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T1I0S. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1895. VOL. LX. NO. 19. ~ JLJLJLVyk?? t/. ai.'iii'j?-' It is said that 750,000 Am?ricain belong to the criminal class. Michigan ?3 to adopt tho Massachu setts reading and writing qualifica tions for voters. Owing to the unusual activity in potato planting the price of fertilizer has advanced fifty per cent. Tipping is tho latest British insti tution to bc threatened. Tho Prince of "Wales has declared that he will put it down._ A Boston church has decided to hold rervices at ft.00 a. m. during the sum mer, so that the convocation can spend thc rest of the day at pleasure resorts._ Friends of the late- Professer Dann, of Tale College, fay that he consid ered himself a great philanthropist because he didn't pluy thc flute wi cn ho could. If the experiments now'in progress succeed, the Detroit Free Pre~s fig ures that p.Toor stockings sized with potato starch and tallow will bo put on"thc market and sold at three cents a pair._ The concerns in this country that have made the biggest successes have been large advertiser^ in dull times. By that means they kept their sales np to the average when others were losing money. The New Orleans Picayune says: .'The feeliug in Georgia is so strong ngainst women's suffrage that the State convention of thc W. C. T. IL adjourned without discussing the sub ject, though it was on the pro gramme." Bey. Mr. Fairbanks, an American missionary in India, attributes u large part of his success to the uso of a bicycle. Not only is ho enabled to cover a more extensive territory with it, but tho natural curiosity of tho natives brings largo crowds to see "a horse that needs neither grass nor grain." _ Gypsies in France have hitherto managed to avoid being numbered and traced. They roam through tho coun try in bands, and as long ns they did no serious harm were let alone by the police. Now the gendarmes have or ders to take a census of these nomad rand to seo that thoso who are n French are registered like other ' eignefs._ _ Every Paris cchool has its "can teen," where free meals are given to the children who cannot pay, while those who are better off pay in part or in full, states the New Orleans Picayune. Each child brings his clean napkin, his little bottle of vin ordi naire, and sometimes fruit or a bit of chceso for dessert. The cooking is usually done by tho janitor, and the meals are served at little tables in thc play room. The cost of the portions, generally stews of meat and vegeta bles, is about two cents for each child. To the thoughtful stranger within cur gates, observes tho New York Press, the exodus of Americans, indi cated by the cabin lists of the great steamship compauics, amounts almost to a depopulation of certain quarters of our city. Ho is tempted to figure a little on the subject. Over 3000 persons lca?e this city for foreign shores every week, and each goes with, say, 81000 to spend in having a good time. Ho thinks this estimate is within bounds. If so, thc steam ship companies and Europe get out of ns every week ?3,000,000. There is ono thing certain. If you are worry ing about poverty and hard times just go down to the piers of the leading lines and look at tho crowds going abroad. You will forget then that thero was ever a thought of distress or depression. There is a story going around that a man may go to Europe, remain two weeks in London and Paris, and return safe aud sound for S2G?. It may be possible, but precious few get off under SI000, if they sec anything of life in the Old "World. Tho New York Tribune announces thut New Jersey has successfully pointed thc way in tho matter of road betterment, and the work is to bo carriod much further immediately. Hudson and Bergen Counties have clone considerable. Union County has done more. Camden and Burling ton have shown a like commendable spirit. Now Morris Couuly is giviug an earnest of its ?^urposo to keep up other progressive couutics. About 100 miles of road in that county arc to be improved this season, and it is estimated that 2000 men will be kept nt work for several months. Not only are these roads to bc macadamized, but the grades are to be improved, a four per cent, grade (that is, a riso ol not more than four sect in 100 foci) having been adopted. Much heavier loads can thus bo carriod by the farmers and all others engaged in transportation, while for pleasur. driving and bioycling Morris County bids fair to become a paradise. The entire work is under compe:eut en gineering direction. Morris County just now is furnishing a valuable ob ject lesson to nil who are interested in road reform. RAINLESS EMPIRE. MAXY 311LLIOXS OF ACRES NOW I AWAIT RECLAMATION. Uncle Som Takes Hold of the Prob lem of Irrigation-"The Great Fiai us" to Be Re claimed. UNCLE SAM is about to take a practical hand m solving the great problem in this coun try of farming by irrigation. He has organized a National board of irrigation experts iu "Washington, whose duty it will be to study the best methods of promoting irrigation aud of developing our agricultural re sources wherever farming is now de pressed, and to give to tho people from time to time the results of these s'udies in an available form, with ad vice, suggestion aud instruction, as circumstances warrant. This board consists of five scientific experts from the Department of Agriculture and five from tho Department of the In terior. Uncle Sam has heretofore manifest ed in various ways his lively interest in irrigation, and it behooves him to do so still, inasmuch as nearly all the desirable land in our public domain is already occujnel ami pre-empted by settlers, and the only means left of adding to it is by irrigation and by conquest. Conquest is out of the question, under present circumstances, and hence to irrigation alone must he look as the sole agency for enlarging our habitable territory and providing homes for prospective settlers. But ,this agency, it is conthbntly believed by competent authorities, will be fully equal to the emergensy. The tre mendous benefits of irrigation are readily seen when it is stated that in the single State of California G, OOO, OOO acres, in Colorado over 5,000,000, and in Wyoming 4,000,000 acres of laud have been reclaimed in the past few years from a condition of utter un productiveness and worthlessness to a condition of blossoming richness. The soil of those regions was, not long ago,, wholly arid, but with intelligent irrigation it has sprung into teeming vegetable life, and the sole vivifying agency in the transformation has been water, simply water. From present indications it would seem that irrigation is to become the saving watchword and rallyiug-cry, not only in the far West, but in the East and South as well. To stimulate interest in irrigation farming in the far West particularly, and elsewhere incidentally by reason of example, Congress last summer donated 10.000, 000 acres of public land to ten differ reoi-.u.. next ten years. Most ui lie between slopes of the Bookies or upon plateaus or in valleys tributary to these ranges. Before the donations are consummated by the Secretary of the Interior, each State must file in the.Geueral Land Office in Washing ton a satisfactory plan showing tho mode of irrigation contemplated and the sources whence tho water is to be got. This magnificent grant is likely to solve the preliminary difficulties of the desert-land problem, and give a ?reat impetus to the irrigation move ment. The law making tho donation is tho sequel to a series of ill-devised measures enacted previously on the subject, beginning in 1877. The law .SMALL ARTESIAN WELL FOR II of 1877, throwing open tho desert lands indiscriminately to settlement, resulted in attempts by large syndi cates to snatch the sites of water courses and other vital points suitable for tho location of dams and reser voirs. This would have amounted eventu ally JO a pre-emption of thc whole re gion-almost entire States-as posses sion of the water would entail neces sarily the possession of tho land too, for tho mero land without water rights would be worthless. Accord ingly, by subsequent acts tho lands containing reservoir sites were with drawn from public entry and costly investigations were made by the Geo logical Surve;* io.* data with which to prepare maps ot reservoir sites. By further supplemental acts thc with drawal provisions were repealed, but the right of way for ditches and canals was reserved by the Government. But the lands continued in a desert condition and unsettled, and so Con gress was at last prompted to turn them over to the States in whoso bor ders they aro located, to work ont their ealvatiou ns best they may. Various schemes are now proposed in these new States to avail themselves of the desert land donations. One plan is for the States to build irriga tion works with labor brought from the overcrowded cities of the East and Middle West and to pay for that labor half in cash and half in laud, the laud to be occupied when the irrigation works are finished. Another project is to establish a model irrigation frtrmiri'j,' culony in some typical den itt district to demonstrate to the outside world by object lesson what can be j clone in agriculture by a siegle irriga- a tion community if properly managed, o However, tho States themselves will t determine the manner of development, c and they will probably do it speedily, p But whatever plaus are adopted the approved irrigating methods now sue- t cessfully followed by individual capi- t talists and communities in the now re- 1 claimed deserts in the West will doubt- t less be pursued to a greater or less de gree, enormous daui3 and storage j reseivoirs being used to collect and c save the surface water as it flows down i the mountain sides in springtime, and 1 distributing canals and ramifying : ditches being utilized to apply the j water to the crops. ? By these irrigating methods 25,000,- * DOO acres of land,chiefly in California, g Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, j Utah and New Mexico have already I been reclaimed within the past twelve ^ years, and a large proportion of the irrigating works employed there, cre ated by American engiueers, will PIONEER IRRIGATION IN 1 stand comparison favorably with any t others in the world. No better ex- a ample, for instance, of tho value and \ growth of irrigation conid ba present- \ ed than the new development of the t orange and lemon industry of Southern J j California. In the year 1S70 there j ; were only 45,000 orange and lemon v trees in the whole gold State. Now s there aro 5,000,000, and chiefly in the 1 six most southerly colludes. Their - product of oranges and lemons, culti- i vated almost entirely by irrigation, t is enormous and highly prized in the t market. Eastern people cm scarcely t conceive of Southern California ex- ? cept as an orange and lemon raising t country, and yet tho early vegetable t crop of that samo section, not to men- j tion its fruits and wines, is even more < valuable than the orange and lemon 1 crop. i orn?o auu l\a? ... ern portions of the Dakotas, m I>o- . braska, Kansas Oklahoma and Texas. ( There the rainfall is deficient and un- 1 equal and, though the soil is rich, 1 farming is uucertain and insecure. ] The streams of the region aro few and j inconsequential a3 compared with j those in uuy equal area in the humid ; sections of the country, and during i prolonged droughts the vegetation 1 dries up and the land becomes semi- ! arid. Thousands of people who have . settled there in thc past have been ; compelled by repeated crop failures to move away. Still, in each of these semi-arid strips encouraging progress by irrigation has been made of late in a IRIGATION IN NORTH DAKOTA. preliminary way, albeit without much concerted actiou or system ; for until recently veiy little was leno wu of the existence, extent and character of sub terranean water supplies on these plains. Fortunately, however, recent Government investigations have upset tho old notions and havo pruveu the entire jolnius regions to be literally underlaid with water, which can be availed of so as to reclaim tho arid surface and render it. wonderfully pro ductive. Under nil these lauds what is known as "sheet water" is suspend ed below the soil iu a succession of subterranean lake beds, like "a series of huge sponges, and iu these bods the lost, imbibed and percolated rainfall is stored or flows slowly through un derlying layers o? sun I and gravel grit above impervious strata. This is cabed the "underflow," and it is found to be copious and inexhaustible. This "underflow" is thc key to the reclamation of the Great Plains. By recovering it, and in conjunction with that, by storing the surface waters and rainfall now running to waste,and by systematic economy iu the use of water, together with tree-planting and tho prevention of prairie Ares, this whole empire, it is contended by ex perts, can be converted into a verita ble garden ol' gigantic proportions, capable of sustaining a dense, instead of as now, a sparse population. These lost underground waters it is pro posed to recover by mechanical means -hoisting machinery, pumps and windmills-by artesian wella, and hy gravity, with sunken dams, canals, perforated pipes and conduits. The cost would be heavy, but it would be j insignificant in comparison with thc | coming vaines and benefits. Already, n account cf the introduction of hese appliances, thero has been a de icled growth of settlement on the ilains. Summing up results of irrigation in he United States to the present date, he 25,000,000 acres of once desert and can be apportioned approximately hus: Acrp?. arizona. . 880,0?( Jalifornia. G.2of),0?t Morado. 5.600.00C daho. 1,600.000 Ifinsas (west 07th meridian). 1,200,000 fontana. 1,800,000 iebr.iska (west 97th meridian).... 270,000 fevada. 200,000 ?rnv Mexico. 1,000,000 iorth Dakota. 100,000 Iresron. 200,000 louth Dakoto. 140,000 'exas (northwest). 470,000 Jtah. 1,000,000 Washington. 240.000 Vyomimr. 4,000,000 Total.25,200.000 A largo number of new works to ex WESTERN KANSAS. end tho reclamation of desert lands duiosfc indefinitely aro in process of irojection and construction, and these rill soon place under ditch additional racts of vast acreage. These new projects are not coufiucd alone to the Hates just enumerated, but are scat ered over certain Southern States md in a measure over the Now Eng and and Middle States, where ad vanced agriculturists and capitalists ire adopting irrigation methods and ippliances. In Texas and Florida ar esian wells are heing largely resorted o for irrigation, and in Louisiana and Uabama, despite the heavy precipita ron and constant humidity tho semi ropical heat of summer and accom jnnying evaporation, tending to pro luce drought in tho growing season, lave shown the necessity of artificial rrigation by conduits and ditches. Ti./- -'-Mwtinii nf "n??!. ou TPAII aa *\t )f untold wealth from prehistoric :imes. It has been practiced un* jrokenly in India and Chiua for un lumbered centuries. The Eomana ulopteJ it from the East and trans ported it iuto Italy and tho south of France. The Arabs and Moors intro luced it into Spain and tho Spaniards brought it with their conquests to Spanish America. Since ancient times, however, the art of irrigation bas remained practically stationary, whereas almost everything else has been revolutionized by civilization ami progress. Our own practice of it is relatively in its tender infancy. We hive much to learn from the an cients and from tho East Indians and Chinese of to-day in the matter of economizing water, in utilizing river silt, in tho mysteries of aeration, meteorology and geological chemistry. A Worried F Armer. A farmer who has been studying agricultural journals writes the editor of an Ohio paper that he is stumped. He says he reads in ono journal that a side window in his stable makes a horse's eye weak on that side. Another paper tells him that a front window hurts his eyes by the glare; those on diagonal lines make him shy when he travels ; one bohind makes him squint-eyed, and a atablo with out windows makes him blind. The farmer wants to know whether there is any place outside tho heads of those editors where he can hang his win dows.-?arrettsville (Ind.) Journal. Fcc ling Seed ot thc Wild Cane Farmers about Pittsboro, Ala., have found that the seed of the "wild cane," which grows abundantly in tho neigh boring swamps, is an excellent feed for cattle. Tho plant is said to grow lux uriantly on almost auy sort of land, and to yield moro seed to the aero than auy other cereal.-Now Orleans Picayune. Holland's Girl Queen. The revived rumor that tho girl Queen of Holland, littlo Wilhelmina, would bo betrothed to Prince Alfred, of Saxe Coburg-Gotha, is a matter of interest. It has been expected that LITTLE QUITES WILHELMINA. nu early marriage would bo arranged for her for dynastic reasons, us she is tito last "T lier rn-.;e. Thero is no one now living to inherit tho cn*wu. Th? Que*?u is a nervous, delicate.-girl, bm ia very bright and clever. SUMMER GOWNS. NOVEL EFFECTS IX WOMAN'S HOT WEATHER DRESSES, Usiriflr Artificial Flowers For Trim mini; - Stylish Way of Wear ing Sleeves - Pins Our Grandmothers Used. THE French dressmakers nre using artificial flowers for the entire trimming of some of their loveliest confections, and it will be easily seen what charm ing effects may be produced iu this way. For instance, an evening gown made by.Doucet has a skirt with a pink satin front hanging in four godets. On each fold is a group of shaded roses at tho bottom, with a rose vine of green leaves extending up the skirt about three feet. The short train to this dress is of green and pink flow ered moire. The bodice is of pink mousseline de soie, made with a deep, square neck bordered with roses of various shades with a green vine from eaoh rose brought down to the waist, A group of the same roses is fastened to the left hip with tho trailing vine hanging below, and thc sleeves aro of the green and pink moire. Another fairy-like robe was of figured organdie, with a blouse corsage all bunched up with difi'erent colored chrysanthe mums. Tho present steevo with its balloon puff and tight-fitting forearm offers very pretty opportunities for novel effectf. A velvet puff has a tight gui pure sleeve below, which ends at the elbow in long points which flare over the velvet to which each point is flat ly sewn. Another stylish way is to have tho forearm tight-fitting, of course, and finished on the outside seam with five small bows. Then comes the puff, abovo which the yoke of the dress is cut down over the shoulder in long vandykes, tho end of each point hanging over the sleeve and being fiuished with a bow. the same size as those in thc slee* J. What is called the "manche Mercedes is becoming to tall, slender people ; this has a puff at the shoulder, then a shirring, then a ruffle, then another puff (a smaller one), then a long, straight cuff, and fiually a gathered fall of lase at tho wrist. The little French gown in tho double column illustration is tho pret tiest and simplest thing imaginable. It is of flowered silk, made with ex quisite daintiness of cut and fit. THE rTN'S OF OUR GRANDMOTHERS. Colonel John Bl Sandidgc, now re siding in North Louisiana, sends the Picayune some quaint samples of the kinds of pins our grandmothers used in early days in this country. Our artist has faithfully reproduced sev eral for tho benefit of our readers. Says Colonel Sandidge: "'She' knows, doubtless, of tho wiseacre of anciont times, who declared tho plow PINS OUR GRANDMOTHERS USED. lng locks of a woman's head to bo her .glory,' and as our grandmothers of the Revolution ofttimes had nothing hettei than airings nud pins from n thorn bush to keen their locks in place, I beg to offer a sample of the pina BO used taken from the locust tree, growing in all parts of the coun try. My grandmother taught me to whittle them into fancy-if not orna mental-shapes, but none of them, I suppose could bepnt to use to arrang ing tho spezerrinctnms and curlicu rums of their granddaughters, who as represented by 'She,' in the Pica yune, seem toholdthe world in a swing just now-but for the topknot)#noth ing could be better." Now, it would be a qnaint and pretty style, "She" thinks, for our girls to cut their pins from the locust trees during their outings this summer. When one is ? loitering in country homes, one 6till seeks for pretty effects to dazzle the eye of the country Bwains and the city beaux who follow ; tho ''locust pin" would have a fresh "woody" effect, and the dark brown would be really quite ornamental against golden coils. Another thing, it would be a delightful way of pass ing the dull summer hours fer belles and beaux to go on a "locust pin" hunt, and then one could sit within the shades of the locust tree, and while "He" whittled tho pin into ?t*u\jj it ?IV* I?SV rt rt ?/(Ali ?iiw might "pin" him forever to her side by her winning ways and gentle ap preciation. Ob, dear me, the possi bilities suggested by the "locust pin" are many in addition to use and orna ment, and "She" gives the "pin" to the summer girl to make the most ol it. -New Orleans Picayune. STYLES IX SI'MMBR WAIST3. Thc fancy waist and plain, flaring dkirt are the established models for GIRL'S WAIST. tho season. A few skirts have trim ming, and a number of them have fronts or side sections of different ma terial ; but these are the exception, and ufcually indulged in by women who have many dresses and want variety. There need be no relation, whatever, even the remotest, between tho fabrio skirt and the waist; indeed, the less relation the better, unless the colors absolutely quarrel. A stylish and handsome waist of silk has sides and back of plain silk, with a full-length vent front of fancy mate rial or of plain goods covered with lace. Tho front slightly droops over thc belt, and has full folds of plain goods at either side, extending from shoulder-seams to waist-line. The stock collar has largo bows at tho back of the neck. There is a plain bolt with a rosette and very long ends of wide satin ribbon ; tho sleeves are very fall at tho tops, aud from the inside of the elbow about half the distance to the shoulder additional fullness is shirred in. This is a new model of a sleeve, and is very much liked. A waist of crepon and velvet is very pretty. Tho oropon is accordion plaited as lull as possible, and gath ered in at the collar and belt. From tho shoulders over to the waist-line at the tides are very fnil jabot ruffles of embroidered crepon to match. The plaited sleeves are gathered into vel vet bauds at the elbows, and below thee are deep frills of tho embroid ered stuff, 'lhere is a velvet belt with rosettes, a 6tock collar, and velvet rosettes on cither shoulder. This is one of tho prettiest and most practi cal of thc new models. When tho Kuglish sparrow hawk is. (lying toward its dinner it cleaves i suacu at tho rate of 150 miles an hour. Punishment by thc Knoat. The whip, as an instrument of dis cipline, has almost disappeared in this country. It is a good many years since the "cat" has flourished over th9 backs of our seamen and its employ ment in our prisons is exceptional in these days. And eveu where it does exist the present day punishment of RUSSIAN INSTRUMENTS OP PUNISH3CENT. the "cat," inflicted with an instru ment that carries no knots and seldom more than fifteen or twenty strokes, is not to be compared with the savage floggings of the past. The Eussian "knont," however, is a much more terrible instrument of tor turo than the "cat," as v/ill bo seen from tho accompanying illustration. And, unfortunately, one never knows for certain how much of the knout is left in modern Eussia. The telegraph wire still at times carries the horrid whizz of it from remote Siberia, and only the other day came the news from St. Petersburg of a new im perial ukase "abolishing the use of the knout for the punishment of of fenses committed by the peasantry, who have hitherto been completely at the mercy of the local judges in this respect, because statistics were sub mitted to the Czar, showing that in ten years 3000 persons, mostly guilty of thefts of produce, hal died after punishment with the knout."-Chi cago Times-??erald. Oriental Flic?. In Egypt and other countries bor dering on the Eastern Mediterranean eye troubles are extensively propa gated by certain small flie3 which carry germs from ono individual to another, being attracted by the mois ture of the organs. Kecently two American entomologists, Schwarz and Hubbard, have discovered that similar fiortmlaint.R ure "'?en"nri?',l f?uftfl cx . lc:ni* .. ?.'?ll ere 'tits near- ! they-may be seem oh" ...uv .si** ' _ _"_, uuo?io Oe ing serious and lasting. Lost Dog Found by Telephone. Mr. Wieck, of Cleveland avenue, has a water spaniel, Gyp by name, which ho prizes, The other day Gyp strayed away from home, He wandered far down on the South Side, where he wa3 seen by F. M..Milier, residing near Sixty-ninth and State streets. Mr. Miller, knowing a good dog, took Gvp home in his buggy. Mr. Wieck advertised tho loss of his dog and Mr. Miller answered. As lost dogE aro numerous Mr. Wieck did not feel sure that tho one about which he THE IDE>mFICATION EY TELEPHONE. received a letter was his, and lo save a fruitless journey to the South Side he conceived a plan to identify his spaniel without going to him. He went to a telephone station at the corner of Lin coln and Garfield avenues and Mr. Mil ler went with the dog to the Englewood Telephone Exchange. Tho dog was placed upon a table, and when the two men got tho liuo the receiver was placed to Gyp's car and Mr. Wieck called the spaniel's name. The dog immediately made demonstrations showing that he recognized his mas ter's voice. Mr. Wieck's spauiel has a habit of barking when anyone says "fire." Mr. Wieck called "fire" over tho wire and the dog begau to bark. That settled it. Now Gyp is at home. -Chicago Eecord. A Cow's Oncer Tas lo. A Stebenvillo (Ohio) despatch says : "Farmer Rudolph Hook, of Gould's Station, near there, owns a fine cow that is fond of drinking oil, and at every opportunity the gentle creature hies herself to one of the numerous oil wells in the vicinity of thc Hook farm, in tho Gould oil district, and drinks the greasy liquid n.s it flows from the pipes into the tank. The discovery was made by the dark color of the cow's milk and it's oily taste, but it was several days before the causo was ascertained. Yesterday morning Mr. Hook followed the cow as she went oil for her daily drink of oil, ami watched her as she drank nearly a -call?n of the raw fluid as it was pumped out of the earth. Tho cow has been tied up in the pasture lield uutil broken of her remarkable appetite for oil. A NEW DECEPTION. which the people of the South are-resenting, ia the efforts of some to sell them imitations for the real Simmons Liver Regu lator, because they make ,more money by the imitation ; w and they care little that they swindle the people in selling them an inferior article. It's the money they are after, and the people can look out for themselves. Now this is just what the people are doing, and merchants are having a hard time tryiug to get people to take the stuff they offer them in place of Simmons Liver Reg ulator-which is the "King of Liver Medicines," because it never fails to give relief in all liver troubles. Be sure that you get Simmons Liver Regulator. You know it by ^^^fc^ the same old stamp f???s?s^^ of the lied Z on the | fSf||p^ package. It has never fail ed you, fffy^yllj and people who have ^SP^Sggigbeen per suaded to take something else have always come back again lo The Old Friend. Better not tak? any thing else but that made by J.H. ZEILIN & Co., Philadelphia. WIDE WAGON TIRES. A Bulletin Issued by the Agricultural Department. The Agricultural Department has issued a bulletin, compiled by Roy Stone, special agent .in charge ol road inquiry, containing information concerning the uso of wide tires on wagon wheels. Mr. Stone regards it of especial importance in the maint enance of thc public highways that the vehicles used on them shail have tires of greater width than are now in generul use, Extracts from the state laws respecting the width of tire to be used on vehicles are given, some of which offer a rebate of a portion of the highway tax on wagons with rims or tires not less than throe and three and one-half inches In width. Ohio makss it unlawful to transport over macadamized gravel Dr stone roads in any vehicle having a tire of less than three laches in width a burden of more than 2,000 pounds. Indiana has a law against hauling on a wet gravel road a load of over 2,000 pounds on a narrow tired wagon or over 2,500 pounds on a broad tired wagon. Kentucky makes a distinction in c if ? K * Hred v: . ?.. : - -* ::o ?fie ot the distance, r.sid . Wut?, .wer? used, all hand.J^rok'?? . <> two and three inch sizes. This was covered with fine, unsifted quarry chips, and a crown was given to tha roadway with an elevation of about six inches in a width of sixteen feet. Wagons with tires of different de grees of width, some of them as much as six inches wide, were built for hauling stone over this road. Their constant use has produced a smooth, compact and regular surface between the quarry and the works. Loads of stone, varying from 8,000 to 16,000 pounds, are continually hauled over this road, with no perceptible wear. The cost of hauling has been reduced. Experiments in other states are also referred to and the opinion expressed that wido tires aro not only lighter in their draft than narrower ones under nearly all conditions, but they cut up roads rory little; in fact, when six inches wide, tend to mako the road better continually. The bulletin concludes by printing extracts from tho consular reports concerning tho width of tires pre scribed in various foreign countries. In France every freighting and market cart ls said to be a road maker. Their tires are from threo lo ten inches in width, usually from four to six. The German law ot April l?, 1S40, prescribes that wagons for heavy loads, such as coal, brick, earth and stone, must have a width of tire at least four inches. Switzer land requires wagons to be provided with wheels having tires of a width proportional to the largest loads ad missible. Latest in Wedding Rings. A woman well known among so ciety people, although not exactly a member of tho four hundred, recently astonished her friends by appearing in public wearing three solid gold rings on the third finger of her right hand. Tho bands of gold fairly cov ered the joint between tho knuckles. So much curiosity was aroused that one of her friends finally asked her why sho woro tho rings in the way she did. '.Oh," sho replied, "that is the very latest Paris fashion. I got it direct from a dear friend of mino who lives there. You see, the first ring was given to mo by my first husband, who died of yellow fever. I wear (hat in memory of him. The next one I wear in joyful remembrance of the fact that I got a divorce from my second husband, and tho third ring reminds mo that I am married again and getting to bo an old woman," she concluded. Ruined by a Flower. Tho Southwest has been overtaken by a misfortune almost as great as that caused by tho Russian thistle, which has ereated such alarm in tho wheat belt. This is a water lily, a bulb of which was imported from Colombia, S. A., by an admirer of the flower a year or two ago. A cor respondent of tho New York Sun says thc bayous are becoming choked willi the stems of these plants and navigation is seriously impeded.- The pest, is spreading so rapidly that already it has extended into Mississ ippi and Tennessee and tho inhabi tants of Louisiana are seriously alarmed, for the united efforts of those along the bayous have been futile.