THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892.
VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
Insurance of crops against fire, flood
and tornado is n popular new wrinkle
in the breeze belt of Kansas.
The word mugwump has been adop
ted in England. London Truth had
a doggerel entitled "Moan of tho
Ic proportion to population Ger
many raises nearly ten time? as many
potatoes as the United States and finds
them a profitable crop.
Von Hartman proposes to graduate
taxes,especially income taxes,so that \
bachelor shall have fire times as much
bo pay a9 the father of five children.
Andrew Carnegie has got Great
Britain down on him by comparing
the equipment of their railroads nu?
favorably with that of. the Americaa
Charles Dudley Warner says that
the newspapers are in dancer of losing
their influence, through the prevalence
nf fake news, worked up by unscrupu
lous news gatherers.
Australia bas a population of less
than five million, but economists de
alare it could support a hundred
million with ease. As a means of sho Br
ing how far the world is from being
overpopulated they assert that the en
tire population of the United States
could live comfortably in the single
3tate of Tex*?.
Trade between the Pnget Sound re
gion and Central and South America
ha., developed vory largely in the lasS
year or so, and several new lines of
steamships have been put 0:1 between
the two. Another new line to run be
tween Tacoma, Wash., Panama, and
South American ports, has just beeu
established, and will commence sail
ing this month.
Co-operative stores aro making
headway in France as well as England.
The value of sales of the 306 societies
in France is e ver $12,000,000 a year,
and the total number of members is
about 300.00C. In addition to theie
societies in France are the farmers'
syndicates, in which about 900,000
persons are concerned. The svndi.
oates buy fertilisers and other chemi
cals for vine culture, maintain labora?
tories for analysis of soils, publish
monthly prion lists and perform other
services for the general benefit.
A oharcteristically feminine affair
was witnessed at a German picnic in
New York the other day, relates the
New Orleans Picayune. It was during
the performance of the Japanese acro
bats. One of tho performers, a five
year old boy, was on the top of a thir
ty-five foot ladder, balanced by a man
below. The man lost control of
the ladder and the boy began to fall.
All thought that the boy would meet
a horrible death, but an old woman
ran forward and caught tho youngster,
saving him from being killed. When
the audience was relieved of the ten
sion a murmur of applause went up
and the plucky woman fainted.
Is steam ont of date? asks Farm,
Field and Fireside. Prominent rail
road men say that the days of the
steam locomotive are numbered. Be
fore long the noise, smoko and cin
ders which make a railroad journey so
unpleasant will become only au un
pleasant memoiy. The genie whioh is
to accomplish this marvelous change
is one with whose works we are all be
come familiar. His name is electric
ity. Electric locomotives run by pow
erful storage batteries have been suc
cessfully tested by a number of dif
ferent roads. The steam locomotive
is expensive to build, expensive to
run, and entails a large constant cost
for repairs. Tho running cxpensos
average at least twenty-five cents a
mile, which is many times the cost of
running a locomotive with a storage
battery. The batteries are made to
carry a train about a hundred miles
and can be changed in a shorter time
than is necessary foi taking coal and
water. The Pennsylvania Railroad is
said to be about to make the change
from steam to electricity and other
prominent lines have the matter under
advisement. Were it not for the vast
amount of capital in locomotives the
change would have been made before
Hare Faces Ll xe .Ha-, ks.
Aoters' and actresses' faces are of
great interest to the? physiognomist.
An actor's art must of necessity in
volve the stimulation of both the mus
cular and trophic faotors of expres
sion. Not only has he to emphasize
the facial movements whioh are ap
propriate to his part, in order that
his expression may be plainly seen by
the pit and the gallery, but he is as a
rule obliged to ohange his role fre
quently, and to assume a succession of
oharaoters requiring very different fa
As a result all his expression mus
oles are exeroisod as thoroughly as are
the body muscles of au athlete who is
undergoing a systematic course in a
gymnasium. Hence, in a typical ac
tor's face, when seen at rest, no one
group of expression muscles oitpulls
the others, and as a consequence of
this state of muscular balance there is
about it a peculiar aspeo. Suggestive
of a mask. Morec-Ver, this impassive
ind almost wooden look is enhanced
in marry cases by" an even layer of sub
cutaneous fat-the result probably ol
emotional stimulation of a constantly
varying ??M*msv^kw'woo?'e Mag"
HOUSES FOR FOOD.
AN* KQUIN'K SLAUGHTER HOUSE
Sorry Lookin?; Victima Turned Into
Stoat for Human Consump
tion - A Flourishing
CHICAGO lefter to the New
York Herald pars: The
slaughtering of horses for
human food is now a recog
nized Western industry, md the au
thorities hnve chown no disposition to
interfere with it. In fact, the City
Health Department of Chicago says
bor?e meat, from a sanitary point of
.view, is Hiperior lo that of beef for
the reason that horses do not have
tuberculosis. There is a horse slaugh
ter bouse nt Hammond, Ind., and sev
eral in that vicinity, and there is also
one here, the mo.-t extensive of the
lot. The main cause of complaint
against the Chicago abattoir J3 that
the horses slaughtered there are
broken down and emaciated animals,
and many of them are said to be
jifflicted with disease. Comparatively
little of this meat is sold here, the
WHERE HORSES ARE SI
bulk of it going to Europe, and, as a
consequence, tb? Consuls represent
ing Germany, Belgium and France
have made complaint to the State De
The slauahter house in Chicago is a
den of horrors, foul and ill-smelling.
The very atmosphere can breed noth?
ing but disease, and even though the
meat were sweet after killing it conld
not remain so amid such surround
ings any length of time. There is
j^acticaHy no attempt at cleanliness.
HOW THE HOBSES ABE KILLED.
and the odors that arise from the
place are beyond the powers of defini
tion. The victims are invariably
ringbened, spavined, decrepid in
every way, weak from hunger or dis
ease. From this inferno are sent out
barrels of meat for the people of Bel
gium, Antwerp, Paris and other cities
of the continent. As the slaughter
house is located just outside tho city
limits of Chioago the city authorities
can do nothing, even were they so in
clined, while there is no State law on
the matter that can be invoked in pre
vention of the business. Only the
Government of the United States can
This Chicago packing establishment
is located on the open prairie and con
sists of two large, unpainted build
ings and several Bheds. One of the
large buildings is used as a stable and
the other is the abattoir proper. The
stable is not used for the care and
comfort of the animals that are to be
slaughtered. They simply lie 01
stand around until death claims them.
There ie no danger of their getting
away. Many of them cannot stand,
and running would be an exercise far
beyond their powers. Death is a wel
come relief to most if not all of them,
.nd never a whimper or a whiffny ie
heard. One hundred horses per week
are slaughtered here, and they are
bought for $1, $2 or $3 each, the ma
jority of the purchases being made at
auction. Huddled together in a cor
ral these miserable oreatures await the
sharp blade of the axe that puts an
end to their sufferings forever. The
meat is packed in barrels and then
sent beyond the sea.
A moro uninteresting place than
this slaughter house cannot be im
agined. It is simply a long, low1, on?
story shanty ne?r?y due hundred feel
in length and kb??t f?rfy feet ic
width, divided into tW? rooms by \
light wooden partition. In one ol
these rooms, the one to the west, the
horses aro killed, skinned, dinmem
Ifcrtiti tad Imug ntf, lt is urt un ?n
viting apartment, but on the contrary
is one calculated to destroy a man's
appetite forever, so far as eating meat
is concerned. The floor is slippery
with blood, while all around lie parts
of animals that havo been slain await*
ing tho hanging up process. In the
centre is a rack on which are con
stantly hanging innumerable quarters
of horse meat, with portions of equine
skeletons disposed everywhere. The
actual slaughter of the horses is little
short of absolute murder. An incline
leading from the outside runs into the
shed, the floor of which is fully three
feet higher than the ground, and the
victim walks upon this until he is well
inside. He then posses under araised
platform of the crudest nature, con-,
sisting of a few s'cantling and boards
enough to moko a sure footing for the
feet, whereon stands the executioner,!
a brutal, low browed, unemotional'
man, who swings a phnrp, heavy axe
with skill, precieion and force.
As the horse approaches this plat
form a small blanket, or sometimes a
gunnysack is thrown over his eyes, to
prevent his seeing tho axe, and as he
reaches r> point immediately under the
man with tho weapon, :he latter comes
down upon his forehead with a crash,
the blade sinking deep into bis brain.
There is no need for a eesond blow,
AUGHTERED FOR FOOD.
for the firf-t is sure and deadly, and
the poor, starved animal falls dead in
his tracks. Another man with a sharp
knife slits his throat and ho is ready
for the skinner. In a few moments
his hide is off, the knife and cleaver
soon dismember him and he is then
food for human beings. As the quar
ters hang upon the hooks they are not
distinguishable from thoss of beef, and
undoubtedably pass for such in more
than one butcher's shop, particularly
any of the meat comes in here.
In the east room of the slaughter
house are three great iron kettles, each
of three hundred trull ons capacity, and
in these paris of the meat aro boiled,
but for what purpose there is a diver
sity of opinion. Martin and his em
ployes say the kettles aro used for
boiling those parts of the dead hoTses
out of which glue is made, the result
being sold to the gluemakers. One
man told me the vats contained the
necks of horses, which was made into
"beef extract." A suitable brand is
then put upon the extract, and there
are doubtless thousands of persous
who sip the concoction and think it is
beef tea, when it is nothing more th m
boise gruel. Another man thought it
was soup stock, and yet another st.id
he was certain that saloon iree lunches
were supplied out of the kettles. The
beef tea theory, however, is the more
probable, and the one generally ac
Connected with the north side of
the slaughter room is a small shed,
enclosed, on the principle of the "lean
to," which is designated as the cool
ing and packing rcom, Here the vis
itor will find, behiucl a railing, half a
ton or so of ice, with piles of quarters
near it, in the process of cooling. It
is rather apriiniiivo arrangement, as
compared with the various cooling
processes at the stock yards' packing
nouses, bnt the proprietor is authority
for the statement that none of the
meat leaving his establishment is bad.
After it is sufficiently cooled it is
packed in barrels and shipped across
the ocean and otherwise disposed of.
A Kew Illuminant.
Some day wo shall, perhaps, settle
on a universal domestic illuminant.
Will it be acetylene? If so, wo shall
want a shorter name for it, but that
can be shelved for the present. Ace
tylene is said to p^ive a flatno ten or
twelve times brighter than an ordi
nary gas jet, or four and a half times
brighter than the very host gas burner
can yieid. Moreover, acetylene gives
out much less heafc than gae, and very
much less vapor. Add to these advan
tages the fact that acetylene can bo
liquified with ease, and kept in liquid
form, and you have the claims of ace
tylene in the rough. It is curiong
that acetylene has become commer
cially possible as an illuminant by de
velopments in electricity with which
it will now have to competo.-New
Andrew Fields, a Kentucky day
laborer, who can remember Jackson*!
victory iu New Orleans and whe
worked for Henry Clay, and Unole
Charley Basco of Pond Creek, W. Va.,
claim the age of 105 and 103 respec
Place a box of ashes and ono o'
charcoal in the pig pen. Experiment!
show that pigs are more thrifty when
they have thf.se substances than whoo
utyi.reU tn then* t
OF THE IIOOPSKIRT.
A Tendency to Individual Ideas as i
What to Wear-Kali Wrap?
and Capes-Black Horse
IV T 0 longer doubt it, writes
\ Paris correspondent; woma
X \ bas issued her person
" (T declaration of independenci
A revolution is at hand. The slaves <
the tyrant fashion are toiling, and tb
dressmaking dynasties tremble in the;
shoes. They are to rule no longe*
It is the strictly personal style whici
is to be the fashion.
The movement began in England
wheie women have always been al
lowed a free choice concerning tb!
style of their dress. Some fair youn/| i
W>H ; if Ki
THE HOOPSKIRT OF 1850, WHICH TB
dame with a vein of originality con
ceived the idea of tho picture hat,
built after the fashion of some famouB
painting, and wore it, notwithstand
ing the fact that it was not mode.
This Blight departure from established
rules spread far and wide, and it has
now come to Parif?
Frenchwomen are quite open to the
suggestion of individualism in fash
ion, and women in prominent social
positions who are fair, clever and ad
mired have become advocates of the
hew thought. They are now taking
ies. The great masters, whose works
decorate the Louvre, are made the ar
bitrators of what is woru.
The rule is to try the various
styles, and when one is accepted, it
should be worn at least two seasons.
Another chronicler of fashions as
serts that tho hoopskirt is bound to
be with us again before another six
months. We can only hope, adds the
Chicago Times-Herald, that the first
woman to reappear in one will not share
the fate of her unfortunate sister who
woro one in the streets of New York
in 1810. She was arrested by the po
It seems such a pity to be obliged to
cover the pretty bodices of this season
with a wrap of any sort, and were it
not that the wraps are so very enticing
the fashionable girl would be apt to
shiver ulong the avenues with no pro
A NEW FALL CAPE.
tection from the winds, says the New
The capes are perfect loves, and
keep right in the first rank of favor
with women in general, for there is,
nor can there be, no more comfortable
covering than a loose cape. The sleeves
are still tremendous, one of the most
marked features of tho fall bodice,
and a jacket, even with tho fullest
kind of a sleeve, seems orampy and out
of order. One hates to crowd and
push a lovely big sleeve, all soft folds
and puffs, into a coat sleeve, no mat
ter of how big proportions ; there is
sure to be more or less crushing.
Velvet is, as was predicted, in espe
cial favor for fall wraps-but more of
this later ; there are no end of lovely
confectious already seen in this rich
and universally becoming fabric.
The sketch shows one of the ne*
capet) in a dull, slate-colored Lyons
velvet, with f-uch a wonderfully thick
pile, and showing such beautiful white
lights. It is circular in cut, falling
from the shoulders in rich folds, and
bordered with straps of cream white
Broadcloth. Broad revers and e. high
rolling coiiar of white hav? stripped
edges. A double clasp of pearl orna
ments the front With this is worn a
flat, Haring brimmed hat, of warm,
t&n-culored biaidf Minyip butmodfahif
?immed with long, epikey wings of
bronzed greens and reddish browns,
rbis toilette is made complete when
vorn with a frock of cream-colored
jroad-clotb, as is shown in the sketch.
CHIC HATS FOB AUTUMK.
The fall hat differs from the sum
ner one in one particular very strongly.
Whereas the summer hat had to bo
picturesque or lose all claim to dis*
;inction, autumn headgear has to be
nerely chic. Broad brims, crowns of
nany indentations and the like are
;abooed, and the trim little shapes
rfiich are most capable of developing
into the "chic" beneath a skilful
milliner's touches have taken their
WOVEN HORSEHAIR FOR HATS.
"Wovan horsehair remains a rage for
aats, and figures largely in the milliu
sry notions for fall. Black horsehair
chapeaus are trimmed elegantly with
[RI ATENS TO RETURN TO FASHION.
a?. ... ---
rhinestone buckles and a single perky
up-flare of dowers. In-many cases
theUjtrimming is very simple, but in
throat nf this material that the artist
presents here the trimming ia abun*
dant. First, there is in front a large
Louis XV. bow, made of rose pink rib
bon overlaid with black guipure whose
fancy edges extend beyond the rib
HAT OF WOVEN HORSEHAIR.
bon. Tba bow has double loops on
each side that droop over black rib
bon arranged in puffs on the brim. In
front a few malmaison roses with buds
and foliage show.
While fashionable tailors will use
rough-surfaced fabrics-tweeds, chev
iots and boucle cloths-for the greater
number of gowns, they will adhere to
the smooth lady's cloth for thoir more
elaborate dresses, as they have always
The tailors who were slow to adopt
large sleeves and very wide skirts aro
now loudest in their praise, and in
sists on commending them for winter
use. Certainly their long lines are
most suitable for tho cloth and velvet
dresses made by tailors, where draper
ies and flounces would not be effective.
The coat-waist will be used for gowns
of these heavy fabrics, though round
full waists will not be abandoned by
the small slight women who find them
becoming. An effort will be made to
do away with the godet back of these
coats, commonly known as the "ripple
back," and substitute fiat fanlike
folded pleats. The back is to be very
short, falling only a few inches below
the waist, and is to have but few
seamp, though it is closely fitted. The
front may bo lapped slightly to allow
the use of very elegant buttons, or else
it falls open straight and a belt is
passed around tho waist, going out
side the back but slipped inside the
under-arm seams, and fattening under
the open front. Square long tabs are
ou theso fronts, and they are merely
edged with fur. A novelty that is
very effective on fitted single-breasted
waists is double revers, tho lower
revers cut in slender points that lap
in fichu fashion.
The trimmings for cloth gowns are
revers and vest of doth of a contrast
ing color, bias bands of the cloth of
the dress stitched on in rows or in a
design, narrow bands of fur, and fin
ally the very rich braiding in gold
and other metals in whioh tailors ex
Passementerie waist trimmings are
imported, and are very handsome and
expensive. There is a standing collar
of points, the entire sections for
covering the shoulders and tops of the
sleeves, with a long point for the front
and sides shaped like an Eton jacket,
with a complete back ox the garniture.
A railroad trestle 1600 feet long,
with double tracks ond a steel draw
bridge, has just been completed OTW
?oigarto Or?, ont Aiutyi&nUi
WORLD'S CHE-S CIIAJIPIOX.
Career of the Young: American Who
Bent the World's Best Tiayers.
Henry Nelson Pillsbury, of Brook
lyn, N. Y., wlio won the international
chess masters' tournament at" Hast
ings, England, has up to the present
H. PIILL3BUBY, CHESS CHAMPION.
enjoyed only a local reputation. His
career as a chess player has not been
of the brilliant order, but rather one
of constant advancement. Pillsbury
is twenty-two years old, and his chess
playing dates from his sixteenth
birthday, when he first learned the
moves of the game at which he has
now proved himself to be the inter
Addison Smith, a leading member
of the Boston Chess Club, becarao in
terested in the yotng man shortly
after he began to play, and Pillsbury
was not slow to take advantage of
Smith's valuable experience. He be
came an active member of the Boston
Chess Clnb, and enjoyed a reputation
among Boston enthusiasts as a coming
Pillsbury's first important success
was gained over Champion Steinitz,
who unsuccessfully tried to concede
him the odds of pawn and move. He
was entered in 1890 in tho American
Chess Congress, receiving odds from
Burrille and other leading players.
Young Pillsbury defeated Stone at
evens with a score of 5 to 2. He also
played a match with Barry, a strong
New England player, winning by s
score of 5 to 4.
All of the leading devotees of th?
game played at Hastings. The cham
pion Lasker, Tschigorin, Blackburne,
Burn, Bird, Gunsberg, Tarraseh, Ver
gani, Tinsley, Von Bardeleben, Teich
mann, Al hin, Mason, Janowski.
Pollock and several others, arnon;
them Walbrodt, also a very young
man, like Pillsbury, played* Laskei
ner, with Tschigorin, Ste'nitz,'
burne and Tarraseh as dangeroui
rivals, while Pillsbury and the othen
were in the dark-horse category.
Pillsbury's v'ctory against such ai
array of talent is therefore the mon
remarkable, as he was pitted againsi
men whose experience in tournament!
and matches was calculated to at leas'
overcome the younger and less ex
Pillsbury U au active member o
the Brooklyn Chess Club, and on hil
departure for the scene of his grea
victory was the recipient of a cordia
I demonstration at tho hands of thai
He Was Puzzlci'.
Every expression of the child showec
eager curiosity. On the way down
town the boy frequently and persist
ently asked questions.
Finally tue car passed Baldwin's
and the youngster caught a glimpse o
a locomotive boiler outside.
"Papa, papa, what is that?" h
"That's a locomotive boiler, m;
Thus answered the juvenile was los
in reverie. He was thinking it over
"Did you say that was a locomotiv
boiler, papa?" he suddenly blurte
"Of course, I said so."
"Well, then, why do they boil loco
A Land ol Windmills.
Western Kansas is entirely unlik
Holland because of the ?carcity, al
most absence, of water, but is becom
ing very like the Dutch lowlands i
the great abundance of windmill
which are becoming so numerous as t
fill up the landscape. In the town o
Wilson a traveler counted seventy-tw
windmills in view from the hotel ver
anda. There is an excellent wate
supply a few feet below the surface i
that region, and every man has an ii
dividual supply, raised by the wind
A HOUSELESS CAI
it carr"? ' ""is, says the Di
York ,; tor delivering goods. A
powcx and its maximum speed is si
clainiR tba' the wagon's running ex;
iz ke; \ icg o- & h-Hr se.
IM-?-gon't appearance does ni
employed, [he engine in concealei
16S0J?! to be nlrnor-t noiseless. A crt
acy and ti;reo brakes keep it under
VrcVftun in JUUIJ frtttuou una tsiuh
How a Great Steel Kin? Was Made.
The steel ring for generator No. 3 at
the Niagara Power Company's new
plant is now at the shop of the West
inghouse Company, and is attracting
a great deal of attention from steel
men, as well as from electricians. It
is regarded as one of the very finest
pieces of work ever turned ont. It
was forged at Bethlehem, Penn. The
ring is considerably tho largest of the
kind ever casi It is eleven feet seven
and one-eighth inches in diameter,
about five feet high and weighs 27,000
pounds. It cost over $8000.
The making of the ring was au ex
ceedingly difficult task. A nickel
steel ingot four and a half feet in di
ameter at tho bottom and six and a
half feet long was cai'?. A hole was
then bored through ii lengthwise. A
block of the proper weight was then
cut from the ingot, and the cylinder
thus obtained wae heated, and, under
a hydraulic pressure of 14,000 tona
was expanded to the present size. Ii
would ba just like cutting from a lead
pencil a see+ion half an inch long, bor
ing the lead out of it and then expand
i i ing the wood to a ring an inch in di
The ring had to be forged to a per
fect circle, and in such a way as tc
prevent the possibility of weakness in
any part, for, when the tremendous
pressure of Niagara is brought to beal
on the turbine, which will turn the
ring, it will revolve around the arma
ture at the rateof 250 revolutions per
minute. The electrical energy thus
obtained will be 5000 horsepower.
A Large Tooth.
While workmen were excavating t
ditch in a swamp on the farm of C. E.
Percival, in the southeastern part o
Champaign County, a few days agp,
they dug a huge tooth which has at
tracted considerable curiosity and th?
attention of scientific people. Th<
tooth measured ten inches in length,
four inches across the face of thj
crown and weighed seven and one-hall
pounds. When it was brought to this
city it was compared with a plaetei
cant of a mastodon's tooth in the Uni
versity of Illinois, and it was .found tc
correspond almost exactly with it.
Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeye.
Richest American Woman.
An interesting sight for the people
of Bellows Falle, Vt., the past summc-i
was to watch Hetty Green, the womal
whose fortune is way up in millions
returning from a shopping tour witl
a small package of tea, a pound o
crackers and a bag of flour in he
j j arms. They considered Mrs. Green
i good citizen, and said that she pai
her taxe3 with commendable promp
ness, but she would not submit to tb
slightest extortion. She had the wat?
cut off from her bouse at the cost c
L great personal inconvenience becaus
she thought she was charged too muc
1 for it.
d Will Uss Molasses.
It is said a French chemist prc
- poses to make a substitute for indi
rubber from the same ingredients t
are used in the manufacture of prim
ers' roilers, i. e., a mixture formed i
variable proportions of glue, glycerir
e and molasses. This composition is <
1- covered with canvas, ordinary rul
i- ber or "other suitable material," 1
n protect it against humidity, great her
s or mechanical action. -Boston Glob
o ^ _
Cold Water a Valuable Stimulant.
Dr. Lauder Brinton declares th
ir oold water is a valuable stimulant
n almost everybody, and will often ser
i- the pulse from seventy-six to a hu
I- i dred when sipped, a wineglassful at
ililAGE IN KEW TURK.
itroit Free Press, and ie used hy a N
petroleum air engine provides mot;
ixteen kilometers an hour. The inven:
pens?e' daily is less than half that requii
Djt differ materially from that of thoe? n
i in ? square wooden bo? ia the rear s
ink in front guides the vehicle with ace
control. The tires are of rubber and i
Are you taking SIMMONS LIVER REG
ULATOR, the "KING OF LIVER MEDI
CINES?" That is what our readers
want, and nothing but that I: is the
sam? old friend to which the old folks
pinned their faith and were never dis
appointed. But another good recom
mendation for it is, that it is HETTEB
THAN PILLS, never gripes, never weak
ens, but works in such an easy and
natural way, just like nature itself, that
relief comes quick and sure, and one
feels new all over. It never fails.
Everybody needs take a liver remedy,
and everyone should take only Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
Be sure you get it. The Red. Z
is on the wrapper. J. H. Zeilin &
Fiowors Cared for While Owners Ar?
Out of Town.
Boarding-houses for plants are a
novel institution, designed for the
housing of plants for families whc
close up their city houses for several
months during the summer. Every
woman who loves flowers is at her
wits' end to devise a means of hav
ing her plants cared for when she
goes away. In the case of a large
and valuable collection this becomes
a serious matter.
It is up on Columbus avenue that
the plant boarding-houses abound.
Often in the spring and summer any
one passing a florist's may see in bia
window a strip of painted glass, or
some other sign bearing the words:
Boarding House for Plants, 50
cents apiece." A few of the estab
lishments offer accommodations for
25 cents. This price covers a month's
noard and lodging for a single potted
None of these boarding houses seek
winter patronage, as the florist would
hardly be paid for his trouble in car
ing for other people's plants, since
at. that time they would occupy hot
house space-which could be turned
by the proprietor to greater i.dvant- _
age in raising flowers of hin own.
?A-^s^^., iJt[? II i-i ? ji .. i
of the fioYisTfEo put in a stock of ho*
house plants for sale, that being the
time when most flower fanciers think
of increasing their collections, and
naturally the profits on sales ia larger
than could be expected from thee?
frail boarders that require unusual
watchfulness on chilly days. In
summer, however, the rate of board
is an ample return for the small out
lay of time and attention, when
plants need only such trifling atten
tion as being supplied with water.
Sometimes it happens, the men in
the business sa}-, that the caretaker
finds that the soil in which one of
his boarders stands rooted has be
come impoverished. In such a case
he immediately sets to work to repot
the plant. All such bits of necessary
care are undertaken without extra
charge, being covered by the regular
board bill. There is also a boy, whose
duties consist in walking up and
down among the bonders and seeing
that they aro not molested by bugs.
'I'd much prefer to keep a flower
sanitarium," says a caretaker, "than
to perpetually have to follow up that
boy aud see that he isn't napping. It
would'ntbe half the trouble. And
those boys are all alike. But it's a
class of work that only a boy would
consent to do. However, on the
whole, I must con Tess that the
plant boarding house business ie
rather too good to give up on account
of so insignificant a drawback as a
lazy boy, especially when it; furnishes
occupation and income in what
would otherwise be a dull season for
The House Penn Built.
One of the oldest buildings of the
number of anti-Revolutionary struc
tures that still remain standing in
Philadelphia occupies a conspicuous
position on the northeast corner of
Second and Walnut streets. The
old building is nearly, if not quite,
200 years old, and it is claimed by
sorao authorities that it was built by
William Penn. John Penn, it is
claimed was born in the house. For
many decades it has been occupied
by a gunsmithy and fishing tackle
establishment, as long ago as 1815
such business having been started
there. The business is now con
ducted by John T. Siner, who has
been in the store since 1848, and he
is himself one of the most picturesque
figures of the neighborhood, hale and
hearty at seventy-four. He has in
his possession a deed dated 1884, In
which the owner of the corner build
ing guaranteed the use of the party
wall for the erection of the building
adjoining on Walnut street, which
ls also still standing.
One Way to Pay Old Debts.
One of Skowhegan's brightest
young attorneys received a few days
since a lot of bills for collection.
Among them was one for 28 cents,
the debtor living in a distant town,
and it was sent oct with the others.
A few days later the attorney re
ceived a large shoe box by express.
Charges upon it had not been pre
paid, but the lawyer had no sus
picion, and paid about 28 cents in
all to havo the box delivered at his
office. lhere an investigation of tho
cdntentsWas undertaken, ?rfd in the
course of the day. after an endless
unwinding of twine and removing
of paper wrappers, the kennel was
reached-28 cents in the copper of
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