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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, November 17, 1897, Image 1

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rpi. Oldest Savin gs
LOAN and e8t 8avln^
SAVINGS capita! i" city.
' ? * Pay? Interoit
AUGUSTA, GA, an.l Compounds
Organized 1870. CTtryflmonth'
VOL. LXII. NO. 46.
Lino of Goods, viz: Dress Goods, Domestic Goods, Calicos, Percales, No
tions and Fancy Articles.
The Seamless Ladies' Black Hose, 10c
Ladies Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, 5c; Cambric Handkerchiefs, 2.}c.
Full stock Gents', Boys' and Children's Ready-made Clothing, Hats and Caps.
$ From 25c. Per Pair to $5.00, |
Good Jeans at wholesale prices by the piece.
fl???We want your business, and to get and keep it Ave must sell you the
best goods for the least money.
And Give Them a? Education.
We can sell you any kind of Hat at '25?. Nicer ones at T'Oc. up.
SCHOOL HOSE seamless fast Blacks, Tans or Browns, 10c. pair, 5
for 25c. School Umbrellas, warranted to turn rain, good article, at
5Uc. Better ones 75c. and 31. SEE THEM.
Everything: in Dry Coo
MONDAY,' SEPTEMBER 13th, 1807.
SCHOOL tt^JP^tt^iy3:iE23$3;rF.
E. C DENNIS, Instructor.
Latin, (?reek. Higher-Mathematics, English, .md usnnl branches, stu
dents prepared for college or business.
Intermediate and Primary Departments,
Miss Elise Camile and Miss S:i<!ie Davis, Teachers.
Careful and thorough instruction in usual English branches.
Tuition SI.00 to $3.00 per monti). Ten per rent discount where three or
more come from one family. Students from abroad can secure good board at
reasonable rates.
For further information apply lo
C?'W'arC? C.
I?DP?ZX cip st 1
0 9 0 9
Over One Acre Under Glass
us and Illustrated Catalogue will be mailed free. Address
Established 1S56. AUGUSTA, GA. lYnitland Nurseries.
?STNo agents connected with our establishment.
M ni Af
ll tillS
SSr*Get our Prices before you buy.
Tho pearl boom is the latest suc
aessor of Klondike and its attendant
excitements. For several weeks the
people of Arkansas have havo been
forked up over the discovery of pearls
in some of tho lakes and rivers of that
State, and in some placen half the
population have been industriously
digging mussels in the hope of sudden
wealth, -..hile" the rest of the country
bas been agitating itself on the sub
ject of dollar wheat. A New York di
amond; brokor recently exhibited a
very large pearl which had been sent
to him from the Arkansas field, just
what part of it he refused to say.
The stono is ono of the finest speci
mens of the "sweetwater" variety ever
; seen in Now York. It is perfectly
j formed, slightly oval in shape, of a
I pure white, and weighs thirty-five
grains. It is valued at $S00. Anoth
er broker recently received a consign
ment of Arkansas pearls, which includ
ed a pink pearl, weighing twenty-six
grains. It is worth not more than
$100, however, on account of a silght
j blemish on one sido. Many smaller
: pearl? have come from this rame region
; during th? past week, and there is
talk of a New York conrpany to work
eome of the Arkansas pearl lakes. It
is possible, howevor, that they will bo
j late in thc field, as a Memphis com
pany has already leased ono of the
! most promising lukes for a term of five
years for $1500, and individual specu
lators have obtained control of several
The Klondike excitement is not to bc
compared with the enthusiasm in
Northern Arkansas over the recent
finds of pearls. At Helena and Little
Kock family parties aro going out to
camp along the liver and hunt for
pearls. Most of these parties have
found only small stones, but one wom
an picked ti]) a pink pearl worth $50,
and two small boys who wero looking
fer clams and not for pearls found two
stones which they sold for $25 apiece.
Most of thc valuable linds, however,
have been made in the lakes and
ponds, which ave controlled by private
individuals or by companies. In some
places the owners have had to stand
guard with shotguns to keep off the
enthusiastic pearl seekers, who have
been accustomed to hunt clams wher
ever they wished, and who think that
the mero fact that the shells may con
tain gems worth $100 or so ought not
to make any difference in this right.
Tho Arkansas pearl fisheries are
recommended as a good substituto for
Alaska for those who aro in search of
hardship and adventure. There is
not so mach frost and snow, but there
is plenty of malaria, which is apt to
cany off then nacclimated visitor, and
the swamps and forests which one has
to traverse in order to reach tho lakes
vkcre the treasures lie will supply the
adventurer with as many unpleasant
experiences as Chilcoot Pass. Besides
the malaria that hangs round the lakes
and swamps, they contain sulphur and
iron, which give the water a decidedly
unpleasant yellowish tinge. The
places in which pearls have thus far
been discovered are Murphy and
Walker Lakes, Cross Lake. Sulphur
and Four-Mile Ponds and the creeks
flowing into them. These are all in
the Paid Knob country southwest of
Several Memphis citizens have in
vested money in leases in White Coun
ty, and the concern already referred
to "?"ill make au organized effort to
develop the industry in the lau.es and
ponds which i* controls. This com
pany hasjalrea dy taken ont several hun
dred dollars' worth of pearls, lint ro
far tho work has all been done by col
ored diggers and divers, who aro paid
$2 per day fer their services. On ac
connt of the olor of the water they
have to feei for the e!:;;::s, which are
buried in the mud. with their hands
ov bare feet, and so can work effective
ly only in shallow placea, AG Boon as
machinery can be put in, how?yer,
tho bottom of the lakes, including!the
deeper parts, will be thoroughly
dredged, and it is expected that niore
satisfactory results will he obtained.
It is tho theory of tho Memphis men
who are backing the enterpriseJ^hat
mussels occasionally shed their pearls,
and that others that have died'still
contain tho gems, and will oe found
buried deep down in thc mud at .the
bottom of thc lakes.
It is possible, too, that tho manu
facturo of mother of pearl willi ho
started to utilizo the shells, as is done
in Lower Califorma.?rom whence inost
of the pearl used for buttons for our
waist-coats and dresses now come ii'om.
Mother of pearl, it may be explained,
is simply tho smooth inside lining of
tho sholl, which is cut out and used
for buttons and ornaments.
Instances of rich finds ave reported
every fow days from Bald Knob or tho
adjoining country. A few days ago a
colored man, Who gave* his name as
Harris, walked into a Memphis jewelry
stove aud exurb ed a small bag of
pearls. Most of tho stones were smnll
and worth not more than ?A or $3 each,
but there were a few of larger size, in
cluding one or two pin); pearls of very
good quality. An offer of 8100 was
made foi- tho lot. The colored man
held out for more, and finally accopted
j $150. He said that ho had worked
for a moni li and had opened thousands
of shells to get the stones. Ho ac
knowledged that he was from "down
White County way," but refused to
tell where ho had found the gems, as
he said that there wero moro in tho
same place, and he was going back
after them.
A mau named Deale, in Bald Knob,
sent a dozen pearls to New York, and
has received an offer of $100. He
found thom all in thc course of a week.
J. P. Smith, of Fouv-Mile Lake, has
been gathering pearls for several
month.':, but has been keeping quiet
about it. He says that he has sold
about 81000 worth, and still has some
very good stones in his possession.
Many of the nativos iu White Connty
have in their possession pearls of more
or less value taken from the ponds be
fore the excitement set iu. Many of
them decline to say anything about
their finds, as they don't wish to en
courage a rush to the spot.
Weigh 7.'iOO Pounds- Yokes Seven Feet
Long-Havo Hauled 11,001 rounds.
The greatest yoke of cattle ever
seen in this country is owned hy J.
D. Avery, of Buckland, Mass. They
j aro named -loo and Jerrj. Their age
j is eight years ?ii? they measure teu
! feet in girth. They stand seventeen
! hands high, and their measurement
? from tip to tip is fifteen feet eleven
! inches. There is not a difieivnco :>f
: ten ponnd9 ia weight between them,
j aud the two together tip tho scales at
I 7300 pounds. They hold ute wcld'?
record for ono pull, having drawn
11,061 pounds of stone, loaded ona
dray, on a level, just eight feet in one
draw. They are models of symmetry
in build, are extremely kind and do
cile and beautifully colored. Th$
best of caro is devoted to them, one
man spending several hours every day
in grooming and cleaning them. They
have been on exhibition at 411 of the'
principal agricultural fairs in the
In speaking of his handsome yoke
of oxen Mr. Avery said: "The oxen
have not by any means reached their
limit; they have gained in weight
some seven hundred pounds the past
year and are capa ble of carrying an
other thousand pounds. Unlike other
large cattle, their flesh is distributed
very evenly, which adds very much to
their looks, and they stand on their
limbs as straight as a pair of calves.
"They are remarkably intelligent
and well trained, as you can judge
from the position which they take in
the photograph. They are very active
and can easily walk a mile in thirty
minutes. They are colored, like all
pure Holsteins, black and white.
Thero coRts are as fino and glossy as a
thoroughbred racer's. They are still
worked moderately when at home.
Their yoke was made to order, and
probably is the largest yoke ever worn
by any team. It is seven feet itt
length and weighs 200 pounds.
"Their crowning glory is their mag
nificent set of highly p^?|jied horn?.
For size, quality, mating, and beauty
combined their equal does not exist
in the world. It may bo of interest to
know that their food consists of eight to
twelve quarts of corn and oats ground
together, two quarts of flax meal, and
from six to eight quarts of bran each
day, with an occasional change to
suit their appetites."
Costs Many Ilumnn Uve?.
Tho Bcira Railway in South Africa
is completed as far as the terrible belt
of tho tsetse fly country is concerned
-a stretch of something like 130 miles
of line, and the empiro is infinitely
richer for the achievement. But it
has cost five years of time; it has oost
an enormous sum of money, and it has
cost in human life more than all the
lighting, for c\cry milo of the Beira
Railway lins been built at tho cost of
two Englishmen's lives. It is ono of
the most unhealthy parts to which tho
adventurous Britisher, carrying his
life in his hand, has penetrated. That
was only one more reason why a rail
way should be built across it, and
built tho railway has been. Mr.
Pauling and Mr. Lawley, respectively
tho contractor and engineer, survive,
and that it was which they celebrated
recently. Of friends and comrades
who set out with them in the great un
dertaking few hare como back. They
rest beneath the mounds that serve as
half-mile stoney along the line of the
Beim'Railway. It is not only in war
that thc price of empiro ?H paid, or
that heroism is displayed. After five
years in tho land of fever, Mr. Lawley
might have considered himself entitled
to rest on his laurels at home. But
in a few weeks he returns to his duty.
-London Mail.
Smuggling is extensively carried on
frontier of Frunce and Belgium
through the medium of bicycle??, the
hollow tubing being tilled with the
contraband material.
A Multiplicity oj Tucks.
A blouse or shirt of white for women
to wear with a skirt of white cotton or
wool is prettily made of the firle white
?licking which can always be bought
by the yard. A multiplicity of tucks
being the mode, this material ia pret
tily available. It should be used with
the tucks running around, and the
sleeves may or may not bc of plain
material, according to tasto.
Treatment For tho J^Inlr.
Sulphur soap is recommended for
uso in washing tho hair. Many au
thorities say that gray hair is caused
hythe loss of the pigment that gives
color to the filaments. Since sulphur
enters largely into this pigmont com
position, it is claimed that washing
the hair with sulphur soap will restore
the original color, Sulphur cream is
frequently rubbed into the scalp with
excellent effect. But tho indiscrimin
ate use of sulphur preparations should
be avoided, and a physician or hair
specialist should bo consulted before
going in for sulphur treatment.
Brushing tho hair too much is said
to be injurious and will cause it to fall
out. Tho hair is supposed to fall out
in tho spring of the year, as birds shed
thei? feathers, and Nature generally
seems to undergo a moulting and shed
ding process, preparatory to the en
ervating season of summer. As the
fully matured hair drops away the new
hair is already begiuuing to appear,
and too vigorous brushing will fre
quently destroy it.-New York Tri
l??autj- Sleep.
Thc wise womau who wants to risc
from sleep rested nud with her face
cast in the Hues of beauty should sleep
on a narrow'bed, so there will bo no
room for her to distort her limbs by
throwing them into grotesque posi
tions. On this bed there should be a
good mattress and one smalT rather
hard pillow. Tue bed clothing should
be of light weight, but warm, and the
room well ventilated and comfortably
cool. On this couch the would-be
beauty should lie flat on her back,
arms aud legs straight. To make a
change from the back she should learn
to sleep first on one side and then on
thc other.
Perhaps you are young, but hints of
wrinkles suddenly appear,'apparently
' without any cause. 1'iud out if you
do not sqnoeze your eyes tightly
! together when 'going to sleep, as a
i oViil<l iWswiiGnit makes beliovo to
sleep. \ ! any tornen draw tho corners
pf their mouths down, and so produce
furrows from'the nose to the corner of
thc mouth and down the side of the
To got beauty sleep, go to bed think
? ing of the pleasantest tilings that will
; befall you. The eyelids should rent
j lightly over tho eyes, as if a fluttering
; breeze sweeping across the face would
j blow them wide open. The lips should
: meet easily, the mouth should never
1)0 open.-Tho Housewife.
An Emperor For a G51 Ide.
j I heard a pretty story the other day,
j writes William E. Curtis from Berlin,
j of two American girls who visited the
j palace at Potsdam, Germany, and had
! the unusual honor of being escorted
j about thc ugly old building by the Em
\ peror himself. It illustrates a trait in
j his character that is not often talked
about but is shown frequently. Tho
! imperial palace is open to visitors only
when the Emperor and his family are
absent, but, without knowing this fact,
the two American ladies made the
journey out there and were repulsed
by the usher at the door. They un
derstood very little German, and he
i could talk no English, but, with the
j usual persistency of the American
' tourist, they were trying to induce
him to admit them. While they*were
j in the midst of the controversy a gen
tleman in tho uniform of a soldier
came rapidly up the steps, much to
the confusion of the doorkeeper, and,
addressing the ladies in English, asked
if he could be of any service to them.
They explained that they had come up
; from Berlin to see thc palace, and
' were very much disappointed 1 scanee
j they were not allowed to enter't.
"I think I can let you iu," he ans
wered, "and will show you around
So he escorted them through the
: various rooms and corridors and ex
plained everything in a most enter
taining manner. Then he followed
them out to the portico, where one of
them, who had a kodak, asked permis
sion to tako his photograph. She
hadn't the slightest suspicion who he
was, but during the hour they had
been together in thc palace they had
laughed and joked familiarly, and felt
very well acquainted. Tho Emperor
gracefully consented, and posed for
three snap shots. Then he bade them
good morning, hoped they would en
joy their visit to Germany, saluted
thom iu thc German way and re-entered
! thc palace.
The young ladies wore delighted,
and related their experience with great
I gusto wheu they returned to their
] boarding house. That afternoon they
' took their kodak to a photographer tn
: have the films developed, and when
! they brought home the first prints of
j the handsome officer their German
landlady exclaimed: "Gott in bimmel!
Der Kaiser!"
The young ladies, being sovereigns
in their own country, were not abashed
at the discovery, although they cannot
understand why they did not recog
nize him. Nevertheless, they had a
! print of each film handsomely mounted
1 and sent them to the Emperor with
their compliments aud the explanation
; that they were not aware of the iden
tity of their guide or they would have
made a more formal acknowledgment
of tho honor conferred upon them.
Chicago Record.
Lady Haberton presided ot the eon
gresa of women in behalf of rational
dress at Oxford, England.
Mrs. William Gerry Slade, of New
York City, Las organized a socii
known as Daughters of 1781-1815.
M?33 Clara Moldan has foundec
scholarship at Oxford, to be held
ladv students of the school, known
St. Hugh's hall.
Harriet Prescott Spofford is SIOT
recovering from au illness of fe
months at her home on. Deer Is
near Newburyport, Mass.
When Queen Victoria goe3 ebro
she always has a couple of fire exti
guishers sent in advauca and fitted i
in the house in which she is to resic
Miss Donnette Smith, a graudnie
of Joseph Smith, aud Miss Dunfor
a granddaughter of Brigham Youn
are two of the most literary women
Art for women in England is takii
a practical form. The late Lord i
Tabley's niece has been painting sig
for two Northwich taverns, The Smok
and The Windmill.
In Chile and the Argentine Repu
lie, in addition to the women wi
have for some time been car condu
tors, many more of the fair sex ha
entered upon that calling.
It is annoucced that Mrs. Elizabe
Phobe Key Howard, the only survi
ing daughter of Francis Scott Ke
rnthor of the "Star Spangled Banner
is seriously ill at Oakland, Cal.
Of the sixteen young women wi
recently received tho degree of M. ]
at the Womun's Medical College of Ne
York, three have been appointed c
the medical staff of the Infirmary f<
Women and Children.
The latest Paris device for fillir
out slender figures consists of ruffle
about three inches wide, made of ri1
bon, muslin or Ieee to match the gow]
sewed inside the body across tho bus
They give a soft fulness, and are muc
more healthy than cotton or the heav
pads formerly used.
Queen Wilhelmina of Holland fla
ly refused to marry Prince Bernhai
of Saxe Weimer, whom her mother, tl
Queen Eegent Emma, has selected i
the young Queen's husband. The li
tie Queen declares sho will remui
single until 1S99 (she was born i
August, 1880), and will then select he
own husband.
Women in England have the loci
government franchise in counties an
boroughs cn tho same conditions ?
men, and a recent return shows ho
relatively unimportant their vote i
In tho counties and boroughs of En?
laud and Wales they are altogethe
5,826,878 local government electors:o
those only 729,758 are women-tba
is to say, women form less than one
seventh of the electorate.
fashion Noter..
Gray is the color of tho moment, an
this fall will bo signalized by the reigi
of the silver gray.
Tea gowns are made of soft, cling
ing, woolen fabrics, richly trimmei
with lace and ribbon.
Scotch plaids are imitated with rib
hons of different colors aud width
sewed, according to the pattern o
thc plaid, directly on tho dress o
Very chic imported costumes o
cashmere, which is to be one of tl>
most fashionable fabrics of the season
are lined with light taffeta am
trimmed with narrow rufflings of th<
Every indication points to th<
jaquette blouse as the bodice or thf
scasou. This is a dartless waist thai
pouches slightly at the waist over ?
belt or girdle both in the front anc
back. It hus a short round skirt added
at the bottom popul arly called thc
cr?neau, which is cut in squares or in
many fancy ways, aud is always quite
elaborately trimmed.
While all women concede that to be
at all smart the skirt of their costume
must be trimmed, unless it is the se
verely plain tailor-made gowns, yot
they are loth to give ap the becoming
and comfortable simplicity of lines
which has so long characterized it, so
the fall skirt, while it will be much
garnitured,' will have only flat trim
ming. Contrasting bauds of cloth will
be much in vogue as well as rows of
braid or ribbon and pipings of white
Tiie girl who wears a thick veil all
the time under the impression that she
is preserving her complexion is mak
ing a grave mistake. The dust and
dirt settles on her face under thc veil,
and she lets it remain there, often till
morning. By that timo it ha3 filled
the pores of the skin, and soon she
has annoying black heads. Let the
sun get at your face. It is better than
a bath for a tough, yellow, leathery
skin, and if you would use a soft linen
towel to rub oft'thc perspiration half a
dozen times a da}', and givo your face
a good massage in that manner, it
would help also.
A Great Painter's Lame Hand.
The right hand of Ver'estchagin, the
Russian painter, is, in spite of the
wonders he has accomplished, a lame
one. His thumb was so badly bitten
by a leopard some years ago that it
had to be amputated. On the field of
I battle tho middle finger of his right
hand was made useless by a shot. By
a fall on the Steppes, later, the centre
bones of the same hand were shat
tered. Nevertheless, Verestchagin is
one of the foremost painters in Rus
sia, aud makes as dexterous use of his
j hand, lame as it is, as any man in Eu*
! rope.
Tho First and Last Battlefields.
It is a fact not generally known that
; the first and the last stand of the Con
; federates were made on land owned by
: tho same man. A part of Bull Run
battlefield was owned by Mr. McLean.
, After this famous battle he decided to
.move to n locality where there would
J ho less fear from the ravages of ^ar.
a strange coincidence he took np
irs abode at Appomattox, which sub
sequently proved to be the final battle
fi ld of the Civil War.-Detroit Free
Johnson's Chill and Fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure, It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever ia
24 Hours,
In Werchojansk, Siberia, tho Mercury
Drops to Ninety Degrees Below Zero.
Symon's Meteorological Magazine
gives an interesting account of "Life
in the Coldest Country in the World,"
which has been taken iron?, the 'bulle
tin of the Royal Geographical Society
of Irutsk. The name of the place ls
Werchojansk, in Siberia, longitude 133
degrees Cl minutes east, latitude 07
degr?s 34 minutes north, where the
lowest temperature of m.aus 00 de
grees Fahrenheit has been observed
and the -mean of January ls minus 48
degrees Fahrenheit. It is inhabited by
about 10,500 persons of the Jakut and
Lamat races.
In a large part of this region, accord
ing to Professor Kovalik, the air is so
dry and the winds are so rare that the
intensity of the cold cannot be fully
realized. In the most distant part of
the East there are sometimes terrible
storms, which are most fatal to life
in their consequences. During the sum
mer time the temperature ocasionally
rises to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the
shade, while it freezes at night
The latter part of the season is often
marked by copious rains and extensive
Inundations, which invariably lay
waste a vast acreage of If nd and prove
to be a serious obstacle to the culti
vation of the soil. Vegetation is very
scarce. There are practically no trees
-only wide, open meadows. The peo
ple hunt fur-bearing animals, fish and
raise cattle and reindeer. I? requires
about eight cows to support a family,
four being milked in the summer and
?wo in the winter. The cattle are very
small in size, and are fed hay in the
winter. Occasionally they are allowed
to go out when there is the slightest
break in the weather, but their teats
are always carefully covered up. Milk
is the principal food. This is some*
times supplemented with hares, which
are quite abundant, but not very rel
The houses are constructed of wood,
covered with clay, and as a rule, con
sist of only one room, in which the
people and animals live together. The
upper and wealthier classes are better
provided with lodgings and food. AB
a race they are excessively punctilious -
concerning points of honor, such as
the place at the table and the proper
place at festivals.
Johnson's Chill and Fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. "It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
24 Hours.
Clocks for the Deaf.
One of the interesting items of the
State expense charges for July, says
the St. Paul Globe, appears in the cur
rent lists of the State school for the
deaf at Faribault. It is an Item of
$252 for a clock, which is remarkable
in more elements than In that of its
expensive character.
But this mechanism is certainly a
wonder, for lt is so aranged that i3
calls the pupils' attention to thc school
programme and the calendar, in spite
of the fact that they are all deaf and
the usual alarms do not affect them in
the least.
Of course one clock would not be
visible to all the pupils, so there are
ten secondary clocks, with 12-inch
dials, which tell the teachers and
ficholars who cannot see the main
dock what class in mathematics Is
now due to count up fractions on Its
lingers, or when the scholars In Eng
lish grammer will write their lesion
The secondary clocks are included
In the original item of $252, as are five
??-inch fire-gongs, the utility of which
In a school for t.he deaf has aroused
the curiosity of some of the State de
partments, which fear that thc prece
dent thus established may result in the
establishment of the purchase of
Meissoniers and Bouguereaus for tho
dormitory in the school for the blind,
and standard works on the integral
calculus in the school for the feeble
minded library.
Why take Johnson'^
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DAY.
Four years at. the President of the
Illinois Centra! railroad recommended
that an opportunity be given its em
ployes to subscribe to its stock, one
share at a lime, payment to be made
in installments. The directors ap
proved of thc President's plan, beiiev
ing it to be sound policy to have its
emploj'es interested in its business.
Thc recent annual report of the Presi
dent shows that at the end of the last
fiscal year 300 officers and employes,
exclusive of the directors, had become
owners of about 2,000 shares of "stock
representing a par value of $200,000.
Of the number of shares. 1,624 are par
tially paid for, according to the plan
outlined by the company. The
amount paid on these shares is $54,704,
an average of $32.74 per share. The
officials of the road say that this policy
has already resulted in much good to
all concerned and gives promise of
greater benefit ip the future.
Quinine and other fe
ver medicines take from S
to 10 days to cure fever.
Johnson's Chill and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE DAY..
An English expert declares that he
knows of at least GOO counterfeits of
the old masters which are now hang;
lng in private galleries of the United
States, and all of which were orig
inally purchased in Europe at very
hlnrh nrlofiR.

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