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THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., THURSDAY MARCH 17, 1892. VOL. LVn. NO. IO. The Gallant Courier-A R?volu tio?ary bj&ry Founded on Facts. ' ;BY TB OMAS 8. ARTHUR. ^p'longer hesitating, the gir] sprung 'lightly from the window andj accomjpanie^ by the dog, ?;mOved no?8?le>?lyJn the direction of the stable. Here 3he was, for some time, tit a loss to determine which of thai;/half-dozen horses it :-. contained had borne her thus far on her jourti?y ; a?id it was equally hard to find, in the dark, the bridle a?d sadd Je for which she _ sought Bat all these diffcultiea were at length .surrciounted^rg^ she led forth the obedient animal. Making as wide a.ciit?u?lr from the house as possible, Emily succeeded in gaining tho road without awaken ing any one. Up to this time, the doghad kept closely by her side ; .hut, when she mounted the horse and moved away, he stood looking at her until she passed out of sight, and then returned to his ?post at j??;farm-hou?e. Th* danger, she had left behind, made Emily almost insensible to the loneliness ,->f,htr situation; and the joy she felt at her escape scarcely left room for fear ^n her heart. D<ay had hardly begun to break, when she reached the jiouse of an old friend of her father's, where she bad intended to pass the night. To him she confided the nature of her journey, and told of the narrow escape she had made. A hasty meal was provided for her, and ere the sun passed above the horizon, mounted ona stroug and fresh horse,, she was sweeping away on ber journey. A letter from this friend to a staunch whig,, residing" twenty m iles distant^procured her another horsC~ " T I ? *v,.:.-\\i:.<Hiy .'? <?--.? .i: go back rw*ntrv^?ie~oir uv ??., Bhe rode on endeavoring to keep a brave-heart On coming up h with her. cthe. soldiers reined up ^ their horses and addressed her j with rude familiarity. She made po reply but endeavored to pass on when one of them laid hold of her bridle. Escape being hopeless Emily answerd the question asked of her i u such a way as she deemed prudent. Not satisfied -with the account she gave of herself they told her that. Lord Rawdon was encamped' about a mile distant, and that she must go before himv as it was plain she was a rebel, and most prc bab!y a spy. On .beinjf brought into the presence of the British officer. Emily was interrogated closely as to where ishe had come from whither she was going, and the nature of her errand. She would not utter* direct falsehood, and her answers being evasive only created stronger suspicions against her in the mind of Lord Rawdon. "We'll find a way to the truth !" he at length exclaimedrimpatiently after trying in vain to get some 'satisfactory statement from the firm-hearted girl who did not once lose her presence of mind during the trying interview. '/Take'her over to my quarters at the farm-house, and see that she don't escape yon. The officer, to whom this com mand was given,. removed Emily under a guard, to a house near at hand, and locked her in one of thc rooms. The moment she was alone, she took from her pocket a pair of scissors, and hurriedly ripping open a part of her dress, took therefor m a small price of paper, folded and sealed. .This was the despatch she was bearing tb General Sumter. To crumble it in her hand and throw it from the window, was ber first impulse; but Ber ear caught the sound of a sentinel's tread, and that idea was abandoned. Hurriodly glanc ing around in the dim twilight, she sought, in vain, for some mode pf hiding the despatch, which ii found upon her, betrayed every thing. That her person would tk searched she had good reason tc believe; and, in all probability, every part of the room would b< searched also. To hesitate long would be to make discovery ?ure V Every moment she expected somi one to eritef. While she stoo< irresolute, a thought glancec through her mind, and acting up on it instantly, she lore oS a pari of the despatch, and thrusting il into her mouth, chewed aud wal? lowed it. Another and anothei piece .disappeared *in the same way; but er? the whole was des troyed,' the door opened, and a woman entera}. Turning her back quickly, Emily crowded all that remained of the paper in her mouth, and covering her face tightly "withjier hands, held them there, as if weeping, until the last particle of the tell-tale des patch had disappeared. Then turning to the woman who, had addressed her repeatedly, she said in a cairn voice l4By what authority am I de I tained and shut up a prisoner inj I this room?" "By .the authority of Lord] I Rawdon," replied the woman, in? a severe tone. \H* might^nd work more be. fitting the position of . his noble) lordship, I should think," returned | Emily with ijl concealed contempt, "thai, making prisoners of young | girls who while travelling 'the highways, happen to be so un fortunate as to fall in with his I scouts." "YouM betterkeep your saucy, tongue still, or_ it may get its | ?wner in a worse trouble," replied the woman promptly. "You are, suspected of being the bearer of | t message from the rebel General Greene, and my business is to find the despatch, if any exist, upon pour person." "You must think Jhe-'General poorly off for men," replied Emily, j "No matter what,?ve think, Miss j Pert.-r-You are suspected, as I, ?aid, and I should infer from vour nanner, not without good cause, ^re you willing that I should learch your person for evident von/ Kif - *. '. . ? -; r* ion Emily coum iresiBt the emptation she felt to let a cut ing word fall now and then from 1er ready tongue, which was ?ardly prudent for one in her ii tuation, The search, of course elicited lothing that could fix upon her the suspicion of being a messen ger from the rebel army. "Are you satisfied?" ?inquired Emily, as she rearranged her dress after the ordeal had been passed. She spoke with the contempt she felt. The woman made no reply, but went out in silence with her the jlight she bad brought into the room, and leaving Emily ' alone and in darkness. For nearly half an hour, the latter sat awaiting her return; but during that period no one approached her room nor was there any movement about the house that she could interpret as having re ference to herself. At last the heavy tread of a man was heard ascending the stairs ; a key was applied to the door of her room and a soldier appeared. Just behind him stood a girl with a' light in her hand. "Lord Rawdon wishes to see you" said the soldier. Emily followed him in silence. In a large room below, seated at a table with several officers, was Lord Rawdon. Emily wasbrought before him. After asking her a variety of questions all of which the girl managed to answer so as not to violate the truth, and yet allay suspicion, he said to her As the night has fallen, you will not of course, think of preceding on your journey." Emily reflected for some time before answering. She then said "If your majesty do not object, I would like to go back a ?hort distance. I have friends living on the road nor far from your camp." How tar; iuquired Lord Rawdon. "About six miles from her." Very well you shall go back ; and I will send ari escort for youl protection." Emily had made up her mind to return a fen miles on the way the had come, and then taking s wide sweep around the camp pro'ected from observation by th? darkness, resume her journey auc endeavor to reach the place when she intended to find General Sum hi on Sj ed BU ed bo ph ali qU mt th< wi ter, bj the middle of the next day. She had gained fresh courage \ with every new dihlc?lty that presented itself,' and now she resolved to accomplish her errand afc all hazard. What she most dreaded was the pursuit of the man Mink, from whom she had escaped, and who, she doubted no$, was at -no great" "distance from the camp. To decline the escort, she felt might renew suspicion while it would "not prevent Lord Rawdon from sending mefc to accompany her. So she thanked him for the offer, and asked Nto be permitted to gp without further delay. Th? was granted and in and hour aftirwird; Emily found herself safely in the house of ? friend of her father, and the good cause of the country. . She' had ' passed this house late in the after noon, but .was sb 'eager to go forward^ and gain a certain point in her journey that night, that she did not stop. Fortunately her escort had left her before she met any of th? ?*amily or the surprise expressed at her appearance might have created some, new doubts iu the mincTof th? sergeant who accompanied the guard. About half an hour *" after her arrival and while she was urging the necessity of . her departure immediately, and endeavoring to pass the British army, a member rf the family came home, and itated t ha t die had a few "moments jefore passed' Mink on the road, riding at full speed toward Elawdon's encampment. "Then "f must go instantly!" laid the courageous maiden, st?rt ng to her feet, ."If I remain here, til hope of reaching General Sum er with General Greene's message s at an end ; for in less than an lour, an order will come back for ay fe-arrest,and I will be detained coo ca?5?i??? . .? ..-/ ; r,V-'".-,-*. ' 0 ?J'. a?;v/*??] Yyt. .-.?/ u,.:.-??:t.'.i"r;5S:--' .-??..-?. G? ?Knivs^ioo. ? jtws tio-j ' . . * .i fcvr i?ri '.. ' -Vit?tr j Ixt . . A ?..' ,r?j?-- > ?i . j nd soon aiiei ???~ -= .. -..: - he tory had passed on toward the amp of Lord Rawdon was received, th( Cmily, accompanied .by a trusty Dg] ?uide and protector, was galloping ?j? wiftly in a direction opposite to op hat in which lay the British eamp. tn, I few miles brought her to a road hat struck off towards the point >n the Wateree which she was de lirous to reach in a mdre.southerly iirection, and wiich would take uer at a wide angle from the point ?he most wished tb aVoid. Of this road she had not .herself known; hut her guide, being familiar with the country was able to conduct her by the shorter and safer route. All night the girl and her cora* panion rode on, at a pace as rapid as the nature of the road and the darkness rendered safe, and at day light they w?re far away from the neighborhood of the enemy's camp. As the sun came up from the east, the guide of Emily, according to instructions, after minutely de Bcribing to her the course she was to take, left hf&to pursue the. re mainder of her journey alone. Without stopping to refresh either, herself or her tired horse, the ?young heroine pressed forward, though the heat grew more and more intense every hour, as the sun swept up toward the zenith Faint, weary, and almost sick from fatigue, hunger and excitement, she was urging on the jaded animal she rode, when, about thre? o'clock in the afternoon, in emerging from a dense wood, she came suddenly on afile of soldiers whose uniform she knew too well to leave a doubt of their heing friends. "Where will I find Gen. Sumter?" was her first, eager enquiry. "He is encamped a mile from here." "Take me to him, quickly," alie ?aid, "I have a message from Gen eral Greene." : The excitement by which Emily bad been sustained on her long and perilous journey now subsided, and ere she reached the presence of the American General, she was so weak that she had to be suppor ted on the horse she rode. When brought int > tho presence of Sum ter, she rallied, and, [sustained by a newly-awakening enthusiasm, delivered her verbal message to the astonished officer, who, acting in accordance with the intelligence received, was on the march within ?n hour, to reach the point of june th( re? pe ce tb Tl ce ye ca be fii W( fe U? & il fr T tl tion with Gen. Greene, which that commander had indicated in his despatch. Two weeks elapsed before Emily got. safely back to her father, who (fas informed an hour or two after ber departure of what she had i?ne. Of his anxiety during her ibsence we .need not ?peak: ; nor of the'lbve ?nd pride that almost ?tifled him as he ?lasped, her tcThis. leart on her returm" O? the subsequent . history of uTss Emily Geiger, we know little >r nothing. She was married to a south Carolina planter, some years ?t?r the British troops were ex celled from the country she loved nth so heroic an affection, and J aore. than a quarter of 4. .century as elapsed since she weht down a ?eaco to the grave. Doubtless er memory is green in the.hearjta f her descendants, if any survive'; nd green will it be, for: ages, we .ust in the hearts of al l w?okn?# hat it is to feel the emotions of muin? patriotism. }. The Dispensary System in Athens, Ga. BY REV. W. P. LOVEJOY, D. D. By the iequeBt of the editor, _ ive prepared the following paper i the working of the "Dispensary 'stem" inlhig city. I bav^seaich the records of police courts, con 1 ted the chiefs of police, obtain the opinions of leading citizens th for and against. the present m, aiid in this way have secured I jue information touching this estion at my command. The following tabulated state mt, taken from the records of - police court, is given first. It II be explained further on : Year. H* -*T3 = Cc* BOO 3*3 to S ? Kg J ? !.. 'fl i .'7; .V fr ._ ?1 UiXilS oar rOOm8. om 1885 to October 1; 1891, was . reign of prohibition. From Octo r 1,1891, to the present date the iperisary system has been 4n eration. The figures given, in 5 above table do not show all 3 results. The number, of ar ris, made during the prohibition riod was considerably less, ex pt' during, the last two years, an under the reign of bar-rooms. ie difference in the amount!.re ived from fines for different ars is attributable to several uses. At one time a man would i in office who imposed small ?es. At another time the officer >u?d impose heavy noes. Some ?ars the officers were diligent in rreting out "blind tigers." These ?nally paid a fine of not less than 500. Take the y tar 1890 as an lustration.. The amount collected om fines that year was $4;8$4.95. he Chief of Police informs me lat. private detectives were em loved that year to run down blind tigers," and fully three )urth8 of ithis amount wasobtain I from that source. It will be oticed also that during the last e?i (1890) of the prohibition eriod the number of arrests in reased fifty per cent, over the pje ioue year. This was owing to he lack of vigilance in prosecuting iolators of the prohibition law. Ls a consequence "blind tigers" ou?tiplied at a rapid rate, and ar ests for drunkenness increased in he same ratio. The figures above reveal a state ?f things, the correctness of which, without explanation, one familiar vith police courts would be dis used to .question, and for ^good eason. I refer particularly to the imall pet cent, of arreste "traoea :le to liquor" aB compared Mfith :he whole number of arrests. The 3hief of Police informs me that a nan arrested under the influence 5f whiskey is not docketed undejr the head of "traceable to liquorV unless, in addition to being drunk, he is using profane or obscene lan guage. He states that fully three? fourths of all arrests ?re traceable to liquor. As an illustration, on a Fourth of July, a few years ago, he made 170 arrests-all drinking. By consulting the table above it will bc seen that in but two years were there more than 170 arrests "traceable to liquor." Since the beginning of 1891 no record bas A % jj b( ai a bi P lc a n ti o ri a .;. Si F F ? 8 l-l c been, kept of arrests "traceable .to It j will be necessary to state some features.of the Statute creating the dispensary plan before the^work ing of tue system can be fully un ders|ood. That Statute provides : 1; TJhat the Mayor and Council of the city of Athens shall elect three Commissioners, who shall have general oversight of the dispensary. - 2., These Commissioners shall elect a manager, who shall give bond in a sum not less than $2,000. 3. The manager shall receive a ".fy&i which is not conditionedton the sales he makes. ijj?e shall purchase and. keep ! on hand such quantities of spiritu ws^yinous and malt liquors as the O^nj^issionerB shall direct. ?. ?t the close of each day tjie iiariAger shall turn over to the ?urer of the city of Athens all aoj^eys received from the sales of icjnor. . 6^ All bills for^tock purchased running the dispensary shal. laid by the treasurer, on the roval of a majority of the Com ??ssioners/ -The manager shall sell only if Si Tne Commissioners shall fix h?j amount of liquor to be sold at neiime to any one person, pro bed that not less than one-half intshall.be furnished. 9. No wine or liquor is allowed )jbe drank on the premises when lifcjdispengary is established. ; JO. The dispensary shall not be pained before sunrise, and shall 3 closed before sundown ; and it ?all bo closed on Sundays, public jlidays,.election days, and such jherdays as the Commissioners ly ^direct. li. The prices at which all liquors tall be sold shall be fixed by the Mnmissioners, provided the same pl sol? ut a pro3i >.r '.. v o e a tl c< tl K m OJ Ci w ai ti of Ol ol fe be sb wi th Ek pr ai th Pe ru . 'C? 'n'H'Cr---. , ..: ?l. P'} !; nor of iv\v ati ; . wll?i.?/.- tu. -m?M?;i? j.-^^??-.'I-. j Ul) 8 soon as a barrel .is opened it is rawnput, put into bottles and iga and sealed up. 13. No liquors are allowed to | ) sold except such as have been ialyzed and pronounced pure by comp?tent chemist. 14. No liquors of any kind shall 3 sold to any person for the pur 086 of selling again. 15. The manager shall not al >w any person to loiter in or bout the dispensary or the pre lises when it is established. These are the salient points in ne dispensary system as it is p?rated in Athens. It has been anning since Oct. 1,1891. What re the results? In the above tabulated state ient.it will be seen that, as com iared with the latter years of irohibition, there is practically io advantage in favor of the pre ?nt system. The Mayor stated to ?e (the ex-Chief of Police corrob srate?jhe statement) that there is nore drinking, under the dis leneary system than there was luring the reign of prohibition, >ut there is less crime. Both give LS the cause this : The liquor ob tained now is purchased at the iispensary, and it is pure. Under prohibition the worst classes ran the "blind tigers "in the darkest corners, and sold the meanest whiskey; the worst classes fre. ?[uented those places, and the result was much drinking, many difficulties and many arrests. As compared with the bar-room reign, the Chief of Police stated that under prohibition there was a decrease of nine-tenths of disorder and the order is good now as it was. under prohibition. He is a strong prohibitionist. Receipt e from the dispensary for j twelve months, > from October 1,1891. to October 2, 1892 .$53,985) 1 Disbursements for same period......44,960 26 j Amount in hands of Treasurer, January 1, 1892.. 10,036 10 Stock on hand valued at.. 5'000 00 Net profits for 15 mounths j operations.15,036 10 ! A word in conclusion as to my own observations of the working the dispensary system as it is opera [ed here. I reached Athens just before the last Christmas holidays. I have never seen a quieter Christ inas week anywhere. I have not seen a half dozen* drunk men sine I have been here. One other comparison ?houl< have been made lin tie, prope place. The.table shows thatth< largest sum received in any yea; during the bau-ropm period wai $6,472.30. The net profits realizec from the first year's operation oj the dispensary was $9,024.74, tc Bay nothing of the value of the atock on hand at the end of the rear, thus making a showing of not less than j;6,000 in favor of ihe dispensary over the bar-rooms, rhisjjthe prohibitionists claim, jompletely answers the arguments >/the antis that.- the city needs hev barrrobmB for purposes of evenue. ,. AthensfGa. A -Story of Genera! Groat. . I once heard, with reverence and wits iiisty eyes, the story of General Graut't ?turn from the last brief journey he ver took from the cottage on Mount iacgregor. The general had a favorite miking stick, wit io at which he nevei rent abroad',' even on his drives, and hif ralking s tick had its. own place in "the omer of. his room no hand but bis own m put it there or took it thence. Day fter day the journey from his chair to mt corner before he set forth, from the jrner to his clurlr after his return and ie replacement of the stick in its place, rew. more difficult-.. to- the general's ? rv e I ess and .weary' feet And there came that day at last when, i coming inj he^glanced* toward the truer, stood for -a moment silently, averingly, a little quiver" on the brave id ste^fast ^rarfd thehV with a ges je whi c h was a> .wordless renunciation 'life and all its dear, associations, he tened his tremulous hand and let the d stick drop from it to the floor at his et it was but a few days later that i entered , with a soldier's courage the adowy "alley bf the journey through bien David'said, "Thy rod, thy staff, ey comfort me."-Dorothy Lundt in )ston Commonwealth. Munt Have Their Sea Leg* On. "I tell you it requires a good deal of actice to be able to stand in the cab of rapid running passenger train and fire B coal into the firebox," said a West tm employee, in speaking of the risks n by trainmen. "The engine rocks, ay s and f air 1 v jumos at times under* : lureo."-?ritus?uxg ? yo?. Home Iafluenee Felt 1? School. If the home do its work well, the task the teacher and the school is co m p ara - rely eaey; but there are too many nerican' families, as every teacher lows, where this work has not been ne, and where, consequently, much 'ort has to be spent in supplementing e lack pf skill or the foolish indul nee of the mother. When a little six? ar-old girl on her first day at school les to strike her teacher over the head ith her heavy slate-because she is told do some little thing, wo may not un asonar? y assume that that home has iledof ita purpose, if indeed it ever id any .-Anna C. Bracke tt in Har >rt._ l'aval Tactic*. Admiral Sir Edmund Fremantle ro tes a story of a Yankee who was giv g bis experience of what had hap* med in the American civil war. Hs id been in command of a turret ship. . lady said to him, "Oh, no doubt, you Iways were inside the turret" "No, la'am," he replied, "I was not inside ie turret'' "Oh, wally," she said, then where did you get tor" "Well," 'as the reply, "we were generally at icking forts, and I got on the lee side f the turret so as to have two thick esses of armor to protect me instead of .? - A Good Beesen. . Little Boy-Can your sister play? Little Girl-No; she makes awful oises Ven she tries. Little Boy-Then wot did your papa et her. a piano for? Little Girl-I dunno. I guess it was ?use he wanted zee box for a coal bin. -Good News. A man named Olemmer, residing in r near Beading, Pa., has made over 800 lay idols, which he keeps iii and about is house. At set times he worships hese gods of his own manufacture with ?olatrous devotion. "Caleb Cushing would go into the treet and ask information of the shab tiest negro, if in that" way he could earn what he wished to know," said ?ne who was associated with him in Washington. A man never realizes how much wait ng can be done in an hour until he vaits outside for somebody who has topped into a house "just for a min ite." ___ Slender rings with open heart shaped o rm s in s mal 1 stones and diamond knots ure new designs in rings. Measles Store Fatal Tb an Influenza. The mortality from measles exceed?, anything that can thus far be d i r ec tl y attributed to influenza. It appears that over 18,000 deaths from measles occur annually in England and Wales, and th? rate of mortality has greatly increased during the last decade. Why do we take no account of it? Because, I sup pose, measles is most fatal to infants, whereas influenza chiefly carries off thc aged. We all of us expect to grow old, but we can none of us hope to be young again. Yet the life of a healthy infanl is of more value than that of a sexage narian who has not strength to combat the influenza microbe.-London Truth. 0?t~ Bring your . school cheeki at the ADVERTISER office, if yoi: tfant $5 per cent, of their face value. -:-'-?-i-' 6 Master's Sale. ; j STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, r EDGEFIELD COUNTY. 3 . Court Comr.ion Pleas. r JACOB B. HALTIWANGEB, et al. 'agpinst - 3 ADDIE HALTTWANGEB, et al. ' "prjB?UANT to the decree in this \ 4v canse, I will offer for sale at pub , lie outcry before the court-house, town of Edgefield and State of South Caro ' lina, on the first Monday in March, , 1893, (being the 6th day of said month) . between the legal hours of sale, the following.described realty, to wit : Tract No. 6, containing sixty (60) acres, more or less, lying, situate, and being in Edgefield county and State of South Carolina, and bounded on thc north, by Tract No. 8; east, by lands of W. H. Bo ul ware : south, by tynds of W. H. Boulware; and west, by Tract No. 7. The said tract being the share of William Haltiwanger in the sub division of the lands of Sarah Halti wanger, deceased, as appears by a plat made by B. F. Beyholds on the 4th of October, 1892: TEEMS OF SAU : Cash. Purchaser to pay for papers. . W. F. ROATH, Master E. C. Master's Sale. STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD. Court Common Pleas. S. S. KIRKLAND, et al., Plaintiffs, against THE CAROLINA, CUMBERLAND GAP AND CHICAGO RAILROAD COMPANY, et al, Defendants. PURSUANT to the judgment of fore closure in this case, I will offer for sale at public outcry before the % Court House, town of Edgefield, and State of South Carolina, on the first ? Monday in .March, 1893, (being the ? 6th day of said month) between tbe le gal hours of sale, the following de scribed mortgaged property, to wit : All of the Edgefield Branch Rail road running from Edgefield to Tren ton in said county, its road bed, and rights of way, its franches, and char ter privileges; its trestles and culverts, ind depots, and all property belonging :o the said Edgefield.Branch Railroad Company. Terms of Sale: Cash. W.F. ROATH, Master E. C. WM. SCHWEIGERT, The Jeweller; Conner Broad and McIntosh Streets. E- R. Schneider. IMPORTERS OF FINE Wines, Liquors and Cigars, '/'.' ^* *.' '- ' - .. . . ?- . . .. . ? . '-" ViWi"'r AND DEALERS IN? . Bourbon Rve and Corn Whiskey. 601 and Ho2 Broad Street, T - G .ICES. B SHIP OR HAUL YOUR COTTON -TO CRANSTON & STOVALL, Fireproof Warehousemen. 7 3 9 IT 1ST O.X/ID.S SJTJJR/ EJB.T , AUGUSTA, GEORGIA. They have had long experience, are liberal, progressive, active and guarantee quick sales and prompt returns. We will make full cash advances on all consignments. Cranston & S to vail, AUGUSTA, GEORGIA. General ? Repair ? Shops, EDGEFIEL?, S. C, G. 1 COURTNEY, PR'P'R. . I have opened General Repair Shops at Edgefield, S. C., where I will be pleased to receive the patronage of the public in the line of General Repairs and Overhauling, such as : Wagons, Carriages, Buggies, Road Vehicles, of all Kinds Steam Engines, Mowers, Reapers, Gins, - MANUFACTURER OF - Ww, Mtoro aid House FI?E Material. In fact anything and all things in the way of Machineiry that may need repairs will receive the most careful and conscientious attention at my hands. All work guaranteed and done at short* notice. Givo me a trial. Prices Low and Stricty Cash. Gr. B. G OURTNEY JST&Ehxr. Depot. EDGEFIELD C. H., . - S. C.