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T1I0S. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR EDGEFIELD, S; C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1895._VOL LX. NO. 3s! Chicago has only twenty per cent, ??'f its population of native birth, the ?est being foreigners or their chil dren. Berlin has the reputation of hand ling street refuse with m ire profi t to the municipality than any other oity in tho world. Bioyole weddings are increasing in popularity in France. At the close of 9 wedding ceremony re cently the bridal couple started off ou their honey moon on a "bicycle built for two." I Tho troubles at Kucheng and Tarsus remind the Philadelphia Record of tba interesting fact that China and Turkey are now the only considerable parts of the world not under Caucasian Gov ernment or protecterate. Africa has been apportioned out in the last twenty years as China is likely to be in the next twenty. "How mnch longer tho Unspeakable Turk is likely to last is a quostion, but only a ques tion of time." Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, produces tho greatest valuo in farm products of all the counties in the; United States, aooording to a census! report just out. St. Lawrence County, New York, is second, and then follows Chester County, Pennsylvania; Wor cester County, Massachusetts; Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and Colnsa County, California. Tho three Penn sylvania counties were settle.l early by Quakers and Germans, whose thriftiness is proverbial. Of the making of many curious trills there is no end. One of them, made by a woman, has just been filed with the Surrogate, states the New York Tribune. Tho feature of it is the decedent's hostility to her hus band and her deterniinntion that her little son shall have no relation * with his father's family. The bnlk of her property is to go to him at his n?a jority, but only on condition that he lives continuously with his mother's family and blood relatives. The will was not drawn by the woman herself, but by a lawyer, who even added a codicil to make this provision more stringent. Some wills seem to be made for the purpose of being broken. It will be etraDge if this does not prove to bo one of them. ? TJie exploit of the ?jppnl nnm? in exchanging heliograph messages be tween Pike's Peak and Denver, a dis tance of 120 miles, shows to the New York Snn how wonderfully this sys tem has been developed in oar army. That it is a practical applianco iu war fare was shown daring Gonoral Milos's campaign against Geronimo nine years ago, when the news of every move ment of the hostiles, and even signs of possible movement, was flashed by mirrors from point to point, one sn ch message traveling 700 miles from sta tion to station in four hours. This method of communication, where there were no telegraph wires, not only proved most valuable to troops, but, it is said, disheartened tho hos tiles when they learned of its uses. Says the Springfield Republican : A movement of population from the cities back into the country is noted ir. Minnesota. The State census now b ting taken will show comparatively small gains by the larger oities, ex cept Duluth, during the last five years, leaving to the country a considerable fraction of the total gain in popula tion of 300,000 to 500,003 which the census will stuw for the whole State. -Tho Minneapolis Tribune regards this recession in urban growth as an en couraging sign, and so it probably is. We shall oe much surprised if our own Massaohusetts census does not ex hibit a similar population movement in progress here. All over the coun try the drift to the cities has been too general and extensive for a decade and a half past to meet tho demands of a nt .tur al and healthful adjustment be tween populations engaged in agricul ture and populations engaged in man ufacturing, transportation, and pro fessional and personal services. The latter avenues of employment have been terribly overcrowed, and the coming on of hard times has com pelled something of a halt in this re markable march of the population to . the cities. Vultures and a Bead Tiger. The vulture is seen at its best when a dead tiger, brought int J camp to be skinned, is exposed in the opeu. Over head is a cloudless sky, and not a bird to bo seen in that great void by the (human eye. The tiger's body is thrown from the pad to tho ground, 'and before the skin has been removed there, above one, and always nearing the earth, aro the vultures circling, ?posing like things of air ; now a dozen jof thom, in a few minutes a scoro or 'two, and then a hundred strong. Then, 'when the flayed carcass of the tiger is left by those who skinned it, tho vul tures descend ; down they come like feathered thunder our of the sky, and from tho east and west and north and isontb. Tho very embodiment of ?power, while they whirled aloft and in ?their quick descent to earth ; and now, os tho waddle around that carrion bea*t, misshappon ghouls, whose only apparont strength is that of the rav ening jaws which tear and gorge the tiger's llesh, until within the hour naught of that splendid brute remains but a clean-pioked skeleton,-^-Thirty Years of Shikar. THE ATLANTA EXPOSITION. PICTURES CXF1 SOME OF THE BUILIDIKTO-S, Opening Bay, September 18th. Closing Day, December 31st. FORESTRY BUILDING. =?1 MANUFACTURERS' AND L*LBEEAL ARTS BUILDING. i FINE ARTS BUILDING. NEGRO BUILDING. AGRICULTURAL BUILDING. (MOKE TO FOLLOW NEXT WEEK..) NEW YORK'S ZOO." EARLY MORN AT THK CENTRAL PARK 31ENAGERIB. - Hilarious Capers of tho Elephant In L a Bath-The Jealous Rhinoceros -Troubles of tho Hippopot amus-Artful Monkeys; THE strangefewho makes an oc casional visit to the Metropo lis probably knows more about the Zoo in Central Park than do many of the residents of New York, This is the season of the year when the city is filled with visitors from the South, West and New Eng land, and one of the first places they go to is" that particular section of the park given up to the animals, 4 But most of them go at tho hour wlen the park is filled with people, and that is not the time to see the col lection in its most interesting phase. Early in the.morning, before half the town is awake, is the hour io" see the ?how. Then is the timo when some thing can be learned about the ex treme care taken of tho great beasts which seem to need it so little. Yet the most ferocious and terrible of t$em receive the tender attention that i? lavished by a mother upon a child. Sp* the man, or woman, or bGtter y?t, the child, will get up in time to he at the Zoo about 6 o'clock in the moaning some odd sights can be seen. The-big houses on the other 6ido of Fifth avenue, tho great palaces of the Gould, Astor, Mills, Inman, Gerry families, and further away the vast pile of masonry in which Cornelius Vanderbilt lives, will all be shut tight asj? drum, and everything about thom as quiet as the country churchyard. But this stillness only accentuates tue activity and tho bustle abont the tale. These hot days they are in 'summer quarters, where they can he benefit of the breezes blowing Igh the park, and whero those ? the equatorial regions are prob Wy rominded of the balmy air of ?arly morning in tho tropics. It is worth the trip alone to watch he hilarious capers of tho elephants, rho, in their large way, enjoy the norning immensely. They summer tut in the large green just back of tho vinter homes, and about the first hing their keepers do is to turn a ^?Lf>n them. One elephant is Ironched at a time, while tho other ooks on with impatient envy. The ook of stolid satisfaction and keen injoyment which permeates the coun enancc of the ^isphant being sprln ded would make a fortune for some minter if he could successfully trans er it to canvas. After his great body has been horoughly drenched tho keepor yells 'Next !" and the other elephant knows hat his happiness is near at hand. iVhile the hose is being turned upon ?fy ' V M. CATCHING THE RUNAWAYS. him the first elephant gracefully dis poses himself at full length upon the 30ft grass preparatory to tho most en joyable part of tho morning pro gramme. A second keeper, armed with a broom with bristles so stiff that they would tear tho flesh from tho bones of a man, then begins to sweep the elephant off. When the broom gets in the neighborhood of tho ele phant's ear tho sensation is evidently a delightful ono, as his physiognomy relaxes until it becomes as near to a broad grin as the elephant is capablo of. "That fellow would lio hero for thc whole day if I would keep on tickling his ear with the broom," says the keeper, and he evidently spoke tho truth. When the bath of tho second elephant was concluded tho first ele phant reluctantly got upon his feet and then looked soberly at his com panion, who was then in tho enjoy ment of the "sweep on." All this time the rhinoceros, who has a big stall in the elephant house, looked out sadly upou tho happy scene on the glass. He is too fierce to be trusted in the open air, and hu is kept inside all the year round. Tho keepers, however, carried the hose over to his stall and gave him a lib eral bath. He probably enjoyed it, but his face failed to show it. The keepers never give him thc luxury ol a "sweep oft," and this slight may have soured his disposition. Early morning is al*o the happy time for hippopotami. There tire three of them in the fa idly-Caliph, Mrs. Murphy and Fatima. Tho latter U tbo baby and the two former the porentp. The baby now weighs con siderably moro than a ton. Their quarters are divided into three sec tions, one-half of tho whole being A GBACEFUL BENT). talce?" up by a deep tank, the aides of which are stone. The other half is divided into two sections, one of which Caliph occupiee, and the other is used by Fatima and her mother. All three formerly had the same quarters, until Caliph displayed a disposition to row with his infant daughter, who, although she is only four years old, is able to put up a stiff fight, and it was feared that some serious damage would be done, particularly as Mrs. Murphy always sided with the baby against the paternal authority. Every morning the great tank is filled with fresh water* and then Caliph's gate is thrown open, and he loses no time in getting beneath the surface. The mother and daughter havo never taken kindly to this ar rangement. After Caliph has soaked himself for an hour, he is driven back and the other two go into the water. Later in tho day, when they have quieted down, all three are allowed in the tank together,but at the first signs of disagreement the keepers separate thom by prodding them with iron pointed hooks. All the large animals, like the lions, tigers, bears, leopards, hyenaa, have tho hose turned on them every morn ing, and although the keepers say they like thc bath, few of thom looked it, with tho exception of tho bears. It eras the greatest kind of sport for the polar bears in particular, as the hot weather is not to their liking at all. Great care is taken with the animals from the tropical regions to prevent their catching cold, and for this rea son those which come under this class are given only a sprinkling. The monkey-house is a lively place in* the morning. Tho dozens of monkey* '.ll very hungry, and ***" on the keeper begins to make the ioundt, with the breakfast there are twenty fights in as many seconds. One of the monkeys there caught cold about B?X months ago, and whisky was given him in frequent doses. This monkey, the keepers aver, tries to impose upon them by coughing. On two occasions, they say, ho succeeded in his purpose of making them believe he had a cold, and consequently waa in need of whisky. This shows that the monkey is something of a logician. Ho knew the whisky was given him lor a cer tain cause, and his mental powers were quick to settle upon the reason of it. The keepers say that it will go hard with this monkey if ho should contract a genuine cold. Perhaps, if the monkey had been a tride cleverer, and had thought to expose himself in some way, so that he would catch cold, he might have had the whisky without jeopardizing his reputation for hon esty. It sometimes happens that in the busy hours of the early morning a couple of monkeys escape through the keeper leaving* tho cage door open a second too long. Such an escape makes plenty of excitement. The monkeys always make for the nearest tree, but their captivity ha3 rendered them comparatively slow, aud the agile keeper, with a big scoop net on the end of a long pole, has little trouble in landing them. During tho escape the other monkeys become terribly ex cited, and tho mon who have made a study of them through long associa tion say that there is no doubt but that they are jabbering about the es cape to one another. Before long New York will have a zoo which will more than equal that of any of the great cities of the world, particularly those of Berlin and Lon don. Tho collection of animals and birds now compares favorably with that of any city, but tho buildings are tho same ns twenty years ago. It is tho intention to select another site in the park and erect a now set of buildings, iu which ovory modern con venience for the care of all kinds of animals will be introduced. As they havo become bettor u"derstood in lato years, animals which havo heretofore died in captivity now thrive under the chauged conditions for their welfare, and with proper facilities it is believed that many which havo never survived the climatic changes here can be made to prosper in health. Tho Dake of York has been taking a ride on Maxim's flying machine. The old Admiral who had him in tow protested against his risking his royal neck, but tho Duke told him that it was no more dangerous than a torpedo boat which he had served on. Maryland has an assessed valuatiou of3-ii>7,307,G75. A Not error! hy Incident. According to advices received hy the steamship Warrimoo, the first re ception of the new Japaneso envoy at the Chinese court was distinguished by a departure from conventional precedent which excites much com ment. T.be Emperor holds audiences on a platform, to which he ascends by a flight of steps intended for his ex clusive VLB7. When credentials have hitherto been presented, they have been taken to him by side staircases. Minister Hayashi, however, had been admonished by his Government to in sist upon every mark of respect. He, therefore, expressed a desire that his credentials should be conveyed to the Emperor by tho steps reserved for the latter, and after some hositation his request was granted, to the surprise of his Europern and American col leagues. The audience took place on July 7, and after appropriate addresses were delivered the envoy's doenments were received by Prince Kung, Presi dent of the T8nng Li Yamcn, and car ried up the central steps to the throne. The Japftnes?^elfvoy made a spcechn in which ho expressed 1he hope that hereafter the amicable intercourse of the two empires might become more and more intimate. The reply was brief and to this ef fect: "The war is ended and peace re established, I am happy to receive you. Two countries teparated only by a narrow strip of water should al ways maintain terms of friendship. " New York Post. Dormant Seeds. M. Casimir de Candolle has made a series of experiments on seeds of wheat, oat and fennel, from which he draws the conclusion that dormant seeds pass through a period of com pletely suspended animation, all the functions of the protoplasm becoming quiescent, but reviving when placed in conditions suitable for germina tion. This period of suspended anima tion may extend over a long series pf years, and the seeds in the meantime subjected to very low temperatures without their vitality b?ing destroyed, those on which M. Candolle experi mented having been subjected 118 times in succession to a suddenly cool in. temperature between thirty, and fifty-three degrees C., without ihjjir' ing them.-New York Sun. A Queer Freak. i You might not care to own tho cari ous little creatnre described' by the Cincinnati "Enquirer,:-brit 'you "cer tainly will be- interested to; hear all about the most remarkable animal in tho country. It is a little animal weighing eight ounces .avoirdupois, with tho head and.claws, of a cat and the body of a.pup. It is supposed to be half cat 'and half dog, but just where the cat ends and the dog^begins. in the curious anatomy of. the- little thing is hard to determine. .It was found four months ago in a Louisville - Inmhfir yarri, and at the time conld William Wormald adopted it, and CUTE TUE CURIOUS. took it to his boarding house, whero it was put in with a litter of kittens and raised by the mother of the little family without any objections. After a timo it became robust for a thing of its size, and dem ?oro than a pro rata of milk. - annoyed the litter of kittens somewhat, and after three months' nursing, in which the queer freak got a trifle the best of tho sucklings, Mr. Wormald put it into his coat pocket and brought it to his father's house, in Dayton, Ky. Here it was christened "Cute," and u neighboring motherly cat, bereft of her kittens, adopted it, and is still nursing it. . A Charmed Lile. The three-year-old son of Prince Al exander, of Solms, appears to bear a charmed life. While a train was going at full speed near Mollersdorf, in Aus tria, a gust of wind blew open a car riage door and tho royal youngster fell out. When the train was stopped the sturdy little fellow was seen calm ly toddling after it, unhurt, save for a few slight bruises and scratches. The Baffled Bicycle Fiend. But it was an irou dog.-Judge. 'Are you taking SIMMONS LIVEB REG ULATOR, the "KING OF LIVER MEDI CINES?" That is what our readers want, and nothing but tl&? It is the same old friend to which thenald folks pinned their faith and were never dis appointed. But another good recom mendation for it is, that it is BETTER THAN PIL?S, never gripes, never weak*,?.... ens, but works in such un easy and natural way, just like nature itself, that relief comes quick and sere, and one feels new all over. It never fails. Everybody needs take a liver remedy, and everyone should take only Sim mons Liver Regulator. Be sure you get it. Thc Red Z is on the wrapper. J. II. Zeilin & Ck)., Philadelphia. Christian Endeavor Indians. 'During the late State Convention of the Young People's Christian En deavor Union, held in Seattle, Wash., every hospitable home was, of course, willing to shelter and halp entertain. the numerous delegates. Among those who thus offered the hospitality of their homes was a gen-, tloman having an elegant home on Beacon Hill, who, for the want of a better name and for the purpose of th,e story, will be called Black, White, or any other color. In assigning the delegates, tho committee came > across the Beacon Hill name, and trusting to fate, that no offense would, be.gijeji, five Si- , . washes,~fronv.thie P?yallup reserva tion, who were among the delegates, were sent~to that address.-' When the tribe arrived with their parapher nalia there was consternation in the household, but the good people took them in with true Christan, spirit. The Indians were ushered across^the threshold, and they stalked,along in true aboriginal style, ono after the other, until the first parlor.was reach ed, where the floors were ingrain tiling of polished "wood, smooth as glass./" When one of the women, ?who was id tho lead,'set her foot .on therfmojoth, polished flqor, her feet flew out from under her and she,went down with a thud. The other four, two squaws "t.a -*??'*" -- ?-? ????-i...^-1. . stood as if glued to the spot, ami-?-== their rigid, stoic figures took on the appearance of tobacco signs. , After that the Indians could not be coaxed into the house-except for dinner-and they spent the time for the next few days squatting under the trees, holding councils of war. It is also related that at night they were so afraid of these smooth floors that they would enter tho house on their hands and knees. They were happy when the convention closed, for they were of the firm conviction that an attempt had been made to maim and injure them-that they were victims of a deep laid conspir acy. An Uunderground City. The Russians have made a singu lar discovery in Central Asia. In Turkestan, on the right bank of the Amou Daria, is a chain of rocky hills near tho Bokharan town of Karki, and a number of large caves which, upon examination, were? found to lead to an underground city, built apparently long before the Christian era. According to effigies, inscrip tions and designs upon the gold and silver money unearthed from among the ruins, the existence of the town dates back to some two centuries 3. C. The underground Bokharan city is about two versts long, and is com posed of an enormous labyrinth of corridors, streets and squares, sur rounded hy houses and other build ings two or three stories high. The cdilices contain all kinds of domestic utensils, pots, urns, vases, and so forth. In some of the street:? falla o? earth and rock have obstructed the passages, but, generally, tho vis itor can walk about freely without so much as lowering his head. The high degree of civilization at tained by the inhabitants of the city is shown by tho fact that they built in several stories, by tho symmetry of the streets and squares, and by tho beauty of the baked clay and metal utensils, and of the ornaments and coins which have been found. It is supposed that long centuries ago this city, so carefully concealed in tho bowels of the earth, provided an entire population with a refuge from tho incursions of nomadic savages and robbers. Old Folks and Young Folks. Southwest City, Mo., claims the champion fat baby of tho country eight months, 66 pounds. There is in Wauchula, Fla., a family of ten children, all born to ono mother within forty-two months. There were twins, triplets and quin tuplets. A local newspaper tells this story. Scarcely less remarkable is the case of the 77-year-old citizen of Neat Falls, Wash., who is growing young again. His hair is changing from white to black, his eye bright ons and his muscles are as limber as an angleworm's. Isaac acd Moses Martz of Arcadiaf Ind , are twin brothers. Their wives are twin sisters. Each household has twelve children-seven boys and livo girls. In each family was a pair of twins. Tho Messrs. Martz are years old. Alderman John Sheehan of Buffalo saved a I'olack's life. The Pole, to prove his gratitude, offered Sheehan lus baby boy as a gift, explaining that he was poor anil had nothing else, Sheehan declined with thanks.