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TIIOS. J. ADAMS,.EDITOR WEDNESDAY, OCT. 30, 1895. The prospect for tho Convention hanging on until- Christmas is bright. Some people wish there had never been any convention, and some people may bc right. The Atlanta Exposition appears to be au immense success. Preside:?t Cleveland and his cabinet visited the show last week and pronounced it good. The attendance is largo from all parts of the country. Old Tumblin. The Cumberland Gap road was sold at Aiken yesterday at public outcry. This sale may mean a great deal as to the future of our town. A short con nection built from Edgeiield to McCor mick or Abbeville or Greenwood puts the South Carolina road in connection with almost the balance of mankind. Two lines have been anxious to buy our railroad; the Southern, which our readers are more familliar with as the Richmond and Danville, and the South Carolina road. If the South Carolina road has secured the prize then a con nection to Greenwood or McCormick, or Abbeville, as above stated, w ill give Charleston an outlet to Atlanta and the North, also to Knoxville by way of Spartanburg and Ashville. It is said that the route from Atlanta to Char., lesion over such a linc by way of Edge field would be sixty miles shorter than the distance between the same points by way of Augusta. The first thing Edgefleld knows she will be on a grand trunk line with thirty through freight trains a day. Less than ten years ago we sat in our old office and predicted banks and railroads^and factories and oil mills for our town when we Ind not even anucleusof any of these things, and lo! they are all here to-day. We continue to prophesy good things. The fightjn the convention this week will be over the suffrage clause. This clause, as reported by the committee of which Senator Tillman is chairman, calls for a property and ?.?ducational qualifi cation/ Senator Irby ha? announc ed that he will fight this qualifica tion to the finish, and he claims that two-thirds of the Reformers are, wi th him. "When asked about sub mitting the qualification clause to the committee on the judicial de partment for its^ opinion he said that such would be his line because it was very essential ko know rvheth erthe "understandiug anr1 explain ing" clause and other provisions were constitutional. He u.ader stood^that there was grave doubts about it even among the members of the suffrage committee and he remarked that it would be a pretty howdy-do if the poor men wer? given a hope of being registered as voters and then to h ive that provi sion wiped away as unconstitu tional. The cat was out of the bag, he thought, and the sooner the committee knew that there was a grave question about this "un derstanding" clause the better. In the course of his chat he re marked, when asked about a slate, that bo has never been a slate mau and what was more that never ex pected to have a running mate. If he could not win by himself he did not expect to do so. He remarked that he expected to get his com mission directly from the people and not by combinations." Resolutions passed at a Conven tion of the Trustees of the Public Schools of Edgefiold County which was held on the 19th inst. ' WHEREAS, our Public School Trustees have failed to do their duty in various ways from negli gence, incompetency and indiffer ence, so that the welfare of our schools have not been promoted and the pub.'ic funds intelligently used. ? here fore, be it Resolved, Ut. That we do not re cognize so many schools and so many incompetent teachers but concentrate the funds as much as possible. 2nd. That we pledge ourselves to visit the schools in accordance with law and see that the reports are proper and credit the same to see that no false returns are made. 3rd. That each Trustee file with the School Commissioner his signature and always sign the papers in person, and that seals be provided for each school dis trict or township and the keeper thereof be responsible for all pa pers to which this seal is affixed ; and we suggest the paywarrants be printed on larger and better paper. 4th. That we try to prevent the nee of so many new books. 5th. That these pioceedings be published in all the county papers. P. N. LOTT, Chair. M. J. B. Gibson, Sec. The Atlanta Exposition Has many inducements to offer, but none better to the afflicted than that long tested, and never failing Tonic and Blood Purifier. (B. B. B.) Botanic Balm. It pos itively cures all blood and skin diseases, as thousands of cert iii-, cates testify from the simphsl pimple, to the foulest ulcer. Don't buy substitute?, said to bc "jusl as good," but buy the oid reliable and standard Blood Purifier of the ago. B. B. B. $1.00 per largo bottle. See advertisement in this paper. For sale by Druggist?. SOMETHING MEW UNDER THE SUN. Uncle George on Township Gov ernment in the Convention. Mr. Geo. D. Tillman said some years ugo his friend and school mate, Chief Justice Dow, of New Hampshire, had written him a rather philosophical letter, in which he said he agreed with Pope in saying "whatever is is right." Looking back over the past tho Radical Constitution has done two things that may prove blessings. The first is the seed for a common school system. Before the two mill amendment we had a misera ble school system. Tho Republi cans submitted and the Demo crats supported ir, most of them reluctantly. It is growing year by year and it is full of promise, of hope for our people. That is one important item that can be charg ed to that Constitution, and there is another of more importance ?perhaps. He regarded township government as the most important thing to be provided for. He wished he could only present the subject as it should be. If he could induce the Convention to plant only the acorns, or nurture the seeds the Republicans planted for township government he would be happy to have it as his monu ment. Here nothing much was known as to township government. It was based on the sovereignty of the individual and calling togeth er of neighbors for government. The New England States had ideal township government. Each town ship, so to speak, had a legisla ture, a judiciary, a treasurer anda set of officers of its own. The word commissioners had a rather offensive meaning in his section. It was through this office that the leaks occurred. The word com missioner was too general any way. The committee provided to call the townshin officers as directors. They were to run the affairs of the county, even to making cut a list of the registered \oters. He was afraid to make it mandatory to start township government. He wanted the system of government to start with the individual and not at the Capital, and then scat ter out and fritter away. The svs tam was ill arranged here. The "selectmen" iu New England knew how U) get the best out of the money, they knew who ought to vote, they knew the best teacher?, the best bv-lders and so on. Mr. Til!, x.m went on to say that when a boy cf 18 he was invited to a public township meeting near Boston. There the clerk read the proceedings of the boaid. They wanted to investigate how every dollar of their money was spent and how their taxes stood. These "select men" are paid, no one is expected to work for the public for nothing, except the members of the Convention. There is no chance to steal. They are all interested in every school house and bridge and know exactly what is going on and where the money is going to. Whon Ohio was or ganized as a Commonwealth the township system won by a single vote and the old settlers attribute their success to this system and all the other Western States fol lowed. The township system puts the citizen on the alert and makes him careful. When the Republicans got con trol of the State they provided for a township system. It was adopted in 1868, but repealed at thc next session. There had been no division of counties. It was a failure, but townships were estab lished and every county was sur veyed. He, too, admitted not knowing whether these townships were ever recognized by the Legis lature, but he believed that they were all recorded. He went on to say the fact should be remember ed thai there was no chan se of stealing under the township sys tem. As to sparse population, there are many counties in New Hampshire and Vermont and oth er Sttites that have no denser pop ulation than we have. Our town ships average about thirty-six square miles. It costs no more to keep up bridges, or schools, or even to support paupers under one system than another. He said the common schools hero would never get to be what they ought to be as long as the present system was maintained. It was not Demo cratic or right to have the Gover nor appoint commissioners of ?lec tion. We submit to this loonop 1 i st ic system of goveinmeut, and i he did not know how to account for the condition. The North would think she had no govern ment if she did not have a town ship system and we are content to live as we do. He begged the con vention to get out of the old rut. Township governments educate the people in their rights and du ties. He did not believe such a system would cost half as much as the present system. The time for recess having ar rived while Mr. Geo. D. Tillman was speaking the Convention took a recess until 8 o'clock. THE NIGHT SESSION. When the Convention reassem bi3d tonight Mr. Frank Gary took the floor and said th it this morn ing, when the gentleman from lulgefield made his explanation, in his embarrassment it did not occur to him to say anything fur ther as to the explanation that had been made, but .he now thought I hat he should say something for fear that ho should be misunder stood by the gentleman and the Convention. He wished to say that he was entirely satisfied with the explanation and accepted it in the spirit in which it was offered. Aftf-r the explanation had been made he desired to withdraw any atement he might have made thal gave offence, aud hoped that this withdrawal on his part would be entirely satisfactory. Mr. Field proposed au ordinance as to defraying the expenses of the Convention. PCJ-WI HB-?III? ll ll ll ll I The regular work was resin by Mr. Geo. D. Tillman taking the thread of bis argument in vor ol'township government-, reviewed the geueral princi] enunciated in tho morning, present system is wrong. It is i rying out the monopolistic i that has so .long been in voi Our appointment system was tie better than that of th* man rins. Here we obey, but the d of the freeman should be lo and work for himself. Thc seht is to allow each towusbip to I sovereignty to itself. There i saving clause for such conn like Beaufort und Georgeto County government has been, i always must be, a failure, beca the authority begins at the cap and then goes to the county J then to the township. That is liberty nor Democracy. Gene expenses should be borne by county government. The toi ships are not to be made to b the expenses of the county, that was wanted was a suggest provision. The usual officers these townships hav? been ra; out and will be announced ai substitute for one of the sectic The idea is that the township g emments should collect and c tribute their own funds. Sub viding the townships into sch districts and make oui the ref tration lists would be the m valuable feature Ile knew of noway of settl the franchise matter in a better cleaner manner than by localiz the voter. Make the voter ( year in the election district ho fers to vote in, and the migra!< habits of the negro would, ho lieved, disfranchise one-third the colored voters. The wh people are stationary. If I whites move they do it knowing He would not suggest that noi< boring land owners swap labor to disfranchise tho colored vote It need not bo done. He bel ie\ this scheme would solve tho pr< lem. It was honest and hono bio, and if advantage wore 1 taken of the migratory habits the negro, ho did not know of ai thing else that would be safe feasible except female suffn with a qualification. The tov ship government would give good medium for this localizi scheme. These directors, or ''C< script Fathers," Senator Haw! delighted to call them, would kn who to lot vote and keep tho r cals out. Comparo this with t one man System of regi-trati< He wanted to start, where all 1 erty started, with the individu as Jefferson said. He had no id or intention of assailing the pr ent couuty government syst?' He was not attacking the systr he regarded as so undemocra because of any personal feeling political advantages one way another. That was not his sty A great French writer, writing our Government, had the tow ship government running throuj the whole book. He attributed t great growtli and prosperity of N< England to this system. T township system does more for township than a town council do for its town. It organizes, it co centr?tes, it cultivates iheeuerj of the country people in order th they may know what is going c andproteet themselves. It is o ly proposed to vitalize the towi ship governments. The Kew En I land people can all take charge i 'meetings and run them in a pa liamentary way. It is the on! way of having the countay hold i cwn with the towns. The city go1 emments will not be disturbe* With the township system thei can be nu one-man power. As rule the best men in a townshi will be chosen. These three d rectors need not do all that is ey pected of couuty commissioner: They can have authority to elec others and supervise. The direc tors eau be elected every year o two years as is seen fit. Factiont he held, could not prevail. Th chances are two to one that th best men will be taken from op posing factions. He went on to say there ha hardly ever been an entirely hon est election, but the election o these directors would be about a fair as anything could be. If air membar ever attended a townshir meeting in a Northern State h< wanted to have his impressions The Southern people know nothing about what these meetings are They need only only once to see i to admire it. If we keep up thij principio started by the Republi ?ans we will in a measure atom for tho outrages of Republicanism In a few years, the speaker said he would have disappeared frorr the stage of action. Before hi quit public life he would like, il possible, to do something for hit old mother State that would bene fit her for ages to come, and would if possible, save his name frorr oblivion. If he knew he had tc be called away in the next ten minutes, and were permitted tc say to his fellow South Carolini ans what, he believed would dc most good for his State, with his expiring breath be would whe helped to provide township gov ernment in the old State. Hi; would like no better epitaph than that hore lies one who helped to provide for township government for Sou th Carolina. He boped he may lia ve the sympathy of the body enough to insert, a provision to leave it discretionary with the Legislature to adopt the township system if it saw fit, although he believed it should be m?de man datory. If tho committee received the plan "favorably then tho plan would be perfected. Tho Legisla ture could provide for the duties of the various officer.0. Attention, Hussars. There will boa meeting of this troop at Edgef?eld on Saturday the 2nd November for mounted drill. By order L. R. BRONSON, Capt. W. H. Ryan. 0. ?. Master's Sale. STATE OF" SOUTH CAROLIN, EDGEFIELD COUNTY Court Common Pleas. C. P. Boozer-against, E. R. Stem mau and M. S. Riley, partne in tract und.?r the style of Stea< man & Riley. PURSUANT to the judgment ? foreclosure in this cause, I will o fer for sale, at public outcry b fore the Court House, town < Edgefield and State of South Ca ol; na, on the first Monday in Ni vern ber 1895, being the 4th day < said month, between the leg. hours of sale, the following d< scribed mortgaged realty to wit: A certain tract o.1 parcel of lan lying and being in the County < Edgefield. and State of South Ca oliua, containing fifty-four (54 acres, more or less, and bounde as follows: On the South and Wast by lane of West Corley, sud on the eai and north by lands of K. B. Wa son. And also,all that parcel, tra< or part of tract of land, coutainir. sixty-five (65) acres more or les lying in said county and bounde by lands of D. W. Snelgrove, R. ] Caughraan, Dr. Keuuerly an others. Terms of Sale: One half casi and the balance or. a credit of oi year, with interest on the cred portion from the day cf s al Purchaser to give bond and mortgage of the premises to secur tho payment of the credit portio or all cash at the purchasers oj tion. Purchaser to pav for papers. W. F. ROATH, Master, E. C. Oct. 9, '95._ Master's Sale. ' STATE OF SOUTH CAROLIN.' EDGEFIELD COUNTY. Court of Common Pleas. J. M. Ward against Bettie Mosel et al. PURSUANT to the decree i this cause, I will oller for sale, t public outcry, before the Coui House, Town of Edgefield an State o' South Carolina, on th first Monday in November, 189i being tho fourth day in sai mouth, between the legal hours ?J sale, the following described proj er ty, to wit : All that tract or parcel of lan tiluate, lying and being ii: th couuty and State aforesaid, coi: taiuing twenty-one and one-hal (2H-) acres, moro or lues, au bounded on the north by lands o Capt. Ward; east by lands of Mn Susan Staluaker; south by tb lot of land assigned to Mrs. WK rd and West by lands belonging t Mrs. Flinn. Terms of sale: One-half casi and the balance on a credit, of on year, with interest from the day o sale. Purchaser to give bend am a mortgage of the premises t secure ihe payment of the credi portion or all cash, nt the purcha ser's option. Purchaser lo pay fo pa i ie rs. W. F. ROATH, Master E. C. Get. 9, 1895. Master's Sale, STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA EDGEFIELD COUNTY. Court Common Pleas. W. W. Landrum and N. K. But 1er, partners in (tradr, under ihe firm name of Landrum and But ler-against, J. L. Carter, et. al. PURSUANT to the judgment ol forclosure in the above stated cause, I will offer for sale, at pub lic outcry before tho Court House, town of Edgefield and State of South Carolina, on the first Mon day in November, 1895 (being the 4th day O? said month) between the legol hours of sale, the follow ing described mortgaged reid ty to wit: All that tract of land, lying, sit uate and being in Edgefield Coun ty and State of South Carolina, containing one hundred and sixty five (105) acres more or lesB, bounded by lands of G. A. Wide mau on the north,* on the east, west and south by lands of Martha Blackwell. Terms of Sale : One half cash, and the balance on a credit of ono year with interest on the cred it portion from the day of sale. Purchaser to gire bond and a mortgage of the premises to se enro the payment of the credit portion or all cash at the purchas er's option. Purchaser to pay for papers. W. F. ROATH, Master E. C. Oct. 9, ;95._ Master's Sale. .STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. EDGEFIELD COUNTY. Court Common Pleas. Rebecca L. Tucker against Mollie F. Carter. PURSUANT to the judgment of foreclosure in this cause, I will offer sale, at public outcry, before the Court House, Town of Edge field cud Stat^ of South Caroliua, on the first Monday in November, 1895, being the fourth day of said month, between the legal hours of salo, the following described mort gaged realty, to wit : All (hat 'rad of land situate, lying and being in thu County und State above-named, containing one hundred and sixty-live (165) acres, m?.re or less, adjoin i ug lands of Martha Blackwell, Georgia A. Wi dem an and others. Terms of Sale : One-half cash, balance on a credit of one year, with interest on (he credit portion from the day of sah;. Purchaser t.) j:ive bond nod a mortgage ol' the pr< ii;is; s to .-i cure the payment of i lie credit pori iou or all cash, at t!w purchaser's option. Purchaser to pav ft ? r papers. W. F. ROATH, Master E. C. Oct. 9, '95, Master's Sale. STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA EDGEFIELD COUNTY. Court Common Pleas. Albert L. Richardson against Jae. A. Holland et al. PURSUANT to th? decree of foree of foreclosure in this cause, I will offer for sale, at public out cry before the Court House, Town of Edgefield and State of South Carolin, on the first Monday in November, 1895, being the fourth day in said month, between the legal hours of sale, the following described mortgaged realty, to wit : All that lot or tract of land lying in the County of Edgefield and State of South Carolina, in Pine Grove Township, and con taining seven hundred and fifty (750) acres, mere or less, aud bounded on tho north by the Sim Kinsland and Ellis land; on the south by John Sawyers land; on the east by lands of James R. Hill, and on the west by the lands of McCreery Tan Yard Place and Susan Stedham, said place being known as the Johnson Place. Terms of Sale : One-fourth cash, balance on a credit of one, two and three years, with interest on the credit portion from the day of sale. Purohasfr to give bond and a mortgage of the premises to secure the payment of the credit portion or all cash, at the option of the purchaser. Purchaser to pay for papers. W. F. ROATH, Master E. C. " Oct. 9, '95. Cotton Wanted. -(oro) The Langley Manufactur ing Company will pay Augus ta market price for Cotton delivered at their Factory at Langley S. C., until further notice. THOS. BARRETT, Jr. Sept. 24.-tf. TRESPASS NOTICE. ALL persons are warned not to hunt birds or game of any kind or pass through or over the lands of the under signed upon penalty of prosecution. The law wili be rigidly enforced against all trespassers. S. W. M \YS, SUSAN E. GARNER. Oct. 7, 1S95. Cooking CALL Cha 831 BROAD STREET, Sheppards Excelsior Cook. South Cooking Stoves, all Stylps and pricef warp of all kinds. Tin Roofing and Sept. 10- ly. MOSES C. MURPHEY, Murphe AT 618 Broad Stre< You will find the above live been in the GROCERY Business lo every detail, they are always down w in Augusta for the purpose of Buy their prices. Mr. WILL MOBLEY the Edgefi and will be glad to welcome all of hi Sept. 10-4m. NO. CUT RATES ! ! SACRE 952 BROADWAY, GO TO THE NEW YORK Al GOODS. CLOTHIN G, ? HOSIERY, &c. Ladies' and Gents' Furnishing fW* You will save from 25 tc before you buy Goods elsewhere. D. Sept. 10-6m. Pratt ii Alista Cot? targe Sloes of EQgint LOMBARD \\ AUGUS1 Machinery and Supplies. Re ?ET" Gel our Prices before you 1 WM. SeHWEi -RELIABLE . Has all the Newest Go< Diamonds, Wat LADIES SHIRT WAIST SETS FINE SILVER BELT BUCKLES wi SILVER SPOONS and FORKS lowe Watch and Clock Repairing Prc Workmen. ?OH, BROAD ami ?TH STTEE? Fair Notice ! vLL persons are hereby not ?Tied not i hunt or trespass in any way on the ods of the undersigned, under pen ty of the iaw. MKS. A. T.SWEAR1NGEN, MOSES HA URIS. Oct. ?9-3t. TH IEST CLASS PHOTOGRAPHS In tiie latest and most fashionable | yle; also IL AND CRAYON PORTRAITS ade at the lowest prices for first ass work. f?mW Bring the children before win >r sets in. R. H. M IM S. Oct l-4t ANNUAL MEETING BOARD County Commissioners. ?o JOTICE is hereby given that the N board of commissioners for IMge eld county will hold their ann ital leeting in the office ol' the Supervisor t Edgelield on Thursday, November th, next. All persons holding claims against lie county not previously presorted a the board are required to rile .?ame, roperly attested, so that said ela;ms my beexamined in order to bo paid. M.A. WHITTLE, Co. MI p. Oct. 15-'95. NOTICE. [ Again call upon all delinque1 ts in bc late Farmers Insurance As.-t.eia ion of Edgelield County S. C., to come :orward and settle the same nt. the Fanners Bank, whither it be for fit her >r all of Assessments. No. 4, 5. li or 7. W. H.TIMMERM AN. Oct. 15-3t. At Private Salo. HoUSE AND LOT on Columbia Street between residences of Messrs. Taylor and Simkins, and opposite the Evans place. The house is of modern style, with handsome and striking ex erior, anti contains nine rooms. Well >n back verandah. Barn, stable, and ?ther out buildings. One acre lot. Im jroved garden. . Posession ?riven Isl )f January, or at once, if preferred. Apply to G. D. Mims, Ediretield, or o J. AV m. Thurmond. Esq., Att'y. at f.aw. Oct.. 22-'95. Beautiful new hats at the Misses lycock. Stove , s. B. A 11 e n, t AUGUSTA, GA., ern Queen Rauge. Heating and i. Grates, Mantles and Tile. Tin Galvanized I Works. GEO. S. MURPHEY, y&Co., st, AUGUSTA, GA. and wide awake firm. They have ng enough to understand it in ith the market, and when you are j ing Groceries you had better get eld County boy il still with them, : ts friends. 952 PICE SALE ! ! AUGUSTA, GA. JCTION HOUSE FOR DRY SHOES, HATS, NOTIONS, \ Goods a Specialty. > 50 per cent, by calling on us EDELSTEIN, I/??XJIJS . is, CQeap ana Soon. n RON WORKS AND ts SUPPLY COMPANY. ? GA. ?pairs, etc., Quickly Made. buy. BERT & 60., JEWELERS - ?dR of the Season in ches, Jewelry, 3 in Gold and Silver. LADIES th fine Silk Ribbon. STERLING r than ever before, imptly Attended to by Competent ' . AUGUSTA, GA SILVER BLOCK, 1207 BROADWAY, AUGWST/I GA. We offer to l! ,?>.g ?Md Country People a special line of goods onest, strictly poiid lea'iher Slu e?, v\hich cannot be excelled for style nd durability, at tbp lowest possible prices. SILVER SHOE CO. brand Shoe.-', are acknowledged the beet in the ?ty. Our Goods ore especially made for us, and we sell nothing but e can guarantee, and al Rock Hot tom Prices. A trial wili make you ur friends and customers Remember, Silver Shoe & Hat Co. Leaders in Good Honest Goods, Great scott! The New Goods At FOX'S. The Ladies Say Oh My ! How Pretty. Spring Valley Distilling Co,, * DISTILLERS and DISTSIBLTTORS, * Cincinnati, Ohio. . Appr?ciai in;; the difficulty for gentlemen to secure Pure Straight Whiskies for Private and Medicinal Use We invite your coirespondence and will cheerfully quote you prices, and furnish all other information upon receipt of vour address. Oct.-15, '95 Palmetto Business College, j S> C., Next Session Begins Sept. 26, 1895. One of the mott complete Commercial Colleges in the Souh. Tuition rates reasonable. First class board $8.00 per month. We lave large aud comfortable Dormitories that will accommodate one mildred and fifty boarding students. .Military regulations. Perfect latisfaction guaranteed For further particulars, address. J. lt. A. Whitlock, July 16- tf. PRESIDENT. say ? Bland. JOHNSTON and EDGEFIELD, DEALERS IN Vehicles of all Kinds, - - Fine Harness, Saddles, FURNITURE and COFFINS, - - HARDWARE. Jan. 29-1895. GIN HOUSE And Country Property INSURED. Apply to W. J. McKERALL, A'GT.. EDGEFIELD, S. C., ALWAYS SN THE LE?D. /. C. LEVY & TA IL O ff. FI1 CL O THIEU S, AUGUSTA, - GEORGIA.. Have now in store their entire "ALL AND WINTER STOCK OF CLOTHING 'he largest stock ever shown in Augusta. We aim to carry goods whic.i are ot only intrinsically good, but which also, in pattern, style, and finish, ratify a cultivated and discriminating taste, and at the same time, we aim to lake our prices so low the closest buyers will bc our .steadiest] customers 'olite attention to all. A call will be appreciated. I. C. LEVY & CO. fAILOR-FIT CLOTHIERS, AUGUSTA, GA VOUR ATTENTION * _- TF TTOTT EEEE---; - oot Steves, Stove Fans, Stove Pips, Tinware, fell Bnctets, FANCY GROCERIES, ^oaded Shells, Harmed Goods, Confectionaries. Evaporators Repaired or made to Order. -ARGEST COOK STOVE FOR THE MONEY. OollVe Pots, Milk Buckets,and Covered Buckets made from the best of Tin in the market. Repairs for Cook Stoves I sell, kept in stock. Call on or address OHAS. A.. A_U STUNT, jrOPI^TSTOIN*, S. C.