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BY D?R?SOE, KEESE & ?0.
EDG-EFIELD, S. C., JULY 4,
V0L?M1? XX?I.--NO, 27.
HW. ADDISON, ATTORNEY AT LAW
. and SOLICITOR IN EQUITY for Edge
field and adj?cent Districts.
Edgefield, S. C., Ma^22 4m 21
JOHN E. BACON. M.. C. BUTLER.
BACON & BUTLER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
SOIilCITOBS ilV EQUITY,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.,
Will Practice in the Courts of this State, and in
Jan 30 lm 5
J. L. ADDISON^
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICI
TOR IN EQUITY,
EDGEFIELD C. n" S. C.,
Office in Law Range.
May 22, tf_2L
M. L. BONHAM,
Attorney at Law and Solicitor in
EDGEFIE?D, S. C.
Office formerly occupiod by EMMET SEIBELS,
Jan 29 . tf i
DR. H. PARKER has just returned from
the North with a NEW SUPPLY of MA
TERIALS fur all tho LATEST and MOST AP
PROVED STYLES OF WORK done in this
Sept 5 tf 36
DR. J. B. COURTNEY respectfully in
forms bis old friends und the public general
ly that he is prepared tc do all work in tbe
DENTAL LINE, in the best manner, and on
short notice. He will wait on parties at their
residenco when requosted to do so. Letters ad
dressed him ? t "ridgefield C. H., or at Granite
vilie, will receive prompt attention.
Moy 22 m 3im* 21
The Friends of Capt. A. P. WEST respectful
ly announce him ns a Candidate for Sheriff ol
Edgeficld at the next election.
Nor 7 te* 45
^S?- We have been authorized by tho Friends
of Capt. H. BOULWARE to announce him a
Candidate for Sheriff of Edgeficld District at thc
Apr 12 te* 16
For Tax Collector.
Tho Many Friends of D. A. J. BELL, Esq.,
respectfully nominate him as a Candidato fo:
Tax Collector at tho next election.
Oct IS - to 43
For Tax Collecter.
THE many Friend's of Ci.pt. JAMES MITCH
ELL respectfully nominate bim as a Candidate
fW XAX COI.LECTOR at tue next election.
Dec 6 tc* 50
CAMM GE MANUFACTORY
THE Subscribers respectfully announco tba'
they ere now prepared to do all work in th?
COACH MAKING and REPAIRING BUSI
NESS that miy bo entrusted to them, io a work
manlike manner, and with neatness and dispatch.
Wo have on hand .t few CARRIAGES aEd su
perior BUGGIES, of our own manufacture, which
we will sell low.
All kinds of REPAIRING done promptly and
warranted to givo satisfaction.
?"SiTAs we sell ONLY FOR CASH, enr prices
arc unusually reasoaftble. All we ask is a trial. ?
SiTHTIi & JOSES.
M.ir 7 _ tf 10
METALLIC BURIAL CASES
-A-JSTID CASKETS !
THE Subscriber has just received an assort
ment of theso beautiful Rosewood luisb
.METALLIC BURIAL CASES and CASKETS
Air-tight and indestructible-for protecting and
preserving the Dead-which be will sell at buln
moderate advance ou original cost and transporta
tion. Wherever introduced these Cases have the
l>referenco over all others.
EJ^OrderB promptly filled. Terms, of course,
strictly Caih. J. M.' WITT. .
Edgefield, Mar 13 tf ll
I. JV. TEAGUE,
SEDGEFIELD, S. C
HAS loaded the Whitaker Stables for the pur
pose of conducting a general SALE AND
LIVERY STABLE BUSINESS.
HOUSES left in his charge will receive the
BOOGIES, CARRIAGES and HACKS, and
good gentle HORSES, to hire whenever called
DROVERS will find ample accommodation at
Feb 14 tf 7
THE Subscriber having been appointed Agent
GERMANIA* HANOVER, NIAGARA &
REPUBLIC FIRE INSURANCE
Of New York.-tho aggregate Cosh Assetts of
wbich is NEAR THREE MILLIONS OF DOL
LARS-is prepared to take risks against loss or
damage by Fire on liberal tarms.
b Z. W. CARWILE, Agent,
gob 13 _tf . 7
jp'^r Old and Young
IWAV^on hand a large and choice variety of
aovn* 'CLES, including Patent Perescopic
T VV8 "d' ' 'UU?ne SC0,Ch PKI!BLES- A,S0'
F VF GLASSES EYE PROTECTORS, ?c.
BYE GLAbbhb, Ey :s.
Give mo a cull, l "r" . ? p McEWEN.
Oct 81 __Ji_.
To the PuWic.
F. MCEWEN, having revved a COM
PLETE ASSORMENT OF ?VA ICH
MATERI ALS, would respectfully inform his
frionds and the publio generally that bo ia now
prepared to. execute, with dispatch, all wont
Watch Repairing . Department.
Alt work done by him will bc warranted.
All styles of HAIR WORK and SOLID GOLD
JEWELRY made to order.
TERMS CASH. No work will bo allowod to
leave thc Shop until paid for.
Oot $1 tf 44
CkbTE CASE GENUINE CONGRESS WATER.
* Fer salo bj TEAQVS & CARWILE.
May? tf ll
Prison Life of Ex-President Da
We 9nrrender much of our space this v
to copious extracts from a new work,
from the press of Carleton, of New York
titled ': The Prison Life of Jefferson D
bj Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel J. C. Cra
M. D., late Surgeon of United States Vc
teers, and physician of the prisoner during
confinement in Fortress Monroe, from '.
23d, 18G5, up to December 23d, 1865."
Heartily do we endorse the Richmond Tl
in declaring that no man who has a soul
read'these revelations from the dungeon w
out feeling his blood boil-but the prevai
emotion will bo one of pride that the ni
victim bears himself so worthily of the j
.pie whom, even in his sufferings, he represe
and of the cause for which he has been c
pelled to endure so much.
Dr. Craven's baok will go all over
world, and will descend to posterity, emba
Iiug in perpetual infamy the memories of
men who have committed or permitted
cruelties here depicted. Better for Hath
Miles, Stanton and others, that they had na
been born, or that millstones had been hi
arouud tke'r necks and they cast into the J
than that .heir names should be a-socia
with these transactions. Imagine for a i
ment what only one generation hence v
be thought of Jefferson Davis, and whal
his jailors !
Dr. Craven has rendered a great service
justice, humanity and truth, nov/ and here
ter, by his disclosure of the dreadful seen
of Mr. Davis' prison house.
THE PRISON LIFE OK MR. DAVIS BEGINS
The procession into the fort was under t
immediate inspection of Major-General HJ
leek and Charles A. Dana, then Assistant St
rotary of War : Pritchard, of the Michigi
cavalry, who immediately, effected the* ca
lure, being the ollicer in command of tJ
guard from the vessel to the fore. First can
Major-General Miles holding the arm of M
Davis, who was dressed in a suit of plain Coi
federate gray, with a gray slouched Lat-a
ways thin and now looking much wastf.d ar
very haggard. Immediately after these can
Colonel Pritchard acconipanviug Mr. Cia
with a guard of soldiers in their rear. Thi
they pas?ed through files of men in blue froi
the Engineer's Landing to the Water Battei
Postern ; and on arriviug at the casernal
which had been lilted up into cells for tkei
incarceration, Mr. Davis was shown int
casement No. 2 aud Clay into No. 4, guard
of soldiers being stationed in the cells nun
bered 1. 3, and ">, upon each sido of then
They entered ; thc heavy doors clanged bi
hind them, and iu that clang was rung th
dual knell of the terrible, but uow extinct rt
Being ushered into his inner ceil by Gci.
eral Miles, and the two doors leading then
into from the guardroom being fastened, Mr
Davis, a?ier surveying the prerui-res for som:
moment-:, and looking out through the cmbra
sure with such vkoughts passing over bis linet
iud expressive face as may be imagined, sud
denly seated himself in a chair, placing bott
ttands on his knee?, and asked one of the so!
.tiers pacing up and down within.bis cell tbi
significant question : Which way does tki
embrasure face ?"
Thc soldier was silent.
Mr. Da?.is, raising his voice a little, repeat
ed the inquiry.
But a^ai:: dead silence, cr only the mea
sured footfalls of the two pacing sentrie
within, and the fainter echoes of the four with
Addressirg the other soldier, as if the fir;,:
bad been deaf and had not heard him, th'
prisoner again repeated his inquiry.
But the second soldier remained silent a*
the tir.st, a slight twitching on his eyes only
intimating that he had beard the question;
but was forbidden to apeak.
" Weil,"said Mr. Davis throwing his hand'
up and breaking into a bitter laugh. " I wish
my men could have been taught your disci
pline !" aud then, rising from his chair, hu
commenced pacing back and forth before tho
embrasure, nov,- looking at the silent sentry
across the moat, and anon at thc two silently
pacing soldiers who were bis companions in
His sole reading-matter, a Bille aiid pray
erbook, his OD!J companions, those two silent
guards, his only food, the ordinary lations ol'
bread and beef served out to the soldiers ol'
the garrison-thus passed the first day and
night of the ex President's confinement.
SEWARD AND STANTON DISGRACE AMERICA-AN
INVALID Ut IRONS.
On the morning of the 23d of May, a yet
bitterer trial was in store for ihe proud spirit
-a trial severer, probably, than has ever ?ti
modern times been indicted upon any one wb<>
had enjoyed such eminence. This morning
Jefferson Davis was shackled.
It was while all thc swarming camps of th*
armies of the Potomac, the Tennessee and
Georgia-over two hundred thousand hronz
ed and laurelled veterans-were preparing
for the Grand Review of the next morning,
i n which, passing in endless succession before
the mansion of the Ptesident, the conqnermg
military power ot the nation was to lay down
its arms at tho foet of thc Civil Authority,
that thc following scene was enacted at Fort
Captain Jerome E. Titlow. of the Third
Pennsylvania Artillery, entered thc prisoner's
cell,followed by the blacksmith &f tho fort
and his assistant, the latter carrying in his
hands some heavy and harshly-rattling sbackls.
As they eutercd, Mr. Davis was reclining on
his bed, feverish and weary after a sleepless
night, ;he food placed near to him thc preced
ing day still lying untouched on its tin plate
near Ins bedside.
" Well !" said Mr. Davis, as they entered,
slightly raising his head.
" I have an unpleasant duty to perform,
sir," f-cid Captain Titlow ; ardas he spoke
the senior blacksmith took the shackles from
Davis leaped instantly from his recumbent
attitude, a flush passing over hi3 face for a
moment, and then his countenance growing
livid and rigid as death.
He gasped for breath, clutching his throat
with thc thin fingers of his right hand, and
then recovering himself slowly, while his
wasted figure towered up to its full height
now appearing to swell with indignation and
then to shrink with terror, as ho danced from
thc captain's face to tho shackles-ho said
slowly and with a laboring cbest :
" My God ! You cannot have been sent to
"Such aro my orders, sir," replied thc offi
cer, beckoning the blacksmith to approach,
who s epped forward, unlocking the padlock
and preparing tho felters to do their office.
These fetters were- of heavy iron, probably
jive-eighths of an inch in thickness, and con
nected together by a chain of like weight. I
believe they ate now in tho possession of Ma
jor-General Mile?, and will form an interest
M This is too monstrous." groaned the pris
oner daring hurriedly round thc room, as if
fjr some weapon, or means of .?clf-dcstruction.
" I demand, Captain, thal you let mc see tho
commanding officer. Can he pretend that
such ?knckles are required to ?ecuro the aaia
custody of a weak old mao, so guarded
in such a fort as this?"
u It could serve no purpose," replied C
Titlow 5 " his orders are from Washiug
as mine are from him."
" But he cati telegraph,"iuterposed Mr.
vis, eagerly ; " there must be some misti
No such outrage as you threaten me wit
on record in the history of nations. '
him to telegraph, and delay until he
"My orders are peremptory," said the <
ccr, " and admit of no delay. For your c
sake, let me advise you to submit with
tience. As a soldier, Mr. Davis, you kn
I must execute orders.''"
" These are not orders for a soldier," sho
ed the prisoner, losing all control of hims
u They are orders for a jailor-for a hai
man, which no soldier wearing a sword sho
accept ! I tell you the world will ring w
this disgrace. The war is over ; the Soutr,
conquered ; I have no longer any country 1
America, and it is for the honor of Amcri
as for my own honor and life, that I pie
against/ this degradation. Kill me I kill me
he cried, passionately, throwing his arms wi
open and exposing his breast, " rather th
indict on my people through me, this inst
worse than death."
" Do your duty, blacksmith," Said the o
cv, walking towards the embrasure as if ri
caring te witness the performance. " It on
gives increasing pain on all sides to protra
At these words the blacksmith advano
with the shackles, and seeing that the priso
er had one foot upon-the chair near his sid
his right hand resting on the back pf it, tl
brawny mechanic made an attempt to slip ot
of the shackles over the ankle so raised ; bu
as if with the vehemence and strength whic
frenzy can impart, even to the weakest ii
valid, Mr. Davis suddenly seized his assistai
and hurled him half-way across tho room.
On this Captain Titlow turned, and s^ein
that Davis had backed against the wall ft
further resistance, began to remonstratt
pointing out in brief, clear language, that thi
course was madness, and that orders must b
vii forced at any cost. "Why compel me,'5 h
said, " to add tie further indignity of pet
>onal violence to the necessity of your bein
" lam a prisoner of war," fiercely rctcrtei
Davis; " I have been a soldier in the ;.rmie
sf America, and know how to die. Only ki!
me, and my last breath shall be a bles;iug 01
pour head. But while I have life and strengt!
to r- sist, foi myself and for my people, thi;
thing shall not be done."
Hereupon Captain Titlow called in a ser
?reant and file of soldiers from the next room
md the sergeant advanced to seize the pris
mer. Immediately Mr. Davis flew on him
?eized his musket and attempted to wrencl
t from his grasp.
Of course such a scene could have but on?
ssue. There was a short, passionate scuffle
[n a moment Davis was flung upon his bed
ind before his four powerful assailants re
noved their hands from him, thc blacksmith
md his assistant had dons their work-ont
?ecuring the rivet on the right ankle, while
he other turned the key on the padlock on
This done, Mr. Davis lay for a moment Di
fin a stupor. Then slowly raising himsell
ind turuing rouud he dropped his shackled
eet to the floor. The harfh clangof the striking
ibain seems first to have recalled him to his
ituation, and dropping Lis face into Lis
lands, he burst into a passionate flood of sob
ling, rocking to and fro, and muttering at iu
ervals : Oh. the shame, thc shame P
It may be here stated, though out of its
lue order-that we may gi t rid in haste ol
in unpleasant subject-that Mr. Davis, some
wo months later, when frequent visits had
Dade :-i;:i ?nore tree of converse, gave me a
curious explanation of thc last feature of this
He had been speaking of suicide, and de
louncing it as tho worst form of coward'ee
md folly. Lifo is not like a commission
Lat we can resign when disgusted with the
?enrice. Taking it by your own hand is a
confession of judgment to all that your worst
memics can allege. It has often flashed
icross me ss a templin,: remedy for neuralgic
ort ure ; but thank Ged ! I never song?t my
>wn death butene?, and then when complete
y frenzied and not .master of my actions.
When they came to iron mc that day, as ti
asl resource of desperation. I seized" a sol
iicr's musket and attempted to wrench it from
J is grasp, hoping that in thc icuflle and sur
irise some ona of his comrades would shoot
md bay onet me."'
On tho morning cf Mny 24th, I was eent
br aboit half-past 8 A. M., by Major-Gene
ral Miles; was to d that Slate-prisoner Davis
complained of being ill, and that I had been
issigncd as his medical attendant.
Calling upon the prisoner-tho firH lime
[ had ever seeu I im closely-he presented a
..ery miserable aod affecting aspect. Stretch
ed upon his palle: and very much emaciated.
Mr. Davis appeared a mere fascine of raw
xud tremulous' nerves-his eyes restless and
'evered, his beac continually shifting from
?ide to side for a cool spot, on the pillow, and
iis case cleerly one in which intenso cerebral
excitement was thc first thing needing atten
ion. He was extremely despondent, hi*
pulse full and at ninety, tongue thickly coat
ed, extremities cold, and his head troubled
?vitb a long-established neuralgic disorder.
Jomplaiued of his thin camp ma:tress and
pillow stuffed with hair, adding, that he was
>o emaciated that his skin chafed easily against
the slats : and, as the?e complaint* were well
founded, I ordered au additional hospital rnat
:ress and softer pillow, for which he thanked
"But I fear," ho said, as, having prescrib
ed, I WJ'S about taking my leave, accompani
ed by Captain Evans,Third Pennsidvania Ar
tillery, who wns olbecr of the day ; " I fear,
Doctor, you will haye a troublesome ana un
satisfactory patient. One whoso caso can re
li?e' on you little credit. There r.ro circum
stances at work outside your art :o counter
act your art j and I suppose thcrr must be a
conflict between your feelings as a soldier
of the Union and your duties as a healer of
the sick." .
This last wtis said with a fcint smile, and I
tried to cheer him, assuring him, if he would
only keep quiet and endeavor to get some
rest and sleep, which my preset iption was
mainly addressee to obtain, that he would
be well in a few cays. For the rcs:, of course
a physician coule, have no feelings Dor recog
nize any duties but towards his patient.
Mr. Davis turned to thc officer bf the day, |
and demanded whether he had been shackled
by special order of the Secretary ci War, or
whether General Miles had comidercd this
violent courre essential to his safekeeping?
The Captain replied that he knew nothing
of the matter : and so our first interview
On quitting Mr. Davis, at once wroto to
Major Church, Assistant Adjutant-General,
advising that the prisoner bo allowed tobacco
_to tba want of which, after a lifetime of
usc, he had referred as one of the probable
partial causes of his illness-though not com
plainingly, nor with any request that it bo
given. This recommendation was approved
in the course of the day ; and on calling in
thc evening brought tobacco with mo, and
Mr. Davis filled his pipe, which was thc 6ole
article he had carried with him from the
Clyde, except thc dollies he thon wore.
" This is a noble medicine,"' he saidr with
something as near a smile as was possible for
his haggard and shrunken features. " I hord
? ly expected it ; did not ask for it, though the
deprivation bas been severe- During my con
' fixement herc I shall ask for nothing."
He was now much calmer,. feverish a
terns steadily decreasing, pulse already d
to seventy-five, his brain less excitable,
his mind becoming more resigned to his
dition. Complained that the foot-falls o
two sentries within his chamber made it i
cult for bim to collect his thoughts ; but
ded cheerfully that, with} this-touching
pipe-he hoped to become tranquil.
This pipe, by the way, w^is a largo and hi
some ono, made of meerschaum, with an
ber mouth-piece, showing-by its color th
had seen " active service" for some time
indeed was the case, having been his comj
ion during the stormiest jfears of his late t
lar Presidency. It is now in the writer's
session, having been given to him by
Davis, and its acceptance insisted upon
the only thing he had left,to offer.
THE TORTURE OF THE PRISONER.
Happening to notice that his coffee st
cold and apparently untasted beside his
in its tin cup, I remarkedthathere was a c
Iradiction of the assertion implied in the
irmy question, "Who ever saw cold co:
In a tin cup ?" referring to the eagerness w
which soldiers of all classes, when campai,
rig, seek for and use this beverage.
" I cannot drink it," h?remarked, " thot
bund of coffee all my life. It is the poor
irticle of the sort I have ever tasted ; ant
r'Our government pays for such Btuff as coil
he purchasing quarter-master must be g
ing rich. It surprises m?, too, for I thorjj
,-our soldiers must have the. best-many
ny Generals complaining of the, difficult
hey encountered in seekftjg to prevent c
)eople from making volunteer truaes w
four soldiers whenever vk lines ran nc
tach other, for the pflrposo of exebangi
he tobacco we had in abundance agau
'?our coffeo and sugar/' j
Told him to spend as little time in bed
ie could ; that exercise was the best met
inc for dyspeptic patients. To this he a
wcred by uncovering th6 blankets from i
cet and showing mo bis shackled ankles.
"It is impossible for me, Doctor ; I cann
ven stand erect. These shackles are ve
icavy ; I know not, with the chain, how mai
icunds. If I try to move they trip rae, ai
lave already abraded broad patches of sk
rom the parta they toacb. Can you devi
io means to pad or cushion them, so tb
rben I try to drag them along thev may n<
halie me so intolerably? My limbs have l
ittlo llesb on them, and that so weak, as 1
e easily lacerated."
At sight ul" this I turned away, prorcisir
o see wha could bc done, as exercise wi
be chief medica! necessity in his case; ar
t this moment the first thrill of syinpntr.
jr my patient was experience's.
At an interview sought with Major Gener
liles, my opinion was given that thc phys
al conditiou of State prisoner Daris require
lie removal of bis shackles, until such tim
s his health should be established on son
inn basis. Exercise he absolutely need?
nd also some alleviation of bis abnorm:
ervous excitement. No drvys could aid
?gesti?n naturally weak and so impairet
:Uhoul exercise ; nor could anything in tl
Jiarmacopatia quiet nerves so ovcrwroug)
nd shattr rd while the continual irritation t
'ie fetters was counierppsing whatever med
ince might bc given.
" You believe it, then, a medical necessity?
ueried General Mile?.
" I do most earnestly."
"Then I will give the matter attention;
nd at this point for the present the allai
May 'iGlh_Called with tho officer of th
lay Captain Janies li. Kiug, at I p. rr,
\niiid Mr. Davis in bed, complaining of in
ensc debility, but could not point to an;
articular complaint. Tho pain in his boat
ad left him last night, but bad been brough
ack thi.-j afternoon and aggravated by th
oise cf mechanics employed in taking dowi
lie wooden doers between his cell and t!;i
xten..r ?ruard room and replacing these veil)
ron gr;;ting.;, sn that 7ic could al all times b<
rai by the fealties in the outside room as wei
s by two ''silent friends? lelia were the un
peal ing companions of his solitude.
Noticed thal the prisoner's dinner lay un
rtimhf d on its tin plate uenr bis bedside, hil
jeals being brojugbt in hy a silent soldier
..ho placed fund on his table aad thin with
rcw. Mad remarked before that he ?careel}
ouched the food served lo him, his appetite
eing feeble at best, and bis digestion out ol
Quitting him, called on Gener.il Miles, anti
ecomrvended that I be allowed to place the
risoncr on a di -t corresponding with lu's con
ilion, which required light and nutritious
jod. Consent was immediately giv^u, and'I
ad prepared and sent over from my quarters
ome tea and toast ior bis evening's meal.
Calling about 7, p. m., found Mr. Davis
really improved, thc tea and toast having
?ven bim, be said, new life. Though be bad
ot complained of tho fare, .ho was very
bankful for the change.
He then commenced talking, and let mc
ere say that I encouraged him in this, he
aving conversation and some human sym
atby the best medicines that could be given
j one in his state-on the subject ol the
How has the weather been-rough or (air?
n this hugo casement, and unable to crawl
o the embrasure, bc could not tell whether
he weather was rough or smooth, nor how
ho wind was blowing.
"All my-family are at sea, you are aware,
n their way to Savannah ; and I know the
angers of going down the coast at this sea
on of tho year too well to be without intense
larm. My wife and four children, with
thor relatives, are on board thc Clyde, and
bose propellers roll dreadfully and arc poor
ea-boats in rough weather."
Ile then explained with g^at clearness of
Ictail, and evidently having "udied thc sub
set, why the dangers of going dawn the
oust in rough weather were so much greater
han coming north. Going down, ships had
o hug the shore-often running dangerously
luar the treacherous horrors of Capo Hat
eras; while, in running north, they stood
tut from land to catch tho favoring gulf
trcam, to avoid which they bad to run in
bore as close as they could when steering
Hu appeared intensely anxious on thc sub
ed, recurring to it frequently, and spacula
ing on thc probable position of the Clyde at
his time. " Should she be lost," he remarked,
( it will be 1 all my pretty chickens and their
lam at ono fell swoop,' it will be the oblitera
ion of my name and bouse."
" Mrs. Davis, too," he continued, " has much
.o contend with. Her sister has beeu very
ll and her two nurses left her while hnre,
ind she could procure no others. My only
consolation is, thal some of my paroled peo
ple are on board, and soldiers make excellent
nurses. Soldiers are fond of children. Per
haps the roughness ol their contracted camp
Hfc make the playfulness or infancv so
pleasant. Charles of Sweden, Frederick the
Great, and Nap donn, aro illustrations of this
peculiarly. Tho Duke of Wellington is the
only eminent commander of whom no trait
of the sort is recorded."
Talking of propellers, and how badly they
rolled in a rough sen, I spoke ol ono called
the Burnsido, formerly stationed at Port
Royal, of which the common remark was,
that every three rolls sho went clean round.
" Once," I added, " when hoagjaptain was
asked what was ber draught of water, ho re
plied that he did not know to an inch the
Leight of'her smokestack, b?t it was from
the top of that to her keel."
Thin and other anoedotes amused the pa
tient for some quarter of an hour; and what
ever could give his mind a moment's repose
was in the line of his cure.
As I was leaving, he asked had I been able'
to do nothing to pad or cushion his shackles ?
He could take no exerciso, or but the feeblest,
and with great pain, while they were on.
To th?3 I gave an evasive answer, not know
ing what might, be the action of General Miles,
and fearing to excite false hopes. No such
half way measures as padding would, su?icc
to meet the necessity of his case ; while their
adoption, or suggestion, might defer the
broader remedy that was needed. On leav
ing, he requested me in tho morning to noto
how the wind blew, and the prospects of the
weather, before paying him my visit. Until
he heard of. his family's arrival in Savannah
he could know no peace.
May 21th.~Called in the morning with
the officer 0f the day, Captain Titlow; Found
Mr. Davis in hid, very weak and desponding.
He had not slept. Had been kept awake by
the heavy surging of thc wind through the
big trees on the otherside of the moat. Ap
eared much relieved when I told him the
reeze was nothing like a storm, though it
blew north-easterly, which was favorable to
the ship containing his family.
He expressed great concern lest his wife
should hear through newspapers of the scene
in his cell when he was ironed. Would it be
published, did I think? And OH mv reraaiu
ing silent-for 1 knew it had been sent to the
newspapers on the afternoon of its transpi
ring-he interlaced his fingers across his eyes,
and ejaculated, " Oh my poor wife, my poor,
poor girl! How thc heart-rending narrative
will afflict her!'
He remained silent for some moments as I
sat beside his bjd, and then continued, ex
tending his hand that I might feel his pulse :
"I wish she could have been spared this
knowledge. There was no necessity for the i
act. My physical condition rendered it ob
vious that there could bc no idea that fetters
were needful to the security of my imprison- :
ment. It was c ear, therefore, that the object i
was to offer an indignity both to myself and
the cause I repiescnted-not the less sacred '
to mo because covered with tho pall of a
military disaster. It was for th?3 reason I }
resisted a3 a duty to my faith, to my country
men and to myself. It was for this reason I i
courted death from the muskets of thc guard.
The oflicer of the day prevented that result,
and, indeed,1' hewing to Captain Titlow, " be- i
haved like a mau ol' good feeling. But my
poor wife ! I can see the hideous announce
ment with its flaming capitals, and cannot but ;
anticipate how much her pride and love will i
both be shocked. For myself I am resigned, i
and now only say , ' The Lord reprove them I'
The physical inconvenience of these thing'; I
still feel (clanking his ankles together slight
ly under the bed-clothes) but their sense of
humiliation is gone. Patriots in all ages, to
whose memories shrines are now built, have
suffered as bad or worse indignities."
Lie thanked me for the breakfast that had
been sent him, expressing thc hope that I
would not let my wife bc put to too much
troublemaking broth and toast for one so
helpless and utterly wretched.
Sunday Moy 2iVt.-At eleven, a. m., this
morning, was sitting on thc porch in front of
my quarters when Captain Frederick Kortc,
Third Pennsylvania Artillery, who wasofiicer
of thc day, pa-?ed toward thc Cell of thc
prisoner, followed by the blacksmith. Th?~
told thc story, and sent a pleasant profes
sional thrill of pride through my veins.
Did not let Mr. Davis soc me then, but re
tired, thinking h betler the prisoner should
be left alone ia ike first moments of regain
ing so much of his persona' freedom.
Called again ut two, p. m., with the officer
of the day. Immediately on entering. Mr.
Davis rose from his soat, Loth bauds extended,
and his eyes lilied with tears. Ho was evi
?iently about lo say FOmetbing, but checked
himself ; or was checked by a rosh of emo
tions, and .-at down upon Lis bcd. .
1 congratulated Lim on the change, ohscrv
ing that my promise of his soon feeling ht t
tcr was bjir.g fu lilied, and he must now take
all thc exercise that was possible for him, for
on this his future health would depend. Cap
tain Kortc, too, joined in my congratulations
very kindly, and spoke .with theSjrank cour
tesy (if a gentleman anti soldier. ^
Recurring to tho subject of his-ftmily, Mr.
Davis asked mc Lad I notl?cen called upon
to attend Miss Howell, his wile's sister, who
had been very ii. at tiie lime of his quilting
tho Clyde. Replied that Colonel James,
Chief Quartermaster, had called at my quar
ters, and requested mo io vUit a sick lady on
board that vessel ; believed it was thc lady
he referred io, but could n t bc sure of the
name. Hail mentioned the matter to General ,
.Mil s, asking a-j ass tovi:.:t; but he objected,
saying the orden were to allow no communi
cation with the thip. ,
Mr. Davi? exclaimed this was inhuman. ,
The Lidies had certainly committed no crime, !
and there were no longer any prisoners on
board the ship when I ho request was made,
he and Mr. Clay having been the l:\st re
moved. The Wy was very seriously ill, and :
no officer, no gentleman, no man of Chris
tian or eton lin man feeling, would havo so
acted. General Milos was from Massachu
setts, ho had heard, and his action both in ,
this and other matters, appeared in harmony ,
with his.origin. It wa3 much for Massachu
setts to boast that one o? her sons had been
appointed his jailor; end it waa becoming
such a jailor to oppress helpless women end
TO HE CONTINUED.
MISCEGENATION IN WISCONSIN.-Last Fri
day thc usual quietness of our Main street
was suddenly disturbed by tho arrival of two
colored gentlemen from Lake Mills, wi;h a
white woman hanging on the arm of each.
One couple was married, and accompanied
the other for thc purpose of being present at
their bridal." Judging from tho appearance
cf thc unmarried couple, as they marched up
through tho streets, we should think, on this
occasion at least, true love really ran smooth.
They at once proceeded to thc justice's office,
followed by a crowd anxious to witness the
ceremony, at which the woman seemed sur
prised, and irquired tho reason of it, snying
thr.t when she married her iir3t husband there
were not so many present. Squire Ducasse
gave them a few words of advice, and de
clined the honor of ticing tho knot, when tho
woman declared she would not marry a white
man if she had to travel 1.000 miles, at the
same time tapping the ebony cheek of her
betrothed, and hu approvingly uncovered his
ivories. After several fruitless attempts to
procure the services of some proper individual,
they left, saying something about this being
a Copperhead town.-Watertown (Wis.) Re
publican. _ '_
Thc U. S. Senate has pas3ed an amendment
to the Freedman's Bureau bill providing that
38,000 acres of land in St. Luke's and St.
Helena parishes shall bc sold in twenty acre
lois to thc hegroes now occupying them.
Price $1.50 per acre payablo in six years. If
this government lasts long enough it is pro
bable that the owners will bo paid for this
theft of their property.
Hoamni.E ACCIDENT-Two YOUNG LADIES'
KILLED.-The Louisvfilo Courier gives an
account of a most distressing accident that
occurred at Louisville a fow days since. The
floor of a water closet giving way beneath
them, Miss Jennie Brown and Miss Sallie
Hart were precipitated together into thc sink
below, where their dead bodies were found
about an hour after tho accident. Miss Brown
and Miss Hart were both beautiful aandac
complished, the former being seventeen and
th* latter nineteen years of age.
From thc Columbia American Patriot.
A Letter from General Ely.'
We place before the public this morning a
communication written by General R. Ely,
on tho 2d of April, 186(3, and addressed to t
His Excellency, Andrew Johnson, President 1
of thc United States, referring to the condi c
tion of freedmen, Sec., in the Western Dis- '
taict of South Carolina. I
It is the official testimony of one wi. ose r
means of arriving at tho facts, and suggesting ?"
the policy of the Government in this matter.' c
haye been ample. We invite the attention 0
of the reader to its plain and candid recom- c
HEADQUARTERS B. R. F. & A. L., } '!
WESTER* DISTRICT S: C., >
COLUMBIA, S. C., April 2, 1866. ) \ EJ
To Andrew Johnson, President United States: I p
Mn. PRESIDENT: AS a representative of ; ri
this Bureau, I respectfully beg leave to sub- | O'
mit personally to you a communication upon i a?
thc subject of thc condition of this section of ti
our country, involving thc interests of the tl
freed people, as well as the interests of their ai
former masters, and of the country at large. T
I have been in this Department on duty ti*
since July, 1865, during which time I have w
endeavored to discharge my duty towards all 1?<
parties in a just and humane manner, and, as -
I believe, with general satisfaction to all cou- hy
cerued. TLe system of free labor has been N
universally established, and the freed people
are at work with honest energy, holding high oe
anticipations of future success. This, with tb
very few exceptions incident to localities is
having surplus labor. tu
. There is no doubt from the present prospect rr
that tho freed people will become self sus gr
taining. If, as is likely, they obtain remu
ncrative yield for their labor this year, to
effect which, aid from the Government need
only be extended untii the first of September
of this year, and after which date there will
not exist any necessity for this Bureau, ex
cepting a few officers or agents to act as at
torneys for tho freedmen before the Courts
This is a necessity which I am firm to believe
is of vital importance. At this time there
is great destitution with al! classe of* people
which must exist and increase until the crop
of tho season mature.
This eily. I may say, is the depot for tho
whole Western di-trier, of the State, embra
cing fifteen districts, (or counties) and into
it 1 often think is gathered all the infirm and
hoi ploys who live ns thc type of oppression
and rebellion. They are led in the strictest
economy hy this Bureau, and the city gov
ernment, the latter confining its offices to the
poor of thc city entirely. 'Through bonefi
cient Northern aid Societies these poor peo;
pie have depended for clothing during the
winter. They number less t%a- thousand
To properly facilitate and economize this
charity by and with the advice of proper au
thority, I rented a plantation adjacent to the
city as a rendezvous for thc homeless and
friendless. It is now in operation upon thc
principle of a "poor-house and farm/' and, I
verily believe that after tho first of Septem
ber of this year, even this place will bc en
t i roly Self-sustaining, and might pas3 into the
hands and management of local authority, as
ia the event ol' coinph-tc; restoration the State
would, doubtless, receive and assn
Therefore, as a citizen, soldier and officer
of this Bureau, 1 o?l^r for your acceptance
my hearty endorsement of your veto and the
subject matter of your official message
I firmly believe that thc sooner the freed
people aro thrown upon their own resources
thc better. Give tu thorn the aid needful for
this season, and teach them that they mus;
then fake ear? of themselves, will prove bj
far moro beneficial to all concerned than to
have tLem taught that this Government is to
provide for them for 30111-5 to come, ic.
There are desperados still in organization
in the upper sections of this State commit?
ting depredations upon all classes cf people.
I believe tho temporary presence of a small
garrison of regular troops would bo salutary
-fof hov/ long this slate of things may ex
ist time only Vi ?il determine. And from my
observation and know! tdgc, I can hut con
elude i hat tho sooner ibo responsibility is
thrown upon the people and civil law is fullv
establish; '.!, the sooner all complaint will
cease, and tho people properly govern them
1 have thc honor to bo, yonr oVd't servan'.
Brevet Driif.-General aud A. A. Com
RELEASE OK Mn. DAVIS.-The N. Y. Ttih
une has become ihroeghiy disgusted wi:
rbe cheat mat is being exerci-cd on Mr
Davis. In a roci nt issue it says : " We we:
come thc news from Fortress Monroe of Un
icaignmont of spacious p.nd comfortable
upartmentd for thc h ?tse-kei ping of Mr. ar.d
Mrs. Jefferson Davis. By a;.d by, the farce
trilj have become too glaring, and then Le
will be Iel go. What is tho use of persistinj
in a cheat whereby nob:).'.;,- it: cheated. Mr
Dav! ? is to I...- tried-at all events, not
wi; ?1 intent or expectation of 1 onvicting'him
-then why i:; he longer subsisted at tho
public expense. Lei ns have an end to Ihe
Tar. RATIFICATION OF TFIK AMENDMENT.
.ho Governor-of Maryland will not be very
ap:, tc cad thc I.fjrislaturo to ratify the Con
srituliorial amendment ffhich it is now in
tended to foist upon thc country if possible,
to thc entire disadvaniHge nf t!.? S ruth. Nor
is itprobabie thai the Gjvurnor.s of any State.
who are friendly to the President will call
their Legislatures a^pre.'ent ; but await the
sense of.thc people*oh the new issues. In
the judgment of the President/the Southern
Starrs must appear m tho count, and willi
their vote it is iiiipOFsible to get the requisite
two-thirds to ratify tie amendment Stevens
and his party I bink otherwise, however, and
ri) not admit that tho eleven non-represented
States arc to be called upou at all in the
A college professor, who had a class of
hard follows, one morning found a horse in
the recitation room. The class had collected,
and with Hok-mn countenances awaited the
entrance of tho professor. Ho came in, look
ed around deliberately, first npnn thc horse
arid then upon the class. Finally hu remark
ed, in a quiet way. "Pm glad it's a horse;
there wero jackasses enough before."
MR. Toouns.-A lady, formerly a resident
of New Orleans, has recently written a letter
to a female friend in Washington city, says
tho National Republican, detailing an account
of an interview she had at Havana with Mr.
Robert Toorabs, ex-United Slates Senator
from Georgia. She says Mr. Toombs still
avows his intention of.calling" the roll of his
former slaves at the foot of Bunker Hill, and
defiantly asserts that tho invincible giant of
Secession is not dead, but only taking a quiet
snooze, in order to invigorate himself for an
other, and, as Mr. T. hopes, a moro success
ful attempt to overthrow the Government of
the United States.
We do not believe Mr. Toombs said a word
J. WILKES BOOTU.-The Natchez Democrat
says a letter from Berlin, received by a gen
tleman of that city, states, positively, that
John Wilkes Booth, who killed President
Lincoln, is in Berlin, playing an engagement
at one of the theatres of that - city. It ndd<
that he expresa'.great- Mit prise-'that AHTO
ski uld bc SP much credit snaeLcd iu tims
country to the story of his death.
A National Union' Convention.
WASHINGTON, June 25-A. W. Randall,
he First Assistant Postmaster General, and
Senators Doolittle, and Cowan and others,
brining the Executive Committee of the Na
ional Union Club of thia city, has issued a
all for a National Union, Convention of ut
east two delegares from each Congressional
)istrict of nil the States, two from each ?er
?tory, two iroin the District ol Columbia, ?nd
L-iir delegates at lar?e from each State to be
eld at Philadelphia, on the second Tuesday
f August next. Such delegates will be
hosen by the electors of the several Stutts,
rho sustain the' Administi-ation in mainta.u
ig unbroken the Union of the States under
ac Constitution which our Fathers establi-h
d, and who agree in certain propositions ir.
hiding. the maintcnence inviolate of ?he
lights of the States, and especially of the
gbt of> each State to order and contract its
ivn domestic concerns according to its judge
lent exclusively, subject only to the Const i
ttion ot the United States, as essential to
io balance of power on which tho perfection
id endurance of our political fabric d?pend,
bo overthrow of tho 6ystem by the usurpa
an and centralization of power in Congress,
ouid bc a revolution?dangerous to a Repub
:an Government and destructive of liberty.
The holding of the Convention is en3orsed
j Senators Dixon, Hendrick, Norton and
Thc precise posi'iou occupied by the Dem
:ratic members of Congress, in reference to
e Union Convention called at Philadelphia,
thu-stated: They aro favorably disposed
ward such a convention, believing that the
presentation of the Southern States in Con
ess. is not "nly right, but necessary to the
irmony and prosperity of the country. They
0 willing to co-operate with the Union Con
trition for that purpose, hut if it shall he
irverted from its original and patriotic dc
;n for the foundation of anew party, they
efer clinging to their own at present.
Tho Democrats seemed desirous to lurther
The caH fur the assembling of this Oon
; 'tion is .intended as a checkmate to the
wlical programme. It is under the direct
iproval of tho President and endorsed by
1 the leading Conservative Republicans.
The <; London Times" of the 13th, says
e rupture between Prussia and Austria is
)w complete. The Austrian Minister has de
nuded bis passports, and wis to have left
tat day. Such a consummation was to bo
tpectcd after the correspondence which
issed between the two Governments during
e last few days. The dispatch of Count
ismark, went beyond every such document
discourtesy,invective and provocation, and
has been replied to by the Count Mens
>rff in a more'guarded style, but in language
hich shows offended pride aud uuconquera
e resolution. The Austrian Minister for
reign affairs makes sclemu protest against
ie proceedings in Holstein, and the etate
ents by which it has been attempted to
stify them. Kc declines all responsibility
ir thc-consequences, and declares that for
l?ntbs he has taken up a position which
idangercd the foreign settlement. In con
usion, Couut Mensdorff reserves to the Im
crir.l Government, thc right of taking such
.epa as may be fount1 necessary. Nothing .
..mains for Austria, but to defend her honor
od guard her rights from contempt.
The portentous intelligence that Garibaldi
as reached Como is aunuunced. It was the
:ene of his former brilliant exploits. .
Tho letter of Napoleon to his foreign min
ter was read ou thc 12th. Had the can 1er
icc met, tho emperor says tbat France
.uulJ have repudiated ?ll idea of territorial
.'grattJizeineut, so long as tile Europi an
j[uilibrium remained undisturbed, much pre
rring a good understanding with her neigh?
jrs to any territorial acquisition. Fr.;: ce
culd have res rved for the Germanic co
derai ion a more worlhy position, for Prus
a better geographical boundings, and for
ustria, the maintenance of her great p.<..vl
on in Europe after the cession of Venetia ic
nly in exchange for territorial compensation,
bough the conference has failed, F?nr.c .,
ie Emperor thinks, will not have to <!raw
i} sword but will contin?o to observe an ar
ntive neutrality. The letter was read with
cd ch !( rs by the members. At the suggcs
JO or' Mr. Rouber the chamber hy a ?argo
. ijorhy decided against enterirg on the do
lie upon thc almira of Germany and italy.
The passport system in Austria has been
troduccd. Thu Emperor has started for
e headquarters of the army of the N< rth.
bc Austrian Embassador has not left B.r'iii.
Le popular indications ia Bavaria afr-iir.st
russia continue. Efforts are being maiie io
duce thc King.to change the ministry who
aintain thj policy of declaring ngama! tho
nver that shall commence war. Anitra
is protested against-tho entry of thc Erus
?ins into Holstein^ declaring such to b*> ?a
olation of thc Gastein mn ven tion. Ti o
russians have occupied three important
lints, and will immediately occupy, three
hers. . ,
Tom Kirkham used lo tell of a friend of
s dropping in about dinner time on an o.J
dy who invited him lo draw up to the t?h'e.
herc wai a huge pilo of the pot order for
nner. The old lady helped him bountiful
, and he being hungry, was doing justice
it-. '*Stranger" said the pld lady, u you
ill find almost every cort of meat in this
e."--"Yes madam," said he, "ard fish
o." and ho drew from between iii lips nhat
; imagined was the back boneof a reu h?rse
sucker. Lord have mercy," exclaimed
o old woman, "if their aint our tint-tooth
nub that Billy lost two weeks ago."
CAN IT BF. 7-Wo approach with sorrow a
. jact attracting some attention just at pre*
. nmoug the freuqeptera of the Hails of
ongross. The Washington correspondent
' the Cincinnati Enquirer tells that thc ne
vi galleries of the Houso have become in
step with one of the plagues with which
e Egyptians were cursed, and that a reno
itinn of that, part of tho building and the
?rning of tho sents has been ordered.
Alas I alas! tb it tho Capitol of ourcoun
v should bo given over to creeping things.
>->w thankful the Southern representatives
lould be that admittance is refused them.
Liberty, Equality and Vermin. Viet la
epublique et V Africaine!
11 Thank God that I have got my hat back
om this congregation !" said a disappointed
ergyman, turning it upsid? down, When it
as returned empty to him at the close of a
ill for a contribution.
A Gascon officer, bearing the braye deeds .
f a prince described, who had, in two bat
es, killed six men with hisown haud-'.'Bah!"
\\d he, " there is nothing wonderful in that ;
want you to know that the mattrass on
rhich I repose my limbs is filled with, the
moustaches of men I have sent to the other
George Knight, a colored boy living at
New Heaven, ConD.,waa attacked by a crowd
bf Irishmen at the circus, a few days since,
and driven for refuge to the house cf his em
ployer, Thomas Atwater. About six o'clock
ne went to the barn, where ho was agr.in Pet
upon by bis assailants and fatally stabbed, in
the grrif. 'ie that he lived but an hour." Kripht
came i*n Ch? rnw, S. C., last F?0? M C bad
M D? i oil ii t v\Lattver to plwcLc ? ?nital