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EDGEFIELD, S. G, THURSDAY, MARCH 9,1893.
VOL. LVm. NO. 6. DEAF SITH, TH SCOUT. ONLY ONE RIFLE SHOT, BUT IT WAS A FATAL ONE. Storr of a Duel Famous in* the | Annals of Texas. In the main corridor of the mag nificent capitol at.Austin, Texas there hangs an immense painting, . 25 x 15 feet, at least, incased in a massive gilt frame. The figures are life size, and among the most prominent are General Sam Hous ton. "Deaf Smith," and Santa Anna. The-time represented iu this historical work is immediately after the battle of an Jascinto, fought on the banks of that river, near the mouth of Buffalo Bayou on April 21,1836, in which mern orable struggle the famous Mexi can leader was taken prisoner. In that fight General Houston ww severely wounded in the ankle, and iu the painting; he is seen reel in .ing under, the grateful shade of a large live oak and a surgeon is in the act of administering to the gallant American soldier's needs. Near him, seated on a log, in the tt i tude of listening, is his bosom -nd and favorite, "Deaf Smith," ? it. Xew York Recorder, history of "Deaf Smith" is ono ss most extraordinary in all the a_ "'s of the frontier. The memory of that remarkable man is revered equally with that of any of the prominent actors in the war for independence of the "Lone Star State,""" one of whose counties is named for him. He made his appearance in Texas suddenly, at a .very early period in the bloody history of its struggle with Mexi co, where he continued ta reside until his death, which. occurred about 1848. He had' a host of friends, and was the partioular favorite of General Houston, yet none of these were^ever. able to learn the place of his birth or gather a single fact in relation to his life previous to his advent among them. ..If questioned upon tho subje?i^M^yaria^lj if pressed further, hiSibrows gath ered in big furrows,* w?i?le his in tensely dark eyes seemed to shoot forth sparks of living fire. "Deaf Smith" could write with astounding facility and correct ness. Denied completely the sense of hearing, nature had amply com pensated him with the keenest vision and a power of smell almost incredible. It was the se powerful attributes which fitted him so admirably for the perilous occupation of scout, in which capacity he rendered in valuable service to General Hous ton's array during the war for the independence of Texas. He al ways went wherever he was sent, no matter how dangerous the duty, alone, almost invariably succeed-1 ing in obtaining the information required. His private life was as eccen-1 trie as that of his official. He never could be persuaded to sleep) under the roof of a house or even .accept the friendly shelter of al t/nt, no matter what the condition "of the'weather might be. Wrapped in a single blanket, on the coldest nights, he preferred to lie out in the open air, count the stars, or gaze for hours a* the moon, when at its full. Wheo not in-the employ of the Texas army, . he hunted constant ly, frequently, absenting himself for week s or even months, on soli tary expeditions into the vast wil derness of the great Southwest, About two years after the end of the. Texas revolution, a diffi culty occurred* between the new government and a portion of the citizens. The constitution had fixed the city of Austin as the per manent capitol, whore tl?e archives j of the public were to be kept, with a reservation, however, of a power vested' in the president to order their temporary removal in case of danger from the inroads of a for eign enemy, or the force of a sud den insurrection. The Comanches, the rn? st -im pudent and powerful tribe of In-1 dians in the Southwest, began to commit their characteristic atroc ities within the very sight of the) young capital. Upon this demon stration of what might become serious hostilities, General Hons* top, the president, who resided in the town of Washington, on the) Brazos," dispatched an order com manding those under him at Aus tin tosend the State records to Washington. A mass meeting of the citizens and farmers of the adjacent com try ww called. After many fiei speeches it was unanimously d cided to prevent the. removal . < the archives, by open aud arme force, if necessary. To that en a company of 400 men was orgai ganized, one moiety of which, r< lieviug the other at regular inte, vals, should keep constant guar around the State house until th peril passed by. The commande of this force in rebellion again ? the authorities was Colonel Mo ton, who had achieved considera ble renown in the war for in'de pendenceand si til moro recen tl; had displayed a desperate braver in two terrible duels, * in both o which he had literally cut hi antagonist to pieces with his foi m i d able bowieknife. The colone swore by the "honor of a Texai that if General Houston removec the records of the State from Aus tin he would himself hunt hin down like a wolf and shoot hin with as little ceremony. He hat the imprudence to write to th? here of San Jacinto to that effect The general, whom nothing coule intimidate, replied in the follow ing note of characteristic brevity "If the people of Austin do no send the archives I shall certainly come and take them ; and if Col onel Morton can .kill me, he ii welcome to my ear-cap." On the reception of the presi dent's note the "Committee ol Safely" held a continuous sessioi in the City Hall, and everything betokened the bursting of a sever? political storm. One day, while matters wore ic this boiling condition, the com mittee in the city hall was sur prised bv ?he sudden appearance of a stranger, whose mode of en trance was as extraordinary as hie looks and dress. Climbing, un seen, a small, bushy-topped live oak which grew beside the wall bf the building, he leaped without the slightest warning through a high window, and was immediate ly in the presence of the secret buckskin, the searns. of his trous ers and coat heavily fringed and the front of the latter beaded and porcupined, after the f-ishion of an Indian chief's costly garment of state. He carried a long, very heavy rifle in his right hand, wore on a button on his coat an im mense bowie kniff*, aud in his belt a brace of flint-lock pistols half as long as his gun. "Who are you that dares to in trude among gentlemen without being iuvited?" thundered out Colonel Morton, at the same mo ment endeavoring to cow down the strange? by the ferocious glance of his eye. The stranger returned the colonel s stare with compound int?r?t, at the instant laying a long, bony finger an his lips as a sign, but of what import the commitee was at a loss to determine. '.Who are you? Speak, or I will cut an answer out of your heart," yelled the incensed colonel, al? most insane with rage at the calm, sneering manuer of the stranger, who now,at this last demonstration of the irascible colonel, removed the finger from his lips and laid his hands on the hilt of his immense bowie. The fiery colonel upon this movement drew his dagger, and was in the sot of advancing upon the'stranger when several friends interfered, and, holding him back, remonstrated: uLet him alone, Morton, for God's sake! Don't you see the man B crazy?" At this juncture Judge Webb, a man of fine intollect and a courteous gentleman in all his deportment, stepj ed toward the stranger aud addressed him in a most respectful st vie : -i-JSI'y' good friend, I presume you have made a mistake in the house. This is a private meeting, where none but members are admitted." The in trader did not appear to understand the words of the Judge, but he could not fail to com prehend the mild, deprecatory manner in which he addressed him. His sterm features relaxed immediately, and, moving toward a table in the middle of the room on which were writting materials, he took up a pen and traced one Une : "I am deaf." He than held it up before his audience as a sort of apology for his apparent lack of politeness. Judge Webb took the paper and wrote a question : "Dear sir, will yon be so obliging SE to. inform us what is your present buain? with the meeting.?" The stranger responded proi ptly by handing him a letter, i cribed : "To the citizens of Austii The judge broke the seal and rei the contents aloud. It was fro President Houston, and showi the terseness of his usual style : "Fellow Citizens; Though eoror, and deceived by traitors, will give your three days more decide whether you will surren di the public archiyes. At the end i that time-you will please let n know your decision.. Sam Houston." After the document had bee read the mah waitedji. few seconx as if for a reply, then turned an was about to leave the hall whe Colonel" Morton interposed an sternly beckoned him back to tl table again, where he was sti Bitting. The stranger obeye< Then the colonel took up a pe and wrote: "You were brav enough to: insult me by you threatening looks ten minutes ago are yon brove enough now to giv me satisfaction?' The straner instantly penned his reply : "I ai at your service." Colonel Morton wrote again "Who will be your teco???".. The stranger answered with pen "lam too generous to seek a advahtag.and,too braye to fear au on the part of others, therefore, never need a second." The colona then wrote : "Name your time." Again the stranger traced,- with out amomen's hesitafion: "Tim< sunset this' evening; place, th lelt .. bank of the Colorado, op posite Austin ; weapons, rifle, and distance 100 yaids." Ther. taking three* stepB across the fl?oi he disappeared. After he had gone Judge Web sxclaimed : "What? is it possible, Colons Morton, that you intend to figh that man? He is a mute, if not i positive maniac. Such a meeting [ fear, will sadly tarnish the lustn rf your'laurels." "You are mistaken:" reply th< LB a hero, whose fame stands or the r?cord of a dozen battles, anc it least as many bloody jduels Besides, h? is the bosom friend o Seneral Houston. If I have th? *ood fortune to kill him, I thin! it will tempt the president t( retract his vow against venturing my more on the field of honor." "Who is he?" inquired a dozer voices together. "Deaf Smith," answered Col Morton coolly. "Deaf Smith, was killed at the battle of San Jacinto," remarked Judge Wbb~ "There again your honor it mistaken," said . the Colonel "That story of Smith's death wai a mere fiction.gotten up by General Houston . to save the life of -hit favorite from the vengeance of cer tain Texans into whose conduct he had inquired asa spy.. I found that out a year ago." ^ "Well, if what you say b? tru^ you are a raadmau yourself. Colonel Morton," exclaimed Judge Webb, hotly. "Deaf Smith wat never known to miss his mark." "Say no more," answered the colonel; "I have agreed to meet him. There can be no disgrace in falling before such a shot, aud if I should succeed, my triumph will confer greater glory." Towards evening a vast crowd assembled at the place appointed, to witness the hostile meeting. So great was the popular recklessness concerning affairs of that character that large sums of money were wagered on the result. At length the summer sun read el tLe edge of the horizon, covering it with a crimson glow. Then the two mortal antagonists appeared on the beach, armed with long' ponderous rifles, and took their station,. back to back. At a preconcerted signal--the' waving of a white handkerchief-they walked off slowly and steadily in opposite directions, deliberately counting their steps until each had measured 50, when they wheeled. The fa ;e of Col. Morton w?.s calm, but it bore the smile of a most murderous meaning. Deaf Smith's countenance was Jas stern and passionateless as ever. The Colonel was dressed in the richest broad cloth; Deaf Smtth in the tradi tional smoke-tinted buckskin., There was a pause of several seconds, and then two rifles were dischargrd with simultaneous voices. Colonel Morton gave a tremendous bound into the air and dropped to the ground dead. Deaf Smith stood erect and began to reload his rifle, which, finished, he turned into the forest that bordered the river. Three days afterward Gen. Houston, accompanied by Deaf Smith and ten other men, ap peared in Austiu. and without opposition removed the archives to Washington. A Parallel With a Ventrenee. The Greenville News is too honest a newspaper to condemn the Tillman Administration out right in itsstaiid for the right of the State to levy and collect taxes against property in the hands of the United States courts under the same conditions that it does against the property of private citizens and solvent corporations,, but it con demns the Administration by parallelism and implication. And what,, think you, is the parallel used to illustrate its idea? Neither more nor less than the lessons drawn from the war be tween the States. "Thirty-two years ago," it says,"South Carolina went to war in vindication of the doctrine of State rights. A good many people have come to think that if we bad been less aggressive then we would have fared better and reached some kind of a fair compromise. Now the State is again leading in a war for State rights as against the United States courts and their receivers. As the firing on Fort Sumter began that war so the chaining of the engines to the tracks begins this one. There are several points "of difference and seVeral points of. similarity. Many people believe now that the act of firing on Sumter was brave but indiscreet and hasty. Many, believe that the attack on the railway property is also plucky and also indiscreet and hasty and may end in serious disaster. The bills , of all these lawyers and the costs of court "will n'iiv<* to " * sometime .fal/ sum. J people sa; jbfi^pa many r thiiig." Our c( 8Uggesti\ vi:: are,upoiniB in uinerence . as well as of "similarity" it says. May we not be allowed to extend the parallel a little? Whatever differences of opinion existed in 1861, simul taneously with the firing on -Sum ter all domestic and factious' dis cord ceased. They did not stop to count the cost, but Carolinians became on the instant one for all and all for one. As the eloquent Hay ne said of an earlier and similar epoch in our history, "The sons of Carolina were all seen crowding to her altars." There was no thougnt or suggestion even of class distinc tion or differences of interest involved, so far as we have ever been able to leam. The aristocracy of the State-and there waa to all intents'and purposes an aristocracy -were directly and personally concerned in the result and led the way, but practically every man within her borders was a soldier and stood for South Carolina. A large class-sometimes called th? common people-had everything to lose from a material point of viewland nothing to gain. They went tb the front, they fought and fell ; and from that day to this the man in South Carolina who should make bold to question the purity of their motives, the wisdom of theil*; course, or the sanctity ot their cause must do so under pain of dis pleasure of a people who have looked on the utter destruction of their homes and fortunes indiffe rently while tenderly drawing the mantle of a godlike charity over tho faces of their dead heroes and ?i defenders and sternly standing guard over their immortal fame. Notwithstanding, then, that the principle involved is the same, there are many points of difference, the most important of which, as we think? the News has omitted to mention. In 1893 the common people and their leaders, as it is claimed, have displaced the pa trician class in tue control of domestic affairs and are in the van, They have asserted practically the same principle for which mil lions of lives and hundreds of mil lions of dollars' worth of property were sacrificed in 1861-65-for "Truth, though crushed to earth, Will rise again." But it is a credit to the hearts, we do not say to the heads, of those who formerly led the fight on thia B?if-same principle ' that they now repudiate it when championed by the'.?ona and brothera of their former comrades in arms? Can they think without remorae of the men they led to death in defense of a principle when they now gloat over its defeat and sympathize with the downfall of the State? Is it not a melancholy commentary on human disinterestedness t?nd consistency that a leader in the. war for principle of 1861 should, in 1893, in giving his decision as United States Judge, gratuitously go out of his usual decorous and dignified way, in delivering his j decree in a separate and distinct cause, to reflect on the "hostile leg islation and executive actk of his own State involving prin cipie and to regret that . tech nical-practice of hie .ourt pre vented him from still further post poning the sale of a railroad which as conducted has long been a bar to our commerce, an incubus upon our people and a-drain? upon their | resources? These things, we honestly think, spring not from a sense of princi ple^ but from personal pique. A candid world must judge between the . merits of the actiona of the men of '61 and the men of '93.- | Charleston Sun. Oil door latches and locks occa sionally. .Milk that stands toolong makes bitter butter. The Spartangurg Herald predicts that; Congressman Shell will be in -the gubernatorial race next year. "Hon. Patrick Walsh, of Augusta, has been appointed commissioner at large to the World's Columbia Exposition. fall's Hair Renew cures dand ruff and scalp affections ; also all cafces of baldness where the glands j feed the rooK ,f thr he**^ I "N ?? ' v WO . . -. ;-i'?i1..r r.-?l a hammer. j.iarri8on will leave as a legacy] Cleveland an empty treasury.? hen Cleveland went out of office h<j> left a surplus of $105,053,443 iii the treasury. In the four years triat have intervened this surplus melted away until there is only about $4,000,000 left all told. For all derangements of the throatand lungs, Ayer's Cherry Pectoral is the speediest and most | reliable r?mey. Even in the ad vanced stages of Consumption this wonderful preparation affords great relief, checks coughing, and induces sleep. A Georgia farmer rounded np a hog th6 other day which he had turned loose twenty-two years previously. The porker was fonnd in an adjacent swamp in which it had evidnnly lived all the time. Twenty-two years is pretty old for | a hog. No true South Carolina who wit nessed the trial of the so-called I ku-klux prisoners in the United Stales Court in Charleston can ever forget the scenes that were then enacted. Innocent men were dragged from the bosom of their families and consigned to North ern dungeous on the testimony of unreliable witnesses and verdicts of juries that wer? politically hostile to the victims. Some men may forget these things, but we can't-Times and Democrat. Milledg^ Bonham, an Edgefield darkey, was captured about 2 o'clock last Thursday morning | inside the passenger station which he had broken into. Hilliard Thompson was passing by the station at that hour and hearing a noise reported to Mr. Meyer at Agent Tindall's house, who with MrG.W. Townes went down and Buccaeded in capturing the fellow alive. He was lodged in jail and on Saturday he had a preliminary examination and was bound over) to the. upper court where he will have to give an account of him self.-Aiken Journal and Review. Clegymen. lawyers, public speakers, singers, and actors, all recognize the virtues of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. One of our most eminent pub! io men says: "It is the best remedy that can be procured', for affections of thn vocal organs, throat, and lungs." CAROLINA TO CONTROL WHAT CAROLINA FACTION WILL CONTROL THE FEDERAL Patronage-What ''Uncle Geo.** Intends to Do-Tue Office of Collector of In ternal Revenue. Th-*- question most intricate and interesting to South Carolinians just now is which faction of the Democratic Democracy will con trol ths federal patronage of that State. Senator Butler is certain to come in for his share, but it is a fact conceded by every one here that Congressman Brawl ?y will have powerfni influence. He is a warm personal friend of the Presi dent-elect, and is in thorough accord with him on the silver question. In fact he is the only anti-silver man in Congress from this State. It is generally believed that he will be Mr Cleveland's personal repersentative rh the lower House during the next Con gress. Senetor Irby" expects proper recognition of the Tillman faction and his efforts are zealously backed by Shell, McLaurin, and Strait. Mai-y gentlemen here who own allegiance to the conservative fac tion openly state that in . their opinion, Mr. Cleveland will favor the Tillmanites with the* largest portion of the Carolina patronage. Messrs Latimer and Talbert are in the same boat and will pull to gether, but where they will pull to or with what success nobody knows. However, their certificates of election, based as they are up on an ul tra-Alliance vote, make it fairly certain thar their reception by thc President will be anything else but cordial. But in the gene ral division of the spoils Governor Thompson and Comptroller Tren holm will carry an influence to be courted rather than neglected. --^jf^wnnnwf O?? race for District ...?-".* . -.-(0* ?src?t ?Il^.-jb. v?.: . U ? l?lh?i . 1 :?M h*. i++A- J'-?ze ..r-ninor?:* '** j viJiiAfc-V?;' -* ' :' ?. -.. - '. ******* '*ff? -*-".-.-____?__ *. .(' , ! ' '*o-' *.-... complicated as "that for district attorney. It has narrowed to a triangular - affair between Pope (Tillmanite), Donaldson (Al liance), and Brooks (Conserva tive). Chances favor capt. Brooks, who belongs to one of the most prominent families in South Carolina. Hon Preston Brooks, who caned Sumter, and Whitfield Brooks, of Mexican war fame, were both his brothers. Howerver, Dr Sampson Pope has rented rooms at the National hotel and proposes to make it lively for the man- who beats him. The office of collector of Internal Revenue will be filled either by Col. D. A. Tompkins, Governor Till man's private secretary, or Gen. John Bratton, both good men. The oue is backed by the Tillmanites, the other by the Conservatives. Knowing ones argue that ex Mayor Geo. D. Bryan will be col lector of the Charleston port and Marion M. Hutson 'of Yemmassee, collector of the port at Beaufort. Congressman Tillman's snow white hair and Hemphill's hand some face will soon be Been no more. Elliott's jolly smile will shortly be one of the pleasures of the past, and Johnston too, must give place to another. Mr. Hemphill will leave Con gress but he leaves Carolina as well. It is likely -that he will be appointed justice or chief justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, and if such is his good fortune, his state will lose and Washington gain a strong man, not yet past the meridian of life. Mr Elliott is as I have before stated, a candidate for district attorney, while representative Johnstone will continue his re munerative law practice at New berry and during the next two years get things in good shape for another tilt with his successor Latimer. I overheard a brother congress man ask "Uncle George" Tillman what he intended to do? "Go home and work for an honest living was hie characteristic reply. "I shall farm. It's the only occupation for a gentleman to follow. I'm not going to linger about Washington, either as a loafer,lobbyist, of office seeker." So Mr Tillman leaves Congress, perhaps for good, and will pass his remaining days in the quiet soli tude of his country home farm ing and studying, for his books have even been his most genial companions, and it is said he has one of the finest private libraries in the State. He sur renders his post in Carolina poli ties to another of his name more skilled in latter-day methods of political warfare. It is hoped that the new delegation may prove worthy of their predecessors though such can hardly be expec ted-Augusta Chronicle. GEO. R. LOMBARD & COMP'Y MACEME, BOILER Eil GIN WORKS MILL, ENGINE ail SIN SUPPLY HOUSE, AUGUSTA, - - - - GA Is the place to get Machinery and Supplies and Repairs at Bottom Prices. 50 New Gins and 62 New Engines in stock. If you'want a First-Class COTTON GIN at Bottom Prices write for a " Tw Catalogue and Reduced Prices of IMPROVED AUGUSTA COTiuN GIN.. See the extra fine recommendations of lasf years' work. Mention THE ADVERTISRR when you write. jlySOly Monumental - Store' D. SANCKEN, PROPRIETOR, 540 Broad Street, - AUGUSTA, GA. DEALER IV ? ll UlVHj 11 UIWJIUJ Uj Ui^-jlUUj I am nc% open and ready for the trade with a Full Stock. My terms are strictly cash. My prices are the lowest. Give me a call before buying else where. Also *"11 and complete stock of Extra Fancy family Groceries at the corner of Campoell and Broad Street, Loflin & Meyer's old stand. WM. SCHWEIGERT, The Je^reller, / Corner Broad and McIntosh Streets. E. R. Schneider. IMPORTERS OF FINE Wines, Liquors and Cigars, AND DEALERS IN ,1 Bourbon Rve and Corn Whiskey. 6oi and So2 Broad. Street, ALWAYS IN THE LEAD. A Xi W ff 3 TS a * - A;vu ?gr a vc ts*-* ? .-Vi \. i_. ?IGZii utcu cn ll re FALL AND WINTER STOCK OF CLOTHING, The largest stock ever shown in Augusta. We aim to carry goods which are not only intrinsically good, but which also, in pattern, style, and finish, gratify a cultivated and discriminating taste, and at the same time, we aim to make our prices so low the closest buyers will be our steadiest customers Polite attention to all. A call will be appreciated. I. C. LEVY & CO., TAILOR-FIT CLOTHIERS, AUGUSTA, GA. DQ SCHER & CO. FANCY GROCERS. 606 Broad Street, .Augusta, G-a General ? Repair ? Shops,. EDGEFIELD, S. C, G, B, COURTNEY, PR'P'R. I have opened General Repair Shops at Edgffield, S. C., where I will be pleased to receive the patronage of the public in the line of General Repairs and Overhauling, such as: Wagons, Carriages, Buggies, Road Vehicles, of all Kinds. Steam Engines, Mowers, Reapers, Gins. - MANUFACTURER OF - Wagons, More ol loose Mil Material. In fact anything and all things in the way of Machinery that may need repairs will receive the most careful and conscientious attention at my hands. All work guaranteed and done at short] notice. Give me a trial. Prices Low and Stricty Cash. Gr. B. COURTNEY ?NTear Depot, EDGEFIELD C. H., . - S. C.