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DIRISOE, KEF.SE & CO.
EDGEEIELD, S. C.. DECEMBEE 16, 1868.
VOLUME XXXIII.-No. 51
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING
DURISOE, KEESE & CO.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
The ADVERTISER is published regularly
ovory WEDXKSDAY MOKKIHO, at THREE DOL
LARS per annum; ONE DOLLAR and FIFTY
CENTS, for Six Months; SEVENTY-FIVE
CENTS for Throo Months,-alway in advance.
LS?" All papers discontinued at the expiration
of the time foi which they haro been paid.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Advertisements will bo inserted at tho rate of
ONE DOLLAR and FIFTY CENTS por Square
(10 Minion lines or less,) for the first insertion,
and ONE DOLLAR for each snbsequentinsertion. i
%3S* A liberal-disco :nt will bo made to these
wishing to advertise by the year. j
Announcing Candidates $5,00, in advance.
DAILY AND TRI-WEEK LY, .
BY A. S. WUrLINGTOX & CO.
Daily Paper, 88.00;per Annum.
Tri-Weekly Paper, 84.00 per Annum.
THE COURIER has entored on the sixty
sixth year of its publication. During this
long period of its existence, despite the mutations
of fortune and time, it bas been liberally sup
ported, whilst many of its contemporaries have
boen compelled to succumb to financial necessities.
Wo gratefully record this evidence of the appre
spfour own, and tho efforts of our prede
cessors, to maT^tr'-rhiit it is, and always bas
boan, ONE AMONG>TmfcLEADING COM
MERCIAL AND NEWS JOURNALS OF TBK
SOUTH, and will renew our exertioniT^o^dd to
its acceptability to the public, as well as to plr.ee
?? easily within the reach of all who desire a
FIRST CLASS CHEAP PAPER.
In furtherance of this purpose we now issue
the Daily and Tri-Weekly Courier to our Sub
scribers, at the rate of eight and four dollars per
Our parp?se is to furnish a first class paper
upon the most reasonable living prices.
Charleston, Jan 20 tf 4
PARTIES wishing to Insure their DWEL
LINGS, GOODS, Ac, ?an do so on tho lowest j
terms, and in tho BEST COMPANIES, by call
ing on the Undersigned.
D. R. DURISOE,
Agent for A. G. HALL'S Insurance Agency.
Jan 1 jil
Newly Furnished and Refitted,
UnsUTpasrcoMrjr any Hotel South,
Was Reopened to the Public Oct. 8,1SC6.
T. S. NICKERSON, Proprietor.
Jan. I. . if 1
Corner Drug Store,
?STo. 1, Park How,
T. W. CAR WILE.
1 HAVE just received a FRESH SUPPLY of]
GOODS pertaining to my line of business, con
Tiemac's LAUNDRY BLUE,
Karly's WORM CANDY,
Essence of JAMAICA GINGER, i
Costar's INSECT POWDERS,
Hostetter's STOMACH BITTERS,
Hall's Sicilian HAIR RENEWER,
Spear's FRUIT PRESERVING SOLUTION,
Mrs. Winslow's SOOTHING SYRUP;} ?
Radway'fj READY RELIEF^.
VAT..X^-^Z RnWHaHrATtt MAGNESIA,
PH?LOTOKEN, or FEMALE'S FRIEND, '
Ayor's CHERRY PECTORAL,
Sylvester's BENZINE, or STAIN REMOVER
Beckwith'a Anti-Dyspeptic PILLS,
A. Q. Simmons' LIVER MEDICINE^
Genuine Old PORT WINE,
SHERRY and MADEIRA WINE,
Fine Family WHISKEY,
Biaiuger'8 Old London Dock GIN,
Fresh S2IDLITZ POWDERS,
COOKING EXTRACTS-Lemon, Orange, Va
nilla and Rose,
Durkee's Concentrated POTASH,
NATRONA SAPONIFIER for making SOAP
Cox's SPARKLING GELATINE, Ac.
For the Hair,
Mrs. Allen's ZYLABALSAM?M,
EUREKA HAIR INVIGORATOR,
Antique I1AIR OIL,
Bear's OIL and Creole HAIR OIL,
Pmlocombe POM VDE.
Pure OX MARROW, Ac.
For the Handkerchief*
L?BIN'S GENUINO EXTRACTS-assorteii,
Genuine EE LL COLOGNE,
NIGHT BLOOMING CEREUS, ie.
Higkdy Perfumed RICE FLOUR for the Toilet
Puro LILY WHITE,
Lubin's T' T'- T POWDER,
Fancy P' -ES.
Bazin's SLAVliTG CREAM,
Military Shaving SOAP,
TOILET SOAPS nf all kinds,
. Tho very bust TOOTH BRUSHES.
Fine assortment of HAIR BRUSHES,
Hat and Clothes BRUSHES,
Dreisiog COMBS, Fine Tooth COMBS,
Tooth WASHERS and POWDERS, Ac.
Constantly on hand a large assortment of
LAMPS. Lamp CHIMNEYS, BURNERS, Ac.
PURE KEROSINE OIL,
NURSING BOTTLES, improved stylo,
PENS, INR, STATIONERY,
Faber's LEAD PENCILS, Ac, Ac.
?Stt-All sold for tho most reasonable price, but
T. W. CARWILE,
At Sign Golden Mortar.
June 23 tf 2G
WK HAVE SELECTED wilh'rare different!
varieties of SEED WHEAT, wLich wc ofter I
BRANCH, SCOTT & CO.,
Sept 28 3t 40
ROSE OF CASHMERE. !
NATURAL TINT OF THE COMPLEX
ION. For sale bv
T?IOS. W. CARWILE, ]
At Sign Golden Mortar. I
tf 42 1
'AMES G. BAILIE & BROTHER
having finished tho improvements to their Store,
respectfully invite the attention of their custo
mers and the public generally, to their new and
large stock of CARPETS, .fee, which they have
just received, and are now opening, as follows:
English Brussels and Velvet CARPETS
Heavy Three Ply and Ingrain CARPETS
Venetian, Dutch and Vienna CARPETS
List, Felt and Hemp CARPETS
RUGS, DOOR MATS, BINDING and
Woolen CRUMB CLOTHS and WIDE DRUG
Stair CARPETS, Stair RODS and Stair CRASH
COCOA MATTINGS and Red Check and
CARPET PAPER, HASSOCKS, Ac, Ac.
Wo aro opening a beautiful stock of
REPS, SATIN, DELAINES, DAMASKS, LACE
Gilt and Wood CORNICES and BANDS
PINS, TASSELS, LOOPS an<! GIMPS
MOREENA.TURKEY RED and Chintz CALICO
PICTURE TASSELS, CORDS and NAILS
Piano and Tablo COVERS and Table COVER
Of new styles and patterns, and all sizes used,
with necessary Trimmings.
Our Stock in this department is complete in
NEW TATTERNS. In our stock ol
Wall Papers and Borders,
PAPER SHADES, FIRE PRINTS and SIDE
LIGHT PAPERS, may bo found tho latest pat
terns and a largo Stock to solcct from, and the
prices low enough to please.
Floor and Table Oil Cloths,
Having purchased largely of these Goods, we
aro prepared to offer in all
Quantities and widths of FLOOR OfL CLOTHS
And in all quantities of TABLE OIL CLOTHS
STAIR OIL CLOTHS and OIL CLOTH
A beautiful stock of these goods at LOW I
CAVPETS Mode and Laid, WINDOW |
SHADES Squared, Trimmed ad put up, and
OIL CLOTHS laid promptly.
JAMES G. BAILIE A BROTHER,
205 Broa*d Street.
AugVsta, Ga., Oct. 26 Cm 44
Onr Motto : is Cheap nsllie Cheupcxt!-As
Good as the Best !
JAMES B. GLOVER,
KUSEL &. BROTHER
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
For Men, Boys & Childi en's Wear,
FASHIONABLE HATS & CAPS,
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
No. 250 Broad St.,
Under Globe Hotel,
-A. TT G-XT ST J^f Gr 33 O.
/?^-Tho very latest styles in SILK HATS
always on hand.
A call is respectfully solicited before purcha
sing elsewhere. *
Augusta, Oct 12 3m 42
HAS REMOVED HER
MILLINERY AND FANCY GOODS STORE
From No. 22G to No. 253 Broad St.,
TKO Door? ?loee lite old Insurance Dank,
Where she has Opened an Elegant and
Varied Assortment of
HATS Am BONNETS,
-OF ALL THE LATEST STYLUS,
Which sho will sell atibo LOWEST POSSIBLE
PRICES, Wholesale and Retail.
Augusta, Oct 12 lui 42
WE ARE NOW PREPARED to receive
Orders for No. 1 PERUVIAN GUANO,
which wo arc expecting direct from tho PERU
VIAN AGENTS, and which we can GUARAN
TEE TO BE PURE, and of FRESH IMPOR
Parties buying before its arrival, will bo al
lowed a LIBERAL DISCOUNT. :
We would advice our friends to send in thvir
BRANCH, SCOTT & CO.,
.2G8 BROAD STREET,
. AUGUSTA, GA.
Oct 27 1m 44
JAS. T. GARDINER,
AND THE BEST
BONE SUPER PHOSPHATES,
And for which
ATI Orders will Reeeire Prompt Attention,
AT TUE L01VEST CASH PRICES.
Auguata, Oct 20 Cm 43
1 Bbl. Standard White KEROSINE OIL,
warranted -o st And tho test of heat 110 degree?,
and is thoroforo .non-cxadosivc.
G. L. PENN.
Oct 28 tf 44.
I Janette's Hair.
DY MILKS O'REILLEY.
0 looso tho smooth hat that you wear, Janett
Lot me tangle my hand in your hair, my pet
For the world to mo had no daintior sight
Than your brown hair veiling your shoulder wi
As I tangled my hand in your hair, my pet.
It was blown, with a golden gloss, Janette,
It was fmcr than silk of tho floss, my pet;
'Twas a beautiful mist falling down to your w?
'Twos' a thing to bo braided and jewelled
'Twas tho loveliest thing in tho world, my pot
My arm was tho arm of a clown, Janette;
It was sinewy, bristled and brown, my pct;
Lut warmly and softly it loved to caress
Your beautiful plenty of hair, my pet.
Your eyes had a swimming glory, Janette,
Revealing the dear old story, my pet ; -
They wore gray, with thatchastoned tingo of
When the trout leaps quickest to snap thc fly
And they matched with your golden hair, my ]
Your lips-but I have not word?, Janctto,
They were fresh as tho twitter bf birds, my p<
When the spring is young and tho roses are w
With dow drops in caoh rad bosom set,
As they suited your gold-brown hair, my pet ;
Oh, you tanglod my life in your hair, Janotte
'Twas a silken and golden snare, my pet.
But so gent?o tho bondage my soul did implon
Tho right to continuo thy slave evermore,
With my finger enmeshed in your hair, my pe
Thus ever I droam vrhat you wore, Janette,
With your lips and your eyes, and your ha
my pet ; . j,
In thc darkness of desolate years I moan,
And my tears fall bittorly over tho stono
That covers ?'our goldon hair, my pct.
Editors Southern Cultivator :
I cannot refrain expressing ray plea
ure, that others are giving the sad co:
dition of our once prosperous and hapj
South; some thought. I allude to Co
mopolitan, in the June number of tl
Cultivator. My first comnrm??crrri?m 1
you upon this subjecfci?ras to call tl
attention of plantt?r?r to it, and arous
them to action./'"While I admire tl
'zeal and co?fidence of Cosmopolita
upon this subject, I very much fear L
prescribes duties which lay beyond th
functions of such a society as 1 am ajD
ions to aid in organizing. I allude t
agricultural clubs exclusively, althong
other branches of labor or commerc
may be incidentally fostered and prc
tected. I have known some planters t
lose a crop by attempting to do to
much, and many instances could bi
cited where they have gotten very niue]
in the grass by over-cropping themselves
First, I think he has allowed too littl
time for a meeting to organize a club
this subject should be fully and fairl;
discussed before the people, and tin
rmblic mind well matured for sd impor
tant a change as is proposed by thesi
organizations. I regard the organiza
tion of these clubs, guided by wise regu
lations, as the basis of a revolutior
pregnant with more prosperity for tin
Sorrtlr, than any steps takeii_by_ its peo
ple, since the crushinglboVprinfs of flic
despised radicals have been seen upor
our soil, or .their destructive language
and councils have been listened to ii:
our land. It is no gaudy tinseled toy
for our momentary admiration, and then
to be numbered amongst the follies oJ
the past. It is thc embryo of a giant
the nucleus of a system that will ramify
through our entire country, and identi
fy itself with the interest of every
planter in the South. I regard an agri
cultural club already impotent for good,
which attempts to regulate direc tly thc
price of cotton or any other produce.
Its influence in this matter should be in
cidental. The great object should be tc
cheapen the productions of the farm,
which we can do by a wise organization
of agricultural societies, availing our
selves of the use of improved labor-sav
ing-implements, pure seed, genuine fer
tilizers, the benefit of the experience of
each other in the use of manures, as
well as the best'jUanfor the manage
ment of free negro Thabor. And just
here, I will give a gratufteti^r^scjip
tion for the great malady alluded tPof
your correspondent of July, signed B.,
cf Butler, Ga., as to making free negro
labor available. 1st. Free our country
of all Negro Bureaus and garrisons ;
hire the negroes for money wages, under
a just and stringent contract ; hire none
but can satisfy you of an honorable dis
charge from their former employer, and
discharge him for the first violation of
his contract: Let thc Legislature not
omit to pass a wise and strict system of
game laws, whicfi will do much to pre
vent the negroes from shooting our stock
on our own lands.
Organize agricultural clubs through
out the South, and enact' laws to meet
the above demands, and\ we will place
the South upon the high road to inde
pendence. At least, let us begin to
clear away the rubbish of ruin and des
pair, and declare to the world that we
will bc free and independentof the loath
some, pestilential radical usurpers of
the North and ?South.
H. M. HUNTER.
A MODEL OLD MAN.-Jacob Winans,
of Milton, Mahoning county, Ohio, was
born in 1709, and married at 21. His
wife bore him seventeen children, four
; eon of whom are now living, the young
est of them having turned fifty. In
July last, at the age of ninety-nine
years, he walked from Garrettsville to
Milton, a distance of thirty-one miles, in
less than six consecutive hours, with only
one rest, the mercury being 9G degrees.
He has not tasted intoxicating liquors
for over sixty years ; never paid a dol
lar for doctor or lawyer's fees ; has voted
at every Presidential election since the
adoption of our Constitution, and has
served his country in two wars.
fig?" Some boys in Millersburgh, Oh ft),
on Hallow E'en, took a wooden image
from the front of a tobacco store and
suspended it at the top of a hickory
pole. Some one wrote to a Cleveland
paper that a copperhead mob had hung
a Mr. "Woodman, and the Radical con
cern gulped it down with a relish. But
the wooden man was not hurt much.
gnf The Emperor of Russia contem
plates building a railroad from China
across Asia to the capital of Russia, .his
purpose being to prevent thc United
States, with its railroads and steamers,
from monopolizing the whole China
trade. Agents of the Russian Emperor
arc now in the United States engaged
in studying our railway system.
Letter from Ex-Go vernor Pickens,
LEX- ?TON 0. H., Nov. 25,1868.
\nuemen:-The enclosed commu
nication was received by us, in response
to an invitation to Governor Pickens to
be with, and address us at a public
meeting, held at this place on the 29th
October last. We would be pleased to
have you publish it in your paper, anc'
HENRY A. METZE, )
F. S. LENIE, [.Com.
R. HAMIAN, J
EDGEWOOD, October 17, 1868.
Gentlemen':-! return you my thanks
for your kind invitation to address the
people of Lexington on the 29th instant.
Lexington is the place I made my first
speech at the Bar, soon afterf-was 9a
mitted. But I regret my inabili?y^to
do so under the circumstances in which
I am situated. 'Vyh?hever I have here
tofore addressed^my fellow-citizens, I
have been accustomed to utter, "without
reserve or disguise, the sentiments of
my heart. It would be impolitic thus
to speak at present. My heart is too
full of the sorrows of a degraded. and
ruined country, and my tongue" is too
old to be trained to lisp the accents
suited to the changed state of ^hingsi
amongst us. I, therefore, --prefer to re
main quiet, and act .^SrrM;he advice
given to us'allbyJ^ Adams in his re
cent speechJl??livered at Charleston.
His^yords^i?ve, 1; Keep cool, watch your
xStrncc, come whence it may.'.' It was
always my opinion that the South had
Letter keep from taking any lead in-the
Presidentini canvass, but to leave to the
North the entire responsibility of mak
ing the issues and fighting the campaign
through. Our liberties and institutions
have been overthrown and crushed, and
it is for them to decide now whether
their's too shall fall ; for it is plain to.
any reflecting mind that tho conquest
and overthrow of our States, South,
must result finally in the overthrow of I
their's, North, and in a permanent
change of the Government. They unit
ed to overthrow ours, and now let them
save their own if they can. It is clear
we have no power to save ourselves or
Montesquieu has profoundly remark
ed that no Republic can afford to con
quer and subjugate a people, or hold in
subjection any portion of its own peo
ple, because this requires the exercise
of more arbitrary powers than is com
patible with the forms of a Republic;
and the exercise of these powers must,
from their very nature, cjmnge the Gov
ernment. ifsclfL-. Trno ihn >ncfnllnt-nn |
of the Democratic party in power might
prove a groat step towards the check of
arbitrary authority, and perhaps to the
final reformation of the Government it
self. But this would require the high
est statesmanship and greatest nerve.
And the country seems to have passed
that point. Mr. Adams appears to think
that " watersheds" " in the outer slopes
of the mountains'' will hereafter " pro
duce afiinitics," and the " great interior
basins" may produce " antagonisms,"
that will <lrivc us all together under the
wing of Massachusetts for shelter and
protection from the pelting storms that
may arise in future conte?ts. God save
us from sudi protection ! ! If we are to
claim protection, lotus rather look for
it in those interior basins of the West.
where many of our kindred and race
have gone, and arc now living. It wns
puritanical fanaticism that drenched old
England in blood and overthrew the
government for a time. Audit is the
same puritanical race in New England,
with its fanaticism, that has drenched
this country in blood and overthrew
<r?3^joyej-nmcnt. We can never stand
togetrlCT!wkh them under any " water
shed" to cla?m^protection, particularly
from any storm%wfnat?, may arise from
the great interior baa?a?si|fthe great
West. ? J?5 ti .
We must rather follow our kindred
and our race where there is at least
some magnanimity and heroic generosi
ty to redeem many errors. I fear no
such affinities, as are to be found under
any " water sheds," will ever restore
the great checks and balances of our
wonderful constitution as made by our
fathers, no matter how the ingenious
abstraction may be urged under the
weight of a great name inherited.
No great system of public lj.berty-has
ever been restored when once over-1
thrown, except perhaps amongst th?
British people, when William of Orange
restored it hy force, and from a foreign
nation. But then he was a profoundly
wise and virtuous man, and ' the hertft
of England was with him. As a gene
ral rule, when liberty is once over
thrown, public virtue sinks, and the na
tion becomes prostituted and demoral
ized, so that there is no heroic patriot
ism and disinterested devotion to the
country left, to build hopes upon, by
which you.may be able to reinvigorate
and regenerate the great principles of
liberty. Perhaps I may be mistalien in
this country. 1 hope I may be, and
that there may bo enough of sturdy en
durance and firm determination in the
Anglo-Saxon nature amongst us, to save
yet many of the fundamental principles
of conservative freedom.
Mr. Adams also advises us not to
suffer ourselves to be absorbed in cither
of the great parties North. lu this, I
entirely concur. We ought always to
act with and assist, if we can, the party
that stands nearest to the Constitution.
I further think it probable, if Gen.
Grant should be elected, that he may
fall into the councils of the old army
officers, and if so, they have been far
more conscientious than the extreme
Radical politicians. We have felt thc
most odious measures instigated by the
ultra fanaticism of political Radicals.
But Gen. Grant will have wisercounseh
than such men can give. Pie will need
and require a firm and steady Govern
ment, it'his policy should bo to diver!
the public mind from the contemplation
and excitement of our internal divisiom
and struggle?, by turning it towards tin
acquisition of foreign and rich countries
and thus extending the national power
and our means for meeting the respon
sibilities of our public debt. In such a
policy he will require a strong Govern
ment, and will be interested in securing
peace and contentment at home. To
do this, he must organize the produc
tive.labor and resources of the country
on the firmest basis, for without this he
cannot sustain the public credit and
finances of the Government. The great
i vo.-y^ces of the Southern States cannot
be relied on, nor can the finances of the
Government be permanently sustained,
undjer the absolute negro Governments
as now, established in this country. He,
from necessity, must place things upon
a more Conservative and permanent con
dition than now exists, or he cannot
consolidate the Government so as to
at power abroad. Besides, in his
t made'some yearsago on the state
JgSouthern country, he gave us
conservive views, and expressly re
commenced the abolition of the Freed
man's Burea%(^or ratber that it should
be under the command of the Chief of
the Army', and not a separate organiza
tion;.' I recollect when Gerfc^Harrison
wa^elected President, it was supposed
e would follow the counsels of the
e Whigs of his party, but his ad
ation, in fact, 'fell into thc hands
i most conservative portion of his
. It wasf'the same case when Gen. Tay
lor was elected. Imention these cir
cumstances to urge Tt?ojivyou, from our
experience, to" hep CQoV'^^uajA?yents"
ana take advantage of circumstances as
they arise. Amongst" a profligate a"UjL|
dissolute people, the strong Governments
o? one is better and safer than the loose
Government of the ignorant many.
True, you can no longer appeal to the
Abracadabra of the Constitution. Its
spirit is gone, and gone forever, I fear ;
but on all proper opportunities, appeal
to it whenever you can. Be faithful
indirue to it ; clo nothing rash or noth
rig under the pressure of passion, ag
gravated by grievous wrong. True, we
?ave.-seen enough to almost shake our
confidence in the superintending of a
good.God over the aii'airs of men. But
recollect that greater people than we
are, and perhaps more' worthy, have
been crushed and exterminated under
the iron heel of despotism. But still
God reigns, und in the end His divine
goodness will triumph. His ways are
not as our ways, nor are his ends and
purposes seen by poor, frail man.
Many of our wrongs of late have risen
out of the prognitical experiment of ap
pointing' Provisional Governors, with
an attempt at sovereign power'in the
reorganization of these State.?, upon the
assumed principle tho,*; they imd never
?Mti$SH&- ffip'r^Bft'fo'pv never could. _YoU.
might as well assume that no ImtTTe Mir
ever been fought, and that tliere had
only been incidental: skirmishes.
This fatal error produced others, and
further confusion, with violent, bitter
party feelings, and we were made the
victims of both sides. Then, after this,
the Government has boen managed by
a total want of nerve. This has thrown
all power into the hands of the daring
and reckless, and they seized on posi
tion to gratify passion, avarice, and am
bition, and wo, without power, have
been made to suffer at thc hands of the
daring and abandoned.
I am induced to fear that neither of
the croat parties North care much for
us or our condition. We think we have
suffered so much, that our deeds of he- j
roi sm and valor ought to enlist the
sympathy of all ju.se and virtuous men
everywhere. But in fact, we really en
list but little more feeling than do tho
heroic and brave men and noble women
of Paraguay. What people upon this
earth have ever exhibited more devo
tion, virtue, and heroic courage and en
durance'than they have? Yet who,
even amongst us? ever thinks or iee?
for that noble and bleeding people?
Such is the case to\vardt??867'1rmi we
now have, in fact, jjptTmuch to rely upon
but ourselves. :,JEfe? us exert ourselves
to restore a conservative influence over
State Government if possible. La
support our families by every
st means, no matter how humble,
in every nerve and drain every re
ce to educate our children, for with
out this the country must sink down to
permanent degradation. Pursue our
industrial and peaceful occupations as
best we can. Eschew party contests'
and the bitterness/of-' politics. Bear
our fi^/r^h^nduring philosophy.
Sigh/?ot for riches, for we must be poor:
**E?^times are troublesome, and there is
'Uncertainty ahead; Scenes may ari?e
where a rich man may feel danger and
suffering. Better be a virtuous people,
brave and truthful, than to have pow
er, wealth, and station, from the plun
der ond robbery of the helpless aud
wronged. Ii may not become . ie to
assume thus to advise you, but you will
pardon it from the love I bear my
State. I anxiously desire that no por
tion of her people shall do any thing
wrong, or act from passion or in rash
ness. All we have, our wives and chil
dren, are at stake. I love my own
home and my own country, because it
was the home and the country of my
' We arc in a painful and critical situ
ation. We are in the midst of great
events. The Government is probably
changing from a Republic into an Em
pire. Most other Republics have gone
in this way. The growth and progress
of all'people appear to be developed, by
internal causes, that seem to be of the
very nature of national existence, and
beyond the control of man.
Great events modify and shape Gov
ernments. All government is an evil,
and we only submit to it because it pre
vents the greater evil of anarchy. AU
wise statesmanship consists of a choice
of evils, always choosing the lesser evil.
We are at present prostrated and con
quered. " Keep cool," wait events, take
advantage of circumstances as they risc.
Do your duty faithfully to all around
you. And for God and your country.
Do nothing that you may have to re
gret. Justice and Truth may yet re
sume th cir . broken sceptre. Let poster
ity know and feel that we at least dc
served to befree.
In haste, but faithfully and truly
F. W. PICKENS.
To HENRY A. METZE, F. S. LEWIE,
R. HAMIAN, Committee.
Don't Believe in Advertising.
The m ju who doesn't believe in ad
vertising is all the while doing what he
deprecates. He hangs coats outside of
the door, or puts dry goods in his win
dows-that's advertising. He has prin
ted cards lying on his counter-that's
advertising. He sends out drummers
through the country, or puts his name
on his wagon-that's advertising. He
labels the articles of his manufacture-r
that's advertising. If he has l?st his
cow he puts a written notice at the post
office, or tells his sister-in-law about it
and that is advertising too. He has his
name put up in gilt letters over his door
-what is that but advertising ? He
paints his shop green, or red ; or, if a
tailor, he wears the latest styles : or if a
doctor, he has his boy call him out of
church in haste ; if an auctioneer, he
bellows to attract the attention of pas
sers-by ; if a heavy merchant, he keeps
a huge pile of boxes on his sidewalk iii;
front of his store-and ail for advertis
A man can't do business without ad
vertising, and the question is whether to
call to his aid thc engine of the world
-the printing press with its thousand
of messengers working night and day,
the steam engine adding to its repeat
ing capacity and untold power and mir
a^plous speed ; or, rejecting all these,
to go&Hd^to the days when newspa
pers, telegr?tprr54v?fLja?lroads were un
" But advertising costsm<mey !" So
does everything that's worth having. If
advertising cost nothing, all theV third,
fourth and second class petty shopsWould
stand an equal chance with the most
respectable houses. If you want to
prove to the world that yours is a first
From the Macon (Ga.) Telegraph.
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe Con
We hear from Florida that Mrs.
Beecher Stowe, the authoress of "Uncle
Toni's Cabin," who a year or two ago
bought a.place or. the St. John's River,
near Jacksonville, says she wants to
live long enough to write another book-i
to correct the mistake of " Uncle Tom,"
and show that a great blunder was com
mitted when slavery was abolished.
From original condition of sentimental
attachment to the negro, she has lapsed
into a state of unconquerable dislike
tsm? IL i ciLiuu. - 61r*> Mri-11-itofc-iwvv? th am
abel! i her, either in doors or out. She
turned them all off her place, and al
lows no one with a black skin to ap
proach her. Wc are told that an ac
quaintance of ours sought to send her a
message by a black stewardess on board
a steamboat, but she refused to allow
the negro to approach her. Her mind,
as wc nave been credibly informed, is
very much inflamed against the negro ;
and this, probably, from comparing their
efficiency and aptitude as laborers and
servants with that of the Northern
whites. Her fancy picture of the Af
rican has been spoiled, and her senti
mental affection has turned, in conse
quence, to violent aversion. LikeSqucers,
Tue mille of human sympathy in her
bosom bas all turned to curds and
A Hundred Vears in Frist
A certain house-breaker w?s con
demned, iii the latter part pf the last
century, in France, aiid^urfoter peculiar
circumstances, ioa ^Jmridrcd years in
and strange to relate, this
m recently made his appearance in
his own native province, at the ad
vanced age of one hundred and twenty
years, he being about twenty years of
age when the sentence which condemned
him to such a dreadful punishment was
passed. It is difficult to conceive what
the feeling must have been with which
he returned, as soon as emancipated
from the shackles which had enthralled
him for a century, to breathe once more
the cherished air of the scene of his in
fancy. Bourg, in the department of
Ain, was his. native home, but time had
so changed the 'aspect of the whole,
that he recognized it only by the Church
of Bron, which was the only thing that
had undergone no alteration. He had
triumphed over laws, bondage, man,
time, everything. Not a relation had
he left. Not a single being could he
hail in acquaintance ; yet he was not
without experiencing the homage and
the respect the French pay old age.
For himself, he had forgotten everything
connected with his early youth ; even
all recollection of the crime was lost,
or, if at all remembered, it was a drea
ry vision, confounded with a thousand
other dreary visions of days long gone
by. His family and connections, for
several generations, all dead ; himself ?
living proof of the clemency of Heaven
and the severity of man ; regretting,
perhaps, the very irons which had been
very familiar to him, and half-wishing
himself again among the wretched and
suffering beings with whom his fate had
been so long associated. Well might
he be called the patriarch of burglars.
-? -*- ?
BS?* A cockney baronet sat near a
gentleman at a civic dinner, who allud
ed to the excellence of the knives, ad
ding, that " articles manufactured from
cast steel were of a very superior qual
ity, such as razors, forks, &c." " Ay,"
replied the cockney baronet, " and soap,
too-there's no soap like Castile soap."
fi?* During the war, a Georgia sol
dier, while in camp near the house oi
his sweet-heart, sent her a boqueL- with
a card attached, upon which was the
following poetic effusion :
" Axcept thia bo kay from a feller,
Who oft hos hurd the kanona belier,
Has listonod to tho life's tooten,
And helped to doo a heep OT shootcn ;
Has seen the war clouds darkly rise,
Like fifty buzzards when they flizo,
Who now is bigger than his dad,
And wants to marry mighty bad."
On Wednesday last one of the
fearful outrages was perpetrated ir
At about ten o'clock, P. M.,
ruffians, disguised as negroes, ent
the dwelling of Mr. Ben. R. Sercy,
miles from Griffin, and shot himthn
the body, then searched the prei
for plunder ; they obtained two
watches, and a considerable sui
money, in specie. They then took
ed her to make her tell where o
valuables could be found. From ?
alarm they turned Miss Tyson loose
Mr. Sercy, at last accounts, was a
but there is no chance for his recov
Miss Tyson is his niece. Mr. S. is
of our oldest and most respected
zens, and Miss Tyson is a young\ 1
above reproach. The object of tl
villains was plunder. "They real
several hundred dollars-took this
man's life-grossly mal-treated J
Tyson, and are yet at large. The
dent object of these scoundrels was
get the money arising from the sale
the Tyson property, on Tuesday 1
but Mr. Sercy had not received it, J
the assassins only got what he had
hand. From what has been lear'nec
is evident this band of four rob!
were composed of two or three negri
led on by one or two white men disgi
ed as negroes, and we have no do
that there is one or more well organi:
clans, with headquarters at Griffin,
rectetl by white men whose busines
to steal from the citizens' at wholes
and retail, and where stealing can
be effected, to rob, plunder and murd
How long will our citizens submit
such outrages ? If our'mnnicipal, Sta
and country officials fail to ferret o
and bring to justice th?se hellions,
ar? in favor of a California Vigil!*!
? ? ?-- _
DEATH OF GENERAL N.?G. EVANS.
Brigadier Gen. N. G. Evans, of tl
State, familiarly known among his co
panions in arms in the Confederate si
vice as General " Shanks" Evans, di
very suddenly on . Monday, the 3C
Nov., at Midway, Bullock county, A.
bama, where he was engaged in teac
ing. General Evans was a graduate
West Point, and served with credit
au officer in thc United States army i
to the secession of South Carolina,
a .hand-to-hand encounter with Cama
che Indians on the Texas frontier, 1
behaved with such distinguished gi
lantry that he was presented with
sword by the Legislature of South Ca
He fought' throughout the late wa
frnni_?k_ ho'giajrin? to. the_.end._JB
regiment opened the fight at the fii
battle of Manassas, and he was honor
bly mentioned in General Beauregard
official report for his courage and ski
on that occasion.
He was in command of 'the Confed
rate forces at the battle of Leesburg, (
Ball'? Bluff, which proved so disastroi
to the. enemy. Later in the war he m
nouvred his brigade against the enenr
with largely superior numbers, throne
a winter's campaign in North Carolin
succeeding, with amere handful of me:
in baffling every -effort of General Fo
ter, the Federal commander, to ent<
the interior of the State. His brigac
was afterward ordered to Mississipp
where they endured the ?nparalele
hardships and trials of the Vicksbur
campaign, and from that time on 1
and they shared the fortunes of tl
Western,army until the^aljur^nde
in'North Carolina. Since the war til
cumstances compelled him, like man
other brave men, to ? leave the. Stat<
and he died.an-exile from his home an
friends.-Charleston Daily News.
---- ? ?
NEGRO SUFFRAGE EVERYWHERE.
The Lynchburg Virginian says :
" For ourselves, we may say that w
have fought this matter on principh
never having been able to view it in th
light of an expediency ; but if we are t
be overborne by the remorseless ma
j ority of the North, and they will ap
"ply this principie to themselves, we shal
nave much les3 right to complain, evei
though a larger share of the evil of un
limited negro suffrage will fall to u?
In that case we shouldaccept it for bot
ter or for worse. So, go ahead, Mr
Greeley, and let us have 'equality be
fore the law,' with the right to choosi
representatives in all the States alike
As submission, not choice, is the alter
native presented to us, we will submit
Now, what more can be asked ?"
? ? ? ?'
WESTON'S FIVE THOUSAND MIL]
WALK.-At four o'clock on Wednesda]
afternoon, Edward Weston started oi
hip great walk of five thousand mile
from the steps of the courthouse in Ban
Sor, Maine, to St. Paul. At the outse
e was accompanied by Mr. George H
Warren, brother to Mrs. General Ton
Thumb. Major T, G. Fields, Mr. J. B
Kibler, D. Palmar, H. Totten, and L
N. Solomon. An immense multitud(
assembled to witness the departure ol
the pedestrian, and a deal of enthusl
asm was manifested. He started off al
a rapid gait, followed by the populace
until he was well out of town. Wes
ton's journey is to St. Paul and bael
through St. Louis, Cincinnati, Balti
more and Philadelphia is to the City
Hall in New York, where it is to termi
nate one hundred days hence.
Nothing annoys a man more than tc
be eagerly questioned when he comes
home tired. Give him a neatly served
dinner, or a pair of easy shippers and a
cup of tea, and let him eat and drinh
in peace, and in time he will tell you,
of his own proper motion, all you wish
to know. But if you begin tue attack
too soon, the chances are that you will
be rewarded by curtly spoken monosyl
. ables. Put down that piece of wisdom
in your note-book, girls ; it will serve
' you well some day.
> -?- ?
B@- A young lady who prided her
self on her geography, seeing her can
'dle aslant, remarked thai it reminded
her of the " Leaning Tower of Pisa."
" Yes," responded a wag, !.! with this
difference, that is a tower in Italy, while
this is a tower in grease."
A geologist, once travelling in a stage
coach in England, happened to sit oppo
site to a lady ; glances were exchanged,
and mutual admiration seemed to be the
result. Eye language was soon ex
changed for verbal conversation ; after
a few interchanges about fossils and pu
[ trifactions, they began to talk about
living subjects-from generalities to
Rpedalities-^-from the third person plu
ral, to the first person singular.. Said
the gentleman, " I am still unmarried;"
quoth the lady, " So am I ;" said thp
former, " I have sometimes thought of
marrying;" the latter responded, "So
have I." Then a pause ensued. "Sup
pose," said the gentleman, " we were
to marry one another-I would love
cherish." " I," said the fuir one, "would
honor and obey." In two days they
were married. Few will admire such a
precipitous courtship ; it is altogether
too short. '
It is often said-suitors never talco
no for answer. The following, seems to
verify the statement :-An Irish gentle
man made overtures to a rich widow,
who conceiving a violent antipathy^o
ward him, his suit was rejected. But-?
with this persistent swain, no-was rio \
answer. To escape his persecutions, the
lady was' compelled to fly to England,
but her lover soon discovered her at
Bath, and became as assiduous as ever.
At Cheltenham she was besieged in a
like manner, and at length she sought
refuge in Brighton. She had been but
a few days settled on the Steyne, when
she observed her odious tormentor pass
her window. He nodded to her with
the familiarity of an old acc_
Resolved upon a desperat^f^LWdv, the
lady sent her servant^ti^request that he
would favor herr?n-an interview. He
came : and?^assoon as they were alone,
she njheaii'sed the' /various persecutions
" ad received from him, and stated
that she had sent for him oxjr that occa
sion, to put an end to them forever.
" Now, sir." said she, taking-np a Bible
from the table, and kneeling while she
raised it to her lips, with the greatest
solemnity, " By virtue of my oath, I
will never marry .you !" This ^he
deemed conclusive; but - not.so to her
lover : with admirable coolness heJcnelt
beside her^and, taking the "bo&k':iroin
her hand, kissed it also, exclaiming,
" By virtue of my oath, madam, I was
never certain of you until this moment."
The widow's heart was not invincible, it
seems, for, as the story goes, she was
led captive to the hymeneal altar in less
than a calendar month.
A GOOD SENTIMENT.-" I nta rich
euough," says Pope to Swift, "and can
afford, to give away a hundred pounds a
year. I would not crawl upon the caith "
without, doing good. I will enjoy^the
pleasure of what I give .by giving.it
alive, and seeing another enjoy it. When
I die I should be ashamed t? leave
enough for a monument, if a wantin ?
friend is above ground." That speech ot
Pope is enough to immortalize him, in
dependently of his philosophical verses.
A WOMAN'S IDEA.-A gehtlerjtan and
Iiis wife were playing at tie tables in
Baden in the midst of a crowd :
"Hold!" said the lady, "an idea!"
"What is it?" " I'm going to bet on the
number of my age."- "All right," n
plied the husband, without turning hi.-1
head, being occupied in ogling a pretty
waitress. His wife placed a louis on
the number twenty-five : " Thirty-six,',
drawled the croupier, in a, nasal tone'
" Thirty-six, you nave won," exclaimed
ihju^ausbond, with delight. Madame
redd?tefldto her eyebrows, watched tho
rake as itrtirew away the louis from
number twenl^ive, and quitted the
room, vowing neverto^Lie again about
BS?* A young gentleman, five -years
of age, was approached with childish
endearments by an infant of eighteen
months. " Don't you see," said the
mother, " that the baby wants to kiss
you?" "Yes," replied young matu
rity, " that's because it takes me for his
F. L. SMITH,
Eu'ge?fcld, 8. C.
_ HE SUBSCRIBER turaounces to bia friend,',
patrons, and tho public' generally of Edgeficld
and the- adjoining District.-, that having lately
bought out tho interest of LEWIS JONES in
the old and lung-cs'ab!i'hed Firm of SMITH A
JONES, be is now, us heretofore, prepared to do
ALL MANNER OF WORK in the
COACH MAKING, BUGGY MAKING AND
All work entrusted to him, will be executed in
a thoroughly artistic and workmanlike manner,
and with groat promptness and dispatch.
The Subscriber is in the habit of visiting tho
great Northern Cities (.very Full with tho express
view of inspecting all improvements in Coach
and Buggy Building, and of adopting such as he
may approve of.
I have on hand a good Stock of SUPERIOR
CARRIAGES and BUGGIES of my owu MAN
UFACTURE, which I will Soil Low.
ALL KINDS OF REPAIRING dono prompt
ly, and warranted to give-satisfaction.
Aa I SELL ONLY FOR CAJH, my Prices
are unusually reasonable.
Qr* All I ask is a trial.
F. L. SMITH.
Edgefield, S. C., Dec 1 _ly 49
THE Subscribers announce that they have
REMOVED their BAR to the old PLAN
TERS' HOTEL, where may be bad the BEST
Whiskies, Brandies, Wines, Cordials,
SEGARS, Ac, Ac.
And that Mr. CHARLU: On AV will bo on hand at
aU hours ready to wait on customers in the most
Call in and test the superior quality of our
WHISKEY and BRANDY at Wholesale, and
C. A. C HEATH A M & BRO.
Deel tf ,48