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Hon. Hen. H. Hill's Speech nt At
Below, we append extracts from (Lc speech of lion. B. II. HILL, befo "Young Men's Democratic Club," of A ou tue lGih inst.,-which we co; to the earnest ow i ior.finn cf the pe Elgefield: 3fr. Pivsidcui, Ladies awl Gentlemen: I appear to day ut thu instance aud thc auspices . -J* i he- *. Young Men's Den ic Club"' of thia city. Political, like revolution?, have their period.-?, ?nd . fr i ti i v chance in character, purpose and Far up ti.? Niagara river thc \vat( quiet and "still. Little children bath pi.iy i? thi'ir depth, and parties ol' ul ride merrily ami gandy on tbe;r bosom at a given point the current malees it for the great Fails, and moving bio wly a i. grows more and constantly more rapi li] there is a point iu ita wild, mad rush which, once reached, nothing alive b;i beca rescued. Ice American people have boen pct happy, free, and prosperous. They their Constitution and loved each other evil whispers divided them, aud ste^ b they approached aud finally entered revolution. And hew wildly and still wildly wo Lave rushed, and rush along ! question now reached is not whether t mat party shall triumph-not whet h sba'l have a Union-no:, alas! whcthi abali have a government founded on oui sent. It is more vital still. Thc issu wholly changed, and Las ceased to be a ical question. The is^ue now pressing i of actual political Ufa-id social exist N-jibing ::)'.;re startles thc mau ol though readers of history, than thc giddiness which the peuple are riding on the rap destruction, seemingly unconscious of awaits them. You aro as giddy this d were the dupes who married! and were ; in marriage, und carried on their ord; transactions, before the llood. Thc work neither more wicked, nor giddy, nor gui that day thau is the political world of Al ca at ibis day. Tbe greet difficulty o times is this: the pcV.ple have no regar truth : they have no love for it-not a ? c?e. ?ou think no less of n man who t riously and avowedly engages in dc-cep provided be be a politician, than you do Christian gentleman. I rather "think tLiink mor? of deception ihan you do of tr und tuat is thc reason why so much decef is practiced. IL bas not only become a h less thing, but it uns absolutely become a ] port to power-a means (f succcs--the cy by which you manuf .cture greatness of nothing. The Church and Society ar at i'-iult; thc people themselves are at i opon this question. Why, it hus not grown to be a habit, but it has becom mo.-t a maxim, that i: is M no barn; to ti lie in politics.1' Oh, what a perverted y ment! What immorality! No harm? u? tice has made it so."' My friend, a pol: He is thc worst of all lies, and ought t held more iufamous than all the other?. win? U guilty nf it ; ught to receive the fr and scorn a::d condemnation bf every n and of every member of society. Why, very reason why the country has reacbet present condition, is the failure of jour ru t3 bc honest and trn?iii'ii!, and the failiu tbe people to ca" [bern to account for tl infidelity, to truth. What :: Spectacle the American nation i presents! What a spectacle for the w< and posterity 1 And not merely pol?tica hut morally. For 1' ar long years the peo X >r!i: and South, wore anxiously watch the stfuggla-t: struggle to determine whet certain States should Lc considered in Union or out of it. Finally, the struj ended. The Southern peop'e unnnimoo said-|; Wc'il consent to remain in the Un -we'll admit that cur attempt to leave Onion is a failure." Nearly three years elapsed since then, and you have seen y rulers-the pretentious leaders of politi sentiment of thc country-going to Washi ten City, laying thsir hands upon thc Bil swearing to support thc Constitution of United State5, and daily violating every pi ripie of that Constitution, and setting naught thc whole issue ami the re-ult of war. Nay, the people have become so fa to themselves-so false to every principle tr-.ith and viituc-that ati old man. the lea' of this great party, without damage to charac ter openly and boldly avows and i clares that all the legislation touching tbi States has been entirely outside the Consti dun, icjiiclt he wa?sworn to support! Y have seen the Legislative'department, g< cmcd by passion, actuated by vindictivene overturning the institutions of the country not to support thc Union which they foug. to preserve, but for the sole purpose of pi serving power and continuing themselves office. Thus we present to thc nations oft world the spectacle of an absolutely demc al:/.ed Legislative Department of governmet In all time, the army bas been consider the very embodiment of chivalry, or, at lea of honesty. Governing, as they d", by pow? trained to loee power, that they should be a bitrary w.is to be expected-that thcyshou be magnanimous wai thought to be chara toristic of arin1;. But, what a sp?ctaclc do thc American people present at this hom Tho head of the army confessing before tl world that be was guilty of intentional di pliciiy and treachery, and* convicted of fais hood itself by six of the highest men of tl nation! I repent, ho confesses himself guilt of intentional duplicity and treachery, pe petrated during a series of months. Six i the lirst men of the nation proved him guill of downright intentional falsehood. E:th< the commanding General of the Armies < thc United States i; convicted before tu sro ld of falsehood, or thc President of th ?:i:ne nation, and live Cabinet officials, stan convicted o' it. Fur my purpose, J care no which is right. 1 bring to your view, simpij M startling fact-if you have any morality t bc -'.allied-that, iu cit';?r event. y<-ur ruler blind convicted, and confessedly convicted, c intcntcntional falsehood. That is thc point a which the nation has arrived. And now, what do we witness ! The natioi actually trembling, the nation actually fem tag that that department of the government which., in all history, has been, ought to be and which, under our form ot government was intended to be, the bulwark of our liber iic-i - the break-water of passion-I say tb? wh ile nation is trembling, doubting, fearini that thft Supreme .Judicial power of the conn try will be utterly unequal to the task of dc daring what they know to l?e the Constitu tion ot their country. On tbi.-, point I, foi onc,.hAVe never yielded. I have always be lieved that the question, once made before that tribunal fairly and clearly, they would \.?'. equal to the task, though I confess I have not found "ne man in a hundred to agree iviii. mc, ami that fact alone is a sufficient il !ustration of the extent to which this corrup tion and loss of confidence have gone. Shall thc judicial department of the gov ernment-lifted by the Constitution above thc mere petty passions of the multitude-fulfill the great objects of its mission, and say that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and that all acts outsiJe of it are usur pations and consequently void? If so, this country may be saved; this revolution may be slaved. But : the court should agree with the Congi' and leave the President standing alone the struggle, battling with t*o department J' the government, then, my countrymen, thc final appeal is lo you. Poli ticians arc corrupt-lhere is no truth in them. Your leaders teil a lie and swear to it j but though perjury is a crime, it is r. passport to power. If your government foil"?, it will fer jio other reason than i want <<f honesty and .of love ot truth. Then, I Kay, the appeal is to you, to the people, of America, whether you shall prove truthful and honest. But, if von fail, then, the verdict is written that you have neither virtue u"r intelligence sufficient to preserve Republican Government;! -dover tin? falls we must go, at once, and forever. * ? * .* a * * 1 il earn it my duty to conn I?.-fore yon und put on rt/?0!il my views of (he Constitution which i.-? now proposed for adoption, and to yTivc the reasons why I deem and declare it in famou?. 1 am not #D?ng over the old argu ment ybtcfa I bad thc honor of presenting be fore an audience in this ?uu?c ball, at an earlier period ol our history, hy which I proved that tho authority which authorised this matter, originally, waa unconstitutional 'V. ? and void. I say so still, and every man kno that It is so. Everybody knows tint thc Ci ' vcntion assembled herc to frame a Consti , tion for the people of Georgia had no in< authority to da so than have my young frier sitting herc, ?uteveu if thecriginal author were absolutely valid, everybody knows tl the Convention was not called by an hom vote. I say that vote was falsely count ; and you know it. [Applause.] 1 say it v corruptly forced, and you know it. But pi ! sing all that by, a Convention illegally r 1 thorized, is enough to justify aa honest m : in condemning its action, whatever that ac;i j be. Well, of what material was this Couvc ii.,;: composed? [Laughter.] 1. Very i ' commoda'ing- very charitable-very self si ritieitig adventurers from New England coi j down hero to innoculate thu manners H ! mora!.-, of New England iato the benight I Georgians! . [Laughter.J 2. Auother pari composed of men false to their own race a country-false to their own pledges-false their own history, and false to their own oat -going into the party for the simple pu'pc of getting honor. 3. Another portion is co posed of negroes from your corn fields [Laug j ter aud cheersj, negro preachers, andconvh from Sing Sing and our penitentiaries, [li ? meuse cheering and laughter.] Men, bia and white, now charged by the j tries of t country with every infamous crime known j the Ponai Code. These make up the bei j of the Convention-with a few gontleme ! who are in very bad company and setioua I hazard thei.- reputation. [ Laughter. J j . And these, Georgians, are the men whoa to form your fundamental law. New Eu laud outlaws; Sing Sing couvictsj penile tiary felors ; and com field negroes, engagii ia the work that i ai moralized the fathers the country. Sp rits of Washington, of Fran lin, and of Madison and of your co-labore nf 17S7, look down and see this mock mimi ry of your grand work !-nay, nay, look nc 1 beseech you, lest you shock the angels wi your blushing, and startle heaven with yoi weepiug. [Enthusiastic applause.) *#?***# Now, my friends, I say, and God on knows my feelings wheu 1 say it, that tl ?.caption of this Constitution, and its final e tablishment, wiil hiing ruin to your couulr and blast the hopes of your people. It w: condemn tbs poor negro to extermiuatio No pen can describe, no language can expr?s the hoirors that shall ensue, socially, morall and politically, whenever there shall bc forced collidion of the races. ******* I tell you in a few words : establish th Constitution, and you establish degradatif and robbery as the fundamental laws i Georgia. [Great applause.] Glad am ? grateful I, that when posterity reads the ho r;d doings of this time, and sees the iniquitoi thing inteuded for a Constitution lor the pei pie of Georgia, they will be able to say: ..] was not framed by Georgians!" [Cheers They will be able to say, " It was gotteu u by those who came from New England pen temiuries, and niggers from the corn fields ! Now, then, I SUV, lellow citizens, this Coi slituti^n must be defeated if you have an honor left you. It must nut bc ratifiai ; fi outside ot all ether quesiions it sends yo down to posterity with a chancier whicS n white man su jul J desire to bear, and, I to ?ure, no black man either, lt is f>r the ir I lerest of the black mau. You must prot?t him bum these adventurers, lt is ?br tho ii terese of tho white man. Your honor, YOU eharacur is involved in this contest. Li ott.eis do as they uuy, there is no possibilit upon ibis cart!), in any contingency whatevei ot inducing me to give my su pp jr t to thu Constitution, or my obedience t.wept as corr pelled and forced. [ Tremendous applause How, then, is it tobe prevented? I, fo myself, see no dilficulty in the way. Th people, when toft to themselves, are ail right us to their honest purpose, 1 have no doiil in the world. Hut lor ihe masses led by de signing politicians I have no respect whatevei We must forget all former dil?ereneei:-w must forget all passion. If I have used bars! language to day it is to bring before you ii all its bearings the instrument called '. J Constitution for the Slate of Georgia." I ap peal to you by the horrors of the future ; appeal to your hearts ; I appeal to your con science ; 1 beg of you lo slop ! 1 beg of yoi not to blast, for the sake of a little temporar; office, the hopes of your children, destroy tb peace of your families and thc prosperity o your country. DJ not rush the black mat to extermination and the whitt man to paral ysis and ruin. I admit that heretofore lhere have beet good men who have differed with me. 1 d< not say that dill-renco of opinion, honestly entertained, ought not lo be tolerated. I am willing to make this bargain now wit! every maa who is a true man; I don't cart where he has been-whether with the Con vention or Loyal League, or anywhere else let him bat come out now, and do what h right. The criwi is short and the issue i: -harp and decisive. Are you to go uuder ne gro dominion or not? I mean negro domin ion through the bad whiles that control them and deceive them. Are you willing to rnakt a fundamental law for your State, saying thai there is no diff?rence between you aud a ne gro? [A voice, no!] If you are, then seek vour company. If you aro not, I care HOI what has been your opinion, nor your course heretofore ; come up to your country now, io its hour of extremity-come up now, and sa) you are willing to vote with us to defeat the ratification of this Constitution ; and you shall be our brother again, and all .-ins shall be for gotten forever. Well, I'll not even call them sins-I'll call them errors-mistakes-I'll take thr-t back, too, und call them-no, I won't call them at all. [Laughter.] Let us all unite, Ministers of the gospel highest in commission-noblest in wotk. I do not appeal to you to make political speeches -or to enter the arena of political strife ; na)-, nay, but 1 do appeal to you lo dj your duty from your sacred desk-teaching your people to abhor a lie, and to eschew a liar. Teach your people to repudiate a scheme to enslave the white people cf the country that a few ndrcntiners may get oflice. What is the church coming to, when a politician can make long speeches on >\ Saturday night to convince the people th;.t they ought to adopt what he knows is a falsehood, and <ro next day and kneel at the altar and have adminis tered to him the boh- sacraments. They say ibero are men in this Convention, voting for til these measures-sneh measures as this Ile lief bill-with cle ?eal commissions in their pockets. Oh ! how shocking ! I conjure you to tOiCh thc people truth. Teach the people to love truth, and honor it. It is the way out of a'l our own difficulties. Next to the ministers, I appeal to you, my lady friends. Gen. Franklin -aid bad things about Gen. 1'opo, but Gen, pope certainly told the truth when ho said the ladies if Georgia were a unit against Rccoustructiou (so-called). [Cheer.-.] I would scorn the ?usbaad of my bosom as unworthy of mo, if I should or could hear Lim whisper to his prattling boy that he was no better than a ne gro. [Applause.] I tell you, you must bring vour powers to oeur on this matter. The movement is to degrade you and your chil dren, to bring you into collison with the ne gro, to depreciate your property, to destroy your interests, your government, your liberty, and you must wake up. Ose your social pow tis, bul not in a spirit of vindictiveness. 1 have not tho slightest vindictive feeling for any mortal living. Self-preservation ami self-defence, however, n-rpliro that titi? matter b-.'tnet at oiu-e aud iusunlly, and met de cisively. Old men, yon who have spent most of your days under a good government, I appeal to you. Do not vainly fritter away ihe last days of your life, to bring your children under Mich a government as that. Young men, I address you--and would to God I could speak to evi-ry young man in America to-day ! Would to G.<d I could have every young man of Georgia and of thc South b.rfore me to-day. I would conjure them by the graves of our sons, and tIn:K!eeping places ot our comr:id<--?, .and I would muke every youth swear before Heaven aud earth that the slaves who served their fathers should never govern them. [Enthusiastic applause.] And you, my colored I fiends, clo not bp ashamed of tbojposition which God gave you. Act well your part-there all the honor lies. I do uoL know why our Heavenly Father gave you a black skin, and gave me a white one 1 do not know why be made your physical i I conformation different to mino. I do j know, and I cannot (ell. It ia Hisinscrut i wisdom, lie did it for your good. Obs< ! I beseech yon, t hc position that your Hear Father gave you, and spurn, as yoa wouk poisonous serpent, the miserable creature would whisper into your ear to avert His I in order to give your deceiver power. T men', who tell you to deceive yon, that know understand all the laws rclatin suffrage, and the law. of government, what you know to bc false. They are ti piers upon the Constitution of the com and they do all this wickedness- for no o puipose than to induce yon to give them ce-;. Are you w'HIing to be deceived '! you determined to be deceived 1 Join men that are willing to protect you in ] proper place. Join the men whose intel are your interests. Take their advice, ant j will .wove along in peace tog.ther. Lut, if you io/// go ; if you will not li to reason ; if you will listen to the false te ings of your deceivers, go on. Believe falsehood that God made you not dille from the white nice-believe the falsel that, uneducated, ignorant, as you are-as know you arc-whether rightly or wron you are able to exercise all Iherusponsibili of su fl rage. Go on; but mark what I you, I give my warning, my duty is discbarj my skirts are clear. You are rushing on struction lbr yourselves and for your child and wbeu evil befall you, the only people I will shed a tear over your fate are t.ie Sot ern mon you have abandoned. And il wbo will rejoice at your wnw g ure the c turcs that betray and deceive you. They L betrayed race and country. They have I false to truth. They have devised and c cuted a fraud. Think you they will be t to you ? Nay ! Nay ! My friends, of all classes, aud of all coi tioos, wake up ! The hour is on you. W up! The issue is at band. I care not former opiuiou, or your former action, c< up now. This is our country, let us lice ii This is our country, let us preserve it. T is our coun'ry, let us redeem it. The Last Day ol' the (.real Ringi Streaked and Striped. Ou Tuesday, the 17th, the fifty-third < of its session, the South Carolina Radical gro Convention adjourned tint die. Thc Charleston Kern says : Thc Convention assembled at the us hour. The President read the following tr_ct from a letter rtctived " from a dis gnisbed gentleman in Washington/' to wh parts of the Constitution had been from ti to time transmitted as they were adopted u I have shown your Constitution and '. of Rights to many ot the leading Republic who pronounce them eminently fit for cornerstone of the new temple of liberty t you are engaged in erecting. The Conv lion bis indeed done square work." (. plause.) The President stated that he held in hand an instrument consisting of fifteen ai cles and 213 sections, each of which had bt read three tin es and passed by the Conv .?on. They have from time to lime been viewed hy the house and properly ai rang and now purport to lie thc Constilulion of State i f South Carolina. The question bei ibe Convention is whether, li ving pas: these s'-ctioii?, after three several rcadiu they will be adopted by tho Convention a whole; Shall this Constitution be adopte Profound silence, amid which the vote V taken and announced ?a thc iiflirmativc wi out -lissom, amid enthusiastic applause. The President-(as soon as order was i stored)-I now announce that this iustrume containing fifteen articles and 213 scctioi has I), cu duly read three times and adopt by this Convention as the organic law a Constitution of thc State, and is now subj? to the ra itication of the people of South Ci alina, and may God, in His infinite wisdo grant that it may work good to our win country. . The excitement of thc Convention at tl juncture broke through all bounds. Tb cheered, hollered, cried, waved their La .id 1.? cliifs and threw up their hats ; Leslie sciz the aim of a member and ?evolved it ir manlier that threatened dislocation ; and t big delegation of outside colored spectalu chimed in with a voieiferousme.'s that was n ouleloue by those within tho bar. As soon as order was restored, on tootie of T. J. Robertson, T. J. Coghlan, of Sumti was called to the chair, wheu Mr. Roberts, offered the following resolution, which w adopted : liesoleed, That for the very able and in partial discharge of the responsible nn-4 a duous duties gratuitously performed whi presiding over the deliberations of this bod and for the uuiform kiudness and forbearaut shown at all times towards a'l of its men hers, thc thanks of this Convention be tei dered to Hon. A. G. Mackey, our Presiden The President responded, and conclude his remarks thusly : But the paiutu! moment of separation ht arrived, and that word which friends alway dread to hear has tc be pronounced. Associate I bid you an affectionate farewell, and wis! ing you all a safe and happy return to yoi respective homes. I now, in accordance wit the resolution cf the house, declare the Con stitational Convention of South Carolina t be adjourned line die. The members af erwards joined in ningin ;' Rally Mund the Fla,","' and, at. the conch sion, separated in good humor and spirits. - - - DELEGATES CREATE DIFFICULTY AT A BU I.IAKD SALOON-.-On Saturday night last some of thc coloted delegates entered Mi Fehrenbacb's billiard saloon and desired t play a game, but upon being informed by tin proprietor that it was against the rules of hil room to permit them to play, they very quiet ly retired. Yesterday, about noon, Brevet Col. Moore of thc (j:h Infantry, and two delegates, Col T. J. Robertson, white, and Swails, colored visited thc same saloon, and commenced tc play before the proprietor bad noticed tba one of the delegates was colored. He then entered bis protest about the continuation o the game, and some high words parsed. Rob ertsou is reported to have said that this wa." a free republican Government, that thc negrc was entitled lo all ibo privileges of tho while noan, and that be would come with n part} al o' o'clock in the evening, and lest the point as to whether bis friend* were entitled to pla) or not. True enough, at H o'clock, some of the del egates, with Col. M ore, visited the saloon, and having secured a tabb1, Swails entered and one of thc playing party gave up his place, :o allow Swails to enter the match. In thc meantime, however, Mr. Fehrenbach, fearing a disturbance, applied to the Chief of Police, and the detective force was ordered to be in the neighborhood. When Swails took bis cue in band, tho pro prietor respectfully informed him he could not play in his saloon, and politely requested him to leave the room. This ri quest was not complied with, and the parties seemed bent on going on with the game, when Mr. Fehrenbach called in the detective force. The civil officers had a long argumentative con versation with the military officer, who had bis coat oil'and appeared determined to fight the uniter through, bot bis better judgment advised discretion, and finally the party, in cluding Robertson, Rutland and several other delegates, retired quietly, wi: h thc under funding ib^.t the opiuiou ol both thc military and civil government would be bad on this question of privilege today.-Charleston Mer cury, 18th. ?>3r* General Can by bas appointed a spe cial Commission of inquiry, to meet at Colum bin, to examine into and report upon the .barges of cruel and harsh treatment of con victs, preferred against Maj ir Thomas B. Lee, Superintendent of tho Penitentiary of South Carolina. All persons who have any allega tions to make against the Superintendent nre called upon to come forward and give their ?sidenco. ^?T With reference to trade in Boston, the Traveller ofthat city .'ays thnt " -he mar ket for cation goods continues firm, with an upwanl tendency, and tho dealers are rejoic ing at the prospect of the spring trade." ?_T Mr. Wm. H. Oilliland, one of the oldest .a.ad most respected merchants of Charleston, died in that city on Sunday even ing, the 15th. j THE ADVERTISER JAMES T. BACON, EDITOB. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25^1868. Bishop Davis to Preach ia Edgefield on Sunday Next. On Sunday next, Utfih ins*., in the forenoon, tho Hight Rev. Bishop DAVI<?, of tho Protestant Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina, will preach, and administer the rito of Confirmation, in Trini ty Church in this town. Gray & Turley. Thc.;e gentlemen have new ndvcrtiicments iu this week's Adeertittr, Spring and Summer Gopd* of all kinds are literally flowing in upon them. Their New Stock, like all they buy, or ever did buy, is muguificent and faultlessly taste ful. And they them.'olves, GRAY i. TURLEY, are just as fair und liberal in their dealings as they were long years ago whon Edgefield first bogan to kuow them. Take our word for it that GRAY & TURLEY u will do to tie to !" Alost Horrible Murder. On the night of Wednesday, tho 18th inst., Mrs. ELKINS, a married lady living in the Dark-Corner section of our District, was most barbarously murdered. Mrs. ELKINS was still a young woman, tho mother of three small children, the youngest an infant of five months. We are informed that Mr. Wv. ELKINS, the husband and father, who is a maimed Confederate soldier, was absent from borne, at the time this murder was committed, on a visit to an uncle living in the neighborhood. And that when bo returned to his home, at 10 o'clock at night, the unfortunate man found thc dead body of his wife lying in the yard, the face ?nd head most horribly crushed and shattered as if by blows from an axe or heavy iron shovel. And thit in thc absence of her husband, no ono re mained with Mrs. ELKIV save her childron and the nurse of ber infx- , tho latter a young col ored gu. The whole affair, however, is as yet involved in so much mystery that wc deem it wiso, before saying more on the subject, to wait for further developements. Thc citizens of tho neighbor hood in which this fell deed bas been committed, arc boldly on the alert to unravel the mystery and bring the perpetrator or perpetrators to jus tice. Ou Satnrday last, seven negroes, six men nnd one woman, the nurse above mentioned, if we mistake not, were brought from D?rk-Corner and lodged in the Jail of this town. The gentle men who brought these negroes are Messrs. J. S. Cartledge, S. C. Cartledge, W. R. Parks, A. C. PARKS, N. M. Cartledgo, and J. P. Sharpton. Perhaps in the next issue of the Adeertiner, we may bc able to speak with moro safely and cer tainty concerning this dark and melancholy deed. Accidental Death o?' a Distinguished Georgian. On Friday last, Judgn Starncs of Augusta, widely known even on this side tho Savannah, ns a very distinguished jurist aud elevated gentle man, was killed, while rctumiug from bird-thoot ii'g, by tho accidental discharge of a gun, the cap of which ho was, at the time, manipulating. The l'redericksburg Store. If there is uny unfortunate individual so be nighted ns not to know where Tho Fredericks burg Store l.>, lot him stop at the splendid brick building on tho c.mer immediately below the Planters Hool in Augusta, and a flood of light will be poured into his darkened miud. The proprietor.? are Messrs V. RICHARDS A Bros, ns honorable, correct and just merchants RS livo. In another column they auuouuce to the publie the arrival of their Spring Goods. We do not kuow of a More Splendid and Attractive Es'ablisbmtnt in tho South. The Mau with Hie Stars and Stripes. Sergcuiit BATES has passed through Edgefield Di.-trict, has roachdd Columbia and there been publicly glorified, and is now probably on hil winding way through Fairfield, or Chester, or York. His first night after leaving Augusta wa.' spent beneath thc hospitable roof of our friend and fellow eitizen Major ADHAM Josee, of tho Pine House vicinity. Major JONJCS seems highly pleased with the advinturous Sergeant, and reports bim as a very honest and intelligent geiitleuvm. Magnificent Mnsonic Regalia. We have had the pleasure of inspecting a Magnificent Masonic Regalia sent by tie Supreme Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland to AN BREW RAMSAY Esq., of our town. This Regalia has recently arrived : and with it c imes a Com mission by which Mr. RAMSAY is mad? Represen tative in South Carolina of tho Supreme Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland. Mr. R. will wear this Regalia BS such Representative. The apron, collar and scarf, composing this Regalia, arc of wondrous elegance and beauty ; superior in quality and ornamentation to anything of the kind we have ever seen. Some idea of the value of this Regalia may bc formod when we state t at thc import duty upon tho Jewol alone, a solid and exquisitely wrought star of Gold, was Thirty Dollars. An exceedingly handsome tes timonial. l'uther Ryan'* Paper. Every body knows who Eather Ryan is ! The author of " The Conquered Banner"-the most beautiful thing we ever road, or sung, ?rsaid. And we mean this literally and truly. The Poet Pric.it is uow living and laboring in Augusta. His paper is called Tkt Banner of | the South." At least, he is the Editor of this pa per. Its Publishers and Proprietors arc L. T. BLOJIK Si Co. Mr. BLOMK is a highly esteemed c tizen of Augusta, ooo skilled and experienced iu the newspaper busiuess. The Banner of the South \i to bo a. weekly. Its first number was issued on Saturday last. Wo welcome it right cordially. Terms, $3.00 a year in advance; six months, S1.?0. Address L. T. BLOUE i Co., Augusta, Ga. The first number of The Banner of the South is a complete success. Th* Banner of the. South promises to be among tho best li^bt reading in nil this wido country of ours. And when wc say "light" let it not be supposed we motin volatile We mean light a? opposed to stupid, light as con tradistinguished from the indigestible, light as unfriendly to the blue?. This first number abounds iu useful essays, improving sketches, truthful pic tures from life, brief and tasteful critical notices, and the most enjoyable pleasantries. We com mend. The Bonner of the South Kith heartiness ; because wo believe it will be a paper of standard excellence, culculali d to promote tho beautiful and the good wherover circulated. Can't Dine with Sumner nor Sleep with OUI Thad. Stevens. The Radicals in and out of Congress have no idea of any negro member from tho South slip ping into Congress. They do not want Boh Rid ley's company thore. A cushioned chair in thc magnificent halls of Congress, with $5,000 a year salary, and mileage sufficient to make his yearly pay 8,000, is altogether too good in Radical opio ion for Mr. Quashoo Gumbo. The Congressman is elected for two years. n?s pay is about $3,000 a yoar, or $10,000 for the term. Tho pocketing of $1(1,000 of Undo Sam's money is, forsooth, a privilego not to be hootod at ! And why, pray, should not the Rev. David Har ris enjoy thia inestimable privilege as well aa Sim Cor!oy; for David cats meat and Sim eats none? And why should not Wilson Cook, the Greenville negro, who is poor, poke his finger into this tempting pic, as woll as Goss the whito man of Union, who is rich ? The ?doa of tho negroes, our respectable coun trymen, being run off tho track in this way, for Massachusetts itinerants ! We are fired with indignation at tho thought ! piT Hon. WILLIAM AIKKN has been announc ed BR t h u candidato of tho Conservative people of Charleston District for U. S. Representative. The notorious C. C. Bowen is tho candidate of the scalawags and negroes for tho same office ?3?"Thc managers of a skating ring in Cambridge Mass., have excluded negroes from it. Awake from Lethargy! Thrco weeks ago we announced to our readcr3 that thc Supplemental Reconstruction Bill, (No. 4, we believe,) had passed both houses of Con gress and been submitted to tho President. The President has not vetoed it. He bas been too much occupied, wo imogiae, with graver matters to spare time for writing veto moeFagee : he has fuiitid Milt that thu ?ort of business is sheer waste of timo und paper. Consequently, this new Re construction Bill is nowa law; a law " ont?ido of tho Constitution," but, nevertheless, for all Radical purposes, a Into. This new Bill provides that a majority of votes (instead of as formerly, a majority of registered voltri) shall ratify Constitutions. And (bat reg Utered perrons shall vote anywhere in the State, after ten days residence, registration being proved by certificates, affidavit, or other evidence. Aud that State elections shall bc held simultaneously with the election for the ratification of the Con stitution. Under this law, it is intended by tho Radicals that all the newly-formed negro Constitution! of the excluded States shall be of necessity ratified, and nil this flagrant, tyrannical and unconstitu tion allogislation forced upen the Southern people, whether they icill or not. In the first election for ratification of a now Constitution-and the only one a? yet-in the South, that of Alabama, tho negro Constitution was defeated by a majority of twenty-three or twenty-five thousand. This was previous to the passage of the Reconstruction Bill No, 4 ; and now thu new Constitution for Alabama is to be re-submitted to the peoplo, and if a majority of the votes cast shall be in favor of tho vilo instrument, it will be declared the Con stitution of the State, and the poople forced ut tba point of the bayonet to respect it. Under this new aspect that Reconstruction hus assumed, it vory clearly behoovos tho people to awake ut onco from their lethargy, and abandon the horetofore-pursued policy of doing nothing. Until tho adoption of this last hill in the long series of Radical abominations, the failure to cast a ballot was a vote in opposition to reconstruction. But our insolent and unscrupulous rulers have now changed their tactics ; and all who now fail to vote, cast their ballot, indirectly, in ftfvor of the ratification of a Constitution which will es tablish negro suffrage, negro juries, negro officials of all classes, and negro domination in general. Mark well the words. All icho now fail to vote, emt their ballot, indirectly, in favor of the rati fication '/ " f"\?iitution whick icill ettabliih ne gro ?tiffrage, negro jurie?, negro officiait of all claatei, qnd negro domination in general. For heretofore it required that a majority of the reg istered voters should vote upon the question ; ut present, the necessity is simply that a majority of the ballots cast should bc io favor of ratification. Under these circumstances, we do not consider it necessary to do more than baroly Uy the case before the white people. That If, as regards their own vote: Certainly both the judgment and con science of every patriotic man will carry him to the polls at the coming ratification election. But this is not the whole duty of the whito people. They must struggle powerfully to prevent the freedmen from pursuing a course in this coming election which will involve both whites and blacks in a tcrribio calamity. We have never doubted the moral power of the white race over the color ed peoplo, who aro co nearly associated with them a? employees, if the whites would exert it. The negroes should be approached kindly, but (ir inly with such arguments as address their interests, their safety, and their very means of living. They should be told that it is not a question of negro equality and negro rights that is involved iu the Radical Constitution, but of white rights and white equality; and that evory one of them th ut votes for this Constitution declares himself thc enemy of the white ncc, and must bo so held and treated in every relation of business aud politics. No man or woman should loje any opportunity to tulk to and advise the colored people of their du ties in this crisis, and of tho dangers which beset them in following the lead of stiangers and ad venturers. Of coursa every hope of succers depends upon ir.itu..,1,.ir. -j the nagmoJ (largs mi m h pr J af them at lout) to voto against this Constitution. The negative vote of every registered white man will avail naught (except us a protest) without we can induce many negroes to join us; for it must be remembered that in the registration in South Carolina, the nugroen ure 25,000 ia tho majority. Tbo time is short, but if every man will go ear nestly to work, perhaps we avert the unutterable humiliation of enduring the impending evils even for a day. As wc remarked last week, we have faith to be tftve that through the instrumentality of thu Democratic Clubs already formed and forming in various sections, the most important service to the Stat? will be performed. But let it bc remciuhcred that in tbe formation of these Clubs, not a single day is to tie lost. And, notwithstanding this last and most un principled Reconstruction Law of the Radical minions in Washington, if the people will do their duty-if they will fully appreciate and act in this cristi as bocomes men and patriots-the Constitution prepared by unprincipled demagogues ind ign orant negroes may be defeuted. To Payers of Internal-Revenue Tax. We call ?HJ attention of all whom it may con cern, to ihe car l, in another column, of Mr. W. M. WILSON of Orangeville, who hus been recently app'iiutod A wi ita nt Assessor of Internul Revenue. Mr. WILSON is now in our town. He is well known among our people as the obligiug agont of thc South Carolina Railroad ut tho Uranito ville Depot. . -.- - - A Most Flagraut Abomination Foisted Upon Us for Another Year. Wo have had hopes of getting rid of the Freed men's Bureau in July next, at wich tinie,'accord ing to the Art establishing it, it should cease to exist. But tho Radical? find the institution too useful. The subjoined telograms will reveal our prospects in rospect of this matter. WASHINGTON, March, 19. In the IL.use, tho Freedmen's Bureau extension was resumed. A motion to table the bill was dofeated-St to too. ; The bill was passed-96 to 37-strictly a party vote. The bill continuos the Bureau one year from May next, and authorizes its re-c?tahlishment in Kentucky abd Maryland. -? -? - Suicidal Policy. Tho Reconstruction Convention (says the Chur lesion -Yid?J hus undo a groat blunder ia its legislation. The prejudices of race and the pub lic opinion of tho country aro outraged by the suction adopted on Monday,-to the effect that all tho public schools, colleges and universities of tho State, supported by the public funds, shall be froe and opon to all the children and youths of the State without regard to race or color. The privileges of education could havo been secured by provisions other than those that required the mixing of blacks and whites together. Every such attempt awakens animosity, and will occa sion conflict. In tho name of public order aud common sonso, what is there to prevent thc black ? from being taught in institutions expressly pro vided for them? What is there to require these odious intermixtures? Aro we not humiliated enough already, without seeing our poor old State clothed in a robe of motley ? Is it impossible to reconstruct our disordered society without redu cing it to the degradation of Mexico? In the interests of the colored people as well as of the whites, we protest against this frightful legislation. The time will come, soouer or later, when those who are now powerless will resume the influence which laws cannot confer or perma nently arrest. And when tho reaction comes, these attempts at amalgamation, now keenly felt, will ho indignantly remembered. tgr The Rev. Dr. Van Yachten, a clergyman of Albany, is regarded as a remarkablo man. Ile had a house for sale, and entrusted thc negotia tions to an agont, fixing the price at $6000. Tbe agont told it for SC iou, and the doctor refused to receive tho extra $1.00, and orderod it to be re turned to the purchaser. Very few people in this world transact business ia this honorable way. j Thc South Carolina Reconstruction Constitution. On our first page wo present Articles Second j and Third of thc Radical Negro Confution, re I cently assembled in Charleston. Next week we hope to publish many other Articles as finally adopted. Below, wo append three important Soctions of this Constitution, which, after ratification, will be the law of the land-until thc whole thing is de clared unconstitutional, which will sooner or later be done : v THE HOMESTEAD LAW. Section 31 of the Legislative Department was amended and Adopted as follows : SEC. 34. Tho family homestead of the hoad of each family, residing in this Stato, such home stead consisting of dwelling house, out-buildings mid lands ?ppurt-nant, not to exceed the value of $1,000, and yearly product thereof, shall be ex empt from atUcbment, levy cr sale on any mesne or final process issuod from any court. To secure thc full enjoyment of said homestead exemption to the person untitled thereto, or to the head ol any family, the personal property of such person, of the following character, to wit: Household furniture, beds, and bedding, library, arms, carts, wagons, fHrming implements, tools, neat cattle, work animals, ?wine, goats and sheep, not to ex ceed in value in thi aggregate sum nf $500, shall be subject to iiko exemption as said homestead, and there shill bo exempted in addition thereto thc necessary wearing apparel : Provided, That no property shall Ko exempt from attachment, levy ur sale, for taxes, or for payment of obliga tions contracted for the purchase of said home stead, or tho erection of improvements thereon : Provided, further, That tho yearly products ol said homestead shall not hi exempt from attach ment, levy or sale, for the payment of obligations contracted in tho production of the same. Il shall be tho duty of tho General Assembly at iti first session to enforce tho provisions of this sec tion. Nicno DKBTS. An additional scctiou, as follows, was added tc tho Judiciary atticlo : Sec. 34. That all contracts, wbother under seal or not, th? consideration ef which was the pur chase of slaves, aro hereby declared null ami void and of no effect; and no suit, either at law or io equity, shall bc commenced or prosecuted for thb enforcement of such contracts ; and all proceedings to enforce satisfaction or payment ol judgment on decrees, recorded, enrolled or en tered upon such contracts in any court of this State, are hereby prohibited, and all orders here tofore made in any courts of this Sta'e in rolatior to such contract?, whereby property ls held sub ject to decision as to the validity of such con tracts, are hereby declared null and void and ol no t?tet. RIGHTS or MARRIKD WOMBS. Article Fourteen oontains the following section : Sue. 8. Tho real ond personal property of s woman, held at the time of her marriage, or thal which she may thereafter acquire, either by gift, grant, inheritance, devise or otherwise, shall not bi s'ibjoct to levy and salo for her husband's debts, but sholl be held as her separate property, and may be bequeathed, devised or alienated by bei thc same as if abo were unmarried ; Provided, that no gift or graot from thc husband to the wife shall be detrimental to the just claims of hu crediton. -? ? ? - - *' Fruit? Meet for Kcpentouce." In the United States Senate, on March 17th, tho Bill Removing Politicul Disabilities was or the tapi* ; and thou and there was said and done what follows : Mr. Miller laid that Longstreet's name .-Louie bc omitted. Mr. Bingham said, " Oh, no." A dosen suggestions were offered. Mr. Bingham begged them not to load tho bill. W. W. Holden would bo the next Governor o North Caroliua, and could not act unless thc bil passed. Mr. Logan questioned Gov. Orr's cvidetce ol loyalty. Mr. Bingham Mid Orr had made nn encoura ging speech to the South Carolina Convention. Mr. L >gan wanted to know about Orr's Phil* delphia speech. Mr. Bingham declined going into p.irtieu'ar? hat thuMgbt, that H man wiri hud influence eooujrt to beal Wale Hampton, ought to bo encouraged to raise that influence in favor of the reconstruc tion laws. Mr. Schenck proposed a month's postponement to obtain the fact.*. Mr. Boutwell favored taking the responsibility Mr. Logan wanted Fruits meet for repentance. Mr. Furntwurth repeated what Sieklos said o: Orr, ad.ling, Orr's course at Philadelphia was no worse than Raymond*, ami Raymond was after wards admitted to the Radical eaucusses. Mr. Logan denounced Governor Brown ut Grcrgia as a nure politician. Mr. Kelly aid : Mr. Brown worked zealously and ought to be forgiven. Millions wanted to know how long Adam had to lie out before GM! gave him a chance, by thc birth ol u Saviour, to repent. [Laughter.] Al! thi-, to he sure, is not very important; but certainly very amusing, and well calculated to tickle the largo body of Southern peoplo who have not b?en " taken up into a high mountain." Who dois n"> remember what Bill Arp so wittily said of Joseph ?. Brown ol Georgia? That the Radicals had taken him " up into an exceeding high mountain and showed him the world and all tho kingdoms thereof," and promised him th; ?ame if ho would fall down and worship them. The result of this Radical tempting is well ktiown. With Joseph li. Brown, and Longstreet, aod Holden, however, we have nothing to do. But in th** eise ol Gov. OUR, it strikes us that the Radicals arc wantonly unreasonable. "Fruits m^Pt :'or repentones !*' What do they moan hy " meet ?" Do :hey want theso fruits to be ripe un'il they are t.-.ially rotten? The Ktiklux Klnn. Mos! people, ns yet, will wonder what the " Kuk lux Klan" can bc ; and mont people too will prob ably hear a groat de il about it before very long. Already in fact, it is one of the sensations of the d iv. N'ir Joes it promise to be a mere sens-it inn : but a powerful and lusting instrument of good. Th? Kuk?iit Klan is a Secret Organization, ron terrutiee in it? character and breath inj de true tiffi to Raiiealitm. As such, we *ay : Three cheers for :he KuxluX Klan!!! If we raixlakc not, this mysterious order originated lately in thc North, and has already sprung as if by nilgie into gigantic proportions. Its numbers and in fluence are -=iid to bo extending with tho rapidity of the wind. Its stronghold nt present seems to be Tennessee. Already, Mr. Maynard, (a r?criant Southerner,) Representativo in Congress frtm Tennessee, has announced publicly in the House that " he lind received threatening intimations from the K. K. of Tennessee." In Tmnos.-ee, when ocasi?n demands, tiny appeur in groat numbers, disguised most mysteri ously and beyond any chanco of recognition : and no man kuowj whence they come or whithor they go. The Knklax Klan bids fair to be an u?Tset to the Radical Loyal Leagues which huvo for a year or more wrought such dire mischief through out tho length ami breadth of this land. But while tho Loyal Leagues aro intfi'ably dirty aud vile, the Kuklux Klau is. elevated and chivalrous. Beware Loyal Leaguers ! Your machinations are to be uo longer unopposed or timely suffered. x u Something's up." The row has begun. The radical managers aro already in hot wa ter ; und tho probabilities aro that thc cooks will spoil the broth. An informal caucus of thc State Central Committee, the Grand Council of the Union League, and members of tbe Convention, waa held at the Club House ou Tuesday evening, aud the pow-wow was anything but peaceful. Grave charges were made against nome of the grand tycoons of the new party, and threats of public exposure were mingled with curses loud and deep. It appears, ur rather it is alleged, that money bas been freely collected from sundry indi viduals for the electioneering purposes and the payment of miscellaneous " incidentals," connected with tho several plays that have been performed upon the radical boards, and that thc treasurers Lave refused to render an account thereof, all of which bas very much disgruntled the actors in the drama, and aroused suspicions of foul play. During the caucus. Kohl. Smalls, a colored delegate from Beaufort, save public notice that his District would not support 0. C. Bowen as n candi date for Congress. The inhabitants of James and John's Islands are likewise opposed lo the uomiuec, and Colleton is said to be a shakoy."-Charleston News. -? ? --- ??27" The Conservatives of Georgia have nominated Hon. Augustus Reese, of Morgau Connry, for Governor, and all the leading pa pers of the Slate have ruo up his name at the bead of their columns, Washington News. Correspondence of the Charleston Courier. WASHUTOTOS, March IC The Radical members of the House arc quite jubilant over their succoss in running through a Bill, prohibiting appeals in certain cases to the United Statos Supremo Court, without attracting any tiotico. . This Bill is now passed, but the President maj. veto it; If he does, it will be passed over his hoad. The five Democratic mern bors who were aware of the character and object of the Hill, offered no opposition, knowing that it would be useless ; others, however, complain of the rune, by which they were thrown off Unir gu .rd. The Bill applies to the McArdle case, and will render the dismissal of that case necessary. But this is only ono of tho several projects for preventing tho Supreme Court from giving any. judgment adverse to the Reconstruction Acts. It will be observed that Congress thus confesses that these Acts are plainly unconstitutional, and that it is necessary fur their enforcement to de stroy thc authority of the Judiciary over them. The President's counsel in the impeachment case are indignant at the refusal of the Senat? to grant reasonable time for preparation for the de fence. If a reasonable time be not granted them after the replication of the House Managers, for their answer, they may, it is said, throw up their briefs, leaving tho case to go by default. The re fusal of tho Senate to grant the necessary timo, - J upon the application of learned and experienced lawyers, who aro competent to say what time they need, may be taken as evidence, that two-thirds of the Senators have prejudged the case, and that any defence will bo useless. It is also quite certain that any plea to the jurisdiction of the Senate, on constitutional or personal grounds, will be resisted and overruled. On the other hand, if the impeachers iihould fail in the attempt to hurry the trial to a conclusion, they will consider thc result as doubtful, and will rely upon an accession of votes from reconstructed States in the South. In cither evont, Ibo impeachers boast that they will carry their point. The mode by which admission is gained to the Senate galleries-through tickets distributed by members to their friends, will ensure an auditory during the trial of persons prejudicial against the President. If tho 'eats were left free as usual the auditory would not be unfavorable to the President's defence. The President converses froely and calmly npon tho subject, and is, by no means, confident of his aquittal, though he thinks that if the Senate act as an impartial Court, his acquittal will be certain. LEO. [Special Dispatch to the Daily Nows.] WASHINGTON, March 20.-It is understood that the Supreme Court will decide in the case of Mc Ardle that Congress had tho power to legislate for the Southorn States in such manner as might be required by the changes caused by war; but that, as tho war is over and peace prevails, such legislation must ho carried out by the civil au thority. Upon the>e grounds the court will de clare tho arrest of McArdle by the military au thorities to bc uncons "national. WASHINGTON, March 20. Colonel J. W. Lawless, formerly of the Fifth Kentucky Regiment, was mortally wounded at [ j Nashville to-day in a personal rencontre. Secretary McCulloch estimates that the recont f I and pending tax laws will bring thc revenue $120,000,000 below bis estimates, and apprehends that the customs will be effected unfavorably by thc reduction of taxes. It is snowing herc this morning. The Iloufle Judiciary Committee is considering a Bill to declare the fourteenth article of the Con stitution ruiified. The President hus nominated E. H. Smith as Collector of Internal Revenue for tho First Dis trict ol' South Carolina. General Hancock and Colonel Mitchell, of his stuff. Lave arrived. In the Supreme C-.urt to-day, in thc matter of the Stale of Georgia r?. General Grant cl. al., on rn'itiou of Judge Black process was ordered to is s in. A motion for u preliminary injuuetion was bel i uudi-r advisement. General Hancock bas issued a special order re lieving General Dioiick, Governor of thc Soldiers' Home of this District. This is not done on the President's order, and is regarded as a step ic advance. In the House, a r?solution was adopted that du ring the session of thc Impeachment Court, thc House would attend as a Committee of the Whole Ike Pacific Rail Road Bill was discussed. It was stated that tho President of one of thu coin pallid had speut a half million d?.liars in a confi dential way in Washington lo secure its pa* fa ge in lsjl. Mr. Weshburne claimed that at the present rate of progress and expenditure, when the road wa.? completed from Omaha to San Frau cisco, a passage would cost $20ii0, and a car load of freight $3,000. With .ut taking uny action iu thc nutter the House adjourned. lu the Senate, Mr. Drake offered anew impeach ment rulo that during the session of the Court Mr Chase should bo called " Mr. President," and the Court be addressed ai " Senate." Mr. Drnko remarked that tho President's coun sel studiously addressed Chase as " Mr. Chief Justice" and alluded to thc Sen ile as tho "Court. ' They hal a distinct purpose in this which would bo developed during the trial. Mr. Johnson olj-eted to thc immediate consid eration of the rule und it went over. Alteran Executive Session the Senate adjourned. WASOIS'GTON, March 21.-The California As sembly rejected the fourteenth article, 46 lo 24. General Hancock doubts the success of the Con stitution in Texas. A Memphis dispatch estimates tho majority against tho Constitution in Arkansas at 15,000. Municipal elections in Pennsylvania show Dem ocratic gains. The Pr?sident and Hancock had a prolonged interview to-di.y. Tho Uuilud States Consul at Zanzibar, under date of November, writes the Stato Department tliat there is still room for hope that Dr. Living stone is alive. In a loose discussion in thc House on thc bill muztlin? the Supreme Court, Woodward charac terned the action of the Heusc us indecent. < Maynard, of Tennessee, said the indecency was \ on the part of tho Supreme Court, which seeks to i transcend its legitimate sphero and decido politi sai questions. A process bas been issued from the Supremo Court against Grant, Meade, Huger and Rockwell, i ( returnable tho first of December next, to answer , in tho Georgia case. X3T Tho New York Herald says : Judgir by tho action in thc Case of Alabama, reconstru ?'on comes down to a fine point. Something lu - a hundred Northern adventurers and niggers get together somewhere in a State and make what they call a constitution. Evidence that this con stitution is thc act of tho people is not necessary ; neither is evidence that the pcoplo assent to it. Let it only bc presented to Congress, and Con gres? will pa-s a law declaring tho State in. That is tho whole process; and since reconstruction is so simple and easy, it may scorn wonderful to tho country that so nriny astonishing political geni u<as a.? tho Radicals number could not accomplish it before. ?Ser* Wo havo received from a private garden on Hampstead Mall, near the Half Moon Battery (says tho Charleston Courier,) a sample of green pea?, which wcro raised in the opon air. They are the first wc have heard of this season, and the fortunate gardenor expects to have an abun dant supply next wock. They aro of he kind known as the " dwarf marrow fat." t3f Tho House of Representative* bas pss.?ed a Bill appropriating fifteen thousand dollars to thc uso of Mrs. General Bobort Anderson, the wife of tho officer who held Fort Sumter at the commencement of the war. Jt^fA man named William CoU died in Hart ford, Conn., the other day, at the extreme age of one hundred and ten. Iiis father was cut off at on? hundred and ts ?Ire Hon. John R. Tompkins. - Ia a cepy of the Mobile Advtrtiter d> Pegiiter of Jan. IStb, which has accidentally fallen into our hands, we find the following articles concern ing a gentleman born and bred ic our midst; one who, as a citizen of Mobile since his carly man hood, has done his native District much credit. As a duty due a much esteemed friend and class mate, and a former fellow-citizen, we publish tho said articles. From tho Evening News of Yesterday. RESIGNATION OF MR. TOMPKINS. MOBILK, Jan. 14, 1868. Mr. Pr?sident : In Juno last, with yourself and other citizens, I accepted a position on the Board of Common Council, undercircumstances the most remarkable in tho history of our country, perhaps, of time itself. In doing so, I then stated that the chief motive which actuated this acceptance, was a disinterested desire to relieve the laboring cred itors of the city, and to further protect and pro mote the interests of my home and my own peo ple. And without endorsing the constitutionality of the so-called Reconstruction Acts of Congress, to which I owed my appointment, I could not ig nore the fact that by the coerceive power of the military, their provisions would be enforced until such time as they may bo declaredunontti'.ution al. And until that time arrives, be it soon or late, I held it to be the duty of the true citizen to protect, in every possible way, from the rapacity of impecunious adventurers, what little the sack ings of war had left us. Since then I have had no occasion to change this opinion. And if being deprived of ray vote would leave your Board at tho mercy of this element of the municipal gov ernment, I could not, even undor existing circum stances, he induced to address you this commu nication, already delayed, to assist you in perfect ing certain measures for the public good. But permit me, Mr. President, further to add, that I also at one time regarded it the true policy of the unfortunate and politically oppressed peo ple of Alabama, to organize the State government under the provisions of the Reconstruction Acts, provided the same could be accomplished by the qualified votera of the country. Such organiza tion, in my judgment, lon- under protest, would not have affected the validity of the acts them selves when presented for .'adjudication. But when by the machinations ol' an nnscrupulons party tho plan of reconstruction developed itself into an adroit scheme to perpetuate party mle and party power, in utter defiant of reason, justice and law, and at the cost and to the degradation of my own race and people (though not personally pro scribed) I unhesitatingly denounced it asan in sult to civilization ami to tho white race of Ala bama. And as the is SUD is now preiented, I cannot longer obtain my own consent to hold a position which might by possibility bo construed into an implied sanction of the nefarious schemes of Rad icalism. To what extent, Mr. President, my energies havo been directed to an industrious effort to pro tect and advance the interests of the people of my ward and of the city during my labor with you, porra it me to say, that my record as a Coun cilman will attest I sow tender you my resigna tion, and subscribe myself, with much respect, Your obedient servant, JNO. R. TOMPKINS. To Col. R. S. Bunker, President Common Coun cil, Mobile. RESIGNATION OF MR. TOMPKINS. In the withdrawal of Mr. J. R. Tompkins from the Council, that body has lost one of its best working members, and the city a fearless and per severing representativo. Mr. Tompkins' course, from thc time ho accepted tho position at the hands of the Military, has been consistent, manly and creditable alike to himself aral tho board of which he is a member. To his untiring energy and devotion to the city's interests are due many re forms which have met with the approbation of tho public. The repeal of thc odious market monop oly which the members of the Boards which were turned out so determinedly resisted, was advoca ted with such earnestncis and ability that it was carried through, and the free riarkct system adopted. There aro other matters which ore equally im portant, consummated by Mr. Tompkins during his occupancy of tho position of Council-man. His presenco will be greatly missed in the Coun cil, and wo can scarcely hope that the one ap pointed to fill the vacincy will prove os true and able a representative to the city.-[Tribune. We copy with pleasure our neighbor's merited compliment to Mr. Tompkins. His usefulness and energy in thc City Council aro unquestioned, and HS to politics his position has been almost identi oal with that of Senator Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland. He i* uncompromisingly against the Menagerie Constitution.-Rey inter. ?-? ? ______ What He Learnt by Leaving Out a Row. Cowr.TA COU.VTV. GA., Sept. 26, ISC". .If.--?r?. Wilcox, OiLbt A- Co. . Gents-I bought from your agents at Grant ville, Messrs. Garrett <_. Zellars, last winter, ono ton of the Phoenix Guano, and used it for Cotton on old land that bad been " turned out" eight or ten years. I would occasionally leave a row without the Guano, and mn noir fully ?atinjicd that the manure will increant thc yi*ld four-fold. I consider it an excellent manure, and mi st cordially recommend it to the planting public. / expect to nie it on my next emu. Very respectfully, JAMES WATKINS. The Edgefield Juries. The citizens of our Miter District, have un dertaken to carry out a relief law for deb tors, by a new process, which is well worthy our attention. At the recent term of thc Courts cf Com mon Pleas, we are informed, that the Juries to whom were submitted cases of debt, inva riably found a verdict (if the cause of action wa? before the wat") of one fourth or twenty five per cent of the original debt-xeilhoitt in lend, and in cases, where the debt sued upon was conti acted for the purchase of slaves, the hire was computed up to emancipation, and one fourth oftbat sum was made the amount of the Judgment. Wc cannot see any objection to this ac tion of the people. The verdict ia the law of each case, and if the jury render such a one as to be in the eye:) of the judge, viola tive of previous law, yet he has no power to alter or amend the verdict of the jury. He may grant a new trial, or the Court of Appeals may do so, but it must finally go back to the people, who in their capacity as jurors, alone can decide the amount for which judgment shall be rendered. And if they determine to find only one fourth of a debt to be justly due-no matter from what considerations they may act-we cannot perceive how they are to bc controlled. This matter of debt, is the mest serious of all the problem? around as ; but few solvent men remain in the country, and the number, already small, becomes daily less, until it may require a candle in thc day time to find a man who can pay his debts. What shall bc done ? repudiate we carnot ? Take the bene fit of thc bankrupt law ? many of us are too poor to meet the immediate outlay necessary to taking that course. Shall the people of this whole country, drag on through life, .logged by a burthen they cannot throw oft'? We trust not, and we commend to the earnest ?nsideration of our citizens the example of :he good folks of Edgcfield.-Sumter Wateh nan. -? --*- ? MILITARY GOVERNMENT.-In our columns, i few days ago, appeared a petition from Mrs. Mary Collius, of Marion District, to General Janby, for tho release of her husband, conf?n ?d for, now, eight mouths in Castle Pinckney, yy military order (as wc are informed) with out trial. It seems harri, indeed, that with a ?lctity of idle officers about the city, and with i plenty of men able tc sit on a jury, a citizen ihould be seized an? imprisoned, and his fara ly left to starve, without even thc boon of \ trial-though that trial be but a military ?rce. We sincerely trust ths.t General Canby, a West Point regular army ofiieer, will find it nconsistent with bis pride, rank and educa tion, to allow further continuance of this op pression. The man is n man of recognized character in the community in which be ives, and his family arc :_oat respectable peo ile. Crime is crime, but suspicion is no cause br punishment-even though it be iu South karolina.-Charleston Mercury. . _?*_r Hir<tm Smith, an eccentric bachelor at Jhestcr, Mass, is htving l is sepulchre hewu in a argo rock in that town. He pays a man seven lundred dollars to do tho work, and by the stipu ation the cave is to be seven feet long, four wide md four deep, and after hi? coffin is put in, the iperturo will bo scaled up with a marble slab and lenient. Smith says ho doesn't want mud to get .round his bones ; he moans to have a good dry dace for them. .-? ? ? jf?C A Nashville dispatch says that one iVelker, who murdered John Beckncll, of hat placo, was taken lrom jail by a mob and lung. He confessed tbs murder, and says hat ho had subsequently been a soldier in i South Carolina regiment during the war. rVhoiahe?