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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, January 20, 1897, Image 1

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VOL. LVII. NO. 13.
Another instance of tho practical
Application of the cycle to the needs
of ordinary life cornea from France,
**rber<i a fire cycle engine has entered
tho realms of nolnality.
A vriter in the Windsor Magazine
Bays that "even Mr. GU detone, i hat
greatest of all sticklers :'or official re
ticence, held that a Cabinet Minister
might impart secrets to his wife and
his private secretary.
A feature of the population statis
tics of Western Australia is the large
proportion of males to females. The
disparity is maintained by the arrivals
by sea. At present there are forty
five females to every 100 male?.
Calcutta. India, is a great educa
tional centre, one of the greatest in
the world. It has twenty collegee,
. with three thousand students, and
forty high schools, with two thousand
. student!?. In the city there are al
together about fifty-five thousand
English-speaking and nc--Christian
natives. ._
Governor Pingree, of lui:.oigan,
says: "If the railroads wonld *ut o3
their free passes, do away v.4h ?''eil
lobbyists in the Legislature, discharge
their high-priced attorneys, discard
their 1000 mile tickets and permit all
persons to ride at the rate of two
cents a mile, they would carn more
money and be in better favor with the
pnblio, from which they derive their
When a man of note dies, ii is
curious how_muoh of tho information
that is given in the obituary notices is
absolutely new to most of the people
to whom he was known, muses Har
per's Weekly. Napoleon Sarony, who
died on November 9, was knowu prac
tically to all New York, an 1 to thou
sands of people out of New York. The
photographs he took have circulated
pretty much everywhere during tho
last thirty years, and his signature
became almost as familiar as was that
of the late Mr. Spinner. But it was
news to most people that he began
life as a lithoorranh?-- rind :
fjii?z'ie ir? ?l,a; rtnsini ?fl bei . h
fc?' ?. .-'....'"Jr ;o .'
*5 J? ?'.?>? ^
were don? :
.They ar* ?.s>.'. -: ' . .. , a? 3 is, ? r,.v
in private libraries for the volumeF
that contain them.
The unfortunate rush of population
from tho rural districts to ?he cities is
commanding inore&sing attention,
ilotes the Atlanta Journal. Dr.
Reynolds, of Chic ?go, in a recent ad
dress before the conference of char
ities and corrections at Springfield,
urged that efforts should lo ma lo to
stop this drift of population. We all
agree that this ought to be done and
he who will propose Borne way iu
"which it can be accomplished must bo
ccrwttLexeJ a benefactor of his race.
Dr. Reynolds^r^o+-o2ef-cri? practi
ca! remedy for the evil. His onlv
suggestion was that statesmen and
sociologists f-houtd seek to promote
"those economic features that best
foster the profit of the farm" and
"make a dollar as easy to obtain in
the country as it is in the city." Just
how this is to be done Dr. Reynolds
does not attempt to show. The doc
tor's intentions are good, hut his
address embodies nothing in the di
rection of praotical reform. In spite
of the experience of so many youug
men and older ones who leave farms
to mako their fortunes in town and
accomplish nothing but miserable
failure; in spite of the overcrowded
condition of every profession, trade
and calling in nearly all our cities,
the trend of population from the
farms to the great centres of popula
tion continues, nnd there is at present
tittle prospect that it will cease. Bit
ter experience may at last have its due
"sffeot upon this movement, but it is
not probable that it will be chocked
by ar?y teacher less severe.
TNo Oldest Tree lu the World.
In tb; a Royal Gardens at Kew there
s* breach of what is said to be the
oldest tree in the world -the famous
?dragon tree of Oratavia. This tree,
which was destroyed by a great gale
some years ago, was, the new weekly
paper, the Rooke., says', supp3sed to
least 2000 or 3000 years old
assigned it a mnch longer
A branch was removed from
ht to Kew, where it still
may be seen in the Econ
. - Westminster Gazette.
?ui.irl.abl3 Plant.
>rpa-j plant" is a remarkable
specimen that grows in
'a lar.-ce siz?, and its principal
is its bell-shaped throat, like
Furn lily, but larger and deeper,
gening into a hollow stem. It
in color, and covered with a
jcretioD. lt has a loathsome
like decaying carrion, which at
carrion feediug birds to it.
foot they alight ou it they become
Entangled in the secretion, the bell
ahap?d mouth clo-.ee, and they are
swallowed an-* fiicrputp 1 by the plant.
Meine may soothe cats, but a shot*
gua is much more eflVntivp..
As eleotrio light ia never an orna
ment to a man's nose.
Queer Conveyance^ in Which White
Men l?de-Quenching Thirst
at the Traveler's Tree
Odd Ford.
TBE observations in Madagas
car of Mr. Frederick Taylor,
F. Il G. S.r who spent seven
months traveling through the
interior, warrant tho belief that there
will be a good deal mor6 news from
that very interesting island before the
end of the struggle between the French
and tho native tribes. The occupation
by the French of Tamatavo and An
tananarivo, the chief cities of Mada
gascar, did not hy any means indicate
thc subjugation of Madagascar. The
Hovas, the dominant tribe, who have
inhabited the central province of
JlHP>iV? o"r><?.-> raSIS 07T rt
gun ?! nsed wilb patient ?.?.i't.
&'heo Sift. . lor, who co?:'* nf a
New rori fh^:.',-. landed nt Taaatavs
ie. ?S9J, Ii?) na:i already, at ha .. - ai
lar corners.of the world. His desire
for travel had been strong 6ince he left
New York and joined Red Cloud's band
of Ognllali Sioux at the a^ie of fifteen.
From DakoU he roamed to the edge
of the Arctio Circle, and was next
heard of in the Society and Hawaiian
Island:-. Japan, CeyloD, tho West
Indies and South America came nest
in his itinerary. Strange adventures
fell to his lot in tho Chaco region, in
particular, hundreds of miles inland
from Buenos Ayres, and by the time
he had reached Madagascar he was
casehardened to experiences of the
"1 knew nobody in Tamntave, on
the east coast of Madagascar," he says,
"when I landed there. I called on
John L. WalW, the recently arrived
American Consul ; it's the right thing,
cf course, for a traveler to pay his re
spects to the representatives of his
country wherever he finds them. My
own regret has been that American
Consuls are not, aa a rule, up to the
consular standards as set by other
countries. They are not respected, in
my experience, as they should be by
the people among whom they discharge
their duties.
"J found Tamative a very unimpres
sive town. Tho siogle unpaved main
?trect and the lanes that intersect it
are covered with loose sand. "When I
purchased my provisions for the jour
ney up the country to tho capital I
gave it ont that 1 wanted bearers.
The proprietor of tho store was *
Scotchman, carrying a limited stock
of general merchandise. Natives soon
began to offer themselves. I inspect
ed them in eroupp, rejecting ali those
who were fleshy or unhealthy locking.
They averaged five feet seven inches in
height, 1 should say. Their tongues
had to be examined to see if their di
gestion was good ; their leet, to see if
they would make good ground gain
cru; their legs, to seo if they had been
strained by heavy burdens. Tall,
spare men, who could throw their
shoulders out and their calves back,
?vero thc ones I looked for. They
must havo shoulders free from the
cores so often found in Malagassy car
riers, who sometimes have to stagger
scores of miles through the desolate
interior nmbr loads which would tax
a beast of burden. Of the fifty men I
looked over I choso twenty-eight.
"EUC? on? was to reoeivo the equiv
alent of $2.50 in Ma?agassy money for
each 225 miles traversed with his load,
and two shillings for rice en route.
Four of them shirted ont with my lil
anzana, ii species of palanquin, four
accompanied the filanzana as substi
tutes, and tho other twenty carried
the boxen and parcels of provisions
and rcerchandiso for traffic, which
the Sec 'chman had put up iu suitable
shape. I noticed that the canned
-provisions I bought all came from
England and France, American ship
ments to Madagascar being limited to
cotton goods and lumber, for which
we take raw hides in exchange.
"My oo6tnme was of Kahkee cloth,
dust colored, of the kind the Indian
troops are slothed in. Tho filanzana
was an iron framed seat, covered with
canvas, fastened to a couple of light
seven-foot poles of strong wood, held
together by iron rods with screws and
nuts. There was a leather back and
foot rest of wood suspended by two
leather straps. This is tho National
carriage of Madagascar, a country des
titute of roads nud of pack animals.
Oxen are sometimes saddled, but not
Sturting from Tamatave, Mr. Tay
lor's route lay at first along the sandy
shores of the Indian Ocean. The
country was open, and twenty-eight
miles were made the first day. Ho
headed for Antananarivo, the Hov3
^.v^i, .?v ot. no ua-i Ultlliu, will CU
soon became very herd, and then
crackers. I cat very little fruit in the
tropics-the mango and the cocoanut
in tho morning and late in Ibo even
ing, but never while the sun is up.
When we found a traveler's tree I in
serted my knife iu tho fibre between
two leaves and would drink, after
straining, tho water which carno out.
I found tho groo groo worm?-, cr
grubs, taken between the leaves at the
top of the palra tree, to be delicious
when fried to a crisp. They tasto like
the fat of a lamb chop with a soupcon
of cocoanut flavor.
"My men chopped down young
cabbage palms and ato the heart of the
fruit, unoooked. It is white, and
tastes like cabb. ge. The Malagassy
are not squeamish. They devour egg
Ehells and chicken bones. At a native
hotel not far from Ant&nanarivo thad
for the first course a strange, half
burnt compound of fut, gristle and ox
flesh, roasted with the hide and bris
tles on. Tho crust of the bread had
hair and feathers in it. The second
course was better, consisting: of wild
pigeon with green pers. Money in
Madagascar meaDS French five-franc
pieces chopped into segments and car
ried in a bag. Some ot the segments
are scarcely bigger thru a pea.
"I started inland with 2U0 five-franc
pieces chopped up iu this way. A sin
gle coin is sometimes cut into twenty
five bit?. Tho natives eagerly took
copper and brass wire and eg^-shaped
beads, tin cans and long-necked lime
juice bottles, instead of the money,
which is weighed out in light sheet
iron scoops almost ns small as apothe
caries' scales. Every householder,
traveler and vender carries these.
"A'oug tho whito sauds of tho In
dian Ocean, on the first day's journey,
I 6hot many snipe, similar to the
American spt cies. As we penetrated
inland wo carno suddenly, here and
there, on chained prisoners, roaming
at large, one of the saddest features of
Malagassy life. Some of these unfor
tunates would be so fettered that they
could only step a few inches at a time,
the weight of the chains being propor
tioned to the enormity of their of
fences agaiust tho laws of the Ho vas,
which aro excellent in theory, but
wretchedly enforced. The condemned
man is sentenced to wander in the
mountains with au iron riug around
each ankle, another around his neck,
and others on his wrisfs, tho ringa be
ing joined by felters. lt waa pitiful
to bear in the pathless brush the moan
of some poor manacled wretch, help
less and starving, either on his way to
report to his penal station or fallen
by the way in an agonizing quest for
food. The less severely punished aro
sometimes ablo to pick np odd jobs of
some light work."
Peculiarities of tho Law.
There are some queer things about
tho law. A postoffice safe was robbed
in California, Mo., some time ago. In
such case the department pays $200
each for the conviction of the persons
engaged in tho robbery. There were
five persons engaged in the affair, but
the authorities had no clew to the
men. It happc-uol that the guilty
persona were in a saloon come time
afterward. One of the crowd got into
a dispute with a farmer, who killed
him. It turned out that the man
killed was the ringleader and had the
bnlk of the booty on his person. His
death resulted in proving the com
plicity in the robbery of tho four
other men. The men who captured
tho four have been allowed $800. Tho
farmer made application for $200, huh
the conrt has decided that he cannot
get it, because the head robber was
neither arrested nor convicted. Ho
was simply dead-and a postoffice rob
ber has to be taken alive, to win a re
ward.-Detroit Free Press.
Most Beautiful That Has Ever Been
Noticed by Naturalists.
A new fish, unlike any other in many
respects and of extraordinary beauty
in coloring, ?as been discovered, lt
was found by Captain Jacobson, of tho
schooner Wcnoma, who caught as pec
iraen wbilo fishing on the banks
twenty-eight miles 60utb.-soutb.west of
Cape Flattery. The fish was 26J inches
long, 17 inches deep and about ? inches
It was beautifully colored, and in
its richness of shades surpasses any
other fish which has yet been found.
The top cf tho head is of brick red,
the back of a metallic blue, shading to
aluminum color on the belly. Tho
meridian line is strongly arched and
marked by a series of largo beales.
Pure round white spots are dotted over
the wholo of tho fish.
In other respects the fish presents
an uncommon appearance. Its fins are
strong Bpined aud extend nearly the
whole length of the fish. The spines
L m.- moutn is strong and toothless, the
lower Jip protruding and being of a
vermillion color. Its eyes aro largo
and rouud.
No other fish like it has ever been
noticed by naturalists. Its nearest
relative, however, seems to be the
Z^us faber, of the Atlantic, which is
known as the Dory. Tho Zeus faber
is an excellent food fish, which is sel
dom met with in quantity. Scientific
examination of the new tish, however,
seems to indicate that it may be of thc
genus Lamptis.
The fish is now at Seattle, Washing
ington, where it reposes in the museum
of the Young Naturalists' Society tu
the gem of its collection.
A Four Dollar Bill.
D. C. Mccausland, of .Davenport,
Iowa, in looking over some old pupei i
that belonged to his father a few weeks
ago, discov<red a fonr dollar bill
hearing dote of November 29, 1775.
The bill looks more as though it were
made in China than in the United
States. The paper has something of
the appearance of the Chinese paper,
and tho characters look something
like Chinese characters. Tho bill
reads: "Tis entitles bearer to fonr
Spanish mill dollars, or the valno
thereof iu gold or silver, according to
a resolution of Cougress passed at Phil
adelphia, November 29, 1875."-Chi
cago Tribune.
Kot the "I ris li" Potato.
"The peculiarity of tho Irish po
tato, so called, is in tho fact that it is
not Irish," observes one of the potato
experts of the Agricultural Depart
ment at Washington. "The potato
originally grow wild in the fields of
Chile, Peru and Mexico. Sir John
Hawkins did not take it to Ireland
until 1565. Sir Francis Drake took
it to England twenty years after
wards. It did better, however, in
Ireland than anywhere else, and got
its name, no doubt, because of its
early and extensive cultivation in Ire
land. Botanically it was originally
known ns tho Batata Virginiano, but
in after ye:irs it was properly identi
fied and classified as the Solanum tu
berosum."-New England Homestead.
"Walking has been a pleasure to ins
ever since I can remember." "l'es,
tho paiuTul part of it was before you
could remember,"-Chicago Hecord.
Eldest Daughter of Nellie (?rant Frtr
torls Euters Washington Society.
Miss Vivien Sartoris, tho bandsomo
. ldest daughter of Mre. Nellio Grant
Sartoris, will bo introduced to society
this winter at a large reception to bo
given at Mrs. Giant's bonfein the Na
.tional Capital.' It is an adair that ia
regarded with ranch pleasing anticipa
tion, eofrs the Chicago Times-Herald,
and wiljt be, no doubt, followed by a
largo numher of entertainments in
honor ol the fair dc-butaute. Miss Sar- j
toris wop born in London nearly eight
een years ago. She is a pretty bru
nette, roth chestnut hair aod a rich
olive complexion. Sho is of raodium
height, irith a tendency to p'umpnes-.
Educate^ abroad, she is ono of tho
best in/drmed giris in her set. Her
motluw^Ieekod after Miss Vivien's ed
ucation %ith her own eyes, and the re
sult is seen in the womanly character
of the daughter's mind and education.
Miss Sargon's has a voice of good vol
ume aur|.nativo sweetness, arl it has
not lostijmy of its power by an en
forced cultivation. She will bo given
somo vogal tr lining durioq tho winter.
Miss Sanbris spsnks perfect French,
but has %ot studied other languages
than thai and her own. Her sister,
who is jc?t fifteen, promises to rival
the eldest in. persomi attraction. Mr?.
Sartorisjjersclf looks moro like an el
der sisteTwith her charming daugh
ters* thonfah<) doe.i like their mother.
Tho portrait of Miss Vivien Sartoris
here shown is reproduced from a pho
tozraohioSconv of Hnlloi's Tinn.i??
.t._o ^lixctiuj: is io dis
seminate tho seed*. Probably the
most peculiar explosivo fruit is that of
the sand box tree (Hura crepitan?) ol
the family of Euphoruiaceie, which
opens its fruit with a lund report,
scattering tho pieces in all directions.
The treo is found in tropical Amer
ica, Ibo particular example under con
sideration coming from tho Amazon
River valley. Tho treo grows to bo
from seventy to 100 feet high. Tho
bark is smooth and yields a miiky sup
when tapped. Thc twigs arc tome
times spiny ?ni tho leaves are olten
six inches oroad. The trees are olten
cultivated for ornament, from the
West Indies to Brazil. If left to rippu
on thc tree, tho nut explodes with a
sharp report, when each O? its curious
compartment--, nu.ubering sometimes
as manv as sixteen, flies asunder, so
that its seeds, which somewhat resem
b!es a pumpkin seed, drops out. Our
engraving shows tho condition of tho
ruptured cell.?. The nut has a
dense woody fiber. The nuts
staud exporting, and occasionally
do not explode for teverai months.
The pieces aro thrown several feet
when the explosion taker! place. If
the nut is kent in alcohol or water, it
can be preseived for years.
Microbes Devour Sewage.
A novel disposition of sewago is
made at Exeter, England. The method
consists of four taniif, a fourth of tho
sewago passing into tisch. Light and
air aro excluded from thc tanks ; put
refaction aud decomposition are rapid
ly iet up ; thel microbes multiply und
tho solid poriions of the'sewage aro
consumed and tho outflow from tho
tanks is nothing but slightly colored
water, which, after passing through
filter?, loses all color and taste. No
chemical is used, and no^ntteution to
the tanks of any sort ir. needed. Each
filter bed automatically demises itself
by beiriR out of HBO fer a ehort timo.
Outr.ut ol' Coal.
In fifteen years tho world's output
of coal has nearly douldc 1-r.Mug
from 864,737,405 tom in 183 ?, to
628,805,2:19 tons iu 1895. Tho in
crease in Great Britain hus boen Jrom
164,605,738 to 212,320,725 tons; in
the United Slates, irom 71,431,56'J to
193,117,5:10 tons; in Germany, from
li;", 177.G31 to 114,524,18(5 lons; in
Austria-Hungary, Irom 10,713,0?l) to
33,570,358 tons; in liolgiura, from
18,017,585 to 22,453,471 tons; in
Russia, from 8,570"413 to 8,307,357
tons; and in nil other countries, from
3,021,428 to 14,250,003 tons.
Handsome Cape-Collar nud Mull
Dressy Adjunct to a Walkin?;
Gown- Becoming Waist
With Bolero Front.
^ r y HE handsome cape jollur a?d
muff pictured in the first
1 large en?raviDg forms a sty
"fo lieh adjunct to a walking
gown thut may bo used ia connection
?with ,i plain con* or worn independ
en! ly, showiug to advantage the hand
some bodice beneath. The yoke por
tion, shaped in slightly pointed out
line is provided with ^stylish aud pro
tective storm cobar, both of which are
wt watt? o-ir:cu pinnies wnicu is held
in placo by two largo velvet roses.
Thc edgo is outlined with jetted
The collarette and muff may be con
structed of velvet, plush, electric seal,
Astrakhan or cloth, while tho deep
ruffle may be either an entire border
of fur or made of tho material nud
simply decorated with a narrow band
cf kr immer, chinchilla, sable, mink or
any one of tho fashionable furs now
in vogue.
To make this cape-collar in thc
medium size, writes May Manton, will
require two und one-quarter yards of
forty-four inch wide material. The
muff will require three-quarters yard
of thc same width goods.
This simple aud becoming waist, de
picted in tho second largo illustration,
is made of gray-brown lusterine. The
full vest is of plaided talleta silk in
brilliant hues. The free edges of the
bolero are decorated with silk braid
ing, and dark creen satin ribbon is
chosen for the stock collar and cru^h
belt that finishes tho neck and waist.
Over a pdovc-?itted lining, provided
with singlo bust darts, tho pretty full
front is arranged, drooping percepti
bly at the wa:st-line in tjc sott, blouse
efi'3ctso extremely becoming to youth
ful figiree. The jacket (routs are in
cluded in the shoulder and nnder-arm
scams, being of the conventional
bolero shape, now so immensely popu
lar. Tho back is smooth-titting
across the shoulders with tho ad
ditional fulness of material laid in
close overlapping plaits on either
sido of ihe centre back where
the closing is effected with
buttons and button-holes. The stylish
sleeves are urrnaged over coat-shaped
linings ami ?rn but moderately lull,
alter the prevailing fashion. A stand
ing collar finishes the neck. Neat and
serviceable waists, adapted for homo
or school wear,may be developed fr jm
this design.
The model affords charming- facili
ties for remo'lelinglast season's dresvet.
The bolero front, requiring very lit
tle material, may bo really placed ever
some well-worn bodice to smarten it.
The fnll front may be on plain or fancy
silk, or any of the pretty woolens in
plaid, striped or figured effect.
To make this wais$ for a miss of
fourteen years it will require one and
one-half yards of forty-four-inch wido
material, with ono and one-fourth
yards of silk for vest.
This attractive house gown is devel
oped in all wool challis in an ex
quisite filiarle of poppy-co! or. Tho
handsome pointed epaulets and
simulated yoke are composed of alter
nate rows of narrow Valonciennei laco
and black velvet gathered to form a
nnillin?. Similar decorations are ap
ing tue graueiui um
to advantage. Stylishly pointed epau
lets fall deeply on tho front and back,
extending well over thc fashionablo
sleeves that are mounted upon coat
shaped linings, itt the neck is a close
standing band covered with a stock of
The design may be copied in woolen
or cotton fabrics eucb as challis, cash
more, French flannel or figured de
laine, or deve'oped in China silk,
taffeta or surah for more dressy oc
casion?, the model affording rare op
portunities for tho combination of
colors. Heliotrope, with quillings of
white satin ribbon, would be effective
for second mourning. Nothing could
[ bo moro appropri?t" than a gown of
black with violet trimmings.
To make the wrapper for a lady
having a thirty-six-'.ueh bust measure
will requiro six and three-fourths
I yards of forty-four-inoh wide material.
The Best
1 For Flatulent Calle, Diarrhea a, Dysen
tery, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In
fant ara, Teething Children, Cholora
Morbus, Unnatural Drains trim
the Bowels, Pains, Griping, Losa of,
Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis
eases of tho Stomach and Bowels.
[ls the standard. It carries children over1
thc critical period of teething, andi
is recommended by physicians as
tho friend of Mothers, Adults and
Children. It is pleasant to the tatto,
cod never fails to give satisfaction.,
A few doses will demonstrate il? (su
perlative virtue!. Price, 25 cts. per*
A bottle. For sola by druggists.
Brown bread time has come, and
I be housekeeper thinks of it as a
season of trial, for slicing warm bi own
bread is not exactly play. The New
England housewife, who is never with
out brown bread, has a trick for slic
ing hot bread that is worth trying.
Have a sharp knife and dip. it in cold
witter before cutting each slice. It
makes the work much easier.
A. terrible mistake cf housekeepers
is to leave the coffee pot and tea pot
on the back of the stove to steep all
day. It is a fruitful source of dys
pepsia and indigestion. Never set tea
aside unless in a glass jar or pitcher
for iced tea. Heated over, it is simply
vile. Coffee, if you must economize
that woy, shpuld be poured off into a
bowl or pitcher and covered closely.
Over the grounds pour a cupful of
boiling water, shake and let simmer
three minutes, then pour into the
bowl, und throw the grounds away
and wauh and dry the coffee pot. Thia
will insure you sweet coffee. To make
the coffee, grind fine the necessary
amount, pour the liquid saved care
fully into the pot, BO as to not stir
up the grounds. In a teacup mix one
tablespoonful of coffee to each person,
"and one for the pot," with half the
white of one egg. When the liquid
is boiling dash the coffee ic, stirring
briskly for a moment. Fill the pot
with boiling water-measured, mind
you, one cup for eaoh-and set to
_?t? -- Min, n?ww.. wt .... .vs uo ouaucs,
has a border of olive plush and is cov
ered at the back with olive China silk.
The center of the white China silk is
covered with an all-over pattern of
Howers of about the size of a twenty
live cent piece. These flowers are
outlined in coarse green embroidery
eilk. On the mat was a green jardi
niere holding a palm. The plant wis
pitieed on a Turkish coffee? table of
mahogany. These low tables are
much used in all kinds of wood for
holding a single plant. In a room
with a different coloring the mat could
be made of white and dark or old blue,
or of raspberry color and white. A
spread made for a large mahogany
dining table is a larger square of this
kind, so that when laid on the table it
leaves the corners bare. It has a bor
der of apple-green satin.-San Fran
cisco Chronicle.
The proper way to prepare a turkey
is to begin by siugeiug and drawing,
then wash thoroughly inside and ont,
to which a tablespoonful of vinegar ii
added-this drawe out any blood thal
may adhere to the bones-then wip<
dry with a soft towel.
To bone a turkey, slit the ukin dowe
the back with a sharp knife, aud rais
ing one side at a time, separate thc
i'.esh from the bone until you reach
the legs and wings, unjoint these from
the body, and cutting through the
bone, turn back the flesh and remove
tho bones. To reshape the bird, a
little force meat must be used: this
may bo made of minced veal and a lit
tle lean pork. Tie firmly, laid tho
breast, and stuff.
To boil a turkey, prepare as for
roasting, tio firmly, roll in cheese
cloth and sew seourely; boil slowly
lroin ?bree to four honrs, according to
size. Where chestnuts are abundant,
a favorite way is to stuff with chest
nuts and roast.
Stuffings-To make a chestnut stuff
ing, remove the shells and brown skin
and boil until tender, mash and add
the following : To two cups of mushed
nuts add two cups of bread crumbs,
moisten with rich sweet cream, season
with butter, salt and pepper. Oystei
stuffing is made of equal parts of oys
ters aud bread crumbs, seasoned with
butter, salt and pepper and sage, and
moistened with milk.
The juice of the turkey with the hot
water used in basting, seasoned and
slightly thickened, is always accepta
ble as a sauce. To make mushroom
sauce, take a pitt of mushrooms, boil
till tender, chop fine, add a cup of
cream or milk, thicken with a little
flour, season with butter, salt and
white pepper. Celery sance is excel
lent, particularly for boiled turkey,
fake one pint of celery, cut into dice,
boil until tender, mash and season
with onion juice, butter, salt and
white pepper, thin with milk or cream.
For oyster sauce, take a pint of small
oysters, boil in their own liquor till
the beards coil, skim off and chop fine
and return to the liquor. Add n cup
of cream or milk, thicken with A lutlu
Hour, season with butter, salt and red
pepper. Last comes our old favorite,
giblet sauce, which is made by simply
chopping the giblets fine, seasouin^
and thickening, using some of the
gravy to thin.-American Agricultur
AN oak, still living in Tilford, near
Farnham, is mentioned in a charter of
Henry of Bois under the date of 11.50.

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