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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, May 13, 1863, Image 1

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BY BJJgXire, DUB?SOE* co.
: European Intelligence.
Latest European d?tes are to tue Uti o?
The Orion, from Matausas, bad arrived at
Liverpool, with IG?O LJes cutcou, and ?19;
000 in specie.
Confederate terip was quoted on the loth
ut lal J-premium.
The bead Constable of Liverpool, under in
structions from the Governmaot, is employ
ing detectives to obtain information relative
to suspicious vessels and to watch tbe move
ments of leading Confederates-so the Times
The Baily News says there can be no doubt
that the irritation between England- and the
United States is gradually increasing. There
are, unquestionably, faults on both sides. But,
except in the case of the Alabama., it is im
possible to point to any one act which offers
just ground of complaint. Earl Russell is uo
doubt.determined to do all be can to prevent
another Alabama affair. But unless bis ef
fort? .are.supported by public opinion, they
will be unavailing j and certainly, unless the
temper of the country alters, it is difficult to
see bow it can be avoided.
The Daily'News says there is an impres
sion that the Confederate Government cotton
warrants are in circulation in England, but it
is announced that such of these documents
as were created previous to the Confederate j
loan have bet n reduced through the medium
of that operation. .
A policy of insurance was attempted to be
effected at Loyds' on the It?ih, the vessel be
ing furnished with ^rtiticates from Minister
Adams, addressed to Admiral Dupont, dated
from tbe United States Legation, Loudon, and
stating that Messrs. Howell and Tidman bad
furnished Mr. Adams with evidence that the
vessel was really bound to Matamoras with
a cargo fur the Mexicans, and he therefore
cheerfully gave them certificates at their re
quest. The Times' editorial savs that Mr.
Adams ba? transferred th? policy of the Mex
ican land frontier to Euirlish ports of ship
ment by a system of passes for English.good*
and merchandize, without which they are uot
to reach the Mexican coast. The safeguard
he bas granted evidently bas a money value,
since it was prod-iced at Lloyd's, in order to
obtain insurance. If it was likely to reduce
tho premium, it gave shippers an unfair ad
vantage over all firms to which Mr. Adams,
from caprice or misinformation, might refuse
his pass. But the commerce of England will
t not accept exemption that gives it freedom
of.action ott an American ticket of leave.
All the coast of Mexico is neutral territory,
and by no right can one nf its ports be block
nded. In continuing "wir commercial inter
course with Mexico, we deny even tho liabili
ty to any detention or interruption The traf
fic is legitimate, and cannot be carried on in
the letters of permits and certificates from
the United States Legation, English ruer
< hftnti cannot p?? a* Mipplia. ts to foreign
Minister* for licenses to-transact business.
The wi ole proceeding is monstrous, whether
as a calculation or a blunder. The Time-,'
city article gives further particulars of the
affair. It says.: The gentlemen named in
the pass by Mr. Adams are Mr. Howell, an
American contractor, and Gen. Zirmau, ol
the Mexican army ; and il was the agent*
of'these who attempted to effect the insu
rance. Mr. Adams, in a letter, said he grant
ed the certificates on account of the cr?dita- '
Ide obj-ct in view. That object was to ship
arms and ammunition lor tue Mexicans in '
th? war against France. The insurance pro
posed was ?80,000 on.the anns and ?o?,000
on the ship's freight. The Globe ^ivcsthe
k report that Mr. Adams felt so chagrined at
* ^H?^pTfb??eation of his lettvr to tbe SM?*?L.JJ
Admiral, that he visited the city to censure '
thc indiscretion of the parties who gave it '
Tha London Times is very bitter on the
letterof the American Minister, Mr. Adams,
to Admiral Dupont, exempting a certain ship
for Mexico Irom England, and calls it an
arrogant assumption. It says thete has been
nothing equal toit since Popish bulls were
issued from Rome overriding the laws ol
Euglanri. It adds; "The exercise of the
slightest authority by foreign ministers iu
England is not to be permitted tor one mo
ment after the assumption of power either con
demning or absolving is made known."
In tbe House of Commons, on the lGth,
Mr. Horsefall gave notice of his intention to
call attention to the seizure of the gunboat
Alexandria at Liverpool.
Lord R. Cecil asked if ?twas true hat spies
had been sent to Liverpool to watch the dock
yards and the Confederate agents. Sir G.
Grey deniee that any spies had been employ- I
ed by the Government.
Mr. Cobdon gave notice of the following
motion, to follow Mr. Horrefall's. " To invite
the a tentio'n of the House, from motives of
national self-interest and obligations of im
plied international engagements, by which
the British Government is called upou for a
vigilant and ridid enforcement of the provi
sions of the Foreign enlistment act, which
forbid the furnishing of ships of ^ war to a
belligerent power, to be employed'against an
other power with which this country is at
The Paris Bourse, April IS, closed very
dull at 59f. 60c for the Rentes.
Sweden is actively engaged in reorganizing
her navy, and completing her maritime de
The steamship Great Eastern has been safe
ly floated from the " gridiron."
" The following paragraph in the Paris Mon
iteur has attracted considerable attention :
M The growing hostility of the United States
towards England is exciting the uneasiness in
London. The last despatches from the Wash
ington Government have a character of in
creased irritation."
-To whatever extent the general plan of
building ships for thc rebels in English docks
may bo checked, we have information that
one of them is now afloat, in parts unknown,
to add power to the navy w.i ich the rebels
have boasted they would create out of nothing.
The Virginia was launched from the Cy le,
fatly equipped except armament and supplies.
These she took aboard from the French coast,
and at once sailed for her rendezvous. She
is very strongly clad with iron, and v.-ry p^w
erfulry armed. Ten heavy guns brist ?o from
her side pons, and two Whitworth sixty-eight
pounders are placed on pivots un her deck,
where ia she going ? Nobody here Jcnows.
What is to prevent her from p*yjn:fher res
pects to our city, amftng othe/s ? Fort Dela- j
ware would not stop her for montent, a d
Fort Milan has onlv some old horidj-combed
gnns on worm-eaten carriages, whose projec
tile*, could they be fired, rypuld glance iike
hail hom her sides. H.u-e the nullities
bethought them to have obstructions of any
sort ready for her possible raid ?-Philadel
phia Inquirer.
Found Dead.
Mr. H. C. Bronson, who for more than
thirty years has been a resident of Columbi*,
was yesterday lound dead in au out-bouse on
his premises. A jury of inquest found a ver
dict that bis death was caused by his own act,
in a fit of mental aberration. He bad been
out of health for some time, and a .source ? f
much anxiety io bis friends. Ile has been a
most useful citizen, and served our city in
many duties of trust and confidence.- South
Corolinian 7th mat.
' Tho Atlanta InMl?/?tcer of- the
the' following particulars of the caj
the Yankee marauders near, Rome,
the 3-d inst.;
We learn the capture was. affected
ingthe eu.emy to believe that be was
* on both aides, as well as pressed by a >
force ?n the war.. Tho prisoners wei
indignant when they discovered they 1
rendered to' an inferior force: Tb
about the contrabands prove J untrue
seventeen were captured.
The captured forces comprised the
Ohio, the Eighteenth Illinois, and tb
First and. Seventy-Third Indiana, ti
with three companies of North Alaba
The latter wi?l be sent to Rich mon
former will be paroled. Mr. Noble sai
all tu the public square at Rome, an
that the conquerors and conquered, as
their horses, looked very much jaded,
prisoners were Very- ?Vfl?at und - imper
The enemy laid wimte the country
passed over, but excepting the destruc
the Round Mountain Iron Works, no -
damage was done. IV burning of Gf
is not confirmed. The rdport of the dt
of the Messrs. Nobles' Iron Works, \
gratified u> learu, was erroneous. The
oners, it is understood, are to bc sent hi
To correct erroneous impressions tin
ttlliyeiicer. says :
Some suppose that the enemy were c
into our Sute by tho gallant Forrest at
men, when in truth, the WyVc/of their
dition was to enter Georgia, to d?vast?t
country, to capture and destroy Rome,
lanfa, and such bridges on the S'ale Hoi
would interfere with transportation, if n
lectuilly to prevent it at least, for mo
j This the Yankee scoundrels who have
: in our ci:y for a day or two past, openly
fess, and we may add too that iiie vii
boast, of it. But if our conteiuporarie
the press will mao the >tnteiu?ut of the B
Courier, they will see in it, that these m:?
ding "rascals were one hundred miles on I
way to li?me when Forn!>t started in pui
ut thetn, and but for his iodondta de em
perseverance and gallantry, they would 1
besieged and in all probability have captt
.'bat city,, in tue ab ence ol the dispute
winch he had transmuted iln-re by the 1
. icr, Mr. Wisdom, wuu reached that city
a few J ours in advance of the enemy's
pearance before it, some two hundred stn
Hut the ul.ject of the raid of these devils
human shape, bas been confused by the 0
ne! who commanded them ; who has boas
that, il" Forrest bad not pursued him, and
t lied the citizen* of Rome tn prepare for
reception, he would have captured Attar
destroyed all the Government stores Ix
*ith our workshops, foundries, railroad
gines, &c.
When it is considered what a daring r
the enemy has aspired to-what an extens
circuit they contemplated-what irrepara
damage they had iielibe?ti-ly planned, (1
ing th? burning of, ihe bridges on the St;
Road, atid the destruction of Govern int
property at Hound Mountain. Rome, and D
ton,} ii i-i wonder! ti I how Gen Forrest 1
managed lo preventtheconeummation of tbi
designa, \vith more than a hundred mil
the start ol Lim, be nevertheless lins press
them so hard with hut pursuit, as to preve
material damage being d ine, excepting t
destruction of the Round Mountain In
Works in Cherokee county, Alabama, th'i
hare done but Utile damage. Gen. Forre
lins lost not exceeding twenty men in th
fd irions work. He killed and wounded abo
diree hundred of the enemy. Among the
Uni. Hathway of Indiana. Col. Streicht
Indiana was commanding the Federal turee
? m ?
TIic Yankee Cavalry ltnid.
It appears tdiat after having destroyed sou.
jortjonjif the track of the Central road,
l?&ich-neTiT of fh? sftT*fe"paT<) ' ?mim un r\
warda the Fredericksburg railroad, near Asl
and, reaching there on Sunday niornitic
Phire they remained in ambuscade, towal
ior the trains which ttiey knew must noun ui
rive. In the aft moon an ambulance trai
traine on from the direction of Freder'cksburj
ami the engineer was somewhat stan led. by
sud Jen idaline of fire arms, while a number <
bullets p issed in unpleasant proximity to th
locomotive. The engineer fell as if wounder
when the Yankees approached, and (indiiij
him unhurt compelled him to proceed on t
Ashland with, the train ; but soon after ar
riving there he effected his escape, and cam
on to Richmond tho same night.
Besides the sick aud wounded on the nm
bulance train, there were a number of citi
z.-tif; of Richmond, including Col. S. Basset
French, Aid lo Gov. belcher, and a few ia
dies. They were treated with Cumparutivi
kindness by the marauders, who were com
mantled bv one Col. Davis, claiming to be t
native of liing George county, Va. It is sta
ted that they did not disturb the iuvaltd sol
diem, but left the ambulance train unharmed
though they destroyed the woo 1 train and tbt
locomotives ''Thomas Sharp"' and "Nicho
las Mills."
From Ashland they proceeded to nungar)
Station, nine miles from Richmond, and pass
ed thc night in that vicinity. Herc they de
struyed some railroad property. It is believ.
ed, however, that the connection through by
this route will be very speedily re-established
The nearest approach to thia city ever made
by hostile Yankee was accomplished on yes
terday morning. When McClellan beleaguered
the Capital of the Confederacy, twelve mouth
ago, aud " On to Richmond" was the watch
word of his numberless legions, live miles
was the least distance ever between him and
the object of bis hopes and ambition. Bu|
on yesterday morning, at 9 Relock, three hun
dred Yankee cavalry visited the farm of Mr.
John B. Young, on the-Brooko turnpike, two
miles from the corporate limits. Their stay,
it is true, was brief, but they enjoyed one of
the ?oest views of the spires and houstops of
the city, and were rewarded by the acquisi
tion of three fin i horses, which they stole
from Mr. Young. One of the horses they
took from a buggy standing before the door.
Tb? two regiments of Yankee cavalry that
swept by Richmoud Monday, crossed the Pa
munkey river at Hanover town, proceeded
across the county of King William to the vil
lage of Aylett*, and there it is said destroyed
eighty wagons and a large quantity of grain
belonging to the Government. They carried
away tho teams belonging to the wagons and
left some eighty, or ninety of their own ex
hausted horses. It is also reported that they
burnt the granaries at Ayletts, and visited
the village of Ay let te, stealing horses, ne
groes. Ssc, Of the robberies committed by
'thin detachment, in. its course through lying
Wtliiam, wo have no account. The ferry
boats at. Honour Town and at. the Pipingtree
were destroyed, but. that at New Castle, on
Abe main st;-ge line from Richmond to Tap
pahannock, was not injured. The destruction
of thc Idfee train ol' Oovernment wagons at
Aylett*, and the s't-res of grain at that place,
is th? most serious loss which we have sus
tained from the raid. The Government was
deriving large supplies from that section of
the State, and h id, unlortunately, within the
last week largely increased its wagon traius.
_Richmond Examiner, Gib inst.
TUE FALL IN FLOUB.-During the past few
days the price of fl ?ur has further fallen
our market, aud, at. preBent, holders do not
know what to ask for the article. The last
sales whick have coule to our notice were at
$30 a barrel. We are inf ?lined thai one par
ty iii Charleston holds some 1500 barrels pur
chased ?f speculation at $5jaGO, expecting to
realize at least lOO per cent, profit trout tho
pecessities of the people.-Charleston Courier.
TK?T?x?m'ptiori 'Act?
Tim following is a copy of" thc Act aim
tory of* the Exemption act of kit otSiU
passed by Congress :
An Act to repeal certain clausis of au &
lilied "' an net to'exempt certain ric
from military service,, etc.. approved
October, 1862 :
h The Congre?of tho Confederate S
of A marie* do enaotyThat so mu?h of th
approved Ootobef 1 Uh, \ S J 2, as exempts
military service "one ponton, either aa a,
owner, or overeeor to each plantation on *
one white person is required to be kep
the laws or ordinances of- any State, ant
which there is no white male adult not ll
to military service, agent, owner or over
on each plantation of twenty negroes, an
which there is no white male adult/not li
to military service," and also the folloi
clauses of said act, to wit " and, furthers
additional police tor every twenty negi
on two, or tnore^plantations, within five o
of each other, and each having less i
twenty negroes, and on which there is
white male adult nut liable to military d
one person, being the oldest of the owner
overseers on such plantations," be and
hereby repealed.
2. For t he poi icc and management of sh
there fbull be exempted one person on e
farm or plantation, the ?ole property of a
nor, a person uf unsound mind, a feme sole
person absent from home in the military
naval service of thc Confederacy, on wt
there are t wenty or more slaves ; provid
such person was employed and acting as
overseer previous to the lGth o'" April, 18
and there is no white malo adult on said fa
or plantation who is not liable io military
ty, which fact shall be veri Bed. by. ihe tiffi
vits of said person, and two respectable c
zens, and shall be filed with the enroll
officer ; and provided the owner of said fa
or plantation, his agent or legal represen
tive. shull make affidavit ard deliver the sa
to the enrolling officer, thal; after diligent
fort, no overseer tan be procured for su
farm ?ir plantation not liable to military dui
provided turt her, that this clause shall i
extend to any farm or plantation on whi
the negroes have been placed by division fn
any other firm or plantain)', since th?; ll
day of October, 18G2 ; provided further, tl
for every person exempted as aforesaid, a
during the period of such exemption, tue
shall be paid annually into the public treas
ry by the owners of such slaves, the sum
live hundred dollars.
3. Such oilier pe:sons shall be exempb
its the. President shall be sal.is.fied ought to
exempted, in districts deprived of white
slave labor indispensable lo the production
^raiu or providions, necessary for thu suppo
if tho populatiou remaining at home, ai
*ls<\ on accouut of justice, equity, and n
:t ssity.
4. In addition to thc Stat? officers exemp
?d by the act of October 11th, 18G2, thoi
mall, also b; exempted all State officers who
he Governor ol any State may claim to ha\
ixempted Ibr the due administratif)!! of th
'overt, men t and laws thereof; bet this ??>
;ntpt i'>n shall not continuo in any Stale ?ftc
he adjournment of the next regular s^ssio
.if it.> b?gi.Niature, unless such hegislutur
malley law exempt them from military du'
n tiip Provioioiial Army of thc Con federal
Destitution in South western Arkansas
An army co'rie>pimdent ol' the Chicagi
Tournai,"^?ciwig under dato of Februar
I9lh,.gives the following gloomy picture o
he slate of affaiis in Southwestern Arkuu
This is said to be the place where the " Ar
?ansas Traveler" live -, and from the topog
aphy of the country, and the physique of thc
lie males live at home. Nearly all the bousei
oiiiain widows and extensive famili? s of pool
irphau children. It is surprising how man)
vidows there arc ia this Country. Since thi
rood oi l days of the "Traveler" this country
ins undergone a wonderful cbtrnge. " Where
s your hu-band ? ' M l>ave not eot any.'
'Whose children are these*/'' "Aline, J
vekou, but my husband is dciid," or Sf wenl
iway ?everal uionths atro.' This is the in
variable answer; and that such a class ol
leople should live and have a historical (-xis
euee in this great, progressive, euligh'ened
epublic, is truly astuin-tiing.
This is not. a prairie country, but one ever
asiing jungle of dwarf brush, unfit for any
;hing but fire-wood. The farms are generali)
<uiall and poorly tilled. Corn is the principal
:rop, except children, and such children !
?allow, puny things ! You have heard ol
muff suckers and clay eaters. Well, bert
,'ou find them in all their ancient glory. Thc
idies mustly are addicted to this filthy habit
Tue process is a? follows : The snuff is gen
ially contained in a square lour-ounce gins
jottle. A small stick two or three indie!1
long, with one end chewed to the condition ol
i small broom, is. thrust into thc bottle ol
mull" and then rubbed upon the gums of the
teeth. The stick, or little broom, is then ad
justed, protruding Irotn one comer of the
mouth, and the happy lady tucks away al
the precious thing with all llie vigor of t
throe month's baby at its " sugared rag.'
Their teeth are black, eyes suuken, aud al
look as though t hey were enjoying a ripe con
diliou of the yellow j lundice. The women
do nothing, apparently, but lick their snuff"
chew and smoke, eat hog and homony. and
raise an inferior quality of stupid, sal mw ba
bies. This is the inside, fire side, home view
of rebeldom in Southwestern Arkansas.
I have just returned from a scout through
the Cherokee country. You will understand
our location when I tell you that weare
about ono mile from the Cherokee line, sixty
miles north of tho Arkansas river, near Baug't
Mills. I find the country, the whole distinct
from here to Taliqua, Park Hill, and on tc
Fort Gibson, one complete desolation, and
still further on across the bridges, rivers, auc
through the whole Creek county, north of the
Arkansas river, nothing remaint; but one bar
ren waste. The country is deserted and giver
up to the destroyer-war.
Over seven hundred per ons followed oui
scouts into camp, many of them the fainiliet
of absconded rebels. They came from necea
si ty. Starvaii? stares them, in the face
Ta-1 few bushels of corn that tliey have inc
away in tho cellars or garre?i, for family
bread, are seized and consumed by ihe scout
ing parlies of one army or the other. This
was their, last hope, and when it is gone, thc j
too must go where they can get bread, li
the vicinity of Taliqua, the mont fertile pari
of the country, there cannot befjund a single
feed of corn. The hogs and callie are nearjj
nil gone, and one mLbt SB well look in thi
traveled roads as in the, fields, for forage
j Naked and half starved children, women
j white, Indian, or black, pour into, our linet
! for bread. Uread is now ibo cry. The ev i
j genius of war has come at last-famine. Then
j is no mistaking it--it is here, and these igoo
j rant, deluded creatures are fleeing from it a>
! 1'iom some terrible pestilence. The saan
work of destruction is going on tbrougbou
the whole State of Arkansas, and when th
two ?inn es consume the bread, which wil
soon be done, her people too must il?e o
starve. They have become satisfied that I
j go firther South is but another step lo mor
. certain destruction. In less than three month
the two armies will Consume all the corn i;
the country.
The people of tlc free Slates have not ye
tasted the horrors ol war. Let us hope tba
they never will.
r h- - Opinions-vf u ? tucral i-.;,
-.J It ?A very evident that some of. th
a ( soldiery are getting very- sick, pf
nigger war. The letter* smithy
,. j their friends are very despondmg,'
< t?ne of them shows that their wi ii
l fur anything but success.. One of th
thus from the Vicksburg array : 1. < .
9 Coming down and sinea vre have b
Li I have teen enough of abolitionism <
i Uh and disgust any man with a heat
, wo left Helena, I Lave seen no leas
i negroes lie out ia the open air, or on
r of a boat, with scarcely a rai? on.
i seen those niggers lay within sight o
i thousand men, and some that I km
, Ihe blackest kind of abolitionists, '
without a mouthful to eat and-for t
i of a draught of wat r.J And those v
who feel >o for the blacks in bonda?
nee. those negroes die like dogs. Old
C. is one of them. I knew it j so I s
of his blankets and gayirt? to a poor
to die in. .
What I have otiserved at<d expi
Bummed up, amounts to just this: )
have never seen a regular Africau thi
take care of himself. Secondly, it i
planter's interest to frei, clothe and
?laves well. They live as comfortably
well as our hard-working men in the
und one while man will actually d<
work than four negroes.' We a. e takiu
from soft beds and plenty of food, to
nothing and sleep on brick pavemenu
are here living on a little of nothing,
ing in the mud, and exposing ourselv
thousand different dangers to bring abi
result. * v*.
About Lincoln's emancipation pro
tion. Our officers had the companies
whether they would support old Abe
Our company and alUbe rest voted it
--wouid not support it ; but the otiicei
it in just as they liked it themselves,
we voted.
Let thoso men who sit. at I he firr-s
their comfortable houses and say, F
rmt, boys,'' go and try it a couple of
aud they will not bo quite so fast.
ON CHAIU.KSTON.-The Yankee papers
the following advices from Port Royal,
April 2d:
Our troops arc said tobe embaikit
transports which are conveying them to
ous points between Pott Royal and Ch
ton, and it was currently- reported in
'?reles that a renewer! attack on the
would uko jdace on the 3d of May.. Cc
eranie shipments of ordnance to the gun
and Monitors hod been made. Strong
tiona had been taken on Cole's and Foll
lands, and also on Kiawah I.tland. A
force occupied North Kdislo. Thr tioo]
Folly Island are intrenching. Tho iron
licet has been fully repaired, and it is r
lor fresh operations. Two ol' thu MonitOi
at Port Royal and five are uti' North Ed
Pile ironside* remains near Charleston
The utmost activity prevails ou all sides.
Severe Hail Storm.
A terrific hnil Morin passed ibrough
vicinity ol indino Hill and Lethe, in this
irlct, last week, greatly to the detrir
of the growing whtat crop in that sec
Our informant says the trees wero litei
stripped of their leaves, and in many pl
the bark of th.-m even pelted off. The
stones are represented Ut have bein as li
as a hen egg. Several persons lost lan
pi'js and fowls by its ravages. The euri
of the storm was confined to a narrow sli
?..Untry, consequently the damage done to
wheat crop generally is uot very considera
-Abbeville Press.
-? -?- ??
The Charlotte Democrat says : Flour I
in this place last week at S-U and S2?
This week (Monday) $15 per bairel is
biirhi?t bid.
m-_ i ?e?
Passnge of Troops.
During yesterday onrcity was enlivened
the passage of several thousand troops.
route to a stirring theatre of war in tho Wi
Among them we observed the familiar la
?fthe4(ith Georgia Regiment, Cul. P.
The o4th South Carolina passed throt
our city yesterday.
The ltjth South Carolioa passed throt
the city this morning.
These troop?, we believe, belong to l
brigade of Grin. Gist, and are a fine looki
ami effective body of men. They were
high spirits at the prospect of getting tc
field where they can meet the enemy unp
tected hy iron clad-.
We understand that the brigade of G
W. II. T. Walker has been ordered West fn
Savannah, and are enroule fur their new Ij
of duty.-Augusta Constitutionalist, Sth in
WHTCHILDREN DIB.-The reason why cl
dren die, is because they are not taken c>
of. From the d>v*of birth they are stud
with food, chukeo with physic, dosed wi
water,, suffocated in hot rooms, steamed
bed-c!othes. So much for* indoors. Wk
permitted to breathe a breath of pure i
once a week in summer, and once or tw:
during the colder ?r?oat(ts, only the nose
permitted to peep into day l'ght. A lit
later they are sent out with no cluthing at i
on the parts ot the body which mast ne
protection. Hare legs, baie arms, bare ned
girled nv 'dies, with an inverted Umbrella
collect the air, and chill the other parts
the boily. A stout, strong man goes out in
cold day with gloves and overcoat, wool
stockings, and thick d-mble-soled boots, wi
corks between? and .rubbers over. The sat
day, a child ot' three years old, an infant
?csh, und blood, aritHiorie, and constitutic
goes uut with shoes as thin as paper, cutt
sock*, legs uncovered to the knees, neck btv
.'an exposure which would disable the nun
kill the mother outright, and make the fath
an invalid for weeks.^ And why-? To hard
them to a mode of dress which they are ne
cr expected to practice. To accustom the
lo exposure, which?* dozen years later wou
be considered downright foolery. To re
children thus for the slaughter pen, and thi
lay it to the Lord, is too bad. We dont thii
the Almighty hal any hand in it. And
draw comfort frorajhc presumption that I
has an agency in the death of the child, is
presumption and profanation.-Dr. Hull.
Amongst all the pipverbs, maxim?, and a
or.heg'118, which . the poets have furniahe
there is none more useful than the faraili
"To err is human, to forgive divine."
The context of thia conveys >ucb admiral
advice, that it ceservw oo/ul familiarity, ru
nlng, a* it does, titus':
.. For cvory f?fle scorn to take offensa !
Thatnltvnys shows great pride or little sense.
Quod naturo aud good sous* must always Joi
To err i* buu?n, to. forgive divino."
We commend thia . string ol' pearla lo o
i young readers. Ita truths cannot he too fal
i iliarly or strongly impressed upon their mini
I There is nothing more beautiful than furgii
> ness of real injuries. And, as for imagina
I ones-the trilles spoken of by the poet
r should require no eft'irt to overlook them
) our erring fellow/beings.
j tSP Tho guns of tho famous iron-clad Kook
! now lie on the South Commcrciul wharf. Tb
consist o? two long ll-iuch Columbinds, and v
t scion be mounted for our defence-vuluablo ucqu
t itous, uo less than handaomo trophies of tho Bal
of Charleston Harbor. So says tho Mercury.
i. lie ? Hi nicr.
Ho atraja through liio ItalUn at curly n:orn,
. AU?l johnies the peril.tui rj.uir,
Reidoco with daisies und li ly-bells,
And crocuses rich and rare ;
Ho suides in bis heart tn think bow biwSly
How happy bis rural life,
With rosy giris and robust buya
And a loving faithful wife.
The great old elm that sbadus his door
Xs ibo home of many a bird
0 I Whoso joyous mites ring through tho air
y ' As the leaves by tho brceae aro stirred ;
Ho stops and listens to catch thc sound
'Tis music thc sweetest to bim
Aa they skip about at morn, at noon,
And chirp through the twilight dim.
Tho now-mown bay, HS its fragrance ftoals
All through the lambent ?ir,
Invites the farmer to woo content .
And calla him to.fields more fair;
And though on H rusti? bench he sirs
And is charmed by the rural seen*,
He blesses the God who gave him life
And thanks Ilia for life serene.
He g'veth most willingly to the poor
(Aro they not the i-hosou of God ?)
And he feels tho rowan! of bis blessed deeds,
And cnn answer for such a rowurd ;
His prayers are remembered-his borne is blest,
His wife is most fuithful and true,
His cbildcen aro dutiful ; Cod is to k imi,
How can bo withhold Him His due.
Thus passes his life lill a calm old ago
With cheorfulross comes to his door,
And he layelh aside the cares of life,
And. returns to bis youth onco more ;
Returns to his yruth in plem-ant dreams
Till bis Maker calletb to Heaven
The noble hetrt whoso glory was His,
And to witi/id life wus lent-not given.
Hnynnn's Soul.
Said Hnynau's soul to bira, one day,
" I wish to leave and go away."
1 Whoro would you go ?" Haynnu replied.
" I'd go nnd dwell in Butler's bide;
For base and mean ai is his sou),
His spirit cannot fill the whole
Of that vdu carcass, whose vile stench
Gives every decent noso a wrench."
" Your words Mre just," Ilaynau replied,
Aud plunged tho dagger in bis side.
Straight lied his spirit to the West,
Twin-demon meet fir Butler's breast.
" Of Such is the Kingdom of Heaven.'.'
A blind old beggar at a garden gate,
Neglected by the busy p.ssors by,
I noticed Ply ly in n corner wait,
With moisture streaming from his sight'ess cyr.
A chi:d went by-a laughing little creature,
With joy :>nd innocence in every feature,
Pawing forth gaily to an apple stand ; i
Sbo saw the beggar unU licc.nue less gay ;
Tli.n threw the pieee of silver in her hand
Into thc old man's hat and ian uwiiy.
Sunday night General Bragg's Orderly''
deserted and wr-nt over to the enemy, first
appropriating to himself the General's dress
it ni form and rigging himself out therein.
Whether he designs representing himself io
Rosecrans as Gen. IJraxton liragi* we are not
informed.-Chattanooga Hebel, (Jib.
Proclam?t.ou by thc Governor.
COLUMBIA. Muy 5, lati.'J.
WHEREAS information has bren received nt
thia Department that '.TERRELL," a
slave, the property of C. P. Hinton, uf Lancas
ter District, eouvicted by a Court of Magistrate
and Freeholders, on Saturn..-,}-, the 25th day of j
April lust, nf burglary and rape, and sentenced
t? dootb, did, on his way to tho jail of the said
District, escap? front thu Constable who bad Lim
in charge.
s- " The said Terrell ii eis foet'threo inches high,
well proponioncd nf black complexi?n, and his
Iront teeth much decayed ; quick spoken, with
heavy beni d under his chin ; thc whites of his
ey os inclined lo a yellowish east; and was dress. :er
i:i a frock coat ot a dark color, with pantaloons
ul' similar material."
Now, know ye, that to ibo end that justice may
ba done, and that thc said negro, Terrell, may he
brought back to confinement to await the execu
tion of the sentence, I, M IL LEUCE L. BON
HAM, Governor and Commander-in-Chief in ana
over die State aforesaid, do i?suc this my procla
mation, i.fl'erii.g a reward of THREE HUNDRED
HOLLAHS for bis apprehension i.nd delivery in
to auy jail in this State.
Given under my hand and tho scnl of tho Stato,
[L. s.l ut Columbia, this the fifth day ol' May,
A. D. l??H. M. L. BONHAM.
W. R. Il HST, Secretory of Slate.
May 13 lt 19
State of South Caroiina,
Nancy Satcher Applicant "J
rt. \
Jcsseo Satcher, Guardian udli'cra. J
BY an order from the Ordinary, I shall proceed
to 80*11 at Edgelield Court llouso on tho first
Monday in June next, for Partition, the Real
Estate of Robert Satcher, deceased, consisting ol'
a tractor parcel of land lying ami being in thc
District and'State aforesaid, containing Two hun
Ured (SOO) acres, moro or less, and bouuded by
lands of Henry Cato, Benjamin Moiton ?iud others.
Term?--On a credit until thc first of January
next. Purchasers to give Bond with good securi
ties and a Mortgage Ul the Ordinary lo secure tho
purchaser money. Cost to bo paid in Cash. Pos
session te bo given ou tho firs: January. Tides
exirB LEWIS JONES, s.E n.
May ll, lS?.3, 3t I?
State of South Carolina,
Y W. F. DURISOE, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
r> field District.
Whereas, Mrs. Mary Simkins and John C. Sim
kins have applied to motor Letters of Adminis
tration, on all and singular tbe goods and ohattlos
rights and credits of A uar Simkins, late of th
District aforesaid, doo'd.
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish al
and singular, the kindred and creditors of the ash
deceased, to be and apv??r bofore mo, at our Dex
Ordinary's Court for t!:o said District, to bo holdo:
at Edgoftold C. H., on the 22d day nf May Inst
to show cause, '.fahy, why tho said administrado
should not be granted.
Given under my hand and seal, this 7th day c
May in the year of our Lord one thousand eigh
hundred and eixty-threo, and in tho 87th year?
thc Independence of South Carolina.
W. F. DURISOE, o.B.n.
May 7, 18B3. 2?o 18
jpS" We bavo becu autborzicd by thc friends <
W. F. DURISOE. Esq., to ann??uce him a Cand
dates for re-election to thc office of Ordinary i
Edgelield District, at tho oosuing election.
April 15, . ?te _15
ALL persons having claims against the Es-ta
of Willis Whittle, sr., dee'd., uro reuuesh
to urescut them duly attested according; to law.
S. CROUCH. J A<1 0
Mar -1 Sm? ?
WHEREAS, thc present supply of provisions
in this State is needed for the subsistence
of the people thereof" and thc soldiers of the Con
federary therein : And whereas, it is deemed im
portant to prevent the exportation of tho same
for. -leculHtion ;
Kow therefore f. MILT.EDGE L. I! ON HAM,
Governor ot' South Carolina, by virtue of the
p^wer reared in we under-the Constitution of fbi?
State, do issuo this, my Proclamation, and forbid
all persoiiH. for the space of thirty d -ya front tan
daie, I'mm exporting beyond the limits ol this
Stjte. imy sa t, bacon, pork, beef, corn, meal,
?heut, fl..ur, rice, peas, or potatoes. Tho follow
ing persons ure excepted, viz: Quartermasters,
Commissaries, ?nd other ?gents of tho Confeder
ate Government pU'ehaidug provisions for the
army, who must exbihit satisfactory evidence of
their official character and authority; person?
from other Stine? who purcha?c for their own pr?
vale usc und consumption and not for resale, who
shall miiko oath to that effectbefore the next m.ig
i>trate previous to the removal of the articles pur
chased,- which oath the m-igistrnte shall preserve
and furnish for tho use of the Solicitor" of the
Circuit when required ; aircnis of counties, t?<rns,
corporations, and Soldiers' Boards of Relief, of
other States who exhibit satisfactory proof of their
authority to purehitse such provisions in hehalf of
suoh counties, towns, corporations or Soldiers'
Hoards of Relief for public usc or for distribu
tion ut costs und charges, und not for resale or
p. .Ht:
Salt made by nonresidents and cargoes enter
ing our ports from abroad are also excepted.
it is enjoined upon all sheriffs, magistrates and
constables, und nil good citizens are appealed to,
to aid in the enforcement of this Proclamation,
und also of the Act of the General Assembly, en
titled " An Act t<> enforce any Proclamation of
the Governor prohibiting tho exportation.of pro
vivons," ratified the tenth day of April, A. D.
Given under my hand and the seal of thu
Stuie, at Columbia, this eighteenth day ul
[u s.] April, A.D. one thousand eicht hundred
and sixty-three. M. h. BONHAM.
Wit. R. Jlu.NTT, Secretary of Stale.
Aprill i.'2 4t 16
WE havo bought the entire interest of the
former Proprietor, Mr. JOHN L. HAR
und intend to keep ? first, cl;.ss House.
Augusta, Ga., Feb 10 3m 6
JL% Vs"?lA^,
150 Broad St., Augusta, Ga.,
-.iven ti thc Repairing of WATCHES,
CLUCKS ?md JEWELRY. Every effort wi.l bt
mude t.o keep up my extensive Stock of
To suit every defect of vision.
The balance of mv Stock of CLOCKS, FANCY
GOODS. PLATED WARE, Ac., ?ill be sold low
Augusta, Jm 20 tf 3
Tax Collector's Notice.
?W?LL attend Rt the times and phces herein
after mentioned to collect the State and Dis
trict. Tas f?r tho year commencing tho first day
nf Oot'.Lcr. I Soi:
Liberty Hill, Wednesday, 29th April.
White House, Thursday, 30th "
I.M.i,, , Ut Mw*?.
.Ioho Cbeatbam'ri, Monday, 4th
Ked Util, Tuesday, 5th "
Hdward Howie's, Wednesday, 6ih "
Woodlawn P. 0., Thursday, 7th "
A. Morgan's, Friday, 8th "
Hamburg, Saturday, ?th "
?Vb i te tn au's S. II. Monday, 11th "
Collier's, Tuesday, 12th "
Ed-ctield C. II., "Wednesday,l3th 14
? Thursday, Hlh "
Dom's Mills, Friday, 15th "
J S. Sm j ly's, Saturdav, 16th "
After which timo my book* will close for the
present year.
Tux Payers must make their returns in the timo
above n:imed or they will be subject to double tax.
Free Negroes not uow nor having been in thc
Confederate service are subject to Tax,-those
ir..tn tho iisfes of 15 to i>0 yours.
Tux Payers are hornby notified tbnt the Con
fedorate Bills of tho Hoyer A Ludwig plate, datad
September 2d"lMil, of the denomination* of $20.
$jU ?ind ?100, wtil not be taken for THXes,'as tbey
were called in Inst year, at.d the plato haling
been counterfeited there is some discount on the
genuine bills unless retnrned lo thc proper au
thorities. Other Coiifedemte money will bc good
tor T . ces. THEO. DEAN, T.C.E.O.
Mar 17 _?f_]}__
DICK CilUATilA.t! will staid the ensu
ing SPRING SEASON atEdgcficld CH.
fm Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thurs
days,_at Harmon Gullman's th? remainder of
tho work. He will comuienco his Season first of
February and end tho 1st day of July. Ho will
romain at his Stable until first of March-aftor
that, titto ho will alternate.
Twenty-five Dollars will be charged for the
Season. I do not dosiro him to go to more than
scventv-fivo Mares.
Il is "pedigree is known to the brooders in Edgo
May o 2m IS
Administrator's Notice.
ALL person having anv demands against the
Estate of Johu A. Crowd r, deceased, are
requested to present thom tn the subscribir on or
bet?re the 29 h July next, as on that day a final
settlement will b.i .??..de in tho Ordinary's Ollie.!.
Also, nil person- " .ebtc.I to enid EUnte are so
licited pay . .y that time.
G. M. SPBARMAN, Adm or.
May 5 3"?_10
'AVINO nceepied tho Agoncy of an extensive
u, SALT WORKS. I will Ua nble to furi.i-h
?ALT In largo or small quantities, and will bc
governed by the lowest market price iu Hamburg
or Augusta.
S. E. HOWERS, Agent.
Hamburg, Mar 30_3m 13
AFEW tons of Baker <fc Jarvis Island GUANO
reumins on hand. Price $15 per ton. This
fertiliser can be applied with advantago to crops
at any period of their growth, ApAlyw"?Y 10
Hamburg,J*_*y ?_3t_U_
ALL pprioti." nre cautioned again?t trading foi
a Note given by mo to J.nnc? F. Lowry,
Adm'or, of the Estate of Conrad Lowry, doceased
for Five Thousand Ib-lb-rs. dated sometime ii
lice. ISM). As I have olTercd, in the prcscuee o
witnesses, to pay the Note in genuine Conf?d?ral*
money nnd Mr. Lowry refused it. I co?ncider thi
debt paid, and will nut pny it unless compelled bj
April 29, _ 3t?_17
WE WILL tako Confederate money in puy
tn-nt for all debts duo tbe Firm ol Hum
u??id &. Lark, or to either of us individunllv.
Hamborg, April 20th lin 1?
und cot ono Bottle ol DR. M A RTA TN'
Dec: 2 -Al 48
. KATjrttM>Vt5rw
For Tax Collector.
?. M. MAY,
For Clerk.
DH. n. PARKER will be In his oflee
regularly euc* flay during sale-day week ;
but aller then he will. nly be thu* occasionally,
as his Prcfe.??iiinid engatfcmonta throughout tba-'
District demand much of hie.attention.
?C5^Hav?nK to pay the highest Ca?b prices f?r
DentiHtry materials, he will hereafter work ON I Y
Sept 10 tf 3 ?j
THE Subscriber offers for sale privately tho
Jennings, dec'd., in Edgefield District, containing
Situate on Stevens' Creek, on the Road leading
from August to Calhoun's Mills, 28 miles from
Augusta, and bounded by lands of Dr. J. J. Cart
ledjje, Mrs. Cartledge, C. L. Blair and ?Ibers.
. There ure on the place a comfortable Dwelling
Bouse ano all necessary outbuildings. There are t
seronty-five acres of good bottom land, and thirty
acres of land sown in Wheat,.an?Labont_f??riy_ia
Outs. The place is well watered und timbered and '
is in a high state of cultivation.
If a purchaser can be found soon, I will sell
with the place Seventy five Ilene of Sheep, Mock
of Cattle, Ac.
Dr. J. J. Cartledge or the Subscriber will take
pleasure in showing tbe place to any one desirous
of purchasing au excellent plantitiun.
?a?rTerms easy.
W. D. JENNINGS, Ex'or.
Mar 4 cf ' 9
State of South Carolina,
J. D. R. Miller. Adm or Applicant, = V
vs. ' J.
Henry Miller and others. Defendants. J
wirrHEREAS, J. D. R. Miller. Administrator of
r v thc Estate ol Elizabeth F. Miller, dec'd.,
ha* applied to mc, hy petition in writing, praying
bat apart nf the proceeds of the Real Estate of
thc saul Elizabutb F. Miller, dec'd., may he paid
? ver t.. him, to satisfy debts against said Estate;
ind it appearing to my satisfaction that Sion Mil
ler and the children of Nancy McCarty, deceased,
(names unknown,) Defendants in this case, reside v
beyond the limits of this State. They, arc there
fore required to appear at the Conn of Ordinary
t-> he beldon at Edgefiidd C. H., for Edgefield Dis
trict, on Suturdny the 23.1. Muy, A D., 18*3, to
-ihuw cause, if any tbry cur, why a portion of tba
proceeds <f the sale of the Real Estate of Elisa
beth F. Miller, dec'd., sold by mc for Partition
. ind division, should nat be paid over to thc said
t D. R. Miller, Administrator, to liquidate thu
lehts against said Estate, ?? their consent to the
.ame will bo entered of record.
Given under my band and seal, this the ?.>d
day of February, A. D. IK63. . .
Feb 23, 1863. 3m 8
State of South Carolina,
BY W. F. DURISOE, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
field District.
Whereas, Jesse Patcher bath applied to
me for Letters of Administration, on all and
singular tbo goods and chatties, rights and ere ; itv
nf Robert Batcher late of the District, aforesaid,
and''''gular, ile kindred BIB crMJUJUUl WY laid..
deceased, to be and appear before me, at our next
Ordinary's Court for the said District, to beholden
at Edgefield Court House, on the 13th ?day of May
next, to show causo, if any, why the said admin
istration should not be granted.
Given under my band aud aeu], this 20th day nf
April, in the year of our Lord eue thousttud
eight hundred and sixty-three, and in the eighty
seventh year of the Independence ot S. Carolina.
W. F. DURISOE, o.at.n.
J?By 6_2t 16
State of South Carolina,
BY W. F. DURISUE, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
field District.
Whoreas, Landon Tucker bas applied to me
for Lett..rs of Administration, on all and singular
the goods and chatties, rights arid credits of
T. L. Tucker, late of the District aforesaid dec'd.
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all
and singular, the kindred and creditors of the
said deceased, to be and appear before me, ft our
uuxt Ordinary's Court for the said District, to be
h<dden at Edgefield Court House, on the IHihduy
of May inst., to show cause, if any, wby the
said administration should not be granted.
Given under my band aud seal, this 4ih day of
May in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-three, and in the uighty
seventh year of die Independence of 8. Carolina.
W. F. DURISOE, o.?.n.
May 6 _2t ' H
* LL persons indebted to the Estate of James.
A. C. Henderson, dec'd., are requested to make
payment by the lat day of October, 1863, and
those bavin? demanda against said Estate are re
quested to present thom forthwith, aa I desire to
make a final settlement on that day.
L. OORLEY, Adm'r.
Oot 1, 1862. ly 40
ALL persons indebted to Ure Estate of John R.
Gwaltncy, dec'd., are requested to make pay
ment us ear y aa possible. Those having claims
agaiust the Estate will present them, properly
attested, to Dr. A. G. Teague, mv authorized
agent, LUCY GWALTNBY, Ex'or. -
Dec 8, 1862. ly
ALL persons having claims against the Estate
of Dr. J. Barwood Burt, dec'd., are notified
io present them, properly attested, aa the under
iugoed is prepared to pay *the same. Those in
debted to said Estate are requested to -ettie prompt
ly W. M. BURT, Ex'or. .
Jan 21_ tf 3
Notice to Creditors.
John E. Harris, et al, \ Bill for Partith n,
va Account, Settle
G. A. Addiaon,, [ mani, Ac
W. G. Harris, Ex'ora. et al.' J
BY Virtu-.- of an order of the Court in thia
eau- nil persons having demands against
the Trust i -rate of Wm, Harris, dec'd., ?re re
quired t-i present nnd prove their demande before
mo on or before tho ?5th day of May naxt, or
id?c nnvtneDt of their demand* ?lil be b&m-d.
Vi Z W. CARWILE, c e.R.n.
Mar 11,13a '_int 9 10 _
ALL persons having demanda against the Ei?
tate of William E. Middleton, dec'd., aro re?'
quested to present there to the undersigned, and
those indebted to said Estate are requested to
make immediate payment. i
. Mar 4_ ?n.? ?
Negroes Wanted.
E WISn to purchase FIFTY LIKELY
, " VOtlN? NEGROES, and are prepared
to pay the n IG BEST CASH PRICES.
We have on hand a LIKELY WOMAN WITH
FOUR CHILDREN which we will be pleaaed to
1 soil or exchange flor other Negnx*.
Jan 28 tf . *

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