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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, March 25, 1868, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1868-03-25/ed-1/seq-2/

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Hon. Hen. H. Hill's Speech nt At
Below, we append extracts from (Lc
speech of lion. B. II. HILL, befo
"Young Men's Democratic Club," of A
ou tue lGih inst.,-which we co;
to the earnest ow i ior.finn cf the pe
Elgefield:
3fr. Pivsidcui, Ladies awl Gentlemen:
I appear to day ut thu instance aud
thc auspices . -J* i he- *. Young Men's Den
ic Club"' of thia city. Political, like
revolution?, have their period.-?, ?nd . fr
i ti i v chance in character, purpose and
Far up ti.? Niagara river thc \vat(
quiet and "still. Little children bath
pi.iy i? thi'ir depth, and parties ol' ul
ride merrily ami gandy on tbe;r bosom
at a given point the current malees it
for the great Fails, and moving bio wly a
i. grows more and constantly more rapi
li] there is a point iu ita wild, mad rush
which, once reached, nothing alive b;i
beca rescued.
Ice American people have boen pct
happy, free, and prosperous. They
their Constitution and loved each other
evil whispers divided them, aud ste^ b
they approached aud finally entered
revolution. And hew wildly and still
wildly wo Lave rushed, and rush along !
question now reached is not whether t
mat party shall triumph-not whet h
sba'l have a Union-no:, alas! whcthi
abali have a government founded on oui
sent. It is more vital still. Thc issu
wholly changed, and Las ceased to be a
ical question. The is^ue now pressing i
of actual political Ufa-id social exist
N-jibing ::)'.;re startles thc mau ol though
readers of history, than thc giddiness
which the peuple are riding on the rap
destruction, seemingly unconscious of
awaits them. You aro as giddy this d
were the dupes who married! and were ;
in marriage, und carried on their ord;
transactions, before the llood. Thc work
neither more wicked, nor giddy, nor gui
that day thau is the political world of Al
ca at ibis day. Tbe greet difficulty o
times is this: the pcV.ple have no regar
truth : they have no love for it-not a ?
c?e. ?ou think no less of n man who t
riously and avowedly engages in dc-cep
provided be be a politician, than you do
Christian gentleman. I rather "think
tLiink mor? of deception ihan you do of tr
und tuat is thc reason why so much decef
is practiced. IL bas not only become a h
less thing, but it uns absolutely become a ]
port to power-a means (f succcs--the
cy by which you manuf .cture greatness
of nothing. The Church and Society ar
at i'-iult; thc people themselves are at i
opon this question. Why, it hus not
grown to be a habit, but it has becom
mo.-t a maxim, that i: is M no barn; to ti
lie in politics.1' Oh, what a perverted y
ment! What immorality! No harm? u?
tice has made it so."' My friend, a pol:
He is thc worst of all lies, and ought t
held more iufamous than all the other?.
win? U guilty nf it ; ught to receive the fr
and scorn a::d condemnation bf every n
and of every member of society. Why,
very reason why the country has reacbet
present condition, is the failure of jour ru
t3 bc honest and trn?iii'ii!, and the failiu
tbe people to ca" [bern to account for tl
infidelity, to truth.
What :: Spectacle the American nation i
presents! What a spectacle for the w<
and posterity 1 And not merely pol?tica
hut morally. For 1' ar long years the peo
X >r!i: and South, wore anxiously watch
the stfuggla-t: struggle to determine whet
certain States should Lc considered in
Union or out of it. Finally, the struj
ended. The Southern peop'e unnnimoo
said-|; Wc'il consent to remain in the Un
-we'll admit that cur attempt to leave
Onion is a failure." Nearly three years
elapsed since then, and you have seen y
rulers-the pretentious leaders of politi
sentiment of thc country-going to Washi
ten City, laying thsir hands upon thc Bil
swearing to support thc Constitution of
United State5, and daily violating every pi
ripie of that Constitution, and setting
naught thc whole issue ami the re-ult of
war. Nay, the people have become so fa
to themselves-so false to every principle
tr-.ith and viituc-that ati old man. the lea'
of this great party, without damage to
charac ter openly and boldly avows and i
clares that all the legislation touching tbi
States has been entirely outside the Consti
dun, icjiiclt he wa?sworn to support! Y
have seen the Legislative'department, g<
cmcd by passion, actuated by vindictivene
overturning the institutions of the country
not to support thc Union which they foug.
to preserve, but for the sole purpose of pi
serving power and continuing themselves
office. Thus we present to thc nations oft
world the spectacle of an absolutely demc
al:/.ed Legislative Department of governmet
In all time, the army bas been consider
the very embodiment of chivalry, or, at lea
of honesty. Governing, as they d", by pow?
trained to loee power, that they should be a
bitrary w.is to be expected-that thcyshou
be magnanimous wai thought to be chara
toristic of arin1;. But, what a sp?ctaclc do
thc American people present at this hom
Tho head of the army confessing before tl
world that be was guilty of intentional di
pliciiy and treachery, and* convicted of fais
hood itself by six of the highest men of tl
nation! I repent, ho confesses himself guilt
of intentional duplicity and treachery, pe
petrated during a series of months. Six i
the lirst men of the nation proved him guill
of downright intentional falsehood. E:th<
the commanding General of the Armies <
thc United States i; convicted before tu
sro ld of falsehood, or thc President of th
?:i:ne nation, and live Cabinet officials, stan
convicted o' it. Fur my purpose, J care no
which is right. 1 bring to your view, simpij
M startling fact-if you have any morality t
bc -'.allied-that, iu cit';?r event. y<-ur ruler
blind convicted, and confessedly convicted, c
intcntcntional falsehood. That is thc point a
which the nation has arrived.
And now, what do we witness ! The natioi
actually trembling, the nation actually fem
tag that that department of the government
which., in all history, has been, ought to be
and which, under our form ot government
was intended to be, the bulwark of our liber
iic-i - the break-water of passion-I say tb?
wh ile nation is trembling, doubting, fearini
that thft Supreme .Judicial power of the conn
try will be utterly unequal to the task of dc
daring what they know to l?e the Constitu
tion ot their country. On tbi.-, point I, foi
onc,.hAVe never yielded. I have always be
lieved that the question, once made before
that tribunal fairly and clearly, they would
\.?'. equal to the task, though I confess I have
not found "ne man in a hundred to agree
iviii. mc, ami that fact alone is a sufficient il
!ustration of the extent to which this corrup
tion and loss of confidence have gone.
Shall thc judicial department of the gov
ernment-lifted by the Constitution above thc
mere petty passions of the multitude-fulfill
the great objects of its mission, and say that
the Constitution is the supreme law of the
land, and that all acts outsiJe of it are usur
pations and consequently void? If so, this
country may be saved; this revolution may
be slaved. But : the court should agree
with the Congi' and leave the President
standing alone the struggle, battling with
t*o department J' the government, then, my
countrymen, thc final appeal is lo you. Poli
ticians arc corrupt-lhere is no truth in them.
Your leaders teil a lie and swear to it j but
though perjury is a crime, it is r. passport to
power. If your government foil"?, it will fer
jio other reason than i want <<f honesty and
.of love ot truth. Then, I Kay, the appeal is
to you, to the people, of America, whether
you shall prove truthful and honest. But, if
von fail, then, the verdict is written that you
have neither virtue u"r intelligence sufficient
to preserve Republican Government;! -dover
tin? falls we must go, at once, and forever.
* ? * .* a * *
1 il earn it my duty to conn I?.-fore yon und
put on rt/?0!il my views of (he Constitution
which i.-? now proposed for adoption, and to
yTivc the reasons why I deem and declare it in
famou?. 1 am not #D?ng over the old argu
ment ybtcfa I bad thc honor of presenting be
fore an audience in this ?uu?c ball, at an
earlier period ol our history, hy which I
proved that tho authority which authorised
this matter, originally, waa unconstitutional
'V.
? and void. I say so still, and every man kno
that It is so. Everybody knows tint thc Ci
' vcntion assembled herc to frame a Consti
, tion for the people of Georgia had no in<
authority to da so than have my young frier
sitting herc, ?uteveu if thecriginal author
were absolutely valid, everybody knows tl
the Convention was not called by an hom
vote. I say that vote was falsely count
; and you know it. [Applause.] 1 say it v
corruptly forced, and you know it. But pi
! sing all that by, a Convention illegally r
1 thorized, is enough to justify aa honest m
: in condemning its action, whatever that ac;i
j be. Well, of what material was this Couvc
ii.,;: composed? [Laughter.] 1. Very i
' commoda'ing- very charitable-very self si
ritieitig adventurers from New England coi
j down hero to innoculate thu manners H
! mora!.-, of New England iato the benight
I Georgians! . [Laughter.J 2. Auother pari
composed of men false to their own race a
country-false to their own pledges-false
their own history, and false to their own oat
-going into the party for the simple pu'pc
of getting honor. 3. Another portion is co
posed of negroes from your corn fields [Laug
j ter aud cheersj, negro preachers, andconvh
from Sing Sing and our penitentiaries, [li
? meuse cheering and laughter.] Men, bia
and white, now charged by the j tries of t
country with every infamous crime known
j the Ponai Code. These make up the bei
j of the Convention-with a few gontleme
! who are in very bad company and setioua
I hazard thei.- reputation. [ Laughter. J
j . And these, Georgians, are the men whoa
to form your fundamental law. New Eu
laud outlaws; Sing Sing couvictsj penile
tiary felors ; and com field negroes, engagii
ia the work that i ai moralized the fathers
the country. Sp rits of Washington, of Fran
lin, and of Madison and of your co-labore
nf 17S7, look down and see this mock mimi
ry of your grand work !-nay, nay, look nc
1 beseech you, lest you shock the angels wi
your blushing, and startle heaven with yoi
weepiug. [Enthusiastic applause.)
*#?***#
Now, my friends, I say, and God on
knows my feelings wheu 1 say it, that tl
?.caption of this Constitution, and its final e
tablishment, wiil hiing ruin to your couulr
and blast the hopes of your people. It w:
condemn tbs poor negro to extermiuatio
No pen can describe, no language can expr?s
the hoirors that shall ensue, socially, morall
and politically, whenever there shall bc
forced collidion of the races.
*******
I tell you in a few words : establish th
Constitution, and you establish degradatif
and robbery as the fundamental laws i
Georgia. [Great applause.] Glad am ?
grateful I, that when posterity reads the ho
r;d doings of this time, and sees the iniquitoi
thing inteuded for a Constitution lor the pei
pie of Georgia, they will be able to say: ..]
was not framed by Georgians!" [Cheers
They will be able to say, " It was gotteu u
by those who came from New England pen
temiuries, and niggers from the corn fields !
Now, then, I SUV, lellow citizens, this Coi
slituti^n must be defeated if you have an
honor left you. It must nut bc ratifiai ; fi
outside ot all ether quesiions it sends yo
down to posterity with a chancier whicS n
white man su jul J desire to bear, and, I to
?ure, no black man either, lt is f>r the ir
I lerest of the black mau. You must prot?t
him bum these adventurers, lt is ?br tho ii
terese of tho white man. Your honor, YOU
eharacur is involved in this contest. Li
ott.eis do as they uuy, there is no possibilit
upon ibis cart!), in any contingency whatevei
ot inducing me to give my su pp jr t to thu
Constitution, or my obedience t.wept as corr
pelled and forced. [ Tremendous applause
How, then, is it tobe prevented? I, fo
myself, see no dilficulty in the way. Th
people, when toft to themselves, are ail right
us to their honest purpose, 1 have no doiil
in the world. Hut lor ihe masses led by de
signing politicians I have no respect whatevei
We must forget all former dil?ereneei:-w
must forget all passion. If I have used bars!
language to day it is to bring before you ii
all its bearings the instrument called '. J
Constitution for the Slate of Georgia." I ap
peal to you by the horrors of the future ;
appeal to your hearts ; I appeal to your con
science ; 1 beg of you lo slop ! 1 beg of yoi
not to blast, for the sake of a little temporar;
office, the hopes of your children, destroy tb
peace of your families and thc prosperity o
your country. DJ not rush the black mat
to extermination and the whitt man to paral
ysis and ruin.
I admit that heretofore lhere have beet
good men who have differed with me. 1 d<
not say that dill-renco of opinion, honestly
entertained, ought not lo be tolerated.
I am willing to make this bargain now wit!
every maa who is a true man; I don't cart
where he has been-whether with the Con
vention or Loyal League, or anywhere else
let him bat come out now, and do what h
right. The criwi is short and the issue i:
-harp and decisive. Are you to go uuder ne
gro dominion or not? I mean negro domin
ion through the bad whiles that control them
and deceive them. Are you willing to rnakt
a fundamental law for your State, saying thai
there is no diff?rence between you aud a ne
gro? [A voice, no!] If you are, then seek
vour company. If you aro not, I care HOI
what has been your opinion, nor your course
heretofore ; come up to your country now, io
its hour of extremity-come up now, and sa)
you are willing to vote with us to defeat the
ratification of this Constitution ; and you shall
be our brother again, and all .-ins shall be for
gotten forever. Well, I'll not even call them
sins-I'll call them errors-mistakes-I'll take
thr-t back, too, und call them-no, I won't call
them at all. [Laughter.]
Let us all unite, Ministers of the gospel
highest in commission-noblest in wotk. I
do not appeal to you to make political speeches
-or to enter the arena of political strife ;
na)-, nay, but 1 do appeal to you lo dj your
duty from your sacred desk-teaching your
people to abhor a lie, and to eschew a liar.
Teach your people to repudiate a scheme to
enslave the white people cf the country that
a few ndrcntiners may get oflice. What is
the church coming to, when a politician can
make long speeches on >\ Saturday night to
convince the people th;.t they ought to adopt
what he knows is a falsehood, and <ro next
day and kneel at the altar and have adminis
tered to him the boh- sacraments. They say
ibero are men in this Convention, voting for
til these measures-sneh measures as this Ile
lief bill-with cle ?eal commissions in their
pockets. Oh ! how shocking ! I conjure you to
tOiCh thc people truth. Teach the people to
love truth, and honor it. It is the way out of
a'l our own difficulties.
Next to the ministers, I appeal to you, my
lady friends. Gen. Franklin -aid bad things
about Gen. 1'opo, but Gen, pope certainly
told the truth when ho said the ladies if
Georgia were a unit against Rccoustructiou
(so-called). [Cheer.-.] I would scorn the
?usbaad of my bosom as unworthy of mo, if
I should or could hear Lim whisper to his
prattling boy that he was no better than a ne
gro. [Applause.] I tell you, you must bring
vour powers to oeur on this matter. The
movement is to degrade you and your chil
dren, to bring you into collison with the ne
gro, to depreciate your property, to destroy
your interests, your government, your liberty,
and you must wake up. Ose your social pow
tis, bul not in a spirit of vindictiveness. 1
have not tho slightest vindictive feeling for
any mortal living. Self-preservation ami
self-defence, however, n-rpliro that titi? matter
b-.'tnet at oiu-e aud iusunlly, and met de
cisively.
Old men, yon who have spent most of your
days under a good government, I appeal to
you. Do not vainly fritter away ihe last days
of your life, to bring your children under Mich
a government as that.
Young men, I address you--and would to
God I could speak to evi-ry young man in
America to-day ! Would to G.<d I could have
every young man of Georgia and of thc South
b.rfore me to-day. I would conjure them by
the graves of our sons, and tIn:K!eeping places
ot our comr:id<--?, .and I would muke every
youth swear before Heaven aud earth that the
slaves who served their fathers should never
govern them. [Enthusiastic applause.]
And you, my colored I fiends, clo not bp
ashamed of tbojposition which God gave you.
Act well your part-there all the honor lies.
I do uoL know why our Heavenly Father gave
you a black skin, and gave me a white one
1 do not know why be made your physical
i
I conformation different to mino. I do
j know, and I cannot (ell. It ia Hisinscrut
i wisdom, lie did it for your good. Obs<
! I beseech yon, t hc position that your Hear
Father gave you, and spurn, as yoa wouk
poisonous serpent, the miserable creature
would whisper into your ear to avert His
I in order to give your deceiver power. T
men', who tell you to deceive yon, that
know understand all the laws rclatin
suffrage, and the law. of government,
what you know to bc false. They are ti
piers upon the Constitution of the com
and they do all this wickedness- for no o
puipose than to induce yon to give them
ce-;. Are you w'HIing to be deceived '!
you determined to be deceived 1 Join
men that are willing to protect you in ]
proper place. Join the men whose intel
are your interests. Take their advice, ant
j will .wove along in peace tog.ther.
Lut, if you io/// go ; if you will not li
to reason ; if you will listen to the false te
ings of your deceivers, go on. Believe
falsehood that God made you not dille
from the white nice-believe the falsel
that, uneducated, ignorant, as you are-as
know you arc-whether rightly or wron
you are able to exercise all Iherusponsibili
of su fl rage. Go on; but mark what I
you, I give my warning, my duty is discbarj
my skirts are clear. You are rushing on
struction lbr yourselves and for your child
and wbeu evil befall you, the only people I
will shed a tear over your fate are t.ie Sot
ern mon you have abandoned. And il
wbo will rejoice at your wnw g ure the c
turcs that betray and deceive you. They L
betrayed race and country. They have I
false to truth. They have devised and c
cuted a fraud. Think you they will be t
to you ? Nay ! Nay !
My friends, of all classes, aud of all coi
tioos, wake up ! The hour is on you. W
up! The issue is at band. I care not
former opiuiou, or your former action, c<
up now. This is our country, let us lice ii
This is our country, let us preserve it. T
is our coun'ry, let us redeem it.
The Last Day ol' the (.real Ringi
Streaked and Striped.
Ou Tuesday, the 17th, the fifty-third <
of its session, the South Carolina Radical
gro Convention adjourned tint die.
Thc Charleston Kern says :
Thc Convention assembled at the us
hour. The President read the following
tr_ct from a letter rtctived " from a dis
gnisbed gentleman in Washington/' to wh
parts of the Constitution had been from ti
to time transmitted as they were adopted
u I have shown your Constitution and '.
of Rights to many ot the leading Republic
who pronounce them eminently fit for
cornerstone of the new temple of liberty t
you are engaged in erecting. The Conv
lion bis indeed done square work." (.
plause.)
The President stated that he held in
hand an instrument consisting of fifteen ai
cles and 213 sections, each of which had bt
read three tin es and passed by the Conv
.?on. They have from time to lime been
viewed hy the house and properly ai rang
and now purport to lie thc Constilulion of
State i f South Carolina. The question bei
ibe Convention is whether, li ving pas:
these s'-ctioii?, after three several rcadiu
they will be adopted by tho Convention
a whole; Shall this Constitution be adopte
Profound silence, amid which the vote V
taken and announced ?a thc iiflirmativc wi
out -lissom, amid enthusiastic applause.
The President-(as soon as order was i
stored)-I now announce that this iustrume
containing fifteen articles and 213 scctioi
has I), cu duly read three times and adopt
by this Convention as the organic law a
Constitution of thc State, and is now subj?
to the ra itication of the people of South Ci
alina, and may God, in His infinite wisdo
grant that it may work good to our win
country. .
The excitement of thc Convention at tl
juncture broke through all bounds. Tb
cheered, hollered, cried, waved their La .id 1.?
cliifs and threw up their hats ; Leslie sciz
the aim of a member and ?evolved it ir
manlier that threatened dislocation ; and t
big delegation of outside colored spectalu
chimed in with a voieiferousme.'s that was n
ouleloue by those within tho bar.
As soon as order was restored, on tootie
of T. J. Robertson, T. J. Coghlan, of Sumti
was called to the chair, wheu Mr. Roberts,
offered the following resolution, which w
adopted :
liesoleed, That for the very able and in
partial discharge of the responsible nn-4 a
duous duties gratuitously performed whi
presiding over the deliberations of this bod
and for the uuiform kiudness and forbearaut
shown at all times towards a'l of its men
hers, thc thanks of this Convention be tei
dered to Hon. A. G. Mackey, our Presiden
The President responded, and conclude
his remarks thusly :
But the paiutu! moment of separation ht
arrived, and that word which friends alway
dread to hear has tc be pronounced. Associate
I bid you an affectionate farewell, and wis!
ing you all a safe and happy return to yoi
respective homes. I now, in accordance wit
the resolution cf the house, declare the Con
stitational Convention of South Carolina t
be adjourned line die.
The members af erwards joined in ningin
;' Rally Mund the Fla,","' and, at. the conch
sion, separated in good humor and spirits.
- - -
DELEGATES CREATE DIFFICULTY AT A BU
I.IAKD SALOON-.-On Saturday night last
some of thc coloted delegates entered Mi
Fehrenbacb's billiard saloon and desired t
play a game, but upon being informed by tin
proprietor that it was against the rules of hil
room to permit them to play, they very quiet
ly retired.
Yesterday, about noon, Brevet Col. Moore
of thc (j:h Infantry, and two delegates, Col
T. J. Robertson, white, and Swails, colored
visited thc same saloon, and commenced tc
play before the proprietor bad noticed tba
one of the delegates was colored. He then
entered bis protest about the continuation o
the game, and some high words parsed. Rob
ertsou is reported to have said that this wa."
a free republican Government, that thc negrc
was entitled lo all ibo privileges of tho while
noan, and that be would come with n part}
al o' o'clock in the evening, and lest the point
as to whether bis friend* were entitled to pla)
or not.
True enough, at H o'clock, some of the del
egates, with Col. M ore, visited the saloon,
and having secured a tabb1, Swails entered
and one of thc playing party gave up his place,
:o allow Swails to enter the match. In thc
meantime, however, Mr. Fehrenbach, fearing
a disturbance, applied to the Chief of Police,
and the detective force was ordered to be in
the neighborhood.
When Swails took bis cue in band, tho pro
prietor respectfully informed him he could
not play in his saloon, and politely requested
him to leave the room. This ri quest was
not complied with, and the parties seemed
bent on going on with the game, when Mr.
Fehrenbach called in the detective force. The
civil officers had a long argumentative con
versation with the military officer, who had
bis coat oil'and appeared determined to fight
the uniter through, bot bis better judgment
advised discretion, and finally the party, in
cluding Robertson, Rutland and several other
delegates, retired quietly, wi: h thc under
funding ib^.t the opiuiou ol both thc military
and civil government would be bad on this
question of privilege today.-Charleston Mer
cury, 18th.
?>3r* General Can by bas appointed a spe
cial Commission of inquiry, to meet at Colum
bin, to examine into and report upon the
.barges of cruel and harsh treatment of con
victs, preferred against Maj ir Thomas B. Lee,
Superintendent of tho Penitentiary of South
Carolina. All persons who have any allega
tions to make against the Superintendent nre
called upon to come forward and give their
?sidenco.
^?T With reference to trade in Boston,
the Traveller ofthat city .'ays thnt " -he mar
ket for cation goods continues firm, with an
upwanl tendency, and tho dealers are rejoic
ing at the prospect of the spring trade."
?_T Mr. Wm. H. Oilliland, one of the
oldest .a.ad most respected merchants of
Charleston, died in that city on Sunday even
ing, the 15th. j
THE ADVERTISER
JAMES T. BACON, EDITOB.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25^1868.
Bishop Davis to Preach ia Edgefield
on Sunday Next.
On Sunday next, Utfih ins*., in the forenoon,
tho Hight Rev. Bishop DAVI<?, of tho Protestant
Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina, will preach,
and administer the rito of Confirmation, in Trini
ty Church in this town.
Gray & Turley.
Thc.;e gentlemen have new ndvcrtiicments iu
this week's Adeertittr, Spring and Summer
Gopd* of all kinds are literally flowing in upon
them. Their New Stock, like all they buy, or
ever did buy, is muguificent and faultlessly taste
ful. And they them.'olves, GRAY i. TURLEY, are
just as fair und liberal in their dealings as they
were long years ago whon Edgefield first bogan
to kuow them. Take our word for it that GRAY
& TURLEY u will do to tie to !"
Alost Horrible Murder.
On the night of Wednesday, tho 18th inst., Mrs.
ELKINS, a married lady living in the Dark-Corner
section of our District, was most barbarously
murdered. Mrs. ELKINS was still a young woman,
tho mother of three small children, the youngest
an infant of five months. We are informed that
Mr. Wv. ELKINS, the husband and father, who is
a maimed Confederate soldier, was absent from
borne, at the time this murder was committed, on
a visit to an uncle living in the neighborhood. And
that when bo returned to his home, at 10 o'clock
at night, the unfortunate man found thc dead
body of his wife lying in the yard, the face ?nd
head most horribly crushed and shattered as if
by blows from an axe or heavy iron shovel. And
thit in thc absence of her husband, no ono re
mained with Mrs. ELKIV save her childron and
the nurse of ber infx- , tho latter a young col
ored gu.
The whole affair, however, is as yet involved in
so much mystery that wc deem it wiso, before
saying more on the subject, to wait for further
developements. Thc citizens of tho neighbor
hood in which this fell deed bas been committed,
arc boldly on the alert to unravel the mystery
and bring the perpetrator or perpetrators to jus
tice. Ou Satnrday last, seven negroes, six men
nnd one woman, the nurse above mentioned, if
we mistake not, were brought from D?rk-Corner
and lodged in the Jail of this town. The gentle
men who brought these negroes are Messrs. J. S.
Cartledge, S. C. Cartledge, W. R. Parks, A. C.
PARKS, N. M. Cartledgo, and J. P. Sharpton.
Perhaps in the next issue of the Adeertiner, we
may bc able to speak with moro safely and cer
tainty concerning this dark and melancholy deed.
Accidental Death o?' a Distinguished
Georgian.
On Friday last, Judgn Starncs of Augusta,
widely known even on this side tho Savannah, ns
a very distinguished jurist aud elevated gentle
man, was killed, while rctumiug from bird-thoot
ii'g, by tho accidental discharge of a gun, the
cap of which ho was, at the time, manipulating.
The l'redericksburg Store.
If there is uny unfortunate individual so be
nighted ns not to know where Tho Fredericks
burg Store l.>, lot him stop at the splendid brick
building on tho c.mer immediately below the
Planters Hool in Augusta, and a flood of light
will be poured into his darkened miud. The
proprietor.? are Messrs V. RICHARDS A Bros, ns
honorable, correct and just merchants RS livo. In
another column they auuouuce to the publie the
arrival of their Spring Goods. We do not kuow
of a More Splendid and Attractive Es'ablisbmtnt
in tho South.
The Mau with Hie Stars and Stripes.
Sergcuiit BATES has passed through Edgefield
Di.-trict, has roachdd Columbia and there been
publicly glorified, and is now probably on hil
winding way through Fairfield, or Chester, or
York. His first night after leaving Augusta wa.'
spent beneath thc hospitable roof of our friend and
fellow eitizen Major ADHAM Josee, of tho Pine
House vicinity. Major JONJCS seems highly pleased
with the advinturous Sergeant, and reports bim
as a very honest and intelligent geiitleuvm.
Magnificent Mnsonic Regalia.
We have had the pleasure of inspecting a
Magnificent Masonic Regalia sent by tie Supreme
Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland to AN
BREW RAMSAY Esq., of our town. This Regalia
has recently arrived : and with it c imes a Com
mission by which Mr. RAMSAY is mad? Represen
tative in South Carolina of tho Supreme Grand
Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland. Mr. R. will
wear this Regalia BS such Representative. The
apron, collar and scarf, composing this Regalia,
arc of wondrous elegance and beauty ; superior
in quality and ornamentation to anything of the
kind we have ever seen. Some idea of the value
of this Regalia may bc formod when we state
t at thc import duty upon tho Jewol alone, a
solid and exquisitely wrought star of Gold, was
Thirty Dollars. An exceedingly handsome tes
timonial.
l'uther Ryan'* Paper.
Every body knows who Eather Ryan is ! The
author of " The Conquered Banner"-the most
beautiful thing we ever road, or sung, ?rsaid.
And we mean this literally and truly.
The Poet Pric.it is uow living and laboring in
Augusta. His paper is called Tkt Banner of |
the South." At least, he is the Editor of this pa
per. Its Publishers and Proprietors arc L. T.
BLOJIK Si Co. Mr. BLOMK is a highly esteemed
c tizen of Augusta, ooo skilled and experienced
iu the newspaper busiuess. The Banner of the
South \i to bo a. weekly. Its first number was
issued on Saturday last. Wo welcome it right
cordially.
Terms, $3.00 a year in advance; six months,
S1.?0. Address L. T. BLOUE i Co., Augusta,
Ga.
The first number of The Banner of the South is
a complete success. Th* Banner of the. South
promises to be among tho best li^bt reading in
nil this wido country of ours. And when wc say
"light" let it not be supposed we motin volatile
We mean light a? opposed to stupid, light as con
tradistinguished from the indigestible, light as
unfriendly to the blue?. This first number abounds
iu useful essays, improving sketches, truthful pic
tures from life, brief and tasteful critical notices,
and the most enjoyable pleasantries. We com
mend. The Bonner of the South Kith heartiness ;
because wo believe it will be a paper of standard
excellence, culculali d to promote tho beautiful
and the good wherover circulated.
Can't Dine with Sumner nor Sleep with
OUI Thad. Stevens.
The Radicals in and out of Congress have no
idea of any negro member from tho South slip
ping into Congress. They do not want Boh Rid
ley's company thore. A cushioned chair in thc
magnificent halls of Congress, with $5,000 a year
salary, and mileage sufficient to make his yearly
pay 8,000, is altogether too good in Radical opio
ion for Mr. Quashoo Gumbo. The Congressman
is elected for two years. n?s pay is about $3,000
a yoar, or $10,000 for the term. Tho pocketing
of $1(1,000 of Undo Sam's money is, forsooth, a
privilego not to be hootod at !
And why, pray, should not the Rev. David Har
ris enjoy thia inestimable privilege as well aa
Sim Cor!oy; for David cats meat and Sim eats
none? And why should not Wilson Cook, the
Greenville negro, who is poor, poke his finger into
this tempting pic, as woll as Goss the whito man
of Union, who is rich ?
The ?doa of tho negroes, our respectable coun
trymen, being run off tho track in this way, for
Massachusetts itinerants ! We are fired with
indignation at tho thought !
piT Hon. WILLIAM AIKKN has been announc
ed BR t h u candidato of tho Conservative people of
Charleston District for U. S. Representative. The
notorious C. C. Bowen is tho candidate of the
scalawags and negroes for tho same office
?3?"Thc managers of a skating ring
in Cambridge Mass., have excluded negroes
from it.
Awake from Lethargy!
Thrco weeks ago we announced to our readcr3
that thc Supplemental Reconstruction Bill, (No.
4, we believe,) had passed both houses of Con
gress and been submitted to tho President. The
President has not vetoed it. He bas been too
much occupied, wo imogiae, with graver matters
to spare time for writing veto moeFagee : he has
fuiitid Milt that thu ?ort of business is sheer waste
of timo und paper. Consequently, this new Re
construction Bill is nowa law; a law " ont?ido
of tho Constitution," but, nevertheless, for all
Radical purposes, a Into.
This new Bill provides that a majority of votes
(instead of as formerly, a majority of registered
voltri) shall ratify Constitutions. And (bat reg
Utered perrons shall vote anywhere in the State,
after ten days residence, registration being proved
by certificates, affidavit, or other evidence. Aud
that State elections shall bc held simultaneously
with the election for the ratification of the Con
stitution.
Under this law, it is intended by tho Radicals
that all the newly-formed negro Constitution! of
the excluded States shall be of necessity ratified,
and nil this flagrant, tyrannical and unconstitu
tion allogislation forced upen the Southern people,
whether they icill or not. In the first election for
ratification of a now Constitution-and the only
one a? yet-in the South, that of Alabama, tho
negro Constitution was defeated by a majority of
twenty-three or twenty-five thousand. This was
previous to the passage of the Reconstruction
Bill No, 4 ; and now thu new Constitution for
Alabama is to be re-submitted to the peoplo, and
if a majority of the votes cast shall be in favor of
tho vilo instrument, it will be declared the Con
stitution of the State, and the poople forced ut
tba point of the bayonet to respect it.
Under this new aspect that Reconstruction hus
assumed, it vory clearly behoovos tho people to
awake ut onco from their lethargy, and abandon
the horetofore-pursued policy of doing nothing.
Until tho adoption of this last hill in the long
series of Radical abominations, the failure to cast
a ballot was a vote in opposition to reconstruction.
But our insolent and unscrupulous rulers have
now changed their tactics ; and all who now fail
to vote, cast their ballot, indirectly, in ftfvor of
the ratification of a Constitution which will es
tablish negro suffrage, negro juries, negro officials
of all classes, and negro domination in general.
Mark well the words. All icho now fail to vote,
emt their ballot, indirectly, in favor of the rati
fication '/ " f"\?iitution whick icill ettabliih ne
gro ?tiffrage, negro jurie?, negro officiait of all
claatei, qnd negro domination in general. For
heretofore it required that a majority of the reg
istered voters should vote upon the question ; ut
present, the necessity is simply that a majority of
the ballots cast should bc io favor of ratification.
Under these circumstances, we do not consider
it necessary to do more than baroly Uy the case
before the white people. That If, as regards their
own vote: Certainly both the judgment and con
science of every patriotic man will carry him to
the polls at the coming ratification election. But
this is not the whole duty of the whito people.
They must struggle powerfully to prevent the
freedmen from pursuing a course in this coming
election which will involve both whites and blacks
in a tcrribio calamity. We have never doubted
the moral power of the white race over the color
ed peoplo, who aro co nearly associated with them
a? employees, if the whites would exert it. The
negroes should be approached kindly, but (ir inly
with such arguments as address their interests,
their safety, and their very means of living. They
should be told that it is not a question of negro
equality and negro rights that is involved iu the
Radical Constitution, but of white rights and
white equality; and that evory one of them th ut
votes for this Constitution declares himself thc
enemy of the white ncc, and must bo so held and
treated in every relation of business aud politics.
No man or woman should loje any opportunity to
tulk to and advise the colored people of their du
ties in this crisis, and of tho dangers which beset
them in following the lead of stiangers and ad
venturers.
Of coursa every hope of succers depends upon
ir.itu..,1,.ir. -j the nagmoJ (largs mi m h pr J af them
at lout) to voto against this Constitution. The
negative vote of every registered white man will
avail naught (except us a protest) without we can
induce many negroes to join us; for it must be
remembered that in the registration in South
Carolina, the nugroen ure 25,000 ia tho majority.
Tbo time is short, but if every man will go ear
nestly to work, perhaps we avert the unutterable
humiliation of enduring the impending evils even
for a day.
As wc remarked last week, we have faith to be
tftve that through the instrumentality of thu
Democratic Clubs already formed and forming in
various sections, the most important service to
the Stat? will be performed.
But let it bc remciuhcred that in tbe formation
of these Clubs, not a single day is to tie lost.
And, notwithstanding this last and most un
principled Reconstruction Law of the Radical
minions in Washington, if the people will do
their duty-if they will fully appreciate and act
in this cristi as bocomes men and patriots-the
Constitution prepared by unprincipled demagogues
ind ign orant negroes may be defeuted.
To Payers of Internal-Revenue Tax.
We call ?HJ attention of all whom it may con
cern, to ihe car l, in another column, of Mr. W. M.
WILSON of Orangeville, who hus been recently
app'iiutod A wi ita nt Assessor of Internul Revenue.
Mr. WILSON is now in our town. He is well
known among our people as the obligiug agont
of thc South Carolina Railroad ut tho Uranito
ville Depot.
. -.- - -
A Most Flagraut Abomination Foisted
Upon Us for Another Year.
Wo have had hopes of getting rid of the Freed
men's Bureau in July next, at wich tinie,'accord
ing to the Art establishing it, it should cease to
exist. But tho Radical? find the institution too
useful. The subjoined telograms will reveal our
prospects in rospect of this matter.
WASHINGTON, March, 19.
In the IL.use, tho Freedmen's Bureau extension
was resumed.
A motion to table the bill was dofeated-St
to too. ;
The bill was passed-96 to 37-strictly a party
vote.
The bill continuos the Bureau one year from
May next, and authorizes its re-c?tahlishment in
Kentucky abd Maryland.
-? -? -
Suicidal Policy.
Tho Reconstruction Convention (says the Chur
lesion -Yid?J hus undo a groat blunder ia its
legislation. The prejudices of race and the pub
lic opinion of tho country aro outraged by the
suction adopted on Monday,-to the effect that
all tho public schools, colleges and universities of
tho State, supported by the public funds, shall be
froe and opon to all the children and youths of
the State without regard to race or color. The
privileges of education could havo been secured
by provisions other than those that required the
mixing of blacks and whites together. Every
such attempt awakens animosity, and will occa
sion conflict. In tho name of public order aud
common sonso, what is there to prevent thc black ?
from being taught in institutions expressly pro
vided for them? What is there to require these
odious intermixtures? Aro we not humiliated
enough already, without seeing our poor old State
clothed in a robe of motley ? Is it impossible to
reconstruct our disordered society without redu
cing it to the degradation of Mexico?
In the interests of the colored people as well
as of the whites, we protest against this frightful
legislation. The time will come, soouer or later,
when those who are now powerless will resume
the influence which laws cannot confer or perma
nently arrest. And when tho reaction comes,
these attempts at amalgamation, now keenly felt,
will ho indignantly remembered.
tgr The Rev. Dr. Van Yachten, a clergyman
of Albany, is regarded as a remarkablo man. Ile
had a house for sale, and entrusted thc negotia
tions to an agont, fixing the price at $6000. Tbe
agont told it for SC iou, and the doctor refused to
receive tho extra $1.00, and orderod it to be re
turned to the purchaser. Very few people in this
world transact business ia this honorable way.
j
Thc South Carolina Reconstruction
Constitution.
On our first page wo present Articles Second
j and Third of thc Radical Negro Confution, re
I cently assembled in Charleston. Next week we
hope to publish many other Articles as finally
adopted.
Below, wo append three important Soctions of
this Constitution, which, after ratification, will be
the law of the land-until thc whole thing is de
clared unconstitutional, which will sooner or later
be done : v
THE HOMESTEAD LAW.
Section 31 of the Legislative Department was
amended and Adopted as follows :
SEC. 34. Tho family homestead of the hoad of
each family, residing in this Stato, such home
stead consisting of dwelling house, out-buildings
mid lands ?ppurt-nant, not to exceed the value of
$1,000, and yearly product thereof, shall be ex
empt from atUcbment, levy cr sale on any mesne
or final process issuod from any court. To secure
thc full enjoyment of said homestead exemption
to the person untitled thereto, or to the head ol
any family, the personal property of such person,
of the following character, to wit: Household
furniture, beds, and bedding, library, arms, carts,
wagons, fHrming implements, tools, neat cattle,
work animals, ?wine, goats and sheep, not to ex
ceed in value in thi aggregate sum nf $500, shall
be subject to iiko exemption as said homestead,
and there shill bo exempted in addition thereto
thc necessary wearing apparel : Provided, That
no property shall Ko exempt from attachment,
levy ur sale, for taxes, or for payment of obliga
tions contracted for the purchase of said home
stead, or tho erection of improvements thereon :
Provided, further, That tho yearly products ol
said homestead shall not hi exempt from attach
ment, levy or sale, for the payment of obligations
contracted in tho production of the same. Il
shall be tho duty of tho General Assembly at iti
first session to enforce tho provisions of this sec
tion.
Nicno DKBTS.
An additional scctiou, as follows, was added tc
tho Judiciary atticlo :
Sec. 34. That all contracts, wbother under seal
or not, th? consideration ef which was the pur
chase of slaves, aro hereby declared null ami
void and of no effect; and no suit, either at law
or io equity, shall bc commenced or prosecuted
for thb enforcement of such contracts ; and all
proceedings to enforce satisfaction or payment ol
judgment on decrees, recorded, enrolled or en
tered upon such contracts in any court of this
State, are hereby prohibited, and all orders here
tofore made in any courts of this Sta'e in rolatior
to such contract?, whereby property ls held sub
ject to decision as to the validity of such con
tracts, are hereby declared null and void and ol
no t?tet.
RIGHTS or MARRIKD WOMBS.
Article Fourteen oontains the following section :
Sue. 8. Tho real ond personal property of s
woman, held at the time of her marriage, or thal
which she may thereafter acquire, either by gift,
grant, inheritance, devise or otherwise, shall not bi
s'ibjoct to levy and salo for her husband's debts,
but sholl be held as her separate property, and
may be bequeathed, devised or alienated by bei
thc same as if abo were unmarried ; Provided,
that no gift or graot from thc husband to the wife
shall be detrimental to the just claims of hu
crediton.
-? ? ? - -
*' Fruit? Meet for Kcpentouce."
In the United States Senate, on March 17th,
tho Bill Removing Politicul Disabilities was or
the tapi* ; and thou and there was said and done
what follows :
Mr. Miller laid that Longstreet's name .-Louie
bc omitted.
Mr. Bingham said, " Oh, no."
A dosen suggestions were offered.
Mr. Bingham begged them not to load tho bill.
W. W. Holden would bo the next Governor o
North Caroliua, and could not act unless thc bil
passed.
Mr. Logan questioned Gov. Orr's cvidetce ol
loyalty.
Mr. Bingham Mid Orr had made nn encoura
ging speech to the South Carolina Convention.
Mr. L >gan wanted to know about Orr's Phil*
delphia speech.
Mr. Bingham declined going into p.irtieu'ar?
hat thuMgbt, that H man wiri hud influence eooujrt
to beal Wale Hampton, ought to bo encouraged
to raise that influence in favor of the reconstruc
tion laws.
Mr. Schenck proposed a month's postponement
to obtain the fact.*.
Mr. Boutwell favored taking the responsibility
Mr. Logan wanted Fruits meet for repentance.
Mr. Furntwurth repeated what Sieklos said o:
Orr, ad.ling, Orr's course at Philadelphia was no
worse than Raymond*, ami Raymond was after
wards admitted to the Radical eaucusses.
Mr. Logan denounced Governor Brown ut
Grcrgia as a nure politician.
Mr. Kelly aid : Mr. Brown worked zealously
and ought to be forgiven. Millions wanted to
know how long Adam had to lie out before GM!
gave him a chance, by thc birth ol u Saviour, to
repent. [Laughter.]
Al! thi-, to he sure, is not very important; but
certainly very amusing, and well calculated to
tickle the largo body of Southern peoplo who
have not b?en " taken up into a high mountain."
Who dois n"> remember what Bill Arp so wittily
said of Joseph ?. Brown ol Georgia? That the
Radicals had taken him " up into an exceeding
high mountain and showed him the world and all
tho kingdoms thereof," and promised him th;
?ame if ho would fall down and worship them.
The result of this Radical tempting is well ktiown.
With Joseph li. Brown, and Longstreet, aod
Holden, however, we have nothing to do. But
in th** eise ol Gov. OUR, it strikes us that
the Radicals arc wantonly unreasonable. "Fruits
m^Pt :'or repentones !*' What do they moan hy
" meet ?" Do :hey want theso fruits to be ripe
un'il they are t.-.ially rotten?
The Ktiklux Klnn.
Mos! people, ns yet, will wonder what the " Kuk
lux Klan" can bc ; and mont people too will prob
ably hear a groat de il about it before very long.
Already in fact, it is one of the sensations of the
d iv. N'ir Joes it promise to be a mere sens-it inn :
but a powerful and lusting instrument of good.
Th? Kuk?iit Klan is a Secret Organization, ron
terrutiee in it? character and breath inj de true
tiffi to Raiiealitm. As such, we *ay : Three
cheers for :he KuxluX Klan!!! If we raixlakc
not, this mysterious order originated lately in thc
North, and has already sprung as if by nilgie
into gigantic proportions. Its numbers and in
fluence are -=iid to bo extending with tho rapidity
of the wind. Its stronghold nt present seems to
be Tennessee. Already, Mr. Maynard, (a r?criant
Southerner,) Representativo in Congress frtm
Tennessee, has announced publicly in the House
that " he lind received threatening intimations
from the K. K. of Tennessee."
In Tmnos.-ee, when ocasi?n demands, tiny
appeur in groat numbers, disguised most mysteri
ously and beyond any chanco of recognition :
and no man kuowj whence they come or whithor
they go.
The Knklax Klan bids fair to be an u?Tset to
the Radical Loyal Leagues which huvo for a
year or more wrought such dire mischief through
out tho length ami breadth of this land. But
while tho Loyal Leagues aro intfi'ably dirty aud
vile, the Kuklux Klau is. elevated and chivalrous.
Beware Loyal Leaguers ! Your machinations
are to be uo longer unopposed or timely suffered.
x u Something's up." The row has begun.
The radical managers aro already in hot wa
ter ; und tho probabilities aro that thc cooks
will spoil the broth. An informal caucus of
thc State Central Committee, the Grand
Council of the Union League, and members
of tbe Convention, waa held at the Club House
ou Tuesday evening, aud the pow-wow was
anything but peaceful. Grave charges were
made against nome of the grand tycoons of
the new party, and threats of public exposure
were mingled with curses loud and deep. It
appears, ur rather it is alleged, that money
bas been freely collected from sundry indi
viduals for the electioneering purposes and
the payment of miscellaneous " incidentals,"
connected with tho several plays that have
been performed upon the radical boards, and
that thc treasurers Lave refused to render an
account thereof, all of which bas very much
disgruntled the actors in the drama, and
aroused suspicions of foul play. During the
caucus. Kohl. Smalls, a colored delegate from
Beaufort, save public notice that his District
would not support 0. C. Bowen as n candi
date for Congress. The inhabitants of James
and John's Islands are likewise opposed lo
the uomiuec, and Colleton is said to be
a shakoy."-Charleston News.
-? ? ---
??27" The Conservatives of Georgia have
nominated Hon. Augustus Reese, of Morgau
Connry, for Governor, and all the leading pa
pers of the Slate have ruo up his name at the
bead of their columns,
Washington News.
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
WASHUTOTOS, March IC
The Radical members of the House arc quite
jubilant over their succoss in running through a
Bill, prohibiting appeals in certain cases to the
United Statos Supremo Court, without attracting
any tiotico. . This Bill is now passed, but the
President maj. veto it; If he does, it will be
passed over his hoad. The five Democratic mern
bors who were aware of the character and object
of the Hill, offered no opposition, knowing that it
would be useless ; others, however, complain of
the rune, by which they were thrown off Unir
gu .rd. The Bill applies to the McArdle case, and
will render the dismissal of that case necessary.
But this is only ono of tho several projects for
preventing tho Supreme Court from giving any.
judgment adverse to the Reconstruction Acts.
It will be observed that Congress thus confesses
that these Acts are plainly unconstitutional, and
that it is necessary fur their enforcement to de
stroy thc authority of the Judiciary over them.
The President's counsel in the impeachment
case are indignant at the refusal of the Senat? to
grant reasonable time for preparation for the de
fence. If a reasonable time be not granted them
after the replication of the House Managers, for
their answer, they may, it is said, throw up their
briefs, leaving tho case to go by default. The re
fusal of tho Senate to grant the necessary timo,
- J upon the application of learned and experienced
lawyers, who aro competent to say what time they
need, may be taken as evidence, that two-thirds
of the Senators have prejudged the case, and
that any defence will bo useless. It is also quite
certain that any plea to the jurisdiction of the
Senate, on constitutional or personal grounds, will
be resisted and overruled. On the other hand, if
the impeachers iihould fail in the attempt to hurry
the trial to a conclusion, they will consider thc
result as doubtful, and will rely upon an accession
of votes from reconstructed States in the South.
In cither evont, Ibo impeachers boast that they
will carry their point.
The mode by which admission is gained to the
Senate galleries-through tickets distributed by
members to their friends, will ensure an auditory
during the trial of persons prejudicial against the
President. If tho 'eats were left free as usual
the auditory would not be unfavorable to the
President's defence.
The President converses froely and calmly npon
tho subject, and is, by no means, confident of his
aquittal, though he thinks that if the Senate act
as an impartial Court, his acquittal will be certain.
LEO.
[Special Dispatch to the Daily Nows.]
WASHINGTON, March 20.-It is understood that
the Supreme Court will decide in the case of Mc
Ardle that Congress had tho power to legislate
for the Southorn States in such manner as might
be required by the changes caused by war; but
that, as tho war is over and peace prevails, such
legislation must ho carried out by the civil au
thority. Upon the>e grounds the court will de
clare tho arrest of McArdle by the military au
thorities to bc uncons "national.
WASHINGTON, March 20.
Colonel J. W. Lawless, formerly of the Fifth
Kentucky Regiment, was mortally wounded at
[ j Nashville to-day in a personal rencontre.
Secretary McCulloch estimates that the recont
f I and pending tax laws will bring thc revenue
$120,000,000 below bis estimates, and apprehends
that the customs will be effected unfavorably by
thc reduction of taxes.
It is snowing herc this morning.
The Iloufle Judiciary Committee is considering
a Bill to declare the fourteenth article of the Con
stitution ruiified.
The President hus nominated E. H. Smith as
Collector of Internal Revenue for tho First Dis
trict ol' South Carolina.
General Hancock and Colonel Mitchell, of his
stuff. Lave arrived.
In the Supreme C-.urt to-day, in thc matter of
the Stale of Georgia r?. General Grant cl. al., on
rn'itiou of Judge Black process was ordered to is
s in. A motion for u preliminary injuuetion was
bel i uudi-r advisement.
General Hancock bas issued a special order re
lieving General Dioiick, Governor of thc Soldiers'
Home of this District. This is not done on the
President's order, and is regarded as a step ic
advance.
In the House, a r?solution was adopted that du
ring the session of thc Impeachment Court, thc
House would attend as a Committee of the Whole
Ike Pacific Rail Road Bill was discussed. It
was stated that tho President of one of thu coin
pallid had speut a half million d?.liars in a confi
dential way in Washington lo secure its pa* fa ge
in lsjl. Mr. Weshburne claimed that at the
present rate of progress and expenditure, when
the road wa.? completed from Omaha to San Frau
cisco, a passage would cost $20ii0, and a car load
of freight $3,000.
With .ut taking uny action iu thc nutter the
House adjourned.
lu the Senate, Mr. Drake offered anew impeach
ment rulo that during the session of the Court Mr
Chase should bo called " Mr. President," and the
Court be addressed ai " Senate."
Mr. Drnko remarked that tho President's coun
sel studiously addressed Chase as " Mr. Chief
Justice" and alluded to thc Sen ile as tho "Court. '
They hal a distinct purpose in this which would
bo developed during the trial.
Mr. Johnson olj-eted to thc immediate consid
eration of the rule und it went over.
Alteran Executive Session the Senate adjourned.
WASOIS'GTON, March 21.-The California As
sembly rejected the fourteenth article, 46 lo 24.
General Hancock doubts the success of the Con
stitution in Texas.
A Memphis dispatch estimates tho majority
against tho Constitution in Arkansas at 15,000.
Municipal elections in Pennsylvania show Dem
ocratic gains.
The Pr?sident and Hancock had a prolonged
interview to-di.y.
Tho Uuilud States Consul at Zanzibar, under
date of November, writes the Stato Department
tliat there is still room for hope that Dr. Living
stone is alive.
In a loose discussion in thc House on thc bill
muztlin? the Supreme Court, Woodward charac
terned the action of the Heusc us indecent. <
Maynard, of Tennessee, said the indecency was \
on the part of tho Supreme Court, which seeks to i
transcend its legitimate sphero and decido politi
sai questions.
A process bas been issued from the Supremo
Court against Grant, Meade, Huger and Rockwell, i (
returnable tho first of December next, to answer ,
in tho Georgia case.
X3T Tho New York Herald says : Judgir by
tho action in thc Case of Alabama, reconstru ?'on
comes down to a fine point. Something lu - a
hundred Northern adventurers and niggers get
together somewhere in a State and make what
they call a constitution. Evidence that this con
stitution is thc act of tho people is not necessary ;
neither is evidence that the pcoplo assent to it.
Let it only bc presented to Congress, and Con
gres? will pa-s a law declaring tho State in. That
is tho whole process; and since reconstruction is
so simple and easy, it may scorn wonderful to tho
country that so nriny astonishing political geni
u<as a.? tho Radicals number could not accomplish
it before.
?Ser* Wo havo received from a private garden
on Hampstead Mall, near the Half Moon Battery
(says tho Charleston Courier,) a sample of green
pea?, which wcro raised in the opon air. They
are the first wc have heard of this season, and
the fortunate gardenor expects to have an abun
dant supply next wock. They aro of he kind
known as the " dwarf marrow fat."
t3f Tho House of Representative* bas pss.?ed
a Bill appropriating fifteen thousand dollars to
thc uso of Mrs. General Bobort Anderson, the
wife of tho officer who held Fort Sumter at the
commencement of the war.
Jt^fA man named William CoU died in Hart
ford, Conn., the other day, at the extreme age of
one hundred and ten. Iiis father was cut off at
on? hundred and ts ?Ire
Hon. John R. Tompkins. -
Ia a cepy of the Mobile Advtrtiter d> Pegiiter
of Jan. IStb, which has accidentally fallen into
our hands, we find the following articles concern
ing a gentleman born and bred ic our midst; one
who, as a citizen of Mobile since his carly man
hood, has done his native District much credit.
As a duty due a much esteemed friend and class
mate, and a former fellow-citizen, we publish tho
said articles.
From tho Evening News of Yesterday.
RESIGNATION OF MR. TOMPKINS.
MOBILK, Jan. 14, 1868.
Mr. Pr?sident : In Juno last, with yourself and
other citizens, I accepted a position on the Board
of Common Council, undercircumstances the most
remarkable in tho history of our country, perhaps,
of time itself. In doing so, I then stated that the
chief motive which actuated this acceptance, was
a disinterested desire to relieve the laboring cred
itors of the city, and to further protect and pro
mote the interests of my home and my own peo
ple. And without endorsing the constitutionality
of the so-called Reconstruction Acts of Congress,
to which I owed my appointment, I could not ig
nore the fact that by the coerceive power of the
military, their provisions would be enforced until
such time as they may bo declaredunontti'.ution
al. And until that time arrives, be it soon or
late, I held it to be the duty of the true citizen to
protect, in every possible way, from the rapacity
of impecunious adventurers, what little the sack
ings of war had left us. Since then I have had
no occasion to change this opinion. And if being
deprived of ray vote would leave your Board at
tho mercy of this element of the municipal gov
ernment, I could not, even undor existing circum
stances, he induced to address you this commu
nication, already delayed, to assist you in perfect
ing certain measures for the public good.
But permit me, Mr. President, further to add,
that I also at one time regarded it the true policy
of the unfortunate and politically oppressed peo
ple of Alabama, to organize the State government
under the provisions of the Reconstruction Acts,
provided the same could be accomplished by the
qualified votera of the country. Such organiza
tion, in my judgment, lon- under protest, would
not have affected the validity of the acts them
selves when presented for .'adjudication. But when
by the machinations ol' an nnscrupulons party tho
plan of reconstruction developed itself into an
adroit scheme to perpetuate party mle and party
power, in utter defiant of reason, justice and
law, and at the cost and to the degradation of my
own race and people (though not personally pro
scribed) I unhesitatingly denounced it asan in
sult to civilization ami to tho white race of Ala
bama. And as the is SUD is now preiented, I cannot
longer obtain my own consent to hold a position
which might by possibility bo construed into an
implied sanction of the nefarious schemes of Rad
icalism.
To what extent, Mr. President, my energies
havo been directed to an industrious effort to pro
tect and advance the interests of the people of
my ward and of the city during my labor with
you, porra it me to say, that my record as a Coun
cilman will attest I sow tender you my resigna
tion, and subscribe myself, with much respect,
Your obedient servant,
JNO. R. TOMPKINS.
To Col. R. S. Bunker, President Common Coun
cil, Mobile.
RESIGNATION OF MR. TOMPKINS.
In the withdrawal of Mr. J. R. Tompkins from
the Council, that body has lost one of its best
working members, and the city a fearless and per
severing representativo. Mr. Tompkins' course,
from thc time ho accepted tho position at the
hands of the Military, has been consistent, manly
and creditable alike to himself aral tho board of
which he is a member. To his untiring energy and
devotion to the city's interests are due many re
forms which have met with the approbation of tho
public. The repeal of thc odious market monop
oly which the members of the Boards which were
turned out so determinedly resisted, was advoca
ted with such earnestncis and ability that it was
carried through, and the free riarkct system
adopted.
There aro other matters which ore equally im
portant, consummated by Mr. Tompkins during
his occupancy of tho position of Council-man.
His presenco will be greatly missed in the Coun
cil, and wo can scarcely hope that the one ap
pointed to fill the vacincy will prove os true and
able a representative to the city.-[Tribune.
We copy with pleasure our neighbor's merited
compliment to Mr. Tompkins. His usefulness and
energy in thc City Council aro unquestioned, and
HS to politics his position has been almost identi
oal with that of Senator Reverdy Johnson, of
Maryland. He i* uncompromisingly against the
Menagerie Constitution.-Rey inter.
?-? ? ______
What He Learnt by Leaving Out a
Row.
Cowr.TA COU.VTV. GA., Sept. 26, ISC".
.If.--?r?. Wilcox, OiLbt A- Co. .
Gents-I bought from your agents at Grant
ville, Messrs. Garrett <_. Zellars, last winter, ono
ton of the Phoenix Guano, and used it for Cotton
on old land that bad been " turned out" eight or
ten years. I would occasionally leave a row
without the Guano, and mn noir fully ?atinjicd
that the manure will increant thc yi*ld four-fold.
I consider it an excellent manure, and mi st
cordially recommend it to the planting public.
/ expect to nie it on my next emu.
Very respectfully,
JAMES WATKINS.
The Edgefield Juries.
The citizens of our Miter District, have un
dertaken to carry out a relief law for deb
tors, by a new process, which is well worthy
our attention.
At the recent term of thc Courts cf Com
mon Pleas, we are informed, that the Juries
to whom were submitted cases of debt, inva
riably found a verdict (if the cause of action
wa? before the wat") of one fourth or twenty
five per cent of the original debt-xeilhoitt in
lend, and in cases, where the debt sued upon
was conti acted for the purchase of slaves, the
hire was computed up to emancipation, and
one fourth oftbat sum was made the amount
of the Judgment.
Wc cannot see any objection to this ac
tion of the people. The verdict ia the law
of each case, and if the jury render such a
one as to be in the eye:) of the judge, viola
tive of previous law, yet he has no power to
alter or amend the verdict of the jury. He
may grant a new trial, or the Court of Appeals
may do so, but it must finally go back to the
people, who in their capacity as jurors, alone
can decide the amount for which judgment
shall be rendered. And if they determine to
find only one fourth of a debt to be justly
due-no matter from what considerations they
may act-we cannot perceive how they are to
bc controlled.
This matter of debt, is the mest serious of
all the problem? around as ; but few solvent
men remain in the country, and the number,
already small, becomes daily less, until it may
require a candle in thc day time to find a
man who can pay his debts. What shall bc
done ? repudiate we carnot ? Take the bene
fit of thc bankrupt law ? many of us are too
poor to meet the immediate outlay necessary
to taking that course. Shall the people of
this whole country, drag on through life,
.logged by a burthen they cannot throw oft'?
We trust not, and we commend to the earnest
?nsideration of our citizens the example of
:he good folks of Edgcfield.-Sumter Wateh
nan.
-? --*- ?
MILITARY GOVERNMENT.-In our columns,
i few days ago, appeared a petition from Mrs.
Mary Collius, of Marion District, to General
Janby, for tho release of her husband, conf?n
?d for, now, eight mouths in Castle Pinckney,
yy military order (as wc are informed) with
out trial. It seems harri, indeed, that with a
?lctity of idle officers about the city, and with
i plenty of men able tc sit on a jury, a citizen
ihould be seized an? imprisoned, and his fara
ly left to starve, without even thc boon of
\ trial-though that trial be but a military
?rce.
We sincerely trust ths.t General Canby, a
West Point regular army ofiieer, will find it
nconsistent with bis pride, rank and educa
tion, to allow further continuance of this op
pression. The man is n man of recognized
character in the community in which be
ives, and his family arc :_oat respectable peo
ile. Crime is crime, but suspicion is no cause
br punishment-even though it be iu South
karolina.-Charleston Mercury. .
_?*_r Hir<tm Smith, an eccentric bachelor at
Jhestcr, Mass, is htving l is sepulchre hewu in a
argo rock in that town. He pays a man seven
lundred dollars to do tho work, and by the stipu
ation the cave is to be seven feet long, four wide
md four deep, and after hi? coffin is put in, the
iperturo will bo scaled up with a marble slab and
lenient. Smith says ho doesn't want mud to get
.round his bones ; he moans to have a good dry
dace for them.
.-? ? ?
jf?C A Nashville dispatch says that one
iVelker, who murdered John Beckncll, of
hat placo, was taken lrom jail by a mob and
lung. He confessed tbs murder, and says
hat ho had subsequently been a soldier in
i South Carolina regiment during the war.
rVhoiahe?

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