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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, July 03, 1895, Image 1

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T1I0S. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1895. VOL. LX. NO. 19. ~
JLJLJLVyk?? t/. ai.'iii'j?-'
It is said that 750,000 Am?ricain
belong to the criminal class.
Michigan ?3 to adopt tho Massachu
setts reading and writing qualifica
tions for voters.
Owing to the unusual activity in
potato planting the price of fertilizer
has advanced fifty per cent.
Tipping is tho latest British insti
tution to bc threatened. Tho Prince
of "Wales has declared that he will put
it down._
A Boston church has decided to hold
rervices at ft.00 a. m. during the sum
mer, so that the convocation can
spend thc rest of the day at pleasure
resorts._
Friends of the late- Professer Dann,
of Tale College, fay that he consid
ered himself a great philanthropist
because he didn't pluy thc flute wi cn
ho could.
If the experiments now'in progress
succeed, the Detroit Free Pre~s fig
ures that p.Toor stockings sized with
potato starch and tallow will bo put
on"thc market and sold at three cents
a pair._
The concerns in this country that
have made the biggest successes have
been large advertiser^ in dull times.
By that means they kept their sales
np to the average when others were
losing money.
The New Orleans Picayune says:
.'The feeliug in Georgia is so strong
ngainst women's suffrage that the
State convention of thc W. C. T. IL
adjourned without discussing the sub
ject, though it was on the pro
gramme."
Bey. Mr. Fairbanks, an American
missionary in India, attributes u large
part of his success to the uso of a
bicycle. Not only is ho enabled to
cover a more extensive territory with
it, but tho natural curiosity of tho
natives brings largo crowds to see "a
horse that needs neither grass nor
grain." _
Gypsies in France have hitherto
managed to avoid being numbered and
traced. They roam through tho coun
try in bands, and as long ns they did
no serious harm were let alone by the
police. Now the gendarmes have or
ders to take a census of these nomad
rand to seo that thoso who are n
French are registered like other '
eignefs._ _
Every Paris cchool has its "can
teen," where free meals are given to
the children who cannot pay, while
those who are better off pay in part
or in full, states the New Orleans
Picayune. Each child brings his clean
napkin, his little bottle of vin ordi
naire, and sometimes fruit or a bit of
chceso for dessert. The cooking is
usually done by tho janitor, and the
meals are served at little tables in thc
play room. The cost of the portions,
generally stews of meat and vegeta
bles, is about two cents for each child.
To the thoughtful stranger within
cur gates, observes tho New York
Press, the exodus of Americans, indi
cated by the cabin lists of the great
steamship compauics, amounts almost
to a depopulation of certain quarters
of our city. Ho is tempted to figure
a little on the subject. Over 3000
persons lca?e this city for foreign
shores every week, and each goes
with, say, 81000 to spend in having
a good time. Ho thinks this estimate
is within bounds. If so, thc steam
ship companies and Europe get out of
ns every week ?3,000,000. There is
ono thing certain. If you are worry
ing about poverty and hard times just
go down to the piers of the leading
lines and look at tho crowds going
abroad. You will forget then that
thero was ever a thought of distress or
depression. There is a story going
around that a man may go to Europe,
remain two weeks in London and
Paris, and return safe aud sound for
S2G?. It may be possible, but precious
few get off under SI000, if they sec
anything of life in the Old "World.
Tho New York Tribune announces
thut New Jersey has successfully
pointed thc way in tho matter of road
betterment, and the work is to bo
carriod much further immediately.
Hudson and Bergen Counties have
clone considerable. Union County
has done more. Camden and Burling
ton have shown a like commendable
spirit. Now Morris Couuly is giviug
an earnest of its ?^urposo to keep up
other progressive couutics. About
100 miles of road in that county arc
to be improved this season, and it is
estimated that 2000 men will be kept
nt work for several months. Not only
are these roads to bc macadamized,
but the grades are to be improved, a
four per cent, grade (that is, a riso ol
not more than four sect in 100 foci)
having been adopted. Much heavier
loads can thus bo carriod by the
farmers and all others engaged in
transportation, while for pleasur.
driving and bioycling Morris County
bids fair to become a paradise. The
entire work is under compe:eut en
gineering direction. Morris County
just now is furnishing a valuable ob
ject lesson to nil who are interested in
road reform.
RAINLESS EMPIRE.
MAXY 311LLIOXS OF ACRES NOW
I AWAIT RECLAMATION.
Uncle Som Takes Hold of the Prob
lem of Irrigation-"The Great
Fiai us" to Be Re
claimed.
UNCLE SAM is about to take a
practical hand m solving the
great problem in this coun
try of farming by irrigation.
He has organized a National board of
irrigation experts iu "Washington,
whose duty it will be to study the best
methods of promoting irrigation aud
of developing our agricultural re
sources wherever farming is now de
pressed, and to give to tho people
from time to time the results of these
s'udies in an available form, with ad
vice, suggestion aud instruction, as
circumstances warrant. This board
consists of five scientific experts from
the Department of Agriculture and
five from tho Department of the In
terior.
Uncle Sam has heretofore manifest
ed in various ways his lively interest
in irrigation, and it behooves him to
do so still, inasmuch as nearly all the
desirable land in our public domain is
already occujnel ami pre-empted by
settlers, and the only means left of
adding to it is by irrigation and by
conquest. Conquest is out of the
question, under present circumstances,
and hence to irrigation alone must he
look as the sole agency for enlarging
our habitable territory and providing
homes for prospective settlers. But
,this agency, it is conthbntly believed
by competent authorities, will be fully
equal to the emergensy. The tre
mendous benefits of irrigation are
readily seen when it is stated that in
the single State of California G, OOO, OOO
acres, in Colorado over 5,000,000, and
in Wyoming 4,000,000 acres of laud
have been reclaimed in the past few
years from a condition of utter un
productiveness and worthlessness to a
condition of blossoming richness. The
soil of those regions was, not long
ago,, wholly arid, but with intelligent
irrigation it has sprung into teeming
vegetable life, and the sole vivifying
agency in the transformation has
been water, simply water.
From present indications it would
seem that irrigation is to become the
saving watchword and rallyiug-cry,
not only in the far West, but in the
East and South as well. To stimulate
interest in irrigation farming in the
far West particularly, and elsewhere
incidentally by reason of example,
Congress last summer donated 10.000,
000 acres of public land to ten differ
reoi-.u..
next ten years. Most ui
lie between slopes of the Bookies or
upon plateaus or in valleys tributary
to these ranges. Before the donations
are consummated by the Secretary of
the Interior, each State must file in
the.Geueral Land Office in Washing
ton a satisfactory plan showing tho
mode of irrigation contemplated and
the sources whence tho water is to be
got.
This magnificent grant is likely to
solve the preliminary difficulties of
the desert-land problem, and give a
?reat impetus to the irrigation move
ment. The law making tho donation
is tho sequel to a series of ill-devised
measures enacted previously on the
subject, beginning in 1877. The law
.SMALL ARTESIAN WELL FOR II
of 1877, throwing open tho desert
lands indiscriminately to settlement,
resulted in attempts by large syndi
cates to snatch the sites of water
courses and other vital points suitable
for tho location of dams and reser
voirs.
This would have amounted eventu
ally JO a pre-emption of thc whole re
gion-almost entire States-as posses
sion of the water would entail neces
sarily the possession of tho land too,
for tho mero land without water
rights would be worthless. Accord
ingly, by subsequent acts tho lands
containing reservoir sites were with
drawn from public entry and costly
investigations were made by the Geo
logical Surve;* io.* data with which to
prepare maps ot reservoir sites. By
further supplemental acts thc with
drawal provisions were repealed, but
the right of way for ditches and canals
was reserved by the Government.
But the lands continued in a desert
condition and unsettled, and so Con
gress was at last prompted to turn
them over to the States in whoso bor
ders they aro located, to work ont
their ealvatiou ns best they may.
Various schemes are now proposed
in these new States to avail themselves
of the desert land donations. One
plan is for the States to build irriga
tion works with labor brought from
the overcrowded cities of the East and
Middle West and to pay for that labor
half in cash and half in laud, the laud
to be occupied when the irrigation
works are finished. Another project
is to establish a model irrigation
frtrmiri'j,' culony in some typical den itt
district to demonstrate to the outside
world by object lesson what can be j
clone in agriculture by a siegle irriga- a
tion community if properly managed, o
However, tho States themselves will t
determine the manner of development, c
and they will probably do it speedily, p
But whatever plaus are adopted the
approved irrigating methods now sue- t
cessfully followed by individual capi- t
talists and communities in the now re- 1
claimed deserts in the West will doubt- t
less be pursued to a greater or less de
gree, enormous daui3 and storage j
reseivoirs being used to collect and c
save the surface water as it flows down i
the mountain sides in springtime, and 1
distributing canals and ramifying :
ditches being utilized to apply the j
water to the crops. ?
By these irrigating methods 25,000,- *
DOO acres of land,chiefly in California, g
Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, j
Utah and New Mexico have already I
been reclaimed within the past twelve ^
years, and a large proportion of the
irrigating works employed there, cre
ated by American engiueers, will
PIONEER IRRIGATION IN 1
stand comparison favorably with any t
others in the world. No better ex- a
ample, for instance, of tho value and \
growth of irrigation conid ba present- \
ed than the new development of the t
orange and lemon industry of Southern J j
California. In the year 1S70 there j ;
were only 45,000 orange and lemon v
trees in the whole gold State. Now s
there aro 5,000,000, and chiefly in the 1
six most southerly colludes. Their -
product of oranges and lemons, culti- i
vated almost entirely by irrigation, t
is enormous and highly prized in the t
market. Eastern people cm scarcely t
conceive of Southern California ex- ?
cept as an orange and lemon raising t
country, and yet tho early vegetable t
crop of that samo section, not to men- j
tion its fruits and wines, is even more <
valuable than the orange and lemon 1
crop. i
orn?o auu l\a? ...
ern portions of the Dakotas, m I>o- .
braska, Kansas Oklahoma and Texas. (
There the rainfall is deficient and un- 1
equal and, though the soil is rich, 1
farming is uucertain and insecure. ]
The streams of the region aro few and j
inconsequential a3 compared with j
those in uuy equal area in the humid ;
sections of the country, and during i
prolonged droughts the vegetation 1
dries up and the land becomes semi- !
arid. Thousands of people who have .
settled there in thc past have been ;
compelled by repeated crop failures to
move away. Still, in each of these
semi-arid strips encouraging progress
by irrigation has been made of late in a
IRIGATION IN NORTH DAKOTA.
preliminary way, albeit without much
concerted actiou or system ; for until
recently veiy little was leno wu of the
existence, extent and character of sub
terranean water supplies on these
plains. Fortunately, however, recent
Government investigations have upset
tho old notions and havo pruveu the
entire jolnius regions to be literally
underlaid with water, which can be
availed of so as to reclaim tho arid
surface and render it. wonderfully pro
ductive. Under nil these lauds what
is known as "sheet water" is suspend
ed below the soil iu a succession of
subterranean lake beds, like "a series
of huge sponges, and iu these bods the
lost, imbibed and percolated rainfall
is stored or flows slowly through un
derlying layers o? sun I and gravel
grit above impervious strata. This is
cabed the "underflow," and it is
found to be copious and inexhaustible.
This "underflow" is thc key to the
reclamation of the Great Plains. By
recovering it, and in conjunction with
that, by storing the surface waters
and rainfall now running to waste,and
by systematic economy iu the use of
water, together with tree-planting and
tho prevention of prairie Ares, this
whole empire, it is contended by ex
perts, can be converted into a verita
ble garden ol' gigantic proportions,
capable of sustaining a dense, instead
of as now, a sparse population. These
lost underground waters it is pro
posed to recover by mechanical means
-hoisting machinery, pumps and
windmills-by artesian wella, and hy
gravity, with sunken dams, canals,
perforated pipes and conduits. The
cost would be heavy, but it would be j
insignificant in comparison with thc |
coming vaines and benefits. Already,
n account cf the introduction of
hese appliances, thero has been a de
icled growth of settlement on the
ilains.
Summing up results of irrigation in
he United States to the present date,
he 25,000,000 acres of once desert
and can be apportioned approximately
hus:
Acrp?.
arizona. . 880,0?(
Jalifornia. G.2of),0?t
Morado. 5.600.00C
daho. 1,600.000
Ifinsas (west 07th meridian). 1,200,000
fontana. 1,800,000
iebr.iska (west 97th meridian).... 270,000
fevada. 200,000
?rnv Mexico. 1,000,000
iorth Dakota. 100,000
Iresron. 200,000
louth Dakoto. 140,000
'exas (northwest). 470,000
Jtah. 1,000,000
Washington. 240.000
Vyomimr. 4,000,000
Total.25,200.000
A largo number of new works to ex
WESTERN KANSAS.
end tho reclamation of desert lands
duiosfc indefinitely aro in process of
irojection and construction, and these
rill soon place under ditch additional
racts of vast acreage. These new
projects are not coufiucd alone to the
Hates just enumerated, but are scat
ered over certain Southern States
md in a measure over the Now Eng
and and Middle States, where ad
vanced agriculturists and capitalists
ire adopting irrigation methods and
ippliances. In Texas and Florida ar
esian wells are heing largely resorted
o for irrigation, and in Louisiana and
Uabama, despite the heavy precipita
ron and constant humidity tho semi
ropical heat of summer and accom
jnnying evaporation, tending to pro
luce drought in tho growing season,
lave shown the necessity of artificial
rrigation by conduits and ditches.
Ti./- -'-Mwtinii nf "n??!. ou TPAII aa *\t
)f untold wealth from prehistoric
:imes. It has been practiced un*
jrokenly in India and Chiua for un
lumbered centuries. The Eomana
ulopteJ it from the East and trans
ported it iuto Italy and tho south of
France. The Arabs and Moors intro
luced it into Spain and tho Spaniards
brought it with their conquests to
Spanish America. Since ancient
times, however, the art of irrigation
bas remained practically stationary,
whereas almost everything else has
been revolutionized by civilization
ami progress. Our own practice of it
is relatively in its tender infancy.
We hive much to learn from the an
cients and from tho East Indians and
Chinese of to-day in the matter of
economizing water, in utilizing river
silt, in tho mysteries of aeration,
meteorology and geological chemistry.
A Worried F Armer.
A farmer who has been studying
agricultural journals writes the editor
of an Ohio paper that he is stumped.
He says he reads in ono journal that a
side window in his stable makes a
horse's eye weak on that side.
Another paper tells him that a front
window hurts his eyes by the glare;
those on diagonal lines make him shy
when he travels ; one bohind makes
him squint-eyed, and a atablo with
out windows makes him blind. The
farmer wants to know whether there
is any place outside tho heads of those
editors where he can hang his win
dows.-?arrettsville (Ind.) Journal.
Fcc ling Seed ot thc Wild Cane
Farmers about Pittsboro, Ala., have
found that the seed of the "wild cane,"
which grows abundantly in tho neigh
boring swamps, is an excellent feed for
cattle. Tho plant is said to grow lux
uriantly on almost auy sort of land,
and to yield moro seed to the aero
than auy other cereal.-Now Orleans
Picayune.
Holland's Girl Queen.
The revived rumor that tho girl
Queen of Holland, littlo Wilhelmina,
would bo betrothed to Prince Alfred,
of Saxe Coburg-Gotha, is a matter of
interest. It has been expected that
LITTLE QUITES WILHELMINA.
nu early marriage would bo arranged
for her for dynastic reasons, us she is
tito last "T lier rn-.;e. Thero is no one
now living to inherit tho cn*wu. Th?
Que*?u is a nervous, delicate.-girl, bm
ia very bright and clever.
SUMMER GOWNS.
NOVEL EFFECTS IX WOMAN'S
HOT WEATHER DRESSES,
Usiriflr Artificial Flowers For Trim
mini; - Stylish Way of Wear
ing Sleeves - Pins Our
Grandmothers Used.
THE French dressmakers nre
using artificial flowers for the
entire trimming of some of
their loveliest confections,
and it will be easily seen what charm
ing effects may be produced iu this way.
For instance, an evening gown made
by.Doucet has a skirt with a pink
satin front hanging in four godets.
On each fold is a group of shaded
roses at tho bottom, with a rose vine
of green leaves extending up the skirt
about three feet. The short train to
this dress is of green and pink flow
ered moire. The bodice is of pink
mousseline de soie, made with a deep,
square neck bordered with roses of
various shades with a green vine from
eaoh rose brought down to the waist,
A group of the same roses is fastened
to the left hip with tho trailing vine
hanging below, and thc sleeves aro of
the green and pink moire. Another
fairy-like robe was of figured organdie,
with a blouse corsage all bunched up
with difi'erent colored chrysanthe
mums.
Tho present steevo with its balloon
puff and tight-fitting forearm offers
very pretty opportunities for novel
effectf. A velvet puff has a tight gui
pure sleeve below, which ends at the
elbow in long points which flare over
the velvet to which each point is flat
ly sewn. Another stylish way is to
have tho forearm tight-fitting, of
course, and finished on the outside
seam with five small bows. Then
comes the puff, abovo which the yoke
of the dress is cut down over the
shoulder in long vandykes, tho end
of each point hanging over the sleeve
and being fiuished with a bow. the
same size as those in thc slee* J. What
is called the "manche Mercedes is
becoming to tall, slender people ; this
has a puff at the shoulder, then a
shirring, then a ruffle, then another
puff (a smaller one), then a long,
straight cuff, and fiually a gathered
fall of lase at tho wrist.
The little French gown in tho
double column illustration is tho pret
tiest and simplest thing imaginable.
It is of flowered silk, made with ex
quisite daintiness of cut and fit.
THE rTN'S OF OUR GRANDMOTHERS.
Colonel John Bl Sandidgc, now re
siding in North Louisiana, sends the
Picayune some quaint samples of the
kinds of pins our grandmothers used
in early days in this country. Our
artist has faithfully reproduced sev
eral for tho benefit of our readers.
Says Colonel Sandidge: "'She'
knows, doubtless, of tho wiseacre of
anciont times, who declared tho plow
PINS OUR GRANDMOTHERS USED.
lng locks of a woman's head to bo her
.glory,' and as our grandmothers of
the Revolution ofttimes had nothing
hettei than airings nud pins from n
thorn bush to keen their locks in
place, I beg to offer a sample of the
pina BO used taken from the locust
tree, growing in all parts of the coun
try. My grandmother taught me to
whittle them into fancy-if not orna
mental-shapes, but none of them, I
suppose could bepnt to use to arrang
ing tho spezerrinctnms and curlicu
rums of their granddaughters, who
as represented by 'She,' in the Pica
yune, seem toholdthe world in a swing
just now-but for the topknot)#noth
ing could be better."
Now, it would be a qnaint and pretty
style, "She" thinks, for our girls to
cut their pins from the locust trees
during their outings this summer.
When one is ? loitering in country
homes, one 6till seeks for pretty effects
to dazzle the eye of the country Bwains
and the city beaux who follow ; tho
''locust pin" would have a fresh
"woody" effect, and the dark brown
would be really quite ornamental
against golden coils. Another thing,
it would be a delightful way of pass
ing the dull summer hours fer belles
and beaux to go on a "locust pin"
hunt, and then one could sit within
the shades of the locust tree, and
while "He" whittled tho pin into
?t*u\jj it ?IV* I?SV rt rt ?/(Ali ?iiw
might "pin" him forever to her side
by her winning ways and gentle ap
preciation. Ob, dear me, the possi
bilities suggested by the "locust pin"
are many in addition to use and orna
ment, and "She" gives the "pin" to
the summer girl to make the most ol
it. -New Orleans Picayune.
STYLES IX SI'MMBR WAIST3.
Thc fancy waist and plain, flaring
dkirt are the established models for
GIRL'S WAIST.
tho season. A few skirts have trim
ming, and a number of them have
fronts or side sections of different ma
terial ; but these are the exception,
and ufcually indulged in by women who
have many dresses and want variety.
There need be no relation, whatever,
even the remotest, between tho fabrio
skirt and the waist; indeed, the less
relation the better, unless the colors
absolutely quarrel.
A stylish and handsome waist of silk
has sides and back of plain silk, with
a full-length vent front of fancy mate
rial or of plain goods covered with
lace. Tho front slightly droops over
thc belt, and has full folds of plain
goods at either side, extending from
shoulder-seams to waist-line. The
stock collar has largo bows at tho back
of the neck. There is a plain bolt
with a rosette and very long ends of
wide satin ribbon ; tho sleeves are very
fall at tho tops, aud from the inside
of the elbow about half the distance
to the shoulder additional fullness is
shirred in. This is a new model of a
sleeve, and is very much liked.
A waist of crepon and velvet is very
pretty. Tho oropon is accordion
plaited as lull as possible, and gath
ered in at the collar and belt. From
tho shoulders over to the waist-line at
the tides are very fnil jabot ruffles of
embroidered crepon to match. The
plaited sleeves are gathered into vel
vet bauds at the elbows, and below
thee are deep frills of tho embroid
ered stuff, 'lhere is a velvet belt with
rosettes, a 6tock collar, and velvet
rosettes on cither shoulder. This is
one of tho prettiest and most practi
cal of thc new models.
When tho Kuglish sparrow hawk is.
(lying toward its dinner it cleaves
i suacu at tho rate of 150 miles an hour.
Punishment by thc Knoat.
The whip, as an instrument of dis
cipline, has almost disappeared in this
country. It is a good many years
since the "cat" has flourished over th9
backs of our seamen and its employ
ment in our prisons is exceptional in
these days. And eveu where it does
exist the present day punishment of
RUSSIAN INSTRUMENTS OP PUNISH3CENT.
the "cat," inflicted with an instru
ment that carries no knots and seldom
more than fifteen or twenty strokes, is
not to be compared with the savage
floggings of the past.
The Eussian "knont," however, is a
much more terrible instrument of tor
turo than the "cat," as v/ill bo seen
from tho accompanying illustration.
And, unfortunately, one never knows
for certain how much of the knout is
left in modern Eussia. The telegraph
wire still at times carries the horrid
whizz of it from remote Siberia, and
only the other day came the news
from St. Petersburg of a new im
perial ukase "abolishing the use of
the knout for the punishment of of
fenses committed by the peasantry,
who have hitherto been completely at
the mercy of the local judges in this
respect, because statistics were sub
mitted to the Czar, showing that in
ten years 3000 persons, mostly guilty
of thefts of produce, hal died after
punishment with the knout."-Chi
cago Times-??erald.
Oriental Flic?.
In Egypt and other countries bor
dering on the Eastern Mediterranean
eye troubles are extensively propa
gated by certain small flie3 which
carry germs from ono individual to
another, being attracted by the mois
ture of the organs. Kecently two
American entomologists, Schwarz and
Hubbard, have discovered that similar
fiortmlaint.R ure "'?en"nri?',l f?uftfl cx
. lc:ni* .. ?.'?ll ere 'tits near- !
they-may be seem oh" ...uv .si**
' _ _"_, uuo?io Oe
ing serious and lasting.
Lost Dog Found by Telephone.
Mr. Wieck, of Cleveland avenue, has
a water spaniel, Gyp by name, which
ho prizes, The other day Gyp strayed
away from home, He wandered far
down on the South Side, where he wa3
seen by F. M..Milier, residing near
Sixty-ninth and State streets. Mr.
Miller, knowing a good dog, took Gvp
home in his buggy.
Mr. Wieck advertised tho loss of his
dog and Mr. Miller answered. As lost
dogE aro numerous Mr. Wieck did not
feel sure that tho one about which he
THE IDE>mFICATION EY TELEPHONE.
received a letter was his, and lo save a
fruitless journey to the South Side he
conceived a plan to identify his spaniel
without going to him. He went to a
telephone station at the corner of Lin
coln and Garfield avenues and Mr. Mil
ler went with the dog to the Englewood
Telephone Exchange. Tho dog was
placed upon a table, and when the two
men got tho liuo the receiver was
placed to Gyp's car and Mr. Wieck
called the spaniel's name. The dog
immediately made demonstrations
showing that he recognized his mas
ter's voice. Mr. Wieck's spauiel has a
habit of barking when anyone says
"fire." Mr. Wieck called "fire" over
tho wire and the dog begau to bark.
That settled it. Now Gyp is at home.
-Chicago Eecord.
A Cow's Oncer Tas lo.
A Stebenvillo (Ohio) despatch says :
"Farmer Rudolph Hook, of Gould's
Station, near there, owns a fine cow
that is fond of drinking oil, and at
every opportunity the gentle creature
hies herself to one of the numerous oil
wells in the vicinity of thc Hook farm,
in tho Gould oil district, and drinks
the greasy liquid n.s it flows from the
pipes into the tank. The discovery
was made by the dark color of the
cow's milk and it's oily taste, but it
was several days before the causo was
ascertained. Yesterday morning Mr.
Hook followed the cow as she went oil
for her daily drink of oil, ami watched
her as she drank nearly a -call?n of the
raw fluid as it was pumped out of the
earth. Tho cow has been tied up in
the pasture lield uutil broken of her
remarkable appetite for oil.
A NEW DECEPTION.
which the people of the South
are-resenting, ia the efforts of
some to sell them imitations for
the real Simmons Liver Regu
lator, because they make ,more
money by the imitation ; w and
they care little that they swindle
the people in selling them an
inferior article. It's the money
they are after, and the people can
look out for themselves. Now
this is just what the people are
doing, and merchants are having
a hard time tryiug to get people
to take the stuff they offer them
in place of Simmons Liver Reg
ulator-which is the "King of
Liver Medicines," because it never
fails to give relief in all liver
troubles. Be sure that you get
Simmons Liver Regulator. You
know it by ^^^fc^ the same
old stamp f???s?s^^ of the lied
Z on the | fSf||p^ package.
It has never fail
ed you, fffy^yllj and people
who have ^SP^Sggigbeen per
suaded to take something else have
always come back again lo The
Old Friend. Better not tak? any
thing else but that made by J.H.
ZEILIN & Co., Philadelphia.
WIDE WAGON TIRES.
A Bulletin Issued by the Agricultural
Department.
The Agricultural Department has
issued a bulletin, compiled by Roy
Stone, special agent .in charge ol
road inquiry, containing information
concerning the uso of wide tires on
wagon wheels. Mr. Stone regards it
of especial importance in the maint
enance of thc public highways that
the vehicles used on them shail have
tires of greater width than are now
in generul use, Extracts from the
state laws respecting the width of
tire to be used on vehicles are given,
some of which offer a rebate of a
portion of the highway tax on wagons
with rims or tires not less than throe
and three and one-half inches In
width. Ohio makss it unlawful to
transport over macadamized gravel
Dr stone roads in any vehicle having
a tire of less than three laches in
width a burden of more than 2,000
pounds. Indiana has a law against
hauling on a wet gravel road a load
of over 2,000 pounds on a narrow
tired wagon or over 2,500 pounds on
a broad tired wagon.
Kentucky makes a distinction in
c if ? K * Hred v: . ?.. : -
-*
::o ?fie
ot the distance, r.sid
. Wut?, .wer? used, all hand.J^rok'?? . <>
two and three inch sizes. This was
covered with fine, unsifted quarry
chips, and a crown was given to tha
roadway with an elevation of about
six inches in a width of sixteen feet.
Wagons with tires of different de
grees of width, some of them as much
as six inches wide, were built for
hauling stone over this road. Their
constant use has produced a smooth,
compact and regular surface between
the quarry and the works. Loads of
stone, varying from 8,000 to 16,000
pounds, are continually hauled over
this road, with no perceptible wear.
The cost of hauling has been reduced.
Experiments in other states are also
referred to and the opinion expressed
that wido tires aro not only lighter
in their draft than narrower ones
under nearly all conditions, but they
cut up roads rory little; in fact,
when six inches wide, tend to mako
the road better continually.
The bulletin concludes by printing
extracts from tho consular reports
concerning tho width of tires pre
scribed in various foreign countries.
In France every freighting and
market cart ls said to be a road
maker. Their tires are from threo
lo ten inches in width, usually from
four to six. The German law ot
April l?, 1S40, prescribes that wagons
for heavy loads, such as coal, brick,
earth and stone, must have a width
of tire at least four inches. Switzer
land requires wagons to be provided
with wheels having tires of a width
proportional to the largest loads ad
missible.
Latest in Wedding Rings.
A woman well known among so
ciety people, although not exactly a
member of tho four hundred, recently
astonished her friends by appearing
in public wearing three solid gold
rings on the third finger of her right
hand. Tho bands of gold fairly cov
ered the joint between tho knuckles.
So much curiosity was aroused that
one of her friends finally asked her
why sho woro tho rings in the way
she did.
'.Oh," sho replied, "that is the
very latest Paris fashion. I got it
direct from a dear friend of mino who
lives there. You see, the first ring
was given to mo by my first husband,
who died of yellow fever. I wear
(hat in memory of him. The next
one I wear in joyful remembrance of
the fact that I got a divorce from my
second husband, and tho third ring
reminds mo that I am married again
and getting to bo an old woman,"
she concluded.
Ruined by a Flower.
Tho Southwest has been overtaken
by a misfortune almost as great as
that caused by tho Russian thistle,
which has ereated such alarm in tho
wheat belt. This is a water lily, a
bulb of which was imported from
Colombia, S. A., by an admirer of
the flower a year or two ago. A cor
respondent of tho New York Sun
says thc bayous are becoming choked
willi the stems of these plants and
navigation is seriously impeded.- The
pest, is spreading so rapidly that
already it has extended into Mississ
ippi and Tennessee and tho inhabi
tants of Louisiana are seriously
alarmed, for the united efforts of
those along the bayous have been
futile.

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