcir artmor r battle-above all let them trust in God, nd keep our arms readly and our powder ry.-Charlestonl Courier, Febu. 28. SL'ettn: (Ir A SoLTC-uru .lun VoLU~rata. -Thomias P. Unitler, private in Comnpanty " I," t South Carulinma Regiment, arrived inl Rich. mn~td last Wednesday arnd put up at at thle oumbiarn Hotel, at which establishnment lie sained until Friday uight, whlen he put an1 .g to & lit'e by severing the jugular ve iraudiao. -> of tat fIne, in wvhich h.': wais at seen alive abiout I'h'clock by a' serani, 110 proflered himt some refreshmetnts, which u dleclinled. Nothing more was known of is acts unitil Saturday tmorning, when blood as seen coming from under the door of room o. .1, when the lock was forced, anld the un. runate man was found welterinig in his ~re-a nlewly purchased bowie knitfe lying Shis side indicating the mainer of his ath.-Richmond Dispatch. The women of Nobile are raisinig a-gurn ,at fund. One of them writes to the Mobile eiser : " I have no mtorney to aid in build int; a gun tt, but I send you what may be conyerted to a small sum for tha:t-- purpose.~ It be iged to ity little hoy that is dead. I conld t desecrate it by common urse, but no0w I 1 give it for a sacred catse-for the de Ie of our land. We will resign all--us nds, brothers, sons, the chei'ished mneen s of tihe derad--ere we will consent to he >ther's of' staves." Sraat so NKws FRaO Ci:rrasvmt.a:.-A ivate letter received from, Centtreville last ht stated that out' torees had received or rs to scnd their sick to the rear and put Lmse5lveis itn marttchintg orders.I By ptasserngers whlo arrived Oil last nlight's int the above report is confirmeld, and y also state that the womtetn and c'hildrern ie ordered to leave yesterday mingiltL. We understand from the sante soiurce that Yakees have sulc.ee'dedt in etntitngatnoth road through the woods to Fairfax,---Lyn. ARTEUR SIMKINS, EDITOR. tr WEDNESDAY, MAR. 5, 1862. '1 The Wash Must Come. to FOR ADVERTISING, SUBSCRIPTION and th row WORK, from and after this date, the CASH I w IUST BE PAID IN ADVANCE. December 2, 11. r p -We direct the attention of our readers to et ..e advertisements of Capt. Ulnooa and Limant. t} I. E.. Nrcuo.sus, now at homo Recruiting f. r t heir reSpoetive Comnpanics. t +-t "--_ ni Death of Dr. Jas. R. Pollard. We regret to observe in the obituary rdumn of ' he Charleston Mercury the death of Dr. PO. ,Ann, o this District: be '- Died, in Richmond, en the 20th Feb., aged 34, ct )r. JAMES Rtivt PO..anD. for several years m ast a resident of South Carolina, and lately As- le istant Surgeon of the Hampton Legion." di f -.0 To Our Soldiers. re We have not been punctual in our correspon- to hence for a week or two, fearing in truth that you m might grow tired of our homely scrce'les. The old district is temporarily buoyed up by a 1' ;odly sprinkling of returned volunteers, and we pj ire all glad to see the greater part of-them look- IB ug so confounded well. It is with regret how- e< ver that we tell you of ,the death of one of them, al fr. RontKwr II. DAi.ar of the "Ninety Six Ri- bl emen," who expired on Wednesday evening last it t the house of Mr. Tuos. Dai.oacn. Ilis attack p, ras violent from the commencement and he never 91 allied from the first blow. Ili remains were ir nterred at old Ilarmony, his Colonel and a num- I tr of colmrades being present on the occasioa. ai t11 speak ef him as a good soldier, and one who av rs prompht in his country's cause. May ho sleep n eacefully in the tomb and rise at the last among t. he blessed ' It For a week or two the people in this part of the 'nfederuey have been greatly harrassed by the at onstant contradictions of telegraphic reports in al egard to the current events of the war. Nash- ti ile has been " taken" and "not taken" at least PI ix times respectively ;-the number of prisoners di it Roanoke was Arst two thousand, next seren anteen hundred, and finally twenty four hundred; ti ho number taken at Donelson has been still more B aried; and the news in general, from Yankee. ti and, Europe and the world at large, has been b loubtful and divergent. By seonseqnence we have P, l been in a stow of perplexity, not knowing t rhat to believe and what to tlisbelieie. We are U sow on the roii rive for intelligence from Charles- w a and Spranuah. The people have imagined f hey heard big guns in this and in that direction. c Sight and day we are thinking and dreaming of i tars and rumors of wars. The general mind is w In a restlest ferment.' The Militia are everywhere is rilling from week to week. ?'our humble ser- ni rlnt's Company at this place turns out every Sat rday and proposes also to drill at night. Small in numbers, we are ievertheless a reedy and a tilling team ; and under Lieutenant Dozisa-s efficient iatruction are progressing satisfactorily. We have got to the 1onble Quick already, tad hope to improve utill in all ru.pects..All the othur beat-companies are said to be on the alert and a activejy engaged in drilling. Onr field officers a will have to study' Itarice carefullyi?-they mam o keep pasce rith the Company drill,-and doubt. 1 less they are doing so as in duty bound. Liouten- C nt S-rsWAnn ]Iantsos gave the Jhorn's Creek & eat Company a sharp drill en Satuday last and 0 set them going in proper style. ]Heads up and houlders square to the front, is the order of the I jay on all sides.0 'Te compllimenattary Concert to the returned vol. p eters en Thursday last passed off very agreehbly b o all interested. The young ladies were in good h voice, and in several lpieces, particularly the Grand P uo fron' Norma, maede a decided hit. Anid by ~ h, way, ".J. T. B." will he del ighted to hear that C his copy oh' thits muske, which we have besen using, is fairly tattered in the good cause. The huulies who presided at the piano (eurrectly attuned as it C was for the occasion) also did their parts promapt- ' y nd hiandsomeiily. It is a gratification to all of them to knbw thact the whole Concert, perfect or mperfect, was received by the gallant voluateers P and their friends in the spirit which prompted it e -not withs criticism but with hearty aceeptance b tod good feeling,. Although so largo a number of the audience e were invited guess, yet ~tip puroceeds, after the ost of lights aid door-attendance, netted precise ly $27.60, which amount thsough amall will be of some benefit to the needy persona fur whoms it i. r atedeid, and bae been placed in the hands of Col. l11r2r, Trepsurev of our Relief hUward. We may wdd that the erening was marked by the utma"t hinliess and good order, and, considering its ~oplimontary and its charitable charncter, was an occasion by no 'means at variance with the rper sentiments of the hour. Will you alliw us now, gentlemen-soldiers, to ledicate to you a rimple song, adapted to the rood 'old tune, '' Sini aldf urgQiinltanee be beflot,"-ardi which occurred to us recently while msing over the vicissitudes of life increased as ey are amongst us att present by thme learful rava e of warfare. It is not a Ikicchanal, b'ut rather suborer, and shiould never be pledged except in anderately genial poJttionls of the pure grape: SONG.w [ueribed mnt resprtfull3y to " our Aoldl irs."] et Let frietndahip wreathe the fluwinig bowl While 0ne moire glas we pour, ,s In token of the titme that's fled Id And those whe'vu gone before ! ga To those wvho've gone before, mny friend, a] To those who've gione betfore,- ae We'll take a cup of fond tegret ms To those flin've g'onu bbfoi-. th Blest Mens.iry ! revive then soi The hap'py scenes of yore, When we ware gladden'd by the tones Of ecomratdes gone before ; Of euumrades gone bsefore, toy friend, t2 Of comrades guone before, When we were gladdetn'd by the tones 1 Of comrades gone before. h Bring back the joy-inspiring smile t We ne'er shall welcome more,- toi Thes brearhing~thoughts and burning words gm Of brothzorc gone before- un .f brothers gone before, my friend, Of brothers gone before e The breathing thoughts and huriig words Idi Of brothers gone before. o Relentless Fate that from our grasp a The loved and lost ones tore, m Will never chide affection's sigh ye For those who've gone befosre;- p For those who've gone before, uiy friend, wb Fur those who've gone before, s Will never chide affection's sigh i For those wrho've gone befuro-.i Old Time flea on apace, my friend,- far But o'er we reach the shore, tou Let's take another .eup of love ral To thosee whit've gone before, of Ti those whio've gone biefore, my friend, To loved tonese gonie before,- ion We'il take another cup ot love ani Monday last (sale-day) was the nebasion of the rand introduetory storm of March ; It w..s also re first and last day of the spring Term of oar onrt of Law. The Court utet and adjourned, the ansaction of business being impracticable. A nuber of citizens were here, but they brought in District news out of the ordinary train of mat 'rs. The storm of wind and rain passed of in ie aftern on and by the next morning the ground as frcaen over as if in nid-winter. Jhat returned from Augusta, we are enabled to port that city not yet in the bands of the Fed .ls, nor is there any apprehension of such an nout. Yesterday was the great enrolment day in eorgia., aI there was some commotion among e home guard. Gov. Enow seems determined make all come up to the scratch whether or t. So be it. The Poor ye have always with you." Never was this sacred text so significant in our :loved South as now. The duties of war have diled away from home the sole supports of many, any families, who must suffer, more or less, un es the States, and individuals blessed with abun once, shall come forward with open hands to the :lief of the destitute. It is vain to mince mat rs on a subject of such vital itmportance. Help ust be given, or the poor must suffer. We have it from the energetic Treasurer of the ,elief Board of this district, that the State p ropriation will not relieve the needy. This oard has gone to the limit of assessment :low I by the Legislature and will raise unler it bout $10.000. The members of the Boar d have rought forward their lists of beneficiaries, restrirt. ig the enumeration to those who cannot he ex eted to sustain themselves; these lists already tow S75 names, which will in all probability be icreased to 1000, as many persons are known to are been omitted. That count will exhibit an anual allowance of only $16 to each individual, rid it is unnecessary to urge that this is by no Bans sufficient in difficult times like the present Saff'ord sustenance, much less any degree of sut antial comfort. What is to ba done ? We are not prepared to aswer the question; yet it must be answered, ril answered effectively, or the -listrict (as also to Stiate) will nut present an unsullied page in the resent crisis. Ftllow-citizens, what is to be )no? In some localities the Aid Associations retain teir existence and act in concert with the Relief hard for their respective neighborhoods. Shall to saute he done in this community, or can a atter scheme be devised ? It is certain that the nor of this village and vicinity need much more mai. the allowance the Board is enabled to make tem. The single article of fuel will go far to ards consuming the half of that allowance in nilies which number only three or four benefi. aries, and but few of them number inore. What to he done, is the question,-and we leave it ith the people, knowing that they have patriot m, intelligenoo and generosity equal to the de ands of the hour. Professor Barnwell.. If we are not rnistaken in our information, the alary of Professor iAnstwet.L of the South Caro na College has been stopped by the hoar: of rustees, in consequence of his absonce in atten nce upon the South Carolina hopitl1s in Vir inis. Is this right? We utter the sentiment of brave and prominent South Carolina officer in te army of the, Pottatuac. when we- say that it is ut ; And we believe the same expression would ame unhesitatingly from all our troops in Vir inia, were the question put to them. rt is the piniomn of the officer alludled to, that thme Rev. [r. iBanywam.t. hans alaonure faar te South Care. na soltera in Virginia thtan any other mian in ur State. Early at list righteous mend nraduour st of duty, lie has devoated himnselfs'smul and uidy to his work aof paatriaatismf tand charity, anal is scurcely allowed himself an intervnl of re se. That heo should be bearing his own and his amily's expenses at the same time, with a salary at tiff' upk.an :hieht lie is itaitly depenidant, is tumethitng ti~ih-tlt taa Ie unaderstood. Ouir infor atien is, that, al!though lie haue not made a single limplaint nuar will do si', 'le will yet lhe campelled y the tnecesstties 'of hi., fanmily to returni home cry soont if the msaitter continues thus. His loss ,our hospiralsin Virginia will lae next to irre nrable ; And we earnestly ask the College Boardl, ipecially in view aaf the fact that the ahuties ot is Chair arc sti.l gning on lay the kinidness of his isociate professars, to consider the propriety aaf >nitinuang Praafossor BAnwxa.'t.' salary undler te peculitar circumstanees o.f the case. Vast-Day Thoughts'. As a peaople we dleserve chbastisementt fair mity asonts. Let us citnsider them: 1. Bleause of our furgetfuln.-s of Goda;l 2. liecautse of taur love of Mammion; 3i. Beceatse of ouir hatread or men; 4. Becnuse of our adepraved nmanners; 5. Because tat our carnal excesses ; 6. Because of our vain-glaory aind paride; 7. Beenuse of oaur ill- treatmanmt of inaferiars; S. Blecenuse oaf aur atll-paerv.iing selfishnes' ; 9. Because of our hiypneirisy tand balatpjhemy. This is astrunginaditetmnt anad we trust not a. mn mongst us can tbe convicted unader all its enant-: 'at we fear at the samte timea thaat ra 'at:e af u:s ni place his hanad upon his heart ini view of the hole accutsatioan anal say "Nait Guilty." Of the tirsat chaurge it is nt fir us~ to write. Ids nntmian witha htundtred of thousa'd a o tr peaaple. e eati btut pinee taur hand upon our imautha.nnda r mouth in :hie dust :and contfess, ", I have sinn-i ." The secoand charge, wo fear, is almost ats univer I ini its atpphlicattioni as the first. Wae idenounce no "~ Yanakee Niatiin " for their lust of riches and reel of gain, uand are too apt to forget that.t with I our shoaw of liberality and alms-giving, we are ereahy a's mutch dlevoted to montey anad the aceun uhlatitan of paraperty as our frmter barethirent ft 0 Nourth ever were. 'Te third charge will at first sight lie repelledI ri many of us ; But whetn we honesitly consider o bickcriings of soieity ini which we sufier our elinigs to ptarticipaate mare o.r less, secretly if not herwvise ; when we cnll to innd thte anttipaathies at (like devils) paosess us, aind the encourage. nt we in one way or aitother give to slain anti .khiitngs that teund to injure te mabjects of those tipathies,-we may naot claima to be exemplt from e eharge. Of those who are openly denuncia ry of their felaow- and ready to wretak yen. ance on themta whenh oension may offer, It is inecessary to remtarkc. A.gainst the fourth charge also alh hearts will rolt tat the first mtention:t Baut the blttsh ot ini gnatioin will change to one of shamte if we rightly sidler the trite coloring caf te tmannaers of the e ; Anal we cannot perhaps better illustrate oar sninig thian by pointing tat the traininag iof our uth,--the " faist btoys " (as the mielanchmoly rate goes) of thme present day,-too matny of rout, alas !give parooaf that a due regnrdl foar periors atnd respect for age hnuve cratered but naily into their hotme instruction : whaile the position to strike anid to stab fo'r every insult eied tar real as they advance in ycars, is lbut striangly indicative that there is sametling lically wratng itt the social tuorrals and~ muatnnere urio peop'le. aa ita fifth aharge Itarge nunmbers are mahnox. eif tnot in tine craving, yet in anothr,-ithier I aill of whaichl lead to ruin by excessive inidul ie: .nti inumuobas c.riminality ...e. thi charge brings its own punishment, often too with celerity, it is perhaps more avoided than any other of the cvi!s of the any. Of our vain-glory and pride as a people every one of us is now fully self-convicted. If not, let us but remember what we thought South Carolina could do two years ago, and then consider calmly what she con do and i. doing to-day,--one of twelve state- all of whose energies will ie strained to effect what in our conceit we imagined South Carolina could aldnout do alone. We come to the seventh count of this self-in dictment and ask every citizen's careful consider ation of it, for himself alone sund not jr auother; And we scruple not to say that our allusion is to that domestie institution which we elaim to be the strength of our social and civil fabric and which has had so much to do with drawing upon us the mighty war now waging. Fellow-citizens, have we "used it as not abusing it ?" Do the ashes of mal-treated slaves cry to heaven against us Have we given the hire of the laborer that God will re quire of us, in the most a'nple care for his physi cal wants and in a proper regard for his moral and religious education? If not, in the name of Truth, and Justice, and Mercy, is it not time we we were all doing so with prayerful solicitude. How else may we escape the avenging rod ? The eighth and ninth charges must speak for themselves. Our object was merely to suggest food for reflection suited to the present dark hour of our struggle. Our belief is th;at .the war is in tended for the ultimate good of the Southern peo ple; But, men of the South, the length and ter ror of the infliction may be proportioned as much to the progress of our reformation morally and socially, as to the development of our political and military strength. Let us then strive to heed the voice of Eternal Wisdom in all the duties of life seeing that it may be His decree that thus alone shall we be "saved from our enemies and from tl e hand of all that hate us." The Nashville News. After many and diversified contradictions, it appears to be agreed upon among the news-deal ers that the city of Nashville bas. been yielded without resistance to the Federal army under General BLat.. It is said that the surrender was formally made by CHruArHAt, Mayor of the city, on Sunday morning the 26th ultimo, at a village called Edgifield within a short distance of the main town, and in which village the Federals had encamped. But Nashville news of a more bracing character has also been received, stating that upon the very d ay of the city's surrender, the steamer of that n ane under glorious Captain PnGRAH ran the b'oekade at Beaufort, N. C., with a contraband cargo valued at three millione of dollar.. The Intelligenec is a beum of light to the Confederacy, and presages (let us humbly trust) a speedy arm ing of Southern ;trength that will enable our people to meet the invader at every point and drive hiat from his hateful occupation of our soil. Daily News, Esq. This gentleman is sotnetines a nuisarnee. In very ninay cases indeed, h.. tells to-day what he has to untell tumotrow. He not unfrequently disgusts with his tortuous repetitions. He has been convicted again and again ef downright ly ing, for present effect, utterly regardless of his next dny's rcputatio4. ie thirks every thing " highly important," from the gaining of a battle to the sinking of a gun-boat. What he can't get from the Telliyraph, he worms out of the Re-lie able Gentleen. Occasionally he puts his depen dants, the Jaily Kena papers, lAar, da cornbet, leaving them without a word of assistance,-the ' more dnring of them then rehtash somte out-of-the way news-letter-the more acedato fall to work to fall out the day's umatter with p.'milosophical (but not very origintal) paragraphls on " TAe C'riaia," " Tratha," et cetera. Mr. DeaLT Nuws, however, zaikes it up to his men by giving them for the next day several D)iaasters,-passibly a C'oaflugra tion,-this tino unfortunately too true. In short D~ua~r Nitws, Estq., is the mn-sat bothersome indis pensable of the age. For the Advertiser. Cotton atnd Corn. The late reverses to astr arms whaich have fo l.ged each other in aquick re*sia'n, ceuriug too in thtose portions of ouar coutntry whencace we hadl a right to expect to aderive "tar largest sup plies of provisioans, will we suispect modify very decidedly the tapinionas of thw.e who have thotughat it expledienit to pliant beargely of Cotton this Spring. Thec caulture of Rice in South Catro lina and Geo.argia will lie very materially curtailed, for to our kowledge hirge ganage of negroes have been lately remtovedl fromti the Savannah river. Tennessee -ets dlestinerd teo be for same tme, the theatre of conafict, detnandhing heavy supmplii~s for large bodies of troops; and in North Casrolina the rich landas eaf the Dismal Swamp andl its vicinity which afrdaed vast saupplies of Indian Coran, and whence thme Charleston maarket waes maiinly sup plied, will this seasoan we fear reain .4ncultiva ted. WVhatevemr miaay be thec d-.nger 'of a dimin ished supphlly oaf Cotton enbanintr tla' price anti encouraging its cultutre el'ewhere, eventys.have maarched son with such rapidity within a abort p rioid that qutestions tof mare vital imapartance and prssiang urgency than thu mnintenance of monop talies atndl the cuntrsal tf conamaercee. force them. selves upoeen our decisiont. In a death struggle, the weiapoens with'n nur reach are throse we must grasp aital use, mntd questions aboaut future pros. perity tmaut he left tor the arbitramnt of time. Woe now realize mtore than ever baefosre the dlifieul ties of thec ctntest, the very existence of thae Guv ernmtent is enadangered, but tall will be well if the peple arc trume to the great cause. We should not lhe discoutragted at the loss of supplies freon the sevecra~l prolitic portions of our country which hmave been referredl to, for the South has resources which, when developed, will prove to ho greater thatu we may have imagined. We were surprised at a parallel run in Dellow's Rie dere with South Catralinma-a smnall state which has always dlevoted her efforts to the produet!.:m rif Cotton andl ic~e. The data were drawvaifrod the sevan th census, 1850, anti the'se are oneu or two if the items: " She liroduced more beans and peas by 180,000 bushels than all the Northern States'together ex rept New York. She prodlucemd wheat to within" l,t000 buashols of all paroduced by the Six New Ratglamnd States. She piroduced almost as much Corn as the great State of New York, and 8,000, it00 bushels of that grain more than all the New Bngland States together, *for shte produced* ump var i of 16,000,000 of bushels." Hleretofure we know that out- Plantert have con itdored provisiona erops as secotida-y an'd codi. taratively unimportant; devoting to Ceottujn th~ir >est lands aund most of the manure; let this esti nation bee no~w reversed ; the safety of our insti stioins-the existence of or tGovernmnent de na-ads it. Let the Planters of thec Cotton Statea ast forth their energies in thec production of grain nd we will proeduce a supeply whticha will render tar powers o-f enedurance almotst inexhaustable. Con.,iskency delgandls a change oaf opinion on uostions of e.rprdienacy, when circumstune~es are hanged ; and we call upon those who have main sinead different opainions, to reconsider their con luuions. -...-...---..4- EDG EFI ELD. per-Gen. IBeauiregardl has ordlereed all the itine ant storekceepers away from Columbus, amnd forbid lie selling oft liqtuor within ten miles, or its in rndnatinn Into ampn..