rgrfitto |fo berti sen
Jas. T. Bacon, thos. J. Adams.
E. KEE8E, Corresponding Editor.
kOdge?eSd, '?. C., June ?, 188?.
Congressman Tlllnan Voicing the Pop
This week we publish, in full, the long,
interesting and valuable letter to the Aiken
Journal & l?exirxo-a paper deeply, no
bly and effectively interested in the
grpat cause-Mn response to a request for
his views upon education in South Caroli
na. Our people, we know, will follow
thci: distinguished representative through
this letter with pecultar interest. He be
lie ve* that whatever is done for education
in South Carolin*, must be doDe by South
C-troiina herself, without expecting help
from the North or the nation. And al
ready she is doini.' mueb. The blacks re-,
ceive more for school? than they pay into
tie* treasury foi all purposes. Mr. Till
man believes thia liberality to be a little
And certainly. Mr. Tillman hits the
nail on the head when he gives as the
chic;' obstacle? to education, poverty and
sparseness-rather than any great defect
m our school .-ys?etr. With money and
with denser population, the present sys
tem, with a few chances, will be all that
ls necessary; Until these are secured, no
sy?:t-;u, public or private, will prive com
plete, satisfaction.' A hundred children
cm be taught in one school ?br one-third
or one-four h the amount required for tie
instruction of the .'ame number scattered
among half a dozen or mor'- different
SD lar aa'the education of the colo:ed
people is concerned, they are citizens if
the country and will remain here, and it
is the interest, as welL as ihe duty: of the
Stile to educate |bera. A thorough edu
cation w>U make them better citizens, just
as ii will improve anybody. The conduct
of the blacks in politics has certainly bf en
disbeartenirg to their Lest friends, and ht s
undoubtedly given reason for the outciy
against educating them. But South Car
ol na can no more advance with a barbar
ous race m ber midst than can Liberia or
Sierra Leone. She must educate all her
children, and do all she can for schools,
or she will fail to secure any of those stur
dy and intelligent immigrants that are
just now so eagerly sought.
Mr. Tillman, ia our opinion, voiced the
popular sentiment in arguing for the beat
education and for common schools. Our
s:hooi system is working its way steadily
in spite of all the embarrassments thai
oav heretofore encompassed it. We must
work and wait-work diligently and gen
erously, lr. ten years, in all probability,
oar puolic school system will be the boast
of our State, as iQ . the case in older com
The Railroad Sign?.
The South Carolina Railroad is now the
0 ody ire: road in ouc State-thc only one
not under the control of Clyde, Wadley
or Cole-and last "week it se.nt an engineer
through our county on a rf connoisanre.
Tais engineer-Mr. Morri?n-began bia
trip at Aiken, and, reaching ridgefield,
waa met here by Major L*e, of the Sa
vannah Valley Road, in whose company
he was to make his r- o ?nuoisaace a? far as
Anderson. He is a Northern man, and
was to return from the up-country and
sail for New York-the last of the preset
w<*ek. We hope lo be able to ascertain
hits views as regards the rout0, <vc. 'J bis
action on [he par: toe S. C. Roa-: ia
certainly a good sign. And when thc S.
C. Road is sold and begins a new career,
;.t would seem that she would be obliged
to espouse the road through our County,
inasmuch as in every;oiher direction, and
by every other route, she is completely
bottled up by the Clyde combination. In
the meantime too-another hopeful aign- j
a wealthy Northern Company, of fenn I
sylvania, hitherto unknown in the South
is yei-kmg to Know if it can buy our K ?
T. ?t A. Road, and looking into its status
Anent the stock Law.
At the meeting of the County Execu
tive Committee on Monday last, Mr. .las.
0. Penny, of Huiett Township, introduced
1 he following resolution :
RfSolcr.d, Th,at in ordsr to instruct our
R-presentative* aa to our desiic? in regara
to the Stock- Law, we bold an election, un
der the regulations of the Rrimary Klee
tion, or. the-day of Aug , 1981.
After Borne discussion, this resolution
was laid on the table, not that a majority
of the Committee present were oppesed to
the Stock Law-jor it was otherwise-bat
that it was thought wise to avoid the
trouble and excitement o', a regular elec
tion. In most sections of our County,
petition?, pro and con, as legaids the
?.tock law, are DOW being circulated ; and
by the meeting of the General Assembly
the wishes of our. voters can thus bo un
lieu. Samuel Dibble, ut Oraugtborg,
Nominated fur Congress.
0.1 Thursday of last week, the Convec
tion of the Second Congressional Piatrici
-consisting bf Charleston, Orangeburg
and Clarendon' Counties-met in ibe
Hibernian Hall in Charleston, and after
a very short and harmonious session, nom
inated the Hon. Samuel Dibble of Orange
burg, as the successor of the ?atc Hon. M
P. O'Connor in the U. S. House of Rep
resentatives. The election is to take plaee
on the Otb Instant Of Mr. Dibble, the
Neiff3 (incl CWricr speaks as follows :
Mr. Dibble was born in this city ic 1837,
received bis early education at the High
School, attended'the College of Charles
ton for two yeara, and afterwards went lo
Welford College, of which he was the fust
graduate. He was admitted to the Bar
in 1S?591, an<i in l?^? removed to Orange
burg and (intered upon the practice of his
prole.jsicn. He served doting, the war,
nwt as a private, and afterwards as a lieu
tenant of the Kdisto Ri?es, 2" th Sooth
Carolina Volunteer* He was present at
Kort Snmter and the first Manases?, and
was twice ruado prisoner, the tirst ti e
in 1883 while leading a scouting party in
ti ont of Secessiouville, and again in Nort h
Carolina after the tall ot Kort K.sher. His
first imprisonment lasted a year, and the
second until the close of the war. In 1885
he resumed practice at Orangebnrg, aud
rapidly rose to a leading position ac that
Dar. 'in the campaign of 1878 his services
in organi/.ing the Democracy of Orange
burg were invaluable, and in the special
election of 1877 he was elected to the
House of representatives. Hr: is now
ene of the foremost lawyers and one of the
most iDiiuential citizens of Orangeborg,
with ample private me^ns to sustain ihe
dignity ot" the position for which he is a
candidate. Mr. Dibble has always been
fond of literary pursuits, having been first
in his classes both at school and in col
lege. He baa taken an active interest in
rife educational cause in South Carolin?,
and has be'-n prominenllv identified with
the reorganization of the South Carolina
University. He is now one of the trus
tees of the State Agricultural College und
Mechanics' Institute. Orangeburg, Clar
endon and Charleston, we jeel sure, could
entruBt their intere-ts in Congress to no
worthier or more efficient representative.
Measures tur Raislog a ??ary Memo?
rial 5'"ii m?.
At a meeting of the D?mocratie Exec*
ntive Committee of oar County on Mos
d-iy last, the following preamble and reso
htions were unanimously and enthusias
tically adopted :
WHEREAS, since the last meeting of the
Democratic ExecutiveCommitteeof Edge
field County, it has pleased an All-wiee
Providence to remove from his sphere of
usefulness, on the f'fch of April last, Gen.
MARTIN WITHER-TOO*. GART, es-ofucio a
member of this Committee, and its sue.
cessful County Chairman in the memora
ble campaign of 1876--the most trying
and glorious period of its history ;
And, wherear not only this Committee,
hut the Democratic party and Eig-. .eld
County, as well, as the whole State of
South Carolina, have suffered an irrepara
ble loss in his sudden and untimely death;
t herefore be it,
Revoked, 1st, That thc brilliant deeds
of Gen. M. W. GARV, as a soldier, in de'
fens? of bil State in waf, and his services
as a leader of the Democracy in restoring
a government of law and just administra
tion in the State of Fouth Carolina, enti
tle bim to a place in the memory i-f the
peopl -, and to a high niche in the temple
2nd. That we welcome with sad pleas
ure and mournful pride the sentiment of
the press friendly to the erection of a mon
utnent to perpetuate the gratitude ot' this
people in memory, of the services of so dis
tinguished a soldier in war and so wise
and prudent, yet so bold, a statesman in
.''.rd. That, for this purpose, we tveom
m-nd that a mas? metting of the citizens
of Ed^eCeld County be held at Kdgofield
0. H , on Monday, the fJGrh inst., to take
measures for raising a Gary Memorial
Fund, to be extended in the erection ot' a
monument, statue or bust of the great,
soldier and statesman, as may bc hereafter
ith That we cordially invite tbe Demo
cratic Executive. Committees of sister
Counties, and our follow citizens through
out thc State, to_ co-operate with us m
raising a Gary Memorial Fund.
?"?th. That, the Kdgefield A?rer>:s>r and
ridgefield Jilon?'ir he r quested to pnbhsh
Conkling aud Platt.
Tho stereotyped political phrase of the
d iy is now " The Deadlock at Albany."'
Every dey tdnce our last issue, the bal
loting has gone On in the General Assem
bly for successors to Conkling and Platt
but without debilite result. Conkling
and Platt, however, are still considered
entirely out of the race. And it now be
git's to look as if the Legislature would
adjourn without au election.
The Normal Institutes.
The sessiou of the colored Normal In
stitute will open at Columbia un the oth
of July and (duse on the 2Ntu. That of
the while will open at Greenville on the
2d of August aud close on the 2<?th. There
will he competent instructors tor t>oth,
und a large attendance is hoped for. The
Superintendent of Educatiou is prepar.
inga circular giving information as to
the rates of railroad and hotel fares, which
will be issueU tu s*Kiti as tue necessary
information is obtained.
The June Juries.
uar Juno term will begin on Monday
the 2flth, Judge Pressley presiding. The
following are the J u l its :
.ioseph Mays, E. I.. Devore, Elbert
Lott, L W Perrin. Middleton Wisc, A M
Nicholson, W F Kop?r, I. W Snelirr ive,
P B Kemp, Thomas Talbert, G R Cor I ey,
Ii B Hughes, David Shealy, David Sharp
ton, F (?Thomas, Charley Miles,' H P
Falow, L H Prescott, George Cal lu!un,,
N D Strom, Levau M Wert/.. .1 J Brack
nell, W F Forrest. W L Collins, J S Powt
R L R*m!;o, .1 W HazBl, A J Clegg. Geo
Mathis, W..G Berry, A C Dean, Henry
Butler, H ?Maxwell, P B Ca.?snn, J S
Amaeker, H C King.
M D Lyon. W JJ McDaniel, Sam Cor
ley, Clinton Ward, W E Gilchrist, Harry
Cheatham, James Timmerman, A W
Simpkins, William McCarthy, J E Ham
mond, M P Black, John F-ulkner. Hen
ry Rhodes, Marion Dom, J M McKie, E
F Hollin^MWorth. J B Bledsoe, Travers
Dorn, Joseph Culbreatb, -I M Logan
John .1 Rushton, .1 M Long, .1 M Fuulk
ner, .lohn C Carter, John Keunerly, M A
Dean, H A Clark, HS Black, J L Fel
lers, Noah <iant, Adara Plymoal, James
Davis, Noah G oil'. WF Elani. Jr., J W
Harveloy, P B Whittle.
The Governor bas appointed Col,
James L. Orr, of Greenville, Solvitoi
of the Eighth Circuit, rica Col. ?i. ti
Cotbrau, appointed Judge. This putt
at rest the question as to who woulo
be the " lucky man."
Mr. H. I. Kimball, director genera!
ol' the Atlanta Cotton Exposition
writes to the Commissioner ?d' Agrf
cuiture that there is no doubt of hi?
obtaining as much space for the ex
hibition oPSouth Carolina industria
as he desires, and hopes that be wil
make as large an exhibit as can b<
made interesting. The only tbirif
ueededmow is the co operation o' th?
people of the State in seeding mate
Chester, Barnwell, Edgefield, Or
anceburg, Abbeville, and other coun
ties too numerous, to mention, all re
peat the same story, Westeru con
and dead mules -Aiken Journal.
j The State Board of Agriculture ha
j iueti neted the Commissioner to insti
! tute proceedings against ali partie
who are violating the tish laws in anj
part of the State.
Prof. J. L. Jones has retired Iron
tho Presidency of the Methodist Fe
male College in Columbia and Rev
0. A. T>arby, of Orangeburg, has bee:
I elected to fill that position.
Mr. C. J. Huske, who bas been rep
resenting South Carolina at the Unit
ed States fish hatchery, Havre d
Grace, Maryland, writes ibat he hi
been promised by Major Ferguson
the Commissioner, a fresh supply c
fiOO OOO shad lor this State. Hi? pres
ent plan is to place 300.000 in th
Bioad, 200,000 in the Grent Pee De
and K'0,000 iu The Wateree.
In Abbeville county lanaers an
paying 7f> rents a dHy and boa id io
A married colored .nan cut a col
ored woman's throat in Riehlam
county last week because she resiste?
improper proposals made to her a
her own door.
The Columbia Rrniafn- says tba
it is repoited that tbe south Orolim
Raiiroad will build a branch hue fror
Camden to Charlotte, iii self-protec
Last week the bar rooms were t
eb'se in Charlotte. Prohibition, anti
prohibition and temperance lanati
cism, are the quest ions of the hour.
The Port Roynl Railroad will se]
round trip tickers from August; v I
Beaufort at $4 R5, good to return un
til -U August.
A. Blythe. Esq , bas filed his bom
in the I. . S District Comt at Charlee
tou. and qualified as U. S. Marshal
Caterpillars are already among th
Sea Isisnd cotton.
Views of Don. a, l>. I iliman on
CLARK'S HILL, S. G. 1
May 7,1881. |
Editor Journal and Review :
Absence and a press of business
have prevented an earlier repiy to
your note ot the 14th ult., request
ing my views for publication on cer
tain proposed reforms in our public
system, which yon are agitating in
the Journal and Review.
I have carefully read your splen
did editorials and the capital letters
of McSrfra Henderson, Croit, Aldrich
and others, on the subject. It seems
to me that you and they have ex
hausted the argument, and that noth
ing temaina to be done but to enact
most ol the suggested amendments
into obligatory law according to our
means and surrounding-?. No one
ought to oppose, and no one who ia
imbued with the spirit ol his time
will oppose, an enlargement of the
curriculum and an extension ol the
usefulness of ??ur public schools. The
tendency ot. the age in all civilized
countries, whether despotic, monarch
ical or Republican, is towards the in
crease and diffusion of knowledge
. among every class of society, in
fact, intelligence is fast becoming the
dominating power of the world. To
day it governs both religion and the
moral sente in the United States,
where a spirit of discovery and prog
ress is steadily undermining and over
throwing tradition and conservatism.
Nor need anyone be shocked at this,
because Republicanism self-govern
ment, and wise self-government, is
chiefly based ou knowledge, since
knowledge promotes virtue, and vir
tue and knowledge are the corner
stones of libera and progress. Ig
norance ia not the mother of devo
tion either ro God or to the State, as
was formerly coutended. On the
contrary, it is the mother of super
stition, stagnation, tyranny, crime,
poverty and misen.
But it is a waste of tims to argue
the necessity of improved school facili
ties among our people. The adop
tion ot the Constitutional amendment,
in 1876, levying a tax of two mills
on all property tor school purposes,
by an almost unanimous vote, shows
t?Bt ?South Carolina is alive to the in
calculable importance ol educating her
children, especially her colored chil
dren. Although about two thirds of
our present heavy school tax is lev
j ieu upon property, aud although near
ly -ill that property is owned by the
white people, yet the latter cheerful
ly pay it, while largely more than
hali of the resourced from the tax is
expeuded to support colored schools.
This siugle fact is sufficient answer
to all thePhansaicalslanders of North
ern Republicans that we arc averse
to educating colored children. Thar,
charge is made only to furnish a pre
text lor opposing the appropriation
ot the proceeds ot public lands or
any other mouey out ol the Federal
Tieaaury to help educate the millions
of ignorant slaves that the Phari
sees have made voterti, although
the samo Pharisees ?old thousands of
the ancestors ol these slaves to the
South and many of the slave-? them
selves. I mention this tact because
in shaping our public school policy 1
do not expect, however much I may
hope, that the. United States will ever
assist to any considerable txtent to
lessen the mass ot colored ignorance
that ihey have injected into the fran
chise at the South. J say thia reluc
tantly but deliberately, as the result,
nt my observation of the temper of
the Northern people and of my ex
perience as a member bf thi Com
mittee on Education and Labor in th?
last Congress. The same selfishness,
sfctiouui hatred and love ol po er
which prevent the pensioning ol the
few surviving soldiers ol' the Flor
ida and Mexican Wars heraus?
most ol those soldiers were from th?
South, while thousand .* of the very
bummers and? camp-followers of the
Federal Army in the civil war are
pensioned will likewise prevent na
tional aid to educate the Southern
negro. Still another reason is that
if our negroes were educated, they
would either become Democrats or
at all events cease to be tools ot
either carpet-baggers, scalawags or
demagogues, neither of which results
will promote the designs of Republi
can party leaders at the North, who
desire to keep the negro m ignorance,
because he tan then be bettor used
asa ?actor to preserve their sectional
supremacy and to destroy State Gov
The only measure hitherto discuss
ed tn Congress proposing national
help to educate the Southern negro,
was a bill to divide the proceeds ol
the sale ol public lands among all
the States, according to population,
except that during the ten first years
the apportion meut should be accord
ing to illiteracy. Tbi?-had the bill
passed-would have given the South
ern States a considerable advantage
for a lew y^.ars, but it did not pasf
iu auy form granting one caut more
to a bouthern . than to a Northern
S ale for educational put poses. In
deed the chances are against dividiup
the ?ales ol' the public lauds even equal
ly among the^States for school or any
other purposes, becau-e all political
parti -s in the many new States and
Territories where the laud i* aituete
favor either a gift ol' it to the Statt
and Territo.y where it lies, or ado
nation of it as a free homestead to
actual settlers with a view to attraci
population to the great North-west
'fbi-* latter promises now to become
the ultimate destination of the vasi
public domain. Not only do tht
local State and Territoiial Govern
ments desire it, but there is a rapidly
growing sentiment lriendly to it, it
all ol tue old Middle and Eastert
States where the Republican part)
dominates and begins to tremble loi
it continued sectional supremacy
rver the South. One cause of thu
apprehension- is that a flood tide o
foreign and Northern immigration ii
setting steadily toward tbe South
and especially toward tile unbound
ed wilderness of Texas. Now tba
the institution ol' slavery is abolish
ed and that, ihe Southern whites ar?
eager to welcome honest and indus
trions Cancassians lrorn e.erywhere
our genial climate cheap lands, f?rtil*,
soil, varied and valuable agricultura
proiucts, inexhaustible water-powei
and other local capabilities arc begin
nmg to tell in our behalf. More thai
all. the largely greater profits oi
cotton manufacturing at thc South
than at the North, which bas beet
conclusively demonstrated in many
ways ?nd at mauv place* for manj
years, is drawing Northern capital, ai
well as Northern and foreign popula
tion. Everything foreshadows tba
at an early day most of tho world's
cotton mills will be lound in th<
midst ol the Southern cotton fields
and as population, wealth, intelli
gence and power attend on oottoi
manufacturing, the sectional politi
cians cf the North propose to do ev
erything pos-ible to maintain t
I numerical majority. Another
j which makes Republican agita
? feel apprehensive lor their secti*
party supremacy is the recent st
ling natural increase of populatio
the South and the decrease ol' i
the North, except by foreign in
gration, as disclosed by the last i
sus. Hence the uniounded and
lignant charge ol fraud against
last census returns from the Sc
generally, and S nih Carolina in]
ticular, because the women of
South fulfill the destiny for wi
nature intended them-to multi
and replenish the earth, a duty t
are encouraged to' perform by rea
of little or no divorce being grar
south of Mason and Dixon's line,
at the North where usually it is
most as easy to get a divorce as
to get married, nearly every \
among three-four hs of the nal
population seems t2 have a horro
bringing many children into the wt
-(to prevent which phe reeocta
French practices)-lest when
beauty has faded, her husband o
take another wife and leave the m(
er to care for the children or
children to care for themselvos or
uncared for. It would appear hi
indeed if the South should bo p
ished for her very virtues, or ra
er for the absence of vice and sin,
being deprived of her fair share
the public domain because she ob
the laws of God, is opposed to
vorce, detests Malthus and Bhi
French methods of stifling pop?;
tinn. Yet such a fate may be in st
for her, ns I suspect the Republii
party, to maintain its sectional
ceudenoy, will ere long take
ground that no more of the public -
main shall be sold, and that it?m
be held, as free land for the land!?
not merely to retain the native a
attract the foreign, population.-1
aieo to entice negroes from the ?sou
who are wanted at iheNorthas mi
for servants and laborers as for
tere. The late Kansas exodus v
only the forerunner of many otl
exoduses which are to follow, a
the Republicans believe that the <
actment of a law giving "homes
the homeless'' would raise both able
and a white crusading host BUlScif
to overrun the North-west with s
tional partisans. Besides, the Repi
Hean party needs a new bartle*
to carry elections, and it can '-fi
none so popular as "homes for t
homeless," because, as I before sa
the Democrats of the new States a
Territories, as well as every agrari
iu the country, will combine with t
sectional Republicans of the old Sta!
to bestow the public lands HS a g
either to the new States or to tbe*s<
tiers therein. Wherefore, instead
louger deluding ourselves with t
idea that the public domain will
appropriated to help educate the free
mer. of the South, let us be prepar
to see it disposed o: to promote fe
tional Republican party success
Nor is there any better prospect
securing au appropriation of mom
directly one of the national treasui
to aid III enlightening the negro. Tl
member of Congress who would sei
ously advocate such a thiti?< won
either be laughed at aaa lunatic i
hissed out. ol rue 'Capitol as a reb
war claimant. Northern Democrat
would unite with Northern Repub]
oana iu regarding such a propoeilic
as a war claim, and as Northern Den
ocrats are mi)te unanimously and ii
tensely bitter than Republicans again
anything akin to a war claim, it is tl
supreme of folly to expect help iroi
Washington to educate our kt* j
emancipated sl:*vep. Neither Nerti
ern Republicans nor war Democrat
who constitute a majority of the Don
ocratic party at the Norl h, sympathi
in the ieast with the S^uth ri tfc
presence ol one million ol ignorar
negro voters ni her mitist. 1 >n th
contrary, th.?V really gloat over it i
their hearts ns a deserved poliriez
punishment for seceesion.
So far fi om it being true that th
j whites ol South Carolina are hostil
to educating the blacks, when it i
, j remembered we have no perms nt ti
accumulated school fund Hite mope r
. the Northern States, and when it i
further remembered that the bulk c
. our anni."] school tax is paid by th
whites, while' it. is mostly consum?*
by the blacks, it can truthfully beat
firmed that perhaps no white lau
owners in America pay so large a ta
: for the ?ducation ol' their own chi;
. dren as those of South Carolin!
. Again, it is a remarkable fact tba
although the colored people of t!i
. State number over 600,000 souls ai<
I whites less than -100,000, yet U<
whites carry thc entire State deb! aie
. delray all the expenses of the St?<
Government and help educate tie
negroes besides. The negroes drm
more money ont of the treasury bi
. ' their schools than the total amouil
A of all the taxes they pay. I am H
fast friend to the negro, but I canmt
, see tIIB wisdom or justice of forcitc
, the white property-owners to do anj
. thit g more lor educating him thai
to give him tor that purpose all th
. ? taxes he pays the Srate for CVJI?
r purpose. AL the present I iear oiv
'. people ar? too poor to endure an'
. very great increase of school tax, e
ther lo better the white schools or c
impiove the colored onea. I may b
. mistaken, but would be delighted O
, become convinced that I am mi;
, Undoubtedly the greatest obstacle
U to improvement in our .-< hool aystefe
are poverty and sparse population
, j Immigration rightly encouraged, to
r ! gether with rigid economy and diver
j j allied industry, especially manu fae
. I turin?, and more particularly cottor
r j luanulacturing, would soon overcome
l both ol tbeae obstacles,
i ' It would be a digression, and it
r fact would require a lengthy, sepa>
: rate letter to enumerate all the fact?
r aud reasons why I st rongly inge om
. people to engage in all kiuds of mm
f ulacturing. especially cotton manu
3 (suturing, as a means to establish
gryd schoolsas well ;isto create wealth
- aud draw population. LeL it suffice
t f r the present to say that the cotton
- States have an acknowledged ad van
. tage over New England and Europe
. in manufacturing cotton of about
, j eight per cent., even leaving ont
? I freight, storage, wharfage, insurance,
1 I commissions, saving ol Ittel, etc., etc.,
r ! and that any locality which ha?, snob.
. an advantage in conducting a nartic
I ular business can easily monopolize
i that business; that wherever a cotton
i factory is erected it creates a town
i hv attracting population from abroad
- us well as from the surrounding conn
r try. Thus the children and tho pat
si ronage necessary to support a good
. school are brought together, and as n
t manufacturing company finds it prof
) iLable to have intelligent operatives,
? every such company generally sub
, scribes to the scho.d fund. That hence
- each large manufacturing establish
i ment, and notably a cotton factory at
. the South, is both asort of high school,
. dispensing a litera.y aud busings
dutanon, and a kind of gold mine
ikewise, yielding almost fabulous
vealth. Granite ville.- has had one of
,.e bent soho >U in the State tor thir
.y yeai s or inor*, and '.Tho can est?
llate tb* good that single school bas
mcomplished .'or the once benighted
.egion ot Hores Creek ? As Aiken
bounty ha? the water power she
raght to strive to erect at least twen
;y other Graniteville factories and
academies within as many years. I
lope you will pardon the suggestion,
Dut perhaps you could do nothing to
idvance the cause of 'education so ef
fectually as by disseminating every
kind of information in regard to .the
immense advantages 'and benefits of
cotton manufacturing- at tne South.
Northern cap*tal is coming ?among us
by the million to erect cotton milis
to be run both by steam and water
power. The capitalists themselves,
with their tamiles and friande, will
?oon follow; so w?l expert operatives,
skilled mechanics, artisans and. k
borerH. Our supply ol' factory sites
und raw material is unlimited, and
the annual profits of converting the
white fiber into cloth amount to hun
dreds of millions of dollars. There
fore let us rejoice at the thousand ev
idences exhibiting all over the South
that our people are at last resolving
to work the never failing Bource of
wealth at their doors, which has so
long enriched and strengthened our
enemies. Cotton manufacturing will
bring us riches, population, good
schools and general .intelligence, all
of which will shortly abide at evey
water fall and other eligible point in
the South if we be true to ourselves.
I Hha.l not discus^the d?tail of pro
posed amendments to ?the present
school law, but, once for all, I wish it
to be understood that I favor as high
taxation aa the people can bear, both
for improving the common schools and
for re-organizing and rebuilding the
South Carolina College or University,
so as to make it a .iiratclass institu
sion, equal to any in the laud for im
parting either a literary, scientific or
technical education." Good popular
education always goes'downward
never upward-andvit.ia the great
Universities of Harvard, Yale, Brown,
Dartmouth and Burlington, more
than their common 'schools, that have
rendered New England so enlighten
ed and so practical.*-?'
It may be said now..! as it was two
thousand years ago. and will be two
thousand years hence, that '"knowl
edge is power." The explanation
why little and naturally barren New
Englan 1 rules the United States to
day and has practically ruled them
so long, is that every child in those
petty, ?nhosnitable States is well ed
ucated in both theoretical and practi
cal knowledge, as was hie father be
fore him. So too, if South Carolina
would concentrate her efforts upon
education and cotton manufacturing,
I have an invincible faith that the
old commonwealth would quickly
begin to rise up grandly out ut her
G. D. TILLMAN.
MARIILKP, at the ?re'*Hdence of the
bride's father, in Edgetield county, May
2?, ISSI, hy the Rev. W. P. Meadors, Mr.
E. L. TOLBERT to Miss AGNES ROSS
lis, wmm k fi).
A Complete Slock or
BL ACE SMITHS
We are also the Sole Agents for MC
CORMICK REAPERS, MOWERS and
SELF BINDERS, MONARCH EN
GINES, MIAMI POWDER, BUFFALO
SCALES, etc. , , .
All prices guaranteed.
Bones, Dougherty & Co.,
Hardwaro Merchant*, Augusta, Ga.
.lunn 7. ISSI. [f27
Sheriff vs Sale.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
EDGE FI ELI) COUNTY,
ET. W. Addison ?-.s. E. G. Bonham.-AV
BY virtue of an Execution .to mo di
rected in the ahove stated cause, I
will proceed to soil at Edgetield C. H.,
on tho linn, Monday In July next, the
defendant's interest. In the following de
scribed property, to wit:
One Brick Office and Lot, containing
Ninety-live feet by Fifty-five feet, in the
Village of Edgefl?ld, -bounded North by
a street known as tl io-Back street. East
by brick office occupied by W. D Ouzts,
South by A. A. Cllsby and H. T. Wright
and West by .?. P. Carroll's office.
Terms cash. Titles extra.
W. H. OUZTS..8. E. C.
June8, ISSI. dt2G
BETTER THAN GEOR
GIA R. R. STOCK I
1?r / \f\t ACRES OF LAND, on
}?J\/17 Spring Creek, MILLER
COUNTY, S.-W. GEORGIA.
7fit) acms open, remslnder in woods.
Seven t erinn ts on the place. Good site
for a mill and a never failing .supply of
If? miles West of Bainbridge, and (1
miles South ot COlquit, the Countv seat.
Excellent land for Cottou, Sugar Cane,
Corn aud Oats.
A tish trap on the place and an abund
ant supply of Ash.
Cross roads to Albany, Bainbridge and
the Heiel and Chatahooc.he?riv?rH, make
tho place a valuable Htand tor a store and
workshops. Money, at atore keeping,
has been mad? there sin?-? the war.
Tho Creok ruus through the entire
length nf thu place, dividing it evenly,
and has a County bridge un the placu.
V rino sheep and cattle rangp.
For further particular*, terms'/<Vc. ap
ply V.) v
R. fi. M. DI NOVA'iVT,
Real Estate Agent,
.lune 1st,'SI. tf20
W\?M? woe,v?i* ? Bbl. of delightful
SYRtip. Call abd Irv lt.
O. L. PENN <ti SON.
iolice~?f Final Discharge."
\J0TICE ls hereby given that we will
K<WPP y l4> lbo JudRr ?? Frohato for
TpQ?ld county, on the ISth davof June,
ns ?,inal wttlement nad discharge
necM. r8,>,',he i^tate of Rasan Winn.
C. W. WINN, ? v. .
j&sg.* u W,HS- ' LT'
Watches, Silver & Flated Ware,
B??9cK8, Etc .
u? ?L, ?p. Central Hotel,
HoftttiSSX?5, Nlokel ClookBi'W.75
NleWj my*r Watches, fem
es, *H DO.' '"'-winding A- setting: watch
Ladles' OT.A <3
Chain?, 8oll?LV Wold Watches and
? Ver8mlP!ftted Ware
difficult Wa ?5 tentlon 10 ?ll "'no and
Bverythin l(5 "jnd Clock Repairing.
March 2 lRRj r*Prpsent?d
FOR THE NEXT 30 DAYS
The Large Stock of Clothing at tho
OAK HALL ASID STAR
614, 610 and 030 Broad Street, Aiigii?ta, Georgia.
WILL BE SOLD REGARDLESS OF COST!
HAVE one of the LARGEST and BEST STOCKS of CLOTHING in
the TWO STATES to select from. Prices for the NEXT THIRTY DAYS,
will be in the reach of everybody. 1 ara not jesting. I bay my Goods for
Cash, and ara abie to sell them for LESS than they can be bought at the
manufacturers', owing to the large Discount I get for the money.
DON'T STOP UNTIL YOU FIND THE PLACE.
Ufr. Jax. A. Powell is with me and will be glad to serve his friends.
Apr. 13, 1881.-10*3]
The Poor Mac's Friend.
F. A, BRAHE,
702 Broad Street, Cor. McIntosh.
DIAMONDS. WATCHES. JEWELRY
REED Sc BABTON'S
Celebrated TRIPLE-PLATED WARE.
CLOCKS, BRONZES & FINE FANCY GOODS,
ATJOTJSTA, CA., Nov. 27, 1680.
G. L. Penn & Son
TOILET AND FANCl ARTICLES.
FRESH FAMILY GROCERIES
No. ?, PARK ROW, EDftEFIELD, 9. ?.
April 21, 1881.-ff 21
ANYTHING AND EVERYTHING
MAN, YOUTH, or BOY WANTS, in
SPRING CLOTHING & HATS,
Cooke's Clothing* Hal Store
711 BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA, GA.
Largest Stock in the City, Embracing
BLUE'FLANNEL and YACHT CLOTH SUITS, warranted not to tade.
FANCY HASSIMKRE SUITS, in tbe latest shades ?nd stvles.
BLACK CLOTH and WORSTED SUITS, for dress.
LINENS, ALPACAS, SEERSUCKERS, MOHAIRS, &r.
FELT and STRAW HATS, for Men and Boys.
: SHIRTS, NECKWEAR, UNDERWEAR, etc.
TRUNKS. SATCHELS, UMBRELLAS, &c.
$&* AU ofered alike Js>wt*i. Frier?. LA I-OE WHOLES A LE I INK
whieh Mrri fwni* will rfn leril in arc.
A. W. BLANCHARD,
April ii, 1881-ISmH! For J. C. Ludlow A Co.
BEAUTIFUL HATS * BONNETS!
Mrs. N. BRUM CLARK'S,
?19 Broad St., Augusta, lia.
At this old Establishment the Ladies can procure NEW and BEAUTI
FUL HATS, BONNETS, etc., at Low Prices.
l6f*The largest Stock in the city. ; Apr. 21-;)m
SAW MILLS, GRIST HILLS, CAI HILLS,
AND Engines and Boilers, Cotton Screws, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers, Journal
Boxes, Mill Gearing, Gudgeon's Turbine Wnu*r Wheels, Gin Gearing, Jud- !
MOD'S Governor. Disston's Circular Saws and Gammer* and Files. Reltitiir, Babbit !
Metal, Brass Fitting Globe, Check Valve* and Whistles, Gauges, en-., Iron and
Brass Casting!1. Gin Ribs and Injectors, from
GEO. R. LOMBARD & CO.,
l*Y?rn#il Oily Foundry?ntl Mnc line Worlcs
,\'mr fAc H'iitry Town; 1,0)4 to l,02?? I'mwiri Street, I l'f?l ?TA, HA?
KEPA I RING promptly ?IOHO nt lowen! prices*. We cant every &..y l>ot.h iron
and Brass, having greatly increased our capacity with latest improved tools. We
are running full limn with SYS hands, which enable* us to lill ordern promptly at
lowest prices. Give ns a trial below sanding ott". [Apr. 'lo,1881.-20 !
W. I. DELPH,
831 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia,
WHOLESALE A\D RETAIL DEALER IX
EXCELSIOR COOKING STOVES, embracing no less thao Fourteen j
different sir.es and kinds. These Stoves possess pointe of excellence never ,
before combined in any Stove whatever. Points that will readily be appre
elated by intelligent houpe-keepers.
HEATING STOVES in great variety for Wood and Coal.
GRATES, TINPLATE, SHEET IRON, etc. j
TINWARE, of every description, in very larg? quantities, sold at close ? i
1 figureo at Wholesale. ' # . . j
Send for Circulars of Stoves, showing Price aud Ware accompanying each, j
j^Can furnish REPAIRS for any part of Stoves that mny b* broken.
W. I. DELPH,
Feb. 2,1881.-lo?] S31 Broad SI., Augusta, ?a.
P. REYNOLDS' 1
Cor. Telfair and Campbell Br,.. ONE SQUARE, from UNION DEPOT.
MONVMKNTS. HEA1.8TOSE.S. TOMOS, and MAIBLE WORK of all kind?,
Moav.M6i.is . .nd at urines bw?r than ever heard ol in chis
furnished at ???^.^-?? ^? * Boxed, and Delivered ai Depot
1^7 7?/ zT?.T Tt?lEd E When necessary, I will go and ?ut,
} Notice of Final Discharge.
?TOTICE is herebv given that J will
S applv Ui the J udgeof Probate Court
for EdR-efield County, on tho 20th dav
Juno, 1881, lor a settlement and Anal dis
charge as Guardian of the Estates of Em
ma J. and Alice P. Wheeler.
SJ. E WERTS, Guardian.
May 17, 1881. 5t24
Dealers In Every Description of
AND SUPPLIES !
110 Jackson SI.,
The largest and best assorted stock of
Glass in the city.
Tn bulk, also in boxes of 1 to G lbs.
White Lead and Zinc.
Strictly Pure, made by the Kentucky
[.cad and Oil Co , which we guarantee as
rood as the best. Also, the well known
Nassau White Ijeadand pure FrenoU Zinc
The celeb.-ted Paint, made by Wads
worth, Martinez & Longman, which
we know to he good.
Full line of Paint <fc Whitewash Brushes.
A large and assorted stock of Colors in
Oil. Also, Dry Colors.
White Daraar, Coach, Cope!, Furniture
Japan, Asphaltnm, ?c.
Johnson's celebrated Prepared Kalso
mine, all shades.
Linseed Oil, Raw and Boiled.
A large variety of Locks.
Rim and Mortice Looks.
?urface and Mortice Blind Hinges.
All sizes and styles of Door Batts.
Inside Blind Butts, brass and iron.
A Une line of Padlocks.
Yale Store Door Locks.
Yale Night Latches.
Screws in any quantity and every size,
and anything else yon want in the Hard
Doors, Sash and Blinds.
The largest stock in Augusta, at bottom
ligures. Send for price list.
Balusters, Brackets and Mantels,
And almost anything that can be made
ont of wood, we are prepared to make.
Yellow Pine Lumber.
In any quantity, rough or dressed.
.f'% We pack and deliver all of our
goods" free of charge.
Thompson & Heinde!,
310 JACKSON STREET.
Dec. 28, 1S80. Iy4
E. H. ROGERS,
To 560 Broad Street,
4th nnor'ilt iow R. R. Crossing,
Where he will be pleased to see those de
siring goods in his line.
GUNS, PISTOLS, TABLE & POCKET
CUTLERY, AMMUNITION, Ac.
Just received, the Finest Lot of FISH
ING TACKLE and JAPANESE FISH
ING POLES, ever brought to Augusta.
Mar. ir?, ISSI. 3m 15
MRS, ?TH, ETHEREDGE.
GRAMTEY?LLE, S. C.
April 2i?, 1S8L-4121
GINGER ALE, SODA HATER, &c.
Equal to thc Imported.
jVInnuihetnvert and lor* Salent
CLLVTOAS BOTTLING WORKS
1318 Broad St., Augusta, Ga.
CT Orders tilled promptly and ship
ped by Express. [Mar. IO-:lm
GEORGIA PAINT CO,,
OFFERS READY MIXED PAINTS
in small Cans, or by the Gallon, or by
the Barre?, at prices AS LOW aa they
can be bought at WHOLESALE in NEW
??" QUALITY THE VERY BEST.
FAST COLORS, in all Shades.
AU Styles COTTAGE COliORS:
Inside and Outside WJIITE.
HANDSOME. DURARE and CHEAP
Als.,, RICH. DARK BROWN, MET
ALLIC PAINT, for Roofs, Bridges,
Fencing, Wagons, and Plantation Ma
chinery and Tools.
?9?PRICE LISTS and SAMPLE
COLORS sent?n application.
GEORGIA PAINT CO.,
J. H. ALEXANDER, Prcs't. )
C. C. REMIS, Snp't. .
Dee. 22, issn. if 3
Cum ton Baptist High School
Re?. H. A. Whitman, Ai Di?
Rev. Hugh P. Oliver having
resigned, to become pastor at Tuskegee,
Ala., the gentleman before named, a
graduate ol'the I'niversity of Georgia,,
ind of tho Southern Baptist Theological
Semlnarv, ha * been chosen as his sue
*e,ssor. School open?? February 1st. 1881..
H. A. SHAW,
Chair. Board Trustee*.
Jan. 17, ISSI. tf 7
EDGEFIELD C. H., S- C
Will practice in all the Courts of thiH
?tate, and in the United States Courts.
Mar 20, 1881. f,mJ7
Purchase Yet Offered.
J ftrO ACRES of Land, half a mlle
i-O from Dom's Mills, A good
)welllng House, Store, Gin House, Barn
nd Stables ; three out houses ; 100 acres
ii cultivation. Improvements of greater
alue than the price asked.
Terms very easy. A first rate bargain.
R. G. M. DUNOVANT,
Real Estate Agent
March 3, 1880. tf 13
3MOKE the EUREKA fi cts. Cigar. It
) the best-at
PKNN'R Drug Store,
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