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THOS. 1 ADAMS. PROPRIETOR.
EDGEE?ELD, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1892. VOL. LVII. NO. 13. A Kentucky legislator proposes to make it a crime to swap horses within fire miles of any religious meeting. People who object to the cost cf good roads are asked to figure out what the bad ones cost the people who have to use them. * -? An advocate for the eating of horse flesh claims that it is the heathiesi flesh in the world, as the horse is not subjeot to tuberculosis, like cattle and trichinosis, like hogs. Mexico is said to pi jd nco anything that can be raised in any other conn try. So varied is the climate that in tho some State can be raised any product of the tropios and of the polar region._ The Bev. Dr. Alice E. Wright, who is the pastor of a Universal Church in Brooklyn, has fixed up a new mar riage servioe, in which the contracting parties vow to live faithfully together "until the death of. love do us part." The Washington Post says that a Congressman suggests that tho pro posed new Government Printing Office at Washington shall be "a temple of the art preservative, with sculptured entablatures in marble of all the great printers, from Guttenburg and Frank lin down to Amos Cummings." The Boers of the Tr an s vail, who have often been accused of oruelty by their enemies, exhibited a noble spirit of generosity immediatoly af;er the battle of Erngersdorp, every Boer helping the prisoners ont of the soanty store in his haversack when the fight ing was over. This act, states thc Kew York Observer, was in pursuanoo of an old custom of the Boers, which they have followed in all their wars against whites or blacks. Kansas has a law, passed in 1872, which provides that when a man is convicted of murder in tho first de gree he shall be confined in the peni tentiary for one year, after whioh the Governor may issue .a warrant for the execution of the death sentence. But no Governor has yet taken the respon sibility of issuing such a warrant, and thus capital punishment is practically abolished in that State. Becently an attempt was made to force an execu tion by proceedings designad to show Bpociol cause for it, but the Supreme jQojgxt decides that the. matter rests en there can be no hanging unless he sees fit to order it. Great expenditures by the vorioui Naval Powers in recent years have brought them tangible results in ship?, guns, ammunition and armor, notes the New York Tribune. A reference to the tables of the various navies* especially of Great Britain, will prove that there has been an enormous ad vance in the last ton years, especially in battle ship.?, upon which the fight ing strength of a fleet mainly dependa A study of the figures of exper diture of Great Britain for her navy shows how she has built it np. For instance, in 1886 Great Britain's appropriations for the navy amounted to $66,680,000, while for 1895 tbe amount was $93, 605,000. For tho samo year the ap propriations for tho United States Navy were $22,104,061 The improve ments in tho fighting qualities of the warship is shown in the fact that the English battle ship Majest o can throw 38,400 pounds of metal from her heavy guns at the broadside in ren minutes, and that the heaviest shot can pierce a thickness of armor plate equal to 38} inches. No? have torpedo craft been neglected. The torpedo gunboat, a new type of wor ship, hos appeared since 1835; and although some of the foreign ones have not proven wholly successful, it has been demonstrated that thoy are seaworthy and useful vessels, in the matter of armor, Qorveyizod steel, averaging about fourtoen inches in thickness on the largest vessels, has supplanted iron armor, and ia fir less vulnerable. Cordite is one of the recent inventions in ammunition, and seems to be a trustworthy and aseful smokeless powder. This consists of a combination of gun-cotton and nitro-glycerine, with which is also in corporated a certain amount of vase line, and recent tests have prov m its stability and effectiveness. New Use lor an Artesian Well. Artesian wells are in use in some parts of the West to give power for running electric light and power plant?. At Chamberlain, South Da kota, last week & new, big, artesian well, sunk to supply power for the electric lighting of a town, wau put into servioe, and th? results are high ly satisfactory. The water is forced through a three-inch nozzle onto a Pelton water wheel, which rani the dynamo, giving power for 275 32 candle-power incandescent lights. There is power sufficient for twice this number. Kef used His Parole. James Johnson, a lifetime convict in the Indiana Seite Prison at J ?ffer sonville, has refused a parole fron the Governer, saying he is not guilty ot murder, the crime charged, and will accept nothing less than an uncondi tional pardon. He was sentenced in 1893 for killing Leslie Pell, but claims it was done in eelf-defense. It in the only coso on record vrhero a paroie was refused by ui.y prisoner, as it m practically the same as a pardon. a Cit; Star. LEGATION HOMES. OUR REPRESKNTATIVES HAVE COZY QUARTERS ABROAD. In tne Orient Uncle Sam Owns the Bornes Occupied by tho Ministers -Some D wellings In Which Our Diplomats Reside. IN each oountry where there is war or rumor of war the position of the representative of the Uni ted States is rendered doubly dif ficult by State troubles. Few of these representatives have residences provided for them, and none find they have a salary adequate for the entertaining of Powers whose wounded feelings must be placated by, lavish hospitality. Their position would be an unenvied one were it not for the lifelong honor attending a suc cessful performance of diplomatic duties. Other countries make a point of owning their own legation homes. In Washington England owns one of the finest squares in th3 city. But it is the policy of the United States not to do so. The only foreign land owned THE AMERICAN MINIST by this country is situated in Korea, the East Indias, Siam and Japan. In the Orien t it is imperative to own the lega tion, aa our Ministers on going there find it impossible to live four years in the houses provided by the natives. One of the prettiest houses in the Orient is the American Legation of China, where Minister Denby and his family live. It is a typical Chinese" house, set well back from the street, and surrounded by trees and foliage. A high wall shuts out the street sights of Pekin and keeps away the objec tionable side of Chinese life. Mr. Denby speaks highly of China and his legation home. Ho has held his position through several Adminis trations, and in the legation, which is on one of the prettiest streets of Pekin, ali American affairs are trans acted,. Here lives the Charge d'Affa?rs, 'theConsul aa^te^^?esTSmr connected with the legation. In time of war the Minister to China suffers. The Chinese think he should bring troops to their aid, and so closely was Minister Denby watched that a practi cal quarantine was maintained around his house. The United States pays a rental of $3500 a year for Minister Denny's home, which is a large sum to pay for rent in China. But the United States does nothing small. It is willing to spend the money for a legation, but it is a matter partly of policy and partly of patriotic sentiment not to own land outside America. The home of Bartlett Tripp in Aus tria is upon the Schwindgasse, in a long row of legation houses. The house has been occupied many years by successive Ministers from America, and it is pointed out to American tourists as "home" in a strange land. In this house Minister Tripp lives with his wife and stepdaughter, Miss Ethel Washburn, one of the prettiest girls of the West and the belle of Vienna. The house is a modest one, renting low, and the $10,000 a year allowed the Minister to Austria would be suffi cient if little entertaining were done. As it is, Mr. Minister Tripp spends twice that sum. So did Colonel Fred Grant, who was there before him. The late Theodore Bunyon, Ambas sador to Germany, protested several UNITED STATES CONSULATE AT BTV AS, TUR KEY, ASIA MINOR. times during the last year against the lack of a permanent legation in Ger many. His main plea was that with a legation belonging to the United States the question of house furnish ing would bo settled. Carpets, furni ture and decorations would romain year after year through all Adminis trations, and the newcomer would not have to spend half a year's salary upon the fitting up of his legation. AMERICAN LEGATION Al None of the four Ambassadors-Eus tis in France, Bayard in England, Uhl in Germany or Wayne MoVeagh in Italy-have permanent legations. Mr. MocVeagh for some time lived in a hotel, and it was in the corridor of the largest hotel in Borne where he first lived that he stood in dress snit waiting when the carriage drove up to escort him to King Humbert's pres-1 ence. There were four carriages with fronts of glass, each as large as Vio toria's royal laudan. Four white horses drew each oarriage. The har ness was in scarlet and black, and tho cushions of the carriage that was to AMERICAN LEGATION AT VIENNA. tako Mr. MacVeagh were of scarlet, while sixteen servants waited npon him, perohed npon their respective carriages, Thns the procession moved toward the palace, with Ambassador MaoVeagh in the middle carriage. This is enough to give a hint of the extent of magnificence in which an ER'3 HOME IN PERSIA. Ambassador must live abroad, for he wonld hardly dare for the sake of his country's name, to travel about tho city with fewer than two horses, better with four. The four Ambassadors get $17,500 a year, with the exception of Ambassador MacVeagh, who gets $12, 000. But this is so inadequate, espe cially in time of trouble, when money must be spent, that representatives tremble lest they have that honor thrust upon them. Mr. Alexander, Minister to Greece, says ho can live more comfortably upon his $6500 a year, with the rank of Minister, than ho could upon 817, - 000 as an Ambassador with the cti quette of the Ambassador to maintain. The Alexander House is a large structure in Athens. On holidays it floats tho American flag, and has the j appearance of a city mausion in his j cra^^m-sertinfe-iirjraahV^ its garde ins are filled with the flowers of Greece, while around its doors hang the .'types" of Greece, the peasants who selil trifles, the flower girls and the beggars, lt is a very comfortable legation, and Minister Alexander, with his wife and daughter, have been sin gularly successful in making it a home for Americans traveling in Greece. Lewis Baker, Minister to Nicaragua, lives in a native house, with two sto AHEEICAN LEGATION AT ATHENS. hes, a deep veranda and all native servants. He has made himself so muoh ono of the Nicaraguans that his friends in Minnesota, his native State, who are "on the inside," claim that but for his office the trouble over the Nicaraguan Canal would have become as serious as the Venezuela dispute. He has a way of making the natives respect him, and, through all the trou ble, his home has been as peaceful as a summer sky. On the first day of Minister Baker's arrival in Nicaragua-the mission in cluded Nioaragua, Costa Bica and Salvador-he went out for a walk. A crowd soon gathered around him, fol lowing the "Ministro Americano." This, Mr. Baker, being a modest man, did not relish, so he stepped into a barber shop. In the barber's chair sat a man with lathered face, partly shaved. As soon os the barber saw his illustrious visitor he unceremoniously ordered the customer under the razor to step aside until the Ministro Americano had been served. Against this proceeding Mr. Baker protested and insisted that the barber finish his present job, allowing MANAGUA, NICARAGUA. him to wait his turn. No ! The Min ister's wants must be attended to be fore all others, he insisted, aud de manded thal Mr. Baker take the chair which the other man had submissively vacated with hulf-shaven faco. The woes of tho Minister abroad do not affect Alexander McDonuld, of Virginia, Minister to Persia. Upon a salary of only $J000 a year, he lives like a prince and is a bosom friend of the Shah? He is the only foreign Minister who talks over affairs with a rnler ss he would with a brother. Minister McDonald's h ouse is a beauti ful Persian mansion, furnished inside with all the :quisite bric-a-brac of the East. The servants in the house number 100. Minister McDonald is*a bachelor in frail health.-New York Recorder. TRANSPLANTED ??REAT TREE.? Portion of a Forest Giant at the Na tional Capital. The accompanying illustration shows the great tree General Noble (camed alter General Noble, late Secretary of the Interior) as it now stands in the mall at Washington, D. 0., between the Agricultural Department building and the Smithsonian Institution, which is shown in the distance. Among tho multitudinous marvels of nature, none surpass in majesty and grandeur tbs great trees of California ; no euch trees are found in any other part of the world ; they we're first discovered in 1852 by a hunter, Mr. A. T. Boyd, and at once attracted general attention, and attained the widest celebrity. The genus, a species of red-wood (Sequoia gigantea) was named in honor of 'Se quoia (pronounced Sequoyal), a Chero kee Indian of mixed blood. This sp?c imen was twenty-six feet in diametei at base, eighty-one feet six inches in circumference and 800 feet in height? the seotion being taken about twenty feet from the ground ; although con? siderably smaller than some others, ii was found to be comparatively well preserved and symmetrical. It had to be hauled by teams of sixteen mules each, on heavy trunks built for the purpose, a distance of sixty miles on a rough mountain road ; price paid fox cutting, hauling and delivering on cars was $7500 ; seotion was divided into forty-six smaller sections, some of theso pieces weighing' over four tons; it took eleven cars to transport it to Chicago, where it was exhibited at the Exposition ; total cost of haul ing and installing at the Exposition was $10,475.87; the additional ex pense of placing it in its present posi tion would probably make a grand total of over $12,000. The interior A CALIFORNIA "GREAT TREE" Di WASH INGTON. diameter is about thirteen feet, and average thiokness about twenty inohes ; a circular iron staircase leads to plat form about eighteen feet above ; it has been roofed over and shingled with round butt shingles painted red?; four dormer windows light the in toi i or. The engraving was made from a pho tograph t ikea specially for the Scien tific American. NEW HONOR FOR WOMEN. Mrs. Lillie R. Pardee Chosen Secre tary of the Utah Senate. The Senate of tho new State of Utah has elected a woman to the office of its Secretary, namely, Mrs. Lillie R. Pardee. Mrs. Pardee is a native of Ohio, where she was born in 1861, and a graduate of Buohtel College, where she received the highest honors ever given to a graduate of that col lege. Until her marriage four years ago she was professor of Greek and SECRETARY OF THE UTAH SENATE. Latin and instructor ic the gymnasium of tho same college. Her maiden name was Lillie R. Moore. James D. Par dee, an attorney of Salt Lake City, is her husband, and they have a daughter three years old. Mrs. Pardee is a type ot the younger generation of Gentile women. She was brought into prominence during the preparations for Statehood through her gifts os an orator. She hos a fine stage presence, a rich, sonorous voice of great carry ing power, whioh has had special training. By reason of her earnest work in the Woman's Republican League she was appointed Secretary of the County Committee, end was afterward nominated by the County Convention for a seat in tbe Senate of the new State? Owing to the decision of the Utah Supreme Court against the legal right of women to vote at the recent eleoticrn, Mr?. Pardee voluntar ily withdrew her name from the ticket, in order not to endanger tho interests of her party in the Legislature. Noxt y ctr Portugal proposes to hold a grand celebration ol the fonr hun dredth anniversary of Vasco da Gama's i tn rt tu sail around the Capa of Good Hope. BASQUE AND BLOUSE. STYLI Dcscrl Brei JARMKNTS FOR LADIES AND MISSES. in of a Handsome Double - ted Basque -A Blouse of mn Serge-Tho Latest Ladies' Waists. Z*"^ HSENISH gray vigoroux that I f fmatched the skirt made the yJ^J^l?ylish basque depicted in |ihe illustration, the seams of sleeves being piped with dark green satin, which also faces the lapping sides and rippled lower edges. Small greenish shaded pearl buttons in groups of four are used to decorate the fro: ts and sleeves, the neok being finished with a smooth, standing collar of green Velvet The basque is glove fitting with double bust darts and tho usual back seams to the waist line, be low which the seams are sprung to give tho modish ripple effect all t 'STYLISH DOUBLE BREASTED BAS around. The front laps widely, dosing with the collar at left shoulder and downTjileft front in double-breasted style, buttons and buttonholes or hooks and eyes being used to close, as pre ferred. The stylish sleeves are shaped in four sections, the fullness at the top being laid in box plaits, with pipod eeam3 in centre of eaob, and side ; plaits turning toward back and front. The basque is adapted to tba tailor modes that are simply finished with maohino-stitched edges, and can bc stylishly developed in plain or mixeii woolens, cheviot, tweed, covert, r faced cloth, small, medium ionaWe. Th? quantity of material 44 inches wide [required to make this basque for a lady having a 36-inoh bust measure is Sf yarda A BLOUSE FOB inSSCS, Brown serge made the stylish blouse shown in the seoond large illustration, the broad sailor collar being of grass linen, edged with batiste embroidery. Fancy gilt filigree buttons decorate the .'rants, whioh can be used in clos ing, or the closing oan be made invisi ble under the wide box plait. Tho blouse is simply shaped by shoulder and under-arm seams, the lower edge being finished by a hem, through which elastic is inserted, to draw the fullness into position at the waist line. The full sleeves are in bishop style, gathered on upper and lower edges into straight, round cuffs at the wrists. The collar oan be made of the same material as the blouse, camel's hair, tweed, oheviot or flannel being suitable materials that can have the collar and cuffs decorated with braid or gimp. Wash fabrics make useful blouses in duck, percale, sateen or gingham, trimmed daintily with embroidered or lace edging. The quantity of material 86 inches wide required to make this blouBo for a miss fourteen years of ago is 2} yards. BEFABATE WAISTS. Fanoy waists are again to bo fashion able for spring and summer wear, and although they are no longer the very latest fad, their usefulness and com fort have been so thoroughly estab lished that every complete spring outfit includes three or four of them. Tho fr'L, t*"/; aie fashionable this season are peculiarly well adapted for fancy waists, and there are numberless pat 1 MISSES' terns to choose from. There are the silks in light color, so tuitable for thea tre and evening wear, while in the dark er every conceivable shade ia Ehowu. Even the handsomest gowns have an extra waist of some fancy silk or bro cade with which to ma ie a change if so desire '. The great uitifereuoe in this season's fancy waists is in the ruthe or basque effect i ?atead of the round sim* ply finished with a belt, and tho differ ence is much more becoming to the majority of figure*. The ruffle or frill does not extend all around the weis', but starts from the second dart or side seam ; it is generally cut on the bias, and is not more than four or five inches wide, but there are some put on the straight way of the goods and box pleated in the back. Still another, and this the newest, h as bias sic e pieces put on plain but banging down fully a quar ter of a yard over the hips, and gradu ated to a small ruffle at the back. This is an evident desire to return to pan iers, but that paniers will not be al lowed this spring may bo positively stated.-Harper's Bazar. Fancy Persian velvet and red satin 13 here decorated with jet emboidery. The waist is fitted ia front with single bust darts, and eau be made with a seamless baok, and closed at the left shoulder and underarm seam ; or with a Frenoh baok and dosed invisibly in QUE-DE3I(rNEl"> BY MAY MANTON. the centre, as illustrated, or with the usual seamed baok and closed in either preferred way. The neck is finished with a close-fitting collar, over which a stock of ribbon is tied in a large spreading bow, with ands at the baok. Comfortable sleeve linings are faced in pointed outline, with red satin covered with jet embroidery? in vermioilli pat tern, full gathered puffs of velvet be ing arranged stylishly at the top. Waists in this style ure ohosen by la dies of good figure to display rich fab-. rice and handsome garniture of lace or passementerie, the stylo being often changed by the addition of dainty The quantity of 44-inoh-wide mate rial required to make this waist for a lady having a 32-inch bust measure is 2} yards; for a 36-inoh size, 2} yards; for a 40-inch size, 2} yards. FLO WEB . STBE WU OltEXADIXES. One of the most beautiful of the new materials for evening gowns is printed silk grenadine. It sells for $1.25 a yard. The grenadine comes in all the delicate evening shades, and the printed floral design has the ap pearance of being hand painted. Eoses are scattered over filmy cream back ground and stray violets are exquisite against a groundwork of faint green. THE KEW SLEEVE IK CLOTH. When made in cloth the new sleeve fits tho arm, and the puff forming the epaulet is added. But in silk it can be cut all in one, with two puffs, the extra fullness down the arm being got rid of by narrow treks going down ward toward* the back and opening out into a frill over the hand. BLO??F. Maine paid last year $1062 in boun ties for seals oaught io the water* off the coast of the fctate. The bounty is for the benefit of the fishermen. It is proposed to i an e $2,000,003 to restore the old palace of -the popes at Avignon, now used as a French bar racks LADIES' WAIST. LADIES WAIST. A MOTHER'S SONG. She's the sweetest of the girls, An' I'm kissing of her curia, For they're fallin' like a shower o'er my bosom; An' I've never seen tho skies That were bluer than her eyes, Nor a blossom that is sweeter than my blos som! Bock away, rock away, Where the sleepy people stay, An' the birds an' all the fairies are a? slngln'; Book away, rock away, Till tho broakln' o' the day, Bock away while the dream-bolls are a ringin'! Sbo's the sweetest of the girls, j An' I'm klssin' of her curls, .For they're lyln' like the moonlight cn my ? bosom; But there ne'er was moon as bright As my darli n's curls o' light, 'Nor a sweet rose that ls sweeter thr.a my blossom!_ Bock away, rock away, ? Where the sleepy, people stay, Book away where the poppy-blossoms aro swingin'; Bock away, rook away, Till tue breakln' o' the day, Book away while tho dream-bells aro a* ringln'! -F. L. Star ton. nUXOBOF TUE DAT. After a woman has tied np a bundle there is no string left in the house. -Atohison Glob-'J "Am so glad you hal the doctor; did he relieve yon?" "Yes ; of 020." -Boston Courisr. '1 am blowed" as tho gas remarked when the rustic Oongresmon put it out*-The Capitol, Washington. When a girl says she is going to be an old maid it is safe to say she has had a recent proposal which is looked upon with favor.-Atohison Globs. Now the timid, doubting suitor, By Professor Roentgen's art, May, before he speaks, discover If she has a marble heart -Indianapolis Journal. Dr. Pills-"Who was the most suc cessful of all the girls who were study ing medicine with you ?" Dr. Squills "Miss Ketchem ; she got married." Harper's Bazar. "For the life of me," said the young man, "I don't see why a woman was not born with the capacity for swal lowing excuses that she has for ice cream. "-Indianapolis Journal Lawyer (a few year alie nee)-"Make your mind easy. The jury will disa gree," Prisoner-"Sure?" Lawyer "I know it. Two of the members are man and wife."-New York Dispatch. "You are the only doctor who ad vises mo to stay at home. AU the others say I ought to go a winter, re sort." "I suppose they have all the patients they wank "-Fliegende Blaet - ter. . , . ; * ^?appofetejdjG^^ though^ you said there waa an excen^lv\JsSfoW from you hotel?" Disappointing Landlord--"Well, yon can 'see the moon, can't you?*'-Somerville Jour nal Ardent Lover-"If yon could see my heart, Belinda, you would know how fondly-" Up-to-date Girl (pro ducing camera)-"I intend to see it, Hiram. Sit still, please."-Chicago Tribune. She-"He whistled as he went for want of thought. Of course it was a boy. You wouldn't find a girl whist ling for want of thought." He-"No; she wouldn't whistle; she'd talk." Indianapols Journal Ho-"Oh, dear! I wish I could get hold of some good biscuits like mother used to make for me!" She-"Andi wish I could get some good olothes like father used to buy for me."-In dianapolis Journal "I hardly know whether to marry her or not," said the count; "her father is in the clothing trade." "There is money in clothes," said the duke. "There isn't any in mine, " said the count.-Indianapolis Journal First New Woman (at the club) "What makes you so blue?" Second Ditto-"My father-in-law has come to stay with ns, and John and he sit at their knitting all day, and ory about my treatment of John, "-Philadelphia Record. "Laura," said the fond mother, "what aro the intentions of that young man you are permitting to call on you so often?" "Never mind that, mother." answered the maiden ; "I know what my intentions are."-Cincinnati En quirer. Teacher - "George, what escuse have you for being late?" George " Only a far-fetohod one." Teacher "What do yon mean?" George-"The conductor ef the car carried me several blooks past the school"-Harper's Round Table. "Waiter," said the guest, "I'm a little afraid of this milk. Haven't you any boiled water?" "We can boil you some, sah," replied the waiter, "but the milk is all righi We uso nothing but artesian well water hire, sah.''-Chicago Tribune. He-"But of courso you will forgot me." She-"Nonsense ; I shall think of you when you are gone. " He "Oh, shall you?" She-"Yes; there fore, the longer you are gone, the longer I Ph ?ll ' ink of you. Won't that be n ^oston transcript "Papa, can I keep the wolf from the door with my singing?" He was without hope, although he smiied. "My child," he sighed, "your singing would keep almost anything from tho door, but the wolf is pretty nervy, yon know."-Detroit News-Tribune. "Gentlemen of the jury," said an eloquent young Dallas lawyer, "take into consideration the children of my unfortunate client" "But he has no children," interrupted the District Attorney. "Then, gentlemen of the jury, will you consign to a living tomb a man who has no children and who is the sole support of his wife?" -Texas Sifter. A Blind Bicyclist. J. 0. Perry, of San Franoisoo, who ie stone blind, rides a bioycle, and is said to be an expert. Over unaccus tomed roads he has to have nnothe? wheelman with a bell before him as a guide., but in his regular routes ho rides alone and unattended, and has bat few accidente. / [. MOTHERS READ THIS. ?? The Best ? j ?I Remedy. *? ; 'For Flafoleni Colic. Diarrhoea, Dyann 1 > tery, rUusea, Coughs, Cholera Ia-| ) festen. Teething Children, Choler? | I Morbus, Unnatural Draina fron, i the Bowels, Fains, Grtptea^Lais of, | Appetite, Indigestion sjidslI-D?t! , caaes of the Stomach ud Bowels, j , PITTS CARMINATIVE . < ? Is the standard. It carries children over' : the critical period o? teething, andi ' ls recommended hy physiches as. \ the friend of Mothers, Adults and' Children. It is pleasant to the taste,< 1 and never falls to give satisfaction., i A few doses will demonstrate ita sn-V # portative virtues. Price, 25 cts. perC ? bottle. For sale by druggist?, A <W%%%^sV^%%%%%%%VV^ AN UNDERGROUND SEA. Myth About an Alleged Wetttra Phenomenon. "Stories about a great subterranean lake or sea beneath Nebraska, Kan? sas and a part of Indian Territory are going the rounds of the press," said Robert T. Hill, of the United States geological survey. "They are accom panted by details relating to the bot* temlcss ponds occupying areas where patches of land have sunk and disap peared. Otlier reported phenomena supposed to be in the same connec tion are roaring wells in which water ebbs and flows. "Such tales become current period' I cally. So far as the wells are concern ed, they are based on fact I myself have seen a number of wells tn which the water rose and fell at Intervals. This is not an uncommon phenomenon in parts of the West It bas a relation to changes of the barometer. When the barometer is high, the pressure of the atmosphere being greater, the wat er in such wells and springs stand at a low level? On the other hand, when the mercury in the glass ls low, the dim inished pressure permits the water to rise. The surface level varies from day to night, for the same reason. "There a/e many phenomena con nected with Western wells and springs which are calculated to excite the at tention of the observer from the east They are puzzling sometimes even to a scientific student I have never seen a well that roared, but I know of no reason why such a thing may not hap pen. There ore wells from which cur rents of air come up. Stories are told - I of magnetic wolla, in the neighborhood [ of which the needle of the compass Is affected. I never saw one, and BO facts appear to support this peculiar yarn. Water it the most common sub stance In the^'orld, and there is noth ing about which so much humbug ex-1 Ists. "The most remarkable well I Lave ever seen was DB the old battlefield of Stone River,'rita Tennessee:- A mon ^?^SrVT*^ ground stream. He made the holetag***^ enough to hold a water wheel. The stream ran the wheel and pumped water up to the owner's house. Un derground streams, of course, are common enough. They are frequent In the limestone region of Texas, io the gypsum region of New Mexico, In the Appalachian region, and In the lime stone region of Iowa and Missouri. The very fact that these streams are flowing shows that they are seeking a base level, and hence lt Is useless to try to tap them by artesian wells, be cause the water will not rise. "There is no such thing In thc wortd as an underground lake or sea. Nev ertheless, such lakes have been cre ated frequently by the Imagination of hopeless settlers In the Weet The truth In this matter was established j ears ago by the government engin eers, who, under the direction of Col onel Nettleton, journeyed across the great plains of Kansas and Nebraska. They sounded every well they could find, studying the underground water. Of thc fact that there was no under ground sheet of water they made cer tain. The wells were like any other wells, the water coming from satur ated rocks below the level of surface evanoration. This Dog Plays the Plano, There ls in St Louis a dog, who, lt he keeps on growing In the grace of training, will soon be able to make name and fame for himself on the con cert stage, tte dog concert stage, at least This do? is called Gyp, and he lives on North Eighth street, with his mas ter, Professor Robert E. Washburn, a composer. Gyp is an ugly little pug, but displays great intelligence. One pf lils most amusing feats ls to play on the piano and sing, or rather howl, to the accompaniment of a discordant sweep with his paws the length of the keys. The dog has heard the professor play his composition "Bonita," and has ever since, the professor says, tried to imitate him. When he is asked to laugh he opens his mouth and shows two rows of floe teeth. Gyp has other qualities that de note genius. He has developed a great liking for malt liquors, and frequently gets drunk on beer, at which time, how ever, he does not attempt to play the plano, but creeps into his corner and sleeps off bis jag. With all those ac complishments, Gyp is the curio of the neighborhood, and has to be closely watched to keep some enterprising the atrical manager from purloining him. Cold Nudgets in Ducks' Craws, There is great excitement at Ray noldsburg, Ohio, over the discovery la the craws of ducks brought to market from a neighboring farm of fine geld nuggets. It le supposed that the docks scooped them up from the bottom ot a small stream near by. The people are doing placer mining there now la a small way, but so far without success. -Cincinnati Commercial Gazette. Only a few years ago lt was taught lo Eng?ind thu* British Guter** con ta'hied 76,000 square miles. Since theo goCd miles have been discovered, and thc colony bas expanded ku Brita* text books to 100,000 square miles. No fewer than 1,000,000 of mea, women, and children die yearly ia India from starvation