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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, February 04, 1863, Image 1

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SDHIINS, D??lSOE L CO., Proprietors.
. EDGEFIELD, S. C.,f EBR?ARY 4, 1863.
VOLCME XIV311.-Ho; 5
The ?.rey?headed Father to his
Mine ty? is dim, ny hair is grey
My BUiuhood'a strength bas passed awi
And with the brave I may not go
On battle-field to front the fa?.
Taint eye is sharp-thy liaaba are stroE
Then np and join that glori?os throng.
Sen to th? bravest never yield,
* In deeds and daring OB yen field.
Sternly now thy muakot grasp
Around thy loins.the.ssbre'clasp ;
t?o, with thine aged father's blessing,
To gru s a the hosts our hornea oppressing
Hone?, and forever, chas? their hordes,
With Southern hearts and Southern ewo
And wh?r? war's fires brightest burn,
Be bra rest thoa, or ne'er return.
Oh ! let thy deeds be each man's praise
Each drooping bondsman's courage reis?
Like the lighting flash thy steel,
Till ?aven tyrants bleed and kneel.
My son, now from me thou must go,
Albeit thy heart's best blood may. flow ;
What metters, if it waits thy name
To liv.? for aye in deathless fame ?
To that dreed hour be like the rock*
'Gain.t foemaa's tires and foeman't shock
And ?ib?re tay?word did wildly sweep,
May wany fathers come to weep.
And siaouldst thoa fell upon that plath,
And pillowed be upon th? slain.
Oh ! a, ay mine eyes no mound then see>
Tbat was not worthy, son, of thee.
Ard when thou'st freed thy father land,
Ai d childless near thy grave I stand,
Though beat with years, I eft will turn
Te gai.a upon thy funeral urn ;
And, renting where thine-a.be? lie,
I'll i h jut nut J the passer-by:
" There fell my pride-my gallant son
And here was freedom's fair fight won."
KIT shall my tongue one sad word ?peak
With love alone this heart shall breuk,
Ix til J) y spirit heavenward flown,
Shall greet my boy 'fore God's bright thrc
-? ? . - ?
From the Charleston Courier.
Tb? Obligations of Citizenship.
It refreshes our spirits and emboldens
Confidence to call to mind tbe manifestai
of tte Almighty's favor toward our ca
And while it ia our duty to remember an
cherish thee? marks of the loving kind
of tie Lord, the glorious fact that he has
ken [mri wi h a-, so far from cauMng ii
relax our ? fforts and abate our vigilance,
affect un properly,.will make us the mere
iant, tie more patient, the more watch
the more energetic.
If with so just and noble a cause, appro
and assisted by the God of justice and tn
we fail from lack of courage, vigilance s
enterprise, the failure will cover us with ul
nal ahume and contempt. Tbe fact, tb
that Ged ia with ns, that Ile ?aspires and
recta our deliberations, plans and fights i
battles, controls al! our affairs in the cou:
chamber and on the field of battle, t
strengthen and sustains the hearts of l
people-tbat precious fact ?boult! make
more faithful in the performance of our i
ties, and more careful to abstain from o vt
It tie light of God's countenance shit
upon cur cause, tbat cause bas claims up
us thal; we dare not turn our backs upi
The voice of Goremmeut is the voice
God, and all ita requirements and common
are clothed with authority and power,
simply gives utterance to obligations wbi
bave been binding by the Lord of all, ?nd
making; known these duties, the Governine
we ourselves created simply acts aa tbe orgi
and imitrnmant of the King of Kings ai
Lord of Lord*.
This consideration vastly augments tl
force of the obligations made incumbent 1
citizenship. And in refusing to meet thei
in refuiiing to comply with tbe demands
patriotism, we violate the commands
Heaven, and are doubly criminal in the sig!
of God.
If influenced by unworthy considerntioi
of any sort, we fail to do our part, in tim?
.of peax?, in maintaiuing tbe majesty of tb
laws of tba land, in correcting evils and abt
ses in the Commonwealth, in elevating tb
tone of public morals, and in the perfora
ance of any of tbe duties tbe State mak?
obligatory,' we ore guilty of grave ofleueei
for which punishment hereafter shall be it
flicted. How much blacker the crime an
bow much severer tbi? punishment we sba
receivi?, if we are recreant to those oblig.
tions, when the very existence of that Gov
.rnment is menaced by a bold and powerfu
It. iii then that patriotism calla upon ua ii
loud authoritative tones. It is then that ou
consci snces urge with the greater vehemence
We may not counsel, under such ctrcumsten
ces, with flesh and bleed, ambition, ea>e, in
terent, fleshly delight*, mutt not be permittet
to have anything Ito do with tbe determina tier
of our minds. We?must turn a deaf ear u
the bhindUhmenta of pleasure, the ?weeta o
domestic happiness must become bitter'to om
taste, wife, child, property must not interfere
with '.he imperative claims of our country
We m u*t forego for a space the gratification
of the finer and more delicate feelings of oui
suture. The times demetri sacrifices and nc
aiatte ? how great the self-denial it must b?
made. Every interest must be considered ai
inferior to the public interest which is ex
posed to peri!, and not only must we aban,
doo ambitious prospects and gainful pursuits
and not only must we bid adieu to tbe en
dearments of home, and give our undivided
and earnest attention to the work our country
calls s pou ut to do, but we must be williup
to lay our lives upon the holy altar a sac
to principle and patriotism.
These duties are made the more bin
by the war our mean and wicked enen
waging against us. For it is a war " w
object is our subjugation or extermina
He will be satisfied with nothing ul o ri of
destruction or our thraldom. He purpos
despoil us of our substance, to overthrow
institutions, to subvert our liberties, tc
grade our honor,' to inflict upon us ever;
aginable woe and misery. All the intei
that are most dear unite in enforcing
claims of patriotism. They give utten
to the same sounds. They are in perfect
mony. We consult our highest profit in y
i?g to the demands of our country. We
charge our duties to our families by gire
on the (.word. We d?fendeur domestics)
tuaries by going forth to the battle aga
the brutal invaders who would apply
torch to those homes and stain the punt;
their inmates. So that indeed we give
cieap'st proof of cur affection for those
profess to love by complying with the derna
made upon us by the authorities of our im]
illed country.
Engaged ic a righteous cause, upon wh
we can with propriety solicit the blessing
Heaven, in the maintenance of which i
made our duty to take part, he should
stigmatized os a traitor who, from any ci
sideration whatsoever, refuses to lend bis i
in its support and achievement. Conden
ed by public opinion, and at the bar of
j own conscience, such a man should be i
Letter front John .Martin.
At a time when such Irish patriots as Mi
eher are doing all in their power to 6ustt
Northern despotism, it is pleasant to G
afloat upon news-paperdom so feeling ai
warm a letter as the following, from Jol
Martin, one of the Irish exiles of 1848.
is addressed to tbe Dublin Nation. His lc
ter is held to be of so much importance th
the Irish American of New York, a furioi
war journal, feels it necessary, though with
protect, to reprint it :
To the Editor of the Nation :
UKA?: Sin : My name has been mentiont
in your paper ot last Saturday as that of
sympathiser with the Southern Stutes, in tb
war which ie at present raging in America,
am a sympathiser with the South. And sine
the fact is now publicly stated, I desire, wit
your kind permission, to say a few words b
way of explaining and dt-fiuing my sympathy
Both parties are our kindred, our frietidi
our benefactors. Ireland bas no quarrel wit
either, but is bound to Loth by the stronge*
ties of affection and interest. The Irbb rac
hat? contributed largely to the people of tb
Southern as well as of the Northern States
and the Irish in America, like all other Ampi
ican citizens, have to take part in this wa
with the Statp, of which they happened to b
residents. The most honored and trusted o
our political exiles ara upon opposite sides
Mitchell is with the South, Meagher is witt
the North. Williams and Doheny hs,vo diet
since the war broke out-the one a soldier o
the South, the other leaving his sons in arinf
for the North. Those noble Irish hearts
now cold in American grave?, surely both o
them burned' with the most intense love foi
In ahort, it ia a war between States and
populations ?rho are all allied to us by blood,
who are ali entitled to our eternal gratitude
hy th? munificent charity with which they
strove to feed our people when starving un
der the English rule, who have all constantly
afforded a friendly refuge to our people when
driven from their native country by the curse
of that rule, who have all shown pity for our
Bufferings under a foreign yoke, and given
sympathy and encouragement to our aspira
tions after independence. To a mere -Irish
patriot, the honor and prosperity of North
and of South are c-quallj dear. What a spec
tac"e for him-the North and the South con
tending against each other as the deadliest of
enemies 1 If he feels that bis voice can have
no intluence over the combatants, he may well
be silent, while, like the O'Donoghue, he ga
zes upon the fratricidal conflict " with stream
ing eyes.'* -
But, though such considerations as these
havo hitherto withheld me from any public
declaration tis to the right and wrong in this
unhappy wur, they have not prevented mefrom
the free expression of my sentiments among
my friends, and in conversation. And latter
ly I have begun to doubt the propriety of
keeping silence, while strenuous efforts are
being made by several persona to represent
all the true Nationalists of Ireland as parti
sans of thc North, and to prove that tie hopes
of our national cause depend upon tbe success
of th?j North in this war.
It was, therefore, with a fe&ling of relief
that I read your article.of last Saturday and
the letter of your correspondent, who signs
himself " An Iriah American." At all event*,
let the truth bo known. All true Irish Na
tionalists are not partisans of the North in
this war. I do not believe that a majority of
them are partisans of the North. Certainly
I am not. I desire and hope that the North
may never succeed in its attempts to subju
gate the South. I sympathize with ray whole
heart with the people of the South defending
their homes and liberty agaiust tho invading
armies of those who were lately their follow
citizens, to whom they have done no wi
and of whom they desire nothing but t
allowed to depart in peace from the poli
partnership which they dislike. Resis
hostile invasion, fighting to save themst
from the yoke of a conquerer, the peop
the South are defending a just and holy ct
and-they are defending against treinem
odds, with such gallantry, endurance, dev
patriotism, heroic virtues, as have never 1
surpassed in the whole history of wara of
A most noble people has there to taki
place among the nat io is, and, springiuj
arms in defence of its lights, has at once
seuted before the world a national arra;
good and beautiful -that; the proudest of
pires might emulate it. fa statesmanship
military genius, in the courage and discip
that make up for inferiority of numbers i
of arms, in the devotednesa of the worn
in the lofty spirit of national honor that <
mates a unanimous population, the So
possesses defences that entitle her to the '
tory. But the victory is not always to
righteous cause, nor to the best and bray
It may be that the greatly superior resour
of the Northern States will enable them
time to exterminate the defenders of t
iou th, and to subjugate the country. I h<
not. But victors or vanquished, my sy
pathies are wholly with the people of 1
I fiad that I have enlarged so much in t
mere expression of my individual feelii
concerning the war between the North a
South/ that I must not attempt in this lett
to argue the question between them, nor
discuss the bearings of the war upon our Tri
national policy. Indeed, it may suffice
say, that I agree in everything with your le'
ing article, and also vdt h the letter of "1
I am, dear sir, sincerely yours,
--? ? .
A poor woman of Campbell County, Vi
sent nine sons to the war in one company
the 42d Regiment, one of whom wita belo
conscript agc, One of these has died of di
eaj-e, another hat? been crippled by a woun
but the remaining seven are now " present fi
rhity." Well, this mother of the Graccbi
*aid Gracchi being uuable to go to see her
catuo to b?Vthem the other day. She iii aboi
iixty years cf age, but walked to the pot
where her boys were cn picket a*, the timi
from Guiuey's station, lifteen miles distant, i
an incredibly short spitce of time. Do yo
wonder now at the per formance of Jackson1
loot cavalry, when they have such mothers
But to go on with the ??tory : The nceorn pliai
ed officer now in command of the 42d bavin
mentioned these fucts to Gen. Jones, it wa
decided first, that the beat ambulance in tb
brigade should convey lier back to Guiney'
* believer it should please her to return; am
second, that she should dine with himself am
staff. Hearing that the wife of oue of thi
nine, as well as another woman, the mothei
of three soldiers of the same regiment, hat
accompanied the old lady, they too were invi
ted. Dinner passed oil' very pleasantly. Ont
of our guests, (the mother of thc three,) con
vinced us that we soldiers of Ute second wai
of independence were much better off thar
those of the first, by telling us that she hac
often heard her father, who was a Reveltition
ary soldier, tell hts bjys that they didn't
know nothing-that he had often waded
through snow a foot deep in his bare shirt
tail !
Goon FOR GE.V. JOHNSTON.-The Mobile
correspondent of the Courier report? the fol
lowing rare instance of military modesty in
letter dated the 24th :
Night before last he was serenaded at thc
residence of General McCall, with whom he
was sojourning, by quite a mob of Mobilians.
They called for him loud and long. Finally
he appeared, whereupon three loud shouts
were given for the hero of Manasaas, to which
he replied : M Gentlemen, the hero of Manas
saa is not here to-night, he ?9 in Charleston."
Three cheers were then given for the hero of
Seven Piues. Tp which he replied : 44 Gen
tlemen, no one man was ever the hero ot"
Seven Pines. In that bloody hattie there
were many heroes under our flag, and the very
noblest of them were from Alabama." Where
upon he made his bow, said " good night,"
and retired amid Shouts and cheers that he did
not stop to answer.
A gentleman who has had much experience
in the treatment of that loathaomd disease,
the Itch, sends us the following recipe for ita
cure ;
Dear Express : For the bene6t of our sol
diers suffering with catup itch, 'i you think
proper, you may publish the following : Take
Iodide of Potassium GO grains lard 2 ounce.-,
mix well, and after washing the body well
with warm soap suds, rub the ointment over
the perron three times a *eek. In seven or
eight days the Acarus, or itch innect, will bo
destroyed. ' In this recipe the horrible efTectB
of the old sulphur ointment are obviated. I
speak knowingly in thu treatment.
We publish this rert;?e with pleasure as we
understand there ia ereat bullering in the ar
my from the effect* >f this dboase. The rem
edy is a very simple one, and within the
reach of all who ar? near an Apothecary store.
Petersburg Expre?.
Acts Passed by the Legislature.
Be il enacted by the Senate end House of
Represntatioes now met ana&ti?ing in Gene
ral Assembly, and by the authority of the same,
That from and after the ratification of this
Act, it shall be unlawful toJnistill, or cause
to be dititilled, or be concerned in the distil
lation of Spirituous Liquors" fiom corn, wheat,
rye, barley, rice, or any of ?he cereal grains
within the limits of this State) except as here
inafter provided ; and any person or persons
who shall distill, or cause totbe distilled, or
be concerned in the distill: ?>n of the grains,
or any of them aforesaid, ia violation of the
ptovisions of this Act, shall be deemed guilty
of a high misdemeaner, and mon conviction in
the Court of Sessions, in addition to forfeiting
their stills and other apparatus used in the
distillation, shall be imprisoned not less than
six month*, nor more than ?wo years, and be
fined in any sum in the discretion of the
Court, not Jess than one thousand, nor more
than five thousand dollars-two hundred and
fifty dollars of which shall go the informer,
who shall be a competent witness to prove the
fact ; Provided, that existing cont mets made
with the Medical Purveyor of th6 Confederate
Government for distillation of whiskey, or alco
hol mar ' e executed according to their terms ;
at?'' rovidtd further, that the. Governor, if
satisfactorily informed that a ijupply of spirits,
which cannot be otherwise obtained, is abso
lutely necessary for medicinalpnrposes in this
Stat?, may contract with a proper number of
responsible and skilled agents, in any one or
more of the Districts, to manufacture a limi
ted quantity of pure spirits, at a limited and
reasonable price, strictly for medicinal pur
poses,'taking care that such proper disport:;::
of the product is made as to secure itu appli
cation alone to the purposes intended.
Sec. 2. That agents thus appointed, before
entering on the execution of .their contracts,
shall enter into bond payable -tc the State in
a suin equal to treble the value.of their con
tracta rexpectively, with two?'or more good
sureties, before the n'- '
that th.
shall be
will turn
by the (
may be e
tte Court . uvHivuH ; and shall also take I
and subscribe an oath before the Clerk of the j
Court, to be filed in his office, that they will
truly comply with the terms of their contract, |
and will distill no more, nor dispose of any !
portion of that distilled, otherwise than is
mentioned in th* ir said contracts, upon which !
oath, if violated, perjury may he assigned in
the Court of Sessions.
Sec. 3. That it shall be the duty of the I
Magistrates of this State,* in their respective j
Districts, to see that the provisions of this j
Act are enforced, and if. from personal obser
vation or information on oath, it shall come
to the knowledge of any one of them, that
any person or persons, are engaged, or have
been engaged, in unlawful distilling, it shall
bj the duty of such Magistrate to issue his
warraut commanding the airest of the party
or parties, and the seizure of the still.i sud i
other apparatus used in the distillation ;. the j
party or partie*, to be held to answer tu an
indictment aa herein provided, and the stills i
and other apparatus seized to be detained, ?
pending the prosecution, and on conviction to j
be appropriated to the public use, as may be
ordered by the Coiirt.
SKC. 4. That every Captain of Patrol shall, j
in his regular return to the Captain of the
Beat, report any violations of this law, and
said Captain shall immediately report the fact
to (he ucarest Magistrate for action thereon.
Sse. 5. That this Act shall continue in ex
istence for *\x months after a treaty of peace
with the United Sutes, and no longer,
in the Senate House, the eighteenth day of
December, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and
in the eighty-seventh year of tho sover
eignty and independence of the State of
. South Carolina.
President of the Senate.
Speaker House Representatives.
terrible and heart rending catastrophe occur
red in Havana, on ?ec G th, at the Plaza Tor
res- Bullring, Mr. Vanni, the celebrated
tight rope walker, and rival of Olondin, ad
vertised among the many wonders that he
would perform on the tight-rope, the ce try
ing of his wife across the rope stretched from
ont- side of the ring to the other, at the heigh t
of about sixty feet, upon his back-a feat he
had performed in other places. He started
with the lady'up.m his back, and had nearly
finished his jouncy across, within about four
feet, when the audience applauded the daring
act it seemingly being completed ; and the
lady, in acknowledgment of that applause,
loosened her hold upon her husband's neck,
and waved her bands, and on the instant of
doing BO, she discovered that she bad last her
balance, and called to her husband to catch
ber, as she was falling.
This he attempted to do, and caught her
by the skirt of her drew, but tb* frail fabric
was nc-, of sufficient strength fo sustain her
with the impetus given to her fall, and, oh
horror, the dress gave way, leaving a piece
in the unfortunate man1., hand as he hung
suspended from the rope, sustaining himself
by the joint of his knee by means of which
he had buved himself, and she went down
crashing upon the seals that ascend from the
curb of the ring to the top of the inclosurr.
She was taken io baud by the ladies in the
neighborhood, and every thing that could be
done was done. It is said that from $10,000
to ?20,000 will be raised by subscription for
the child she bas left behind.
The Extortioner.
Of all the various beasts of prey
That thirst for bloody gore, fl
That sneak sad prowl, relentless slay,
Whose constant cry is more,
There's none like him whose eraring maw,
V7ould fill bis coffers by this war.
No beast, of wlioh w? ever read,
Would prey upon bis like ;
Whoso craven boart, to feeling Jet J, J]
Would 'gainst bis species strike ;
'Tis left to man, man's high estato,
To do the deud he'd execrate.
Aye, can it be-alas ! 'tis so
All " Shylock's" are not dead
There's those who wring the heart with woe,
That take the orphan's bread,
Whoso monicd might tho poor oppress,
Who should relieve, but make distrsss.
Now is the time we all should .-triru
To do all thc good we can ;
Not hy our neighbors' sufferings thrive,
Hut help our fellow man;
And, in a measure thus requite,
Our being absent from th? "fight."
But rest assured, the hearties man,
Tho meaner than the beast,
Who speculates on what he can,
While others starve, to feast
Murk what I say, believe it well
He'll surely die and go to h-ll. .
Ai a meeting of the Committee on Extor
tion it ww resolved to send for persons and
. nee of this determination,
ught before the Comniit
. of one of the first class
lowing proceedinga were
are aware, Mr. Boniface,
ito every man's feelings
man's operations byjPhi
invariable rule of right.
Gross outrages have been perpetrated on thc
community by the extortionate and intolera
ble charges of every class of people. We in
tend to make the cormorants disgorge their
ill-got gains, and.to institute such regulations
as will render it impossible for them to repeat
their iniquities. You have been summoned
as the representative of your croft, and you
will make true and faithful answers to thc
questions that may be propounded.
.Yr. Boniface.-I am at your Honor's ser
Question.-What do you charge a day for
board ?
Answer-Eight dollars.
Q.-What did you charge in April, 'Gi 7
A.-Two dollars.
Q-On What principle do you justify this
vast advance in your rates ?
A.-The advance in all the articles of con
sumption. Tea U now ?12 a pound, then
$ 1 ; coffee 12 ceuts, now $4 ; epgs $2 a doz
en, then one shilling ; oysters $8 gallon, then
50 cents ; turkeys $8 a piece, then 37 j centa>
&c, &c.
Q.-Well, suppose we reduce these articles
to the then prices, could you not afford to re
duce your rules 7
A.-By no means. That wou'd ruin nie.
These high prices justify my high rates ; but
I take care not to uso these articles at all.
My hens have not Juegan to lay, therefore I
furnish no eggs, aud make a clear gain of the ?
original shilling-and so with oysters, tur- j
keys, tea and coffee. Thc North Carolina
hen-nest grass constitutes my tea and genuine
Virginia rye-o my coffee.
Q.-What are your profits ?
A.-Very inconsiderable-I ' suppose they
do not much exceed $40,000 per mouth.
Chairman.-That will do, Mr. Boniface
{ot the; present-you may retire ; the Com
mittee ivill take order in your case.-Rich
mond Whig.
SPRINGFIELD, III.-In the St. Louis Repub
lican of Jan. 7th, we find a brief report of-an
immense meeting of the conservatives of UH
nois, held at Springfield, on the evening of
Jan. 5th. The correspondent of the Repub
lican says it was a large and imposing as*
semblege. The hall of the representatives
was crowded to suffocation, and th? most
enthusiastic applause greeted every expres
sion of the speaker which denounced Lin
coln's proclamation, and a war carried on for
the purpose of freeing the slaves of the South.
The committee on resolutions submitted the
following which was unanimously adopted
amid great applause :
Resolved, That tbp emancipation procla
mation of the President of the United States
is as unwarranted in military - ns in civil law
-a gigantic usurpation, at once converting
the war, professedly commanced by the ad
ministration for the vindication of the anthe r
?ty of the Constitution, into a crusade for the
sudden, unconstitutional and violent etnao
cipatiou of three millions of negro slave
result which would not only be a total
version of the Federal Union; but a rt
lion in the social organization of the Sc
ern States, the immediate and remote,
present anJ. far-reaching consequence
which, to both races, cannot be coutempi
without the most dismal forebodings of
ror and dismay.
The proclamation inri tes servile insu
tiou as an element in this emancipation
sade and means of warfare, the inhume
and diabolism of which are without txai
in civilized warfare, and which we denot
and which the civilized world will, deno'i
as an ineffaceable disgrace to the Amer
. ? ?
From the Southern Enterprise.
Are Confederate Bonds a Sole and B
ii table Interment ?
I have been asked by several persons ti
:I think of Confederate eight per cent. Bo
as a safe and paying investment ? Al
me, in your paper, to say a few .words, wh
if heeded, muy help the Government, anc
the same time put money in the pockets
those among us now investing funds. I th
Confederate Bonds eminently safe, but e
cess as a Government is now only .a quest
of time. I have never believed in a sh
war-nor do I at present see reasons for
lieving it will terminate for eighteen mool
or even a year longer tbau that. But i
final success is now sure. If we Bucee
; Confederate bonds are the best investmi
any one cati have, besides measures v
soon be taken, to add State endorsements
thc; Confederate debt.
:(f so, uew bonds will be issued thus endo
ed, and these bonds will be (.Mered fina!
in exchange for the present ft per cent*,
such an exchange, thc present bonds will
woith from fifteen to twenty per cent, abo
par-so that if the guaranteed bonds are so
to ether parties for fifty per cent, premiui
they will be ?old to those having the pig
per cent, bonds at thirty to thirty-five. Und
such circumstances, one who now buys Co
federate fight per cent, bonds, Trill get f
them not only an interest of eight per cen
but also in two years a premium bf ti : teen <
twenty. Adding this to the iuteresf, tl
owner of these bonds will make or them fi
teeu'tp eighteen per cent, ayear for two ycai
teiHneir, i?eobofe*^ seU-t&eui- for a cur rei
cy better than that he now pays for them
or if he prefers, get instead of them guarai
teed bonds at les3 rates than others.
Another inducement to buy Confedcrat
Bonds is, that as soon as our ' urrency is prc
perly improved, (and the prospects of this ar
bright,) the Confederate Government will pa
its interest in specie. And still another rea
sou in connection with this is, that if tin
Government pays out specie for interest 01
its bonds, it will require tuxes to be paid ii
specie. Those who hold tho bonds will havi
specie enough from the interest of their bondi
to pay their taxes, but others will have ti
buy the specie for taxes, at whatever ma;
be charge '. As long as we hold Conf?d?ral
Bonds, we need not be afraid of taxes paya
ble in specie, but those who do not hold thea
are constantly in danger.
In what I have said above, I have gone or
the supposition only of the value of these
bonds while the war lasts. The very mo
ment we have; peace, their Value as compar
ed with other.-; will be greatly enhanced. In
truth, every other kind of security will then
go down, and these bonds will rise. If we
had peace to-morrow, no one would take less
for Conferate bonds than forty to fifty per
cent, premium.
I will be gild at any time to give further
information to any of my constituents or oth
ers. I write i:he above because I am satis
fied if the citizens of this District know the
advantage of this investment, a large amount
will be added to that already contributed.
I trust it will lead many to call on my friend,
Hamlin Beaty, Esq., the Agent of the Guv
ernment, and obtuin the bonds. Let all nee
to it, too, that they get the bonds which have
the longest time to.run. They aw? by fur the
most valuable;
--. ? ?
Sinking of the Hatter:?*.
We have received through the kindness of
r, friend, a copy of the New Orleans Picayune
of the l?th imU., from which we obtain the
following particulars of the sinking of the
Federal war vessel Hatteras, spoken of by* UB
last week.
January 13,18fi3, \
Correspondence of the Kew Orleans Delia.
Of the. first Galveston dieter you know
all. The rebuts occupy the city with a Krong
force of five thousand or seven thousand men
Thc city is well fortified with batteries all
On Sunday evening a strange sail appear- J
cd olT the harbor. The gunboat Hatteras
went in chase about seven o'clock. A heavy
fire was soon siter, heard, and the sloop of
war Brooklyn and the gunboat Scotia started
in pursuit. The firing ceased hefore these '<
vessels reached the spot-some twenty miles
; from Galveston. At daylight next day Capt.
? Lowry, cf the Scotia, picked up a boat con
j taining an otficer and five men, belonging to
the Hatteras. They reported that at seven
j o'clock, on Sunday evening, the Hatteras !
I ranged up alongsideof a steamer, which look- '
' ed like tho Alabama she was ; hailed by Capt.;
Blake, and replied that ? I ana her Britain
Majesty's steamer Spitfire." Capt BU
said : K Ilea ve to-will seud C boat aboat
of you." ? boat was lowered-the one'ar)
ken of as having been picked up.
Just as this boat shoved off, tbe strang
steamer opened a furious lire on the; Hat lera,
Both vessels then engaged in he.ce combat
running ahead of the boat ; but soon afters
say about twenty minutes-the 'officers,' t
ibu boat saw. the U&lleras stop, evident.;
crippled ; then there was loud cheering oe
board the rebel steamer. The Brooklyn alu
Scotia cruised all night, and next nj arni n|
found tbe wreck of the Hatteras sank io ulm
fathom water. Some of her boats were pick
ed un, which contained arma and blood?
clothe-7. But the victor bad disappeared. Thc
Hatteras was a purchased iron veatel, aist?i
to the steamer St. Mary. She was unfit foi
a man-of war-having no powers of endur
ance. lier battery consisted of three small
rifled guns and four short o2*poandcrs. The
rebel bad heavy guns-G8-pouoders by thc
sound. 'Opinion diner- to who she was. Some
think she was from Mobile and uot the " 200.''
---- ? ? ?
Lincoln's Message iu England.
The English press bas thoroughly ana to mat iz
ed Lincoln's message and find but little in it
worthy of comment except that part which
refers to " compensated emancipation :"
The London Post-the Governmen* organ
-says that the message is as unsatisfactory
ts might have been anticipated, and that it
is particularly valueless as an index of the
political course to be pursued by the Govern
ment. In referring to the emancipation scheme
this jourtal remarks that it " clearly proves
that thc President has lost faith-if, indeed,
he ever possessed any-in the preposterous
proclamation which some montba aince he
?-sued for the emancipation < f all the slaves
in thc Southern Confederacy on the first of
January," and that '* the President is evident*
ly apprehensive that the incoming year may
i?monstratc but too clearly to the world bow
dender is the .minority which he exercises in
:hose States which be professes to mle; and he
K anxious, while there is yet time, to .avoid
yeing placed iu an undignified position.
The Times says " that towards the South'
Mr. Li nev lu's Message to Congress ia less a ?
hreat than a bid for peace ; that the scheint); :
of emancipation announced is such as we-;.
might fancy Mr.-travis and his .Cabinet; re?
wmrhending to the Confederate'States, ifthej/.
were hard pressed by the enemy and desired ?.
:o guin the active good will of the Europeanv
Powers ; but that the Union should be re<:\
stored by such a simple process as this, and *
ihould emerge out of this great strife steadied
>y a debt of some three thousand millions of":
lollara, and purged from its curse slavery, iv::
ire are afraid, the dream bf ? 'very weak V
nan." It concludes its article by saying that .;0
;le whole scheme is a labored substitute for s'<
;he edict of September last. '-.
The London News, the orgaaof the Exeter '
Hall or Abolition party, says thaj, " in muk- K,
mg his present proposition to Congress, Mr. w'
Lincoln, fur from revoking any of his former u:
Kilicy, and nullifying tbe proclamation of ',
Sept. m>jr last, simply fulti's a pledge which .
?se gave them that, in the next session of :
Jongress. be would recommend a measure -
jli'ering compen-ation to" tbe loyal owners of "r
daves,*' aud adds that '' the froemeu of the
S?rth have it in their power, if they are
worthy of their cauee, to destroy, root and
branch, the monstrous growth which-la*
cursed their country." -
The Manchester Guardian in its comments
upon the message, remaiks thu there are
some points of interest in it, though they do -
aol bear on either the duration'or issue ol the
war. It adda that President Lincoln nor his .'
Uongreas-have any power to legislate for ala- ' j
very in the Southern Confederacy, and it has
!ong been* evident that nothing they can say
ir do on that subject will affect the determi
nation of the South to establish its complete
independence, and thinks " we should have
beard nothing of the project if it bad not been -
lor thc succtsu of the Demociat* in the late
Thc Liverpool Mercury regard? the ?m?n-'
oipatiou scheme proposed as a prospect for a
pacific settlement of all difficulties between . .
the North and the South on the basts of an.
amended Federal Constitution, bot abstain?
i rom any criticism of the proposition upon
the ground that there is not the slightest pro
bability that it will ever become a subject of
practical discussion. It says, that k on the
whole there seems a more subdued and mod
erate tone throughout tbe present mea**ga
than wc have observed in any former utter,
ance of tbe Washington Government tinco
the commencement of tho war,
Minister Adama, in t letter to Seward,
dated London, October 17th, says that In his
opinion the recognition of thc thsUrgcnta bow
depends almost entirety oft thc future of tl? . .".
wan If We prove ourselves by.Ftbrttiry .
next no more able to control itt resalta tha i
we are at this moment, lt will be difficult for
Ministers longer to resist the current of sen
timent tending in that direction tn both
Houses of Parliament.
-?-#-?- -J- '
CHEAP BLACKING.-To a tea-cup of molas
ses stir in lampblack until it in black, then
add the white of two eggs, well beaten, and, -
to this add a pint of vinegar or whiskey, and
put in a bottle for u?e--?hake it beforeosmg.
the experiment is at least worth a trial, aa tbe -
price of blacking has so rapidly advanced ?inca;
the blockade,
. lr .. ,-v, iwat ,C

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