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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, January 06, 1897, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1897-01-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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F The Japanese Government has be?
laked to Banotion a plan, for whi<
about $2,000,000 havo been collecte
to divide the main island of Japan in
?wo paris bj means of a central c?\n
nnecling Tsurnga and Yodo tv i
ike Biwa.
The Kbedivo's mysterious visit
'aria, about which so much has bet
tade bj European newspapers, turi
oat to have not been for the purpose <
ousting the English from Egypt, ht
to consult with engineers in relatio
t<i motor oars. The tempest in tb
teapot seems to have all settled in th
Sajsthe North American Medica
Raview: Out of everj seven tj-flv
persons convicted of murder iuNthi
country, onlj ono is hanged. Ever
year since 1890 the number of mur
ders committed in tho United State
" ia more than doubled that year. Th<
amber of murders committed here it
1890 was 4230 ; in 1894, 9800 ; in 1895,
10,5(0. Be the cause which ever one
of manj it maj be, it is proof positive
that capital punishment as a preven
tive of orime is a failure aid. should
be abolhihed, Imprisonment for life
.t hard labor for the State, without
paddon or reprieve, would bo equally
effective and more humane.
The relative freqnencj of various
pbjsical accidents is a matter on which
extended statistics have not yet been
collecte!, but, savB tho Chicago
? Timea-Hirald, one of tho accident
^oompanies has mado a contribution
thereto by analyzing 2000 accident
claims *hich appear on its books.
-From these it appears that 53J, or
>'over tv2tity-five per cent, were injured
bj falls on pavements, 213 bj vehicles,
. seven ty-five by horse kicks" or bites'
-forty-seven bj horseback riding, 117
bj cuts with edge tools or glass,
. ninety-six by weights falling upon
them, seventy-six bj bicycle acoidents
and seventy-two by falling downstairs.
Bitter complaint is made in England
[because a few wealthy corporations al
ready conrrol tie entire import trade
in frozen meat, and now a trust is be
i?g perfected to control the salo of
botV-EBglish grown meats and meat
imported ali\e or dressed. This is
leading ?he co operative societies or
.tores to go into the business. The
$50,OvO,000 per year with 200(rro&K-|
co-operative stores ovor tho kingdom,
is arranging tor diroct importations
of Australian meats. There is no rea
.ion why our American export meat
trade should not get the benetit of this
dir ?ct market of English consumers,
I maintains the New England Homo'
.stead. ______
The Tokio Nichi Nichi Shinbun re?
latas how a mandarin named Wang
Peng Yun, in a letter to the Empress
Dowager, implored that lady to re
member that China's fiuances are in a
bad condition and that the country
could not recover from the disgrace
ful defeat suffered at the hands of the
Japanese unless the utmost economy
i wore exercised. Her majesty should
[ therefore forego the pleasure ot hav
ing new palaces built for her. It was
confidently expected th:it the daring
- official would be beheade.1. lits life
bas, however, been spared at the in
stance of the Emperor, who admired
his courage. He was banished from
the court, but it is said that the Em
peror will shortly recall him with
crreat honors.
Thirty years ago, writes a corre
spondent of the London Daily News,
there were not more than t wool y pe
riodicals in the whole Japanese Em
pire, and they were of wretchod type.
Now there are 802 newspapers nnd
magazines which put forth yearly
287,157,421 copies. In Tokio alone
ure twenty-three dailies with aa an
nual circulation of 134.801.72P, bo
jides fifty-six magazines issuing each
year 4,866,999 copies. "Yet,"he adds,
"there is no public opiuion, as we un
derstand it, in Japan. A want ol
moral fiber ia part of the National
character. 'Bumor never lasts mon
than seventy days' is a proverb witl
the Japanese, and so the papers insnl
publio characters with impunity, an<
really get the sense of their duty t<
the public, hence are of absolute irre
moisture and Vegetation.
The influence of moisture on vege
talion has been found by M. Edmont
Gain to vary greatly at difieren
periods in the growth of the plants
in a rule water is urgently neede
rhen the first leaves are appearing
ben little is called for until jun b<
Ire blossoming, whtn a large suppl
[demanded. The fiuit is best pei
^ed in comparative dryness. Ver
; plants require constant moisture
fd in all experiments tried the plan!
That were watered at tho two critici
Reasons of first growth and the begii
Ding of blossoming did as well as thoi
that were constantly watered. Moi
lure in the soil favored increase in tl
number of fri it, seeds and roots, whi
Jry nets tended to promote greater si;
abd perfection of seeds and tubers.
The Kew Jersey Historical Socie
1MS declined ?ie offer of ?1? trust*
of Princeton I'niversily to provi
apartments in the new library build!
at Princeton for Hu lr exclusive use.
Sous men will never pay any de
bat the debt of nature.
The Monitor Puritan, Just Comple
cd, ls tho Pride of Undo Sam's
Navy-Features of the Monster
Fighting Machine.
HE armored monitor Puritai
the beet equipped and stand
est oraft of her kind in tl
entire world, a fighting av
chine of the most modern kind, fit 1
withstand the assault of tho guns e
any enemy, is now i^xrred betwee
._ae two dry docks at the Brookly
Navy Yard. Her sidee aro painte
white, her powerful turret guns aie i
position and her military mast wit
rapid fire guns aloft is aaref ully shroud
Naval officers who have watched th
_ (Ouo of our most formidable ongi
progrese made in the evolution of
modern naval architecture regard this
novel fighting monster with pride. No
wonder -.he old salts, and the young
one?, too, for that matter, have chris
tened her the Pride of tho American
"Witt ships like the Pnritan at the
entrance to this harbor^" said an offi
cer, as he stood on tho deck of the
monitor, "the people of New York
never need be afraid that an enaznv's
ships will ever dare to passinsi&'of
Sandy Hook. New York's commerce
is safe. The. Puritan "is the ablest-,
grandest, mostpowerful, best eqaipped
M gb ting machine of tho century."
Every officer and every Jack tar in
the Brooklyn Navy Yard, from Com
modore Sicard, the commandant of the
home station, down to the youngest
midshipman, and from the chief boat
swain's mate down to the afteiguard
sweeper, feels a lively interest in the
The Puritan was begun in 1875, at
tho shipyard of the late John Boach,
at Chester, Penn. Sho is 286 feet six
inches long, with sixty feet li inches
greatest breadth and a draught of
water of eighteen feet. Uer displace
ment is 6060 tons.
' The Puritan carries four twelve-inoh
breech-loading guns in two turrets;
Rix fcur-inch rapid fire guns protects
by armor shields and eponsons ; tw
six-pounder rapid fire guns on th
bridge deck ; four six-pounder rapi
lire guns on the snperstructnro^dec
and two one-pounder rapid fire gunf
which are mounted in the military to:
"You couldn't put another big gu
aboard her," said a naval officer, "
you tried. She actually bristles wit
modern fighting guns. But won't sh
roll in a heavy sea way."
There are two big turrets on tl
main deck, ono aft and one forwari
and both can bc revolved easily b
hydraulic power, so that a rapid fi]
can bo maintained in almost any dire
tion. Tho turretB known as tue ?lite]
born turrets, make it possible to rah
the gnus to a height of ten feet s
inches above tho water linc. The:
turrets do Dot project down throng
the deck BR do those in tho Mianton
mab, but the lower part, or barbett
is secured to tho deck, forming
watertight wall around thc base of tl
turret to a height of 5} feet above ti
deck. The upper part of the tun
containing thc guns is made to i
volvo above this barbette jnsd 1
ferred to, Hint has inclined n<
which lunka it appear ?oraethi?g li
a kantie rivet head, Both.tho upjj
.nd the lower pa?ts of tho tnrret a
well protected bj heavy plates t
steel armor, tho latter being fonrtee
inches thick, while the inclined side
of the upper part present but a smo
target and aro very difficult of pen?
tration by the shot of an enemy.
Tho turret guns weigh forty-fiv
tons euch and can throw a steel S5t
pound shell a distance of fifteen milcf
A 500-pound charge of powder is r<
quired to fire each ball.
Tho hull itself is protected by a
armor belt five feet seven inches deer,
fourteen inches in thickness to a poin
below tho water line, from which i
tapers to six inches at the armor shell
This belt extends 150 feet along th
middle part of Ihe ship, protect^
engines, boilers, magazines and shel
rooms. Immediately forward and af
of this belt tho armor is reduced ii
thickness to ten inches for a distanc
of twenty feet, and is farther reducei
to a thickness of six inches at tho end
of the ship.
ms of war just put in commieloD.)
Thc armor is strongly supported by
a wood backing and a system of rigid
frames and girders. The main deck
is covered by steel plating two inches
thick. The ship will carry 150 tons
of coal in her protected bunkers.
Before tho Puritan's armor was put
in position it was carefully tested. In
February, 1894, a plate eighteen feet
long, six feot wide and fourteen inches
thick, tapering to six inches was tested
at the proving grounds at the Bethle
hem, Penn., Iron Company's works.
Two shots from a ten-inch gun were
fired at it at a distance of 360 feet.
Carpenter projectiles, weighing 500
? . ' w ri . it ; ; ~ ,', ".. 1
few inches above mw *uici. xuv *~
itor is provided with eight boilers,
which are fitted with appliances for
forced draught. She has twin screws,
with engines of the horizontal com
pound type capable of developing
3700 horse power with natural draught,
which will develop a speed of twelve
knots, while with forced draught she
will develop nearly five thousand
horse power and a speed of more than
thirteen knots. All the machinery
aboard the Puritan was tried and
found in excellent working order.
The quarters of tho men aro large
and commodious and the wardroom
officers and junior officers havo splen
did apartments.
But as for the captain's cabin. This
is about as small as one could imagine,
and his office has jost room enough to
hold a small desk and a man. Two
could not possibly turn around.
There are two powerful searchlight
mounted on the monitor, one on th<
forward bridge and ono on an afte:
bridge where the signal quartcrinaste
is stationed and where his flag chest i
located. Tho pilot house and char
room are in one. The small whee
connects the pilot house with a steac
steering geer below. Numerous tube
connect the pilot house with ever
part of the ship, thus enabling th
commander and the officer of the dec
to communicato with the engine room
the men stationed in the turrets un
elsewbero about tho ship withor
leaving his post.
There is a lighting wheel in the a
ter cabin below tho water line. Thi
has hand steering gear and can bo uso
in an emergency.
Tho cost of the Puritan is aboi
Thc Speed of thc Camel.
Tho speed of tho camel when on
journey of considerable length rarol
exceeds three miles nn hour, and tl
swiftest dromedaries are rarely l;nov
tu go faster than a ten-mile gait, b
thio* t Hii bo kept up for twenty ui>u
in the day, and for bis. or at;yen da
at a time.-Answers
re I Kow the Hand Keeps Its Cunning,
>' j "I don't believe that the Laad
n j eye ever loses its cunning," remarb
j a gentleman of the newspaper irater
? j itv the other day. "Now, I havo n
had time daring the last twenty vea
to engago in the sports ot the field i
forest. A couple ot weeks since I w
one of the guests of a well knov
banker of this city at his huntii
lodge in the country. We went hun
ing, and I must confess that it w;
with many misgivings that 1 a
copted tho shotgun our host insist?
that 1 shonld shoulder, and went inl
the fields to ohase the gay and feetii
partridge and lark. I hadn't shot
gun during tho timo mentioned,
waited until no one was looking, an
blazed away at a field lark which wi
flying across a clearing with his litt)
peculiar jerky flight, and down h
J camo- I did it again and again. She
I doves in full flight, and all that soi
of thing, and capped the climax b
shooting two larks when I saw onl
one, tho second happened to cross th
range just as I pulled tho trigger,
suppose, but at any rate I bagged tw
and carried the horns during tho re
mainder of tho day. Now, I was con
sidered a good shot in the days whei
we had time enough to beat the brush
and my hand and eyo evidently ro
tained every bit of their old-time cnn
ning, RS proven by the fact that I sho
everything that peeped above tb.?
tall weeds in the fields during mj
usual outing. Really believe I'll tn
again."-New Orleans Times-Demo
Sho ls a Product of California and
Weighs 2?30 Pounds.
Farmer William Bruce, of Talare,
Cal., owns a cow which has the dis
tinction of being the largest by long
odds of any animal of her sex in thal
part of tho world. She could givo
pounds by tho score to a Clydeudale
stallion and then win the laurels irom
him as a heavyweight, and ?ho is bnt
six years old at that. When placed
upon tho ?oales to be weighed and
afterwards photographed for the San
Francisco Examiner she tipped the
bean at precisely 2550 pounds,
Remarkable as she is for weight, her
height is even more astonishing. The
measurements taken as she posed for
her picture show that she stands ex
actly sixteen hands high, or, to como
down to ordinary tapo measure, five
feet and four inches. Of her own
claim to famo Bho is very modest, but
of her calf, she is very proud, as, in
deep, she might well be, for it is nearly
as large as an ordinary cow, and as it
persisted in being photographed at
the same time as its mother it neces
sarily came in on the weighing and
measuring process. While it is just
?alf as high as its mother, it weighs
.)ut one-fifth as much.
A. Caudle That is Transparent.
A French chemist makes a new kind
of candi? by dissolving five parts of
colorless gelatine in twenty parts of
water, adding twenty-five parts ot
glycerine and heating until a perfectly
clear solution has been formed. To
this is added two parts of tannin dis
solved by heating in ten parts of gly
cerine. A turbidity is produced which
should vanish on further boiling. The
boiling is continued until the water
has bee a driven off. The mass ?3 then
cast into ordinary gla<?s candle molds.
The candles obtained in this way are
as clear as water and burn quietly,
end without spreading any odor.
American Druggist.
Thc Rain Tree of Fierre.
Travelers in the Canary Islands tell
of a remarkable treo that grows on
one of tho group, lt might well bc
callod a rain tree. Fierro, tho island
referred to, is extremely dry, not ti
rivulet traversing it anywhere. Yet a
treo grows there around which h
gathered a cloud, from which a genth
rain is always falling. Underneath
the tree the- natives of Fierro have
constructed cisterns which aro kepi
constantly full, thus giving them c
water supply which they otherwise
would nof aave on tho island.
Sportsman's Paradise.
South Africa seems to bo the sports
men's paradise, evon if tho stories toi
about tho country are only half true
A recent account save tho country i
simply teeming with big game. Bul
f?loes are in immenso numbers, on
herd which was seen recently being fl
least 1003 strong. Bucks are also ei
tremely plentiful, while zebra an
quagga aud lions aro too numerous t
be pleasant. Wild fowl are in myriadi
from a black duck with a white pate
on its wiugs down to a sandpiper.
Philadelphia Ledger.
A Willina: P. rlsh'oner.
A rector in a Suffolk village who wi
disliked in tho pariah had a eura
who was very popular, and who, c
leaving, was presouled with a tesl
monial. This excited tho envy ai
wrath of tho rector, and meeting" wil
an old lady ono day he said : * 'I a
sur prised, Mrs. Bloom, that y<
should have cullen bed to t his tesl
monial." "Why, sir," paid tho o
lady, "if you'd beou a going I'd 'a
subscribed double."-London T
Mexico invested nearly $100,000 mc
ifr loreign machinery iu May, 181
tUau ip, Ma.Ti VS9b\
Ar lioro Inside of a Tree.
Nojg ago a huge oak tree wai
cat dj in a Michigan forest. Ac
the utnan split it up his ax struck
eornet hard, which ho thought at
first i knot. Bat when it nicked
*he ecjof the steel blade he mado np
hkj_mitbat it must bo something
very~i|h harder than a knot. So ho
cnt arod it carefully, chipping and
aplittimntil he laid tho object bare.
It wastage deer horn, buried in the
very hrt of the big oak. How it
came fce is a mystery. Perhaps
some paeer hunter or some Indian
ofahdred years ago had shot a
deer, ? to koop it from the wolves,
had ho; it by tho horns in the limbs
of aj(jig oak, expecting to come
back s$i and claim it. But either
he ford where ho left it or else some
acrider;happened which prevented
his reto, and the horus remained in
tbotrcyear after year, until tho
wood giw entirely around them.
Tho jrt of the tree containing tho
horns VB sent to the museum of tho
Michigi Agricultural College, where
it now
Icxlco's ?'cw Un noon t.
Mexi) has virtual ly no navy: She
has onor two so-called vessels of war,
hut thu are the flimsiest apologies for
any MB of naval service. The lie
public \ however, having a little gun
boat brit at New Orleans for special
servico n tho coast of Yucatan to pro
tect tboGovernment's mahogany in
terests rom Indian depredations. It
ia the fist boat, says tho New Orleans
Tlmefl-tyroocrat, whioh Mexico has
contracta to have built in the United
States. I
The bot has cypress ribs; will be
planked on the bottom and sides with
cypress three and four inches thiok ;
will have pine planking between the
decksand will be finished in oak. The
length is sixty-five feet by twenty-four
feet .beam by twelve feet depth and
the draught will be two and a half
feet. When completed the total height
will be twenty-four feet. The heavy
armament will consist of two guns,
one in tho bow, the other in the stern.
These and the small guns will be
placed aboard tho boat after it has
been delivered to the Mexico Govern
ment and is in Mexican waters. Tho
cost will be $9000.
Gold in River Sauds.
Gold oxists in tho River Seine in t
state of division so fine as to be in
visible to tho naked eye, and when
the sand of the river near Paris it
nsed in making glass the crucibles ii
which it is melted are sometime!
gilded over at tho bottom. In for
mer times a sort of mining was ii
\ jue at Paris by men who would bu]
livo francs' worth of quicksilver, and
after passing river sand over it al
day, would sell it in the evening fo:
?ix or Beven francs. Almost all tb
rivers of Europe carry small quanti
ties of gold in their sands, such as th
Rhino, Seine, tho Anr, the Reuse, th
Danube and others, also the Clyd
and many other streams in Scotland
Wales and Cornwall, and though san
from tho bcd of the Rhine, for in
stance, yields only one-fifth of a.
ounce to the ton, yet tho total amoun
of the yellow metal in that one rive
is immense. lt has been found lr
calculation that that part of thc Rive
Rhine alone which Howe through whr
was formerly French territory, oot
tains no less'than 30,000 tous of pur
gold. _
Case of "Hard Tack."
Wandering Ike-"For heaven sal
Bill, watcher at now?"
Weary Rill-"Why, do old worn
over in dat house jitf gimme a hu
o' sometnin* she called pio, and it's
tough dat I got ter sharpen np
grinders sc I kin wade through c
The Pinto Indians of Austin, Nc
are making au effort for the establi
meut of a school at that place
The Best
1 For Flatulent Colic, Diarrhoea, Dysen
tery Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In
fantum, Toothing Children, Cholera,,
Morans, Unnatural Draina .-im,
the Bowels, Pains, Griping, LOBB of.
Appetite, Indlgeetion and all Dis-;
caws of tho Stomach and Bowels.
[ls the standard. It carries children near'
the critical period o? teething. and(
is recommended hy physicians 03,
the friend of Mothers, Adults and'
Children. It is pleasant to the teste,(
and never fails to give satisfaction..
A few doses will demonstrate it? su-'
perlitive virtues. Price, 23 cts. per?
A bottle. For sale by druggists.
ElTEBims'ATDia ANTS, \
lt troubled with ants procure a large
sponge with a coarse mesh; wasfr it
thoroughly, then squeeze it dry os
possible. Thia will leave the holes
well opened. Sprinkle fine white
sugar over it and place it whero the
ants are troublesome. In a few mo
ments they will collect upon the
sponge; then dip the spong a
in scalding water and they
will wash out of the holes in great
number;), Fut on more sugar and re
peat this method until you are freo
from this pest.-Atlanta Constitution.
To prepare this dish, take three
pigeons prepared for roasting. Ka
mora the livers, and boil thom for a
minute or two and then-pound thea
with the yolks of two hard boiled
eggs, ti little ohopped parsley and
grated lemon peel, the weight of the
livers in finely ohopped beef suet, and
tho same weight of breadcrumbs, pep
per and salt. Mix well together with
a well beaten egg ard stuff the birds
with this forcemeat. Then dredge
them with pepper and salt and place
in a jar with some herbs and celery
salt and doves. Cover the jar closely
and put it into a stewpan of water,
and keep the water boiling for three
honrs ; then strain the gravy off, and
stir in a little butter rolled in flour.
Arrange tho pigeons in a pile ineide a .
wall of spinach, and pour the gravy ia
the centre.
TO coOKEfi***e*ggplants are
The poj?jWrjTAs it is generally
thickly with crumbs, dot with butter
and bake a light brown. It is deli
cious with roast beef or lamb. Pour
a little of the dish gravy over each
If a moro elaborate dish is desired,
mince fine an ounce of salt pork, fry
it a light brown, cook in this fat two
sliced onions, and mix the crumbs and
mashed eggplant with botb. Field
mushrooms stewed, seasoned, /and
minced, are also a delicious addition
to the stuning. Small eggplants may
be broiled, cut in two, slight incis
ions made on the outside, seasoned
with salt and pepper, basted with
melted butter and broiled until soft,
on a double gridiron. Dish with the
inside uppermost and pour melted
butter over. The Italians cook them
as above, then strew with shredded
anchovies, parsley and lemon jume,
and serve with tomato 6auce.-New
England Homestead.
Spots on olothing that havo boen
caused by the colors being taken out
by acids may bo obliterated often by
first applying ammonia and after it
In garnishing dishes great caro
should be taken not to overdo tho
matter. Too much decoration teuds
to injure rather than improve tho ap
pearance of a dish.
If tho whites of eggs do not beat t?
a froth readily add a pinch of salt, jaid
place in the refrigerator until tiffy
are thoroughly cohj; then tbey should
beat light very quickly
Afterjeaoh meal a house should bo
aired, if but for five minntcs, Ono
remaining in the honse does not no
tice the close, heavy air, but a guest
coming in will be unpleasantly im
pressed as he enters the door.
The tedious work of drawing threads
in linen for hemstitching ia done with
greater oase if tho fabric is soaped.
Ma'40 a dry lather and apply over the
Bpacc with a shaving brush, and whan
tho linen is dry the threads will pull
out much moro readily.
A handsome and now form of deco
ration for a harvest dance or festival,
is double festoons composed of var
ious kinds of fruits, nuts and small
vegetables, They are fastened to a
emili wfre which can be bent in
groceful shapes to please the eye, and
the rich and varied coloring gives a
beautiful picture.
If you have a spare window in a
cool room try growing petunias. Take
up small garden plants before they are
frost-bitten, pot them in good earth
and trim them, removing all budf.
Place thom in a cool room with plentv
of sunlight and keep well watered.
Before many weeks ono will bo amply
repaid for her trouble.
An old housewife says that codfiub
skins can be ueed as a good substitute
for egg in settling coffee. To prepare
it for use, scrape the outside of the
skin and pick oil the fish flesh from
the other side. Then rinso tho skin m
cold water, cut in pieces an inch ami
a half square and dry them. Une
piece of this eize is surtid en?, to settle
codee enough for six persona
Tho sword may sometimes bo
mightier than the pen. But never in
the hands of a butcher.

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