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TIIOS: J. ADAMS. PROPRIETOR - EDGE FI ELI), S. C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 28. ,1895._VOL LX. NO. 31.
The Iowa Sapreme Court bas do? cided that stockholders of a corpora - tion have a right to examine the reo* ords at any time. The Bishop of Coventry, England, who recently got married, made every . body laugh on his return from his honeymoon by preaching a sermon on the topic "The Penitent's Return.'' The fruit and market garden busi ness of the South now brings into that section $39,000,000 a year and the Atlanta Constitution predicts that in the next few years it will be doubled; Recent statistics show, especially in European countrie?, that tho number of horses used in cities and towns in creases every year in a more rapi I proportion than thc population of the same, and is owing, no doubt, to the greater number of public conveyances and tho traffic steam and electricity bring. _ The islanders of Cuba and Malagas car are better defended by their epi demic maladies than by their armo I forces, maintains the New York Tri bnne. Tho former aro always on guard, requiring no commissariat and running up no burdensome bill of ex penses. In her campaign against tho Hovas, Franco loses fivo tim)3 a? many soldiers by the coast fever is sho loses in combat, and Spain fare ? sim ilarly ia her operations agnuifc t'10 Cubans. The dragon protectiu* tas garden ol Hesperus was not so potent a defender as the islands find* in the pestilences which ride their torril airs, raining contagion 01 thalr in vaders. Both armies call for rein forcements; neither ha; hal muc'i sncoess thus far. and their most po tent enemy is beyond tho reach of their bullets or bayonets. The student ol the world's political history will do well to keep close watch of Russia, suggnests the Path finder. From an obscure, semi-civil ized Nation she has pushed herself forward among the first-rate Po .rori of Europe. Within, she is unlergoing an industrial transformation tu it fe w outsiders realize. Her petroleum, her wheat-these products aro miking her prominent in the markets of tho world, and her people are on the point of waking np to their destiny. With ^nt; she-is fast taking a ^omta-*n-fc--po aition among the Powers of Europe and Asia. Sho owns all of North Asia, has under construct io 1 the greatest transcontinental railway ever attempted, has nudged China off bor der territory, bullied Japan ont of a little well earned slice of Caiueso mainland, is racing with England for the control of thoso keystone table lands of Central Asia, an I now wants her say in the Suez Caua!. Surely, Russia has ambitions, and with cool heads to lead her she ha3 goo I chance? of making a broad impression on thc future of Europe and of tho world. If tho coming woman is not enougt of an athlete, it will not be the fault of Cornell University. The trustee* of that institution have just appropri ated $50,000 for au addition to thc present gymnasium for women stu dents; workmen are already laying tho foundations. The work will be carried on so rapidly that when the college opens next fall Cornell will possess the largest aad best equipped gymnasium exclusively for women in the world. There will be rowing ma chines, flying rings and trapezes, chest weights and springboards, and a huge swimming tank. When Cornell was made a co-educational institution, upon the highest portion of the oam pns was erected an immense building cnlled Sago College. It was in this building tho young women of Cornell were supposed to live and stud j, al though they recited in the regular college recitation rooms with the young men students. At that time, however, there were only seventy-five or a hundred women in the university. Now there are over two hundred women in it, and nearly one-half ol them live either with parents oi friends in tho city, or in quarters in some of the professors' houses. Thc new gymnasium will be for the use of the women students, although those living outside will probably not be re quired to take part in the prescribed exercise. The new building is 100 by fifty feet long. Discovered tho Art ot DU U KI ! G?ttin? Tho art of cutting and polishing diamonds was unknowu until 1435, when it was discovered by Louis Ber quen, of Brnges. In speaking of the size of diamonds the term carat is used. This is tho name of a bean whioh was used in its drio.l state by the natives of Afrioa in weighing gold, and in India in weighing diamonds. Though the bean is not used for this purpose now, ^he name is retained, and the oarat is nearly four grains troy.-New York Mercury. Accurate Test for B>giis Gean. An accurate scientific method has been discovered for distinguishing preoious gems from fraudulent imita tions. It is known that scales how ever delicately coustructeJ, ar? not Always reliable. The new method con sists in floating tho stone to be tested in a very dense liquid. Several liquids lused in the experiments are mora ,than three and a naif times as densa las water. The liquids are not corro sivo or in any way dangerous. I WOMEN FARMERS. TH KY H AVK TIIKIR OWN LAXO AND DO TIIKIR OWN WORK. Tho Land ?is Given Away - One Hundred Jfamllles ut Work on the Ravenswood Kuna oa Long Island.. MERICAN travelers oa thc European Continent aro o? ten greatly shocked by see ing women working in the fields along with tho men, and come home oon2iratnlating thennelres that they Jive in a country where such things oannot be; but now, writes Miriam Dunley in the New York Re corder, there aro womel farmers in America ; and so far from feeling it a hardship, they are as happy as chil dren over their work. On tho Ravenswood farm in Long Island City, under the management of the Association for Improving the Con dition of the Poor, men, woman and children all work in the fields to gether. Five women have farms of their oWn, and do almost all thc work themselves. These farms are the resnlt of an ex periment rando last year by thc Mayor of Detroit, in which he 'attempted to convert to the use of the idle poor tho lands lying ia and ?roan I tho city. Tho plan succeeded so well that a dozen committees visited Detroit dur ing the summer to investigate and re f>ort on the work, and this year simi ar experiments aro being tried in New York, Brooklyn, Chicago, Bos ton, Buffalo, Toledo, St. Paul, Minne apolis and other cities. In New York the A. L C. P. undertook the work, and 300 acres of land in Long Island City were placed at its disposal by Mr. William Steinway. The use of other lots was also given, but as yet only forty-eight ?cres in Long Island CUTTfSO POTATOES FOP SEED. lion. The money for seed, fertilizers and other expenses was supplied by Mr. Fulton Cutting. The work is in charge of a superintendent, Mr. J. W. Kjelgaard, and instruction is given to any who may be in neod of it. A quarter of an acre is given to each persoD, and there is also a co-opera tive farm. About 100 families are at work on tho Ravenswood farm, nearly all )iv A IIAFPY ing in New York, and going over to Long Island once or twice a week, or oftener if necessary. They are noti fied by postal when the lots need cultivation. Often a mau brings his wife and family just for an outing. One paterfamilias bas built a little playhouse for his progeny, about three feet by two and just as high os the fence which forms one side of it ; and in this edifice six children, from tbreo months up to twelve years, shelter themselves from tho sun while their father and mother are hoeing tho po tatoes or gathering the vegetables. The lot next to this ono is worked by a woman, Mrs. Adolf Boldengerd, whose two little childreu, whilo sho works, play in a little tent that ?ho makes by bending down the branches of a tree, aud spreading a shawl over them. Mrs. Boldengerd cau't speak English, but by means of her little girl and the limited amount of Ger man at my disposal, I managed to mako her understand that I wantod to know how she liked farming, as com pared with other occupations by which sho had attempted to earn money. "Oh, besser!" she answered, her face brightening with a smile that was as "wide" as Trilby's, if not so beau tiful. "Viel besser !" Mrs. Boldengerd is often at work at five o'clock in the morning, and, of course, has all her housework to do, besides, her iarming. Her husband worss on the co-operutive farm. The other lour women who have fax ms are Mrs. Doecel, Mrs. Peterson, Mrs. Cornelius, and a bright little Swiss woman who raises bigger cab bages than any one else, and won't let her ?amo bo pnfc in tho paper. She secnred her 6nccess by burning the rubbish on her lof, and using the ashes as a fertilizer, a method om ploycd in Switzerland, she says. She has tried a great many ways of earn ing her living, has beon a coir, a laundress and a dressmaker, but pre fers farming to all, and says she hasn't been a? well for years as sbo is this summer. Mrs. Peterson doo? all the work of her quarter acre herself, and is at home washing on Monday, Tuesday and Weduesd?y besides, and yet she says she never bofore felt so well as .she does now. Mrs* Peterson's hus band started the farm, but got some thing else to do soon after, and hi3 wife undertook tho work and was very glad to do sn. Mr:?. Doecel has a little moro than tho usual quarter-acre, and has no help pxcept a little from her husband, who has been ill and can't do mach. Sho herself has some kind of an en gagement in a store, and has to get a day off when sho wants to attend to her farm, but tho keeps it. in first class order, nevertheless. Like most of tho other femulo agriculturists she learned the art iu Europe. One of her children, a little girl of "fonr, is just out of a hospital, and enjoys the sunshine and dirt immensely. Aside from these women who have farms of their own, there are more than a dozen who work with their hus WOUEN FA?WIER3 AT WORK. bands, makins about twenty-five in all, and Mr. Kjelgaard says they are, without exception, the best farmers ou the place. He attributes this partly to the care of all growing things that seems to be innate in most feminine breasts. To these women of the tene ments the fresh air and san3hine are like heaven. They care for their cab bages as tenderly as the geranium in the window at home, and a potato blossom is as beautiful to them as a rose. Many of them do the work un der great disadvantages, and the enargy and perseverance they display is something wonderful. One woman is often seed weeding \vith her baby in her arm, and others carry their chil dren all the way from the ferry to the farm, a distance of more than half a mile. Tho man who has made most money out of bis farm oxres all his suc cess to his wife, as she has peddled and found a market for his products. He docs farm work, Mr. Kjelgnrd says, but his wife is his business manager. The effect of the experiment on all the tenants, both male and female, has been beneficial in tho extreme, men tally PB well as financially, and it is certain that thc work will bo con tinued next year on a much larger scale. One gentleman intends to de voto some land in Northern New York to the purpose, and will givo the lots outright to the tenants. The work is attracting the widest attention, and letters about it are contiuualiy bciug received, not only from all over Amer ica, but from Europe as well. FA3IILY. Why Egypiiaus Ma le Jlumaites. Tho Egyptians believed that tho soul lived only as long as thc body en dured, hence their reason for embalm ing tho body to make it last as long as possible. It is estimated that alto gether there aro 400,000,000 mum mies in Egypt.-Detroit Free Press. - WIBI - Always So. A M02?KEY OT ' KEXOWN. Would Not Only Usp Tools", but Could 31 a kc Them. If any being'cf?nld,.lay claim to tho title of "Thc Masing Link," that being, animal, nian-brnte, call him what you wiU, pays a writer in the Sketch, was indubitably Con sul, for certainly lie was the most extraordinary specimen ever brought within the ken of civilization. Of the chimpanzee species ho varied so much from tho ordinary anthropopitheens troglodyte that his exact scientific no menclature? is a matter of doubt. Cer tainly he displayed aa amount of in telligence, a development of brain power, far in excess of that possessed by any mere animal, and, as far as one is able to judge, approximating to the mental caliber of primitive man-mau before he hid the power of articulate speech, and when the art of tool-mak ing was as yet unknown. Consul could not only uso tools but make them, aud of his own initiative; his observation, adaptability and rea soning powers being such that, when ho keenly felt the want of au imple ment for a specific purpose, he set to work to construct one, his principal efforts in this direction being devoted to the fabrication of ke.ve, in order to got out of his cage. Those he fash ioned ont of teaspoons, splinters of wood, or any odd trifles. Consul had received n certain amount of "elementary education" in his native home, Central Africa,where he lived some timo at a trading sta tion, being named after the British Consul. Ho was eventually shipped to England and placed in the Zoologioal Gardons, Manchester, in June, 1893. Here ho could bo seen on any fine day, promenading thc gardens in be coming costume and taking tho live> liest interest in his surroundings. He quickly becamo thoroughly at home, his remarkable amiability, fondness for fun, his love of children, and his attachment to human beings gener ally, milking him a conspicuous favor ite. Ho soon learned to take his meals with propriety, usc his servi ette, pass his plato for more food, pour out his own tea or uncork his bottle of lemonade, fill his glass and drink with decorum, and otherwise qualify himself for what he dearly loved-invitations to dine out. Like other gifteil persons among hir himanous brethren, Consul's constitu tion was somewhat frail, and thus it happened that in October, 1891, he succumbed to disease. Value ot Foreign Silver Coins. A general increase in tho value of foreign silver coins is shown in the official statement issued by Mint Di rector Preston. It shows: April 1 July 1, Coia=. 1805. 1895. Boliviano of Bolivia.?0.441 ?0.486 Peso of Central American States .411 .486 Shanghai tani of China. .652 .718 Hail; wan tnel of China.V2t? .800 Tien-Tsin tad of China.692 .761 Cho-Foo tool o? China.683 .751 Peso of Cnloinhea.441 .186 Sticro of Eeuador.441 .486 Kupee of India.210 .231 Yen of Jnpnu.47'l .542 Dollar of Mexico.47!) .528, Ki an of Persia. 081 .088 Sol of Bern. .441 .486 lilllie <>f Russin.353 .385 Mahbud cf Tripoli.398 .43S. The JIj story of Breams. People who have tried to draw the linc separating thu natural from the supernatural will lind a now problem in tho fact that Mrs. Birch, whose hue baud was murdered Sunday morning, claims to have seen the whole course of tho tragedy in a dream, waking just in timo to receive the news of her husband's death. The records of the Society for Psychical Investigation includo too many instances of this sort for tho apostles of tho common placo to controvert. That thero is a certain second flight, a mental clair voyance, waking ur sleeping, which science cannot explain is too thorough ly demonstrated to permit ot further doubt.-Chicago Chronicle. A Big Duck Ranch. A big duck ranch at Daraarisootta, Me., is making considerable profit for its proprietor. With twelve large in cubators he has raised about 25,003 ducks this season, and marketed them in Bostuti and this city ut prices rang ing from thirty to forly couts a pound. Tho (Jerraau Buudesrath will put la force severe measures of cattle quar antine atruiast all infeoted countries. FANCIES. HE A. RESSES AND ORNAMENTS FUR THE HAIR. ons as to tho Most Eflfeotlvo of Uslnjr. tho Latter : Dainty Accessories to a Costume. "?. cory stiff EADDRESSES liko that pic tured herewith,which is com posed ohiefly of two big bowe, supplemented by Mer ngs, a bunch of violets and a ette, nre what have made side eombs^fashionnble. Though these tiny ornaments are becoming to many of their fearers, they should not bo used unlesslthe hair is very pretty. If tho looks ire not handsome of themselves let the! forehead be made a point of display, and don't attract attention from lp and to the hair by jeweled or elaborate combs. This is for the same reaaoijjthat rings should not be put on an .ugly hand to call attentiou to its lack of beauty and perhaps divert attent|on from a pretty wrist or arm. Side combs and other ornaments are not worn for their own display, but for added emphasis to a personal beauty. If the hair is pretty and the head js well shaped, then you can wear almost as many ornaments in tho hair as the-'little Jap'maiden. One may, for instance, held down the sido locks J T FKOCKS FOI Two pretty wraps for little gir firsf;^one is made in tan-colored sei c?Jggedged in scallops with brown arrangement of an embroidered fril of wide ribbon on the crown. The girl. It is mndo of blue-stono cashi lace outlining a yoke front and ba joining of tho sleeves', and is tioil iu cl by side combs; a tall, square comb may back the big coil at the top of the head; a 6ort of fillet may bind the brows, a richly jeweled ornament rising at tho parting in Diana-like fashion, and then oue or two jeweled pins may be thrust through where tho effect will be the best and most s trikiug. Maybe the effect may be a little bar baric if considered as display of orna ments, but when considered as an em phasis for tho beauty of a ?racefully DAINTV HEADDRESS. carried head, a wealth of well smoothed tress and tho lift of a lovely neck, that is quite another matter. ' You might add still another comb if you can lind room. .Returning to tho dress that appears in the picture beneath tho mentioned headdress, know, first, that it is of blue wash silk and untrimmed as to skirt. The blouse waist is baggy clear across the front instead of only in tho center, and its fullness in tho back is plaited in at the waist. Tba square yoke is finished across the front with a twisted roll of biuo velvet ribbon, from whioh two ends hang down on the left side. A fancy collar orna mented with buckles finishes tho neck, and below this there is a rich Anno of Austria collar of guipure. COLLARETTES AND COFFS. The pretty collarettes and cuffs now so much in vogue aro likoly to be come still more popular. With the aid (\l these dressy little novelties, even a last season's gown can be made pre sentable, and the great vurioty of them makes the average girl long for nt least a dozen'sets of eaeh pattern. The English collarettes aro rather plain and built on solid principles square yokes with high collars and ruf fles of embroidery are chiefly what are used. _ Some have parallel strips of embroidery running up and down, with flue tucka in between. All aro out .square, with not a suspioion of a point or a curve. On the slim, long neoked, long-waisted English maidens these, no doubt, look very pretty, but tho French ones are more to the taste of the American girlR. These French '.yokes" are extremely fancy and elaborate. .Butter colored laoe forms the principal trimming for many of these, and yards upon yards of it are Used very eifoctively. Insertion is used either ncross from rdioulder tc Mionlder in. parallel lines or up and? down; frills, many and of great full ness aro aronnd the edge and the col lar is llnished with turu over points. A TARIS COLLAK. The culls thnt accompany this pretty yoke are longer th-in the ordinary and aro turned ut tim upper part JU points that match thu collar. Others aro made alter tho popula? sailor collar pattern, somo of Swiss, or lawn, trimmed with narrow laen rutiles. Grass linen is much used iu making these little affairs, which tho French ,1 CniLDRO. ls are showa in the sketch. Ths rge, with a wide collar and flariug soutache braid. Thc hat is a simple 1 for tho brin;, with a juunty bow second iigure shows a coat for a larger" nere, and trimmed with pointed ecru ck. Blue velvet ribbon conceals the ninty bows nt thc top of tho shoulders. so aptly term "creations." One pretty model of this material ha l the double sailor collars and double culls hem stitched. Another has a double hem stitched rulHe around the edgo of a star shaped collarette. A quaintly flowered organdie ia made after tho style of a Marie An tionette fichu, and is trimmed with frills of >hu same. Fichus of mous seline de soie ar? also strictly in good taste, and aro effective trimming for any kind of gown. Chiffon fronts iu various colorings with laco insertion, aud ribbon garniture are very dressy ; in fact, all theso little ianities are part of tho wardrobe of every well dressed girl. SLEEVES MADE TO STAND UP. How shall the sleeve of tho shirt waist he made to stand up? is one of the questions of the hour. Shirt waist sleeves are unsliffened and un lined, aud yet they have become quito as voluminous as those of other bodices. Starch is effective for tho time being, but it quails before the first damp wind, and rarely regains its erectness after being once crushed. Several methods by which tho shirt waist sleeves may bo made to hold their own have been devised. Some times a cape-like piece of stiff paper is taken and basted into tho shoulder seam, or tho same stiffening that is used iu the lined sleeves may bo made to servo the purpose. Half a yard of the stiff material is required for thia, a quarter of a yard for each sleeve. Another problem that the shirt waist is responsible for is the diffi culty of procuring white collars that are adjustable. The present styles demand a white collar with all shirt waists. J3ut the whito collar soils much moro easily than the darker colored shirt-waists, and it would, therefore, be economical, as well as convenient, if it could, upon occasion, be removed and a frosh ono supplied. With very few exceptions, however, all such collars are tight and fast to shirt-waists. There is but one shop in New York City where the adjustable white collars may be obtained, aud the constant de mand nt this place so far exceeds its supply as to clearly prove tho need aud desirability of the thing. FOOTWEAB POM OUTINGS. There is very much in the selection of footwear that peoplo w?o indulgo in outings do not realize. Thin, lino shous aro very hard So walk in, and whou ono is going about for the most part on plank walks aud then ou ground that may possibly be damp, a heavy sole is much easier for tho foot and safer as to health, Tho fashion of carrying faucy parasols: aud wearing delieato and perishable garments on such occasions is not at all to be com mended. In tho first place, such things aro inappropriate ; in the sec ond, they are extravagant, and that, in the light of commou sense, is not many removes from sinful. Feoplo who have money to sj.ire can put it to much belier use than to waste it iu the purchase au I wearing of things that are destroyed a.s soon as they aro exposed to tbs elements. Tn London there is a street collec tion for ono benevolent institution or another oa almost every Saturday in the year. Where Two Slates Meet. Twenty miles east o? Truckee, Col., and less than 100 feet to the north of the railroad track is an iron monu ment, which marks tho boundary line between California and Nevada. The MONUMENT EflECTED BT UNITED STATES BE TWEEN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA. monument is on the top of a knoll and can bo plainly seen from the car win dows, so that travelers who know wbat it is may know tho moment in which they pass from one State into tho ?other. . This monument was placed where it is in 1873, the year of the first Gov ernment survey. It is of cast iron, about six feet high, twelve inches squarest the base and six inches at tho top. Tn shape it is like an Egypt ian obelisk. On one side in raised letters ?3 the word "California;" on the other, "Nevada." On the side next the railroad track it says: "1872. Longitude 120 deg. west of Green wich. A. W. von Schmidt, TJ. S. as tronomer and surveyor. " On the op posite side it 'says: "Oregon, 171 miles and forty-four chains." One Wood Thing Done by the Bicycle. One of the many good things tho bioycle has done for Chicago human ity is to greatly reduce tho number of those who take hypodermic injections of morphine. A preacher not so very long ago said that there wero 35,000 persons in the city who sought relief from the aches and pains of dyspep sia, neuralgia, insomnia and so on by the use of this narcotic. A ten or twenty mile ride in a day goes a long j way toward enring sleeplessness and it has a like beneficial effect on dyspep sia and other troubles which result from too much mental and too little physical exercise, combined with in jnd??iana--diet..-^Chicago Times-Her Mileage ot thc Blood's Circulation. Tho mileage of tho blood circulation reveals some astounding facts in our personal history. Thus it has been calculated that, assuming the heart to beat sixty-nine times a .minute at ordi nary heart pressure, the blood goes at the rate of 207 yards in thc minute, or seven miles per hour, ICS miles per day and G320 miles per year. If a man of eighty-four years of ago could have one single blood corpuscle float ing in his blood all his life, it would have traveled in that same time 5,150, 808 miles.-Boston Cultivator. A Giant Alligator. A giant alligator, measuring four teen and one-half feet long, eight feet around the body, and with a head three feet long, was killed in tho St. John's River, near Fort George, Fla., recently. The alligator has been known in that viciuity many year?, and many hunters have tried to kill it. Its back was covered with barna cles and moss, and local naturalists say the reptilo was much more than 100 years old. - I A Bicycle Mail Bon ic. A bicycle mail route has been estab lished in Australia by au enterpris ing young Englishman between Cool gardie, tho center of the mining dis trict, and Dundos, which is 2S0 miles l away. A small letter box is fastened to the wheel in which he carries let ters between the two towns for twen ty-five cents apiece, and telegrams for $1.25. He makes one round trip per week, aid goes armed to the teeth. Good Templars' Supreme Rider. Dr. D. H. Mann, of Brooklyn, was re-elected by the International Su preme Lodge of Good Templars, at its Dit. D. H. M.\ aession in Boston, as Supremo Templar of the order. Some idea of thu ardu ous duties Dr. Manu has to dischargo may be gathered from the fact that he rules over 560,605 members ia 12,590 lodges. Barristers Desert Historic Haunts. Barristers are deserting tho Inus of Courts, lu tho Inner and Middle Temple fifty or sixty sets of chambers are marked as vacant, whereas ten years ago vacant chambers were al most unknown. The region given is high rents. Cheaper and lutter rooms can be had outside the Temple, Louisville Courier-Journal, Are you taking SIMMONS LIVER REG ULATOR, the "KrNG OP LIVER MEDI CINES?" "That is what our readers want, and nothing but that It ia the same old friend to which the old folks pinned their faith and were never dis appointed. But another good recom mendation for it is, that it is BETTER THAN PILLS, never gripes, never weak ens, but works in such an easy and natural way, just like nature iteelf, that relief comes quick and sure, and one feels new all over. It never fails. Everybody needs take a liver remedy, and everyone should take only Sim mons Liver Regulator. Bc sure you get it. The Red Z is ou the wrapper. J. H. Zeilin & Co., Philadelphia. AFTER MANY YEARS. An Interesting Story of Gettysburg' Told By General Gordon. In a recent lecture General Gor don, the famous Southern senator and orator, related a personal incl cident, which if given in a work of fiction would bo discredited by every reader. It goes to prove that occur rences of real life aro stranger even than tho imaginings of the novelist's mind. "At Gettysburg, while the fight was hottest," he said, "I noticed a handsome young Federal officer, whose bravery was conspicuous. After the battle had subsided I found \ this gallant soldier lying on the field. Ile was dying, and begged me tosend' a message to the Union lines. His wife had decided to share with him the fortunes of war, and was at the officers' quarters in Hie Federal army. "I ordered my men to take the wounded officer to our camp and make him ns comfortable as possible. Then I sent somo mon with a flag ol truce to tho Union line, with a mes sage from tho dying officer to -his wife. Late that night the party re turned, and the, meeting, of the dying . husband and his ypung Wife was the, most affectionate scene that Ie vor witnessed. : '?' -? . 'Twas compelled to go elsewhere, but before -1 left the sorrowing I couplel.ascertaincd that the name ol . tho Union: officer was Major Rar?ow^:' of New York. I often thought of the sad accident, which made upon me one of tlie most vivid impressions that I received in the war. Shortly afterward a cousin of mino, whose name and i n i frais, were the same as mine, was killed in battle. "Tho war closed. Ten years after ward I was with a distinguished gen tleman in 2s'e\v York, who invited me to be present at a dinner he was to give that evening. Among the guests to whom I was introduced was a cer-l tain Major Barlow. I supposed he was a cousin or other relative of the' man whom I had left dying on the field at Gettysburg with his devoted wife beside him. ' 'I once knew a Major Barlow,' I said lo my new acquaintance. '' 'I onco knew a General Gordon,' he answered. '.And the General Gor don whom I knew is also dead,' he continued. . "I started to tell him the story of the Major Barlow, whom I left dying on the field of Gettysburg, when he interrupted mo, exclaiming: 'My God, General Gordon, I am that man; but you were killed at Antietam. ' 'And I know you died at Gettys burg,' said I, 'for I saw you. ' "Mutual explanations followed. It seemed si range to me that the warm est friendship of my life should have been begun during those awful scenes of blood and carnage at Get tysburg. Tho simple service that I performed that day when I sant for that dying soldier's wife has made Major Barlow and his wife the dear pst friends I have on earth, notwith standing I wore the gray and he the blue." Te Be in Good Society. High moral character and educa tion, whether it bo of book lore or that of observation and good exam ple, polish of manner and good hab its, are the requisites of good socie ty. One whose ideas of social equal ity were rather democratic than ex clusive was heard to remark: "One man is born just as good as another and a groat deal better than some." Unless tho son of a gentleman be a entleraan he is no more entitled to the name suggesting refinement than a mau is entitled to tho name of General whose father before him was a General. One must win his own laurels <>r go uncrowned. Birth to a marked degree is an ac cident, and those who are considered io bo wcdl born are ofttimes the most objectionable elements of so ciety ami tho most dangerous asso r i a los. Ono need but watch closely the daily record of those on both sides of the Atlantic, whoso birth ives them prestige in society, to prove that education and cultivation if high morals and manners go further toward making refined soci ety than all the good or blue blood that ever flowed through the veins of royalty and the nobility. Of course, it would bo the height of ab surdity to argue that all men are born equal and would be as illogical to argue against the superiority of blooded animals of the race course i over the ordinary draft horse. How ever, the nobility of culture and re finement should have precedence Dver the nobility of birth and rank. SIN is the only thing in the world which uover had an infancy, that knew no minority.